Newspaper Page Text
B. F. SCHWEIER,
THE COnSTITUTIOH-THE UIIION AHD THE EnFORCEQERT OF THE LAWS.
Editor and Proprietor.
MIFFLINTOWN, JUNIATA COUNTY, PENN., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1899.
At ten o'clock on the fourth. Sellars tem
ped lightly on the ball door at the rear of
the late banker's residence.
Aunt Hannah admitted him.
"Is there anyone save your mistress and
Miliie in the bouse, Hannah?"
"Yes. Mars Lang, Miss Jennie Camp
bell. Da's in de parlor."
"Announce that I wish to see them."
Hannah did so, and soon returned ar.c
uliered the detective into their presence.
The two girls arose to their feet as he
entered the door.
"Oh. Mr. Sellars!" cried Jennie. W.
hare been nearly frantic and dare not seek
you. Can you bid us hope? I Tisited my
dear brother in jail to-day. His sole re
liance is on you. Oh, speak! My dear old
mother is heart-broken!"
"My dear Miss Campbell.hid her be o
good cheer! Your brother shall leave tht
'.-tistody of Sheriff Cobb without a singh
stain on bis character and fully vindicat
ed. More, the murderer of the banker
shall swing from the gallows, nor shall be
swing alone. But patience and time wil'
"Oh, now that I have heard your voict
again, I feel like another girl. Do yon
not. dear Hattie?"
"I have. an abiding faith, Jennie, tha
justice will be done, and that the effort;
of Mr. Sellars will be crowned with suc
cess. That Robert is innocent of my fath
er's murder, it needs not the tongue of an
other to assure me, but there is much, so
much, that I cannot understand."
"You scarce expected. Miss DeUosette,
that your father would name Herman
Craven as his administrator and youi
"How could he, Mr. Sellars, when ht
had no faith in him? As to a desire on
his part to have me become Herman's
wife, my father entertained no such wish.
On the contrary, I almost think he would
have preferred that 1 ceased to exist to
seeing me the bride of the son of the on-.--
who wrecked his sister's life. I know that
my loved father was pleased at my prefer
ence for Robert Campbell, who was a
great favorite of his. I know, sir, that he
detested Herman Craven."
"And yet he left him a goodly sum In
his will, named him his administrator,
without bond, and your guardian. There
can be no question as to the genuineness
' of hia signature or to those of the wit- j
nesses of his will."
"I cannot understand It, Mr. Sellars. It
remains for von to unravel the mvsterv.
- That my father, who, living, had no faith '
'kin Herman Craven, should be willing that
afiea his-death he should administer cn
-;. hia t.asUtnttte vtjriim,t &l
' laughter, and become the president of his
bank, I for one moment db not believe."
"Too know. Miss DeKosette, that prior
to your father's death he had drawn a
"Yes, my father stated to me on one
occasion that he had done so. He further
said that it almost seemed useless, as in
any event I would become his heir. 'But,'
be added. It will simplify matters in case
of my death, and debne my position in j
regard to Herman. I have left him, ciy ,
tatner saia, a sum sumcient to enatue
him to engage in business and accumu
late more. If he sees proper to dissipate
it, I do not wish you to replenish his
empty purse. Promise me, my daugnter,
that you will not. Stephen Craven's son
shall not squander your inheritance. I
promised, Mr. Sellars, yet now this man
has the handling ot my father's estate
and is my lawful guardian."
"And himself inherits a fortune by the
terms of the will," observed the detective.
"Fifty-five thousand dollars is no small
sum. Why, a man with a fortune of that
amount need not seek to augment it by
engaging in business."
"True. Mr. Sellars! Now I have told
you all I know about the will, aside from
the fact that I recognized my father's sig
nature, and while I at first doubted its
genuineness I cannot do so longer. I am
issured that the signatures of the wit
nesses are genuine."
"Beyond question," said Sellars, "and
.hey were both lost at sea."
"Strange! Very strange! There is
something wrong about that will, Mr. Sel
lars. My father, as you know, was a
careful, prudent man. I recognize in many
of the provisions of the will his own true
nature. The manumission of Uncle Duke
and that of Hannah, and the money left
them, with a desire that I look after its
expenditure. Also his wish that Adam
and Millie should never pass into other
hands, and his remembrances to them.
The sum of five thousand dollars left At
torney Dobbs, his old and trnsted frieud.
But in the matter of Herman Craven
there is something wrong."
"Decidedly wrong. Miss DeRosette!"
exclaimed the detective, "but act not in
Herman's presence, or that of others. is
though you thought so. Leave everything
to me, and for the present I would mil. h
prefer that Miss Campbell do not visit
your home too frequently. Yon must ap
pear satisfied that the man in jail is guilty
of your father's murder."
"Poor, dear Robert. I know he would
have died to protect my father. His every
word of the transactions of that night is
true. My heart bleeds for him, yet there
be is, an innocent man, with the gallows
, "Vindication, you mean,' Miss DeRo
sette. Your sweetheart ohall never stand
jn the gallows trap; but Her others
"Herman? Mr. Sellars, yon would have
aid Herman Craven! Is it possible that
you believe my cousin to be my father's
assassin? No, no! It cannot be! It
could not have been he!"
"It was not, my dear young lady, or ere
this he would occupy a cell In jail, and
Robert Campbell would be a free man.
Calm yourself; your cousin did not strike
the blow that bereft your father of life."
"A nephew murder his own uncie, and
.t,. i,., ,h o-nnrdisn of the murder-
.d man's daughter, the administrator of I
bis estate, and here daily in my presence!
Oh, it would be too horrible! I have not
ioubted that my cousin believed Robert
uo not agitate yourself. Miss Drr.o
sette. Leave all to me. The right men
shall yet stand on the gallows trap.
"Men!" exclaimed Jennie Campbell.
Without noticing her exclamation the
detective remarked: "With your permis
sion. Miss DeRosette, I would like to visit
j the attic at the top of the house. I neg
t lected to do so on the night of the mux-
r " .
