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THE WHOLE ART OF GOVERNMENT CONSISTS IN TlfE ART OF BEING HONEST.-JEFFERSON.
STROUDSBURG, MONROE COUNTY, PA, THURSDAY, MARCH 3, 1353,
'"- .No 39.
Published by Theodore Sclioch.
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- Jcffcrsoiiian Republican.
The- Knickerbocker Magazine has a
biography of a County Doctor, from
t - i .ii. ii. rn : ::,i-
a specimen of the annoyances to which
. . r . , i x j xi
'the profession' are subjected in the rural
When men are sick, they want to be
cured, cost what it may, but when they
are on their feet, and at their business
again, they do not want to pay, especial-
lyifthe bill be a little one. The poor
doctor is called from his bed on a stormy
night with the stirring summons-
'Doctor -want you to come right
straight away off to Banks's. His child's
'Then why do you come?'
jHe's p'isoned. They give him laud'
num for parogoricky.'
'How much have they given him!'
'Don't know. A great deal. Think
he won't get over it.'
The doctor pushes off through the ! tenaer sympacny lor mm ana nis sorrow
storm, meets with divers mishaps by the Jfnl wife, this humiliating condition was
and at length arrives at the house i
of his poisoned patient. . He finds all
closed not a light to be seen.
'I knocked at the door,
but no answer.
I knocked furiouslv, and at last a night-
cap appeared from the chamber window, j
r.au a woman s
'The doctor, to be sure; you sent
him. What the dogs is the matter?'
'Oh, it's no matter, doctor.- Ephraim
is better. We got a little sheered kind o'.
Gin him-laud'num, and he slop' kind o'
sound, but he's woke up now.'
'How much laudanum did he swallow?'
'Only two drop3. 'Taint hurt him
none. Wonderful bad storm to-night.'
The doctor turns away, buttoning up
his overcoat under his throat, to Eeek his
home again, and tries to whistle away
mortification and anger, when the voice
'What do you want?'
'You won't charge nothin' for this vis
it, will you.
A New Marriage-Trap.
The British government is trying to
hire the convicts at Yan Dieman's Land !
to get married by promising them free-and deposited in Poughkeepsie Bank and
doin, as a reward for their hardihood in . a telegraphic dispatch sent to that effect,
undertaking that hazardous enterprise. j The claimant, in the absence of Bolding's
It is said that the old maids and bache"- j counsel, pocketed tho funds, and after
lors on the island are embracing this op-! weeks and weeks delay, Bolding return
portunity to change their condition, by j ed.
marrying handsome young thieves and j But the cream of the story is yet to bo
vagabonds of either sex. Some of the
cunning rogues, however, will not swallow j nundred dollars bad been from time to
the matrimonial hook, even when it is time clapped on, to meet the costs, expen
baited with such a sweet morshal as lib-jcs, "Marshal's fees," &c, we have a doc
erty. A similar government policy was jnment from Washington that gives us yet
adopted once before in England. another bill, that Uncle Sam seems to be
When a man was convicted of certain of-, connected with.
fences, and sentenced to be hanged at .
Tyburn if any woman could be found
willing to espouse him under the gallows, ,
erty, the marriage being considered pun -
On one occasion, when
fice on a certain criminal, a lady stepped .
forth from the crowd and offered to take
liim for better or worse. The poor fel
low looked at her, then at the cord, hesi
tated for a moment, and finally expressed
&is determination .in the following
'Long nose, sharp chin;
Tie the rope, hangman! '
Candidates for office are making .Gen
eral Pierce all sorts of presents. From
one set he gets a splendid carriage, from '
anotner a pair or wood horses, from a
third a complete wardrobe, &c, &c.
These fellows probably think they under
stand the trick of getting a good deal of
water out of a pump by pouripg a little in.
Blacksmiths, it is said forge and steel ev
ery day; but we think people speak iron-
i-oally of themT . '
From the N. Y. Tribune.
SIave-Cafching--Wbo Pays ?
