American citizen. (Butler, Butler County, Pa.) 1863-1872, December 04, 1867, Image 1

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    VOLUME 4.
Select foctrg.
The following II not were written many yeare afo hy
Re, J. F Wall, of the Cml-Hand P. Church an*
fcubllehed in the f-umherlavd prttlyfrian. They
were written on the occielon of the death of a young
Ud»~whe.e perent. presented her couuecUon with the
ehnrcb-and are Bo* fhrniihed hy the author at the
raqnatt of numeroo. friend. for publication in the
A»tmic»K Citiii*.
0! ye young, ye g.ty. ye
You mutt die and the .hmud ,
Dtuih will come and quickly, «"<>;
I touet m.-et hltn, » inn-it V" '
CnotrlThen! 0. then! you'll went to be
Happy In Eternity.
Death forever roam* abroad
The iteru uieeienicer of 00. I ■
All en wboin be calle, muit no,
Vp to//raven, or down to Wo!
CHO.— Than! O, thru! 4c
All th« gay antl thougbt!«M, too
Pooii inu«t bid thin world udteu ;
Vn iht timr will quickly com®,
hen they'll goto meet tbair doom .
CBO.—Then! O, th%n ! Ac.
Fathers there may meet a too,
MTiiom by councils they've undone;
M.-tbem, t0.., their d-.ughtom meet.
Who** misery they'v* made complete
CBO.—Then J O,then! Ac
To an awfol llell ihey
There to reap eternal !
|.o>t: forever lout to thea !
I/Oit to all Kternlty!
Cuo. —Th*n ! O than! it'e too late to be
Happy in Kternlty.
Hy Woe fern AiwiitH Preee.
The charges msde, an 1 to which the
investigations of the Committee have
been especially directed, are usurpation
of power and violation of law in the cor
rupt abuse of the appointing, par loniug
and veto powers, in the cot rupt interfer
ence in elections, and generally in the
commission of acts amounting to high
erimos and misdemeanors under thf ton
stitution ; and upon this recital it wa*
charged with the roost general duty ot
inquiring into the official cohduct ot the
President »l the United States, and ol
reporting he hul been guilty of
any acts which were designed or calcula
ted to overthrow, subvert or corrupt the
Government ol the I uited Stttes, or
which, in tho contemplation »l the on
at.tution, would a crime
or misdemeanor, requiring the iulerposis
tion of the coestitutiousl power ol the
It will be observed that the. great sal
iout poiut of the accmation, standing out
in the foregvuund and ch tllengiug the t
tention of the country, is usurpation ot
power, which involves of course a viola
tion of In*, and here it may be remarked
ihat -perhaps every great abuse, eveiy fla
grant depaitue from the well settle t prin
ciples of Government which has been
brought home to its present admiuis ia-
Mon, whether discovering itself in special
infractions of the statutes or in the prof
ligate us# of the high powers couferred
by the Constitution on the President, or
revealing itself mure maoilestly in the
systematic attempt to soizc upon its m.v
eroiirnty an ' disparage and supersede the
jrreat council t« which '-hat s iveieignty
has been entrusted in JO'cHHUee f> the
•»» crest putp -e of r" v nst;uction >d
fhe sh iiie-e i G ■>'•<» 1 linn :is >1 the rehel
Stares in ;ic ind.iii.'e Wi-it his own wi-he-.
tn the interest of th. great criminals who
carried them iuto the rehelliou, and in
•ucli a way as to doprive the people ot
1......1 W. 'es cf all chances of indem
i .i tan i «-eu v ''v for the fu
uity tor the pant ani 5..!-u.. ; (
ture, bv pardoning thf ir .ifheers ana re
etoriug" their, and bringing them
back to their hearths unrepentant, and
tbeir hands yet rcl wit., the blood ol our
peoplo, into a condition where they could
iiom embarrass and defy, if not ab»
Boluicty rule, the Government which they
had vaiuly endeavored to destroy.
