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.111'ficatt. iountv, illeinottat
l i II,OtIBLIED •EVERY AATURDAY:MORNINg,
~j •" . By J:' B:. OVIATT, ' • • '
SMETHPORT, M'KEAN. COUNTY,' PA.'
0FF114,1 . :9, E. COIINES OF PIIDLid SQUARE
- - 8156 in Advance
.•,., Rates of 'Advertising, •• •
:.•• Ooltunri one year.: 00
: 20 00
' 1. 2_ooo.
' One square of 121Ines'or lees, 3 Inserthiria,...: 160
' Bll , ll6lllls . oards;.iritb paper, • .600
Rule or llgure work will be double the nbOvn rates.
Twelire lines Breyler.tine, or eight nonpareil,is
L.7 - :These'reii3 . 33 will tici"!;trict*.iullieiei
8 mathport, Br Kean Co., Pa. 1, S. MasoN, Proprietor.
—opposite the Court Rodeo'. • 'knew, large, conamodi.
, one and well furnished tOuse. '.. - .
GEO. H. MASO
~ .. . . . .
- • •
7eolur in 8 toten;lln.Vare,lannarie'd Ware,' &e . i siest
• - Side 'orthd. Publre Suture, Bmethpoi-t,• Pa. Custom
. N . orkx. do n.e to odor on the shortest •notite, and In .the
sweat inbstantial. manner. • . .
•Pa..m. A. Si.!Ltona 11 , 01114 resPectfully.announee to the
iddhpoit add viciity, lhat bac fitted
s up . 4,ofrice Rrepared to
.a4end to - all bfiainesi
. antil‘ profession. . 71.1fic ial teed} '. inserted .trpon eel--
prinAplea, and so -- as to preseryethe natural ex
face Alltlporations I,p Dental Surgery
done in a Wilful, tottna9r: • . . 10t
A. J. NAIIVE
Dealer In Stoves. Tin Ware, .jappaod. Ware, '.!ra. .west
b.. . B Attip,irt; . Pa, Ointioin
, end of 4ebe Public .Square and in . the
• .'work done .to order' onthe t
ehort."tSP ots ." ,
.. meet subatanttarmanners . ''' ..' •
, . .
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A. it. 13. tan; Proprietor. Olean, :N. Y. 4. .onin.. 4 !'"un .°
Co and from Elie New York and Erie Rail Road. - ... B t.z , ges
'tor liktiethiort and (Jere,. ..• .. . :- . - '
B. I' OadOoti E rapriatOr.•' Ridgway, Pa. Rotel ' la
new. arid. famished in modern atylo, bun ample accom
modations, and in, inkarespacts, a Virat,Class
Ridgway, Elk Eo.'Pa: May tl4, IE6O • • -
Jane *ma, Ptoprietor*. This twin, is situated hal
way between :Orriethpett and' Olean. A ennvenien.
'an eaunnodieue 1 , 0113 1, attentive and obliging attend
ante, and Ina prices:
•.. Eldred', May 17,1860. • ' - ' . • •
- • •
' • •. , ' • A. D. HAMLIN,..
Surieyer; Draftsman' Cotiyeyincer, and 11. ell Estate
Agent.. Stnetliport, Nl'lleanepunty, I'a.
. . .
• ". : "." . WILLIAM .WILKIN,• • . :'• :"
Practical .Mecl4nic. Millwright, BridgC-buitler,-... &c.,
.Port 4lieghetly;WlCe . fit coanty,.Ps... ~ • . .
J: L. Eltoww.,
StiIIVEYQR; DRAFTSMAN,.C.O:s;VEYANOI:it and !teal
taste Aigort; OM* Elk l4mi%
• • . ' • —RR►BRB\CI49--
flbripituk Boyle, Ecq le.;
W. 8. • Brownell,
Hort.. A. 1. Wilcox,
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• ' • . CARVER HOUSE,
Jens R. HULL Propriet.nr. corner ne
. Wster andllietory
.Areeta, :Warren, Pa. Generej. Stage Office., '
"• • . Folgs HOUSE, •
Frontine, tho'.Puhlte S. Y. Taxes M.
• M ;WAR Proprietor. The Yob House kPi tiiily net;
and huilt of bOk, and is furnished in tnodern
The proprietor.ilaster:a hituself•that . his ateoloninda
• .tfonaare not attrpasiietl by any hotel in }Vattern
. York. • Oarrjt n ees run to and from' the New York and
Erii Rail Road.. • .. . tf.
4 • BYRON P. trATSLIN, • •
X71'0111461 , AT T. Or; Smethpoit; .M'Kean Comity.:
`Agent .gioojrn. .44,Trils .lands' Attenis
. tolho Collection nf.Clkimsi Etaminntiiitfirt
Pa7ty . teut id Taxeft.,.:2•l'lol , ltuAiness
• t.' Real Xstate. • Clfee.in 114'rulin Mock...
• - E . BOUGHTOit ELDRED,: -
A Niney tl• Counsellor at Law, smetbpait: WHean
Onistity, Pd, lins'ness entrusted tn'tis care for the
• 'counties of fif.',Ke:2,n,, Potterand.Elk will .he promptly
•sttended to' - Office in the Catirt Rouse, second Poor.
DR. L.R. WIBDER,
Shysician an;fizjurgeon,Sinethport, Pa, will attend 'to
-. all prote'ssionaLcalls with. promptness. ' °MO lu Sart
well Block, second door. •' . • . .
THING .& MILLER,
Wholtuala and Retal Dealer,' in - Staple and Vanity . :Dry
Goads, Carpeting, Ready Made Ottithintr, add 00neral
, Furnistdng Goode, Boota.and Stiges,.7llll. and Window
raper, Looking Glaeaes&e.• At Olean, N. Y..: • .
