Newspaper Page Text
J i I
Editor and Proprietor.
B. F. SCHWEIER,
THE CONSTITUTION THB UNION AND THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE LAWS.
"- I .
MIFFLINTOWN, JUNIATA COUNTY, PENNA., JULY 1, 1S74.
THE ORItilX or DlirLEH.
Mr nuarhief-loving maiden. Belle !
Kit here mid listen while I tell
Awhile yonr saur-y tongne to tame
A pretty tale without a name.
Save this, of ' bow the dimplea came."
A merry girl, the tory gora.
With eyes of violet, cheekii of rone,
(hie day with feet that noiuelexH eteped
Behind her lover, tiptoe crept ;
And peeped with many a bow and bend.
While he, all unHunpertiug penned
A timorous sonnet to the maid.
Which donbt'd. hop'd. dexjiau-'d and pray'd.
She peep'd, and read, too pleaxed by half.
And amiled, and smiled, bnt dornt not laugh ;
And so a strange event occurred ;
It happened thus ao I have heard.
The dainty mouth, too Htna.ll, I doubt,
To i t too much of amiliug out.
Became a prison moxt secure.
And held the loving lepiona sure.
Wearied, at length of durance vile.
Impatient grew each captive smile ;
Still, fain some outlets uew to seek.
They wreathed and coiled in either cheek.
Still at the ruby portals fast
Vainly sought exit : at the last.
Grown desperate, so the story closes.
Cleft a new passage through the nisea.
Love's kisses healed the tender harm,
Aud gave the womtd its dearest charm ;
Since not unthankful. Beauty keeps
Her cheeks less sat-red thau her lips.
And while they smile their prudent "No,"
So fair the deeeiriiig dimples show.
That Iove, reminded of bis claim.
May take the guerdon without blame ;
And this is bow the dimples came.
Without you. without you, my darling!
Without you ! what more can I say.
To show you how Iom-Iy my heart is.
Whenever your heart is away ?
I wait and I wab-h for you, dearest.
With never a doulit or a fear.
But that some to-morrow will bring you.
Some day of all days in the year.
How many to-morrows there have been !
How many to-morrows may be !
The longest but brings me the nearer.
That day of all others to me.
And often. I fancy I bear you.
Tour baud on the latch of the d.ior.
Tour voice in the halL and your footsteps
Closer closer beside me once more.
With glad eyes half shut, now I see you.
A strong, and as brave, and as true;
And eyes I know, even in darkness.
Belong to no other tliau you.
I know that, at last, it is over
The wearyiug trouble and care:
And courage and comfort come back, with
The tom h of your baud on my hair.
Why I'oor People Are loor.
What make poor people poor ? Such
a question wonld natnrally be first an
swered by a decisive laugh. How ab
surd ' one class exclaims1 By following
the scriptural precept, and taking no
thonght for the morrow, iHly asserts
the sceptic Banse th -re are too
many too conscientious to disavow the
claims of others connected with them
by family or friendly ties, puts forth
the self-righteous. Idleness and crime,
declare the industrious and prosperous.
Now, each or all of these reasons may.
no doubt claim some consideration as
means productive of poverty, bnt the
simple and primary cause is, after all,
more plainly and better stated in the
latter part of the maxim which Micaw
ler gives to his yonng friend David
Copperfield, on the occasion of the
farmer's engagement in the service of
Uriah Heep. Said that philosophic
worthy,"Annnal income twenty pounds,
annna'l expenditure nineteen, six; re
snlt. happiness. Annual income twenty
pounds, annnal expenditures, twenty
pounds, ought and six; result, misery."
This is the root of the whole matter
poor people are always a little be-hiud-hand;
otherwise they wonld soon
cease to be poor, for prosperity begins
with one penny laid by. Emerson says
it originates in a tin roof, that keeps
the wind and rain out; in a good pump
that vields von plenty of sweet water;
in two snits of clothes; in dry sticks to
burn; in double-wick lamp; and three
Now. the anestion arises, why do
people live beyond their means ? Is it
dishonesty or carelessness, or ignor
ance ? We should say almost entirely
from the latter cause. They do not
think. They will not set themselves
alHiut solving the problem of living.
For the question rapidly resolves itself
into an arithmetical one.wnicn involves
the elementary principles of addition.
subtraction, multiplication and divi-
n.,n nimnlv. How many for instance,
at the beginning of the year, calculate
their receipts for the ensuing twelve
months, and then limit their necessary
expenses to a sum below it, leaving a
margin for the contingencies of illness,
accident or death ? Few indeed. The
reckoning more frequently occurs at
the end of the year, when the expendi
tures are found u represent the larger
figures. But oftener yet this casting
up of accounts does not occur at all,and
a knowledge of the debt side of the
ledger is obtained rather from the fre
quently pressed claims than from any
inclination on the part of their contrac
tors to discharge their obligations.
This latter invulnerability to just de
mands is bnt the moral effect of invari
ably being in arrears. Constant anxiety
about the ways and means ere long
sinks to indifference, which in time,
gives place to a determination to shirk,
as far as possible, all financial responsi
bility. Again, we affirm that the chief
means of keeping poor people, does not
lie in the fact that they receive small
wages, bnt they do not know how to lay
out these small wages judiciously. Do
t.bev not always bny in small quanti
ties navinc thereby several profits ? Do
they not, too, buy poor or adulterated
malitie8. the former of which is dear
at any price, and the latter capable of
being accomplished by themselves at
less cost? Do they not purchase coal
the on arte r ton. and pay as much.
and often more for its carting than for
a greater supply ? Do they not have to
pay their rent in advance because they
have no property so buow h ""-"""j
that thov will not vanish in the night
without settling these lawful dues?
