M'Kean County Democrat. (Smethport, M'Kean County, Pa.) 1858-186?, May 23, 1863, Image 2
:',0117.,.'",h':,:•;'i:, .., -';'. `, '7' ',11.-',::'-`,'.f,4.,•-. ~.,, 1 :i yam.. 1 P ..,;. ,?..•,i:".,,,,.5,; ~;it....-trli, , •,, ..„.... i'i %,.k.i171 3', - " .".1 . .T," • . :•;;:;, V.,,TbiiiN.v.4t#L,)it's.ii_e4i it64Wit v e :i t; Z' ..;;.!.-..Jl't'Cui,:-.1,..0it1iii3; ititherBl.lce.jc; :,,- ',"•!., "1-P''re,o - 1!..cit..r.,ii,,,....d,,,,„;,.„, ~ „.,.,,, :,„,,°..cnilke ut:,ihr ...,i.t.n terfle ittti, carvarii-4,41 'nMat"!•,' It !ih,,g .::.4614ineiliiiiisi;,,i,.;ip. e , se Kith, a' P'. 1 1 ioi - bi •`'.',7Pr*:oljfeiet.t,hpe.JP express ' th!li. sie6 ...,,,,ii.4„,ii;.::,:wi,h,liii), i . 1_ * s ee , Otvrs 1 0 the GoVein ',' •.ttieti!'3l4,:.'tfiii -,,. , , : ..,, n ;4.i. 9 . Pict ion-a ry d6fit • i ts IMe==s===g=ffl thitit: . :;:i(t''-'Pidelity.'to a priace :.or abrcr far; hilaband gfaia,:igi , rha'onty'defiaitio'iv't ha t. .ii.i•eo;anal heni.'the reference . . to :thcobtigationa . bl. a citlzfn , "Of.thia . :coutp :country" to 9Ovarrineat, is obyibusly'improper. It ex pitteri.".ienttinient; not ,a-:priaaiple or . rulei and means inniinly attachment, tn. devot ion to tile. „, , supiyrior; a' duty we nee d is . to.• oOr. i t lea' fidelity, to. President or,qov , taitio . ritt thitt:fioM'anY,:flomerican catkin • eatute,those.officersere the mere: Instruipents geople . put in execution their Itar.eMbodied In , constitutions and loa a ? and their:ioperiers-onty. by virtue of thei 'Oleial•trast . they,are temperarilY.chosen to ad.;• Mittittett - '..Ne_one . tiho.holdsotlice,in the'. zift kopleilehiesetiant, the 'President, - 1s: : reqoirett,to.'glye tattledge of , iloyelty?! to him. The prescrilied imevery such ' . ease, 'is...to tXppert tire nadtut o,u.and laws; . and ibargeflie,dttleis of his..tiffice Ile owes no duty or service Whatev'r to,lbe Pres - Tlris May:seem to lie_mere . caviling those . .who, perhaps unthinkingly, are.:in the Proctice of using the ',word . in question .:I;tut, when. we , remember. tbe terse diatinguisheo'::.flbilolo.pher, that .‘,Werila "toe tAirs,srs . ,',',-perhapa,our objections may 6 1 17,016 as is they . appear. .If we • re , .IliseV . thit'efarriiliiirit) 'with the, representative oten.idett Boon' predisposes the mind accept Ali; idea . itself, . we: find a sufficieht teaser) .for. disliliiitg the.tvord loyalty, as at present applied, If; as the crierzealool adherents'of the present idininistration—the office-holders; contractors unrid`the:rdependent chielly.—.Woulci have 'tis• • te:belieee,, we.ere bound to regard, the. Presi-, dent'as - the..GoVernment and to yield implicit univieitioning'Cibedience to ell•his digtg, hi 'the shape of orders, proclamations, we must: acquiesce in, consent to, and. even 'api his acts however, arbitrary, imwat:-. .rtinted'and anden:litutional they, may be in ourl.udgMent,-Iftwe Must make the e xercise of our, personal-uti'd political rights. dependent • npen'his Will and pleasure, instead of upon fixed fundamental.law .Which is an obliglitery ..upon_ hiakas. it is upon the liutriblest citizen—if, in' abort we ere to except the monarchical dogma •of the "Divine right. of and. its lary; "the King can. 'do no wrong," then ine deed kyalty becoineiiour imperative dury, and disloyalty seditious end treasonable. tint . thinks to the spirit of freedom' that still lives the breasts of the American pimple, they ha've. net Yet - been intimidated into • slavish .sulimis— skin to arbitrary power, . whether • exercised by Presidential edict or by tke more demon .strative exhibition. of Military, ilictatcO'ship,-, r sante • •sturdy .love.of !independence . . that 'nerved •our fashef•to throWolf the yoke that op 'pressed 'them in the days'of '.6, and establish the right of ifelf-government; survives in their children,, and will be . suffleient,- we *hope 'and prtiy,fo protect them from the , encroachments . and assumptions of thoSe who,' .upon the: plea ,Of timilitarrnecessiiy;" are using all' the Means thatthe temporary administration of the Gov, ernment gives them, to 'subvert our free insti lotion's, and stihgtit tailor them a consolidatO central government; based opcin the idea of eb• • jeet'.submission to c<the powers. that be." The_ only supreme authcirity they •recognize;'• is-t. hat of the .Constittition,and . Lows of their' own ma king:. ;These constitut e , the Government, which they•are bound to support:* Fidelity to them is theiihigheet end most sacred dutyr tchile Joy,- atty to. the persons-of 'those who . administer, therti, , is a spurious test, set up by' designing m'en, to entrap theninto the surrender-of th'eir . •dearest, constitutional . rights. Liberty is 'more enobling sentim ent,'and fitter to .be eller istied by•Aniericaris, than the foreign,' courtly., 'feeling .of icyolty. - It isMore tharythat-'-it is. •a . preeious reatityi which . cannot .be .too jeal— ously guarded; or too.itoutly maintained ag'rist every, even the smallest ,` . encroachinent,i such as that Which:lurks uniler•the fair sounding but inapplicable'word, whose •use .we have depre Ga..zetiEG , . Eatit - & . Piirrsmitto• R. it..