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lir Henn 4 toUlitil
PLIMASIttiD EVERY gATURDAI' MOANING,
By J. B.' OVIATT,
SNIETHFIORT, MIRAN CGUNTY,"
TtIMS: - $l5O in Adimnie.
Rate's of Advertising.
. . .
1 COuntn one —.434.00
. , ....
1. • el:. ..... .. . 20 00.
... 12 00
Otte Nquare, tinetOr lem,„3 infiett . io'imi • 150
'Mich 9ubseq4sint optertion, 25
ltualneme..earde, with paper ..... .... 500
Rule or pat, work: Will . be double
Twelve noels 'Brevierlype, or" eight linos nonpareil; Is
'rated, n srio,rir. •
.17 ) . !help Tempi wlll'bp strictlyadhered .
Pagiitepp. , ,,Pire . Oottr.
Jawet.ga r Weat End of the Aitor Muse. Smethport. Pa.
' Reale' in Watchee. Clocks and .Jewellery: Reparing
neateli Executed and. Warranted::
DR. W. Y. IVCOY,
SOUTH-EAST CORNER MAIN STREET
. ~ .
.- ' , .•' .. DILL B.••WISITER, ' .' • •
, .. .
Y'Phynktian and i tlurgeoia t , Bruethport, Pir... wlll'atietid to
all profeiskinal calls with promptpeili. '
' Office In z'art•
well Dlpck, second D00r... •: '.. : • • • .
• - . .
'' ',. ' ... • LABABEES HOTEL, ' : ' ... . •
41,...twiAsis,, Proprieter,,allegheiy Bridge, Dl'Ke,an
' Oo , Pa. • Thlihouee le pitualed , about, nine milesfroth
- •Britetbpert on thi.road .to Olean, and will be totind a
'Convenient stopping-niece ' , :
°gam) PraarigtoT. P. Thin. Hotel le
new and furnished'modern style, hoe ample accOnt
iimlatioit ;arid is, id in respects, s'First Claae hotel:.
Ridgway, Elk 00. Mey 24 OM • • '•
• • . • 'ELDRED. HOTEL;' • • •
Parr.. Ptopriotor. !This, bongo is situated hal
*Sy betvreen .Binethport and •Olean. A, convenien
eemtnoBions hone,, attentive and obliging attend
ante, and.low prices. • • : . : • ' . •
Aldred; May 11" 1860. , • •• , ' ..•
. FAIMERs , VALLEY HOTEL,. • . ' •
u y T.:4oqtiwtx,. .This house in nituated 'abont five mile
• f rota ,Sasethport on.tbe road to Olean.' Pleaeu re pnrt i
and u ,Mte.n Gan be Accommoduie.t on the eliortentmotte,
•• • '• .. ,EMPOEIIIM' HOUSE; .
.si t tptien, .IV , Rean co., N. 4, DYKE, 'Propriear
A 'nomundintia and_ well-turnialind. - linu.e . .. Strange .13
•.and travelers will Sint -gotni•acnommodittlona. •
PORT ALLEGANY. MUSE; •
(ciau B. Don,trr, ,Proprietor, at POO
0 v Pa. • Th is • llotel. iesitusted it the June
. rti „,„ rt g',.,,:e tl tport" and Allegany.iiiver
fl2)lse east of Sol
". . ."BtNI.7ETT.E,OI Et
'.lqmisthport,M , W. , taii Cit. , . i'.i.. • E..94.1e05, ProlirifJor
::. —opp . o.fitelhe Cciaria.;uso, • A 6 05 large, - 001111a0di;
'owl itrol•well 'fliniisbed lin aPe , ... ''' . .
.OSWAYO.' 110 7.8 E,
. . .
. . .
. .. . .
~. . .
S - .1. 13.mnpn Praialetoi, Ceres Pa... C.‘is lin.:ane i s Otted
• 1 . 0 Jo...vow:dial-and comforlable style, .end Osery
tention-will he paid by the .proprietor to the .c;unfrt
. : and testa Of.hhcaueate. • , . . • Julie 30. 8 N
• . . ..
• ~• . .. • . Ai. b.:IIAIYILIN., -. . ' -'..: ~ •
Burv4yAr,. Orart=umn conveym,cer. and Real. Estate
Ag...t...Sinethp.?rt, ‘l'itt!mt coniity,.rii.
itto!:niy Rn•l Coo .g.:for at hatr.,Slll;;;lsn: Pa.; will at
. teal tit+ ,o,;arts Potler.••lial , la , sta.!
• , p rom it ;,,
.G . 4140061). • 01:11ce t East
erif Pall-Bluak•Secotitl Poor. • • •
To Those Interested in Mining and
mineral Lands: •
W. : 'll.. ll f ll 4l l l 'i e rnalill:'n.„hdl: f o e v i i.riieL•fo
and'rtlr( l l, 4 x n c tli n n a .
tie+, ' And • will ulre 'hie opinielCak to il the VALUE .Ott
AltliE.4,, Ste • Thpcn ,”I,tuglog WA .iorvic..A . u . ll l receive
all tier et4ary 411 , 1 rellahleinformition. - Iteslienee at the
Bunker $lll Mines. ' - ' " ' • ' ' '•
eroant., ItUlieen cn„. Juno 30:1860. - • ..
