M'Kean County Democrat. (Smethport, M'Kean County, Pa.) 1858-186?, February 14, 1861, Image 1

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VOL. 3.
. pikElt O,F•IIB.LIC.thtiIAII.E
TERMS: - $1.50. Advanca
, ,• Rates of Athiertising
lookimr ! ono y0ur;:...., ...
r • It •tt It•
Mx'. months'.
" •• .. ... ......
'One iiiiiutrnaf 12 lintio
Bach Hubsequetit.insortion"
liusinenn Caro, with t..
Rule or figura work will be double'tho kboye .
Twoliii lines 'llrevior type, or eight lierti nonpareil, Ic
ra.tertii rquarO. • . • '
17 . "
. 11 Terms wilt bo gtriotly ;Whore . il tc...Dl
, . . . . .
...:: Businc,ss' • . 313untorp :,-;..
1 . ' ". - BtPiNETT•HOUSE, . .. • ...
istiethport, Iti'ltean Co . :; Pa: E: S. MisoN; Proprietor
. - -opposite tho Nutt llnuse. :Knew, large, c9minodi
'" ' , ous and well , furnisbed^liouki. • • •;- :
. . .
. . .
. Deelet in Stov.ee; Tin . ;Wore, ,Toppned Ware;'•k c::;.vreet
: •
- vide of the .Publio• f . ...hlitere,. Solethiort...Pn.. .Cuetorn.
• irerk - done to order on the• stiorteet_ uotice:ei4dlh the
••. 1mi:110.140,80:1W:0 manner. - . •. ' ' ' - . •
Dal M. A. SPRAGCR.:WOUId respeetfully ,announce
, citiions of-Smethport and vielnity, that ho has fitted
• up an offico,.aurl in prepared to attend to all husimina
In.hinprofession,:' Artificial' teeth inserted upon' sei.„
' %entitle, prinCiples,. and limns to pre serve the natural ex
pression of the 'Caen All operatious ln'lleiltal Surgery
dope in a skillful manner. • , l:Ot
Denlir in Stores; tin .Ware] Japprined. Ware - ,.&., west
' mid of .the',Pelilie' &Mare, Smetimort, Pa. Custom
worirAnne to order °tithe elmetest notice; and ill'the
. most substantial manner... ' .• : .. ' . , .
P. II Alta, PrOptdatdr—Olean, N. : Omnibus runs'
do'and from the.Neiv.'York and Erie flail Road. Stake'',
for Srnethport and Ceres . ' • '
• • . • HYDE HOUSE,
8, J Osonoa . Proprietor. Hotel -is,
• • new and furnished io modern style, has ample *mim
nindations, and in, in all respects, a First Olds/aka:el.
Co. Pa. May 21 . . " ,
•Jont: • W.F:iiii Proprietde This. house •ia riitnated. hal
vray•between 'Striethport• and• Olean. • A convenien ,
an eatinediousloue•i• attentive and obliging attend
. alibi, and•low priee's. ,
Eldred,,May 17 1860. . ' ' ' ' ' "
I . • _
• • A.'ll. HAMLIN '
, Sirveydr,.•DrafSsman. - Conveyancer, 4114. 1 11ea1. Estate
Agout. EmettipoTt, SP - Kean county, Pa.'
. • '. . • .*ILLIAX .WI,LKIN ...•
.. . 9 •
Pr&ellen.' . 3toehitnie, -Millwright,' Bridge-builder, e
. Port 'Allegheny, Mllienn county;PC. , . r • ,
• •
. . . . . - 1. L. .BROWN,-
'• • .
•. . •
. . . . .
ZA;ste.Agept; -.Office, Wifilarperill . e, ElfiEo., reou'ft
• --s-imenr.ENcEs
IV: 9; Esq:,
. . .
..'. '• '. . •.' CARVER' HOUSE,
41orix 11.116LL•Propriutor:6ornee ilf. Water and. Ilicknry
Iltreets, Warren,. Pa. General Stage Office: • .
N, Y. JAMItS M.,
MILLAR. Proprietor. The Polies House is entirely new
and.,built of brick, •arid Is .furnished in' modern styfo:
The, prOprietoi flatters himself, that • his accornmilu.
tiona arediot surpassed by. any hotel in Western New
Tork. Cari•iages you to. and • from the New York and.
dirk) Rail • •• '• ••
BYRON D. IlAbitlN.
ATTOICIfir LAwf.Snintliport., fl'--bean County. Pa.,
',Agent far' Messrs: , Kcatin; & 'Co's Lands' Attends
f.he Callectfon dt:Clainis; .Exandnation of
-Land Titlest. Pivnaant'nf Ta:(PFCrind all businesa rola
' ting to Real Estate. 'Office in , Ititmlin lflock.•
. .. ,
Sittnrney Anil Cntensellne - ot Lair, Sinetliport,lillitoon
Couuty, PO. . Business o..trumted to his .cure for t•ho
counties of Al'Kean, Potter and Elk *ill bo promptly
atiefideit to Wide in tho court ll6uso, will.
• • ' • DR. L. R.
Phyniclan and Su'rgooni Smotltport, Pais will World to
all proteosiotial callti with piomptoess : :Office in Sart
' well IlloOlc; second .
Wholesale and Natal Dealers in Staple and Fancy. Dry
Goods, Carpeting, Needy Made Clothing, and Gonoral
Furnishing Goode,Boots n d Shone ,' Wall and Window*Piper,
riper, tooking Gasses An. - At Oleah. N. Y. •
Attorney and Counsellor at TAW, SmethpOrt, M , Kein • Eo
. Pa.. Will attend to all business in his p.rofession in the
counties of IWlCean, Vetter and Elk. Office event):
• Sartwell h Brothers , Store. • ~" • .
