American citizen. (Butler, Butler County, Pa.) 1863-1872, April 27, 1864, Image 2

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    SThe American (titiscn.
CYRUS E. ANDEftSON, j Edl *°rs.
m. W. RPE4B. PnbltefcerT
ivv ii'Rii.«t.
49""Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One
and 'naeparable."—D. Webster.
The Convention.
Owing partly to the bad roads, and part
ly to the shortness of the call, there was
not a full Convention; yet under the cir
cumstances, the number of delegates pres
ent, as also the interest taken in the pro
ceedings, gave evidence that the people
are active to tho great question of the day
—the preservation of their country.
The Convention was both harmonious
and interesting; and the most cheering
feature of its proceedings was its enthusi
asm in the avowal of the continued confi
dence in President Lincoln.
The Peaee Dcinocracj.
The course of tin- Democracy, during
the progress af the present war, has been
somewhat singular. During the extra
cession of sixty-one, Breckinridge ift*the
Senate, and Burnett in the House, were
the leading apologists for treason, endeav
oring by every artifice to embarrass the
operations of the Government, and en
courage the cause of the rebels. Finally,
when they could no longer mask their
treason, they openly espoused the Rebel
cause, an election soon to come oft' in
Kentucky, they confidently expected, (as
did also their friends in the North,) that
their course would be endorsed by the
.people of their State, but in this they
were disappointed, Kentucky for the first
time declaring her determination to stand
by the Union. This not only disappoint
ed them, but alarmed thoir friends in the
North, and for a time, gave comparative
quiet to tho loyal States, all parties avow
ing devotion to the Union cause.
The canvass which took place in the
fall of sixty-two, was conducted, in most
cases, with avowed attachment to the
Union cause, but no snoner had the Dem
ocrats realized the fact that they had gain
ed strength with the people, than they
began to give evidence of their disloyal
purposes. Vallindigham became bold in
his denunciations of the Administration
and its method of conducting the war. —
In short, denounced the war itself, declar
ing that the Southern people never could
be subdued. Ilis sentiments were reiter
ated all over the country, and he, for the
timo being, became tho -representative
man of his party; but after his over
whelming defeat at the polls, his party
again became comparatively quiet, and
seemingly loyal.
But as a I'residential campaign was
■about to open, they were unwilling togo
■into it without first feeling the popular
heart with, by at least a flank movement,
giving their "Southern bretliern" some
assurance of sympathy. This time Mr.
Long of Cincinnati, was chosen as the
victor, who, on the Bth of the present
month, made a speech in the lower Ilousa
of Oongress, replete with disloyal senti
ments from its beginning to its conclu
sion, in the course of which, he declared
that wc could never subjugate the South
—that there was no power in the Consti
tution to carry on a war against sovereign
States—that if the war was to be carried
on longer, it should be done by Republi
cans alone, &c.
A fcsolutiou to expel mm was introdu
ced by Speaker Colfax himself, which, af
ter being modified to one of censure, was
finally passed by the house. And altho'
in the course of the debate on this resolu
tion, Democratic members sometimes took
pains to have it understood that they did
not endorse Mr. Long's sentiments, still
we believe not a single memßcr of that
party voted, even to censure his treasona
ble utterances! But on the contrary, vo
ted in a solid phalanx to allow him and
others who saw fit to follow his example,
:to proclaim from our halls of Congress,
that there was still a party in tho loyal
North which sympathized with these per
jured traitors, (their Southern brethern.)
Doiibtless the resolution was modified from
one for oxpulsion to one of censure mere
ly, hoping that upon that issue, the vote
might be a unit against these unwarranted
and unpatriotic utterances; but alas: how
sad to reflect thut three years of bloody
war has not been sufficient to enable the
leaders of that old party to withdraw
their sympathies from those crueSjuen
who are still the animating influence by
which the rebel hordes are still continuing
to resist the onward march of our brave
"Union army. When will this state_ of
things cease ?
Gen. Vessels surrendered Ply
mouth, N. C., on Wednesday, the 20th
inst., after ibur days hard fighting. Our
loss was 150 killed, anjl '2OOO prisoners.
Babel loss. 100 killed.
gwT- On the first page of our paper to
day, will be found an article entitled "The
Annapolis Fair." We received this in
the form of a "Poster." accompanied by a
letter from our old. and much esteemed
friend, Simeon Nixon, in which he in
forms us that the Methodist Church of
Annapolis are almost unanimoutly disloyal
—that he could not, therefore consent to
see them goon in their efforts to filch the
poor soldier without making an effort to
prevent it. So he prepared this article,
got it printed in the shape of a poster or
hand-bill, and had it posted up all through
Annapolis, doubtless it would prevent
many a greenback from finding its way
from the pocket of the poor soldier to the
tftasury of this Fair.