JOHN C. BACKUS,
Attorney anil.oouitaellor itt:Lavr, SmethAirt.Keen.tio
Will attend to all budineselii his profeccion Id the
. countleesl,'Kean,Pottor and Elk. Office over U.K.
Barta4ll ik..llrothere' Store...' . • .
rgoraer of tincand and Liberty street!'i Warre7 ' Pi. • IL
A. , Balloon, •Proprietor . Traieters thadsood ac-
Sponnedations• and reasonable charge!. , •
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'iR,, Lpitalti.. Proprletpr,-,..A.lleghony Midge, Idlliean
. Co ' Pa...Thls houee le situated about nine miles from,
'. .Smethport ou the rOad to Olean; Ind, will be found a
• convettlentetoppluvelaee . • • • '
FARMERS! VALLEY HOTEL,
Ay T. GoOnwis: This house le situated about flan mile
frornSmetbiuirt on the r,oad to Oloan. Ploasorepartte
~•and. o the: oartboaecornniodated on the shortentrotice
W. B. BtOWNELL, ' • •
Dealer In Dry Goods, Groceries, CrockerY, Hardware,
Boots, Shoes, Hata, Claps, Glass, Nails, Oils,&c., &c.
East side of the Public' Square Smethpor, Pa. •
Slit ppon, WlCeau Co., Pa: N. L. DY.RPI, Proprietor
A commodiona and well•t'urniehed hnuee. Strange re
' and taaTelais will find 'good soiommodatlooa.' ' , •
PORT ALLEGANY HOUSE,
s Esoon B. DOLLEY, Proprietor, at Pori Allegany,. Mc-
Kean ponnty, Pa. This Hotel iseituated at the
• Mon of titefirnethport and, Allegany 4iver ioads, ninO
miles east of Smethport. .
:: . AST.ORS
- .HOUSE •
SMETIEPOILT; DIMEAN Co., Pa:. . •
WM. -. HASKELL
This House le well calculated tar the accommodation
Or the Trundling Public•ltayirer recently' been renilred
and 'remodeled.. Good Public;
and Stables. 'Charges rea
sonable.. Stagee Tor Olean, Shipper' . and Ridgway: . , : •
,Sinethport, July 2, 1860. • . ' • '
TO Thosa • Intetested in Mining;and • •
• .- : .
• - • • :Nineral Lands:
• .n. BARNES errors bi• eorrioes for the examine W• tioa of Mineral Lends in ArKein an Elk. coon
., Sim and wilt bin wive opinion as to the VALUE OR
MINES, km • Those engaging Ilia hotvinee will receive
• , ill neeemaryland reliselo information:.ltisidenee at the
• Banker Mill .Minee: : - .: -
. dargexcii, 31 , H050 CO., Jane f),•1859. • • • •
. . .
- ' ••. ' ' ..B.II..HYDE, - • •
.4nowlay.74i:Law, Broethport,.lll , Heiti eo ., Pi. Col.
• 4etions, Komptl, 0000. W . ' r 01E14, '41.:
Sections 6,7, S' and 4 3eriact the mode of a$-
' es i r riej i t ; The direct tax laid by the act
'on - the,' value •of all lauds
be a ,,qessed dud
and lots with: their improvements ,
and dwelling .h ouses ,'which.:severat articles
subject-to taxatti.. 9 $ll4ll be enumerated .and
valued by .espeetn, • e asse s •ors at the rate
each of them is : worth in
Money: on the first
day of April, eighteen hundred ir':.n4 sixiTt w° -;
,Provided, hOwever, that all property of what
ever kind.coming within any of the foregl'ing
descriptions, and belonging to theilnited States.
°rimy State, or'permanently' Or 'Etiet.ially ex=
empted from taxation by 'the laws of the State
wherein the same may be situated at. the time
the . passage of this act, together with such
property beloging to any individual, who act
ually,resides thereon; as shall be worth till'
sum of five hundred dollars, ;hall he exempted
from the aforesaid enimieration and valuation,
and, frOM the direct taxaforesanl..'• And prdv.i..
ded further, that making buch assessment,' due
i'egard shall be had to any valuation • that may'
have. been made 'under the authority: of, the.'
state or territory at any period, nearest to said
'first day of April. • • • • ,
Persons will be required to give writtenlint
Of lots and dwellings liable to direct tax, in de-
fault of which, or in case of 'fraudulent return,
the assessor will make sitch lints; and incase
of Liquid the person offending may also'be con
victed before any' court having 'competent ju-.
risdicl ion and fined $306. • .
Buena Vista. Ps
, In'caae.oftha absence of property-ovneriithe
:assessocmPsti leave a note requiring'the owner
to preient.the lift within' tell days. • If h e ye
fuseS, .the Asaessocipay. ehter premiaesand,
make.th'e list. "OWners inaY•rnake out the lista
.of properly 'aittiated• ip•Alistiicts in which, they
do tio'icreside.,:dnd the' said .lists •sliall be valid
and sufficient tor the purpoae'ofthis act and on
the 'delivery of every - sbckliat the Oei•ion
ing . and delivering the - .sartie shill' pay to the
assessor whiChhe •shalfretai6 to htc
PILI3,I36ATION OF TAX, LISTS AND EtECTIFiCATIONS
. After valuations are assessed lists must be
published.by the assessor in each district• and
for twenty five clays . after publication—ap..
peals ‘ will be received and deterthined relative to
excessive -valuations or enumerations. , • No val
natidn shall be increased -Without' a previous
notice of at least five days. , •
•- The Board of .AsseaSors mast 'carefully ex•
amine thelists of valuation, and they may re=
vise, adjust and'equalize thoyakiation of prop
arty in any countyor deducting therefrom. such
a rate per cantunt as shall under the valeation
of the several counties and state districts,,he
just'and equitable; Provided, The'relative val
uation of property in the same' county shill not .
