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PUBLISHED EVERY. TITURSDAY BIORNIEQ,
SMETHPORT, 'IWKEAN ' COUNTY, PA
OF,FICE;. S E. COIINiat CiiPIIIILIC'§QUARy
TED.MS: - -. $1 60 in Advance
Ratei of Advertising
, li:lblumn one
- 1 << Six months
Ono square'of 12 ifnesUr less, 3 insertions;
tydness Card's, with
Utile or fliure werk'will - be double the Above .rates.
Twelve Deem BreVier type, - or eight: lines upepareil, le
Tlione Tornio wip bo strictly ndbbreil to;
-Da. M. Sieuntirri would respectfully announce to the
citizens' of Stnethport and.vi*lty; Thalia has fitted
Up an office, is prepared , attend to all 'business
- in his profession. - Artificial eh . Inserted upon, pci
entllle.prindiples, and so as to preserve the natural en
pi-oAm' of the Nee' All operatiOus in Dental Surgery
done in a skillful mintier; " • •
A. EL -T_E,.;
woufd'reapectfully inDWm the inliabitanti
-45 of Olean and surrounding country that 'he has lo
cated himself permanently, in Olean,, for the proetico of
bie'professiOni . where'll° will be prepared to wait on all
Who choose to give him a call. Dtilc° over 0 . Things
Dry thaode Store. : ' , • • ;
• Oleap i May 12,1800. • '
.1 • " •• - ••• . 3-4
A. F. Min:, Proprietor; Olean, Y.,. Omnibus runs
to and from the. Now York and Brio Iteil Ituad.,''Stages
for Suietliport aud . Veres. . ' '
• ;* HYDE HOUSE,. • '-
J 08G0( . 10 Proprietor.. Ridgway, Pa. • Tills' hotel is
now.and furnished in. modern style; hail ample:lloam
, iodations, and is, in all respects, a Pirst Class Rotel.
Ridgway, E l k Co: Pa. May 24, 4.860 .• • *-: .
• • • •-• ELDRED HOTEL,.' • •
Joal Ware, Proprietor Thie house Ia situated hat
Way between Emethport And • Olean... A conveuien
as cbminodiows-hdus attentive and obliging attend
ants; and low prices. . • '. '
Eldred; May 17, 180. ' .
A. D, HAMLIN, - . • '
Su rieyar, ' Draftsman Conveyance r . ,. and 'Rear Estate
, Apmt. Smethport, til , Koan county, Pa.
A. N. TAY'LQR,
Dealer In'Dry Goods, Grocoiles, Pork, Flour,
• Bondy-Made (Nothing, Boots•ani Shoes. Stiietl.qir
, Pa. .
Practical 'Afechanic, fridge-builder, &C.
. Port Allegheny; I.l'Keaticounty, Pa. . ' •
,DRAFTSNAN, CONVEYANCER and Real
:Estate Agent; Qilice, Williamsville, Elk C 0.,,
• • . —ROFELLENCR-
Chripin EF.1 7 0.,
Hon. Thonias Struthers,
W. S.: Molinell,.
Hon.,. A . .. 1. Wilcox,
. . .
".... .. -
. , . • •- .CARVER '.HOUSE,.- - • . • .
,llut.t. Proprlptor, corner of Water anil hickory
.litrouts, Warren, Pa. General stage Wade:
." . • .
. .. . .
' • • - .• '• FOBES 'IIOIJSE,. ' •-..• ' .'
Vrouting• the Eublie Square, 'Olean, N: Y. Jiltss'llli
. , Mibt.hu. Pr6prietor, The Robes Muse is entirely nen ,
~ .and built Of brick, and is furnished in modern style.'
.. The proprietor 'flatters binned. that'. his aecommoda-•
Lions ore not surpassed by any hotel in Western New
York. Carriages. run to and lroin the New York 'had
Erie Rail Road.' , . . . . :.' ' '. ' • 3,34 E,,
BYBON D. HAMLIN,
,Arrortuar AT LAW; ' Smetliport, , M'Kean. Couqty: Pa.,
. Agent' for - Messrs. Keating' & Ca's Lands • :Attends
, capeciallytu'the Collection of - Claim's; Examination of
'Land Titian; Papneut,of Taxmi, and ail basilicas rela.
' ting . to'lleal Estate. Oflice iti'llamlinlilOck.'", . .
. . •
Proprietnr 7 —at-, Minya. Warren county
Pa. His Table will be supplied. with •the . best the
• - country affords, and bison) no painstu aeetituodatisg
Attorney and, Counsellor at Law,. Smethpoit, lip.geau.
`County, • Pa. • Business entiusted to his care for the
'atlantic.; of 111'Kean, Potter and Elk 4111 be promptly
attended to - 'Office in the °curt:House, ascend, floor.
DR. -L. R. WISNER,
nn.lSUrgeon, Srriothport, attend to
, all professional calls with , promptness. Office in Sart
well sioolc, second lloor. • • • .
THING & MILLER,
Wholesale and Retal Dealirs' in Staple and Fancy 'Dry
Mods Alarpriting, Roady,Made Olothine., and General
I , llmi:bang Goods, Boots andlShoes, Wall and Window
raper, Looking ILI lasses At Olean*, N. Y. - ." •
inet.bport,M'Kenn Co:, Pa. 1/..R..llln:mirr; Pronrie
•'tor—opposite .the, Court'llonse.. A new, lurgei coin
• modlona and ' - • -•
JOHN C. HACIiIIS,
.Attorney and CouusoKarat Law, SmethPort, DPlCean Cn
; Wlll•attendlo all busluesa In hie profession in the
. counties of 151 , Kettn, Potter end Klk. •Qlllceaver U. - K.
