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Kicliard. RfKgent, Editor The whole art ok Government consists in the art op reing honest. Jefferson. , and PubHsJicr
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VOL. I. STRO UDSBURG. MONROE COUNTY, PA., FRIDAY, JANUARY 22, 1841. ' No 50.
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Cards, Circulars, Bill Iffcad, IVotes,
JUSTICES, LEGAL AND OTHER
rrinted with neatness and despatch, on reasonable terras.
"Wo ist der Deustclaeia Vaterland?"
One of the best and most popular of the German
national songs, is that commencing with the above.
It was written in 1813, when the hopes encour
aged by the Allied Sovereigns seemed to promise
the political emancipation of Germany. Its spirit
may be gathered from the subjoined translation.
It is sung at all the patriotic meetings throughout
Where's the German's Fatherland?
Suabia, Prussia, which of these 1
Is it where the purple vine
Blossoms on the beauteous Rhine!
Is it where the sea-gulls rest
Their bosoms on the Baltic's breast?
No! ah no! 'tis none of these
Greater is his Fatherland !
Where's the German's Fatherland?
Bavaria, Styria, which of these?
Tell me, tell me, does it lie
Near Marsi or Westphalie?
Is it in the gloomy mine
Where the gold and iron shine? .
No! ah no! 'tis none of these
Greater is the Fatherland!
Where's the German's Fatherland?
Pomerania, is it this? -Is
it where the flying sand
Wind-blown ranges o'er the land?
Is it where the roaring river
Of the Danube flows for ever?
No! ah no! 'tis none of these
Larger is his Fatherland!
Where's the German's native homo?
Breathe to me the glorious land!
Is it where the freeborn Swiss
Roam contented is it this?
Or where the Tyrolians dwell?
Tho' clime and people please mo well
Yet no! yet no! 'tis none of these
Larger is the Fatherland!
Where's the German's native home?
Name! oh, .name the glorious 'clime!
Is it Austria, fair and bright,
Rich in honours, great in Sght!
No! ah no! it is not here
Greater is his Fatherland!
Where's the German's native home?
Breathe! or breathe the glorious clime!!
Is it the devoted land
Snatched by Gaul's deceitful hand?'
Robber of our country's right,
Hit tVira 1 "rn nnir rtC r!fThi'
No! ah no! it is not here
Greater is his Fatherland!
Where's the German's father-home?
Breathe at last that glorious spell!
Where'er a German's freeborn speech
Is uttered, or where if can reach!
Where'er by German's pious tongue,
Tho grateful Hymn to God is sung!
'Tis that! 'tis that! hail, land divine!'
That, brave Germans! that call thine!
That's the German's native land!
vow3 are there sworn hand in hand:
Truth and freedom fire- tho eye;
Lovo i.-j pure fidelity;
'Tis that! 'tis that! hail land divine!'
That, brave Gormann! that call thine!
That's tho German' native land!
"Where warm sincerity is known;.
, Where ne'er is heard a foreign tone;
Where every cold, unfriendly heart
Is bidden, as a foe depart;
Where ercry warm-and noble mind
Is as a friend by God assign'd!
'Tis there! His there .land Qf. thelfres!
It shall bp all, all Germany! " '
The whole of Germany shall be
Our Fatherland! It shall be free!
0 God of Heaven! enthroned above,
Bless it with thy benignant love!
With German valour, German truth,
Fill every soul and fire our youth,
Tint every harp and tongue shall tell,
They served it faithfully and well!
'Tis here! 'tis here! land of the free!
It shall be all, all Germany.
In consequence of this, several tracts were
laid out in mo Forks of Delaware, and divided
into lois; ana llio' tne lottery did not readily fill,
and consequently was not drawn, yet so inanv
of the tickets as were sold became rights lo the
and, by virtue of which tho tracis laid out. in
the Forks were quickly taken up and settled-
all these proceedings let it be recollected, took
place, before any purchase was made of the
Delawares, who resided oi the lands in question.
The Proprietary himself as we before slated.
did not seem to think, that ho had a riMit to
them, without a release which is in these words.
