M'Kean County Democrat. (Smethport, M'Kean County, Pa.) 1858-186?, September 19, 1863, Image 1

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VOL, .5.
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bmeth
. DR, R;VISAER,
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. BEN NETT • HOUSE,
•
. .
Breetliport, M , l.Cean Co.IPa E . , 9 BlieoN, 'Proprietor
—opposite the. Court House; A neii.largu, commodi,
.. Owe and well furbished house: : . ~. • .
. • .• . • A.J... :NOWISE.
•
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. end or the iPublic Square, .4imethport;• Pa. 'Custom'
. 'work done to order on the'shortest nottae, and•in . the
mont•suhstanthil manner. ' • " •
W. 8, BROWNELL
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Dealer Irt'Dry, Goode,. Groaerlep, Orbekery, Hardware
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Eastaide bf the PublipSgeare,,Sniethpurt,'
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.Atroaarr AT,LAw,• Smethpoit,• County,,Pa.,
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THE PRIDE OF NEW YORK.
1863's Specia#v.
GRAND MIRROR OF AMERICAN GENIUS
'Correct . tilth spitit,•elnquent u'ith.ease,
Intent to l'plifion, .orpplite
THE NEW YORK MERCURY.
FOR TX-IE
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The Heiress of Castle Clitle
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CATILIiWELL Br. WHITNPY; .
Proprietors of Me 'Neu, York Mereury,'
113 Fulton street, New York City.
tcsirt,.TEE A BOLITION"PARTY 12 A
DISLOYAL ORGANIZATION. ITS ,
PRE—
TENDED LOVE FOR 'FREEDOM' 'MEANS
NOTHING MORE OR LESS. THAN. CIVIL .
WAR AND A DISSOLUTION : OF THE UN—
ION. HONEST MEN, OF ALL PARTIES
SHOULD UNITE. O 'EXPOSE THEIR IN—
TENTIONS AND ARREST THEIR' PRO—
GRESS."—[Andrew hckson..
"If theig Infernal • fanatics and abelitionisto
ever get thepoWer In their hinds, they will over
ride the Constitution, set the Supreme Court at
defiance, change and make laws Suit them
lay.vielent hands on those who differ with
them in Opinion, or daro question their fidelity,
and finally bankript the country and deluge it
with blood."--Maniel 'Webster.
ort, Pa
In the Senate Mr. Clay said in relation to
Abolitioniams•
“To 'the agency of their power of persuasion,
they DOW propose to sUbstitute'the power of the
ballot box; and he must be blind to what ls
pessiiig before us, Who does. not - pricalve that
the inevitable tendencrof their proceedings is,
if these should be found 'insufficient, to invoke
finally, the more potent (powers •of' the bayo— •
net.” ' -
FUNDAMENTAL DOCTRINES - OF ABOLI
ggl have. always' hated slaiery, I think, as
rpuch•as any Abolitionist. Thave always been
an old line' Whig,. I . hava'alWays hated it. bUt
I have:always been quiet about it until
° this
new era of, the introduction of the Nebraska
bill again. I always. belie * ved that everybody
.was against it; and that it was in course .of
extinction. • •
. "We are now far into the fifth year. since
policy was initiated with the avowed object and
confident prorriise of putting ail end. to slavery
agitation. Under the operation of that policy ;
that-agitation hair not only ceased," but has con-
stantly augmented. In my opinion it will not
cease until a crisis shall have been reached and
passed; 'a house divided against itself cannot
stand. .I-believe this government cannot endure
permanently half4lave and'half -free.. I do not
expect . the. Union tn be dissolved; do.not ex—
pect the house to. tall; but.l do:expect it `will
cease lb ,ba ,divided; It will become all one
thing or the :other. Either -the oPponents• of
slavery will arrest the further spread of it.,.-and
Tine° tt where the publieMind shall rest in-the
belief that it is in the-course of ultimate extinc
tion,-or its advocates will push it forward till
it shall become alike lawful in: all the States ' ,
old as well as new, Wrth as well as South."—
[Abraham Lincoln—campaign edition of his
Afterwards, commenting on this, he says
only.said What I .expected • would take
place.. Iniade a predidtion only; it may have
been a foolish ...one, perhaps. I did
.not even
say that I desired that slavery should he : ppt.in
coo r.s4 of ultimate extinction. I do :say so•now,
howevei; 'so there need he no . Mager any ditls.-
culty about that." .- • "
cCorrect your own 'error, that slaveri has
any.constitutional guarantee Which•may not be
released, and ought not to be relinquished.
