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T HE JRhF WEEK AY OTISLIM I C
orricx IR I TIIR 0116WER RCILDISOI. " BvArtBTurM,
0TPC6.171.T11l POET OFFICE.
ADrEwrisolENTs•--one Squire of Ten 'Linea one lee
mortion Th Cents ; twp lasertiotteil,oo ; %nee tomer.
tor,, 1.1,25; one month $4150; two mreiths $2,60;,
three months $1,00; Ili months $5,00; one year 8100;
other a dvertisements in proportion. These 'rates
w ill be s trictly adhered to, animas:apt by special
,ontriet, or at the option of the publishers. Audi.
t ,.••• Notices, Strays, Divorces and like advertise
sl,l,ol. Administrator's Notices $l4O Local
sot volt cents• line; Ma•riage Notices rwistrr
„yr, tests s piece; Obituary Notices (over three lines
in'ettent) fire rent; pet lice. Origins' poetry, an.
wiitteu at the request of the editor, one dailar
All advertise neat/ will be eontinued at I
the rxp•a 4o f the person advertising, wall ordered
b, bpi direction, intim a Prraciiiiki perked IS
treed noon for its insertion.
Two DOI-lAA/9 per ananco- in, ad-
ton Fß[Nrisc;.—We here OLIO of the beet Jobbing
tn s tato. sod ore ready eU do any work In
Vial. viss b, entrusted to las, to equal style
5 .i.0,.i.10u.nt outside of the lirgesSellies.
MRS. S. Fi. HALL
', --1 •
!OW YORK, '
, k , ~
y„.,,„,_4...„ ? 4 and is
ISA! ..„,, 1 1 `1 '" tY
if,e,L . ,„, . L z.,„, _ NOW OPENING A
( ZY.? , C , " 't ' , ...7
,• ;, t LArtoF, wrocK
- . nt
Which will be P 6l 4.1 .-
NEAP FOR CASH, OR READY-,PAY- '
l'utienlar attontinti paid to bloaehirig. oolurimc
-t, 6th door lbore e the Depot, Fru*, 1..
A FACT GENERALLY ',KNOWN,
f 11.11' the variety of nevL i t4l Bed
' steada, of Gothic, Cottage, Covg and Cor
, Comp Soft, Jenny Litia" - itid other •pat na, with
rpentine and strait front, handsomely veneered Bureaus,
. umsion, Uiptnq, Breskfasit, Centre and other Tables,
hatnott, Quaker Stands, Carpet and Ti am aik'temiave,
hair and Sea t.raes llattruses; Feather Beds
a Ito:stern with- other nousrhold furnittirs, /to , nil
infactured from well steaeon.d lumber and healthy
teriala,btexperienced workmen and not by apprentice
.s. For style, quality and low prima I will defy Liven
o"price dealers to undersell tn.. Featherrboulc.rand
d Cane seat, Parlor, Bedroom, Rocitio ,, , Sowing,
• rte and other Chairs, of Eastern and Western mans"
tare, are hickory dolled and gland, making them as
~ as liar other part of the chair, where others made
Fold &nicely Whit/ s and be an mesun durable. Wood
indsor, Rocking, Sewing and Nurse, are chain 01 bard
od rounds clinche.l through the scat and glued, war
. ted Ostend. Handsomely painted„and can't ho heft
• for strength, price and finish. Spring Bali: 1 luxe
doter Sae sad hate thp highest testimonials With 1
tor prices of all goods 'cent 013 application. 11.4 Ling .
After ore years experisoce and contending 'titti an
lneipeled two price dealers, I sin determined to call,
r price to all, give worth for your pay, and do Justice
all who tride with We.
Ltn6er, Lath,S LIM eeS, Ll.a Mock, Crude and Beam
1, Store Pay, Produce ke., taken at fair market valued
par._ Remember the olace, next corner of Bth street
nttte, Erie, Pa. G W. F.LIARY
Hanufart and Gorcurdert Sdateatinast.
IJOLESALE & RETAIL
P. A. BECKBR,
101,FNA LE AND RETA 4., GROCER,
I*Jrii:East Corner t 1 the Park 4 , French Street,
l 'ar.tp.rtfully rag the attention of the coinrounity
to his large Stork of
iROC Elt lES Ase PROVISIONS,
IA desirous tomtit sit the
Llt V I,OIV VsT 1'0w44115 kR ritle :
iiis , isNertnient of
. SYRUPS, •
;..irpn..t.,l in tli.• city, as tip 14 prnpareA to prove to
ho or, him n
teepn eolvaittitly on hark! • eopeAor lot of
PIT It LIQUORS,
• Oi r ole4a!e trade, to which he ditectw th• atttotioa
p • •
Ralf.% Small ProBta and a full
ti Honey." aprll'<l.
Hoirjost I Bow gootered t
it Publi.hed. in Sea/sagazelcrpai•Pidesi Matt
LgarcßF. on the Nature, Treatment and Radteal
Cure nt Spermatorrlinea nr Seminal Weakness,
al Debility, Nerrnusness an dluvoluntary Erribtainna
ung Impotency, Consumption and Mental and Pby
ItOl3 l TJi cut.vitteurisLL. M. D.
e important fact that the jawful consequence' o
Abuse may be effectually moored without internal
clues or the danirerona appl cation of catudles. tat
moats, m-dicat.,l bon;rii.x, art other empirical de.
, is' hers clearly demonstrate
Land the entirely new
highly-successful treatment as adopted by the eels.
•ml author, - fully explained, by which every one is
:0.1 torcure liiinsidf perfectly,' and at the 'exit posai
in=t,therehy avoiding all the advertised nostrums of
`lSt. Thu lecture will prove a boon to thousands
under I.', in a plain envelope, to any address, o
rolpt of cents, or two p note", etanips, by ad
, • CHAS. J. C. KUN E.
14't Bowery, .Yrre York, -
?oat Office floe, 158411.
;2. SPRING-. 1882.
lIIE BON - iNE,I I - STORE.
'Late Model liowset Store.)
E. H. SMITH
OLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
'l(llim.ra euppltedwith Good; at New York Priem
.:car attention paid to Bleaching . and Dry/oils:1g
No 3 fitilZh.N . eillek.Stilia St. rtiasatt.
Notice to Oil Refiners.
