The Erie observer. (Erie, Pa.) 1859-1895, June 29, 1865, Image 2

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    Durkti Estatbert intindrY 110 '4 tiouthint Emigration.
►rknnal, VHIILADOSIIT Mc PUMA as nit PAM % o
LIMATT —.Andre• .I.clum.
. .
lutentattlig .Reading Matter oil ':very
rage or this week's lupe.
Tait Dispatch, Gazette, aril a coriespon
dent of the Buffalo Ezpress have got up a
triangular port of discussion over the
qualification of Wm. A. Galbraith, DI.,
to be the -Union," or, to use the proper
term, Lepublican candidatefor Governor.
Cinsidering that Mr Galbraith bin firm
and consistent Democrat, who has never
faltered in his advocacy of, constitutional
Union doctrines, and that he is not a
candidate for the support of the Repub
lican party .for Gubernatorial honors, the
allusions of our cotemporaries on that
bead are somewhat out of place, if not a
little impertinent.
We are not surprised at anything that
appears in the Frpress, either editorially
or in the irresponsible shape of a contniu
nication, but we must confetti to tome
aitoniehmi nt it the art'cles in the Dispatch
and Gazela. That in the last named pa
per is sl full of unjust aspersions/it—leer
rect statements and calumnious charges,
that it is hardly credible it could have
been prompted by the gentleman who
has editorial control of itioblumns. We
think it ranch more likely to have been
the emanation of some personal enfluy of
Mr. Galbraith, who, to gratify private
spleen, has succeeded in imposing upon
our cotemporsry the resronsibility of
publishing statements which . he Vas not
the courage to =print over his own signa
In simple justice to Mr. Chilbrnith, it is
no more than right that we should sity
that he is not now and never bas been a
voluntary candidate for any position, and
that he much prefers remaining a private
citizen to tha beat office in the nation.
His friends - iive suggested him as the
next Democratic candidate for Governor,
but we lire insured from what we know of
his character that if the position should•
be tendered him it would be wholly with
out effort on his part, and even against
his inclination. He is not an office-seeker
in any sense of the word, the best evi
dence of which is the knowledge that in
a county and district uriformly giving an
opposition majority, he has remained
faithful to the principles of the Demo
cratic party—a fact that should convince
his bitterest political foes that whatever
other faults he may possess, he is not
lacking in courage and integrity.
Teosz deluded Republicans, who are
oppo4d to negro suffrage, and who vainly
imagine they can continue their connec
tion with the party without being oom
pelted to endorse the right of the blacks
to use the ballot, will discover their mis
take before many days. They are oon
gratulating themselves just new over the
defeat of the suffrage plink by the late
Ohio State Republican Convention, but if
what the Tribune remarks on the subject
be true, their elation is premature.- Says
that paper:
Those #iends of universal suffrage who
hoped for an emphatic expression by the
Republican State Convention of Ohio,
have no occasbn for discouragement is
the record of its action. The question, we
are assured, will be canvassed in every
school district of the State from tbii time
until election day ; the Democracy having
ranged themselves against it as RepuLli
cant Rave taken ground for it.
Gen. Jacob Dolaon Cox the Republican
candidate for Governor, was originally a
Liberty party man, but has been an
active member of the Republican party
ever since its organization, and is at this
moment an ardent advocate of negro serve I
fact well knout to the Ohio Convention,
and, it may be added for the benefit of
one or two New York news; aper , , that
Gen. Cox has been for- miny years end is
now the warm personal and political
friend of Chief Justice Chase. And it may
further be added. for the benefit of the
same newspapers, that Oj'o Republicans
"do not see' that spit" in the Repub
lican ranks for which they so ardently
pray and so cheaply labor, but will pro
ceed to finish the good work they have so
long been engatcd in—that of saving the
country from the toils of pro-slavery fa"
natics of every grade, and of rendering
justice to that loyal class of Southerners
who aaved our country in the hour of its
'sorest need.
The Tribunes assertion that the Demo
crate have arrayed themselves against
negro voting, and the Republicans in
favor of it, is literally true in regard to
the former, but only partially so in res-
pect to the latter. We are aware (hit
hosts of honest members of the opposi
tion, even in this strong Abolition section,
do no. at present agree to the new creed
which radicaliim proposes to engraft• into
the party platform. Only the other day,
in conversation with a leading and intelli
gent Republican, the editor of an influen
tial paper in an adjoining county, he re
ferred in terms of the utmost indignation
to the negro suffrage question, and de
clared that let the result be what it may
he would never support, it. This gentle
man has resided some time in the South,
and like all who are familiar with the
negro_character in that region, be looks
upon the idea of entrusting the black race
with a share in the Administration of gov
ernment as equally impertinent and ab.
surd. He is but a sample of a large class
of Republicans; but the
. larger portion,
and especially the tricky leaders, accept
of the suffrage idea with ardor: not be
cause theY care an iota for themegro, but
simply because they imagine he will be
of political service to them hereafter.
What the course of the conservatives will
be remains to beissy.m. but they will evens,
tuslly find onk l of three plans only left
open to them—either to retain their pres
ent political connection, vote and act with
the radicals and unwillingly submit to
have negro suffrage crammed down their
tliroits ; organize a new party ; or join
.nds with the Damocrats, who believe
in leaving this whole question, where it is
loft by the Constitution, into the hands of
the people of the respective States.
(Mass.) &afesnuts is not outside the truth
when it says : "TLe fact is this 'sr bee ended
too ouoO fur the purpose of our radical friends.
Those who thank God for all our defeat.
beosuse out of them could be extorted a mill.
wry necessity to override all laws end eons&
tutions, regret that now they Bare no such
potent weapon to thrust Into the bosom of
It ►.taa long by en predicted by the oppo
nerats of emv;ncipstion schemes, that the
radden ev.sfranchisement of the negro
would raise questions as to their future
conditl.on as important Ninny which have
heretofore divided publics:opinion. What
shall be done with the negro? What shall
be his position politically and socially?,
are now great and important questions.