It is arouuJ this and as auxilliary to
that great special id«a, that ihe special
acts of roal administration we have wit
nessed will be found to gravitate and res
▼olve, and it is to this point, theielorc,
*s the great master key which unlocks
and interprets all of them, that the at
tantion of the IJous* will he tirst directed
The report then goes a recital ot
events since tho inauguration ol I res
dent Johnson, and concludes a- :
In accordance with the testimony here
with submitted, aud the view ot the law
herein presented, the committee are ot
opinion that Andrew Johnson, President
of the United States, is guilty of high
crimes aud misdemeanors, requiring the
interposition of tne constitutional powers
Of this House, 19 that upon the final sur
ot the rebel armies and the over,
ytbrow of the rebel government, the said
Andrew Johnson, President of the I ni
led States, neglected to convene the Con.
gross of the United States, that by its
aid and authority legal aud constitutional
pleasures might havo been adopted for
tho organization of loyal and constitution
governments in tho States there re
cently in rehelliou, and that in his proc.
iamution to the people of North Carolina
of ths 29th day of May, I*os, he as
sumed that h * had authority to deciflt?
whether the government, of North Caro
lina and whether uny other (jovernmeiit
that might be set up therein was repub
lican in form, and that in his offi-e of
President it was his duty and within his
power to guarantee to said people a re
publican form of government, contrary
to the Constitution, which provides ti at
the United States shall guarantee to ev
ery State in this Union a republican
form of government; coutrary to a
deliberate opinion ot the Supreme Court,
which declares that Cougress is vested
exclusively with the power to decidt
whether the government of a State is re
publioeo or not; in that he did tbere^
fore recognize and treat a plan of gov
ernment Bet up in North Carolina under
and in conformity to his own advice aud
direction as republican in form, and en
tirely restored to its lunct : ons as a State,
notwithstanding Congress is the branch
ot Government in which, by the Consti
tution. such power is exclusively vested,
and notwithstanding Congress did refuse
to recognize such Government as a legit
imate Government, or as a Government
republican in form ; in thst by a public
proclamation and otherwise ho did, in the
year 18G5, invite, solicit and convene in
certain other States then recently iu re
bellion, conventions of persons, many of
whom were known traitors, who had been
organized in an nttempt to overthrow the
Government of the United Stat?s, and
urged and ditcctcd such conventions to
frame constitutions lor such States ; in
that he thereupon assumed to accept, rat
ify and confirm ceitain so called consti
tutions form ."I by sueh illegal and treas
onable assemblages of persona, which
constitutions were never submitted to the
people • 112 the respective States, nor rati
fied and continued by the United States,
thus usurping an 1 exercising powers vest
cd by the Constitution in the Congress of
the United States exclusively; in that
he pardoned largo numbers ot publi- aud
notorious traitors, with tho design of re
ceiving from them aid in such conven
tions, called by his advice and direction,
for the purpose of organising aud jotting
up such illegal governments in the State*
then recently in'rebelhoo prior tofhe an
nual meeting o r Congress, with the in
•cut thus to constrain Congress to iccept.
ratify and confirm such illegal aid un
constitutional proceedings; in that. U did
within and for the States rteentiy in re
belln n create and establish s a civil of
ficer the office of Provisions! Governor,
and called an office unknown'a the C in
stitution or laws ot the lan l in that be
appoiuted to suih office so creted in said
States respectively men who v. r e public
and notorious tr i os, Ie well) no v tig
that they had been engaged in l ,-n, per
sistent aud formidable effort*ffor e „vcr.
throw of the (jovernnient of th#.Jaitnd
States, and well knowing also thi these
men could not enter upon t|»o du e « 0 f
said office without committing the-mie
of perjury in manifest violation Oihe
law- o! tho country ; in that lie dire c ,|
the Secretary of State to promise
ment ot money to said persons so iliega v
i appointed as salary or co mpensation I
' services to ba performed in said office, s
j illegally created, c.ntraiy the
lot tne law of the United States, approved )
j February 4th, 1803, eutitled "an act m ik
I ing appropriations lor the support ot the
i army for the year ending oil the 30th day
~112 June, 1861, and for deficiency for the
signal service for the year ending d une
30, 1860 ; ' in that lie directed the Sec
retary of War to pay moneys to said per
sons tor bervice performed ia said otficc.
so illegally created, which moneys ware
so paid under his direction without ftu
thority of law, contrary to law, in viola
tion of the constitution of the United
States; in that he deliberately dispensed
with and suspeuded the operation of a
law ol the United States, passed cw the
"d of July, 180?, entitled - an act to pre
scribe an oath of office, and for « thcr pur.
poses;" in that ho appointed to offices
created bv the laws of the United states
persons w'ho, us were well known to him,
had been engaged in the rebellion, who
were guilty ot the crime as treason, and
who could not without committing the
crime of perjury or otherwise violating
criminally the aaiil act ot July 2u,
enter upon tho duties thereof; !U that
I without authority of law and contrary to
i law he used and applied property taken
Irom the enemy iu time of war tor the
payment of expenses for the support ot
the said illegal and unconstitutional gov
ernments so set up in slid States recent
lv in rebellion, and for like purpose aud
in violation of the Constitution and his
oath of office be authorized and permit
ted a levy of*axes upon the people of
said States, thus usurping aud exercising
a power which bythe constitution is vest,
ed exclusively in the Congress of the
United States, all of which were a usur
pation of power contrary to the laws anil
constitution of the United States, and in
violation ot his oath of office as I resi—
l dent «112 the United States ; in that the
said Andrew Johnson, President of the
' United "States, bus, in messages to Con
"ress and otherwise, puMte.y oenicJ su >.
