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: I ,ifft!, iiiiiif .‘ijUioo:',..fliOfocilit
PUBLISHED' EVERY THIMDAY BIOp.NING,
• " By B. °Pik:CT,
SMETimpIIT, WKEAN COUNTY, PA
. • , .
OFFICE,,`B. E. CORNER OF P.L'UL/0,134,0AF:0.
; 1701$18: - - 'sl 60 in Advance,
Rates of Advertising.
... . . -
113cdednu one ye5r.,.•.,.. . ... .000
1. •" " Nit months ... '•• 20 00
.X., " ......... .. 12 00
One Square Of 12 lines or less, 3 insertions,..., 150
Bach subsequent insertion, .. 25
Business Cards, with paper, . .. ' • 600
Rule or figure work will.be double the • above -rates..
Twelve lines Brasier . type, or eight lines
. nonpareil, is
frr Thate Ternis will bo strictly adhered to,
o#oi.n.e.s . o , .'. ; Mir . tit.p.p . ...
• " • A.. lE:ICAMTAN
Stiil4s.9or; Draftsman. Conve . 3raneer, ;arid "Real . Estate
Agent. pmethport; 3.V.Reatt county., 1 a., . •
B. F. WRIGHT,
, . .
mimetic and Retail Dea'er in Family ,Groceries,: Pork,
riour,...Salt,. Foed, Boots and Shoes; he., he. 'Store
n.the Astor 116 use Block; Sznethport Pa: . '
D. B. MATHER,
.. . ,
Wholeeile and Retail Dealer in Provlslono and Panay
Groceries. Flour, Ueal,'Feed, kc.
-• Store**, .Fatnn , A old, staid. Termo Cti Stoatll
it : . N. TLYLOR
Dealer In Dry ()midi; larOceries, Pork,. : Flour; Salt, Fish
Ready-Made Clothing, Boots an! Shoes: Smethpurt;
. , ,
•• ...• jVILLIAtt
Practical aleellealc,. - 5111IWright:'
Port Allegheny; 31 , 16 an county;Pa:. • '
r. L. BROWN;
Estate Agont• ()Meg ,
Chapin & Boyle,
8.• Brownell: Beg.;
CABVEB . HOUSE,,
. . . • ..
Joria Hi Hvt.k. Proprieti3r, corner of -Water and Hickory
:. Streets , Warren, Pa. General Stage Office. • • • •
J. C. BACKVO & CO
General - Dealers in-Dry 'Coeds; Groceries,. Ornekeay,
• u sady-bladeClothink, Dooteand
,flats and Caps,.
dc 0., opposite the - Court House - , 8[1)004)91ot Pa.,
. . . .
Fronting the . Public Square,' Olesja..N. Y. Lurks M.,
MILLBR. Proprietor. The Febes House is entirely new
and built.citbrink, end is furnished modern style.
The' proprietor' gaiters himself that- his 'aceornmeda-
Voris are not surpitified by any hotel in. Western Nil,
York. Varrisgroi run'to and from the New York • and
Edo Hail Hoed. ' ' ' 38-tf:
. . ..
Arioaser AT 'LAIri gni' etbport,tlSPlC.Oan County. Pa.,
Agent , for. Metuirs. Heating. A Co's Lands . , `Attends
especially to the Colle ,, tion d'Claims; Examination of
Land Titles; Pe7tnent of 'Taxes, •end all business rola
' .ling to; Real Estate....:olline in Llimlia 810 Ck..: ..
D. A. WatantyPro . prieior,-,-nt. Kluane.' Warren county.
. His Table will be,: supplied with the ,beet the
• - .country o'4ra; and_he pare no paine in accoinodating
E. BOUGRTOR ELDRED,
. . , .. .
Attorpsy and:Counsellor' at Law, Sonetbport, 111 , Kerin
• 'Oettoty, - Pa.: liusMene • entrusted' to fits care for the
entities of ht'Keen, Potter and I.llk will be promptly
.16%toocted to Ornoo, IR the court lionSe,' second poor. -. ' , -....__,-- --- - •
DR:. V. IL WISNER,.
. . . .
Phys!chin 'and Surgeon, Stnethport, Pa, Will attend . to
all profeislo . op.l calla with protnotness„ Office In Sart,
' Moak, second floor.. -
.S. BUTLER & CO.,
'Wholesale and Retal- . Dealers .1n Staple and Fancy ,Dry
Goode; Carpeting, itea!ly Made Clothing, and 'General
Futal;hlng,Goods, Boota and Shoes, Wall and Window
Paper, Looking Glasses S.o. :At Olean. N. Y,'
Smethport'iM , Kenn.oo., Ber,.(arr, Proprle ,
" tor—oigioalte the Oonnt Howie. A, newilnrge, coni.•
niodiOus and wel;.furnished house. 7. .•
JOHN, 0. BAcxus,
. . .
...... . . . .
•Attoinei endllounsellor it Law; Sinn thport, INl'llean 0 o
'PA. Will attend to all bigness kills profession in the
counties of al'Kean, Potter and Elk. .offled over 0: E.
