Newspaper Page Text
EZlttklp. - 411boitber.
Orrtrs ROOEZWEIO'S BLOCK, (UP STAIRS,)
' CORN= STATE ST. AND RUM
ci „7, co pfon, paid FirsicTLY In advance $2 00
If not paid In advance,
co. sti criners,earred by carriers, Fifty C o lt s
re 2 copies to tho same person 4 00
Five copies sent to one address, in 00
T en co pies ............................ ................... . ........ 20 00
clubs rates apply only to those who pay in
A il su bscription accounts must be settled :w
-oolly. No piper will he sent to any person
r esP onsibility is not known, unless the
r ico to paid In advance.
par. following are our advertising rates, which
be strictly adhered to. In reckoning the
aeneiate. lli of advert iSeMents, an Inch le considered
ciliate • Anything less than an Inch is rated
s i a full square:
ingert ong I gq.l2sq. 3sq.'4 0.1 ,0. I c
.. 1.00; 1.75 5.00; 7.00, 1200
. . 1.50 '2,50 3.25 , 4.00 7.MELIM I 30.110
, wee k.: 2.00' 3.00. .I.oo' 5.00 14.50,15.00 25.00
eekg.. 2.1 1 2 . .1:10 6.00 10.00 11 , 1.00 1 30.00
Tw ,, m onth,. 3.7.1 .griO: 7.00 12.50 16.00:2 - ,iso .45 . 00
Thre, nontlig 5.00 MO 10.00 Ivy, 31 . 00.rm . n 0 , 60.00
inonttig . .00 12.00 1)00 3).410 M.OO 50.00 1 6500
(one veer. 12.00 20.00 30.00 35.00 50 . 0 0 . 90.00150.00
_ - -
Elren in ,. and Administrators' Notices 113
x ‘ sitters' and Estray Notices $.2 each:
:cot ~,, set in Leaded Nonpariel. and
„.ert,/ Xfarrittees anti Pemba, 25 per
in ion t orel rates ; Natters,
by the parties, Meta. per line of Eight
aor , t,,r tint iasertion,l2cents per line for sec
cents for each subsequent inser-
Notices cents'per line., Mar
t.'" rents; Deaths in cents each.
n ts Inserted every other week, two-thirds
persons handing in advertisements
~.fste the period they wish ‘ them pub
otherwtse they will he continued until
r ,irnd .n, at the expense of the advertisers.
JOB PRINTING. -
JI:IVP one of the best Jobbing Offices In the
and are prepared to do any kind of
In large or small orders, at as reasonable
r.And In as good style as i any t establishmen
IlF.N.T'Sshnnld he addr&sed to
nlit or and Proprietor.
• F. ('AMPU.k.I'SF.N,
of filo Pence, Farrar 'Jinn Building,
TrEvfir M. RITILTIT,
ktim-br, at T.ricr, teach street, aboye Palm,
appnt, Erie. Pa. 1ar,7137.
.•11, T,w, Erie 1"nootv, Pa.
-„ n s ottior ho.ine., attended to with
til•••Ct•}•:T;, KEI.I!EN \TA RvIN.
and r • nnncollnrc
~„. n•rl,••• P tr•to.nvi Rfork. t - wqr - Vnrth West
•+o• a+l•tnrr, Erie. Pri.
1, i'r., Robert Lrt•llr•, Proprietor.
,Tyne rl•a inn% and careful littera lon
re th , • eoraf.irt of Gur•+! 4. angiral.
rhor , r. Ash
T.,r - nhor. T.nth ortl
Ntip,t. North of R. R. Dervit, r.rin
. • Inv2-tf.
«'I T 1.1 .1 ON
• •.n. Imi •••••nr . q.enns. or. Pearti
rnruer of glle•th. 6 1, 1 , F6 nrw+ , l
,„, 4niltl•lln•c revldono.. 4 11
••• ' ••••: - :•10 , N 4 ntl) .1 , 14 Tetrt!TmtreAs
,- ;••,1. \ft. F;,f•Vs:....(r.v
.1 , 11 renoo.
1 . 1 olft'm r'nnvot-inr6r nnd
Tirtil 1n 1 Stlt , stroMm, Erte, Mt.
F. 'T. otTly h 41'
'7,1111 , mal flank. 17,11'em-tf.
Vo. IM .41 , 1t0
, rntel,'Kfir., CIMeo honrm from 4 1 ...; A. NT. To
•:IL, and front 1 to 5 P. M. 0c10717-tf.
4ALThMAN do CO.,
Wholesnle and Retail Dealers In Anthracite,
', • 111111110114 :1 nd itlack,mith Coal. Office corner
and 111 h -streets, Erie, Pa.
M‘:ler, Brewer and Dealer In lions, Barley,
11 - d% Ales, Lager, &c. Proprietor•of Ale and
I,4er Breweries and Malt Warehouses, Erie,
P:t. , - - , Jyl76G-tf.
W. E. 'MAGILL,
kt. Mitre in Rogenzweig's 'Mork. north
0.0. t ths. Park, Erie, Pa. •
Ir. Y. PICKERING, D. D. S
Denfl , d. Onire, French 'street, second story'
..errett'A Block, near the corner-of the Reed
IfOc+KIENSON, WILLIAMM & CO.,
..neeessors to George J. Morton, Commission
wrellants. and Wholesale Dealers in Coal.
A:r.enth for N. Y. & Rand People's Line of Steam
er., East Publtr Dcxt, Erie, Pn.
FRANK WINCIIFT,I, tt. CO.,
Auction and Comuttaxion Merehnuts, and Real
Fatate Agents, fre fitute etrert (corner llnth,l
Fair, Pa. Advancov madr cm ennslnmontg.
Country Venduea attended to In any part of
Tailor And Clothes (leaner. T'nlnn
nhore Dr. Bennett's (+Mee. Clothes made, clean
wl repairer' on abort notice. Terms as ren
ionahle as any. mr?.4.
,mro. C. set:km:it. noot:a hHERHAN._
SPENCER et: - SITERMAN.
.1 k ttornev , . at Law, Franklin, Pa, Office
Kerr's hiliblinc, Liberty atreet. Mhole ray.
over Remp's Rank. Rolmden I,treet.
~ tieetions promptly made In all parts of the
on regions. _ _ Jal2.
NOBLE, BROWN & ,
trn.)legale dealer.; In hard and soft enal, Erie,
P.. llav l ne dlynoßeli of onr dock property to
, heabove nameit }lnn, we neceßgarily retire from
eie coal, trade, reroinmend Ina our /iece ,worm Ino
worthy of the confidenee and patron
-2.1e of ,bur old friends and the puhile.
;11177-tf. . - SCOTT," RANRIN & CO,
V1011 , 111:1.h1 MilOr,Firth Rtreri, between State
! Pearh, Erie, Pa. CIIMOTTI Work, Repairing
'in 1 Putting attended to promptly. apl9'66-tf.