--The• section of thisroad from_Midillesex to New Castle: has been lei' to Contractors, rind is to'be completed • by the Ist . of November At , or near New „Castle a jtinqion Will be' made with railroads _from Pittsbdrg and Cincinnati, giving us' direct Cominunicatiort with thciie cities. The Erie Ss Tittsbtirj R. Ft.;, when Completed, will be 'the shortest 0811 W e -route between the South .pre: .cities . • and •New • Arork, and 'es''- such Mast.beceme aitirgely travelled, th oroughfare. . .We learn that it is': the intention' of. the .. corn party .', to have coal brought , in over the. 'road this fall, and they are - pushing . the 'work - for ''. - ward tisiapidly as possible, in "order to attain thitobject: The pier at this city ie beinke•- •• reeled under the direCtion of lilessrs..• James :'and JOhn Casey; tWo . .well known contractors. • be from a thousand to 'thirteen _hundred • feetlh length; and bdilt in the mast substan . tial• Style'. The depth of watei along :the. pier, .variessfrom 9 tO 19,feet, according to,•the • disr tance.frem the-, . Observer,,,, '.. * ".l4:ORE' RAILROAD CONSOI,IDATiON.—An zotimqt• 'aVt . ..,firoverinent.The . inee!ing prominat Rejtroad men, %Vett ti•as in . session in Cleve- Week, termin ' at'ed its business on'Sat tirdafinigbf, and .adjourned. The' Ileiald• un derstituds. tharthereiult has heen an arrange for the; consolidation; of the earnings Of the Bilitle Erie; Cleyeland'Sc.: Erie, Cleve— land Sr Toleddand Cloieland;COlumbus clnnati Railro . ads;- This consolidation is of greater inmottlince,than any haYe yet no— ticed, as the 'roads. .interest comprise .Ihe best.paying.rallroad stock in the country, and Shp agreement will.: Settle.a' great , many .c.ulties'andjealousies that have exised between Vie Management 'of the . various' rOaas.-- P 4 . 0,1224 th • • • ' . 1.116 object or this - .Movement, we ar e in fOrMeii, t o insure a• more .tho - roagh . Compet-i• tine "with liie* . :A.'•& G. W. R.'lt , which is ;sironi effort to . secure, the 'trade 'of ondenne‘ halt LA rPIaY carre Wood and ~.ril•rtt 'Ca.'n,ii!:l.* between Fernand o ... in . ' , t v 'a i it n a ga: ll o g f mn aseeehttee!ts. Wilsopeasohnissluept; • n ' 'eat deal to saY of thiel tr eed a the 46Ifb.!4'elivhi4dn'bigerranlant at the Nl3r i l mio responds. C- ' ''. ' ill oilr;liv'lldst." Foehn red.handed•trai , liriraihnl' -r''ion iefer se I e lk the blood at .rr4 4.,titreltrutt?eittligkrl .„,P4,,ai.neel-rettenot sal'. la •Zket'ttd'iroir.r“'",,r_e° i n th e habit of tree— .-,; ifir'diu-fr4 ‘•',le44l` ql„,ll,Bshilit placing _the "as' :'Nei oit4iiiiii.all,4 •,, , l'it si.ho Per P - •Atlfigtialo,o66''i.l."'4l4tireetly, aaTrPann A ':tiki' ' ''' idiattl *t e e t i l Y ` 94 6; RiP!3t W11;9t; ','itlitrli ,i4krvileill,,,,tattliiirpilinai'Y ien ,. a lila- , 'tte t as 01 . 1 e °.' .: ,v, ' ° ~.M,41. ,,,:...fi,g4,1ii"6e5d,h. odd Maltose. • . I- '„#.ol/F,'-ba, ~"'',,• '' • ' .1.e.,,'.. ..,`, ',, go l uitti) Zonorrat, ;.Saturday, May 16b 1863 gis,trrir . 'Volt • —Provos . Or tills. tate have Veen..tippOinted yehoiO' day .it to carry . puf the proviiiOos of' 'the Conscription has receiv e d the eppointment i\larshal' of this Congreslionet District. .Tho, PliirOelphia D patch . h4,s ttse , .follo'vC . ing par ticuiars'oi iheAennerlti which, the ilreit is to Paeh provoit'nutishal has" jurisilictiOn over . e , • . • Concressional . diatriet • ;lie may . appoint.,tivo deputies, or more if, reeessary, at 'salaries of: riot.mbre'Asain'sp7.lo per:yrioith each,,four spe 7 cialoflicere'ar, .ileteeliag -.arid arresting , spies and.desqyters, it 'from s4o' to s6s.pei:•thontl, each,- depending their usefulness; enrolling officers, .hot e?tefiedi . ng. sp• lief...day (or the time actually °Mph:led; and sPecioi guards for, deserters, at . ' hot. more, than $1 perllaY; besides their 'actual e4penies.... All the aPpoint- Merits are:madp sul;ject io the ap proval of the: Provost Marshal General', who is•tio be .guided' `bythe representative'in Congress.Trom.the dis trict:. Pursuant to.a notice given by W. Cowles, late .Superintenttiot of..donimon etiOols for the county of •M'..Kean, Sitte of 'PennsYlvaaiti, for. the election of a person.for County SU perintOad ent for the'term.of three yeare,.the pireetors of. the SeVeral tewnships : of said county met, this 4th day orMay-.18(33, ut the Court House in Sinethport and.organi'zed by, choosing.E. M. Hoviard Preeident, end J: Betio- Secretary. "• Motion made 'that i,hicenlary.of do. Superin tentlent be fixed:nt s3oo:—•carried.'.. • . Oct - notion the Convention proCeeded. to nom. inaie candidates for"CO. Superintendent; when the follow i,ng : gentlemen . .Were deli nominated: J. F.. Cone, M. A..Sprague, L..R. 'C. Backus, C. Cornfoitb,HW.. Chrisman,. and Job Miller. On motion the norniMitions closed and . the conileptiiin proceeded ' . • . On the fast.ballot the vote stooil—J.. - CQIIe 10; M.. A.. Sprague, 5; L. R., Wisner `C• Cornhirth, 26; 'W.I. chrismap; C. Beek tis,,*2; Job Miller.