August 25, 1737. "We Tishekunk, alias
Teshakomen, and Nootamis, alias Nutimus,
two of the sachems of the Delaware Indians,
laving almost three years ago, at Durham, be
gun a treaty with our honorable brethren, John
and Thomas Penn, and from thence another
meeting was appointed, to be at Pennsbury, the
next spring following, to which we repaired
witli Lappawinzoe, and several others of the
Delawares, at which treaty several deeds were
produced and shewed to us by our said brethren,
concerning several tracts of land, which our
forefathers had more than fifty vears ago, bar
gained and sold unto our good friend William
Penn, the father of the said John and Thomas
Penn, and in particular, one deed from May
keerikkisho, Sayhoppy and Taughhaughsey,
the chiefs of the northern Indians on Delaware,
who did grant all those lands lying in the pro
vince of Pennsylvaniaj beginning upon a line
formerly laid out from a corner spruce tree by
the river Delaware (Makerrikkittai,) and from
.1 1 -V 1 f f ,
uiciice running aiong me leuge or loot 01 Ine
mountains, West North West lo a corner white
oak, parked with the letter P. standing by the
Indian path, that leadeth to an Indian town
called PJaywickey, and from the'nee extending
westward to Neshamony creek, from which said
line, the said tract or tracts thereby granted,
doth extend itself back into the woods, as far
as a man can go in one day and a half, and
bounded on the westerly side with the creek
called Neshamony, or the most westerly branch
thereof, and from thence by a line
to the utmost extent of the said one day and an
half's journey and from thence to the
aforesaid river Delaware, and from thenco down
the several courses of the said river to the first
mentioned spruce troc, &c. But some of our
old men being absent, we requested more time
to consult with our people, which request being
granted, we have after more than two years,
from the treaty at Pennsbury, come to Philadel
phia, together with our chief sachem, Monocky
kickan, and several of our old men" they then
acknowledge that they were satisfied that the
above described tract of laud was granted in
1686 by the-persons above mentioned, and agree
to release to the Proprietaries all right to that
tract, and desire it may be walked, travelled, or
gone over by persons appointed for that purpose.
(Signed.) Monockykickan, Lappawinzoe,
Teshakomen, Nootamis, and witnessed by 12
other Indians, in token of fall and free consent
besides other witnesses. These Delaware
Chiefs for the most part lived on the Susque
hanna and not on the lands which were released
by this instrument, and consequently were not
the real owners. It will no doubt appear
strange, that no notice was taken of the deed of
1718, and that Sassoonan and other chiefs, with
whom former treaties were held, although still
alive, were not present at any of these meetings.
i he reasons are plain enough. The deed of
1718, fixed the northern boundaries so distinct
ly on the Lehigh hills, that no advantage could
be taken of if. They would also have insisted
on the deed of 1686 being produced, and regu
larly proved, which could not it is probable be
easily done it was certainly never recorded
in the public ofiico, as the others are. It was
therefore necessary, in order that the measures
of tho Proprietaries might be carried on quietly,
that the treaty of 1718 should be passed over
in silence, and that Sassoonan should not be
present nor any of those who signed it. We
shall easily see by an account of tbe Groat
Walk and of the advantage taken of tbe blanks
in the Release, what would be gained by get-
! ting the deed of 16S6 confirmed. We hae no
precise account of the rewards offered to tho
persons employed in walking, nor any authentic
particulars on record except those furnished by
the affidavits of eyewitnesses taken during the
Indian war 20 years afterwards, when the sub
ject of the wrongs of the Minisinks, was fully
discussed at the Easton treaties. I record first
at length. "The relation which Thomas Fur
niss, gives concerning tho day and a half's walk
made between tho Proprietors of Pennsylvania
and the Delaware Indians, by James Yeates and
Edward Marshall." "At the time of the walk I
was a dweller at Newtown and a near neighbor
to James Yeates. My situation gave James
Yeates an easy opportunity of acquainting me
with the time of setting out, as it did me of hear
ing the dill'erent sentiments of the neighborhood
concerning the walk, some alledging it was to
be made by the river, others that it was to be
gone upon in a straight-line from somewhere in
Wrighstown, opposite to a spruce tree upon the
river's bank, said to be a boundary to a former
purchase. When the walkers and the compa
ny started, I was a little behind, but was in
formed they proceeded from a chesnut tree, near
the turning out of the road from Durham road
to John Chapman's, and, being on horseback,
overtook them before they reached Buckingham,
and kept company for some distance beyond the
Blue Mountains, tho' not quite to the end of the
journey. Two Indians attended, whom I con
sidered as deputies appointed by the Delaware
nation, to see the walk honestly performed; one
of them repeatedly expressed his dissatisfaction
therewith. The first day of the walk, before
we reached Durham creek, where we dined in