LrVERY AND BOARDING STABLE
- - •
tumor of French anal Seven ' th street+. I:rie.
enner h .Toh ni:on proprietors. GCSNI horses
Le.arriages aiwayti on hand at -mederat ,,
H. M. litlisTßON4l k CO.,
.‘irCcssorit to Wsllcer k Armstrrnz. Nt-hnle
i•eclnit in Anthracite and 111.•
.rra nolla f'nals. AVnorl, iron Ore, he. Orlice
.sorn.q. of Twelfth and Myrtle,streenu. Post
aM..c. Loch: fox il, F.ric. Pa,
V (e. BARRETT,
in. an , l cnrei'an+. ()M0.% No. In Noh
role° anon dav an.' ntzlit. Dr. Prirretrpt
'^' 'f.ne,, No. Tit Wr 5:11 St. invltl'?-1c•
TSENNF:TT Ho :SF,
Mtn k, Gvorce Tabilr„
~ ,t rii•tor. Good arenta?nodation4 and mew e
a,. clvtr4eN. my9:67-t f.
(11:0. r. ITF.NNF:TT, M. A.,
v.1(1•In an , lsite•eon. /Mire, ntmt Park St.,
etNI lOC. flour mtnre,—henumtm at the rem
n' r, W. Kel.n floor mouth of the. M.
Mmreh, Samma . fram mtreet. °Mee hour%
a. m. until 2 p. myttrefetf.
I 4 In all kind V s of Family arneorips ant?
striae Ware, &c., arid wiinlP4anle
in \l'll, - , ,1,11n0r5, zar4, Tobacf.n, kr., No. 31
Kant Fifth street, Erie, Pa. f.
E. J. FRASER, M. D.,
flinn4epathio Physician and Surgeon. °Rico
and ItPhidenee t's: Peach St. opposite the Park
Office-hours from Idto 12 a. m., 2 to 5 p.
and 7 to pi p. tn.
JOII H. MILLArt,,
Civil Engineer and Surveyor. Residence for..
rn xth street and East Avenue, East Erie.
N EW STORE
cronenberger, at the new laidek store,
Fyffe Village, has on hand a large asxortment
ilmeeries, Provisions, Wood and Willow
Wive, Wines, Liquors, Wgani, die., to which he
rl4 r.rtfully calls the attention-of the public,
. , Ird that he can offer as good bargains as
-, i) l, e had in any part of Erie county.
ERIE CITY IRON WORKS,
The Bradley Engine !
A New Compound or
Double Cylinder Engine,
Nr.si 'rum svrEA.zu ,r‘vircE.
And In Warranted to eve
11 TS TO ONE HUNDRED FER CENT.
Yore Po u.si w ,, e;
t t h h („ a s n atn a e
a kil m ing u le nt C or n i nde rn r
STEAM ENDERS AND BOILERS !
OF ALL STYLES
OIL STILLS AND TANKS!
Of all liameriptfroas.
4/444 SHAD BLOCKS.
.. - -- _
-.- - - -„,_.-. - . ---- . .
. ~ ~, , . -
--,-.-• . ..-
. _ .
_ . ...:„.. ~,- •
. t: . _•
The Old Grocery Stand
CRAIG & MARSHALL,
No. 24 West Park,
POWDER, COTTON - FUSE,
Having thoroughly refitted the above store and
FINEST LOT OF GOODS
Ever brought to Erie, we are now prepared to
supply all the wants of the public,
Defy . Competition !
CANNED FRUITS, &C.,
A GENERAL ASSORTMENT
Of all the artlelesnaually kept in a Arai-class
Lowest Market Price !
We intend to keep an establishment at which
our customers can always rely upon procuring
what they want, and will warrant our rharges
to be as moderate as any store in the city
Give us It trial, and are for i-onraelves
' CHEAP GOODS !
Wholesale aid Retail
GROCERY AND PROVISION STORE,
WINFA AND LIQUORS.
Successor to F. Schlatidecker, is now re:
calving a splendid assortment of
GROCERIES, PROVISIONS, WINES,
I.luors, Willow, Wooden and Stone Ware
cults, Nuts, 4;c. A large stock of
TOBACCO AND CIGARS,
Call and see us, at the
Grocery 'l• 7 leaclaviarterei,.
American Block, State St., Erie. l'a.
F. SCIILALTDECK ER.
Wholesale and Retail Grocery Store.
P. A. BECKER CO.,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL - GROCERS,
North-East Corner Park and French St.,
Won hl respectfully call the attention of the com
munity to their Lugo stock of
Which they are desirous to sell at
THE VERY LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES!
Sugars, Coffees, Teas, Syrups,
TOBACCOS, F . lBll, &C.,
la not eurpasiol in the city, as they are prepared
to prove to all who give them a mll..
They also keep on hand a superior lot of
PURE LIQUORS, '
for the wholesale trade, to which they dire . et
the attention of the public.
Their motto is, "Quick males, small profits and
a full equivalent for the money." apll'63-tf.
' 1": 41. F. WORDEN .8F CO.,
Would respectfully announce that they have
opened a store at .
No. 428 French St., between 4th and sth,
For the purchase and sale of
ALL KINDS . OF COUNTRY PRODUCE,
Butter, Poultry. Milk, de.,
Orders from abroad will receive prompt at
ention at the lowest market Prices.,
Mir The highest price in (32111 paid for Pro
duce. . aul6'BB-tr.
I[TAVING sold our entire etocit of Furniture
11 to J. W. Ayres. we hereby Mwtr. the com
munity for their liberal patronage to us, b oil ing
they will extend the tame to him. Wb WW de.
vote our time hereafter to the
With the consent of J. W.Ayres westill bold
our office In the Lanni old platy; TLS linatestreet,
where will be found at all times ready toldlond
tothe wants of the community In: ow Line o-
Ready Made Collins
Trimmed to order. Metallic. .and Iron Burial
Cases, of all styles and sizes, on hand; also.
Shroud and Coffin Trimmings. -Undertakers
will find It to their advantage to ta l l the= of
us, as vie esnnot be undersold wester ew York.
aprfiY67-Iy. MOORE & RISLEY.
TUB PUNTING or avers Wad,: is laige or
tl salaUquanUtlak plata or Mated, &no Us
the bast stge, sad st. WOW prtssatiat the
C l l - PRISTING - Ofitor y 7 kid in lar
orrinvtaMiaeraptoto or colonel; = fig
IMMO*: OM if fisoderate foteol.' OS Qs
At the well known stand.
PAINTS, OILS, ite.
Agents for the sale of
Gun Caps:. Zce.
Ktoeked it with one of the
at prices that
OCR STOCK OF
Grocery—all fresh, and at the
Their assortment of
NVIIEC IO I,IE3f4A.I.I?:
DRY GOODS STORE,
42 STATE STREET, ERIE, PA
Southard & McCord,
- - JOBBERS IN
1133Eirifir 4:4 CD COI) S
NOTIONS, HOSIERS , GLOVES, &C
Our stock ls the largest ever brought to the city,
PIUNTS, DELAINES, SILKS, CLOTHS,
BLEACHED it BROWN SHEETINGS,
A complete assortment of Dress Goode, every
kind of article in the Notion Line, and, in abort,
a general assortment of everything needed by
TO BE SOLD AT
NEW YORK. , PRICES
Country - Dealers are invited to give us a call.