be ehanged,'unless - rnanifeit error.or imperfec
tion shall appear in any oithe lists of valuation
in which cage they have power , to correct ihe
same, as to them, shall appear lost and right.—
And if,.in con.sequence'of any 'revisal, change,
and.alte - Fatton of the said valuation,.. tiny ine
qality shall be produced i.n the apportionment
'ofthe direct tax to. the several states, if shall
be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury' to
report the sarrie to Congress, to the intent that
provision may , be made by law for 'rectifying
such inequality. • . : •
When.the assessors beim completed the ad- .
justment and equalization, the, proper quota of
the direct' tax to each' county and, district of a
state shall be 'a pportioned.. , •
Section - 31 . provides tbat"when any shall re
main unpaid for the term of one year,
lector in the state where the property lies, hay
inn, first advertised-the same for sixty 'days in
at feast one newspaper in the state, shall.pro
eeed to sell,-at public sale,.so much of the . said:
property as may'be necessary, to. satisfy the
taxes due thereon; tog ether with an addition'of
twenty per centum thereon; or if such property
is not divisib;e, as aforesaid, the whole thereof
shall he sold, and accounted for in .the manner
herein befoie provided. If the property adv.er,
tised for sale cannot ;be sold for. the meant of
the tax' due-thereon, With 'the 'said addition
thereon, the collector shall purchaie. the 'same
in behalf of the United States for such amount.
and addition.`' • . . •
Sec.' 6i. And be it furthet enacted, that
persons earning or having profits, gains and in.
comes, in their own right or in trust and id)
corripanies, institutions, associations, corporate
or. riot Corporate; end Corporitorti; earning 'or
having profits, gains and incomes are or shall
be derived from sources other theft the proper.
,The New Revenge Ants:
ThO Dlfett TOi—Taxation of Incomes=The
We' nnex a careful abstract of the. new
enne . act, which provide' for-the assessment
and collection - of an annual tax of '520,000,000
: was passed . by' Congreis on iday.
A large proportion of ihe' bill 1,5 deyo . ted to de
'tails. respecting. the :.daties or. asse s s o rs; the
mode of Collection, and penalties for -non-com
pliance with theprovisions,: pf the - act. yhe
sections relative 'to the income tag are of gene
rakinterest; and the entire text is giveirbelow:'
Maine, $420,826; New'Hampshire, $218,4001
Vermont,.s2l4,o6B;...Massachusett s , $824,581;
Rhode Island, $ 1 . 1 6,963;C0ane0ient;5308,214;
New YorY; $2,803,018; New Jersey, $450;134;
Pennsylvania, V.,046,719;• Delaware, $74,68.11
Maryland, $436,823; Virginia; $937,000i North
$076.,104; . South'Carolina i rs3p3,s7o;
Alabama, $629P13;. Mks.:
issippi, $413,084 Ohio, sl,s.o7,oBo;Kentnekyi
. $713;095; Tennesseeis66o,49B; Indiana;s9o4,:;.
875; 11limns, $1,146,554.. Missouri, $7 6 1,127;
Kansas; $71,743i. Arkansas,
-gap, $501,703; Florida,' $77,022; Texas, $350,-
106; lo wa, $402,088; Wisconsin, $519,688; Cal:.
$254,538, .Minnesota,sloB,s24 , , , Cregati
s36,l4o; New Mexico,-.592,648; - .Utah,
982; Washington, '57,755;' Nenresli . a, $10,324
Nevada, $4,502; Colorado, $22,605; Dakota,
ASSESSORS A:YD COELI:CTORS
Sections 2,•3;.4 and 5 of the bill declare the
mode of appointing, assessyre and - chllectors, and, ,
their duties. • The Seeretary divide the
Stated, territories and District, and appoint an
assessor anif colleetor, who. Must freehold 7
. ers'and residents in each district. . They. must
give suitable. bonds; and take oath to execute
their otfices-faithfully.. • H
prone . or..AssessaitNT
13SENTEE . .PliOPERTi' OWN-F.ES'
THE INCOME TAX;
, • '• • • .
. • •„,
) 111 * . •-•
SAIETHPORT, M'KEA.N COUNIT, P •
A., SATURD • 1 1 X.Y AUG. 31 1861
ty . biy this. act: subjectert loft direct• tax, forthe
year preceding the first day' of :April,- Amin
D . ornini ,eighteen hundred Inini: . ifitY-tiVo,. and,
each'year thereafter : beyond the 'ammo( 04;4 . 1
bundred.dollars, 'derived "frem .-any. source *.of
business, trade or.' vocation„ lividends of stock,-
•intarest'of;thOney or debts:Balm:les,
degeeies, 'annuities, .Or :derived from . any other
source, Within' Or beyond the baundaries of the.
United States,eliall.bc.sehiect . to, arid pay a.tai
of three per cetitutimpu the first day or April,in
'each yearfrOtii and after the' PaiSale . .of ;this,
act; and in omi : rating suet] prefitsi gains and
incomes, there ehall.:be, dedbeted...besides. the
sun]. of eight' hundred... dollars, as' 'aforesaid . ; all
local or atate'takes, the 'Wages:paid .for labor,
and Other chargea..incident to 'such profits,
gains and - ineomes, not IncludingliersOnal end.