Most of our reader will recollect the
case of John Bolding, the Poughkeepsie
Tailor, who was arrested in August, 1851,
1 aS an alleged Fugitive Slave, brought irom
, , to . ,
pOUjrnkeopSie to New lork, and went
j ' . ,
through the form, of a three day 3 trial;
j , , , . , ,
and aitnougn provea to nave -ouiy
tenth of Negro blood, was sent back to
South Carolina into Slavery.
Owing to the good character of John,
I anr3 tlc intellectual and religious standing
: . . . , . ,
0t lllS Wlte, 1113 IriendS reSOlVea to pur
chase him. Tho history of that negocia
tion is interesting. The price first pro
posed 81,250, or thereabouts ; his friends
offered to give that, but wished the clai-
iiinfc firof. fn mnT-n nnf. a vrimcL facie
, rf gl wag agreed
, . . , . , w rn pn n u ttl e.th e
'sum was increased to $1,500, because
. , , , . ,
"additional costs had been incurred."
1 . . . .
His fnends l!0cver determined to give
even that sum.
! When the trial was over, $1,750 was
demanded, and the plea for this extra
$250 tbe Marsbal uld bave
' to be Paid-
Ilowcver, under the circumstances,
! Bolding's friends submitted to this exac-
K1011, and set about raisinS the moneJ' 11
soon ascertained that the amount was
1 ., mi Jtx;.
iortucommg. xuen a new conuiuou waa
attached to the purchase, which was, that
Bolding must go back into Slavery, at all
events, so to make an example of him,
and teach the North the law. This was
a sore condition, nis friends demurred:
! but seeing no alternative and moved by
l 1 iT i T .1 1
John was seated in a carriage, taken to
the steambpat, and just as he was biding
his friends and his wife's kindred good-by,
expected to return a free man in a few
daJ3 both hc and they erc astounded
to learn mat uco itiousana aouars was
now the price of his redemption.
This intelligence, communicated at this
late hour, was both to John and hisfriends,
chilling in the extreme. The liberality
of those generous and sympathetic friends
had been taxed to his utmost. The claim
ant was remonstrated with, but all to
I no purpose, ine plea lor tins last exac
tion was, that the Marshal's fees would be
increased, with the other expenses, in ta
king him to South Carolina.
Bolding was then told by his counsel
and friends that it was doubtful if this de
mand would ever be submitted to, and
that he must not indulge any delusive
hopes. lie left peaceably and quietly,
but sorrowful emotions. He was taken
back, shut up for weeks in prison by or
der of a mob, and had no intimation for
a long time of what was doing by his
friends. Those friends rallied once more.
made a noble push, the 2,000 was raised
told. After four, five, eight and nine j
Here it is properly certified :
IJf TH MATTR QF JQnN BALDWIN A FU
York to South Carolina, 773 -miles, at
o7 cents per mile
Maintaining prisoner 3daysatl
veymg tugitive Irom iNew-
York to South Carolina,at 37c579 75
ANDREW T. JUDSON.
I certify that the above is a true copy
ff ill a nrirrinnl wli!rli ic prmnlrirln1 ?ii t-Un
account of H. F. Tallmadge, Marshal of
Southern District of New-York, and filed
on record in this office. Treasury De-
: partraent, Feb. 2, 1853.
N. SARGENT, Register.
it .seems .that not only Bolding's
funds were bled a couple of thousand, for:
a man who would not bave brought his
claimants on the auction block 600,but
that 8872 62 are taken from the Treasu
ry to pay for a genteel ride tOvCharlestpn
There is one feature more in this respec
table man-hunt on which we make a pas
sing remark, and we have done. It is
Barnett and Anderson, the two claim
ants of John, were both present at the
trial. "When he was committed to their
custody as their slave, there is not, we
venture to say, in New York a man so
fool-hardy or insane as to believej after
witnessing the quiet, orderly, gentlemanly
deportment of Bolding throughout the
whole affair, that any danger of a mob, or
rescue, or escape could be apprehended.
And, least of all, was any such danger'to
be apprehended after he was seated in the
cars, or on the steamboat, between his
two captors. A cord or single pair of
fetter3) at one dollara espense could haye
made all secure. But? they knew that even
such was unnecessary.
