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THE CONSTITUTION THE UNION AND THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE LAWB
A. F. lOHWEIBl!.
MIFFLINTOWIN, JUNIATA COUNTY. PENNA.. WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 21. 1898
By Marion V. Hoi I is.
Lord VlTlan Selwyn little rraliied how
often, and in bow many different shape,
that Idea came to him wishing hia wife
wa more like Beatrice Leigh. The Lady
Vlolante wa. sweet. Ken tie and of a most
loving disposition. She was gifted with
a refined mind, a cultivated and poetical
taste; but there was no mistaking the fact
she wae not, and never would be. a
"woman of the world."
They were sitting alone in the pretty
breakfast room of Thornleigh House-a
room gay with rose-colored chintzes, and
stands of fragrant flowers. They had
been breakfasting together, for neithei
Mrs. Selwyn nor Mi.. Leigh were down.
The windows were open, and through
them cam a soft, weatern wind, perfum
ed with the breath of mignonette.
"I never can do it, Vivian V she cried.
"I am only just twenty, and I never even
arranged a dancing party in all my life.
What shall I doT
Hla face grew dark with anger.
'Vlolante," he asked, "do you intend al
waya to remain a child? When do you
purpose to assume the duties that belong
to you as my wife?"
"Do not be angry," she said piteously:
I will do my best: but, indeed, I have
o notion, no idea even how to begin."
"It la nonsense," said Lord Vivian;
"you are young, graceful, clever, quick to
learn, apt to imitate. Why can you not
learn to fulfill your duties? they seem tc
toe simple enough."
Perhaps after all, it had been a terrible
mistake; and if ao, there waa now no
remedy. So he looked blankly into the
beautiful, sorrowful face, a dreadful con
viction dawning upon him that he had
snada foolish mistake.
"Io not look so, Vivian," said Lady Sel
wyn; "I will do my beat. Mra. Selwyn
will help me."
"That la the very thing," said Lord Viv
ian; "I want you to learn aelf-reiiance.
You will not always have my mother and
Miss Leigh to help you. Miss Leigh will
marry some day, then what will you do?''
"I am heartily giad of it," replied Vio
lin te abruptly; and that answer did not
quite please Lord Vivian. He had not the
faintest idea that his wife was In the
least degree jealous of Beatrice. Such a
thought had never occurred to him. He
Imagined her slightly envious, perhaps, of
Miss Leigh's social qualities; but that
Vlolante should be jealous of her never
occurred to him.
"Well, you will do the best you can.
, Violante," he said, as he rose to leave the
room. "Yon must come to me. if yon find
When he had gone she cried to herself
in a pasaion of despair. It waa auch
scenes as these she had foreaeen wheu
Lord Vivian first aaked her to be his wife,
and now her fears were all verified. She
waa not equal to her duties never would
bo, and her husband waa disappointed iu
The evening of the ball came. Thanks
to vigilant and well-trained servants, ev
erything was In perfect order; and Lady
Vlolante, as ahe looked round the mag
nificent aulte of rooms, felt her heart light
ened of a heavy load. Carriage after car
riage drove up to the hall door; one group
after another of fair guests entered; ev
erything seemed promising and fair.
Lady Violante went creditably through
the reception of her guests; even the ter
rible duchess did not awe her. But as
the evening wore on, ahe grew physically
fatigued and exhausted. The difficulty
of inventing civil apeechea to so many
people overtaxed her strength. Ixrd Viv
ian had wished, too, that she should dance
with his most honored guest. Lord Lous
dale. She did wonders. She found partners
for those who bad none, she made tir
capital Quartettes for the whist table, she
Ulked timidly, it is true to the ladies:
and, but from a malicious remark she
overheard from the duchess, the chance
are that ahe would have gone through th
Her Grace of Roxmioster was talking
busily to Lady Beftone and the two to
gather could get through more gossip and
scandal than any other two women in
England. Lady Vlolante saw them sit
ting apart, talking In a low voice, and the
Idea unluckily occurred to her that she
ought to go np to them and see if tbey
required amusement In any livelier shape.
She went to the back of Lady Heftone's
chair, and waa ia time to hear the duchess
"Ah, poor Lord Vivian I he must have
had a great taate for what Lord Byron
would call bread and butter, when b
married an unformed girl like that."
"She was a mere nobody." rejoined
Lady Seftone; "the daughter of some
country attorney.. No one can imagine
what he married her for. She has but
a washed-out kind of beauty, after all."
Poor Lady Violante! She did not knot
that waa the common language of the
faahionable world; ahe did not know that
envy has no pity, no liking; that elderly
beauties who have lost all their own
charms have no occupation better than
decrying the charms of others. A woman
of the world overhearing such a conversa
tion wonld have smiled to herself, and
felt that ahe waa beautiful enough to ex
cite envy. To Lady Vlolante the words
brought a sharp, keen pain. They haunt
ed her; ahe could not forget them.
Sunny Florence wore Its gayest aspect.
The blue waves of the Arno rolled be
tween banks of odorous flowers. One
bright morning in August Lady Vlolante
atood looking, with a far-off glance, over
the Arno to the hllla beyond. Near her
grew a gladiolus, all acarlet and gold; the
bees had buried themselvee in the bells,
humming for very Joy In the bright sunshine-,
the blossoms around her were mu
sical with the songs of the nightingales.
She herself was beautiful as a poet's
dream; but there was an expreaaion of
weariness on her face, a shadow in the
violet eyes. A few minutes more, and
Lord Vivian joins her.
"Still looking for Rupert. Violanter he
asks. "How much trouble yon give your-
f over that child. He i six years oH
if iv. remember. You cannot expect mir,
; spend all hi time in the nursery."
Hlie sighed. Like all mothers, she knew
e time must come when ber nursling
vuld fake flight and pass from her gen
ii', tender care; yet she dreaded the time.
She tuuged to keep him, to shield him from
fill t- dangers that would beset him; to
Keep nix, to heaven and herself.
rl."i:l color flushed even her brow, a Du
tiful light flashed in her eyes: for. fur
amid the tall mjrtle trees, she heard tin
clear, ringing voice of a child.