'boner of Second nod „Liberty . strooti!, Warre,; ( lli: R
BARBOn, Proprietor. Traveler,' will find good no .
Oosnrundations andi.oasonablecharges. „ •,
R. LAR U 166, • PriprldOe,—Alloglionk Bridge; l'illtean
CoPa, Tide houoe is ' ituated about nine milea from
, S mothport on the road, to Oleariiind *ill be found a
convenieutatopping-plaee. . , •
By T. GootowlN. This house is situated about m•n mile
from Soietliport on Ike road to*Olean'. PleasurO partio .
.and o th et s can be accOintnodabiiton the shortest notice
• •• W. S. BROWNELL, •
Dealer in 'Dry Goods, Groceries, Ortickery, itardwitie
Deets, Shfies, l[ate, Cape, Glans, Nails, Oils, t., .&C
Nast side of the Public Sonars, Snethport, Pa.
shlppen, M'Kean CO.; Pd. N. L. DYKE, Proprietor
A commodious and well-furnished linage. Strangers
and liarelerewill (Ind good accommodations.. ,
.. .
Zanort Ti. "Dot.f.rtr, .Propriettir, 'nt Pori . Allegany, Me,
• Kean' County. l!a. Thle hotel laid teated'at the.june ,
Wm of the Mmetliport and Allegany Ilker toads, nine
~. aillmeafit of smutlipert. . . , ' • •. • .' .
..• ASTOR' DOUSE,:.. . 1
WIT.- HASKELL..• Prpinietor,
. Thin trou. in wolf caioulatierfor thn neennuandatiOn
;If the Travelling Public; haring recently. been repaired
nhd remodele,cl. Coed Barns and Strlbilfg. • Charges . roe
fweahle',' Stages for Olean', Shippowand Ridgway: , •
Sneethport, July 20860.. • •
• • •. • . • , • • .
To. Those .Interested .in Mining and
. ,
' • • . Mineral.Lands:' .. .. -
ii..llAlt (Wm
NES him' services; Air the examina ..
W• lion of Mineral Lamle .in .m' Kean and bilk noun..
Ilea, and trill . oive'llia opininn as to thn VALUE OF
MINESp• kn. Thoao onqaoing , 'lda • eervicea will' reoeive
all nocertary and reliable inforination. Ilebi.tence at the
.I.lnnker Hill Millen.
tittrgeant, WlCeitn On., JUno .3(1, 1659.
. .
the latip quality, at -
. . .
To thcEditor., of the N. Y. 13 : rpre..1,t;
The following Noes seenn'tcv me very applioni
ble'to'the:presnt crisis.' I "en(i theni you
for publication, if you
Linen written on.viewing.the penits.of the3locky
' • Blounttuns•
. .
• In 'the eplendor of morning."
'Neath the sim's flashing rays,
They appear like the dawning
Of bnylinod's bright days; . •
Ere humanity's basenew
Ur the-Fort cold sneers
. Ifaa'metred -the emil'e 'sunshine
Of youth» happier yearn,
• 'ltidpray,
'Warren, I.l'i
Smetlinort; l'a
Banker of ' .Antwerp—A Prea'ele
graph Story.
• In 181.1• there lived at Antwerp ; a
,banker .
who hid aTossion for speculation, hot who in
wastunsuCceiSful, This ill-luck be
cameproverbiak•his affairs fell into Confusion,
and all Antwerp loOketi..tO see him - become
bankrupt and retire flom the ..preclriet-of the.
'exChange, when, .suddenly, his fuck changed
and he'gainedin ev ery 'operation he undertook
as invariably 'as . .h had forrnerly lost. '
matter how suddenly' or how violently 'the
funds went unor'down in Perie,"London,..Vien
na Or elsewhere, the Antwerp banker . was, al
ways the • gainer by every, •rriciv,ernent of .the
money market; no matterfrOW Capricious..- . Tit
the course of . two years.he'reeliz.ed a large,ier-,
tune,..quitted'AntWerp with his wife and fami
ly, and establiihedhiniselflor the rest of 'his
life in a. charmin g i country seat, where' he'
abandoned himself ti) the delights of'rtiral exis.
tence antfeultivatiOn of (dowers; which 'latter
branch of horticulture he pursued with ar. abid
ing.enthttlsiasen worthy of a Dutchman:: °
The electric telegraph was unknown at the
period in question, and the clumsy signals by
which' ;• statesman •cOntriVed to communicate
with one; atiother' were. only, worked' • by ' the
beads .of the state, and for ..their own. behoof;
and Antivetp,puzzled its brains fof some.. time.
'in train effertsto ascertain by what myiteriouS
•art ; the 6Z-banker had n : inged ta, turn the tide
and.to win over to.hiSintetests the, favors of '
thcblind goddess who had hith erto been so de
eidedly,against him. In 'these 'speculations
upon the changed fate of the;speculator,. Ant
werksimply lostits trouble; nor was it mai
several years afterward that the seeming rriys
terY Was explained • ' '
It had been noticed in. Antwerp es a stngulai
facrthat two drivers of stage-coaches belong
ing to thaf..city lied made, during the lucky
period ofthe banker's' career,' fortunes, which
in proportion with their means, were as , con=
'siderable as that amassed by the speculator.
But no.one thought of attributing the improved .
position of the two coaclimen to the operations
of the fortunate speculator. Yet all three
owed their good luck to the same simple expe-
. .
