Newspaper Page Text
S. S. WINCLIESTEM,FDITOt.
Tankhanneek, Tees., Sept. 3,1850.
Democratic State Nominations.
W. T. MORISON, of Montgomery Co,
tuft *MIT& GENCRAL.
EPHRIAM BANKS, of Mifflin Co.
. 811RVETOU GENERAL.
L P. BRAWLEY, of Crawford Co.
Democratic County Nominations
For Congrtss, Col. N. B. Wright.
For Senator, S. S. Winchester,
For Representative, E. Mowry, Zr.
For Commissioner, Josiah Rogers.
For Pros. Attorney, Wm. M. Piatt.,
For County Auditor, p. 'Dunlap.
for., County Surveyor, Alfred Mae.
.: On our first page will be Mound the
eloquent discourse in reference to the
death of Gen. Taylor, delivered by Rev.
iane, on the 25th ultimo.
rl"The: Whin of Wyoming, held
iheir; COunty Convention at the Court
House last evening, and nominated the
following ticket for Congress, Elha.
z , Smith; Senator, - Elisha Shatp,;
Representative, Elisha Harding; com
missioner, Horatio Taylor ;.-Treasurer,
Joseph 13. Jones ;. Prosecuting Attor
ney, Geo. S. Tutton ; County Surveyor,
John Sturtlevant ; Auditor, Ziba Lott.
atnrday last apersonal encounter
tookplace between Mr. Asa. Keeler, an
old l amd,Well4uio`vin citizen of Nortb
morelandtownship, in this county, and
"Mt . ...Mluhew Weaver, which resulted in
the'death of the latter. The circuni
stancs relafed -to us, were briefly
A political contention arose between
tbem-at the public house of Mr. Keeler,
and both parties became greatly excited.
On account of offensive words,Xeeler or
dered the deceased to leave his house,
and, not obeying, a scuffle ensued, in
which Mr. K. made use of a chair, either
'to frighten or foice the deceased into
compliance. On reaching the road, the
deceased threw a stone with great vio
lence at Mr. Keeler, and while in the
act of picking up another, Mr. K. inflict
ed a blow with.the chair upon the back
of his neck, which caused almost instant
Coronor Newman held an inquest over
the body, on Sunday, and a virdict was
rendeied by the jury to the effect that
the .deceased came to his death by ahlow
inflicted by Mr. Keeler with a chair.
Cot the circumstances attending,this
rnelancholj, occurrence we have only to
my, That we have given them as related
to us, and cannot vouch for their acura
cy in every particular. Mr. Keeler has
been arrested and , held to bail in the
sum of $lO,OOO for - his appearance' at
Another , Flool.
The recent heavy rains have raised the
creeks in, this vicinity to an alarming ex
tent, some of them ligher than ever be
fore known. Several mills and bridges . ,
9n the streams, have been carried away,
and travel south and west is for the pres
ent interrupted. The loss of property
on the Tunkhannock creek is said to be
lb" We see by the paper's that up to
:th e time of execution, the family of
Professor Webster were ignorant - of his
fate. They ,have-'been living entirely
secluded at , Cambridge, and have' kept
.themselves. purposely ignorant, of the
day'of execution, and believing that he.
, wrote his first petition -foi their sake
. .o*, tad not read his confssion nor
hill second petition.
• -Irr The Wheat Crop, for, the year
1850, 'will be the largest by all odds
ever raised in the United States,, and
die effect of the abundance is already
•felt iruthe low price of flour.
Reap Frie.:Ett,. Esq.=-41: norrespon
dot of the Lam:aster Inte4igencer warm
ly uses Rath Frazer, Esq., as a math-,
date for Governor 0,1851..;,
~- ~ TENI.PERACE CosvErmoNe-4. State
,6ncentiou of ..the. Sono of. Temperance
is called •to assemble at Utica, N. Y. on
. the IS:th of SPriemhtsr.
or, the Democrat.
The Battle of the Galphini.
At 'the Whig Cons ention,'totheri night,
'The GalPhina had it, hip and thigh;
You'd tho't that Bedlam all was "tight,"
Or in a battle with the eky.
Gravel Hill cleplired Would ride,
Sandy Bottom said it shouldn't ;
And for a moment, like a mule,
One wou'An't move, re."tother couldn't.
At length the stem combattants close,
A cloud of iiissing words was seen;
And in Ali battle's fearful throes,
The buiness all slipt thro' between.
The struggle died away at list, rem ;
As friend id Adjourn" came in to calm
I heard theM whisper as they passed,
The?r Gravel Hiders=dam 'em."
&litember Term of Court.
Monday, Sept. 2d.