We do a strictly wholesale trade, and propose
selling at such prices as will make it to the ad
vantage of merchants in 4his section to deal in
Erie, instead of sending East, for their goods.
H. F. SOUTHARD. • J. M'CORD.
• ME OLDEST ESTABLISHED
Carpet & Dry Goods House
IN N. W. PENNSYLVANIA
A complete stook of filmetino, , Prliatx, Linens,
Cloths, Sackings, Flannels, Irish. and French
Poplins, Molaalra, Alpacas, Delaines,,kc. Also,
wirrric G 40001044. most-v..11v.
GLOVES AND NOTIONS,
Call and get prime before porelouting
apr:r67-Iy. Nn. :As, Marble Frnnt,Stutr'St
412 f4T'Alr 11 , 1'
Dry Goods t Dry Goods !
WITQLESALE AND DETAIL
The largest and best '.cock of
DROWN AND BLEACHED SHEETINGS,
PRINTS. FLANNELS, LINENS,
Cloths, Cloaklngs, DeLaines, Alpacas, Leong,
Mohair'', Silks, Black and Colored, Thiblt,
Cashmere, Silk, Bracha and Paisley
Shawls, White. Goods, Hosiery,
Notions, dm., &c.
Goods marked down to Meet the market. No
trouble to show goods. Call and examine.
my3'B7-Is. ROSENZWEIG & BRO.
G. P. DAVIS Sr, CO.,
_ Dealers in all kinds of
GROCERIES, FRUITS, VEGETABLES,
Fifth Street, between State and French,
faylnly purchased our goods before the late
rise in prices, we feel confident of being able to
give satisfaction both in Price and quality.
Of every sort, bought and sold. Farmers can
always depend on receiving the highest market
price for their articles.
DEALERS DI TAR ADJOINING TOWNS,
And on the Linea of Railroad,
SUPPLIED WITH FRUIT, VEGETABLES, &C.
Give, ui a Call. , .
Remember May & Jackson's Market Depot
For the Holidays !
Silver & Plated Wa.re!
the largeati assortment in town, at price.' that
DEFT COMPETITION !
Po not fall Wenn on
MANN Sc. FISIIER,
No. 2 Reed Block.
Two doom East of main entrance
, rIIE CO-PARTNER:4III' heretofore existing
1 between the undersigned In the Planing
Mill, Poor, Bash and Blind business, under the
firm name of Jacob Uuotz it Co., was dissolved
by mutual consent on the 21st (layer June, PC.
The business will be continued by Jacob Boots,
who is-authorized to settle all the accounts of
the late (Ism. JACOB BOUTZ
The undersigned,intending to continue the
above business, at the old stand, west aide of
Peach,between Llth and 13th streets, desires to
call the attentlnn of the public to his facilities
for supplying them with anything in his line:
Lumber - planed to order, and scroll sawing of
all kinds done. Sash, Doors and , Blinds furn
ished to order. All. kinds of Lumber on hand,
together with . Shingles and Lath. In fact, eve.
rwthing that Is usually dealt In or done at first
class, stablishinents of the kind. Thankful for
past kind favors, I respectfully solicit a Con
tinuance of the same.
nor:4bn* .TAODB BOOTZ.
F. A. WEISER. .11t.
Country Produce, Groceries, Proyislous,
WISIZ LIQUORS, SEOARS,
Tobacco, Croelita7 Ware, Fruita, Nata, &t.,
No. 1314 Stab Street.
West side, between Bth and 9th Streets, Erie, Pa.
CaCh paid for country produce.
F. A. WEBER. mySi-tf. W. ERHART
• - JoirN ILIANYA.IID,
DEALER VI FAMILY GROCERIES !
Tea. Coirely Row, 871:0P, Molames, Flour,
Pork, Filth, MIMS, Provmous generally; Coon
cry Produce, Bird Cagee, Wood, Wlllow and
Crockery Ware, Fancy Traveling Baakete, To
bacco and Began,
421 State Street. Erie. Pa.
Private Families and Hotels supplied. Goods
delivered. . myl(Ver-tf.
Tc.BACCO AND CIGAM4.
The place to get a choice article of Tobacco,
Snuff and Cigars is at
R. R. SPELECEEKAN'S 1318 FBA= BT.,
lilosith of the Union Depot.
eaiways on hand a soca assortment of the
stove articles of every grade, wholesale and re
tail. Also, Pipes, Pouches, Boxes and Smokers'
Articles of every description. Please favor me
with a call. Don't forget the place. INS Peach
E. Cooper, In the Court of Common
VB. Pleas - of Erie Co. No. 172 Nov.
Semi Sfahan_, Jr. termr:lBB7. Venditioni Ex.
And now, Dee. J, 1.887, on :notion G. W. Gun
nison, Esq., appointed auditor.
Notice Is hereby given to all parties interest
ed that I will attend to the duties of my
polutment on Friday, January, 3d, at 2p. m., at
my o ff ice iivErie, No. =State street.
decatv. . GRAM, GUNNISON, Auditor.
Store for Bent. __ --
QTOTtE now occupied by Southard & 3EcVoni,
cus State street, for nat. Vat IA 1
4d:3w ' • "se Vita PouiVeireet.
.410 ELSE. 13.1LANICE'ret
' • Solna atZsgasei B•Aes.bi
deolitt. Z. O. SWIM
ERIE. PA., THURSDAY AFTERNOON, FEBRUARY 'l3, 1868.
Address to the Nervous sad Debilitated
whose sufferings have l been protracted from
hidden causes and whose cases require prompt,
treatment to render existence desirable. U you ,
are suffering or have suffered from Involuntary
discharges, what effect) does It produce upon
your general health? Do you feel Weak, debill-:
toted, easily tired? Does a little exertion pro
duce palpitation of the heart?, Does your liver,
or urinary organs, or year kidneys, frequently
get out of order? Is your attire sametimeathick;
milk , flocky, or is it Mpg on settling? Or does;
a thick scum rise to the top? Or is a sediment
at the bottom after it has stood awhile? Do you
have spell% of short breathing or dYePePels?
Are your bowels constipated? Do you have
!spells of fainting or ruche/ of blood to the head?
Is your memory impaired? is your mind con.
stoutly dwelling upon Urfa subject? Doyen feel
dull, listless, moping, tired et comyany, of life?
Do yon wish to be left alone; to get away NMI
everybody? Doee any little thing make you
start oriump? Is your Sleep broken or restless?
Is the lustre of your eye 5.9 brilliant? The bloom
on your cheek as bright? Doyen enjoy yourself
in society as well? Do you pursue your business
with the same energy? Do yea feel ea much
confidence In yourself?: Are your spirits dull
and gagging, given to Bleed melancholy ? If so,
do not lay it to your liver or dyspepsia.. Have
you restless nights? Your back weak, your
knees weak, and have but little appetite, and
you attribute this to dyspepsia or liver cern.
