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Kicliard Nugent, Editor
The -whole art op Gotkbkmekt consists us the art of beino honest. Jefferson.
C Do Wilt, Publisher.
MILFORD, PIKE COUNTY, PA., SATURDAY, JULY ,4 1840
Tfoue Tim iJoiinrs ner annum in advance Two dollars
and a quarter, half ycarlvy-and if not paid before the end of
the vcar Tivo dollars and a half. Those who receive their pa-
vrill bo charred 37 1-2 cts. per year, extra.
No papers discontinued unul aU
arrearages are paid, except
at theoplion 01 ine tuuur.
lE7Advertiscmcntsnot exceeding one square (sixteen lines)
will be inserted three weeks for one dollar : twenty-five cents
for every subsequent insertion ; larger ones in proportion. A
liberal discount will be made to yearly advertisers.
lETAU letters addressed to the Editor must be post paid.
Havine a general assortment of large elegant plain and orna
mental TypCf we are prepared to execute every des
tJards, Circulars, Bill Heads, Notes,
JUSTICES, LEGAL AND OTHER
Printed with neatness and despatch, on reasonable terms.
The Trustees of this Institution, have the
pleasure of announcing to the public, and par
ticularly to the friends of education, that they
have engaged Ira B. Newman, as Superinten-
dent ana jfrmapai oi uieir Acauemy.
The Trustees invite the attention of parents
and guardians, wbo have children to send from
home, to this Institution. They are fitting up
the building in the first style, and its location
from its retired nature is peculiarly favorable
for a boarding school. It commands a beauti
ful view of the Delaware river, near which it
is situated, and the surrounding scenery such
as the lover of nature will admire it is easily
accessible the Easton andMilford Stages pass
it daily, and only 8 miles distant from the latter
place, and a more salubrious section of coun
try can nowhere be found. No fears need be
entertained that pupils will contract pernicious
habits, or be seduced into vicious company it
is removed from all places of resort and those
inducements to neglect their studies that are
furnished in large towns and villages.
Board can be obtained very low and near the
Academy. Mr. Daniel AV. Dragman, jr. will
take several boarders, his house is very conve
nient, and students will there be. under the im-.
mediate care of the Principal, whose reputa
tion, deportment and guardianship over his pu
pils, afford the best security for their proper
conduct, that tlie Trustees can give or parents
and guardians demand.
The course of instruction will be thorough
adapted to the age of the pupil and the time
he designs to spend in literary pursuits. Young
men may qualify themselves for entering upon
the study of the learned professions or for an
advanced stand at College for mercantile pur
suits, for teaching or the business of common
life, useful will be preferred to ornamental stud
ies, nevertheless so much of the latter attended
o as the advanced stages of the pupil's educa
tion will admit. The male and female depart
ment will be under the immediate superintend
dence of the Principal, aided by a competent
male or female Assistant. Lessons in music
will be given to young ladies on the Piano
Forte at the boarding house of the principal, by
an experienced and accomplished Instructress.
Summer Session commences May 4th.
Board for Young Gentleman or Ladies with
the Principal, per week, $1 50
Pupils from 10 to 15 years of age from $1 to
Tuition for the Classics, Belles-Lettres, French
&c, per quarter, 2 00
Extra for music, per quarter, 5 00
N. B. A particular course of study will be
marked out for those who wish to qualify, them
selves for Common School Teachers with ref
erence to that object ; application -made for
teachers to the trustees or principal will meet
Lectures on the various subjects of study will
be delivered by able speakers, through the
course of year.
By ordorof the Board,
DANIEL W. DINGMAN. Pres'
Dingman's Ferry, Pike co., Pa., May 2 1810 .
THE Subscriber, in addition to his Fall sup
ply has just received a full and complete as
ortrnent of GOODS admirably adapted to the sea
son, consisting of
Iry Goods, Groceries, Crockery.
Hard a.ud ISoIIovv Ware,
STEEL, NAILS, and NAIL RODS, in fact a
complete assortment of all kinds of goods usually
kept in a country store, all of which he is dispose"
to sell at moderate prices.