• If any. of the towns-people had bethough.
them of watching the goinigs . of .the banker,
they:Would ;have.seen that' every' evening about
nine o'clock - ' the • latter betoOk himself to. , a
lonely cottage of his, standing in the midst of
a garden, a few - miles from the town. There,
in silence-and 'secrecy, the banker received the
visit of One-en the other of the two coachmen,
to whein,.after the exchange of a few words,
.he hanged a basket-carefully covered over with
apiece of tarpaulin, and. which was at once go-
Posited by theeoachman at the bottom of: a,
great, hamper,. of .poultry; collected, by hini at
the neighboring farms; and to be sold ' bY .hirn
i k t . the towns - through, which he d rove. h is coach.
As soon' as the coachmati had /aken his leave,
the banker locked the cottage 'iloor:':and . went
up.stairs Ma room fitted 'tip as a pigeon:house,
of whose exiatenceMo one else was. aware, in
which a number of pigeons soon began'to Make
their..aPpearanc& with :hanging WingS, impa
tient to "drop into their 'nests. . The banker
laving stroked and petted the weary birds and
gave them some corn,:gently lifted.-their wings
and detachedthelittle billet, conveyed to -him
by each undonscious•imessenger. These birds
brought to the speculatornewe Of the exchange.
on all the principal-markets of Europe.. Sent
off gaily froM.London, Paris, Vienna, grusSels,.
• ' -
- . .
True Freedoiwand Howto Gainn.
... .
• .
We went - no flag; tin Ilahotinli rag; • • :
' .•
'Nor LiberE'y to light;'. . '. •
Wti'iraut no!hlare of murderous gone,.
To etrugglefor the.right:',' ~. : , .
:. . Voropeare nod swords 'are printed w ore
• • • The - mind .riur battle-plain;' •
- - IVe!ve won such victories befoiei ' - .'' * '
. And-so ti e.shal,l agn in .
~', . • '
. .
love'm trio mplissorung of force....
They stain tier brightest cause ;
'Tis not iii.blend that Liberty , •
She wrifes:them nn.ihe people:s heart
• 'ln language eleseauil plain; •
• Trife,,thouglitihnie moved the se'orld . beforp
• And so they_snall . again .•.• • : •
. .
IWe yield to none inearneat lobo • ,
.• 01 Freedom's tense 'sublime ; , •
Ire join the cry, ,, FRATtIitNiTY !". ••
.WO keep the march of Time. • ,
'And yet we grasp nor , pike'llorppear;
Our rictoricii to obtain ; •
•We've won without their aid Lefore,•• • • '
•And so we s.hall • .
4• • •
i'Ve want np . aifl of barricade
rPo RhOw. a (roof to wring ; • .. •
We have Wclta4ol in truth, • ,
• !Aloha durable apfl 'Strong.'
great thoUghts, 'unflinching fai
•- Have never striven in vain ; ' • , •
They'e won our battles many a time,
.And sotkey shall again. •
. .
Peneo,.pitigress„knowledge, brotherhood
, ;The ignorant Way sneer. , . •• . •
,The hid.deny ; but we rely •.
To see their trimnpli'near.
No widow's'groans shall loud our pause,
• • No,blood of brethren slain; •
We'vewon'withoot,'such"aid before, •
. Awl's° ire shall '
The 'munntains: .tho•inotintains.!
They burst nn nay .sight,
Ail kiirgeous with grandeur.
And daubing itilight.•
As bright dreams of heaven • .
vAll glittering with gild , • • .
The snow enyered mountains
With joy I behold: .
. .
In the far azure. outline,.
• , Their tall peaks arise
In beauty and grandeur
To blend with the .bkies,
While the fiown of their al;adow
Far btekward is east,
As 'shada . al the storm cloud,
That o'er us has passed
. ,
Oh the mountains, the mountains,
With jay.l behold, . .
All'gergeouawith'grandenr, .
And.glitterfng like gold .
Though far in the distance.
..• •
Vet clear to the eight, „ •
I behold them with rapture . .
And.gaze with delight:
. .
s ll. l,ETivoi - ;?r i . ....m%tA.* : : couNTy,.. - 'liA:‘ I'TiI(ItPA,Yi..:FgB4UARY, A..47.:.:18:61,
. .
&e.,•abo:ut. four in-thealterneeii, the hopie-lov
ing little lqurcuriesnever.fitileil tn . reech'' their
nests about After - receiving.. the in 7
telligence,thes.sent to hitiuby..trukty' - e'orifedc
rates in 'each the banker -.locked the'
door of the cottage:and •returned' to his . . Own
dwelling ready - to'operate: the next day' o n ,the
:Antwerp Exchange with:certain - success..
-Ehe carrier-pigeon is auperceded by 'clectric
ity.; hat the 130‘;ians- ba‘ie..noi reneounced their
ord Partiality for this bird and cipigeon 7 inece-' .
still give rise among them,to'nnmerrins gath'er
ings and heavy..liets: On the occasions the
-Pigeons are carried in baskets to a certain •
tanee, and are then - wriitedfo'r by their ownera,.
the bird' which . arrives first . winning the: prize,.
.exactly as in the enQe of horse.rnees. Recelit
ty, et one of these. pigeon racea, held; at Mall
ines; a.leatheredeourses r let looseat six . ..A. M.;
at Tennerre, in thellepartrtient of the .Yotine;
France, reached Matines at - twenty-six minutes
past eleven. , .Not quite
. so.' fest ns light' Or'
.sound; but very muchquicker then
.steam could
:have inade . thejourney.:.- • .
