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B. F. SCHWEIER,
THE COnSTITUTIOH--THE UniOR ADD THE ERFORCEttEDT OF THE LAWS.
Editor and Proprietor.
MIFFLINTOWN, JUNIATA COUNTY, PENN., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1899.
At S o'clock on the (Tight of the "in.
Hattie Deltosette was seated in the li
brary of her home, the very room in which
her father had so recently been murdered.
Notwithstanding the fact that the bank
er bad there been stricken to death, this
room had been his favorite, and his daugh
ter found fond memories clustered about
it. It was apparent that the young heiress
had lieen weeping, and little wonder. Fof
three days she had been seated in the
court house listening to the evidence that
she felt to must minds condemned the man
she lored as the murderer of her father.
She had listened to the evidence of Her
man Craven and reluctantly had spoken
words that substantiated his statements.
She had noted with feelings better im
agined than described that the stern, fixed
features of the jurors seemed to admit of
little doubt as to what would be their ver
dict. The statement of the prisoner, unsub
stantiated t i it was, seemed to bear littir
The State's Attorney dispelled that lit
tie in his long argument for conviction.
He drew a terrible picture of the crime
enacted in the room in which she was
seated, and stated that the evidence was
sucn as not to admit of a single doubt ai
to who committed the horrible murder.
"No other living soul!" he exclaimed, as
he pointed bis shaking finger at the pris
oner, "bad a -motive! This man had.
Where was it? Ask him! Where is the
bag of coin he that night obtained at the
express otlice? How did be obtain that
canceled note? The dead banker cannot
answer you, and the statements of hi
assassin should weigh not against the
overwhelming evidence against him. His
assertions are canningly contrived; but
would a wretch guilty of such a crime
hesitate to save bis worthless neck from
the halter by false statements? You hare,
gentlemen, the evidence of the murdered
banker's nephew, his trusted friend, in
whom he had such confidence that, on
knowD to him, he had already named him
the administrator of his will and the
guardian of his daughter. Yes, and left
him besides a fortune in his own right. lie
has told you, though reluctantly and after
being pressed by the counsel for the de
fense, that the dead banker had expressed
to him a desire to live to see the nephew
and bis loved daughter man and wife. In
all this, gentlemen of the jury, the daugh
ter's evidence corroborates that of the
principal witness, with the exception that
she had no knowledge of the fact that her
father hoped one day to see her wedded tc
the young man who is now president ot
The Cape Fear Enk.' Her father had
never expressed that wish to her. Why,
gentlemen of the jnry? Because of her
tender years! May there not, gentlemen,
have been also a motive here on the part
of the prisoner for the removal of the
murdered man? Did he not fear the bank
er, living, would thwart him in his design
to make the daughter his wife? Remem
ber, gentlemen, that if Herman Craven
and Miss De Rosette bad been one moment
later in entering the library they would
have found before them naught but the
lifeless body of the murdered banker! The
fiend that murdered him would have made
his exit from the house. And who shall
say, not without a hope, nay, a belief, that
the nephew would stand before the bar of
justice, charged with his murder? Mur
der, so palpable and plain that even Lanv
Sellars, the great Southern detective,
whom he had nrged to take bis case, aban
There was amazement throughout tin
ourt room at the calm appearance of the
prisoner during the tirade of the prose
Not an exclamation left his lips. He sat
pale and silent, with clenched hands and
tightly compressed lips, until Lawyei
ltohbins HWJd taken his seat.
Arthur Dobbs plead long and well foi
the life of his client; but no denuncia
tions of Herman Craven left his lips.
The ground he dwelt on was that no liv
ing soul had seen the blade of the sheath
knife driven home to the banker's heart,
and that the evidence against the prisoner
was entirely circumstantial.
In his closing plea the district attorney,
an old and experienced lawyer, ridiculed
the idea of the proof being of a circum
stantial nature, and in closing his address
' used these words:
"There he sits, gentlemen! There ii.
the prisoner's box caught red-handed in
his murderous act! Do your duty, and
free the Old North State of a fiend unpar
alleled! Take the case."
The judge's charge had occupied au
hour, and it was apparent that he enter
tained no doubt of the prisoner's guilt.
Not half an hour previous to the tim
we find Miss Hattie seated in the library,
and after the jury had retired from tht
court room, had she left the court house,
and then only after the judge bad an
nounced that the verdict would be deliv
ered in open court at 10 o'clock the fo!
"That is," said his honor, "if the jury
agree, and they undoubtedly will. I trust,"
he added, "that you will not be uncom
fortable in the jury room; but owing to
illness in my family, I am nnable to re
main and take your verdict to-night."
"I would have said more, much more,"
thought Miss Hattie. at she pondered ore
the matter, "bnt for the caution of Mr.
Cellars. I would have denounced Iler
man Craven. I would have accused him
of having visited the attic. I would '
Her thoughts were interrupted by the
entrance of her cousin.
"My dear Hattie! I find yoo alone!"
cried Herman, as he seated himself on the
sofa beside her. You have been weep
ing. I do not wonder: me tnree past
days have been terrible to you; but the
grave will soon open to receive the body
of your father's murderer."
"I I trust so," said Hattie, with a sob
she could not suppress.
"How brazen the fiend sat there
throughout the trial. In spite of all. 1 am
sorry for his mother and sister, for they
are worthy people; but I assure yon I am
glad the murderer's sister does not longer
vek your company. It was revolting to
.. e iv see yon in her company. I did not
m- either the mother or sister in the couri
"They may have abandoned him to his
f.-iic." said Hattie, "and he may not have
desired them there to hear a son and
Is it possible, my. loved cousin and
at one time you lovea inis
"I'ray do not apeak of It, 1 I faucied
"1'ure fancy and nothing more! Oh,
may I not hope, dear Hattie, that you:
loved father's desire may be fulfilled, and
that at no distant day you will '
my wife? I love you, my cousin, and
would make my ward uiy bride!"
