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The whole art ok Government consists in the art of being honest. Jefferson.
STRO UDSBURG. MONROE COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 24, 1841.
No j 5
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JUSTICES, LEGAL AND OTHER
Printed with neatness and despatch, on reasonable terms.
The following excellent SONG, composed by a
Lprominent member of the Tippecanoe Club of
Northampton county, was distributed among the
Jelagates to the Convention which nominated me
IHon. Johx Banks. It appears
"That Rosin has re-turned his old fiddle,
And rubbed some new dust on his bow."
All hands are singing it.
The Frigate Pennsylvania.
air "OW Rosin the Bow."
Since the Ship Pennsylvania has righted
And rides o'er the waves stiff and true,
We must hunt up a gallant commander
To take charge of her Harrison crew.
That the Locos have had her in keeping
Her damaged condition will show,
But the people will put her in order
With the gallant commander, we know.
Then freemen display your fair banner,
In harmony close up your ranks,
And place at the helm of your frigate
The friend of the people, JOHN BANKS.
Since the Locos have had this fair vessel.
They've proved but poor sailors indeed; ,
They have eaten up all the provision , .
.And left none for a season of need. - ;
The barnacles stick to her bottom
The mildew has rotted her sails,
Her mainmast is sprung by the tempest.
U Her mainsail is rent by the gales:
But her timbers are sound as cast iron,
For which we give Heav'n our thanks,
And she 11 sail well as ever when guided
By the peoples commander, JOHN BANKS.
When the Locos endeavored to sail her
They steer'd her through mist and through fog,
They run against banks without number
And never could show a fair log.
h iney lorgot tne goou cnart constitution,
jL Their compass they overboard threw,
Tiiey mortgaged the ship and her cargo,
And turned off the best of the crew.
The rats fell to gnawing her timbers
The worms fell to boring her planks,
Her chain pumps were choked beyond working
So the people called out for JOHN BANKS.
They've got a commander one Porter,
A land lubber you may be sure;
When this bungler was put in commission
The frigate was tight and secure.
When the tempest beat down on her quarters,
To break open the stores wa3 his plan,
Cries Dave "she's going to pieces.
Let every one save what he can."
But the people they cried out to Davy,
"You renegade, leave off your pranks,
Just hold by the mainstay one minute, .
We'll bring you relief with JOHN BANKS.
.He'll4 carry her into the harbor
.And shelter her safe from the storm;
'While his bold gallant crew will careenljcr
:Ineconomy's dry dock reform.
New shipwrights he'll put in commission,
Ker .tackle and stores he'll renew,
And the skulkers will all get a starting
With 'the crack of a rope's end or two.
Then freemen draw up in close order, r.
The pirates drive off from your flanks, -
And rally for God and your country,
And the friend of the people, JOHN BANKS.
Nxw .who's for a sail in this frigate
With BANKS as commandier-in-chief.
TLet us join heart and hand at the. halyards
iAad give our poor comrades relief.
Huzza for the old Pennsylvania,
How gallant she'll look when she sails,
And she safe will return to her station
In spite of political gales.
And when ,she rounds to in the harbor,
To the, bottom her chain cable clanks, . .
In a full flowing bowl, eacji bold isailpr .v
Will drink their commander,JOIlN J3rA2sTiKS.-. '
Prom the New York Express.
We commend the following letter especially
to our transatlantic brethren, simply remark
ing that in representative Governments, like
England and the United States, the action of
Government must mainly depend on public sen
timent. A large portion of the present generation of
both countries know little personally of the hor
rors and crimes of war, and this fact may ac
count, in part, for the light and careless man
ner so grave a subject is treated by many.
We approve of the major's temper in discus
sing the matter, and hope with him to live to
tec the great Anglo Saxon race spread far and
wide, improving, as they extend, with good
laws, good morals, and a general dispensation
of human happiness.
Washington, March 8, 1841.
To Join Bull, Esq.