"Why then wo ask is a Deputy and his
two sturdy "Assistants," to ride 773 miles
at $1 12c.perinile, to aid these claimants.
But who were these "two assistants"?
Were they Barnett and Anderson them
selves ? If so, Uncle Sam was very lib
eral to carry them home at his expense.
Or were, they extra "Assistants"? If the
latter, then the expense was a most out
rageous one, wholly unnecessary. . But
the Job on the whole is not a Jean, but
very fat one and a Marshall can well
afford to be nimble in slave hunts. Let us
see. One dollar and twelve cents each
mile. We believe few of our Bailroads
or Steam Boats charge beyond three or
four cents per mile, call it four, and Mar
shall Tallmadge pockets the nett pretty
sum of one dollar per mile for 773 miles.
So that we now learn, that not only the
Commissioner gets 100 per cent premium
for sending back the fugitive, but the
Marshall pockets a still larger fee. But
never mind the Treasury pays. " What
has the North to do with slavery"? Oh
nothing gentlemen only to be skinned, lie
still, let you sprinkle in fine salt and pep
per and not flounce, else the Union will
Tobacco-Chewing and Spitting.
A spicy debate sprung up in tho House
of Representatives at Washington some
days ago, between Stanly of N. Carolina,
Davis of Mass., and some other members,
on Tobacco and Spitting. Doubtless our
readers observed a sketch of the discus
sion in our telegraphic reports of Con
gressional proceedings. Those who over
looked it, missed some of the characteristic
pungency of Edward Stanly, which is al
ways worth hearing and reading, and also
some valuable hints in regard to the filthy
habit of chewing tobacco and squirting the
juice of it in miniature cataracts up and
down the ways of life. ' If those who be
foul their persons and infect the atmos
phere by this pernicious and nauseous
habit, could be affected by expostulation,
or satire, or ridicule, it might be worth
while to discharge a full voley at them.
But we fear they are incorigible For
ourselves, we have a feeling sense of this
enveterate habit of filthiness. We pre
sume we get spit upon forty times a year.
We never get into a crowd, and never
go to leeward on board a steamer, that
we do not apprehend and very generally
experience a shower of tobacco juice e
jected from the nasty tobacco-crusted
mouths of chewers and spitters. We al
ways feel that such fellows should not be
allowed to go at large, unless each had
a spittoon attached to his nose by a ring,
into which he might expectorate his sa
liva. But it is a foul subject, and we will not
wiite about it. The dirty dogs who chew
and spit, and spit and chew, are not worth
Preparation for Boots.
The February number of the Ameri
can Farmer contains the following receipe:
Cqynposition for rendering Boots and
Sioes Watcr-Proof "Take 1 pint of boiled
fiecdotl, 2 oz. of becs-wax, 2oz.ofspir-,
of turpentine, and 2 oz oj Burgundy
jj"c,u iCtuu-ym "7
a slow fire. With this mixture new shoes
and boots are to be rubbed in the sun, or
at a little distance from the fire, with a
sponge or brush. This operation should
bo repeated without wearing them as of-
ten as they become dry, until they are
fully saturated ; which will require four
or fiye times brushing by this,.the leather
becomesimpervious to water... .The boot
or shoe, thus prepared, lasts muchlon-
ger than common leather; it acquires such
aplicability and softness, that it will never
snnvel, nor grow hard, and in that state,
is the most effectual preventive against, learn wno tue unfortunate creature is,
colds, &c. It is necessary to remark that upon whom Napoleon III. has inflicted
shoes and boots, thus prepared, to be J himself as husband. The following arti
worn, until they become perfectly dry and Jcl wbich we find in the Commercial
er will become too soft, and wear out
much sooner than it otherwise would."