"This is no time, sir, to speak of love
to me! Why, not two months have pass
ed since my dear father was alive and
well. There is time enough for you to
ask my hand, when his brutal murderer
shall have paid the penalty ot bis death
on the galjw "
"But men, dear Hattie? Then may l
speak, and will yoo listen to me?"
"If you address me after my father's
murderer shall have been executed I will
listen to your but I give you no reason to
brieve that I will become your wife. 1
never loved you, and certainly do not
"Bat yoo will, sweet Hattie! You will!
Too will learn how devoted I am to you!"
"You say It was my father's wish that
I become your wife? I would certainly
fulfill his every wish, but is it not strange
that he never expressed such a desire to
"I think not, my dear Hattie. He did
not desire you to think he was in haste
to have you married, but he often spoke
his mind to me.
"Strange; but as he evidently was not
in haste to have me married, neither shall
I be in haste to surrender my hand, now
that he is no longer alive."
"Your father living, dear Hattie, you
had a trusty guardian.
"Have 1 not one now?" asked the
heiress, looking him fixedly in the eyes.
His face colored as he answered: "Why,
yes, certainly yoo have, and one who loves
you with his whole heart! 1 would die to
"Well, speak of love to me no more nntil
I give my leave. Good night! and Hat
tie arose from her seat and left the room
"She Is mine, in spite of the devil!"
thought Herman as the door closed behind
Iher. "Ere a year goes by she will have
changed the name of DeRosette for that
of Craven. Now to move cautiously and
retain the confidence of the directors and
the public until she has become my bride.
Then my plan is to convert everything into
rash. Cash? I wonder what never
mind, I shall hear from him soon enough.
I will venture he is keeping track of
vents. Afraid to write too soon, possibly.
Well, he is prudent; but all is smooth sail
ing, smooth sailing, and I hold the reins!
To-morrow the verdict comes. I think I
bear the foren.n's words now: 'UuIIty!
Guilty T Guilty, beyond a doubt. Then
a short season in a condemned man's cell
under the death watch, and then ah! a
strangling noose! A fatal drop! A dead
man dangling between the earth and sky,
and Alvin De Rosette's murder has been
gracious, it makes me nervous! avenged,
and I have nothing more to fear.
"What a difference it makes whether a
man be poor or rich. Poor, I was Herman
Craven, the cashier of The Cape Fear
Bank.' the nephew of a wealthy man, but
i entitled to little consideration. Wealthy;
I am Mr. Craven, president of The Cape
Fear Bank' and entitled to all considera
tion. To the devil with conscience and
idle scruples in this world, say I! Nothing
but servility and beggery travels in their
wake. Now for bed, and to-morrow for
another scene in the drsma. After the
next one the curtain will drop. Strange,
I feel so squeamish! I feel as though my
every movement was being watched.
Never mind, I will take a bracer when I
reach my room, then sleep."
A moment more and Hennas entered
his room, closing and locking the door be
A black, ungainly form bad In the dis
nnce followed Herman Craven from the
court house to the DeRosette residence
on the night of the twenty-seventh. In
fact, on each night that had preceded it
inre . the detective's departure with
Adam, the coachman, for Baltimore, and
-liis form now lay beneath an elm directly
in front of the residence oi the late bank
er, and but a few feet from the path lead
ing from the gate to the house.
A pair of large black eyes were intently
fixed on the door of the mansion, and only
removed from the same when from time
to time the negro raised them and glanced
for a moment at the light that shone forth
from two windows on the second floor.
Herman Craven's feelings that he was
being watched belied not the facts in the
The eyes of Calban bad never for one
moment left bis form, save when he was
beneath the court house roof, that of the
bank, or beneath that under which he now
"Dis yere hard wnck," mattered the
negro, "an I knows what Ise gwine f do
when Mars Lang wine op dis case. Ise
gwine sleep a week, dat I is. But I isen'
gwine close dese yere eyes till Mars Lang
say, 'Calban, you 'lieved now! Golly. 1
spec dat Adam tink he own de yearth,
now he splorin' 'bout wid Mars Lang. I
yere dem say dat de jury got de case. You
better hurry up. Mars Lang! What I
done wid my 'bacca? I hope I isen' loss
dat! No, yere it is!" and the negro bit
off a goodly piece with his white ivories
and composed himself for his night's
In the office of Attorney Dobbs a father
and son were at this time in close conver
sation. "There is no question what the verdict
will be, Arthur," are the words that fall
from the -lips of the elder man. "But for
Sellars you could have made your defense
"I know, father, bnt he protested
against such a course. Too know he has
bis own theories."
"He is a strange man with his methods.
He keeps his secrets to himself. Now as
to this C. A. Stephens that be is searching
for. What possible connection can ne
have with the case? "Why, the man may
be in Europe by this time. I think Sellars
Is wrong with his theories. I believe Rob
ert Campbell to be entirely innocent of
the foul crime charged against him, and I
believe every word of the statement be
made to the jury, bnt I do not believe
Herman Craven guilty of that murder.
Neither do I believe him to have been an
accessory to it. or to have had a knowl
edge of the fact that it was contemplated.
mm nll a.tl.fiad that ha believes Rob-
Ctmobt1 to the Uty wretch who
murdered big unci."
, ., ,
"Possibly, father: bnt I have all faith
in Sellars judgment,
"Little wonder, son; bnt Sellars la this
case has made an egregious blander. My
theory now fa that there were two parties
to this crime tramps, probably. That
one was secreted in the house, perhaps in
the bath room adjoining the banker's
chamber, perhaps in the closet under the
stairs, and that the other was on the out
side of the house."
"That the object was to rob the banker;
that unexpectedly Robert Campbell ap
peared before that bad been accomplish
ed and was admitted to the house. The
tramp on the outside waited perhaps half
an hoar after be had entered the house.