(unity. expenses, in Such,.monner. as to deaVe•
-the arintial net income of.eaCh and every Perry
son, excepting:the deductions , heretofore' and
hereafter mentioned,. subject' to taxation under.
the proviiionSbf this acii.Provided,.That no
peisen, member or corporator of anrcornpany,
.thatitution,.assbeiatiOn or corporation, charged
or chargeable with 'a tag ,under this actoliall
be Subjected'lndividually to taxation for his Or ,
her Share . of the nofits gains or' incomes .of
suclicornpanytinstitotion, association Or
- poration.'whien shall have been taiedunder the
provisionstt, and padd , in the whole. by
. of his ac
said comany. institution, association or. corpo
ration; but where the. income tax is derived
'from . 'pei.ions residing,abroad, but drawing mon-,
ey from their property:in this eoinitry;the'rate •
shall.befia.e.per cent, perannom-•
. 65.1And,be it fUrther enacted,'That
each and every. person, company
assoeiation, corporate or'. not..corporate, and
,corporator, as mentioned 'in the preceding sec
tion, shall, on. the fit st'day•of 'April 'next,. and
each yeartherearter,:earise a italement to 'be
prepared and verified by- the oath' of such per
son, or.by the oath of the princlpal'manager'of
such company, Institution, association; corpo : .
rate . or.riot corporate,. which statement. ;shall
exhibit the amount ofiprofits, gains artd.income
of said person, company ; institution, ai.soCia- .
:tiopi;corporate or.nut corporate, for the year
ending on the Said first day*of Which
statement Shalt. within thirty.. days 'front the . '
firsCday.of be,lodged with the Collector
of the excise or internal taxes for the distriet
Lin Which : the 'principal place of business nlsuch
perion or persons, company, association; insti
, tutino,.crarriorate 'or not corporate . ,. is situated,
and'..' sliap be the dtity of such collector to give
rablic novice that he2willattend at convenient
• • t and the ain't
pr d e e .; to
,Ecceii'l such - 1 4temell
Of tut or d;ii.r' there on,o mount paid; and if
and shall give.
a.receiPtor for the ;:
anY,person,or persons or profit's,
gains or-incomes in his own
- . right ;,,! trust
above the. suiri . of-`eight litiodreh 'as
hereialiefore mentioned, or any coinpani,ln'
• stitution, •associat corporalp or not corioratt
earning , having. profits, gains or incomes
aboYe the : su'm of eight hundredilollais; as here.,
Pt before mentioned,. shall neglect or refuse to
cause such'stateritent to be, made, 'lodged with
the collector and. "verifieddl as a forasaht. the
aglow : it of taxiiir duty may. and shall be fixed
by the' collecter,..ancl after tan4ays, 'notice Of
the amount so, fixad, if not paid, such • arnount
may be levied' by distrafiniu the Inanne'r.pre
scrilied,irCother crises of• delinquency. by this
1: • ' .•
.-.:We have already,ptiblishe4,the substance' of
the section Which allows o,dedtiction of fifteen
per cent when the.f.tate,assomes,tissesses anti
collects the.tlirert income an& crcise 'tax. for ,
the tederal government.-'
The Attorney General and the Clothing
, .. .
'We were .not in error, When Upon the appoint
-1 ment .of the. Hon, Wm: Mi. feredit li to the:. At
toiney Generalship of the 'State, Ni'.e expressed
that fear.thaT his admitted abilitdis,ivnuld find
'other einployment.than' the - eenrection • of the
enornions 'abuses and fraddi to which the Stele
and-gallant voluitteera had! beed subjected by
the favotifeS and 'hangers on of the State', Ad
ministratiOn, to, Whom Gov. 'Curtin ehose to
. C.Ohli i MCI WipOielbliii IIPSS TO( supplying, the troops'
With provisions and clothing. The mist' stn
'pendons frauds-have been pioved upon these,
friends of the GoUernor, and are' I,nown to or'
ery.man,in. the community....Their:enormity.
drove.Mt.:Menedith!s'predec,essor fiann his tin• .
sition t simply. because he was unwilling to have .
'his siood natile - tarkiiited.by . cOnnection with un
adminktratiort so deckless'atideorrupt; but,Witli
the full' knowledge of all ; these' facts before liirti.
and all the damning evidetice.,elioited' by the
partial investigation made by the• United States
Grand-Jury,..Mr... Meredith has - dt . t6meill it .1/0
par,(9this ditty, as . the chief law ofliceiof the
COmmonyvealth, to free the , S i ate' from - the Odi . ,
urn tit thesenefarious•tionsactionS•by bringing
the guilty pariie o o.punishme.nt. He has rath-
er made his high pesition, solridignahtly vilea...
ted by•l‘ly..Purviitage a xhield for the protect
tion of the tiagrant - sentin . drelism thathusshock
eil the moral sense of the whole' commonwealth
Mid in which the Executive' is believed' to have
heed directly 'iniPlicated; Mr. Meredith had
not exhibited,. when Secretary of ' the' United
States Treasury, that horror of the notorious.
Galphinisms of that period, .calculated to give
the least assurance that these frauds upon vol
unteers,,and of which the people of every sec . -
tiotr ot the State were complaining :Would be,
rigidly investigated; but We 'confess we were
not altogether prepaied for the. total 'indiffer
ence to these. transactions he dhis manifested,
except it be to.iereen'his patron.„. •. • ,
It is -'well .knOwn that when these fra'uds
could be no Itinger.denied, eta' when all faith'in
the integrity - of Gov:.Citrtin bad been lost, he
was induced by Mr.- Meredith ,to eppnint
Commission, ostensibly for the purpose of in.:
.'very ugly 'facts then .of daily
deveroptient; but it' Mild seem that this Corn
'mission 'was rnore.of r a blind than anght.'elsei
and its . object te 'Sttflo. public '.clamor, ratber
than to 'promote' the ' ends. al:Justice. So far,
nothing ha.s resulted from iti'and it would semi,
to'have'been.:the purpose of Mr: Meredith;
fiom the;beginning, that nothing should reedit.
• In a - published letter--and as it there ivas no
shame in the confession—he says• he hail ITlRthi
no supiestion to the Commission; and. has gig
en them no , ski; except : lo prepare; at, their re
quest, ,e form for summoning svitnesses, and to
lay - before them the testimony taken before the
U. 6, Grand 'Pry, which bad been transmitted
totbe Governor by 'District Attorney Coffey.