. SUNBURY ANp ERIE RAlLnonp.7-Tlie
delphia'Nor±h ilozerfron,makes a general spm
mary pf the causes which. conduces tO.thepros
peril," of New York and arid upon
the ground contends as follows that the' Sunbu
ry and Erie Railroad.is by far the most 'impor-•
tent-one in the Commonwealth for the prOsperi
ty'Of•Phifaderiaand the State Pennsylv'd=
""unless history. failed to nisigri . the'
of the rise and progress of commercial cities,'
Philadelphia must resume her .former.pre-emi
nence after the . eomPletion of the Sunbury'and •
•Erie,'Road, which, viewed from the aboyeitand
point, is really the:most . important of Pennsyl
• vania•trunk-roads,..nnd ought tOhtuie been built
before•all others,. Of. the corstantly growing
eoromerce ear lakes, now estimated afs6oo,-
600,000, New York secured by her canals . 'and
railroads by far: the, largeSt share,. which, in
turn,, attracted to her'. port the vessels of- .for. - -
eign conntries, . in search after the produce Of
the: nortlf-west. last . year's exports. and :i n f.
ports of. New. York amounted in value to $270,-
400;009, thosesof Philadelphia. to S19.,090,000;
The' Sunbury and,',F,rie..road,• Which will bring
Philad,elphia 'nearer to Lake Erie.(the Moat
portant of the whole Chain ollakesi) than No*
York, will pour the produce of the 'north-hest
into Philadelphia et"*a. reduction' of. time 'and
cost and transportation, securiogy to 'her her.
share of the lake'antl. foreign:trade, Even in
her present' unfavorable nosit;ou, Philadelphia.
'distributes, froin .$3.0,000,000 'to 140,060.000.
worth of. foreign goods 'imported 'into New
York, which, together.Withher rapidly increas
jng.and.alreadi'extensive coast-Wise.tratle,.are
most.enrouraging evidences of 'her great cape=,
cities for direct: trade.. She. 'possesses, morge
!ler,: essential advantages' over' New 'York
. fer
the •Irike•trade.' Naw York returns nothing, Of
her.,awn.: preduction.la the • narth-West, , while.
the. elaal„ . ..ircin,. timbel., and manufaatures or
Petln°Ylvania; will forma large proportion of
our , cargopc. The.
,Stinhury and Erie roriffiti'.
.beyOnd ell. doubt destined .to do for pennaylva
nia and PhilidelPhia what . the•Erio Canal and
her lake 'reilinads . have :done.for the Slate of
NeW York and her metropolis. • It Will develop
the capacity' of - „Philadelphia .for: ilirect trade,
will give . a mighty•impulse.to our.rnining, iron,
and manufacturing industi y,. and mere than all
this Will subject te.the plow a vastarea of land .
capable.of a high eultiyation and;of.re.eeiving
population of several millions, Which flea Vra:.te'
:s.'etin the berth -western- portion- of our State.
This'importrint. road - is now far advanced to
wards completion,. over one-bay of its lengt
being, in suceesSful Operation,' and 'som e • 2 . ,
mile.S . .bnly , remaining; ungraded.. Millions o
dollars have beep . invested in it, and but a small
sum, compaiatively, is.rephired to finish •it."--
Under these circumstances ; every day!s - enne
cessafy delay is an..immense and 'irretrievabte
whith.ought not,to be 'incurred by the
.atid: the: btsineg.. community. \'e
sincerely wish .that the Auestiort pending
before the State Legislattire.shall be 'piefriPT),Y
solved, so , as. io . rente . v . e .what. ebsta cies t kern:
stillexisT in. the ay of a:speetly consumninticm
or.this great enterprise; Which involves scimariy
vital' interests. of this. commonwealth. "
A SCRAP OF Ersionir.—There have been eight
specific attempts to 'defy the authorities of the
yCderai Governmeht since its formation...
-.1 - The first was in 13.92, and waFe'a •consniraey
of.Some.of the officers of thO 'Federul weroi to
cOrisolidate the 'thirteen.States into one,
confer the.snpreme . 'pOwer on" Washington.
• • The ifeconirwas in.llB6,•called .“Shay's•.lO
surraction;",in Massachusetts.' . • . •
The third was iu 1804, pOpularly called !(the
.IhsurrectiOn.of Pennsylvania:"--
The four t h Instance was in,1799.; by the op.'
ponehts of the Sedition laws, known in Berks
county as-the 4 cSehreckenzeiten," or Reign *of
Terror." The federal troops.took'one of -the
editors of the Adler, Judge Snyder, to'the roar . -
ketplade and horge-whipped-him, which ended
the insurrection. . . •
The fifth instance was in 151.1; hy*.the Hart
ord COnvention of the Federalists.
The sixth - , on which . occasion the: differeo
of the. Union came into collisio . n;Was in 1850
. .
under the administration of President' Monroe,
and occurred on the question of the admission
'of MiesOnii into .. the. Union. . • .• •
The seventh was collision betvieen . . the
Legislature of Qeorgia and the Federal .Govern
meat,"in regard to certain lands, given' by the
latter to the Creek Indians: ' •
.'The nigth was in 1620, with. the Cherokees
n Georgia. • , - •
A GRA'rsiztm QUESN.-it is said of the late
American • Miniiter: to. Her Majesty; the"
Ineen,•at Windsor, that he was ''received 'most
graciously; and
conversation Q u e en
n constantly dis
played; in her ' onversation with him, the high;
'est.appreciation 'of. the • manner . in which 'the
Prince of Whles hid been re . ceived.in . 'the:Uni
ted. States: She ;Was - ..expeedingly . corteous,
and devoted bersellyvith.zeal to the. entertain-.
meet of her :guests, walking with . Mrs. Dallas .
in' the Castle grounds, and'driving them'about
the parle... She has received great pleasure
from the kindly feelingS 'displayed toward the.