A. J. NOURSE.
1)811er iu Stoves:.Tin'irOrei J1%14;1%00(1 welt
. end et.. the 'Square, Smethpoit, .Pa. CuAtoni
work chine order shortest notice, and to the
' mist eubstontial molter. ' r • • • •
W. t 3:• BROWNELL;
D ' paler in Dry Goode, Groceries, Crockery, [(srqware
,•• tßeets,•Shoes, flats, Caps, Glass, Nslls, 01Is, :'.&c
';Fast side of thp Public Square, Fulethno'rt, Pa. •
THING -& MILLER,
IWholeaa9e and Dotal Deatera. In Staple and Fancy - Dry
Carpiting,iteady Made Clothing, and General
Furnishing Goode,,,lloota and Shoes, Wall and Window
Paper, Looking Gloom, dcw. At Olean. N.Y. .•.,
%BYRON D. HAMLIN, •
ATTOIIIIIMAT_ LA111; fitliethilo.rt; .M . Kortn Coto) y.
Agent for Measse. , ,Keating .&
.009 -Leeds , Atte n d s
especially to the Oollection. of Olams;.llaaminetion or
lead Titles; Payoteut o( Taxi' sod all husieess rola
, ling to Beal . Estate, 'Office.lo Hamlin Bleak. •
S. C. HYDE,
.AiToamer-Af:Liw, EimeihOrt; M'Kean co., Pt.
- Oolleetiooe proniptlyatynded to. • - - " Feb• 14,
• .' WILL/MIL War./N;:.,,; :'• ' '
Piactieel Meeh . enle,: Bridge-hull4er,
• , Port Allegheny, MUCean
COMIKISSIONERYOII THE STATE OF NEW. YORK,
to take proofs•and acknowledgments .of
ether Instruments to be used 'and recorded in said suao,
and to administer oathe.or affirmationn puteuant 'the
'award skid State, Conveyancer, /to. -0111ce, in Land O f .
floe of D Kingsbury, Bradford, McKean Oo Pa.
.March 14, 1801 - •.• • ,
Fronting the . Public, Square, Olean, N. Y, Jsaits
Musa. Proprietor. • The Pobes House Is entirely new
and Wilt Of brick, and is furnished in modern style.
. The'. proprietor nesters himself that his seenmmods
' tions are not surpassed by any hotel In Western New
'-Tork.• Oarriages run to and trona the' New York and
Ms. AL A. Season would respeotfully annoutoe to the
citizens of Bsnethport tintelchilty, that he , hen' fitted
up AD °Moe, and Is prepared to. attend to all huolness
In hls profession. Artificial teeth* Inserted .upon .
entillo prim:di:dee; soden its tolpreserve the natural ex
pression of the face " All operations in Dental Surgery
done in ' , skillful manner.' • • • 100
,4. - B. ARMSTRONG, • . •
...TUDDIDE O. TUE 'DEA . .OII . and' - COnireyano'er. - • Ale
'.Attorney and Countelor it Law. Partloular attentlo
' given to Oolleeting. 'Moe one Door East OC , lhe 11'en
: nett. Binethport, Da. :
JOB PRIN 7 .I'ING,
Or EVERY imcnienoN, '
NEATLY, CPEAPLY AND EXPEDITIOUSLY
EXECUTED AT TUE
, PEIvIOCAAT OFFICE:
1 - ,' .' :iobx:oisr. .irgi .piCtulik
Let those whose pOlicy it is to ligetate and
put arms; into :the hands of, 3,500,09 . 0necr0
slaves —those vvho have 'pled.ed. the faith , of the
government that there shall. be no.restraint,Put
ppon them in anyway to gaini,theirfreedorn
Jet ehi:Abelitio ok it s :Contemplate ,the. picture
presented to them; in=the following:
and ihodderat the hOrrors they propose to.:re-,.
enact.- 'Let all men of civilized and eiiristian.
ized feAingiscentemplete it, and •resolve that
while they , live anilhave biain, and heasi,and
thews, and sinews to resist, the atrocious'Pol:'
cy . eholl not be inangurated . '
MaSsaare of the Whites by the Negroes
of St. Domingo, st the close of the , hist
Century. • •
.The bloi;dlest Piistarerin tht Book of
It was or. the morning of thg,,23d of August,
1701, just before day, that a general alarm and
consternation spread throughotit* the town of
the Cape: The inhabitants were called from
their beds by.persotisWho reported that all the
negro Slaves in the several neighboring parishes
had reirolted; and were at that . Inclrnen t :carry
ing death end - desolation overi . ..the adjoining
large and hedutiful plain to the .ndith.. The
.Governem.and most of the military officers on
duty assetribledtogether; but the repOrts were
so confused and contradictory as to gain . but
little Credit. - - As.daylight began to•break, the
sudden and 'successive arrival, with : ghastly
countenanees,ef persona who had with difficulty'
e'scaped 'the massacre, and entire to the : town ler.
pretection,"-brought a dreadful confirmation' of
the fatal tidings: :
The rebellion first broke, out On a plantation
called Noe, 'in the palish of 'A cul, nine Miles .
only. NMI thecity. Twelve orlMirieen of the
'ringleaders, abotit themiddle:of the night, pro'
reeded to the refinery.or sugar.house, and sei
zed on a men, the refiner's apprentice; dragged
hitrflo the. front of the dwelling house, and.
