Juniata sentinel and Republican. (Mifflintown, Juniata County, Pa.) 1873-1955, March 04, 1874, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    ffiv) lift
i) lfi MffiW ill ftlTWD
' i ; " i i i "
J ark Frost.
Sd-My e:ek tte eilcket Jack Frost CUM dvwa
last nirtt,
II- to the earth on a suuteam, keen, and spark
llnic ani bright,
i-c sju$hl In the fras fvT the crkket- with dellcat
icy spear.
;u ,hary and toe at J fatal, and be .tahlied them far
and near ;
v!y a few sl..at ftlloaa, thawed by the mjrnlnj
a an,
CLtnup a cwnraful echo . by-fona frolic and fuft
But yesterday sncU a rifi'lla cboras ran all over th
Orr the htiin and the valleya, down to the irrey sea
an 4 ;
Mi'Iltini of merrv b.tiltr.lsa, skipping; and daneiag
in f-e.
rtik-l and loeut and grai-boprvr, happy a happy
c.'n'd be,
sc-..j-;tig rich caves la ripe appli and feeding ta
b ..aey and spice,
I'ruak with the raeilow siin-tl.ine, o-r dreaming of
.pears of ice ;
VT.s it nt ea-m;h that the crickets roar weapoa of
power thcnld pit-rce ?
ry what have yn done to the a jwer-r Jack Frt
yoa are crael and flcree,
HtL never a ai-h or a whimper yea to cbed theza
and lot they exhale
Tieir beautifal lives, ttiy are drooping, their awaet
colwr tbb., they are pale,
lu'-y fade and they die ' see the paniiee yet striving
so Lari to acf '.d
Ifc-ir carments cf f elvety epleLdir, ail Tyriaa pur
ple and go d '
E-t b)W we-'ry they l.-A, and hw withered like
b and -otce court daine, wl.o all night
ii.r'- danced at the ball till tanri-e ttrnck chill to
tht lr hearts with iu :lht.
Ventre hides the wrd a-t.-r? She vanished as snow
wreatha dissolve in the ana
Tne moment yoa t mched br. Look Tonder, wbera
sober and grey a a nan
1'ne i.:aple tres suad that at snoset was blushing as
red as the ky :
At v.f foet, rl-w!flg -eirlet as fire, its robes of anaa:-
n.Cce .c lie.
Lc-j-u:ier? etr p; in- the w ld as joa -tr.p the sblv
erinc tree
i'f clor ani s.ju.d and p riiii.e-.cjrinf the bird
the bee,
Tarnicg b-aoty tti ashe- on to Aa the rWtfl swal
lows and fly
F.t awy rtot of Mr-ht of y.iir mi-chief! 1 give ya
CO welcome, cot I !
Ks-ligtoui Kailh of Acaiiiz.
I cannut close this hasty and inaJe
qnat e, yrt fTTCijt and iiearty tribute,
without recalling to yonr memory the
revt-reut spirit in which he pursued Lis
Bcit-iititic labors. Xearly forty years
atro, in his first great work on fossil
fishes, in developing Lis principle of
classification, he wrote : '"An invisible
thread in all ages runs through this im
mense diversity, exhibiting as a general
result the fact that there is a continual
progress in development, ending in
man. The fonr classes of vertebrates
j.re&vnt the intermediate steps, and in
vertebrate are a constant accessory ac
companiment. Have we not Lere an
immense mind, as powerful as prolific,
the acts of an intelligence as sublime as
provident, the marks of a goodness as
iufiuite as wise, the most palpable de
monstration of the existence of a per
sonal (.rod, the author of all things,
ruler of the universe and dispenser of
ail good ? ' This, at least, is what I read
in the works of creation." But it is
what he ever read, and read with pro
found awe and admiration. To this
exalted faith he was invincibly lov,L
Xo laws of nature were to Lim as the
eternal word erf God. "His repugnance
to Darwinism grew ia a great part from
his apprehension of its atheistical ten
dency an apprehension which, at best,
I cannot share, for I forget not that
those theories now in the ascendant are
adopted by not a few determined
Christian men, and while they seem to
me not only unproved but unprovable.
I could deem them truth without part
ing with one iota of my faith in God
and Christ Yet I can best sympathize
most heartily with him in the spirit
wita-which he resisted what seemed to
Lim to lessen the majesty of the Master
and supporter of the Universe, Nor
was Lis a mere theoretical faith. His
whole life, in its pervading spirit of
service, in its fidelity to arduous duties,
in its simplicity and truthfulness, be
spoke one who was sincerely fulfilling a
mission from Gad to Lis fellow-men.
Dr. Ptalody's Memorial Sermon.
Etiquette of (he Flower Garden.
There are comparatively few, who,
either from instinct or education, regard
that delicate courtesy which should be
observed by all who enter the charmed
precincts of garden. A few sugges
tions to those who thoughtlessly vio
late the etiquette of the garden will
prevent much mortification and un
pleasantness. If the walks are narrow, a little care
will avoid sweeping one's skirts over
the beds, to the injury of the flowers
and the nerves of the owners as welL
Do not pick unbidden a blossom, or
even a leaf it oay be the very one its
possessor valued most. Nothing is
more presumptuous than to return from
a ramble in a friend's garden with a
bouquet of your own selection, unless
requested in an unequivocal manner to
help yourself, and even then it requires
rare discretion to make a choice satis
factory to all parties. Handle or pinch
nothing whatever ; even a touch injures
some vegetation, and feeling of rose
and other buds is almost sure to blast
them. The beauty of scented leaved
plants is often ruined from having their
foliage pinched by odor loving friends ;
better pick the leaf off entirely for a
visitor than to have half a dozen to be
mutilated by the pressure of fingers,
which are teldom satisfied with trying
only one, A tender-hearted young man
received a rebuke from a lady that
almost brought the tears to her eyes ;
as she moved her hand towards an un
usually fine rose geranium, the pride !
and pet of its possessor, in sharp alarm !
its owner exclaimed, "lon t pinch it !
The joung lady's mortified feelings were
only soothed by explaining to her that
her friend was probably constantly tor
mented by the ruinous admiration of
acquaintances, and her nerves were too
irritated for a gentle remonstrance.
