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THE ERIE WEEKLY OBSERVER.
o m e n 111 fAi . 0111111tral BrILDISCiri," 13TAIII ST*Bliffc
OrrOarti Tint Posy Omen.
pt'EfttISEMEINTS.-0,30 Square of Ten Lines one id=
sertlon 75 Cents ; two insertions $1,00; tbrrelnaer
sl,2s; one month sl„bi) ; two months $2.50;
them manthe ti:104.); six months sp,oo; one Tear 00;
Use StiVertillittlieatil m prop4rtion. These rates
rill tei strictly adhered to, unless than by special
contract, or at the option of the publishers. Audi
td es Notices, Strays, Divorces and like advertise.
$1,50 ; ldmintal ridden Notices $2,60 ; Load
*dims mil coats& line; Itanisite Notion TWINY!.
poesr; naituary Notices (over three line.
, ,• • LW. lingitte) Apetry,
sL the reques • th. editor; one .t.llar
h „, AII e4rerti, wia eoutinueSl at
of the pe.r• rtJ advertising, until ordered
' ", .1111.cLitm, uttir,s a spec itie4 period is
up. , for its insertion
! iNcitivri , o; DM.44K. per annum in nd-
--We have one of the bent Jobbing
ottioei in the State, and aro ready to do any work la
tb‘t lino that may b. entrusted to um, in equal style
to .or o4tabliphmoot outside. of the birrst clue..
winrstax DRECIIT, rubma.mrs._
A FACT GENERALLY KNOWN,
Tlll'l' the variety of new style Bed
,„t,,,sd,, of Gothic, Cottage, Colima, Round Cot
• Camp Sofa, Jenny Lind and other patterns, 'with
~,,entine and strait front, handsomely veneered Bureaus,
Pining, Breakfiet„Contre and other Tables,
K b i t nn t a , Quaker Stands, Carpet And Damask Lounges,
Bair and Sna Grua Mattresses, Feather Beds
• Bolsters with other nourshold furniture. kc
L monfartun ,l from well seasoned lumber and hnnithy
s ate:laic, by arperlencod wnrtmen and not by atpu nth:*
quality and lore prices I will defy Lyon
,ero-pros &mkt% to nodersoll me. Festliere bncnsbt and
• CUP seat, Parka, Itedronnn,
Nunn. stv - 1744iter Chairs, of Eastern and Western mans
etur.., are hickory dolled and glued, making therl as
Wong as toy other part of the chair, where others made
sod sold A, on!) and-d, and by no llMlCllldorablii. Wood
• Itacking, Sewing - and Nurse. am chairs of ham
send rounds' clinched through the seat and gland, war
nowt to etamd. Handsomely painted, end can't be bea
ten for strength, price and Beish. Spring Be 'e I lure
4sid over 30t1 and have the highest testimonials eilh a
urt of pines of all k 00,91 eent'nn application. I [lrking
, ad shipping free.
tiler Ilse yearn experience au! contending rill) un
idincvled two price Leiden+, I am determined to roll
on prtca to all, give worth for your pay, and do f with*
• all who trade with
Lumber, Lath,Suing'es, Lire st..ck, Crude and Senn.
oil, Store Pay, Produce , taken at fair market valued
tit r ay. ,11,t. corner of Sub street
.n•tste, Erie, is i; IC. ELLSEY
It N IMO „I 'r nlll e mwii a ,sin,usu
Wi1in.E. , ;.4.1.E ItETAIL
• (; ROC ER Y STORE
P. A. BECKER,
t\'IIDIOE, 4 ALE: AND RETAIL (ROGER,
North net I !orntr of tie Pork t n'tucii Street,
0.) rerp,etfultr rnll ibe atfrntioa the community
to Lie larze St. .k of
• Rl ' . P, ft IES D PROVISIONB,
whirh t ie deeiroile to mll et the
1 LHI LOWENT YO,..if K piticKpi !
lila at,hortnulut of
,1114 A It%;
n•'r• In prepared to prove to
hilLlkeel.. I • nt,t ..1,1 11111.1 ./.1,41.r50r /I , t of
Pii It E 1,1
trot-, t rwhicl, ,•r•' Ih•ntt.i ton
11, Isl , lkt.t tr. !'r•rit. , ant l full
F.ll,Alont 6, the 11 " .upr'li Mitt.
WII IH A AN 1) E A 1 I
%Viaddream i k I, izitolintho t,u Lile t'llt hr• h‘K nvese.l
No. -2, Hughes' Block, Erie,
Whore be li,ll4ll‘n,q k..-on Lands krgesiopply , of
cio IcKER y AND wooDEN OVA RE,
WI N 1.%.
errryttwit for. Ite nn ootablislonout of
rer I. ,•J •IL 11•;,y od or etore iu the
t 3. jauln•Mtf
OYSTERS & CLAMS.
•friiE NuL., t ilwr would regpect.-
hilly int . ..n.l 1111 (riendg and custorapro
1 . 1 )
that be !RAM! at hi,. old ht.ancl,
%o. t 'Washington Fish Market, New York,
Aa i is - prPpare.,l to furnish
tic.T. Lam, - CVO( STS .t SIR IKS
kh thli L.
• OYSTERS AND CLANS.
Lrirtet airorik, at trlitilenale and Retail, it short
1.11 i,, !It t r I.OWITrr /.;rOO Pafcts.
(7" Alt Or , lc-Ts trom the Country Vromptli
it —0) ptork and InmF hekleut to 0 r r.
5.. York, .loon 2 , ), C•FFEY.
U. S. 10-40 LOAN.
rivvy NApO7 Tlt INE OF ERIE DESIGNATED
r bkpi,:troNy OT VI% r. [taut hereby
mitv.ttorei that it I. I,r,orfs.lto trcrirr Nubseriptlona on
itTotll2l cf ITnit.4l;ql;., flomiog, Put:lmin.; by the get of
thar:la 3, tlin4 Marcii rtfremable at
1 , 1 , 1•11‘re al thy 6.1T.a. - 1 , 1301:1I after 10 n as, and pay
-11,111 40 yrant front dill, boa' at tl.e per (Tat
vear, payald. 10 coin rainu•llr, nu Row , . riot over
SUN. and armt•auuuatly ou all other Bonds.