Bartlrell & Brothers' Store. . ..
. . •tIACKNEr.HOUSE
toriser of Secarid and Liberty streets,
,Warree ' Pa. R.
A. Deepen, Pioprieter. Travelers will find good ac
tenithodatlons and reasonable charges.. ' •. •
E. S. MASON,
. . . . . ,
Disler in 13tovei,.Tin Ware, Jappaned Ware,' &c., west
Aide of the Public, SquArd, Smethoort, Pa." Custom
work done to order on the shortest ' notlee,.anft in , the
• •most substantial Manner. --.- " ': ••' ' • - . . .
W, s. BROWNELL,
Dealer Dry * Goods, Groceries, Orogkeey, Gerdwate,
. Doote, Shoes, Usti, &c,
• .East aide of the Public Scitiare, Smathport, Pa.
A. 7: OTTO,
Dealer' in Provisions ind Pathily Groceries generally, at.
Vermin' Valley, I‘l , lCian On., Pa., Greta, Lumber,
Shingles, Acc., taken in - exchange for • Gonda. • Patent
• Medic:thee for sale. . • .
. . . .
R. Linings, .PrnprittorHAllegbeny • ilrblga, 111 , 1Cean
Co . ; Pa.. This houeole altnated about nine miles from
' 'Dmethport on,tho road to Olean - nutt'will be found .a
: canfepient 'fitopping.plp.ce• -, . • - ' •
Shlppen, M'Kenu 00., Pa..' I,R6IIIAND COOK', Proprio'or.
commodious mod •wejl-furnichodi Imumi...Strangeri
: and taovelersAyill dud 'gootl accommodations..
' , FARMERS! VALLEY'ROTEL, • •:.
INy T. Go . oinvis e : ThIS home si twited abort five miles
'Fo Sinethp'ort-On the road to Olean. .Pleasure parties
and other can he accommodated on, thashortest notice
ELDRED HALF-WAY HOUSE,
. . . .
tllWKllVPioprifitOr , . Thin house i n situated hal.
Smethpurt and Olean...lf.you want a good
dienee thin Is the place to step.' • •
, . .
ll!rOprletai of .the'Oriat 'AIM; akldephrileaburg, I'de
- 14ean Oouoty Pa: 'lieut. Meal r and Feed, 'ebnatintly
on band and for spite. ta large and small quantitiOs..
. .. , .
• 1;... ;- • . •,- ' RAILROAD ROUSE, . . '' 'r • • •
IX; OURAWDER.... P,roprietori.. Not : relkir s ''.AiiKeisit do:v
.Pii.. .Good:soaourimodatious'can be hi 4 •14,4 re at all
- . • ...... - .. •
: . ,,POAT.ALLEp4,Icrt 10IISE,
',noon .. , . . .
B. pdlitant, Piiprlciter,, nt Port' Allegany, .Me-
Kis t , CouptY.Ta. .This lintel' la alteated ilt the Jpee
qfon'of the Sntethport - ntel Allegany Illyei.todde, nine
`,snags eaetontlintethpot.t. ,- ' : • .
. . „
6 . KE T . HP OAT,
. , P..' KEAN. Po.,
P, a.' ::•
. WK.' HASKELL. .:,: .. 1: Proprieto
The Prohrletor, having'recently, purchased
.ougbly re Itttq4 the Mt.,r house, flettorehlinselr that'he
can 'emigres good aceommodapoaa as any hoteltn,Wee,
John Taylor:l.4 , o dicerised =whrri 'a youth of
twenfi , onc, tO practice at the bar Of —.' "He
was poor, but well ednc . ated; :arid possessed
Of extraordinary genius. The graces , of his
person, combined with the superiority of his
intellect, • enabled ' ' him *in the hand of, a
lashionable beauty. ' : .
TWeive months afterwards the .husband., was
employed by wealthy firm of
,that city, to go
on a minion as land agent to the Nest.. As,
heavy salary . . Was offered, he. bade farewell tp
his wife and son. He wrote back every week,:
but received'not a- line'in,ansWer. S..x.months.
elapsed,' when the hushand re . ceived. a letter'
from his employer that explained all. .
Shortly aiter his departure. from the' West,
the Wife and her fathCr returned to
Then she immediately :obtained." divorce by
act of the Legislature;•married again 'forthwith.
and' to complete the . climax of her cruelty and
Wrong, had the. nam.e of Taylor's son changed :
to that of Marks—that.of her second Matrimo-
SMki? ort, Pn
ituomi • Vist!‘:
. 1 .• • •
This perfily nearly drove Taylor, insane...
His.career.trom that moment became eccentric
in the 'first ;degree 7 --sonietihies he preached,,
sometimes fie . plead, at-the bar, 'di - alit 'at last a
fever etirried: him ofr at a compai4ti . vely7 early
---The following is an account_ of one of his
-forts at the bar. . '• • '
At, an early hour on the 9th of April,, 1840 . ,
the Court 1-16 use in Clarksville, Texas, lras
crowded - 'to everflowmg; . Sae in the war
times, there had never been witnessed so large
a gathering irrthe Red River country, while the
strong 'feeling apparent in every face•vvill sufft= .
ciently explain the matter following: • • .