Sir I see, in reading the newspapers, that
you are the man most folks out of office write
to, who have any business with your Govern
ment in foreign matters. I did think, at first, 1
would send this letter to the Queen herself, so
there would be no mistake about it, as I find the
best way, after all, is to go right to the head of
the family--but it is now going on thirteen
years next grass since 1 wrote a letter to any
kind of women folks, and the last was to Miss
Hepsy Ann Appleby, who kept a school at Sa
co, about a little courting matter; and I riled
her considerably by calling her an angle instead
of an angel, and she sent me back about as sharp
and sour an answer as ever a man got there
warn't a bit of that paper that wouldn't turn a
pan of milk as quick as a piece of runnit and
all owing to that accident in my putting an L
before an E, and she Tiaving a leetle crook in
the back which I never thought on but wo
men are particular folks in such things, and if
you touch 'em on a soft spot, the fat is in the
fire right off and so I said I never would again
try my hand in writing any on 'em a letter
again; and that is the mam reason why I don t
send this letter to the Queen instead of to you.
I have been considerable about this country
from East of sunrise to West of sunset, and
from the North where the wild geese go in sum
mer, to the South where they pass the winter,
and I have got a notion that I know pretty much
how folks feel and think here about most mat
ters; and there is no way in the world to get
this knowledge, unless by tombling about with
folks, and talking politics, and farming, and log
ging, and steam boating, and rail roading, and
matters of that natur, and no man can tell exact
ly how things are likely to work in this coun
try, unless he has wet his feet and watered his
Hcker from the Penobscot to the Mississippi
and supposing you would like to get the hon
est notions of such a man, and seeing that there
is some matters of misunderstanding getting up
twixt the two countries, I thought it best to send
you a letter; and that you might know it is gen
uine, I let my printers print it, and put my fig
ure head at the top on't so if one mail miscar
rys the next may reach you.
In reading over the newspapers and the pro
ceedings of your Congress, I see that there is
a notion in England that folks in this country
want to take Canada, and to prevent this, re
ports say you are going to push more troops
with red coals into Canada, and are going to
build war steamers on the Lakes, and also to
organize troops with black faces in the West
Indies, and so forth. If these reports are true,
you are making about as great a mistake as if
you was to put on your shirt tail eend upper
most, unless you want to bring on a difficulty,
and if that is the case then you are doing ex
The truth of the matter is, that excepting a
few unruly scamps, chiefly from Canada, along
the lines, there aint a corporal's guard in all this
country nat'rally disposed to disturb the power
of Canada, much less taking possession of it;
and the less able Canada was to oppose a con
quest by the States the more secure she would
be from it, for our folks would go right in and
help thrash out any set of scamps who should
go in there to disturb the peace. But if you
don't believe in this state of public feeling, and
on the contrary go on and crowd in fighting
folks, and build war steamers on the Lakes,
our folks, must do the same to keep an eye on
you, and when we come to calkilate the ex
pense on't, we may come to the notion that your
folks are expensive neighbors, and the best way
would be to git rid of such neighbors, and then
will como bad blood and fighting and if that be
gins it won't eend till one or tother knocks un
der, and you can guess which is the most like
ly to do so as well as I can. War is bad cnuf
between foreigners, but it is shocking unnatural
and ugly between folks speaking plain English.
J. see also that some of your folks in England
think there is a nat'ral animosity growing up
betwixt the two nations of late. If this is so
it is owing mainly to yourselves, and it will
keep growing jist as fast as you take the meas
ures y.ou do to protect, as ydu say ''her majes
ty's dominions." But this animosity, if any
thero is, is not because Canada is English,
for, if the folks along that line had any other
'mother tongue than English, Ave should have
changed the boundary line long and long ago.