"There is RupertT" cried Ixrd Vivian
"That Is BeatrU-e wfrth him." -
Then by the golden gladiolus, throne!
the grove of silver-flowered orange tm
comes a woman whose beauty is as Kr
,in a. naision flower iu the sun: fl
woman with a face that wonld hav.
-harmed a Titian, with its glorious color
ing: her dark, radiant eyes, straight brow.
nd magnificent futtnres. her "lips uk
crimson Cowers." her marvelous lovci
ness gladdening all who looked upon il
A woman whose every movement was ful
of imnerial grace and dignity, for lleutrio
Leigh was in the spring-tide of her life.
and nature had lavished every charm np
She made a anrierb picture as she paae-
ed the shimmering orange trees, and Lord
Vivian's eyes brightened with admiration.
With one white band Beatrice held fast
the little fingers of a child, evidently a
naughty and somewhat refractory child,
for he seemed most unwilling to comply
with her wishes.
"Where was he, Beatrice?" asked Lord
Vivian, as she came nearer.
"I will tell you myaelf, papa," cried the
voung heir of Selwyn.
"You have been lost for more than twe
hours. Rupert." said Lord ivian gravely
"where have you been?"
But the child could not answer, foi
Lavd Violante had seixed him In her arms.
She forgot all the world but her boy. Sut
nnlv saw him. and nothing besides. She
covered his face with kisses, she murmur
ed sweet words over him, such as only
mothers' lips can frame. Lord Vivian
stood by, wondering at this marvelou
gift of mother love; and Beatrice Leigh
I looked on with a sneer on ber peerles
Then Lady Vlolante sat down on the
garden chair, and the child stood by her
knee. For the first time she noticed his
face braised, and one eye swollen and dis
"Where have yon been, Rupert?" she
"I know you will be very cross, mam
ma," said the little fellow. "I have been
to Lnigl's cottage."
"After I had forbidden you to go
there?" said his mother sadly.
"Yes," he replied, and the brave little
face flushed hotly. "1 know It waa wrong,
bat Lnlgi struck roe yesterday, aril Ijan
away to fight bim to-day."
"To fight T she cried in horrified ac
cents; "to fight!" Then the tender moth
er's heart conquered, the aweet eyes filled
with tears, the sweet lips trembled, the
cender arms clasped him so tightly. "Oh.
Rupert," she said, "how waa it?"
"I will tell you, mamma," said tlir
child. "Do not cry; Indeed, he did not
hurt me! I took care of that! But yes
terday, he, LuigU said ail English boy
were cowards, and he atruck me; so, to
day, I went down to hia house and asked
him to fight. I beat him, though he is th
oldest. I fought him for honor, you know,
But she was looking at him with sweet
"You must not fight. Rupert," she cried
eagerly: "never, never again. It la wick
ed, my boy, wicked and wrong. Say yoc
will never f.ght again."
"I cannot, mamma." replied the child
"Suppose, you know, a boy strike, me
what am I to do then?"
In a voice sweeter than the cooing ol
a ring-dove, she told him those simple
glorious words, spoken by lips divine
words that teach patience under injuries
forgiveness under wrong.
"If a boy strikes me," said the child
"am I not to give it him back again
"No," ahe replied eagerly; "you must
"But," Interrupted the boy, "he would
think. I waa a coward, mamma."
And ahe, in her sweet timidity, wae
startled at this. She hardly knew what
la anawer. She felt like a woman; he
already reasoned like a man.
Then Lord Vivian came toward them,
and Beatrice Leigh took the child's hand.
"Nay, Vlolante," said her husband,
"that is fals teaching. You must trait'
my boy to be brave; to be able not only
to take his own part, but to defend tb
weak and the helpless, to fight for thost
who cannot fight for themselves."
A new view of the subject, which seem
ed to relieve little Rupert wonderfully.
He raised his earnest eyes, so like his
mother's, to Lord Vivian'a face.
"Then yon do not think fighting wrong,
papa?" he asked anxiously.
"Not if It be in good cause, my eon.
was the somewhat puzzling reply.
Then spoke Beatrice.
"All the men of your race, Rupert, have
been brave," ahe said. "You must not
be the first coward in the family."
"But if mamma cries?" said the boy.
And the next moment his fair little head
was hidden on her breast.
"Come with me. Rupert," said Lord
Vivian, "and I will explain to you."
Father and aon walked away together.
Now was the time for Miss Leigh to plant
a sharp dagger in the gentle heart of her
"He is a splendid little fellow," she said.
"It would be a thousand pities to make a
milksop of him."
"I only want him to be good," Vio
lante replied piteously; "Indeed, Beatrice,
that is ail." J .
"If Lord Vivian takes my advice," said
Miss Leigh, "ho will send the boy to a
good Engliah school. He wiU be trainee
like a man there."
And as she walked away. Lady 10
lante looked after her with despairing
i reader, a woman combiniiig
,l,e .-harms of a Greek goddess
Parisian coauette; a
woman wonurous io
in her superb classical loveliness
.,,.1 csv. aracefnl. winning manner. iur
Countess Sitani. the belle of r loret.ee.
wo might have been Helen of Troj r from
the fatal fascination and charm she had
lor men. . , h.
h Lady Selwyn," sne . -,y
broken English. "1 have
l.rd Selwyn haa told me "
t j... ieen smiling to myself at your
attitude." . vinl.nte.
My h? -rrr ,nd
lltisoipg crw-. p
thinking to berselt that she bad neen
guilty of something unconventional.
Yes," said the countess, with a silvery
latijli. "the English are a wonderful peo
ple! You are beautiful, young, beloved,
rich: there is no fair gift of earth or heav
en that ia not yours. Your husband is
adorable, your child perfection, you can
have no shsdow of care; yet, as I watched
von standing there, no Niobe could have
looked more sad. You, the happiest wom
an in the world, are no sooner left alone
:han yon aasume an attitude of desolation.
Verily a wonderful people, so given to ev
erything triste. What were you thinking
sf as you bent over that superb gladiolus.
Of my home," was the reply. in my
mind then there was a picture of a green
field close to my father's house; a com
mon green field, I suppose, to others; to
me the very light of heaven shines mou
Yon are a poetess," said the countess.
Bayly. "Do not deny it! now poetry
flourishes among English fogs 1 cannot
uiagine. Do you know what 1 have come
to see you about? Sit down here. Lady
Selwyn, and listen."
