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The whole art of Government consists in the art of being honest. Jefferson.
STRO UDSBURG. MONROE COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 31, 1841.
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Tlie Marriage Bell.
BY J. H. R. BA.TLEY.
'Tis srveet to hear those notes of fire,
Struck from the minstrel's burning lyre;
There is a joy that swells the soul,
"When music charms " the flowing bowl"
A pleasure in some well-known voice,
That bids the loneliest heart rejoice;
An ecstacy springs from song
A rapture in the social throng!
But where's there an endearing spell
That gladdens like the marriage bell?
It falls upon the lover's ear
Like strains from some diviner sphere.;
The tale it tells the young and gay,
"Whose life hath been some summers day
Is coloured with a future bliss,
Too heavenly for a world like this !
It hath a soul-inspiring tone,
"Which stirs the spirit sad and lone
And sheds a lively influence round,
Wherever flies its merry sound !
It mellows down the lorn one's heart
To meet its fate, and bear the smart;
And wafts the aged back once more
In fancy to those scenes of yore,
"When early joys and feelings grew,
And vow to vow proved firm and true !
Yes, one and all, from youth to age,
From the unlettered to the sage,
Have felt that life hath not a spell
That gladdens like the marriage bell!
A Melting Adieu
Farewell dear girl, farewell, farewell;
I ne'er shall love another ?
In peace and comfort may you dwell,
And Pll go home to mother.
Re finement. The Adelphi (Indiana) Bul
letin thus enumerates the polished phrases
which, have superseded ancient vulgarisms:
It is astonishing how refined people are get
ting in their phraseology now-a-days. " Don't
crow till you are out of the woods," used to be
said to a man who was sanguine of success;
he is nov told that "it is unadvisable for a rea
sonable biped to exert his vocal powers in a
boundless contiguity cf shade." "Coming out
at the little end of the horn," is now rendered
"Emerging from the diminutive termination of
the trumpet." "Don't count your chickens be
fore they are hatched," is changed into "enu
merate not your adolescent pullets, ere they
have ceased to be oviform." Butter is called
"the consolidated extract of a cow."
A lady steps into a store and inquires for
"hose tightners," (garters they used to be.) A
boarding school Miss says that she is "William
ous," (bilious.) A dandy asks in a public house,
for "chastised idiot brother," (whipped sylla
bub;) failing to get which, he demands some
"sacrificed-threshed indigent William;" (in vul
gar paralance, roasted whip-poor-will.) "Ca
per sauce" is called "Elssler impudence;" and
sweet potatoes "dulcet murphies." "Raising
the Old Henry," or "the Old Nick," is more
politely expressed by "elevating the ancient
Henry," or "exalting the venerauie iicnoias.
Go .it literature!
Western "Wit. A Hoosier sold
a neighbor a dog, which he recom
jnendedas first rate for raccoon hunt
ing. Shortly after, the purchaser
met his neighbor
'I say, friend, this ere dog don't
know a coo'n from a sheep. '
'You've tried him, ha? J
'Yes, and he aint worth a curse. '
'Well, I'did'nt know exactly -how
that was 'but as he was'nt good for
nothing else, I tliqughthe -must be
the very -devil after coMs.' 1 "
J - w - , ..
TIic First Step in Crime.
No man becomes a villain in a day. Con
genial as sin may be to the natural heart, and in
clined as the wicked may be to the pursuits of
vice, there is a first step in the path of every
crime. At that point in the career of guilt the
man would have shuddered at the thought of
deeds which afterwards he performs without
remorse. He never dreamed of the extremity
to which one transgression would lead.
Several examples occur to mind just now.
A young lawyer, with connextions of the
highest respectability, and talents to secure for
him an elevated rank in his profession, married
a lovely woman and entered on life with the
brightest prospects of success and happiness.