And do they not make one suit of
clothes and one pair of boots do only
one-half their rightful service, because
when mending time comes there are
no others to take their places, and
hence they are doomed to prematnre
It is surely jnst such management in
all ont.lsvs of money as these that tend
to keep down the impecunious. If they
would emerge from their poverty, they
must turn over a new leaf and study
the elements of economic success. Its
secret will not be found to exist in the
amount of poases8ion,but, as previously
stated "in the relation of income to
wnirn was the coward.
"Will yon bear that, Edward?"
The young man to whom this was
addressed stood facing another person
about his own age, on whose flashed
countenance was an expression of
angry defiance. The name of the per
son was Logan. A third party, also
yonng man, had anted the question.
jnst given, in a tone of surprise and
regret. 'Before there was time for
response, Logan said sharply, and in
voice of stinging contempt
ion are a poor, mean coward,
Edward Wilson ! I repeat the words ;
and if there is a particle of manhood
about yon "
Liogan paused for an instant, bat
quickly added :
"You will resent the insult."
Why did he pause? His words had
aroused a feeling in the breast of
Wilson that instantly betrayed itself
in uis eyes. The word "coward," in
that instant of time, would have more
fittingly applied to James Logan. But,
as quickly as the flash leaves the cloud.
so quickly faded the indignant light
from the eyes of Edward Wilson.
What a fierce struggle agitated him for
the moment I
"We have been fast friends, James,
said Wilson, calmly. "But if this were
not so I will not strike you.
"You 're afraid."
"I will not deny it. I have always
been afraid to do wrong,
"Pah I Can't and hypocrisy !" said
the other contemptuously. -
"You know me better than that.
James Logan ; and I am sorry that, in
your resentment of an imagined wrong,
you should so far forget what is jnst to
my character as to charge upon me such
mean vices. I reject the implied alle
gation as false.
I here was an honest indignation in
the manner of Wilson, that he did not
attempt to repress.
"Do you call me a liar ?" exclaimed
Logan, in uncontrollable passion,
drawing back his hand, and making i
motion as if he were about to slap the
other in the face.
The eyes of Wilson quailed not, nor
was the smallest quiver of a muscle
perceptible. From some cause the
course of Logan was not executed.
Instead of giving a blow, he assailed
his antagonist with words of deeper
insult, seeting thus to provoke an as
sault. But Wilson was not to be driven
from the citadel in which he had en
If I am a coward, well," he said. "
wonld rather be a coward, than lay my
hand in violence on him whom I once
At this moment light girlish laughter
and the nug of merry voices reached
the ears of our excited yonng men, and
their relation of antagonism at once
chanced. Logan walked away in the
direction from which the voices came,
while the other two remained where
they had been standing.
Why didn't yon knock him down !
said the companion of Wilson.
I he latter, whose face was very soler
and very pale, shook his head slowly,
lie made no other response.
"I believe von are a coward !" ex
claimed the other, impatiently ; and
turning off. he went in the directum
taken by Logan.
The moment Wilson was alone, he
seated himself on the ground, concealed
from the party, whose voices had in
terrupted them by a large rock, and
covering his face with his hands, sat
motionless for several minutes. How
much he suffered in that little space of
time we will not attempt to describe.
The struggle with his indignant im
pulses had been very severe. He was
no coward in heart. What was right
and humane he was ever ready to do.
even at the risk to himself of lioth phy
sical and mental snffenng. Clearly
conscions was he of this, let the con
scionsness did not and could not protect
his feelings from the uninst and sting
ing charge of cowardice so angrily
brought against him. In spite of Lis
better reason he felt humiliated ; and
there were moments when he half re
gretted the forlearance that saved the
insolent Logan from punishment. They
were but moments of weakness ; in the
strength of a manly character he was
quickly himself again.
The occasion of this misnnderstaud
ing is briefly told. Wilsou made one of
a little pleasure party for a neighboring
village, that was speuding an alternoon
in a shady retreat on tue banks ol
mill stream. Three or four yonng men
aud a half a dozen maidens ; and, as it
happens on such occasions, rivalries
were excited among the former. These
should only have added niiinancy Ui
the merry intercourse of all parties, and
would have done so, Dart not tue impa
tient temjierament of Logan earned
him beyond good feeling and a generous
deportment towards others. Without
due reflection, yet in no sarcastic spirit,
Edward Wilson made a remark on some
act of Logan that irritated him exceed-in&J-
. . ,
An angry spot Durneu msiauuy ou
his cheek, and he replied with words
of cutting insult : so cutting that all
present expected nothing less man a
blow from Wilson as his answer to the
remark. And to deal a blow was his
first imDulse : and it required more
courage to do this than to have stricken
the insolent young man to the gronnd.
A moment or two Wilson sirnggiea
with himself, and then turned off and
marched slowly away.
His flashed and then paling face, his
quivering bps and unsteady eyes, left
on the minds of all who witnessed the
scene an impression somewhat unfavor
able. Partaking of the indignant ex
citement of the moment, many of those
present looked for the instant pnnisb
ment for his unjustifiable insult. When
therefore, they saw Wilson turn away
without even a defiant answer; and
heard the low, sneeringly uttered word
"Coward !" from the bps of Logan,
they felt that there was a craven spirit
about the yonng man. A coward we
instinctively despise ; and yet, how slow
we are to elevate that higher moral
courage which enables man to brave
unjust judgment, rather than to do
what he thinks to be wrong, above the
mere instinct which in the moment of
excitement, forgets all physical couse-
As Edward Wilson walked away from
his compaaions he felt that he was re
frarded as a coward. This was for him
a bitter trial, and the more so, because
there was one in that little group of
startled maidens for whose generous
regard he wonld have sacrificed all but
It was, perhaps, half an hour after
this unpleasant occurrence, that Logan,
whose heart burned with an unforgiving
spirit, encountered Wilson nnaer cir--t.7
tlint left free to repeat his
insulting language, withont disturbing
the rest of the party, who were amusing
themselves at some distance, and be
yond the range of observation, ne aid
not succeed in obtaining a personal
encounter, as he had desired.
