Newspaper Page Text
TIMRSDA.Y, JULY 13th, 1565
SvsurAt. Vtanalol et MI Pomo 111 •11 PllOl sr
12111.1C41 la m +ITT —4lsairall Jethawa.
/altercating Beading Matter, on every
Page of this meet's issue.
Juke Theapees's Oplsies.
An important case came off at Phila
delphia, last week, before Judge Thomp
son, of the Supreme Court, formerly a
resident of this city, and widely known
In all tike Northwestern part of the State.
A. man by the name of Cozzens was ar
rested by milit sr authority, charged
with defrauding the Government. His
counsel made application before Judge
Thompson for a writ of habeas corpus,
asking his release on the ground that he
was entitled to a trial before the civil
courts. The Judgs unhesitatingly granted
their request, remarking that the law of
Congress authorizing the suspension of the
writ of habeas corpus was intended to
apply only during the existence of the
rebellion, and that the war being closed,
there was no longer any authority for con
tinuing the suspension. Ills language on
the subject is as follows:
•• There is abundant evidence in the
current history of the times that the re
bellion no longer continues. We know
Its, organization it entirely destroyed, its
armies captured and surrendered, its offi
ce,. impnsoned or paroled. In addition,
we know that our own armies are being
as rapidly mustered out as possible. The
returning soldiers crowd our streets daily,
and we cease to look for battles and vic
Writs . as events as little to be expected
as before rebelli )11 commenced. There
Is not a single known body of men in
arms anywhere under the once well
known organisation called the "Corded
erste States of America." It is completely
obliterated, with all its forces. Civil gov
ernment bail been set up in all the reber
lious States but one, and trade opened by
the President with scarcely any restric
tion. Every fort, navy-yard and port is
again under the government and entire
control of the United States, and war has
ceased everywhere in the land. The time
Lae arrived, therefore, when a return to
the enjoyment of civil rights, under civil
government, must take place, and when
by express limitation the suspension of
the habeas corpus should cease.
This being so, the authority of the
President (waiving all other considers-
Lions at this time). without more, is not
a auflicient warrant for the arrest of a
The Provost Id •rahil having Camas in
charge, st first ?Mussed to obey the writ,
taking the position that he was compelled
to obey his superior military officers, and
ho was at once cited for contempt of
court. An embarrassing conflict of au
thority between the State and Federal
oil .era for a while appeared inevitable,
as Judge Thompison had resolved to en
force the rights of the court at all hazards.
But on reporting to Washington, the Se
cretary of War directed the Provost Mar
shal to obey the writ, and he accordingly
appeared before the Judge the next morn
ing. On this occasion Judge Thompson
gave his opinion of the matter at still fur
ther length, in the course of his r•••
speaking as follows
The writ of habeas corpus is the angel
of safety in civil society. No man can
now, as in olden times, he castled off at
the will of any authority, and consigned
to the cells of a dungeon to linger out
life in waking for mercy without, a hope
htjustice. Authority must now be read♦
to disclose upon the cUallenge of the writ
of habeas corpus, why, sod wherefore the
citizen is held in custody, and he who
denies it. be he high or low, the President
of the United States or a corporal of the
geerd, commits a dangerous offense
against society, unless there be a reason
for its suspension of it. Indeed I look
upon an attack of the privilege of the
writ to be more dangerous than an attack
on life itself, by just the diffarlsoce be
tween an irreparable injure to one and
at irreparable injury to all."
All boner to Judge Thompson for his
manly firmness 1 Ile is the first member
of the Northern judiolary who has en
doomed to vindicate the dignity of his
position and the honor of his State against
the aggressions of the Federal military,
and is entitled to the praise of all good
citizens. We cannot resist a very consid
erable feeling.of local pride when we re
member that the Judge is one of our own
The Titusville daily Herald says
•• It haa always been exceedingly difs•
cult for the denisens of the old world.to
understand the practical working of our
dual prinoiple of Federal and State Gov
Is it any wonder, neighbor, that such
should be the fact, when thousands of DS
tire born Americans daily exhibit their
ignorance on the same subject? We ven
ture to assort, that of the half a million
voters in Pennsylvania, fully one third
have never read the United States nor
their own State Constitution, and have
not the remotest idea of the limits attach
ing to the authority of either the Federal
or Stets governments. ' The frequent
sneers which greet allusions to State
tights, to the restrictions upon Executive
power, to the danger to be apprehended
from the interference of the military io
cases where the civil law is supreme, to
the defence of the habeas corpus, and a
hundred other matters of equal import
ance, convince us that foreign nations are
not alone in their ignorance of the
of our institutions, and that thousands of
Americans stilt require to be educated in
the rudiments of the same.
Gast. Stutaasit, iu his answer to a con
gratulatory speech made to him iu
an the 3d inst., said, very felici.
"I love my profession and Soldiers, but
at the same time f think that the inter
est of the whole country demands that
when troubles arise they ahead be deter
mined by the courts of law and not by
lame or the musket, and therefore I hope
that the peace that is now upon us will
last forever, and that if Ism ever called
upon to fight it may be with somebody
outside of our national limits."
sensible rain Gen. Sherman. We
wish the olountry could 'bout of a dosen
more, in conspicuous poSitions at the
present time, like
Two young gitli were outraged in the
woods near A:banY. laxt, week, by a gang
of four ruffian,. Two of the latter were
mccured, and, ni they were placed on ttial
the brother of th• girls Abet the elder of
the prisoners through the arm and leg,
while the mother struck hint a henry
I,low with a hut. het. Mother and eon
were both placed under arrest.
The Declaration a DUlelal Dewiest.
We were much amused at an incident
which took place ol the :Fourth, while
our friend, ex-Mayor Xta:;. was reading
the Declaration of Independence in his '
asuil graceful and animated manner.