,Say
to Slavery,,when it chows its hand, (that is the
Constitution,) autl'demands its 'pound of flesh,
that'if it . draws one drop of blood, its .life 'shall
pay the forfeit, Doan this,tind inculcate
all this in a spirit of nioderation and benevo
lence, and' not. , of retaliation and fanaticism,
'and you will soon bring the parties of the coun
try into an effective aggression upon slavery."
=-[W. H. Seward, Cleveland, 1848. ' • ..
"Send it abroad upon the wings of the wind,
at I. am committed, fully. 'committed- to :the
fullest extent, in favor of theinimediate and unL
conditional Abolition of slavery, wherever it.
oxists . under the authority of• the Constitution
of the tipited States.?'--[Senzitor . Wilsoa of
Massachusetts: - • ' • • •
lii, the year ISM, an individual named Min-,
ton Rowan Helper, who , had been forced to
leave his native State, North dartpa, in dis:-
grace, published a books of he was the
reputed author, entitled aThe.lmpending Cri—
sis," The book recommended direct, warfare
on Southern society, "be .the consequences
what they might." It , was so extravigarit in
tone and so diabolical in Its designs, that it was.
at first generally siippcised to hi the work of a
fool or a Madman. What, however was the
surprise of the public when the book, was actu
ally adopted by the Republican party as 'a cam
paign document, and • its attrocious principles
endorsed by SIXTY—EIGHT Republican 'gem'.
hers of Congress and all the influential Mem—
bers of the , partyl Below will be found an
abstract of the principles it advocated, taken .
from the large edition of the Work, published by
A. B. Burdick, No. 145 Nassau street, N. T.,
1860. • • •
1. We unhesitatingly declare ourselves in
avor of the immediate and unconditional aboli
ion of slavery.—Page 26.
.-
2. We cannot be too hasty in carrying out
our designs.—Page 33. ,
3—No min can be a true patriotwithout first
becoming an Abolitionist.,-Page 116. " •
6. Slaveholders are more ciiminal than com
mon murderers.—Page 140.
'7.' All slaveholders 'are' under the'shield of. a
perpetual license to murder.—Page 141: • '
8. It.is our holiest 'conviction that all the pro,
slaver:Y,slaveholderh, who are alone. responsible
for the•dontinuance- of the baneful institution
among, us, deserve to be at. once reduced to a
parallel with*the basest crimindle Mit lie fetter'
ed within the cells of our public prisons;,-P.age
. .
9. Were it possible that the whole number
(of slaveholders,) could be slithered together.
end transferred into four equal gangs ofii
censed,, robbers, ruffians, thieves , and murder
er!, society, we feel assured, would sutler less
SMETHPORT, M'KEAN COUNTY, PA., §ATURDAY SEPTEIVU3ER . 19 1863'.
FACTS FOB : TO PEOPLE;
The Aholition , Leaders Convicted ont of their
own. Mouths of Disunion-Abolitionism-4)f In
' aurrietionary Doctrines—A Dosign to Change
'the Government i Override the ' Constitntion
andnirm a Cinitral Despotiim-T:Of YaliehOod,
.Corrupticin and Treaeon. • . • '
„...
. . .
. . ,
- -
•
. . . .
. .
'from their attrociiier than it does oow.—Page
10: Once and forever, at:least so far as this
Country is concerned , the infernal 9ueition •of
slaiery must be disposed ot.• .A speedy and ati•
solute abolishment of
.the whole system is the
true policy of the South, and.this is the-policy
which we propose to pursue.—Page 121.
AFEyN.FbRL OttliDMINkR Tb T/IT
. .
Inscrihed on the banner' which :vve (11r.. H•
SeWard,.Hortice'Greeley; and the other endors
ers,)herewith unfurl to the world; with the full
and fixed determination to stand by it or die.by
It ; uniestfone of more virtuous efficacy shall be
presented, are.the mottoes which, in substance,
embody the prihciPles as we conceive should
govern as.. ' .
THE
. MOTTO:II1 . 024 atilt .DARNER.
' I. Thorough organization and . independant
political action on the part, at non-alaveholdilig
whiles ot the South.
2. Ineligibility of slaveholdere; never. anoi her
vote to the trafficker in bamin flesh.