Every cultivator of flowers can tinder
stand the annoyance of seeing a favorite
flower in such danger.
When an enthusiast in floriculture
triumphantly shows some elegant foli
ageplant.so gorgeously dyed and painted
that it is always in blossom, do not ask
whether it has flower. A conspicuous
bloom on a plant so lavishly endowed
with beauty would be a superfluity
which nature is too wise to bestow.
It is a luxury to have some persons
visit a garden to have the very gems
of one's collection singled out immedi
ately by an appreciative eye to watch
the play of expression intense enjoy
ment of your treasure gives to the mo
bile features ; and, last, to share every
thing 4hat can be divided with them,
and read on a beaming face that yoa
are fully thanked even before the lips
move in words.
Farmer Billy Newcome, who holds in
fee simple, and without any mortgage
attachment, one of the best farms in
Western Maryland, determined to enter
field of speculations, which though
new to him, promised to yield large
dividends. His lands were fertile and
well tilled, and Lia crops, generally
speaking, yielded well ; and the Old
Mill, which stood down by the Creek,
and of which he was the firstly proud
owner, ground out as good flour, as was
capable of being produced by the good
wheat grown in all that section of coun
try. Farmer Newcome waa popular,
the country over, and by his thrifty
management was growing rich. And
yet even he was tempted to try his hand
in an enterprise, of which Le knew but
little about 1
Posted np in the principal hotel in
the town of H Mr. Newcome
noticed, one day, a large, flaming band
bill, setting forth the fact, that a cer
tain time in the distant future, there
would be exposed for sale on the public
square, a lot of fine Mexican Mustang
Ponies, which a dealer was then bring
ing to that market. A full description
of these points followed, their beauty,
toughness, docility, and all that were
carefully, if not truthfully, stated, and
then came the clinching affirmation.
and thousands of dollars could be made j
Ktr one nna liajl eliA tnnaiis anil shift !
disposition to deal in Mustangs.
Mr. Newcome read the bill carefully,
thought the matter over for a few min
utes, and came to this conclusion : "I
know that farming, as I conduct it, pays
and pays well ; but the process of mak
ing money in that way is rather slow ; I
have several thousand dollars in cash
laid up for a rainy day, and 1 can readily
obtain several thousands more, for my
credit is good wherever I am known.
But here is the point ; here is a chance
to make money and to make it in a
short time, and I think I will make the
venture. I will deal in Mustangs as
tonish my neighbors get rich in a
short time, and rent out my farm and
Mill, and rfelire to private life yes, I
thiuk I'll make the venture !"
He went home much elated over his
prospective gains, and he at once en
tered on a course of study of natural
history. The Mustang, although a wild
horse of the prairie, was easily subdued,
soon became gentle, was easily sub
sisted, and there was money in him. The ,
former he learned from a treatise on j
"wild horses ;" the latter that there
was money in him he learned from the !
I 11, .11 ;n H..ol Ua 1
USUULlll, 11U DCS 1U SUC II ' 'I 1 , U 11 t ,
faith of the good farmer was strong in '
both. j
The day of sale came, and Mr. New- j
come and many of his friends and
neighbors, were at the appointed place. !
Their eyes opened largely, when they I
saw that it required the combined
strength of four men to hold each pony, j
as the complaisant auctioneer called for ,
bids and proceeded to knock the Mus- i
tangs off to the highest bidder. When
the sale was over, and the matter j
summed np, Mr. Newcome fonnd that
he was the owner of twenty-three wild .
horses, for which Le paid at the rate of
seventy dollars each, amounting in the ,
aggregate to the handsome sum of six
teen hundred and ten dollars ! But, as !
he then thought, he would realize, say, '
twenty-five dollars on each one, he paid j
for the ponies cheerfully, and hired a I
force of men and boys to escort his
purchase to bis pastures, some six miles !
from town. Thus far Le was satisfid. j
He soon made this important discovery : !
No fence on his farm would restrain !
those wild Mustangs. Ordinary fences j
were leaped with astonishing ease, and j
those too high to jump, were broken j
. a s i : '
tnrougn or inrown aown, uu uie pomes
roamed at will over the farm. Two of
his colored men, in attempting to catch
the fugitive animals, had been severely
kicked, and were in the doctor's Lands,
and things began to look stormy all
over that once quiet place 1
But farmer Newcome was equal to
the emergency. At an expense of one
hundred and fifty dollars, Le placed
about a five acre lot a tremendously
bigh and strong fence, and by the aid
of his neighbors succeeded in corraling
the nnrnly ponies in the inclosure, and
all things being now safe and quiet, he
went back to his books on natural his
tory, and to the work of counting np
his gains, that were to be made in the
speculation. So possessed of this mat
ter did he become, that good Mrs.
Newcome declared that her husband
dreamed of lassoiug Wild Mustangs on
the prairies, night after night, and that
bis shrieks and hallowing, not only
broke in on the midnight Lour, and
disturbed the slumbers of the inmates
of the farm house, but of the entire
community as well I Things were com
iEg to a crisis !
Sometime after this, the fame of the
wild ponies having spread for many
miles over the country, farmer from a
distance called on Mr. Newcome, with a
view of making a purchase. The con
versation ran this :
"I hear, Mr. Newcome, that yon have
some choice Mustangs for sale !"
"Yes, sir, the best lot this side of
"Do yon think they can be made of
service on the farm ?"
"I hav'ut a doubt of it," replied
'Will they work in harness are they
easily handled ?"
"Well, yes, I reckon they are."
"Ilave yon tried them ?"
Well no not exactly, but I know
they will work almost anywhere."
"Suppose we have one put in harness
now ; 1 would much like to see it done."
Mr. Newcome's reply came slowly
"Don't yon think, neighbor, that it is
late now to harness a Mustang, and
prove him? Why it is almost sundown 1
Wait till to-morrow morning, and then
I promise yon drive behind one of the
finest ponies in the State."
The gentleman concluded to wait till
the morrow, and was shown to the par
lor. Mr. Newcome excused himself,
and went out hastily to arrange for the
coming equestrian feat.