Two men in goad clothes, apparently from
one of the adjoining towns, were standing
near us, intently ebtorbed ist the proceed
ings. They had evidently been indulg
ing a too freely in the juice of rye. and
from that ca /48 probably got a " little
mixed" in their sopseciation of the situ
Minn. When Ittr. King avow, one of them
nudged the other, and hiccoughed :
"Fred, who-00-se that there good 100-oo
Fred., being perhaps a little soberer
than the other, spoke in a snore distinct
" Hu.sh 1 Bob, keep quiet nor' ; that's
the distinguished or'tor from theharroy—
a Gen'ral :"
The reader commAnced in a strong, im
pressive voice, " When in the course of
humsn events, continuing until he
came to the end of " We hold these truths
to be self-evident :—thlt all men are cre
ated equal ; that they are endowed by
their Creator with certain inalienable
rights; that among these are life, liberty,
and the pursuit of happiness." At the
termination of this sentence our neigh
bors were elated beyond measure. Bob
took off his hat, Bopped it on the groucd,
and cried out " Hur-r•r-ah!" and Fred.
shouted " Bully boy l" his voice thicken
ing as he proceeded, " Th-a-a-st—there's
-the-the-e-best-speech•ovor heard. My.
sent-ments-th•th-z4ctly !" The next sen
tence however did not please them so
well. It read :
"That to secure these rights, govern
ments are instituted among men, deriv
ing their just powers from the consent of
the governed • that whenever any form of
government becomes destructive of these
ends, it is the right of the people to alter
or abolish it, and to institute a new gov
ernment, laying its foundation ott such
principles, and organizing its powers into
such form, as to them shall, seem most
likely to effect their safety And happi
At its termination, Bob rooked up at
Fred. inquiringly and in an indignant
manner exclaimed : "W-w•at'a that mean
Is ha a (muttering an expression which
we are too pious to repeat) copperhead 7"
Fred. said nothing. but looked fierce, and
the two continued to listen with the in•
tensest anxiety, Nothing speciii,,,llow•
ever, attracted their notice until the
speaker came to—
" f e bas erected a niultituds of new
offices; and sent hither swarms of officers
to harrass our people, and eat out their
At the close of this, 330 b clenched ids
teeth and muttered "copperhead," but
made no other movement. The reader
"Ile has affected to render the military
independent of, and superior to the civil
" Ile has combined with others to sub
ject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our
constitution, and unacknowledged by our
laws, giving his orient to their etas of
" For depriving us ' in many cases, of
the benefits of trial by jury :
" For taking away our charter, abolish" ,
log our moat values .le laws. and altering
fundamentally the forma of our govern
M. tho conclusion of each of these
impressive sentences, the wrath - of our
" loyal " neighbors waxed hotter and hot-
ter. When the last (woe was finished their
pent up fury, could be re3trained.no lon
ger, and Bob, catching Fredi by the arm;
burst out : " Come, I can't stand 't any
more, I thought 'tvr:ts goin' to be a good
loyal speeCh, but J's be—(bere ha used a
very profane expression)—if 'tisn't tbe—
(here •aaotberj--meanest copperhead
speech I ever heard."
Fred. assented to every word, and the
two staggered off; to drown remembranee
of the event in atom whiskey. The last
we -heard of them they were recounting
in vivid style - toe lot of companions the
"infamous " sentiments of the " speech,"
and cursing the clpperhe.ld "orator "
who had " fooled " them. they said,
" worse than they ever wia fooled." And
down to their dying days, we presume,
they will carry the Impression that our
stout and good natured friend King,
whose loyalty no one will impeach, is a
There are "gratifying" reports from
all parts of * * * * They are
that Gen. Cox. the patristic nominee for
Governor, will be elected by such a major
ity as will "gratify" every lover of "con
stitutional freedom" throughout the
We presume the Dispatch is not aware
that General Coz is an open advocate of
negro suffrage. His leading party papers
in Ohio, the Citicitinatti Gazette and the
Cleveland Herald and leader, all chdra
him as such. How our cotemporary
could he gratified over the success of
such a mull, in the teeth of its welt
understood opinions. is a matter that we
find it difficult to account for. If negro
bucectuful it will be
through the co-operation of conservative
Republicans, who will talk against it, but
cut their votes for men who are known
to be its zealous advocates.
A few newspapers of the viless copper
head proclivities, have raised a howl over
the trial of these conspirators by military
commission, and the prompt denial of the
writ of habeas corpus •by the President.
One of-these has even declared the com
mission of these acts " a crime against the
Is the New York Tri6uos a newspaper
"of the vilest copp,rhead proclivities,"
neighbor? If you will refer to its cqiuxins.
for some months p.sst you will find them
teeming with protests against this " crime
against the Republic."
We join the Lancaster Intelligeneer in
expressing regret " that President John
son did not deem it proper to hand the
conspirators over to the civil courts
Nothing could have been lost by such a
course. We have n' doubt the decision
of a judge and jury would have been sub.
stantially the same with that of the mili
tary commission by which they have bsen
condemned; but it would have been
much for the President to hive preserved
the msjesty of the civil law inviolate."
Hiss Sylvia Ann Ilowlaud. tb, gealtb.
feat lady in New Bettford, tlie I there on
Sunday of last week, aged 59. Her income
for last year was taxed on $lBB,OOO, her
wbc)e estate being valued at about
$2 000.00). She gave uway in legacies
Tried c t Doh,
The announcement is made, apparently
by official authority, that Jefferson D.►vis
is to be tried by a military co nmj+•ion,
the same as the conspirstots. Vid S. u.
oerely trust that this statement may be a
mistake. The press of all parties is almost
ansnimens in its expressions of disappro
bation-of such a one's°. d• an instance
of the manner in which the honest, out.
spoken journals of the Republican party
sriewit, we quote the folloxing from the
New York Tritium :
We hear talk of mare courtainartial
for the trial of other, than persons in our
military service, and we protest in ad
vance against them. We have courts
enough, law enotazta. and at least as fair a
chance tor justice with these as witleany
that can be improviled out of our Army
by An order from the War Department.