2. .No co-operation with sliveholders in poli
tics, polellowship with them inreligion, no af-'
filiation with them in , soclety. . .
4. No patronage to elaveholding merchants;
no Wiliest, to slave waiting-hotels; no lees to
slaveholdingjawyersr no. employn3ent 16 slave
'bolding physicians; no audience to elavehOleling
5. No recognilion of pro-Aavery , men, except
as ruffians, outlaws atid•criminals.• .
.6. Immediate' death to slayety, or if not im
mediate, uaqualified proscription of its' advocate
during the period of its existence.—Pages .155
.and 156. • " • •
7.
'l:hue, terror endgenderers of the South,
hive we fully and frankly defined our position,
we have no modifications to propose,.no • Com.
promises.tii:offer, nothing , to, retract '
..: Frown,
sirs, fret, foam, prepare your , weapons; threat,
Strike, shoot,stab., bring orr civil war, dissolve
the trnion, nav annihilate the solar. system Al
you will- -do all this, more,'less, better, worse,
anything--do•what you , will, sirs, you can nei
ther foil or irititnidate 'us; our purpose is . : as
firmly fixed as the central pillars of Heaven; we
.have determined to abolish slavery and so help
us God;atiolish it we wtll.—Page 187. .• • .
Wendell'Phillips, shortly after the organiza
tion of the Republican party, speaking of that
party saith. ' . •
“NO man ; hair a right:to be surprised at .this
state'of things. It is just what yve (Abolitiori
ists.and Disnnionists) haveittempted to' bring
about. It is thefirst sectional party ever or.
ganized in this* country. It:does not know 'its
own face, and itself nationair but it.is . not
national—it is sectional. The Republican par
ty Cs a•porty orthe'North pledged against . '. the
“No net of ours do we. res:,ard with more con
scienciousness approva for higher satisfaction
none dd we submit' Mote confidently. to the tri
banal of Heaven the moral verdict of 'Man
kind, that when; several yeirs ago, on the ..Itl
olJuly, in - the presence of a• great. asserribly
we committed tci.the flutnes , the Consi itut ion n
the United States:?',
(4 believe this government"cannot' endure '
permanentlY half slave and half free."---(Abra
ham Lincoln.'
. .
'‘‘The master not only goyernetlie slave•with
out his consent, bile he governs' him.by a set of
rules altogether different from thoie 'which: he
prescribes for himself.
.Allow, all the governed
an.equal voice in the . government.--[Howell's
Life of Lineoln,page 279. . '
crook Legislatures, State and.Vederal;'shoulc
raise the platform upon 'which our •free colored
people stand,. they shear(' oive AO the.fulliloti:i•
eul Lights to hold offee, to, vote to sit on iIIOCS,
to give their testimony, and tomake no distinC
tion between thein and ourselves,' The instill
ment called the Constitution, after pronnuncing
all men equal, and having .equal rights, suffers
slavery to exists, a free colored , "perion • to '.be
denied all political rights, and after declaring
that 'all parkins shall enjoy a free 'intercourse
with the States, suffers the free negro to : be
driven out of all,and excluded from such rights.
Deliver 'me from such an' instrument thus unjust,
that can be thus perviried i and made to' sane=
Lion. prejudices'and party. feelings; and note , the
accidental' distinction of color.---[Cassius M.
_ .
When questioned ip the House Represefits
tives, the lion. T. Banks, afterwards. elected
Speaker of the House, ar.d . .Governor•of .Massa—
chusettsi by the :gephblicans,'declared.
his inability to
.dPcjde 'ychether the white '.dr
black was the superior iace,.but would leave'
the questiofi to be decided by. abiorption.• or
amalgamation, •' He soldi
.t , Se far as he bad studied the subjea of races,_
he had adopted the idea that when there is a
weaker race in eiistence, it will succumb to,
and be absorbed in, the stronger. race.' This
was .the aniversal law as_ regarded the rase of
*men in the world. In regard to the. question.
*whether the white or the .blick was superior,.
be prOposed to wait until time should -develop
whether the white race shoul4 absorb the black;
.or the black absorb the white.". •
And Horace Greeley, while 'admitting 'that
the abolition of slavery in the States 'is the real.
:object of the Jlepublican, party,, explains the
reason why they, did not then openly aciyogete
the. doctrine.' We quote 'from his paper (the
Tribune) Of . July 28, 1854: '
• 4'We.eontend that the abolition of slavery in
the States is the real
,object. of the Republican,
. .