Now, reader,selt-abutse, venereal diseases bad
ly cured, and sexual excesses, are all capable of
producing a weakness of the generative organs,
of generation, when in perfect health. nutkethe
man. Did you ever think that those bold, defi
ant, energetic, persevering, successful business
men are always those whose generative organs
are to perfect health f I You never hear such
men complain of beinglnelaneholy, of nervous
ness, of palpitation of the heart. They are nev.
er afraid they cannot succeed in business; they
don't become sad and discouraged; they are al
ways polite and pleasant in the company of la•
dies, and look you and them right in the rote—
none of your downeest looks orany Other mean
ness about then'. I do not mean those who keep
the organs Inflamed by running to excess. These
will not only ruin their etinstlttitlons, but also
those they do buslnea NOM or for.
How many men froth badly cured diseases,
from the effects of self-abuse and excesses, have
brought about that state of weakness In those
organs that has reduced the general system so
much as to induce almost every other disease—
Idiocy, lunacy: paralysia.apinal affivtions, blli.
ode, and almost every other (Orin. of disease
which humanity is heir to, and the real causeof
the trouble scarcely ever suspected, and have
doctored for all but the right one.
THAPII.I4IIt of these organs le. - Mire the use of a
diuretic. 11E1.3iii0I.p'S FLUID EXTRACT
DUCEItt is the great Diuretic, and is a certain
cure for diseases of the Di:alder, Kidneys, l'insv
et, Dropsy, Oz ntr• ‘Verli:lll,c. Female Omi
plaints, (}.nest ilrbl litv and all diseases of the
Urinary Organs, whether existing in male or
ferrlail.. from whateveri cane originating. and
no matter of how long standing:
If no treatm..nt is Submitted to Consump
tion or' Insanity may ensue. Our Flesh and
Mood aro supported from these sources, and
the health and happiness, and that of posterity,
depends upon prompt use of a reliable remedy.
Helmbold's Extract Buthu, established up
wards of 18 years, prepared by
H. T. HELIABOLD, Druggist,
504 Broadway, New TOrk, and 104 South 10th
Street. Philadelphia. 1
PUKE--81.M per bottle, orit bottles for 88.50,
delivered to any address. Sold by all Druggists
everywhere ! no2fire7.
A Card to the Ladles.— -
In Correcting irregularities, Removing Ols
straetions of the Monthly Tams, from whatev
er cause, and always stireeSefnl us a, preventa
ONE 808 LS:BUFF/aMNT
In removing obstruction and restoring nature
to Its proper channel, onieting!the nerves and
bringing back the" rosy color of health " to the
cheek of the most delicate.
Full and explicit direcUone accompany each
Price $1 per boi, six ,boxes $5. Sold by one
druggist In every town„: village, city and hamlet
throughout the world. „Sold In Erie by ..1. R.
CARVER & M. , druggists, sole agents for the
Ladles by sending them 111 through the Post
Office, am have the pills sent (confidentially)by
mall to any part of the country, free of postage
S. 11. HOWE, Sole Proprietor,
A , lB.Y~?'lyq. laiiL~~a'~:l~,li} i:• 7y:~1?~
rholouts Sloe=lag Crum'?
Pbaloves "Anglia! Blaming Ceress.ll
Pisalon's "NINO Bleousisi CIPTOII36"
Plan "right EllessiNg
Phalange "Nig lll•esiat Comeemi.”
A meet ex.spl.lte. deileake, and Preoriust Pertains,
Me i led from the rare and beantlfol licrwer troy
whteh It takes Its name._
Etannfactnn•4 only by :
PIUALON & NON, New Nark.
BRWANE OF ttOUNTERPEITS
ASK FOR PFIALON-TAIKV: NO OTHER_
Errors or gentleman who suffer
ed for years from Nervims Debility, Premature
Decay and all the effects of youthful Indiscre
tion, will, for the sake; of suffering humanity,
send free to all who need it, the recipe and di
rections for making thealraple remedy by which
he was cured. Suffererls wishing to pmtit by the
advertiser's experience,ean doss by addressing,
In perfect confidence, JOHN B. OGDEN.
my 16'67-Iy. 12 Cedar St., New York.
To Consomptives.;—The Rev.' Edward A.
Wilson will send (free of charge) to, de
sire it, the prescription' with the directions for
making and using the Simple retnedirititihich
he ;rah red of a king affection and that dread
disease unisnmPtion. File Only object is taben
efit the afflicted, and lie hopes every sufferer
will try this prescription, as it will cost them
nothing, and may prove a blessing. Please ad
dress • REV. EDWARD A. WILSON,
No: ltliSouth Second Street,
InfOrmstion.—lnfoirnation guaranteed to
produce a luxuriant grOwth of hair upon a bald
head or beardless face, also a recipe for the re
moval of Pimples, Blotches, Eruptions, etc., on
the akin, leaving the same soft, clear and beau
tiful, can be obtained vrShout charge by addreas-
Lag THOS. F. CHAPMAN, Chemist,
m316'67-17. ei Broadway. New York.
R. & W. ..TENELINSON,
Manufacturers and !Wholesale Dealers la
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No. 6 Federal St., Allegheny City, Pa..
Third door from Suspension Bridge,
feb12177-Iy. • Sign of Ms Big Indian.
Warrant in Bankruptcy.
THIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that on the 21dday
of January, A. D. lake Warrant in ;Bank
ruptcy was issued the estate of Gordon
MillsJ. , of ( bird to In the county of Erie,
Stateof Pennsylvania,' who has been adjudged
a bankrupt on his own petition ; That the pay
ment of any debts and delivery of any property
belonging to such bankrupt, to him and' for his
use, and the transfer ;of any property by him
are forbidden by law ; that a meeting of the
creditors of the said bankrupt, to prove their
debts and to choose one or more Assignees of
Ads estate, will be held at a Court of Banktupt
cy, to be holden at the office of B. E. Woodruff,
in the borough of Girard, in the county of Erie,
and State of Penn's, before H. E. Woodruff, Reg
ister, on the 21st day of March, A. D. 1813, at 10.
o'clock, A. M. - •
THOMAS A. ROWLEY,
U. S. Marshal for said District.
By G. P. 'Davis, Dpt. U. 8. Marshal.
JOHN GENSHEIMER& SON;
Clothing and GenVl Furnishing Goods
COHNE:II OF SEVENTH STREET.
SAUSAGE T UPF•ERS
Ot the beet Wad. at
Plain Talk. for the Times..!
Head Bead !! _Bead!!!
THE ALLAIMPORTANT DUTY of EVERY
A few months more and the Presidential
campaign will open-in all its vigor, with can
didates in the Yield representing the distinct
ive issues of each political organization, and
committed plainly and unequivocally to their
On both sides active preparations are be
ing made for die struggle, and it will un
doubtedly be one of the most fiercely con
tested in the of the nation. Every
indication of the times points to" the most.
stubborn and unscrupulous resistance on the
part of the Radicals against the efforts of the
people to wrest from them the lawless power
which they have seized to uphold their base
The Democratic party begins the campaign
ender. . the most auspicious circumstances,
with confidence in success, an • enthusiasm
forthd cause, and . a vigorous self reliance
that harf not been experienced in many years.