Princein Americas .. and she testiliesitby .thfs'
act of friendly politeness; for: it is'pat 'custom::
ary for any. who : are not, personally intimate
with some member of the • royal :family to :be
. to Windsor . ; and 'since' Mr.. Stevenson
was there, twenty years ago,
has . never been extended to, - American'
" • "
•.• . • ,
Mr: Douglad ,
SecesSion, anti the
•• • En
forcement of the. Laws.
. .
The ,follavving. extract from a' late *speech:of
41r. - Llougles in the Senate of 'the'United Slates
tirese . nta some.of the questions nt issue between
thir Nortliant:Senth ir.. a prectical fol.m s , • We.
cOmmend•this extractite: the' : eonsicleration of
: 13ut we are told•t hat the ;Union . must
served and the law. must be enforced r agree
to that.', am in favor of. doing all these.hings,,
according to the_COnstitiition and the la
No man Will go . fnrther. tharil to maintain: the
Union end enforce the !awe, to put down rebel
lion and insurreilion„and to 'lise all the:'power
'erinferred by" the Constitutionfer that : purpose.
But we must,look the facts in the lam -We,
Must take notice of those things whose exist
ence. cannot. be denied, Iliatory teaches itss
that tebeflicin often becomei 'suceessful- revolt!.
tion., 'And :the. 'greatest Republics, and the
proudest menerchies . hevefound' it .neeessatyto
recm,thise the. existence of a government.dp
in the rebellion of States and provinces.
. war . ; the . eendition of the American'
onles forseven years after the Declaration ..,r
Independence: At first" it' was rebellion, and
, rebellien Was treason'. •'A.' feiv - montbs after
ward; revolutfon.a \ government dts facto
at President; and
Washington commander of the. arrities.-
lion hed.ceesed. 'and revOlUtion taken .its
The American Colcintes were in , revolt, -hail a
go.verninent de Ado, and Great , Britain 'proud
as she. was, Wis•eonmelled to reeogniie theies
,isting.state of facts.. The laws Of, nations and
ail the laws'of demanded . that •the'
government dolucto. be acknowledged..•
~: But the laws- miistbe enforced. In our sySI.
, tem of government 'the la tvi ate . to be enforced
by' eivil:euthority. assisted bi the Militia „end .
p 05.50 cornitatni,.When when : !netball ie'resisted.--:-
If thp colonies or a State revolt, the revolution
is complete. • Wheo the Federal anthoritiii are'
'expelled - , and no'one ' left' to a cknoiviedge al
legiance- to the United States, how ate-'you
going to enforcetheleivathen?, How are pill
going to do, itin South CarolinaVShe has pass''
ed rip ordinance of secession. I deny her, right'
. seccdC, but she has done' it. ''The roVelutioe.
is complete. She. has. rig htiman • being on -her
:herders to ric . knoWledgef her autherity.. This is
all Wrens., but how are you 'going. to help it,
riT.toir,us we pthat : enforcethelaws.. I sin
ih 'favor . Of tliae.• Laws most' be enforced ec ,
cording to the Con'st'itution and laws:. Under
'our Coostitution the laws can only be enforced
'against criminals, and thase.of us Who are in
.favor olthe:Censtitutionand thellnion musebe
'careful that .We do.. not ..perpetrate the, very
'things which we denonee.aa criminal in..these
seceding States. ",And Sonth;Carolina, does not'
stand alone. We.' ere told .that seven , other
States will follow her, and'e have reason to
'apprehend .that seven
will • folloW
them. -The answer is, -we must enforce, the
laws.. My reply is,.you cannot enforce. thelewri
in 'countries 'not .in yourcpbssession.; I deny
that we have, the right to make Werin,prder, to
regain possession; in'Order to. en force thelews.7
Are we prepared for. war 7. do not' mean
prepared in the sense of having - soldiers, arms
,munitionar: but are - yre Prepared, in our
hearts for war . With our;, brethren?. While I af
firm 'that'. the, Constitution was Intended to
forme perpernalUnion.,-whi3e I efilim. the
right to OSe*.all lawful %means:jct.' enforce..the
Paws—yet rwili net , meditate war, nor tole--
rate the idea, until after'. every effort at 'ad-.
justrifent fink bee! tried and (ailed, and all hope
: of the. Union is going.' Then, and nortill then
I deliber:ate anddeterininewhat.courie, my.
.duty'.. will require 'of me. lam for l peace to
save the 'Union, :War.T's disunion; 'certain, itt. ,
evitahle.; final. and irrepressible.': 'Our own
'very existence.:forbida War.'
. . .
.: to the Sri*, •or the Timor
hus describes a scene au the Anthony .1 - 00 e,
n Little,Rock s ; Arkansas: •
• Late onehitter cold night ir. December, some
eight or, nine years tame into the
bar.rooin as, usual; to • take his part in What
dver was .going . For sonic reason the.
crowd had dispersed' sooner than.wris custorn
nry, rind .but .two or three 'of the' townsfolk
were there,-' togetherwith'a strap' or, who had
arrived' a hall hour,..Or longer, - before, and who
tired,.wet' and 'muddy from a- long Arkansas
stage-ride, his legs extended and 'shoes .off,' was
consoling hiinself- with two Chairs and a-nap,
opposite the centre of the blazing, log fire.—
Any one who-has travelled until ten o'clock, in
a rough winter night, 'over :an.Arkansas .road,
ran appreciate, the.: comfort : of .the fruition.
before that fireplace... " ' ; •
The drowsy example of the. - Strans , ,Cr . had its:
effect on othe'ri,' , and'L—,:—, wholook a Seat'in
e corner for a Inclr.of conversation ivas re
(Need to. poker for amusement, • He poked the
fire vigorously for awhile. until it got red-hot.
and becoming disgusted' was about to drop' it
and retire,..ivhen he discovered the great toe'
of thestranger!s footyrot i tudingthrough'ahole
. •
in one a his•socks; •
. .