N. JJ. Grain and Country produce. White and
yellow pine boancs wjll be taken in exchange ; al
o, oak joist, &c. &c.
Stroudsburg, Jan. 15th, 1840.
All persons indebted to the late firm of Stokes $
Jirown, are requested to make payment on or be
fore the first day of July next, or their accounts
will be left in the hands of a Justice-for collection
STO G DELL STOKE S.
ay 29, 1840. -
Hail Columbia ! happy land!
Hail ye heroes ! heaven-born band !
Who fought and bled in freedom's cause,
Who fought and bled in freedom's cause,
And when the storm of war was gone,
Enjoyed the peace your valour won.
Let independence be our boast,
Ever mindful what it cost;
Ever grateful for the prize,
Let its altar reach the skies,
Firm united let us be, -Rallying
round our liberty ;
As a band of brothers join'd,
Peace and safety we shall find.
Immortal patriots ! rise 0nce more ;
Defend your right, defend your shore ;
Let no rude foe, with impious hand,
Let no ri.de fee, with impious hand,
Invade the shrine where sacred lies,
Of toil and blood the well-earn'd prize.
While offering peace sincere and just,
In heaven we place a manly tiust,
That truth and justice will prevail,
And every scheme of bondage fail.
Firm united, &c.
Sound, sound, the trump of fame !
Let Washington's great name,
Ring through the world with loud applause,
Ring through the world with loud' applause,
Let every clime to freedom dear,
Listen with a joyful ear;
With equal skill and god-like power
He governed in thu fearful hour
Of horrid war ; or guides with ease,
The happier times of honest peace.
Firm united, &c,
Behold the chief who now commands,
Once more to serve his country stands
The rock on which the storm will beat ;
The rock on which the storm will beat;
But arm'd in virtue firm and true,
His hopes are fix'd on heaven and you.
When hope was sinking in dismay,
And glooms obscur'd Columbia's day -His
steady mind from changes free,
Resolv'd on death or liberty.
Firm united, &c.
.My country ! 'n3 of.thee
Sweet latin oi noeriy
Of thee I sing :
Land, where my fathers died ;
Land of the pilgrims' pride
From every mountain side. ,
Let freedom ring.
My native country ! thec
Land of the noble free
Thy name I love :
1 love thy rocks and riils,
Thy woods and templed hills ;
My heart with rapture thritU,
Like that above.
Let musick swell the breeze,
And ring from all the trees
Sweet freedom's song :
Let mortal tongues awake,
Let all that breathe partake,
Let rocks their silence break,
The sound prolong.
Our fatheYs God ! to thee
Author of liberty !
To thee we sing;
Long may our land be bright,
With freedom's holy light
Protect us by thy might,
Great God, our King.
IIJX. fW'l.WJ' i
Biographies of IisllJig?iis5icd Penaj
Benjamin West, was descended from a res
pectable English family, belonging to the denomi
of Quakers, who had emigrated to America in 16G7.
His father John West, was a merchant, settled at
Springfield in Chester county, where Benjamin
was born October JO, 1738, being the tenth son
In his 7th year he gave the first indications of his
propensity for the pencil. As he was watching
the sleeping infant of lus eldest sister, it smiled,
and struck with Us beauty, he sought some paper
and drew its portrait in red and black ink. The
circumstances in which he was placed afforded
him little aid in tho developement of his talents
There were neither professions, paintings nor
print, among the primitive settlers of Pennsylvania.
For some time he pursued his favorite employment
with red and yellow colors (which he learned to
prepare from some Indians who had roamed to
.Springfield) and indigo, given to him by his moth
er, together with brushes made with the hair of a
cat. At lencth a merchant named Pennincton.
who was his cousin, having seen his sketches,
sent him a box of paints and pencils, with canvass
prepared for the easel, and six engravings. The
possession of this treasure prevented him almost
from sleeping. He made all the necessary ar
rangements in the garret, where he commenced
his labors with the dawn, every morning, absent
ing himself entirely from school, until tho inqui
ries of his master caused a search and discovery
to be made. His mother found him in his studio ; ;
I IMfM!! Ill I
but her inclination to anger soon subsided on be
holding his performance. Instead of copying ser
vilely, as might have been expected, he had com
posed a picture from two of the engravings, telling
a new story, and colored with a'skill and effect,
which, in her eyes were surprising. She kissed
him with rapture, and procured his pardon from
her husband and his teacher, 67 years afterwards
he had the gratification to see this piece in the
same room with the sublime picture of Christ Re
jected. By degrees a report that a boy remarka
ble for his talent for painting lived at Springfield,
began to extend until it reached the earsof Mr.