They sat down together under tne tan
syripga treat, tne erange diomi.ui. ...u
oiyrt'e leaves falling at their feet: two
the fairest women that ever met, evet
in that fair clime.
"It seems," said the conntess, a snub
rippling over ier lovely face, "that yon--Lady
Selwyn, Miss Leigh and myself are
the three prettiest women in Florence. I
heard yesterday that Prince Cosare called
us the Three Graces.' My idea, the mat
ter on which I came to sieak to you. is
this could we not get up some charndes.
or tableaux vivants, in which we could
all three appear? I have mentioned it to
some people, and they are charmed with
"I do not know; I am not clever," re
plied Lady Selwyn, and the wistful look
deepened on her fair face.
"You need never fear. You frighten
yourself without cause. Promise me to
join our tableau. I will bring you
through safely. You have but to look
pretty, and that will come natural to you.
Lord Selwyn would be so pleased."
She had touched the right chord at last.
The hardest heart might have been soft
ened at the wistful pleading of Lady Sel
"I o you really think," ahe said, "that I
might do well?"
"1 am sure. Give me your promise that
you will shake off that foolish timidity
and shine as you were meant to do; leave
the rest to me. We can meet at my
house this evening to discuss and select
the scenes that strike us most. We must
find one. though. In which we can all ap
pear together. Prince Cesar, likes MiBs
Leigh. I think.
"Does heT asked Lady Selwyn. "She
is very beautrrui ana very ginea. one
seems to know everything by instinct. She
always does the right thing at the right
time, and says the very words she should
say when they ought to be said."
You are very generous, cried coun
tess Sitani, opening ber loveiy eyes.
Now. if I were you, I should be horribly
jealous of Miaa Leigh."
"Why?" asked Lady Violante. calmly,
but her heart beat as it had never doer
I ' - - V
cannot oiihj-ur whr'Vprrw-K.
countess, wKh a shrug of
shoulders: "only that she seems so often ( Knowing tne car waa overci.waea.
to take your place." j went right ahead regardless of s.gnal-
"Because I cannot take It myself," In- Ing patrons. At the corner of Erie
terrupted Lady Selwyn. : street a stout man waved his arm rlg-
I wouldl" said the countess. 1 am or0u8ly, but tbe motorman shook his
not very wise, but I have quick Instincts. nead and ,, cd bat.k where another
and I foresee both danger and nnhappn d ca foi,owlng. The stout
ness for you unless you make a great ef- ' ,. . , . .
?ort to assert yourself. Wbo win rule, I -!. however. He
your house T-JIiss Leigh's! Who rulei Jelled fiercely at the conductor and
your child? Miss Leigh! Who Influence? I made a wild dash at the car. He reach
kn.h.nd? Ml.. L.i.h!" i ed for the band bar on tbe rear plat
your husband I aiiss .eign:
"Ah, no: criea l-aay oeiwyn, -not mat
-anything but that."
"Ton must be blind if yon do not ser
It." ssid Countess Sitsni; "every one else
does, and I must say it tbe fault i
rour own! Instead of shrinking into your
self, as I see yon do. and being fright
ened at every shadow, be bold know
vonr awn rights, snd let no one interfere
with rha What a sin to sit preaching
on this bright day; but a sermon will do
you good. Lady Selwyn. Remember the
committee this evening, and I shsll watch
you narrowly, to see if my lecture hai
been of any service to yon. Now, good
by." (To be continued.)
Cost of German Colonies.
Germany can scarcely be considered
as successful In ber efforts to secure
fame as a colonizing power. The esti
mated cost of colonies for the coming
year ts fixed, according to the Imperial
budget, at $2,000,000, In return for
which she is able to point to 1.803 col
onists, all told, of which number half
are soldiers and officials. With regard
to the trade, Germany's exports to her
colonies do not amount to $1,500,000
per annum, so that from a business
point of view the undertaking can
scarcely be considered as a profitable
one. It Is evident that the fault lies
with the German government rather
than with the German merchant-. The
latter thrive and prosper to a phenom
enal degree In the United States, and
In all those English colonies where Ini
tiative, enterprise and commerce are
not submitted to all the vexatious and
hampering restrictions that seem to be
inherent to Germany's notions of col
onial administration. New York Trib
une. Fresh Water from Under the Ben
in the garrison station forts standing
In the sea at Splthead, England, the
supply of fresh water Is obtained from
wells Inside their own walls, which lie
under the led of the sea. It Is said that
the water Is exceedingly cool and pura
The largest woman in the South,
Mrs. Mary Maglque, colored, died re
cently at Little Rock, Ark. Her age
was thirty, and she weighed 660 pounds.
It has been estimated that a single
plant of Russian thistle six feet In
diameter produces 2,000,000 seeds.
At a recent auction in London $280
was paid for four volumes of a visitors'
register kept in Shakespeare's bouse at
Stratford from 1821 to 1848.
A bill-board before a church in
Paisley, Scotland, contains this an
nouncement: "Only short sermons de
livered here. Excellent music. This ts
the place to savj your soul and be
happy. Walk In."
An English physician has discov
ered a way of producing local anaes
thesia without the loss of conscious
ness or the use of ether or chloroform.
He uses moderate currents of electric
ity frequently interrupted.
The house of bishops have selected
San Francisco aa the place for hold
ing the Protestant Episcopal conven
tion of 1901.
In Peru it was once the custom for
domestic servants to have two of their
upper front teeth extracted. Their
absence Indicated their servitude.
It has been ascertained that plate
glass will make a more durable monu
ment than the hardest granite.
STOiES OF ROCKEFELLER
raafuei ma Irritable Clark
Helpa m Con-actor.
A good m.iny years ago u certain
young man he's ruddy and pertly now,
and the father of a family was em
ployed by a growing corporation. He
was quite a young man. with an acute
sense of his responsibilities, and, like
yotiug men who are afflicted In that par
ticular way. waa dreadfully touchy
when bis work was Interrupted. He
was the only employe In the room of
one of the leading members of the cor
pora t Ion, and was kept pretty busy
with bis constantly growing dntlea.