• , 114..-rtto•rr. eith.r ilegtoterett or Coupon
may pruf..r. It ur ozpeoted that Coupon
donate wall b.. ronly for delirory about the 4th of April.
u 11l Le roelutre.l to pay. in addition to &he
on .unt of the principal of the Ronde in lawliti money,
tho scorned solo, (or in Bolted States Natal,
or the Nob.' of .Nati.tinal Bating robbing fifty per cent. for
oonium, until futhcr uotlen,) from the Int day of !larch
ou6tho toy of atill,:riptlon.
ii...p.terra Boni'. will to. t.su.,l of th )lam - in:dilations
$ 5 0., sl)oa, s soo+, $1,000., $5,0a0a,516,000s ; and Con
p •ri Bondi' of the deuomivatiouA of VAbt; $1001,1500. and
Br authority a the SceNtary of the Treuttry.
utptlit. M. SANFORD. CaAhier
U. S. 10-40 Bonds.
THINE BON1),: unoler• the
- Aet of Conrreee or afareh Nth ISfi, Which provides
that atl Ronde 'Pilaf, I under this Act Atli Epe ;
TAXATION by or under any Stilts or municipal
Subecriptlons to these Runde are reeelved in
l'aited.States notes nr notes of National Hanks. They
anti° RR REDKENIED IN (NON, at the pleasure of the
ofirernraent, at arrr period cot feel titan tee war were Ikea
furry years from their date, nod until their redemption
FIVE I'F.tt CENT: INTERENT WILL fl) PAID IN COIN,
ou Ronde of not over one hundred dollars annually and
en all other me annuelly iatereet is pay
able no lb.. firet J9rn Ilf Ikreh and September In eseh
Subl.eribere will I . ,, , ettive , - .:6
Rel•reti or Coupon
Hood.. as they ma y nogikt..... I Bond,. are rocord
eal nn the boy k. of th. I'. 1 rervinter, ati.texo he trine
fernd only on the ,tt nor tLpit.t enupun Bonds are
payable o I It. Ike.trer - au i m Ir^ oalmit for torn
duhrcnher• to Loan 11)11 hare ?tooHo" ,f having ,
their hondi draw interr•t , rtm STi dr tat,, by hiring the
Artrue , litrl,r4 n com (~ r in rnae4l st•tem notes, or
the not:, or , oat,onal aul , l:nz Altr per rent for
pronnum ) or r,e•ir). then) dorm; itatereet from the
tae nr•uhe-riptrou an t &pout A N tree bones art.
, Exempt - from Municipal or State Taxation,
11,eir ~1(,• to Ine•eao...l fr,o on t.. three per rent, per
1401 M, air , rdau; to the rite of tot levies in rodeos
pet. of the cnntitn 'At th. pro•ont of premium on
of .1 they pas
,tl . l. It F.:lc:lir 17.1 I E.CT - I \ TERE'tr.
... money, On tare ,nromenre4.l ft permanent
It I hoto.l or that n ere too ode. ALI groat Induce.
to Id:ier. as the oo Id is dt.triitiona of U ti.
d Coil In all other form. 4.i in.lehttnin,o. :ha 'faith or
...ley of p•II ate p ,rhea or ,t .l k
_cnutpallies or .paste
•denuolt.•l null t. tle ht. I ,o. went, viii e for the
!•1,,, or the ljni;Ent :ituteo tho ortlo4. pinpellt or the
••.11 .tit i 1 0 .4 0 ,11 10 teeme t'.e pat to.ot,r o.,th pried
-1,1 P.O I interest In coin
These Howie tnay be rubver,bed for to 'MOM Irom $5O
at, to any magnitude, nu the esmo term% end are thee
wade equally available tel tho rm.ileet lender .04 llama
They ran he robverled Int. money at say
, meat, not th.- fodder have the benefit of tit. in
it may !.e. hal tt, Male iu !hit canueetjun that the
LA4I Yuba. ,t Debt of the 17 nitpd Stat. 10 on which interest
•• Payer) r m cohl, n. the I .lay lifereh, 1e64, wee
I:0 \16b.i. 4 1 ii,,,,iiitereet ou WA debt for the earning
••••1 %ear will 14 i,.37 17.1, while the e 3atoma teTienue
•u 10:41 or t r earreut 11,4,1 year, ending /one 31,sth,
hae lora eo II At the rate of over $ 1 W, 000 .000 Per
;I .111 be see° that 61, •11t110 pro.eut gol.l revenues of
the Goyemperit ere largely ICI CIOINIP el the of the
Trienter ft , rthf payment ni go , il leterritt,, while the to
rent increase of the tang will gloubliras rm... the anoint
wiptabnin customs on the lame annoy ni of tmpowte
itecao,o SU-0,0040W per Kamm.
Invtrwettone to the National Rauh 'Lethal( as loan
vients wele not tenet] from the United Stater Treasury
usall March 'A, tat in the first three weeks of April the
arersgeil ntnie than TEN MILLION/I 41'
_z:i.lt,.crlptioaa mill bo receive] by the ' . t
First National Bank of Erio,
aui by all National Banks which are depositaries 01
money, and B A AND
tiaNiCliltS throughout the country, (acting as agents
the National Dtpositary Banks.) will faruidi further
ititurinatiori ou application sad EVZRT FA
CILITY TO SUBSCRIBERS, may St/ Wald&
Improv.d Prooorty for Sale.
riqui_Unciersi g ned, being rtquired by
LlMA:mai Mitten tole anent from Ed. for some
ltrara,offere the Ltowing. p opertr for Isle
lila Dwelling. on Vieet Moth street with aver two full
1141 V; tun( at the k. Frio Depot, now oc
cupied by }}on k Stearn..
A Blume Building. eontaluing two .ho pa and two dwall•
hap, oil Peach. Booth of Buffalo atreet. and Japan TOT
adjoining tha tune. This part of the city TA rapidly ifw•
he fralne threllinf ea Fifth ambit, bet waft tliMlist
alba IlyrUa. now oftapled by Maior Blaso•
1)94w. WM. V. 00D, U. IL IL
. • . '
•< " i t • - .
, • i:::•1.ill •. - ' i, ; . ' I
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: : : ' .-, : : ,..... ' i 7 - 1 ilifto.: . ' . •-,
...., '. -- . .:''....... _ _ . ...., - .