E are prertreil to sell to Refiners OIL VITRIOL
Ca 1.77•110 1. 3 011 A and OLUE at the lowest %w
-rit^. We can sell Oil Vitro( by the car load at the
.'teter.rs, thereby saving t . . r o the purchaser the ea
-4^ sod recurin4 promptaess In shipping.
it. CLEMENS,CAVOREY ta BURGESS. •
ROCERIES! GROCERIES 1
Ifi}LESALE A . ND RETAIL
P. l SCHAA.F
4 rpspeetfu ly infotm the onblic that lie has opened
• 'Store in •
• 2 Hughes' Block, Erie,
••re he will alwayakeep on hand hrge supply of
CKERY, AND WOODEN WARE,
wimus. LiQutyLs, ettlAits,
ad. everything initially fur sale In an estahliehtivent 01
Terms as reasonable as any other store in the
W CROCERY STORE.
understz,ried have orT h d a new lito,ery F tore, on
SIDE. OF STATE Si'., 3d HOUSE NORTH
OF RAILROAD ARMOR,
Where they intend tespiog i fell supply of
DER ERY %VA RE. NUTS,
N WECTIONARI/14 9
TOBACCO it CIGARS,
I . , .rything asually on hood in as establiehment of
s era determined to aft 144008 ttulttoomeats as sal
t , &lime in the etty, sad turtle Ito public to all,
/441, ttbAt wo-eAti g iv* entire lestlifantlem.
P. A. WEBBKR k II Mt
OYSTERS & CLAMS.
E Sul)Qeriber would respect- 7 r
fully totorto hlirrrnis and enstomara tb‘
' h. 1g .Itll at his old stand;
la Washington Fish Nutlet, liew Tod.:
And to prepared to furnish
03 , 'l7 kit ROAT 4 ,RE3TAUKANIY itlfilß9
ith the bust
OYS'rERS AND 'CLAMS.
zmilt uronls, at Wkolesale •nd Retail, at abort
ry,&ni at tilt LoirteT,Lirma PaicEffl.
All orders from the Country Promptly
t •eters and Clam. P:citiod to • , rot•r.
YnAt, inn., 20, 1 0 83.—1 T. Ti. C • PITY. -
ET T E Its OF ADMINISTRATION
i h. r n w , t:,.. en granted to the Undersign. 4, on the
:t^ at t.erone. heo.h, deceive d, late of 1 411Lcroek tp.,
, veal', Pi.; Naltv lo hula), ga pre
en to et ens
'e th.eaf ore. ludehteat to the 84.1 e to wake totter.
', Pnytoent ii,4 tho.o hav tog CAW, fg e=l. t
i ' .
Inn propii , rit tiara, properly =for,pi.
• It GINGRICII,
P. W. HOMER,
mek, Po. 12,'6443.
VOLUME 34. 1
BUFFALO & BRIE R. R.
.gsrTtslp/ wtII 190 on
tb la. 403
i t a; 18434.
3 4 A. It, Mall sal .Icessn., stopping at Harbor Creek
North Nast State Una, Qu1nay,441.6414, Portbrod,
Broeton. Dunkirk, 811,4troroe41, Irving and Angola,
arrivingst Butralo,at 10 30 A. Y.
2 00 P. kto Lkir Lion^ stopping at North Esat; West
Bald, Dunkirk, Sliver Crook, sod Angola, and
arriTtn at Balled at 820 P. 11.
6 40 P.ll.,stopping at Wertera4.
Dunkirk and SilrefKe ". • and arrives at Sago
at 9 40 P. M. ,
I 03 A 1. , Night Itqfress, stooping at la r sittialA .
Dunknit and gliral Creak, arena at-fluffitto
just returned from
490 A. Y.
The Day Ripping wooed& at Duallrt and Mad, h
-the Night Lima 44 Doak only. with Express. tonne
for Now York, Philadelphia, Boston, Ito.
LEAVING BUFFALO. *
_ 4 00 P. M., maa 4 4 ces,rtopping at Manbangio. Niaa
Enna, Angola,JrvingMarer Creak, thinkirk. Boo;
tau. Partialid;Waataald, Qalney. State Lifts, Marta
East and Earturr Crook. arriving at trio at S SI
7 00 A. 11., stopple'. -at Silver Croak
Dunkirk, WWI= North Mut, anion at Lit.
at 10 SO A. M. ,' • : •
11 5 1 A. N. Day Leper, etaaplug_at Angola, Bihar
enotot, Dankhia, Weakish! and Marta Moat, arriving
at tris at 31411'4 1% 1.
11 4) P. It., MigAS utopian ,at Silva Croak
Dunkirk and aatinkl, alibi* at Ili% It 3 *
Railroad time is tea minutes faster than lids tam*: •
Nov. 28,1863. lt. N. rimmit. ant •
Cleveland and Erie Railroad
IN and after Monday, April2oth,'lB63,
lead until farther Dotter, reagent,' ?mu*. 11 to
as follows, vir.
945 P. M. Nigkt Itspneas Train atop. at Pate snipe,
Ashlsbulaaled Girard. only, sad arrives at Brio It
I 04 P.-11.
P.Mail and Aoxemodatian Train, stops at au
, datumsl f., , and anives at Brio at 826P.M. -
= 00 - P.ll Cincinnati Express, stops at 'Palassiallie,
Aihtsbala and Girard, arrives at Brie IA-0 00 P. Y.
to 00 P. 11.. Day Espress, stops at Willem, Painter
vide, Gleiteva, Ashtabula, Conneaut and Otto* ar
Fives at Iris at 1 23 P. Y.
1 164. Y. Night EXpreasTraln stops at Ciraro, Aabta.
bale and Painerrilke only, and arrives at Cleveland
446. A. 11.
5 60 A. Y, lira and AotommodatlonTrain, stopple g at ,
! all the statiess`,Ltid arrives at Cleveland at ii
' A. Y.
• '9 . 66 A. IL, Toledo Express, stopping at all stations ex
apt Bwanville Saybrook, Unionville, Parry Kea.
tor and Wickliffe, arrives at Cleveland I 40 1'. Y.
1 23 Day Express, stops at Girard. Connsaat, ,Ashisbala
and Painesville, arrives at Cleveland at 4 $6 P.
AII the through trains going Westward, sonnet at
anuland with trains ( or Toledo, Chisego,Cl 1111
catuatl, Indianapolis. Arm be.
All the through trains going Eastward,ooduad, at Dun
kirk with the trains of the Y. k Erie Railroad: and at
Baaalo with the N. Y. Central and Buffalo and N, Y.Cilp
Railroad', for New York, Albany, Boeton,'Xiagara pall,
/Lc.. ke. H. NOTTINGHAN, Bugenintesident.
Cleveland. April 20, 1863. ,
Erie & Pittsburgh R;
C HANGE OF TIME, COMMENCING
Monday. Jim.4tb,,- 1864.
TRAINS LEAVE GIRARD.
4 30 P. It., Accommodation; stops at all Stations and
arrives at Sharon at o'so P. Y.- '
4 25 A. 11, Freight No. 2. stops at all alatiocm and sr
rives at Sharon at 3 15 P. IL .
TRAINS LEAVE SHARON.
7 30 A. 11,, Accommodation, stops at all St,tlona and
atsilesitt Girard at VS 15 P. Y.
