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The whole art of Government consists in the art op being honest. Jefferson.
STROUDSBURG, MONROE COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 14, 1841.
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menuii i ype, we arc prepared to execute every des
Cards, Circulars, Bill Heads, Rotes,
JUSTICES, LEGAL AND OTHER
Printed with neatness and despatch, on reasonable terms.
IRON WORKS, IiAHTDS, &c.
The subscriber offers for sale all the Works
and Lands belonging to the late lirm of Henry,
Jordan7 fe Co.. adjoining
Stroudsbunr, the seat of Justice of Monroe
county, Pa. situated about three miles from the
Delaware river, and twenty six from Easton,
on the located route of the Susquehanna and
Delaware rail road, and adjacent to numerous
stores, mills, houses of worship, several Acad
emies, schools, libraries, &c. &c.
The works are erected on a tract of about
in a high state of cultivation, and consist of a
two fired forge, Tilthammer and Forge, Blowing
apparatus, large shears, Ore stampers, Grind
ing and Polishing works with three Avater
wheels, and power and convenience for at least
three more heavy mill wheels.
The water power is never less than 2,800
square inches, under a three feet head ; the
whole head and fall is eleven feet. Also one
Blacksmith shop, with 2 fires, several large
Coal barns, Iron house, Carpenter shop, Scale
house, Store and Office, and other out houses
one new brick
Barn, &c, and ten other
all in good repair. Also about
1750 Acres ol' Wood Eiand
in the vicinity, with several good tenements,
farm land, and water power thereon, in lots to
Also several hundred steel and iron pole
axes, and a few tons of tilted iron, of various
sizes, suitable for ironing wagons, &c. All
of the above property will be sold cheap, and
on accommodating terms. Apply to
JAMES BELL, Jr. Agent.
Experiment Mills, Monroe Co. Pa.
February 12, 1841. 5
P.S. If the above mentioned mansion house
is not sold before the first of April next, it will
be lor Kent
npHE spring term of the above named insti-
JL tution commenced on Monday, the 4th day o
May ; and is conducted by Miss Mary H.
jl Mum u.!, iaie 01 iroy remaie seminary, an
experienced and well qualified teacher.
The branches taught at this Seminary, are
Spanish f Italian
The Seminary being endowed by the State, in
struction is afforded at the reduced rate of Iwc
dollars per quarter, inclusive of all branches.
Having rented the spacious stone buiiding, for
merly occupied as the male Academy, the Trus
.tees are now prepared to receive any number oi
young ladies that may apply, from all parts of the
Board, in respectable families, can be obtained
on reasonable terms.
The Trustees, with the fullest confidence, com
.mend the Stroudsburg Female Seminary to the
patronage of the public.
JOHN HUSTON, Pres't.
(Attest) Wm- P. Vail, Secy.
Stroudsburg, May 15, 1840.
At the Monroe Tannery, 3 or 4 wood chop
pers, to whom liberal wages will be given by
R. T. DOWNING & Co.
Pocono tsp., Monroe Co.
.March Ifi, 184 1.
The Widow's Son.
0 'twas a wretched fate! He fell,
Bold, proud of heart, and young.
Far from the hearts that loved him well,
"Unhonored and unsung."
With spirit free as mountain blast,
Unfettered he was born,
Aspiring but his lot was cast, r
'Mid poverty and scorn.
His proud heart chilled in youth; with years
He hardened grew in crime;
A widow'd mother's scalding tears
Fell for his blighted prime!
He fled the reckless and the bold
Met him with heart and hand
He ne'er again sought to behold
His kindred or his land.
And summer past and winter sped,
And years rolled slowly by,
And grey had grown that mother's head,
And lustreless her eye,
And seldom was she heard to speak
Of him who fled away;
But when she did upon her cheek
The tears still loved to stray!