We do not much care what Europe may
eiy of our juri.prulence we are only
anxious that she shill have no just cause
for censure. If any rebel has conspired
to starve our soldieri, or infect our cities
with pe=tilenc•, or d 3 any act abhorrent
to humanity; let him be fairly teed for
the crime; cr if it ,is thought_.l)eat to ar
raign tome of the rebel chiefs for treason,
so be it ; but let us deal with Mono ac
cording to law, It will be a grievous mis
take—an avowal of weakness--a blunder
and a folly—to hold another court-martial
for the trial of other than military offend
ers Felonging to our own - army. Such a
curt ran render no verdict that will
enrry weight with it in the judgment of
impartial Christendom—the fact that such
a tribunal is resorted to wilt be trumpeted
by thousands as a virtual confession that
trial was not desired—its verdict of guilty
will be decided as preluding and prepar
ing a judicial murder. Lot us return to
the dominion of law." •
[Oar well known custom to publish
communications on every side of the
questions interesting the public mind will
account for the appearance of the follow
ing. The sentiments of the writer are
correct, so far as they advocate the abol
ishment of military tribunals, and a re
turn to the time-honored rules of the
civil law ; tut the Spirit in which he
writes, if generally adapted, would tend
to retard rather than hasten the success
of his doctrines. The only way to con
vince an opponent is by appealing to his
reason ; a hasty, imperious or threaten
ing manner inevitably irritates and drives
im to a further extreme t]
The Proposed- Murder of Jefferson Davis.
The telegraph announces with its usual
good sense and admirable /ogle, that the
govt rnment having discovered additional
evidence of the complicity of lair. D. i vis in
the assassination plot, will therefore try hire
by a special military contruis.ion, to be
appointed for the purpose: The meaning
of this is that •• the government " being
satisfied of lir. Divis' guilt, will allow a
set of men whom it appoints to decree his
If Hr. Davis is guilty, and if additional
evidence has been procured, it might be
supposed •there would be reasons why
Mr. Davis should be tried before a mem
court and not before a military Star Cham
ber ; but, the ways of Black Republican
despotism are mysterious and hard to be
comprehended. Hoe , long are these mur
deters to stain American annals with the
blood of their victims ? How long wilt an
apathetic and subjugated people endure
tu silence the ptirpetratiors, by govern
ment authority, - of crimes so monstrous
and horrible ?• Are there no laws to pun
ish public offenders, that we must rely on
the ignorant and brutal appointees of ;ab
solutism to give justice to the Republic?
In the name of God if there is law, liber
ty and justice left to this degenerate peo
ple, let it be asserted in.such tones, that
the murder of citizens and women by
usurping tribunals, shall be punished as
other murder, and the land rescued from
the disgrace of military butchery.
The receipts from Internal Revenue as
officially reported for the fiscal year end-
Ina June 30th. 1895, amounted to $206,-
311,180, 93. This does not include the
tag on the Orrency of the National
B►nks, which Will amount to about $200,-
Trenholm, the late rebel Secretary of
the Treasury, arrested a short time since,
has been relieve(' in accordance with in
structions from Washington, and has
gone to Charleston.
The Government is making arrange.
meats to send to Atlanta a sufficient
quantity of supplies to relieve the Deceits".
ties of the people in that section, who for
some time plat bare been reduced to the
last extremities by famine.
Governor itranzlette of Kentucky ad
dressed, the citizens of Louisville on
Thursday evening in favor of the Consti
tutional Amendment abolishing Slavery,
pointing out the advantages of free over
slave labor in Kentucky.
So many men have been discharged at
the Philadelphia Navy-Yard that the
force now engaged there is less than one
,third as 'erg() as it was three months ago,
and still farther reductions will be made.
While the steamer Canoorda was lying
at the wharf at Centre Harbor, N. H., on
Wednesday night, some unknown person
placed a keg of powder on the furnace,
when an explosion took place, blowing
up the frost deck and shattering the
door panels, but not injuring the machin
ery. .No ono was much injured on board.
Rear-Admiral Dupont has bequeathed
his prize money—amounting to $1t5,000
—to found a national asylum at Wash
ing.on for the orphans Of soldiers and
The American flag which was hauled
down by the rebels i from the New Orleans
Custom-House is Wl* restored with all
The President has appointed Benjamin
F. Perry Provisional Governor of South
Carolina. Ttie proclamation is similar to
those heretofore issued for the same pur
pose. Florida is the only rebellious State
not yet provided with a provisional Gov
At Jamestown, N. Y., Severs} ' weeks
ago, &clam broke sway, doing about POO,.
000 damage. besides causing the stoppage
of au . udry mills. The new dam will be
completed io viz weeks.
The United States Post•Olfice Deput
ntetit has now becomes paying institution.
For the last 8:z months of 1864 its net
profits over all expenses were $732,230 60,
or itt, this rate of a million and a half a
year. But the proffits .of the first six
months of 1865 wia be yet larger. Wr
ing this last nix months ,of Mr. Buchan-
an's administration the loss for carrying
and distributing the mails was $3,400,000.
The. [ucca receipts from the States in the
Union iu 18ti4 exceeded those of all the
States iu 1851 by $2,972,000.
Offing to the liberation of prisoners and
the discharge of the army, the number of
plictstious for pensions in the month of
June wai greater than ever before.
Since the war began 84,000 pensions hare
broil issued; 34,000. to invalid soldiers,
and 50.000 to widows, mothers, and minor
children. The par:mama to pensioners
in the past year have amounted to $9,.
000 000, and when all pensions arising
tram the war shall have been frantic!,
the annual expense will )30,00081300,-
oro. The Pentitoct-01111ce is now in excell
ent working order.
The CI *lesion (S. C.) Cbgois• says bun
dredis of citizens are perishing in Wit city
for WSW , of food and reboot.
Repsrs hare recently been rife of a,
feeling of dissatisfaction among the troops
formerly cf the Army of - the Potomac, '
sod will . I .the Provisional Corp., en
camped on the south bank of tke Polo
mac, and volicli tllreeitezi. t 0 ercato A
serious distutbsnce unless averted by ne•
cessary satsuma. The meta Gonsphtio
first. of non.p vele _ •
secodd. of th m
daily drill nstituted, and third, that the
quality or rations which they are now re
ceiving. Ogling to the neglect of Commis•
saries, is far interior to Mose issued while
in active service. Some regiments Wave
even refused to, attend the prescribed
drill, and unless some of 4he soldierly
discipline, indispensable to military or
ganization', is soon brought-into reluisi•
lion, deplorable results will be sure to
There is nothing new to be written
about, Jeff. Davis and his allies still held
as prisoners at Fortress Monroe. A. con
respondent says that earl' morning Mr.