In this, as in other instances, it seems
that tbeerror
. is about to be committed
of ignoring the vpinions. and even the ex
istence of those who, from long'familiarity
with the negro, are beat qualified to judge
of big capabilities in the new arena opened
to his efforts, and at the same time will
be most affected by the course to be pur
sued towards him."
It may he well to keep before us certain
indisputable facts, and see if so doing will
not aid in the solution of the difficulty.
1. In the States that in 1860.61 seceded
from the Federal Union there are now pro
bably not one thousand persons in armed
hostility to the Federal authorities.
2 There are but few, and these st-adily
decreasing, who do not believe quiet sub
mission to the Federal authority best, and
whn do not in good faith in tend to assist
by their teachings and example in rector
ing law and order to their respective
Ste tea.
3. The negroes are now universally re
cognized as fret; by virtue df military op•
erationa, E;ecutive proclamations, and
so-called legislative enactments. Whether
rightfullY emancipated or not, they are
free. No one in the. South expects to
restore slavery ; few wish to do so. All
are looking forward to the speedy adop-
tion of some industrial system which will
relieve the public from the burden of the
support of the idle, the young and the
infirm, and at the same time enable the
able•bodied negroes to labor for the sap-
port of themselves and their families.
Whatever is just to Southern farmers and
just to the negro will be speedily accepted
and acted upon.
Nor are the Southern people decidedly
averse to Northern emigration. They
might not treat with much consideration
the Northerner who acquired Southern
lands by the doubtful methods of confis
cation and tax sales, and came among
them relying on governmental privileges
denied to his neighbors, but to the bona
. fide emigrant, who came bringing capital
and Northern enterprise and industry, it
is believed a cordial welcome would be
It cannot be long before the negro *lll
again assume Mr position as the laborer
of the South, under new laws and regula
tions, and with the encouragement given
to free white labor, the fertile lands of the
South, producing in ptofugon the neces
saries of the world, will be in the future
as in the past, , a some. , el wealth to the
nation. In the meantime, nanny of the .
landholders, seeing painful changes
around them on every side are desiring to
seek new homes in other localities, where
new associations .And new aims in life will
sooner obliterate the remembrance of
tleir misfortunes.
The more Qpepetily Northern emigrants
begin to assist in the work of reorganiza
tion, and the sooner they and the Gov
ernment, accepting the assistance of the
Southern people themselves, re create
Southern industry and reorganize South
ern labor, the better for the financial and
Agri - cultural prosperity of the whole coun
Temper of the loath.
We are now in. receipt of exchange
newspapers, the World says, from all the
principal Southern cities There are not
so many of them as before the war;nor
are they edited with the same ability and
spirit ; yet we are sure that if they could
be reed universally at the North. the
hearth of our people would be softened
towards the people of the South. They
accept the entire situation in actual good
faith ; and there -is every evidence that,
the mass of the Southern population want
to live in peace and quietness hereafter.
Meetings are being-held in all the larger
,expressing an entire willingness
to submit. to the Union and praying for a
restoration of the-civil power. The pnly
trouble or discontent seems to be on the
sea-coast, where the War Department sa
traps are making all manner of trouble
by interfering with trade and the so
cial relations of the people. A General
in Savannah regulates the market price
of produce by proclamation, and in
Charleston the officer in command issues
an ukase ordering the black and white
children to attend the' same schools. Of
courss, these stupidities create a vexation
which is not expressed in the local press ;
but in the interior, at Augusta, Macon,
Montgomery, &0., the people of theirown
accord are loyally and sensibly going to
work to repair the ravages of war, and re
assume their relations as citizens of the
United States.
Tux split .q theOllepublica.n party bas
made too mach progress to be arrested.
President Johnson has taken his ground
against negro suffrage, and will not recede.
Several of the most eminent ; Republican
leaders, with a majority of the party to
back them, have taken their stand against
negro suffrage, and they will not - recede.
Chief Justice Chase, Senators Sherman,
Wilson, Sumner, and others of equal in
fluence and d;stinction, are ardent.negro
suffrage men, in declared opposition to
the policy of the President; and the first
Republican State Convention held sin C e.
Mr. Johnson's avowal of his policy on
this subject (that of lowa, on the 14th
inst.) adopted a negro suffrage resolve as
a plank in their platform. The State con
ventions held preparatory to the fall elec
tions will develop the fact that the cur
rent of Republican feeling runs decidedly
in that channel. -
If the negr; suffrage men of New Eng.
land, says the World: inim on the princi
ple of equality to all, let them acceptrits
logical consequence! If every man in the
United States, black or white, is to be
made the political equal of every other
man, "according to the Declaration of
Independence," then -it must no longer
take six New Yorkers to count as much
in the senate, an I in amending the Con
stitution, as one Yankee If the Deell -
ration of Independence makes the black
man the political equal of the 'white, it
should also make white men in the differ•
ent States equal to each other.
AN Augngt% (Aa.) plper enntains a long
account of the fat.n , Ali t•lt)".. nt
Hampton Roatis. trim treen
President hineoln and
.?Ir. Saward, ropre
meeting the North, and - Messrs. Stephen.
slid Winter representietithe South Tim
elaternentpreternis tolaave beet furnish
ed in submit/meshy Alex. H. Stephens. It
is chiefly remarkable for its assertion that
President Lincoln at that C•inferen , e.-.
scarcely yet four months ago —toil• nu
indirect overture for the payminit to the
Coefederate States of- s large sons - fn se
cure the abolition of slavery. Her.) ii t he
He (Lincoln) stated that it wou1•1
desirable to hare the institution of slavery
abolished by the consent of the people as
soon as possible—he hoped within six
years. He also stated that four hundred
millions of dollars might be offered as
compensation to the owners, and remark
ed, " You would be surprised were I to
give you the names of those who favor
It is probable that this statement will
evoke others. EN.I Mr.' Lincoln's offer
been known at the time, what a bowl of
indignation against him would have arose
from the radical camp!