The late elections show conclusively that a
vast maiority of the nation are - ready to es
pouse our standard if we only prove faithful
to our creed, and continue to stand firmly by
the interests of the country.
But to make victory certain something
more is necessary than mere dependence up
on the truth of our principles. In the flush
of self-confidence, we are apt to forget what
a vigilant enemy we have to- overcome, and
what desperate measures he is apt to resort to
to attain his ends.: Political battles, like those
of a More bloody nature, depend for their re-
Sults more on the skill,courage, determination
and energy of the con testing foui than upon the
sacredness of their cause, or the convictions of
the participats. The Democracy of America
have always stood forth as devotedly attached
to the-Union, th Constitution and the wel
fare of the country as they do to-day, vet
-for -even years they have been divested of,
power, and it Li only when the people are
aroused from their delusion by the imperilled
- condition of the public interests, that they
have again returned to us that entilldence
which it woald have been well if they had
never parted with.-
The all-important necessity of.theday, on
the part of our political friends Ls—work!
- We Must be thoroughly organized and pre
pared for the campaign. Every man - must
consider that he owes a personal duly in the
matter, as indeed he:does, for there is no one
so humble, but he is in some way more or less
concerned. in the issues at stake. All the
districts must be canvassed ; se that we may
knoiv where it ivill beanost advantageims to
employ our energies. The young men must
be encouraged to lend tiitielping hand. Those
who have been led eStray must be bro:lght
back to the fold, and Democratic arguments
placed in their reach, • that they may know
the distinctive questions which divide par
ties, and no longer be misled by the wiles and
falsehoods of. the Opposition.
What we have said before we now reiter
ate, and intend reiterating until we have
waked the Democracy up to a full conscious
ness of its truth, that the most effective
weapon towards succeis is the wide distribu
tion of sound and straightforward total news
Or:W good Journal in a family will do more
towards moulding its political convictions
than all other influences, and fifty copies cir
culated in any locality for six months will
accomplish more efficient service than a dot
en costly mass meetings. •
The Democratic pirty has never displayed
that zeal in supporting.its press that it need
ed, and to that cause, as much as anything
else, may be attributed its misfortunes during
the last ten years. In all sections of the
country--even o in the midst of the strongest
Democratic localities—the 'Radical press is
more liberally. sustained than 'ours, and in
many places the contrast is so great as al
most to amount to a disgrace.
The time has come fOr these things to be
changed, and for the Democratic party to
enter upon a new method of warfare. Our
papers ought to be spread broadcast over the
land, and take the place of those which are
now defiling the ,
minds minds of the yonng'and
filling them with wrong idess,of Republican
liberty. - Our public men should avail them
selvesi of every, opportunity that offers to im
press the importance of these views on the
attention of the masses. Our local leaden
should make a point . of devoting whatever
spare time they can : towards. strengthening
their county organs by procuring their friends ,
and neighbors' patronage. •
. The ; low -price of TWO' DOLLARS per
rfrar at which the Observer is now o ffered,
if paid in adranet. ought to ensure the doub
ling of nur subscription listlnside of the next
But to place it within the ref& Wall, we
offer to take eir month sybseriptions at ONE
DOLLAR in adr a ntt, with the privilege of
commencing at any period desired, and of
continuing the.paper at the same rate for the
balance of the year if desired.
Now is the time to begin the work, before
the spring opemtions'set in, and while vnters
have time to read,.and reflect over the facts
presented to them. "Let it not -be delayed
under the impression, that the matter can be
as well attended to by-and-by. More ad
vantageous work can be rendered during the
next two months than can be performed dur
ing the entire balance of the• campaign. A
six months' subscription commencing within
the next two months, will continue until
near the close of the campaign, and have an
immense influence over the mind of the vo
ter who peruses the paper.
We earnestly urge this important matter
upon our friendans by all odds the most re
liable means of helping the cause. - ,
Let every one of our present subscribers
see his Democratic neighbor at once, and if
he is not a patron already, induce him to sub.
scribe for six months, if he cannot. for a
Let those who can afford it, send copies io
hesitatins voters, who may be influenced to
support our candidates at the next election.
Let clubs be established and procure ten,
twenty or fifty copies for free distribution
wherever there is likely to be a. vote gained.
Let this be the grand preparittory work of
the'campaign, and be assured that whenever
other means are necessary there will be found
an abundance of ready helpers for every part
requiied. • •
We intend that, be. the result of the con-,
test what it may, no one shall have the op
portunity to complain that we have failed to
fulfill our complete duty in the canvass.
The Observer for the next year will be
more vigorous and outspoken than in any
previous portion of its career; will contain
more reading matter; and it shall be our
constant - aim to present such' material as will
be productive of the Most beneficial results.
We only ask for such cooperation as ik e
have a right to expect, and if thb-Democra
cy of the NortkWert aro Impelled by one
hall our zeal ant confidence, we 'promise
such a Verdict In this section as iyfil gladden
the heats of our friends tluoughous the
TILE BEAVTIPVL BITER.
111 r D. F. TAYLOR
Like dfondling in slumber, the summer day
On the crimson threshold of even,
And I thought that the glower -through the
azure arched way
Was a glimpse of the coming of Heaven.
There together we sat by, the beautifhl
We had nothing to do bat to love and to
In the days that have gone on before.
These are not the same days, though they
bear the same name,
With the ones I shall welcome no more.
But it may be that . the angels are calling
For a Sabbath and summer forever,
When the years shall forget the December
And the shroud shall be woven, no.neret! ,
In a twilight like that, Jennie June for a
Oh ! what more of the world could one wish
for beside, .
As we gazed on the river unroll'd, ,
Till we heard, or we fancied, its musical
When it flowed through the gatew4 of gold.
Jennie June," then I said, "let us linger no
On the banks of the beautiful river,
Let the boat be unmoored, and be muffled
the oar :
And we'll steal into Heaven together.
If the angels on duty our coming descries,
You havenothing to do but throw - oil the
That you wore while you wandered with me,
And the sentry shall say, "welcome back to
We have long been a-waiting for thee"
9h ! how sweetly she spoke, ere she uttered
• a word,
With that bluSh, partly hers, partly even's,
And the tone, like the dream of a song we
As she whispered," Thafway isnot Heaven's,
For the river that runs by the realms of 'the
Has no song ou its ripple, no star on its
Oh ! that river is nothing like this, '
For it glides_ on in - shadow, beyond the
Till it breaks into beauty and bliss."
I aro lingering yet, inn I linger alone, '
On the franks of the beautiful river;
'Tis the twin of that day, but the svave where
Bears the willow tree's shadow forever.