In the room was a health lift, a some
what old-fashioned exercising machine,
left there by some shifting of employes,
and one day about noontime a quiet
man came In and for the space of sev
eral minute worked the machine. Ha
made no noise about it, and departed as
quietly as be came.
The next day he came again, and the
next, and the next
The young clerk didn't like these vie
Its. Tbey drew bis attention from his
work. Tbey made him fidgety.
One day he looked over the Tailing
and caught the quiet man's eye.
"Say," he sa?d Irritably, "I wish yo
wouldn't do that. It bothers me. Cant
you come in after office hours? Yon
seem to pick out the very time wbea I
have the most to do."
The quiet man didn't get mad.
"I'm sorry It Interferes with your
work." was all be said aa be passed
from the room.
Tbat afternoon the lifting machine
was taken away.
It wasn't long after this that the offl
cer of the company who bossed the
youth took him into another part ot the)
building to do some writing. They
went Into a certain room, and there sat
the quiet man. He looked np aa taa
youth appeared and quietly
When the work was finished, and H
was a somewhat uncomfortable job fer
the abashed youth, he left tho apart
ment with his superior officer.
"Who Is tbat gentleman V ho asked aa
they passed along the hall.
"Haven't you seen him before?" was
the astonished query.
"Y yes. once."
"And you don't know bis name?"
"Well, that Is John D. Rockefeller."
The thoughts of the young man at
(hat particular moment were long, long
thoughts, but he kept a st.T upper Up
and said nothing.
And he's still In the employ of the
Standard Oil Company.
Not very long ago a crowded Euclid
ear, bound east, took on a few extra
passengers at the Hlckok street stop.
Among them was a man In a gray suit,
woo found, scooting on the rejr' plat
foHu7 The last 1 ns tallmen rC jitro ns
crowded the car to the utmdVu The
- ViV w
f '. . ... l.
"'? w" "' lae Forra pe- t
the footboard lined. The mitorman.
form, missed it and went down In a
Tbe conductor Instantly stopped the
car and went back and helped the
stranger to his feet. He wasn't hurt,
but he was frightfully mad. The con
ductor took his name In the customary
brushed the man off and then
back to the car. When he had
rung the bell to go ahead be asked for
the names of a few witnesses of the oc
currence, as conductors have orders to
do. But tbe men on the platform shook
their heads. They were not looking, or
the motorman may have been to blame,
or they didn't want to get mixed np in
It. The conductor looked discouraged.
Just then the man In tbe gray clothes
reached across snd tapped him on tbe
"I saw the affair," he said
call upon me If necessary."
The conductor looked relieved as
poised his pencil in air.
"What Is your name?" he asked.
The man in gray clothes hesitated
Rockefeller," he replied; "J. D."
The conductor shut his book with a
snap that suggested he had all the wit
nesses he needed, and the ca- bowled
along. Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Old A Pension. In New Zealand.
New Zealand, which has prided her
self for a good many years on "ad
vanced" legislation, and which la often
held up aa one of the most progressive
countries In tbe world (though a Brit
ish colony). Is about to Inaugurate
what may be called an old age pension
The Legislature of the far-off colony
recently passed an elaborate bill, mak
ing provision for pecjlons to persons
In straitened circumstances who are
over 65 years eld. The pension
amounts to but 90 a year, or about
$1.75 a week, and no one who bas an
Income of over $5 a week or property
worth more than $2,700 win be en
titled to It. Twenty years' residence
In the colony and ten years' exem
plary conduct are requisite In order to
secure this state gift, which Is sig
nificant, not so much for the amount
as for the precedent which tt em
I odiee. Boston Globe.
Trees In New Zealand.
The kauri Is tbe monarch of the New
Zealand forest, an indigenous pine,
growing to enormous height, frequent
ly eighty feet, before it sends out a
bougb, while Its average diameter Is
from eight to nine feet. It Is said to
be 800 years in reaching maturity.
There Is no underbrush In a kauri for
est, the prince of trees permitting no
rival within bis domain. Tbe totara
Is another species of pine, which, bow
sver, baa none of the characteristics of
the con I ferae of other countries, either
In habit or In appearance. The most
singular of all Is tbe rata, a peculiar
tree with somewhat the nature of a
parasite. If It springs up near a rlmu
pine it winds about It like a huge vine.
! tightening colls gradually crushing
the life out of the unfortunate pine.
When It reaches the top It sends oat
branches sod staods a
colls knit closely together by IM
network ot flbers, which tMMt f.
last stage of Ita growth. ft haw a Wk
affinity fer tta own specie aai a as
nd rata spring-teg np hisldo ea t
earlier growth will ah ink ass astray
It as It destroys too tfram It, howw
ever, neither rlmu nor rata hi wttkta
reach. It grows up a respectable aa
well-behaved tree, attaining a height
f from fifty to sixty feet u hi used
for masts In shrp-h-tMnsg.-4)tKar--quan.
A first-rate coHec-ea of Insects eea-
. tains about 86,000 distinct species.
Oatr eae-tblrd of the world's popn-
latloa use bread as a dally article of
, food. Fully one-half of the people or
' the world subsist chiefly oa rice.
1 According to Nllsson, the geologist.
; the weight of the Greenland whale at
1 tains 100 tens, or 324.000 pounds, or
equal to that of thlrrr !f at elephants
' or 440 bears.
The electric current Is now applied to
' operating horse-grooming machinery.
less than three minutes being sufficient
for going over an animal. Horse-cllp-.
pers can also be operated by electric
power at high speed.
Prof. George E. Hale, the director of
I the Yerkea Observatory, speaking. In a
recent address, of the fifth satellite of
Jupiter, said that not only must Jupiter
be DartlaSr ooaoealed behind a smoked
J mcti acreea la order tbat the tiny satel-
: iua m. be seen, but even the near
approach of one of the four larger
moons of Jupiter la sufficient to render
k Invisible. This little body was discov
ered by Mr. Barnard, with the Lick
telescope, la 18t2. snd It has leeu seen
with only a few of the largest telescopes
The sport of bnwking is still largely
practiced, although It has ceased to te
the fashionable amusement that It once
was In England and Western Europe.
A recent writer on the subject shows
tbat an astonishingly large number of
birds are trained for this sport, vsry
Ing In size from a merlin to an eagle.