"Brother Bitner," said Le to a young
stalwart horseman whom he met near
the milL
"I want yonr assihtanee early in the
"Certainly, sir," replied that worthy.
"You won't fail me. Brother Bitner?"
"Fail you! Have lever failed yon?
yon can count on me for any emergency,
from hiving bees to 6kiiiniDg a wild
"YonTl do : Meet me at the Mustang
Corrall early to-morrow morning ; and,
do you hear me ? bring the colored men
withyou for there is warm work ahead."
"Have the Al U tangs Droaen out ui
the fold again ?" . j
"No, not exactly but the truth is j
Brother Bitner, there a man nere wno
wants to make s purchase to-morrow,
and we must break in one of the Mus
tangs far Lim ; yon understand what I
mean" .
Bitner tamed pale, and trembled in
every limb. He was no coward, but he
had an idea of what was coming on the
morrow. He answered hesitatingly
through his chattering teeth "I-I-IT1
try an-and be-be-the-there !
At the early dawn. Farmer Newcome.
Brother Bitner, and some half dozen
colored men were at the corrall, armed
with ropes, lines, harness, &&, and
after a terrible straggle they succeeded
in capturing the least wild of the ponies.
put the harness on him, and attached
him to a heavy two-wheeled vehicle,
which in country was called a two-seated
sulkey. The men led the harnessed
Mustang several times around the in
closure, and at last the farmer and
Bitner ventured to seat themselves in
the vehicle, and drive slowly for short
distance. The arrangements being re
garded complete, Mr. Newcome went to
the bonse for the gentleman who de
sired to make the purchase. The two
soon appeared on the scene.
"Step into the sulkey," said farmer
Newcome, "and be convinced of the
safety and docility of these animals."
"I much prefer yon to make the first
drive, this morning." Said the gentle
man. . "O, get in, there is no danger !"
"No, I had rather not"
'Come, Brother Bitner, we mast
show this gentleman how to manage a
Mnstang " and the two seated them
selves in the sulkey.
"Open the gate, and give ns room,"
ahouten Newcome, as he drew np the
reins ! In the twinkling of an eye, the
vehicle was in rapid motion. Tfeey
passed through the gate-way with the
velocity of a cannon-shot. Bitner was
pale, and Newcome had his blood np 1
On went the Mustang like a fury ! A
wicked kick strayed out behind, and
the dash board went flying through the
air then Brother Bitner'a hat followed
it I The bark was peeled from the
trees, and the growing corn was tramped
into the soft earth, and still that Mus
tang went madly forward. They were
nearing the mill-dam, and the bank was
"Good Lord deliver ns !" groaned
"Amen I" came from him who held
the reins! i
On the bank overhanging the mill-dam
stood a large tree, and the fiery Mus
tang was making directly for it. In a
moment the shock came. The sulkey
was completely wrecked, and the pony
becoming disengaged from it, plnnged
headlong into the water, followed by
the two men who bad ventured on the
daring ride ! The Mustang; entangled
in the harness was drowned ; the colored
men fished the two Jthtts ont of the
water! Both were in a dilapidated
condition. And then all of the colored
men said to the half-drowned farmer.
"Boss Newcome, dat gemman who
came-here to buy Mustangs ax me to
tell yon, dat he don't 'tink yonr bosses
will suit him no how."
"Where is he ?"
"O, he's gwine away, he is ; 'taint no
use to try to sell to him sah ; be leaves
Lis compliments, and be leaves hisself
sartain too !"
When farmer Newcome Lad time to
reckon up profit and loss, Le concluded
that the Mustang business wouldn't
pay, and he retired from it. He is still
in the regular farming business and
seems to prosper. His wife still affirms,
that her husband dreams of wild hor
ses, and occasionally jumps out of bed,
in his sleep, thinking that he has fallen
into a mill-dam. Brother Bitner has
quit the pony business too. Journal
of Agriculture, "
I.oie and Nelfislinesi.
Selfishness is death. Think of one
who has no throb outside of himself ;
is he not entombed in a grave more
dark than that of earth ? The moment
one begins to love, if only a dog, he
begins to live. To love something that
is different from one's self a flower, a
star, a human soul what power is in
it, what stir of all the faculties ! O, the
manifold life of love! How it flows
and streams away on every side, in love
of father and mother, brother and sis
ter, husband and wife, and friend, and
little children, of the tiniest speck and
grandest orb. We rejoice in all things.
Every sound is a delight. The very
worm beneath onr feet thrills ns. We
are alive all over.
There's not a throb, a thonirht. a aen-c
But opeoa iuto ued'a maitninoepce.
We cannot know this life until we
experience it. How sweet and deep it
is, to what heights it leads, to what
amplitudes conducts, to what knowl
edge, purer vision, beauty and ecstacy !
Feed the body with a thousand plea
sures and it is the same dead thing
always. Only the spirit is capable of a
multiplied life, and to the loving spirit
the very stocks and stones open into
avenues of glory. Love is the magi
cian's wand that shows the secret riches
of the most barren spot. It is Aladin's
lamp that compels the finest ministries.
How weak we are when we are selfish !
How strong when we are loving, how
varied, how manifold ! It is, indeed,
more blessed to give than to receive ;
for giving is the most receptive of all
acts. We give from the finite, bat we
receive from the Infinite. Love is crea
tive. It is continually producing, un
folding, enlarging, sweeping into new
forms of beauty and power. Selfish
ness withers, compresses, annihilates.
It is the grave. Love is resurgent,
triumphant, immortal, unbounded. It
comprehends all, assimilates all,
achieves all ; in a word, it is life.
Aa Icelandic Festival.
The Cologne Gazette says : "Iceland
has in contemplation this year to cele
brate the thousandth year since the set
tlement of the island (874). As early
as 660 a Dane named Gardar was drifted
from Scotland in stormy weather north
ward to an unknown coast. He wintered
in the country, and called it Gardars
holm. Shortly thereafter a Norwegian,
Nadod, was also drifted there. In 868
the island was visited by another Nor
wegian, Floke, who remained for a year
there, and called it Island. Ingolf,
driven into exile on account of cruelties
perpetrated by the Norwegian King
Hagar Haarsager, proceeded in 874 with
his foster-brother to Iceland, and there
founded the earliest settlements. These
were near the place where Keikjavik,
the capital of the island, now stands.