Perhaps through the open window on the
east side of the house be had a view of
the two men seated in the library. Final
ly he ascended to the piazza and rang the
bell vigorously, with a design of separat
ing the two men. Possibly he thought the
younger one would come to the door."
"Very naturally so."
"Well, after ringing the bell he dashed
away in the darkness. Robert went to
the door, as be stated. There was no one
there. He walked out on the piazza and
examined that. Next be descended the
steps and peered round in all directions in
the gloom and darkness. Presently he
heard a groan from within the bouse. He
retraced his steps quickly. The murder
had been 'committed. The tramp had se
cured the bag of coin and in some man
ner made hia exit from the house."
"Your theory is '
"Walt! Robert was appalled at the
sight that confronted him. He cried,
'Help! Murder!' and drew forth the reek
ing blade from my old friend's breast: but
only to find himself a moment later charg
ed by the nephew with having committed
"Yon draw a fearful picture, father!"
"The picture was a reality, my son. Yoo,
could lave made your rise stronger, much
stronger! You could have shown ail these
possibilities. Yon could have shaken the
founded belief of that jury, as you did not
"I know it. father, and bat for Sellars I
would have done so. He protested aganst
such a course, as you know, and Robert
Campbell has such implicit confidence In
him that he directed me to be guided by
him in relation to all matters pertaining
to his defense."
"Robert Campbell will soon be nnder
sen 'r nee of death, and for a crime that
h aid not commit. As for Sellars, he has
not been frank enough with us. If he has a
hope of material evidence anything aside
from suspicions he should have made it
"Remember, father, Lang Sellars is a
man of action, not of words. At the pro
per time he will speak in thunder tones!
Have patience, and wait!"
"In the meantime Robert Campbell ap
proaches the gallows."
(To be continued.)
BATTLE WITH WILDCAT.
A Hnttr Uses Bed Pepper to Good
Advantage oa a Wild Bsast.
For the first winter In many year
wildcats have beeu numerous along the
Fulton Chain. "BUI" Harwood, an old
time Adirondack guide, arrived In
town last week with his head and
arms done up In bandages, as evidence
of the willingness of a wildcat to fight
when In close quartern.
Harwood and his big deerhound.
Spot, had been making a tour of the
lakes for winter game, when they were
caught In a snow storm on Black River
mountain, near Rocky Point They
camped for the night in a shack left
by a party of surveyors. " Along in the
morning Harwood was awakened by
the barking of the hound. Turning
over In his blankets he saw two shining
eyes In a corner of the shack. Har
wood knew that It was a wildcat The
cat had crawled to the entrance, when
the hound leaped ahead and blocked
the way out A terrific battle follow
ed. The cat leaped for the hound and
literally tore the dog Into shreds. Then
the decayed trees holding the shack
fell over the entrance and the cat and
Harwood were literally penned In to
fight a duel to the death.
The odds were plainly with the cat
for Harwood's gun had fallen with the
brush, outside the aback. He was
crawling to reach the weapon when
the cat came down upon him, tearing
its claws through his face and down his
right arm. If the cat had followed the
attack immediately the battle would
have been over then and there. Har
wood's life was saved by luck and a
clever idea. As the cat leaped back for
a second attack, Harwood fell for
ward. His hand struck a box of red
pepper, which he had brought with hjs
provisions. Quick as thought he
snatched a handful of pepper, and aris
ing threw it at the head of the cat. The
aim was good. The cat was blinded un
til Harwood could crawl outside and
reach his rifle. Then he dropped under
the edge of the shack, and, locating the
cat by the noise, fired until the auimal
was dead. New York World.
British P illcn For e Kuii tea.
The total police force of the United
Kingdom is nearly 00,000. Of these
England has 41,332, Including 15.4K8 in
the London Metropolitan Police Force
niul OSS in the city police; Scotland,
4.744; Ireland, 12.1C5; Wales, 1.283;
Isle of Man, 52. Of the large towns,
Liverpool has a full strength of 1.893
men; Glasgow, 1,320; Dublin. 1.2ri5;
Married couples in Norway are privil
eged to travel on railways at a fare and
The only way to have a friend la to
He who laughs can commit no deadly
Grasp the Irksome duty, it shall turn
to sweet delight.
Love of virtue is as native to man
as love of knowledge.
Whatever your calling, master all
its bearings and details, its principles
Instruments and applications.
Service is greater than sovereignty.
Few persons have sufficient wisdom
to prefer censure which is useful to
praise which deceives them.
The preacher who starves his head
cannot feed his people's hearts.
Doing good is the only certainly hap
py action of a man's life.
. Adversity is the grindstone on which
we lose enough to put an edge of use
fulness on our lives.
Truth, beautv and love! these are
the realities other things are dreams.
Public favor Is a poor platform to
Look up for strength and courage,
and look about you for a place to put
It to use.
Chance never helps the men who do
LIFE ON ST. HELENA.
ITTLE ISLAND WHERE NAPO
LEON BONAPARTE DIED.
'ta Inhabitants at the Present Dy
Ars Happy and Contented, and Crinas
Is Almost Unknown on the Island-'
Industries of the People. t
Few people ever think of St Helena
except aa a rock In the sea on which
Napoleon lived a while miserably and
then more miserably died. That the
rrtatest of antl -climaxed was not the
;ud of the little Islacd's 'jlstory Is bard
to realize, possibly because a poet or
romancer would have made It the end,
ind a continuation Is therefore more or
less unnatural and absurd. Be that as
It may, St Helena has remained the
tbldlng place of ordinary human beings
who concern themselves " very little
ibout the colossal ghost generally sup
posed to be the island's only inhabit
ant, and the report to the English gov
eminent just made by their governor
ibows that they have Joys and sorrows
xactly like those of the folks dwell
ing in places less tragically famous.
for Instance, the revenues of the island
last year were 9,152, a decidedly com
fortable sum. but alas! the expendi
tures amounted to 12,349, and that Is
n excess of outgo not comfortable at
1L The governor says, however, that
the bad balance was due to some extra
jrdlnary drains upon the Island's re
sources, and that he anticipates a sub
stantial surplus for the current year.