stantially the right of Congress to pro
vide tor the pacification, government an
restoration of said States to the Uniou,
and in like manner ho has asserted
his exclusive right to provide gov
ernments therefor, and to accept aud
proclaim restoration ot the sai<f estates
to the Union, all of which i.i in deroga
tion of the rightful authority of Cou
grcss, and calculated to subvert the Gov
trnuicnt of the United States; in that,
in accordance with said he
has vetoed various bills passed by
grcss, pacification aud Government of
t.he States receutly iu rebellion, aud their
speedy reflation to the (ju'on, and
upon the aud for the leason that
said States had been restored to their
places iu the Union by his aforesaid ll
aud unconstitutional proceedings
thus so interposing and using a Consti
tutional power of the office he held,so as
to prevent tho restoration of the L uiou
upon a Constitutional basis; in that he
has exercised tho power of removals from
and appointments to office for the pur
pose of uiaintaiuing effectually his atore
said usurpation, and tor the purpose of
securiug recognition by Congress of the
State governments so illegally and un
constitutionally set up iu the States re
cently in rebellion, such removals and
appointments having been attended and
followed with great injury to the public
" Let us have Faith that Right makes Might; and in that Faith let us, to the end, dare to do our duty as we understand it"-- A - LINCOLN.
service, and with enormous losses to the
public revenue ; in that in the cxe'cibo
of pardoning power, he issued an order
fjr the restoration of one hundred and
ninety three men belonging to Western
Virginia, who upon the records of the
War Department were marked as deser
ters from the army in time of war, and
, this upon the representation of private
and intorested persons and without the
previous investigation by any offieer of
tho War Department, for the sole pur>
pose of enabling such person to vote in
an electiou when pending in said State,
and with the expectation that they would
so vote as to support him in his aforesaid
unconstitutional proceedings, he then
well knew that the men so restored and
by virtue of such restoration would be
entitled to a larue sum of money from
treasury of the United States, in that
his message to the House of Uepr;sen
tatives. on the 22d June, 1863, and oth
er public and private means, he has at
tempted to prevent the ratification of an
amendment to the Constitution of the
United States proposed to tho several
States by the Houses of Congress, agree*
ably to the Constitution of the Uuited
States, although such proposed amend
jnont provided among other things for
the validity of the public debt of the
United States, renderiug payment of any
claim for slaves emancipated, or of any
debt incurred in aid of insurrection or
rebellion against the United States im«
possible, either by tho Government of
the United States «r by auy of the Slates
reient'y in rebellion, he well knowing
that the provisions inserted under and
by his dictation in tho said illegal con
stitutions tor said States were wholly in
adequate to protect the loyal people of
tho United States against the payment
of on account of debts m ,-urred
by such States in aid of rebellion, thus
rendering it practicable and easy for
those in authority in the aforesaid ille
gal and unconstitutional Governments
itius set up to tax and oppress the loyal
people of such States for the beuefit of
those who have been engaged in an at
tempt to overthrow tho Government of
the United Slates; iu tha*. he has made
tlicial and other public declarations and
statements calculated and designed to in
jure aud impair the creditof the United
•States, and to encourago persons recent
ly engaged in rebellion against its author
ity, to obstruct and resist the reorgauis
z-itioo of rebel States so called, upon a
repu basis, and calculated and de
iued to deprive the Congress of the
nited States of, tho conlideneo of the
ople, as WLII ai its patriotism as in its
'istitutional right to exisk and to act as
' depart . eut of tho Government,
w "h, under the Constitution, possesses
cx, isivo legislative powers, and all this
w,t -the intent of rendering Congress
inc»|,| e 0 | resisting either hi* said
USUP iioua of power or of providing
and Oireing measures nechssary fjr the
paoiuc on aa d restoration of the Union;
and thj 0 this lie has exercised the ve
to powm ie po We r of removal, of ap 1
pointme tim pardoning power, and oth
erconstit una | powers ol his office for the
purpose Olelaying, hitidering, and ob
structing | preventing tho restoration
ol the Ln, jjy Constitutional uieans,
and for tlio rlher purpose of alienating
from the gOrnment and tho laws of the
States thoso or!UUS w ho had been en