The Negro Suffrage Question.
Opinions of Prominent Men.
Adverting to the negroes, wha had been
made free, he said that the Government
would require to institute some system of
labor, in order that the lands of the South
might be cultivated. He wanted ;boss
who had been in the South to bear testi
mony-to the condition of these freed ne
groes. His own personal opinion was, that
they were not fitted for the &cereiu of the fran
chise. He wanted them to get a fair price
for their labor—to own and - cultivate the
lands ; but he did not think they wire
fitted to take part in the legislation of the
cou n t r y _sherman's Speech at Chicago.
In the discussion before the people of
Illinois just previous to his last election
to the U. S. Senate, Judge Douglas said :
" I hold that a negro is not, and never I
ought to be a citizen of the United States.
I hold that this government was made
upon a white basis by white men for the
benefit of white men and their posterity
forever, ard should be administered by
white men and none others. I do not
believe that \ the Almighty made the negro
capable of self-government
• "Now I say to you, my fellow-citizens,
that in my opinion, the signers of the
DeclaratiOn of Independence had no ref
erence to the negro whatever when they
declared all men created equal. They
desired to express by that phrase, white
men of European hit th, European descent,
and bad no reference to the negro, the
savage Indians or other inferior or de
graded nee'. At that time every one of
the thirteen Colonies was a slave-holding
colony, and every signer of the Declara
tion represented a slave-holding constitu
ency, and we-know Mat no one of them
emancipated his slaves, much leas offered
citizenship to them when they signed the
In hie discussion with Judge Douglas
before the people nf Illinois, Abraham
Lincoln said :
" My opinion is that the different States
have the power to make a negro a citizen
under the Constitution of the United
States, if they. chnove. The Dred Scott
decision decides that they have not that
pow r. If the State of Illinois had that
power, I should be opposed to the exercise of it "
And again
" Judge Douglas hag-said to you that he
has not been able to get from me an
answer to the question whethei I am in I
favor of negro citizenship So far as
know, the Judge never asked me that
question before. He shall have no occa
sion to ever ask it again for I • tell him
very frankly that I am not in layer of negro
At a trial of fire apparatus. on Tuesday
last, between the firemen of Flushing, As
toria, Jamaica and College Point. a num
ber of the companies of Now York anti
Brooklyn were invited to be present.
Consequently a large crowd was in attend.
ance at Flushing to witness the trial
Scarcely bad the machines been put in
working order when a tumult arose, which
became so formidable in its proportions
that ail idea of a further trial was aban
doned. It appears by the New York
papers that an engineer from Brooklyn
offered a bet ..f forty dollars to a mernte r
of the Asa)! iv. Company, each having been
discussing the merits of an engine, when
they quarreled over the te-ms of the bet,
the Astoria man first striking- the Brook
lyn man. Their partisans then took up
the quarrel, and in a few remelts the
fight became general. As soon as the re
port of fire arms was beard, the business
men of the town closed their stores, and
in a few minutes afterwards the wildest
disorder prevailed. The report of pistols,
the clashing of bowie-knives, the screams
and curses of the combatants, the terrified
shrieking of women and children among
whom fell showers of stones, rendered the
scene one of intense horror. The house
tops were crowded with men, while the
women and children sought refuge in cel
lars. This state of things lasted Rome'two
hours, when the rain comn3erlef.4 to fall
in torrents, and seemed to cool the pas
sions of the infuriated rioters. and they
quieted down and collected tte•ir wound:
ed and disabled friends It is impossible
to state the number of those injured, but
it is estimated at fifty or sixty. A lady,
whose name was not ascertained received
a bullet wound in the breast; several
citizens and children were wounded by
stray shots, but the lighters themselves
suffered the most severe injuries.
A correspondent of the St. Louis-Rep-lib
/lean thus alludes to the only Southern
State that has not tuffered by the rebel
" Your correspondent has just had s
most interesting conversation with a gen
tleman direct from Marshall, Texas, and
who has seen the " Lone Star State"
throuA all its vicissitudes since the com
mencement of the rebellion. He informs
we that that State has never so prospered
as during the past three years, that its
population has more then trebled in-that
time; its almost illimitable expanse of
rich and prolific land has been brought
under the hand of the tiller of the soil to
an extraordinary extent, and that miles
and miles of those rich rolling ' bog-wal
low " prairies are annually whitening
with King Cotton or teeming with corn,
bay and oats, where but a few years ago,
the eye of the traveler wearied with the
wild and profuse waste of nature's uu
claimed bounties. -
Fia FORM Of PARDON.—The petition for
'pardon, by rebels, is made directly to the
President, who °Alla to his aid the Attor
ney-General, through whose hands all ap•
plications pass, and thence to the Secre•
tary of State, where. in case a pardon is
granted, a warrant is issued, .substantially
as follows :
Whereas by taking Part in
the I ate rebellion against the Government
of the United State huts" made himself
liable to heavy pains and penalties, and, -
whereas the circumataiaces of his elle
render him a proper object of Executive
clemency. Now, therefore, be it known
that I, Andrew Johnson, President, do
hereby grant to the said a full
pardon and amnesty for ail offence by him
committed, striding from participation, di
refit or implied, in the acid rebellion. con
ditioned aa Thig pardon to
hngin qnd take egret ftom the , diy on
whit h iid —shall take the
oath pre erii.od in the Proclamation of
the PreffilliP, dated May 290, 1865, and
to he v0;33114 of no effect if the said ---
-- ehatl hereafter at- any lime Requite
any ptoprly_viltatever in slaves, or make
use of slave
Tyra terrible accidedts happened on
Thursday on the Ohio and Mississippi
Loogootee. Harlin county. I udi
aha A , freight trait - collided' with '
tr in. and the engineers and fir,e
nlar. of bot h were killed. The ConiitiC
tors vot into a dispute as who was to
blame. and curing the , wangle another
freight train ran into the soldier train,
killing fifteen, and wounded one bundrel
and fifty. many of them fatally. The
soldiers belonged to Illinois and Missouri
re,ements, and were going home.