About, the close of 1839,.. George Hopkins,
one of-the"-wealthiest planteis and most infi.u
entiel men in No: tlpkro eff red a 'gross
insult to Mary kl'o•st.a: the ) be..nlifOl
wile of -his The buiband
threeteded to ,chastise fOr the 'outrage,.
whereupon Hopkins, loaded his gun,- went to
Flfison'sltouse,•and shot him, in his own door. .
The .mutderer was arrested, end hailed' to
answer the , cherge: Tlie occurrence -produced
intense excitement, :and Hopkins, - in order to
t urn the tide of popular opinion,'-or .ht least to
mitigate the general wrath whfchwas -first
olently against 'him, circulated reports NW
. to the character and stand
-Mg of the woman whO had suffered shch ruel
wrongs at his hands . .. • • • • .
• She brought suit , for Slander. thuj two
cases—one criminal and. the ether civil , and: .
both.out of the Same tragedy, were pending at
the April" Circuit Court for 1810.. ii,v •: • •
TheinVrestmeturally felt by.thpsomnounity
'as to the issue,- became far deeper . when it was:
known.that Ashley and Pike, of Arkansas-, and
the celebrated S.'S. Prentiss, Of New -Orleans ;
eaeh . bY Miorchous fees,. had been retained by-
Hopkins for defense. • .•
The trial of indictment fOr murder concluded
On . the•Sth of AMA, with the acquittal of Hop
kias. Such a. result might have been', well
foraseen, comparing the talents of the counsel
engaged on either side. , . '
The Texas laWyers were utterly overwhelm
ed by, the arguments and oloqUence of their op
ponents. It was a fight of dwarfs . against gi
ants. - .
The slander suit Was set for the '9th, and the
throng 'of . spectators greW in,nuiriber as well as
excitement. And What seemed strange, the'
current of public , opinion now run decidedly for .
Hopkins. His money. had 'procured 'witnesses
who served his powerful advocates.. Indeed so•
triumPhant had been:fhe success on. the previ,
oui (14 that, when the slander casd was called,'
Mary Ellison was left , without / an a t t o rney.—
All had. withdrawn. ••, ,/ • '
The,pigmY, pettifoggers .dare"not brave. the
sharp wit of Pike, - and.t'he scathing thunder of
Prentiss, • " - ." • .
“HaVe you'•• no sithiusel?l r- , inquired Judge .
Mills, looking kindly at thS•plaintiff. •
Siri they have 'air deserted End, and I am
-••, , . •
too Poor - ;to employ any more," replied ,the
beautiful Mary, burefing . .
such" a' Case, will not , some' chivalrous
member of :the profession . . volunteer?" •, asked
the judge, glanciug' aieund• the bir.'
The, thirty lawyers were siient, -• •
"1 will, your honor," said: a
,voice : from the
thickest of the crowd and 'situated ,behind the
.• Froinßuree Dlcttooarp oCLove
Like two.ineanide crumbed in show
*. Are the cheeks of Bonnie
the'vielota that grow .. .
'Moog the dalsiea 14 the dell. .
•Arahoi.eyea 7 the 'stars of night.
.Ne'er a mortal heart did eweli
. .tVittiatteh pu re and food delight , ,
. As the eyes:of Bonnie 8011. , •
Music trembles on the hi)
Of the fairy Bonnie Bell;
Oh! pd give such sweets to afp,' 7 .:.
Wealth that Cyiems no!er could toll;
would - doinmy brain and soul, .
Could the mintage buy a spell'•
'That Would waft me to My . goal
Waft and win me Bonnie Bell!
: As theeotinanf •
• • • Is the voice of BOnnie
;' , • Wit; like buhhies on the wine
. • ••• Pure as pearls in ocean shell,
BpAikle through her, golden th e me;
Joyful ae a Inirria„e . bell • • .
• • . ' • I could glide.Adown atr eini
In one boat with ItOnnie Bell. '
THE' VOLUNTEER COUNSEL
CI• • . .
.. • .
S,IVI . f,THP94I. I . ..MIi:EAN. • COVNTY; , .e4. - ; -Ttw:RspAy.;'.DEc.c.gpqß:.4-',-.-:559,.
voice:twiny - Started halt
from their •seaits, and. perhaps ihere ; was not' a
•beart in the.intSnse throng ; — that did not 'beat
Sornewhatlpickey—it was so unearthly aweet,
ringing . anrinournful. • . •
The first,aensation, however, was changed
into laughter; whtni•i*gatint, spectral Ag
ure.that 'no person present remembered:to have
seen before; elbowed his 'Way Ahrough ; •the
exowd, 'and•placed himself within
..His appearance was a problem the
sphYnx itself. ° His high,' ..pale„ brow, and his
smalli nervously twitching.faCe seemed active
with the concentrated essence' and cream
genius; but then hisinfantile..blue eyes, hardly
Visible beneath their Massive arches, lookipg
dim, dreamy, almost unconscious, and his clo
thing was so.sbebby that the court almost hes
itated balk the case proceed 'under his :man,
ttHis your'narne been entereff.oe the rolls •ol
the State?" demanded•the judge, suspiciously.
idt is immaterial about. my name being .on
your, rolls;" 'answered the. stranger; his thin
lips curling up into..a fiendish sneer.