Seawall & Brothers , Store. . ' • .• ; • •
Coiner or Spcond and Liberty streetk, Warien,• Pa: R
A....l3Artuea, Proprietor: Travelers will find good ae
'eoanodatidns and reasonable charges.
Dealer In Stoves, Tin Ware, :fawned Ware,. weal
Bide of the Public . Bquoro, Sngliport, Pa, Olsten,
work dune to order on the•shortent .notice,.and in. the
~ . .. Wk . B. BliOWNtria, ' .•' . • ' .. "
dealer to'Dry Hoods, Groaerie7s, Crockery, Hardware,
Hoots, Shoes, Hats, Caps, Glass, Nana, Oils, lk v., *.e,
heat side of the Pablo Square, Smethifore, Pa..'
II: linkuce, Proprieter,—Alloghony',Tiri4e, M.'Keon
,Pa. This houee is situated about:nine ndien from
Southport on the road •to . .olean, undiiill be found a
convenient atopplopplace • " . ."
St)lppon, "M'Kean Co., Pa, L: DYKE, Propciolor
•' A commodious and well-furnilMod lionso. Strange rc
and Lnivolors will find good accommodations.
F=ISERS' VALLEY HOTEL;
By T, thioniili: • This house is situated abort fivo . liiilo
• from Smothpoit nit th wilia4 to Olean: Plowmen parties
and otlio:soan b9.aocoantnittlatott on thn'shitrttttnotiety.
. . . •
'-PORT. ALLE6ANY 'IIOI7BE, . . . .
• . . ..
iNnen B:Tintair, Propidetor, at Porl , Allegany, Me-
Kean County, Pa. This Hotel iselituated at the June.
tion of the Smetliport nod Allegany River' tootle, Woo
miles east of„Stnetliport.
, • • , •
WM. HAM:CELL : : Proprietor.
itousel4 troll calCuliitutl for the accominoiletleir
or the Travelling Public; haring recently boon 'repaired
nrid'rolnodeled, 'Good Baruiland Stahlie, ChargeF, rea
ritagec for Oloan; Shirr en end Ithivoy.•
It would bediffictilt to find in the whole .range
orfictimi a more affecting: incident than 'in Ha;
following extraetlrtfin a letter .written . VY'a
British' searrian to Itwas his • fitst
service,aa a 'soldier, when ,he Was'sent onshore
with a boat's crew of marines to,silepee - afoit
andtake some guns :. . • . •::
,•! ‘ , l , Ve.disPetsed a few hiutdred . .:yards
tanco TroM;r i thebench.to keep • the coaSt. cleat'
while the boat's 'cfew made Priiesof the guns:.
The enemy had advantage
.of :the. Wood, and
also knowing the 'country well,S. and a troop Of
them showed in advance.: 'We 'ti , ere.ordereil . td
'fire. took steady aim and fi red ttt•my 'man:
He fell like a stone. .••• • '
thasame time a bioadside Iforri 'the
went in among the trees;. and.. the,
• enemy °disappeared, we -cotild scareely tell ho,W.
I felt as though I inest - go',up• to him and •see
whether° he•was. dead or' alive: He 'lay quite.
andl-was mare.atraid'of him than when
he stood facing me alewtriinutes before. 'lt is
a.strange feelingtO come•over you all at once
that you have killed, arnan...)le had unbuttoped
his jacket, and. was-prassing hiS'band•Over :the
'front of his• Chest; where the wound' waS,.:lle,
breathed hard. and thelflood poured from the,
.wound,- - and also from his ineuth.•every breath
he took.° , llfa.face was as white' as death; and
his'eies . looked solfright as he 'turned them
and stared. 'at me; I shall never forget it.
~ c 'He. was : a fi ne ,young fellow, not mote than
'fiveand twenty. I' Went down on my:knee's
beside him, and my' breaSt felt ea though my'
oivn. heart would burst. areal English
face,•• and. did,not•look like an etterity. What.'
felt I never. can tell; bulif my life conld, have.
saved his,believed. should have given it. l laid
his head on mY'ktiee;and, he grasped. bold of my
.hand 'and tried to.ipeuk; but his Voice was•gone.
could not tell,.a word; he Said; and every tithe
he went idslieak- blood poured out, se I' knew
ti•would soonall be .over:
.1 am not ashamed to
say that I was worse than he, rot.la never shed
a tear; andl couldn't :help •it. His eyes were
Oloseti, whena gun was tired from the . ship to
come •aboar4.and that 'aroused him,, he-pointed
to the beach, where the boat was just' pushing ,
off with the guns !I,!lticit:had been taken, where
our.marinbs mere Waiting' to' man the second
boat; and then he pointed to the wood where
thaenetny•was Concealed. • .
“Pabi.fellow! he little thought .hoW.'I shift
.wondetin4 how I' could
leave - him and Ito one near hith,when . he
-.had semeth . itifflikea
,convulsion for 'a' moment,
arid then rolled oyer on his face, and Witbout• a
sigh he was•gone, 1 trust the 'Almighty has .
received Ma - stoat. 'I laid his he'adgently dowi
on the, grass and left,hint. ° . •
• "It seemed se.steartge when I.looked at.. tin
for the last•fime. I somehow thought orevery
'thing I had heard about the, Turks and Russians
and the,restalert), f'at'al) that seemed - so fai
off andthe dead s dnan sdnear .