A recent Increase of the garrison and
xtenslve Improvements now making
ty the colonial and Imperial author!
des assure the Immediate prosperity of
St Helena hns no public debt bnt Is
paying off by small annual Install
ments a non-interest-bearing grant of
3,000 made by Parliament In 18TL
The Imports, chiefly foodstuffs -and
sulldlng materials, amounted last year
jo 62.985. and the exports, almost
wholly potatoes, to 4.391. Lace ma I'
ll g has been Introduced among the girls
)f the Island with great success, and
the Governor Is experimenting with the
manufacture of brick and tile. The
whalers have now entirely deserted St
Helena, the few ships engaged In that
Industry keeping far to the north or
otith. The total population of the
Island Is 4.543.
i The governor hopes that winter vis
itors from England may be tempted by
he salubrity of the climate to try St
Helena, which Is superior, he says. In
'tome respects to that of Madeira and
the Canary Islands, ne says the people
M a whole compare favorably with the
English agricultural population; with
lew exceptions, all can read and write.
ind the language Is spoken with great
er purity than In many districts at
aome. As a ruj- the people are happy
tnd contenteX h little erhne among
mem and much kindness In helping
each other. Strangers are greatly im
pressed with the general civility shewn
to them by old and young. New York
LOCATION OF SOLOMON'S MINES
Supposed to Be Near Where Transvaal
- War Will Occur.
The present prominence of the Trans
raal from a political aspect makes
everything connected with that region
it special Interest The country, though
It has only In comparatively recent
times attracted the attention of our
present civilization, has had a past, a
rery remote past civilization of which
ill records and even traditions nave
Jisapprared, but which has left Its
nark on the landscape In the shape of
i number of stone ruins of peculiar
itructure, the purpose and probable
listory of which Is now puzzling
These buildings are scattered over
:he plateau of southern Mashonaland
tnd Matabeleland, from Its mountain
ous edge on the east to the neighbor
hood of Tatl on the west They con
dst of fragments of walls built of small
blocks of granite resembling paving
stones, about a foot long by six Inches
ulgh, chipped or trimmed to a uniform
ilze. They are built without mortar
ir cement but the stones are neatly
id Justed, and the walls, which taper
'rom the base toward the top, are so
.hick that stability la Insured. The
nly ornamentation consists In placing
onie of the stones at an acute angle
:o the other layers above and below,
to as to produce a herring-bone pattern.
The group of ruins which have at
tracted the most attention are situated
erenteen miles from Fort Victoria, In
ututhern Mashonaland. They are
mown by the name of the Great Zlm
!abnye. This Bantu word Is said to
leuote a stone building, but has often
Seen used to describe the residence of
i great chief. It is a common noun
ind not the name of any particular
place. It has, however, been applied
tij Europeans to these ruins, which
consist of two buildings, one on the top
of a hill, the other In a valley.
Simple and rude these structures un
doubtedly are, but for what purpose
were they built and by whom?
An explanation of a historical char
terer has been suggested. The Egyptian
nonumcnts teach us that In very re
note times there was a trade from
loutbeast Africa Into the Red Sea. In
the book of Kings we find that Solo
mon and Hiram of Tyre entered Into
i trade venture from the Red Sea port
f Ezlon-geber to a country named
Ophlr. which produced gold and dia
monds. Other historical facta are con
firmatory of these and Indicate at some
rery remote time this region was visit
ed by a people In search of gold, who
were much more civilised than the
Kaffirs, bnt the mystery Is not yet
solved. Are they the lost diamond
nines of King Solomon?
The free library of Philadelphia has
In one of Its collections of books a re
markable and precious possession. Thtj
collection Is the result of twenty years'
labor by one of the foremost experts ot
Europe, and consists of 500 works out
f 21,000 said to bare been published
between the discovery of printing and
the year 1500.
It is not only that 500 books of the
earliest age of printing hare been here
brought together, bnt also that specl
nentr M the work of 814 different
presses and types are shown, snd that
the development of the art of printing
Is illustrated from Its very earliest
stages. It Is claimed that more than
Bfty of these volumes were printed
prior to any Issued by Caxton's press
snd many are from presses which nevei
Issued more than one or two books. So
says the Public Ledger. In some case
specimens of the work of that particu
lar press are not known to exist else
It Is a gratifying feature of the col
lection that a large proportion of th
books are In their original bindings.
Among other books of exceptional
rarity are the first Bible Concordance,
issued probably about 1406; the first
octavo edition of the Bible, by Froude,
printed In 1491, and known as the Pool
Man's Bible; two of the five books
printed In Greek capital letters in the
fifteenth century; a Latin Bible printed
In Lyons In 1479, and regarded as the
rarest of all the Latin Bible editions.
It Is so scarce that noted bibliographers
doubted Its existence. This copy Is the
jnly known specimen of the work of the
press that Issued It
It Is said of twenty of the works that
copies are not to be found even In the
The Department of Agriculture re
ports the discovery that a dangerous
European acale Insect not hitherto re-
fported on this side of the Atlantic has
recently established Itself among fruit
trees In New York and Ohio, and per
haps In other parts of the country. Its
entomological name Is Aspldlotus os
'treoeformls, and It Is well known In
Europe. .It attacks apples, pears, cher
ries and other fruits. How It got acrosi
the ocean Is not yet known.
Dr. Moreno, the director of the Li
Plata Mnseum, during a recent visit to
London gave a lecture on Patagonia, ic
which he declared that that countrj
does not deserve Its bad reputation.