Do you think that we would have been able, to
work along peaceably with neighbors whose
line fence divides rivers and lakes with us
dipping in here, and cutting across there if
their mother tongue made "o"" or "si" or "ja"
spell yes? See what quick work our folks made
of Texas! We are chips of the old Anglo-Saxon
block, and think the safest boundary line
betwixt us and nations that don't speak plain
English, is salt water. It was just so when
you owned this country there was no peace
and quiet so long as the "Oui" folks owned Can
ada and Nova Scotia; and when at last you
conquered them, the only mistake you made
was in letting that lingo be spoken there in the
laws. This kept up a constant inward discon
tent and grumbling, till a few years ago it broke
out in a fresh spot, and your soldiers was set
on thorn and cut their throats and burnt their
houses, and this was considered so strange and
inhuman by some of our folks near the lines,
who could not see the necessity in a country
of laws for this unnat'ral severity, that they
bristled right up, by a sort of a nat'ral animal
sympathy, jist as the pigs do when they hear a
squeel of one of their kind caught by a gate or
a dog without stopping to inquire whose pig
he is, bristles up and shows fight. This is
about the amount and cause of present frontier
feeling, and it seems nat'ral to the Anglo-Saxon
family, and dies a nat'ral death as soon as the
cause is explained and examined into.
1 don't care to say any thing in this letter
about the N. E. boundary line, or the burning
of the Caroline, or the capture and trial of McLe
od, or the taking or examining our vessels on
the Coast of Africa, or the Oregon claims, and
things of that natur, all that is the business of
the Government, and thev are all matters of law
and treaty, and will go through that mill, and
will, and must, come out strait, no matter whose
toes are pinched. But there is one thing I will
say that the law will have its way here, from
a Justice's Court to the Supreme tribunal, and
no man, or set of men can prevent it, and no na
tion can awe it and it is all good old English
law to. If a treaty says a line shall run thus or
so thus or so it will go just as a deed of a
farm runs. If in free countries, like England
and America, folks have a right to go where
they please they may go, and if they invade
other countries, and get caught, it is their look
out, and they must suffer the consequences,
they can't claim the law of their country to pro
tect them, though they may claim, if they can,
its animal sympathy.
Now, to show you how this works what
has been done by this country to shield the
folks who got caught in Canada, making war
there from this side? Nothing. You hanged
some, and others you sent to Botany Bay, by
the law, and that was right, presuming they
had a lair trial and we shall do the same on
all occasionSj and that will keep things strait
by the law, and be assured of one thing, that
we shall never hang a man here, unless it is
clearly shown by the law he richly deserves it,
for a man has to make considerable interest
here to get hanged; the natur of our folks pre
ferring to shut him up if he is a bad man, and
keep him from doing harm 'till he is fit to let
out, and get an honest living.
But to return to general matters if you will
take my advice and it is honest, though it may
not be understood if you desire to keep peace
between tvo important branches of the great
Anglo-Saxon family, and thereby escape the
scandal of a great family quarrel, (the woist of
all quarrels) don t give cause of jealousy be
tween your possessions on this Continent and
ours; and bear in mind that what you call pro
tecting against attack, may be considered here
as intention to attack and that may bring gun
for gun and then guns want scaling occasion-ally-w-and
a salute may be mistaken 4th of Ju
ly, and 22d February, and 8th January may not
agree with some of your great days, and slight
mistakes may lead to greater events; and our
folks don't like to pay for the expense of watch
ing neighbors. You would see this at once, if
a line of boundary divided your river Thames,
or cut across one of vour counties, and red coats
on one side and blue coals on t'other.
It may be that you think that force, and the
fear of being licked may keep us quiet. This
would he a fatal mistake, for it would be the
very thing, of all others, that would stir up
I don't pretend to account for it but such is
the natur of the. breed a willingness to fight if
only to show that they are not ajratd of being
licked; and there is no other people since the
days of Adam who have shown this like the
j people who speak English nat'rally. They
never was known yet (except among them
selves) to agree to stop fighting because they
feared they would have the worst of it ; and
this comes froin their true religion, and true
law, and their love of both beyond all other con
siderations. Now, as before said, if you take my advice
it is Don't waste rnoney in an idle protection,
as you call it, of your Colonies here; just keep
military force enough tp aid your civil author
ities in executing jlie.laws, and if such a force
is rqujredrnakeiit militia as far practicable.