Others followed the two brothers, and
the island was soon inhabited. From
Iceland, Greenland, as is known, was
discovered, and from it hardy Norse
seamen, about the year 1000, reached
that part of the coast of the American
continent now forming Massachusetts.
It is, consequently, not without eome
historical justification that the celebra
ted Norwegian violinist, Ole Bull, has
been collecting subscriptions at con-Aoi-ta
amnnv his countrymen to erect
monument to the -Norwegian, Lief
Erikson, the first discoverer of America,
as the latter touched American ground
from 400 to 500 years before Columbus,
and there are indications that the Ge
noese waa not only acquainted with the
voyages of the old Nona sailors to
America, but that they were not with
out influence on his plan and its execution.
The Lui or the House of Era-tania.
Those who walk down the beautiful
Calle del Tajo, in Lisbon, at two o'clock
in the afternoon, will almost invariably
meet, at that time, at the book-store of
Xegra & Co., a small, delicate gentle
man, of thirty-five or forty, closely
shaved, with a round, dusky face, and
close-cropped black hair. He is gene
rally accompanied by a shriveled-up old
man of seventy, with large, gold-rimmed
spectacles, the very embodiment of a
book-worm. Everybody treats these
two gentlemen with extreme deference,
and piles of new books and periodicals
are placed before the younger of the
two gentlemen without Lis asking for
them. He glances at them through his
binocle, and selects a number of them,
which he shows to the elder gentleman.
The latter nods his approval, or shakes
his head ; the books thus sanctioned
are laid aside, and the two, reveren
tially greeted by the clerks and proprie
tors, leave the store.
The younger of them is the King of
Portugal, the elder his old teacher and
governor, Dom Tamisio Nunar. The
king, still a young man, with any thing
but an intellectual lace, is tne last male
scion of the European branch of the
celebrated house of Braganza, and,
strange to say, Lis tastes and habits are
so unlike those of his predecessors, for
centuries past, that the people of Lis
bon call him "O Novo" (The New One,
or the Eccentric One. ) Although mar
ried to an ambitious and restless wife.
Dona Maria Pia, the favorite daughter
ofTictor Emmanuel, and, notwithstand
ing the extraordinary chances for ag
grandizement which lie had, especially
since the dethronement of Isabella IL
of Spain, the present King of Portugal,
with the blood ol At aria da Ulona and
Dom Miguel in his veins, has led an
almost pastoral life, devoting almost
his whole time to the study ot literature
and. whenever he has to decide a politi
cal question, invariably solves it in a
liberal sense. His principal source of
delight ia his private library. To its
enlargement he devotes most of Lis in
come. Familiar with all the Latin lan
guages, he has collected, within the
past fifteen years, some thirty thousand
volumes, embracing the choicest works
of Spanish, Italian, French, and Portu
guese authors. In 1S69 he visited the
French Academy in Paris, and had a
regular debate there with Messrs. De
Sacy, Barante, and other tavants emi
nent in their knowledge. To their as
tonishment, they found that the king
knew far more about the subject dis
onssed than they who had devoted their
life and studies to it ; and, to cap the
climax, his majesty completely per
plexed them by submitting four knotty
passages from "Los Lusiates," which
they were nnable to interpret correctly.
The qneen has different tastes. She
lives apart from her husband, at the
country-seat of La Tarta. The king has j
hardly any companions but his above-1
mentioned old tutor. Dom Dr. Nunar
is the first living scholar in Portugal.
He lives, like his king, for the latter's
library. He has published a valuable
work on Latin bibliography entitled j
"The Treasures of Lusitanian Litera
ture," a great portion of which was
written by his pupil, the king. J
Once or twice a week the King of Por-
tngal makes the rounds of the lyceums
of Lisbon. The professors receive him I
in a respectful ' but simple manner, j
knowing, as they do, that his majesty '
dislikes nothing so much as needless J
ceremonies. The king on those occa-'
sions visits all classes, and takes delight
in putting questions to the pupils. Once
a French professor, during such an ex
tempore examination, in his enthusiasm
complimented the royal examiner by
exclaiming, "Sire, what a pity it is that
you are not a teacher yourself !"
It is, perhaps, result of this royal
solicitude for the educational establish
ments of Lisbon, that the high-schools
in that city rank among the best in the
world. This change has been brought
about, through the present king's influ
ence, since 1858. Previous to that time
Lisbon had but two lyceums, with an
aggregate of four hundred pupils.
jkevue Hcpublicaine,
Early Marriage.
There are hundreds of yonng men
that should be married who are not
married. To marry early is discreet
and wise. And when men and women
are of a marriageable age, I think it to
be. in general, true, that it is whole
some for them to be married. It is not
necessary that they should remain sin
gle because they stand in poverty ; for
two can live cheaper than one, if they
live with discretion, if they live with
co-operative zeal, if they live as they
ought to live. If the yonng man is
willing to seem poor when he is poor ;
if the yonng woman, being poor, is will
ing to live poorly ; if they are willing to
plant their lives together like two seeds
and wait for their growth, and look for
their abundance by and by, when they
have fairly earned it, then it is good
thing for them to come early into this
partnership. For characters adapt
themselves to each other in the early
periods of life far more easily than they
do afterwards. They who marry early
are like vines growing together, and
twining round and round each other ;
whereas, multitudes of those who marry
late in life stand side by side like two
iron columns, which, being separated
at the beginning, never come any nearer
to each other. There is no school which
God ever opened, or permitted to be
opened, which yonng people can so ill
afford to avoid as the school of care and
responsibility and labor in the house
hold, and a young man and young
woman marrying, no matter from what
source they came together, no matter
how high their fathers have stood, one
of the most wholesome things that they
io, having married for love, and with
discretion, is to be willing to begin at
the bottom, and bear the burdens of
household life so that they shall have
its educations I tell you, there are
pleasures which many yonng married
people miss. I would not give up the
first two years of my married life for all
I have now. I live in a big house, with
brown stone front, and very fairly
furnished ; but; after all, among the
choicest experiences of my life were
those which I passed through in Indi
ana, when I hired two chambers up
stairs ; when all my furniture was given
to me, and was second-hand at that ;
and when the very clothes which I had
on my back had been worn by Judge
Birney before me. We were not able
to hire a servant. We had to serve
ourselves. It was a study every day
how to get long with our small means
and it was a atudy never to be for
gotten. I owe many of the pleasures
which have run through my life to
being willing to begin where I had to
begin, and to fight poverty with love,
and to overcome it, and to leam how to
live in service and helpfulness, and in
all the thousand ingenuities which love
sweetens and makes more and more
delightful. Beeeher.