In a former letter, Mf. Nixon wrote us
that one of the churches of Annapolis had
been rebuilt last summer on the modern
Yankee style at a cost of? 16.000. 810,000
of which had been furnished by the sol
diers. We give this article a place in our
columns for tho purpose of letting our
readers see how things are done "down
South," as also for the moral reflections
with which it abounds, which if properly
studied, may be of interest to all. Our
readers have already been favored with
several contributions .from Mr. Nixon's
pen. One on a Russian funeral, which
should have appeared sooner, is also given
to our readers today.
From his childhood up to the present
time we have been intimately acquainted
with Mr. Nixon—received our primary
(ai;d almost our entire) education with
In early youth he became a careful ob
server and close reader of our political
history. Although not yet (we believe)
a voter, having embraced the principles
of the Republican party, he took an
active part in the compaign of fifty-six,
in behalf of Col. Fremont. Nor was his
enthusiasm abated in -sixty, when the
| same principles were represented by Mr.
' Lincoln —frequently addressing popular
meetings and Lincoln clubs with effect.
His addresses were sure to have one vir
tue not always found in those of young
orators —that of originality. Wc recol
lect one of the figures by which in fif
ty-six, he endeavored to prove the in
jurious tendencies of the repeal of the
3lissouri compromise, was that of the old
farmer who in midsummer commenced
taking away the fence between his. corn
field and that in which he had his swine
inducted. One of his neighbors (so went
the figure) remonstrated with him, assur
ing him that, if he took away the fence,
the swine would at once overrun the corn
field and destioy the crop before it had
matured. But the old farmer assured his
good neighbors that it was no part of his
intention or desire to have the swine de
stroy his corn—that he only moved the
fence in recognition of the swine's right
of locomotion —the illustration was believ
ed to be a happy one and was re-produced
by some of our ablest speakers. .
During the campaign of sixty, in illus
tration of the fallacy of compromise, lie
took a figure from his own farming oper
ations. "Suppose," said he, "that father
ancTl differed about what kind of grain
we had better putin a certain field—he
wishing to sow it in oats, while I desired
keeping it for'corn, there we might prop
erly compromise tho difference by sowing
part in oats and reserving the remainder
for corn. But suppose the old gentleman
in place of Oats insisted on sewing thistles:
do you suppose I would be in duty bound
to yield the point, and shut my eyes to
tho injurious effect such a crop would
have not only on our own farm but on
those of the whole neighborhood'/" Such
was his interesting style.
On the night previous to the election
we were present at a meeting held in our
election district, Simeon as usual w'as call
ed on for a speech, lie reminded them
of the fact that four years ago that night
he had met with them there. There'was
present a ' Jackson Democrat," who de
clared that his father had voted the "Dem
ocratic ticket," and so would he. Young
Nixon used this old man for the purpose
of illustrating the method by which the
old party was held together much to his
annoyance and the entertainment of the
meeting. He reminded the meeting that
the election morning of fifty-six looked
dark and gloomy to the friends of liberty,
but assured theui tftat it was quite
ent now. In conclusion he reminded
them that on to-morrow they .wouldjbc call
ed upon to decide whether in the future,
the flag of our country should be the black
flag of human bondage or the Star Span
gled Banner of Liberty. Finally, he as
sured them that whether the banner of
liberty or slavery should triumph in the
constitutional battle to be fought at the
polls the next day, that his heart should
still beat true to freedom.
We met early the uext morning and
spent most of the day together, incidents
of interest frequently occurred. About,
the middle of the day a young man offer
ed to vote "on age," but on inquiry it was
found that he was twenty-two years of age
that day. The board, ignoriug the legal
rule of "no fractions in a day," curiously
decided that they would keep the ticket,
and if the young man on returning home
found that he was actually under twenty
two years of age at the time he offered to
vote —and would furnish them the evi
dence, then they would take his vote.—
Time passed away* the evening was ad
vancing, but no woid of tbfc return of the
I young man. It was not likely that he
could furnish the necesary information—
all had given up the hope of getting that
vote polled for Lincoln—except Simeon.
He would not give it up, but acting upon
the maxim that "while there is life there
is hope," he mounted his favorite mare
"Tib" (a fast trotter) and off he goes in
search of the needed testimony—which he
hoped to obtain about three miles distant.