Good Laws won't require much to aid them;
push the Common School principle, and that
always makes good laws and militia too; for it
creates a common interest. Give your soldiers
" quarter sections" of land in Canada, and put
them all on half pay, to aid them in clearing up
ground for a year or two, and they will soon
become profitable citizens, instead of paid sol
diers. And then what consequences is it
to England's gloiy or England's happiness
whether they choose to live under laws of their
own and pay their own taxes; so long as they
speak and pray in plain English, and extend
the blessings of human liberty and comfort; two
words that are only known to that tongue, and
can't be written or clearly understood by any
other. Swarms of the old Hive, who are ready
to cavil and dispute among themselves on minor
points, but in any great contest between liberty
and oppression, are always true to the mam
chance sound laws, liberty, and good order.
This is the doctrine that should prevail at the
old Hive. It makes no odds in what quarter of
the world these swarms may go, they are part
and parcel ol the mother stock, and any quar
rel between them and their old Mother is a scan
dal, and should be avoided if possible for, as
they prosper, so you prosperif they fall, you
may fall and who can then tell what lingo
shall be law. foreigners may get uppermost all
the world over; and when that is the case, I,
for one, if living, would just as leave be in Ara
by as any where else; for one place is just as
unsafe as any other, when folks don't speak
This doctrine, perhaps, won't suit some folks,
but the time is come to speak out truly and
frankly. The Anglo-Saxon family, wherever
located must be true to themselves, to their laws,
their religion, and their notion of human liberty
or joreigners may triumph. We should tell
all nations to keep the peace, or we will make
tnem ao so, ana n we wane in among 'em. it
is only to teach 'em English and steam pow
er, and by common schools and other improve
ments put aside human oppression.
I send you with this a copy of Gen. Harri
son's Inaugural address to our folks, just before
he took the oath to administer, as President.
the laws of the United States.
It is considered here a considerable complete
document, in its way setting forth general
principles and when Congress meets he will
give his notions more particularly on matters
that Congress is likely to act on.
Times here at present in the money way are
not very good, owing to the fact that your coun
try and our country both about Uie same time,
some five years ago, took a notion to limit the
power of their two respective paper money reg
ulatorssupposing it would make matters bet
ter but the experiment proved otherwise. The
new Banks in both countries pufTd the bladder
till it burst, and then want of confidence follow
ed and very high prices fell to very low. prices
and credit came down to hard currency for
credit and confidence is pretty much like steam,
which can lift mighty piston rods and turn big
wheels, but when a cold breath is thrown upon
it and it is condensed, its power is reduced to a
small quantity of cold water. But foreign na
tions mustn't think because your country and
my country can't pay all debts, in gold and sil
ver on demand, that we arepoor and can't pay
debts, or fight for rights. You fought and lick'd
pretty much all creation (except us) with paper
money, and we can do that too on a pinch, and
continue fighting and then working, till we bring
our paper money to the value of gold, just as
If I write you another letter, I will tell you
the best and most economical way for you to
spend your money in this quarter of creation,
but for the present, depend on it the worst use
you can make of it is to spend it on troops in
Canada, or building war steamers on the Lakes,
or organizing nigger regiments in the West In
dies. And if you don't think so now, you will
before you hear more from your obedient ser
vant. J. DOWNING.
Major, &c, &c, &c.
New Method of Raising Water.
A patent has recently been taken out for a
machine which is likely to supersede the hith
erto known methods of raising water. It is
esteemed Hall's Patent Hydraulic Belt, and is
already in operation in many parts of the coun
try for the purpose of draining land. The con
trivance is the most simple, being merely com
posed of a woollen belt which is made to re
volve round two rollers one keeping the belt
beneath the water, and the other fixed at any
required altitude. The adhesion of the water
to the woollen belt overcomes the gravity of
that element, when a velocity of 1000 feet per
minute is acquired, a continuous stream is
brought up and, poured in the receiving pipes.
UjP I feel too hzy to work, said a loafer,
and I have not time to play. I think I'll just
go to bed, and so split the difference.
What is the differnce between-a brewer and
a flea? The one uyj,,and the. other takes
Care of Animals.