7 00 A. 11, Fl eight No.l, stops at at all Stations esdapt
Centre Road, Spring, Well"
• aired Crones, and arrives at Chard at 12 15 P. W.
Freight trains will run to and from Site.
jsn9c6ltf. • R. N, BROWN, Si/pet: -
t hi 64
P elphia Igri4 aIL
T Ri ltuti geea l of Pen I la ro the of
Lake Erie. It has bee n reased by the ns t ipessiste NAV
road Compaq, and under their aospWas rapidly Wog
opened tbronghout Its satire length.
It is now in nam for Passenger and Freight badness
from Harrlabarsto Emporium, OA mike) on the Saelorn
Division. and from itibeliald to Erie. (18 osila)' on the
- Western I:01Am •- • •
?Ma oV pmuireasurtAin Arum.
Nal Train Lemur ........ ..... NOS
Express Train Leaves 19 50 A. X.
Bail Train Arrives ' s 9 60 A. X
E►Preu Train Arrives ... 5 Ul r. a
I. or information respecting I'a anger business apply
at the S. :' corner llth and Market sta., And for Freight
business at tha Company's Agents,
S. B KINGSTON, JS., cozier lath sad Market Eh:11144
J. W. REYNOLDS, Erie.
.1. t. DRILL, aggeent N. C. R. R., Ballamora
H. H. HOUSTON, General Freight'Agent,
LEWIS L. FIOUPT, General Ticicat Agent, PhiLarra,
.10:4,11..P0TN, General Manager, Williamsport.
C HANGEOF F I L I B COM - COMM ENCI NG
Trains will leave Dunkirk stabotit the following tumuli
Eastward Bound—Depart. .
Night Express 4 OS r. m
mai - 7 00 A. a
Stack F.xpreaa 940 ii. a
Fut Freight. 430 A. a
Way Freight , 600 A. ll
Night Eiprees rum every 4%
' CHAS. MINOT. Glitel gor't
Neiw Music •Iliore•' , '
• - -.a 7
- • •
PIANO FORTES AND :MELODEONS,
From tbefellowing celebrated
Steinway & Sons,New York. C.
W. listabe & Co., Baltimore, Md.
Lindeman & Sons, New York.
Wm. B. Bradbury, New Ye*.
John B. Duallatn, New' York. •
J. P. Rale lc Co., New York.
' Gee. A. Prinee & Co, Y.
Cartiett, Neiditam & Co., New York.
Prices at a Large Disco at
SEVEN OCTAVE, IRON FIIIIIII4VERSTRIING ROSE
WOOD PIANOS FO $240.
Also, Inattention Books and Sheet Muir,
All persons wishing a tint rate-Piano Forte or Melode
on, are invited to all and examine oar testmumniti ter
fore porebsaing elsewhere. • • •
Heed's Block, State street, nearly opposite the Pouf
Kir P. S.—Every Instrument warranted for fire years
Dealer in Boots & Shoes 1
ALso; Aorcrticruga tcr.:SJ"
CUSTOM MADE BOOTS ABB SHOES!
Woutri, take this method ift
' fat hiOthsoke t r bin friends and t
generally for their liberal patronage heretofore extended
to him, and hopes to have a estatinaatioi Of the lOW,
I take Vitamin, to inform the public that I am still eel-
READY MADE . .100T0 AND MORS AS MAP,
, cot a LW!. Clearer,
Th an a n y Haws la tbliaplaba, and I am Al tlipoikiniy.44,
best qualities of Gealf &otalted Shoes, for wh i ch em
ploy none bet tie BIM of WORKIIIIN, nadir the Super-
Walken°, of 0. MILLER. •
Having obtatud a Lease to us the
am now prepared - to Maki IT - Mixon Faidall Boole
and games in a manner not to be surprised In Style and
or I &Immo keep on band a ealsettos of the but
Smuts of french and American Calf and Si
B . — ReWrthtiallOWPY •."
READY PAY STORE!
J. & J. NINNIG •
Would respectfully inform the
STOCK OF OROCERIRI OF JAMES Al.
Where they intend to keep u good so auorleout
GROCERIES to PROvIs.IGESA
Wool) k WILLOW wait; AND ITANINTv
iskopt hi Erie. . ,
Bost Brands of Erie' County Emir 1
Kept oonatontlt on hand sod
WARRIATIeD I GOOD 41177CLE!
y The Wiliest Narket,Prlee pal4l nn , all kinds of
Ci cr,Cleads delfritid ram of elangi talky-sr, pf4lo
coati or an 437111TAT1 tTIL.
TW . O A
epee* it H: Js. Lillra
oir , pylmp ~ rLiASTA.
• ' c . .
Deavered iiii the U. 8. liouse!of .Represettl• *, e.
' 11 ' ,5 ' 24 .4868,14e4,4134i 49 Plops* 4.13 •
of A•iiinfiles . . . . .
igni VW wadi
What right, ids; , hss 'emigres' to inthorise
arbitrary arreetsi is the face of the prohibitions
lof theConstitutieui Are these prohibitions
without Meseingtolilrere they not on the
contrary designed to 5 ( 1 4t, jiyit stiteAttligencies
ast.homin which de country is now pieced,
trtacin,itolgetber :141.6 'tie ptureesilon of 'the
ideal and politiosi . powerof the country, a
party fi nds itsele4'intier l Aite %temptation to
retaM, tanititireiticki in's'eideti kir:maintain Its •
; ascendenoy 1 1,, The Administration cannot, as
Fingland, Ifipl . nyse to the omnipotence
of the ii e..44i justify , .1 his ;bus! of
_. Ali 'Parliament is possessed
afiqegal omnipotent* front. the nature ofthe
Conittilution, wide& is that Of. a consolidated
liglifnAitirtUtti, 2&:-Itninarchy: ..Breti _there,
heiewetr;,,tellobjetit . has kit adequate seearity
I l e
sygit neiwny isolation of those great principles
*of' rsonal rectikity.o ileret nalblibeWy; - and I
private . property i Which constitute the so rcuctr .
end! itsik4l ran Jed •Orlidegisti of , Britons, be-!
cause the people themselves, through their 1
repreceototiteciaithe Colnittons,:toshi a pro.
poilerant power in the Parliament, spd the
fonerabl? i Wytilt! of
.tplrigAta l of tke suit- .