Flower, a justice of Chester, who having looked
at his "-.works, obtained Icavo from his parents to
take him for a few weeks to his house.
Whilst residing with this gentleman, he derived
great advantage from the conversation of the gov
erness of his daughturs, a young English lady,
well acquainted with art, and with the Greek and
Latin poets, and who loved to point out to the
young artist tho most picturesque passages. Du
ring his residence there he painted the portrait of
the wife of a lawyer of Lancaster, jhe sight of
which made people come it? crowds to sit to him,
for his likenesses. He likewise executed a pain
ting of the death of Socrates for William Henry,
an eminent gunsmith of that place, who had a
classical turn this painting is now in possession
of his great grandson, James Henry of Northamp
ton county, Pa. On his return to Springfield, his
future career became the subject of anxious con
sideration tho result was, that he was permitted
to follow the vocation, for which he was so plain
ly destined. Ho soon after accompanied the troops
under Gen. Forbes, who proceeded in search of
the relics of Braddock'a army,butwas called home
in a short time, by intelligence of the illness of his
mother, and arrived only in time to receive the
welcome of her eyes arid hcrmute blessing. This
was a severe blow, for ho was devotedly attachod
to her. In his 18th yoarhe removed to Philadel
phia, where he established himself as a portrait
painter. His success was considerable; and after
painting the heads cf all who. desired it in that ci
ty flie repaired to New York, where his profits al
so were not inconsiderable. In 1760 by the kind
ness of aotno friends, ho was enabled to proceed to
Italy, and July 10th of that year ho reached Rome
He visited the different cities of Italy, for the pur
pose of isspcoting tho works of the great master
and increased his reputation by several paintingi
of great excellence.
In '03 he went to London, intending to proceed
to his native country ; but finding there was a great
probability of his success as a historical painter
in that metropolis, he established himself there.
His rise was rapid. He was introduced to the
King, George 3d, who he ever found a steady
friend and mu&ificent patron. During the revolu
iionary war, ho remainod firm in his attachment to
tho cause of his country, notwithstanding his ob
ligations to royalty, and to the honor of the Kinff,
bo it said, that it in no wise interposed with his
advancement, On the death of Sir Joshua Rey
nolds, he was elected President of the Royal A-
cacemy and took his place in 1792. During the
peace of Amiens he went to Paris, for the purpose
of beholding the splendid collection which Napo
Icon had placed in the Louvre, of the master pie
ces of art, and was treated in that city with the
greatest distinction, by the most prominent persons
of the Imperial Court. In his 65th year he paint
edthe celebrated picturo of Christ healing the
sick, for tho Pennsylvania Hospital. It was ex
hibited in London, were the rush to see it was ve
ry great, and the opinion of its excellence so high
that he was offered $15,000 for it by the British
Institution. As he was far from being rich, he
accepted the offer, but on condition that he should
be alloved to mako a copy with alterations for
Philadelphia. He did so ; and the workls still ex
hibited in that city, where the profits arising from
it, haveenabled the managers of the hospital to
enlarge the building and receive more patients.-
He painted works of great size, but few were wil
ing to be purchasers of pictures which occupied
so much room. His wife who was also an Amer
ican with whom he had lived for some 60 years in
uninterrupted happiness, died December 6, 1817.
He did not survive her many years. Withoutany
definite complaint, his mental faculties unimpair
ed, his cheerfulness uneclipsed and with looks se
rene and benevolent, he expired March 11, 1820,
in the 82d year of his age. He was buried in St.