1 This explanatiOn.of Mr. 'Mereclitlygoeth far to
, jit'ittifY.,the suspicion pievio"usly.-eicisting , that,
he accepted the Attorney ' , Generalship chiefly,
forthe pnrpoie of.e.xtricating Govern.ot Curtin
and his favorites .fOrm the labyrinth - offraud
,in.,whiCh they, had apparently become.inVolYo(ll,
and shOws.the.ival puro . se for theapimintment
of the•CommissionAo haie.Peen ..to stave 'off
'rather , than.to proatore a. full investigation.-L
It is the first time in: the kiAtOry of the • State .
that, er . llighes laW.ollicerAibs felt;;called ;ori
to pubricly:,,deriy the very natural:and -innocent
eurcniSe'cl b hwar.Judge, - that-, in' n' matter of
'Sq . much public.e.ancerk, he' . (the A.ttorny Gen
eral).,wo4.pe'rlOrtning.hls sworn ditties with-.en
ergy and' fecii.leastiess; Mr. '• Meredith ~could
:have Made no Clearer or:rriorei explicit declare,
lion of his synMathy With the plunderers. .., •
'But we donot.yetscles'palr of cOullinimatiga
tion,ql theselrands; . and the punishment cif the
.cufprits. Our : '
ettirning Volunteers'are loud in
their deminciations of the, mereceriary traitors •
arid- inthecilesin- high places, at home, and:will
not rest until they have.avengerr :the, wrongs.,
they,have itifrered:. ' The bill,before Congress''
joseirobtlise the States for expenses- incorrect
in aiding.the general" Goyernment i 'will: give'' ,
the. next United States Grand Jury for this. dis
.l-iietfoll'jurisdiction, '4:1% ., er. he .WlMle. matter,
and we may. then anticipate . that allAhri3Oar
ties iiriplicated in these sturiendoei frauds
be brought to merited- punishment throug,ti the
vigproUS instrumentality of • Vatied.:State :hi's
..q.--Phild;' T1'471301)4: - • . '
.... . • .
Speech„of GOT.Sirague , ol.Rhodei .101rif4
in opening the extra seexiiin o
the Rhode island Legislatnre:dn T . t.p•rsday; said:
The'Senatorst . are • aware of the -.object- that
hex . called tifem together:i both from the •prOc.,
I:mation vihicli has been 'made' and
witti'which' the' Whole country has' beentrie fa
. . . , .
. . . .
When the action of this body Was first taken',.
the state and
felt that the van
would; from the liecessitirs of the case,..ba. ot .
short .duration. Since that: time 'events' have
transpired. tvhicir 'Wye opened the. 'eyes or . the
'whole country to the magnitude•ol.th • rebellien .
Ylirch they arr . ! called (mon •to''crush.out . . The
repalse, which the arthy,•haa recently, suffered
has been owing to 'so many cauies; . that it is
iropossible•to attribUte it.to . any orte"whieb we
shouldregard.as satisfactory, all of them point
.ing to the' of things...Oriel - I:we now: be.
• hold.. The State • and 'the - country,. howeier,
may (eel assured,' froth the Cliange• in.,the pro . •• • •
rtfarnme . . at, Washiriton,-• and . by' the .people
throrighoutlhi whole .lilortli, that the errors of
past:will - not be repeated in theTutare, and
also that every - movement'. for the future Will
hardly . all to restiltin success.. ' • .' . • '
The war wilLeEneeeisity. be:a long
We have been in - error as tallie.strength . of the
i men sy, and as to . the lon,g'antrpersisterit course
~.., hid:, hot beep puriued :by the SoUth tending
I.owa ,„i: this :p . dint.; while we haVe been occu•••
' - he . .. .have been 'creating
'revolutions w E , tyere Mtder the ithpresSion that.
pied in out. bu"nes 4. .' l ' ) '• •
they wen.lacking in . ?II
OW r!tsourcesybich . go
to•raise and maintain arrnr,s. 4
. I . V!tereas, in al=
Most every' particular;4ehave lonocl.':hein au-
- pericir•to ourselves.; we have found (hot' not 0n.,:
ly thephYsique'ol - their. tneriMa Cyriallolours,
but their clothingi their.arnrs,.their subsistence
-and tiler, means of transporvation--everything
that, goes to make up military
. - eflicieney—su4•
porter to ours. And when we have been'oblig
ed to:be the ittitekitag force; !parching under a
,Sputhern.sian, - exhausted,.::without . provisious and
. shrafter, -they have tic!eti encamped and
irn - ortificd posit.icpas, itt a count.;}' tdluental•y,.to
us and la itandly tei th:am; where. they could re•
ittiorniatan of every !Pavement. Of:ours
and we could learn nothing
.whatever of theirs.
The prehaltil i ties are that in no' Coca' 011:
ord of the world's history has an army been
called irito the'field pos - sessitt;g. so little knoi‘ I
tilge.,of the., strength awl . position of the
enemy; unit such, being case,.it ,was imPos
sitale toe tiny .t roops in the' pasitia.n anirxibund
therns-elveS -ft - , have sustained themselves, for
any consideahlde length of time. It, has opened
the, eyes di the coitstiry to the' iminensit . ), of. this
struggle, and 'of trae .subleet - the
result may he. heat aide.- The troripa' of the
North entetitig - the field egainst those of. -the
South havelti every equal
heeii ,abre to . &ire ,thean from- the
radii'. hut, Protected by superior .
: position;' by
hat f, ! ri es and superior, force, Cl' course
been iippossibleutterly .out of the (petition—
to attempt to drive them t w in their - strong•
holdS. • .Such being the' case, and .- the canary
calling upon - the States• for so 'much more than
vita at first enticipiited . , t axiatioarbY the Gene
-ral GoVertprient r and nexthy the-State, Pierces
induced to - call the Legislature
idgether.to See- - if, they' fire willing to crautitine
the liberal.conrse which was' inagurat - ed - when
this contest first began - .