-. ... '
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I 7 .
i ,:, _...------- -. '
I n g2ll .l. laiiilUEll
:au/4a m Cards lueeraed la WO agues at the roe of
Three and Thre i 'Dollariyer yearl3
Joel IL MILLAR,
CIIT toting many rare County
Surveyor. to prepared to Survey or make Plans or Nape
J o JO' Coptity;Ta. lama la Con more POSIMiII Boom,
n D. WALKS/14
FOITAIDLIG AID COIIIIII/0.11 MZIONANT,
rla:Pa. Warreoase on Pithlie Doak, Rut f
Slats Street. Mao, dealer I tt Coal. salt, Flab, Floor ,
Plaster,.Watio Lime, an. N. B.....paru ß oi r at t amt i o .
will t, given to the Receiving and Forwarding of Petro.
leum Oil. Crude and Relheed, , to all part of the constr.,.
f) • A -6 14 1 TV.1 Scmorme, Harrah': ;,
Refereuam "-Dim Zutheam, licadmater. sad White, Bur-
Wu, N. Y.; Dne. Humphrey and Phelps, [Tatou ; sad
Dr. Speacer. tits, Pa. • apr30154-hm.
I • . _ Witoanaur AND artLIL Dusan
Willow Wa n re,
W P i r n o i v a is . i l o t w l s k .oTn? a s nd VSWss.r W
h a t.
gtreet, nest to Tonnes Roans Furnishing liteporiam,
Erie; Pa. j nal —O2.
PLIILO..BENNICTIP, - -
'A Jellies or In Pun. Office second
neer Wein.- Mock, French Street, Warm nth and
Aix h. - ' ' lianet6-2.
15 MIRROR .k. CO.
Conaiala In ALL now or Hannan, '
and kanafiauma and Jabs= to Tisand Captor Wan,
coma of* and Eital• Sta., ZAN Pa - hotareatt.
S 111 CL•IRPB
. Emma= Pzirroaaho G•usar
Hose . iawsies Block. See Pa. Jaal6'64t.t.
CALA PEN at WJLBUIt,
• - Aereeirrre• et. Law. Ridrray. Ps.
Practise in Kik, McKean, Cameron and Jeffinsee mantle .
J. O. CHAPIN. DaitBol4-1, 4 1 W. W. WILBUR.
H. HULL, PROPRIETOR.
' MORRISON ROUSE.
cornet of Siaeond and Marino. Strost—one moan east o
'Manson's Exchange, Warren, Pa. Sept.
G l6O. W. GUNNISON,
Jorsiot ay ram Pups. Main Gazette
Bonth-weet eon= ofitd.li and State Weft.
Conveyancing done wetly and eollectiona snide prompt
1 4 , m..COLJS, -
A. ; Boaz Bouts, Burl Boot ItArrnertriza,
:c , hi Second Story of Iltiadsra•ehra Block, gaily Ps.
t•:tttWO N. COTLIat:
Collections and other. bustasu ittsaded.to with
..ptnaaa and dispatch.
- - -
F. • BOOCIIICUIR and Dealer in _Stationery.
ll Nom gageolnee, NealglisPeni.ll4. - Country dealers
supplied. Store under Brown's Elatel,triattinik the Pull.
L s M I . . •
1.8. CIULDI hue taken the Lime ILihr at
the foot of Primal Street, near We Philadelphia depot,
Erie city, and le prepared to forniatt Wh,:te Lime, in lugs
or &malt qualltica, akthe loveli market primps.
ATTOZWITT AT LAW, Chestnut
Ftr,•et, ieadville, Pa.
Artoaaar'Ay Law. In Win.,'. Of
!ice, on Seventh street. Its* Pa. sag 712
X Darner, Ba'nt'a Blink, North old* ottbi ?ark,
4tate 'treat. Krimßa. apart! iL
I APA VETTE' HOTEL, •
French street, between 4th and 6th streets,
ov:,r the Philadelphia k Eris Railroad .Depot, *Eride s Pa.,
~ Louie. Shoemaker Proprietor. Exteatirs assecantsoda•
thou fur etrongeriaad trarelent Board by the day or
e.sk. Good stabling attache+ sprZ6VW.
I.IItBSL & murrnuit,
. Patortonesue Tenons and
Agents for Planar it Kayeds latest Sewing Ilischtnms
—the best In us- State dUistertween eth and fitb Sta.,
Pa* Pa. Clothes toads to oTdse,lti the deed style.
Ma D. ossoarue,
LAMM Leff VALI SWUM. on Blimbtli
Stree, Between State end french. Floe Horne and Car
t lam to let on commonable term. arm2S4ll-Iy.
.1 1 UDELL, ‘4lr. 111 CARTER,
Itaavaaortraitas of Steam Ka ataas,licahus,
11,11 Gaming, tgrieraltaral iropym.nou Railroad dim
I. rta Pm •
W K. MAGILL, .*
- TitrrVirr, Office witosezt-'
Block north sideef the Park. Erie. Pa.
M. A. GALBRAITM. •
AITONFIT ,AT L•111 , -061011912 etb street,
.qtrly oppoel& t he Court noses, Brie, Pa.
•SPENCER & ;ISARTIN
4TTOMPINTI4 & COVNIML LOILK AT LAW
FFICE, Paragon Block, near North
West Corner saths Public BOOM. lair. Pa
Diusiiit Dar GOODi, Grocestas,
Crockery, iliblope, NAM, Glass, Seed, Plaster, eta, car
eer eighth street sad Pabile Square, Kris, PA. jal7ll.
Atlantic & Great Western RAltreads
NEW BROAD QIIIGN
Passenger, Frei!'lit, EA Express awl Tete
Dom:meting art datronanes, N. Y. with the Erie Rail
way. roma usatisoons ala Foot Track froni New York
to Akron or cirrstroa. and after
MONDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1194.
Through Passenger and Freight 'hulas will be run regu
larly between CLEVELAND AND NEW YORK.