The Eun was almost down when he return
ed and to the astonishment of all and grief
of the Democrats, he produced the family
record of the young man's birth, from
which he read his birth had taken place
at 8 o'clock in the evening ! The shades
of evening were now falling upon us, an
examination showed" who were yet to come
in, for arrangements to make the vote as
full as possible had been made. A young
man, rather indifferent to party politics,
had been assessed by Nixon's importunity,
but on being gent for declined coming to
vote —an old gentleman also (long since
no more)*fearing the severity of the even
ing blast, had concluded not togo to the
election—their cases were by all, except
Nixon, deemed hopeless. lie knowing nc
such word as despair, once more betook
himself to "Tib." and off he goes. Dark
ness now set in—he had to make a circu
lar trip of about four miles. A few min
utes before the clock struck 7 aloflf came
Nixon with the old gentleman on "Tib"
and the young man walking with hims<lf\
These were the last votes polled in our
District, and they were both for Lincoln.
It has been alleged, that some who in
times of peace were ardent supporters of
the*principles of our government, when
the crash of arms came were not so willing
to share its trials. TJiis cannot be said
o£our friend. When the first call "to
arms" was sounded, leaving an aged fath
er, and a mother believed to be on her
deathbed (and he their only son) he took
an active part in getting up a company,
and leaving home and friends, entered up
on his first military campaign with that
same earnestness that he always exhibited
in his political career, in the 13th Pa.
Infantry. When the term of service was
ended, he returned home only to assist in
arousing the people to their duty, address
ing meetings, and in cveay way possible
stimulating tlie young men to enter «he
service—he soon found himself surround
ed by a squad of. patriots, who, we believe,
intended joining a company with him at
Pittsburgh. But Nixon, not finding
things as satisfactory as he expected, ad
vised those j'oung men togo into a home
company, where .they would find many ac
quaintances, while he risked his fortunes
with the 6th U. S. Cavalry—thus throw
ing away a commission which ho might
have had, had he carried out his first
From that day forward the history of that
Regiment is hit history (and il kas one.)
Being in the great cavalry fight ordered by
Hooker, in May last to prevent Lee from
entering the Shenandoah Valley, he was
takep prisoner—went to Richmond and
was afterwards paroled—rejoined his Reg
iment, but, perhaps, for the first time in
his life became very ill—was removed to
a hospital at Annapolis and has not yet
been able to re-join his Regiment. It is
worthy of remark that three years of hard
service have not been sufficient to cool his
ardor in the cause of constitutional liber
ty Evenj when many a brave heart felt
sad, during the Peninsula campaign with
Little Mac, ho, like the true patriot, nev
er despaired of his country—even in our
darkest hour, when Lee was likely to in
vade the north, he wrote home words of
encouragement. We recollect on one of
these gloomy occasions, of his having writ
ten to his father, instructing him, in the
event of the Rebels reaching Western
Pennsylvania, to leavenothing that would
be useful to them, to fall into their hands;
but to commit it to the flames—to then
take "Tib," (his favorite mare) and seek
safety in flight.
Nor docs his great interest in the pro
gress cf the war abate his zeal for that
party whose principles he to be
founded in truth and justice. We recol
lect having received a letter from him soon
after the election in the fall of sixty-two
in which he upbraided us for letting the
copperheads gain a victory over us. Said
he,"l suppose you thought that we wore
stauding guard away out here, and there
fore all was safe, and thusyouhavc allow
ed them to outflank you." On January
last we received a letter front him mainly
devoted to National in which he
made strict inquiry as to home sentiment,
and in which he predicted the re-election
of Mr. Lincoln. A few days before the
spring election we received another, in
whic4i. among other things, he said " The
spring election is at hand, be on your guard,
and see to it that noteven one oftheGnats
of treason deposit a single particle of their
excrement-on a fold yf the old flag."
Such is a brief sketch of our present
correspondent at Annapolis—such in sub
stance is the history of thousands of young
men now in the sen-ice of their country.
How can the cause of the nation fail while
sustained by such hands ? llow we long
to see them all home again with their friends
enjoying theblessingsof a restored union,
in the preservation of which they have
performed suoh a noble part.
We hope our friend will excuse us for
taking the liberty of giving his name to
our readers as the author of those inter-,
esting contributions to our paper as also
for makingreferenceto his correspondence |
with his friends. We know that he has
many friends who will be glad to learn that
he still possesses a good share of energy,
courage and patriotism. We therefore
took this liberty, believing that on their
account he would excuse us.
County Convention.
The following are the proceedings of a
county convention which convened at
Butler, on Monday the 25th inst, in pur
suance of the call of the Republican Exe
cutive Committee heretofore published.