::Admit that Abolition in the States is what '
all men ought to stri4 for, and it is clear to
ourmind that &large majority.are not prepared
for this, and the practical question is this—shall
. we.politically attempt what will certainly
iolve us in defeat and failure? 'or shall we not
'rather attempt that which 'a majority .are 'ripe
for; and thus, by our conseqUent triumph, invite'
that Majority to go further? Shall we.insiat on
having all the possible eggs new, or be content
to n.Wait their' appearance day by day? . ..The
latter seerne m'a 'the .only rational, sensible . .
course." We care not how fast. Messrs. 13irnef
ez Co.; mny ripen public, sentiment in the North,
for emancipation; we will aul. them to ihe.bmt
of our ability; but we will not refuse the good
now within our reach out of deference to that
which is yet unattainable. My. Briney's 'ul
timatum' maybe just what he sees . fitt.we have
not proposed to modify.or meddle with it. We
only ask that he shalliot interdict - or prevent
Om doing of some good at ence r merelybecause
he would like to do more good, as we shall,.
also, whjnever it shau have bdcome practiCa
•
W. P.' Cutler, another Republican member et
Cpngress frorri:Ohio„ in a.speech.in' the'House,
g4slaVery bas,cauned . 'the 'present .; rebellion,
and •thpre enn be no permanent . Pence:and Union
in thin Republic., as. bug as .thaf, institution
A t•the, •snme seisiOn.Owen Lovejoy, n Repoli
Ikon Congress Man from Illinois, said: • •
"Tiler, ten be no Villein. elnvery •Is de
.stroyeil." •
.
DISUNION pENTEI4ENTS OF ABOLITION
LEA DE RS—“LET THE TINTON gI.IDF.,"
• , iTHELEAGUE.WITH: HELL AND C 0 1 77
. ENANT - WITH DEATH." •
. . . .
Union is:not worth eupportini with the .
c - )l.lth.'"—[Horace Oreeley.. • :
ctl,am willing, under a certain state of pit--
cimistanceei to let the Uri!on. slide:",--fGenero
• “Incase'of .the alternative 'being presented
of the continuation of slavery or .'a dimOlutjpn
of the Union, I . dm for p. diseolufion , and I care
net. hovv-soon'it comes:"—q - itufus.l3 Spalding.'
detest - slavery; and; 'say unhesitatingly,
that I am for'its abolitienhyserne rrienns,. if it,
Should 'send, all partyorgariliet ions in the
or.the Union itself, to theAd
,
dison of thecitiretican Adveitiser. .• . •
. .
"By all heiltegard for the,geheretions of the .
future, by her reverence for God and. man, the
North is bound to dissolve ber present • (Tri—
ton. withlidnappere and murderers, and. torrri a
Northernllypublic on the ,basiri- of-,No Union
with elaveholders.'"—[Hon. Henry C. IV,r . lght,
of 111., Tune-9..185G... • • •
•
-This treason i‘‘as, preceded by Senatai: Hale ?
who Preient'ed - n Petition dn the Senate or a
'dissolution of the.Union,.and . bonsted•• that he
had already "presented Eight petitions for the
of.the Union." See CongresSional
Globe, Feb; . S., I Sr ! O., rlie.sarde year in' which
Senator : Hcnry'clay declared that, "the great
question before the country waS - wtipther. aholie
onld
tionism el pit down the Union, or the Un—
ion should put tlowri • :
• 'To those IsieW.England disuniOnists, Senator
Da.ron.Of New Jersey, said:. “Sir, I. have, .yet
'to know that thevig,hi'of petition has ever been
extended to the'distructign 'of the Government
to which it is. addressed, : It is not the right of
any party to petition . the - sovereign; Ociwer:' to
destroy itself: This .yetitlon , (presented by
Hale,) comps here:end asks•us to , dissolve 'the
Union: It asks us to put' au .
.end JO the Federal
Government; it asks us to destroy,the Constitu
tion. .11 . 711 . V . , - the first thing l did when I.came
here Was to take au bath..to support the Consti-
lotion Which'those men ask me to :tlestroy.
. .
who wants argument, Who wants debate in an
swer t:o".Such.memorials?" ,
. .