,courtesy 'of the coitrt and
bar. tiere it; my license froni oe:highest tri
bunerit Americn," and he handed Judge Mills
abroad parchtnent.... •
The trial immediately went On.: In the ex
amination of th;Wituesses the stranger evinced
very. little ingenuity ae .commorily ;thought;—
He suffered eneYene to tell their awn story,
without . interruption,•' . though he generally
hrnanged to make each:one tell it over two or
three times. He put .a feW'cross 'questions,
which with keenwitnesseionly served to , car
rec t mistakes,. and he-made no notes,,which, in
mighty memories only tend to ernharrass.. •
The examination being ended,. as counsel for
the plaintiff, he had a Tight to the openinz as
well as the closing
_speech; but to the aston
ishment otTeyery - one, he declined the former,
and alloWed the defense Co lead . • '
Then a shadow might have heel) seen to flit ,
across the features of. Pike, and. to darken the
bright eyes of. Prentiss.. They , saw that 'they
had.rtcaught a Tartar,"bet who it was OrhoW,
it, happened, was impossible to guess: ...
Col. Ashley spoke first. He dealt: the jury.
a dish of that coarse,ilry.logic•which• year's af
terward,rendered him.famous in the Senate of
The Poet, Albert Pike; followed with' a vein
°twit, ind a half torrent of . ridicule; 'in . which
neither the plaintilf nor her ragged attorneY
were forgotten or spared.
The great Prentiss•concluded - for the defend;
ant,witif a glow ofgOrgeous words, brilliant as
a shoWer of falling stars, and with burste of
oratory, that brought the : house down in cheers,
in which even the sworn jury' themsel ye's, joined.
notwithstanding the stern order of the bench.
Thus 'wonderfully susceptible are the Southern
people to the charms of impassioned eloquen'ce.
It was the stranger's turn. He. hid remain_
ed apparently abstracted during all the pievi-
Ous speeehea. Still; and straight, and inotion
less in his seat; his pale, smooth forehead
shooting- high like a mountain coned snow,
and but for that continued twitch that came
and went perpetually. in • his face, you Would,
hive taken him for a . mere man of marble, 'or
hamin form carved In ice. EVen his Aim,
dreary eyes were invisible beneath', those grey
shaggy eYebrows. • • .
...13ut.now at last he.rises—before•the bar, not
behind it.—and so near•the
,w.ondering jury that
he might touch , the foreman' with his long bony
fingers. ,'With. With. eyes half shut, and standing
rigid as a pillar of iron, his.thinlips curled as if
in measureless& Sccirn, slightly apart, and: the
sound came forth, • .
At first•it is low' and. sweets. insinuating it
self into the brain, as an artless . .tune . ' . y..iritling
"its way into the deepest. reeesse . s . ar,the . heart
like the melody of a magic incantation, 'while
'the Speaker 'proceeds without 'a gesture or the
least signal of excitement, to tear to pieces the
argument of Ashley, which melts away at his
touch as frost before the sunbeam. Every'one•
looked surprised. His logic was at once brief,
and so luminotisly' clear, the rudest • peasant .
could comprehend it without an effort.
Anon .he came to the drizzling.vrit.oftke poet'
lawyer Pike. 'Then, the curl of his: lips grew,
sharper, his smooth face began to kindle up,
and his' eyee to open—dim and dreary nn long
er;" but vivid as jightningi rest as Are globes; as
glaring as twin'tneteors. The whole soul wtts
in his eye, tha full 'heart streamed out of his.
faCe. In five minutel Pike's' wit seemed like
ream of folly,. and •finest satire horrible pro_
fanity when compared with the , inimitable sal.
lies and . exterminating sarcasm of the stranger,
interspersed with.jesti and anecdotes that' tilled
the fo s rum with laughter: •
witbOut so.much as bestowing an alio
the perjured witnelses.or Hop tore !heir
testimony into [items, and ,buried into their
face's inveetivesthat made them ell tremble as
with ague, end two of them , actuelly fled (ion;
the Court House. ' . • , •
. The exeitemant:of the crowd was becoming
trdmeridoue. Their'united• life and soul seemed
to bang. upon the burning . , tUngOe 'of thestran-,
•ger. He inepired*,Oetn with :the power of his
ow,nliasSiona.• He ; saturated (helm With the
poison of his ount . faelings.. He
scorned to. have stolen nature's long hidden se
;'re.i Via tt rad 'l4e- We's lhe.siin 'and sea of
all thoUght and:ernntion,•which :rose. slail!fell,
and••Miled'in the billow as: lie ' Chose. j.• But 'bin
greatest triumph was .to Come. ..."
.• His eyes began to gtance furitively at the
assassin Hapkins,. as his lean tiper'fingers "as:
snrued the ' same .
'direction: He , bemmed :the.
deuce .ant'impreinable.arguinent,.cntting off
hope "of escape.. . •
.• . • ..