-- , .. 00
. ... 2000
...; .... Ridgway, ra
HoW MR. WEESTER SETTLED TiIEN:
•DARY';(4LISTIO::7•We haVe never heard e more
beautiful incident in the lileof Mr. .Webiter,
than that which he' related tO 'friend of ours.
It was in, effect this: "When Lord- Ashburton
and Myself,"'said that great mari,', ,, sat; down,
opposite sides of, the table, entirely almte, as
.both bad desired; to consider the •Northeaste.rif
boandary ; :lifficnlty, I said to. his Lorilship at
"My outset, My Lord, I wish to propoSe to you
at the commencement - of this .discussion; this
simple resolution, fo'be'atlopted before,.wCgo
further,• namely, that the queslioU at issue' be
hoionf. your *counrili awl mine Vial! be pettlfd ant,
sicably;:and that the enemies of the instifetions.
and -religion or both shall not be allowed the
delight of seeing both deing'their utmost to eie
&troy eac h other." .With.:the deOest emot ion,
Lord Ashburton retitled: 'heartily accept
the .resolution,'.' and at the 'same. time grasried.
Mr. NVebster's hand , acrnii the
TUE ARTESIAN WEK . L . AT READING,
'Read/4w (Pa.) Geizette'ys La tier's A rtesi an
well is still progressing. •It bas.n'nwireache•d
a depth' of 1;9•i0 feet, and within the last' few
days.the body of water in the pit has pereepti. ;
bly risen;-which indicates that; another stream
has.been'struck in. : boring. The water is else
becoming, more decidedly mineral in its riattire..
Mr. Lauer intends to 'persevere to the 'depth : Of
2,000 feet.. • • • .
Juleps are . in. season,. and so is .the stork of a .
broad 7 baeked KentiiCkian,Who • went down to
Nevi . / Orleans': foi . .the fi rst , Whiskey,
.brandy and plain . drinks, he knew; but . as•tO the
compound and flavored liquors, he' was know
knothirig. 'Reposing On the sears of 'the bar
room of the St. Charles, he observeda • crowd
of fashionables :drinking niint. juleps . .. “Boy,"
said he; ccbring me. a glass of ,that b everage."
When' he had:consumed, the cooling flraught he
calied• tire boY: . c , Boy, what was my last
remark?" icWhy, you ordered a . julep."LL,
f‘That's.right;don?t forget to keip on hringihe
' till P" ' ; • • •
The laW in regard to hotels and hou
se has right cast, both to'the keep
er and his • guests. The keeper' of a . hotel.ii
for.anything deposited in his hands, and the
party depositing is a competent witness to prove
the, value 'of the goods. .A proprieter : is not re
sponsible for articles of value, unless they are
put in his
..Possesision, or• his. representetive:
Be careful you do not . halt& youichattels to tiny'
person other than the responsible. party. Spa
ciallegislatirm gives to keepers a lien upon the
goods of boarders, for boarding.due and unpaid,
to a certairramount.. Tlioin*oprietor must give
fibtice,Aftet which he'can proceed to sale, end
pay the' wnei any excess over the olefin', ' •
The Bell and Everett men,, saps, the Ga3rtte
are dete'rmined to maintain 'an independent-Or
ganization. They have ..finally.renotinced:.all
.aff i liation wah.thtftlisgniSedlilack Republ
who. profess:to he the :‘ , People's Party,". 'and
considering themselves excluded:from the call
for a County Meeting 61 this bognsparty, , will
hold 'a County Meeting of their own.' 'They re-
Pudiate-Andy Curtin' in . .toto as "the People's
candidate for Governor,• :regarding his officious,
and:active interference - with 'the doings. Of the
Chicago. Convention, as conelysive.evidence of
.his having gone over entirely to the Black,Re
pvblicans. The secession of these •men, who
constitute a rnumerous .and Infitlential body of
voters; will make a wide bleach in the Op,posj-,
.• • . .
, , • .. .. , --- :7. -- . -
•SIIIKAIP,ORT,-. 'll! . .tiE AN:: CO IJIV,I I . y,... PA. ! :I‘ . l-1 . ult 81) Ay, AUGUST '9 .. '48,6 0,
ALONE WITH THE DYING,
SPEECH. OF PRESIDENT BUCHANAN
. . • • • -• • .• •
Tile Poi*: of Reelson m i d
..111;ijrifqnel ,y;tl,,e oftlo Tte.;o; . 'l74rd:v:lbile. ".•
.lt hasalready been Otatedtbat the President
on being serenaded at the White House on Mon_
(try nigltt; tit] , tbe, ° o . cOn.sinitor , tbe great.l;Week - -
enridge' , and Lane meeting,•nadd
iittlte a- long - speech, exPtessing his sat isfuet
with those nominations: '
.tlto annexed is a re.y . ,
port of'tlie . speech flom . the Ilitishingtob Stqr: .