Jetta hiiii — roig been 'held sacred 'froth en.
croschment. Bat in this country the national
Legishltiii‘'inid nit'siptilltrlitcinsi nnlimlied: I
power. A written diaries confers expressly I
all the wilts :which Congress possesses, sad
clearly thins iswanuthor . ity contained in any
of, its provisions to arrest any one " without .
probable -reuse," or •inpon oath or affirms
lion." Nei thile€ol iblulitinsCititry ainisress
of Muds! lair over the whole aonstry cover
the.; eaiie: - "I'lisit i ae:thiriowilittiefistaway of
authority hereetbbfcire., Illityirkiet' . 3tuales
Blackstone litfite genpmeetartes: . •,- •
" Martial lair, whioir Is bails upon twisettUd
principles, bat . 10.'elalEr0.f.'stbilttry ' its
decisions is, Hie Matthew tisk Obserres, in
ruth and realiVAo law, bap something in •
, d!'44Miltic-Ahaft 40,0 A t s Ism. Th e,
ntettiffrarerderihditetpline In a* aritiris
the oPYsPhriillah' glite' it countenance
ppiir,therefOre it ought not to be permitted in
time ofiteatieT when the king's courts are
apes for all pergola to - receive justice - icier&
lug to Phailkits of the lantl." „
Does this necessity Of order and disci-
P ii "" +643 1 /43(th h ebIthiftiii t qf
down as the only admissible ground for the
application of martial law - apply, Cleo to civil
"llide et . 14e, inky . 1(. 1 ,V1 V the courts
as theta, both' Blatt arid Federal, except in
the States in rehidlipn,,,,,jtst as ppen,!tqw for
the Prosecution of offences against the Gov
urnment - Gaff lawerof the United states as
under the eic4dition of the most profo und Peace ?: IllortifirkrAlittbewylr.s.o#t
There is therefore no necessity for this extra
ordinary stretch of authority; ifteept in dis
gaicts,,if, .ibere ; be any buch, , in which the reg
liter adthinietration'ofkistiaelY the civil tri
bunals is rendeTi t iffvfoliottyle : ope
tatiOns of war ; and this is `nowhere beyond
kitit linee , of sszokjezpopt as . jo-peregns
, - -
• The rules mulitrtieles of war, and the acts
of Congress for holding courts martial (chief
ly that of the lath . of • April, 1864) by which
A:rgur,is Rrs!ued ! weru framed chief!:
•frOM ststem - upkiri . the lame sub
ject. Its pyipeiples ind modes or proceeding 4
are quite ahreietii fi;)6l th'ohe of the 'common
law, and in reference to them Blackstone re
"One of ttie greatest advantage.; of the
Englishis that nntlonly the crime's them
selves which it punishes, but also the penal
ties which it inSicto,aze,swtained and
notorious, notbine...ia•kft,l4,4ofa s gari disere
ion .; , t he king by his judges dispenses what
e law has pFay.tpusly ordained, but is not
.unsett thollegisfattir." -
The learned commentator then takes occa
sion to reo•effta ) i dePfiied of those
advantages an Ang stif)ject Co militaiy'laW . :,"
the soldier is placed in a condition of servi—
; "for," said he, " Sir Edward Coke will
inibim us that it is one'of the genuine marks
of servitude to, haves the law, which is our
rule - Of action, , eitlter sealed or vrecarious.
by the proclamation, .which constitutes the
climes of despdtfo power assumed by the
Ezetnitive,ls thtp.traspension• of the writ of
habeas cOrpie dining the. existence of the
rebellion. Having usurped the pciwerof arrest
"without pcpeolyee ) of !laver in, the !pee of,
the express itions . of the Constitution,
it wee an offence of gigantic magnitude for
the President to suspend the operation of this .
great and important, defense of the liberties
of the citizen isty ther rs hitter, sad unserp- , .
pious efeaolsitterftVwhit4Wer'elvaged between.
the party Of perogative and that. of the privil
_the people, which inflamed the heart
of lingrand in the tni..idle of the seventeenth
century, the ancient cpmetew law right of the
: habeas corpse viie'dlsregarded" by Charles I,
as welthe bjfhe tserd Parliament. This was
cluriksg the struggle between the crown swi
lls padikil coiatltution' was
settled as to this particular by the Petition of
Right, and the 29th of Car. 11, no sovereign
had aftenwpadi t'aterity. cuppgh to attempti
.24 &bitss of this - great' Im ' lwark of ingfisit
Ifffeyties. It is true, that in a- few instances
within_the ft , ietot7c..pfAt t n?tion for two can
turiettillcittis greittlieTt ht been suspended
by Parliament, the . only power , which could
legally suspend it. The principal of these
the transition from the reign of
James diet 60 1 /lilies'' 'and Mari; in 'l6BB.
All through the American war of indepen
dence the Madill itid ElyikVithieere of Ameri
can ',lpstme 4 *am hold la:their ; condemnation.
of the policy and measures of the Crown and
it wits held thitt thlaitiatide
iltOf the unquestitmest right, of the is bi oc e„-
ie, f, and Pitt . , all
„thundered in the
ears of Iheionit_lhelialoVinent denunei* tote
of the AtlVlVltTrii i fi ° 4 i °l df A. l 4iiiPritlPPrC
ment toiatits AnnieAtnurtryllea :IA the.
!We,ite , ever roeTailied "military
itebesskr ref: afloat:ling them by forcible
The rei4Wir,btoft I hare made in rapid
fir Irbitrary arrests apply with must forte to
the stgirelltlipa of,icattnalit 'thigh have spoken
i v i(! ;?n affinattAtr .) of tee' flespotia acne of
alai:theta:ly gays, "the
llbirty_bf'llie' Mass fi indeed essential to n
free State." palittlrtlyfAtto Fen Wait our
asemmon•law ,right es, British 09191:lists, and
of a v vio an the right. n i p a F e : soly anew-
.i,ruldpeOcqicOile,fiever.suient• tor, •
, U. of riiiiieboi-tbo-41 . 11 oikeedattog'
- i . , . •
-,- 1 / 4 :4-i,-4,--= : -... _ . , •
' ~ -.1.-.....,, , ..• . .
, . =.. ..
. . .
. -.:- --• .* . . .
-.., ........5.„...................-_,..„ - ......_ ~.....
~.,.. , .