• liere •was relief to t. lie placed the
poker within a , foot of. the.melantholly steep
'er'S toe, and began slowly to lessen the distance
between thene; nne'hy one the. others,' as
they caught the joke began to'opee their eyes;
and being awakened, mouths expanded , . into
grins, and grins. into suppressed giggles—and
one incontinent felloW into a bread laugh.:=
Cloierand closer the red-hot ',poker neared to
ward'the unfortunate toe. 'The heat- caused.
the sleeper , restlessly, to move his hands.—
Wes just about to applrthe Poker, when .
a sound of click! click arrested . hisAntention.
The latter with one eye'open, Mid .been
ing his proceedings, and ,silently..brought a pis. ,
tol to' kir In-a voice justaudible,
he muttered id atone Of preittdetermincitioni,,
'"Jest burn it! Geßli. • Je'st•biiin it! and
bed=d if I don't stir you up : with a thou-.
send'hot pokers'in two'seeends!".
L'— land down the poker, iostenter;.and
remarked— •
'f 4 Stranzet,lct's take.d drink, In fact, gen
omen, all of you." • ,
. .
they 'were the -cheap.
es[ drinks he ever bought.'
. .
WomAicwas Made . for a ,mother,
sequonly baliies are jp4 as necessary to their
"pence of mind"' as healih. It you 'wish to
.look at melaMiholly and indigestion; Iciek . at an.
old maid. If, you' would take a 'peep
shine, look in the lace of 'a. young mother.,
. .
. .
-. • .
. „
. .
Sunbury and . Erie Riiilroad..
Last week Mr. •13n11 rend supple.
teent to the act'•inerirporating . the.Stinikuryind
Erie: Railrerid..,.lt ,enacts
_that' the . corporafe
name of.'theSnribiiry and Erie:..Railread
pany'be 'end the Seine is lie'reby . .chairried to the
Philadelphia. and Erie :Railroad .Company,hy,
Which name:and-title the' insiness ef . the:said
company shall hereafter be iiiiinaged.luid eon-,
Ancted, with the name' effect a s'it: he 'name
therenf had not been - clinneed: • '•
'the .Snid Philadelphia and tide Railroad ,
Company be n t he' same* Is - hereby
authorized to'executer and iiatre . tinder its ern.;
norate seal 5000 bonds, not exeeedlng in amount
the:aggregate sum or min rnillknn of pounds ster".;.
ling, • inoney 'of • •c; relit' Britain , or five million
dollars Of. laWftil.".meney of: t he ITnited• States ;
any numb,er. of Which, may be: issued for two
hundred pounds each, sterling money afareeSidy
and any numher or all•of one thous
and dollars each; payable iii•tWenty years froth
the'Ante hereof... The' said bonds ehahl hear in
terest nt the mite of sixper'ecnt. per niminn s
,payable semi-annually, and Shall not he sritiject
to.taxation ; and as security for' the payment
of.thprincipril and' interest' of the raid bends;
the . said "company is libieby - anthoriZed to - ere ,
infer, intrust; 'Under its' corporate seal,.st . niort
gagc of the whole.line of its railroad, 'finished,
unfinished and to be.finlshed .from Sunbury to
to.the harbor of .trie . , nail its apPOrtenances; in
locomotivesnuil:.cars which may at
any tirne'p . placed thereon, together 'with its
privileges amt.franchises, , whick said rnortga
gesslall be delivered tci,the'trustee or trustees ,
thereiri , ramed, 'and. recorded, in • the..Severnl
counties. in 'which the 'psoperty therein deseri
bed,:or any, part thereof, maybe . sitnntert, and.
therefrOrn be rind remains the first mort
gage ort al I the
,property herein described until
fully satisfied ; etcent • as - in that„ part Of. the
road.of :the said company which extends from
5119b . t1 ry msport; on which.ft mortgnge
of one' million of dolln te..now.cxists
. ,
. . .
S . E.V. q.,-The.said Railroad Company be,ant,
,Is hereby • ant horized to 'e:ceente . under" its . cm - -
notate seal; forty bonds for .10.0,090 . each,:pay
attic in forty - Years from the darierliereofi. hoar
-interest ar the rate of sit per cent. per , annum;
from andtitter the first day of 'January, 1872,
and secure the. Payment. thereof by a meirtgage
to be executed to the . Commonwealth, of .the
whole Hoe of miltbad finished or to'he finished
from Witliarnspert to the. berber of Erie,,: - and
all 'the real estate,,' rights privileges, and frah,
•ebises of tbe•said ten Many,. which said mort,gas ,,
ges'shall'he deposited in the,cdfiee:of the'State
:Treasurer and shall thereupon he and 'remain
the-sheond mortgage bonds en pll 'the property
therein described, uniil ..fully• satisfied. • And
the said' company May (I.eliVet.tke said .bcinds
to the:,comfnissioners . of. the •Sinkind fund, in
noYment of all rile 0 per tent.: bonds of the Sun
bury and Erie Itailroad Company
,now 'owned
by :the State, .antl'itpon •such Payment being
mttile"it , eitall be'the.d'uty Of • the said commis
,sinners to.caneel - and sorrender the !aid .0 per
cent thotuls. now owned by . ttit*' said company,
and .deppsiteil in the•Treastirer's . office, under;
. . .
the. prOviaions of rhe act for the sale of the State
Canals; approved April 21st, .1855...