the meadows of one Wilson an Indian trader,
the Indian said the walk was to have been made
up the river and complaining of the unfitness of
his shoepacks ior travelling, said he expected
Thomas Penn would have made hint a present
of some shoes. After this some of us thatjiad
horses walked and let the Indians ride by turns,
yet in the afternoon of the same dav, and some
hours belorc sun-set, the Indians Ielt us, having
often called to Marshall that afternoon, and for
bid him to run. At parting they appeared dis
satisfied, and said they would go no further with
us; for, as they saw the walkers would pass all
the good land, they did not care how far or
where they went to. It was said we travelled
twelve hours the first day, and it being in the
latter end of September, to complete the time,
were obliged to walk in the twilight. Timothy
Smith then Sheriff of Bucks, held his watch in
his hands for some minutes before we stopt,
ana tne walkers havinga piece of rising ground
to ascend, he called out to them, telling the min
utes behind, and bid them pull up, which they
did so briskh-. that, innrifcdiatclv on his savins-
tho time was out, Marshall clasped his arms
about a sapling lo support himself, and there
upon the Sherifi asking him what was the mat
ter, he said he was almost gone, and that, if he
had proceeded a few poles further, he must
have fallen. Wc lodged in the woods that
night, and heard the shouting of tho Indians at
a Cantico, which tln-y were said to hold that
evening m a town hard by. Next morning the
Indians were sent for to know if they- would
accompany, us any further, but they declined
it, altho 1 believe some of them came to us be
fore wo started, and drank a dram 'in the com
pany; and then straggled off about their hunting
or some other amusement. In our return wc
came through this Indian town or plantation
Timothy Smith and myself riding forty yards
more or less before the company, and as we
approached within about 150 paces of the town,
the woods being open, we saw an Indian take
a gun in his hand, and advancing ' towards us
some distance, placed himself behind a log that
laid by our way. Timothy observing his mo
tions, and being somewhat surprised, as I ap
prehended, looked at me, and asked what I
thought lhat Indian meant. -I said, I hoped no
harm, and lhat 1 thought it best to keep on,
which the Indian seeing, arose and walked be
fore us to the settlement. 1 think tho Sheriff
was surprised, as I well remember I was, thro'
a consciousness that tho Indians were dissatis
fied with the walk, a thing tho whole company
seemed to be sensible of, and upon the way, in
our return home, frequently expressed them
selves to that purpose. And indeed the mi fair
ness practised in the walk, both in regard lo
the way where,, and the manner how, it was
performed, and the dissatisfaction of the Indians
concerning it, were the common subjects of
conversation in our neighborhood forsomo con
siderable lime after- it was done. was then a
young man in the prime of life; the novelty of
the thing inclined me lo bo a spectator, and as
I had been brought up most of my time in Bur
lington, the whole transaction was a series of
occurrences almost entirely new, and which
wiereiore maue tne more strong and lasting im
pression on my memory."
I give tho affidavit next of Joseph Knowles
nephew of the Sherifi it was taken Juno 20th,
1757. "I lived with Timothy Smith at tho time
of the walk and went some timo before to car
ry the chain and help to clear a road as direct
ed by my undo. When ih walk was norforni
jed, I was ihen present, mid carried provisions,
liquors and bedding. About sunrisinjr, we set
out from John Chapman's corner at Wrights
town, and travelled until we came to the Forks
of Delaware, as noar as I can remember was
about one of tho clock the same day.
Tho Indians then began to look sullen, and
murmured that th5 men walked so fast, and
several times that afternoon called out, and said
to them, you run; that's not fair, you was to
walk. Tho men appointodHo walk paid no re
gard to the Indians, but were urged by tho Pro
prietary's party, to proceed until the 'sun was
down. We were near the Indian town in the
Forks; the Indians, denied us going to the town
on excuse of a Cantico. We lodged in the
woods, that night. Next morning, being dull
rainy weather, we set out by the watches, and
two of the three, Indians lhat walked the day
before, came and travelled with us about two nv
three miles, and ihen left us, being very much
dissatisfied, and we proceeded by the watches
In order to show both sides of tho question
I now give an affidavid made by Nicholas
Scull, at that period a Sureyor being sworn
he says "that he was present, when James
Yeates and Edward Marshall together with
some Indians walked one and a half days back
in the woods, pursuant to a grant of land made
bv the Delawares, to William Penn that the
walk was begun at a place near Wrightstown
in the county of Bucks, sometime in Septem
ber 1737, and continued from the place afore
said to some distance beyond the Kiltatinny
mountains that he believes the whole distance
walked to be not more than 55 miles that Ben
jamin Eastburn Surveyor General, Timothy
Smith Sheriff of Bucks, and he this affirmant
attended from the beginning until it was ended.