Massackusetts' inogtnoble Senato . r, who for
his reverence for the ConititotiMi,' and his deep
love forthe Union—Daniel - Webster, for his in
. .
tegrity. honor,'Atuthand - jostice, was.. stricken'
down 14.: Afassachusetts.. Sed - atOr r • Webster
said: " I am much obliged to the •thernberfroni
Mich'igan,'(Mr; Cass,) for 'the cleardese With
w.hich.he has expressed his.ppinion agaitist this
petitidm I apa'quiteeorry - thht Such a petition
has been - presented, and•shall be quite Surprised
it there shall, be any voteln the Senate', for rr
-
ceiving it.. I think the.suhstance - of• this. peti
lion ist.his:- You and each ,or you took your
'solemn oaths.in'the presence 'of Almighty God,
and. On I he. Linty - r.vangeliits., that you -would
suppOrtthe Codstitiltion of the United
.States,..
.now therefore we' prat' you take immediate
step to breab• up the Union,. and ciVerth•roW the
Constitution
. as soon you can; and . as in 'duty
hound we will. ever May." Said Senator Cues,
i•Tkat's first rate:" • This"petition for' the dis-: -
.olutioit of the onion Wa..s'.insit9itly and Indip
tiantlytejeqied, every' senator voting against it;
except 'three:. • •
•• Massachusetts, because of. the.admissioO
Lonisiana;, eent•her.representaliie .to' Congress
to (lecliire the.Unton of the States dissoNed...
Massachusetts, on the adinissidn.of T.exas-vo
ted hetielf out oL-the Union, apd.ha,s newer* to..
ted herselfin again: • . '
' To follow up the course' of..history, look at
the (ants: r
Massachusetts was• .
fofemost in the party,
which,.in IS . SG, raisetltlie:sectiorialflag:of dis 7
blotting out One lialiof the' stars .froin
our, glorious flag, and striking boldly for
ion, as that State has 'always, done and Is: noW
- • • -
Massachtisetts,in.ltinn, bent oncarrying out
hgr 'deep laid cowitacy again9t tlfe.Union; re-
organized the. party which announced as
the 'party ofthe free States agpitisi the. Slave'
States.. the
.North against the.Sout.h.. ' • •..
.
James S. , S Pike, lonseditorially.
conniketed.
with the New York Trine and now ,Miinster
to.the'Nellierlands, said: S.• •
"•I'have no .ooUlat that the free and .slaVe
States ought to separate.' The' Unloti 'is not
worth - supporting in connection with.' the
• The Republican party'• is moulding public
sentiment in the right direction for the, speci 7
lie 'work..ihe Abolitionists are Striv,indto 'ae
cemplish, viz: The dissolution. of the Union,
and :the abolition of, slavery thrpughoitt the
The ',resent Assistant Secretary of the Treai.
uryL- 7 Francis E: Spinner-during the Fremont
campaign said: . •
“Should this (the election . 'nf Fremont) fail,.
no true man wn , thl any. longer be aate here
from the assaults of the arrogant slave oligarchy
who then' rule. with in iron hand. For
the free l'forth.wpuld. be .left the choice -of-
peaceful disolutien• of I.lle,Union, or_ a civil war
Which would end.in the same. '
•
t{l Will not stultify myself by . eukiosing that
we . liaye any warrant in the Constitution' . for
this prOceedinfp , ; • • • . I 'Phis tulle •: .
of restoring the Union as it was,
under the-Constitution as'it is, y is. onq ot• the
'abSutdities which I ho;e hearti.repeated.until . l
have become about sick The Union 'can
never be restored as it tVas-' There are "many
'things which render such an event inn : possible.
This qnioti never shall, with my,
: consent,.be
restored under : the Constitution aft , it is with
slavery to . be protected by it."---[Hen. Thad
deus Stevens, the Adminigtretionleader,in Con,
.tcW r
heneveany portion , of thill'
.
Unionilirge
enough to form .an. indipendent,
nation, shill see 6t,to'say aulhenVeallY, disk
residue,,cwiWant, to get. away. from- you,' we
v
shill say.ind we - trust Self-respect, if 'not re-.
Bard forthe principle.uf: ielf goveiuMet . it will
constrain the. residue of thi American peOpie to
say tribune, D'ec.,• ,1860.
• "Nati few of 'the Republican jouonals'of. the .