The meeting was orgamzed hy calling
Hon. James Mitchell, to the chair, and
appointing JAlex. Leslie, Esq., and Thos.
W. Boggs, Esq., Secretaries.
The following gontlemen appeared as
Buffalo—John W. Flemming.
Butler—J. N Purviance, Esq.
Centre—Newton Maxwell.
Connoquenessing—John \V. Brandon.
Clinton—Daniel Larden.
Jackson—Thos. W. Boggs, Esq.
Jefferson—Daniel Duffy.
Middlesex —Alex. Leslie. Esq.
Mercer—J as. W. Orr.
Oakland—G. W. Zimmerman. »
Penn—Leander Wise.
Slipperyrock—E. D. Dewolf, Esq.
Summit—Hon. James Mitchell.
Winfield—M'ui. Esq. *
Washington—Wm. Stoops, Esq.
Worth—Thos. Clarke.
Bor. Butler—J. D. M'Junkin.
Bor. Zelicnople—Amos Lusk.
On motion of Gen. Purviance, a com
mittee of five were appointed on resolutions.
The chair appoiuted the following gen
tlemen :—(Jen. J. N.Purviance, Hon. Wm.
Stewart, J. 1). M'Junkin, Esq., Daniel
Lardin and Geo. W. Zimmerman.
The committee retired, and after a short
absence, reported the following resolutions,
which, after being received by the con
vention, were unanimously adopted.
Ist. Resolved , That Thomas Robinson
be appointed Senatorial and 11. C. Gra
ham and J. D. McJuukin, Representa
tive delegates to the Union State Conven
tion to be held at Ilarrisburg, on Thurs
day the 28th inst., and are instructed to
support and vote for no one as delegates at
large to the National Union Convention,
to be held at Baltimore, on the 7th day of
June next, who is not well known to be
the true friend of Abraham Lincoln, for
reelection to the position of President of
the United States, and that the said dele
gates at large be instructed to use all hon
orable means to secure the re-nomination
of President Lincoln. .
Resolved, That, approving tlic measures
'and policy of the President and his cabin
et for the .suppression of tho rebellion,and
believing that his re-nomination and elec
tion would weaken rebellion and strength
en government—that it would be favora
bly interpreted in behalf of our cause in
Europe, and largely tend to strengthen
and unite our people at home, and to crush
every vestige of political hope of the
Rebgls. and tend largely to bring the war
j to a close, attd secure lasting and honora
ble peace to the country, we therefore be-
I lieve it to be the duty ot the christian, the
j Philanthropist, and the patriot, to unite
with us in sustaining the government in
the great struggle for the safety, honor
and welfare of this great Republic.
Resolved, That never in tho history of
the Republic has it been more eminently
necessary that unanimity of sentiment
should exist among all our people than at
the present time, and that the loyal heart
every where should beat in harmony with
the great and leading measures of the Na
tional Administration for the suppression
of this causelessand wicked rebellion, and
we invite the true and patriotic American
citizen, whatever may have been hereto
fore his party name or creed, to unite and
rally around the flag of his country, inup
holding tho National Adtninisfration in
this the great day of trial of our beloved
Resolved, That the United States Chris
tian Commission, the Sanitary Commis
sion, the Soldiers Aid Society, and all oth
er institutions of kindred character should
receive as' they w.ell merit the support and
substantia! aiu, and generous liberality of
our people; the soldiers in the field, facing
the perils of battle, deserve, and should
receive the constant care and attention of
the country, by every means that can be
devised by a patriotic and benevolent peo
Resolved. That Hon. Wm. Stewart and
Hon. S. A. Purvianee be, and they are
hereby appointed, (subject to the concur
reece of the other counties of the con
gressional district) representative delegate
to the Union Convention, to be held at
Baltimore on the 7th of next month and
that they are instructed to votefor and use
all honorable'ineans to secure the nomina
tion of President Lincoln as tho Union
candidate for President of the United"
Resolved, That 11. W. Grant, Fsq., A.
I>. Weir, Esq., and Dr. A. Lusk, bo con
ferees, to meet similar conferees from the
other counties of the for the pur
pose of selecting the delegates to the Union
National Convention.
Resolved, That we cordially approve-of
the cour-e of our able member of Cong
ress, the Hon. Thomas Williams, that his
imminent talents, zeal and devotion to tho
great principlesof Freedom and the Union
commend him to our confidence.
On motion of J.D. M'Junkin,thefollow
ingresolution was also unanimously adopt
Resolved, That in'his Excellency, A.