Clay takes his hour's permitted walk, but
Jeff Davis or Mr. Mitchell no one sees or
CAB see, except Gen. Miles, the officer of
the day and the guard. Imaginary stories
as to their treatment and deportment
have been written,' and will continue to
be written, but chef amount to nothing.
Jeff. Davis is in much better health
than when he came. to the Fortress, and
evidently has no idea of dying by starva•
tion or the halter, or anything but old
age. lie has plenty to eat and of goad
quality. lie is in no dungeon, but bas
half a casemate awl plenty of air and a
fine vie' ofttbe water. 111 is not allowed
to read and write, but cm keep up as
Much and as vigorous thinking as he
pleases. lie °moot attempt self•violence
without detection, and there is no possi
bility of his escape.
Secretary Welles has issued an order
reducing the navy from a War establish.
meat to a Peace. He thinks that this
will reduce the navy from 65 000 heeds
to 12,000 or 1.000, and it will be our
strongest guarantee to the maritime
nations of the world that we are a pacific
people, and design aggression upon none.
Ex Gov, Vance has been released from
the Old Capitol Pawn on parole, and is
to return to North Carolina.
A party of colored peranns left Fortress
Monroe to celebrate the Fourth at Smith
field, but were refused a landing by the
deniammol the locality, whereupon a dis
turbance ensued, in which one of the
accompanying guard was shot, and Bobt.
Searl of Norfolk wounded.
Over 150 Brigadier and Major Generals,
who have occupied easy positions in
Northern cities, will shortly be mustered
out, and officers who,have distinguished
themselves in active service be substi
James Jenkins of Dorchester, Mass.,
hanged himself on II /nay, through mel
ancholy and mortification on account of
being arrested tot' drunkenness.
The ship William Nelson from Ant
werp, June , Ith, of and for New York,
was burned on the Newfoundland Banks
on the i 4 t , inst. About forty of her psi
set)gers have been picked up and taken
to St. Johns. -ft is suppo.oll that the re•
mainder—about 400—have been lost.
Governor Pierpont, of Virginia. ha■
written a letter to talc President in favor
of an extension-of amnesty to the people
of Virginia without distinction of soy.
The town of Franklin, Louisiana, was
recently skeked by a party of freebooters,
and five United States Treasury agents.
who went into the interior of the country
in search of rebel cotton, are supposed to
bare been murdered by them.
The wages and salaries of the em
ployees Of the Steubenville and Indians
railroad have been redhead fifteen per
cent., to commence on the lst inst.
John T. Ford. the proprietor of the fa
mous Ford's Theater, at Washington, in
which President Lincoln was assassinated,
bad advertised to open that place of
amusement last evening with the play of
the Octoroon, but at 6 p . tn. the building
was again taken possession of by the War
Department. ands strong guard posted at
Only 200 Rebels have yet been pardoned
under the terms of the Amnesty Procla
mation, but a large number of cases have
been reported upon favorably by Attorney
General Speed and only Await the appro
val of the Executive.
The "heated term" prevails every
where. Our exchanges are full of ac- / _
ctsuota of deaths by sun-stroke ; but a
most distressing case occurred at a picnic
near Louisville, on the 4th, when eleven
were struck done by the intense heat
One died, two had severe spasms. and sev
eral others are m a very critical condi
tion. Even the negroes were unable to
withstand it. and the Journal mentions
four cases of death among them, on that
day, from solar heat. ,
The German bankers and moneyed men.
who about a year ago made a. proposition
to the Treasury Department, to take a
premium loan (sufficiently large to cover
the whole United States debt, have re
newed the same on terms equally as ad
vantageous as the former proposition.
It is understood that an order will' be
shortly issued mustering out all volunteer
troops. and retaining none but the color
ed and regular troops.
The confessor of Mrs. Surratt, the Rev.
Mr. Walters, says. not revealing the con
fessional, that as God lives, Mrs. .Surratt
was innocent of the murder of President
Lincoln, or of any intent or conspiracy to
A delegation of Virginia merchants on
Saturday had an interview with President
Johnson, with. a view to obtain the repeal
of the twenty thousand dollar clause in
the amnesty proclamation. The President
gave theta but little encouragement.
On Friday last, at Dover, Delaware, a
man shot and mortally wounded a young
woman ; tired twice at another man, and
then shot himself in the shoulder: It is
supposed that jealousy prompted him to
Pierre Soule, late of Louisiana, a lead
ing rebel, has opened a law office in the
City of Mexico. He haa•lived, the • past
year, on a plantation near Puebla.
The Masons of the State of Texas mat
in Houston on the 15th utt., and issued
an address to the Masons of the State,
counseling obedience to the law, cheer
ful submission to the authorities, and dis
countenancing all insubordination or mu
The bills consequent upon the death of
Mr. Liiieoin, including those for decorat.
ing public buillings and those for the
funeral, have all oxen delivered. Their
aggregate is a trifle over $25,000.
Emerson Etheridge hiss been arrested
at Columbus, Ky., by the military -au
thorities, oa a charge of deli, exit% mein.
diary speeches in l'ennessee.
'biisi Neeley of Mockville, N. C., shot
a negro woman through the heart, on the
24 inst., while the latter mu; arguing with
El•Ciov. ',etcher was released from im.
prisonment at Washington on 3tond•y
night. on giving hie parole that he would
immediately proceed to his home and re
main there subject to the President's
" They made her a gr are too cold and damp
For a soul so honest and true." - -
It they hid been wise, the din necessity
of opening the grave for one so lovely might
have been avertol. Plantation Bitters, t
timely used, are sure to resone the y oung and
lovely, the middle aged, awl the ailing, from
Almost ell diseisee bare their begisaing in
'tome slight 4Al:salty of the Stomach, which
'voted ertatinte 1s Dyspepsia. Headache.
Liter complaints, Night Sweats, Otmeinsp
tioo, Death. Plamtetion Dittoes wilt prevait
there premonitory symptoms, mid keep the
blood pare lead the health geed.
Be Rio w ruts.
ganging cf .Surratt, Payne, Harold
[Co-. of th. r. Tc.t.ac,:a.onlay, Jane
Tho curtain has fatten on the last. act of the
great conspiracy drama, and also. Barrett,
Payne, Harrold and At zsrott. the unfortunate
victims of the arch iwflooth, Lave gone
to their reward. If, even the most ohatitatle
concede to the authors of each beittotis crimes
the pardon of a forgiving !leaven.
