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Richard Nugent, Editor)
The wnoLE autof Government coNsfjsTSwTHE-art of being honest. Jefferson:
r nfii and PnSlisboy
STROUDSBURG. MONROE COUNTY, PA., FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 1840.
Twnrrs two dollars tier annum in advance Two dollars
and a quarter, half yearly, and if not paid before the end of
the rear, Two dollars and a hall, a nose wno receive their pa
pers by a earner or stage anvers empioycu oy tne proprietor,
will be charged 37 1-2 cts. per year, extra.
No papers discontinued until all arrearages are paid, except
at tnc opuon 01 iiiu ciunui.
irPAavertisements not exceeding one square (sixteen lines)
will be inserted three weeks for one dollar : twenty-five cents
for every subsequent insertion ; larger ones in proportion. A
liberal discount wall be made to yearly advertisers.
IE? All letters addressed to the Editor must be post paid.
Having a general assortment of large elegant plain and orna
mental Type, we are prepared to execute every des
Cards, Circulars, Bill Heads, Notes,
JUSTICES, LEGAL AND OTHER
Printed with neatness and despatch, on reasonable terms.
The Trustees of this Institution, have the
pleasure of announcing to the public, and par
ticularly to the friends of education, that they
have engaged Ira B. Newman", as Superinten
dent and Principal of their Academy.
The Trustees invite the attention of parents
and guardians, wbo have children to send from
home, to this Institution. They are fitting up
ihe building in the first style, and its location
from its retired nature is peculiarly favorable
for a boarding school. It commands a beauti
ful view of the Delaware river, near which it
is situated, and the surrounding scenery such
as the lover of nature will admire it is easily
accessible the Easton and Milford Stages pass
it daily, and only 8 miles distant from the latter
place, and a more salubrious section of coun
try can nowhere be found. No fears need be
entertained that pupils will contract pernicious
habits, or be seduced into vicious company it
is removed from all places of resort and those
inducements to neglect their studies that are
furnished in large towns and villages. J
Board can be obtained very low and near the !
Academy. Mr. Daniel "W. Dingman, jr. will
take several boarders, his house is very conve
nient, and students will there be under the im
mediate care of the Principal, whose reputa
tion, deportment and guardianship over his pu
pils, afford the best security for their proper
conduct, that the Trustees can give or parents
and guardians demand.
The course of Instruction will bo thorough
adapted to the age of the pupil and the time
he designs to spend in literary pursuits. Young
men may qualify themselves for entering upon
the study of the learned professions or for an
advanced stand at College for mercantile pur
suits, for teaching or the business of common
life, useful will be preferred to ornamental stud
ies, nevertheless so much of the latter attended
to as the advanced stages of the pupil's educa
tion will admit. The male and female depart
ment will be under the immediate superintend
dence of the Principal, aided by a competent
male or female Assistant. Lessons in music
will be given to young ladies on the Piano
Forte at the boarding house of the principal, by
an experienced and accomplished Instructress.
Summer Session commences May 4th.
Board for Young Gentleman or Ladies with
the Principal, per week, $1 50
Pupils from 10 to 15 years of age from SI to
Tuition for the Classics, "Belles-Lettres, French
&c, per quarter, 2 00
Extra for music, per quarter, 5 00
N. B. A particular course of study will be
m-irked out for those who wish to qualify hem
selves for Comfiion School Teachers with ref
erence to thar" o?Tject application' made lor
teachers to the trustees or principal, will 'meet
Lectures on xhe various subjects of study wijl
e delivered Hy able speakers,, thrown tjip
y-ordor of the Board, . .
DANIEL W. DINGMAN. PretM
Dingman's Ferry, Pike cp Pan May v ibw.
The Book of Subscription to the Stock of the
Upper Lehigh Navigation Company, will, be re
opened at Stoddartsville, on Wednesday, the 15th
day of July ensuing, when subscriptions will bo
freceived for the balance of stock which remains
ret open. At the same time and place the Stock
holders will el&ct a board of Director.
. Oharjes Trump,
John S, Comfort,
" A Henry W, Prinkei ' .
William P.' Clark,, ., r
June IC, 18107 s
K. B. Proposals will be received atStoddarts
ilte.on Thursday the 16th day of July ensuing,
for doing the'work either wholly or in jobs, requi
red by building a lock arid-inclined plane with "the
necessary grading, fixtures and machinery foi
passing rafts descending th Lehigh oyer the Falls
flt StoddartsviHc. It is expected that the work
wiilfSc vcpnme.ncediassoftn .as praciicableDd be
completpd wjtli despatch, "S r.' f
Prepared for the Joffersonian Republican.