Upon her lonely pillow, sleep :
Ne'er closed her aching eyes, .- :
Until a prayer and blessing deep
Ascended to the skies
For him, her homeless, wandering son,
Her young heart's early joy,
Her loved, her lost, her wretched one,
Her proud souled, wicked boy!
At length a single line he sent -
He "would return anon;"
He "had reformed, he would repent,
And be once more a son!"
Hope whispered that it might be true
Yet dared she not believe;
Too well the widow'd mother knew
How well he could deceive!
He never came and more years past
Meekly she wept and sighed;
The fate of wo -was told at last,
"'Mid pestilence he died!"
And now she never weeps, but when
She thinks upon her son,
She'll o'er and o'er repeat again,
l! God's will, not mine, be done!"
JJjThe Editor of the Maino Cultivator has
received a pair of "large hens" from Russia
said to be prolific layers and excellent poultry
Chanticleer " can stand by the side of a flour
barrel, and eat eorn with ease from the top."
We trust the editor will remember our old
acquaintance Chapman, and send him a few
eggs to improve the breed. Tall crowing will
be required in 1844, to carry little Van through
and these Russians are just the thing for it.
Whales spout, so do politicians. Murder
will out, so will the measels. Good men are
scarce, so is British gold. Humbugs are plen
ty, and so are fools.
The best method of destroying the rats is, to
mix plaster of Paris largely with meal, which
they will eat, and which by hardening in the
siomacn ana intestines, produces death m a
Durable Whitewash. To make white
wash durable and prevent it from cracking, the
water in which the lime is mixed should be
fully saturated with salt before the lime is put
Moonshine and Melody. A select num
ber of love-struck, moon-struck, and music
struck young gentlemen, supplied with the ne
cessary quantity ol Jutes, flutes, and guitars,
took it into their heads on Tuesday evening, to
serenade a young lady or rather an old house
in St. Charles st., in which thev believed a
yuung muy 10 ue, oui in wnicn mere was no
i j . i i ... i .i
lady, either young or old. They tuned their
instruments, attuned their voices, and performed
away some thirty or forty minutes, making the
night hideous with sonss and air breathing suh-
limated sentiment, when a negro wench, with
a mouth like an ivory keyed accordion, raised
the window and addressed the vocal and instru
mental amateurs underneath: 'Look hea, frem
men, taint no use to be foolin' away vour time
round here, kase dar aint nobody in dis house
'cent Bess and dat's me. I aint no 'iection to
your playin' Jim along Josey, Cooney in de
Holler, or any ting dat's fashion ab e and n ee.
uui ueni lauan ana otner loolisii tunes you's
I a. J Ja 1 ! l . .
perlormm round here aint no account. Go
away white folks.' Tho serenaders sneaked
away as if their presence in another part of the
city just about that time was imperiously called
or. iv. u. rtcayune.
Tlie Rising ieiicratioii.
We once "visted" a country school in Pump
kinville, kept by a Mr. Obadiah Snooks, be
tween a clump of alder bushes and a noted frog
pond. The object of our visit was of course,
to see what progress the "rising generation"
was making in the walks of literature and sci
ence; and can assure the reader that we came
away highly gratified, and much amused.
Having seated our dignified self in the mas
ter's arm chair, we threw one leg over the other
-looked as serious as a psalm book, and waited
lor the first exhibition.
"Fifth class take their places to read," was
the grand signal for an attack on our gravity;
at which command out scampered into the
middle of the floor an interesting looking lot of
urchins, truly! unwashed, unshod, unshorn and
uncombed was the general aspect. After they
had writhed, twisted and squirmed through the
reading of their monosyllables, came on the
spelling! Tim Titmouse, whose tow frock
and check apron ornamented the foot of the
class, was a "buster" at spelling. Witness his
"Timothy, spell hoax"
"H, o, e, ho a, x, ax hoc-axe."
"The next," &c.
"Toe the mark, Timothy, and spell goat
"G, o, go i, t, it--o-o it:
Next came a class in parsing.