Gee. Breckinridge, with -some- other
officers of the late rebel army. has Arrived
I at Cardenas, Cuba. where he was ter aced
by the Governor with the greatest nOen-
General Slaughter, late in com
mand of the rebel troops at Brownsville,
has arrived in Rayons.
A train of six cats was thrown off the
track, by the ..reeking of a rail, on the
Erie Railroad, near Deposit. on 'Mrs
day morning. Twenty. persons were
injured, 01 , 8 or six of them seriously.
coll. Oglesby. of Illinois, President of
the National Monument Association, has
,issued a card, stating that is \ deemed
proper that the public should be Officially
apprised that, in accordance with the
wishes of Mrs. Lincoln, the National
Lincoln Monument Association have
definitely. decided to erect a monument
in memory of Abraham Lincoln, late
President' of the United States, over his
remains at Oak Ridge, near the city of
Springfield, Illinois.'
The Government of Portsmouth, Va.,
was on Friday last turned over by the
military to the el authorities. A simi
lar transfer well soon be made of all
Southern towns.
Advices from Western Georgia and on
General Sherman'e line of march through
South Carolina represent the people as
suffering severely for want of the neces
saries of life.
Edw&rd Ruffin, Sr., who fired the firs
gun upon Fort Sumter, and who killed
himself at Richmond, on Sunday, the
Htth, sr , s seventy-four years old. He
placed the muzzle of $ musket in his
mouth, touched the trigger with his cane,
and ,blew his brains and gray hair against
the ceiling of his room. He left, a letter,
the last line of which reads : "I cannot
survive the loss of the liberties, of my
About 50 gunboats and other vessels,
formerly comprising the Mississippi
squadron, will be .sold at auction at
Mourrl City, Illinois, on the 17th of Au
The meeting of the Pennsylvania Re
publican State Convention, announced to
be held on the 19th prox., has been post
poned until a day not yet - named.
The President informed a gentleman
on Saturday that he had finally determin
ed to grant pardons to prominent rebels
in exceptional cases only.
I -
President Johnson has ssued's procla
mation. rescinding those of the 15th and
27th of April,lB6l, and raising the blo
ade of We ports of the United Stales.
The whore country is once more open to
peaceful commerce.
The President has pardoned .Toshua
Hill, ex-member of C ingress from Geor
gia ; Francis L. Smitb. of Virginia, and
J. 13 Hyams of Michigan, one of the
witnesses in the conspiracy trials.
- Rear-Admiral Dufiont died at the Ls
Pierre House, Philadelphia, last week.
He was born at Bergen Point, N. J., Sept.
27, 1803
The Late Capt. thlllam Daveuport.
On Sunday morning, the 17th, our commu4
nity was shooked by hearing of the sudden
death of Capt. Davenport. It appears he h d
been afflicted with slight attacks of paralysis
of the nerves for many years, but had retired
On that evening in usual health. About
10 o'clock, Mrs. Davenport was aroused by
his groaning; medical aid was imate.diatel,
sought, but life was extinct ere the physician
The death of this worthy man hats cast a
gloom over the circle of his acquaintances,
which will not soon be dispelled. Ile was one
of those whom the poet classed a the "noblest
work of Cind, an newt man " Kind and offs
ble in hit intercoms* with men, without • par
tide of guile in his composition, it would up
pear as if he had never entert load a mill
clone thought ; a loving husband, an indul.
gent and kind father, • true friend Thn
home circle. of which he was the renter ha.
aiw ys been noted for thekindness end aff , c
lion which there reigned ; tb t: vacant- chair is
left, a sad meMento of hint that but lately
rested , herron lint ho has left- Ils -taken
from our mid t —"Gatre will be done."
Ilia furter], on Monday, the . 19th, was at
tended by n large circle of sympathising
friends,' the Saga on the shipping in port w .re
at " half-mast," and sadness pervtded the
minds of all. The religious - services at the
residence, by dev.,Dr. Lyon. were extremely
appropriate and affecting, and brought mots
ture to the eyes of many of his h^ar•ry Dr.
L. bad kit as estee•nod friend, 111.1 -p Oce
he felt.
Capt. William Davenport was born at Fair
Haven, Conn , on the 28th of November, 1796,
and is a direct descendant of 'that celebrated
and highly distinguiehed divine, the Key.
John Davenport, who, associated with his
friend, Th. ophilos Eaton, (subsequently Gov
ernor,) founded New Haven in 1638. When
tt Ind of but twelve summers, Capt D t ook a
fancy for a sea faring life, but his parents
dissented and opposed his attempt at buffet
dog the sea and the world at that tender age.
However, he, in company with his older and
only brother, John, accomplished their wish
by running away. They followed the, sea,
meetly in the West India trade, until the war
With Great Britain lu 1812, when they were
captured on their homeward—bound passage.
John, from hard usage, died in prison ; Wil.
liam survived and was exchanged. Aa soon
as free, although but in his seventeenth year,
he mitered the navy, was drafted for the lakes
and served with Commodore Chauncey on
board the sloop of-war Madison and other
vessels on Lake Ontario. After the close of
the war, he again went to sea far a short
time, but subsequently settled In Tioga coun—
ty, N. Y., Where he married Phylance Tracy.
In 1886 he moved to Erie county, - Pe., and
purchased a farm in Harbor Creek ;. resided
there until the "print of 1839, when he re.
moved to this city * Ravine , a hankering for
his old mode of life, he, commenced sailing
again, ind became one of our most popular
and efficient steamboat masters. In the fall
of 1856, failing health admonished him to
give up an active life and ho has ever since
resided oa shore with his family,
The statuettes of the ttev. John Davenport
is a matter of reaor4, both in England and
America, and his ancestors were among the
'most =dent and r-epeotable families in Eng •
land. Immediate proofs of this may - be found
in a book of some 400 pare•, compiled by A.