Eagles are employed in Turkestan and
other parts of t- Russian Empire.
Among the animals hunted-with the
aid of these powerful birds are the ro
buck and the wolf.
The fact has recently been ascer
tained that male butterflies and moths
are much more given to drinking than
the. females, and that the habit Is In
'T$ed In to th greatest extent when
the latter are al - -5njeir egg
attracted by pure water. Tbat tbe
males drink more than Is necessary has
been shown beyond question, and cer
tain moths have been observed almost
motionless for over an hour engaged in
sucking up and discharging mol.turr
An extended study of the phenomena
of Insomnia by De Menacelne, a Rus
sian authority In medicine, brings hiin
to tbe conclusion tbat It Is characteris
tic of persons who blush, laugh, wci p
readily, and whose pulse Is apt to quick
en upon the slightest provocation. Loss
of sleep, however, he admits, most fre
quently results from overwork of either
mind or body: overstrain of either kind
dilates the blood vessels of the brain
and eventually paralyzes them, extreme
cold producing the same results. Ex
periments also show tbat exercise of
the emotions causes a rush of blood te
the brain, and sleeplessness, if occur
ring near bedtime. There Is a com
mon theory that sleep Is required la
proportion to the scarcity of red corpus
cles in the blood, and tbns all persons
do not correspond In their need of
sleep, and many authorities agree that
j the need of sleep depends upon the
strength of consciousness.
Be Kills Legally.
The methods of selecting him whe
shall act aa executioner have through
out history been many and curious. In
earliest Roman days the sentence wa
carried Into effect by tbe accuser and a
similar practice was In vogue in th
Crimea when that was a kingdom.
Formerly In Germany the dnty de
volved upon the youngest member of
tbe community. In Tburlngla upon the
latest settler and in Franconla. Justly,
upon tbe new At married. In Spain tbe
office Is, or was, hereditary, and In
France It became practically so.
The dignity of the function was bettei
recognized in ancient times than It is
o-day. In old Greece tbe presentation
of the hemlock was an honorable ser
vice and the man who performed It wa
ranked by Aristotle above ordinary
In tbe code and sacred books of tbe
Parsees no provision Is made for capi
tal punishment, but a cnlprit Is to be
beaten with thongs a number of blows.
proportioned to bis offense, and If h
succumbs no one is to blame.
Features of Manila.
Manila is a beautiful city, about the
size of San Francisco. It is built on
both sides of the river Paslg. which is
navigable to ita Fource. Old Manila lies
on the left tank. Parte of the masonic
stone wall which was built around it
three hundred years ago are still vis
ible, and some of tbe gates survive,
through whicb a stream of solemn
friars, grinning Chinese, resplendent
Spanish officials, beggars in rags, pious
nuns, handsome senoras. gay native
girls, mestizos in uniform, natives In
breech-clouts, four-hoi se carriages.
two-wheel pony wagons and creaking
buffalo carts, pours from morning till
night. The cathedral, monasteries and
government offices are In old Manila;
the business quarter, and foreign ship
ping houses, the banks, stores and cus
tom house, are In Binondo, on the other
side of tbe river. Between the walls
and the shore ts the Luneta. the fash
ionable promenade, where the l and
plays and society enjoys the evening
breeze, flirts under hundreds of electric
lights, and drives around the circle in
carriages, which follow each other In a
sw. dignified procession.
The emales-evfcieh a, coTR;-r- Vf jWid tw
i - t .T?T3 m. Vi"r. ' v -i-TEkiT TT. i r. fine" teasDoonal
maies, nut tne tatter atone seem to te .noonful of celerv
The trusts now in existence in Ameri
ca have an aggregate capitalisation of
In New Oreleana molasses is being
put op in t-pound cans similarly to
those used for syrups.
At Elyria, O., the local Bell company
Is making a residence rate for tele
phones of 60 cents a month.
The steamship Lord Charlemont re
cently loaded 2500 tons of steel rails
at Canton, Hd for use on a railway In
A plan Is being arranged to estab
lish in the mills at Olneyville, R. L.
the system for small savings similar to
that In the public schools.
The largest sewing machine In the
world Is in operation in Leeds, Eng
land. It weighs 8500 pounds and sews
The imports Into Tacoma this year
to 1st Inst., were 14,538,672 as against
JH.K71.805, same term in 1897. and ex
ports, $10,971,454 compared with $6,000,
123, last year.
T." -Xrmlr m!,h MAM tltntl
than anv other State in the Union, j
West Virginia. Maryland and Pennayl- j
ania ranking after it In the order In '
which they are named. j
According to English statistics the j
live stock of that country is on the
increase, cattle now numbering 6.622,- j
354. against 6,139.555 In 1889, the lowest inn open mv aarx savings on a narp.
number in ten years. t Interrogation the first: Why does Ood
A ship building firm in Belfast, ! take out of this "rorld those who are use
Ireland has received instructions from . fnl and whom we cannot spare and leave
. i.i,nnnl ontnnanv for the construe- alive and In good health so many who are
tion of a cargo -Stwrmer to be 680 teei"-
.. -s hP9m
To rjrotect tassengers from the ex
tortion of cabmen in Havana the lamp-
costs are painted in various colors
red for the central district, blue for
the second, green for the third, etc.
The silk Industry in the United
States Is assuming gigantic propor
tions. Thirty years ago the value of
silk produced In the United States was
less than $6,000,000. Last year it ex
A new kind of cloth is being made
In Lyons from the down of hens, ducks
and geese. Seven hundred and fKtv
grains of feathers make rather rr.
than a square yard of light water
At Sheffield a single mnchlne wli!
turn out 5000 finished knives per :h.y.
and It can be adapted for elthi-r tabie
or pocket cutlery, razor hollow r
straight- sheep shears: indeed, for n'
most any kind of tools.
The use of the diamond circular saw
for cutting stone is facilitating the
erection of the Paris Exposition build
ings. The diamonds which form the
cutting teeth of the saw are worth
about $S. a karat, and are fixed In a
steet disc over six feet in diameter.
It is stated that as recently as 1S84
the total investment in electrical ap
pliances throughout the United Stat
did not aggregate much over $1,00(0 u.
while at the present time the total
capitalization of electrical railroad,
lightning and other concerns i put
down as fully $l,90o,ooo,oo.