Edward Wilson had been for some
time alone with his unhappy thoughts,
when he was aroused by sudden cries
of alarm, the tone of which told his
heart too plainly that some imminent
danger impended. Springing to his
feet he ran in the direction of the cries,
and quickly saw the cause of excite
ment. Keren t heavy rains bad swollen
the mountain stream, the hurled waters
of which were sweeping down with
great velocity. Two yonng girls who
had been amusing themselves at some
distance above in boat that was at
tached to the shore by a long rope,
had, through some accident, got the
fastening loose, and were now gliding
down, far out m the current, with fear
fully increased speed, toward the breast
of a milldam some hundreds of yards
below, from which the water was thun
dering down a bight of over twenty
feet, Pale with terror, the poor young
creatures were stretching out their
hands toward their companions on the
shore, and uttering heart rending cries
Instant action was necessary or all
would be lost. The position of the
young girls had been some distance
above, and there Happening to De an
other boat on the mill-dam and that
nigh at hand, Logan and two other
young men had loosened it from the
shore. But. the danger of being car
ried over the dam, should any one ven
ture out in this boat, seemed so in
evitable, that none of them dared to
encounter hazard. Now screaming and
wringing their hands, and now urging
these men to try and save their com
panions, stood the young maidens of
the party on the shore, when Wilson
dashed through them, and springing
into the boat cried out
"Quick, Logan ! Take an oar, or all
Bnt, instead of this, Logan stepped
back a pace or two from the boat, while
his face grew pale with fear. Not an
instant more was wasted. At a glance
llson saw that if the girls were saved
it must be by the strength of his own
arm. Bravely he pushed from the
shore, and with giant strength born of
the moment and for the occasion from
his high unselfish purpose, he dashed
the boat out into the current, and.
bending to the oars, took a direction at
an angle with the other boat, toward
the point where the water was sweeping
over the dam. At every stroke tne
light skiff sprung forward a dozen feet,
and scarcely half a minute elapsed ere
Wilson was beside the other boat.
Both were now within twenty yards
of the fall, and the water bearing them
down with a velocity that a strong
rower, with every advantage on his
side, could scarcely have coutended
against successfully, lo transfer the
frightened girls from one boat to the
other, in the few moments of time left
ere the down-sweeping current would
bear their frail vessel to the edge of the
dam, and still to retain an advantage
was for v llson impossible, lo let his
own boat go and manage theirs he saw
to be equally impossible.
A cry of derpair reached the young
mans ears as the oars dropped from
- . . .
his grasp into the water.
. 1 1
dent to the spectators
scene that he had lost his presence of
mind, and that now all was over.
. . .
so, however. In the next instant he
had sprung into the water, which near
the breast of the dam, was not more
than two feet deep. As he did so he
grasped the other boat, and bracing
himself firmly against the rnshing cur
rent, held it oised a few yards from
the point where the foam-crested waters
leaped into the whirlool below. At
the same instant his own boat shot like
an arrow over the dam. He had gained,
however, bnt a small advantage. It
required his utmost strength to keep
the boat he had grasped from dragging
him down the fall.
The quickly formed purpose of Wil
son, in thus springing into the water,
had been to drag the boat against the
enrreut. If be were to let the boat go
he could easily save himself. Bat not
once did such a thought enter his own
"Lie down close to the bottom," he
said, in a quick coarse voice.
The terror-stricken girls obeyed the
And now, with a coolness that was
wonderful nnder all circumstances,
Wilson moved the boat several yards
tway from the nearest shore, until he
reached the point where he knew the
water Ik low the dam to be more ex
panded and fr-e from rocks. Then
throw ing his body suddenly against the
Isiat, and running along until he was
within a few feet of the dam, he sprang
itito it and passed over with it. A
moment or two the light vessel, as it
nhot out into the air stood poised, and
then went plunging down. -
The fearful plunge was made in
safety. The bout struck the seething
waters bolow and glanced out from the
whirlpool, bearing its live freight un
iujnred. "Which was the coward?" "The
words reached the ears of Logan, as he
gathered with the rest of tne company
around Wilson, and the pale, trembling
girls he bad so heroically saved. 1 air
lips asked the question. One maiden
had spoken to the another, and in a
louder voice than was intended.
Not Edward Wilson." said Logan,
as he stepped forward and grasped the
band he had so wronged and insulted.
N ot Edward Wilson ! lie is the noblest
and the bravest !"
Wilson made an effort to reply. But
he was for some moments too much
excited and exhausted to speak. At
last he said,
I only did what was right. May l
ever have courage lor mat wtuie x
Afterward he remarked, when alone
"It required a far greater exercise of
courage to forbear when yon provoked
and insulted me in the presence of
those who expected retaliation, than it
did to risk my life at the milldam.
There is a moral heroism that few
can appreciate. And it will usually be
found that the morally brave man is the
quickest to lose the sense of personal
danger when others are in peril.
Flax has been grown in India chiefly
for its seed for some years, but of late
the Bengal government has endeavored
to encourage its production as a fibre.
Ireland is the great country for flax
spinning, and raises a good portion of
the fibre used, but Russia has more
acres nnder flax than all the rest of the
world. The total area or all countries
is 3,000,000 acres, of which Russia has
1,000,000, Ireland 129,432, and the
United States 61,204 acres. Prussia,
Austria, and France are the greatest
flax-raisers, with the exception of Rus
sia. The number of spindles in Ireland
is 909,490; in France, C20.000 ; bnt in
Russia, the greatest producer, only
130,000. Great Britain and Ireland
have 1,496,343 spindles, or nearly one
half of all in the world,
A Tea Plantation.