Benedict Davenport, of Now York, corres•
potading member of the "New England Hir•
torio-Genealogical Society," entitled " InS -
tory and Genealogy of the Davenport Pamily,"
which gives it in detail from thi year 1080
up to 1851.
it nppenes nt the early date ntio%e name 1,
that the Town+flip of D.tvoot, nI . of Ltio
Hundred ef North wieh. eonoty Che ler,
V - er,en ted
.0 4 Wfl pet Verinble , ,
a N, rmin GVatlee;: 10 !! Orfiirde PanahrM,"
the tince.tWup Ilie:f s DaveapoOlv ;. whteh la held
at the prenetil, time by his ifiscindaute. They
also potteesti:;l4reit:,.e Yi t 4 ewjekshire
and other portions of England. there are
many tines of nobility in the family, and in
one instance 'they are connected with royalty,
via:, •• Leslie f Sir John Davenport..." (Here
, .
reeor.l.l iu act ;gni of his children up to
No. VII.) "11. Margaret Davenport, who
married Sir. John Hyde,
.ideri of Nobary:
from whom descended the distinguished Ed
ward Hyde. Earl of Clarendon, Lord High
Chancellor of England, whose daugliter j Aeirs
Hyde, was wife of James 11, and mother of
Queen M,Sry. (the wife of_ William, Piince of
Orange,) on I :also of Queen Ann—suecessive
sovereigns on the throne of Eugland " ,
II appears they were many distinguished
divines, jurists and statesmen, and a small
sprinkline of warriors; their minds, hoirever,
spfeared to run to theology and jurispru
dence.. The Rev. John Davenport, of Ameri t
can note, born, 1597, and his brother Christos
pher, born 1598, sons of John Davenport, en
tered college together; but, taking different,
views while pursuing their studies, from that
time pursued opposite courses. John was or.
defined an Episcopalian, but subsequently be.
came a Non-Conformist, or Puritan. Chris'
topher became a Papish ecclesiastic of great
note throughout Europe, under the name - of
" Francis° as a Sancta Clara." John, for his
heresy, was prosecuted by Arch Bishop Laud.
of London, and did to Holland. At Amster-
dam, he Isined in with an ,English Presbyte
rian church, under the pastoral charge of
Rey.. John Paget. 'There soon arose a dilft
Golly however, and Mr. Davenport r cursed
to London, to make arrangements for his In.
tended r moval to America. -lle, and his
friend, Theophilue Eaton, F laking out• a band
of colonists with them, 'sailed in the ship
Hector and, (one other i vessel, name not
given.) after a successful voyage, arrived at
Boston on the 26th of Jane, 1637, where he
was heartily welcomed. Desiring to form a
new settlement,' be and Elton, together with
others of his party, made a journey to the
south where they found a haven to their
ttates on the borders of Long Island Sound,
called, in Indian,- " Quinnipiec, or Quinopi
oke." Here they planted their colony on the
14th of April, 1638 From this settlement
sprung the city of New Haven. W. W. D.
Political Items.
The Chioago Republican (Ab.) says "It is
plain that to claim indirerimlnate suffrage for
the blacks throughout the Siuth, is net only
to defeat black suffrage 'entirely, but to de.
serve defeat." •
Ex-President Buchanan has, with tha
Appletons of New York city, in prepiration
far publication, his defence of himself from
charges of collusion with the secessionists at
the close of hie administration 'This person •
al work will be read with grest . laterest by
the public.
The country has lost a patriot as pure u
Arnold ; the Treasury a finaucit.r as scents
as Monroe Edwards ; sad the army a general
who, alone, is his own nsrallel. Bun Butler,
on Friday last, not having tsKen ther hint to
resign, was kicked out of the United States
_ The Ohio Slate Journal, the central organ cf
Republicanism, •in Pp eak Lug of President
Johnson's ideas of negro suffarge, and stale
rights, says
Pre.i.len' Johnson's views of "secession,"
and his plan of reconstruclion, take the
question of negro suffrage out of National
politics, and consign it to its .true relations
as a question of legitimate State rights. The
sober judgment of the people will very gener-
ally approve this reference.
How rim - NICGROga WOULD Voeu.—The
Springfield Republican says that if "the
Southern negroes bare their suffrage to.mor
row, they - would be much more likely to
follow the leed of the white men around them,
than that of politicians in Massachusetts, of
whom or their ideas not one in a hundred
know anything.'•'
Tho New York ,herald says that, Chief
Justice Chmte and Senator Sumner are trav
eling in the South, trying to incite the ne
groes to insurrection by incendiary speeches,
and calla upon the President to have them
arrested,and paced in pris, n with JOTertion
To sh,;ii. says the Sew York Exprest, that
something. berides suffrage is nereq , osry for
the negro. we quote the following from s
Washington We believe the facts are
eubAnutinllv s stated :
"I have seen a large number of persons
direct from various parts of the South recent
ly, from Virginia to Louisiana, and it is
remarkable. as I learn from them, what
terrible and universal destitution prevails all
over the South among Ole negroes. These
poor creatures enticed away from their
cemitirtable homes, are crowding into
all she Southern cities by tens of thousand,
men. women and children. Of course, no
provisions hare been made, and no adeqnvte
provisions can be made for their support;
and they am literally tt trying to death by
thousonds "
Thu 3, while these unt.rtunate people at
the South are ashiug fur broad, Northern
extremists are for giving them a stone.
goodline of defence is proposed in the
trial of Jeff. Davis. It is said Charles
O'Connor intends to call as witnesses several
immaculate patriott, including Horace Gree—
ley, who argued the right of secession to the
fullest extent; also, D. B. Dickinson, Lyman
Tremaine, B. F. Butler, and others who aided
and abetted the rebellion, anti insiqed in
withdrawing . from the Union the seceding
States were excerciaing an undoubted right.
These gentlemen are all lawyers.' and from
their-speeches on record, and letters froth
some of them to Southern men on file Mr.