The September Term -of Court com
menced this afternoon; but remained in
session but a short time,, and was occu
pied in swearing in the Constables, go
ing over the trial list, &c. In conse
quence of the high water, caused by the
heavy rains of last night, there is but a
thin attendance of jurors, suitors and
witnesses. There being no business
ready, the Cr adjourned until 8 o'clock
Tuesday morn i ng.
Tuesday, Sept. 3d.
After the opening of Court this morn
ing, his Honor Jutlgq Jessup delivered
an able and lengthy Charge to the Grand
Jury, principally uporithe subject of the
late Act of Assembly, prohibiting the
circulation of small notes. The Judge_
took dyeing ground against the violation
of the laW. His views were sound, and
eminently worthy of the high source'
- from 'Which they emanated We wish
that evet p man in the county could have_
heard th 6 charge. ,He discarded the idea
that the' law was unconstitutional, and
insisted that all should obierve its pro--
visions strictly, and if it was found not to
answer the parpose, why
_then have it
repealed by the representatives of the
people, the power that made it. But
until then, no man was at liberty to vio
late its provisions. The adoption of the
principle in this country to disregard all
taws that we do not like or that inter
fere with our convenience, would be ex
trerriely, pernicious and lead to the worst
imagmable consequences, and ultimately
subvert our whole system of government.'
A system of government basei upon laws
,by the immediate representa
tives of the people, can exist no longer
than the people respect and observe those
laws, thus made for their interest, pro
tection and government
We were highly pleased With the
Judge's views upon the subject, and wish
we' ould give them to our readers in his
There is but little business to come be
fore the Court, and it will most likely
A Catastrophe of a most mellancholly
and distressing character occured recent--
ly at Lyrutheld, Mass., involving the
lives of fourteen persons, all women and
children but one. The following are
the citcumstances : A large party of
men, women and children, most of them
connected, with the First Christian Socif
ety ofLynn, proceeded to Lynafield on
a inc-nic party, and had chosen a delight
ful-spot on the borders of a beautiful
pond. f About 2., , 0!c10ck a party of
twenty-five went on board a large flat
.bottomed row boat for an excursion on
the pond, and when about on hundred
yards from the shore the boat capsized,
and fourteen of the party were drowned.
The disaster has thrown the community
, of Lynn into the deepest distress.
By invitation, a number of gentlemen
Witnessed the experiment Of, a neW plan
or propelling .a canal boat by means, of
steam. The improvement is in the con
struction of the propeller; which' acts
similar to a scull-oar, so that the' water
is disturbed very little, ;and 09 injury
can ,result to the banks-of the canal from
it. it is the invention of Mr. Alex. Bond
of Philadelphia, who has a patent for it.
'The eiPeriment, was made in, the , race
neat the Belvidere bridge, and, from that,
we may safely say that it Will do all its
inventor chdros for it. ';
W Thomas It' Forsyth has been
nominated for re-election to the State
iSerate, by the Pemocrats of Philadelphia
The political agitations, says theggTeo
Worlds," which have of late shaken, ,to
their centre-the social, as well as the fi-
nancial systems of nations on the. Euro
pean continent, have been unfelt by us.
We are out of reach of these convulsive
movements, which have'spruneup
the new discovery which men have made
Of their rights, and their determination to
assert.them. Fol. we as a people happi
ly enjoy a free constitution, and iti is so
firmly seated in our hearts that it can fear
'no essential change, and can defy the as
saults of time. While the nations abroad,
priest ridden, subjected to heavy taxes
to support standing armies and to main
tain expensive courts, and ground ha the
dust—while they groan under the tyra
ny and abuses of the old feudal system,
and oppressive monopolies, and are just
waking up to a sense of their misery and
degredation. AmeriCa presents no the
world a magnificent spectacle of human
happiness.. She has been the pioneer to
liberty in modern times. Well may she
be respected abroad, for she has wpn re
nown by her aims, and shown wisdom,
firmness, and constancy in .the support of
the great ininciples of freedom. 'She is
burthenel by no national debt, which
desolating wars have entailed upon the
older' governments of Europe..-No rich
company of merchants can dictate by ar
bitrary laws with what nation you may
trade,what commodities you may import;
but all the seas are covered with our
ships;' every commercial sight, every
privilege, civil, political and-socialis en
joyed alike by all. There '6in be - no
destitution, for the field of labor is an
exhaustless one ; there can be no igno
ranee, for the spread of edueation is co
extensive with our territorial limits
there can be no discontent for we can
pass on from one region and climate to
another till we reach the western ocean
—the shores of the Pacific with their
golden promise are our own. There
may seem to be radical difference and
.changes in the constitutions of the re=
spective elates, but there is an iegis that
protects them all—it is the bread princi
ple of freedom symbolized by the proud
banner that floats upon their walls. The
country may suffer at times from com
mercial reactions, there may be a tem_
porarfOgnation in agricultural or man
ufacturAg industry, the politicalltorizon
at home may be lowering, but, her re
sources are infinite, the elements of pros
perity and union are widely sown, scenes
of renewed growth and vigor will soon
reappear, and the brow of promise will
be more bright than ever, as the troubled
waters subside. Views like these should
inspire every American with a love of
his country, a pride in 14 advancing
greatness, a glory in her noble institu
tions but above all, with a deep and
fervent spirit of gratitude to Divine Prov
idence for having cast his lot in a land
hallowed by the blessings of plenty, se
curity and peace. -
New Fugitive Slave Bill.