Master reads "Boys are more studious than
o-jfo lrhnrnh narco 7njo "
"Boys is an indefinite article imperative
mood, singular tense, objective case, and a
grees with girls."
"Give your rule."
"Conjunctions always connects sexes and all
kinds of genders.
We sat as composedly as a keg of oysters
all the while thev were committing an assault
and battery unon noor Lindlev Murrav and
never uttered a word in his defence.
"Class in geography" was the next move.
"What are the chief productions of Connec
"Onions, red flannel sassengers and wooden
clocks," cried a furzy faced goslin from a back
We then began to think about making tracks;
but Mr. Snooks said he should like to have us
hear his first class read and so we halted, a
chapter in the New Testament was selected
and all went on smoothly and eloquently till
some Johny Raw came to a certain verse which
he rendered thus: "He saw Abraham afar ofF
and Leather-ears in Boston !"
We grabbed our hat, and shot out of the
school house like a streak; and have ever since
kept clear of those places where they teach
young ideas how to shoot so outrageously!
Tlie Deserted CMMren.
"I will record in this place " says Mr. Flint,
in his Travels, of America, "a narrative that im
presses me deeply. It was a fair example of
the cases ol extreme misery and desolation that
are often witnessed on the Mississippi river.
"In the Sabbath School at New Madrid, we
received three children, who were introduced
to that place under the following circumstances.
A man was descending the river with three chil
dren in his pirogue. He and his children had
iduueu un a ueseri lsianu on a outer snnwv
i i i -i ... - -i i-..
enmg in JUecember. I here were but two
-T-V . rn -
houses near, and these at a little prairie oppo
sue me island, lie wanted more whiskey, al-
mougnne had been drinking too Ireely. Against
the persuasions of the children, he left them, to
oivoa uca iu luese nouses ana renew nis sun-
r.er 4 I I 1 1
piy. l ne wind blew high, and the river was
rough. Nothing could dissuade him from his
dangerous attempt. He told them he should
return that night He left them in tears, anrl
exposed to the pitiless peltings of the storm.
and started for his carouse. The children saw
the boat sink before he had half crossed the
passage the man was drowned.
"These forlorn beings were left without anv
omer covering than their own scanty, ragged
dress, for he had taken his blankets with him.
They neither had fire nor shelter, and no other
lood than uncooked pork and corn. It snowed
last and the night closed over them in this sit
uation. rhe oldest was a girl of six years, but
remarkably shrewd and acute for her age. The
next was a girl of four, and the youngest a bov
"It was affecting to hear the oldest girl de
scribe the desolation of heart, as she set herself
to examine her resources. She made her broth
er and sister creep together and draw their feet
under their clothes. She covered them with
eaves and branches, and thus they Dassed the
first night. In the morning, tho vounper chil
dren wept bitterly with cold and hunger. The
pork she cut into small nieces. She then ner-
suaded them to run about, setting them an ex
ample. Then bhe made them return to chew
ing corn and pork. It would seem as if Provi
dence had a special eye to these children, for
in the course of the day some Indians landed
on the island and found them. and. as thev
were coming up to Now Madrid, look them
From the Albany Cultivator.!
Are Your Apples Good?
If not, now is the time to make preparations
for improving them. There is a most surpri
sing negligence among farmers on the subject
of fruit, which is the more inexcusable, now
when the value of fruit, applos particularly, is
so much better understood than it formerly was.
It should never be forgotten that a tree that
will yield from 50 to a 100 bushels of fair, large,
and beautiful apples, which would be worth in
any market from 25 to 50 cents, occupies no
more space than one producing half the quanti
ty of sour, bitter, inferior apples, that even hogs,
unless threatened with the horrors of starva
tion, will not touch. Grafting is the remedy
for such fruit, and there are enough who suffi
ciently understand the process of grafting, to
perform all that may be necessary to furnish an
assortment of the best of apples the year round;
or if a farmer prefers to employ some one to do
this business for him, such men can generally
be obtained at the most reasonable rates. The
farmer himself, however, should procure his
own grafts, label them properly, and then, when
put in, he will be certain of the fruit he wishes,
which is not always the case when itinerant
grafters are employed, that find their own scions.