On the following morning I visited
the plantation in company with my host,
who, speedily engaged in attending to
his business, left me for a while to
walk abont, thus giving me an oppor
tunity, while I sauntered about, to en
joy the cool morning air, and watch the
coolies picking tne leaves lor manuiac
tnre. The plantation was very extensive,
many acres of ground being planted
with healthy looking trees in uniform
rows, about three or four feet apart
somewhat resembling neatly-trimmed
box-trees, every tree being carefully
clipped, and perfectly flat on top, which
imparted a unique regularity to the
There are three kinds of tea-plant
grown in Assam: the indigenous, the
Chinese, ond the hybrid species. The
first grows well, and is a small, bushy
plant, cultivated to about eighteen
inches in height, with a very thick fo
liage of small leaves. The second is a
taller and stronger-looking plant, about
three feet in height, with a larger leaf,
which, when manufactured, yields a
dark, strong flavored brow. The third,
or hybrid plant, is cultivated to a
height of two feet, or thereabouts; is a
very hardy plant, much in favor among
The cultivation of tea requires great
attention; constant hoeing is necessary
to keep the plants free from weeds du
ring the gathering season, for at that
time of the year, from May ' to Septem
ber, the constant rains saturate the
earth, which, acted npon by the great
heat of the sun, produces vegetation in
a marvelous manner. Constant and
judicious clipping is also of great im
portance, so as to produce an abun
dance of yonng, tender shoots, the
leaves from which are those used in the
manufacture of the best tea.
During the making season the work
people mnst be constantly on the alert,
for a night's rain, with an hour or two
of sunshine in the morning, is suffi
cient to cause the young shoots to open
out their leaves, which must be gath
ered at once, twenty-four hours often
being sufficient to impart a crispness to
the leaf, which renders it useless for
manufacture. Under these circum
stances, it is easy to conceive how much
the rjlanters have to depend on the
honesty and willingness of their labor
ers, who can, at any time, by refusing
to tum out, inflict severe loss upon
their employer: and yet one hears, from
time to time, of strong laws being . DTj 8na tj,e cracking of the trees from
passed to protect the cooly from the j tue effects of the cold sounded like a
planter, as though the latter were not skirmish in the distance. The fright
entirely in the hands of the coolies. erje)j ii0rses stopped and refused to ad
An illustration of this, which occurred j Taneef ajjj jn wuut directum or how to
during my visit, may show that this , go on wa8 tue qnestion.
assertion is not too strong. A neigh-, ,- i;i i r..iw
Hiring piauier uhuio m uuc uimiuis
his way to the court at Debrnghur,
whither he was bound, to procure war-
. . i i : .. f .
ranis lor tue it
had a tight among inemse.ves, auu -c-
cordingly refused to work that
. iva . uirtAnfl inM u m( Tnnnff
v , - i. i 7C
was a sen
- - , . I
would. DV me next morning, u uo-
... . i J .
i i rivr ao aw A. I nnnunmpni lit. iimi ur
f r X .Z" .-u .u Ii.i l,.,
replied mat. k puu.su u
thound n!p 3 one day's iZ
wXter Com It tu plain
i .;n miniinnmnt thn
conld nick no tea.
After spending some time in waiKmg
about the plantation, I was shown
through the Godowns, where a number
of people were busy manufacturing the
leaf into tea.
A short description of the mode o f
manufacturing it may, perhaps.iuterest
some of my readers.
Outside Jie tea-honse were large
mats on which fresh gathered leaves
were spread, and these leaves, as they
became slightly withered and tongu,
were carried into a room in the tea
house, where they were carefully ex
amined, and all large and coarse leaves
taken out. After this they were handed
rollthem gently, in large handsfuls, on
I iLJS n neT werf bmised with-
ont being broken. Under this process,
which requires great skill and delicacy
of manipulation both hands being nsed
very swiftly, with a peculiar turn of the
wrist, the leaves exude a juice, and
assume that peculiar twisted or rolled
appearance to be noticed in the article
when ready for consumption. As each
handful of tea showed by the twist in
the leaf that it had been sufficiently
rolled, it was slightly pressed into a
ball. and laid aside to ferment for longer
or shorter intervals, according to the
strength of the tea required. This roll
ing and fermenting process occupies,
perhaps, a couple of days, more or less,
after which the balls are carefully bro
ken up and spread on mats or iron pans,
which are then placed in the sun, or
over slow ovens, to dry off, this drying
process also requiring the greatest care
lest the leaf should be overbaked.
Afttr this drying procoss the tea is
again carefully picked and sifted; all
large, discolored leaves and foreign
substances, are removed generally by
women or girls, whose deft fingers work
with great rapidity. In the sifting
procees, all the dust and grit is got rid
of, and the tea rendered fit for packing
in the large, lead-lined boxes in which
it is exported to Calcutta. Here again
manipulated, probably not to its ad
vantage, or that of the EngUsh con
sumer, for whom it is repacked in the
familiar tea-chests. "The Mlhmre
Jill," by T. T. OKijyer, (Lowlon).
Lie Dowai ad Rent.
Dr. Hall savs. the best medicines in
the world, more efficient than all the
potations in the medica materia, are
warmth, rest, cleanliness and pure air.
Some persons make it a virtue to brave
disease, "to keep up as long as they
can move a foot or wiggle a linger, and
it sometime succeeds ; but in others
the powers of life are so completely ex-
nanscoa dj ii ma mo bjbkui um
all power to recuperate, and slow and
typhoid fever sets in and carries the
patient to a premature grave. When
ever walking or work is an effort, a
warm bed and a cool room are the very
first indispensibles to a sure and speedy
recovery. Instinct leads all birds and
beastu to quietude and rest the very
moment disease or wounds assail the
Man With Family.
A man in Maine has discovered the
advar tage of a large family. He lias
ivirn ehihlrpn and recently. when
he made arrangements for moving from
one school district to another, thus
transferring his school tax. Ins old
neigh!xre offered to pay him something
to rtmain among them. His new
neighixirs, however, offered to move his
furniture, etc, free of expense, and so
New York Commercial: The last
song of the sea The lay of the cable.
A Trooper's Prayer.