'The attic? Why. you "
"I merely wish to see whether there it
tny evidence that it was tenanted prior
to the murder."
"Oh, I am sure it was not. I have tht
key in my room. ' I visited the attic on
the eighteenth and rummaged two trunks
searching for old letters. But come, Jea
aie. I will get the key on the floor above."
Five minutes later Miss Hattie unlocked
the attic door and the party entered.
The rays of the sun streamed in through
the low windows, lighting up the place
sufficiently for the detective's purpose.
"If you recognise the slightest change in
the location of any article in this attic.
Miss DeRosette, from the position it occu
pied when you were last here, please note
"I merely examined the contents ol
Jiese two trunks, Mr. Sellars."
"Well, please do so again," said the de
tective a she raised the trunk lids.
"It would be impossible to note any
:hange in the contents of the trunks, Mr.
Sellars. Aa you see, there Ja little else but
letters, papers, and odds and ends, cast in
n a miscellaneous jumble, and everything
else seems as it was." It almost seems al
though there was a tobacco smell pervad
ing the garret. That was not here be
"There certainly is now," said JennieH
"Some one" must have been smoking cl
ears here, and quite recently."
"The windows are all closed," observed
the detective. "It may have been some
lays ago. You notice no changea on the
top of the contents of the trunks. Miss
"None. Mr. Sellars. Stayl That leath
er one I left last, I remember, and my last
ict was to cast in bundle of letters tied
with a yellow ribbon. It should Me on
p. Why, I see nothing of it!"
"Careful, Miss DeRosette! Careful!"
Miss Hattie had half of the contents re
moved from the trunk.
"Here is the package!" she suddenly
exclaimed. "Why, it is buried in this cor
ner, and I am certain I left it on top of all
tlse. The trunk has been emptied and
rifled. There is no doubt of it."
"Is the package tied aa yon left It?"
"Why, no. I left it tied in a bow knot,"
"Oh, Mr. Sellars, the letters are not all
"Are yon sure?'
"Certainly, I am! This Is a package ot
j euers inai my latner receivea irom tier-
uiau craven moiaer alter ner eiopemen
with Stephen Craven. I read enough t.
ascertain that some of them were ver.
tad. The outside one bare I left in the ei.
and in Viv. It is no longer here."
-""Let ns empty-the trunk entirely, said
They did so, bnt fonnd naught in it save
letters and old papers.
"Now this other one, said Sellars.
The contents was soon removed, but
nothing of a startling nature was revealed.
"Replace these articles, Hannah." said
Sellars, "while we make the rounds of the
Every nook and corner was examined
out nothing unusual was discovered.
"If cigars have been smoked here," ob
served the detective, aa the party neared
the stairway again, "neither the stubs nor
matches have been left behind. Has Her
man ever Tisited the attic to your knowl
edge. Miss DeRosette?"
"He haa r.ot. There is bnt one key, and
it haa never been in his possession. Id
fact, there is nothing in the attic of inter
est to him, unless indeed, it be his moth
er's letters, and he knows not of them."
"His father, I believe, has been dead
tome years? Where did be die?"
"When Herman came to my father, but
little more than two years sgo, he stated
hat his father fell a victim to yellow fever
n New Orleans the year previous."
"Yea; well, let as descend, and I reques:
rou all to maintain silence in regard to
jur visit to the attic."
"I wish I might visit Robert in jail, and
assure him of my continued faith in his
integrity," said Hattie, as the party de
scended the stairs.
"You must content yourself in writing
him. Miss DeRosette. On no account
would I have you visit the jail. Miss
Campbell can bear yonr missives."
"Oh, I have already borne several," said
Miss Jennie, "and a great comfort they
were to my poor brother."
"I shall visit him this evening," observ
ed the detective; "but I would not have
him appear too hopeful. And now good
by. Yon may not see me again for some
days; but remember, yon have my pledge
that no harm shall come to the one you
An hour later, seated In the private of
fice of the recorder, Sellars was intently
going over the last will and testament of
he deceased banker, word by word.
At seven o'clock in the evening he en
tered the office of Jailer Filyaw and was
conducted by that individual to the debt
ors room, where an anxious prisoner, who
had been informed by his loving sister or
his contemplated visit, awaited him.
On the morning of the sixth at 8:30
clock Sellars entered the door of the
postomce, and five minutes later was clos
eted with the postmaster.
"Not a thing, Sellars! Not a thing;
That is, aside from the usual routine bank
mail, addressed to either the cashier or the
bank president. Nothing to Herman Cra
ven, and nothing marked personal."
"And you have watched every mail,
"Krery one, and will continue to do so.
Nothing shall escape me."
"Well. I am on my way south: but shall
be back in a week, at most. Perhaps tn
"1 will hold anything of a suspicious na
il your return."
"Pray do, and let nothing pass. Oocd-
Thirty minutes later the detective was
being rapidly borne southward over the
At eleven o'clock on the eighth he enter--a
,h. -itv hall in New Orleans, and pass-
-i ,tn the health office, where he inquir- r
ed for Dr. Duryea, the head of the health
A messenger conducted him to the doc
tor's private office. n ' .
"I wished to ascertain, doctor, . saia
c ii .,! a Mrtaintv. If one Ste-
pben Craven fell a. victim to yellow fever
in New Orleans during the years eighteen
fifty-four or fifty-five."
The doctor had been adjusting nif
glasses, and he now cast a glance at thf
card the messenger bad banded him.
"Lang Sellars of North Carolina! Wast,
the great Southern detective T he ex
claimed, extending his hand. "I am more
than pleased to meet yon, sir, and the rec
ords of our office will show. I have been
at the head of the department for the past
eight years, and flatter myself that the
list is complete. Someone trying to de
fraud an insurance company, perhaps T'
"Oh, no," answered Sellars, "bnt a man
whose relatives have lost track of him.
The last heard of him he was here in New
Orleans, in eighteen fifty-four, I believe,
and rumor has reached their ears that he
tell a victim to yellow fever."