THE GREAT SPEECH OF THE DAY.
ilemarks of Hon. J. B. Doolittle,
Conservative Rep. Senator from WIN.,
In the U. B. ilennte. Jan. 513 d, 1888, upon
the Reconstruction Man of Congress.
• Mr. President, the question presented in
the amendment offered by •me is whether
Congress is still resolved to subject the white
people of the Southern States to the domina
tion of the negro race at the point of the bay
onet, or whether Congress, in deference to
the recently expressed will of the American
people, will now so modify their policy as to
leave the governments in those States in the
hands of the white race and of the moreciv
ilized portion of the blacks? That is the
naked question. Strip it of all useless ver
biage and specious arguments about sustain
ing loyal men and punishing rebels, it is
nothing more nor less than this : Shall the
General of the army put the negro- in power
over the white race in all the States of the
South and keep him there? That purpose
is boldly avowed by some, and that will be
the effect of this Radical reconstruction as it
now stands, or as it will stand, if the idea of
the Senator from Indiana shall prevail On
the other hand, the amendment which I
offer, if adopted, would leave the govern
ments of those States where they belong,
and u - here they ought always to remain—in
the hands of our own race—while, at the
same time, it would allow the right of suf
frage to all
,those negroes who have any
right to it by reason of intelligence, or patri
otic services,or real estate subject to taxation,
1. To these who have serve 1 in the Fede
2. To those who have sufficient education
to read the Constitution of the 'United States
and to subscribe their names to an oath to
support the same ; or,
:3. TO those who have acquired and hold
real property to the value of WO.
But the question may be asked, why not
apply the same tests to the white men of the
South? The answer is plain and two-fold.
First, by the constitutions and laws of those
States the right of suffrage is already secured
to them, and we have no rightful power to
take it away. To do so would trample un
der our feet one of the Most sacred rights
reserved to the States. It is by extending
suffrage to the negroes that Congress is over
turning the constitutions of those States.
In my opinion this is a usurpation, which
its advocates:justify upon the ground of ne
cessity alone. I neither admit the power
nor the necessity; but, granting both, no
reason can be given, and no necessity but
that of party ascendancy can be urged, for
going any further in this revolutionary work
'than to admit to suffrage the classes of ne
groes named in this amendment.
The second answer is, that white men haVe
for centuries been accustomed to vote. They
have borne all the 'responsibilities-and dis
charged all the duties of freemen among free
men; and It is a very different thing to take
away from a freeman a privilege long exer
cised by him and his ancestors, from what it
is to confer one never beforia enjoyed upon
ignorant, half-civilized Africans just released
from slavery. Three generationSbaek many
of them were cannibals and savages of the
loivest type of human kind: The only civil
ization they have is that which they have re
ceived during their slavery in America.
To confer this great privilege upon the
more enlightened negroes might tend to ele
vate the niass in the end. But to confer it
now upon their ignorant hordes can only de
grade the ballot and the republican institu
tions which rest upon it.
No answer to this view has ever beengiv
en. no anstver can be given, by the friends of
universal suffrage, except this: "The igno
rant foreigner is allowed to vote, why not let
the ignorant negro vote ?" Thus to compare
the civilized European, :accustomed to free
labor,'to self-support and self-government, to
all the duties and responsibilities of a tree
man, and who, withal, before he is allowed
to vote in most of thb States, must appear in
open court, and after five years' residence,
prove by the testimony of two citizens a good
moral character, and that he is well disposed
toward the government. and institutions of
the United States—to compare him with the
poor, degraded mass of Africans, plantation
slaves just set free, is an atrocious libel upon
ourselves, upon our ancestors, upon the results
of Christian civilization, and upon that Cau
casian • race which .for thousands of' years has
ruled the world. •
But suppose it to be true that too many
'ignorant foreigners of our own race are ad
mitted to suffrage already, is that any reason
or any apology even for admitting , six hun
dred thousand halfcivilized men of another
race—men whose natural home is in the
tropics, who are exotics here, transplanted,
not by their own free will, but by the cupid
ity of Old and New England, as slaves, and
whose whole education and civilization, so
far as they have any, have been derived from
slavery to the white man? I donut . say there
are not some ignorant white men, foreign and
native born, who are qualified to vote ; but
they are exceptions to the general rule. Ido
not_ say there are not some persons of
Indian, of Chinese or of African descent wbo
are qualified; but they are exceptions to the
general rule also. Society must, in the main,
be goverted by general laws. While the
general rule is that white men are capable,
and therefore suffrage may be made univer
sal among them; on the other hand the
general rule is - -that Indians, coolies
and negroes are incompetent. and especially
is this true in the plantation States. There
fore the general rule should exclude them
from suffrage. At all events It should be no
' further relaxed than to admit the excepted
classes mentioned iri this amendment.
The effect of the adoption of this amend
ment would be to allow all who have the
qualifications required by the constitutions
of those States before the rebellion, not spe
cially disfranchised, to vote ; that is •to say,
the mass of the white men, and at the same
time it would allow the most liberal negro
suffrage st all Compatible with the mam
tarmacs of civilized governments in those
Let Congrers now pause, and- modify its
course in accordance - with the provisions of
this antetunent, sad I have every reason to
believe the people -of those States would s i t
once take part in the work of reconstruction,
a solution of the difficulties would be attained
and peace restored to the country.
But if Congress will insist upon its suicidal
measures, if Congress is still determined to
establish those governments upon negro su
premacy., then chaos comes a war of
races Is inevitable at the South.
But. Sir, why press this negro supremacy
over the whites? What reason can you give!
I have heard three distinct answers to this
worthy of notice :
First. Because the States of the South re
jected-the constitutional amendment submit
ted by Congress
Second. Because the negroes are loyal and
the whites disloyal ; and
Third. Because it will secure party ascen
Let us consider the first answer, that the
States of the South have rejected the consti
tutional amendment submitted by the last
Congress as the basii of, reconstruction.
I idmit.the Legislature' s of all the Southern
States retected that amendment with great
unanimity ; but is that any sufficient reason
for the adoption of this harsh policy? I think
not. in the first - place, -that amendment con
tains one provision which made its adoption
impossible by the Southern people, at least
until you change the human heart and destroy
all sense of personal honor. It disfranchises
from holding office all the men of the South
in whom they had placed any, public confi
den&—all who had ever held any offlce,Otate
orFederal. Anddisfranchised them for *hat?
Fat simply doing what they themselves had
1 can understand how any one may say in
argument that the leaders should be disfran
chtsed. But how any man of common sense
or common manhood, could ever suppose it
possible for the people of the South to vote
to disfranchise men esteemed by them as
equal to, it not better, than themselves, for
an offense of which they themselves were
equally guilty, is beyond my comprehension.