WorkinkthemseiveS•up to the.belief
that theyure endeavoring to impress Upon their
'renders 'that the seceded
. Statei, he They few P r .
many,'.will be whipped. haelc . into, thp.Union.--::
•We caution all such that in 'language .al t4,at
sort they 'ore adding now fuel to the flame which
is already blazing'so fiercely; and.tbat the prob
abilities now are that the result will.prove lhem
to be false prophets:, No maii. "movie what
public:policy : may demand of the ineOming ad-.
ministration; .but the (Whist opiniOn.seems to
be thakif peaceable secession is possible, the
retiring' Straeuivill be assisted •to go, that ibis.
needless and bitter controversy maybe brought
to an 'end."-.-EChicago.. - Tribilne,'l December,'
As proo(:of whet we asiert,..we ,quote from
the speech.ofStephen A. Longlas,delivtired in
the Potted StatesSenate;January 3tl, 1t561, on
the-compromiee'rneaSurea then pentlitig' before .
that body] :
• t.I believe this to be a fair . hasi6, of.ainienble
adjustment. If, you Of . the Repnblican side.
rn ocit willing to accept this, nor .the proposi•
tion'ot the Senator from. Itentucky r (Mr. Crit.:
tentlen,j pray tell,ui.what you'are - willing to
*dgi addresi the inquiry to'llePublicane only,
for. the reason that in the Committee of -Thir
teenol few: days ago, *miry member from die
Sunth,'including•those hobo the cotton States;
(Messrs. Toombs and Davis,) expreesed their
readiness ta'acceptlhe proposition of my.yln".
erahle , friend from Kentuckyr.OVlr:Crittenden s Y
as a final settlement of the controversy, if in=
tendedand sus taineciby • Repnblican mem-
'Hence the sole iespensibility- of our .disc
agreement; and the only diflieultyinthe waxo
an amieable adjustment, is :with the republicat
.
. Republican s will surely, not discredit one
whom they . ,so . frequently eulogize .end from
whom they Occasionally. quote. Mr. Douglas
boldly charged the responsibility on them, and
they - had not the hardihood to deny it. -
In February, 1863, 'Horace Greeley wrote
a render for the Trjfune, in. which . appears the
following; . . • .
“Speaking; for ourselves, we can honestly say
that, for the old. Union, which. was kept ex—
istence by . Southern menaces and Northern con
cessions; we have no reglets and 'no 'wish for
its reconstrictitia. •*. •. • • • .
. . .
'itwh o htriits u.t.Nion •shich is nothing but 4.
icritiiiicnt to licquer , Fourth "july orations
. .
4 .1 f by chance, in ancient' times,•the. crimi
nal felt the loathsome corp.s.e, which justicilia
tied upunhis shoulder!, slipping offho did hot
we fancy, cry out: "Oh wretched' man that I
am! Who will fasten' mo again to the body .o
tide death?" if We 'are, in the providence 'o
God, to be delivered from unnatural alliances
if the January of .alavery is. no longer to chill,.
by; natural embraces, the. May of human hope,
who is there weak and wicked enough to forbid
the' righteous divorce?" •.
Dr. 0.. A..Rrowasi)9, - . - whorn the Atialitionsts,
.
last year ran . for Congress in . the district .. o
New Jersey,oppUsite New York City;• said' in
his well-knoWn Review lor •
' , tit is no secret now that 'the lencleis , of. the
TtepubliCan party were' prepared, if they Could
not' re ta in the' border Suites, to let South
Carolina und . the. Gulf ~ States gooind form, if .
'they chose, and independentconfedefacy,"
‘ , l will continue, to experinient:no longer,•it'
is all . Madness:: :Lot the Slaveholding Union
go, and slavery Will go with the.. Union .down
into the dust. .
If the, Church dis-
Union, and, not on the side 'or , the' slave, then
Lpronaunce it as of .the - devil. , I say, let ,us.
cease striking hands with thieVes and adulterers
and give to•the winds the rallying:6.y, "no
union with slaveholders, socially or religiously,
and up with the,flag disunion."—[Wm;•L:.
Garrison: - •• • ..•
Mr, Bingham, of Ohio, the 'Chairman,. of
the Judiciary Committee of the ;House, in a
remarkabiespechmade by him at the •same
session, sayS:
_'
-'( , ,Who in the . . name;ol,God, wants. the Cotton
Ste tes'this side.% erdition, to remain- in the
Union, if slaVery is to .continue? . -
.• “The Tlnion. us.. it was will never bleu - -.the
vision of any pro slavery fanatic or, secesaion
synipathiet,, and 'tt never ought' to. It is a
thing of the past,
.hated by. every, patriot,- and
destined never. to curse an honest people,.