"I see. Craven, Stephen Craven! 1
have no recollection of the name; but
come, . we will search the records of the
Together the two men were soon poring
over the records of the dead; bnt the nam
Stephen Craven did not appear there.
"No such man yielded up his life in ont
city, Mr. Sellars, in either eighteen fifty
four or five."
"Let ns turn to fifty-three," observed
They did so.
The result was the same.
"Deaths in your hospitals are include)'
"Yes, Mr. Sellars, all deaths. Of course
you might visit the hospitals and ascertain
if such a name was omitted from their re
ports, but I feel assured that snch wit
not prove the case."
"I will do so," observed Sellars.
"You know where they are located, I
"Yes, certainly. I am obliged to you,
doctor. Good day."
The hospitals of the city were visited by
the detective, and the death roll of each
scanned for the years named, but on noni
did the name Stephen Craven appear.
"Now for the Crescent Hotel and sup
per," thought Sellers, as he left St. Vin
cent's behind him. "Afterward a rounc
up of all the hotels. Next a call on Chiel
Kamsy, then the gambling bouses, and I
have done the town."
"1 have been the night clerk here foi
seven years," replied Clerk Spencer of thf
Crescent in answer to Sellars' question
after he had come from the dining room
"and I am blessed with a fairly good mem
ory. We have never had a guest by the
name of Stephen Craven. Here are tb
registers; you can look them over."
"The name la a strange one to you?"
"I never heard it before. There are th
directories, on the end of the counter. You
will find them all there, from eighteen
fifty, and can ascertain if such a part
bad a residence here since that year." .
The detective examined them every one,
but in none did the sought-for name ap
pear. It nas twelve o'clock when he bad fin
shed his round of the hotels and he de
fied to delay his call on Chief Ramsj
-nil the next day.
"If I only had a photograph of Stephen
Craven," he thought, "to show Ramsy,
it might aid me, but I have not a thing
merely a name he might have abandoned
years ago. The banker would not hav
allowed his picture In his boose, I can
well believe. Well, I will try Ramsy ii
He did so, but naught did it avail.
fJFfemas. bad keenjit Jhe bead of the New
OrteanS detective service six years, but
he had no knowledge of Stephen Craven.
The name did not appear on the records oi
"If he was a sport, aa yon surmise,"
observed Ramsy, "you may learn some
thing of him at some of the gaminj
C shall take them In," observed Sel
lars. "I suppose the old numbers em
brace them all?"
"Nearly," said Ramsy. "There havi
been a few changes. The Holly is closed
and Steve Abbott has sold out to Merril
brothers; but you have been here siuci
"Oh, yes," replied Sellars. X was here
only three montha ago."
"Oh, well, it's threi years since A!
bott sold out."
"What became of him?"
"Running a house in Baltimore, I be
lieve. We were glad to get rid of him
a smooth, slick scoundrel, is Steve Abbott
It got too hot for him here."
"Have you a photograph of Abbott
"No, we were never able to get hii
physiognomy in our rogues' gallery. Hf
was too slick for us; but then, he has nc
connection with your man. He cursed
this city with his presence for ten yean
at least. You must remember him, Lang
if you were ever in his place a voice likr
oil, a manner as smooth as glass, anr
about my size."
"No, not even a mustache. Smootl
face, thin lips, a great dresser, and a reg
ular 'con man."
"I think I remember him now. I al
ways took that two hundred pounder with
a full beard for Steve Abbott."
"No, that was Dacey, his partner. Ht
has passed in his checks."
"Well, good day."
ITo be continued.)
IX grass stains on white flannels or
Other white material be rubbed with
spirits of wine before the article is
washed, or rubbed with aoap, the stains
may be readily removed.
Always keen meat, whether raw or
cooked, under wire covers or in a prop
erly ventilated meat safe, so as to be
protected from files, which will soon
pollute the freshest meat if they settle
To keep a spoon in position when de
sirous of dropping medicine into it, and
requiring both hands to hold the bottle
and cork, place the handle between the
leaves of a closed book lying upon the
A fancr work basket can be made at
home by removing the seat from a
large camp stool and filling its place
with a socket of cretonne lined with
sateen, and letting it hang down below
Where there are a good many pic
tures to be hung, a paper of a soft pale
green tint is pretty for the walls.-
The most durable floor covering is
linoleum, and the best wall decoration
for kitchens, pantries and back rooms
is tile. Where tiles cannot be had,
painted walls or varnished papers can
The number of locomotives now
running on the world's railways is es
timated to be about 160,000. Of this
Europe possesses 85.000, America 55,
000 and Asia 10.000. and the rest are to
be found in Africa and Australia.
When a Londoner desires to ex
press deep grief for the loss of a rela-
Murder is not considered a very
AoVdVng to'heTr crT murderer
receives ninety stripes on his bare
back, while the man who neglects his
dog receives 200 stripes.
EARLIEST GUM SHOES
HOW UGLY AND UNGAINLY THEY
Ancestors of Onr Profit Trlaa Hnb
bere Were of Sorry ApptwsM, bat
They War ntade of Fnra afa.tarla.lt
and Kept Oat the Wat,
India rubber shoes were first manu
factured In Roxbury, Mass., in
and Terily they were "fearfully and
wonderfully made." They reauy do
no resemblance whatever to a noe.
They bad the appearance of having
been run into molds, or diowu. "
same as glass bottles are made. They
were made of pure rubber gum. No
attempt was made to Imitate the shape
of the shoe or foot they were Intended
m rover. In shatje they were hollow
niu tnnerlnir toward the toe. At the
place where the opening to pull them
over the shoe should he was an Irreg
ular hole, without shape. Just as they
came from the mold. The hole waa
enlarged with a sharp pair of shears
to fit the Instep, or cut high or low to
suit the taste or caprice of the ens
Inmer The work was done by the
ralesman after the buyer had selected,
Iccordlng to hia requirements, heavy
r light, thick or thin. Men's sizes
were very heavy, the soles being fre
quently from one-fourth to a half-inch
In thickness. They were tied in pairs
and stuffed with straw or hay to keep
them in shape for shipment. A lady s
foot. Incased in such a huge Ill-shaped
mass of India rubber gum. weighing
at least a Dound. presented a clumsy
amtearance. Indeed, particularly when
compared with the light and truly ar
tistic appearance of the present styles.