O'Connor intends to prove that Jeff. Davis
was aeliast under the advice of counsel
The Cleveland Leader (Republican) says ;
"Let ns inscribe on our platlorm, as a direct
corollary to the demand' for franchise_ to the
freedmei, the proposition l• amend our State
constitution, so Is., to grant equal suffrage to
whim and black." If these pretended friends
of the negro were as assiduous in giving
food to them as they are to give them votes,
so many would net now be starving every.
where in the South.
limoomirrattozzor —Pres't Johnson ehows
excellent wisdom in appointing loyal South
ern men to official positions in tho South.
- Those Northern citizens who thiuk the safety
of the country depend+ on their getting such
places and enriching themselves by specula— cotton and tobacto are naturally much
aggrieved, and will be among the loudest
bowlers of the now radical opposition. But
the country is satisfied. Everybody sees
that nothing could tend more •to perpetuate
the alienation of the Southern people than to
send a lot of greedy Northoners to rule over
and plunder them. The disappointment and
vexation of such men are the chief iscret of
the present hullabaloo against the President.
—Springfield Republican. .
Tut Titinutts IS PUUOATORY.—An exchange
s'ye :
The Tribune not only made a good many
Abolltiosista is 1861, and before, but a good
many secesvionista also—and wo arc not sure,
theretds, but its editors ought, just uow, to
h. getting ready their papers and applica
tions to the Presidentlor perdeu, for certain
ly a ,, i a 4t,,, country dill more to bring,
ou - the ; ight Or to prove that the Southern
people!,,itad • right to their independence,
then - oitr •harp neighbor, ,who is now asking
the Prooldenkto Atop both the shedding of
more bioetl_oAd for the abolition of military
The-ri.tvbtirgh Commercial, as if to ridl
eule'lls Ab:lition contemporaries wil) are
demanding votes fur the Southern negroes,
publishes the following hit of • "contraband"
"From iofortroe s
tioti known to the plablie,
it appears that the Government is feeding
more that a hundred and .fly thousand
groes in Virginia, besides largo numbers of
white people. The land, in the meantime, is
lying waste for the lack of cultivation. In
Georgia, it is stated thin, the War Depart—
ment is feeding tit, hundred thoosand Persons,
not connected is any way with gni breach
of our service. We hays no means of verify.
'nig these statements, and hope they' may be
exaggerations, though we have not yet seen
their accuracy questioned."
We would respectfully call the attention of tb-I pubile
to our twilit's' lor doing Jo 4 Printing ri, every descrip
lion. Raying rapid Preemie and the latest styles of Inn
we are prepared to do anything in:ahitjobbiug line, in a
meaner equal toga: other establiehment, and on terms
as reasonable a. the Buffalo or Cleveland off cam. We
bare a Med nearly two thousand dollars worth 0 mate
rial-Ito the office since it has bee. , in or possession, with
the object of making It what are thbught IL, covnsint
ty needed. Mew well we is •v as 'e.*d , .1 3, Mare the
specimen. of our jobbin tv 1,11 ma) a seen in every
part of N. rth Western Yourtaylvestit., to testify. Theme
who want tasty work or' luvit.o to gve us a call. Ws
can do any !dodo , Pr, n . • • e done elsewhere,
—inch for instant*
AU kinds used by Com Operators,
All kinds used by Coal :kippers,
AB kinds used by .
All kinds used Mere.ents and Storekeeper,
AU kinds used ~) :let/Liters and Grown,
Alt kinds used by Manufaetamli o
It kinds abed by Medicine Malan,
Ali kinds used by Auctioneers,
All kinds used by Rascal Agents,
II kinds used by Sankt,
t II kinds used by Insurance CMOs,
All kinds used by Stock Companies, generally,
II kinds used by Brokers,
II kinds need by Cma. and Irby. Mombasa',
A akin& aged by Express Men, -
II kinds used by Proteesional Men,
II kinds used by Literary Societies,
II kinds used by Public Ofthera,
All kinds used by Patentees, •
- All kinds used by Producers of New Articles,
All kinds used by Merchants of all Trades,
All kinds used by Architects,
All kinds used by Caveman Establishments,
All kinds used by Artists generally,
All kinds used by Public. Exhibitors
All kinds used by Managers of Social Assemblies,
All kinds used by Political Managers,
all,kinds used by Travelling Agents,
All kinds used by Farmers, or sellers of real estate,
AU kinds fund by the sellers of Pet cowl Property,
All kinds used by Renters ,
in abort, all kinds usard by
all clar~gs-
Orden by znallmben sent by responsible partlea,procapt
ly attended to. Agents for Shows, Concerts, fre., whom
responsib Illy we are nst acquainted with, mast pas in
advance. In cases where packages are sent out of the
slay by express;end the lessons for whomthey are intend
ed have not a regular account at the otEMI, the bill for
colleetiou will invariably be forwarded with them.
United States Tax Appeals.
ASSIMOR'S Orrrei, U.B. IrrzawAY, Rwvißcrs,
Ctrawrrartus, Kay 2Dth, IS6&.
XTOTICS is hereby given, that the assessment lists,
valuation/ and enumeration, made and taken with
in the 7th Division of the 19th Collection Dist. of Penn
d nvent cl o
the Borouf the car gh' of of Erie, an the Sth
vhdon We ts c o uric, Corry,
North Kest. and Union Mills, and the towns a Aa z ia
Conosrd, Coo , - Edenville. Harbor c
Le Seoul!, Westerville, Wayne, Venango and Lovell ;
and the 9th Division, composed of the boroughs of Eden
bore, Albion end Girard, and the towns of Springfield,
Conneaut, Elk Creek, Girard. Franklin, Fairview and
Washington ; aad tke 10th Division, composed of the
boroughs of Middleboro and Waterford, and the towns
of Mill Creek, McKean, Waterford, Summit and Greene,
of the county of Erie and State of Pennsylvania, by the
resistant assessors, under the laws of the United States,
will remain open to all persons concerned tot examine-
Don, for the space of 16 days from the 6th day of Jane,
1666 the 7th Division, at the office of Wm. C
Kelso, isq., easistaat assessor, in the city of Erie ; for
the Bth Division, at the °dice of Thomas Sill, Esq ,ar
decent aseeessr, Union Mins ; for the 9:h Division. at
the ofe e oft C. Wheeler, Esq., rusistant assessor, bo
rough of Girard, and , for tke 10th Division, at the °eke
of 0. P Gunn , son, Es 1 , aasistaut assessor, city of Erie.