Teaching; Tailors.
"The tailor stays thy leisure." He
can a tale unfold, and hereby hangs our
tale. Tailors, or clothiers, may be
allowed to claim an older professional
pedigree than any other craft, for the
primal pair in f aradise labncated and
invested themselves with a certain kind
of clothinsr, although we admit it was
nothing to boast about. Costume of
any kind, indeed, seems not to have
been much in demand among the an
cients while they dwelt in the tropics ;
but, when they wandered into colder
climes, they found that clothing was
very convenient ; hence in process of
time, and in civilized society, the tailor
became a necessity.
Costume may be said to have a con
trolling influence over conduct and
character. Dress a person well, and,
other things being equal, he will be the
more inclined to act well. Self-respect
is fostered and fed by cleanliness and
good clothing. Dress has undoubtedly
a moral effect upon the conduct ; negli
gence of dress begets negligence of
address. Tailors, therefore, are among
those who conserve good habits and
manners. We all know the importance
of outward appearances ; and, since so
much of our success iu life is often
covered up in broadcloth, it is politic
for ns to keep on good terms with our
tailor. "A tailor make a man? Ay,
sir, a tailor !" Titian on one occasion
was passing through a street in Milan
in his working-gark, all unnoticed by
the Txmulace. He returned home. and.
arrayed in his courtly costume of pur- j
pie velvet, reappeared in public, when
everybody did him homage. Ot returning
to his studio he took off his long velvet
cloak, and, throwing it upon the gronnd,
exclaimed : "Thou then, art Titian
so much for drapery I" It was this
same Titian, who one dav droDniurz his
brush, Charles V., who was in hisj
studio, picked it up, and, presenting it
to the astonished artist, said, "It be
comes Cffijar to serve Titian !" If Titian
was nothing to the common people
without his robe, we see how very un
wise it would be for any one else to
disparage his tailor. He it is, we mast
remember, who helps as to cut a good
figure in society ; and it would be
suicidal for us to cut him !
By-the-way, the term tailor, being
derived from taillcr, to cut, is very
significant and suggestive of the fact
that, by the cutting of our clothes, the
tailor virtually determines onr destiny.
He forms onr habits, and these form
our characters, and character is destiny.
It is of prime importance, therefore,
that our tailor's habits prove suitable
and proper, as well as profitable, before
we adopt tuem. tor mere is not a
metamorphosis in all Ovid so wonderful
as that which the great magician of the
shears and thimble is capable of effect
ing. The tailor, therefore, it is evident,
makes the man, as Ben Jonson said ;
and, as many a brainless member of the
beau monde has proved, Praxiteles
himself could scarcely do more than
the tailor.
The business of draping the human
form in the earliest or patriarchal ages
appears to have devolved principally
upon the daughters of Eve, the princi
pal article of dress being an ample
woolen garment a cloak by day and a
couch by night serving, as it seems,
the double purpose, like Goldsmith's
stocking, which at night he drew from
his foot to place on his head. The
Saxons carried their own fashions with
them into England, and one of these
yet prevails there the smock-frock,
which is the Saxon tunic without the
belt. The Saxons tenaciously held for
centuries to a fixed fashion. The Danes"
introduced fashions that sadly per
plexed the simple tailors of old Anglia.
The former, in the days of their pagan
ism, wore black garments ; when they
came to England, they even surpassed
the Anglo-Saxons in the gayety of their
appareL The Normans, to a great ex
tent, adopted the smock-frock of the
Saxons, modifying it somewhat, and
lining it with fur for winter wear ; so
that the modern blouse, or wide-awake,
may be considered its legitimate de
scendant. In spite of the mutations of Time,
some of the distinctive liveries of re
mote periods still continue in vogue in
Old England. For example, the Thames
watermen wear the style of dress of the
reign of Elizabeth ; the royal "beef
eaters" buffetiers) wear that of the
private soldiers of the time of Henry
VIL ; the "blue-coat" boy that of Ed
ward VL ; and the London charity
children that of Queen Anne. The
costume of students of Oxford and
Cambridge dates back, we believe, to
the days of Mary the Paptist ; while the
military red-coat is traceable as far back
as the Lacedaemonians.
We must not touch upon, the cariosi
ties of costame, however, although the
topic is a tempting one. With some of
the butterfly votaries and fops of
Fashion, to be out of the mode is a dire
calamity; yet the gallant Sir Walter
Kaleigh is reported to have once said,
in repudiating the use of excessively
gay garments, "No man is esteemed for
his tine attire but by fools and women."
Whatever may justly be charged against
the eccentricities of dress and iu ex
travagance in times when sumptuary
laws were demanded for their correc
tion, we must not ignore the lavish
expenditure, unpicturesquenees, and
absurdity, of much of our modern ap
pareL It is hardly fair, therefore, to
make fun of the figures of our fore
fathers when we ourselves cannot be
cited as models either of taste or
economy. Much has been justly claimed
for the representatives of the sartorial
art ; and manifold are the notable names
that have shed lustre upon their annals.
On the other hand, it is to be conceded
that much absurd raillery has been in
flicted upon both them and the imple
ments of their handicraft. Let us first
glance at some of the sarcasms referred
to. Bat what is there, forsooth, in the
insignia of their trade that any unpre
judiced mind should take exception to ?