He piled up large 4E1 . 86018 . 0f: insurrnauritahle
(acts.' He deg•betwean the min del'erand elan.
derer's-feet, ditchecof dilemmas, 'such as no .
sophistrY caul•OveFleapi: and no 'secrets in•
gentiity evade; 'and . thus having, as one ' might
say;•impounded'hisiictirri,"qnil•girt him abmit
like, a'scorpion a circle of fire, he .stA'ipped
;himself tcrthe work ofmassacia. , • • ."
Ohl then it was a vision most glorious and
dreadfil to behold the Orator: His ;actions ,
fore gifted:al as,t.he . v . raves of a g,Olden willow
in the breeze,.grewirripetuous a's the motien of
,an Oak ip whurricane. , • • •
His voice became a trumpet with wild
whiripools;:deafening the air ivith the crashes'
of power, and , y4.intermingling . all 'the
with a'stieet tinderiong , of the, softest cadence.
Hisfice.was as red as , a"diunkard's—his
heatiglowed like a heated furnace, bis c'ounte,
nonce' o viai haggard like that; of a inarkiac,,%and
6:Ver and anon he flung his long . bony-,tirrris Otte
high, as if grasping, after thander bolts. . •..
Hedr.tw . * picture.ca murder in , such 'appall
ing col Ors that irchmpariSon, hell: itself ::tnighi,
he considered beatitiful.• He painted the flan=
deter so blank that: the; eun Seemed dark at.
noon-day, when shining:on such an accursed
monster„ and then firing both ,portraits :on .the
hrtnking Hopkins, hefastened them there. for
ever: The.agitation'of the audienceim'oUnted
alino.t to aladnesp'.. . ' .. •
All at'once the speaker descended from his
krilous . height..
..His voice• wailed out• for the
murdered dead and living—the heautliel ,Mary,
more beinitiful. every. moment _. as her., teals
flowed fester 7 --Ol all wept and. sobbed lige
children. . • . . • ,
Heplosed by• n'strange exhortation ',to the
ury, and through them:to ihe r byitander3. 11••
advised the panel after they. should bring in :a
verdict for the plaintiff not tq oiler violence to
the defendant;' oweverrichlY he might . deserve
other words, nut to lyrieh the villain, but
-leave his punishment with , God.•
This was the most artful trick of all, and. the
best ceulculated - to insure vengeance: •
The jury rendered a verdict of twenty thou
sand dollars, and thenight after Wards Hopkins
was taken out of' his :bed . by lynchers, and
beaten`almost to death. ~
As the court-adjourned the 'stranger • made
knOwii his .n,ame, and called the attention -of the .
.public with the 'announcement—John .'Taylor
will 'preach this.evening atearly candle light. •
The crew(' all turned out,
...and Taylor's. ser
mon eqUalled if it did not surpass the splendor
,of his forensie effort. :this isnot'exaggerated,
haVo listened, to Clay, Webster and Calhoun
-. Dewey, Tyng. and BaicoM—tint
heard _anything. in the form . of sublime words
even remotely: approximating to' the.eloquence
of.Jghn Taylor=--massive is as -trmountaln--:
and Wildly ns a Catioct . are.: -A nil
that is the, opinion of all : who
.have heard this
SE L.FE Itb . s d Jiidge
who resides; not very far about here, is ii.nOvn
as ope .ivbe,iiever.paya.a . debt.ifit can be avoid-
Has plenty' Of : rrieney, howaver, and is
jolly; rollicking old chap.. , .Gets 'pretty ~..drunk,
,of, course,: some friends
take care, of him. Net long-ago he, fell into. the
hoods of.a'mati who held his neta'fOr a Suin
money, and as . it Was a .laM chance, ill& friend
diCed into the old Judge's wallet, took .out the
amount, and put the' not • e-Whete the money. had
been. When.,the J4dge acColte to cenicious,
ness, as Was.his wont, he took. out .14' wallet
to count hoW much money he Was - Out... Find •
fiig his purse .alniest etiopty;. be thundered;
i‘flow did rspend.all -money?" .• ,
"You paid off that' note • 1, held," atiswered
he friend. • •
4 , 1Ve.11;". muitored - the Judge,. quietly *-stOw
aAVay hia wallet, “.1 must have bees
GALMEM—In .1662, Galileo,then a youth ".of
eighteen,. was' seated io . church, when the
lamps suspntded 'from -the roof were replenished
by the sancristans who, ; in doing caused
them to pscillater from side .to side, as they
had done nundreds of times benne, when simi
larly disturbed:. He watched' the ladip,, and :
thought he perceived, that while. the
,lions were diminishing, -occupied.the
sante time: The idea suggested never depart=
'ed from his mind, and fifty years afterward
constructed the tirit• pendulum, and thus gave,
to theyrarld.cine orthemost. important instru
„,_ • • .oir fintio;'" A I.tw
ward, when lividg r at Venice, it .
to Anna. .one day
,thet, the children . .
apectaCk maker while Playing . With tWo.glass
es, had observed .ati, they expresled, k J - that
things were brought nearer by. looking . throUgh
them in a certairi.,Position. Everybedy said
how curious, but Galileo seitied 'the. idea and
invented the fitet telesinpe.. , • _.•
FActs A.notri• . 1111we.—Cronm eiinnot, rise
through a great depth of niilk. - If therefore,,
milk is desired. to retain its cream tor the time,
it should' be. put., into (kep .tarroW dish;
if it be deeireci to free it 'most .completely of
drearO,..it should be po , ired :into` a broad flat
dish ; uit much exceeding one inebiii.doptb.