The Editor of the Farmer endorses
this as follows :
"We have tried the effect of the compo
sition made agreeably to this receipe, and
can vouch for its rendering leather water
proof. In order to test it, we procure a
very new pair of shoes, gave them five
successive rubbings with it, allowing suf
ficient time between each for the compo
sition to become dry. After the last had
become perfectly absorbed by the leather,
we placed one of the shoes in a tub par
tially filled with water, and left it there
for 4 hours. When we took the shoe
out, it was as dry as when we first placed
it in the tub ; the effect of the composition
is, that while it renders the leather water
proof, in the broadest sense of the term,
jit makes soft and pliant, and therefore
the more elastic and durable. Erom our
experience in the wear of shoes made water-proof,
we have no hesitanoy in saying
that a pair thus treated will last as long
as two pair that may be worn without it.
But independent, of this economical view
of the subject, there is so much comfort
in wearing a pair of boots or shoes, im
pervious to water, that if it did not con
duce to saving which it does it is so
preservative of health, that that consid
eration alone should commend this com
position to all who put a just estimate up
on that most v.aluablc of all earthly bless
ings. Wet feet is, perhaps, the cause of
more distressing colds, coughs, and con
sumptions than anything else ; if then, we
can preserve dry feet, and thereby avoid
the unpleisant and dangerous consequen
ces which follow from wet ones, it becomes
a matter of duty for us all, to avail our
selves of this preventive remedy. It is"
cheap and effective, and does not in the
least prevent the leather from taking a
fine polish. When we first read the re
cipe, we were satisfied, from the constit
uents in it; that it would make leather
water-proof; but we felt it to be our duty,
before publishing it, to test its virtues ful
ly, as we are averse to endorsing anything
untried. The thought here presents
itself, that if agriculturists would have
their harness, collars, and gearing, gen
erally, saturated with this composition
twice a year, it would ma"ke them last as
long again, besides rendering them much
more comfortable to the animals that have
to wear and work in them.
A Chinese Custom.
BY UNCLE DANIEL.
The Chinese are a very interesting peo
ple. Their manners, customs, religion
and dress, as their features and complex
ion, are entirely unlike those of the peo
ple of Europe and America. The Chi
nese ladies walk very ungracefully, and
cannot dance at all, on account of the
smallness of their feet. This leads me to
speak of a singular unnatural, and foolish
custom which prevails among them. It
is the opinion of both the men and the wo
men, that the smaller the female foot acn
be made, the greater, its beauty and the
more it adds to the attractions of the lady
to whom it belongs. This seems very ab
surd to us, but quite the reverse to them.
So, by means of wooden shoes, bandages,
and other contrivances, applied in child
hood, they prevent their feet from growing
to the size and shape which God intended,
and almost make cripples of themselves
in doing it. The consequenco is, as we
have said, that they can neither dance
nor walk gracefully, but shuffle and tot
ter along as awkwardly as if they walked
on pegs instead of feet. "What foolish
people !" do you say ? You should not
say that. The custom of which I have
spoken is undoubtedly a very foolish one;
but is not possible that wo Americaus,
who think ourselves a very wise people,
have some customs which are equally
foolish? American ladies do not com
press their feet by means of wooden shoes
and bandages, but both ladies and gentle
men often wear shoes and boots which fit
so tightly, that very troublesome corns
are nroduced bv them. But this is not
the worst ousfoni which prevails among
us. A small waist has been and still is, j
bv manv. considered to add greatly to the
ny mauy, u"l c fo j ,
attractions of the female form; so, instead
of allowing their bodies to develop them-;
selves intothe full and graceful propor-
tions which Nature designed, many of our
women, by the most absurd and unnatu -
ral COmpieasioua, iiuvu icuuuuu iubu
r.u ,o1. cn vx
nroJefa in n wnsn-hke smallness. obstruc-
'""u,w r . .
free action of the vital organs,
destroying beauty, health, and
life! Shall wo call the Chinese loolisli,
when they only compress the feet? I
bopctnat wuen uie uiuog.ua mioiouu
1.1. - O T?nll-nT uVinll rrrnnr nn nnfl lin
come women, they will be free from all,
tbCSe aDSUm UUU UUUilluiai uusiuma.
There is music in the crack of. a stage
driver's whip whemthe;groundMS white;
with ascoat ofrsnow.t
The New Empress of France.
Our lady readers will be gratified to
Advertiser, tells her story in a few words.