Why should thimble, thread and needle,
shears, and goose, be made the theme
of ridicule ? Or why should the indi
viduals who represent the aforesaid
articles share in the general sarcasm ?
Is any one prepared to affirm that their
wit is not as sharp-edged as their shears,
or that their penchant for a certain
species of poultry is to be deprecated,
or that their ambition is to be deemed
a low one becanse it is not above but
tons ? Fickle Fortune and false friends
may forsake ns ; the doctor may poison
ns with his doses and his drugs ; while
the lawyer may drive us mad with his
dog-Latin and delay ; but onr faithful
friend the tailor, if we only pay his bill,
will never leave us unprotected or ex
posed to the chills of winter or heats of
summer in a word, will never leave as
The lovely Southern female swindler,
who has owed much of her success to
her knack of transforming herself from
a brunette into a blonde, has at last
found that it won't "wash" not even
An Intelligent Bird.
The Cardinal Grosbeak, commonly
known as the red-bird, is quite a favor
ite in those localities which he makes
his home. The plumage is beaRtiful
and the tones clear and varied. Being
birds of song they are much sought
after for the cage. But it is not our
present intention to conuense well
known facts from the ample page of
natural History, we simply desire to
tell a little story. Last Summer a lady
wandering among the cedars of Cardome
discovered the nest of a grosbeak, and
in the nest was a fledgling which she
made captive. It was a wee thing and
had to be reared with care. She trans
ferred the nest with the bird in it to a
cage, and then hung the cage to the
limb of a pear tree. All day long the
mother of the youngster hovered in the
vicinity of the cage. You could not
irignten ner away, in the morning and
likewise in the evening she would
gather insect food and carry it to her
yonng, tenderly feeding it through the
bars of the cage. At night she made
her perch upon the limb beneath which
swung the cage. As the fledgling grew
larger and stronger, the mother became
more attentive to it. For an honr at a
time she would flutter around the cage
and cluck to it, and it was evident from
her actions that she was trying to en
courage it to use its little wings as much
as possible in ita narrow prison space.
It was slow work, bnt the lessons were
not wasted ; the young bird persevered
and at last was able to fly or hop with
confidence and certainty from perch to
perch and from bar to bar. All this
time a defective bar of the cage Lad
been confined to its place by a little
cord or string. The old bird may Lave
studied the condition of affairs, but she
did not molest the cord. She did not
seek to arouse suspicion before her
tender offspring bad the strength and
courage to nse its wings. But as soon
as the young bird was able to fly, :he
watched her opportunity, and, when
unobserved, went to work at the knot.
She pecked away at the cord nntil the
knot was untied, then poshed against
the loose wire and displaced it so as to
admit of a passage from prison to lib
erty. It was a bold stroke, and there
was a touch of genius in the whole per
formance. When men pursue such
tactics aa this bird pursued, we call the
work generalship and - applaud the
authors of it as heroes. Shall we not
then admit that this scheming mother
bird, in taking care of her captive
yonng as she did, in teaching it to fly,
and then in rescuing it from prison,
waa guided by a higher, clearer and
more intelligent light than that which
comes under the head of blind, illogical
instinct ?
A Lucky Dodge.
The Lowell Courier relates the fol
lowing remarkable incident, which i
declares to be we!l vouched for: "Many
years ago Mr. Abram Dodge, of the
town of Ipswich, owned a beautiful
horse, which was the pet of the family.
He was admired by all who knew his
playfulness and good qualifications. In
the summer it was Mr. Dodge's habit
occasionally to have a frolic with his
horse in his barn-yard, then let him
out alone and he would go to the river,
which was about one-third of a mile
distant, where he would bathe, then go
to a common and roll on the grass, and
then with the freedom of air start for
his home. His stable was renovated
for bim while he was gone and his
breakfast pnt in his crib. If he met
his master he would show some coltish
pranks, bound for the stable, pall oat
the wooden pin that fastened the door
with his teeth, and rush to the manger,
where he was expected to find his food.
One night the horse was stolen from
the stable. After the expiration of six
teen years Mr. Dodge was at the tavern,
when a man drove a horse np to the
door. Mr. Dodge at once recognized
Lis Lorse, and he told the driver his
reason for believing it to be his ; the
man told of wIkti he had bought the
horse, and said Li had owned him for
several years. Mr. Dodge claimed his
horse, and it was finally agreed that if
the horse would, on being taken to his
old stable, go through the hr.bit of bath
ing, rolling on the grass, md pulling
the pin from the stable door, as above
described, that Mr. Dodge should have
him. When the horse was let out into
his old yard he reviewed the premises
for a moment, then started for his old
bath-tub, then for his green towel on
the common, then to his old stable,
pulled the wooden pin, won for himself
a good meal, and his old master his
favorite horse."
Guj Fawkea's Day.
Charles Warren Stoddart writes from
London to describe Gny Fawkes's Day.
He says: "Before we had risen from the
table a motley crew of chunky English
boys stole in at the street-gate, and
ranging themselves under our window,
began to repeat in the rapidest possible
English some verses about poor Guy
and his gunpowder, and all that un
happy plot that missed fire. Then came
the cheers and 'God bless the Q-ieen,'
which last refrain was merely a tag, I
fancy, that didn't mean half as much
as it implied ; at any rate, the young
sters rattled it off with a jovial air, as
though they had been saying, 'That
lets us ont,' or something in the same
vein. Of course we were all at the
window by this time ; there we saw a
half dozen urchins with their faces
painted like theatrical Mod oca, and in
their midst they bore an effigy of some
thing that was perhaps meant for Guy,
but it might have been passed for any
thing under the sun ; it was a staffed
suit of sorry old clothes, a mask and a
cocked hat, and the figure tied into an
old chair, which was poshed about in a
wheelbarrow. Having completed their
entertainment they bowed and scraped
as only these English boys can, with a
comical and characteristic grace, where
upon we threw them a few coppers and
they withdrew to the next lodge, where
the same performance was repeated and
not without profit. Every year these
youngsters have great fan, trundling
their Gay about and reaping handfols
of pennies. They are supposed to ex
pend the sum total in a grand bonfire
at night, when poor Gay is burned, to
the infuriate joy of all young heretics.