You ask the Southern people to betray the
men whom they trust. You ask them to dis
honor those whom they honor, to uproot the
affection of years from their hearts. You ask
them to strike with a serpent's tooth the, bo
som of a friend. But until human nature
shall cease to be . what God has made it, hon
orable men, to save themielves, to save even
their lives, would not incur the guilt of such
unnatural treachery by voting for such a pro
vision. When it was pending before the
Senate, June 8, 1866, I-urged and implored
Senators to allow the several provisions of
that amendment to be separately admitted
and voted upon, and I warned -the friends of
the measure that this provision would inevi
tably defeat its adoption by every Southern
State. But, sir, the majority were deaf to
all appeals. The caucus had resolved the
deed was to be done. On account mainly
of that provision, the amendment was re
jected almost unanimously by every Southern
Again, when examined more closely, we
find that provision required them to vote to
disfranchise thousands who have received
pardon and amnesty, and a ,restoration to all
their rights as citizens under -the proclama
tions of President Lincoln and President
Johnson, by virtue of a law of Congress
which you yourselves enacted,which express
ly authorized them to grant such pardon and
amnesty upon just such terms as they thought
proper. An amendment offered by me in the
Senate the 31st day of May, 1866, to except
those men who had "duly received pardon
and amnesty under the Cdnstitution and
laws," was voted down by an unyielding ma
jority.- I can never view this provision in
any other light than a most palpable viola
tion of the plighted faith of this govern
ment given to those persons in the most sol
If the Emperor of Russia, by proclamation,
were to grant full pardon to such Poles as
would takean oath of allegiance to his crown,
and if he would afterwards deliberately break
his word, what denunciations would be, and
ought to be, heaped upon his head by the
civilized wgrld ! 'The perfidy of such an ac
woul only equaled UN- - its folly as a
measure o pacification to Poland. Congress
authorize the President to give pardons and
amnesty t thousands whoin Congress now
calls upon the people of the South to disfran
Again, sir, there is another feature of that
provision which no sentiment of justice
should tolerate or excuse. In that sweeping
'disfranchisement no distinction whatever is
made between those who voluntarily en
gaged_ and those who , were 'compelled to en
gii,„me in rebellion ; no distinction whatever
between the innocent and the guilty.
- The Senate will remember that when this
amendment was pending [offered an amend
ment to .restrict that disfranchisement to
those who. bad voluntarily engaged in the
rebellion, and it was voted down by the
same unyielding majority.
Partizan zeal and party necessity may ac
count for many. things. .But when the his
tory of these times shall be written, it will
seem incredible to our posterity that learned
men and able. Senators could ever for one
moment bring theniselyes to believe that the
people of the South should vote for such an
It contains still another objectionable fea
ture in violation of an important principle in
every government, confonnding execu
tive; with legistatife duties. If there be any
prerogative•which more than another per
tains to the executive of all governments, an
cient and modern, that prerogative is the.
power of pardon.
This amendment proposes to change the
Constitution so as to take that power away
front the Executive and confer it upon the
two Houses of Congress. It is revolutionary,
and worse than that. It vetoes the power of
clemency in advance. It not only takes that
power from the Piesident, but it takes it
away from a majority of Congress, and ye
-quires two-thirds of both Houses in order to
exercise the power of pardon, the same ma
jority which is necessary to pass a law over
the Presidential veto. In what civilized
goternment upon earth was there ever such
a restriction upon the power of pardon? Can
it be found among the savage tribes?
Sir, this amendment makes it impossible
for a majority of the people of - the United
States, by the choice of a President, or by
the election of the Houses of Congress, to
grant pardon and amnesty.
I speak with all becoming respect for the
opinions of others and for the sincerity of
their motives. I knew it never could have
been intended, but, judging this provision by
-its own words, standing in its own light, it
seems to be born of mistrust in the intelli
gence and magnanimity of the people the
offspring.of cowardice and revenge, of unfor
giving hate and in-tiny political power.
And is it because the Legislatures of the
South- reject such a proposition that Congress
should now enforce this policy and establish
p combined negro and military despotism In
all of the States of the South, and under its
iron heel trample in the dust our own race
and kindred and people ?
Mr. President, Congress has proposed from
time to time many schemes, but they in ty all
be resolved into distinct policies, radically
opposed to each other.
First. Reconstruction by the constitutional
amendment on the white basis.
Second. Reconstruction by negro suffrage
and military force.
The first assumed that peace had come ,
that the States were in the Union, with gov
ernments organized, with legislatures having
power to ratify or to reject constitutional
amendments ; and, furthermore, that those
governments were in the hands of white
men ; with power, as in all the other States,
to admit or to exclude negrom from suffrage.
And in case the amendments were adopted
by three-fourths of the States, the only effect
of admitting or excluding negroes from the
baliot in any State, wouldbe to change its
number of votes in the other House of Con
gress, and in the Electoral College.
The second assumes that we are still at
war; that the Sonthetn States are not States
in the Union at all, but conquered provinces,
with no Legislatures which can either ratify
or reject a constitutional amendment ; that
the white people of those States shall no
longer have any power over the question of ,
suffrage ; that 'Congress by the bayonet will
disfranchise the whites and enfranchise the
blacks; and thus by military power and ne
gro votes compel the adoption of a new
Union and a new Constitution. Because
they rejected the constitutional amendment
Congress now resorts to the bayonet and ne
gm suffrage to compel its adoption.
True. I admit they did reject the amend
ment. But how did they reject it ? • By the
votes of their Legislatures. They could re
ject it in no other •wity, for it was only to 1
their Legislatures that Congress submitted
the qirestion. But how could their Legisla
ture reject it if they had no Legislatures at
all If they had Legislatures which could
reject it they had Legislatures which could
ratify it. To do either is the highest act of
a State Legislature for it then acts upon the
fundamental law, not only of its own State
and people, blunt all the States and all the
people of the United States. Conceding
they had power, as you claim, to stets your
smetidthent, whit shall:M*2= .
dny%) thole t. 'to
t tis 7As well deny to a
living man right to brea t he. the rhl7..ltt tu e T ti
whiehb, vote- :Lamy
witted to reject it • they lied no Legislatures.
and no right to vote: In other words. if
they voted with you they had a ri g. ht to.vote ;
it they voted against you they had no right
to vote at all.
Again. air, all the world knews the whole
object of the war was to put down the re
bellion and to maintain the anion of States
under the Constitution. Every set and re
solve af Congress, every dollar spent, every
blow struck, every drop of blood shed. was
to compel the people anti, the States of the
South to live in the Union and obey the Con
stitution. And now that we have succeeded,
now that the people and the States of the
South have surrendered to 'the Coraititotion
and laws, you say that they shall' not live in
the Union-. under this tonstitition at all.
They shall first form' another Union, and
come into that Union Under another or an
Mr. President, having thug Abown that this
first answer to that question Is unreasonable,
inconsistent, and absurd,-I repeat the ques
tion a second time. Why -press the negro
domination over the whites of the South?
What reason can yeti give?
A second answer is, because the_ negmes
were loyal and-the whites disloyal. Let us
examine this bold assertion. - Is it true ? -
Were the negroes loyal during the rebellion?
Recall the facts. Who does not remember
that at least three-fourths or all the negroes
in those States during the whole war did all
in their power to sustain the rebel cause?