- 1. . . Mr. Coroforth Wits th9relliredeelaroll'elected upOn t.he , antiounceceOt of ..whieh;the' tOnVeri,. thin mOde ti ierrerul stampede, with" the excep tion of f i ve who responded to the motion to ad 7 . • rt.: M. HOWARD, Prea'r. '• • ••• • • • J: I:. DEAN, ec'i • • . Smatliport,: May 401; a 863. Sentiment For The Tithes Under no: po3.sibleenzergencpi' not even. in- LP' 'syrrectluni ,OR AMID THE.:•THROF,S OF CIVIL WAR, inn Mir .Govern inept pistil:l off. interferedm with Me Fr'eidpninf Speech vr of , . riore'lltah•lt :eaa with the rieedoon o'fthe/allot. • The, licentioamesr of the tongue and of the,. pen i.F.a 'a,tnor Oil &minted iota the licintioaess poieter.--F. P. BLAIR . , San., father of the piasint i'ostmaster— Gineral, and the intimate friend of Gen. ..Jack. The Reason Why. The reason %vhyflie government . . issues no war bulletins, keeping the . `people correctly informed of the progress *of our arms -on the RapPabarinock, or elseivhere when - . n. great battle is. pending is'thus stated by'the Rochester 11Warbiilletins should :be .- isseed_ and the barriade aware of the army's. pro greisand :Operations, .then . everybody could buy and sell stocks Kith..the. same profit as gentlemen inside the -administratiOn . ring; end -that would be very Caripi.opetY. LATEST:NEWSI Prom 'special' despatces of the 21st great concern 'was felt in .Washington for the safety of Gen. Grant's army in consetinence of news, Which Was credited, to .the: effect that while gen.. Grant is advancing on Vicsburg, Gen.. Pemberton is .receiiting. heavy reinforce. .thents froth Gen. Bragg and froth other points. The' next netvs from, Vicksburg will .probably be of. the kraiest impoitance Gov. Curtin isgivin'g every..encouragenient , for.tbe forniation of regiment's to defend Wash ington and rennsylvania, . - - • A KO Westtetter mentions - that forty cap = turgid craft are now in that,port; The - •GovernmenCis . informed that a.heavy trade is r gping, on' atMatamOras and Other ports on the Rio Grande, for the benefit of the South .. ern Confederacy. The vessels nre clearMl at Mexicanbustom House's: Scarc'ely any inter rupt:ion to this trade can be e ff ected. • Gen. Oriint!S official report announeint-th the captare by him'of Jackson, Miss., on• May has been . received at Washington. The loss by the recent Tire at Oil , City, 'amounts t 051 2 .5,000. , • . Two hundred clerical and abeut three hun . red lay delegates from . the .Episcopal churches in the' diocese of .penneylvanln will meet in Convention 'on . next 'Tuesday afternoon.' ' A regiment, of rebels crossed the Rappahan nock on •Satordaynight, , t 5 miles below . Fal- , mouthoo protect the passage of medical and Other supplies from Baltimore' for Rebel dn..— They accomplished their r purPose without in terruption, and captured - eight prisoners from a scouting party of our cavalry.. • • A Seneca Or Vatuatox.—Many a good, ice man 'has felt inerti6ed when she called her guests . 'to the table to find that her' biscuits were like so much• lead, wholly Unfit 'to be eaten. 'The discovery "always comes totilate to be 'remedied .for that oCcasion, yousewives who use Deland & Co.'S CheMical Saleratue;. are never , aubjecte&tri chagrin and iliaappoint. ment in . this way. • , ' TAB CONSCRIPTION. Pro- void 111nr5114116.. • ' 'Theinatiuctionsfor Provner..,Ntarshalli . and others under the ConscriMion Law are abpitt : 'to be issued 'by' : the Wrir Depaitment,:The.' follovVingie am extract ftom the regulations :in 'regard.fo, evenrdions: ...• • • , The following diseases and infirmities are those which tliaq'tia . lifj , • for nnlitsrS , service, and. (or Which only , drafted Men are to be "rejected as, physically ,or' mentally: unfit for the seevice,'"viz:: • ' • I. Manifest 'imbecility nr.inaanitY. Epilepsy. For this disability the, state: meet of '.the drafted 'mon is 'unseMeient 'and the faet.eiest be established by . the duly uttejt edatfidevit of a•phisidian of good staildieg oho has attended him in a . gf:nqral O F of .one , litpb;' or, ebb renl their'existenee to' be edequately detor, mined.. • • ' • . 4 Acute arorganic . dieenses Of the . brian or spinal cord; of the heart. orlungi; of -the. stom ach 'or intestines; of-the. livefOr. spleen;: - Of the kidneys'pr bladder, Stifficient to have:impaired. the,general health,:or 80 . to leave no reasonable doubt of the man's incapac- - ity for . military service. ••. , • ' 5 Confirrned.constiniptioni ctincerv'aneurisin of the large, arteries. . . - 6 Inveterate and eitensi.ve'd . isease Of the skin which Will neci;sinry : innpair'his 'efficiency ns a 7 Decided fetiblenesS•areonatitutfon,i.wheth— er nati4qi. of dequirad. ; • • B•Scroluta or .conatitutional' syphilis; 'which has rOistad:treatrndnt 'and seriously ., impaired his geaeial . • - . a 9 Habitual: nd•cOnfirmed•- intemPerance . or sokitarYi;ice, Iwo - degree.sbflicient to have ma , -, terially enfeebled the constitation.