. ' From tho Suientacr Amorloon
IMPOR'IANT.HIFr9 ON VENTILATIO*
11.4 E. 91. 71d11ARDS; C;.E .
,•• . •
Hdding'glanoed at:the. prevalence Cif 'bid air'
and the evil. consequeneekthat alWays
its habitual inhalation; the means 'whereby. we
May: protect ourselves tretn: it are heiy.to be
considered.,' The '4i,o'ry of the Whole. thing, is
simple enought' the vitiated air'` must , be retrie
ved as 'fait ea produced, arutPure eirintroiluced
(wiihout •intermi?ttnie)' to supply its place.—L•'•
The practice, however, requires some little care.
It'inaY 'be here stated that,.winter 'the season
in which people setrei.ntostiront defective von
tile I ion,. as •ttre. external 'cold • makes them care:-
fully 'close all aperatureer in their rooms= vi bile,
cer , the contrary,. in theserniner I he'heat obliges
them to °pew therri, `all.:,But ; ventilation is
mote' easily. efrected during cold wearier. ' , We
Muir; be.eareful not to: confound . purer air, With.
cuy,'cir tvarip air With's : feu]; this iee very corm
mon mistake; and a very
. dapgernus citip'totr, for
tniy be gitite'Pure . and c'oid air just
the reverse. , • . .• • ". . • -• •
To obtain prop3r reliable 'ventilation;it w.
.not du to,trust to the • doors, yindaws, or fire
placr.s (shOuld .these latter exist) Of,.eur apart-.
mente; the first are fur ingress and egress, the
's,econd to transmit. light, and tlialest to•pass
the products of combustion. from the : fire into
the open air. No.doubt, In, tha absence' of any
better the rooms may he kept ina. tot- .
. wholesomeconditiorr by the free. uso of
,tlciors and windOws„but. not. 'wench a perfect,
pleasant br economicall Manner es , When proper
aparatus is used. to secure: the result...: e#s be
fore stated, the breath exhaled from the lungs,
being heated, risei rapidly to the highesrpcir
tion of the morn,. where, if, means for its, exit
are provided, it ti ill , atence (in most
dons of 'the ettpoiphere).pass out into the open .
air; but if, as is the case In rtloSt buildings,
public,, or private, there is nn .1 :160.1."eir escape
near thecellingohe.heated Pcirtion of air unz
der Consideratioiyrernains . a'.shert time.saspen
ded aloft; Alien, as• it.-,bticomes cooler, it ile-•
scends loWer and lewor.,:tilllat last'it mingles
with the air.aver the level of , tha . ,moutlis ,Of
the occupants of the'liPartnient. Shouldabera
bean open fireplace, ..tha foul. air,'having:•tia,;
scended from the ceilitig,,generally - escapes in
'great part up the chimney; baring firs come be - : ,
low 'the levet o'f the mouth, even.of a 'seated per
son. ..This. fa - ct is especially to be' noted, es
shoWing that an 'openfiremlaic very indiffer
ently supplies the place of a regular foul air eg
cape,. Sonid.of it May also in cortain s states of
the external atmosphere,
: pees out tit'thecrev; ,,
ices iivei•the tips of the swindeWs' and tha. top
. the door, supposing them_ to be, .closed,
they generally are 'in winter; 'but if they, are
open, of course' the case is • not so : badi New
to supply the placael. out-passing vitiated
air,'freeh air usually comes . •through any .
cracks of apertiogi that it can find at or, pear
thelevel al the, floor; and in cold weather t if
ihe're.le a fire -burninr„'ln the apartnienf t . the
, • W ill pour in at any ppeninglt 'can
find,'lligh or low., 'lt Is' evident'. that,. tinder
these cireumstancesobe •in:,entning.,lresh and
the . out.goinglotil air become inoeu'or . less in..
termingledi and that it ia ithpossible for the in-
mates to breathe 'any but a partially' iinpure
element.. Opening . , the windosys in winter,
though. preferable to being 'paisoned•with, no.x-
ions lases;lSobjectiontible, as it catiaes sudden
drafts of VerY .cold air; and thus may Injure
invalids; hisides being' unpleasant to those in
robtist health; and, moreover,. it only. some-'
what remedies the.evil..