there hewed hin down into Pieces' with their.
cutlasses; his acrearns'..broughi out the over'
seer'' whom they instantly Shot. . The reliefs
neW foundthefr way to 'the apartment of the
refiner, and massacred him in. his bed. A young
manlying'sick.in his chamber was:left, appal
ently dee!! of the Ikotteals'inilicted by theit,:cut
lasses. 4e . had streagth- enough, howeyer, to
crawl to the-next Plantation and relate th'e•hor
rors:he had }witnessed." - 7 He reported that all
the'whites of the estate which:he haelett were
murdered, eicePt, ihe surgenti,..whOm the .rebels .
had . kompelled-toaacontipa them, on the„itlee
- that they might stand in need of hisproYession- ,
al, assistance: • Ahirmed by this
the persons to whom it was communicated im
oet't, ely•Oughi.' theii- . sofety ...•
revolters (consisting , .now,ol all :the
it a i,„ s l .n ti o r.ging to that..plantation)' Proceeded
to to tit,use ,
Of,Nft . C:emeat, by' whose n e gre ei
I ;, )gl .' oes They- , ward , imMediately joined,. rind
boih.he:antliti;'•fefiner were mas s acred.' The
mordererof Mr..CitS.Moo.t: was Lis own
lion, (cosiebrriatt)t; man whom hf!'hacl always
shoWit great kindne . ss. whitO.PoPl e
on.thic ittttate contrived to make !het; sseaf)°:
At this juncture the. fiegroeson the estate' pf
111 r. Favill' e, a. iew . iniles distant, likewise. rose
anti murdered' fi ve white persons, pae . Of..whOrn
6 (the attorney for. tho - estata)"iact a wife and
three,datigfrters... Theae unfortunate' women,
while implering. for 'mercy of the. savages 'on
tivelr-knr:es,...beheld ,;t heft- . husband and' father
inartieritdhefore. thhir facets,' ; For themielves
they were: devoted .to a .more horrid fate and.'
were carried away captives by the assasalna.
The approdeh of rlaplight sewed only,to clia•
cover the-eights of horror. 'lt 'was now elver-
ant 0;4 the 'levees of 4! 'the 'estates in the
plain . actedin conceit and, and a general mits-
sacre Of the - white's took place in e v ery quarter
On some few.. estates, indeed,. the lives o
woinen werispared ; but they were :reserve(
only. to gratify the brutal appetites of the rut
flans, and it is shodking to relate that many o
them sufforedviolition:on the • dead Undies
their husbands and fathers !'
TRfi ,STANEkiR OP THE ZIEPROES=TiIE,IIOPir OF A
In the town itielf theleneral belief for some
time was that the revolt . was by no Means as.
extensive; but - a sudden and partial insurrection
only. . The largeit sugar plantation on the
plains was that of Mons . . situated about
eight miles froth the town, the npgrber:helong
ing.to.which had always linen treated ,with .
such kindness and liberality, and possessed so
many advantages, that - it became a proverbial ,
expression, arriong.the levier white peooe, in
speaking of any man's good': fortune, to say i/ 1
es heureuz sin negro de Gallijet v (he . is as happy
as one of Gallifet'a negroee.) Odclue,
the attorney or agent for this plantation, was
n member of the General Apsembly, and being
fully persuaded that the•negroes belonging toTt .
would. remain firm in:•their obedience, s deter
mined tie repair , thitherto encourage , ..thern in
opposing the in surgents,. to w.hiehiend he de
sired theassistance.of a few 'soldiers' from the
town:-guard, which was granted hint. He pro
ceeded: accordingly, but-on apprOaching the
estate, to his great stirprise.and grief, he found
all the negroes in arms - on the side of the rebels .
and (horrid.to tell I ) their standard was the
body of:a white infant, which they had :re•
centl)r implanted en 'e stake. Mons. Odelue had
advanced too far to retreat undiscovered, and.
both he and his friends who accompanied,him,,
SNIET,HpORT; .I:kl , KgA-N COUNTY;
7.1,1C' MASSACRE 'COthIENCED
'Wtth . mot of his soldiers, vi.eto '.Wititoot
mercy,.' ,Two Or.threeof the 'p . otrol Osearti:by
fliehr, Rog eonveye.d.the dreadful t•ldings4to the
inhabitOnts'of the town. ' • • •
SCANSIONS."AND CAIif..£I,ELLiS,SICT ON FIE
BY . this tilne, all.or most of. 'the' per
sons 'had' been..fnund on several plantaiiOn . i;
and beimz m a ss a cre d or forced seek . theit:
safety. in flight, the ruffians exchanged 'th ' e
,swordlor . the torch: 'the boildingi 'and cane
fields 'were eyerywheres.set on. fire and the con=.
flagrations, Whiih were visible-friirp . iki . 'town'
in.a thousand diaerent :quarterS,.forbished
prosne - c,t more shod:44.ond rellectiona more
dismal tban• :fancy can painfor thepo.were of
man describe, . • :
Consternation and terror . .now took po6sesSion
lof every mind, lind the screams 'of the women
and children 'running from do4rto , doorheight.
enerithe'horrora of the Scene. All the citizens
took arms 'and, the General .AsserriblyVeated
the ,Governor with the CommandOl thenational
Guard, requesting him to: give.:.Suchorders.as
the, urg,enercif the case seemed to' demand.—
One of the firet measures Weatosead•ttie . white
women'. and :children on: board the
ships in the harbor, verYseribus.;PprehensiOns
being entertained concerning the domestic tt , .
groes within the toyvn; agreat proportion'. ot
the ableit Min among them were likewise sent
on shipboard'and closely guarded..