Paul's Cathedral. In disposition he wa3 mild and
generous, lie seriously impaired his lortune, by
his kindness to young artists, whom he endeavored
to assist in every way. As his life was long and
laborious, his productions are very numerous. He
painted and sketched upwards of 400 pictures,
mostly of a historical and religious nature, and left
more than 200 original drawings in his Portfolio.
Joseph Dennie, The founder of the " Port
Folio," was born in Boston, August 30, 1768,
the son of a respectable merchant. . He :early
evinced a decided fondness for polite litera
ture and entered Harvard College in '87. He
left this institution in '90, and entered the office
of a lawyer in Charleston N.H. At the expi
ration of three years he made a successful de
bate at the bar. He soon removed to Walpole,
where he opened an office, but gained very little
business, owing to his literary taste and irreg
ular habits for four months he officiated as read
er of prayers for an Episcopal Congregation
at Claremont.- In the spring of '95 he endeav
ored to establish at Boston, a weekly paper un
der the title of the " Tablet." This however
survived but a short time, not long after, he re
turned to Walpole, to aid as editor of the 'Farm
ers Museum,' a journal in which he published
a series of Essays with the signature of " The
Lay Preacher." In '99, he went to Philadel
phia in consequence of being appointed a clerk
in the Office of the Secretary of State. On
the dismissal of his patron William Pickering
he left the department and engaged in the con
duct of a literary journal the Port Folio, for
which his name and talents required con
siderable patronage and celebrity. His repu
tation, his colloquial powers, and amicable
disposition attracted to him a large number of
literary sholars and coadjutors. With industry
and discretion, he might have gained independ
ence & permanent happiness; but was he defi
cient in both qualities, and gradually destroyed
by his imprudence, his bodily constitution, as
well as all hopes of fortune. Jan. 7th. 1812,
he died a victim to anxiety and complicated
Mr. Dennie possessed a brilliant gnius, a
delicate taste, a beautiful style, a ready pen, a
rich fund of elegant literature, an excellent
heart, and a captivating countenance and man
ner, and with a proper exercise of industry and
judgment, might have acquired a lasting repu
The UManai2soK duration of tlie
Tliirteeai Ujiited SSSales of America,
IN' CONGRESS, JULY 4, 1776.
When in the course of human events, it be.
comes necessary for one people to dissolve the
political bands which have connected thera
with another, and to assume among the pow
ers oi tne eartn, tne separate aHd equal sta
tion to which the laws of nature and of nature's
God entitle them, a decent respect to the opin
ions of mankind, requires that they should de
clare the causes which impel them to the sep
aration. We hold these truths to be self-evident
that all men are created equal : that they are
endowed by their Creator with certain unalien
able rights f that among these are life, liberty
and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure
these rights, governments are instituted a
mong men, deriving their just power from the
consent of the governed ; that whenever any
form of government becomes destructive of
these ends, it is the right of the people to alter
or abolish it, and to institute a new govern
ment, laying its foundation on such principles,
and organizing its powers in such a form, as to
them shall seem most likely to effect their
safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will
dictate, that governments long established,
should not be changed for light and transient
causes; and, accordingly, all experience has
shown, that mankind are most disposed to suf
fer, while evils are sufferable, than to right
themselves by abolishing the forms to which
they are accustomed. But when a long train
of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably
the same object, evincing a design to reduce
them under absolute despotism, it is their
right, it is their duty, to throw off such gov
ernment, and to provide new guards for their
future security. Such has been the patient
sufferance of these colonies; and such is now
the necessity which constrains them to alter
their former system of government. The his
tory of the present King of Great Britain is a
history of repeated injuries and usurpations,
all having in direct object the establishment
of an absolute tyranny over these States. To
prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid
He has refused his assent to laws, the most
wholesome and necessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his governors to pass Jaws
of immediate and pressing importance, unless
suspended in their operations till his assent
should be obtained ; and when so suspended,
he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
&.He has refused to pass other laws, for the
accommodation of large districts of people,
unless those people would relinguish the right
of representation in the legislaturea right
inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants
He has called together legislative bodies, at
places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant
from he depository of their public records,
for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into
compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved representative houses re
peatedly, for opposing with manly firmnesh his
invasions on the rights of the people.