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-- ,• - ---........•.:.-- ~ -
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TEA.II, IF PAID - 114 1 ApyANCE-' 18,50' izor PAID I I T 'ND ' : '. ;
T'A.; SititURDAY MORNING, 'APRIL- 11864
was added to I the . eboisfiltiloti. ' These rev- .
treints' are Iv:seamy, (Vie seld, !meanie by'
the - indulgence of 'fretilkicitimieti 'the brit .of
the Governmiet lir 'weilfenediliind Its Stonily ,
to current the war insist* forpaired. But
, .at an arguMent is thisle*.eiluenly.ot e in k .
adonis! liberfyi Wed whart4inbliceptaitua
-f. ~ the substratum of all our institute a I
AU at an argumenteitTlliie 11 , above
all oilier .free 6044' 3 .1;4 ifl lt
most need tbtiolif'obrint ;tier baeh!the
robbers who 're daily siiiilltie i:ift, the iiiiii)lo
tepsure'l 'Tit "iiiiitepisibefit;ti iesleff the -
Wigiiinfsgs of iiii. li ilia Wiusing'itit' Said
liberty might' be fra c -But could nivire be
j lit addition le /Stith ''aiggressiene the war.
policy of tie lidisibilstriiibh 1i...s doildF4d. the
cointry_with a ilebt , wiiiiii it the tertninstion
of the struggle willeiceee iii , Magoltude. that.
of Great Britain eistrocited i n century of
foieign wars. ; i ll's 'iggliogite or e appro
priat fats yes, 'gift liar etibiarek I , - was
$2,000417000, • .Tlaispprsprlatiotui,a Bret
or kat ' thii reel -empentlitnreZ ' The,ntot or,
the: Bagliabt ; • debt, JB, , et,trentiso,ooB - 1. ili
$ 4 , 00 0, 0 0 0 .09 0 . . ThoiiiiitiliPti, tiPi‘Tbeer! • '
. three par espiq, whijo.thb-,debt a of
68,i7oiled Btateo.wheopo*l4lo4 will reach
I six , per cent. , I Thil gigaA;.Aii. i flabt...,will tax
I enormously the earnings,of hicfustry torten
eretions, while the eiiiistiintioPofpapir moo!,
'.lor the go ld aa' riTer ni4aey established by
the doastitulion'* has dr;troye4 the ribitiiiii'
pf debtor and 'ireiiitoi.;''fiss o tritreYed ie‘ i
well tii'the ''' pp of industky
In ordinary inveistmeiti.', frai increased
largely , 'the , prices of Giiiiinkient - supplies;
thus enlianelsg greiltly ' the mist of the , war.
It bears ieweilq-'Biptiii tits inUeeetnnts of
widows - and 'irphati, and An saiirlfloing the
business of tkireoilstry is tiff general ruin of
the 'currency. Mt floodOf ass(Dtatt has
stimulated into still minis 'piraieious action
all that erowd of ootttipload hateful inane nem
wkieklelkisi urthi woks-of was a sharks is
that et Qs , fismiiiiimia•allip : , Tie miserable
/weirder emnsamorweatispimolatees on the
savings of ,their.lioustir, like ed. many
leeehes„are sucking•ont-the lifeblood of the
'Siiion, while, preaching the noquestionini
support of the idininTls Mira and all its
reckless and aborttiirloisiiit4n 'ai the true
test of patriotism.' . r ' '''
- the set* of the Adtataistratt 'Oti , eider the
double influence of teittabliciui sad 'Abolition
'principles are eierlitiillly singular tergiiersal
Lion and fitionelnenliy: - in their Chicago
platirosse; as id' ill alutheiritatire declarations;
they declared it tor 6#-their intention not to'
lute fen' with slavery in the' States and- - lo'
adm ulster the: Otivetaimilall deenrding Di" the
titntlan.l ' TO theleititortal tovermnatitis
sitertirmdteirilm landobVia advent
to lower' , la; Bur- Mentioe, ittoiorado,. and
vads,ohenithey had the power to insect a
provision for thiksitaludes at glittery, no_ such
exclitsloe._ wait Damned., and, althetigh :the
Crittenderi.TO 4 4 I 4 O 44:POSOTAPPOI by , con
gress ani% gm r lt, tmtsge, ' , i „ Ain.. OPT ,
were passed. with reski nu gay : elite r , ,that.
event. ' Nottrithneltditer !Mae% # t urp if , 1
41 4 / 'III /44 :4 4 0 1 % . ,,
ie Z_AciRSTA9 1
exhorting. Anal. bony' pros'',
~ .9* -- ,!?,,
-solelY . : for the • restoraticet of the "Union,
we soon - tind leaders of the party inttlodu:
cing into Congress bills - for the cosier-
Ilion ;of rebel States into Territories, for an
inilisCriminate confiscation of estates, and
waging the war for the liberation of the'sfaves.
We aiso find Mr. LincOln, under these intin
encest-recommending in his annual message
in December,: 18432, the cal of a convention
to secure the emancipation of the slaves in the
StateS, and without. waiting foi such constitu
tional authority, under the pressure of the
abolition portion of his party, proceeding to
issue proclamations of emancipation. Could
human weakness and inconsistency further
go ?, i
. The great . and par6mount objects of all
governments is the protection •of private
property. It is the great basis of all civ—
ilization. Without its recognition and stable
protebtion there can be - ncutuch thing even
as communities., The. framer.; okfilie,nonsti
tution. regarding history as philosophy teach- ,
ing.t4 example, aimed to insert, in that in- ,
seruntent a clause which, even in the midst
of the moat fearful rcommotions and party
violence, would prevents re:enectinent on this
continent of, these barbarous confiscations
which marked the civil war of the Romans, .
and are a stigma upon the history of modern
-EuroPp: They therefore, in the third section
Of the 'third article; used this clear :and un
mistakable language, that— '
"No attainder of tre teon shall work cor
ruption of blood, or forfeiture except during
the life of.tbe person attsinted."
: In disregard of this conslitasispal prohibl 1
tion„this Howse passes a joint resolution ex 1
t.lanitory of the confiscation act for she pur• I
ose'of confiscating the fast and making it I
perattve against the innocent as well as the
guilty. ' •
Mr. - Speaker, I . have thus endeavored to
state , the origin and true theory of the Gov
nriment, and to snips with fidelity the causes
of the present troubles. I have also noticed
tilltaniel Webster says •
" But what is meant by the •coestitutionet I
currency,' about which ea much is said? What
specks or forms of eurreneydoes the Consti
tutien allow, and what does:it . forbid? 'lt Is
plain enough that this depends upon what we
understand by currency. Currency, in a Itirge,
and whip, in a just sense, includes not only
gold' and silver and bank notes but : bills of
exchange also. It may include all that adjusts
exchanges sod settles balaticeti in the opera
done of trade sadbusiness. But if we Under- ,
starlit by. Currency the 142Moiey of the
country, aid that which constittites' it' lawful"
tender:for ; debts, and is the tuainee: useaaura
of Tobias ogqiittitio
dell but gold aid silver. hlost unquestions- ,
bly there ii no legst fendki,"anditiiie din be
ito legal .tintdere,-hal ibis' 'Gauntry, 'under the
authotity it lictecnt,Wat. or , anyAtilACT I ,
but gold,auti cialer44 ccittagc, of our
:nwn mints or fOfeign colas, at, rites regulated
Cotigreett - ,' Thiele a to - ristitatlOnal pried =
Ple,:perfeetly plain, sad if the very highest
itnportans..,, The flUtten are ,Iporsly , pi))
hibtted trete making_ anything but gold and
silver It - tender in' payisent'bt - eiebts, ettyl :d1
though as suds empress proididthia:is.applied
to Coogrtoov,lotdll CP.Plg.e4° MP°W ei !