-f, • ,10 Chronic -Rheutinitiim: • Unless . matilfestod •by pOsitive .cha nge'of. structure, .wastiig Of. the affected linib; puffiness or distortiOn oil the' joints does . not exemp.' impaired, spintion 'pl the joints and ContraCtion olthe alieged . to arise from rheumatism, and in which the pu trition of thelimlas is not inanifestly 'impaired, fire,to be proved by exalt - 4111100o' while in a state of amothesitt induced byefther only. •11 Pain,•whe . ther simulating heada-che, .neu-. ralgy in.any of its, frirms . , rhetnitatism;-luinlia gi),or.tiffections'of the trluseles,bones:nr joipts. is a symptom of diserise.soe.aiilyThretended, that it is 'not to.be.admittsd as' n•cause for exemp tion unless accompanied willrioanifestdchnge merit of the geoeral'health, wasting of a _limb, or other positive signs or disqualifying local . . . . . I'4 Greet injuries .o . r.i.lisenses . 'ihe oC e'asioning impairment of the intellectual fatik' ties', , or, ether .rniinifest nervous or spasmodic - symptoms. - . . . . . 13-total loss.of .sight; • loss of •sight •or right eye;• sa!aract;' los's of claystalline.. lehs 0.11104. I.l.other serious diseases of the . eye affect log its integrity andmie,'e.,g.:. chronic Opthillinid fistula lac,hryrnol is, :ptosis;:(il real,) ectropion, entropion,'&e... Myopia utiless„veiy decided. or. depending.upbn some structural. change i.n the eye, rs not . a.cause. for exemption,. .15 Loss Of 'nse; deferm.ity of nose- so,. great es seriously to ohs; rtict respiiati.oM °Erna, pendent 'upon caries in progress.. " ' • ..- -.lt3'Complete deafness: , This disability' must not be admitted on the mere stateMent of the drafted man, but Must be proVeil.GY the, exist ence ol.positive' disease or by- other- SattSfaeto— ry evidence. PUrulent.ottorhcea.' . . 17. caries of the superior or inferior maxilla, of the nasal-or palate -bones,: if in -progress; leftl"palate, (bony;) extensive loss oh, sabstance of the cheeks, or salivary- 'fistula. . • - ~'lB. 'Dumbness; permanent loss•of voice; not to'be adriiitted without clear. and satisfactory 19: TOW Ip.,a of tonguqmutillation or par— tial -loss of tongue,- irovided'the mutillation ' be 'extenSitio enough to interfere witly . the neces sary. tide of the '.organ.. • • • ' ' . 20. ilypertrophy . Or atrophyr of the 'longue, sufficienrin a degree to impair speech or •de glution;: obiiinate :chronic ulceration 61, the 21: Stiirriniering, if execessive and confirm ed; tobe'established,by satisfactory.. evidence, under oath . . • ' • : . . 2ft.. Loss all •sullicrent: number...cit. teeth to ' prevent propel inastfeatil)ll of loon and ~ teaKing_ the cartridge.' . . ~ .• . ' ..., . :....- . 23..Incuroble•deformities or 'loss. of part of either jaw,hindering.bitting on the .cartridge or limper. •mostieation, or grqatly :injuring. speech; anehylosis of, lower jaw. .. ' • 21.•Tamors of the neck, impending.':respira lion or deglution,. fistula of lay) nx or troches; torticoll . is; if of long standing and 'well..mark 'ed....: . . , , .. .25. Deformity of the chest . sOfficient, to . im pede respiration, or to prevent the, carrying of arms rind military ' .equipments,; caries of •the . . .' • 26 . .. Deficient amplitude and power Of - expaM• aloft 'Of chest. A than fiire feet three inches (roiniMum atandard height. for the regular . ar' , my) : should not Measure less . tpan , thirty inch es in . eireum.terenee 'immediatley above tile. nipples,,and have an.expansi.vb ,, tno.bility of not "less than two inches: : . . : • .. ' 2,7. Abdomen grossly. protuberant; exces Ove obesity;,herina, either . : inguinal or lemo 28. Artificial 'anus stricture of the rectum; prolapses enni. Vistula•in alio is not a posi— tive disqualillication,but may he. so if exten— sive or Zomplicatediwith visceral disease. . 29. Old and ulcerated internal hemorrhoids, If is degree sufficient to impair the rnan?s ciency. External hemorrhoids • are no cause for exemption.. , • "30. Total loss or nearly total loss of perils; 'epispedia or h . ypospadia at' the .middle or near the root of the penis.., 31. Incurable permanent organic -stricture of. the uretha, •in Which the urine is passed drop by drop,' or which is complicated .by' ease of the 'bladder; urinary fistula. Recent or spasmodic stricture of the uretha *doe's not exempt. _ 32. Incontinence of urine, being a 'disease frequently feigned and of 'rare occurrence, is not of itself u cause for: exemption. Stone' in in the bladder., ascertained ,by the introduc tion of . the Metallic catheter, is 'a postive dis qualification; • 33 Loss or complete atrophy of both testicles from any' cause; .permanent retention' of one or both testicles within theinguinal.carnalybut voluntary retraction does not exempt. 34. Confirmed or malignant sarcocele hYdro cele, if complcated with organic disease Of, the, testicle. Varieocele and crisocele are not, in theinselves,- disqualiliying. • ' ' , •3.. Excessive in teriur or posterior curvature of the spine; caries of the spine. • . 37. Wounds, fractures, tumors, atrophy. of a irrib ot: chronic dieense cd the joints .or bones that would impede marching or prevent con— tinnous muscular exertion. 38 Anchylosis or irreducible dislocation of . the shoulder , wi Knee ., or ankle .39 Ai.oscolor or cotonentis 'contrtretion4 from wounds or tmns, fn . tiPp - ei!:euflicieilt to. prev:-... uPpful.motion'of n limb..-:. 