The first attempt at making over
shoes of India rubber did not prove a
success, a large amount of capital be
ing sunk in the experiment, as well
as all the unsold stock. They answer
ed the purpose in cold weather. Tout
would not stand the heat, melting Into
a disgusting mass.
Experiments to remedy this dlfflculty
resulted in reaching the opposite ex
treme. the cold weather freezing them
so hard as to make them brittle, so
they could not be drawn over the shoe
until they were thoroughly warmed.
and this obstacle to success was not
overcome until Charles Goodyear dis
covered his process of vulcanizing rub
ber, which has rendered his name Im
Rapidly following this era of Im
provements, the India rubber shoe be
gan to assume beauty of proportion
and practical utility. They were last
ed, and the shoe merchant threw aside
bis shears. One particularly popular
style that bad a great run for a couple
of years was trimmed with fur around
the tops and came well up on the an
kles. - Dickens has Immortalized this
particular style by plaiig tMm on
the feet of the pretty Arabella that
Mr. Winkle met and fell In love with
while- vjaltnjw'tb, ,Utshyrft
Mia warate s, . .....
AH rubber shoes were mad from the
tolld gum at that time, and we are safe
Jn saying that a single pair would out
weigh six pairs of those now In the
market. Besides being heavy and
jigly, they were often painful from be
ing so tightly stretched over the foot.
They made the wearer look club-footed,
and any attempt at embellishment
Was a failure and made them appear
Humsler still. But this condition of
things was not to last. In 1844 Good-
rear perfected his vulcanizing process,
lind his method of spreading the pure
gum upon elastic textile fabrics, and
the manufacture of rubber shoes has
since improved from year to year, un
til they have become a thing of beauty.
UNLUCKY TO PICK UP PINS
jwhy One Little Man Will Carefully
Avoid The mi In the Future.
, "Do you believe that It n lucky to
pitck up a pin from the ground-when Iff
pointing toward you?" asked the little
man with side whiskers.
"Well, I don't know," replied the fat
man. "Do your
"I used to, but I don't any longer. Yon
see, I did it once. I was walking along
hnd happened to see a pin straight in
front of me, and pointing my way. The
Street was crowded. I hesitated and
was lost. I stooped down for that pin.
A woman carrying a 3-month-old baby
fell on-top of me, and an Italian with
n basketful of plaster of parts Images
fell on top of the woman. Then the fun
began. The baby yelled, the Italian
swore, the woman shrieked, and I did
all three. And when they pulled me to
my feet the crowd was shouting,
'Lynch him! Lynch him! The Italian
wanted to fight me, and the woman was
slinking tier fist In my face. The crowd
cot bigger and bigger and began to
press around me.
" 'Kidnaper!" yelled somebody. "He
tried to steal the poor woman's kid!
Then the crowd took It up. 'Kidnaper!"
-they yelled. 'Lynch him!' Then some
one, I think he was a hackdriver,
trljiped me up from behind and I fell
suddenly and harshly on the broken
remains of the statuette of Diana. Just
wben I thought the end bad come two
big policemen rushed through and got
the three of us Into a patrol wagon and
took us to the station. Of course ev
erything was arranged and explained
In five minutes, and I squared myself
with the Italian with a $2 bill. And
Just as I was brushing the flakes ol
plaster of parks from my trousers, and
going down the steps, a detective came
out and collared me; swore I was Will
lam Jenkins, alias Two-Toed Finlgan,'
alias 'Billy the Bum,' and showed a
photograph and a description to prove
his assertion. So I was taken back and
held until I got three friends to come
and identify me. I went home at 10
o'clock. The lieutenant said he wai
sorry. So waa I.
"Now," concluded the little man with
the side whiskers, after a moment of re-
Section, "I believe there are luckier
:li!ngs than pius to be found." Chicago
j Old Joke Glvea a Hew Twist,
1 man wan known la professional
i Ies wa. standing In the Union Da-
rot a few uays ago when a
me up to an officer stationed at the
depot, and toe following conversation
"Will this train take ma to Detroit 7"
."No, madam, but you can change
cars at Toledo and get to Detroit."
"What time wlU that get me there 7
"Six twentv n. m "
" Ar Ton snreT"
-Well, if It's on time it will."
"Are you sura I'll make connection
The woman went away apparently
satisfied, but came back a moment la
ter, and asked all the questions oyer
again. When she had departed the pro
fessional man walked up to the officer
and Inquired: ' '
"How many dura fool questions do
you have to answer In a day?"
"It's the third time to-day." said lh
officer, with a twinkle In his eye, "that
I have answered that one." Cleveland
- The American Ulrl.
The American girl haa flourished ana
multiplied, and inherits a very large
portion of the earth. An exchange re
ports a new Instance of her apparent
When Mr. Conger first went aa min
ister to Rio de Janeiro he called upon
the Brazilian minister to the United
States, then at home upon a visit. As
his guest arose to go, the Brazilian
"Now, I want yon to meet my wife."
Mr. Conger prepared to meet a state
ly Brazilian dame and began to fur
bish op his small stock of conversa
Madame Mendoza was a stately lady,
but the first thing she said was:
"Are you Ed Conger?"
"Don't yon remember I waa at a
wedding with you In Galesburg. Illi
nois, wben I Waa a girl?"
The American girl la everywhere
. Oil anit Gas.