He has refused for a long time after such
dissolutions, to cause others to be elected ;
whereby the legislative powers, incapable of
annihilation, have returned to the people a:
large, for their exercise; the State remaining
in the mean time, exposed to all the danger of
invasion from without, and convulsions within.
He has endeavored to prevent the popula
tion of these States; for that purpose obstruc
ting the laws for the naturalization ot foreign
ers ; refusing to pass others for their migra
tion hither, and raising the condition of new
appropriation of lands.
He has obstructed the administration of jus
tice, by refusing his assent to laws for estab
lishing Judiciary Powers.
He has made Judges dependent on his will
alone for the tenure of their offices, and the
amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of new cfilces,
and sent hither swarms oi officers, to harrass
our people and eat out their substance.
He has ilept among us, in time of peace,
standing armies, without the consent ot our
He hasef&cted to render the military inde
pendent of, and superior to the civil power.
He has combined with others to subject us
to a jurisdiction, foreign to our constitution,
and unacknowledged by our laws ; giving his
consent to their acts of pretended legislation.
For quartering large bodies of armed troops
For protecting them by a mock trial, from
punishment for any murders which they shall
commit on any inhabitants of these States :
For cutting off our trade with all parts of
the world :
For imposing taxes upon us without our con
For depriving us, in many cases, of the ben
efits of trial by jury :
For transporting us beyond the seas to be
tried for pretended offences;
For abolishing the free system of English
laws in a neighboring province, establishing
therein an arbitrary government, and enlarg
ing its boundaries, so as to render it at once an
example and fit instrument forintroducintr the
same absolute rule into these colonies":
For taking away our charters, abolishing
our most valuable laws, and altering funda
mentally the forms of our governments:
For suspending our own legislatures, and
declaring themselves invested with power to
legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
He has abdicated government here, by de
claring us out of his protection, and waging
war against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our
coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the
lives of our people.
He is, at this time, transporting large ar
mies of foreign mercenaries to complete the
work of death, desolation, and tyranny alrea
dy begun, with circumstances of cruelty and
perfidy, scarcely paralleled in the most bar
barous ages, and totally unworthy the head of
a civilized nation.
He has constrained our fellow citizens, ta
ken captive on the high seas, to bear arms
against their country, to become the execu
tioners of their friends and brethren, r fall
themselves by their hands.
He has excited domestic insurrection a
mongst us, and has endeavored to brintr on
the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless
Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare
is an undistinguished destruction of all ages,
sexes, and conditions.
In every stage of these oppressions, we have
petitioned for redress in the most humble
terms ; our repeated petitions have been an
swered by repeated injury. A prince whose
character is thus marked by every act which
may define a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler
of a free people.
is or have we been wantmtr m attention to
our British brethren. We have warned them
from time to time, of attemDts made, bv their
Legislature to extend, an unwarrantable juris
diction over us. We have reminded then of
our emigration arid settlement here. We have
appealed to their native justice and magnan
imity, and we have conjured them by the tics
of our common kindred to disavow these usur
pations, which would inevitably interrupt our
connexion and correspondence. 1 hev too.
have been deaf to the cause of justice and
consanguinity. We must, therefore, acqui
esce in the necessity which denounces our
separation, and hold them, as we hold the
rest of mankind enemies in war in nenrc
We, therefore, the representatives of the
United States of America, in Conirress assem
bled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the
world for the rectitude of our intentions, do in
the name, and by the authority of the good
people of these Colonies, solemnly declare
that these United Colonies are. and of riehr
ought to be, Free and Independent Stats
That thoy are absolved from all allegiance
the British. Crown, and that all nolitir:.! n.ii
nexion between them and the State of Grc:.i
Britain, is, and ought to be. totally d!ssnlvift
and as free and independent States, they ha v
full power to levy war.concludeneace.i:ontr..,rf-
alliances, establish commerce, and to do all
other acts andjjiings which Independent States
may or right do. And lor the support of this
Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protec
tion of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge
to each other, our lives, our fortunes, and out-
sacred honors. - '
JOHN HANCOCKS president';
.. .. , i.i ii 1 -I