Hot Potato Salad. Put
one tablespoonful of b
of drippings; when br
one-halt piiitS-Of -dlr
toes. JfYy .a iiKbt b
u zttof eggs stirrc?
cook until set-'
oraiTT 3he-tofc .
mustard, one s"i-
salt and half that
much pepper mixed together. Pour
this over the potatoes, stir and h ;at
for a moment and serve in hot dish aa
warmed plates. More vinegar may b
added If one prefers.
Baked Apples with Meringue. Wash
and core nve large apples, put in dbk
ing dish with a little water: bake until
nearly tender, then fill holes with
sugar and sprinkle over top a good
half-cUDfuI. Return to tne oven ana
bake until apples are tender and juice
syrup-like, then remove and let cool
while preparing a meringue with white
of two eggs and two neaping taoie-
spoonfuls of sugar. Beat the egg stiff,
then beat In sugar. Pour over the ap
ples, return to moderate oven ana
brown to golden color.
Cranberry Sauce. Put three pints
of carefully picked over cranberries in
to a porcelain-lined or granite kettle,
with one-half pint of water, cover and
allow to stew slowly until tender, then
add one pint of granulated sugar. Al
low to come to a boil ana remove irom
the fire. If preferred pass through
a colander to remove the skins; po'.ir
into a mould and stand away to cool.
Marble Cake. Light part Two cup
fuls of white sugar, one cupful of but
ter, one-half cupful of Bweet milk,
whites of four eggs, two ana one-half
teaspornfuls of baking powder, two
cupfuls of flour. Dark part One cup
ful of brown sugar, one-half cupful of
molasses, one cupful of butter, one
fourth cupful of sour milk, half a tea
spoonful of soda, yolks of four eggs,
flour to thicken, and flavor.
Hickorynut Cake. One cupful of but
ter, two cupfuls" of sugar, half a cup
fu of milk, four eggs, one cupful of
chopped raisins, one cupful of chopped
hickorynuts. two cupfuls of flour, half
a teaapoonful of soda, juice of half a
lemon. Bake in two square loaves and
Estelle Pudding. Three eggs, thor
oughly beaten, two and one-half table
spoonfuls of sugar, three-fourths cup
sweet milk, two teaspoonfuls baking
powder sifted in flour enough to make
like cake batter, one cup of raisins
cropped fine. Steam thirty-five min
utes. Two eggs and the two yolks left
from the meringue can be used for
Hard Sauce. One cup of light brown
sugar, one-half cup of butter, one-half
nutmeg prated, two or three grates of
lemon peel juice of half a lemon. Blend
butter, and sugar and flavoring. Put
away in mold to cool and harden until
ready for use.
Pumpkin Custard. Cut a pumpkin
Into inch square pieces, stew slowly
until thoroughly cooked, then press
through a colander or sieve. To every
pint of pumpkin add a piece of butter
about the size of a walnut, half a
teaspoonful of salt (scant)., one pint
of good milk, half a teaspoonful each
of mace and cinnamon, one teaspoonful
of ginger, one cup of sugar, and four
well-beaten eggs. Bake in a pudding
dish, without crust, or in pie tins with
a light crust.
Green Apple Pie. Stew well-grown
green apples. mah, and strain. To
every pint of the apples add half a
teacupful of sugar, a teaspoonful of
butter and the beaten whites of two
eggs; flavor with lemon and nutmeg:
line pie pans with puff paste, fill with
the apples: bake very quickly, cover
the top with meringue and set It in
the oven one minute to brown slight
ly. Always look for a
hind a silver lining.
golden cloud be-
Close your eyes to truth.
tumble into the ditch of error.
Overcoming a difficulty changes
into a blessing.
The man who has no physical cour
age has but verv little moral cour
age. The best teacher one can have is
As the dawn precedes the sun. so
acquaintance should precede love.
Woman can smile in the face of the
world when her heart ts breaking.
SERMONS OF THE DAY
SdH "- "Life. Minor Chord" Trial, and
, 1 'V alatlon. Are 9(awe.n for t.
Proper Developnt.nt of Cfi.ract.r-.
j Man. CompeDMtlon For Bartering-,
i Text: "I will open my dark saying upon
1 the harp." Psalm xllx., 4.
The world Is full or the Inexplicable, the
Impassable, the unfathomable, the insur
I roonntablo. We cannot go three steps in
any direction without coming up aealnst a
hard wall of mystery, riddle., paradoxes,
profundities, labyrinths; prohlnms that we
I cannot solve, hieroglyphics tbat we cannot
1 decipher, nnauratts w cannot snell out,
' sphinxes that will not speak. For that
'. reason David in my text rropoed to take
i np some of these somber and dark thlntr
I and try to set them to sweet music. "I
I will open my dark savings on a barp."
I Ho I look off upon soiriety and find people
j In nnhappv eonj'inotion of circumstances,
and thev do not know what it means, and
thev have a right to ask. Why Is this? Why
Is that? and I think I will be doing a good
work by trying to explain some of these
strange things and make you more content
with your lot, and I shall only ba answer-
Ing questions that have often been asked
me. or that we have all asked oursnlves,
while I try to set these mysteries to music
'"7 putsanc to the world? I though
would begin with the very touirhest of ATT
most useful men and women die at thirty
or forty years of age, while you often find
j"" pwpm iit sixiy n --.y
and eighty. John Careless wrote to Mrad-
ford, who was soon to be put to death.
! saving: "Why doth God suffer me and snnh
other caterpilllars to livJ, that can do,
nothing but oonsume the alms of the
! ehnrob, and take away so many
j worthy workmen In the Lord's vine-
yarl?" Similar questions ar often
asksd. Here are two men. .The one Is a
noble character and a Christian man.
He chooses for a lifetime companion one
i who has been tenderly reared, and she
; U worthy of him and ho Is worthy of her.