The Commercial says: $
We are indebted to an esteemed friend,
who was formerly resident in Spain, for
the following sketch, which seems to ex
plain the family origin of the new Em
press of France very satisfactorily. Her
history is not less romantic than that of
he Empress Josephine:
A worthy Scotchman, by the name of
William Kirkpatrick, was for sorao time
the American consul at Malaga, and,fail
ing in business, was succeeded by George
G. Barrel as the United States consul at
Malaga. This was, I think, under Pres
ident Monroe's administration.
Mr. Kirkpatrick's eldest daughter Ma
ria, or 'Moriquita as she was familiarly
called and known by all Americans there,
was a very fine, dashing lady, married
the Count de Teba, a younger brother of
the celebrated Palafoix, who behaved so
gallantly at tho siege of Zaragoza, and
who in reply to a demand of surrender,
declared ho would continue the defence
by 'War to the knife.'
The Falafoix family embraced numer
our titles, and was singularly brave and
This husband of Blaria Kirkpatrick
(Court de Teba) was a gallant soldier,
and so cut up by wounds as to be unable
to mount his horse without aid, and when
in the saddle looked more as if he was
hooked on than seated there.
The new Empress of the French is no ',
doubt the daughter of this Countess Teba,
Olariquita Kirkpatrick,' who wis daugh
ter of William Kirkpatrick late United '
Stats consul at Malaga not British con
sul not Fitzpatrick and not Irish.
Since the above was in type, we find
the following in the Tribune.
For some years the young Countess de
Teba or Montijo, who is now about twen-.
ty-five, has enjoyed at Madrid the repu-J
lation of an exceedingly fast woman. 1
Tall, graceful, of statuesque symmetry of ,
person, with luxuriant auburn or rather
red hair, a pale complexion, which has
latterly stood in need of rouge, electrical
eyes of a brown so deep and radiant as
to pass for black, rather long and aristo-.
cratic features, a large but exquisitely
sculptured nose, a lovely mouth, and
teeth of dazzling whiteness, she is a type '
of admirable beauty; which a languid and j
blase air hardly diminishes. Endowed
with uncommon wit and spirit, she speaks
French, English, Italian and German
with as much fluency as Spanish. A
proficent in exercise of strength and ad- I
dress, she rides with the boldest, and :
drives four-in-hand with the most skill
The Tribune's informant also says that
Mile. Montijo was in the habit, while liv
ing at Madrid, of doing just as she pleased
in everything having an income of 830,
000 a year. She presided at bull-fights,
dressed in ballet costume, and was the ad-'
miration of the bull-fighters, who always
cheered her when she appeared among
tho spectators. She also gave suppers
on'her own hook to fast young men; at-,
tended (itninvitcd) entertainments given'
to celebrated characters, and beat them ,
all in making extemporaneous toasts and
speeches, and was, in short, the admira
tion and despair of the entire male popu-1
lation. She is now Empress of France, 1
and linked to the fate of him for whom '
thousands of daggers are unsheathed, and
whose destruction tens of thousands of,
noble hearts have sworn to compass. j
We have beeu told tuafc Mlle Montijo
. -T .
onoe oame verv near marrying a New
J J r
iorker ho made hcr acquaintance
broad; and only missed doing so by re-!
jecting his offer. How unfortunate! Had
sho acccpfcea the hand of our 'honest fel-
. ... ir n i i ,i
low-citizen' she would have cscapod the
... . i i i. i .i t
cawiswopuo wmou uus now ovuruikua uer. .
JjA little girl being sent to tho store
cbase sorac dye stuff, and forget-.
tlDS the name of the article, said to the
'John, what do folks dye with?'
'Dye with? Why, cholera, some times,'.
replied John. .
Well, L believe that's tbe name. 1 want
to, get three cents wortn.'
If the breed of hogs you have is not a
good- and profitable one, buy a young
boar, of some approved breed, and cross
your own; and while you are doing so, be
sure to get a good one.