.11a cases ivliere'thete
,are no fire-places,'lf. it. were' possible' to con- ,
struct 'romps 'perfectly • air-tight (and thefbest
ineChanici al Ways leave ,their work the' freest ;
from (lairs and-crieks), there could .I:M.' nein,
I coining or:out-going draft in chamber.ol this
kind; in it .Very little time it Would ,be.• imPes=
Bible to exist,; so :rapidly . would 'the noxious'
gases accumulate,. It thus . appears - that, for
the ability - to reMain sueh ,a roorn . Witbout
absolute and immediitie danger, .to we have
to shank the bail joints, crevices .and holes. left
abdiftwindows and doors by:the detective. work
of the house•carpenter, Certainly, we of the
itineteenilt•.century have not Mach reascrii
boast of 'Sour advances In the art of house-build
mg,when we thus.cotistruct our:dwellings. . it
is not many' centuries, since there . was, no chiin
nep, to the abodes of the great and wealthy; '_a
huge.ftre was kindled in the Middle el the large
room where the baron and his family_ lived, the
smoke en Soot from'whieh. tire. Was allowed
td make its escape in' the.beet Vrak,it could
throngli an operative, contrived' le the roof.— .
Thellireontforts:of an apartment •thhs. warrned .
can hardly he,oVer-fated. We may' perhaps.
lout+ at.the rude habits;, and . the little knoivl ,
'edge of i‘hottiehold science" that Could toler
ate such;:a state - of things; . quite forgetting. that
nis are just us fat behind,.i . n. not 'providing for
the„exit of, the •poisonous .rtrodtic.tanf respire=
tion; wOtave.improved,on our fore,-fathere
in one 'respeei, weitaoe•geine back .another;
fOr thi. aforementioned opening 'ln the .ro . of,
though.inferior to the modern chimney for passt
ing the smoke;' provided a,mdch better outlet
( 9 1 , the other.,exhalations of the' speclous hall.
rosTuumous l'usottoe.-01d, Mr. Scru ge
tlieii.and after his latifettied :decease a..will . LS,
found in liis stroug box, biqueatbing to Eagy.
Woodbiilo, the, belle of tho . village, belovtt7 by
Harry tionvisttekle., and loying him in, return,
ansanntiity of thitty . theusand n year during,tier,
life, so lon, as' She shell, remain, single ttrid..
.rtjarried; the, whole legacy, prineilial and inter;'
. car , in the.e vent or 'her marriage, to to 'the
Asylum of. Idiots. •.
: SEseint.m.--Ilitth.topped and thick-SOledthinati
nie worn by fisitionable ladies this
sensibld and Orie.whose - itniversay adop
tion Would' show a gratifying d'eet•ioe:itt.tho:
list of deaths from' eonStimption.
4.4 l . i* w.4l'
-XAL4,-..0N 0-v 11. eel, a :
to be no„ limit to,9te
which Republicanisni, •is' dieposeit
Brown's Virginia massaire./
Vreil Douglas 7 —feblack • epirits'and
. gray,"_alLaie , in
ing to prov e an assassin ; . hntter,AttedAr : Aligr o .
well than any Man , died in f iteiglitesk :
According to their interpritatiOnOlie.Plitti
thin'world has 'basil Wrong foul verylont k t ime]
: recent discov,eries' warrant 00,klitsikont
the shortest and surest way` tci fiternol 4 fipplitt;
ness, is to commit .'murder, itid-stelrfrom . : ;be
gallows, into ' , OM embrace of iingebl."':": l '
Let the argunierit_be - .backed •byr,:gitotsitiompi
from the, columns of . the New York, Tribille:
• "White;the respcinsiyi r ltaart,ofthi,,kluith
hae been 'subs
one whomthey adriaire,andveberAte,anif
the great soul itself 'has pagaidis'yor hit°
nal heavens: During eighteen' contort*.
which bave passed, no Suelijharagtet has
peared among meth The sgalleries of the' re
sounding ages echo : with' no ,fOot-fall Mightiet'
than the marfyi of 'to-day.' Ef
forts to save bim were , fruftleirt. - I:' , PritYgri'
were unavailing; Ile itood'befori his mordetvs•
eis defiantly; glikitig sio mercy:_:
"Bewildered not, and daunted not, 4he.
ing scenes - of life's drama; at the last;;brought'
to him.heither regrets" nor foreliodings.“
ing finished the'work which God had given hint
to do,,,this apostle. of', a nett' dispensation, in . '
iridttlion Ulthe Divine, riceitied , *ithlottitudA
his baptism of hlood. beholding the
heaven's - opened . and Jesus standing at the Might
hand 'of the thionli Gaid,ihis last of Cbrit!
tian Martyrs stappetl proudly and calmlyirpoit
'the scaffold, and' thence'Mpvverd into tho,,,sin-,
brace of Angels', and into tho
bly and Arch dl the first born,4ihose astute!
wrifftill in heaven,4 •••
,tiour delightful' the visionVO' PrltroitqalitYs
when tinged With' the blood cif,rigoire'Uf
ttans! • And thiSiallOyeal whit a - litte":ides , 'lll'
conveyed—encouraging' to minor:bulliritir—lti.
making : that a final stepping
,stiono . 4o (Ojai re;.