And the und.r.igned, Assessor of this Collection Dis
tract, will 'Vend tot the 7th god 10th Divisions at the
cane of Wm. C. Kelso, EN., city of Eris; on the ,31 day
I of June, and for the lith Division at the °Mee of 'P. H
, Wheeler, Esq , Girard, on the 211 h day of June, and f r
the Bth Division at the office of Thomas Sill, E , q., Union
Mills, on the 23.1 day of June, to receive,-hoer and d
terming all appeals relathe to any erroneous or excesaire
valuations or enumerations by the said assistant sues-
In regsrd to appees, the law provides, "That the ques
tion to be de•ermiced by the Assessor, on an appeal res•
peeling the vacation or enumeration of preperty, or
objects aside to duty or taxation , shall be, whether the
valuation complained of be or be not In a jest relation
or proportion to other eslestioos in the same sseeument
district, and whether the enumeration be or be sot cor
rect. And all appeals to the Assessor as atone-aid, shell
be made In writtng, and shall specify the oarticelar
cause, matter, or thing respecting which a decision is re
quested ; and shall, morec“ er, state the ground or prin
ciple of Inequality or error complained of."
Assess a of the NI nele•nth CoUec' lon District
lefra 3w •
1865. 1'865.
'ls yew established In N. Y.
"Only infallible remedies known."
"Free from Potions."
"not dangerous to the HUMID Family."
•Bata come oot of th-ir holes to die."
"Costar's" Rat, Roach am, Biter's
Is a pate- - L. .1 for Rata,
Mice, Roadies, Black mid
Rid elate, k.! ~ kc , &e., &e.
"Costar's" lied-Bag Exterminator.
L a liquid or wash, naod to
destroy, and alto u a pro.
'roam for Bad-Bata, &e.
"Costar's" Electric Powder for Insects
Is for Molks,lllsainutap,
rigor, Bed-Bags, had/ is
Floats, ilia-ago be..
Stir Sold by all Drutests and Retailer" everywbe re
Eller' 111 BEWAILS /1 Of all worthless 161 Uons.
Or Pee dint "COSTAR'S " wow is on eaahl3oz, Bottle
and Flub, beton you buy.
?Bureaux, DZDOZ, 4 2 BROADWAY. .Y.
Sold by all Waggish' and Dea'ors in Erie, Pa.
INCRCASE OF RAT..—The Fariscr's Q=ette (6ag.
lish) amens and proves by figures that ono pair of rats,
id I have a prarny awl deszendants no less than 6.51,0.50
in three !ease, Now, UJilbla this immense family can be
kept down, they would consume more food than would
sustain 6.5,000 bninan beings.
rjr See " Coirriaitt" advertisement in this paper.
RATS verses SlRDS.—Whoever engages is cheating
Emil birds is a cruel man; whoever aide in exterminat
ing rats is a henef inter. We should like some of our
correspondents to give us tho benefit of tthir experience
In drivang out thesests. We need something besides
dogs, eats, and tc‘plfor pe this business.— Scientific demi
p Y.
See "Coarse's" advertisement in this paper.
and sus—the most pert.ct Rar-lecation meeting ire
Immo ever &Vended. Every Rat that can get it, properly
prepared according' to directions, will sat It, and every
One that eats it will die, generally at some place u dis
tant se possible trim where the medicine was tai - en.—
Lake Slors,..lifick.,lifirrer.
rip- flee "Coari.a's" advertises:l/out in this paper.
HOUSICIEEtPERS do bled with mann need be so no
longer, ,I they ore "COATAIed " Exterialnator. We hays
sued it to cur satisfaction; and it a box cost di, we
would hare It. We have tried poisons, bat they effected
cot' e.- : tut Costar's" article knocks the breath oat
of "',w, Roach. e s Ante s and lied-Bugs, quicker
this. - v writ. it. It is to great demand all over the
rount• - "edifie s Olio, Giulia
ra""^" , "%..lastAa's" advaillseineat (■ this paper
A y elcr y auu ?EIS FAR Wl:ST.—Speaking of 'Toil
eAt's " Rat, Roach, Ant., &c., Katerintnator—A. loon
grain and provisions aro deatroyad annually In Orrat.
°county by rennin than would pay for tons of this Rat
and Insect Killer."—Lonoarter, Ma, Herald.
See," COSTAIeI " ativertlactoent to Oils papir
PARIII.Ki AND 110 II3ZIEZEPE1113—ehonld recollect
that handrails worth of Grain, Provisions,
tc, are ann distroyed by Rate. Hke, Ants, and
otb.r Insect' 414 In—all of which can be prevented
by a few dolDgte worth of "Corraies" Rat,lloacb, Ant,
arc, Exterminator, bought and need (may.
Rea "Comm's" advettlement in this paper.
Sold to Erie, Pa , by all Drage/it* and Dealers.