To me it is the 'mosi satisfactory thing that
con be:done to contribuie,in any "I‘ndevery way
to' the adVantageand . corPfort 'the' sPldiers.—
ishard enongh.for them.to leave th . eir homes
to softer all - the'priestions which 'none know
but those who .follow theta. Everything that
a drateful • State can' do for her' sons who . are
_sacrifice themselves in such' a cause,
should.be.done; but it is important that the . State
should, know its•sbility, and shoold have at , its
disposal resources to avenge the defeat of, those
that they sent at fuse,' for if you: nearly'exhaust
:your reaiources - at the outset,-you will
. find your
selves less aide 't
0. continue to support..those
that you have:already Placed jn . the Bilk
have been drawn 'and presented, to the
Senate tending to the furtherance of these ideas
and teudingto - rnalte the troops of this State not:
Jess 'etlieient than - they have - been . , but having
an - eye to 'the. future with a view of huihanding
the resources of the State - for whatever neces
sariest they may be rolled upon. to boritiibute to.
.cOuntry to promote the . success of the-good:
cause.. have 'arranged:with the government,
of the GhitecrStates for the payment of the ex
penies-growing out of lite - raising e-( .the Second
regirnent - and betterY,'and also for the raising
of additionarregiments, when the;billa. are Pre-'
IT is understood that it. is the. intention of
President Lincoln to recommend to-Congress
the granting of 160 acres of land to every Sol
dier war. .
.An. .ly Jcerved
samething,lika's3o,6o6,ooo.from England for
-• The Feline among the Itches.'. ••
-Wasititto•ros Ang 0 1861:.
Late'thAs evening.Prince.Napolgon returned
wits hie suit and Oa .Fmyeh :minister, hum
'Manassas. He rode froth .Poi M
with•tour;Of ilia United States horses in' the
hands of. the 'enemy.. 'Three regiments of coy
ary and four of the vibe/ intantry field ;xis
session of Fairfax. . When it was, known. al
Marrassas.that Prince:Napoleon was, Coming;
•••:den; Beaeregard and Gen. Johnston pre both
111anas-ias; They received the -prince With
the greatest.possible iitrieeil at
about 11 o'clock. last evening; aniEbreakfasted
with 'these Generals. -MI their 'pressing jir
, vitntionS and entreaties that he would just go
on to ftichndond arid:see President :Davis, the
Prince firmly deelltiod'. . •••
fortlfie.ations of Manailiaq are formida
ble, and - our . gone, particularly these of “Sher ,
man's.battery," form-an important Part . of .the
.defences.. - Gen„ Betiiiregerd informed .-the
Prince 'that he capttiMil 02 guns at'the . battle
'of Run. The baggage-wagons 'takciat
that.contest.vvere.standing around in all diree.
flops. Therlead were not proPerly buried.
They. vvera:sirriply put under ground, and some
of the, feet were seen above... .
The soldiels'in.;Afanissas were very - numer.:
out, but very poorly dressed.. The captains•
wore;linseypante.• with shirts bound with pi-
EOM tope: . Somp of-these had added to the.
slouched hats - the decorations . of- the dead
.At departing,' the retiale gave' . the, Prince 'a
salute with the U:•S. guns. return' .to
Vitir(dic, Col: Stewart•apjitosehed the carriage
of -The Prinee'arul said.• . 4 glhope you like: our
:fo'rtifications, Priilco." . l.o, pretty walk"' • .!.I
flope," he said agafrt, t‘vou:will•intetjere for us
when'you get home.') The diplornatie Prides
shiugged•hla shoulders as fie teplied,' , 4lltnow
nothing.":' ; :.-: '' : • .
..: •••• ,-, . •
IvoiwinT Woucv..--q-lie • Washington
ccirrpspond ept, • • f ..pAitaddphia• Preu
. . ~ . . .
A•woman - in- the interior of: Penhaytvania,
'the. wile an soldier now her . e, hearing' of
shameful manner in whielt-the troops from that'
State have been treated; wenL tO the portraitor
.a Mita putpliqueetionary, somewhat 'implicated;
which. was hanging. on
.the 'wail .61 her: room,
and shivered the affdir with, a blow .froth her
fist. The hashand-olthie woman bud. 'written
to her thal;owik to the sh'amo he felt at being'
in'the sert , ice °Nile great Itiiyatone, he thinight
-scion of procuring i.discharge;•and going home.
She replied: i‘D'on't yau . d 9 it; you • *mild be,'
Aiittraceil.A.'would, rathdr. gi Soutt.'-to• the
battlefield, and gather up yotir: bonne !" Ile did
..Calvpiscai•mp Acr.--Two or the. provisions
of the law for . c . Onfis4a . t . iiti; ofproperty belong-
to person', fonnd ifrarrns againia. the goy
eimmentof the United States,-are as follews .
They embrace el) these is tif: the' bill excep
preyisione ibrenforciegthe law: •
,That, ir . du ring the' Present
or any future insurrection osgaiOlt•the GOvern . -
inept of ie.Unitetl States, after the rieSident
,the United States, shall have tirelared by
t hat: th'e IaWS of the U. S. are opposed;
and the ' . e:Certition thereOf 6111.0i/clad, by coin 7
binatione too r pbWe u I to be suppressed -by the
ordniar:y course of jto4ial,pioceotling3 o . - Or* - y
thepowet' vested in the maishela by. law, any
•persamoi peri , .ottS, his heirs, or: their' agent; at 7
iorney orettivlpycl , ; . shall Phrchn.se
Sell or give, any . pfuperty - or. whatsoever kiwi
-of deScciPtion, with ;iiterit to unit employ.
the saw' propetty to he. trced - or emPloyeil 'in
aiding, tib'etting or protnoidog ettah insurrection
'or resistance to the-la tcs',.Or uny:pdrson
being:the occOe'r'or owners. of Apr
property, min or cinfitoy,- .