That upon presentation to the trustees Of the
rnorte;atte forseven millions of dollars, executed
under the *visions of the. second act 'for the
sale of the Stale' canals, .of 'all Ole . 5 per cent.'
bonds enarelleil'or paid; tlfe ppyreeet . whereof .
was intended to.besertircd by the . secomi'mort=
gage, it shall he the duty orthe trustees tb en
tor siatistitetio'n on the recfird :thereof, and can
cel and• Surrender the same to the •Philadelphin
and Eric Railroad..:
Who ii.devOid . has: very:" little,
pleasure in'this world.. The mad who doe Snot
make an effort • tO'.adorn his .horyte, and thus,
,in making the whold city.. attractive, 'is
not a gond cititen. .The.providing'of the: . cbm.
,mon-necessaties . Of r life does not' . clirripose.• the
'cares of a family. l . Food and yaiinent,.• aye .'not
really' the essentials ;of happiness. All these
it is the doty.Of every man to provide.:. When
he failsto do sd, there is a law to cymipel.him'
;--and when he is not nblefii gather these 'corm...
forts'for' his 'family; there
,is a . charity made
'sacred and incumbent.by . nature nal well as rie;
:cessity,-that . . it' is Always "proMpt:td , bestow
these on the 'needy. But it is the: beautifyir
that - MakeS-home really happy.. The littlenets
to plcaSe.the eye. :A' twig. Fultivated .to.q.ter
a single bud, nftendeliglits-.the-eye and. otAer.
flows the soul with morepleasure than a. glut
ton's tlish.or a vain fool's attire. It : is..the
beautiful 7.. There would'. be , no',.love then, .to
cheer and
.chisten, .no devotion to inspire • eon
fidence;tin hope to.establish faitlt 'in one' en-.
other. Without. the beautifid, the world would
be, it not'a Wild chaos, a r'etility too stern for
man to endure.. It is, the beautiful that -, dish
. • .. •
Pates this sternness. ••A home made .beautiful .
by:contentment; is • of itself adorned and Made
more attractive than those whose' liVerred hands
raised the Welt, and condtict .you through halls
of gilded brightneis to chambers of .satin' and
damask:• Those.are not be'nutittd,•nnless love
lights the flame on its altar, and peaceimparti,
its incense to all. its shrines. • Added to these,
the hands must contribute their share towards
'er . .enting and multiplking, the beautiful. in fhi
world, and this easily .Lceomplished. It-Costs
nothing but time, involves only a little patience,
and the beautiful, springs . tiratind is like the
magic.creationS . .of a fairy dream.. -;
EliAi, ESTATE AT r/Oliti
, ,
callrciablea Of thelimes, and the danger that
imme,tuture.'time, if
.not now ,, the' Union
tray be 'divided and ,Washington cease .to'be
the capital; han . greatly depressed tliitaine o f
real estate in that:city.. One of Jlie . larkest .
'real- estate_ holderii hns, gone insane over' Jhe
troubles; and hai been earried..to•,the,,lnsatie
. ..
. .
Asylum.' :Ile was formerly, a -realdent.of.New
-I?liryport, but removed
,to :Wasliintr4Q ll Yany
years. ago, yliere he had amassed a • large. ter-
'nun by speculajkon in renl tistatp...atnl
pending crisis blyi caused his. hilt':
• Ep I! CA TION NS Y INA N I —7/ JI 1111 U al
Report of the 'Superintendent of common
Schools in for :the yetti 'epdhig
JuneAtli,. 150 . 0, - shows . .that there WitS ..thenAn:
. ,
the Stew, )1,577 ' schools , contatntng
male and .1,832 impale teaehere h 314',677 . lON
and ?Gt~2d9 femrqo acliolars, fhe atverage.at
te.ndance &clog 36q,96.1, ..ThC4inherotsdlin9ls
repiired.js of.'etiolars
earning 'MCI'III3II is 6,753
: „With hini:there. Woe n ev erlelatiffirritill ev
qty dati was diAcharged. ..'it,''cuiioitit',llltisfra
tio„,up hig:he hit • Wee : •toltreabr e'n hTn liFh •
,the night' previoris to one of the 'Thrkil!SPeni n .
tutor victories, anOth • er officerr.eame
come of na ? . shrill bare a grfint:Vialle,tq•
moriow,•and; Lord- li r ellingtOn is iloirigrnifthirig,
- but 11frtiny with aiithiine d63QuiryttoklP'l
- 'a‘Lam.'very glad Oihetir
.we ore to'he ye a great' battle ..to;itrorrdW,'
for'. it. is.eruite certoin that all'his.artatigelireitts
ate made If be is kiviing with *edema de ,
. His' cootness'in franker, and' his -Ogreortal4e
rapes; were ea'striking attributes-of indi
vidual Mart as'bis wiles were attribtleeir Of the
general: - Haring the battle of Taltivera;Abu
nverque sent'hitn hy staff,ofncer a rettertin
forming'him that Ceena, the coinmattirerort4,* •
Spanish army in the . act ion,' was a'tralien'artd
y 1 ,013 actually . playinginto the'liands rif the , elle
.m y. He*was intently .watching'.the• progress
of the action os the 'despatch - reached him
. it, rend it, end turning to his aide.de-cistuo.
coollY:said,i n 4fory; well ; Calorie); lycid . marg , o •
back..to'.yotri.brigatle.'k anotberioceasian, •
just before /he siege of Codrigo, whop the prez-'
hinny Of the allies to Itlartnontiti army
him in con ' sideruble :danger . by rotten-of:46e
tion,arrival'or their flank'
general . wee astonished 111%0(11hr:till/eh Atm- •
mender,: lying • on. the greUnd; in front , of 'hie
troops, serenely and impertuhably airliting'flie • ,
issue of. t he , peril.....”Welf,'.Goineratil!filid the
Spaniard,'yoti ar•e here with twn'Weak'6divis-• •
ind•yeti seem to be:ripito 61 year easel' , it
is enough to:put one. in a fever:L! ' 1 ••• •
ecl have itioe 114 best,?'i the Duke ;relined, •
.r9hat could be;donecaeording to rupown Indg
ment, and hence it its I' don't tlisfarb - myself
either about the enemy in. rnY'fronnor-• about
what they.mny say in 'Enable . ..OH:.