Soldiers rarely pray, but sometimes
eircn instances combine to wring from
them a short, earnest appeal. Old John
Fox, of General John H. Morgan's bri
gade, was a qneer old bachelor, and
nothing was more to his taste than a
quiet sojourn of a week or two in some
one of the many pleasant monntain
coves of old Virginia, far away from
the humdrum of camp life and the crash
and din of battle. He was not a soldier
who shirked his duty, bnt his age
which was about 42 and his serious
habits unfitted him for the toils and
vexations of a soldier's life. In the
winter of 1SC4, while Morgan's brigade
was encamped near Marion, Virginia,
Fox and a companion named Burton,
succeeded in getting furloughs for six
days each. Both of them had soldiered
for many months in Southwestern Vir
ginia, and had formed many pleasant
acquaintances, with whom they had
spent many happy hours. To visit
these friends and spend two or three
days was the programme they had
mapped out, and the morning of the
next day found them on their way. The
day was clear and exceeding cold, and
a heavy snow lay upon the ground.
The Allegheny mountains loomed np in
their front and their intention was to
cross them before dark. Bnt the con
dition of the roads interfered with their
progress, and it was sun-down when
they reached the foot of the
lofty range that sweeps southwardly
from Saltville. To save time they
chose a by-path used by the mountain
eers of that region by which to cross
instead of following the public road.
Their route was perfectly plain for
some distance, being np the bed of a
little stream that issued from the caves
and springs high upon the mountain.
After several hours of hard climbing,
which began to tell npon their horses.
they emerged npon a broad bench of i about thirty of their accomplices were
land covered by a forest of huge pine I seized. The following paragraph ap
trees, among whose branches were j peared in the Jennrh of yesterday with
sighing the chilling winds of that upper
region. It was now dark as pitch, and
the snow was falling in huge drifts,
blinding both men and beasts. The
poor, tired horses staggered on in the
winding path, np the steep, until all
traces of a path had disappeared. Urged
on by their freezing riders, they soon
emerged npon a bold projection, or
peak, at the top of the range. All was
dark and cold and cheerless. The howl
ing winds seemed like breaths from the
icebergs of Greenland, as they swept
i in an instant he was on the ground in
snow three feet deep feeling about with
, limb he had broken from a tree to as-
, certain whether they were near a preci-
: Pice.. In many places in that locality
, tn fil.iP9 : iie Allecrbnnies are formed
wrwml:enIlir waIll4 of 8tone.8ome of
.i.f '.i i i i ; hnii,
1 lit' 111 L II I IP UUlIUiri! 1 ' IU uc'Rin,
..... . .
Leading his home, Uurton began leei-
Hilt uis wit taimuHj w nu mo " i
.. - , -. ; .!-: i, i,
! the snow.and death by freezing seemed
. , i
I to pe staring them in the face, lurton i
; to 8 them in the face Bllrton (
called npon Fox to dismount and assist ,
" fln,liU?f w?y ' ?.f .t1,,e,f V"? i' '
-..yr-j j-- . :
nnt ilismonnt if he wonld. iiurton ral-
r. ... .. , . . ! ;
lied him on his being Irozen stilt, and ,
told him if he did not get off and assist j and ra t ht jessing what they
him in finding the way down the monn-j Jo not iiteraUy understand that the
tain, that they would both certainly traveu3r no ionger requires an inter
lKsriwh. This nictnre added to the al-,
, f and b tat i
, , t
fortn in a loud earnest prayer to tue
Lord for guidance and deliverance from
the death which seemed impending over
him. Long and earnestly did he wrestle
with the spirit, and many promises of
future works and saenriees did he make
to the Lord of the storm. I.nrton in
the meantime worked on, awed into
silence by I ox s heart-rending appals
ior aivine assistance, i.iru
"P".1 .ne.n" T., tZ
! blighting, blasts of the storm, the
noise of the icicles dropping irom me
tTroanintr inues. me duuiiuw nun ouw
tnde of the place, brought a feeling of
fear and dread. But knowing that the
lives of both depended np ju his exer
tions, he plunged forward through the
snow that lay in drifts here aud there
to the depth of six feet For an inter
minable time he groped and searched
alont and at last begun to descend the
mountain by a route that he thonght
practicable. He finally struck a little
ravine, ami following it down ot-tween
the rows of lanrel Miat bent above it
nnder their burden of snow.ho joyously
discovered that his progress downward
was assured. Down the bed of the
ravine they traveled on nntil a fence a
sure harbinger of civilization lay
athwart their way. Cheered by the
sign of life he gave a yell, such as Mor
gan's boys alone could give. They both
paused to hear the echoes floating far
down into the caves below, and as the
last faint murmurs died away, their ears
canght the sound of the bark of a dog
away down in the gloom beneath them.
Following the fence th reached in an
hour or so, a small hut, situated in a
little sequestered glen at the western
foot of the mountains. They were
saved. Food and shelter was theirs
and the blissful rest that sleep affords
to a tired soldier. Fox claimed that
bis prayer was answered, and that to
the goodness of God they owed their
deliverance. Burton did not desire to
weaken Fox's faith, and did not qnes
tion his assertion, but he always enter
tained the idea that his own untiring
efforts fonnd the way and brought them
j Mtiv through.
i pon their return to
Burton told the tale.and regularly
; at mghtfall the boys called on brother
; pox , prav jjt yox had forgotten
i uj8 vows anj wag neyer known to pray
again. The soldier who needed the
ai.;,,!.! nf nmver in combating the ele-
ments never thought of it when facing
A Band of Kobber.