A list of Governors of tlic State of
Some weeks since, we published a list of
Governors of the Province, and we now add
those of the State.
Under the present Constitution of "7,6, the
Governor was styled President of the Supreme
Executive Council, and elected by that body
1777 March, Thomas Wharton, Jr. diedaif 08
'78 Oct. Joseph Reed,
Benjamin Franklin. :
In October 1790, Thomas Mifllin was
elected by the people, the votes being as fol
WIIOLE NUMBER-OF VOTES.
1790 Thomas Mifllin,
Arthur St. Clair,
'93 Thomas Mifllin,
F. A. Muhlenberg,
'96 Thomas Mifflin,
F. A. Muhlenberg,
'99 Thomas McKean,
1802 Thomas McKean,
'05 Thomas McKean,
'08 Simon Snyder, ,
'11 Simon Snyder,
'14 Simon Snyder,
'17 William Findlay,
'20 Joseph Hiester,
William L mdlay,
'23 John A. Shulz'e,
'26 John A. Shulze,
'29 George Wolf,
'32 George Wolf, ..
'35 Joseph Ritner,
II. A Muhlenberg
'38 D. R. Porter,
REPRESENTATION FROM THE NORTHAMPTON DIS
TRICT IN CONGRESS.
From 1774 to '88, the Delegates in Con
gress were elected by the Assembly, the only
one from this district was George Taylor of
Easton, who was chosen on the 20th July 1776,
when he signed the declaration of Independ
ence he served but one year.
In 1788 when the first election by the peo
ple took place, and also in '90 and '92, North
ampton was connected with other conties in the
choice of a- member, and Berks county furnished
him in the person of Daniel Hiester.
1794 Samuel Sitgreaves.
'96 do. do.
'98 Robert Brown, for one year in place of
S. Sitgreaves, appointed
commissioner to England,
and also for the next term
of 2 years.
In 1808, John Ross was also a member of
Congress from this disirieJjgj. that period
Bu'cks, Montgomery, NortharrJp, Wayne and
Luzerne, together sent three members Robert
Brown and John Ross, were on different tick
ets, though it so happened that both were elect
ed from tha same county
'10 do. do.
'12 do. do.
'14 do. &o.
, J5 John Ross in place of .R. Brown, resigned.
'16 do. do. ,
'16 Thomas J. Roger.-?.
'20 do. do. ; v '
'22 do. Ao; : ' -
24-George -Wolfr- ;
'26 do. do. . 3- .
'28 do, do. T. i . '
oo Pmor TKr'n' W in nl.VfiSbf GWolferesiGmed
'30 do, ddl.
'32 David D. agener,f
ELECTORS FOR PRESIDENT AND VICE PRESIDENT
RROM THIS DISTRICT.
1788 John Arndi, voted for Geo. Washington.
'92 Win. Henry,
'96 No one elected.
1800 Jonas Hartzell,
. " It- u
'04 Henry Spering,
'08 Jacob Weygandt,
'12 Nath. Michler,
'l6 James Wilson,
'20 D. W. Dingman,
'24 Daniel Raub,
'28 Henry Winters, "
.32 David D.Wagner,
36 Jacob Kern,
In 1796, the electors from this district re
ceived a less number of votes than the others,
and as in the case of the Congressional elec
tion of 1808, some other district had two electors..
" Martin Van Bureh.
Moses Van Campen, the writer of the following
narrative was born in Lower Smithtiold township,
in this County, in 1759 his father resided on the
farm now occupied by Peter Treibly, on the river
Delaware, and at the breaking out ol the revolu
tionary War removed to Fishing Creek, near the
Susquehanna. Two years since, Moses petitoned
Congress for a pension, and forwarded therewith.