The increasing expenses of a family demanded
an increasing income, and as business did not
advance as rapidly as he desired, in an evil
hour he placed the names of some of his best
friends to a note, and drew a sum of money
from the bank. He promised himself that be
fore it was due, he should be ready to meet it,
and his crime would never be known. The
note was renewed by forgery. It was an easy
mode of raising money, and became easier the
oftcner he employed it. For a season he was
successful, but when was dishonestv the best
policy in the end?
His guilt was discovered. He fled from
justice and was hunted through the woods in
winter like a beast. His young wife woke al
most in madness, to the consciousness that she
was the wife of a felon. His retreat was cut
off. He was arrested, but escaped again.
He flew to the chamber of his wife. The
embrace was short and full of agony. He
wept; and she wrung her hands, but uttered no
reproach. She loved him too much even in his
shame. lie must fly again. He did fly, and
was again arrested and brought to trial. The
case was a plain one; there was no deience;
there could be none, he was sentenced to the
State Prison for a term of years. His measure
of infamy was full. Now and then an old ac
quaintance looked m upon his cell, where he
pursued his solitary toil, but he never looked
up. lney said ne was pining away, and they
made an effort procure his pardon and release.
But death was before them and he went from
prison to judgment.
I went into the hospital of the Prison at Sing
Sing, some years ago, and ihere lay in the last
struggles of life a man of fine form and noble
countenance. He was raving in delirium and
soon died mad. I asked his name and history,
and found that he .was a young lawyer from the
city of New York, who had begun his course
of crime by stealing paltry articles of clothing
irom his associates; soon he laid his hands on
money; and by and by he was detected when
far advanced in guilt. His end I have just
mentioned. He was a child of luxury, and had
never known want. And when he lay dying
tn that prison hospital cut off from the tender
ness and sympathy that would have softened a
death bed in the house of parental love, I thought
how truly "the way of the transgressor is hard."
A clerk in a store, a teller in a bank, an agent
in his office, constantly handling the money of
others, is tempted to apply a little to his own
use, with the promise made to himself that he
will restore it, and speedily. But he finds it
easier to borrow than to pay, when no one calls
him to an account, ihe more he takes the
more he wants to take. He begins a course
of extravagance, and falls into sins that require
money to secure the indulgence. He specu
lates, in hopes of paying all back at once; eve
ry plunge increases his embarrassments ; his
breaks out; he flies from justice, a lost
self-ruined man. What to him are the arrows
that have pierced the fond hearts of too con
fiding friends. He planted those arrows, but
can never draw them.
Now there was a time when that man was
what the world calls irtuous. He would have
trembled at the thought of crime; and he did
tremble and turn pale when he committed his
first offence. It disturbed his sleep that night,
and when he met his employer the next morn
ing, he thought he was suspected and trembled
again. But that step taken, the next was easy.
A Good Toast. Col. Stone of the N. Y.
Commercial Advertiser, gave the following toast
at the Editorial dinner in Washington, on the
4th of March: "The members of our profes
sion; the first in requision in the hour of trouble,
the first forgotten in hour of triumph." A co-
temporary justly remarks, how true is it that
those who have done the .druggery of party, and
lent all their might, mind, and strength for its
support, are when that party becomes triumph
ant, least thought of, and soonest forgolton.
An old man as he walks looks down
and thinks of the past; a young man
looks forward. ana tliinks of the fu
ture; a child look's every where and
thinks of nothing. ' "
ATTjymvp. 'My wife is very attentive to
the pigs,' said a gentleman t'olher day in the
presence of several ladies. 'That accounts for
her attachment to you,' responded one -of the
fair damsels. Pretty sharp joking,,that.
Webster's Reply to Mayiae.