G. Curtin, "we recognize an able statesman,
a true patriot and friend of the soldier—
that the eminent ability displayed by him
as Governor of the Commonwealth—his
zeal in the cause of his country—his vig
ilent care for her brave defenders justified
the people in refusing to allow him to re
tire to private life, while armed rebellion
still bade defiance to the laws.
On motion of Gen. Purvianee, the pro
ceedings were, ordered to be published in
Itepublican papers of the county.
On motion, adjourned.
Alex. Ltflie, Thos. W. Boggs, Seer's.
SGB~ Our contributions to the Sanitary
Fair, Pittsburgh, should be liberal
FJT the CI tizen.
At a meeting of the Commissioned offi
cers of the 78th Regt., Pa. Vol. Inf., on
Lookout Mountain, Tennessee, April llth.
1864, Major Augustus B. Uonnaffon, was
elected President, and Charles B. Gilles
pie, Secretary.
The following Resolutions were unani
mously adopted.
WHEREAS, Lieutenant Colonel Archi
bald Blakelcy, of the 78th.Regiment Pa.
Vol. Inf., has resigned his position in our
Regt., Therefore,
Resolved, That we, the Commissioned
officers of the 78th Regiment Pa. Vol., in
parting with Lieutenant Colonel Blakelev,
do cheerfully offer our testimonials in-fa
vor of his gentlemanly deportment during
the two years and a half that he has been
our officer.
Resolved , That, during the nine months
that he was our Regimental Commander,
we found him a strict disciplinarian a bu
siness like officer, brave and generous,just
and firm, true and courteous, and govern
ing without tyranny or partiality, or love
of favor, or fear of frown.
Jiesolved, That in the camp, on the
march, in the bivouac and on the field of
battle, amid the realities of war, we have
witnessed his actions, and without one stain
on his escutcheon to tarnish his fame, we
have found him to be a true and a noble
Resolved , That in the resignation of
Lieut. Col. Blakeley, the service loses one
of its purest and most efficient officers, one
of its brightest lights, and one of its most
deserving men, and we as a Regiment, our
best adviser, our safest counsellor, a gen
uine Gentleman, a kind friend, a noble
fellow and a gallant hero.
Resolved, Tliif? though we submit to the
fiat of fate, yet not without sorrow, in tak
in*your hand beloved Colonel, and say
ing " Good by," remember, that the true
friendship formed amid the trying vicissi
tudes of war, has jiot. been broken, but
shall ever our hearts as the most
Glorious Ousts of the Great Rebellion.—
May God bless you. And Farewell.
Resolved, That a eopy of these resolu
tions be sent to each of our respective
counties and also to the Pittsburgh pa
pers fhr publication.
Major A. B. BONXAFFOX, Pres't,
Chat. B. Gillespie, < 'apt. ('<• F, Sec'y.
isolation of the Pulpit to l'oli
MESSRS. EDITORS : —Strange as it may
appear, there are many advocates of free
•speech and a free press, who make very
bitter complaints, that the coasted rights
of American citizens have all departed
under the present administration, and yet
these self same sticklers for liberty, would
padlock the mouths of the occupants of
all the pulpits of the land. Their doc
trines are clearly doSned. -V man has a
right tosay what he pleases, to say it Jt*/:-
he pleases, to utter it tc/e JV he pleases and
to speak it in the icai/ he pleases. Docs
he desire to talk or write treason, no one
can dispute'the right to do so. Does he
choose to do it when the nation is strug
gling for existence, let none object. Does
he prefer to do it in the halls of the Na
tional Legislature, it is only a God-given
and Constitutional right, and let anathema
maranatha be written concerning him who
would fain deny him this right. Does he
manifest the same spirit exhibited by Reb
els. as they retired from Congress togo
into rebellion, let no one deny him this
liberty. These arc the tenets, promulga
ted by the modern advocates of free speech
and a free press. Holding such princi
ples, it were indeed strange, that any
should presume to place an embargo upon
this liberty secured unto us by the blood
of our Fathers. Truth i#stranger than
fiction. Notwithstanding such is the doc
trine taught, yet they claim the authority
of instructing the Clergy how far they
may exercise this right—this great boon
of American Freedom. The minister has
learned in his Bible, the lesson taught by
his Master, that it is his duty to "render
unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's,"
which is.simply obedience to, and respect
for the laws of the land, and yet these,on
whom alone, the mantles of liberty, have
fallen, the few to whom is committed the
fearful responsibility of expounding the
nature of true liberty, and.of perpetua
ting it to posterity, affirm that the Minis
ter may not expose to his flock, the wick
edness of this hell-born and hell-hound
rebellion against the authorities of these
United States.