' According to a Philadelphia exchange
there la near Franklin. Pa., a sluggish
stream to the surface of which rise
hundreds of bubbles, glistening like
Iridescent glass. Some of these float
on the water, others soar away above
the tree-tops like gorgeous toy bal
loons. The explanation of the phe
nomenon waa discovered after consid
A gas line and an oil line pass under
the run at this point, and In each was
a small leak. The oil spread a film over
the water, which waa inflated here and
there by the gas. The fact that the
bubbles were full of gas caused tbem
to ascend more swiftly, and the film
of oil made tbem unusually high-colored
The strength of the bubbles may be
Imagined from the fact that small
twigs and leaves, floating on the sur
face of the water, are frequently car
ried up in the larger babbles.
A Symbol of Wealth,
' The Joneses did not know they were
rlcb-j or even considered so, until an-
that the Janltress had spread the re
port of their wealth. Whafa more,
the janltress said she was sure of their
financial standing, because she herself
had seen their means. .. She gave ant
this piece of gossip on rent day: "Yer
see this bit it white paper with some
writln' on ut? Yes? Phwell, that's
wut Mrs. Jones gey me for the rtnt,
and it's all rolght, 'cause the owner
takes ut without a wurrud. That pa
per Is wort $35, and would yer be
lieve ut? Mrs. Jones has got a little
book with hundreds of thlm In ut
Them Joneses Is wealthy." New York
Original Chimney Sweepers.
The first people who employed boys
for the purpose of clambering up chim
neys to clean them were the French;
ind the greater part of chimney sweep
ers In Paris at the commencement of
the century were Savoyards. One
might then see everywhere In the
streets large groups of these boys,
many not above eight years of age.
clad In linen frocks, and who, when
called upon, would scramble up chim
neys at the hazard of their lives, with
their brooms and other Instruments,
often through a narrow funnel fifty
feet In length, filled with soot and
smoke, and tn whlcb they could not
breathe till they got to the top. and
ill In order to gain but five sous. The
cuEtom waa Introduced Into Great Brit
ain, but put down by an act of Parlia
ment in 1840, in consequence of the
many serious accidents wlilch attend
ed the climbing of chimneys; and, al
though the use of machinery was sub'
stltuted. It does not perform the op
eration so effectively as the old mode.
As long aa chimneys were simply and
wisely built they were easily cleaned
by servants with wisps of straw or
brushwood fastened to a rope; but
when, to save room, narrow flues were
made, the cleaning of tbem became :o
difficult that It was necessary to have
small boys for that employment. The
first who thus swept chimneys were
the people In the northern part cf
Italy, more particularly the inhabitant
?f Piedmont and Savoy.
De Young These girls are
De Vote Why?
De Young Madge is angry because I
gave her an emerald engagement ring
and Florence because I didn't give It
to her. The Jewelers' Weekly.
Wbat It Was to Be.
Oesta Typo graphics prints the fol
lowing bit of fun, which was perpe
trated in the House of Lords many
In 1861 the repeal of tbe paper duty
was agitating the political world of
England. Tbe budget speech was pre
ceded by a rumor that the basis of the
scheme would be the repeal of the tea
duty, and that this would upset tbe
Just before Mr. Gladstone rose to
make his statement there waa handed
to Lord Palmers ton. on the treasury
bench, the following note from Lord
"My Dear Pam: What Is to be tbe
great proposal to-nlgbtT la It to be
tea and turn outr
"My dear Derby," wrote tbe premier
In reply, "It la not tea and turn ont. It
to t be paper aad stationary.
SLIDING DOWN A VOLCANO.
S. Lively SeaaaMoai in Tabastsanirs;
Dawn tha Me of Popocatepetl.
Baring reached the summit, the In-
llan guides look complacently around
ind puff unconcernedly at their eternal
dgarettes, as they begin to unroll their
petates" on the snow. These petates
tre Indian mats of strong, tough fiber,
rhlch the guides have carried upon
Ihelr backs. Ton realize now that they
ire also toboggans.
Now the guides make this toboggan
hip, the most remarkable one in the
world, and the only one down the side
If a great volcano, week In and week
tut whenever the sides of the volcano
tre not so frozen over as to prevent It.
It la nothing to them. But for you It
fe a different matter and the more you
ook at the frail petates and at the long,
flittering descent the less yon like the
Nervously yon watch the prepara
tions the smoothing down of the pet
ites, when they will persist In curling
ip at the corners, and the testing of the
heary palos, or alpenstocks, of which
tach guide carries two, with extra ones
trapped on his back In case of loss.
Quaklngly, yon seat yourself on the
tear ends of the mats. Complacently
the guides brace themselves firmly In
front of yon, push the ragged old som
breros oyer their eyes, light fresh cigar
ittes for the down trip, caution you to
lit still and bare care, take a steady
trip on the alpenstocks, whlcb serve
them as steering poles, and you are off.
Perhaps on the way up it had been
four Intention to race each other down
yon have no Jocular thoughts now,
ind as the mats slip over the snow,
lowly at first, then faster, gathering
momentum at every Inch, you grab des
perately at the guide's waist and hold
tn for dear life.
The speed quickens until you are go
ing faster than express train rate.
Clouds of soft snow fly up, at times
almost blinding you, and calling forth
Indian profanity from the guides. The
sensation, when yon take It quietly,
with closed eyes (supposing you can
bring yourself to do this), is not un
pleasantthere Is a sense of extraordi
nary exhilaration, of mad recklessness.
But If you dare to look up or about the
tense of seasickness becomes almost
By the time you have done half the
trip the breath has completely left your
body, your mouth and eyes are wide
open, you can neither see nor hear.
Then the end comes with a bang and
a shock at the very edge of the snow,
and you roll helter-skelter through the
stiff, zacation grass bruised wrecks.
People take the end differently. Some
sit up, rub their beads and laugh;
ethers relieve their overstrung nerves
with copious tears. For my part, I lay
still and gasped. Pearson's Magazine
thm WeetlasAonee Caaptny Pacnrea a
W anr tea n Tan Wheel.
kel steel waa first
-JKSBecuon v. I
adopted by eVery
country In the
world. ..TRacentl" J.