19 TotitlAtti9 - of:a thumhtioss cf.bugbal nha Ibnz of right thumb.. ;: • ••• • .. • 41, TOtal liitte..or two fitiger,S' be same. ha nd, 4'3 Total : lnes isf , , , indexlinger — . of • riglit 11 , 119(1; 43 Loss.: of the Nist.:4mLiedanil .the ting . e.re• of sight • . • 44Perrne.nent r exten'sinn or, permanent coy— trsi!tibp .of ohy:fing'er - except: th'e...little finir,ers . ndlik , ri•nt or . '• 45Totpl'Ines:of e 0 her :gr.efit tne;.l9es . of,any .tliree . tbes .On . the .sarne..loot; all the • toos joined' together. ; • • •• ' . . . ~. , I G:The'gieot too rossittg the other foe. with' g!fiat • titomine t ice of. I he.' artieala flop- of fhe toetiktorsal bone,affifilisl•pholanx of . : the .groat. 17 Oviirridj6g . Or ' - sniter'p . o3itiop"..of all' the 43 Veirmitient. retraction-of the last 'phalaox of one.of the toes so that the tree border of the ndil hears noon the gfounti; no fiexiOn a`t'a right angle of the' iirst'phalanx of a:toe upori'a.second with antiehlosis .of this,attieulation. • ' •• 49-,.club leet;: Frilly .•• feeT,, where the arch ii.so far effaced that the tuberofiity of the scanheid botie . tonches the ground; and the- line of ste,tleO. runs along,.t he whole internal border of:the oot With.greai piominence.d the inapt ankle; but ordinaiy; large, ililshaped or flt do not-exempt. • •• • , • ; . . . 50.• Varicoie - yeins . or inferiOr extremities, if .not large and num — etnus,..haVin*..efusters of knots, nrictaccOmpaninil-With cluonie swelling 51 chyonie:uieets; extentrrive,Aperr'andarthei erit cicatrices of lom.'er 86 NO certificate of a phisi . ..cian.or surgeon is to iferecciybd.in:siiiMort'of any point ; in, the ,c . lairn of drafted' men from exerripihla: military, s . ervice,•iinles.s tlie..factS a•n d stalernent..th'erein . Set forth are affirmed or sworn to before abhor friag!Strifte cormient 87 The .e,seiripts tinder the first section the het:for enrolling end - calling but the national torees.,..ete.,4lll - generally •• be' abffi . ciyntly'vien J zt i o wn to•the board to obviate , the nebessity of cvidenbe ; wit') regard to '11 1 `m• Should,' however, the'hoard consider, it denies= sang in any case, the'cOrprriisSiott,or •cerfificate Of uflicb of any. persbn claiming 't.Korription the kovision mentioned may be r...quircil to be shown.. • • 89 To establish exemption rinder:the second third,, fourth liftb,ued sixt li and provision of sec , lien 9. of the•act for enrolling • and calling oat the national f'orc.e's . ,.,&e:i the board shall require the affidavits of - the . persons seeking. to bn. ex— empt limbo( t;vo respectable men (heads of m• reOlitigirt the district,- that the. man in question is' "the' only grin • liable to, military duty of a widoW.ilependent 'oli . diis labor. for support," •the only - Soma( age .'or infirm par •eu t or parents dependent-upon - him. for: support, or otherwise', according, to thdpaiticulai.' provi. , . • • • sioreof the section under whie . h the exemption is 'claimed,. These iiffirlavits-: will. be. made according t6 - The-fortns:hereinitfter• prescribed, •• • and must in 'all Cases be •taken before civil, magistrate duly. anthirrized to administer oaths.. These fornis of atli lnvit shall be Imblished, ,the briar!d of enrollment• in -the . neWspapers .the distrint,•for•the information' of the public,' when a.draft.ix . Ordered. : • • • .po. Persons' claiming exemPtion from earoll meet must lurnish clear proof ortheir - right': to. .ktiCh exemption. They will'be.enrcilled where the proof of:their exemption is • not..c.reiir and conclusiy . c.' • . • "The beSotrir which WeleomesDi.spotiSm or tho Rage whieli welcomes Anarchy. ,, • - 1 The. history of: these • times , will date .the downfall of ourinsiitutionspr it. ,ehroncile .. serious and, uSeitil lessons. for ',the..American people. Whether' the •*experience •pt the' pat' two yea' s 'are to•lorm ouly an •interregnuM et: anorinilous and instructive oppression, execii— tive .vielikness and•follY, or Whether: they are, to. be the ,beginning of FL new' order of things,. reintiiiis to he seen. Whichever way •the • se-•• quel may prove' itself, the heedless and' idle usurpations. of our . r rulers wlikh have . .wantonly stirred . up strife, and; conte.ntion . among us . , in' Mi-hourof our extrerheity and trial; Cannot. but form the. bllbie.O. of inuch..adria?.endent • to ,the future, Stinfentiid• our history, as •the apathy. .and. the . .voluntary relinquishmeht of all tratlitiomi rights and usages 'by a people ', boastful of their freedom and proud of the achievements of :their fathers,' inay..be read with the profoundest wonder and regret. ••' •It is not..within the `compass 'of any man's vision to diScover and . predict,in•the . midst of these, present convillsiOns, 'what course our his tory is taking*,• Theseasou is one of 'experi— ment and uncertainty;•the 'being Made directly to test the yirtue•of the people; if that Jails great changeS its. our . prink • hgiti: The, most rational view of ,our 'condition, is that WhiCh rests it upon'the power•not 'alone oll,veittendirstrumentS, not upon the 'effect of geogr . aphical I . drnits anCdivisons, not Upon •any physical force to compel obedience ,to existing law, lent upon the spiritnf amity, concord and . agreement among the people, upon the power . behinidthe'exigencies of the past, alive to the exigencies of•the - present, upon the wiseand salutary•apd•constant ‘ollin,,adies . s Which must be made to pervade the- country,- to corn premise, nll differences,. to' adjust cOnfict ing interests; an .eager and •• ~ e ver•upperrnost desire to maintain; in spirit and rn triith,• 'the, perfect UNITY or THE NATION. • . So excellent has sucha:doetrine proVen hit herto., that alias been-the - sole burden of the framers ofour written Constitution, so power full has it appealed to the candor and good sense of a great, people that it has- broughrus success fully tbi'ough every ordeal of our history, to the be pining of.the present era; in' almost •nndi lutbed tranquility,thrOngh unptiralleled progress' and prosperity: . A rejection of such a doctrine now •implies change' at Once mapY forins and observances of law and order we had, been .taught.to cling to and respect-•-So.' complete ..a.. revolution in the public mind that from being it self-the independent motive power of eur whole' trfachinely of national life and ,gOverninent, it must be made to become only .the, hibricatiing medium bfusnrpation . and oppression; -Titere is no half-way when changes . once begin . in times 'like these—the Choice lies between.a.strict ob servance of'alt the aokin pledges- which . have bound the . people and.their; rnlers . :reciprocalle' together in the past,and maintained the present system olotirgovernment, and a, sudden and disastrous . disruption - , a breaking,up of laws and -usage which, from'having stood so firmly liere tofore all thetrials.from poverty to wealth, froM wo and suffering to Peace and plenty, we know may be adequate' alike to all the neresAtin which:are upon' us now, and 'a breaking down of that brave: and generous' spirit . among the People which has carried tis through 'every mt.- tional vicissitude and been equal to every.mt tional ernergeocya forced but obedient servili ty, or an open and desperate resistance which. M 2 M!!! • .may.plunie uvled pei ye; into a fallible intestine sfrogglctybieh most •be the prayed: and'eo deAor f;vefy , ..fraepattitir to avert • •The wisdom.of 0 - twinesent •natio,nat : •edmin AstratiOn has - not : taught 'it to:obis - le - by the.law 'and the Oonstitnion which he's SWOrti • •-to atirninister and which: the - pe9ple - haye fOrnished men and ,meadsand are pouting oat their blood It has _chosen. . . part'from la joftastires ;•to govern: e strain the people.from, whein ':ij derives ' t!xis -tefice,- to whom it. must leak el•Witya• for .sup port.: It.has' exalted. itself.- above - .the pii.wer delegatitil . .to if, under, the charter of 'the role .010 s . libehies.:'lt'bas forsworn'. olleigance• to 'the ,supreme :authority 'of .the lavi';, it has forgotten its relations 'to, 'the people ond"dis carded the' ebligation • 'that- .it'' public confidence and respect . ; in a Word;. • has chOsen to break ''the, ,pledges tint re. ceived in failljihnil maintain.. the Constitution, , : the .1 - i • glit freedorir*;carcely, cut riktedjo its keeping, - but to iistirp-phwers not granted in- our• laws' mid .statutes,- throw .the public liberties soul erect the deepot ism ef.its °vim Will out the-'ruins ti Free Republic., .founded' atone .dn'" the.yill 'of . the It is idle to:-attempt. : fo. - obschre the design .of the deSperate coterie of :demagogues - : whom' their..partisans call:the Governthent; th ey'-are , aitcl..v et], rind.are4lready.opefilk pat.:in' opera . - SeWardje lioa'st - ,"111y : lor4 I cair.ring 'a..bell and cider the arrest of a citizen jii Ohio," • has •been'practically carried out Within.the 'last terf.dayS. against - the "sneak- . 'lug traitors at lidine",-Ilalleck's glossary,- ell. Who'do not agree with' and nd submit to the, infa mous and - besotted bigot of hiS own, and Sew- . ard's'striPti. at.l.V.ashingtonHhas heeninitiated' in stirring up the..angry blood aid .pasSiiins of. the, soltlierein the field, by the forced introduc-, I.ion.of politics and paitisan . Mints into the rir•-, my. :The three principarstatutes' passed•at the :last Cculgress through the. 'instigation ,of the . ad ministration .by. a :titiimorary• represelitation el a considefable. Minority Of the peoplethe Act •'of - Indemnity ; the .Conscription ,Act - rind. the Banking Law—each having' features' in direct violation of the Colistitution.,;:and all. tending Ito centralize undue poWers the hands and al the dircretion Of men who•have proven them,'- selves only. fit tO•tie.it rir,the proscription and. oppression of their.'oivn•-i)effp . le; ore but part's . pt. the feartul drama whiett we are enacting *. as 'nation, and which carried to ,its close, must end iii actual . anaicliy,•or fi nd. ifs:more eriti catastrophe. in the accomplished purpose of steadily' encroaching despotism 7 -the final •supremac . y• of. Force over the Preedoth and :Equality, the inalienable• rights - or:the .soe-, ereign frecithen of the nation. The rancorous .diviions Which the . adininistration has been mainly instrernentalin.bringing about. : among. the tieoplemith-taking leagues, and. threats. of violence against their neighbors -rife in the mouth's 'of. men banded together under the ex pres,s patronge and.aptirovai of the'jiational au dimities,. are seed 'of discord ,SoWn ti bear the (fist fruits of popular convulsi.M - and the'aid the ;Projected infamy of a Reign of Terror, Evidences are not' wanting on' - every hand . , to. prove .What - a mer?ly speculatis;eint6.rest might readdrifivine in fhu tendency -of. the times. 