•• • PRESiDENT':RUCTIAN.ifi'S''SPEECII,
'After thanking - Ahem for
,their I:inching • irr
eallintf.bp'on him, he :the mq,:t.eorn
pihnentary tering or their 'eandidiites, Ilreekeli.
rihe nnil Lane, anil....they had ctiAiiin:oishel
thertiset%;es both it) the;eivil
partments of the goveronipta; and 9n his opin=
ion On better sele c tion
.. of stainiatil-benrers.coold
hate been motle [6 lead their inkrty to vii tory.
than those triiose buuntir t)l4y had unfurled tliat
Speaking of the met its of these distinguished
mem, he said: :
•Atrning- their Many 'other' worthy,outtlitieS,
the fectdhat - they are friends the .sovereign
States of - this in' the common terniory : of .
the country ShOuicl especiatly-catise you to give
them your 'earnest support.' ies of "GooW"
They V.lll stand •by that: principle-- nd "'Who
should hot? ....Equality . is' •eqoality; pit;
izen 'of tht: United States is' ;vial befelethe con-'
siltation and laws of the •United• State';' and
whk-should not theso•Vereign States of this.rm,
: ion preserve:and - enjoy. - Ilnit- perfect .equality •
vlrieh•orte of t Mir eitii.ens under the cottst itittiou
enjoys? [Applause.] This•fsseund derrieerat.
ie %domino . . Liberty and equality are th • e • '
birthright of every American citizen; p Oj o s!,
as certain a•sdhe 'day succeeds thenight; so 'c'er , ;
this .principle_ of, demoetatic justice!
.prevail at laSt.- [:Applause.] ;It onist-prev • aili
Bat before I speak..futtber : , upon. this' subject
(and I do-ot Sappose that.; detain 'you
1 09 41 - wish to remove one stumbling bloCk out
Of the way. .:1; have.everbeen a friend of regh • -
tar nemineeso hare ne•Ver . struck :a palitical
ticket in my life,' Itiow,'Was there . anything
at'Baltimore•fc(bindthe petiticat conseience•of
'any Sound democrat,' and to prevent Min frcim
'supporting. Breckenridge : . and Lane? ["No,"
and applause.] . • %
I. was coteroporary:witb the abandeninent of
the old congressional convention,; or rather can,
eus systent: It iris along Wilde ago; and prpii
ably but very te.w of :you:remember.., it. - But
under the old congressimfal Caucus - rule no one
was admitted except democratic members of
the - 'Senate and House. Under tyn't .systern
there never was any dariger• that 'moorhen; out
side of the democratic party could impose a can
didate.upon the•States.which wer,s, democratic;
atitl`wh ich could Mime elect him after •he was
'proposed. There were no danger of thrit•kied,'
because 'there` being no persona in the caucus
,except democratic' mem her's; of - Congress; that
afforded a:perfect assurance that the. nominee of
the party would at least ',be. - agreeable to the
Democratic' States. This congreSsional conven
tion system was broken up. , The nationatcon
vention Succeeded,. Whether ':it. was wisely
broken up or not I shall' not' now •pretend 'to
say: But upon the organiiation.of the nationa l
convention, whieMadmittedall. the States .of
the llnion,oecording•the-nurnberof.:the: Sena. ,
tore•and • RePresentatives,it at oneediscov..
ered that di was poSsiblP for• the anti-demoerpt.•
is Statesinjhe national - convention, combined
with a 'very few of the demodratic ones, to
• pdsere•candidatenpondhe;party at any time
'who 'Was•objeetienahle to the Stateithat would
be called upon to elect him.; lk,indthat,'it'Was
fore Seen- would.weaken the 'strength; and: de
stroy . .
the energy of the-party. dcwas n
tote for the rule observed in the'...Cong.reasionai
cattcui,towhich•l have 'referred, and c ol the
same effect. ,
' It, was, belieVedarthe time; for, I vt.s was
part and 'parcel of the triov'ement, that in' the
t wo.thirds' rule (here weuld'always ne aMdjor-'
ity, of . demodratic States satisliedwith the nerri - -
Mations and ready to rush into tire .contest,'lci
elect.the candidate.' The two-thirds rule,,then
was.the•main•pillar of the rational convention.
It hasheen destroyed at Baltimore, and the
•tional convention lips stumbled. into 'ruin as al
n'ationtil convention. The 'wisdom of the two
thirds •rale, howeVer; is 'manifes't ,from: the
nresthiccoadition of the affair's of the - country.
If it ball Prevailed, no . candidate .coulit:diave
.beettnominated against the epresse,d Will of
every democratic Stale •in the Union, and of
ihree-fotirths of t be demfic ra t ie Representatives:
This two-thirds rule, then; ha's been prostrated,
and thereds , nothing in the, way of 'any demo
crat voting for Breckenridge and. •Lanp .in • the
'proceedings of the assemblage at
It must be c , onfeSsed„ however, that IBrecken,
'ridge is in the,sam . e 'condition with Douglas• in'
this respect. The convention that nominated
him, althoidgMit.was compbsed of nearly all the
the democratic, States; did•••ncit• contain • twe•
thirdstand•therefore„every democrat isat.prr•
fect liberty to vote as he* . thinks
.. proper; with.
outrunning counter taany'regular nomination
of the party.
[Three enthusdastic cheers were here given
for the nominees.] . • •
Well, .noiv • ,..after •thia • digression; • after re=
lieVing r mysell from al tresponsiblity, I will IloW
make a lew, remarks to•yritr, stating the reason
why I prefer .ilreckenridge. apd .Lane to any
aiid all other candidates irrthe [Load ap- .
plause.] • Tho'sovereign- States of
. this llmon
are'one :vast,partnerShip. The, 'territories : are
aequiretr by the coalman blood Mutt he common.
treasure of 'them- all. Each 'State, and : each.
ized of !inch Stale, MPS the same right in the
tetritories thatany other •State possesses.—:-
What the. democratic ;party contend- for,, and
'what is' the.true raCtical democracy ; is 'that
all shall 'enjoy the satire rights.; and that 'all shall
be subject to the same usage's. ,Brec.keM•
ridge holds' that - this gOcernment was 'formed
for the protection of life, liberty and property.