gaged in reb; ODi aD j who, without the
aid, comfort-j encouragement thus by
him given to , m WU uld havo resumed
in good faith \; r allegiance to the Con
stitution, and i w ith the expectation of
conciliating thl hitnsolf personally
that he might h|y prevent the restor
ation of the I to * upon the basis of tho
laws passed by V<r r css ; and further,
that said Au'l re, Shnsou, President of
the Utited States, ans f er red and sur
rt'wdcred and authigd aa J directed the
transfer and surren 0 f railway proper
ty to the va'ue of n., millions of doi
lars, to persous been engaged
in the rebellion, or owned
wholly or in part bj lc ] 1 persons, he
knowing that in souja,t am; es the raiU
ways had been constrtj by t | le Uni
ted States, and that m ler g such rail
ways had boeu capturei„ m t j le enemy
111 war and afterwards xiroi »t great
cost by the L oitad b*at an{ j transfers
and surrenders being mi without au
thority of law and in v t i on 0 f | aw ;
in that he directed and a, e j t | lo sa | e
oi large quantities of a y rolling
s'ocL and other railway of tho
T«lue of many mi.liou# 'ollars, the
piopcrty of the United Sti pur»
chase and construction ,( - r poratiotis
and parties then kuown to h to un
able to pay their debts then ur ed and
due, and this without exactit. otn sa iJ
corporations and parties a"J«urities
whatever; in that he directed ori ] er .
Ed subordinate officers of tbtoy €rlw
metit to postpo* and delay Collec
tion of moneys due and payabl, |jj 0
I'niied States on account of su«* ta , cs
H> apparent conformity to an on p re .
viously made by htm that tho re< t
upon certain bonds issued or gu* ee j
by tho State of Tennessee, iu atd, er ,
taiu railways, then due and unpak ,
period ot four yean and more, shOj |#
first paid out of the earning! > )e
loads in whose behalf the said » s
were so issued or guarsu'w-i ; in tl\j
conformity to such order *ud dircc
the collection of moneys payable
i huu due to the United States was
layed and postpoued, and the intereat
' such bonds, of which he himself was
| large holdar; was paid accordiug to if
j terms of his own order, thua corrupt!
1 usiug his office to defraud and wrong ih 1
, people of the United States, and for hif
j own pergonal advantage ; in that he has
I not only restored to the claim thereol
I large atucunto'of cotton and other aban
donee! property that had been seized and
taken by the agents of the Treasury in
conformity to law, but his paid and di
rected the payment of the actual pro
ceed* of sales made thereof, and this iu
violation of a law of the United States
which orders and requires payment into
the Treasury of the United States of all
moneys received from such sales, and
provided for loyal claimants a sufficient
and easy remedy in the Court of Claims,
and in manifest violation also of the
spirit and meaning of the Constitution,
wherein it is declared that no money
shall bo drawn from the Treasury but in
consequence of appropriations made by
law; and further, iu that the said An
drew Johnsou, President of the United
States, authorized the use of the army of
the United States for the dispersion of a
peaceful and lawful assembly of citizecs
of Louisiana, and this by virtue of dis
patch addressed to a person who was not
an officer of the army, but who was a
public and notorious traitor, and all with
the intent to deprive the loyal people of
Louisiana of the very opportunity to
friuie a State government, rapublieari in
form, and with the intaut iurther to con
t.nue in places of trust and emolument
persoug who had engaged in an attempt
to overthrow the Government of the
United States, expecting thus to concili
ate suo'i person* to himself and secure
their aid in support of his aforesaid utn
constitutional designs; ail of which omis
sions of duty, usurpation of power, vio
lationa of his oath of office, of the laws
and of the Constitution of the United
States, by fa d Andrew Johnson, Presi
dent of the Uuited States, have retarded
the public prosperity, lessend the public
revenues, d sordered tho business and fi
nances of the ceuntry, encouraged insus
bordination iu the people of the States
recently in rebellion, fostered sentimeuts
if hostility between different clas-es of
citizens, revived and kept alive the spirit
of the rebellion humiliated the nation,
dishonored Republican institutions, ob
structed the restoration of said States to
the Uniou. aud delayed and postponded
the peaceful and fraternal reorganization
of the Government of the United States.
The Committee, therefore report the
accompanying resolution. and recommend
its passage.
[Signed ] GEO. S. ROCTWELL,
Resolution providing for the impeach*
ment of the President of the United
States :
Resolved That Andrew .Johnson, Presi
dent ol the United States, be impeached
of high crimes and misdemeanors.