'coming..danger the eye and ear of is' ilfjeohardy : are. 'senses sometimes painlully acute. . Unless the conserliative : 'Men 'of: the country. are equal to the' einergenCy,the dark' Hour olou(exti emity *will be upon its before we citmavert:it. Unless the' • people' arouse thethselves to a ftill - sense of . the threatened peril Which approaches—if thtfy fail to movide. against it •by -rec9orSe in their. combined strength to*the only. refugp•which is left them, the, balkix , boxwe : may' look to see, the *memo- , table prediction verified'' which we IraVe 'q iot .ed'at the.beginning—We 'shall :anticipate "the despair which . welcomes deepotism, • or , the. rage which welorrieS 'anarchy."—Zatripi Gov. SEynouff's":LraTim TO T!I E,. VA LL,C , O)IO. HAIM 11rEETT'N N .- 7 . A.L . 101.N :) , fay 17.—The . frig is tile of Gov•e • rilOr Seymour Vallandigharo meeting lasi.nightf • ' EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, n1y..16, Teannot atteud the: meeting at the Ciipitol 'this evening, but.l - illish;to suite: my..opinion iiiregard td the drres:tfl(Mf. Vallandigharn: Ir is. act. Which has brought. dishrinor upon our country. It' is full: of. danger. to our persons and our homes. • Itbenrs•upon itsl root a icon laW and initree. • Acting up. oil fife evidence.of detailed. informers Stir ink( ng.frorri the light Of in' the' darkn e ss armed Men ,violated the I:house of an American bore him away to*military trial, eariduCted without those•sule-'. gUards•knOwmto thO . prOceedings :of our judicial: tribunals. The Transaction: involved a ,series of offenses against' our most sacred rights. It 'interfered with, the freedom of speech; .it..mo lestedOUrrights to be seCOrein'our homes ag'hst unreasonable searches arifi..lefiuies; it '`pro nounced-sentence with Out trial, ve•otie,sviiich was a mockery, which insulted, as well as. Wronged. :Thiperpetratore now seek to ltm= pose punishment, not for an' offense „against law. but fur the disregard of an' invalid rder pu orth M . themtter disregard of the:i nciples of civil liberty. If this proceeding is approved by the gOvernment, and sust aired by, the peo= t . de, it is . not merely ,a step toward revolution'— it is . revolution; it' will not only lead to military dospotism—it establishes .. military despotism. In this aspect it must . be accepted, .or. in' this aspect !ejected. .If it is upheld, our , liberties are overthrown, the safety of our persons, se c tiritY . of our prOperty.Will s .hereaftet depend up-. on the arbitrary- will cif SLICh rilers 'as may be placed. Over us, While, our "constitutional guatantees be broken. down. .• - . Even now the. Governors andcoUrts of ionic of, the great Western Stat'es- have 'Sunk into in; significance before the despotie.poWers - elaimed and exercised hy.tnilittiry mei). who have .been sentintotheir borders.. It is a fearfull thing to nereese thedanger.which . llOW overhangs by treating the hiw; and,, the Stu te authorities' Withcon teMpt. The people of this country new wait. 'With the deepest anxiety' the administration 'open 'these acts: Having given . it 'w geneious support in the Conduct of the Ni•ar, we pose to see 'what kind of governmentit is for which we 'are asked to 'pour. ,out our blood -.and' our treasures. Thu action of the adrnipistrittion 'will deter mine in the one-half of the. 'peo ple of the loyal States whethei this w.tf is lung eiho put dawn rebellion a . t the South ' Or destroy •free instttutiorffi gt, the North. We,loo!i,for its. decision'vrith' the .mosr'seler4 [Signed] HORA7IO, SRY`IOUS: The resolution aaopted.phint '4o:the devotion' shown':by the,- DemoC.rats'.deiiri"(AWO•Yeirs eirPresi, a determination to, tit:vote - the : it' energies to the cauke.lotthe'.Union• denounce the aSsumptionol,..moarY,.po.wer ihe ayrestof4l.r,:-Vallandlo,* ; assert the right oliree. discussion. • TheY,say' s that:in • thei tion of Ale. S'yfriCurt4...people . gorule.runed the' . • syitem olarbitilFry,nrres, sucl. eull, .uporr• the President to restore Vallandigham They-direCt a copy' Of the iesolptions tor tie sent lolhe' President, wity the ttsitirance of •the desire of the.nieetinglg shppoit the govern rne'nt' 'every.cMistitbrianal and lawful . mea Snip losnppress . -•— - . . •Tmtaini.f: Acoint . :icr.-7-On-Ttiesday evening, 19th irist;,-aa the Eipreis;trarn - on,the 'Atlantic .4 e,.Great.W.estern Railroail,'ilue.at Sal ainarira at J:00 ii.M.,wriScrOssi . ng: the bridge over the Littie*-Vallek.creekabOat .forty 'roils. west of the station, .the' bridge' give way- pre eiiiitatirig. the baggage.. and ,passenger. ear- into 'the stream . , w holly ; dennalishidg them. Sianir.. Oreen; . News'lloy,..was taken from the 'rains , dead: 'Oliver Coney,.. Baggag e : Master,: ha's sfnce.died of his injulies..". The frillOwing.Were: the other casualties so• far as we have. leartic'd Horace Bent, back broken, not expeeted . to live. Toplilf„..:Mail Agent, legllarokeni.M. A. Heminingway, E xpress Messenger,..wounded; E. Jonei ma --‘.Fenton, badly injured;. den; Conductor, and "..