.d field ring
o,uuu :orse -
Niagara Falls was
forged without a
weld, and weighed.
14-Ton vhiil. arter rougning out in
the machine shop, 28,840 pounds. Outside
diameter, 139 Inches. When finished It
was larger than the capacity of the
furnace at the time, so that If it had
been imperfect It would have been im
possible to reheat it.
Who Had the Button.
There Is a good story told of a magi
cian wbo has passed the great divide.
He waa a world-traveled player, and
bla wanderings set blm upon one oc
pasion In faraway New Zealand. It
pas arranged that he should give an
exhibition of mind-reading before the
King of the Maoris.
After some parleying It was decided
tbat the King himself should conceal
the article which the magician was t
discover. The mind-reader left the
room and after a time was brought
back blindfolded, as Is tbe custom In
fucb performances. After some time
be magician declared that the hidden
article was in the King's mouth. His
majesty shook his bead savagely in
the negative. The. magician insisted
upon bis point, and demanded that the
King's month be opened wide. The
King refused. The magician insisted,
and tbe excitement became very great,
until at last tbe dusky King reluctant
ly opened his Jaws. The article was
The next Instant, however, the King
was taken with a violent fit of cough
ing. He bad tried to swallow the lost
article, a button, but could not, and
was compelled to cough It up. The
Maoris were uproarious with mirth.
They did not know which to admire the
more the wisdom of the magician or.
the heroism of tbe King. London Tit
Bits. Cost of Raising Wheat and Corn.
Statistics which have been collated
In Vlsconsln show the average cost of
raising wheat to be M cents a bushel, 1
and the cost of corn 27 cents. In both
cases there la Included Interest on
the value of the land, with the cost of
Implements and horses added In. i
Tbe Meanest Man. j
The meanest man In tbe world Is the
husband who placed bis purse In a1
mouse trap so that bis wife could not
get It In tbe early morning without
liberating a mouse.
The Worklna: Baals.
First Lawyer Ton are a cheat and a '
Second Lawyer Ton are a liar and a
The Court (softly) Come, gentlemen, '
let's get down to the disputed points
V .? . T
of the case. Philadelphia North j
. ., . . T . .1
All things come to those who are rich
Miough to wait. 1
When greatness Is thrust at a man.
be Bever tries to dodge tt
Rw. Br. Ca!n:r.
abjast: Battlad la Heaven Tha rata a
Matlona aa Well aa of luJivitlaaM lo
Ctod'a Hmad roe World Mot Uov
eraad la a Haphasanl Way.
tOoprrla-lit, Looia Kleach. 18W.1
WASHiaoTOW, D. C The Idas that thing;
in this world are at loose endj and going
at haphazard is in this discourse combated
by Dr. Talmage. - The text is Psnlms cxix.,
89. "Forever, O Lord, t by word's settled
This world has been la process ot changi
ever t-tnee it was created mountain born,
moantnlns dying, and they have botb
cradle and grave. Ouoe this planet was
all fluid, and no being suen as you or 1
have ever seen could have lived on it a
minute. Oar hemisphere taras its face to
the san and then tarns Its back. The axis
of the eart'i's revolution has shifted. Tiic
earth's centre ot gravity is changed. Once
flowers grew in the arctic and tbera wa?
snow tn the tropic. There has baen a re
distribution ot land and sea. tbe land
crumbling Into tbe sea, the sea swallowing
the land. Ice and fire have fought for the
ponnnenlnn ot this planet. The chemical
composition of it Is different now from wbai
it once was. Volcanoes once terribly alive
are dead, not one throb of fiery pulse, not
one breath of vapor the ocean changing
Its amount of saline qualities. The inter
nal fires of the earth are gradually eating
their way to the surface upheaval and
snbsidence ot vast realms of continent.
Moravians In Greenland have removed
their boat poles because the advancing sea
submersed tbem. Linnasus records that
in eighty-seven years a great stone was 10C
feet nearer tbe water than wben he wrote.
Forests have been buried by tbe sea, and
land that was cultured by farmer's hoe can
be touched onlv bv sailor a ancnor.
Loob Nevis of Scotland and Dingle biy
ot Ireland and tbe fiords of Norway, where
pleasure boats now Host, were once valleys
and glens. Many ol the islands or tbe sea
are the tops ot sunken mountains. Six
thousand miles of the Paoiflc Ocean are
staking. The diameter of tha earth, ac
cording to scientific announcement, Is 1S9
miles lass than It was. Tbe entire con
figuration of tbe earth is altered. Hills
are denuded of their forests. Tbe trosts
and tbe waters and tne air bombard tbe
earth till it surrenders to tbe assault.
The so called "everlasting hills" do not
last. Many railroad companies cease tc
build iron bridges because tbe iron bas a
life of its own, not a vegetable life or an
animal life, bat a metallic life, and wben
that lite dies the bridge goes down. Oxida
tion of minerals is only another term for
describing their death. Mosses and sea
weeds help destroy the rooks they deco
rate. Tbeohanges of tbe Inanimate earth onl
symbolise tbe moral changes. Society
ever becomes different for better or worse.
Boundary lines between nations are set
tled until the next war unsettles them.
Uncertainty strikes through laws and cus
toms and legislation. The cbaracteri-ttlo
of this world is that 'nothing in it Is settled.
At a time when we hoped that the arbi
tration planned last Summer at The
Hague, Holland, would forever slieatlie
the sword and spike the gun and dismantle
the fortress the world has on band twe
wars which are digging graves for the
flower of English and American soldiery.
From the .presence of such geological and
social and national and international an
rest we turn with thanksgiving and exuT
tatlon to mv text and And that there art
things forever settled, but In higher lati
tudes than we have ever trod. "Forever,
O Lord, Thy word is settled in Heaven."
High id In the palace ot the son at least
live things are settled that nations which
eojitlnuoasly and persistently wrong
jab. i nappinesa is tne resuic ot
n and not of eartbly eu-
-M is a scbo--
house for Bp "
tion;that wlt -or without im .u...