NEW AND IMPORTANT PASSENGER ROUTE,
Bursa. CBBOKZD varaocon I
Passengers by this Line have choir of Pica dill mat
Rental between New York and Bootee. THROUGH
TICUTS can - b• obtain lat any of the °ekes of the
Irmo Railway and all Ticket Cars of connecting. Lines
West or Southwest; rim, at the Central liar Ono%
under the Weddell Bons% Cleveland, Ohio.,
Takata via, tbat
• Ai CAI 4. 4 *.'111) - 201111 itAiLINA VS. '-'
Partaker Trim atop at Meadville thirty minutes, e v.
ink estreagare ample tthe to Atm at the "NoHltNltr
RU EH," eke beat Railway Rotel la the energy.
fr IND EXPEDI77Ord FRAUGHT LUIZ; ALE,
No trauthiparat of Freight Wanton New York and Ali.
tan or Cleveland:
Merchants in t h e West and Scrthweet will lad it to
their advantage to order thole good* to be forwarded via.
the Erie sod AtlanUe k Gant Western Railways. that
saving trouble and expense
tTEN OR RILICIMIT AN LOW AM ANY
°TELMA ALL. MAIL MOUT&
Especial ethane will be given to the speedy traspor-
Wien of Freight of all kinds, Ear or West.
The Engines, Cars and other equipments atlas Cour
ray are entirely new, and of the most Improved eras=
The only direct re .te to the
WONDERFUL OIL REGION OP PENNSYLVANIA,
WA. Reedville or Cara. •
Front Loewyltsborgh, the Raboning inach rum to
Youngstown 'owl! the Coal Miura.
Thus Road L king ostandod, and will noon be be eom
pto•e rannlng order to Gallon, Urbana, Dayton and Ch.
einnatl, without break of rugs.
.1. FA RN 4WORVI. Gong Freight Agent.
T. n. - RooDwArka•al Tielot Amt.
IL F. MWERTRICIL, Deng Supt.
State Normal SehooL
• '• FALL TERM OPENE
WEDNESDAY, ACGUST IT, 1864.
REND F* A CIRCULAR.
EDINBORO, ERIE CO.. PA
•E RIE RAU:WAIT.
cp ni E4) T rat4:iaßs, coitiartzei 14 ,
.eileortilsaklrt steams/ Ilmtiolk~eore
ltlgbt 14xprem .... 4 40 r. a.
8144inbost Litter T 04 A. IL •
N1M11101 1 44 0 . • 40 14.
Wiy freight f -6 16 A. i.
711. - 1 - ‘ a U
,1"3 ! 6 - g -- 0111121 1 1411101 4.1/1.
Stray Colt. -
cIAILE TO .THE PHEMIENS OF THE
via sormdber, la Mllleresk q.. Moat too slim fro=
&wiser Joh. allotta HU* oaths toosilmi Ai4. a
BAY MAIM $ or 4 Joon old. with a moll uldtrallor ea
is Mod onialoarou the 14804 Nail lip. Ms emus la
rogolgoil tunas 14twitiL1444n rrors* ?awl
sad take kw sw B .7. olborortas TUll be K So.
endAto My. R. .
i A man, Is his osniegO was tidbits eisig.
A galls dopesetwies br his side ; II II
I o metros sad Isom lie looted lite yowl. -
And he HU a klog!in kW pia.' • -
• : .
A wood-iowyes 111061$ Witte street 1111 th. we'd,
. The sudsy sad simple he Oroi, - '
And said, as la worked with lds esti Go II ler. . •
"1 wish I was stag and could rids.' . ..
The ma in his oarriftgesetnortid to htsirtfe.
"One thing I world glee U I could— 4ittolth
I would give off my ',wealth for - the strength ' sod tbfi
Of the man who IS sawing thn-wwed."
Written 'anthill triOtasztrer.]
"2 The phrase '"sin honorable peace" is one
constantly heard from persons of all kinds
of political belief. From a conservative
it means a result which shallsrestore the
Union, with they advantages of the-contest
upon the side of the adhering States. With'
the Democracy it means the cementing of
the broken Confederation as nearly as
possible in its f4rmer skspe, with equality
of rights among its members. Others look
upon the war ai waged by a political par
ty in control of the government, wrong
fully and in violation of the Federal com
riaat as well as ef the fundamental princi.
ple of popular self-government, and that,
as the war is tbtally wrong in principle,
any peace - would be morally right and
• In distinct arid violent• antagonism to
the advocates of these theories of .peace,
are those who Wield the power of the gov
ernment and claim to be uttnoanditicmal
loyalists." Thee hold no peace to be hon
orable which shall not humble the entire
people of the South at the feet of their
conquerors, emancipate their slaves, ele
vate there to the virtual control of the
estates and lives of their masters, and
place the Property of the subjugated peo
ple in the hand of the loyal whites and
blacks who have assisted in driving off the
rightful owners. • .
Each party claims for its plan for t eace
the .merit of being the moat honorable
and enduring, and the latter paitieularly
dwell _upon, this assertion- that '." no peace
can be lasting not based 'anon the absolute
submission of 'rebels in arms" to the au.
thority of that usurping potter they. call a
"government,"( beCatite; ai they allege,
war will oontainally recur among a pee-
W. 7 , who have been successful in gaining
otigof the disputed points;-•ór retaiiii,g
even a vestige Of former privileges.
• It is the consideration of this litter the
-4 that we propose to' confine ourselves
at this time, for the reason that, though
neither advocated by euperipr number/,
nor supported by prepoaderabce of 'tegu
ment, it is, nevertheless, upheld by a :tow
erfuLtisction, and by the might bf nib- id
miniitrative cabal; wielding a force that
experience has thown cannot 4 easily
overpowered,.uor will its possessors be
deterred by regard for the opinions of
their fellow countrymen, from any means
however violent, by which they may final
ly triumph. We shall consider this theory
of lasting honorable peace upon - .the
ground that such a termination of a long
and disastrous yvar is the desire of all, and
the great object to be attained, and hhall
view it as proiinctive of good or evil to the
people of those states still professedly ad-,
Wiring to the Federal compact, without
reference to. the , unfortunate millions
whom, of late, It, is the custom.ki treat as
1 beyond the pale of law or justice. . - '
is the utter subjtigstion, involving as it
does the exterintn3tion of a free people,
hotorable? Toi answer this question it. is
yocessary to consider the principles of our
government, and that 'general policy to
which, as a people, we have been commit
ted since qur s e parate political aziatence.
That which may be honorable on the part
of a government founded .on successful
usurpation or aubju*ation, and supported
from its very beginning by superior force,
may be infamous in a people whose tradi
tions are dutingulshed.by a careful adher
ence to the prinCiptes of nitural justice.'