wards!, ,Charmingl . to hi., hopeC thin
competition far. death on 'the
make that articleher." the ontrkOt,tiot
*ithstanding Its merits arri'sci, - T widely advertslt
sod in Republican pitpers.-:J/larry
Foa tunfoo .lines.-To one gallon eraMtee,
take one andM.lialf paunde of good salt, one',
half.pound' of eugai, and 1011 fwd:' ounee'eilC
peter to tie increasedfmthis ratici to.any wpm
tity to,cover the halms.. Aa,seen 0, your molt
ia,,oold,•ent, the harns'and pack t horn
,Sprinkle.each' layer lightly '
line salt-,-put on. veeiglll Emd,pcnieon the brine,
imMediately before the juice cd 'the ham
,1t,.wi1.1 require from four,to. silt
weeks for the salt to_ strike threngh l Aecording
to the' size of the' ham: be necessary
perhaps, to mild a little calf on top of the . hams;
sometimes, if they are' very large, tkeyobtitirb
so' much sof the Ludt; Ike to leave the brine sm
weak it may sour. - 'lt...Would-be well to lake
them up after they kayo been.in tor, two
and ex-amine 'them, and if, necessary add , a lit 7
tie more salt. Great care shoidd betaken 'Mc
to salt too. much, as by doMg eo yoU'lose the
Ilavor.of the , ham, and bill Just enough' ehatild
be:used to keep them,. * As .the bear abstabe.,
the malt from the brine It should be fed,by „ati;
fling a little salt on the topouid the ham
should be • well struck ihroogh. .
hams'are.lnige I'take out . the tlnt bone mid 'cut
Mt the round socket bone with a chisel. leave
ing always the large' bone. Wi.heare4,:never
failed to keep hams sweet. '
'VARIETY 1* TUE FOOD OP . ' Ai1151A2.5,04.ND . tria4
is.cont ented with , the surto dish
err day, neithtir he thrive as'vrell for' cen
fining. himsel f _ to.. onis,article orAlietiloweve;..•
wholesome it may. he, The
ded ,constant variety of Flpuhing'frult_artd
,to . 'eorreskind 'ttith mites .de lre'for
change:: Animals . have the eatrie . evatil'andjd
same extent.the siime pro Vision.
gee over the . field to find out :41ifferenC.1.1041.1.
of grriss. Animals in tho•Yard.yint 'pose, tt.ipr...
the refuse heap to Tick out
from their itcetistomerr , friod.':..Ttiti,ifitertiblie
from-his regulai'meo of corn;
bulbs, and other tit-bite': I,lnPiC
kept . .
mind.in the Winter carci of,stoclf:: 7 l.,
An alternatiOn'of root s; cut feed,"giftrieelfe cr..
'with nn occasional , treat titan ar;d - ratort;
. please. abeir tmlatesi'lreep appetite, -,
promote Aligeation and general,thrift t .? Hogs is
well as other animals need such a ahatge...,The'
sweepings of the barn, : ` with clover' heads,
seeds, bits of hay,`straw, etc.,. should,,,he
.thrown into the pen,. where; tbey be'Cager
ly divoured, and will contribute' not-a-little to
the health as well as:the :Comfort of the:. eni-
• A Goon F4IIMOR I N A l!lataneonitooo.--/rt, •
looking over some recent remarks by qop.,„Z„,:
Pratt; on takitig the chair at the formation;? or,
the'Prattsville-Farmer's Club, the fof- - •
mor in a neigliberhOod is a grearMeqafg6itof.,
let,bim'go' tp what mill Of meetiag.ha;Jilksp, )4'
mode Of farming and his improieenenis
adopted."' This is very true,. airttrit irk
aging 'to, every one.who io trying
a 'better hushandry,on hisSown - fairttatirialolll..
those who ari., and , are his
,find companions'. Whatever may . Ve
hixexample he , " goad, ,, it he show on ; hls oWn"
,ty( . !ttE.r il I a ge;
mats, simil:beitaitiptafit i htilixiethadi(.iiiill,,lba
imitatid . p*OiitilmigoveinenOtittiolititt: - •
• n ,,i,,Q , 444;tgo*iiii,o,*#iii.litiiteltige .
i6112.111 . :A#00 - 140 - torjoikrtfirtii:dent... 4. -
T"ho'Ai,4l4llo . 4oliolo,ip
roldrt tovtilivopitol , 3l* .0 6 0,PulPir
took it itpliitgo put
crackedf Andoq it.fpft*OrPrii';oreY,Z,'!:
Wail Ara ni, , *(*pti,
behind,it thjo.eum,:or,:o;o,,QQAmm., , ,zole,
or; 10F3,,i10 - 4,4coia. tor
Jurihd l Pr 4ll o4o44 l s*iiif 4 tu ti: '!: :
`1 r i 5. .0k1c,20 0 " 10 " 4 " 1.- I
pitoilethit . ::,llll6ohlititt ,, gonolo ll 44 l4 .o6 , s )
I`l l 9o 0 1411 '40 ii1.4.-YPAP,t4 I O O O/4 , 640.E . fifi4:4:
tkOP,I4NID , "; 1
v ' •
A .,, .. ,, ..:,:,; :',,.:;1;',,,.;,‘,4•V