Watches and Jewel
1 .04).(AA WOliTil I . 1 4 1 I'E
01 One DOISr ewth, without .I. lm l 4, 1 ,2
to Le 11.1 d 'or until }au koo• shot ,Gl3 are t o t
gy A. H. Rawes Co, C.(Arot for tO• m um ,
go. 36 Beekman street, New York
yr' Need the following Ifat of Articl es
100 Gold hunting ease watches,
100 Gold watches, various styles,
200 Ladies' gold watches,
500 Silver watches,
6,000 Late style vest & neck chains,
5,500 Gents' Cal. diamond pins, ,
4,000 Cal. diamond ear drops, to
8,000 Miniature revolving pins, 5 14
2,000 Cal. diamond and enamelled
gents' scarf pins, new !tyke, .5, 5
2,000 Masonic & emblem pine,
2,500 Gold band bracelets,
8,000 Jet and molds* brooches, 34
2,000 Cameo brooches,
8,000 Coral ear drops, tr
2,000 Lndlis'watch,chains, 1
6,000 Gents' pins, splendid over,rl I, 214
4,000 Solitaire sleeve buttons,
3,000 Sets studs & sleeve buttons, 3 4
6,000 Sleeve buttons, plain & ens,, 2„ 3
10,000 Plain & engraved rings, ;, , e . , 01.
8,000 Lockets, richly engrarp 21 ;
15,000 Sets ladies' jewelry, news
latest styles, Cl
5,000 Handsome seal rings,
2,000 Sets bosom studs, I.
2,,0 I,
1,000 Gold pens & gold holders,
2,000 Sets jet & gold pins & ear 1
latest styles, I:
2,000 Gold thimbles, pencils, kc::
10,000 Gold pens, & silver case!, Z,
10,000 Geld gene, ebony hold( re, 4, 3
This entire l'et of beaatlfu: and valual..le t o o !,
sold for Otte Collar 'Leh. Cert.:neat,' otall
ankles wUt to placed la envelopes and see
envelopes are sent by matt, La orders;, vl
to choke. Oa the receipt of the derttferie
what soa are to hare, and thee it :e at ion
send the dollar and take the Artie,* or odt
Ylve csttilfcats• can be ordered for It ; a err
thirty for $5 : Matir-five for 810 ; and rag La
$l5. We will sen a single Ceti:ft.:A. os mei;
ants. Agents wanted, to whom ,Deal
Lend 15 atria fa. one eertindate fir ortan
tetras. A. H. A c
86 Batman rime, Key
P + O. Box, 270.
Ring's Vegetable Ambrol.
fitHIS PREPARATION 11l WELL youpsx ,
1. region es
and has this new name on account of
toter being consolidated with It by a COOn et ,
the proprietors of the two prepsrathuu It at
an immewe mile, for the following eruct:.:
Ist. It restores Gray Hair to its °Heusi tai.,
2d. It imparts • beautital Auburn to
fa ed hair.
Bd. It cures all Humors and discs es of theta.
4th. It is an infellihle eradicator of Dancrit
6th. It is a richly perfumed Hair Drefralc , g
Ladles I Do you desire to get rid of your .4.
artificial Front Pieces? Then use the Authce u .
restore your Gray Hair to the dark, Itttru
tresses of youth.
Gentlemen 1 Do your heads show the tacit
of Baldness I Then use the Ambrosia and cm
more which are catudng your Hair to come
It is not a dye 1 It does not color the skis or
eat linen I. It is not composed of notions dr,
chiefly of harm:eve vegetables, and Is Noce',
Restorative. Try it and ha convinced.
11. N. Tahba h Co., Proprietors, Pet art, .toeg:
N. T. Hume, Union Ilit Erie Co , ,
Northwestern Pennsylvania
Local Agents—Hall k * arch, t ;
Co., Titusville ; E. D. Skeper, Waterford •
Wood, Corry.
7'30 U. S.
Bonds in amount
On baud for
Imme di
Duly A
Keystone National Bank of
CAPITAL, $l5O, 11't it
Lik ". I ' • '•"
U. N 0•'11%
Vitir: e, •
The above bacilli will op•ova to U,. k,
tweiness on
Monday, Dec, sth, in Hughes
West Bide of State fit, between Seventh ai
Satisfactory paper discounted.
Money received ou Depeeit
Collections made and pro:ride
Drafts, Specie and Vara • °fee temeht and
A akar. of Pitt)lic Patronage is re.t
New Music Store.
_Prey the , r
st•inviv S' ,11 1, 4IW York.
Wm. Kaaba d . Co., fhatlmore,
Lindeman k Sans, Sew r ork.
Wm. B. Brae bury, New York.
John B. Dar tun, New York.
Gronateen & Co „brow York.
Geo. A. Prix Lae & Co., Burful6, N. Y •
Carhart, Needham at Cs.. New York
Prices at, a Large DISCOILLIt held lu
facthutr's Prices.
PIANOS FROM $250 TO 1 (00. •
Also, Instraetion Books and tics-
All periods wishing a flrer rat -
on. are Incited to call and mum
fore ptiVlng elsewhere.
Reed's • oak, State of
j 7 P. s.—}recd .IkArabuul.
Reeies' -Am
?Oa MR .
firms 1: 7 1:: I,T. E Nl' Ii w ...ft. l Li.'. Rest
p r ecod,,, o t a ~.L... ~.:... .lrel. ,
other pre ... -. J ' : ply la .
Enrepo and . 1 nout,ta. 21
annually uk . tle era*
Peter. btu ... 1144r1d, d tbe
roosts. it 1......,..t.14 ...;14. is
trait from be *teem rfal et
tad with a iety et le y
Pimento at - le.:e Ulna ot, II
idly, thick 3 keg. It a
itft glossy agpfesaaaw, toll,
l e
It. Priem 76 cents pis berge Sot
Sold by dnygrbete &oddest/4m
pelts of the oistAind world. VI
dritnista in
_swig sity, and at
itrarmsx Auttat(
, .14.6.
rantca, 11.1011ARD3e : CO.,
Ageats for remoitriss duo?
A I_
Pleasurab - Do 4
too Cueualook. 4 ' Bay,.
d a a w tron o dek.p nada. -
4 I , h 1
fitted out for pleasue .i.e.....,' to ,
of Row Boats. subi .. .... ----) an.
hand. . q .
Pomona dastrlog to ' a tbso t: ,
will dad ate amnesia% . I hand.
of State street
Ray 11,1666-6 a )do
LAURIX J . Nitta
iMe i _P•,. Will tat , priletfr*