The Senate of the United States has
just passed a,bill by a vote of 27 to 12,
to give greater efficiency in the arrest of
fugitive slaves. This bill pro!fides for
the appointment of Commissioners and
Marshals in-the differenhi counties, with
all the powers of Judges of the United
States Courts, and the Marshals having
full auftority to call to their aid sufficient
force for the arrest and safe keeping of
fugitives. If proof of the identity Of the
slaves is produced before the Commis
sioners,'a certificate is issued, and he is
then put in custody of the Marshal, who is
responsible for his delivery in the State
from which he may have fled, and is
made liable for the price of the negro if
he-escape. Persons rescuing a slave,or
aiding and abetting, either directly or in
directly in the rescue, are liable 'to a 'fine
of $lOOO for each slave so rescued, and
iniprisonmelat.for six months; and are
further liable in the sum of $lOO9 civil
damages to the party injured' by their
If this bill passes the House it vir
doubileis have a most salutary. effect.
U The new three cent piece, litely
aiithbrized to be coined by Congressris
said to have been issued from the mint
at ~ Philadelphia. It is a very beautiful
coin •having' on one side the words
"'United States of America," in which.
is,a circular wreath, including the. nu
merical " III." o,n the, revgrse side is
the •Liberty 'Cap, inscribed witb the
word " tiberty," and surrounded with
rays. tuderneath the cap are the fig
ures 44 1850."
;Pittston, Liderne Cpunty, Pa.
;Perhaps: town, in . our Corninon-'
wealth has grown, in so Short space of
time, lift° considerahleimportince, in
point of trade.and population, as has . the
one'named at the head of this article.
But a few years ago, the spot where it
now stands, teeming with busy life, and
vocal with the bum .of industry, was an
almost unbroken wilderness. Here and
there, it is true, the smoke ascending
from some miserable hut, seen through
the openings of theirees, denoted the
presence of man in the solitudes of the
forest, and the early dawn of civilize,
lion . ; but no one, . even gifted with divi
nation, would have predicted that, in
the lapse of less, than a score of years,
the old, primeval trees would be swept
away by the sturdy, woodmen's axe, and
give place to a town already numbering
at least a thousand souls, and filled with
all the elements of an enduring pros
A friend" recently on a visit there,
speaks in the highest terms of the growth
and advantages of this thriving place.
It is situate 4 on the banks of the Sus-
,about, nine miles above
Wilkesbarree, in the heak of the an
thracite coal fields of Wyoming, near
the junction of the North Branch Eiten-
sion to the New York State Line with
the old North Branch Canal. In con-
sequence of the new impetus that will
be given to the coal trade when this
great improvement is completed, coal
companies are rapidly forming, and pur
chasing, at a high rate, the lands in the
neighborhood ; and capitalists in many
quarters have their eyes fumed in that
direction, as the scene of future exten
sive operations. The Pennsylvania Coal
Company, whose improvement connects
with that of the - Delaware and Hudson
Canal Company, and has its western
terminus near the North Branch Canal,
a short distance below Pittston, is now
in full operation, and getting out and
transporting over their work at least a
thousand tons per day. Other compa
nies are also in full blast, making. the
North Branch Canal the outlet of their
trade, and bearing the black diamond"
in a southern direction, to find a market
along the seaboard.
As another evidence of the thriftiness
of this place, we number among our ex
changes a large and
_neatly printed news
paper just started there, the columns of
which, filled with advertisements, bear
impressive testimony of active business
and expansive trade. With all these
combined and solid advantages in its fa
vor, the destinies of this region must be
onward and •upward ; and Pittston can
not fail soon to rival Mauch Chunk or
Pottsville in-the extent of its population
and the magnitude of its. mining opera
Letter from Cass to Gen. Garibaldi
WASHINGTON, Aug. 14.