The writer not long since, heard a
lesson.itn one of the liberty loving
fraternity to a jJolico Abolition preacher,
that indeed approached to sublimity.—
The Minister was approached "with fear
and trembling," by an ardent advoeate of
the liberty of speech solemnity was visible
on every feature of his countenanco, and
was addressed thus: '• Sir, I know the
extent of your commission, aud the natnre
of your calling very well. It is to preach
to all. G lory to (rod in the highest peace, and, good will to men ; but yon
have prostituted your calling, to preaching.
Glorry to the nigger on high, and hell and
damnation for Democrats." The effect was
apalling. We have not heard the said Di
vine preach since, but we presume he was
convinced of hiserror, that
he will never dare again to repeat the lan
guage of our Fathers, by saying, " All
men are born free and equal, with certain
inalienable rights, among which are, life,
liberty and the pursuit of happiness."—
We do not wish to be understood as feel
ing, competent to instruct the clergy of
our laud. We think that they themselves,
should be the judges as to what their du
ties are, under these trying circumstances,
but we will simply state what course, we
would perhaps pursue, were we thought
worthy to occupy so important a position
in scjfiety.
1. We feel tlmt his first and chief aim
should bo to secure the salvation of those
with whom he might have intercourse, to
whom he is called to minister in word and
doctrine. To accomplish this great object
he would be expected, not only to be an
expounder of the fundamental doctrines
of the Bible, but to explain and cuforce
the application of these doctrines to every
feature of human conduct. Now we con
tend that every principle of#he Gospel is
diametrically opposed to Slavery and this
Slaveholders rebellion. The doctrine
taught in this passage, All things what
soever you would that men should do un
to you, dove even so unto them, if nppli
eJ tohuman conduct, would sweep Slavery
as with the besom of destruction, from
the face of earth. If the Minister wish
es to be able with Paul to say, " I have
not failed to declare the whole counsel of
(rod," he must of necessity denouuee the
system, of Slavery as the sum of all vil
lainies." The rebellion has been carried
on exclusively in the interest of this ac.
cursed system. All the deeds of iniquity
enumerated in the catalogue of crimes,
have been committed to establish a gov
ernment, the cornerstone of which is this
iniquitous crime against humanity. Can
a Minister declare the whole truth with
out denouncing this wholesale system of
•fraud ?
2. We have stated that the chicY aim
of the Minister should be to secure the
salvation of his flock. In order to accom
plish the eijd of his mission, he must have
favorable surroundings to be able at all
times to be'suceessful. The success of no
professional calling, is so dependent upon
wholesome laws, perhaps as that of the
Minister. If left to the caprice and wick
edness of depraved men, without the pro
tection of good laws, we fear that very
soon worshipping assemblies would meet
with very serious annoyance, and eventu
ally public preaching would be altogether
destroyed. For this very reason, every
intelligent Minister is prompted in view of
his own success and safety, to impress by
repeated admonitions, especially in times
like these, when one third of the w hole
nation has openly revolted, and many of
the remainder, arc at least secretly coun-'
selling resistance to authority and disre
pcct for rulers, the very important duty of
every lover of republican institutions, to
respect authority and obey"hll laws. As
he regards the protection of good laws
most fortunate for his calling, ho can but
look upon rebellion in our country with
condemnation. We think that every pro
tection is thrown around the preaching of
the Gospel that civil law could afford.—
The loyal Minister in looking over the
history, of our Nation can but see the
hand of God with it from its incipiency.
•It is to be demonstrated in these last days,
that republican institutions did not die
with Rome, but with the dissemination of
the true principles of a I'ree government.
In connection with general intelligence,
and the most necessary of iill a pure
Christianity, this nation is bound to stand
the brightest orb in the firmament of na
tions. until time, shall be no more. ' We
hope our Clergy will not allow themselves
to bo throttled by Rebel sympathizers with
the cry of "political preaching" "Aboli
tion preaching." and such trash, but pru
dently, yet pointedly arid forcibly, teach
us our whole duty, our duty to our coun
try as well as to our God. We hope for
the sake of consistency, that our advocates
of free speech, will not deny the Ministry
the right to' advocate loyalty, as frequent
ly and as freely as they are permitted to
advocate treason. O consistency ! thou
art a jewel. . VERITAS.
Army CorrrNpoiidciico.
•ANNAPOLIS,- Jlareh 2.">, 1801.