•They - are objects for the Protection of whirl' all
governments 'wero 'established; but it is sought .
now 'to plaCe, the property of the 'citizen under
what is celled properly ctsquatter sovereignty;' - '•
in the power of the Territorial Legislature, to
'he confiscated at their will 'and pleasure:-.---. ,
That is the principle' Sought tc•••'.b'e established
at presenWand there,-seems - to be
. an entire
MiStakeond 'mismiderStanding in a Portion of
the [Odic mindOndhis subject. _ When was . a .
propel t.y • evi;e submitted to the will of a major-.
ity? • • [;;Nevert". NevcitP]' it you bold prop •
ex' y : an 1011V111001;'3'011 bold. it independent
of.C.ongress, ot the State Of .the
Territorial Legislatute. - It is youni„ and your
constitution Wasloade to,profeet
property against asaanits of Legislative poiyers,
[ffOodi.l,"'atal inppl.eusi. J• .
IVel1,1101,e; Statei. LA . voice,'"Go: . it . old
,friati„?fany set Of ptinciples whiclewill flefprive,
you .of the perfect cent rol of youtown property,
is wrong. This right,over'yoni own propetty
to'confistiente it, has pOwerever your tnemis of
subsistence. • And yet it is Contended dint -al-.
though the ConStittition of ' , I he -.United States
cOnfera'ini . such 'power,' yet a' few men. caller
thy Territorial Legislature; in . Ilieir reinnteex
tretnity.onlii. country, eiti'conhsiCate -you
• propel t send .. .you - 4 way depri v.eil.of . it
'[''Can't 'flo•it.". There is' hut 'nee mode ; am
one alotte,...by . which the t he' cif izen ca n _lie. do
prived of hr slave •pro.pertYln the Terrif mies
.That made is pointed ohrin'the Cincinnati plat
form', which has'. 06P11, ens.. yeti ~ know,giefitlj
misrepresented.' The platform declares •tlim
Whytra sufficient 'number fitylora.
ted'in a Territory in order to form a State and
coine.intoilie'llriiom and when he peoplefratiii•
a eunStitation, then they may decide Mrtheirf
selt;ifs the (pits:tine whiff hertheywill have Sla
very or is 1111 Territorial, Legiffla.
lure mentioned iff..jlie•Cinciftnati platform:---
,There is 110 :s(ittAttor •soveMigety - there; It
presents . the clear )it inciple !lint at the [line the
people form their constitution, they 'shall:their
llecifle whether they Will Iniveslavely or". tint.
:And, yet it lias!lfeen stated over dud
that in accepting - file; nominatien under that
'platfut in,. emliirsed the, flOetrifie: of. squatter
.1 StipptiSe ' you. it all
over:the corintry;, it•Atas been' ii , peoled •0
thousand tieW , p., pope' s.. • ,
A voic , ' -- : - Ye kne . w they lic,l. •
The Tresideiit.-.4 ant glad yoti.kriew
[Laughter . .l • Now,..Loiv. well thia,plaiii
phi of Constitutional la*.carreeponits• with the
best interests ofthe Pebple. Onder it emigrants
•froor the North rind Soul h,.frorn the . East . and
the. West; receive their They .early
Witlrthern-that piopeity which ',they suppoSe
best promote their material interests; _they
ljvn together* in peace. and..harmotty... The
ilifestion of slavery 'will becothe.a foregone eon
elusion before. they ,ha ye • populdtioti .. sufficient
tO:lttik for admission into the Union. ')'here
Will he no "bleeding Kansas".imthe'territories;
lie people thero,ivill all live 'together in.pence
and harrnony, promoting peace in theterritory,
and, their owtrprosperity, until the time arrives
When it becomes necessary tti ferma Stale coif
.Thea . the wlinle question will be de
cided, to the satisfaction of every 'One'.
. But upon thecithet' prinhiple wliat do you find
* Billie territories? Why; that they are fighting
all the . .time. One territorial legislature . ..may
estsblish'slevery; another terrPortablegislatifre
may abolislrit, and so . the
•anditi,spite obthetr continous industry.
antreatmest endeavor's to promote - prosperity,
they will be ill astute of Constant turmoil, jest
'ea we have . witnessed 'in )(noses. Therefore
there' is nothing—no power possible—that could
.be.so injurious to the pence and
. .proSpeilty as
this•doctrine which has been. denominated
"'Squatter sovereigtity." . ..[L,anghter.]
• NoW let me place. it berme you in another .
Point of.view.. 1 am'ver'y much gratified (het
yonhave-listeneflto a plain speech from an.:old .
: with so much attention.: '["Go. inl" and
,applause..) The Southern States can never give
up their principieof egality in. the Union:Lffriev
er, never" and applause,] because if 'they :did,
they would be 'self-degraded intlie:eYes Of (tie
would. - They would stand before their country.'