'.. tie made over Into s scene of arborescenee
.11 WkA - . . rl inl n.fl .a
( tDa unparalleled One ot Bathlebem and
' Hasaretn ana uoigotna win oe tne sao-
jeo oi a aapernai ieuoity witnout any
Do yon doubt my first proposition tbat
nations whloh go wrong perish? We have
in this American nation all tbe elements ol
Eermanenoe and destruction. We need not.
orrow from others any trowels for up
building or torohes for demolition. Ele
ments of rain nihilism, infidelity, agnostic
ism. Sabbath desecration. Inebriety, sensu
ality, extravagance, fraud; they are all
here. Elements ot safety Ood-worship-Ing
men and women by the scores ol
millions, honesty, benevolence, truthful
ness, self-sacrlQce, industry, sobriety and
more religion than has characterized any
nation tbat bas ever existed; they ;are all
here. Tbe only question is as to which ot
the forces will gain dominancy the one
class ascendant, and this United States
Government, I think, will continue as long
as tbe world exists; the other class as
cendant, and the United States goes luto
suoh small pieces tbat other governments
would hardly think them worth picking up.
Have you ever noticed the size ot the
cemetery of dead nations, the vast Green
wood and Pere ie Chaise, where mighty
I kingdoms were burled? Open the gate aud
, walk through this cemetery and read the
epitaphs. Here lies Carthage, born 100
' years before Borne, great commercial
metropolis on the bay of Tunis, a part of
an empire that gave the alphabet to tbe
Greeks and their great language to tbe
Hebrews; her arms tbe terror of nations,
commanding at one time 16,000 miles of
coast; her Hamllear leading forth thirty
, myriads, or 300,000 troop; her Hannibal
' earrylng out la manhood the oath he had
taken in boyhood to preserve eternal en
I mlty to Borne, leaving costly and Impos
, Ing monuments at Agrlgentnm a ghastly
heap of ruins; (Jartnage, ner colonies on
every ooast, her ships plowing every sea;
Carthage where are her splendors now?
All extinguished. Where are ber swords?
Tbe last one broken. Where are ber towers
and long ranges of magnificent archi
tecture? Buried under the sands ot the
Bagradas. As ballast of foreign ships
much of her radiant marble bas been car
ried away to build tbe walls of transmedl
terranean cathedrals, while- other blocks
have been blasted In modern times by the
makers of tbe Tunis railway. And all of
tbat great and mighty city and kingdom
that the tourist finds to-day is here and
there a broken arch of what was onae a
Our talented and genial friend, Henry
M. Field, in one of his matchless books of
travel, labors hard to prove tbat tbe slight
ruins of that city are really worth visiting.
Carthage burled l i the cemetery of deud
nations. Not one altar to the true God
did she rear. Not one of the Ten Com
mandments but she conspicuously vio
lated. Her doom was settled la heaven
wben it was decided far back in tbe eterni
ties that tbe nation and kingdom tbat will
not serve God shall perish.
Walk on In the cemetery of nations ana
see tbe long lines of tombs Theirs and
Tyre and Egypt and Babylon and Medo
Perslan and Macedonian and lloman and
Saxon heptarchy, great nations, small na
tions, nations that lived a year and nations
that lived 500 years.
Our own nation will be Judged by the
same moral laws Dy wnicn an otner na
tions have been judged. Tbe judgment
day for Individuals will probably come far
on in the future. Judgment day for na
tions is every day, -every day weighed.
every day approved or every day
or every day eon-
' iltmnMl Never before In the history of
(bis country bas tbe American nation been
more surely in the balance than it is tbls
minute. Do right, and we go np. Do
wrong, and we go down.
i ,m not so anxious to know what this
statesman or that warrior thinks we had
better do with Cuba and Porto Blco and
the Philippines as I am anxious to know
what God thinks we bad better do. The
w"nv of. tuig nation will not be decided
on yonder capitollne hill or at Manila or
at the presidential ballot box, lor it will be
JetUed in bttaTen.
Another thing decided In the same high
iiaea is that happiness is the result of spir
itual condition and not ot earthly environ-
meat. If we who may sometimes b ave a
thousnnd dollars to luvest find It sacu a
perplexity to know wbat to do with it and
Kion after find that we Invested It where
principal and interest hare gone down
through rogaery or panic, what must be
tbe worrimeut of those having millions to
invest and whose losses correspond In mag
nitude with tbeir resources!- People who
aave their- three or four dollars a day
wages are just as happy as those wbo have
to income of 500,000 a year.
Sometimes happiness 1 seated on a foot
ftool and sometimes misery on the tbroue.
ill tbe gold of earth in one chunk cannot
purchase five minutes of complete satis
laction. Worldly suooess Is an atmosphere
:bat breeds tbe maggots ot envy and jeal
usy and hate. There are those who will
lever forgive you it vou have more emolu
ments or tjonor or ease than tbey have.
To take you down is tbe dominant wish
f most of those who are not as high as you
ire. Tbey will spend hours and days and
ears to entrap you. Tbey will hover
tround newspaper offices to get one mean
Ine printed depreciating you. Your heuveu
s tbeir hell.
A dying President of the United States
aid many years ago in regard to bis life
line ot experience, "it doesn't pay." The
eading statesmen ol America In letters of
idvloe warn young men to keep out of
lolltics. Many ot the most successful
lave tried in vain to drown their trouble
n strong drink. On the other band.tbere
ire millions of people wbo on departing
his life will have nothing to leave but a
rood nam- and a life insurance whose
Hummed fa?es are indiues of illumined
4ouls. Tbey wish everybody well. Wben
the lire Dell rings, they do not go to tbe
window at midnlgut to see if It is tbeir
ttore that is on Are, for they never owned
t store, and wben tbe September equinox
a abroad they do not worry lest tbeir
mips founder in a gale, for tbey never
wned a sblp, and when the nominations
ire made for blgh political office they are
lot fearful that tbeir name will be over
looked, for tbey never applied for office
There is so muct hsarttness and freedom
Irom care In their laughter that when you
lear it you are compelled to laugh in sym
pathy, although you know not what tbey
ir- laughing about.