The stock of the farmer requires his utmost
care and attention during this month. In the
severe climate of the north, animals are more
liable to diseases in the spring months than
any other; and as it is besides, the usual time
of bringing forth their young, additional reasons
lor attention are furnished by the fact. Cows
should have daily supplies of bran or shorts in
water, with roots if they are to be had, for some
time previous to dropping their calves, as good
nutritive food gives them strength, and besides
secures a better flow of milk. Sheep now, es
pecially the ewes, should have a good supplv
of turnips or other roots daily, with a good
portion of salt, and, if not as necessary now as
in the summer, an occasional covering of the
trough with tar, will conduce to health. On
the treatment of his animals much of the far
mer's success in his business is depending, anil
it is one of those things to which his audition
cannot be too frequently urged. Every dairy
man is aware of the great difference in profit
there is between a cow that is in good condi
tion in the spring, and one that does not recover
from the effects of the winter until the summer
is half past. So with sheep. A flock of well
kept ewes will raise more and belter lambs :
and their wool will be ten per cent better than
that from half starved, weak and feeble ani
mals. Albany Cultivator.
Sowing xiass Seeds.
If there is one point of husbandry more than
another in which farmers are generally defec
tive, it is the niggardly way in which they use
grass seeds in their tillage. If any seed are
sown, not more than half the quantity required
is often used, the fields are left bare, and the
unoccupied ground becomes a fit place for vile
weeds that are ever ready to spring up, where
the husbandman does not anticipate them, by giv
ing the earth something more valuable. So7ne
thing must grow on our rich lands; it remains
for the farmer to say whether the product shall
be valuable or useless; whether it shall be grass
es, clover, &c, or Johnswort and daises. ib.
The " Divine Fanny" is turning the people
of New Orleans pretty much as she does her
self in some of her dancing freaks, that is, top
sy turvy. No sooner had she landed from the
steamship than the whole town, men, women,
children, animals, two legged and four legged,
rushed to see her. Six men, standing at the
corner of the street when she left the carriage,
were offered a doubloon apiece for the sight
they accidently caught of her, whereat one of
them became so indignant that he could scarce
ly refrain from using violence towards the per
son who made the insulting offer, and would
actually have killed him, but that he was re
strained in his wrath by his five equally indig
nant but more temperate companions. One
gentleman gave the hackman a hundred dollar
bill for the cushion she sat on, and, pressing
it to his side, rushed home in an ccstacy, in
tending to mako it his pillow. Young men cut
crazy amies, and old men foolish ones. Walk
ing had become unfashionable in the city. So
ber men of business ran down the streets on
the points of their toes, or turned a corner in a
pirouette, and it was no uncommon sight to see
friends, when they met in the street, instead of
extending their hands, stick out their feet to
be shaken. Nothing was thought or talked of
but the illustrious Fanny. All business, all
engagements were suspended. Merchants
omitted taking up their notes at bank, in their
desire to take seats at the ballet; and lovers,
instead of making engagements of their own,
talked of nothing but the engagement of the
divine Fanny. In fact, the latest intelligence
from that city represents that the whole com
munity is dancing mad; the inhabitants are all
dancing, and so are their brains, and it is doubt
ful if they will ever recover sufficiently from
the effects to be called again a steady people.
Wonderful Men. It is said of a short man
in this city, that he is obliged to climb to the
top of a post, to hear himself think; while there
is one so tall, that he is obliged to bend nearly
double to look down a man's chimney.
Softening the Expression. "That's a
thundering big lie," said Tom. " No," replied
Dick. " It's only a fulminating enlargement
oY elongated veracity." Tom took off his hat,
elevated his eyes, and held his tongue.
The Height of Imitation.-Wooden cakes,
beautifully frosted, and mahogany doughnuts a-'
advertised to be let lor parties in one of ilfcV"'
A dandy, who warned the milk passed to
him at one of our taverns, thus asked fur it :
'Landlady, please pass your cow down this
way.' To whom the lady thus retorted: 'Wai
ter, take this cow down where the calf is bleat
ing.' "Is. Jonathan Dumpy here," asked a raw
country fellow, boltpg into a city printing of
fice. "I don't know such a man," replied the
foreman. "Don't you know him!" exclaimed
Jonathan, "why ho courted my sisterJ" i
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