He well remembers, that particular care was
taken not to exceed the time of the day and a
half, or 18 hours that he then thought and
still thinks the said walk to be fairly performed
and that the walkers did not run or go out of
a walk at any time nor does he remember, that
those Indians who were present, made any
complaints of unfair practice that B. Eastburn
and this affirmant with some others, lodged the
night after the walk was completed, at an In
dian town called Pokhopophunk, where there
were many of the Delawares, among whom
there was one called Captain Harrison, a noted
man among the Indians neither he, nor any
of the Indians made complaint, or shewed the
least uneasiness at any thing dorte, relating to
the said walk if they had, he would have
heard it." These depositions were taken twen
ty years after the "walk" was performed, and
it will be observed that Nicholas Scull's recol
lections were in direct conflict with those of
the other deponents. He was at ihis lime
himself Surveyor General, and held his office
by appointment from the Penns and though a
very respectable man, boih his interests and
feelings may be fairly supposed on the side of
his employers. As tny purpose is only to re
late facts, which I have endeavoured to obtain
from the most authentic sources, 1 leave it to
the reader, to reconcile the discrepancies
the termination of the " walk" was without
doubt at Pocono Point, now Tannersville, about
8 miles of Stroudsburg.
Tradition gives us numerous particulars in
relation to it, but as is usual, accompanied with
so many inaccuracies, that it is difficult to sep
arate tactirom fiction. Moses Marshall (a son
ol idward) who died not many years since
stated, that he always understood fiom his fa
ther, that a third "walker" was employed one
Solomon Jennings, who gave out, when thev
arrived at Red Hill in two and a half hours af
ter starting that at sundown they arrived on
the north side of the Blue Mountain at the
Windgap. They found there a great number
of Indians collected, expecting the "walk
would terminate, but when they learned it was
to go hall a day further, they were very angry,
and said they were cheated Penn had got all
their good land, but that in the spring every In
dian was to bring htm a Buckskin, and they
would have their land again, and Penn might
go to the devil with his poor land. An old In
dian said, "no sit down to smoke, no shoot a
squirrel, but lun, lun, km all the day long."
It has always been supposed, that the extent
of the " walk" was 86 miles, but in fact, it could
not have exceeded 60 and when we consider
lhat a path had been previously cut out and
prepared for the occasion tho plot was in no
wise remarkable the younger Marshall states
that his father was promised Five pounds in
Money and 500 acres of land to be laid out
any where within the purchase, but that he
never was able to obtain the latter of this
more, hereafter and I will only remark that
tho beautiful little stream, known by his name
(Marshall's creek) will perpetuate the memory
ol the prominent actor m this sinsru ar transac-
tion. Having by theso means, gone about 30
miles beyond the Lehigh hills, which were so
solemnly agreed upon in 1718, and 1728, to be
the boundaries, it now remained to draw the
line, from the end of the " Walk" to the river
Delaware. We have seen, thero was a blank
left for tho course of this line: taking tho ad
vantage, therefore, of this blank, instoad of run
ning tho nearest courso by the rivor, or by an
East South East course, which would have
been parallel to the lino from which they sot
out, they ran by a North East course for above
60 miles across the country to near the Lack
awaxen river, and took in the host of tho land,
in the Forks of Delaware and the Minisinks.