The Washington correspondent of the Boston
Atlas relates an anecdote in relation to the
celebrated reply of Mr. Webster to Mr. Hayne
that has never before been published. At the
time Mr. Hayne made his attack, Mr. Gales of
the National Intelligencer, who has been the
most accomplished reporter in the country,
chanced to be in the Capitol. Hearing that
Mr. Webster intended to reply, and being told
by him that it would be a short one, he under
took once more his long neglected vocation of
a reporter. Instead, however, of consuming
about half an hour, as Mr. AVebster had prom
ised in the commencement, as is voll known,
the Senate adjourned before ho had finisli3d
Mr. Gales continued to take note of every
word, in the momentary expectation of his
Unwilling to leave off before Mr. Webster
had finished, Mr. Gales continued the next day
until he had concluded. But when he came
to look at the notes, the magnitude of the task
that it would be to write them out, appeared so
formidable, that he shrunk from it as an impos
sibility with the many other engagements that
occupied his time.
Soon after, Mr. Webster called upon Mr..
Gales to request a report of his speech, as it
was impossible for the former to give any thing
beyong a mere sketch, having spoken unpre
meditatedly, and to much greater length than
he had any expectation of doing when he be
gan. Mr. Gales expressing his utter inability
to comply, his lady, who had been in the habit
of assisting her husband in reading his notes
when a reporter, undertook the task, and in
the course of a week Mr. Gales submitted to
Mr. Webster a full report of his speech in the
hand-writing of his wife. It will be remem
bered that the speech of Mr. Webster was not
published until after a delay of several weeks.
It was owing to these circumstances. Mr.
Gales has now in his possession the notes,
It is stated that Mr. Webster did not change
five words in the whole report. This is one of
a very few instances on record, in which we
have a master-piece of eloquence, taken dowrn
as it fell from the lips of the speaker.
Prayer after Shipwreck. -
The following affecting incident is detailed
in a letter from one of the Sandwich Island
Missionaries, to Rev. Dr. Armstrong agent of
the Board of Foreign Missions and published
in the N. Y. Commercial:
"About the lime of our leaving home, a sor
rowful providence occurred. The brethren at
Honolulu, fearing that we should not venture
upon a canoe, engaged a vessel, which was to
go to Hawaii lor Mr. .Lyons, and to call on its
return and take us. The vessel made its pas
sage to Hawaii, and when near its place of des
tination was capsized, and lost. All on board,
consisting of thirty souls, were drowned except
four. Thesa seemed to be miraculously pre
served to tell the sad tale of the fate of their
When the accident occurred they were near
the shore, but the wind and current was against
them, and thinking it vain to attempt to reach
Hawaii, they congregated themselves upon the
rolling billows, and there together in their dis
tress offered up their supplications to Him who
alone could preserve them from the threatening
They attempted to swim to Kahoolura, some
thirty miles on the opposite side of the Chan
nel. One man and bis wife took a covered
bucket and tied it to their bodies, and in this
way swam until the bucket came to pieces.
The female swam for some time, but on turn
ing she saw her husband becoming too weak to
support himself. She stopped and rubbed him
until he could proceed. They went on until
Kahoolura was full in sight; he then became
too weak to proceed without assistance, and
supported himself by holding to the long hair
of his wife's head. In this way she towed him
for some time; his hand soon let go the hold fend
she tried in vain to arouse him. She told him
he must pray he commenced, but only uttered
a few words.
Sho put his arms around her neck held
him with one hand and made for the shore.
When within about half a mile from the shore,
she found he was dead, and she was compelled
to let go her hold to support heraelf They had
then been in the water about thirty hours.
When she landed she was three days before
she saw a human being, and was without food.
At length some fishermen found her, and con-
veyeu ner to the village, where sue is now in
good health. The captain of tho vessel was a
foreigner, and could swim but little, his wife
saved herself by the assistance of an oar. The
others disappeared from time to time until all
perished but the four."
" My uncle was one of the.framers of the
Qonsiitution,",said a youth the other day of pa
trician bjood to another of a more plebeian ori
gin. "Who 'cares for that?" quoth the latter,
"my father was one of the Trainers of the new
I meeting house." ' , . 1
Useful Receipts: Remedy for Cattle When
Choked by Roots and Other Substances. A dis
tinguished farmer gives the following account
of a remedy for cattle when choked. He says,
"I have used a rope about six feet in length,
which being well tarred and served, (strongly
wound round with twine,) and when finished to
be one inch in diameter. When put down the
throat it should be pushed gently four feet and
a half into a cow or ox. In cold weather it is
stiff enough, but in warm weather it should be
wet with cold water before it is used." He
says he has never known this to fail of produ
cing the desired effect. Complete Farmer.