The European ruler who, recognises no
title to government, except, that hued np
on'hereditary ;succession cir,superior abili
ty in making the forties of the State the
Means of promoting' his own 'ambition,
may, without 'violating 'any precedent Of
his own or 'ids . ancestor's governmisik
prosecutes war of a:termination against
portion of hisown subjects or' sgslust - s
foreign nation. As an adherence tailed
principle and pledged word .conatitptes
what is called honor,. the chief of wane
despotic "government may honotafdy
terminate hir foes and plutidiirtheir prop..
arty. Mankind might extol the b element*
whicih'wouldinduce him 'to &their, but
tew would deny bis right to maintain his
throne and rule at'tlisoostof any amount
of injury to be inflicted upon htsenendes.
An honorate peace, in = the ti
despot, would certainly mean . thermoon
ditioual subiniaskus of hie enemies..
There are,' also, goVernnitents. Whiah,
though not despotic, and kiiiming to , be
constituted for the probsetion of all tinder
its rule, are nevertheless liable to become
entirely arbitrary, for the reason that the
' advantages of the implied agreement-be
tween people and ruler , are all Ivan the
side of the ti er . The Mier Pt : minima to
the people tectioct to their. hirek.prop
erty and libery. The people pledge**
gewernMent their obedience, their. mane
to carry itop, and their lives todefend it,
Such governments are deficietd in proper
condithiion„ beMictie, though the ruling
power may compel, by all manner of ex
treme measures, the fulti4ment of the Oki;
ligation of the sullied, and ma* pOdeli
him to utter min for violation of his con
tract,- yet lisp people bwre.or are eappeeed
to have, ne rightfhl remedy !Against itte
opposition Of the government. , Therefore
were inch *power engaged in war with its
own aubjeete,"it worild be toned dent-and
log, as thee's), pondition compatiblewith
its honor, absolute mibutiasioc.to:Ata au
thority. _ j
1.V1ia. 3 -° ll k*AllftuttWftf
ciples incorPorsted into garopiaik onstp
TWO DOLtIARB PRIVYNatI& , /F PAID m,lqivAxarc; , $2,50 IF NOT PAID. UNTIL THE NND 'OF TUN' YEAR.
ERIE, PA; IiaTORDAY MORNING,- AUGUST , 4864:
136t1t 1114 es.
intim which the experiences of the past'
hadaho4.to be alai to the libeity of the .
peeple,tuidconaequently to their prosper
ity and the porpetnittof beeelleentlige;
Upon a new soil.in e /And net yet , polinted
by the maladministration of ambitions tp
rants, nor• stained by the blood of their
victims, It , band of patriots essayed-ito
farm a neW.gcwertiment upon principles
es old as the creatibw of man, but as yet
never full developed. • For the old world
. maxim, , ?The Kibg , oan de no wrong,"
was subsWtnted, "The Voice of the peciple
is the Iroise of God." For the "poweil of
government" they substituted "the might
of the p•ople," and :proclaimed., to the
world that when a people oarao ig conflict
with its rulers, the government nuts* yield
and not the citisen. •if one must perish
it should i not be the latter.. Proy,idence
aided. their plans. add by a system of Con
federated-Republics, each complete in it
self, they; hoped at once to avoid the dan
ger of, anarchy almost certain to ensue, in
au impel:we and populous Republic ; to
secure to the people of each State the
privilege Of ruling themselves, free treal
All danger of governmental usurpation;
.and by limiting within forced bounds the
power of! the, Federal - agency, to ensure
the perpstn,ity Of the system and the lib
erties of their countrymen. :
To protect the rights of minorities the
people of each State, in convention, reser
ved to themselves and their children car
tain pow l rti which should be forever un
diva and among these reservations
declared the right inherent, iwthem as the
people Of 'an organized community to
change their form of government when
ever, in [their view, it should no longer
-end for which . they had greeted
it. ' .
Learning from the history of monarchial
rule in the old world, that the sufferings
of mankind had proceeded from the wick
edness or folly of their rulers, in the Con
stitution, of the American Republic, it was
beyond the power of any man oroom
hination of men; except by open and fia
•grant intimation, to inflict the ills of bad
goiront upon any part of the people
who by law had given them a 'remedy
immediate and complete.
- To these elementary principles of free
gcivernmeni the Ainerilutn people steadily
adhered, rebuking time and again those
who attempted to overthrow i thetin or im
pair their efficacy. We have been uni
formly upon the side of resisting people,
never steal now upon that of the compell
ing government. Wehave.hossted of our
Dechiral 'on of Independence : of ourthe
ory of poyular self-government, of our
Sovereign people, of our freedom • and the
security ! ' of our liberties. Take away from
the histOry of the Republic the record of
its battles for liberty and self-government,
on field and in Senate .chamber, and we
have nothing left. When we go back a
huodted years and uphold the "inherent
rights of gilvernment,". the 'Towers of,
government," and the irrevocability of the
subject's allegiance, the sneers Sind de
nunciations we have dealt out for three
quarters 91. a centuyr to European tyrants,
come back to us with bitter emphasis.—
Can we call that an.. "honorable peace"
that inolves us in the very crimes we
have denounced from the beginning of
Our history 7 Can we call that "honorable"'
that convicts us of abandoning every prin
ciple and every measure of policy that wo
haveever held and advocated 1 Honorable
tnprate of liberty in a country filled with
military prisons and governed by military
eatrapti? Honorable to plunder under the
name of confiscation and rob by taira
tipn T r tlonorable to deitroy a free people
and occupy their country ? Honorable to
blot Odt the history of ten millions of peo
ple linked as it is with our own? Call that
ratherlan eternal disgrace, that leaves us
self-corvicted of oppression and crime,
brings's blush of shame when we remem
ber the days of Waihington,, and hutuili
at us when we think of our national be
ginning. May a kind Providence preserve
us irons "all honorable peace" that shall
make our name a by-word and a scorn,
the antonym for hypocrisy, a satire upon
,Theielains of the faction in power thil
the peace to follow from their 'plan of
sakfugatkin will be lasting, shows a total
forgetfulness of history as astonishing of
the stemma of a true idei of national dig.
illy Which they display in- their ids of
an "honorable" peace. It is indeed almost
impossible to conceive the establishment,
even for a short .page of tune, of a peace
upon the basis of subjugation., , Sucti . a
peace, would never cpme /lien: The pear=
pat approach to it would be When he
_in the South. were apiiihila
t*l, ee,teniporitry lull, in military opera
tions would ensue AV a total cessation of
ttlea. Tiierew could be substituti
in their pleee innumerable ceiliiiiosse be
lereentiucli detached forces of the clingy
es "mild be subsisted, ind the garrisons of
FediralArOops among the hostile people.