Although Its present population Is small
and scattered, it has, he avers, a
healthy soil capable of supporting a
large population, and It presents a vast
eld for human Industry. In Dr. More
no's opinion, Patagonia Is a remnant of
an ancient Antarctic continent
t Trees, and, indeed, all terrestrial veg
etation, will live for months In winter
when their roots and stems are wholly
under water, but are killed In a few
days If a sudden overflow keeps the
roots nnder water in the growing sea
son. The room, needing air at that sea
son, are suffocated. The practical cul
rjur. .ot an observant turn of mind.
makes admirable use of thtsknowIRfgeT
In many gardening operations. Plants
desired in low situations, where they
would not under usual conditions sur
vive, should not be set deeply.
T. S. C. Lowe, of Pasadena. CaL, the
founder of the Lowe Observatory, sug
gests that some storms In which elec
tricity plays a leading part, like torna
does, might be dissipated on the light
ning rod principle by bonding the rails
of railroads with copper, as In electric
railroads for return currents, and at
Intervals sinking large conductors Into
the ground until they reach the water.
Railroads running north and south, he
suggests, would be especially available
because the tracks of tornadoes are
almost Invariably from west to south
west toward east or northeast
The marvelous effects' that are some
times produced by music may eventual
ly receive a scientific explanation. In
a recent lecture at Oxford University,
Prof. McKendrlck said that, while the
Intricate connections of the auditory
nerves are only just being unraveled,
It Is probable that the roots of those
nerves are more widely distributed and
have more extensive connections than
those of any other nerves In the human
tody. Researches on the auditory
nerves indicate that there is scarcely a
function of the body which may not be
affected by the pulsations and harmonic
combinations of musical tones.
If the sponge ss brought up fresh
from the sea-botiom were a familiar
object says Dr. Lydekker. few would
be In doubt as to its being an animal.
When fresh. It ta a fleshy-looking sub
stance covered with a firm skin, and
If cut It presents somewhat the appear
ance of raw meat Its cavities are filled
with a gelatinous substance called
milk." American sponges, and those
of all other parts of the world, are In
ferior to the sponges of the eastern
shores of the Mediterranean. The finest
of all sponges Is the Turkey toilet
sponge, which Is cup-shaped. Th
American sponge most nearly approach
ing It In quality is the West Indlav
Aootdonts with Lamps.
Any table on which lampa are placed
should be of firm construction, large
top, and of sufficient weight at the
base not to Up easily or jar when
touched. A great many so-called acci
dents with lamps are caused by plae
Ing them on light rickety tables.
Clocks for Qar Uses.
One of the latest developments of thi
common domestic clock Is worthy of se
rious attention. . It comes from Switz
erland, and takes the form of a phono
graphic attachment to an ordinary
clock, which at any dlslred hour of the
morning will shout "It Is (7) o'clock;
get up! Now, don't go to sleep again V
The possibilities of an extension of thU
principle are Immense. There might
be clocks for the boxing ring, saying,
"Time, gentlemen,' and clocks tor the
parliamentary bore, with a cry ol
Vide! 'vide!" Church congregations
which have suffered many things at the
hands of long-winded preachers might
subscribe for a clock which should nttei
a sonorous "Amen" at the end of a
suitable period. Equally valuable
vey a gentle hint to the unwanted call-1
er; Indeed, this particular development
la so attractive that I am thinking ol
enlisting Its aid for the purpose ol
shortening editorials Interviews ai
Truth office. London Truth.
THE REAL "DAVID HARUM.
ftsalat Hero of Wcstcott's Book Is
David Hannnna of Homer, N. T.
The real "David Harum," the charac
ter In Edward N. Westcott's book of
that name. Is David Hannum, of
Homer, the New
York village West
cott has made fa
mous. When Ho
mer read "David
Harum" It recog
n I e d underneath
the literary paint
the rugged, wide
c o u n t e nance of
david hankcm. D a v I d Hannum,
who had been a character In a town
of quaint long-beaded, dryly humor
ous characters up to a few years ago.
Homer Is full of stories of Hannum,
banker and horse dealer, droll, shrewd,
sharp, yet tender. He would rather
trade horses and make $200 than make
12,000 In a business operation. He be
gan without a cent In the world, made
a fortune and died with no money.
In 1853 New York gave a, grand ex
hibition at theOrystnl Palace. "Dave"
found a horse whose mane was so thick
that It gave him somewhat the appear
ance of a buffalo. Hannum bought the
animal and took him to New York,
trimmed Its mane so as to heighten the
Illusion, and exhibited him as the "buf
falo horse." New-Yorkers flocked to see
the curiosity and added many dollars
to "Dave's" stock.
Some one dug up the stone Cardiff
giant an alleged prehistoric man,
which turned out to be a fake. Han
num saw It and bought an interest In
It and made more money. Yet when
again poor, no family In Homer ever
went without Thanksgiving turkey.
Hannum borrowed money to send them
to the poor.
Mrs. -Gibson. Hannum's sister, has
never read Westcott's book and saj
she never will. "He put words and
spelling Into David's mouth such at
any one In Homer will tell you he never
ased," she says.
TRIBUTE FROM LOVINQ FRIENDS
Memorial to Winnie Davis, Unveiled
In a lovely plot in Hollywood Ceme
tery In Richmond, Va., at the foot of a
steep hill and by the side of her father,
repose the remains of Winnie Davis
Daughter of the Confederacy. Recent
ly a memorial was unveiled over bet
grave, a tribute from admiring women
all over the country, to perpetuate th
memory of one who was beloved in life
and mourned !n death. This is prob
ably the first time in this country's his
tory that a monument has been erected
to a woman soley by women.
The design represents the Angel of
Grief seated on a granite pedestal, on
hand holding a wreath as if to place 11
on the grave. In the pose of the figurt
dignity and sadness are blended, and is
the face of the angel is unfathomable
sorrow. From every point of view tht
outline Is perfect and the poise of tht
wings Is exquisitely graceful.
Delays are dangerous advertise now.