Representatives Wilson nml Woolbridge
handed in a report dissenting from the con
elusions of tlio majority of the committee.
They say : On the third day of June, ISG7,
it M'us declared by a solemn vote in the com
■it iI to, that from the testimony before them
it did not appear that tlic President of the
United States was guilty of such high
crimes and misdemeanors as called on tlio
exercise of ihe impeaching powers of this
House' The votrv stood, yeas 5, nays 4,. —
On the 21st inst., this action of the com
mittee wns reversed, and a vote of 3 to 4 de
clared, in favor of recommending to the
House an impeachment of the President.
Forty-eight hours have not yet elapsed since
we were informeJ of the character of the
report which represents this changed atti
ude of the coinniitttoe. Tho recentness of
this event compels general treatmeut ol
some feantures of the case, as it is pre
sented by tha majority, which otherwise
would have been treated more in detail.
The report of the majority resolves all
presumption against the President, closes
the door against all doubt!, affirms facts as
established by testimony, in support of
»\hich there is not a particle of evidence,
before us which would be received by any
court in the land. We dissent from all of
this, and trom the temper and spirit of the
report. The cool and unbiased judgment of
the future, when the excitement in the
mid t of which we live shall have passed
away, will not fail to discover that tlie po
litical bitterness of the present time has, in
no considerable degree, given tone to the
document which we decline to approve.
Dissenting as we do from the rej ort of the
Committee, both as to the law of the case
and the conclusions drawn from the facts
developed by the testimony. A due regard
for the body which impost d on us the high
and transcendently imperative and impor
tant duty involved in an investigation of the
charges preferred against the President,
impress us to present at length our views
of the subject which has been committed to
us by a must solemn vo'e of the House of
Representatives. In approaching this duty
we feel that the spirit ol the partisan should
be laid aside, and that the interests of the
Republic as thoy are measured by its Con
stitution and laws alone shall guide us.
Messrs Wilson and Woolbridge then pro
coed to discuss the Constitutional question
with regard to impeachment, showing by
ref-rence to legal authority that an im
peachment cannot be supported by any act
which falls short ef nn indictable crime or
misdemeanor. Euglish precedents are re
ferred to at length, and copinus extracts
made from the testimony of the committee
in order to refute the reasoning and conclu
sions of the majority. They conclude as
follows :
The censure and condemnation of the Pres
ident either by the majority ..r minority is
without our jurisdiction, not justified by the
fact*, unbecoming one department of the
Government ttward the other, arid calcula
ted to bring rcproaeh upon the Committee,
the House anl the nation.
With all due respoot to the majority
of the confmittee, we cannot regard the
charges made against the President as a
serious attempt to procure his impeach
ment without dwelling upon their utter
failure t» point to the commission of a
tingle act that is recognized by the laws
our country as a high crime or mis
imcanor. The President had the sanc
pn of his Cabinet for eyery act for
rich he has been arraigned, yet they
k recognized as especial fayorites of
party of i'speaehiDcnt, Mr. Stanton
gave his emphatic approval to the acts
for which the President is arraigned, and
yet the Kx-?ooretary is a favorite and
popular martyr, and the whole country
is vexed with clamors tor his restoration
*o power and place. The Vresident has
used every means within his power to
bring Jefferson Davis to speedy trial,
and yet he has been denounced through
out the land for procrastination and pre
venting the trial, while the Judges and
prosecuting officers having entire control
of tho matter have been deemed worthy
of tho most honored plaudits. Were
over consistencies more glaring and in
explicable than these and can wo possibly
be mistaken when we assert that, how
ever houest may be the majority of the
Committee, the verdict of the country
and of posterity will be that the crime
of the President consists not iu violation
of, but refusals to violate, the laws: in
being unable to keep pace with the par
ty o'- progress in their rapidly advancing
movements, or to step outside and above
tho Constitution in the administration
of the Government: in preferring the
Constitution of his country to tho dicta*
tion of an unscrupulous partizan cabal ;
in bravely during to meet the maledic
tions of those who arrived at tho acccm
plishment of a most wicked and danger
ous revolution, rather than encouuter
the reproach of his own conscience and
the curses ol posterity through all time.
A great deal of the matter contained
in the volume of testimony reported to
the llous l is of no value whatever.
Much of it is mere hearsay, opinions of
witnesses, and no little amount of it ut
terly irrelevant to tho case. Compara
tively a small amount of it could be used
on a trial of this case before the Senate.