graitted to it in . this respect but to coin inertly
and, regulate the value ofjprsign ‘ Caine, it
charly has no tower to subittitute, paper or
*orb ing else for coin as aft:miler kirpayment
of debta 'tad in disethergelot eontitteti.l, C'ou
tresei has ,exercised.- this ;power, fully hi both . ,
its brautdtwarr.-11. butane:l'l'meg and-still
opine it ; Al has regulated the vaino.of-toreign -
coins, and edit 'regulates thedr:valus., Tbs.
legit tender, therefore, -the—eonstitutionar
.tithdard of value, is estabirshacrand 'cannot,
be bverthrouth.. To-tweeting,it urtasitralsaite
i at i e .27o;rti.J.l. • .o, ,_1
the measures with which '
the ' Adiiinistration
has undertaken to meet the ..M.mergolleY
and have pointed out their uncofistitutional
and pernieionsi character; and , tiieir utter
dificioney in a true • policy. , ' Sinci we have
Ants fir failid In!redueing the reb Bios with
the unconstitutional weapons of resiraineupon
the libenrty.crt tie'person, despeochand of the
press—of partial law, emanelpatibn prods !
mations, aid acts, itis fitting
now far Ile to - inquire whethei the armory of
the 13ereintiseet.does not ,furnish '.,others of
more potent energy and efficiency. L ;here can
indeed , be no • permanent peace lion litose
principle". . The complete conquest and sub
jugation of an intelligent and ligit spirited
'people history amply demonstrate, to be a
Work of long duration and uneert4in result.'
Superior resources and physical power may
' besuffipient to scatter military orgtnizationr,
but it' iii quite,a differeist thing to cohquer and
to subjugate The bleary of the Au to-Saxon
.race is full.tif illustrations of this truth. The
Normans conquered that race 'at theTbattle of
l Eiaatings in 1066, but after a struggle of six
hundred' ) 'ears the Saxon element; had re
' asserted' itself, and the English coitatitution
I sTrits restored as it was before the tonquest.
eat standing army would be nesTessary to
tee the Smith in subjection, and she would
loceup &position to the rest of the anion such
se Ireh4d'aitil.,;Endia occupy to England, as
linngseilokustria, and as Poland to Russia.
- IT/As tar was inaugurated to put down
'military tutur ' !ion. The - calm, Just, and.
ever patriotic ju d gment of a confiding people
approved,aad,citeered it on in its prgress. it
was not lutendk toe a war egain4 commis:
Bides, individmils, oi \ their proprerty and
rights, but a . war ,in defe7of thePonstitu•
i lion, the laws, and for the reservagan of the
Eiden. This is atilt its true sad proOer object,
aticl to this,'ll we look for an eary 4nd stable .
peace, - the . Administration must retqrn., The
prociamatioii must be withdrawn, the confis
cition acts repealett and we must ge t b ack to
the resolution adoptk by Congress:, tiftet the
first battle of Bull Bun. Mirk well: ice, clear •
and patriotic import : .
• I ,"L'eiofred, That the present deplorable civil
war ha. been' forced upon the country by the
r disunionista of the. southern States, now in
arms against the constitutional Government,
stud in arms ground the capital ; that in this
' natiotiel iteergeney Congress, banishing, all
feeiing.of mere . passion or resentment, will
rioollect. 'onlyita duty to the whole country ;.
that this war is not waged on their part in an y
siiirit- of -oppression, or ,for any purpose of
'ocnsquest or eubjagntion or purpose or over
throwing or interfering with the rights or es
tablished institutions of those States; but to
defend and 'maintain the supremacy of the
'OenstitgLion, inti to preserve the Union, with
atitheNtgnity, equality, and rights of the
several. States unimpaired ; and that as soon
'as these objects a t e accomplished the war
ought to cease." - ,
Upon, the principles upon which the "war is
now Waged, there is no it9lying point for Union
sentiment In the floath. - It is unusual for' an
army to advance without propos?
tions otretiels.. Our Sieblies none. Chicon
aftionitr*Omission to an - enemy whose de
'dared puiiese to thtdestructiollbitheir rights
Of tpreliertif end - social kilter': Itt all that is
itlurprialtrit that' Union
wittotabit `craned — taVtltir
South should brinited almost to a man, and
that its resistance should he inteneified and
smbittired with an energy derived from des
peration.? •••••, I -
• Above all things, Mr. Speaker, do I desire
a restohtion.of the Union as it was. Itis the
grand eiperititet4 of civil liberty. Any sac
rifice, any concession, any approiliption
atonic! be made t.o prevent its
° failure. We.
have a great mission, and no trivial consider.
&tutu of the neiro,or any other, shout& be
permitted to. interrupt it. it is - our mission to
dettionstente the problem of ?elf government,
and to revolutionize other governments by the
silent force of - great example. While the
common law, and all the privileges and advan
tages of civilisation have been transferred to
this continent, nothing but the stable contin
nittoe of our admirable systeutof government
is needed toliitreet within it the people of
every caxie. - • , ,
• Never were an aggregation. of free and in
dependent: political communities better cir
cumstanced geographically for the puiposes
of .such a Uniop. On a scale of magnitude
,tar surpassing the petty States of Greece,
Switzerland, and the Low Countries qn the
Rhine,: there wae, as between themselves, the
happiest adaptation for a, common govern
ment. Looking on the north and east tio New
nglatid, there was there no conflict pur
suits with any other section. Iler clititate
was rigorous and her: soil sterile, and her
only' means 'of development were found in
commerce and -in manufactures She Was in
a position to do the carrying trade for her
neighbors, and to work up their raw maierial.
Crossing westward into the State o 4 New
York, we 'find her the possessor of great and
peculiar resources, and of the national It aro
potis, designed by nature as the commercial
emporium. of the continent. A little farther
south was Pennsylvania, filled With iron and
coal, and'favored perhaps more highly than
any individual State with' a eotobination of'
agricultural, mineral; manufacturing and corn - -
eluvial advantages To the vat. in thtigreat
- valley of the Mississippi, the production of
the cereals.wes a wonder. But none ;of . the
• States thus noticed produced rice, loser
cane,. cotton or gold. These, again, we re the
peettliar product of the States lying between
peonsylvania and the Gulf, and of tl4se ou
the Patifici. There was, therefore, Amopg, the
several States thoie elements of tinily, an
adoptatiOn to 'supply each other's wanta, and,
a mutual depettdsnoe. They were &rater
tied' togethe!by great rivers reaching for loco
'the. 'interior, shit' fatillitating intercourse . be
tween ' There 'were qu •the
itiantto slope the Hudson, the Susquebenna,
the Delaware—to omit others of min 4 name
—.and there was ht the heart of the continent
the greatinbtsd sea of. the Mississippi, flow -1
log duo south from almost , the arctic leircle,,
and stretchinghisilong arms-M the Missouri
and, the Ohio J,rqta the Allegheny ito the
; Rocky mountains.. The peak chain tit Abe
Alleghenies, ai i tetwiing from , the Laktuf to the .