No good business man leaves his ad
vertislng for the sheriff to attend to.
A black hen can lay a white egg but
you can't be successful If you don't ad
It Is the momentum of advertising
that carries a business along. It Is like
the steam power which carries along
the railroad train. Cut off the steam and
the train will move on for some distance
without perceptible diminution ol
speed. But gradually It comes to a
stop. It Is the same way with advertis
ing. The way to keep the business en
gine going, whether tie engineer be an
Individual or a combination, Is to keep
Four HStaT Poker Hands.
An English paper tells of the wonder
ful deal at poker seen recently at Simla,
India. The pack had the small carda
out up to the six, and when the hands
lealt four out of five players "stood."
The game proceeded In the usual way,
ind when the four hands were exposed
they were found to be a royal flush to
the king, a royal flush to the queen,
tour aces and a king full
' The reasons for orthography are
among the things which pass man's un
derstanding. Some explanations, bow
ever, have a plausible sound.
A minister was recently called upon
to marry a couple in private, and had
occasion to ask how the name of one of
the witnesses was spelled.
"M-e-H-u-g-h," replied the man.
"Haven't yon a sister Margaret?" In
quired the clergyman.
"Well," said the minister, "she spelli
her name, M-e-C-u-e.' "
"That," said the witness, "is because
my sister and ma, we went to different
THE WIKSIK DAVIS MEMORIAL.
Rco. Dr. Calmagc
abjset: -Victories of Fescs Tn Many
Blessings For Which Wo Sboald Bs
Thankful Machinery Has Lightened
Burdens God Kent ths Wheal.
rnonht. Lorn. Kloch 189..1
" ' .
Washisotoh, D. C. This discourse of Dr.
ralmage is sermon of preparation for the
national observance and In an unusual way
ealls for the gratitude ot the people; the
text, Eiekiel x., 13, "As for the wheels. It
was erled unto them in My hearing, 0
The last Thursday of the eleventh month
oy proclamation of President and Oover-
nors, is observed In thanksgiving for
temporal mercies With what spirit shall
we enter upon It? For nearly a year anl a
halt this nation has been celebrating the
triumph of the sword and gun and bat-
tery. We have snng martial air and
ehred returning heroes and sounded the
requiem for the slain in battle. Methlnks
It will be a healthful change If this Thanks-
giving week. In church and hom-stead, we
celebrate the victories of peace, for not h-
Ing was done at Santiago or Manila that
wis of more importance than that which
In the last year has been done in farmer's
field and mechanic's shop and author's
study by those wbo never wore an epaulet
or shot a Spaniard or went a hnn-lred
miles from their own doorslll. And now
I call your attention to the wheel of the
Man, a small peclt In the ani verse, was
set down in a big world, high mountains
rising before him. deep seas arresting his
pathway and wild beasts capable of bis
destruction, yet he was to conquer. It
could not be by physical force, for com-
pare his arm with the ox's horn and the
elephant's tusk, and how weak be Is! It
could not be by physical speed, for com-
pure htm to the antelope's toot 'and pt.r-
mlgan'swing. and . how slow he 1st It
could not be by physical capacity to soar
or plunge, for the condor beats him In one
direction and the porpoise In the other.
Yet he was to conquer the world. Two
eyes, two bands and two feet were Insaffl-
cient. He must be re-enforctd, so God
sent the wheel
Twenty-two times is the wheel men-
tioned in the Bible, sometimes, as In
Ezekiel, illustrating 'providential' move-
ment; sometimes, as in the Paalms, crush-
Ing the bad; sometimes, as in Judges, rep-
repeating God's charioted progress. The
wheel that started In Exodus rolls on
through Proverbs, thr. ugh Isala'i, through
Jeremiah, through Danlel.through Nahum,
through the centuries, all tbe time gather-
Ing momentum and splendor, until"seelng
what It has done for the wor d's progress
and happiness, we clap our bands in thanks-
giving and employ toe apostrophe of the
text crvine -0 wheel!" F
I call on you in this Thanksgiving week
to praise God for the triumphs of machin-
ery, which have revolutionized the world
and multiplied its attractions. Even para-
dise, though very picturesque, must have
been comparatively dull, hardly anything
going on, no agriculture needed, for the
harvest was spontaneous; no architecture
required, lor they slept under the trees; no
manufacturer's loom necessary for the
weaving of apparel, for the fashions were
exceedingly simple.' To dresc the garden
could not have required ten minutes a day.
Having nothing t , do. they got into mil-
chief and ruined tnemselves and the race.
It was a sad thing to be turned oat of par-
adlse, but, once turned out. a beneficent
thing to be compelled to wort. To help
man up and on God sent the wheel. If
turned ahead, the race advances; If turned
back, the race retreats. To arouse your
gB--esxalt yon-;-tfe I would
domestic world, forth'
for the traveling worldTfor the liferarV
wni-M fn h 1. -- I
unto them In my bearing, O wheel!"
In domestic life the wheel has wrought
revolution. Behold tht, sewing machlnel It n Jhai Z.,T'
has shattered the housewife's bondage and wheel wheel of 1 ght wheel of civ lisa
prolonged woman's life and added lmmeas- I "on' wheel of Christianity, wheel of divine
nrable advantages. The needle for ages 1 momentum!
had punctured The eves and pierced the ?.P..8?J0"rTD.8e,gTtD,,t of'he 9e.T,"ff
side and made terrible massacre. Te pre- (
pare the garments of the whole household 1
fn the spring for summer and in the an-1
lumn ior winter was an exnausting pro-
"Stitch, stitch, stitch!" Tboinae
Hood set it to poetry, but millions of per
sons have found It agonizing prose.