Men'as inferior. tep .their sister States:
never canstirrender - it. But how 'is it with the
northern people? It is 'with them 'compare I -
ly a mere abstraction. ,With the South it is
orintinito, iiimortance t hat they.shriuld preserve
theirecitial sovereignty - in - the - .Union. What
hos the Sontlyto do?, '''Merely. to say that as'
good and'honest citi7ens theywill yield obefi'.
ence.to the Supreme Court,..rind thus admit'tbe
right of a.southern man to. take. his 'property. ,
into the territories just as a northean man inay
dm • And it is to ine.ti most extaordinaty. thing
that this counity.shoUld.noix be distracted sand
divided becauSe Certain persons of the .North
will 'not agree that their bretheren in the South
shall ja . Ve the same tights in all the territories
which the . y - of the Mirth . enjoy... What cotildl
;Wit Pennsylvanian' sitrerido . , if some one were
to contend 'that the Territorial Legislilrttre„•of
any Territory, shonld'esduda. my, eat le, I'tom
that Territory?; The : principle in exactly. .then
same, and the Supreme . Court' of. the .United
-States decided-,--whal Was Ictiown tn •
the existing state . of affairs for fiftyyeata that
. property. : Admit 'that fact, and you
admit eVerything.„Then that property in the
in the territories mist be protected in 'Reds,.
ly the same manner, the -owners are:ilegiuded
befofe the world. [Applause.] '•
Put we have. "non-loterventiomi • Non-in
tervention,,lt is Suid;'is the Irtna policy.; That
is: the !!letatlonct"'polley—let things' go' their
own. way. .What is this.; non-intervention?
Perfectly:right. • Ve all.edinft that the •Cob
gress'of the. United, States Alas ,no authority
whatever tb.establish,ltip impairs . abolish
the right of a master . toslaves territories'
or the the right of Rif:miter - of any other prop
erty. ,All very - Well, • But that is . .one.-sided
non-intervention. • Cart'y the intervention out
as, the constitution fides, rb. thel'erritorial Leg
islature, find admit that t hey have no. right, ifo
power, nmauthoritr, to aboliSh,or.establish, - or
impair Slavery within,heir limits.. But' that
would not do
' That is_ all at. present that anybody - . need
•‘‘.l,nt--,. ,, hatids•oft," bq Conirese, “hands. off".
by the Territorial Legislature. [Applause.]
Suffer the constitution and the.raws to' be
ctifell'by.ihe federal jutliciar) ., in tho Toritory,
without interference from Congress; and
out inierforonce from tho Territorial - Legisla-:
tore. That is all - that, is neeeesary at present.
No one has usked formore. ' , :
But if non-intervention }lid not extend
. to the
territorial:l e gisiature; What would bi:the
. is just as the, proviso, to
the Buffalo plat forrm.'of Congrealo.,the territe. 7
int! Congress cannot exact a Buf
falo platfortri, under the.wilinot.provi 4 o, having
no comititutionalpoWer to do it; but it can be
done 'effeetually,;more readily, in thO territo
ries, by'Cotigress, • Now in what pOsition bias
this pldeed the Sepal? 'either interference
by Congresaor the territorial legislature' .were
constitutional . , (vihich, of contse; I do not ad•
mit toholhe•caseOtheit.the plan ndapte4 idlas
worse for the:Sonth .the congresSiotin
146; if there were attempts tu'intei
fore:With,these rights in Congress they. 'lvetitli
be resiiited by able men. 'Phe..llonsti et i:opre.
sentntivee; the Senate, perchance the President ;
May but Al this afteir in
is done'by the first. leigislettire:seonsisting . Of
twenty, fin ty,or.filtynnen, and they'can. con 7
yeniently;in half iin•hetir; dentroy all the Prop
erty:that southern men the Terri
tormait ~,s quitt ter „sovereiglity" is:: to he: the
lawlaw`of t [A pplauSe.] The tirta. si2t,
lott i w hocotnit to eyvry new 'l' . eitileVY, will !milli'
slave:holders . . TheY trill lush froM het North,
they possession:Of the'lijrstllegislatines
and Ilion lids sari id right., 'of
all' goeeinmenCs were established .to 'protect,
tills at . mire to Ihi , ' , giontid : under the.will of it
majority: of the first inch who may - be' . elected
:to:n tei.itcrral legistaitite. • •:
Shell we, frionds and telleii; citizens, for the
sake of si, oitrt ter sovereignty,,' breit): -up'.this
gret - '. neveir.l 7
Sliall.AVe„for the sake of sip:loiter. sovereignty,
divide the detnecriatielnitly,:Notth and Setith,
into )wii.diidssionSi fs it not the'merest'preteit
le t /.•.- Shall weseperate the:dertiocratic
linty North.andd issever one
Of the - al rOoecart ins. that binds is, Union
Ifveat,.poweibil, and pions: . lliethoiliatjlfitircl
liasbeem'ilivided'io that way,.and that diVislor
shook linien . -I he *tiine.:.: Shall :the demo
riatic-patly filiosy iO.,the Wake of that division
for the sake of establishing free..soilisto . during
a s hort ',plied betw'een their: settlcenent :n
their adiniasion 'SS Spites into .the. - Unieril.,— .
V.No, aak again, glen we divide the,
deinogatie party, North . -itud 'Soul That' Is
Shall this great PaitY whiOt has governed the
country iu peacr,•and in 'war, which hes raised
t front en hinntileln4tinninli tube one of the.
most . 111:09pf!fcli19 in the. World, be . .broketi :up;
for the sake, of enabling At feW: . free 7 soilerai in
the ter' itory.)o:conliscitte the property of 'their
neiehhoi . at ',]'`Never, neved'i .