I saw at least twenty of those dummies,
of all descriptions, followed by mobs of
children, whose chief delight it was to
pipe at the top of their lungs and keep
up the excitement, while the larger boys
went about industriously gathering
It appears, from the report of the
Southern Claims Commission, that the
gross amount of claims filed is $60,000,
000, and the aggregate amount passed
on, $10,000,000, there remaining 17,000
claims, amounting to 850,000,000, to be
adjudicated. The amount claimed in
the whole number of cases reported is
$4,718,891, and the amount allowed in
settlement of the 1,093 approved claims
is $644,365, an average allowance of $300
to each claimant.
Youths Column.
The Paestzb axd thb Archtrct A
Mongolian Story. A long time ago
there lived a khan whose name was
Gonisschang. At his death his son,
Chamnk Sakikt Khan, succeeded Lim.
Under these chiefs lived a painter and
an architect, who bore the same name,
bat had a great hatred to each other.
One day the painter Gun ga approached
the khan, and said :
"Thy father, who is now in the king
dom of Tancrari (the Mongol Paradise).
lately appealed to me and said, Come
to me.' I accordingly went, and fonnd
him in great power and sway. He Las
sent this letter to you by me "
lie accordinKly handed the khan a
letter which contained these words :
Thi letter to my ton. Chamut Sa
kikt, greeting.
ben I quitted life on earth, I was
received into Tangari land. Here is
everything in abundance. As I wish to
erect a magnificent pagoda, and find no
workers in wood in the place, you will
send me forthwith the architect, Gnnga.
The painter, Gnnga. will instruct him
how to perform the journey."
IhekJian was delicrhted to hear from
his father, and ordered the architect to
be called. When he appeared, he said
to him :
My father is dwelling in great state
in Tangari land. He can get no worker
in wood to raise a pagoda, and so he
requires yon to com to him. The
painter, Gunga, will give yon direction
how to make the journey. Here is the
"Ah," said the architect to himself.
"this is my namesake's doing : but.
perhaps, I may disappoint him." Said
he to the painter, "How am I to get to
Tangari land ?''
Very easily," said Le. "Heap to
gether a pile of dry sticks ; lay your
tools on top ; sit upon them and sing
the holy hymn. Then set fire to the
pile, and in a few minutes vou will find
yourself in Tangari."
"V ery well, said he : and the khan
allowed him a week for preparation.
He be iran and scooDad out a Dassafe
under gronnd from his house to the
field, and over where the outer opening
would be he piled the wood, leaving a
chimney from the top of the pile down
to mat entrance, tie set his tools on
the top, and at the appointed time, he
sat among them, and sang his hymn.
Fire was pot to the pile, and the smoke
rose, and the ingenious man slipped
down through his stiff clothes and Lis
Lead -dress, which still remained in
sight when he was down safe in the cool
passage. He stopped the entrance as
.,i l . v.. .....11 ... i i i.
and cinders would do the rest. He
staid at home without showing himself
to anybody, and wasned his head every
day in milk.
At the end of a month he presented
himself before the khan, with his head
and face all white, and a white silk robe
round him.
"Oh," cned the khau, "have you re
turned from Tangari land? Is my
father well ?"
"He is well," answered the architect.
"After I Lad finished my work, he sent
me back to earth with this letter."
The khan took the letter, and read
oat :
"This letter to my ton, Cnamuk Sa
kikt, greeting.
"1 am glad that you are ruling your
kingdom well. As the architect. Gangs,
has done his work to my satisfaction, he
is deserving of a reward. Nothing re
mains to the finishing of the building
but the painting. You will accordingly
send me the painter, Gunga. The bearer
wiU instruct him how to come.
The khan was rejoiced, and ordered
rich presents to be brought to the archi
tect. He then sent in all haste for the
painter, who could hardly believe his
eyes when he saw the architect in his
silk dress, and the neb presents hanging
about him.
Why. he is not dead at all !" said he
to himself.
"Psead this letter," said the khan.
"Your turn comes next."
The painter said to himself :
"Surely, if he could go, and come
back safe, why mightn't I ? I'll go and
get the reward."
In seven days a great collection of
dry sticks was piled np, and the painter
took his seat on the top with his paint
ing materials and tools, and the pile
was lighted. Ah, the poor wretch 1 A
great cry was heard, but it was drowned
by the drums and trumpets, and no
message or messenger ever came again
from Tangari land.
A BatArnm. Incident. A poor Arab
traveling in the desert met with a spring
of clear, sweet, sparkling water. Used
as he was only to brackish wells, such
water as this, appeared to his simple
mind worthy of a monarch, and filling
his leathern bottle from the spring, Le
determined to go and present it to the
Caliph himself.
The poor man traveled a long way
before he reached the presence of his
sovereign and laid his humble offering
at bis feet. The Caliph did not despise
the little gift, brought to him with so
much trouble. He ordered some of the
water to be poured into a cup, drank it,
and thanking the Arab with a smile, or
dered him to be presented with a re
ward. The courtiers around pressed
forward, eager to taste of the wonderful
water ; bat, to the surprise of all, the
Caliph forbade them to touch a single
After the poor Arab had quitted the
royal presence with a light and joyful
heart, the Caliph turned to his cour
tiers, and thus explained his conduct :
"During the travels of the Arab," said
he, "the water in his leathern bottle
became impure and distastefoL But it
was an offering of love, and as such 1
have received it with pleasure. But I
well knew that had I suffered another
to partake of it, he would not have con
cealed his disgust ; and therefore I
forbade you to touch the draught, lest
the heart of the poor man should have
been wounded."
Chasads. I am a word of five sylla
bles; of which my first and second
make the nameof a huge serpent, strong
enough to crash an. ox to death, and
large enough to swallow him whole ;
my third and fourth are a cube usually
made of ivory ; my fifth is a vowel, and
an article much used ; and my whole is
the name of a British queen who burnt j
London, destroyed seventy thousand of
its people, and afterwards poisoned j
nerseu oecause tieieaieu in a oatue
with her enemies.
A ntwer . Boadecia.