They fed their armies ; they dug their trench
es ; they built their fortifications; they fed
their women and children. There were no
Insurrections, no uprising, no effort of any
kind anywhere outside the lines of our arm
ies on the part of the negroes to aid -the
Union cause. In wholb - districts, in whole
States - even, where.all the able-bodied white
men were conscripted into the rebel army,
the great mass of the negroesof whose loyal
ty you boast, under the control of women,
decrepit-old men and boys, did all they were
capable of doing to aid the rebellion.
Again, sir, the assumption is equally
groundless that-the whole of the white popu
lation, or a majority even, ever voluntarily
engaged in the rebellion. It is true, the
great majority in the end were compelled to
acquiesce ; but it was not until after theFed
end government, speakin,g through Presi-
Wnt Buchanan, had abandoned the loyal
people - of the South and declared that
neither the President nor Congress had the
power to make war to compel the States to
remain in the Union ; is a word, it was not
until after President Buchanan, in his mes
sage of December, 1860, declared that this
government had neither the right nor the
power to defend itself from overthrow at the
hands of the Radicals of the South- that a
majority of the Southern people were dia
-1 posed to consent to secession, nor did they
I even then acquiesce in rebellion until hostili
ties. actually begun, had organized an irre
sistible military power over them. Then the
majority were compelled to succumb.
It should not be forgotten that allegiance
on the part of the citizen ; and protection on
the part of the -government, are correlative
duties. Has a government the right to de
mand thtione if it do not afford the other?
Has it the right to punish the citizens for
yielding to it superior force tigainst which it
makes no attempt to protect him-? 'Such a
claim would be monstrously unjust.
We know very - well that the Radicals of
the South had a powerful organization.-
They were as bold, as earnest, ns reckless of
consequences and as restive under constitu
tional restraints as the present Radicals of
the North. Similar in all the main elements
of character, cherishing even to fanaticism op
posite extremes of opinion; equally removed
from the truth, had they exchanged places
and education, in, all human probability the
Radical of the North would have been a
most violent Radical at the South, and the
Iladic al of the South a most violent Radical
of the North. It is 'a striking fact, showing
how easily extremes sometimes meet, that
the radical cry of the secessionists of 1860
is identical with that of the Northern Radical
of toklay. namely:
"The 'Union is broken ; the Constitution
in all the States of the South is gone. Down
with the old Union, down with the old Con- "
atitution ; we are outside the Union and out
side the Constitution ; we will have, a new.
Union and a new Constitution to knit- our
selves or we will have none at all."
The cry was the same; the purpiise the
same—to attain political power. The Radi
&-ds of the South raised that cry to build up
their power upon negro slavery . ; the Radi
cals of the North to build up their power up
on negro supremacy, upheld by the bayonet.
And, sir, shall we make no allowance for
the great mass of the Southern people who,
by knee, by terror; by persuasion, by the
abandonment of the government, and by all
the excitements, passions and necessities of
actual war, were plunged into that tetrible
conflict by the Radicals of the South as by. a
power they could not control ? • We all.
know the influence aver any patty or com
munity of a small, well organized minority,
strong in will and reckless an consequences.
What have we seen in the Republican party
itself within the last three years.
We have seen a comparatively small num
ber of earnttßadicals reverse and absolute
ly overturn from its foundations.the policy of
reconstruction adopted by 3lr..Lincoln before
his re-election, and sustained by the conven
tion which renominated him and The party
which re-elected him in 1864. Hispolicv was
reconstruction upon the white basis. The
ne'gro was entirely excluded.
Even the Wade and Davis reconstruction
bill, which passed .Congress by republican
votes, and which Mr. Lincoln refused to sane
tion,-but not for that reason, confined recon
struction to the white basis alone. It excluded
all negro suffrage. It lett that question where
it belongs, to the white race to determine in
each State for themselves.
Upon this subject I quote and adopt the
language of the Senator from Indiana (Mr.
Morton) while Governor of that State:
"I call your attention to the fact that Con
gress itself, when it assumed to take the
whole question of reconstruction out of the
hands of the President, • expressly excluded
the negro from the right of suffrage in voting
for the men who were to frame the new con
stitutions for the rebel States.
ar * . • *
"If Mr. Lincoln had not refused to sign
that .bill there would to-day be an Ad of Con-
Fess on the statute books absolutely pyobib
lting negroes from any participation in the
work of reorganization, and of pledging the
government in advance to accept of the con
stitutions that might be fbrmed under the bill
although they made no provision for the no-.
gro beyond the fact of his personal liberty."
I repent, we hare seen a )ittle handful of
II:idle:1 1, , by their boldness, persistency, and
force, persuade, cajole, or drive the great ma
jority ot the Republican party sway from
their own avowed policy of reconstruction
upon the white basis, and compel them to
adopt the policy of universal negro suffrage.
to establish negro governments, and now, at
last, to propose an absolute military dictator
ship in all the States of the SOU& I shall
sac nothing unkind of the Senator from hi
diana : I admit his patriotism and eminent
abilities. Put if anything were wanting to
demonstrate the power which them Radicals
have had over the mass ot the Republican
party in changing their opinions and revers
ing their policy, we have only to point to the
able -Senator from Indiana himself, once
among the most powerful advocates of the
Lincoln-Johnson policy of restoration upon
the white bash, now bound hand and foot
and dragged in chains at the victorious'elin
riot wheels to grace the triumcih of "Wendell
Phillips and the Senator from Massachusetts.
Even his great mind now lends its powerful
influence to thvor the establishment of gov-
ernments based upon universal negro suffrage.
to hold, it may be, the balance of power in
this Republic under the control of the bayo
nets of the regular army.
I well rememik r the effect produced by the
speech of the Governor of Indiana In 1863.
It came at a time to be most gratefully remem
bered by me, for I was engaged in a struggle
at that time against the Radicals in my own
State, to prevent them from changing the
creed and reversing the policy upon which
the Union party fought and mastered the re
bellion, and by which alone their victory was
achieved. I endeavored to demonstrate the
same truths set forth in that •great speech,
and when it came, with its Lir esistibleclo
quence and unanswerable force of argument,
I rejoiced to lean on his strong arm for sup—
port. Like him. I had on more than one oc
casion attempted to prove that Mr. Johnson
inherited. and was huthfully carrying out the
polity of his predecessor. We did not then
have the positive testimony of Gen. Grant
and of Mr. Stanton toprove that' Mr. John
son's North Carolina prociamtion was drawn
by Mr. Stanton and read over in Mr. Lincoln's
Cabinet. Had those facts then appeared it
might have saved that honorable Senator and
myself the labor of proving the identity of
the policy of Mr. Johnson, and that of Mr.
Lincoln, which the Governor of Indians
demonstrated in a manner so complete that
no man has ever bear able to answer him.—
I do not doubt his patriotism nor his sin
cerity. But of all surrenders to the Radi
cal negro sullta4e policy of reconstruction,
none Oiled me with so much surprise, none
gave me so much pain, as that of the honor
able Senator from Indiana, except one. I re
fer to Gen. Grant
(Confining! on 4IA itwo