When the children of that family assem
ble in tbe sitting room of tha old bome-
itead to bear the father's will read, tbey
ire not fearful of being cut off with a mill-
on and a half dollars, for tbe old man
lever owned anything more tbnn tbe farm
t seventy-live acres, which yielded only
nougli plainly to support tiis household.
L iiey nave more nappiness in one montn
ban many have in a whole lifetime.
Would to God I bad the capac.ty to
laiu to you on how little a man can be
lappy and ou how much he niny be
vretched! Oet you heart right and all is
ight. Keep y-ur heart wrong and all Is
arrong. That Is a principle settled in
Another thing decided In that high place
stbat tblsworl l is a schoolhouse or coi-
eire for splendid or disgraoeful gradua-
ion. We begin fa tne Iresbmau class oi
rood or evil and then pass into the sopho-
nore aud then into tne junior ana men
nto the senior, and from tbat we graduate
ingels or devils. In many colleges there Is
tn "elective course," wnere ine siuneni
(elects what lie will study mathematics
r tbe languages or chemistry or philoso
phyand it is an elective course we all
ake In tne acnooiuouse or university oi
We may study sin nntil we are saturated
ith it or righteousness until we are exem
Tllcatious ot it. Graduate we all must.
jut we decide for ourselves the style of
rraduatiou. It Is an elective coarse. We
Jan study generosity until oar every word
ind every act and every contribution of
noney or time will make the world better,
)r we may study meanness uutil our soul
ball sbriuk up t3 a stnallness unimagina
Jle. We may .under Ood, educate ourselves in
o a self control that nothing can anger or
nto an irascibility tbat will ever and anon
keep our face flushed with wrath and every
nerve a-qulver. Oreat old schoolbouse of
world In which we are all being educated
for gioy or perdltb V
Soma i.-w " by graduation
er.. ..Ion day
called cou.wOTsce'ment day. lTn,.
graduates it is tbe commencement of active
life, and our graduation day from earth
will be to us commencement of our chief
life, our larger life, our more tremendous
life, our eternal life. But wbat a day com
mencement day on earth 1st Tbe student
never sees any day like it. At any rate, I
When Pompey landed at Brlndlsl, Italy,
returned from his victories, he disbanded
tbe brave men wno bad fought under blm
and sent tbem rejoicing to their homes,
and, entering Kome, his emblazoned
chariot was followed by princes in chains
from kingdoms be bad conquered, and
flowers such as only grew under those
Italian skies strewed tbe way, and be
came under arches inscribed with tne
names of battlefields on which he bad
triumphed and rode by columns wblcb
told of the 1300 cities be had destroyed
and tbe 12,000,000 people be bad con
quered or slain. Then the banquet was
spread, and out ot the chalices tilled to
tbe brim they drank to the health of thn
conqueror. Bellsarlus, the great soldier,
returned from bis military achievements
and was robed In purple, and in the pro
cession were brought golden thrones and
pillars of precious stones and tbe furni
ture of royal feasts, and amid tbe splen
dors ot kingdoms overcome be was bailed
to tbe hippodrome by sboutssuchas had
seldom rung ;througu tbe capital. Tiiin
also came tbe convivialities. In tbe year
374 Aurellan made his entranon to Rome in
triumphal car, in whlcb he stood while a
winged figure of Victory held a wreath
above his bead. Zenobia, captive queen of
Palmyra, walked behind his chariot, ber
persou encircled with fetters of gold, un
der the weight of whlcb she nearly fainted,
bat still a captive. And there were In tbe
procession 200 lions and tigers and beasts
of many lnn-ls and 1000 gladintors excused
from tbe cruel amphitheater that they
might decorate the day, and Persian and
Arabian and Ethiopian embassadors were
in the procession and the long lines ot cap
tives, Egyptians, Syrians, Gauls, Gotbsaud
It was to such scenes that the New Tes
tament refers wben it spoke of Christ
"having despoiled principalities and pow
ers, He made a show of tbem, openly tri
umphing." But, oh, the difference In
those triumphs! Tbe Roman triumph rep
resented arrogance, cruelty, oppression
and wrong, but Christ's triumph meant
emancipation and holiness and Joy. The
former was a procession of groans accom
panied by a clank of chains, tbe other a
procession of boannas by millions set for
ever free. Tbe only shackled ones of
Christ's triumph will be satan and his
cohorts tied to oar Lord's chariot wheel,
with all tbe abominations of all tbe earth
bound for an eternal captivity. Then will
come a feast in which the chalices
will be filled "with the new wine of
tbe kingdom." .Under arches commemora
tive ot all tbe battles in wblcb the bannered
armies ot tbe cbnrcb militant through
thousands of years of struggle have at last
won the day Jesus will ride. Conqueror ot
earth and bell and heaven. Those armies,
disbanded, will take palaces and thrones.
"An I tbey sball come from tbe East and
tbe West and tbe North and tbe Soutb and
sit down in tbe kingdom of God." And
may you and I, through tbe pardoning and
sanctltying grace ot (Jurist, De guests at
tbat royal banquet!
In Aus.ria babies are allowed to sip
beer at the age of three months7 &-d
some proud n.others are giving to brag
ging about tht quantity of this bever
age which little Gretchen or Heinrlch
:an diapooo cf.
In several European countries, in
cluding France and Belgium, elections
are always held on Sundayp
A fountain in Buckingham Palace
spouts eau de cologne.
1 'ocers are made bv a machine
which in one operation cuts out the
handle ma jaw. -ine two parts "ure
anerwar,. . joineu oy nana.
Twenty-five years ago the United
Slates supplied 15 per cent, of the
world's coal consumption; now they
supply 30 per cent.
Bracelet wearing men are said to
be on the increase.
:kT y-5r r :
'T 's '-S-J-