All of tho testimoay relating to the fail
ure to try and admission to bail of .Jeff
erson Davis, the assassination of Presi
dent Lincoln, the diary of J. Wilkes
Booth, his place of burial, the practice of
pardou brokerage, and the alleged cor
respondence of the President with Jeff
erson Davis, may be interesting to a
reader but is not of the slightest impor
tance so far as a determination of this
case is concerned. Still, much of this
irrelevant matter has been interwoven
into the majority, and has served to
heighten its color and dec; e'l its tone,
settle down upon the real evidence in the
case, that which will establish, in view
of the attending circumstances, a subs
stautial crime. Dy making plain the
elements which constitute it, the case in
many respects dwarfs into a political
coutcst. In approaching a conclusion
we do not fail to recognize the stand
points from whiel this case can kt> re
viewed, the legal aud tho political.
Viewing it front tho latter, the?.) is a suc
cess. Tho President has disappointed
the hopes and expectations of those who
plrced him in power; ho has betrayed
their confidence and joiued hands with
their enemies ; ho has pioved false to the
express and implicit condition which
underlie his elevation to power, and, in
our view of the case, deserves the cen
sure aud condemnation of every well
disposed citizen of the Republic.
While we acquit him of impeachable
crimes, wo pronounce him guilty of many
wrongs. His contest with Congress has
delayed reconstruction, and inflieted vast
injury upon the people of tho rebel States
lie has beeu bliud to the necessities of
tho times, and to tho demands of a pro
gressive civilization enveloped in tho
darkness of the past, and seems not to
have detected the dawning brightness of
the future. Incapable of appreciating
the grand changes wlsich the past six
years have wrought, ho seeks to measure
the great events which surround him by
the narrow rules which adjusted public
affai|s before the rebellion aud its legit
imate consequences destroyed them and
established others. Judge him, politi
caly condemn him, but the day of polit
ical impeachment would bo a sad one for
the country.
Political unfitness and incapacity must
be tried at the ballot-box, not in the high
court of impeachment. The contrary, rule
might leave to Cougress but little time fur
other business than the trial of impeach
ment, but we are not now dealing with po
litical offenses. Crimes and mil-demeanors
are now demanding our attention. Do these
within the mealing of the Constitution ap
pear? Rest the case upon political offenses
and we are prepared to pronounce against
tlio President, for such offenses are numer
ous, and grave.
If Mexican expeiienee is desired, we
need have no difficulty, for tln*ir almost ev
ery elect ion is productive of a revolution.
It the people jfthis Republic desire such a
result we have not yer been able to discover
it, nor would we favor it if its presence
were manife-t. While wc condemn and
censure the political c indue of the Presi
dent aud judge hi in un vise in the us» of I is
discretionary power, and appeal lo the peo
pie of the Republic to sustain us we Hill
affirm that the conclusion at which we have
arrived is correct. >Ve therefore declare
that the case before us, presented Iv testi
mony and measured by ihe law. does not
declare fuch high crimes and misdemeanors
within the meaning of the Constitution as
require the interposition of the constitution
al powers of this House, and recommend
the adoption of the following resolution.
Resolved ■ That the Committee on the
Judiciary be discharged from the further
consideration of the proposed impeachment
of the President of the United States, and
that the subject be laid upon the table.
JAMES F. WU.sojf.
Messrs. Marshall and Eldridge, in the r
report, say of the President: His greatest
offense, we apprehend, will be found to be
that lie has not been able to follow those
who elected him to his office in their mad
assults upon and departure from the Con
stitutional Government of the Fathers of the
Republic, and that, standing where most of
his party professed to stand when they ele
vated him to his exulted position, he has
dared to differ with the majority ofCongreet
upon »rent and vital questions, lie has be
lieved in the continuing and binding obli
gations of the Constitution, that the suppress
sion of the rebellion against the Union was
the preservation of tne Union and States.—
comprising it, and when the rebellion was
put down, the State weit all and equally
entitled t-; representation in the Congress !
of the United States. Planting himself
firmly and immovably upon this position, he
Ws incurred the tierce and malignant hatr
ed atvi, pposition of nil those who claim, by
virtue otMje alleged conquest ot the territory
and the subjugation of the people of the
lately rebellions State?, the power and right
to dictate to them th* constitution and laws
they shall live under, an«l the liberties they
shall be preuiitted to enjoy.
in this difference between and
the President, and the desire of eacM< )r the
adoption by the country of their respective
views, i% we suspect, to be found not only
the cause for the movement to impeach the
President, but of his censure and condem
nation. Out of it has growu the embittered
feelings and violent hatred of the President
by his former friends. The majority of
Congress and of the committee have enter
tained and have been prepared to declare at
all times, in Congress and out of it and even
more strongly than is expressed in their re
port, this same cencure and condemnation.