• In:several instances he 'very..'narrowly'esca
ped being taken priinrien Oneelf Talaveva,
in the midst of the actiOnyonteittst befOre'the
.battle . 111tlia, being surprised by it, pirtt . of
French while looking atkis:Jnaps; 'oneo.
,Quaitiebras; again during the battle. '
lastaction• he was earried•away on the tide 'of
a:retreating body. of. young' troops, the Feetieb •
Inncers suddenly charged on , its'fiank,iini) his • .
only chance was in his horse's speed.
rived." Mr. Clog 'writes; dshotly putiock
the edge of 'a ditch,. 'within' which, the' , 92d. , .
Highlanders' were lying,.and the tointior 'their •
hgyonets,bristled•over the edge.. He called
to then] Us he approached; idlne down; tnent"
and the order'wai obeyed, :whereupon he .
ed hieberse across the.. ditehyand,immedlatery
Oiled up with .a smile 8o his countenanes;rt— •
Edinburg iinviatto. . • `: •
St.i.:seirio.l.l.NnEn-xins CLorrts.. - -.There hil'ies . l
son to belleve . .that nat , a feW'nf the apparently
nneccountable cases ofiscrofula .pinong 'chit-
dren,'proceed from the habit , of :sleeping rixrith
the hPad under the'bed-clothes;and'Ao inhaling
.airalraatly breathed, which is furthereontartil-•
'noted by exhalations from the .Skini , .. .
Parents are sometimes given. -to a, ilmilar
habit; and it often haPpens.that the bed:clothes'
•arpso disposed that the patient must - mecesirt-'•
rilY breathe oil' more or hien • Contaminated .by
exhalations from . the skin:' . kgood nurse will''
.be:rareful to attend to this. It -is. 'air. inipor
tent. part so to speak, of mentilatinii. • .-...,
It may.rbe worth while to reinarki.that,when .
there i'iany danger of 'bed-sores, a :blanket •
should'never. be . ,pleceil Under - the' .patilent,;•••-•
Never 'use anything, but light Whitnerhlankets..'
as covering' for the siek.. •. . 7 • 1,..1t1 , ., 1 ,
The heavy cotton imPervions counterparrels ',
bad; for. the very reason that it: keeps' hi 'the •
emanations tretn the 'sick person, while:Op.,
blanket allows:them to peas - through.: ,i'Veuk .
pereone.ar.lnvariably d4treesed by. thi- great
weight-of bed-clothes, Which often prverith
their. getting 'itity Found eleep"wbatever.--Her. .:
INFOnkivtrok Fara.ows.--,There is
a tradition that brandy was nt one time .mano,
.factored from the vine, but the grapes a Francehnving of late year's' fol . lowed the •
Jh.e.potatoe; . an4 taken to metalling and rotting',
, many
.. of the . French • Brandy-makete here
adopted hitnininons oda! 'as a substitute.. They
distil .t potent spirit from this lit!bti ranee, iShich'
is thati'matle available for the productioni•sif
two kinds of fire- 7 —one for:thecomfort
and the othdr for the destruationt3f hie: health' •
and comfort, his Senses and his Large
quantities of alcohol distilled from .coal,-ank
ei doptcired". , withrcertaiitchernicali ta -it.
the, , tcogna e flavor," tire..'not,v.•exported,:fiatk.
France to England, and. we doubt not.pretitykar
it is sold in our eities'to•ilaY: •:. Coal tar , hiss:
lon,i.been 'used Ibr the 'flavoring or, whiskeyv
but a liquor.with a coal basis.ia a Specimen
chemistry .Which might well make' the tipplers;
Loanr: LnntSiATtor.—At the, last session of
the Legislature of Pentisylyanin.' the ,folloWing.,
act was passed,,whieh . the public
,should take
notice of ;..—gt That'from and after the , pass*
of this act, it shall . be requi'red that everY...at),
plieition Jo : the Legislature for any net
corporation, shall be 'preceded by 'a puhlii,tio 7l '
tics or adiertistnent.of the same in, two'news
papere in. 'the city: or comity': for, which,;the
legislation is demanded,,if two newspapers are •
published in said city . or Connty . ,:andi(there.he*
not two newspapers published: therein,,then,irkt r
one newspaper, if one': is pubfisheili therein;,;
which said pablie'imtiCe oradyertisment•
set forth the names the:. commjs.korteo',.
inedrpOrators of thebill'for propnie'd.lettiOstintaw
and its . title; si! ths.ame 8401.11)4), pliblistmit
er,adrertised in said pipers before',Jhe,-.bill,,nr,
proposed • law shall . Presented ~to sit or
branch orthe LegislitUre.",
THE Bret synitcln of love in, tho , wileOf -of . 1
the ,world's.philosophers:. Werei,:certainly
tt,f,,enning,", says' Sooratos, 4ttly
,shattble,r, to 4 ' .
her shoulfier, and , - tny head to Item -815
.were reading; together, in kbaolti I felt, it ja
sudden state in , tny shoulder, Ailto.-,•tke'it::r .
biting'of apes, Which
.etilr< .
days' after, and a continual, •jtehing
5 1 4 11 ders'4 1 8,Ing fcom.berrutrfol „
spiders crawling - from the blushing
rose. • • • • ".
NO. 34
Anecdotes:of Wellington 't