General Hance:se was batty besieged last
night and this forenoon for cards of adinies•
sign, but adhered to his perinea towduiit only
those who di 'sired to be present as a matter
of business instead of curiosity. Ia cense
queers, the assemblage outel le the walls cf the
jainyard was not large, being composed of a
detacbmrtt t..f the regimseit of Hancock's
Corps, selected to act as guard on the oect
sin, represent itives of the press and a few
ether tin:canto whom the privilege of being
present bid been specially scord ed.
FilT a tong time previous to the executions,
sobs, moans and cries were heard issuing
from the grated window fronting the jail ynrd
to the south, which attracted a large group et
the reportorial corps, who two assiduously
engaged in noting down every trilling circum
stance coming under their limited olvailsa
To the north of the corider in a cell, Al ter
ott id 000YerS.Stieti with his former mi4ress,
could be distinctly seen, Ile frequently used
his handkerchief to remove the perspiration
from his face, and occasionally sobbed quiet
ly, as she adoressed hint, apptrently in a fee . -
log manner. None of the other prisoners were
In the miln hall or oorider slowly strode a
number of military officers, aanoug annex he
fine foment Gen. Hancock appeared at inter
vals, going to clad fro frnui the cel:s of the
condemned, or giving neceseary instructions
to his officers.
The ulna is-niug from the cella were those
of the sisters of Harrold and the daughter of
Mrs: Barrett, whose grief was naturally
enough affecting and uncontrollable.
Thus passed the interval from 10 till '2 p.
in., the sentries in the meantime slowly pac
ing their beat] in a thoughtful mood, as if
they dreaded the awful scene soon to be en
acted sad would feel relieved as soot" as it
wan over ; the blue coats on the walls looking
down silently uoon the scaffold below and ev•
ery one exibitiog the grtatest ,:ecoruta and
seeming to be impressed with the overawing
solemnly of the (mission.
Fro& the cupola of a detached building a
large crowd looked down into the jail yard,
while Gardiner, the photographist, with his
instruments posted in the old shoe shop huild•
lag, was industriously engaged in prepara
tions for obtaining numer.:us views of the
group about to linear on the scaffold.
At tea minutes past 1 Gen. Ilsucock per
tonally paged the sentries around the soil.
fold, and the outer guard were ordered to
come to "attention," preparatory to tin ap
pearance of the prisoners.
At precisely 1 o'clock, Gen. ltartranft and
Staff emerged from the Prison, and in a in ,
ment after were followed by the condemned
Mrs Surratt came first, dressed la Mick,
supported, on either side by an officer, and
followed by her spiritual advisers, Fathers
Walter and Wiget ',et the Catholic Church.—
She wore a black bonnet and vast as an the
trial, and hail to be almost entirely supported
by the officers attending her.
Next trine Atzerott, also necessarily sup
ported by a toadies on e ither aide, and dress
ed about as-be Was on the tri tl, and bare
beaded. He was attended by his spiritual ad
enters, the Be,. Dr. Buller, of the Lutheran
Church, and the Rev. lie. Winchester, Cusp*
lain of the Douglas.Hoseital.
, Then came Harrold, dressed in his ordina
ry person clothes, with a slouch hat op, the
brim being turned down, lie, too, was much
prostrated and had to be supported by a sol.
Bier on either side. He was followed by the
Rev. Dr. Olds, of Christ Cruel. Navy 'Yard,
and the Rel. Mr. Vans, Chaplain, U. 8. Ar
Porte alone time bola and erect., 'without
any support, a guard walking on either side
of tam. lie wag dressed ins blue shirt. and
pants, with a rather jaunty straw hat on, and
was followed by his spiritual advisers. the
Rev. Dr. Gillette, of the 13th street Baptist
Church, and other attendants.
Payne aloes of the prisoners ascended the ,
scaffold without the support of bee attendants
Four wooden arm chairs bad been placed
there far the reception of the, prisoners, and
they were seated as follows, teeing west:
Mrs. Surratt, on the north next to the prison ;
Payne eat next ; Harrold neat, and Atseroat
next ; Mrs. Barrett and Payee opposite one
drop, and Harrold and Atzerodt opposite the
other, the fiee.sights manilla rope, with is
ominous noose, dangling before each res
pectively, the nooses reaching to within an
average of eighteen iaohes from the door.
On the prisoners being seated, or rather
'sinking into their chairs, the finding and sen
tences of the Military Commission, as approv
ed by the President and already published,
were read in a clear, calm voice by Major-
Gen. Hartrauft, standing in the middle of the
The appearance of the prisoners aa they sat
there in a row facing the west, and the crowd
and Garet:sees photographic instruments peer
lag from the upper windows' of en opposite
building, and the ropes swaying in the breeze
immediately before them, was that of agony
ineffable.' The thought came rushing upon
the mind of the spectator : Ob ! what would
they not give if they could undo the fatal acts
that have consigned them to this agony and
Mrs. Barrett was very much prostrated,
and seemed to be kept alive a!most entirely
by the spiritual consolations of her advisers,
_who were unremitting in their attentions
until the end.
After the reading of the sentences by Gen.
flarteauft, Rev. Dr. Gillette stepped forward
In behalf of Payne, and ststed that he had
been requested by the prisoner, Lewis Thorn
ton Powell, &lies Payne, to publicly, on this
occasion, return his sincere thanks to Gen„
liartrauft and the officers and men under his,
command for their uniform kindness toward
him during his kindness. Not one unkind
word, look or gesture had been given him by
any one of them.
The Reverend Doctor then led in a fervent
prayer in behalf of the prisoner, in which the
letter followed, closing with a feeling. Amen,
his eyes at the acme time filling with tears.
Payne throughout wore an air of contrition
as well as courage, and thereby excited the
pitrofthe spectators fully as'much• as any
of the other prisoners who were mare un
The spiritual advisers of Harrold and At
lewdt also returned the thanks of their
charges respectively to Gen. Hartrauft and
his officers and men, for their uniform kind.
nese ; and joined' in prayer with the prison
ers in succession, Dr. Butler preceeding
in the case of Aturodt with an impressive
Daring all this time the advisers of Mrs.