--Farmer,. , "slightly .inj a red .- . -- . 0/eo ii'..4dvettisar . . , . . .TIUI3LIC . NOTICE is hereby given that lir fil:catiOn has been. made to the Court • of, Common Pleas of M'ltean 'County for a charter of IneorporatiOn.of .the I, .SMettport Cetnntery• • Soci'ety,P. and if .no.stilficient reason . should . be shown.to the.. contrary, a, charter vOll. be de— 'creed-at the next oterm.of said Court to be held, at Smethpot., the fourth Monday ofljune • •.. JN0.11. - CHA . , • .Mav 23, 180. " . COURT PROCLAMATION IXTHEREAS the Tron...nribert :•.G. ite • Wl' PreSiclent;Judge, and the. tion.S.. J. Dar • lin~'and N. .Peabody Associate Judges of the Cent-is of Oyer '&. Terininer and. General.. Jail Deliveiy,:Qua7ter. Sessions:6f the. Veace, Or jihatis' Court and Court of Common Pleas for the County of Al'Keanhave:isstied their preperit',. bearing (Fate Friday, - the twenty seventh day - of Tebytiary, in :the year of onr.:Lord one.thou- Sand'eight, hundred. and sixty-threel,and io me directed; foi • holding a Court or Oyer and TerMieer and General Jail. Delivery, Q.harter Sessinns of the Beace; 'Orphans' Court; and Court of Common Pleas, the Borough of Sinethport., on 19.orday,, the 22d day 'of June . next, and to continue one week: • ,•. Notice is therefore hereby given to the Coro- hers, Justices of , Peace and- Constables . : within the county; that they be then and there hi their preperperioni;at M. of • said:day, with 'their:rolls . ; records, iuquisitinns, examinations, and other remernbrancei; to do. these •things: Ivltictr.their effices - appertain 'to . be: done.' . And thUS : e•who :Urelitiund by their' re.c ognizimee.s to prosecute t he prisoners . that.nre or, . .shall be ,in the _jail said county of Itl'Kean,' 'are to be Then and there to' prosecute against them'ai Will be just. . . • , • ' • pated . at. Srhethport, this•23d•day of :ay, 1863, and the Stith , yedr of the,lhlepend .qoce, of the: United• States of 'America. • '. ; • ,••. JAS. E." BLAIR:, 'Sheriff. • tip STF.PS TO ..HThe• New• Yoik 71 irl,l cone lodes. an !a rticle — on this!! spb 4.ect•as , . . . . s to. a)r'that:''n bold ',bml man tisnarp.(power; but %lir:h.' is -. not - . :the Every People .h,as Precisely t he.instiintions . it deserves, anal, • :froM the Philadelphia Presr and the N'ew York Timr:ll.the •institit tionS of . A'ilsiria,,are cAnseiti'M : to' rnatty than-the 'liberty • which has 'been our foMI: That in the, heat of debatea : man should sometimes say'or do a foo/ish thing . • - Must be expeeted,.nnd may h excused; bu.t that a newa.• prier, 'edited by .a Malt opposition and eitetflated mpng infellirtnnt -Mem. Shptild clevi; not only. without' horror, brit 'with saris !action, - the arrest . and deportation: of' a ',man' torus expresqlon or opinion at MeStlng," „is the strongest A'viderice of the' decay of that public virtue:and' t hat spirit -of liberiy :which,pemocratty•isa'dri,arn." • • POLITICAL COANCES,- A recent speaker' thus . illustrates the mutability of party . "Platforrni'' . —"lf - they change their platform a - lew times' more, theirnandidates wont, know , to whom they belong, They. will be like the negro. boy who was on the.'Mississippi ,ste a mboat. A gentleman said •to film, "Come..heremy lad; would not you to be my boy?" ~ ‘Yes, mas'r." "Who is.your master now?". 'Well, I dun" no miler.. I did belong to .Mar's Smith this morning; but he is.down in the'. cabin playing poker, and so I. dun'no whose niggeyl. CONFESSIONS AND EXPERIENCE IN V.A. L.ID . • ' • .i'uhlisbed for the benefit, and na . lyatning and 'A CAUTION TO YOUNG MEN. • •who suffer &wit Nervous: Preniatnre Decay .or Manhood,' etc., ..supplying at the • • THE MEANS OF :SELF. CURE. By dn•e who . has • eured'himself after ••being put to great expense and Injury through me&. lea' humbug and quackery:: • • By enclosing a . past.paid :addressed envelope, single conies may he had of•the author.. NATHANIEL MAYFAIR, Esq., • :Bedford, kings Coutity.,ll,. Y. THE ..lITSEA§ES •OF EF,EOR • .(Les..2llqaities crEirear.). ' 1, John B. Ogden, M. D., author and publish er of the above, work, do hereby.-promise - and .• agree to 'send (free of ,charge)- to any , young ' , man who will write for it, a sample copy for - • perusal. The proper study,of mankind is. Man. . This valuable work is issued and -sent forth for: the 'benefit of the suffering hurnanity., treats in-simple language on all _the eliseasia of Erior. Mcludint; Seminal Weakness,. Ne.r -votioDebility,lndigestion,lVlelancholly, mave n ity, Wasting Decay, Impotency, &c.,&c.-70iY -ing sale, speedy, and effectual prescriptions; toe their. permanent cure, together.-with much vai— dable information.- • All who favor me • with a desire to read my work. shall receive a sample . copy by return mail, free of charge.. • ' Address JOHNS. OODEN,II. D., No. 60. Nassau Si., New Yoik.