Apple Orchard. If the bark on
your apple trees are rough and dead-like
in appearance, or covored with moss,
scrape them, and apply a mixture made
in the proportion of 1 gallon of soft soap,
1 quart of salt, and 1 lb. of flour of sul
phur. This will cause a new and health
ful bark to grow on them, prove repul
sive to insects, and otherwise benefit tho
trees. As to pruning, none but the dead
limbs should be taken off; those cut closo
into the body or main branch, the wound
made smooth with a drawing knife, and
surface covered with a plaster made of1
equal parts of soft cow-dung, and old
mortar powdered fine, or of equal parts
of beeswax, rosin and tallow, either to be
capped with strong cugar loaf paper, or
strong cotton or linen cloth.
Selling Corn. Shell your corn be
fore you sell it, crush the cobs and feed
them in mashes to your milch cows. A
peck of crushed cobs and a peck of cut
fodder, hay or straw, thrice a day, will
keep your cows well up to their milch.
This mess may be cooked enough by
simply pouring boiling water over it, cov
ering it, and permitting it to remain un
till cool enough to be fed out.
He that sells his corn on the cob, gives
away his cobs, besides paying for their
transportation to market; and where the
grain is large and the cob small, gives a
way a part of his corn also, as such corn
will yield more than 5 bushels to the bar
rel. American Farmer.
From the Dollar yeicspaper.
Among the various agricultural pro
ducts of our country, butter is well worthy
of attention, and, in good grazing dis
tricts, amply repays the labor of the far
mer, lit is not my purpose to speak of
the different method, but merely to mako
a statement of the mode which I have
found completely successful in ifc3 manu
facture and preservation. If you are
going to make butter, several things will
be necessary; a milk room, a butter bowl
and ladle, a cool cellar., (not too damp,)
in which the butter must be kept, and al
so the milk, through the heat of summer,
as you should always endeavor to make
hard butter. The churning can be done
by water power, dog, or sheep, or by
hand, if your dairy is small. Pans, after
being washed, shoidd be rinsed in hot
water to remove all acidity, and all ves
sels used must be kept perfectly sweet.
Sell your spring butter, and lay none
down until it has a rich yellow color.
Let the cream stand until it sours, then
churn it; wash the butter thoroughly in
pure, cold water, (hard water is prefera
ble,) and add the the salt, working it
well through the butter. Set it away,
and let it stand twenty-four hours; then
work it until it will cut smooth with a
ladle; reject the pickle, and pack in a
firkin. The salt can be measured, and a
little experience will regulate the quantity.
Hot water should never be added to the
cream while churning, to facilitate the
operation, as it produces what "3 called
scalded butter, being white and of infer
When a firkin is half full, add an even
teaspoonful of pulverized saltpetre to a
churning, when you work it over, and put
in the firkin. This will strike through
and preserve the whole. When full, take
a wet cloth, spread over the top of the
butter, and fill with coarse salt, about an
inch in depth, turning over the edge3 of
the cloth upon the salt, and proceed in
the manner with each firkin. " Many
dairymen put pickle upon the butter, and
it may answer as well, but you cannot
keep your firhins as nice as by the first
method. Before beading for market, re
move the coarse salt, and having a oloth,
about the size of the head ready, wet it,
spread neatly over tho butter, and sprin
kle a little fine salt on it. This keeps all
dust from the butter, that may get in a
round the head. Head the firkin, and
wash off all dirt with cold water, or, if
moulded, use a little soft soap, and no
stain will remain. It is now ready for
market, where you should get it as neat
as possible. Butter
this manner, brings
made and kent
as hiirh a price
market, as any made in this section
the country. a. f,
Sohohariee Co. N Y.
There is a hog on exhibition at Cincin
nati, of such size and fatness, that Pro
fessor Somerindyke says that if his tail
was lighted and kept properly trimmed,
he would burn for a year; and with sucL
brilliancy as to light a large portion of
the city. Where's your sperm whalo
A couple pf men were hung in New
York last week, and a barber was sent for
to shave them, preparatory to the execu
tion. He brought in a bill of twenty-five
dollars for the servicel This may bo con
sidered as one of the greatest shaves ora
Bmall 3cale1on record.