My Dear Sir :—I welcome you to
this land of freedom. May it always be
the land of hospitality to the unfortunate
exile, driven by the persecution of arbi
trary power to seek refuge in the new
world from the tyranny of the old.
General, you, possess the regard"and
the sympathy,of the American people,
and you well merit this distinction.
You raised the standard of Liberty upon
the Capitoline Hill, and history will do
justice to your noble efforts to maintain
it there; to revive the spirit and the
freedom of ancient Rome amid the mon
uments of her power and glory. It is
not success that hallows a cause ; it is
the principle involved in it. You yield
ed to an overwhelming force ; to another
descent of the Gauls upon Italy. But
you preserved your own high character,
and you preserved also the respect of
every 'believer in the rights of man
throughout the world. But such efforts
as those of the Roman people, though
unsuccessful, are not useless. The bat
tle of freedom may be . lost once and a
gain, but it will yet be won, and man
restored to the rights _which Ggd has
given him. .
I thank you, Generif,lfor your kind
letter, and , for the enclosure from- Mr.
Hyatt, though you need no introduction
to an American. Your glorious exer
tions, followed by misfortunes, borne
`with equanimity, are a jassport to the,
hearts and hoines of my countrymen.
_ I should, be happy to see , you- in,
Washington, and to express to you, in
person, those sentiments of respect and
regard which I must c.oldlyon
paper, : and with which I am, ever Wily
Your friend and" servant,
General Garibaldi. )
The Horrible Tragedy at Troy, N. Y.
TROY, Aug. 22. 1850
I send you further particulars of 'the'l
appalling and bloody tragedy which
came. to light yesterday morning at - the
St. Charles Hotel. About ten o'clock
this forenoon, Mr. R. B. McDonald, the
proprietor of the hotel, thinking there
was something wrong in the ton-ap•
pearance of a man and woman who had
stopped as travellers, went up to their
room and knocked at the door, but re
ceiving no answer he opened a small
window over the 'door, when a horrid
spectacle was presented. Both man
and' woman were dead. The bodies,
the clothes and the bed were covered
with blood and the throats of both were
cut and horribly mutilated.
The man and woman came to the ho
tel about 4 o'clock on Monday morning.
From facts which were brought out, it'
was found that the man's name was
Wm. A. Caldwell, a resident of White
hall, where he has a father living. He
was from 26 to 30 years of age and had
returned from the sca about three or
four months since. He was well dress
ed and of respectable appearance. The
woman's maiden name was Louisa C.
Van Winkle, but it is believed she was
of_late knows by the nerve of Knapp.
She was between 25 and 30 years old,
and very beautiful. She was dressed in
deep mourning, and is stated to be from
The Coroner of Troy being out of the
city; ; Coroner Cogswell, of Lansingburg,
was sent for to hold an inquest. The
Jury, after hearing the facts in' the case
returned the following verdict !
That the woman came 'to her, death
by having her throat, cut from ear to
ear by the hands of Wm. A. Caldwell'
on the evening of Tuesday, and that
Caldwell came to his death by hiS own
Murder and Suicide.
A murder and suicide was perpetra
ted at Fishkill village, N. Y., under the
On Saturday morning last Mr. Secord
proceedid to his barn a short distance
from his house, for the pbrpose of har
nessing up his horse to go to church.—
Mrs. Secord, Mrs. Berry, and Mary Ann
Smith, a servent girl, were left in the
house. The girl, Mary Ann, about 9
o'clock proceoed up stairs to dress her
self, preparatory to going to Sunday
school. She came down stairs and pas
into the parlor to the mirror, and I
was in the act of tying a ribbon round I
her neck, when Mrs. Serord canoe sud- I
denly behind her, seized her, and with a
razor, cut her throat from ear to ear, al- -
most severing her head from her body:
Mary Ann gave but one scream, stag
gered to the sill of the shed door, and
fell over the steps on-her faCe,a s corpse!
Mr. and Mrs. Pollock, neighbors, were
just coming in at the gate, When they
saw the child fall. They raised her up,
she gave two sighs, and her spirit was
gone forever. Mr, Secord was sent for,
and when he came they went to look
for Mrs. Secord,.who was found in the
orchard with her hands over her throat,
the blood streaming therefrom, and the
razor in her hands. AssistanCe having
been obtained, Mrs. Secord was con
veyed to the house. A messenger was
sent immediately to Dr. Lewis H. White,
avho was promptly on the spot, and used
every effort that great skill and experi
ence could suggest, to save the life of
this unfortunate woman. Her throat
was horribly mangled, and her windpipe
iervered. It had the apperance ofhaving
been cut-in two attempts. The % - vounds
had been properly examined, sewed up
and dressed; she was taken to her bed
room, and in a very short tithe, while
the attendant's attention was otherwise
engaged. sbe took a penknife from her
pocket and tried to re-open tbeltvounds,
but was prevented irrtime. She evinced
and expressed no-desire 'to' live.' It is'
the opinion of the doctor that her wounds
are mortal, though she may liv'e for a
few days." --
It is said, upon good authority, that
the medical student who, entered Dr.