The, is "the'. question': '1: um 'one . . or - those
. Who have ever been hopefirl 'of flie .Union.. 1
do notbelieve Ilia' thn Union „main danger: IG
_it nevq.enn ..bn. ,datig'er, in 'my;
opiriioiri titiess the agitutions of Ilni•reputdiciins'
inthe.iVorih shOuld render the hOtisehold of the
Southern pinlitei inseentu,.nnd tufninst that the .
not therir demdciacy . will he a 'wall of fire..: So .
Ear As - that is concerned; all democrats; wheth
er sifuntter sovereignty'inell;nr nopnrar. sover
eigity—whether Brpeltenridge !pen . of.Douglns
trienwill unite:' Onr . 4rdtlieren North.'and
South ust .Ins, shall-be iir . otected from ;he'll) .
roads oCnortliern.d.holitionexciked inurrectlon
ists. lA, iMlaase.] It is said Ili:it:the democrat
is pa rty, is divided, or be diesulved...lev
er:L. The, wish is father . to that - thciught. Jt
will . - ex hit as long,as the,t'onstitutionand 'Union
ehnll onditre• It. has grown op iu tho.narne .of
thd Coital:l66On and the ono of
. . .
will extend its branches; it priiteer Iha
sacred* . instrument trom the foreieA foris.ond in
ternational traitorS, [Applause.)
Now,' frienda,anil fellow - eitrzensolis is prob
ably the last:speech shall 'ever. make.
hope horrid not. do 'Memo; in'my po
sition, to make politierd• speeches throtighon
thiiicaovasS; though my hear-Cis Mild it. '..Yqt
• , •
would not yourselves, 1 knoWi . Oesire. tiritil 1
should. : It is rhsTi 40 . 3 ears side? 1 first came
o AV,ashington; and to say this night
,vhiole - period 1, have received
othing - hat
,kindness and attetition from yoUr
it,hers from yotirseh•ea. Opplause.7—
Vhen I came to Washington, it wasp small
town; now grown : to- be a. •grent 'and
•. . • • .
beautiful city. The first malt of my: heart- is
that its'eitizensinay enjoy uninterrupted health .
prosperity..l thank you for. the kind'aftentton
you have' shown ine, and now bid .you 'good
The President refire& amid irriniente
. A Suuti terrible saying of
Arnie of Austita..to : Rihhclicu holds .true for
marcias well .as for juilginent:— . .".llly Lord
Cardinnl, God dtles: not ..pay at:t.ht , 'end of eliery
but' at thelast rimy. put
Ills faithful Ones.upon along 'and faithful
•prentieeship, Miring which learn much ond re
ceivelittle---foodonlY,.and-,•that /in. a -meaq..
rire".-- t oftent he b water of affliction;
yet at the last . Th piry.v--pays t hem into their
hear ts,.prpitherminto' their OWn 11a nds'
We may' remember Tong seasons of faint yet
honest - endeariori'llre:.prayers .of it soul' yet'
Without . reitt M, the saiirttiees of an -driver
ferCtly SoQued. will, bonml •With cords - t:Cr the
.we may reilietuber sueh .limes i or we
'may. forget -them; but their residt is with
Some of the' good- seed sewn tears is note
shedding a heavenly *frairance ivitlon our lives,
and sorne.o.fitWillblossom,'perhaps bear fruit
over our graves.— The - Pat/moldy' !Mpg.
BLACKLIF:ItIiir WINE• — AsIhi; is
e blackberry season, we liubli s h this -receipt
r The manufacture Olthis ' •
-There is no Wine,
s enunl to : the' Blackberry
wheriproperlY mode, either in flavor' or
medicinal purposes, unJ nl4 persons. who can
coavenielitly.ilo.so'should manufacture enough
for their own use every year, us it is
ble in sickness as.a.lcnie,nno notliiiig is a be't.
ter . rerneibi fOr bowel diseirses.. Weolierefore..
give trie . reeelpe for malting it;aridihaving.tripil
it ourselves we speak. atiiiisedly Olt LW , Subjfet.
Measure your.berries , and braise qieni; to ever y
gallop add a quart of boiling Water. Let the
Mixture stand tWority-four home, stirring neon,
.then strain otl the liquid into a .tusk,
t 6 every gallon 'adding: two 'pounds of sugar;
cork tight and let.stand until the following Oc..
Whet., and you'will have wino ready for
without further. straining or boiling, that wilt
Make lips smack that nay er.:sinacked udder
sinailar influeneeshqore. It Ine4 be Unproved . ;
and;pr;iliap, %Oils keep'.better,..by . adding a'
tinall rpia'ntity of pore Vrench brandy.
APanytm.--Af. 'dire- is :anythitig .
comes nearer to • the inipleralitiri pe
llLord,, bless. and :pres,erve 400 . 'iiersen . :
whom thon hack thy tiast!'uriiilei
his life*()e (wig: and.blessert;i9Mforial6'.unet
truly; Gird Mu ft
him, iiii,a'sharer t(is'stsriiiirg,'4 'meer,
help t'inall itie advideilts this,
woild,•Make me.iirnidlife . foretierr in leis :eyes
and firre've'r(ear to hiMl.;ffnite his (idity:fid•mo"
in all, dearest love
dm in all ivv . oetness,.charitY and coinpljnilej
Keep mo from alt nrigentleneb and'dlikcih4Tt•
ethics*, gird onreiteonnbler(ei
mar) end make' us burobfe anti roi)eiirdi, - -tiii.,.fej
mud we nley
'other; a reorcling.toth*Neised wordy ft With.
of In toey rejoice:. in I hop 'in,
in the love en(lsoiviee of t Oul inioPerf Arifeii!"