•or
blot the page of history , •
. .
“The fact can•no longer be disguised. that
many of the RepubliCan . Senators desire war
and disunion,• under • pretext of • saving • the
Union.. They wish to get :rid of•the Southern
States, in order tolave a majority in the Sen
ate to confirm the appointments., And 'many of
them
. think they can .; hold a ' Beptiblictin ma
jority.in the Northern 'States, but,niit' In the.
whole • Union;. for partisan reasons. !hey 'are
anxions•to•dissOlve the:Union, if it can be done
without holding, them responsible before' the
peopld.'?..,-LStepliert. A. Douglas,• in:the U. S.
Senate,..Dec, 26, - 1960. • : •
From a speech of Cassies M. Clay while the
President .was .pursuing a conservative' policy.
"Better recognize the Southern Confederacy
at Onc.e.,and stop this effusion of blood than to
continue.in this ruinouS, policy - or have even e
restoration of. the Union." •
r4lf the cotton States' become satisfied that
,they can do better out of the Union than in it,
•woinsist on letting them go in peace. The
right to. secede may be a reiolutionity 'one,
but it exists nev.ertheless. • •
must ever resist the right. of any State
to.remain in the, Union . and 'nulify. or defy the
laws therof: To withdraw from the -Union is
unite another matter;- and whenever a consider
able section of , ; our • Union shall deliberly re
solve to . go out, we shalLresist coersive
measures to keep it in: We. hope never to live
in.a government where one section is pinned to
another • by: bayonets.- - [New York Tribune,
• Also the folloi;liing from the N. Y. Tribune,
Dec. 17, 1860:: '" •
4 . 1 1 f It (the. dasation of initependemm) s
tifled the secessionlrons the British FisisPite,
„three millions of' ertimfilt,s - in1770 , ,, de,iet
see why it wont() not. itirtyfy . the slislisiori
,tif
five millioni Southront from , ibe ' Union itS :
18.01.: If we ire *mistalsita on, this. point,, Why ,
does not some one attempt , 'te;. shoat'. wherein:.
and whit For our_own part, while'vre''diray.,
the right of slaveholdere to hold slaves•agaiiist
tho of the latter,.we cannot see hoWtorsity •
millions of people can- rightfully' hold ten; or
even five millions in a detested l7pion with them •
'by' military forte. : . •
!"If tweet] or eight. contiguous States shall pre
sent therneelees . authentici4. . Washington,
saying, iWe.hato the Federal Union; we hav e
,
Withdrawn 'f rom, it; •me give you the choice be
lween acquiescing
,in our secession end ',rang : .
log amicably all incidental questione ;one
side, mil attimiptirig.tii sUbdUe u,s on' tke
we could not stand up for coercion:and
jugation '
m fore do • not think it woild be right::
We hold the tight of selflovernment• Meted,
even when invoked in behalf of times who deny ,
it to inhere.' . •
• "If ever seven or eight States fiend 'agents to
Washington to say, iWelVant to getout of the'
Union,' we shall feel constrained by oar devo
tion to human liberty to say, thedi got And
we do not, see ho* we could take tkefither lido
withnut coining in 'direct conflict with those,
rights of man, which we' hold paramount 'to all
political arrangements, however convenient and
advantageous." ' • '
The same paper in February last declared,
that if in the next ensuing ninety days, the reb
els should not be. whipped the Federal goyerti—..
meet should make with them "the best &tisk-
, . . . .
When the borne paper'nmed a tiarbarioua er' sr.-
fare that would bee reproach to the 'laden and
the age r and stir the most bitter hatted in the
Southern people.against the loyal States and the
governmenkit meant'dielinion. . : '
When it demand with unparalleled lino-.
letice; an .cmanc,ipaticin proclamation from .the
Precident . in the name of twenty. mlllione, it
mennt.tlisunion,. • •
Wien it pressed tho extreme measures nt
Abolitionism upon Congees, it meant distill.;
• • When' it says to Jeff, Davis and ihe Confede
rate leaders, continue theltri!ggle until the first
of May and we will then separate; it means dis-
.What has the administration' and.. Congress
ineaat in the adoption of its. policy? Were.