Let the farmer then look about him during this
season, and procure such apple grafts as will
give him an ample supply of all the most desi
rable kinds, not only for the table, cooking and
the whole year, but such as will be most valua
ble for feeding to swine or cattle, and have his
poor worthless fruit-trees filled with these sci
ons, and in a very few years he will reap an
abundant harvest for his pains and expense.
When an orchard is to be commenced, the bet
ter way doubtless is, to apply to some nursery
man upon whom reliance can be placed, and
make such selection as may be wanted, of trees
grafted when young. This method will ensure
good fruit, as when planted, such trees rarely
fail, and the danger of failure, which sometimes
exists where large trees are grafted, is thus
avoided. We then ask the reader, are your ap
ples good? and if not, urge upon him the im
portance of attending to the matter without de
lay, as every year's delay in grafting renders
another year's use of worthless fruit necessary.
Destroy Lice on Animals. It is very
probable that about this time some farmers who
winter their cattle on straw, and trust for shel
ter to the leeward side of a fence, will find some
of their cattle falling away, especially the young
ones, and it may be well to examine them, to
see whether there are not lice about them. I
any are lound, take some mercurial ointment
or ungucntum, and parting the hair around the
neck, apply the ointment to the skin so as
completely encircle it with a strip of the appli
cation. Some prefer filling a string with the
ointment, and tying this around the neck close
ly. In using such mercurial preparations, they
should never be applied m places where cattle
can reach them with their own tongues, or be
liable to be licked off by others.
Use of the Mullein. We have noticed
in the foreign journals that the common mullein
is extensively used in the German states to pre
vent depredations from mice in granaries. The
plant is gathered, and the leaves and stems
placed in considerable quantities in barns and
depositories of grain, and is said to effect
speedy expulsion of mice from the premises.
Where trouble from this source exists, the mea
sure though simple in itself, might be worth
Odds and Ends. Wash your butter tho
roughly in cold water and work out all the but
termilk; pack it in a stone jar and stop the mouth
air-tight, and it will keep sweet lorever.
Corn Meal should never be ground very fine
It injures the richness of it. Try it coarse.
This is the secret why the western "dodgers"
are so good.
Sweet or Olive Oil is a certain cure for the
bite of a rattlesnake. Apply it internally and
To Purify Water. It is not so generally
known as it ought to be, that pounded alum
possesses the property of purifying water. A
large table-spoonful of pulverized alum, sprinkled
into a hogshead of water, (the water stirred
round at the time,) will, after a lapse of a few
hours, by precipitating to the bottom tho impure
particles, so purify it, that it will be found to
possess nearly all the freshness and clearness
ol the finest spring water. A pailful contain
ing four gallons may be purified by a single
Fire in Stables. In case of stables catch
ing fire when there are horses therein, if any
part of their harness is calmly put on, they will
suffer themselves to be led out without the least
When tea was first introduced into this coun
try, a woman m New Hampshire, boiled a
pound of it with pork and parsnips for dinner;
but she was not herself very fond of it.
. Cultivation of Wlieat.