-A_ Montt:WS' hiolr iethose
eyes, listen to that tender d,tice t 1 feel
ing even if single touch Oat is bestiiiNeitnp.
on you bp . ihi4'gentle . ljandt
%Alin. you yet..kave that' Moat . ' , of :ril
goOd loving :Ilia un
fel konublo lose In ihnse
of that tone and lonk, yollt pain:
in after. life you may litiVsi,trierideLfiatill, dens'
kind friends--but never . • 3ia . ti bilk/e agakn.
.the.inexprestiible love and..gentlerieie lavished
upon you Which none hut a mother Beefosts . ,.-:
Often du 1 sigh in my strtlggles the hard,.
uncaring ( ' world, for the swat, deep' decdrity
felt, when of an evening, nestling hiller hosan,
listened to sortie:
.quilit raja, editable' to my
- age r reeil . in her tender, 'Mid
,Never can I fo'rget ha sweet glaais cast upon
me when l appeared' to sleep; rio+er kier kiss of
peace at . night! - Yearafialre.pased aWarsince
we, laid her beside MY father iri,fhe aliehorch
yard; yet still her voice ~Whisileq,.?iam_fbe
grave, and her eye Watches over Me . or - visit
spOts long - nine° halinwrid td't he 'rnetiledy dry
IVinmp s (Ilitinesota) Writes
that Jenks ir or place 70
prospeciing:in one. of: thdinlttotands•'.
Which are ao codimon in that' itii'Or : the coun
try; rectally discoVeretkat fhe.delith of fi'Ve or
elk; feet the remains of sii or alibi people. of
very large Side. . Ono thigh' bone! measured
three feet in length. The under. jilvv Was. rine • '
inch wider than that'of any other man in. the
. .11e alsO found c.lam.Shelfsildectiol
ryor bone rings, pieces of kettles Made of earth
and coarse sand. Theie,Vvdre At the neck of
one of these skeleton 'torah' two inches ~
length by:orie halt to three fotirths of an inelfin
diameter, with holes drilled Igo-the aide;.altd
and'the ends polished with
. a cria.se around it
lier,en.air . otii five India i'dttg by , one .and
wide, struck thro.iigli the haele near the'-back •
bone; end one about eigheinehes long'stuek in
the left breast.:: Ake; the Wade or a copper
hatchet, coaantl.a bar( wide: of Ihriedge
and two inches roam . . -1 4 titt'motind is some. 200
feet above.the surface of (lie ,Mississippi. wild
Is compoled of claY,•irerherliately- itteve the
remains, two feet thick; then cornea ale yet. ol'
blaCk loam;' then-another layer otelay'six inch- ..
es thick, all so,ilosely-packed that it was • with
difficulty that it could penetrated. "There; •
are some four or live.difierent layers 'of earth'
above the ,remains.:- Ttisre . - is no 'such clay'
found• elsow.hcie in•the . Vicinitrt- •
It is the solemn-thought' connected' vrith - tbe.
middle age r that . lllCrs last , business is begun is
Hoganlt ondeaslred a cannibal it be had'
known 4 missionary sawn be natros4,46'.him.
44c1i,", SSW thoi Indian, csl ate ammo of
Ther:dis this . difference .betliseco
and wisdoni) . he ttiat . thinksliroveli the:latippi 7
est men:, buthelhatthinkil hiMseit'
the 'Wisest mai', ie generaUy tim . t4ggest tool.
• nootimt.siii,yl.6yriaa.LA cciriesPondent
of the Coonsrkf iguttewidoa says'. 41. believe, lst
'that there are some . soflsWhich ihMiltinot be
plowed deep, such as tlfelight
sandi t •the gray
oily, the peaty, etc., when Quite porous 1.2,(.1 fri
able,, and resting on a subsoil of ': r e sant! Ch! l, - ,
acter,. 2d, that all.cleyey.and loamy soils may
be. deepened with adyantage, irovidettit be
done at the 'litchi' an inch or so its a year, and'
with the addition of twelve . to twenty loads.of .
good Mixture, and procidcd there is hia
.rant Water near the serf:tee, or .. a necessity. km.,
draining; and 3d, thof the safest and Lek Way
drepim * only a 'intik) at
'of proceeding, is.le
time, ss a guide for foto re operations."' •
The' folloWing entrespond6nre is unlil in.hnee
taken'plare.,boween n , New 'ileiven, irert,lifuto
and one of 'his euslornetxt, • , . .
..Sir-y.our account haa bei.n fat
To whirli customer • .
• ..-Sic . ..-Things ustuilly•do•settla by 'arandlimr,
I regret that my: aceotint.lB: an
it hue been standing too Inns . ailki 4 4 Y 4°
it lan a, litQe , while . ." , •
Accidents often determtreolkinnr*s.of placee
and uien.. I:be news of tbei.barriti,tif
iW if received at a spot'imrinto . Cl4 7 lfie' , iley;ft
s.as laid mit fora tows. and it '.tecli9 4 144:
name Of Le'xington. .. • , • ' . •