81ain by the sword, we buried the hero
with the "Dead March" in "Saul" and flags
at half mast. Slain by the needle, no one
knew it but the household til-1, watched
her health giving way. The winter after
that the children were ragged and cold
and hungry or In the almshouse. The hand
that wielded the needle bad forgotten Its
ennning. Soul and body had parted at the
seam. The thimble bad dropped from the
palsied finger. The thread ot life bad
snapped and let a suffering humans life
drop Into the grave. The spool was nil un
wound. Her sepnlcuer was digged not
with sexton's spade, but with ashiirper and
shorter Implement a needle. Federal and
Confederate dend have ornamented graves
at Arlington Heights and Klchmond and
Gettysburg, thousands by thousands, but
It will take the archangel s trumpet to find
the million graves of the vaster army of
women needle slain.
Besides all the sewing done for the house
hold at home, there are hundreds of thou
sands of sewing women. The tragedy of
the needle Is the tragedy of hunger and
oold and Insult and home-sickness and sui
cide five acts.
But I bear the rush of a wheel, woman
puts on the band and adjusts the instru
ment, puts her foot on the treadle and be
gins. Before the whir and rattle pleurisies.
consumptions, headaches, backaches.
heartaches, are routed. The needle, once
an oppressive tyrant, becomes a cheerful
slave roll and rumble and roar until the
family wardrobe is gathered, and winter is
defied, and summer is welcomed, and the
ardors and severities of the seasons are
overcome; winding the bobbing, threading
the shuttle, tucking, quilting, rnnling,
cording, embroidering, under-braldini; set
to music; lock stitch, twisted loop stitch, (
crocket stitch, a fascinating Ingenuity.
No wonder that at some of the learned
Institutions, like the New Jersey State
Normal school, and Rutgers Fomale insti
tute, and Elmira Female college, acquaint
ance with the sewing machine Is a requisi
tion, a xoung lady not being considered
educated until she understands It. Winter
is coming on, and the household -oust be
warmly clad. "The Last Rose of Summer"
will sound better played ou a sewing ma
chine than on a piano. Roll on, O wheel
of the sewing machine, until the last
shackled woman of toil shall be emanci
pated! Roll onl
Secondly, 1 look Into the agricultural
world to see what the wheel has accom
plished. Look at the stalks of wheat and
oats, the one bread for man, the other
bread for horses. Coat off and with a
cradle made out of five or six fingers of
wood and one of sharp steel, the harvester
went across the field, stroke after stroke;
perspiration rolling down forehead and
cheek and chest, bead bllst-red bvthe con
suming sun and lip parched by the merci
less August air, at noon the workmen ivfng
half dead under the trees. One of my most
painful boyhood memories is that of my
father In harvest time reeling from ex
haustion over the doorstep, too tired to
eat, pale and fainting as he sat down. Tue
grain brought to the barn, the sheaves
were unbound and spread on a threshing
noor. and two men with nails stood oppo
site each other, honr after hour and day j
after day, pounding the wheat out of the
stalk. Two strokes, and then a cessation j
of sound. Thump, thump, thump, thump,
thump, thump! Pounded once and then j
turned over to be pounded again, slow, ,
very slow. The hens cackled and clucked
and the horses half asleep and dozing over
the mangers where the bay bad been.
" j .1. u w I, 1 K j , 1
tnd the horses half sslesn ind noxlnir ovar !
Can yon Imagine anything more beantt.
tul than the sea island eotton? I take np
n.m.iini ia in mvhsnd. How beau-
tifnl It isl But do you know by what pains ,
taking and tedious toll It passed Into any- the pockets of the poor,
thing like practicality? If you examined There is a probability that a large
that cotton, you would find it full ot sewis. warehouse for the displav of Amerl
t was a evere process by which the seed can manufactured products will, in the
was to be extracted from the fiber. T.ist near future, be established in Tokio,
populations were leaving the South be- japan.
cause they could not make any living out
of this prodnot. One pound of green seed
eotton was all that a man eoaid prepare in
one day, but Ell Whitney, a Massachusetts
Yankee, woke up, got a handful of eottoa
and went to constructing a wheel for the
parting of the fiber and the seed.
Teeth on cylinders, brashes on cylinders,
wheels on wheels. South Carolina gave
him 50,000 for his Invention, and, Instead
of ona mil taklnff s whnla dav In nranar
, pound of eotton for the market, now he
may prepare three hundredweight, and the
I South Is enriched, and the commerce of
J the world Is revolutionized, and over 8,-
00'000 "' .r 8"on PPrei this
year, enougn to keep at work in tnis coun-
try 14,800,000 spindles, employing 270,000
hands and enlisting tJ81, 400,000 ot capital,
Thank you. Ell Whitney, and L. 8. Chl-
Jhester, ot New York, his successor. Above
ill, thank Ood for their inventive genius,
that has done so much for the prosperity
jf the world.
Thirdly, I look to see what the wheel has
done fotoe trA,eiing world. No one can
te bow m noble and self sacrificing
inTento hae been crushed between tb5
. , , . . . . ,
?feh wh"81 ,d 'ne mo8rn onitiv.
between the paddle and the ocean steamer,
, T li? ?DheriJS k dS 'ST8?. m
to wBlher ion Fi,oh, or nob?? ?nltOD
?r T?om,M Somerset the Inven-
orf t.he steamboat. They all sof-
'd ?. wer? 7 of the wheel, and
th.1na1l ,h?nored. John Fitch wrote:
Tb? "l9t ' January 1743. was the fatal
t,mB of bringing me Into existence. I know
of nothing so perplexing and vexatious to
m,,w-,eS11?15,,,8 iurbalent w'i? "d
J"' b""d'n8' lIbe
f0 ,h q Li. .itf n,,l.
Lfff.Aj "! "?d ou.btedly
haJ.V,f ?a.ted 'be la"er ,in the same man-
ner; but, for one man to be teased with
fn.nSS8'!?- IT, " ,!" mSt
n'ortunate man In the world."