this narrative the old veteran resides in Living
ston county, New York, find we are assurred that
his statements are entirely worthy of belief he is
nearly related to Aaron Dupui, Esq. and others
of our respectable familie's, and with pleasure' we
add that his application for a pension was success
My first service was in 1777, when I served
three months under Col. John Kelly, who sta
tioned us at Big Island, on the West Branch of
the Susquehanna. Nothing particular trans
pired during that time, and in March '78, I was
appointed Lieutenant of a company of six
months men. Shortly afterward 1 was ordered
by Col. Samuel Hunter, to proceed with about
20 men, to Fishing Creek, (which empties into
the North Branch of the Susquehanna about
twenty miles from Northumberland,) and to
build a fort about three miles from its mouth,
for the reception of the inuabitants in case of an
alarm from the Indians. In May, my fort be
ing nearly completed, our spies discovered a
large party of Indians making their way towards
the fort. The neighbouring residents had bare
ly time to fly to the. fort for protection, leaving
their goods behind. The Indians soon made
their appearance, and having plundered and
burnt the houses, attacked the fort, keeping a
steady fire on us, during the day. At night
they withdrew, burning and destroying every
tiling m tneir route. What loss they sustamed
we could not ascertain, as they carriod off all
the dead and wounded, though, from the marks
of blood, it must have been considerable. The
inhabitants that took shelter in the fort had built
a yard for their cattle, at the head of a small
flat, at a short distance from the fort, and one
evening in the month of June, just as they were
milking them, my sentinel called my attention
to some movement in the brush, which I soon
discovered to be Indians, making their way to
the cattle yard. There wras no time to be lost;
I immediately selected ten of my sharpshooters
and under cover of a rise of ground, got be
tween them and the milkers. On ascending
the ridge, we found ourselves witliin pistol shot
of them; I fired first and killed their leader, but
a volley from my men did no further execution,
the Indians running off at once. In the mean
lime, the milk pails flew around in every direc
tion, and the best runner got to the fort first.
As the season advanced, Indian hostilities in
creased, and notwithstanding tho vigilance of
our scouts, which were constantly out, houses
were burnt and families murdered. In the
summer of '78 occurred the great massacre of
Wyoming, after which the Governors of Con
necticut, New York and Pennsylvania, petition
ed Congress to adopt speedy measures, for the
protection of tho frontiers, which subject was
referred to a committee of Congress and Gen.
Washington. They recommended that the War
should be carried into tho enemy's country and
a company of rangers raised for the defence of
the frontier. In '78 Gen. Sullivan was sent
with an army into their country. The provisions
for the supply of the army were purchased in
the settlements along'the waters of the Susque
hanna, and deposited in Storehouses. I was
appointed under the title of Quarter-Master, to
superintend this business, and about tho middle
of July, by means of boats had collected all the
provisions at Wyoming where Sullivan with
his army lay, waiting for them. About the last
of the month, our army moved for Tioga Point,
while a fleet of boats ascended the river paral
lel with the army.
We reached Tioga Point early in August,
where we halted for Gen. James Clinton to
join us with his brigade, which came. by. tho
way or the Mohawk river and so into Lake Ot
sego. During this time tho Indians were col
lecting in considerable force at Chemung a
large inaian village qdoui eleven miles distant.
as'iney Decame very trouwesome neighbours,
Gen. Clinton contemplated an attack upon them,
but wished to ascertain their numbers and situ
ation, and selected me for that dangerous enter
prise. I prepared myself an Indian dress,
breech cloth, leggings, and moccasins. My cap
had a good supply of feathers, and being painted
in Indian style, I set off with one man, dressed
in the same manner. We left the camp after
dark, and proceeded with much caution until
we came came to the Chemung, which we sup
posed would be strongly guarded. We ascend
ed the mountain, crossed over it, and came in
view of their fires,whnhaving descended the
hill, we waited quienvluntil they lav down and
got to sleep. W4e2t HeriWfW al U e d round their
camp, counted thefifesland the number of In
dians at some of the fires, and thus formed an
estimate of their numbers, which I took to be
about six or seven hundred. 1 returned and
having made my report to the General, early
next morning, I went to my tent, spread down
my blanket, and had a refreshing sleep. In the
afternoon Major Adam Hoopes, one of the Gen
erals aids, requested me to wait upon the Gen
eral, which I obeyed. The latter requested, as
I had learned the way to Chemung, that I would
lead the advance, he having selected General
Hand, of the Penna. line, to make them a visit
with eleven hundred men. I accepted the ser
vice, and we took up our line of match after
sundown. When we came to the Narrows I
halted, according to order, until the main body
came up, when the General ordered us to en
ter the Narrows, observing "Soldiers, cut your
wav through." We did so and entered the In
dian village and camp at day-break, but found
that the birds had flown. We halted a few
minutes for our men to refresh, set fire to their
village, and having discovered from their trdil
that they had gone up the iiver, followed it about
two miles. Here our path lav up a narrow
ridge calle d Hogback Hill, which we remarked
seemed formed by nature for an Indian ambus
cade. Accordingly, every eye was fixed on
the hill, and as we began to ascend, we saw the
bushes tremble, and immediately rifles were
presented, and wo received a deadly fire, by
which sixteen or seventeen of the advance were
killed or wounded. We that stood, sprang un
der cover of the bank, and for a moment reserv
ed our fire. Six or seven stout fellows rushed
out with tomahawk dnd kuife to kill and scalp
our comrades. It was now our turn' to fire, ev
ery shot counted one: they fell. General Hand
now came on at quick step, advanced within a
few rods of them, and ordered his men to fire
and then charge them at the point of the bayo
net; they were soon routed and ptit to flight.