Gulf of 'seemed alio designed by
Providence as another physical bond or union..
There was in all this . evidently the lama ad-,
mirable foundation fort union; for tliat very
Government, indeed, adopted by our lathers',
combining . iittelf !
ell the 'advintaies: of. a
consolidated 'empire for. all purposep of
tense !against foreign aggression, ontain
ins State orgatpistimis ev , ry pro;-
vision •to ' meet 'llia' wants of
tiei. *Otte:T i lts 'grie
and eminent benefits ; and the people of eery
81111 grew warm in their attachment to it,
and wished fee its perpetuity. The North
had prated largely by her connection with
th 4 South, and - by every variety of exchange.
Shit bad profited largely by the products of
slake labor. New England, with her barren
soil and severe climate, had yet, by her man—
ntsicturing industry with a tariff protection,
and her coastwise ,and foreign trade, grown
rich and more populoni than any other por—
tion of the Unlon'of the same area. She had
olio disproportionate power for shaping the
ploy of the country to her own advantage
in aving with a small territory a representa—
tion of singular inequality in the Senate.
Vi p l i lh a total population of 8,185,283 she
s ate through the mouths of twelve Senators
in the National Legislature ; while the State
of New Tork, ^ with a population of 8,880,785,
is beard only through two. In view of the
ituierior benefits which the North has derived
froin• the Union, it mist be admitted to he
the' expression of a grave trgth that the Cava—
lie4held the tsow, ; titbits the thrifty Puritan
ateidily milked her.
Thicirer will be prosecuted, and its great
purl" should be peace upon the basis of
thei Constitntitin. If we fail
thiS, through the obstinate and misdireptid
policy 'of the Administration, we shall have
no permanent Government left in the North
under the present Constitution. The cohesive
puffer which constitutes the national bond
would be gone, and with it , would speedily
perish the national debt. In the competition
forloommerce, resulting , in a line of free ports
trolls the . capes •of the Chesapeake to the Rio
Gronde our foreign commerce, too, would
dwindle, and the revenue derived therefrom
would perish. It would be impossible in con
greXsional legislation to reconcile the cow
meicial interests of New - Pork and the agri
pulthral interests of the Northwest - with the
manufacturing industry of New England and
Penniybrania ; free trade aid protection alike
would be obstinately demanded. An uneess
ini border war would ; be the inheritance of
diet States bounded by Outline of separation.
ill graver consideration that in the
inch a calamity no man of reflection
so fast ea not to see that a portion
..,.\ot empire, as well as by everyeon
sideration.\ of interest, of trade, commerce,
and security,. Cast your eye over the map of
thel Stites, and you , see that all the rivers
o the lludton to the Rio Grande, have
elide outlet to the , ocean through the Southern
Stales. The trade\ of the Lakes, which is
aloha greater than allur foreign commerce,
, 1 .
reaches tide.water we of New England ;
while that of the great basin of the Minds
iPpii with its tributaries, comprising fifty
thoUsand miles of beatable naftation; Can
find its way cheaply by the currents alone to
the kinif of, Mexico: The' products of this
rnig ty valley and the cotton of the South
cons itute the basis of , the commerce of New
Iforlt. ,It is idle to suppose that she can ex
ist Without a union with these grand divisions.
nitylvania must have a market for her
• d coal, and the products of her varied
. while thi,Nerthweet mum Ss foil ,
low her destiny marked by the water-con.raes,
ad e6ry producing and trading people that
had the potter have .always done from the
&veld the Phenicians down to the, present
While the South ! has all the resources and
geogtaphical advantages 'which I have des
cribed, in all probability a cannot exist alone,
!mewl( successful, foi any great length of
time ks' an independent Power. 'A
the r i torth-western and middle States would
become a necessity. For the present, perhaps
for a: l generation, tne vast stake which Euro
peaovernments hive in the division of a
Government based upon the popular will, and
in th article of cotton would- secure protec
tion o the Southern Confederacy, The keen
eyo of commercial and manufacturing capital,
with the prejudice Spinet' !leery, would,
how ver, render its life a short one. The
world at large is too much interested in the
growth and supply of cotton to trust, as hen- .
toforn, almost exclusively to the South for
that taipply in the future. European capital
and , nterprise, stimulated by the lessons of
expefrienoe, will, within the next quarter of a
century, open up commercial communications,
plan settlements, and make the cotton grow
in the interior of Africa, Australia, the East
Indira, as well as Mexico, Central America,
and the adjacent isles of the sea. When the
supylly is thus secured equal to the demand
inde l pendently of the South, then will the
truce be at an end. An alliance, holy or po
liticid, would again send nn army on the
march, and the " anaconda" would then be
come a stern reality. The policy, then, Which
govirns the war and is caning out the disso--
luti n of the Union, if adhered to, it but lay
log the foundation for a Union in the valley
of the Mississippi, as an inevitable conse
quence. and result., , -
The b question of slavery in the Territories
led to. the disturbance ft a harmony which
t• otherwise have been perpetual. The
Cbi ago platform inSuguraied revolution. The
Stses being sovereignties, and the public de
m, having, been acquired icy deeds of ces
sion. by purchase, and by _conquest. in the
nbstnce of a judicial decision recognising the
equ a l rights of:the South in the Territories ;
upon what principle• of equality or justice
could that equality be denied ? A legal, con
stitutional right, however recognised, it was
welt known could s not have resulted in the
spread of slavery, land yet a denial cf it is
the ',Sad pretext of Our troubles. Washington,
impressed with a full knowledge of tire antar
'l:lnquiet ,of society end • the violence of party
etr i: Vgles for supremacy, at the..ploset of his
ad , lois' rat ion, till doubtful , of, the perms •
neoey.ci' the expeNt.ipent, wa:ned his country
men to n constabt Vigilance fur its preserva•
tio . 1 Jefferson, with that unerring sagacity
' whoh characterized his knowledge of human
,natitre. admonished' the people of the whole
country that the may 'of parties upon a geo
grnphical line would result in the destruction
. .or pre Goverment.
*his war cannot last forever. Sooner-or 1
.contending ,parties' must become en
haitated, 'the armies dwindled, credit des.