.consent to' the use: or employment or,the same,.
as oforesaid,.all such 'property is herohy •
tiPbe lawfully. selijeet .of Fria and hf
-capture 'wherev'ee'foutid;• 'and .filiall be' the
'iltity of the Pteiitlent Of the Thin ed. Sta t es' tri
. carts,, the seine t4bp seized,- ,confiscated and
.And be forrhor coOeted. That Whenever.
any persOu claiming to be: entitled to - the , sir
vicJ)pr labor, nf , any.p,ertnni under -the. kiwi' of
any:State,.sholl employ - such - person rm . - aiding
or promoting any, - - insurrectiOn, or-in 're
laws of the Pnited - State-5,..0r-. shall Perinit .
him to he' so employed,: he she') forfeit. all . tight:
to such or labor; and-the- person 'Whose
labor or service fs• , thus' claimed be thence 7
ferth di - 7chaiged . cli'erelrofn, any law to the Com•
trary riot list:111(41T. ! . .
ST. • Louls ' , Atigi.sro
The ftillowitig iallip otricial renoc,t of. the
fightnearSpringli'rld on SatiirclUy list; as fur
nishedbyotie ot,2Grii, Lyon's aitis•to G•rorrat
Freinalit;,•c;en, Cyori' in three 'columns under
tiimsel6 Gen., Seigel Mid M ajor' StOrges of fkr.
caVal . ry, attackedthe uneOly at half - roast:six
On the morning of 'the ti:.iith,.nine miles snitli,
east of Springfield.. The' 'engOgroiet4lllS ,
vele, our loss bring about 800 killed"istuti
Gen.. Lyon was killed. iii-i charge the .
head' of his colUmn. '
.1 .. ' ' . -• ' '
Our force was 5,000 Mchiding 2OO home
wads. . . • • • .
The muster roll reported :taken from the'en
cmy, givd his .strength at 23,000, • irelintiinz
:reelinents .frorn Louisiana;`
Tennesiee, with Texas . rangeis anti hei3 ee
half-breeds:, ; , •
.Their loss is:reported leaiy.. - . •
Their tents and wagoos,Were est* in,she.
action. gem,Seigel left only one gun the
field; and retre ated to Spritogfielit with ylla~ge
nuMber'of . prisonarth .•
three o'ock' on :the moraing.orthe llth,
he continued his retreat mien Rolla, ,'bringing
cabin baggage trains . and .$25,00 . 0 specie
from the'Springfield bank.' ,
. The following's' a verbal riport 'taken' from
a Spiicial' Alesienger,'Vitho'brotight dispatches
to Gen, FremoO'K. •
Early . : on Saturday morning', Gen. Von
marehed cint of Springfield, to Kivb, the enemy'
battle. came up to .him•on Davis , Creek
'on:Green's prar.ie, 1 - eW Mails 6rmth-yvtlit of
.18Then- he- had taken a strong
skim) on rolling 'ground,' it ;twenty initiator;
past six in the :mcrning; Gen. Lyon fired ,the
'fret ein, when the'battle immediately began.
• .Sevete,cntinonading kept: lig . .faipirii • iir
thief hours; when the. tire. nt;
artiOi•ry-.rio!ing• 'fon: revere f0r.tb..40117;
they gradually.tell.hdrk toWititi
merit on creek: •
Gen: Lyon's eaval4. pnated on the euat~ix!i
left tianli, and Gem
right, then. began a terrific aftack, and , Oiled :
slaughtet; and die May Jii.the : .ianks*Of the...,1M1
m . y,:pMeuisigt.tbetn:tti their ,catprn ,hem
. .Cant:. Totten's - art illeirvett ing : f ire 'tp 044
'ten ti end . baggage wagons,, which rite au des
• A L6 . 01;111;14: reginient . and'altilealisippll4,
iment.Feemed to have stiffered most tbe,ight'
'the . Oterf)(lollj . as Gen../.yon -puts :Ititlithireit .
hie column, his horse wee shot undorleim, - :.:
immediately mounted another, 'ina . farmed
around to his men 'waving hie hat intbin , ...4 l id
and cheering' them on to victery, be Ina etifiek
'in the'sniall of the back'by a ball,;k ain4 MI. to
the grounii.deid. . The commend. than .
ved on Gen..Seigel, * Pureullicontinvitd:- until •
nightfall,ohr little. arMy.-reat r ed
night in the. enceihnthent- of the enemy.'
Siindurmorning General Sidgelchlatliti that
the enemy . 'might.recover andedteirtpt`te.-:eit
his .command oft frimi Springfield,
upon that city , whore the home guaide.:.•rito ;
. . -
On reAching Springfield i t
• nuniberiot. the. enemy .might
get hetwiten cind . .Roilir i
cltioell to . . tall Sick 'upon, Rollis with pro.
'vision trains silt, meet.- the reinfotrillogile
which titers on theicay to. him- -
Al the' last moment of the
.depsiturs tlr the.
rneseengei, the-enemy had not been -40. en - aka 1
i t is. pro ba bl e. that Gen. Seigel hev . not beep die.'
iurbed itt . biimacch. .
:,'Niaety yr the•rei.els were copturid; miens
whom was Es . Colonel of distinction-;-Abe mei
:stinger 'pot remembering his narrie.• The sword
horse of Alceullough were among the. tropiilo.!
Coi:lloiatzellatui'a Official &Port
• HitA.DQU.Aii Oats riIiRD.DI'VISION, Duet N. . •
. E. Vs.; W4anincrrori,,july 31, IEIOI.
; To Capiiai ' m 'JO' B. Fry difitidrame
Cones-4:- • . • • • - • .