' as merchant or farmer or professions I man
or mechanto or arttr-; he tolls to educate
and rear his children. He is succeeding,
but he has not yet established for his family
a fall competency. He seems Indispensable
to that household; hut onn day, lieforo he
has oaid off the mortgage oa his house, he
Is coiaing home through a strong north
ast wind and a chill strikes through
bi'i and. four days of pneumonia end
his irthly career, and the wife and
ehlMren go tnto a struggle for shelter
and food. His next door neighbor is a
man who though strong and well, lets his
;irlfe support him. He is around at the
; srrocery store or some general loafing place
' in the evenings while his wife sews. Hit
! boys are Imitating his example, and lounge
and swagger and swear. All the use tiiat
' man Is In that hous is to rave because the
soffee is cold whn h. comes to a late
breakfast, or to say cutting things abont
his wife's looks, when he furnishes nothing
for her wardrobe. The best thing that
! sould happen to that family would be that
! man's funeral, but he declines to die. H
. -r and on and on. So we have all
i-rfavs bas a cncor-.., the useful are early
' .or of tbe Great V have great vita'
yt been just ahead, and tbey altogether
Iu. !,- anwn in the vortex of
. Qiiin(. wl.Pnh nirr year swallows nri
! 10,000 households. And so be went while
' he was humble and consecrated, and they
I were by the severities ot life kept close to
j Christ and fitted for usefulness here and
! high seats In heaven, and when they meet
' at last before the throne they will ac
knowledge tbat, though the furnace
was hot, It purified them and pre-
! par8d them for an eternal career ol
K0ry and reward for wtiich no other kind
j 0f nf could have fitted them. On the
nther hnn.i the use ess man lived on to
I fifty or sixty or seventy years because all
j the ease he ever can have he mnst have in
this world, and you ought not, therefore.
, begrudge htm bis earthly longevity. 1
' u the ages there has not a single loan
ever entered heaven. There is no plaoe f-
him there to hang around; not even in tli
temples, for they are full of vlgorou
alert and rapturous worship. If tbe goo
and useful go eaily, rejoice tor them tha.
they have so soon got through with human
lire, which at best Is a struggle. And t;
the useless and the bad stay, rejoice tha
they may be out In the world's fresh air n
good many years before their final Incar
ceration. Interrogation the second: Why do good
people have so much trouble, siokness,
bankruptcy, persecution, the three black
vultures sometimes putting their fierce
beaks Into one set ot Jangled nerves? I
think now of a good friend 1 once had. Ha
was a oonsecrated Christian man, an elder
In ths churoh, and as polished a Christian
gentleman as ever walked Broadway. First
his general health gave oat and hs hobbled
around on a oane, an old man at forty,
after awhile paralysis atruok him. Having
by poor health been compelled suddenly to
quit business, he lost what property h
bad. Then hia beautiful daughter died;
then a son became hopelessly demented,
another aon, splendid of mind and com
manding of presence, resolved that he
would take care of his father's household,
but under tbe swoop of yellow fever at
Fernandlna, Fla., be suddenly expired. So
yon know good men and women who have
bad enough troubles, you think, to orush
fifty people. No worldly philosophy oould
take such a trouble and set It to muslo, or
play It on violin or flute, but I dare to open
tbat dark saying on a gospel harp.
You wonder that very eonseoratad peopl.
have trouble? Did you- ever know any
very consecrated man or woman who bad
not bad great trouble? Neverl It was
through their troubles sanctified that they
were made very good. If you find anyJ
where in this olty a man who has now, and,
always has had, perfect health, and never
lost a child, and has always been popular
and never had business struggle or misfor
tune, who is distinguished lor goodness,
Cull your wire for a telegraph mesa.nger
ov and send me word, and I will drop
everything and go right away to look al
bim. There never has been a man like that
and never will be. Who are those arro
gant, self conceited creatures who move
about without sympathy for others and
who think more of a St. Bernard dog
or an Alderney cow or a Southdown
sheep or a Berkshire pig than of a man?
They never had any trouble, or the trouble
was never sanctified. Who are those men
who listen with moist eye as you tell them
of suffering and who have a pathos in
their voice and a kindness In their manner
and an excuse or an alleviation for those
gone astray? They are the men who havs
graduated at tbe Royal Academy ot Trou
ble, and they have the diploma written In
wrinkles on their own countenances. My,
myl What heartaches they badl What
tears they have weptl What injustioe
they have suffered! The mightiest Influ
ence for purillcatlon and salvation is
There are only three things that ean
break off a chain a hammer, a file or a fir
and trouble is al! three of them. Tb
greatest writers, orators and reformers get
mneh of their force from trouble. What
gave to Washington Irving that exquisite
tenderness aud pntho which will make his
books favorites whilethe English language
wnnHini to t written and spoken? Ar
early heartbreak, that he never pnef
mentioned, and when thirty years aft.f
tbe death ot Matilda Hoffman, who was
to have been bis bride, her father picked
np a piece of embroidery and said,
"Tbat Is a piece of poor Matilda's
workmanship." Washington Irving sank
from hilarity Into silence and walked
away. Out ot that lifetime grief the
great anthor dipped his pen's mightiest re
enforcement. Cllvin's "Institutes ot Re
ligion," than which a more wonderful
book was never written by human band,
was begun by the author at twenty-five
Jears of age, because of the persecution
Iranoif. king of Francs. Faraday
toiled fo all time on a siKrv of so a year
and candles. At every brick of the wall ot
Babylon was sta-nped with the letter N,
standing for Xebuchadnr.znr. so every
part of the temple ot Christian achieve
ment ia stamped with the letter T, stand
ing for trouble.
When in England a man is honored with
knighthood, he ts struck with the flat ot
the sword. But those who have come to
knighthood in the kingdom of God wera
first struck, not with the flat of the sword,
bat with tbe keen edge of the sel meter. To
build bis magnificence of character Paul
eoald not have spared one lash, one prison,
one stoning, one anathema, one poisonous
viper from the hand, one shipwreck. What
i true of individuals Is true of nations.
The horrors of tba American Revolution
gave this oonntry this side of the Mississ
ippi Biver to independence and France gave
the most of thi oonntry wet ot the Miss
issippi to tho United Htates. France
owned it, bat Napoleon, fearing that
England would take it, practically
made a present to the United States for
hereoe'.yed only 15. 000 ,00 J for Louisiana,
Missouri, Arkansas, Kansas, Nebraska,
Iowa, Minnesota, Colorado, Dakota. Mon
tana, Wyoming and the Indian Territory.