The Levant JfTatrt pnblishes the
following letter, dated Damascus,
April 4: "The topic of greatest local
interest is the seizure of the robbers
who have for many years infested Da
mascus. Their exploits nave aireauy
attained some fame, and deserved no
thing less; for, of late, few Damascenes
dared to interfere with them. Their
skill and daring had gained them great
respect and some admiration, and I am
assured by a respectable Moslem that
1 people having occasion to go down to
i lower rooms of their houses dnnng the
night generally shouted down the stairs
before descending, 'Ladies are going
down stairs; if there is anybody there
let him retire.' My informant assured
me that this appeal was never uttered
in vain, as the men always politely re
tired, taking with them only the things
that came first to hand, rather than in
commode the ladies. Last week, how-
ever, these proceedings were rudely
interrupted. The robbers were paying
a visit to the house of a Christian in
the Meedan, called Farah. They had
gathered whatever they wanted into a
box, and were removing it from the
E remises, when a woman in Farah's
ouse most unbecomingly screamed
out, and some Drnze neighbors, with
their accustomed chivalry, came to the
assistance of the lady. At the threshold
of the house they met the burglars.and
conrageonsly attacked them, but even
Drnze valor could not withstand the
impetuous rush of the robbers. One
Drnze, however, with bull-dog courage,
seized one of the robbers and only re
laxed his grtsp when the arm by which
he held him was pistoled. This act of
courage led to the discovery of the
robber chief, his colleagues, and their
E lander, and was rewarded with the
andsome gift of two Russian dollars,
equal to 40p. In the scuffle with
Drnze the robber dropped a crowbar.
On the following day the instrument
was taken to the smiths of the city.one
of whom declared that he had made it
for Sheikh Husein El Faoury. Then
there was a pauae for Sheikh Husein ,
is reputed to be of holy descent, and w ,
olthe dervneswnom ourymi ae-
lights tononor. ine uiei pi u
Police, however, resolved wact on nis ;
louse of Sheikh with a large force.
He found the house full of banners and
other religious emblems. He found
also an enormous amount of plunder.
One great sepulchre, overlaid with
green coverlets and turbans, and which
the Sheikh declared to be the resting
place of one of his ancestors, was found
nothing but a heap of stolen property.
The articles stolen from the Greek
Catholic Cathedral were found mingled
with property stolen five or six years
ago. The Sheikh and his two sons
were marched off to prison, ana soon
reference to the prisoners ? 'It is hoped
that they will not escape with a slight
punishment, as has of late frequently
been the case, by means which are not
unknown. ' It would be a lasting scan
dal if this man, the chief of a robber
band of unparalleled ferocity, should
escape punishment through the Gov
ernor's partiality, or through his as
sumed sanctity. Indeed, I am assured
bv some of the best Moslems in Da
mascus that Sheikh Husein is an impos
tor, and that even were he all he as
snmes to be he ought not to escape just
The EngliMh Lansuage.
Bayard Taylor, in one of his recent
letters says that he has noticed one
striking change in Egypt. This is the
astonishing spread of the English lan
gnage within the last twenty years ; re- j
suiting both from the numbers ol tng-1
lish and American travelers wno visu i
the East, and the use of the language
by travelers of other nationalities.
French, which until within the last few
years was indispensable, has been
slowly fading into tne DacKgronnu, ana
ia . w Lm. aval fth a man l-.nirllftn
v """T J . . i
" ' in liome at being
(..,, ,1V ...; boot-black
..shme boots?" In Naples,
ZVl". nd "hell-fish knows at least
tins IS nomine 10 won one mrew in
. tu i.-i. h
bright-witted boys learn j
i.- :,, raniditv.
i.KPfc iuo uiiKuw--"-'
ii ii t, ui m itjiiiui uui om
na nvmnn .1 na A 11 a llfllUT T All
! the come,, anj the shopkeepers are
famiiiarwith the words necessary for
thpir bnsine8a anj prefer to use them,
even after th that yon are
: inteJwitnItaiian or Arbic. The
, Blmplef nataral structure of the English
, lftnnae nndoubtedly contributes also
iu eitenion It jB ready the lead-
; lanimaira of the world. STJOken DV
ing language of the world, spoken
' ninet7 milUoa P80?'6 (donble the nnm;
. bef o tjM French.gpeaking races.) and
M eltendil,g jta conquests year by year
that its practical value is in advance of
that of any other tongne.
An Australian Funeral.
A writer in the Melbourne Town and
Count; gives the following interesting
account of a funeral among the semi
savage natives of Australia. The body
was first carried away some half a mile
and covered over with leaves and
branches, being watched by the lubras.
Then fires were lit on high mountains,
and made to emit large volumes of
smoke, bidding the members of the
tribe within sight to haste to the spot;
they again, as I understood, thus tele
graphing to the others further away.
By the following morning many had ar
rived, and shortly after sunrise arose
and continued a long time those native
wails, to which I know of nothing to
liken them, and which we could dis
tinctly hear wails of strange quivering
cadence of most melaneholy sound,
borne npon the keen morning breeze
Which, ch"iag bark from moaat aad hill,
Kollta oa U wuut air hi til.
With Urift of drath o'.r aim ran.
By wild and autaogui toicw muug.
Then commenced after a while the
to ns most revolting ceremony per
formed by these blacks, of each eating
a morsel of the departed one.
This is almost, you might say, a spe
cies of religious superstition, they vir
tually believing that with the swallowed
portion all harrowing regrets at the loss
which death has brought them are dis
sipated: and if they do not eat thereof
they will grieve to such an extent as to
cause their death, or some dire calam
ity. Indeed, this belief is so strong
among the wild ones, that its non-fulfillment
produces a species of consump
tion, or wasting away, and the being
becomes haggard and emaciated, even
tually often in reality dying. Some
days after they had buried the remains
a mob came np from the far country,
and the bones were exhumed, the late
arrivals smelling the poor clay, and
denartiig again in peace and tran
"Be content with little." There are
many good reasons for this rule. We
deserve bnt little, and so better is little
with the fear of God than great trea
sures and troubles therewith. Two men
were determined to be rich, but they set
about it in different ways ; for the one
strove to raise his means to his desire,
while the other did his best to bring
down his desires to his means. The
result was, the one who coveted much
was always repining, while he who de
sired but little was always contended.
A dear old Yankee lady being asked if
she had ever had her ears pierced by
the wail of distress, said she couldn't
just exactly remember, bnt she believed
it was done with shoemaker awl.