This opinion was not formed upon the testi
mony taken before the committee, or upon
any facts elicited by its investigation. It
was a political opinion, growing out of dif
ference of views upon political questions.—
It was the opinion with the majority of the
committee entered upon the investigation.—
It was that which enspired and stimulated
all its inquiries and examination, but not'
withstanding thet>e pre existing opinions and
prejudices, the minority of the committee
have been compelled to find,nfter the fullest
consideration ami great and protracted de
liberation ; that the President had commit
ed no offenco for which, under our laws, he
can or ought to be impeached, and henco, as wo insist, subjecting him to the of*
ficialjurisdiction of the committee of the
DINNER was spread m the cabin of
the peei ICPS steamer, the New World and
a splendid company were assembled about
the table. Among the passengers thus
prepared for gastronomic du?j was a
little creature ot the genuine fob species
decked daintaly as an early butterfly,
with kids of irreproachable whiteness,
miraculous uecktie, and spideriike quizs
zing glass on his nose, and the delicate
animal turned his head affectionately
aside with:
"Sah ?"
''Bring mo a powpellah of a female
"Yes, sail."
"And, waitah, teli the steward to wub
iny plate with a wegitable called onion,
which will give a delicious flavaw to my
Whila the rofinod exquisite was gir*
iug his order, a jolly Western drover had
listeued with open mouth and protruding
eyes When the diminutive creature
had paused, ho brought his fist down
upou the table with a force that made
ever dish bounce, and then thundered
I out:
"Here, you gol darnsd acs of spades!"
"Yes, »ah."
"Hring me a thundering big plate of
skunk's gizzards "
"Sah ?"
"And, old ink pot, tuck a horse blank
et under my chin, aud rub lue dowu with
brick bats while I feed."
The poor dandy showed a pair of
straight tails instanier, and the whole
table joined iu a tremendous roar.
OCCUPATION. —What a glorious thing
it is for the human heart. 'l'hoso who
woik hard seldom yield themselves up
to fancied or real sorrow. hen grief
sits down, folds its hands aud mournful
ly feads upon iti own tears, weaving the
dim shadows that a little exertion might
sweep away, intj a funaral pall the
wrong spirit is shorn of its might, and
sorrow becomes our master. When
troubles flow upon you dark and heavily
toil not with tho waves—wrestle not
with tho torrent! —rather seek, by occu
pation, to divert the dark waters they
threaten to overwhelm you into a thous
and channels whieh tbe duties of life
always present. Before you dream of it,
those waters will the present,
and give birth to flowers that will be
come pure and holy, in the sunshine
which penetrates to the path of duty, in
spite of every obstacle. Grief after all
is but a selfish feeling and most selfish
is tho man wuo yields hfiusolf to the in*
dulyeucc of any pais on whatever.
A laly was recently reading to her child—
a b>>y of seven years—a story of a little fel
low whose father was taken ill and died,
whereupon the youngster set himself dili
gently to work to assist in supporting him
self and his mother. When she hud finish
cd the -til v the following dialogue ensued :
Mother— Now, my little man, if your pa
pa WHS to die, wouldea't you woik to help
your m jther t"
boy —(N'ot relishing the ideaof work)
Why, ma, whit foi ? Ain't wo got a good
house to live in ?
Mother—Oh yes, mv child, but we can't
eat the house you know.
Boy—Wed, ain't wo got flour and sugar
and other things in the Btoreroom ?
Mother—Certainly wo have my doar boy,
but they wont last long, and what then ?
Boy -Well, ma aint there enough to last
until you get another husband ?
A roar of laghter endedthe colloquy.
FIRING JACKASSES.— A band of ludians
male a sudden attack on a detachment of
our soldiers in tho mountains, recently.—
The soldiers had a loaded mountain howitzer
mounted on a mule. Not having time t>
take it off and put it in position, they back
ed un the mule and lot drive at the Indians.
The load was so heavy that mu!eandall went
tumbling down the hill townids the savages
whft not understanding that kind of warfare,
fled likedeer*. Afterwards one of them was
capturad, and when asked why be ran »o,
"Me big Injin, nut afraid of little guns or
big gunß, hut when white man load up and
fire a whole jackass at Injin, me don't know
what to do."
Never carry a sword in yaur tonga*
to wound the reputation of any man.
—Time never sits heavily upon as but
when it u badly employed.
—Prosperity is a blessing to the good,
but a ourso to the evil.