MESSRS. EDlTOßS: —Perhaps your
readers would like to see a description of
a ceremony seldom beheld iu our country
—a Rus.-ian funeral. While the Russian
vessels, Almaz and A'ariag. were here, a
couple of Russian sailors having drank of
the Ten Cent Hospitality of Annapolis,
(Bad Whiskey) got into a quarrel with a
citizen dram seller, and the .citizen shot
him dead. After the usual examinations
and investigations, the citizen was releas
ed, and the Russian was buried.
The ceremony was new, imposing, and
grand. The day being a beautiful one,
the funeral was attended by everybody
and all their friends. The Services were
performed in the chapel (if the nary yard;
in tlio centre lay the body, in a plain cof
fin, surrouuded by lighted wax Candles,
arranged according to the superstition of
the (Ireek faith; and a choir of the petty
officers of the fleet, each holding a light
ed taper. They chanted vqry nicely,
while the long haired priest, dressed in his
officiating gown, very richly decorated,
burned incense, which strongly savored of
Russia or some other stroiuj country—
but I did not sec all the performance.—
The press of red tape became so great that
the sergeant of the guard was ordered to
eject all private soldiers—to make room
for these barred dignitaries; all right,
thinks I "a private soldier rights
a white man is bound to respect," and as I
was forced out by the point oi the bayo
net, to make room for these men of rank,
to gratify their curiosity. 1 thought of the
places I had teen where they were not half
so anxious to gratify their curiosity, and
how T had been deserted on the battle
field by the last one of them. Rut, after
about an hour the superstitious perform
ance was closed and the procession march
ed to the soldiers hurrying ground. First
in order was a boy about twelve years old,
carrying in his hand a glass cover*! gilt
representation. I could not tell of what,
(but which I afterwards saw on the vessel,
associated with their other religious rel
ics,) next came the unfortunate man de
tailed to carry the lid of the coffin, this he
carried on his bare head from the chapel
to the grave, about a mile ; next was the
Pall Bearers, with the open coffin upon
their shoulders, followed by the choir and
the priest, wearing a long black gown and
an indescribable hat; next came the Rus
sian band of 40 curiously made instru
ments, they played skillfully and the mu
sic was delightful, but a relief also, of the
Russians who played on a peculiar kind of
a bugle, and Brass drums, discoursed the
most melodious discord I ever heard.—
Then came the escort of one hundred of
his fellow soldiers with muskets of some
what largor calibre than ours; ihen came
the chief officers of the fleet, whose dress
was rich and gay, and presented a great
contrast to that of the soldiers just ahead ;
then came a detachment of the invalid
corps, very neat and clean, turned out as
an act of respect by the Surgeon in charge
of the navy yard hospital; then came in
a promiscuous throng, everybody able to
walk, and in hearing of tbe delightful mu
sic. Having arrived at the burryiDg
ground, the beautiful slopes of the sur
rounding hills were covered with curious
spectators, and some had climbed to the
tops of the trees, all abxious to see the last
ceremonies over the dead Russian. The
coffin was now placed upon a bier, and the
priest took a shovel and sprinkled the body
with earth, repeating some ceremony, tjie
choir chanted a short song, and the priest
emptied the censor upon the breast of the
corpse, then the lid was fastened down and
the coffin lowered. The escort fired three
salutes, and the grave was filled, an iron
Cross reared at its head, and the curious
orowd dispersed—Soldiers' to their quar
ters, Citizens to their homes, and the Rus
sians to their vessels.
What killed the Russian ? Whiskey.
M. D. O.
or Butler County.
The additional quota assigned Butler
county, under the late call for 200,000
men. The following is a statement of
the gross quota of each sub-district, to
gether with the credits On the draft, July,
1863. for new volunteers, enlisted to the
credit of each, up to the twenty-ninth day
ot February last. All volunteers enlisted
since'that day, all veterans re-enlis{Qd in
the field since last fall, and assigned to
their own propersub-districts, and all men
who may have enlisted in the regular ar
my, and in the naval and marine service,
to the credit of their respective sub-dis
tricts. are yet to be credited, and will bo
so credited as soon as the reports are re
ceived :•
I« 3 I?! £?,s?| 7?
=-i 32- if] ??