There still remained in.the city a :considera:
ble body of fret . : mulattees, mho had,Ocit taken
or effected to take any part in, the dispute's be:
tweet, their brethren of color and the white
inhobitahts. Their situation was 'extremely
Critical ; ferthe lOvver.class tshites,COnsider
ing the , mulattoes as the immediate authors of
rebelffon marked them for deitructinin and
the whole:numher in the town would utloubt=
edly have been durderbd without scru'ple, had
not do Gcoiernor and the Colonial Assembly ,
vigorously .inferposedfind . taken them' under
their immediate Motection: Grateful for'thia,
interposition in their laver, (perhape riot think'
ing . their ofterwise'sec(ne,) ull the. able
men ameng`thern offered to march immediately
agafiiSt•the.'rebels.. and to leave fheii wives and
ctiildren as the besieges for their fidelity.—
Their Offer was :accepietr, - and they 'werven
rolled. in different companies of 'millitia
AVA 'ATTEMPT TO PUT DOWN THE NEGROES
• The - Assennblk enntinued'ihele'deliberations
througho'nt the night; amid the glare of : stir
'strengthened, by a- niimbr :of seamen truer) the
ships, and brought .itito some degree 'of otder
and militdry'subordinatiOri,'.yeere now desirous
that the deistehmeM should be sent'out to at .
tack-the ettnngest b,ody- of. 'Orders
c‘':ere'..i'veP.accoidiptfy, and Mons de Toircard •
an 'officer who ,. had dis . tingukhedhiMseif in. the
United States service,:toul(Oe,e'printhand'-uy 't;
party of miLttta
,and the iroon-:., of
'With these lie marrhed -to the . Idantittirdi of
,Latour, and. iiitaelled a body of u,bimt
four thousand:oi-the rebel negroes..
destroyed but, .to little mirnose for Totikard,
fiOdjni : the number of revolters to' ioireaxe to
more ;has a centuple proportion of they losses,
want length forced to, retreat. The Geveroo r
by the. nd'vic4 of theaseemblyolow determined
to act foi sorne.tiiSe solely on. the defenSive ;
arid, as it .was everY.lnomentlelie apprehended
the. I li; le y a lt., r a. would pour ..citiwa upon the
tOWn i all the. roads and passealeading into it
werelortifitid: At the same*t . imiun embargo
was faith:in all' the sbinping in the hardor—a
as . well.-to obtain the.assistane . “ or the Seamen
as toaecure a retreatfoi the inhabitants in the
To such of the distant parishes as were open
to communication, either by land' or. by seal
noticiiuf the revolt bad been transmitted within
an.hour after advice of it Was received ..at
Cape, and ;the' White . . inhabitants of many of
those.parishes hbd therefore:time to establish
'camps, and form tichain of posts, which,. fora,
short time, seemed to. ,prevent the 'rebellien
from spreading beyond the itorthernproVinc.e,
Two of these camps . were, however, attacked'
by the negroes—who-were OPenlyjoined by the
mulattoes—and forced with' great ilaughter 7 —
At London the Whites maintained the'contest'
'ior. several hours, but wera'overrioired by the•
infinatedisperity of numbers, and compelled to
give way, with the loss Or upwards of one hun
dred of their body. The surviverstook refuge
in the-Spanish territory. ' •
'These two districts therefore—the whole of
the rich and . extensive plain. of the CaPeLto.
gether with the , ceintiguoui
now ebbndoned to ehe ravages of the enemy,
andthe cruelties whic.h they exercised onspch'
of theiniserable whites es fell into their hands
cannot be remembered Without hcirror nor re.
portedin firrins:strong enough to convey a pro
per idea of their ritrocity: • • .
They seized!: Mr. Wan, an olfieerof the po.
lice„aild yelling nailed him alive to one of the
, c'hopped off his liMbs,
one by one with.an ex. . ,
A'.poOr mannamed Roberts, a .cernenter
tratle,,ontle'avoredto conceal himself from thr
.notice,olthe rebel's, was - diseoVered in. hii.hL
ding ' The savages declared
. that he
shculthlioin the his occupation. Ac".
coidingly.they ho . und him bei‘Veen two boards,
aMtdeliberatelysauted him asundor„
P . A ., (5AT(4,1).8Y.; .- N0V , : .29 . - .1060.'
Monsieur Curdirati, u 'planter of', 9rarid
Riyier;hml . tvrp natural sons by a bircli,womun:
He'll:ad:manumitted them in infancy, 'and bred
them uityrith' great territernes:s. : They both
joined in tre•revult-Hand,whor theirtather. at.
.rempfed . to divert. them. forn, their purpose by
inothing language andpecuniurie6naideratiini,
they took' his money and t4en:stabbed.. bird to
the heatt,'.. . •
the'White, And eventha mulatfo , Cbildren
whose fathers bed not joined' in' the . revolt,
Were murdered without exception,, frequently
before • the eyei ei:clinging to' the-bOiome of
their inotheia; Young women of all raiikii,were
lirbt Violated - by:a whole 'trobp of barbaria'ni,
arid then. generally titit•'io death • d6ine..Q l
them' were indeed. reierved `for the 'iurt her era'.
tification of the Wats of theliavagee, and others
had their eyeys scooped pkt with a knife.'.