—"Hoops," pays "Inebrius," sur
round the best things on earth— wine
and women.
CONUNDRUMS.—What is the first
thing a boy does when he falls into the
water ? He gets wet.
—When does a farmer act with rude*
ness towards his corn ? When he pulb
its ears.
—We givo away nothing so gener
ously and receive nothing go reluctantly,
as auvv> 0 .
— tho reason why the way of
the transgressoi i 8 hard, is that it is so
much traveled.
—An old bachelor thUVs the train of
ladies dresses infornal machine,from the
fact that a blow-up took place d'usetly
after he put his foot on one.
—What was tho difference between
Joan ol Arc and Noah's ark? One was
Maid of Orleans, and the ether was made
ol gopher wood.
—Men aro often capable of greater
things than they perform. They oome
into the world with bills of oredit, acd
seldom diaw to their full extent.
—Josh Hillings says thai if a man
professes to serve the Lord, ha likes to
see him do it when he measures onions
as well as when he hollers glory halle
—lnviolable fidelity, good humor, and
complacency of temper, outshines all tha
uharms of a fine face, and make tha de
cay of it invisible.
—Moral as well as natural wave* are
checked and bounded by divine power.
Surely tho wrath of man shall praise
Thee and the rsmainde; of his wrath'
Thou shalt restrain.
—Lucy Stone said : "There is cotton
in the eais of man, and hope in the bo
som of woman." Lucy made a mistake
and got the cotton in the wrong place.
—An "improved apparatus for nursing
K*:'.* is advertised Wo don't believe
tV.a o.u way can bs improved verymqoh.
There are somo things that are about
complete at the beginning.
—Wo need not care bow short cor
passago out of this lite is, so it bo safe;
never any traveller complained that he
came too soon to his journey's end.
—You are just taking loave of the
world, and have you not learned to be
an honest man is the only way to
be a wise one 1
—A little four yoar old child in
Portland told his father he was a fool.
On being reprimanded by his mother and
required to say he wag sorry, ho toddled
up to the insulted parent and exclaimed,
"Papa, I'm sorry you'so a fool."
—"John," askod a physician of the
apothacary's apprentice, "did Mrs. Green
get tho medicine I ordered ?" "I guess
so," replied John, "for I saw orapo
hanging to the doorknob this morning."
—"What a fine head your boy hasl"'
said an admiring friend.
"Yes." said the fond father, "he's a
chip of tba old block ; ain't you soeny?"
"I guess so, daddy, cause teacher said
I was a young block-head."
—A Chines# maxim soys: "We re»
quire four things of woman: That virtue
dwell in bcr heart; that modesty play on
her brow; that sweetness flaw from her
lips, and that industry occupy her hand."
A lawyer had his portrait taken in
IUB favorite attitude, standing with his
hands in his pockets. "It would resem
ble him more closely," said an acquaint*
anee, " if he had his hands in somebody
else's pockets.
—Teach a child that thoro is harm in
everything, however innocent, and an
soon as it discovers the cheat it won't lee
sin in anything. That's the reason dea«
con's tons don't turn out wall, and presch
ors' daughters aro married through a win\
—Secne on tho street —Jubilant Dem
ocrat—Do you hear those guns ? I telh
you we can afford to burn powaor over
btioh victories as these 1 Touohy Repub
lican—That's BO 1 You didn't burn much
during tho war and haven't burned much
—An axplosivo substance, wbo>e ef
fects are somewhat like those of gun
powder, has been discovered in Franse
by M. I'ool. It is prepared by the no
tion of chlorate an lof ni'.rate of potash
on ordinary gluo or isinglass.
—A Virginia negro boy, who profess
ed to be dreadfully alarmed at the chol
era, took to the woods, he said, "to pray."
" But," said the overseor, " how is it
that you went to sleep ?"
" Don't know, massa, 'aaotly,/ respond
ed tho tiegr>, "but 'spoot I mast have
overprayed myself."
—A retired English sea captain, who
had made the tour of Continental Europe
and the Iloly Land, was asked how ho
was impressed by his visit to Jerusalem ;
" Jerusalem," said he, "is tho meanest
place I visited ! There is not a drop of
liquor in the whole town fit to drink."
A wag entered a grocer's shop some
years ago, which had for its sign " The
Two Baboons," and, addressing himself
to tho proprietor said, "I wish to see your
partner." " I have no partner, sir." "[
beg your pardon, sir. and hopo yoa will
excuse the mistake." "0, there's no
harm done; but what made yoa think,
there were two of us?" '• Your sign,"'
he replied, " 'Tho Two Baboons.' "