Burma were assiduous in their attentions to
her, and by their 'consolations kept her meas
arahly nerved up fur the terrible denouement.
She appeared—Dating her unavoidable pros
tration—passive in their hands ;ad resigned
to her fate.
On the conclusion of the prayer in the case
of Atzerodt, which was the last, the prisoners
were led forward, supported by their respec
tive attendants, and the ropes adjusted atoned
the neck by different parsons. About the
lame time Mrs. Burma teemed, by a desper •
ate meats! effort, to nerve herself up speciallysi
for this occasion, looking forward and around
her, for the only time, with an air of mingled
determination and resignation. Her 'bonnet
and veil were removed previous to the put-
ting of the noose upon her neck.
Payee held back hie head anti was pertiou.
tar abort having the noose adjusted and se
cured by tightening above his "Adam's
apple," as it it had been the adjustment of a
cravat for a festive occasion.'
Harrold and Aiserodt, daring the process
of adjusting the ropes, looked as if experi
seeing ineffable agony, as well as Mrs. Sur
ratt, who was now bordering on a fainting
condition and was kept conentious only ty the
assidous fanning and other attentions of her
attendants. Payne stood erect and unsup
ported. and he alone, it was sail by one of
the spiritual advisers, had time upon the
Witold, without indulgeece in stimulants,
which he had steadily refused, saying that be
wished to die with an unclouded mind.
At the conclusion of the address of Atze
rodt's spiritual attendant and his deeply sol
emn and feeling petition to Heaven for Divine
clemency, he was unlined to the drop by
his ittesdaqts, sad while the white cotton
bandivore being ttoct , about his legs and
artar, exhibited grott well:nese and emo ion.
liaitig 'unreels able to remain !a Lin erect
titian. The noose was then placed rbout hi
neck, and precious is its Lent adjustment lib
:duresrctl .. ~.:su.lthie:llo7lll e s:
iioLer, aml I`,l o ~i.(.1 r.lll , V+.l Ittl!,
UpprGaelse VlLcli Alizrait
evidnatly repcsted his requekt, alllt 11441 4 .U0,1
VS. then 111.40 n over head, when - bers.. -
s tersitied voics: Geotletues, like
probibly intending to say, w Lat his
agonised feelings perrentril hint f r .;tn es p re , f .
lug; •• Geotleti rlrula,;• G, 1:1..F
A m o m ent fi rer and ::,..n.tbnfley
laud, "Gard bye, genticintn, oho nic Lctere
toe now." And, atter A al,Mtt iller 7 / 1 1, add/ d,
" May we all meet in tnc other wor a '
As the rope 17 av 3" 4 :!theed to his neck,
and just beftru the thug L.'. Lt. dr ,trt in
rather aloud voice, " Datil chdie to:•." These
were the 13-,t wordi he utter et, rliich wyro
succeeded by tec'rtl andible groans.
At this juncture the nooses ond Whiten/fps
having all been ofrjus'ed, Capt. Rath, Assist
ant ProvoLt L_Marslinl, having immediate
charge of the execution, !stepped in front of
tho ecstfuld, en the ground. aid motioned to
a ll a t /, ! :„atere on the 51r.sasilli to step hack off
the drops, which they did, the proper ones
still teaching forward and supporting their
charges respectively on the &cps.
Immediately on this movement being ac.
complisbed, -Capt. P,eth also gave the signal
for the props to be knocked from under;
Which w.s done by a swinging scaniliog for
each shoved longitudinally ; .and the four
conspiratirs; having Llicn ebtut five feet
ea 6, were ler: danglinz opseituudically in the
air. The come: Gene of Payne wore the
greatest, attributable to his highest physical
condition. Harrold died next hardest. The
denclas of Mrs. Eturratt and Asserodt were
comparatively easy. ahra. Surratt, on falling,
rookie a convulsive effort to bring ter bends
arenad her right side In front of her and they
remained in such contorted position until ehe
was cut down.
After the conattlstoos of nil were over, Mrs.
Surrstt, l'syne and A' •rcdt hung with ti)rir
beads bent forward, while that of Harrold in.
cursed back, which larttr was said ty experts
to be the only execution on correct principles.
E. U. .I.l4iTlioNY & CO., •
Maaufacturen of Photographic Materials,
601 1311OADWAY, NEW YORK:
aaitioa to qnr main bush:ars of Pi:1'01'0GO. Aratc
ti muat.4„ r. us Llta.iqautarb for U tollottiag,
Stereoscope's &lid:Stereoscopic, Views,
Of gm.' fro Lows so imusu-s assortweor, includfing
W.s. *VO,OI, Ain.rie.n amt f. , : tAga Citivo sod hand
c.pos, Groups, :Statuary, Se, Also, iterolvlai:
ri welse• pea, for public or pricsAo ksbibiOoz. Our caL•
alcque sod be tl.ut to 1113 Y kddres, on receipt. of 'tan?.
We we.e the drat to t , ieee 11110 it.* 1. tilted
Statue, acid we u.iaciuta•.t itumen.o jut atlas lb great
variety, ranging tri prixe tvirn Su tents to *AI 016- OUr
•Aibutai have the repu , atn, of Luiogeoper.ur to beanly
st.ki durAtnliti to all otLera. ".hey w.t be actit by toad,
free, on receipt of price. ,•
Atb..nne matte to or,:er J 3
nor estlitigue etnbrsees over tore tbounstid diEfere
sulj,cte, C.O WLior lattitios
c.o.°, ut p , Etruts eni.Leut A Wsilt..Pit al t, s Va. about
L op ysior Ilene sap,'oos S.tatesictii,
;pi ling. Gruera.s, Ir.o Divine*,
z,75 Goicinsl4, Author .
LOCI Lteutent.rit Colonels, 4u Artists,
05 tither °Ricers, tette,
7. Vary ufficeNt. I tql•r.rstinlrie WOMCO.
Ifej Pronc'.rient Von:toi Parralt .
Three thoussnil copies of won's of art, inch:in; re•
proaucti• ns of the tnost ce:eSrated eiagisrioirs, ;4114.
tri4e,`titues. fie. flataf^guo seat on rece•pt or stalnp.