This , is the uearest - erprosch to pence
which would ever he ittidined 2 Under the
prcgramme • of Abolitionism. A whole
people would be in aritts'against: their op.
pressor*, gathering in force for the pur
pose Pi' striking a sudderi blow. and ' dii
taming to inch, places of concealment' at
they bast provided. Though it his been
all among•the softeners of the war
that Limn bands are peeterlees for harm
unless supported by the prawn& of a
largel sod disciplined force, yet we need
not turnsto history' to show the fallacy of
Ibis. l We 'nixed •loolt•no !hither" than 'oitr
own i unfortunate country to Imotistrate
the 'feasibility of - virtuen warfare inde
penOent of the znoveiziints of regular ',r
eifies. The . State of lilissoiwi "has 'beau
ti l ar
, , . . _ ,
sin: the noutinance of-the war a field for
Pia iiin - eiiileits:"liefitaithe'iimeotieit
of eh. situation, nor the most stringent
ia - 61.94* orders b . iienPrillii ip. the
fielifisie ikrentlieriftpli theei I.Traiir are
toaiy More numerous, hetieririned isiA
more daring than ever, though no regular
Confidante force has existed within four
htitidied of the „theatre of
r►tione for two Yearn: General Forest
,}1 'ciOuntry I held for two
heirs to* the *Moral' fbroes; 'gathers re
crafts and "'applies, attacks and captures
a'strongly ft:milked ploce; Plants himself
within heirinf'of the Federal sttidninte,
remains for man' Wield ind retreats with
prisoners and supplies,' no% to theiiiain
army but to different fortified placei,nrid
is constantly in'Condition to accept battle
'and.: even -to assunte the offensive: - No
Confederate fortis regularly organized Was
within a distance ofa teem five hun
dred to three .-htusdredliiind fifty miles
of the same of his' operations: All
history teaches I the impossibility of the
utter subjugation of a free People, made
desperate_ by thi oonse4kurness of irrepar
able wrongs, and in the anaaleof the past
you look In vain for an instance of "peace
able subjugation. Even whennearest to
ice acoomplisheietit 'possession 'of the bus
tile territory is impossible ,eiecipt, by inz
mense-standingarmies. And tlifi be
called peace? :Let it be khOwn rathei•
endless war. Ttid "lasting peace" 'we
shordd have would be the "peace" now
reigning. in Misisouri, io tintucky, in Ma'.
ryland; in Tennessee,. Alabama, Mississip
pi, and in Geedsia. Every citizen a guar-
Tina, every woman and child an enemy ;
every cross road a battle field or a grave
yard. tfor need it be supposed that these
animosities would yield to continued force
ar lapse of timfi. Every act of oppression
would renew the spirit of Assistance; every
hour ortyranny would maktethe detertni
nation to resitit!the stronger and more en
The plan of peace proposed by Abraham
Lincoln and his folloWers cleans nothing
lees than dishonorable, disgraceful war to
end in an equally, disgraceful peace, or
'else in endless: oonfliet continued' from
year tit' year, perhaps from generation to
generation. May this suffering land be
delivered from such a "tailing and hon Cr.
able piece!' as the crazy eattwinitensh4 and
fanatical foUy 'of • Cite tiestmyers of our
country would inflict upowit. •
r lieu far the Oturrver.J , • '
Xt. ,Dirsetor qf Diaries :
Due Sue : The Superintendent of your
county inforna4 rue that .you have a very
high opinion -of normal schools, but that
you do not support this State Novnial
Sauiol,lweautie, in your opinion, we do
not come quite! up. ter the standard. Par
init we to state at some length the objects
end plans of .normll sehOols,-atil to fxlm
pare the - pperations of ;our velum( with
those of others, • I• - ' '
Better fraeltersl Better (eiehers has' been.
the•ety of °duetted men for the last half
century. , Notnital schools have been esta
blished to' furnish these better teachers.
The . first State Normal School in this
country was opened at; Lexington, Mass.,
in 1839. Sixteen: othersi have since been
established in 1 the frel!o States. These
vary,sarnewhat in several particulars, bnt
their general objects are the same„ viz : to'
send out graditstee with
thorough knowledge of the
branches to be taught. "
11 : : A knowlerlge or the mental an , l mo
ral facultie4 ani the meaty; of improving
, 3d. Skill in managing, and teaching
._4th. A lovo for.testohing . i. •
The manna U 4.4 to Redo* the-wobjeate
.1.-it. To in -Arita the•normitl pupils thor-
oughly in the 'pi - Ammon - bronohes, and to
so inatioct the op that- they may be lade to
teach others.l 1 . e i • - •
2d. Ta t instruct -themin mental • and
oral snience.• -+
ad: TS give then/ instructions in the
eory of teaching including the objects,
eada, Enema, • motives and -,methods of
teaching - school. • .
. 4th'. To give opportanitiel to otoorve
the workings! of a good school, and to
practice in the same under careful super.
fiaiOti.; .!. • • , I. . .
If we ire not up to the' standard -we
must be below other-traumas in respect to
course Of study or inutility:and efficiency
of teachers, or thoroughness of teaching,
or number of pupils, or extent and adap
tation of buildintis, %mulatto and library.
Jo mention army particular of every
school-would - be onerous: ) i f will, therefore,
take the Normal fichoo of Nevr•York
and New .liersey as repreientatives•of these
institutions in the United States.•: . They
are amoog the oldest' and best of their
class. + •
First, The course of study in these
schools extends'oyer two years, - and
braces the cetnelon English branches,' a
few of the higher lifetheitnatics, the Ele
ments •of the Sedertees, 'the Theory of
Teaching, tep weeks, - and Practice in the
liodel Schocl. two weeits."
Vir,e;haie ti pieparistori "Course or study
of tiro years, and three Normal Ocuries.