Those who make candles will find it a great
improvement to steep the wicks in lime water
and saltpetre, and dry them. The flame is
clearer, and the tallow will not "run."
Brittannia ware should be first rubbed gentlv
with a woolen cloth and sweet oil; then washed
with warm suds and rubbed with soft leather
and whiting. Thus treated, it will retain its
beautj to the last.
New iron should be very gradually heatsd at
first, after it has become in'ured to the heat, it
is not as likely to crack.
It is a good plan to put new earthen ware in
to cold water, and let it heat gradually until it
boils, then cool again. Brown earthen ware, in
particular, may he toughened in this way. A
handful of rye or wheat bran put in while it is
boiling, will preserve the glazing, so that it will
not be destroyed by acid or salt.
Clean a brass kettle, before using, it for cook
ing, with salt and vinegar.
The oftener carpets are shaken the longer
they wear; the dirt that collects under them
grinds out the threads.
If you wish to preserve fine teeth, always
cleam them thoroughly after you have eaten
your last meal at night.
Woollens should be washed in very hot suds,
and not rinsed. Luke warm water shrinks,
Do not wrap knives and forks in woollens.
Wrap them in good strong paper. Steel is in
jured by lying in woollens.
Suet keeps all the year round, if chopped and
packed down in a stone jar covered, with mo
lasses. Barley straw is the best for beds; dry corn
husks slit into threads are better than straw.
When molasses is used for cooking, it is z
prodigious improvement to boil and skim it be
fore you use it; it takes out the unpleasant raw
taste, and makes it almost as good as sugar.
Where molasses is used much for cooking it is
well to prepare 1 or 2 gallons at a time.
An Old iRfeivspaper.
There is nothing more beneficial to the re
flecting mind than the perusal of an old news
paper. Though a silent preacher, it is one
which conveys a moral more elaborate dis
course. js the eye runs down its diminutive
and old fashioned columne, and peruses its
quaint advertisements and by-gone paragraphs,
the question forces itself on the mind where
are the busy multitudes whose names appear
on these pages? where is the puffing auction
eer, the pushing tradesman, the bustling mer
chant, the calculating lawyer who each occu
pies a space in this chronicle of departed time?
Alas? their names are now only to be read on
the sculptured marble which covers their ash
es! They have passed away like their fore
fathers, and are no more to be seen! From
those considerations the mind naturally turns
to the period when we, who now enjoy our
little span of existence in this chequered scene,
shall have gone down into the dust, and shall
furnish the same moral to our children that our
forefathers do to us! The sun will then shine
as bright, the flowers will bloom as fair, the
face of nature be as pleasing as ever, while we
are reposing in our narrow cell, heedless of
every thing that once charmed and delighted
Value of Ashes. Professor Jackson, in
one of his lectures in Boston, in illustrating the
manner in which soils might be rendered fer
tile, said that "a farm within his knowledge,
which was blowing sand, a pine barren, and al
most hopeless, on which ten bushels of corn to
an acre could scarcely be grown, by the judi
cious application of ashes, had been made to
produce forty or fifty bushels to the acre." We
do not question the correctness of Dr. Jackson's
statements. Our observation has convinced us
that on sandy soils, with the exception of clay
marl, there is nothing more beneficial in the ap
plication to such soils than ashes; and very for
tunately, unless uncommon quantities of acid
exist in such soils, leached ashes are nearly as
beneficial as unleached ones. Ashes do what
lime cannot, they render the soil more tenacious
of moisturo, and although their action is not as
prompt or efficient on cold sour soils, they are
for the reason assigned considered as valuable
on light sandy ones. Of this fact the farmers
on the light soils of Long Island and New Jer
sey are well aware, and in the gathering and
application of ashes, find a certain source of
The excess of our youth, are drafts upon our
old-age, payable with interest.