ther,blindU. . Will hietorq be
,charitable as
to excuse their fatal errors on the ground that
their ,vant of. comprehension absolved.: them
from criminality? . Now•wheri the mask , has .
been thrown tillable brthe,Garrison, Abolition.
ists, and they have proclaimed theirultiniatiim
of war till May and then. disunion o can the.ad
ministratfpn 'continue the policy of these abo
lition disunionist,
.and.' hope to •;eseape . _ the_
criminality AV hirli thafpolicy iiivolves?-IThur
low Weed-1n the Albany Evening Journal. ','
INS URRECTIONARY.DOCTRiNES CP THE
,AI3OLITION LEA D ER'S MASSACRE
AND' BLOODSHED ENDORSED • AND AD-
ggl tell you,- :fellow-citizens, the Harper's .
Ferry outbreak wai the legitimate consequence,
of 'the teaChings• of 'the Republican party:—
Senpior'o( ilfalsnoidietis—Spech," at
Syracuse, Octilbar 28, 069
.
The Hon. Robt.• C. Winthrop, , late' speaker
of the National House . arßepresentatiVes,, on
his return (Mtn Europe,.uttered the folloeying
proof of the true.character of John A. Andrews,
who was elected Gniernor of :Miiesachusetts
because of his complicity with.the attempted
massacre:of Virginiii.women an s il children; • Mr.
Winthrop says":' tt.l shall, not..soon,forget the .
emotions with which .1 received, ...at Vienna,
last November, the - first tidings *of that 4troc..
ions afar at. Harper's . Perry. U think there.
couhlhave been no.. true . American . heart in
.Europe at that moment, that did not 'throb and
thrill . with horror at. that announcement. But
I confaser to have' etperiencsd 'mot - bins hardly
less deep or distressing when I read', not Nag
afterwaids, an account -Of a meeting in this
very hall. I believeoit which tbe 'gallows at
Charlestown, in Virginia,. Vial likened to . the
Cross on Calvary; and.at which it was sperily•
declared that the .iingleader of that desperate
and wicked conspiracy 'was right. Sir, if it
had beee suggested to me , then, that before an
other'yeur had paased away, the presiding ',A—
im-tut that meeting would have beem.delibera
tely nominated by :the Republican party of
Illasenchusetts for , the' Chief Magistracyof the
COMIT onwealth, I should have, repelled the idea
as not not within the prospect of belief--as ut
terly transcending any pitch...rit extravagance
which even •the wildest and muaNdtra. mere -
hers of that party had ever prepared us to an—
ticipate.-
. „
ttßut the'nomination is before tis t (and An
drews was elected):.. I should , belittle to every
impulse of my heart, if being here at , all this
evening—if opening my lips at all losing this
campaign -.-I did not utter my bumble protest
--as one•to-whorn the cause of Christianity
and social order is dear, as one , who wouldve.
the wordmf God and the laws of the land res
pected and obeyedl-it I did notenter my bum
ble and earnest protest against such an attempt
US give the seeming sanction of the people , of
Masigetluskitte to sentiments so impious and•
abornina ' : ,
• John A. Andrews, Governor of Massachu—
setts, presided at John Brown sympathy Meet
ing on the - 16th November, 1859, at. whieh.
Wendell Phillips and R. W. Emerson 'ander
speeches. He, too, made the speech shoes, re
ferred .to; and from it wie make Om' foll Owi ng .
extract: '
•
'!John Brown and his compauloti :in con
diet at Harper's "Ferr), those vr co fell tit
and those who are . Maurer upon the aeaffold,
are victims and martyrs to an ids " There .
art irrepressible conflict, [greet apple
tween freedoin and shieery a. Old. and es ,
mortal; as the irrepressible coUtliet between
right and wrong. They are among the mar— '.
tyrs of
. that conflict. John Brown; wiz Hght: ' • .
I sympathize with' . the , idea, because X
thizeseith and believe in tbe 'eternal' •:
They who'aredependant upon him . and.hiay.oge
and his associates, - In the battle cif
yerrY, have a right to call upon whf,,? . ;l l #ti •
professed believe, or' who May - hive, m;tsiojr • ." , ; .f:
manner or measure, taught the doatrine*ttiis
rights of man asapplied to. the 'colored
't'
,- :~' F~':ta t {:~~
:—Yia ._
NO. 4.