Ttio first or Etenientary Cowrie, extends
oiler twcryeatrs,ould embraces the bianches
mentioned eicept • wee spend leis
time Upon the Natural "Sciences and . give
two years tel the Theoril of Tetschisg and
six months,' to praitie# in' the', , 'Model
Schoirt. • Oar Solentifiti course `'extends
over two'Yelagi in'additiOn ' to the alx4e,
and our Claisifat eititerkover four'yeari.
Surely ou course of study is more ex
tensive, an eMbiticing (oartimes
amount of the Theory 'Red ten times the
amount of Practice; is not 'Ulosi . that
these schools, butrnore'neerf4conTStiS
the true idi4'of a Normal' §choni;
ProtessionOraining IS the Theory and
Practice ofleschitig: 'Seneind, In - thaN.
Y. School there artitee teachers, fn the N.
.1:School seven", In ours •
la regard to the efficiency of Iluktessi7
ers„l rater ?SU to thel l estiMotty 4 o ether".
pitutßy Seperittputilents,of North
*email Penfrfilh,lifter ;vitifties c our hgol r
e ts_grio, 410.,4 1 igt
tiSsonoo ,' anal s 1 e
uintion t the teach
ers are distinguished for sunsets's', fide'.
ity and high moral character," and that
"the imstruction is thorough - and . practi-,
cal." Eyery viSitnr . who has examined,
our school has l i kift With the snore
Thlrd,! Thelf .' Y 1 School has 217 pupils,
the Saool 92, and we have had du-,
ring the past Year Over 150 each, te rm.'",
Fourth, Thetr. Y. School - has :Of
buiWnglfor recitations, lectures and • use
*Of elie'Model . Scheel. • the N. J. School is
better anc'ominodued in two buildings--
We dais, one building' for recitation, one
for tuie of Model School and public' lee
k*, one for phylqcnt . ezercise, and , two,
each 30:144 feet, for dormitories.
We have a good library and set , of ap
paratus, Wnd in our reading room are all
the schobl journals of the free States. In
What respect. then, arc we -behind the
startdArci ? Not in auy of the points, men
tioned • • I but in this only we receive leas
encouragement and support :
The N. Y. school receives $12,000 from
the IState and the students pay no tuition.
1 48 theatre:age attendance is 217, the State
'really pays a tuition of $5O per . year for
eaolx,Normal student. In nineteen years
It has sent. 0u41,373 graduates, at. a emit. to
She State of $166 each.. The N. J. school
reoeivea $lO,OOO per year, and has an aver
age attendance of 92 students. This S tate
pays a pearly tuition of . $lOB for each Nor_
mal student, aril thus far has paid $478
for each graduate. OUr school law makes
no appropriations , for pant of instruo
tion In the Normal schools, but: provides
that every Board; of•Directors' may send
One schblar annuallz to the Normal school
.the tuition out of the district
treasury. , Our 'school in three years has
receiVed from Ditieclors $36,50 or $12,16
per year., and we charge our students a
yearly tuition of $l5. Truly, in reripedt
to encebrigement and support, we are be
low the 'standard.
Now,' my dear sir, are not you below the
standarit in school matters, especially in
not sustaining-this school ? -You do- not
use the old scythe and sickle, or old band
rakb o z flail. Why do you think the old
sch?bl onse, old books and old method
teaching are geed enough? Do you ask
Whiti gcoo will;'clo to send students to
this 'shoot on district account? I.reply,:
ISt. It will sustain an institution de
mandeil by the times and 'hitherto wept
y,p only by 3rat personal sacrifices. ,
. 2d. it will stimulate all the teachers of
uour district. All will work harder in
_hopes of reeeivhig the appointment to the
normal, school. •
- 3d— It will ,provide your district with
well gitalified teacher. ,
-liadievery district avairbd itself of its
privilege from the first and sent students
here, according to law, each district would
now have two er three trained !sachets
ready ; to teach et , the medium salary:l- ,
This e/cperi4e to the district would have
been about $3O each. These trained teach
ers catild . terich of least fifty per cent. bett,
ter thah before training.. If now they are
worthslB per month, their increased value
would,be $9 per month. Three months
service would compensate the district for
ha outlay. Do you think their efficiency
woold; not-be increased fifty ptir cent.? A
trained teacher' would command nearly
dottble the salAry 'of an 'untrained one.
Thine! are many situations now vacant
*here well qualified teachers get from $3O
to $BO per month. There are many teach
ers new, receiving $l5 to $35 per month,
who - could till these situations well after
spteadidg one year in a good normal school.
Triiiinitig adds efficiency in all pursuits. It
more ;than 'doubles the wages of the artisan
and theprofessional man. Said a parent
iq ; hearing; ••• My children' bare im
proved more'in the last three months at
solioathan in e whole' year before.". In
one case the teacher understood teaching;-
in the other hexlid not
4th. .It will Provide every district with
one teacher competent to take the lead in
diltriet-institutes. In this capacity alone
ti* trained teaeher would repay the die
' -trict 'for its outlay.
- If New York findi it profitable to pay
$166 ; for - each normal school graduate and
Nbvt: Jersey $478 for the same, it seems
that jibe, sale s improvement -would be
mirth $3O in Pennsyliania.
1 . YoUrsdruly, J. A, COOPSR.
Stiite Normal School, Edinboro, Erie Co.,
June I,c ? -&.
/ Flank Movement.
One of Siegers'soldiors - gives the follow
ing 'Recount of a foraging adventure he
hioi in Virginia . : "Vett you zee, I goes
dOwn to dat old felldw's blece dat has a
bFach orcharto vere ye VOA itadhioncl, to \
edictal some toeches, and yen I gets to de
tti,rontlitte; vat you dinky I zoo ? I sees
derO a pig pall-dog, and he looks utighty
ativige. 'So I dinks I frighdent him.. and
I lasys , • 'Look!' here; Ur. Pull-dog, stand
beak, I fighta•On die line all zummer.' But
de }pull-dog,' he don't c are for dat, so I ,
; did 6u dotbat?"
y, I goes vay arount, so as' de pu11d..4,
d..4, couldn't see me,"and yen I gets to the
beek gate vat . you , clinks nee Vy dere
tee dat same bid pall.dog . ; -ao I vlsnks
him. again." '
411 low did' you do that ?" • .
'!VV. goesi=vay akint again, so as he
*tilde", see Ma to anoder beech-orehard,
ana men I gets dere vat you dinks I see?
Vy'dera I see dat same old pull-dog ;so
'flanks him atain."