An AcTive Member of a Family. Bill
Simpson, after taking a severe curtain lecture
from Mrs. Simpson one day, told her he was so
confoundedly sick of her perpetual scolding,
that he believed he must lie down and try to
get a little repose.
"Repose! Mr. Simpson! (jumping up and pa
cing the floor,) why, as J live, every limb in'my
body is fast asleep at this moment, and yet I
" Every limb fast asleep, did you say, my
dear?" (Looking up in amazement.)
" Every every one, Mr. Simpson! arms, legs
do you dispute my word, sir? Dare you
say - " (Looking daggers.)
" Oh, I say nothing, my dear I would not
for the world but as this is a free country 1
ask leave to think " (looking as if asking a
" Think what, Mr. Simpson ?" (coloring and
stopping before him.)
"That there is one member of yours, my
dear, that "
" You don't mean to insinuate, Mr. Simpson,
that my my this tongue of mine is not early
asleep, Mr. Simpson, you don't "
"No, my dear, I say no such thing: I , think,
however, it is the first member of the family
that is awake and moving in the morning."
(Mr. Simpson makes up stairs, and Mrs. Simp
son falls into a chair and sobs dreadfully.)
"Stationary." An officer in Mississippi,
charges the State with two quarts of brandy,
under the head of "quills, ink, and stationary."
Although he may not have fully carried out the
measures of the government, he makes some
empty pretensions at least. In early times in
Missouri, when the people were not so enlight
ened as at present, the members of the Legis
lature, and other officers at the capital, asked
to charge their grog bills to the State, under
the head of " lights and fuel."
c Pa is doors q-ot wings 1
e Wings ! no child doirt ,.y.Qu
know better than that V
'Why, thunder and scissors' Pa
this ere newspaper says a big dogfiew
at a man and bit him so I guess dogs
is got wings, too.'
' Why hern! Tom, you. see
hem! go to your breakfast, you Jit
tie rascal.' R. Star.
Ladies who cultivate flowers will gratefully
receive the following recipe for destroying a
very troublesome reptile. It is taken from Ho
vev's Magazine of Horticulture:
Worms in pots may be easily destroyed, sim
ply watering the soil with lime-water, which
may be made by putting a piece of lime, weigh
ing about two pounds, into a pail of water; when
the whole is slacked and well stirred up, it
should be allowed to settle. The clear water
may then be turned off, and the soil in the pots
should be liberally watered with it. The worms
will soon leave the premises, by crawling out
upon the surface,. when they may be taken out
and destroyed. If any remain, another water
ing can be applied. We hare never found any
difficulty in destroying them by this method.
Never despise a man because his
employment is mean, or his clothing
is bad. The bee is an insect that is
not very pleasing to the sight, yet its
hive affords an abundance of honey.
Cure for the black Toxgue. If your
horse has the disease called the 'Black Tongue,'
take a handful of fine salt and rub it faithfully
upon his tongue once or twice, and this opera-
lion will cure it in about every case. Maine
On Wednesday the 30th ult. a Newfound
land dog, belonging to Mr. Cameron, Tontino
Hotel, Preblies, captured a fine salmon in the
Tweed, in the following singular manner.
(Hector, for such is tho dog's name) is exceed
ingly fond of the water; so much so, that when
ever he gels loose from the chain, ho is off to
the river, and with the greatest industry brings
to land all the drift wood, &c. floating down
the stream. On Wednesday the 30th uh.
while thus employed, he was observed by
some boys to dive suddenly under tho water,
where he remained entirely out of sight for
about half a minute. When he rose again to
the surface he had a salmon in his momh,
which was struggling violently to escape; but
he held it fast in his capacious jaws, "anil
brought it safe to land, and would on no ac
count quit his prize, until he carried it safe
home to his master. Tho fish was of the real
salmon tribo, and weighed about four pounds.
The beggar in his shroud inspires moretar?
than the monarch on his throne.