The following story is related of the
late Judge Grier of how he set aside the
unjust verdict of a jury against an un
popular man, with this remark : "Enter
the verdict, Mr. Clerk. Enter also, set
aside by the court.' I want it to be un
derstood that it takes thirteen men to
steal a man's farm in this court."
Sacramento shipped $730,000 worth
of fruit last year.
An old' bell in one of the London
churches bears the date 1428.
The ex -King of Naples ia living
quietly on the outskirts of Paris.
No gift of God does or can contradict
any other gift, except by misuse or mis
direction. A lady clergyman at Kittery, Me., re
cently performed the marriage cere
mony for her son.
A central railway station is to be erec
ted in Dublin, at a cost of seven hun
dred thousand pounds sterling.
Paris proposes to extend the comforts
of home to Americans by taxing all visi
tors daring their stay in the French
More marriages are said to take place
in Boston on New Year's day and
Thanksgiving day than any other dy
in tne year.
A pennyweight of silver in England
is now represented by eight grains
Troy. In the middle of the thirteenth
century it was twenty-fonr grains Troy.
Italy is receiving corn from America
to make into whiskey. During October,
Boston sent 2,000 barrels of whiskey to
Turkey. Number of Bibles sent; 'not
As it is a Christian duty to love others
it is likewise obligatory on us to use all
helps that may make ns lovely, and
warm ourselves into the good affections
of those around us.
The big rhinoceros, the pride of the
London Zoological Gardens,is no more.
He succumbed to a severe attack of in
digestion, and died in the bosom of his
family. He leaves a widow and an in
fant son to mourn his loss.
The late Mr. Van Dyke, of New
Hampshire, didn't set much value atwn
the tears of his heir. Having left
$140,000, he requested that no one
should "snufiid and shed crocodile
tears at Lis funeral, but cover Lim over
and then hurry home to fight over his
It is related of one of the children of
Mr. Sigonrney of Boston, whose family
was lost on the Ville da Havre, that,
prior to their sailing, though elated
with the prospect of a voyage, she per
sisted in saying: "But we are all going
to be drowned !" Had they reached
France in safety, nothing would have
been thought of the childish expression
but now it is remembered as almost
Very near where the remains of Eliza
beth Barret Browning rest, in the Pro
testant graveyard at Florence, lie the
remains of Fanny Waugh Hnnt, wife of
Holman Hunt, the distinguished English
artist. She died here in the first year
of her marriage. On the marble above
her remains are inscribed the words :
"When thou passeth through the waters
I will be with thee ; and throogh the "
floods, they shall not overthrow thee.
Be not afraid. Love is stronger than
death. Many waters cannot quench
love, neither can the floods drown it."
The Siamese twins were excellent
farmers, and superintended all the work
upon their plantations. They could hoe
and plow, and were very dexterous in
using the axe. They built several log
cabins themselves, and could put up the
corner of a t wo-story house as quickly
as any other two men. As traders, es
pecially in live stock, they won quite a
reputation. In making a bargain they
would obtain all the points in the case
and then withdraw, and under the plea
that two heads were better than one,
consult with each other as to the best
course to pursue.
The receipts of tea in Great Britain
have steadily fallen off during the last
three years, although the consumption
has increased. The decrease has been
in the trade in tea with the Continent of
Europe, whose buyers are now making
direct shipments from China. The con
sumption in the United Kingdom in
1871 amounted to 123,500,000 pounds ;
in 1 872 it increased to 1 27,730,000 pounds,
and reached in 1HZI 132,000,000 ponnds.
The exports of tea from the United
Kingdom were in 1871. 41,000,000
pounds; in 1?2, 38,500,000 ponnds,
and in 1873, 32,500,000 ponnds.
A beautiful porcelain medallion por
trait supposed to represent Sir Walter
Raleigh, and which was ploughed up in
a field near Stratford, Westmoreland
County, Virginia, in 1794, by a colored
man, is now in the possession of a gen
tleman of Leesburg, Va. The colors
are as bright and fresh as if they had
been just pnt on, and the whole piece,
which is not much larger than a silver
half-dollar, will bear the closest scrutiny
under a magnifying glass, which indeed
only develops ita faultless beauty of
execution. The minutest points of de
tail are given with photographic fidelity.
The peculiarly brilliant and enduring
coloring of this medallion belongs to
the lost arts.
The Library of Congress now contains
238,752 volumes, and about 43,000 pam
phlets, but the restricted accommoda
tions for the books makes a largo num
ber of them useless. Over 12,000 vol
umes were added during the year, and
the books are now piled up in alcoves
and on the floors of the library- Designs
have been received for a new Ubrary
building, which will be made to accom
modate three or four times as many
books as those already on hand, besides
giving accommodations to the depart
ment for the granting of copyrights.
One of the interesting series of books
to which additions Lave been made
during the past year is that of English
county histories. All but seven of the
forty counties of England are now repre
sented in the library, besides many of
the town histories and the local histories
and genealogies of Ireland, Scotland,
and Wales.
A correspondent writes : "While re
porting the proceedings of the Repub
lican State Convention at Dallas, Ga., I
met a colored preacher who, front a
habit he has of commencing his ad
dresses with the exclamation thrice re
peated, Come to the Rock, has ac
quired the name of 'Come-to-the-Rock
Ben.' On one occasion, while a member
of the Legislature, he advanced to the
front of the Speaker's desk, and taking
two rocks,' as small stones are called
here, he struck them together, exclaim
ing, "Come to the rock, and proceeded
in a vigorous speech to address the
House. His name is Benjamin Williams,
and he has deservedly won the high
regard of many in the State. His elo
quence is ot a very mgn order, lie ia
a colored Robert Collyer, having all the
earnestness and pathos of the Yorkshire
blacksmith, with more natural dramatio
talent. Daring a period of temporary
confusion in the Convention he gained
the floor, and having exclaimed, "Come
to the rock the rock of Republicanism
and good fellowship, delivered a brief
and magnetic speech which restored
order and harmony. Some day I hope
to hear and to report to you one of hia
sermons. He is a man whom kindly
circumstances might have made famous,
and whose life-work, though quietly
done, mast be very fruitful.