Webster'a rooms, at the time the dread
ful scene of November last was being
enacted, will publish a statement, "after
the 'execution, giving full particUlars of
all he saw and heard. It appears that
the:student had left his, ruhliere the
Doctor's laboratory, and finding the door
locked,and Supposing the Doctor had gone
to Cainhridge, he raised a window and
entered that way.----Pennsylvirtian.
Execution of Professor Webster.
-- BOSTON, Friday, August - 30.
Professor Webster was hung at 20
ininiitea to_ 10. _ He exhibited annum"
,an_d_penitent - i, and died with hardlY a
SECOND DESPATCH !
Bovrorc, Friday, August 30.
Professor Webster, ,after
~ his family
left him last night, as he confidently
alleged in perfect untonsciousness o f his
coming fate, was searched and placed in
a new cell, in order to prevent any Rt..
tempt at suicide. Dr. Putnam left biti u
at 9 o'clock, and from that time until 12
he passed the time in communion with
At 12 he fell into a sort of a doze, btu
did not sleep heavily, awaking at times
and conversing. He spoke of his impen
ding fate with fortitude and resignatidn,
and seemed quite grateful that the time
of his death had been kept from his farm
ly. At the various noises of the damii
ing of a new day he seemed to be some
what agitated, but—soon regained his
composure.- By advice, be breakfasted
upon tea and coffee, with bread, inviting
the Officers to partake with him, and
furnishing them with bread. He made
the preparations for asscending the scaf
fold with firmness. AbOut 300 were
admitted to the jail yard, and the house
tops and'windows adjoining the jail were
crowded with people, including many
1 ladies. The streets near the jail were
also crowded, but not densely. At 9
o'clock the last religious services were
commenced by Dr. Putnam, consisting
of a fervent prayer.
He invoked the presence, spirit. and
grace of God for him soon to die. .He
prayed that the prisoner's repentance
might be accepted, and that he might
be prepared to meet death.
During thC storm on Sunday, the 3d
ult., we had a most remarkab?
tion of Dr-Franklin's theoryObat the
lightning will not pass through a roof
covered with metal, but .wall diffuse it
self on the metalic surface, and if there
be a water spout, will pass oil' through
that to the earth. The house is covered
with tin, and has a tin pipeleacling from
the roof to the cistern, and has no light
nine, rod. The flash was so great as to
startle persons at a distance, yet, being
directly over the house, was not seen or
felt by the inmates. All they knew of
the shock was from thelnar of the thud
der; and having . the water pipe shivered.
I Not a shock was felt in the house,—
Suicide of a Child.
The Jasper county correspondent of
the Lafayette (la.) Courier, writes that
a dangtter of Mr. Grissell, about twelve
years old, conunitted suicide near Hen
sailer on the 23d ult„ by hanging her
sell to the joist of the house with a bri
dle. - It appears that she committed he
rastract through fear of being punished
for accidentally breaking a crock. At
ter meeting with the accident she dressed
herself in suitable burial clothes, and
telling her' little brother, that "she
never would break another crock," she
got upon the, bed, tied a bridle to the
joist, fastened it around her neck, and
jumped off. Her brother succeeded in
replacing her upon the bed, but she
jumed off the second time, and before he
could obtain assistance, she was dead.
A few days since a man left ids wag
on and horses standing at a door in
town, the horses not fastened, and two
small-children in the wagon. The horse
took fright and ran furiously through
the bridge. On entering the bridge they
came in contact with another wagon,
which was badly broken. Here one of
the children was thrown out. The
horses tan over the . bridge, near the oth
er end of which the other child tell
through the wagon body. One child
'Was slightly hurt, the other ;escaped in
jury. It was providential that a more
serious accident was not the, conse
quence. Horses should not be left, how
ever gentle, without being fasteised.--
Wilkesbarie °cats. ,
TEX/0 , 5 *ND THE UNION.—The Lout
vile Journareays very aptly, that at this
very moment] while Texas has an agent
in Washington .asking the United States
to vend troops to protect her against , the
'lndiana 'she ban Senatorsand represent
atives in Washuaaton
tt her demands in regard to New
"co are not complied with, :the 'will whip
the United Slues.