•trcived, the land filled with graves and clothed
inmourning, and' an edkustment upon some
ote will be the only cure for the eviL The
n oomPromising 'obduracy of Charles I lost
hi hie head; that of James II Ma - crown;
th of George 111 his colonies. Shell these
Eltittaa again be lost by imitating the example ?,
Shall we Doi iiiiix learn ales on hoax that
ates must become reunited by the
Clay, ado! b7, ol 4 o *iNd the war of
that period' epos' the Administration 'ef Mr:
Madison in resistance to the British preten
sion to, the right of weareirt --- Thi - war lasted
for some three years r ead some months: There
was great aortae* of life sad vast espstidi•
tures or money.. During '
that period. tie
Navy upon the waters of the Chesapeake sad -
thilitlantie covered itself with imperishable
glory, gad our soldiers ponied eikelheir blood'
like water upon the river . Rosin And, the
Thames, at Tippet:taupe' and Lundy's Lane,
And yet Mr. Clay at the heed of the American
commission, met the lath cenunissioners at
Ghent, and there negotiated iv treaty of peace
without saying one word of the , matter ,in
controversy, and which ;yet Wu deemed hon •
arable and satisfactory. Nearly ear years
have elapsed since thet period, and the right •
remains unadjusted to this day.. In the, mean
time Sur relations with England, social and
commercial, have grown more intimate and
Mr. Speaker, there. it everywhere an
anxious and earnest looking forward to a ter.
minetten of this contest. belieie there is
no obstacle so poterie s retain tcrpiace
as that spirit which has — , given a new policy
ands new object to the war. To ream; be
cause of the institution .of slavery in , the
,to, adhere to the Union of
our fathers is all one as if we should refuse
to treat with the Ottoman Porte or the Bar.
bevy Powers because the one is the sovereign
of a nation mogul:leg polygamy,' and the
other thia'avery of the whites as well as the
blacks. The man possessed with a gnats
ides is of all the mod nutted for *states
miss. That high character Implies a condition
of mind which contemplates things as they
are, and which forbears the removal of * less
mischief when this wouldactive of a
greater.' Ile must ains inlriolicy at the
production of the best good of society, but
will carefully refrain from great, "weeping
innovations, preferring to leave_ the correc
tion of evils -to the gentle band of time,
which, as Lord Bacon expresses i 4 "is the ,
greatest innovator," well assured that no Gov
eminent can be successful which. does .not
adapt its policy to the Jarioas characters of
the people to be affected ,by it, and to its
diversities of industry atrl sectional interests.
Statesmen in every European Government
may be impressed with the superiority of re
publican institutions. They would, however,
be deemed infetuated . to th e last degree, it,
taking advantage of some partial indications
among the people, they should seek to bring
on a crisis. They, with better judgment, ad
here , to the existing order of things, well
knowing that changes, to be beneficial, must
be permanent. It was not at a single bound
that England, the freest of the monarchies,
leaped from' the fetters of the feudal system.
That was the accomplishment only of cen
turies of struggles against the power of the
barons, under the guidance of enlightened
princes, great statesmen, and able lawyers ;
and after all, some of the most objectionable
features of that syitem cling to her still.
Preece, Indeed, attempted, by a single con.
vulsivi effort, to shake from her the bondage
under which she had groaned for - centuries.
She succeeded in obtaining a feverish interval
of freedom, .only to relapse into the old des
potism ; and now, with her journals silent
and liberty prostrate, how much better is her
condition than before the revolution of 1789
It was error, maddened error, as well as
;treason in the South seceding as a remedy
for her grievances. Great revolutions are
Southjustified 'by great oppressions. The
South sheuld have remained in the Union,
and fought her battle with the abolition pha
lags under the ingikof the Constitution. dhe
Laid, the foundatiOnAtf the Government and
reared its 'superstructure, and the broad folds
of its flag furnished her ample protection.
She should have done this from patriotic coa l
aiderations and ancestral recollection., and
sternly discarded the ignia fungus counsels of
her Yeaceys. 'Bit let New England remem
ber that the South in this rebellion is but
acting out doctrines once maintained in all
sincerity by herself. Let her remember that
Southern slavery was pleated by her; own en
terprise, her ships leaping nearly all the
profits of the slave trade, which the Constitu
tion protected till 1808. These recollections
should incline us, while still prosecuting the
war for the support of the Constitution and
the integrity of the Union, to moderate our
demands according to the standard of justice.
Let nit all remember that it is an easy thing
to destroy, but a long and difficult one to
build up. The struggle for the establishment
of human rights upon a positive basis of con
stitutional law has been long and tedious,
successful and again doubtful.
Civilisation may be said to have commenced
its march •on the .plaine of Judea, with the .
establishment of the Jewish theocracy. Spread
ing thence to India and Egypt, from the latter
it was transported to Gretce, where it shone
bright!, in its :classic literature, and in its
efforts towarisi system of self gavernme3t.
Thence it was' transferred to Rorie, where it
beamed with renewed luster. Peculiar causes
operating in Italyreeulted at the same time
in the Roman republic. These the first re.,
corded efforts for a Democratic Government,
possessed inherent defects, and both, at the
period of the Christian era, were absorbed in
the imperial despotism of Oetavins Cesar.
The empire ran its 'career of eenter6e • till at
length the; hopes of the human raw lay
buried fors time hi the tomb of the dirk
sem' They awoke again with the revival of
learning in the twelfth century, and received
en undying impetus it ihe'sges of the Refor
mation and of discovery 'which followed..
With the exception of the Italian republics,
which possessed no enduring vitality, and at
a later day those of Iloiland ackSieitsorland, . -
monarchy, everywhere, the world over. was
the only accepted form of polity.. •
It was at length,, sitar six thousenkyoars
of struggles by : the race fee Fite attainment of
a perfect. ,Goveramen‘ thlet•wartelse fore
fathers, struck-with 'the favorable condition -
for a renewal of the experinient, revolved to ,
attempt 'it tin, this continent Starling with
the representative feature and the free prin.
ciples of the English monarehy, they Searched
the .stye hoirse of free colisabobikitinifar
enduring material/ for the new ,' etrnofurs., To
the selection and arrangemaiit.iii the; political
machinery which they needed, they-braced
qualifications never Won't , !totalled • in - the
framers of /Dates. Deep insight into buniiii '
nature, the profound Itutivriedgei 2tif . bistoiy
and of law, sad uable#iiil 'petrietisio were
theirs. Their peefefillein*.insptde,before us;
nay, it is in , otr :issiptag. , Ob 1: let - us hot,
let us sot, I isplita yikt, Abe 'grattd,
experiment to fall thienghtinty'ritobinese or
perversity of ours.
It is • An ' .4 B 4o oo il o,dfitzoi;
to call into being. wbet*er,At
or to Wee rwsidi ' lo4l '.pat!iat. ir5 11. 4 41
ale fat Erb. Ilizto!tte 1 111110tt t anti
resources '!!tiril44 l ; ?lc ) *
tfii 64 0 404 411, *
this, the 140114 Ike ion weed In
practical alfain sat )010611i : ,"1