Thus a pretenco was gained for claiming the
Note. I find the name of Solomon Jonnings
frequently among the oarlior settlers of Monroe
County, where ho appears to have been a person
of some note.
lands included within these lines, viz: the pres
ent counties of Northampton, Monroe and Pike,
except the most worthless parts of each. These
scandalous processings laid the foundation of
the Indian discontents which some years after
wads, through the intrigues of the French and
the refusal of the Whites to redress wrdnua.
broke out into War. At least 10 years previ
ously several settlements had been mado along
the river by the Dutch who by good will of thv
Indian proprietors, occupied the fiats situated
in Lower and Middle Smithfield townships
among these, the most considerable, ware th
Van Campens and Dupuis whose descendant
still own a portion of their extensive posses
sions. These settlements excited the displeas
ure of the Proprietaries, as we learn hy a let
ter of Secretary Logan, addressed to Thomas
Watson, Surveyor of Bucks, dated Nov. 20th
1727, in which he speaks of the presumption
of some interlopers from Nw Jersey and Nw
York, who had purchased the good will of ih
natives on the west side of the Delaware abovn
the Poequalin hills (Blue Mountains) and fur
ther proceeding to purchase old proprietary
rights, presume to lay them there. He warn-
them of the illegality and forwards a proclama
tion lo the same effect. The Van Campens
settled principally on the Jersey side of the
river, while Nicholas Dnpm was confirmed
in the possession of his Indian purchases in
Smithfield, by deeds from William Allen, who
a3 we have related, had pocured the title to the
tracts in question, from William Penn the
younger. Several other Dutch families came
on about this period, the Bush's, Vanvliets. Szc.
who were principally fromEsopus on the North
River and for a long period maintained direct,
and constant intercourse with that place, for
purposes of trade as r.o road to Philadelphia
existed. In 1737 Daniel Brodhead who was
a native of Yorkshire (Old England) also em
igrated from the neighbourhood of Esopus
and took up a large tract immediately adjoin
ing the present village of Stroudsburg, though
as it appears, against the consent of the native-
the descendants of thts gentleman are very
numerous in the several counties of "Old North
ampton," though the original tract has pasi
out of their possession. As soon as a draught
of the land acqaired by means of the " Walk"
was made by Surveyor General Eastburn, Sur
veyors were sent for several years sncceysivfly
who laid out large tracts, in the Forks and Min
the Indian towns. These
were quickly taken up by settlers with most
wanton disregard of the rights of the rightful
owners, wno at length addressed the lolioweu,
letter to Jeremiah Langhorne the chief magis
trate of the county ( Bucks.) It is dated Smith
field Nov. 21st 1740. "To Mr. Jjanshorne and
all magistrates of Pennsylvania.. We pray
that you would take notice of the great wrong
we receive in our lands. Here are about ! 00
families settled on it, for what reason they can
not tell they tell us, that Thomas Penn has
sold them the land, which we think must be very
strange that T. Penn should sell them that which
teas never his, for we never sold him this lend.
The case was this, that when we were with
Penn to treat as usual with his father he beg
ging and plaguing us to give him some land,
and never gives us leave to treat upon any
thing,jtill he wearies us out of our lives but
what should we give Penn any land Tor? we
never had any thing from him but honest deal
ings and civility if he lets us alone, we will
let him alone the lands we do own to be ours,
bejjin at the mouth of Tohiccon running up
along the said branch to the head springs
thence up with a straight line to PalquaHng,
thence with a straight line to the Blue Moun
tain thence to a place called Mahoning, thence
along a mountain called Neshamick, thence
along the Great Swamp, lo a branch of Dela
ware river (Lackawaxen) so along Delaware
river to a place where it first begun. All this
is our own land, except some tracis we. havo
disposed of. The tract of Durham the tract
of Nicholas Dupui and that of old Weiser wo
have sold, but for tho rest wo have never sold
it, and we desire Thomas Penn would talro
these people ofi'in peace, that wo mav not ho
at the trouble to driVe them ofT for the land
we will hold fast with both our hands not i
private, but m open view ol all the country,
and all our friends and relations, that U tn
Eastern Indians, and our Uncles the Six Na
tions, and the Mohicans and the Twightwee.
Shawnees and Tuscaroras and Taphes the last
these all shall be by, and hear us speak, si d
we shall stand at our Uncles breasts when u
socak. Now Gentlemen and all others W
desirn some of your advice and assistance i
this affair for we havo lived in hrui!w.-!y
friendship, so we desire to continue the im
if so bo, we can be righted any manner uf u.
So we remainyour friends."
In the margin of the letter, the Indians
knowledge this to bo done by their directions.)
From the above it is seen, that the name of
Smithfiold was at this early day, given to th
white settlement in the Minisinks the towtv
ships is therefore, older than any other in "Old
Northampton" before this period, it shouhi
have been mentioned, that the Shawnee tril,
who occupied the flats and islands in the jpt? -