DA UOIITER ! RAyisiisu CFi OI THE
In the parish of. fAmbe; at n. rtace palled the
Great Ravine; a Yurierable , plante'r, -the father
of tuyobeabiiftdyonno ladiea, ut.eis tied dOwn
savage ringleader ot a band nho ravished
hio'eldeat daughter in' his presence , ; :and
, erect over.thp bther to one of. his
Tlialrpoi&ions being .isatiofied, ''they' murdered:
, both the - Ibthet , andthe daughters., •
, the frecitient.eliirmisbes . bet wenn the
ging parties tient out by..ihe het:roes .(who;
oftnr 'haYing.bitrupd piierythitig, were.ldoceir
bity of . prrivisions)and the yibites; the rebels
' stood their . grOnnd longer 'tbanto: receive,
anirreturti one . ‘etnitl.vOtleyi . hut they. appebreo
next:day.; shift hough the); were at length ilti
ven'out 'of their.. intrenchrnent • infinite:
slaughter, yet' their...numbero . oeemed:not to
diminish. • As soon. ax one' : body . waS .. cut - oft
another oppeared,:aud oiteceetledi;in
harrassing . and 'destroying. the • whites; by per
pettitillaiigue,abd . reduced the . pountry.tob
TWO ' THOUS/01P PERSOiqS 'A1A:5946/1615
• Toiletail .the . .verious, skirmisheS,
massacres and scenes.of slaughter Which this
exterminating war produced, .were to otter n
'disguiting and frightful picture—a combination
of horrors, wherein we should behold cruelties
ungicampleil in the annals'of mankind ; humayf
blood, poured , fourth In , to:rents.; the earth
blackened with ashes, and the air tainted, with
pestilence. It,was computed that within Iwo
months after the•revolt first began, upWard of
two thousand white perscnsi'of all conditions,
had been, massacted;•
. that. one hundred , and
eighty sugar platitatiOns, and about' nine hun
dred coffee, envon . and inclitio settlements had
been' destroyed r —the buildings consumed • by
Ore-11nd twelte hundred Christian families re
docell.from optilence to such a stato of rniieryi
nalto efhi4 foe clothing .and
te'Moiee.onimb!jecliaiity ! 01 the inapcSenf•
i.t‘yas reckoned that ortwardi ttionsa . o..l
hikd perished' by ti!!e sword or Ify.laMine, :And
soma hundiedsby thx handsof the 'execotioher..
HON.TO SI&VE THE. COUNUY.
A LETTEA'FROIII . 6OI I . BIGLER.
• ; ' CLEARrtatu;.PA. Nov. 1,-1862. •
/try pear St.;--In your vor et the
30th Wiliam, I have to say to you that you tiv:e
been rightly ittformnd. Ido not intend to. be
kcandidatefoi United. States Senator nt the
coming election.. and have.so eicrn essed "my.qell
to•frkends . on all . proper occd'Aions. I have a
. . .
number:or reasens;pablic and private,
course, one of whieltis - that the'eastein and
northern, sections• of the •State make Bpeclat
claim to the Senator,. at this time, on the
•'-round that•we have one in the West recently
e t ec icd and cannot Jesponably. claim both for
so long a ;SIM.
The other tplestion you ask ) ft what.can• be .
done save, the coinitry;7! •is not so re'adily,
answered. The.usual respi;nse is, God knovils.
Few of • our best thinkers seen: Itty hav:e'atty
Clear views on the question.' Anti is net
even certain, that the administration . at Itittsh
ington has a well defined policy In' that end. i
have some thoughts' 'on the subject ; vvlilch.t.dii'
not . besitete•to...give . you. , They may , seem,
crude, and on some points even never and, start
ling;. but they are the.result of snide
The sWord is the:only agency at wink..
the sword cannot do all. • Isis an agent of des..
traction.' It gen-teer down, bt4 canunt 'bap&
ttp.,• It may chastise and saence the
:the field; but' it cannot make a.unionOf States;
it cannot restore eouhdence and irenternity
ritniiingsta.peoplelestranged ndlallena ted troin
each other. If the war yeas sganist the lea
ders in the South only, stif:rnatirat the begin %
ninksupposed, that the:Sword' might put 'them .
'down and the Masses could return to their
*glance. But the cOnflict turns out to he with
the whole maii of -the peOple the,re4ol.
ted•.States, Old and' young, mare and leonali,'
numbering many millions, - With such a poWer
Sooner or later, we shall have to treat and Re::
getiate.Thesviiord alone will .never. restore:,
this people to•the . Union: . .