800 'ae rl? move out of one of our
inDt,Jor, Jtl 'ZL JU!.'
ney' t L h. i J1 1 el and
i' f.l'l'lTlr1, ;
"n Vh.?j!'.l .n J 'fhf ' ,pph, '.7'
?H 'L -V . l V 1 A
!ed1e8 w'",re an ,nob off the track would
b8ttbe d'erenee be,WT a hfUndr1fd "
TD8 and a b"nd,red fA '"i'!,?!
"nilftwo.11ine,h- ,JSL!,fn,m .
"f1. T .? LV. ifkiC' T.2
wbl9' 8 andhW?- n0.-? h '
?'a D" , thS h.ee.Vii. ?i f
! 'i"" ' h J" h,?fl, "j'iL .1. '
thunder and see the whlrlw nd as the train
shoots past, a city on the wing. Thrilling,
tartllng tubllme magnificent spectaole-
a " fin in llJhtBl,,l Process on.
fj. Wbr' ' "5. 1 ' C?L ,' ''-?h! w
wbB18 ?' t"8 carr'a9or,ib8 tw?W '
?' tbe1c' " w" not D,nt",If7- "t1V,B ?n;
8n,MI tx1D09't,!on.,,at b'8'l'' that
,b8 m. lra c,'8 ' 'be n'n8teenth century
rod 1 ,f8 D , ?cle; v. ,,
.Ti 8 world could not believe its own eyes.
and D? "tU quite far on In the eighties
"f,,1" Souu'"ltf 8nen"ntl with the
?hirii??- ""bl"g. dominating spectacle ol
s machine that was to do so much for the
pleasure, the business, the health and the
P'0" nations. The world had needed it
to'"." years. .,,... ,.
ourtb,T,' ! ik ,,nt0,lhe "terary worl.l
?nd 880 what the wheel has accomplished,
f am more stouoded with this than any-
thing that has preceded. Behold the al-
most miraculous printing press! Doyen
"fHi.u "m..,' 1 J'w- ".
?D,1,lad;lPh,a' Washington, and Western
da"!e??w 8omo ' ns remBmb when the
and b Rr8at ha9t.8 800 .C0P,H9 of .the v" ae
P"1B,,,P, " S,Ti TLl.D9 d"y f' ,n
"Te? ',8t' ?atu,De?ti?P has froJed
Tet'on J?d "'j 8!l "1 ?,
typing, electrotyplng, taking their places,
"''J" anJ hl PP'.' "nJJL." at"h:
1 "LTS? ,M iSfJ h 7 h
TLllTitfIlZll P- '
I ??. f with the newspapers com-
! puW'i- on ot innumerable books
it'' .'t''i--- .
f "'L?Lb PP0'. r '.'i'?'v
-tito, encyclopedias ana oiDia. some 01
forth the most accursed
"anv Dul ooa predominates. Torn
wlS 1 ,h ,, k. 1 -
liT?5toeom?liZ " that ?' tb,e Print,n
UTtlZV P pre"
And now I gather on an Imaginary plat
form, as I literally did when I preached In
Brooklyn, specimens ot our American
Here is corn from the West, a foretaste
f the great harvest that Is to come down
10 our seaboard, enougl for ourselves and
for foreign shipment. Here Is rice from
the South, never a more beautiful product
grown on the planet, mingling the gold
Here are two sheaves, a sheaf ol North
irn wheat and a sheaf of Southern rice,
bound together. May the band never
break! Here Is cotton, the wealthiest
product of A nerica. Here is sugar cane,
enough to sweeten the beverages of an em
pire. Wbo would think that out of such a
humble stalk there would come such a
Here are palmetto trees that have in
their pulses the warmth of southern climes.
Here is the cactus of the South, so beauti
ful and so tempting It must go armed.
Here are the products ot American mines.
This Is Iron, this is coal, the Iron repre
senting a vast yield, our country sending
forth one year 800.000 tons ot it, the coal
representing 160.000 square miles of it, the
Iron prying out the coal, the coal smelting
This Is silver, silver from Colorado and
Nevada, those places able yet to yield
silver napkin rings and silver knives and
stiver casters and silver platters for all our
Here is mica from the quarries ot New
Hampshire. How beautiful It looks lu the
unligbt! Here la copper from Lake Su
perior, so heavy I dare not lift it. Here is
gold from Virginia and Georgia.
I look around me on this imaginary plat
form, and It seems as if the waves of agri
cultural, mlneralogical, pomological wealth
dash to the platform, and there are four
beautiful beings that walk In, and they are
One Is garlanded with wheat and blos
soms of snow, and I find she Is the North.
Another comes in, and bur brow Is gar
landed with rice and blossoms of magnolia,
and I find she Is the South.
Another comes in, and I find she Is gar
landed with seaweed and blossoms ot
spray, and I find she is the East.
Another comes in, and I find she is gar
landed with silk of corn and radiant with
California gold, and I find f lie is the West.
Coming face to face, they take off their
garlands, aud they twist thera together
Into something that looks like a wreath,
but it Is a wheel, the wheel ot national
prosperity, and I say in an outburst ol
Thanksgiving joy for what God bas doue
for ths North and the South and the E 1st
and the West, "Oh wheel!"
At different times In Europe they have
tried to get a congress of kloirs nt Berlin
or at Paris or at St. Petersburg, but It has
always been a failure. Only a few kings
bare come on.
But on this Imaginary platform that I
have built we bave a convention of all the
kings King Corn, King Cotton, Klug Rice,
King Wheat, King Oats, King Iron, King
Coal, King Silver, King Gold and they
all bow before the King of kings, to whom
be all the glory of this year's wonderful
harlem flat owners are talking
about organizing an association which
shall have for Its object the securing of
legislation that will give them the right
to hold the furniture of a tenant who
tries to leave without paying rent.
cation of his house, and the dav fol-
lowing the removal this sign adorned
his little domicile: "These premises
nave moved across the street.
Canaries, amounting in value to
250,000, are annuallv raised in Ger-
many. Most of this monev goes