-• Sin: - In'obedience instructions recelVed CM
the 20Winst,, the division under my:hoMmand*
was underarms, in light marching arder, - irith
two days cooked 'rations in their haversack', .
and commenced the march et half Pair two.A.
31. °tithe 21st, the brigade of Colonel Frinklle
ttilloWed by those ot ,COlonele Wllcoi
and' Ito Ward. At • contreville fourid., lb":
road tilled with troops, arid were detained throe
hours to allow the divisions of GeneratTyler
'and - Col. Hunter to 'lmes:: I followed with. my
div.ision innrnediately in the,rear Of the:latter.
Between two and three miles beyond' Centr"-
villc we left the Warrenton turnpike, .turning
.country road on the
Wright accompanied the heattor Col: Hunter's
column, with directions to stop at:a:mitt tibias •
wined In 'to the left to a ford across Bull ,:rtins
'about 'half way between: the where we
turn° d of o. from the turnpike end :Butiley.ls..
Siiiings„ which latter point,Celenel *inter,*
division was to cross. No such road was tripod
to eiist, mi:about :11 A. M. we; (Mind 'oisrsel,-
von at Sudiey's . :Sprlng,s, about len' miles froth
Grnlretillr', Willi pne - hrigade, of. Colonel Huiti-f . .-
ter's division still on , our side of the run.
ore ieaching this point.lhel)attla had cotheaen
eed:•: ‘l,rceoulcl-sett ..
lett from two pointsos: mile or. .more:aparto
Two clouds of dust Were seen, showing the ad- •,.
.waree of troops 'froth the direction of Monism...
At Sodley;s • SpringS ' '.whilit
.Waititig ihe inissaits
of - the (roops Of tbediViliou'in our front, I: . , or
dv•ed forward . the First brigade tcCtill their eiiiri .
teens: . - Befor . this was accomplished the le,nd, - -
lag. reg:iineMts.of COI.- ' }Tattier dirision its.:
rame..m.tned., Can. IlictlOwell,..whii, seeetti-,
ponied by his staff; lied pissed use short tittle .
before; seith buck •tjopt.,. Wright ; "of'the •ingf
naers hod' Alajor McDowell, one,of' his, sids,•
with prtler•to send forward two . •regitnentp to
protieni the ,enemy trotit :outflanking them.— .
Capt. Wright led for Ward Aliellinnisote.regi . .....
.ti, the lat(Oi the road, which crowed thl*
rati anhis. point.. Major McDowell. led :. the . . •
.ii,lti - .4orhti.etteMp,the road.. ...1 -. ;•• ..- .
I accompanied thiaMcgtmeht, leaving 'orders -
for the yernai oder : of..• The diifision. t0..f0110w,:
'with the exception of Arnolcra'Baltery;;.w4iala ..-
suppo.rted by. the FiratMic . higati tree posted.s
: little belowthe . crossing of the run as if reseree.' .
A . t. a littlti morelharr:n mile from the. for'd srr .
leerie apart. the. hattht field.
wnspo,ted on a Inli.to the, right Of - Hunter's...
division and. to':t he right 'ot , the road.: After;
hoir: t went y at a ba4fity
. • .. . .
imenity, tha crest of Il t .boiiO4
ered too great, it ‘i.as.inoviii forward Wykitbier
shoot .1,000 'feet,of the enemy's battery . Hera
the, battery: was exnosed to'o' heavy fire al onia•
whi . ch,9oWl'iliinbre4 iti,• • Frankjin"s brig
a ( . 1 e wag• tett:Ail) • the right of, a wonds,,nelir
the'ceniie of , our..iine and 'on:,grounct rising
t0i1.0.41v t he enem y's Mean;
limo I soot orders for flif.Zoilaves
Rirliett's.6;ittely on his rght. - its soon .as
hey curne . up I led them lorwaid• against..an
Alabama regiment, partly concealed in a clump
ufsivall pines iii an old., field
hey br'i!ke arid' t greater of t.hem fled
to the 'rea'r, keeping up a,deaultory, Ging :over'
the.beada of their eumridea. in home 'at
same moment they 'were charged by 'a et:ova- -
ay of secession
.eavalry .on their ...rear, • who
came by a:road.throuh two strips:Of vrood:On
ourext reine tight.: The 'fire..of . the. Zoniveo.
killed •ip and wail dieperein g thin).
The . ;liacon , fiture of alb: cavalry was completed.
a tiri from . .Capt.Collom'a company of U.
Cal. Furniiiin,.. with come: of liisfpnr.
cer's ntnl ntoi, behaved
'mem'o( Zounye,s, es a regiment, OW Inc, :Sp..
again on tlie.. .Manyot rho , pen
joined tither regiments coil did good
akiradshers. I !hen led uprhe'Minuiesota ret..
irtieul;.*hich 'atm? • ientlised hut iripti*:fitr,
tolerahly *nod order: U did *pod rer,triviiito
the - woods on-onk. right flank; and iAtitt
the hart in retire, moving oft tire, Ae,l4, , ig, 1110 thi.
third'U. S. infantry. : Neit.Was letrkiimPititk
the hist AliO4grih,.
ancl . retired in. adnsiderable'rorifusiori;',
were rallied 'arid tieli)i , :d : 110 hcild,
our right. The PirtioNtri'lniarreenth,
style, • iedthr:
I ,, TVX -, 00 ,,, :' •
, $0 , 7 1, `0. 1 ...i , . 1 .
nil l i
- 1 1 :;'
, ~.-Al ~10.4t,44, f 1A.
, ~i, . ~ . .f , ,„....., -.
, ~ .4 ' -....( r' ~ 4 1 E!, , ..", ,
,- , .. ~..; v.,,A. .
' 1 / 4 -
~ ..,-, f t:it,
~..„.., .. , .......4: , = ,, ,',4-:
. ' .NO.-4
At the first fire