. You-well knowthet When - the
ities menaced, the nation,. I was for, piaeefol
means to avert the. blow., :Then .'our' present
siffering and sacrifices. could haye•bein nvot
aett and, as t beli , ve, • the unity , - of . the Stales
preserved for ge'ne'retions,,withoot the aa'critice
of principle or'honot,:or con,vience on enlist
:side; passion, .prejndire . fanaticiein only
would have been 'yerliatierl to 'gfve acid I
still' think, nay, I are snip that other means h..
eiite‘yitr are noteseary. 164i - tee.pit Vnontry--,
from present afili . 4'tionslind impending
r:kitoW how eiyik told about-war end
ceenage; about stre . tegetie
tient victories;, about the-prompt' subinvition
of the SMith by the North;..'.huw plytiSatit It
[nay be to SOMO to float 'in the common etirrent
of -excitement ail i paesion; : iind especially toss
'unpleasant, if hot unsafe, it is .to stern this 6(le.
But the timeis c;oinirg, if begot new, whet ..
the man who would render' his vountry a sub.
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.stantfal ServiC'e.'ineerdiathis': must, : look.o
the Whole . work, imbue ns, 'entr . strike:ftir'd
right . regarilless - of; clamor or. 'cottreqUences to
hirniert personalli, ' • ' • .
We have had. War for' eigeteen 'months, th e
like of which Ihrr. , wriildhver :seldom Witnessed
belPrei to' sustain 'which a • national debt,•:cd .
nitignitude,:whieli" must Ming :river . ,
.P9ite'rlty loneirrthe future , has.alittedy been
eiriated,end . more; titan 'a qtrarter;bl, a rriiiliop
of invaluable lives sacrificed an the•Union.sids
ltlanei to:a'Otlition.to.the many' thousands ,that
Crippled o r diseased for 111 c; pad pet
hotlittla if :any solistantial piogreschas bien
made in be-;Moir..writle 01,4.6-establiShing,lhe
tiniim k or:eyen'of tnatittandns thn-Fetterulatk.
:thorify ~ within the . revolted States; liaattoi
then the experimen t of war, is a. memos of ',res.
•Coing. t Le'cou nlry from . ..its present. deplorable
condition,' been alre,idy teitedeteSted at •Ittliat
.to such en ext . ent . as to prove titterlutdity
unaided: by. other Ineans„. . • .
-'.• It was a happy thduktii . of President Lincoln
express'etOn,his.inaugliral,, that if . ' we went to
war . .ive could : not tight itlynis; ' , and when,
a fter-oureir loss •on . both aides and
eith . er,'yoU fhe. identical_ old
queitinos as to terms of
upon you,7 '.'l'bis prirphetic and highly:slgnill
,showi r that eeell.M r• Lincol n,
before, the Wit r'began. aoiciOteil the tithe, Jo,
case it did ashen mciuld,be necessary
. , .
to . put it he, sWord : to rest :a t least for . . scasoo,,
in orderro resume the:•ideiitical 'qui.iitlons.
shwa intercourse. and set,ifement: It-does hot.
twhat:e ()centred' to.him that the • sword
could . .do..the•vi..holo •wiark;'
.bu; that inesitahly,
we would have 'to crime' , Leek to the original
:point •to compromise and iteitle. we,
cannot fight always,: what aineunt of ',fighting,
i,riece•sai y to render • it nrriper . to prepare, .lo
cease or Suspend . in order to . consider: terms
redortorlintimw , There hail/treacly , 4beeb much .
lo,s on both sides and oogain on either;" mid
whila the time ''to'cealte h'itk;ing,.tnay" not I be
yet,•the 'means has surely „come; when 1044
means beside the s weird should he employed la .
tide ell„ r ri c , ve'the lioverilinen.t and countrY .
Certainly the ol , ,Pct M . the war, sniff he ektent
't o s•lai,l l .it is-in go, should he datinitely.known
to the eountni: 'l , it inienjlad to solijugate
tile States und thein,. not' es
States in' theyhion i but as eonque'red 'proein•
ces,'lhen th 6 sword• must be keprin 'constant'
matien and war and enrollee he the orderof the.
d4y.. New -levies and fresh stipplier, maybe
properly raised, fair . it will renaire a formidable
array in' each of 'the seceded Sinter' to execute
and inuintaiii.this•selierne.• extermination
be the oblizel, then) he sword should have•tiore
strained license: to den! death end dei•tructron
amongst the rebels in ell 'partyl their': coon
tryi ieea Mims :of Sot; or..age or 'condition.. -‘ 'But neither of . there : Tut prises,. if 'practicable,
would-re-establish the Priron; although. - there
might remain ,a eompbsed'of certain
States...-. But:when iiii•Union ra,eitablished,
the south:as : ;weir . as . the North must be in 'it;
the family of States mils; exist .as heretofore,
else it 'will 'nor. - be the .Union about Which 'We
linee'talkeil en much: and for which so Many
brave , ineirhaee ',oireled up their lives..,••••..The
physical : triernpli of.' the North over the. SCuth
Mthe:fielif; ns , the North in the, endrriity tri
umph, is ;lot the. •Whoiri .df the'teslr: The
Statestrinsr be brought togethee; the feelings
of the peopre'ol both sections must be so eon.
:itraihed and :in'odertited.that...lber emu Arafat %
ui end Irrelogi%ther:.else the, Union:is gooe
(dieter. To . silliingefe the, other States and ;ID'
bold thern.,..ei alt sub etv'e ilq . gc;a4"erid for either
sec.icre, and in, no way, that I. earrdisrdeet,
•raHrs I Weiraf er'ol 'the Nerthr, for s•o . fong an
the Smith:V. /IA SO "Wid their : bare of.t he North.