Oit of the fir of the American revolution
came this country east of the Missisiipni,
out of the European war came that we-t
of the Mississippi River. The British em
pire rose to its present ovenowering
crandeur through gunpowderplot and Ouy
FawkeV eonspiracv and Northampton in
surrection and Walter Raleigh's beheading
and Bacon's bribery and Croiri well's disso
lution of parliament and the battles of
Edge Hill and the vicissitudes of centuries.
So tha earth Itself, before it could become
an anoronriate and beautiful residence for
the human family, had, according to geol-
uVpIS-shed by p;,lversal deluge an i
scorched and maa incnoamcuoi y uni
versal fires, and pounded by sledge hammer
of Icebergs and wrecched by earthquake
that split continents, and shaken by vol
canoes that tossed mountains' and passed
through tho catastrophes ol thousands of
years before paradise became possible and
the groves couldshake out their green ban
ners and the first garden pour Its carnage
of color between tlieGihon and the Hidde
kel. Trouble a good thlug for the rocks,
a good thing for nations, as well as a good
thing for Individuals. So whoa you push
agniust ine with a sharp interrogation
point. Why do the good sutTer? I opeu the
dark saying on a harp, aud, though I caB
neitber play an organ or cornet or hautboy
or bugle or clarinet. I have taken some
lessons on the gospel harp, nnd if you would
like to hear mo I will play you these: "All
things work together for good to those who
Interrogation third: Why did the good
Ood let sin or trouble come into the world
when He might have kept thetn out? My
reply is. He nad a good reason. He had
reasons tbat He has never given us. He
bad reasons whlah He could no more make
as understand in our Unite state than tha
father, starting out on some great and
elaborate enterprise, could make the two-year-old
child in its armed chair compre
hend It. Ooewaito demonstrate what gran
deur of character may be achieved cn earth
by conquering evil. Had there been no
evil to conquer and no trouble to console,
then this universe would never have
known an Abraham or a Moses or a Joshua
or an Ezekiel or a Paul or a Christ or a
Washington or a John Milton or s John
Howard, and a million victories which have
been gained by tbe oonsecrated spirits of
all ages would never have been gained.
Had there ijeen.no bat'- 'here would have
been .no -
ueiestiais wilt do ouiaone an;
lown their trumpets to listen ak
oe In heaven when those who bavnn
luered sin and sorrow shall enter as It
would be In a small singing school on earth
f Thalberg and Gottschalk and Wagner and
leethoven snd Bhalnberger and hchnmanu
Mould all at once enter. The immortals
:mt have been chanting 10,00u years before
is throne will say, as they close their
irettos, "Oh, It we could only sing like
utt!" But Ood will say to those who have
. 'ver fallen and consequently have not
I ein redeemed, "You must be silent now;
v .u have not the qualification for tnis jo
in - n." So they sit with closed Hps and
folded hands, and sinners saved by grace
ii enp the harmony, for the Bihle says
man oould learn tbat song but the hun
i 1 and forty and four thousand whicb
.v redeemed from the earth."
A great prima donna, who can now do
anything with her voice, told me that when
ths first started in music her teacher la
Berlin told her she oould be a good singer,
but a certain note she could never reach.
"And then," she said," I went to work and
Studied and praotioed for years until I did
reach It." But the song of the sin or re
deemed, the Bible says, the exalted har
monists who have never sinned could not
reaon and never will reach. Would you
like to bear me in a very poor way play a
snatch ot that tune? I an give you
only one bar of tbe musie on this gospel
harp, "Unto Him that hath loved us
and washed us from our sins In His own
blood and bath made us kings and priests
unto Ood and the Lamb, to Him be glory
and dominion forever and ever, amen."
But before leaving this Interrogatory, why
Ood let sin come into the world, let me say
tbat great battles seem to be uothlng but
suffering and outrage at tbe time of their
occurreuce, yet after they have been a long
while past we can see tbat It was better for
them to have been fought, namely, Sal
amis, Inkerman, Toulouse, Arliela, Agin
court, Trafalgar, Blenheim, Lexington,
But here I must slow up lest In trying to
iolve mysteries I add to the mystery that
we: have already wondered at namely,
why preachers should keep on aft4r all the
hearers are tired. Ho I gather up into one
great armful all the whys ami hows and
wherefores of your life and mine, which
we have not bal time or the ability to an
swer, and write on them the words. "Ad
journed to eternity." I rejoice that we do not
understand all things now. for if we did
what would we learn in heaven? If we
kuew It all down here In the freshman ami
sophomore class, what would be th use of
our going np to stand ami J the jdulors and
tbe seniors? If we could put down one leg
of the compass and with tbe other sweep a
circle clear around all the inscrutable, if
we could lift our little steelyards and
weigh the throne of the Omnipotent, If we
could with our seven-day elmrk measure
eternity, what would be left for.neavenlv
revelation? So I move that we cheer
fully adjourn what Is now heyilnd our
comprehension, and as, according to Rol
lln, the historian, Alexander the Oreat.
having obtained the gold casket In which
Darius had kept his rare perf-uuie, used
that aromatic casket thereafter to ke-p his
favorite copy of Homer iu and called the
book, therefore, the "edition of t !ih casket,"
and at night put tho casket an I Ills sword
under his pillow, so I put tt.i day into tii
perfumed casket of your riches: iifTt)'.ions
and hopes, this promise worili more than
Homer ever wrote or sword ever run
qaered, "What I do thou kn"vrcst iwt
now, but thou shall know hernajter," and
chat I call the "edition .cletj.al.'f
The more vanity sonic people possess
the easier it is to make them happy.
An outraged friend is v tti.-iu ;i
Jkbout twenty new books are publish
ed daily in Great Britain.
Both of the silk factories at Water
town. Conn., are working overtime.
Universal primary education is the
bulwark of free Institutions.
Fashion costs the world more than
bread and religion.
The present is the child of the past
and the father of the future.
Fashionable calls niiKht properly be
termed a game of cards.
That man Is wise who makes a wise
use of his knowledge.
Many a valuable tbing is lost Tor
want of the asking.
All that man wants here below Is a
little more than he's got.
The errors of childhood should not be
treasured ngainst maturity the un
taught mind i as clay in the huhds of
Then br face brightened, and a bean-
I li il mm - -1