We returned with our dead and wounded the
same night to our former camp. We had no
further opportunity of coming to a brush with
them, until we were joined by our whole force
under Gen. Clinton. We were opposed by the
enemy's whole force, consisting of Indians,
British and Tories, to whom we gave battle a
little below Newtown Point. Oui loss was
trifling. On the return of the army 1 was ta
ken with the camp fever, end was removed to
the fort which I had built in 78 where my fa
ther was 3 till living. In the course of the win
ter I recovered my health, and my lather's
house having been burnt in '78, by the party
which attacked the before mentioned fort, my fa
ther requested me to go with him and a younger
brother to our farm, about four miles distant, to
make preparations foi building another, and
raising some grain. But little apprehension
was entertained of molestations from the Indians
this season, as they had been so completely
routed the yeur before.
(to be continued.)
POLITICAL OPINIONS O F MARTIN VAN
BUREN IN REGARD TO THE RIGHT
OF SUFFRAGE, &c.
From the Report of the proceedings
and debates of the Convention of
1821, assembled for the purpose of
amending the Constitution of the
State of New York.
No. 1. Martin Van Bur en in favor
of placing Mree Negroes on an equal
ity with White Men in regard to the
right of suffrage.
At the opening of the Convention,
Friday, August 31st, 1821.. '
Mr. King, from the committee ap
pointed to consider and report in what
manner it would be expedient to take
up the business of the Convention,
presented a series of resolutions the
6th of which was as follows:
Resolved, That so much of the
Constitution as relates to the rights
and qualifications of persons to be
elected, be referred to a committe to
take into consideration the expedien
cy of making any, and if any, what
alterations or amendments,5 therein,;
and to report such amendments as
they may deem expedient.
Jour, or the Convention, page 35.
Wednesday, Sept. 12th, 1821.
Mr. Sandford, from tlie committee
appointed, reported that the commit
tee having considered the subjects re
ferred to them, recommended the fol
lowing amendments to the constitu
tion; 1st. Every vhitte; citizen of
the age of twentSSBfeear's who
shall have reside'dJtne State, six
months, nextpreceeding any election,
and shall within one yewc preceding
the election have paid any tax as
sessed upon him, or shall, within one
year preceeding any election have
been assessed to work on a' public
road and shall have performed the
wortf assessed upon him, or shall
have paid an equivalent in money,
therefor, according to law, or shall
within one year preceding the elec
tion have been enrolled in the Militia
in this State, and shalL have served
therein according to law, shall be en
titled to vote at such election in the
town or ward in which he shall reside,
for Governor, Lieutenant Geovernor,
Senators, Members of Assembly, and
all other officers who are or may be
elective by the people.
Join. Con. page 134.
September 19th, 1821.
On motion of Mr. Sanford, the re
port of the committee relative to the
right of suffrage, was taken up for
consideration, ancLwas discussed.
Jour. ,Q8pBg8. &c. &c.
The questioiUprmg on thVTirst
section as originallyreported by the
Mr. Jay, moved that the word White
be stricken out.
See Jour. Con. page 190.
The object of this amendment was
to place the Negroes on an equality
with the Whites in regard to votino-.
Col. Young earnestly opposed the
" We ought," he said, " to make a
constitution adapted to our habits,
manners, and state oi society. Met
aphysical refinements and abstract
speculations are of little use in fram
ing a Constitution.
" No Whiteman will stand shoul
der to shoulder with a negro in the
train band or jury room. He will
not invite him to a seat at his table,
nor in his pew at church. And yet
he must be placed on a footing of
equaliry in the right of voting, and
on no other occasion, whatever either
civil or social I !
"The minds of the blacks are not
competent to vote" continued Col.
Young, " they are too much degraded
to estimate the value of exercising
with fidelity and discretion, that ImV
portant right. It would be unsafe'in
their hands ! ! &c." See Jour. Con.
page 191. ' f
The question on striking out tho
word white, was then taeh by ayes
and noes, ana cieciaea m-the aihrma-
tive, ayes 63, noes 50. MARTIN
VAN B.UREN voting in the affirma
tive to strike out the word white, an 1
thus place the NEGRO ON - A X
EQUALITY WITH THE:WHrn:
MEN IN VOTING ATEsT ;
TIONS. See Jour, of Con,,
After the abovevoto- was taken,
Gen. Root immediatelparose and ob
served, that -"There 4 was danger of
extending the 'light of suffrage too
far. It was now extended to NE-
GROES,sor in the polite language of
tho. da y, to COLORED .PEOPLE.
It was, injiisopmi