Ayouldirie6;use; and Whilst , tket Northic held
the Suutlr.it erruidrfo but 'little else;
its material biteres . t in liSt languish.
But in'addittoosSlleilii work is Utterly. incon•
sistent• the'geblas or our histitutions r and
could ecitreitlj , falf.tir lead to : their utterperver•
Sion and ultimate nvrrtitrow adding•to tire cil
larnities of dispnirin the sac, iflecrit free• gov •
ernmnitt, • Conquest turd empire however mag
nificent; conlifn9( corimensate,for•such aloss. •
To ekteirninatetfieirthabitantsof tbe South
tcouid Jie a deliberate'emasculation,' of
Union; endeiirrz*ils reconstructioirltronce im
practicable and hopeless, rind irivOlve a .icot k of
barbarity, :from Which the , Northern.. people
would, shrink.. ri
.The eitistence•• o
, . . . . .
he southern States, in some form, with: their
inhahilants; , end.nli some terrifii 61int . iteonriie t is
highly osenti4V—naY; I. will ssyinilkpensible
-110 the Welf•ir , of 'the North.: I am, therefore
agronst . este, rno:it ion ond'ng.iiiiiifdlie policy of
'folding the here States a s..eonnuered pine.
.This'e,ronn4 ran he'.en rosily mniritain•,
ed on. pitrely. vinsider.iiions ,'lor the
'North; whiell oectir to allOhat I need, not'
trouble you with . (heir . presentetiOn on'ttiis.
occasion,: . am for ro.eStahlishing-ihe , ' jJnion
'ae it Was; or miming trUnion as
ucahle t the Siete.; IO lie equale, and to'be soy
ereigns.to the extent the -St it WS. now are,. each
to have and enjoy such domestic, institntions
m4 . ir :chm?sei t11).1.w,e.r, I in cOrigressl, , ehmild
sustain that trfen§iire:nf tha
that would clearly tend to the'Seenotplishmenr,
'of . these en(!si.:but . no war' of subjugation :or
exterMination... • . • •
I kno w id inaY . be said in reply to al l.this,'
Then let the .ohthet.e people lay down their
arms and come' • back into lhe Union, end all
will be righ(again;• .WoUld to God. they could
be .induced k to de! There is' ro guaranty
reason that.!' vi'nultl . not he Willing - do• .grant
then) . ..• . ‘fluetlo'we see any' indications' of such
a return to reason and duty?' Teen: see none,
and.] expect to see none,: so long en the sword
is Unaccompanied by - agenti- for settlement nnml
peace. When our army went to ItlexcoidWas
acciirripaoleil:by it peace commigsion, s irt order
to eridirace the 'earliest: 6prortniii , y for sftftlet•
inent . .. In God's name; T wmdil ?dz. should
0 less When eng.av,vdin a War...amongst ntn
selves 2 .' it is idle and wtirie ihanddiedo delude
oiirsel Yes tibmit the 11:,rtrd . of the. conflict in
which we ore' We - es mint malts n
Irefon by force nlotin, t hontth- .We tney . .lriumph:
ot. e l s ti l e South In t heAeld, and 'we may, Hs Fll
look tit' , co,itplictitioes c'ettere in the
•The fifst etvgrine ic, do.We intend, do we tle•
sire to hove 'all rhe.Southern Staten buck irdo
the !Minn, on the terms clans!iitti9.l
It wo 110, , 0ti0 it . ic ne'en Alta? they,oye' i tn ltc
:the egnak of the Northern 'Slates:in .•
i o iterilig,ity and
s ilignity. POPS any one be,
lieee that sneh t:efatiun eardhe esfabli:Sheil and
fnaietninrol by the sword alone? gililtilff,a . per •
rein finm,her State's teihjitente'nhil•
miliate the others then they could, not live
together as equals and triendsclni
tell are al waye, the 'eneeniete the-sabfilgothre..-
When, All the. States, resume there
former relations, of union and' .inteteouse,„ - ,it .
must :be the lint of all,- it the, settlement, is to,.
be complete grid Permariezt; "'
have heard a greet dent' 'abobt patching
a . dishoooratile`perteeabOut, thir
anti diegreee .to the.*Ntirth.„flivolved,inisiy.tintl,'
every propoSition for 'set tlement Tiatirc,:thare . ,,Le,
nothing that, 'is,epid abatit the -
,affalti'lif . the .
taunt rY Mr - Which te4a - i lespeet;""` 9 ,li' - iit'
even held bYSome.thet he ie 's'if lectiOtit
who - sleek* to reotetabligh ., .the - Uniomby:othie f
means - than the..e word, flow! obaurg, ,: The,
ewoid has been at work-7its.agel has bee
- 641, vigorously. and' eiii(Liend
- how stand the States hOw.that'effnilld''he . `•
hatirburF I'lleci.eatl..iespoose , .tiejWhere,' they ,
were When,the..wir arraYettsitr,Agrite!'
end..relentleia. why 4111
t ..r 1 1:
other agencliee. to aid in:the good 'wor . l:7„'" lu
the words of Mr. Lincble, we: ennriot l .iliht
pi - am end we should . : net fight longer tinlol4 .
we could do'so :as a , meana'of. ultimate
and: permanent peace.. ,
)'That then cart be,doney and'l . ,tegret. - tho(all •
that vhould !hino,',euptiot be accomplished
be in; convention, Or . ,htive
,rlele . ittrtes.ready togy
into *conirbtitioit, order to prearm..
constitutional 'relations amongst, the Staten,
With explanations'. or. controvert e d
or to make such new relations may
neceasaiy to bring together and retoin.''all, all,.