Cftkaf Labor. "I only wonder,"
aid Phil, to Uncle Clarence, "that even
an eastern king ever had money enough
to build a pyramid. JnBt think of this
statement of Heroditus I One hundred
thousand men worked on the great
pyramid, uninterruptedly, for twenty
years ! How could one man afford to
keep such a number of workmen ?"
"It would cost something in om
country, to carry on such a work, it is
true. Let us make a rough estimate,
at a dollar and a half a day which is a
low price for a laboring man."
Uncle Clarence and Phil each took up
a scrap of paper and ciphered away
silently for a few minutes. .
"Over one billion of dollars for the
men's wages," said Phil, "to say noth
ing of the other great expenses."
"Yet these poor Egyptian warkmen
probably got nothing for their labor
bnt the most meager supply of the
coarsest food that would sustain life.
They were worked by cruel task-masters,
who wrung from them the greatest
If overwork and underfeeding,
0Vnce ,wei)t them off b. b
d -t j nQ 9nce A
' Mmr,. were immediately or-
dered filf Men anJ haman
life were so cheap in those days, that
despots could perform any work on
which their minds were bent.
"The Pasha of Egypt once desired to
make a canal from the Nile to Alexan
dria. He sent out his commands, and
swept np from the Delta, two hundred
and fifty thousand men, women and
children. They were commanded to
dig the canal in one month. Their
implements of labor were few, but there
was only one month's provisions fur
nished them, and death br starvation
was their only outlook, if they failed to i
accomplish their task. They must j
work till the last man died at his post,
unless the work was done. Ibe men
worked with the energy of despair. The
children carried away the earth in their
tiny hands. Mothers laid down their
suffering babes, to toil at the rough
work. If they paused to quiet their
cries, the scourge drew blood from
their bared shoulders. The work was
not done in time, and then the famine
The graves of xwty'fiT. thou-!
nd people were me on the line of,
this canal which is only an atom of
i . .
space on your map. Do you wonder i
that the pyramids could be built in I
such a land ?
"A little canal, of twenty -three miles,
was wanted in China in nmeiyants. huds daily illustration. Old
must be precious there, though life is
so cheap. Only six weeks were given '
in which to dig it, though it went , lady interrogated by well meaning wait
through great forests, and over exten- i ress. "Will she have some squash V
sive marshes. Twenty theusand men Old lady irresponsive, bnt extends ear
worked npon it night and day, and over ; trumpet toward waitress, who deposits
seven tnonsand died 01 langue. ;
-au meuj jw " '
V"" k-".u" . 7 . .
1 11 1 IUI b lid KIIICIU1UCUI UUUC1 1111 11 uc , . . r i
lives, is hardly deserving of his bless- " noT preserved at borough
- , ' p. ' - pi.;i y I House, of silver enriched with garnets.
mgs. Do n t you say so Phil ? , which t Qe famou 1rnal
" " ! sale for fifteen pounds sterling. It is
Bexsik. One bright winter's morn- jointed, and moves on a hinge, elabo
ing, two tiny fists went rub-a-dnb-dnb, i rately chased all over with raised work
on Aunt Kate's kitchen door, and a j of St. George and the dragon, angels,
voice cried : ' and the Prince of Wales' feathers. On
"Ope de door ! ope de door, I say !" j the top of tke handle a figure kneels in
"Who is there ?" asked Aunt Kate. ! prayer.
"I 's Bennie, and I wants to turn in !" j A c for formed funerals has
So aunty threw the door wide open, , in Ldo,,, to 8npply .
and in came Bennie. want wuich naJ lon been felt by the
"How do you do Benme? said uion of hearse and carriages of
auutj, io '
"It's awful cold," wis Bennie's only I
answer, ami he stared solemnly at hl8 ,
own chubby fingers, as he held them ;
before the hre to warm them. ,
,-nn,,HWa8 Tei7 y 8t'mr,K ;
little fellow, and his tongue usually
rattled and chattered away, from morn-
ing till night ; but to-day he was very '
quiet, distressingly so, thonght aunty.
"Why, Bennie !'"' said she, "yon are !
as grave as a deacon, and do n't talk a ,
bit. What is the matter?"
"What's a deacum?" inquired he.
"Never mind, now." replied aunty,
"Bnt just tell me what troubles my
little man." I
"Oh, dear ! lots o' tubble. Dot )
sompin at our house." And he kicked .
disconsolately at tne stove-neann.
"Something new i iear me, wnai
can it be 1 A new rocking-horse, per
" T aint neiver ! It's a dirl baby,
and he heaved a great sigh. He looked
mournfully at old Towser, who was I 13 corsets, 2i pairs of shoes, and other
trying to coax him into a frolic. goods in proportion. Unlike many
"A doll baby, did yon say ?" cried fathers who have only one daughter, he
aunty. "Surely you don't play with paid cash for all his purchases. Though
dolls." ! an old man, ho has never bought a
"Xo !" roared Bennie, in disgust, i bushel of corn or pound of meat, but
"It's alive, and it yells and sleeps wiz raises them himself. He has never
mamma all de time." 1 sworn an oath, and does not owe a dol-
"Why, Bennie Ray ! and you come : 'ar
here with such a solemn face, when you j Louisville man proposes to do
have got a dear little baby-sister to away with the use of ice in his family
play with, and to love with all yonr j this summer by the following progress:
heart ?" He will gather his family abont him
"I ta n't be mamma's baby anymore." ; daily and speak to them thus of a
And two tears chased each other down Spitzbergen winter : "Stones crack
his rosy cheeks, although he winked ! wjth the noise of thunder ; in a crowded
hard to keep them back. j hut the breath of the ocenpant will fall
"Xo," said aunty, taking him in her , in Hakes of snow ; wine and spirits turn
arms, "But you can be mamma's little j to ice ; the snow burns Uk caustic ; if
man ; won't that do as well ? Of course , iron touches the skin it brings the flesh
it will," she added, as a faint smile J away with it ; the soles of yonr stock
stole over the little discontented face. I inn may be burned off yonr feet before
"And what a help yon will be, taking
care of the wee little girl, all for mamma.