An crier for one &sea yl•tores it itrt our catsloßue *Ca
Le kited on the receipt ut $1 84, end tent y. !pm
4 , llooitrspheis • tt others orderin: lit C. Li
wLtl pets e remit tient)-five .er cent. ul the aniOnnt
with V:eir order.
'E. H. T. AN ruNy & CO.,
3:g n u/actin.' era of PAvtographic
.SJI uno-iil 4),Y, N. Y.
IrrThe prices acid quar,ty o: our gloat canooi fail
to 'atoll./ leb9-41a1
i ~ '
>;;., • , ..1- , -. 7 -, ~...: ~-1." \-7- ~ / 7.N.
... , ) et,, , ,N
t ' . 4 4' . ii 14 4 fI LZ g - - : -..... y 1. „ .... .". ,... 1
F t :
7 . ,,. .. " :•;
1 14 1. 2.•:rii, . .. -. 4 ''.
, 7 *. : ''' : : i i
. ... ':1 ;II : r '' . . '''''.::
, , ,
, 1: , • 1 . 4
:- ' Ir 4•4•• t; ' '`.. ,
Or . t o .; a , 1 %;" •, .'.. ~.
‘ ........ r .......-, : _,,., . ~--,-,.......... .-
1 18 years established In H. City
.nuti hofellkble remedies known."
7rer from Poisons."
"Dot dangerous to the floono Family."
'Rata tome oat th• it holes to di e."
"Costar's" Rat, Roach. &c., Exterli,
Is s pace--ored for Rats,
Mies, Roaeltes, Stark aid
"Costar's" Bed- Bag Exterminator.
Is a Iletutd or emit, used to
deem!, stud C.O as a vta .
rigours for Hod-Bov, et.c.
."Costar's" Electric Powder for Insects,
I, for Moths, aligagaii.es,
Pass. Bed-Bugs,lamas cc
, flosits, Potts, daistats, lit.
or Sold by ell Drueeista sod Retailers everysteire.
c r. f Oswalt' I o! 211 worthies
lar - to thut `'CuOTAN:o " DaLue Is on 'La Box, Bottle,
and Flask, Tudors you nor.
lite.Nlll( R. COSTAR,
nr Tstxca.A.t. OCTOT, 41: BanAnwar. N. T.
rirSold by AR twaggista sod thaleti it' Erie, Pa.
INCREASE OF ItlT3.—The Fareur's Uamits (Eng
lish) asserts and prOlreS egareo that VDO pair of rats.
lid I bare a prorof an intsmodtriti co lege than 651,050
I. three levee. Now, a..less this immense family can be
kept down, ttov would iovaume more food than would
suitain 116 OW barrow beings.
Ur Sae "Corral's" advertisement in this paper.
RATS'orross lllRDS.—Whorter engages in shooting
small MN* fa a cruel man: hover aids tl3 exterminat
ing rats la a aenerietor. We Ilhonid Nka amore or our
correspondents to gin us the Lena& 0/ the fr experience
in driving out these pests. We need tom.tn+ng besides
dog., eat., and traps for this bus! nos.— Scisatific Jan+
GM, !J. Y.
la ,- SOO " CO51'401:8" aJrertisemeut it this Raper
,4 COSTAR'S " RAT RITLRItII; CDR ts times, seta
and ears—the moat pert et Raz -Ideation seertieg re
have ever &Vended. Fiery Kit that ran eet it, propirly
prepared according to dirretlona, will eat it, a d vier?
one that eats It will die, generally at vitae place &&
tent as ectiiinte Oust *lsere the stealelhe 'wag ta'.en.—
Lake Shore, Ni A, Mirror.
szr See *Conran's" &deer:lament to thla paper,
HOTTA RICE EPER3 t.oubirit ',Lib vermin 1:i.e.:16e to no
touter, it they et... Cosraa'a " Exterminator. We bare
IL,fed it to oat f.lisfactiott ; and if a box cost $4, we
Tonle' hare IL We bare trig ti pros, A S but the.' eff-eted
oti•i^e ; Int 'Coetir'e" article Itto3 lbe breath not
of N•'", ?Jive. Knecht e, Ante, tine ned-listige, quitter
th'en -t writ• it. It Is in great ileznanJ all over the
tottnt`ttr--"ediaa, Ohio, Gaulle
Irr Bee "4o51.4.101" ad? r.rtisement in nits pap:.
A voiark nom THE FAR —PFes►in g of ''Co,-
tales" ?At, Itoacti. Ant, tio., Exterminator- o E3pre
grain and prortdous aro de.tto)od auousilr in Gra• t
county by vermin than woctld pay for tons of this ilat
and Ina•ct lillier."—Leneasttr, Erred.
See "Ca/males lidrortheenent In this paw.
VARDIR3 AND fIOM3CKERPRRS—whouId reMilleet
that hundreds of dolisze worifi"of arida. Pertiaiolaa,
An, are sonnallyd•sthvyed by Rata, ifite„ Ants, and
other tweets sod yetroin--all of which esti ba pruirented
by • few dollars' worth of "Costa " Rat, &Mob, dig,
ate Exterminator, bc tight mud used freely.
441 "Cortaa'n" advertisement in this paper, '
Sold In Srte, Pa , b r all Draggiati and Dealers.
CHANG E OF HOURS, COIMENCIN6
T:31: Ail) a, 333 , :e. 3, IY!'4.
inilas rill Isaweilnak.irit at &Lout ttofollowtathostrr,
Esstward Bound—Depart. •
Trata Dio. IA 940 re.
Troia No 10 10 20 a fr.
Tr sin No.o 6 0 , 01.. m.
Train N 0.4. 163.. sm.
The Accommodation sans ivory , da‘-
crtike. 161 NOT. Gen . ' 400
GROCERIES I GROCERIES I
• • AT
WI CYLESALE AND RETAIL.
*wad reapeethally traorti the public `that be has opened
• stora tie
No. 2 Hughes' Block ' ', Frio,
Where be will 'lime Iteep a laws,* et
GROCERIES ! :
CROCKERY 'AND NVOODEIV!VIKE,
wirats, LIQUOIts, Cl9Auttg, -7 •• •
Ani eyerythlar vial:ly for Willi m iitibililo4r4 of
or Tow so nielletblio u an/ ether atArt
1 ,000,000 : I I
1 n f Rt t)ob Dorm e. cb , Irtu.