,Slates,, • Tho'St ate Vegieleturee ;paid, petition .
Congress for such a convention, .!Is provided by
the' Cortiititutiod,Antl' - ptngress Coald'Maketthe
iiece.sary . provisiana forit heforthe,eloaairr(tlie
tiatrring, session. . . Stieh State tegislatuteil
not meet.in the tegularorde(
eon and when, the' necessary . ' -
States petition, it is. 'obiige(ory c017M115..
to comply. Lindy thus', constituted would
be coMpetenttoedjust antlsettlir.all the comp
:lice dons which. now beset 'us.. In the mitlistof
war, then; we RhOLlWhe.preparcd.to mike peace
whereas, when the Time comes for settlement,
in the atnience alleh a. l bed),,, it thiiq . iiii , found
that'hai , nrieminpetent autherity ' . rititr.
ence fa do the thlrige' that • May- be ...tieeeasarY.
Neither Congress,, - nor the .Excentlyerniir." the -
the ohl , or to make new relations 'emopise' 'the
States. Congress' may. submit arriernimentsto
'the C'onvlietion's.lor- the ritieition of the
Statee, end .I.belleiie
resent'; caliitnities of..
the nation could .Lave been e verted in thatvey
In theivinter of 1861 j but now the disorder s of
the'cimintry are probably; toe' chtnplieetedfto be
reached in that form.
'll4earitividle;. the . Pteeirlent - :'and 'cotigries
should prepatitlie way for saftriment,.. IndVed '
by Consulting Uri..people
. t hroUgh . thib'allot-bux •
they might maka.ti nettletnint,! to be ratified , .
by. the. States thereafter: :Let President -
,mppose.an armistice, for the purpose aconititte, ,
ring some progrvirne,of reunion anti settlemen t'..:
in Wdch the feelings and rights of, the - , mosses .
in the South shall be duly eripieciated,:end provi 7
(0i....1n0te Wein to Bomb bielc:crn . the eon ,
ditiOne : .orthe Centititution
ions on 'controverted points, or, mrtrew -
lona, with the tulles: assurance', of. justicei.eml.
equality when they, do s'o
thirt, and - challenge 'th:e rebel:' authoiitlpe' to',
submit such propositions - Air; may be egyeed,upon
Unrestrained :vete the &Mt hem . States •
Will, at the seem time,,tiubmit,eueh,iwro-
pnAltionn'to a 'vote cif; thine• of OW Northern
Slate, with, the' intleretrubdr4 thai If ti riinfoity
of slave States anti niajbrlty . or. ,
. frOe Sto.te9
arcillt 'the' propoisition, it conditiono shopfd,
lie.binding until , roifiOd.or..sope:rceded br , the
Stitte. Suppose.:thi! • Cein . feileittte *.apt I);t;ri,tir I
rPjoit this, dr ony irar
stfe to .the,NOrthe,r.ri.,o4us-fi,,,..6,4ek;
,would only leave ~ thoorsin .a,worste,jighttbafore
the 'world, and 111‘. gniernment it Washington
in thr Theltt elttniriairiest . ,fcti,''sneis 7 ,
*.• 1t may
,he said Ilia , we are Onnstently;
jrnftho southern poot4e idi4oWl:
seem td be Cioncl.ip;ilieiib4l,4,Nuitt,.l.,n:c.kt.
gotten that they he)led ,
61:..tbey joy ,
the.party. now in power at:VVeshington;'..virouid
conditions end :
that timr• ie ;no, evilience . th4t)yhay, vvotil4ferti
better' now': • ~ i lesidei he hitelaedied inimen i?
filye to It, tioor . riortiOsf;; WhO - e'ennOtT'aiiieovor
that unconditional auStiiissiOn ineblve4,eAegree
of homfliation to which they:will never "come Eo
long' ee ihky
,have ;tot rekietenee. 7 *
In the effort to vita, buck- e %ten ,the tnesiee, their
passions,,and , pride, and seil l iespect me), be
%leery coilsitjered," We meet give them .some.
'eiv around some pret.xt, if not :complete.. end
eutiefantiel gyeraoteesi befOie, we oceeet. thein
to entertain: the idea of foreeking their.r.re F eni
adders; and 'embracing On; old'gevrrninent
1 i+m fully aware of theiiiiliguetiiiri,ol4 Nvep
cpniiiirifit, with Whichheeiii,:;ge . s . tiorisl4lll be
pci.uvil by 6 ome
lug; Eire. we
,nut engage l iti an _effort. to
siiseileil,'Sintes to. compo s e
Then why riot:Eitideurei•to , res.cue.'"thern.:finin
e:trtiction ainti etkitiv;ute "good, jel4t Witt?
..When Of States again' as
bars tnibre, I) .. eirrili our bre thern and .
our bquatS tit every . pa Whatileasartt
then,' can , we have. , . oe`struction: ot:' ,
ilic;re be any :
ag and the old goieininent.w,ititietlie aceeded:,
, i - . 4 ... , , , , :: :: :,; :. ..,