J.I -
1 I• : i 3
Unffiilo township ! U.' l f ' 10 2fr 10
Clint ! If.'. lu | IS 22 1
Middlesex .I . | 41. ."I ' Id Id! Q
A.tun- do ■ 41' H lil a A
t"runberr* dn 31 ]•'' 111 S3, H
.fiu-kson i Harmony 3* 11 12
Kellenople i 11; *j! 3' r.l 6
Forward township........' 30 ' 10 22 j 8
I'enn township 22 1" h 1r 4
.leftiTHuii k Snxotiburg.. 4 s 11 20 *jii lU
\\iw!n 1.l townihip 3f»J *i 11 iji! io
Chtirfh-hl township.. 3»» J. I 7i
Summit township 2fr 6 ft! 23
Hutler townslwp 2* l' l IJ| 22 rt
Hutler hor.niiji 4»t I r M 21 37 »j
• 'onntHjnctifiwlnß tp i 82 s i pj 17 l:,
lAiit'uoter township .14 !'• Jfi; 20 »
Mmhlvcreok t-Avn-hip.... 30 s if,j 23| 7
I rank lin A Pp'spwt ... 4' l ;l lh, 31 U
Centre township... I 201 8j 20! 0
< it-tiip 2*» * 7| 15i *l3
township « 21 I | 7 14
Milh-rfttown borough , 7 ' 4 5 2
Kdir-iow town-hii .ti 1 1' 14' 2.V h
j < onoortl tuwiwliij 21 1| 7: 1« 0
< lay township 21* 1' 7' 18' J1
Itriuly township is " S, 14 4
Worth township 31 01114 1 -.>o n
Slippery rock township..' 31 *• 11 20 14
rii. rrv township 1 2» s ! H 18
Washington township.... » 1' ! 11 21
i itrk.r township..... 31 1- ! 12 lw
Allegheny township 21. 1" 1 10' 14
Vermngn township 2*m # 8; 18
Mmion township 34j 4. j 4 20
' Mercer A Hftrriavillo....... j 20 j | ft 14
1038 823 2DB 621 417
An Act,
To 'provide for thejmymmt of bounties to
voluntas in th': County of Butler.
and llouscof Representatives of the Com
inonwealth of I'ennsylvaliia in General
| Assembly met. and it is hereby enacted
I by the authority of the same,
That the School Directors or a majori
[ ly of them, of the several townships and
| boroughs of the County of ltutler .shall
have the power to levy, assess and collect
011 tlio property now taxable for State and
county purposes a tax sufficient to pay a
a bounty of not exceeding Three Hundred
Dollars to each volunteer enlisted and
credited on the quotas of saitl districts
for the present or any future calls and
SECTION 2. That in levying and collect
ing said tax the said Directors shall liavo
power to include in the same a Poll or
Per capita tax on Each taxable Citizen
who is, or may be subject to a draft, of",
not exceeding Twenty-five Dollars.
SUCTION ii. That in c;ise said Bounties
have already been raised a.')d paid to said
volunteers in any of said districts,by mon
ey subscribed, loaned, advanced or paid
by or through individuals or Committees
acting for thft Citizens, and witn the un
derstanding or condition that the same
should be repaid by general taxation, the
said Directors are hereby authorized and
required to repay the same to said persons
out of said monies so assessed and.collcct
SECTION 4. That in assessing and col
lecting said taxes said Directors shall have
power to make such exonerations and ej- .
anptiong as they may deem just and prop
er, and shall have' power to appoint such
and kike such BONDS for the collecting
and safety of such monies as is provided
by existing Laws for the assessing and col
lecting of.State and county taxes, and do
all other acts and things necessary in the
SECTION 5. All funds so raised for said
purposes shall be audited by the township
or borough Auditors of any of said dis
tricts. and if any surplus exists, the samo
shall be paid over by said Directors to the
Common School fund of said districts.
SECTION 6. The said county of Butler
shall be exempt from the provisions of tho
General Bounty Law approved Twenty- •
fifth March Anno Domini, one thousand
eight hundred and sixty-four, wherever
said provisions are inconsistent with the
provisions of this act.
Speaker of the House of Itep's.
Speaker of the Senate.
Approved, The Fourteenth day of April!
Anno Domini, one thousand eight hundred
and sixty-four.
_ A. 0. CURTIN.
Ml NIFICENT. —A New York corres
pondent of the Springfield Union relates
the following:—The story I have directly
from a gentleman to whom Commodore
Vanderbilt himself, last night, told it.
The finance committee called upon tho
Commodore and solicited at his hands a
donation for the fair. He answered that
ho would give the fair as much as -'any
other man"in New York. Thereupon
the committee visited Mr. A. T. Stewart,
and reported to hini the oftcr of the Com
modore. Stewart at onee drew his check
for 8100,000, and handed it to the eolh
mittee, and they, armed with the check,
again waited upon the Commodore, and
'showed him the contribution of Stewart.
Vanderbuilt found himself cornered.
However, he was as good as his .word
He covered Stewart's check with a check
of his own for a like amount.