110 be smite oar art° Jon knu• *h.
DJ A. H. h ( kult for
NO. NI Bookman stint,
c r Reid Me rsttoltir.et.... of At
100 Ot)lif lug c;st Tr Pc
100 Gold watches. cart,, ; „
_2OO Ladies' gold watcht--,
500 1 4 iIver watches,
0,000 Late style vest &
5,500 Gents' Cal. diaruot.l
4,000 Cal. diamond tar -, l;
3,000 Miniature revolvin g r,
2,000 Cal. dint and and ena,
'2,000 Nlasonic & emblerdpi
2,500 Gold band bracelets,
8,000 Jet and SilObiat bl'00(
2,000 Cameo brooches,
3,000 Coral ear drops,
2,000 Ladies' watch chains,
ti,ooo Ciente' . pies,
4,000 Solitaire Sleeve butt
3,000 Sets studs S sleeve t,u ,
0,000 Sleeve buttons, plain '
10,000 Plain 1k engraved r.
8,000 _Lockets, richly tu t
'15,600 Seta ladies' jewelry
intest styles, -
5.000 Handsome seal rift,
2,000 Sets bosom btu le,
1,000 Gold pens & gold hc,
2,1100 Sets jet & goid pin,
drops, la:est t.tyl ,
2.000 Gold thimbles, penci,i,
10.000 Gold peue, s silver
-10,0IX0 Geld p ens, e_hottriv,:itr4,
This entire list of best. taul
Sal for Una Dollar enr.ll.
article% rat to Rimed to entr) ,
etareo;es ant lest by mail, en
ehoin. On the 'Leto', Vof '
vliet. 1 Ota are to leave, and
mewl the duller and fate tue
Yin; orrtametes can be oldrfe,:
thirty for i ; silty .fire for $,,,
Vt. We enil send tong..e
cent*. •geoVe wanted, to
good Ift unite t.r one rertive.
P O, Boa,
Ri A rg Gß 's si V T e n gzt ß ap it i E e si tm lai,
yrnis Pase.twalus I,i IT
and !tea this new name or *tr. ,tot
torer being consolidate , : v
the prJpriators of the In„ -•
ao irocien e sale, f,,t
It restores Gray If sir
td. It Imparts a brautif“.
fa ed Lair.
24. It cares ell rirurooze ard —!
Ch. Itiaar idaki , e L L
6th. Ale *richly perfutuot
Ladiesl no you .tenire to
art trial Profit teces? Thee u 5.
restore your Gray Hair to th
Ctntleritien I no your Leads eh^.
of Raldnes, ? Then n.,e the A Dabru ,
Mote are 0-stllling your Hair So
It 16 not a dye 1 It nee' not color t, it. •
est liter': It is not composed of c„,,
chiefly ul harrniess vegetaVice, and >1;.•
Restorative. Try it and convince.;
R.ll. Tubbs t: CO, vtoprietlrs.
N. T. flume, Colon IJLIa, Erie Lc
hoc.i ac c .rts 7 ., a • east.,
Co, 'Mimed!. ;i L. K.
Wood, Corry. j
7-30 U. S.
On hand Ibt
Duly Authorized Subs
JAY COOKE &
Keystone' National Ba 6 til
The above bank Till be wined fo:. the
• basinef a or.
Monday, Dec.. sth, hi ilughes'
Feet side of State St., betweta u
Satlsfutory papar die eouut,l.
Macey reoelvea on Devect.
Cottecttous made and ;to:eels
Diana, Speck and Bank NWC•S
%hue of Public reroct.;.. .e
PIANO FORTES .11t► 11EY
recto the logo, iz;
Stetwine k Soos, Neer
Wm. kriabo k Co., 1.:".1 1!..;
Ltudecastt k Sone, N'ee. t •
'm, Et. I.lr4dhltry, 'Sew Y'
Joho B. Dunham, New
Gtovesteen k. Co ,
Geo. A. Prince k Co , 13 Jt!.. Y
Ce.rtsext, Needham k t ,
Prices at a Large-Discount be.
PIANOS 'PROM. I'o '7
All persona vri 'Ling a tits: rat,
on, are inetted to call 11,17 , 1exaw , L 4 •‘.
RA',ed's Meet, Sate Eel • C, e
CV ' r.S.—Ersty laetreetett les-esz,•••••
Reeves' Am bi
103 'NE ULU,.
TETIS EXCELLENT 11A111
ImA rundicril..l Hsu srrtuta6u• ,t
pr.citdenis in fanhionable
oti•ei I Tej.•l2.(louS, city in am' c , I
astudati used io the Ccuri c'r"•l • '••
Prtet c .11ndint and try It . •
'rout. Ite.F. Er* A111111 , ,1n 14 c.
I.t . rcc tcool betti ut r ut.. ,
red Witte • 'Mitt, 02 Cltitalk.. ti
prevents the hair t4lling oat, nol
thi.k and long. kt twat!. Li, tho t
it a plant) appearance , . .o Inuit .
21. Price 7.5 cents per Urge he tt"e
Sold by droegiste and dollen in
part" of the eft( teed world. Wbo'.. , 4
el:agitate la every dab and At
rritxca s RICTIARD3 k CO, I
Agenia for Yontrylriair..
PARTIEs DESIRING 'lO U
7).4l.gretireions on the vr
Ds, wilt dad tan an lersigued r
date them erlth gcod BOW. 1 :),
tittrki;Oat for ple .ettra partles. . •
Of Egli Boat.
Persons desirin; to have the " 7
will Doi me votastantty on 3t '
of Ntel..itize.t J
1665-- fox 1°
WE ARE OFFERINt.
vAr_ _ alszie 811?-011,,Zicut 0,
1 "i: 1 n. DoDI, Doll flovls„,6amr...d
quAtt.. j rune, ro:Se
s' , ••
Bond/ in zzmonn%
AND UPWARD 3,
CAS 6Y Yi
ORANGE NOBLE:, Pre.),!rm:
1011 N J. TOWN, CaaLtr
40 w Music Stor
Also, lastraction 800, g