Oh, a man can do wonders, bnt a baby
can do nothing.
Bennie remained quietly, meditating
npon the subject, just five minutes by
the clock, and then he said, decidedly,
"I'll be a man I" And straightway be
gan to wiggle and twist, to get into
"Where are you going?" inquired
"Going to take care of de baby."
And he crushed the cap over
flaxen curls and departed.
Thk pretty nee paper that looks so
pnre and delicate, is made in China
from the pith of a great tree ; not at
all as we make paper from poplar wood,
bnt by simply entting it into thin slices.
And thousands of years before Moses
was born the Egyptians made rperlperate forays. He lives to enjoy his
from the great papyrus, or paper reed, !
by carefully peeling ont the thin layer
between the bark and the fleshy stem,
and pressing and drying the pieces into
sheets. Many a story of ancient times
i i i 1 nn u;-
UBS uwu lliuuu wiiiwu via iuui ',p 1 , 1 . ; ,
and stored away among the linen wrap- j tared I at Reedy Inland, in the l''
pings of the Egyptian mummies, just as The Delaware County AV
well preserved and as legible as if it that this spot is the
had been written last year? gronnd of these birds, and that towards
1 nightfall they .congregate there by
' " : thousands. "When darkness over-
Cork is the bark of an evergreen oak, j spreads the island the catchers enter
that grows in the south of Europe and : among the low trees with bags and cap
north of Africa, near the sea eoas. tnre any desired number, simply pluck-
Removing the bark does not injnre the
tree, and a new crop is produced every
A whale, GO feet in length and 10 feet
in diameter, was recently captured in
the Raritan river, near Perth Amboy,
X. J. The fish accidentally ran
aground, and was shot bj a farmer.
He who gives advice to a self -conceited
man, stands himself in need of counsel
Think before yon speak, and think
before whom you speak ; think why you
speak, and think what you speak.
Poverty, like other bullies, is formi
dable only to those who show that they
are afraid of it.
One great difference between Byron
and Burns in early youth was that the
one was a Harrow boy and the other a
I hava often been told that the best
way is to take a bull by the horns ; but
I think in many instances I should pre
fer the tail hold.
The celebrated Cold Air Cave, at the
Delaware Water Gtp, is one of the
strangest places on the globe. On the
hottest day a current of air as cold as
ice issues from its mouth.
One evening at a Paris cafe a group
of idlers were discussing politics and
people who change their opinions.
"Well," said one, "I've never cried,
'Long live anybody !' " "Quite so,"
remarked another ; "but then you're a
Dog thieves are very judicious and
discriminating in their tastes; and know
the value of canines they can raise the
most money on. King Charles Spaniels,
Spitz, Skye and Scotch terriers, all
fancy breeds, are what they go for.
They seldom try a mastiff or a bull dog,
as there is danger of injury and detec
tion. A negro girl at Brncetown, Ky., aged
9, has displayed an extraordinary reten
tive memory. A man reading in ner
presence for some length of time was
astonished to hear her repeat, word for
word, what he had said, 21 hours later.
She has been proved capable of repeat
ing 50 lines from a book after hearing
them once read.
A good wife is like a snail. Why
Because she keeps in her own house.
A good wife is not like a snail. Why?
Because she does not carry her all on
her back. A good wife is like a town
flock. .Why ? Because she keeps good
- yg - she doV"not
" , J. , .
o,.,a tz ast I, ri i that nil rhA tivn enn near
How much our home comforts are
dependent upon the capacity of our ser-
ady at a dinner party Old lady deaf
and provided with ear trumpet Old
squa.su therein and passes on.
Tbm ;9 a fork of the 8ixteenth cen-
Want construction and appropriate-
w Ann war if It annk orm tvnl i4 1 lTrt TTtat) f S
Q NUUultn Arrive the snr-
K f deatn of tUeir uagtl aml
re lsi featares, anil to assist in the
inspiration of bright hopes and elevating
thought of the future,
Monntain Lake, Virginia, near the
Green-brier Springs, is pure fresh
water, abont a mile and half in circuit
and three qnarters of a mite long, sunk
iu the mountains at an elevation of
4,300 feet above the level of the sea,
and is fed by no visible stream. It is
withont fish, and though some were
placed in it they have disappeared,
Among its mysterious attractions is its
unfathomable depth. A line 300 feet in
lungth touched no bottom.
There ig gentleman living on the
Southwestern Kailroad near Columbus,
Ga., who has thirteen daughters. He
bnvs clothing for them by the whole
sale. Thus, when last in Columbns, he
! bought 370 yards of calico, 100 of lawn.
I y0n can feel the slightest warmth from
the fire : linen taken ont of boiling water
instantly stiffens to the consistency of
a wooden board, and heated stones will
not prevent the sheets of the bed from
A bull-dog, who already bore about
his muzzle some not inglorious scars,
accompanied his master, who carried
on his breast the Victoria Cross, to the
Ashantee campaign. Having from his
breed a natural turn for fighting, he
, distinguished himself throughout the
campaign. In one instance he rushed
into the enemy's ranks, and singling
ont one of his naked foes, so bit and
worried him that he actually brought
in his prisoner in triumph. He was
such a favorite with the men that in a
heavy engagement their fire was sus
pended a few minntes to allow of his
uninjured retreat Irom one oi nis ues-
return and his honors, and is one of the
greatest pets of Belgravia.
In some portions of the country crows
are substituted at .shooting matches for
The birds are principally cap-
I iDg them from the limbs hke so much
fiuit. The birds cannot fly in the dark
ness, and even if shaken from their
roosts, they cling to the first object
which comes within reach. It is said
that a man standing beneath a tree from
which the birds are shaken, with out
stretched arms, will soon fee covered