I havo for some time past, observed several
complaints in the papers of the injury done to
the wheat crops by the "Hessian fly? and from
what I have seon I am induced to think that it
is the farmer's fault if that 'fly1 does his wheat
any injury. As you now have my opinion, I
I will show you how T came to that conclu
sion. When I began to manage the farm on which
I now live; twenty-one years ago, I had heard
a great deal of the ravages of the fly, and of
the different 'soaks' for the seed to prevent the
injury. Some would find a certain .preventa
tive in lime water, others in a solution of nitre;
others in strong brine, &c. and all are said to
be from actual experiment, and all based on the
idea that the egg or nit from which the fly camo
was carried into the ground, in the fuzzy end
of the grain. For the purpose of trying the
different soaks, I prepared some seed wheat in
each kind of soak that I had heard or read of;
a part of all ths seed I had so prepared, I sowed
in a lot near the house, (about the , middle of
September) keeping sach kind of soak by it
self; the remainder of the seed I sowed on cot
ton, which I floated on water in glass vessels
in my house. That on the cotton came up
about the same time as that which was sowed
in the ground. I let it all stand until about the
25th Oct., when I took up nearly an equal
quantity of the plants, from the different kinds
of soaks that were sown in the lot, and of those
that were sown on the cotton, I then split tks
plants from the root to the top, and placed them
successively under a strong miscroscope, and
to my surprise, nearly every plant that camo
from the lot was perforated near the top of the
ground, and had from three to eight eggs or nits
in each, while those taken from the cotton had
no perforation or nits about them. This satis
fied me that the cause of the fly was not carried
into the ground by the seed. I then tried some
of the wheat under the glass, but could not find
any thing like an egg or nit about it, and I
came to the conclusion that if I kept my wheat
out of the ground until a few white frosts, which
would likely destroy what fliss there was. I
should not be troubled by them, and from that
time to this I never have sown my wheat until
in October, and 1 have never found my grain
hurt by the fly, although I have not omitted
sowing wheat for eighteen years. From this
I conclude that the farmer who sows his wheat
before some good frosts, and thereby makes his
wheat fields look very fine in the fall, offers the
fly a fine shelter for their eggs, and invites
them to destroy his grain. Cultivator.
Capt. Cliaries W. morgan.
There was no braver or worthier man among
the nine officers who were recently presented
with swords of honor, by the State of Virginia,
than Capt. Charles W. Morgan of the U. S.
Navy. Wc recollect an anecdote ol his gal
lantry during the late war, related to us by a
friend, and which we believe is not generally
Af the commencement of the war the now
silver-haired veteran was a gay, young mid
shipman, attached to the Constitution, and was
on board that ship in the cslebrated action with
the Guerriere. On that memorable occasion
ho performed an act of most heroic daring.
Soon after the commencement of the battle,
both vessels became enveloped in a heavy
cloud of smoke, from the incessant cannonade,
so that it became impossible to distinguish
either from the deck of the other. At this pe
riod, young Morgan respectfully suggested to
Com. Husi that a man should be sent aloft,
where the smoke was not so densely packed,
in order to ascertain the position of the Gur
riere, and direct the men how to point the guns.
The Commodore declined to send any man on
a service so desperate. Young Morgan imme
diately volunteered, ran up the shrouds, and in
a fevr moments was directing the men at tho
guns, from amidst a shower of balls. His
clothes were cut in half a dozen places and ho
received one or two slight wounds while in
this perilous position. When th British frig
ate surrendered, her commander inquired of
Com. Hull, whether that was a real man who
had been stationed in the shrouds of the Con
stitution. " ies, was the reply, "wiry do you
ask? "Because," said Dacre, "ice have been
firing at him this half hour ; he must have a.
charmed life. jte. btar.
Red Beet Pies. The red beet generally ap
pears on our-table in an acid and cold form,as;
pickle only ; whereas if our female friends
would take the matter in hand we doubt not that
it may be prepared in a variety of ways; supe
rior to any garden production which we posse.vs
as it is abundantly and easily cultivated, r a I
iept in a state of perfect freshness during the
Avholo year. By a recent trial it has been found
hat pies may be made of it, which are equal if
not superior to the rhubarb, or from the root: by
cutting it into square pieces vinegar and sugar,
'and other spices if liked , can be added to suit
any palate while it possesses the advantage of
uirnisning us wnn a ueucate anu oeauuiui pie,
and which can grace our tables at any seaion
of the year. Farmer's Gaxette.