=riliow did You do that?'
4 ;`Vy, I says to dat old pull-dog, 'Look
ehre, Mister Pull-dog, 1 vlanks yeis dree
didieCind every dimes I find you de,same
old Tan} your 'old beechen: lyho
&tee for youe 'ad beeches ? My dime is
4)4 not =nail and di country may go
tt:le devil 'fo i e beeches; I goes 'to my
- Thb JOIRPRaI thinks the Mob:
mond If . /dg tells a larges-ailhiber of inenrw.
led truths thin any other paper in the
•ro•K`!'4 , wtbotr
rho Usti ism mired WelMel settees nets
beak. oa the uell user Itrotechttidges hoe&
Varismire b Washbigion. "ay 11.1161 I
faiiiiii..lLoula to Leo— -
Go jot tell
Vita pools •
Or thill big Job °f light* )
Vo r gi LW* - •
nil a . ' is a olatits :• a
War is it- ' •
INFitaittc!.. Fa. O.ll. W. 10114
The Gips se Mee.
It.is only, shallow'''• blinded pretenders
who make, either distinguished origin a
mat* of personal merit, or obscure ori
gin a matter of personal represch- A man
who is' not ashaMed of himself, Of "'his
whole life and character, need not 'be
asheezed of his early condition. It did
happen, to me to be born in a log _cabin,
raised among the snow drifts of • New
Hampshire, at, a ,period so early : that when .
the smoke first rose from its rude chimney
curling over the frozen hills,Ahere was no
similar evidence of. a white man's habita
tion between it and the settleinghts on the
rivers of Canada. Its remains stin t exist ;
I make it an annual visit.. I carry my
children to it, and teach them the hard;
ships endured by the generation before
them. neve to dwell on tho tender rec
ollections, the kindred ties, the early af
fections, and the narrations and incidents
which mingle with all I know of this
primitive family abode. I weep to think
that none who then inhabited it are now
among the living ; and if ever T fail in at.
fectionate veneration for ltim Who raised
it and defended it against savage violence
and destruoticin, cherished all domestic
comfort* beneath' its roof, and through
the fire and blood - of Seven' years revolu,
tionary war, shrunk fryng toil or sacri
fices, to serve his cOuntry,and to raise his
children 'to a cointition better than his
own, may my name and the name of my
posterity he blotted from the.memory of
A Severe Iluset at Sew. Curtis.
The New York Ilibune, is an article on
he rebel - raid in Maryland, re'vertasi6 the
nvasion of Pennsylvania a year ago, and
"The country ha* not forgotten the ex
cessive alarm which last year =waded
the Pennsylvania border; nor tag haste
with which the inhabitants fledirom the
distant approach of she enemy. 'The
startling reports then telegtaphed are still
remembered. The want of courage, the
want of; patriotism, th'n want of local el
fort or the overrun districts are still re
This is a severe thrust 'at Gov. Curtin,
but it is well deserved lie was the Gov
ernor of Penisylvani 'when . the rebels
entered her border a year ago and the
want of courage he displayed on the occa
sion, was, indeed, deplorable. Ile was
totally unequal to the occasion, and was
only fit to dictate frightened dispatches"to
the Governors of other States for aid. Yet
it was this man under whose administra•
Om such a'titital "want of courage, want
of patriotism and want of all local effort
to defend an overrun district" was wit
-healed, whose reelection ,the Tribune
advocated, and whom the Alxilition "Re
publicans agltin elevated to the position
for which he has proved so entirely unfit.
—Trenton True American.
Linear...es Lizaw.rrr.—The President's
Niagara Falls manifesto offers "liberal
terms" on collateral points,provided "the
authority which controls the rebel armies
will abolish slavery in the South." .But
Mr. Lincoln well knows that the authori
ty which controls the rebel armies has no
power to abolish slavery, which is a State
institution. The Confederate Constitution
centers no more power over the domestic
institutions of the States than does the
Constitution of the United States. So Mr.
Lincoln demands a plain impossibility,
and promises "liberal terms on collateral
points" when the impossibility is complied
with I If the Confederate Cow will jump
over the moon, the; little dog shall laugh
and there wilt be a liberal . jingling of
spoons in the runaway dish. it is very
safe to make promises about those little
collaterils when the main condition is so
arduous. tlow can the cow jump over the
moon ? Bow can the authority which con
trols the rebel armies abolish slavery* in
the States? I•t is arrant hypocrisy Co pre
tend to be 'for peace, and, at_the same
time, hedge up the path by impo - ssible
A Minnesota piper learns that from di! :
foment parte of that State the distress cre
ated among the families of conscripts beg,
gars description. One gentleman who was
appointeS to deliver the noticts to the
-"unfortunates," was so much overcome
by the heart-rending scenes he was cam
palled to witness among the Wives ``arel,
ehildren, after delivering two or three of
the "death warrants," resigned his com
mission, saying be had "no taste for . such
The editor of the Richmond Dimaich,
leading Confederate paper, says that if he
-had a imillion'ef votes he would give them
all to Old Abe for President of the North
part of the United States. This sh'o.vs
what a bitter ouein of the North the As
patch is, and how malignant its feelings are
towards us. TWA — Wan can think of no
greater in,jury and curse upon this people
than 'Lincoln's re-election, and he is FILM
** to:bring it upon us.--xlseiniuni 1n...
The Poughkeepsie Eagle (a .Lincoln or
gan) is correct in saying that—
" The people-are very tired ,of hearing
of drafts; they dread them as they do a
pestilence, and,will rejoice greatly when./
,begin to see that they are likely to.
be rid of them?!
The people are likely to be rid of draft,'
when their are rid of -Lincoln, and not be-
Mr. E. D: Mansfield, the corresponding
editor of the Cincinnati Gazette, thus closets
a paneurionn Mr. Chase: "Mr. Chase
way, without regret, rejoin the people, re
pc at of baser La c a private station."
%Thee ♦lee pnpiL, and impious men bleu. suer,
, The jest el honor as 4eprivat• station.
--Losisvillo Arsonist • •
Speaking,of the trouble beteeen Gen
- , Ila'lock and rostmagter-erenesat,
BLS*, and the demand of thd former kr.
Antgatigattun eed• the dlansimal lieu
latter should his charges proxeturfoomegt
the Springfield Republican says, its "not
very dieastrottp,hcnrever It ends."