American citizen. (Butler, Butler County, Pa.) 1863-1872, March 02, 1864, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    VOLUME 1.
The American Citizen.
IS published every Wedneaday Iborough of Botler,
opposite to Jack * Hutol—ofllc* up stairs in the brick
orinerlv occupied by £li a store* *
TERMS:—S| 50 a ye-ir, if paid in advance, or within the
first «ix ni'intlm; or ?2 if not paid until after the expira
tion of the firit six month®.
RsTr.i OF ADVERTISING:— One square non., (ton lines or
less,) three insertions . ?1 00
Every subsequent insertion, ner square, 25
Business cards of 10 lines or less for one year, inclu
ding paper, 6 00
Card of 10 lines or less 1 year without paper 4 00
y. column for six months M 7 00
f>r one year 12 00
UMliimn for six months 13 00
column for one year 2.'» 00
i column for six months ?5 00
1 c dumn for one year 50 00
A Connubial Sketch,
A few days ago, there arrived at a ho
tel in Boston a couple from Rhode Island,
who came to get joined, quietly, in the
bonds of matrimony. As soon as they
were fairly domiciliated, the would-be
bridegroom —who was a rough, but appa
rently honest specimen of the country
Yankee —sent for the proprietor of the
hotel, who quickly answered the summons'.
"Say, lan'lord, ' proposed the stranger,
pointing to his modest dulcinea, in the
corner of the parlor, " this is my young
'ooman. Naow we've cum all the way
from Rhode Island, and want to be splic
ed. Send for a minister, will yor? Want
it done up, rite straight off."
The landlord smiled and went out, and
half an hour afterward a licensed minis
ter made his appearance, and the oblig
ing host, with one or two waggish friends,
were called in as witnesses to the •' scene."
"Naow, Mr. Stiggins," says the Yan
kee, " den it up brown, lind ylire money's
ready;" and forthwith the reverend gen
tleman commenced by directing the par
ties to join their hands. The Yankee
stood up to his blushing lady-love like a
sick kitten hugging a hot brick, seized
her hand, and as much pleased as a ra
coon might be supposed to be with two
'•Youpromise, Mr. A.," said the par
son, to take this woman —"
" Yaas," said the Yankee at onec;.
" To be your lawful and wedded wife."
" Yaas—yaas."
"That you Will love and honor her in
all things."
" Yaas."
"That you will cling to her, and her
only, so long as you both shall live."
"Yaas, 'ndeeel—nothing else !" contin
ued the Yankee, in the most delighted
and earnest manner; but here the reve
rend gentleman halted, much to the sur
prise of all present, and more especially to
the annoyance and discomfiture of the in
tended bridegroom.
" Yaas—, I said," added the Yankee.
" One moment, my friend," responded
the minister slowly, for it suddenly oc
curred to him that the law of Massachu
setts did not permit this performance, |
without the observance of a " publish
ment," dtc., foi a certain length of time.
" Wot'n thunder's the matter, minister?
Doan't stop—go OIJ —put'er threu. Noth
in's spilt, eh? Ain't sick, minister, be
yor?" .
"Jut at this moment, my friend, 1 have
thought that you can't be married in Mas
sach usctts—"
'• Can't! fron't natur's the reason ? I
like her, she likes me; wot's to bender?"
"You haven't been published, sir, I
" Haint a goin' to be, nutlier! at's wot
we cum 'cr.e for. On the sly ; go on—go
on, old feller."
" I really, sir—" said the parson.
" Ilailly ! Wal, go ahead 1 'Taint fair
you see, 'taint I swaow; you've married
me. and hain't teched her. Go on— don't
stop hero ! 'at ain't jes' the thing, naow,
by grashus 'taint!"
" I will consult—"
" No you want— BO you don't—consult |
no thin' ner till this 'ore busi- i
ncss is concluded, naow mind 1 tell ye!" i
said Jonathan, resolutely—and in an in
stant he had turned the key iu aud out of;
the lock, amid the titterings of the" wit j
nessos," who nearly choked with merri
ment !
" Noaw say, "minister, as we ware—
continued the Yankee: seizing his tremb
ling intended by the hand again—"go ou,
rite strait from where you left oft ; yu
can't cum nun o' this hallway bis'ness
with this child: so put'er threu, and no
dodging. It'll all be right—'go it!"
The parson reflected a moment, and
concluding to risk it, continued :
"You promise, madam, to take this
man to be your loyal husband ?"
" Yaas," said the Yankee, as the lady
" That you will love, honor and obey—"
"Them's um!" said Jonathan, as the
lady bowed again.
" And that you will cliug to him, so
long as you both shall live ?"
" That's the talk,' said John ; and the
lady (aid " yes" again.
" Then, iu the presence of these wit
nesses, 1 pronounce you man and wife—"
" Hoorah !" shouted Jonathan, leaping
pearly to the ceiling with joy
I"And what God hath joined together
let no man put asunder!"
■ " Hoorah !" continued John. " Wot's
the price?—how much?—spit it aout—
' don't be afeared—ye did it jes' like a
I book, old feller!—'eres a A r —never mind
the change—sen' for a hack, lan'lord—
give us'yeur bill—-I've get her!— Hail
Columbia—happy land!" roared the poor
fellow, entirely unable to control h s joy;
and ten minutes afterward, he was on his
way to Providence depot with his vife
and the happiest man out of jail.
\Ye heard the details of the above scene
from an eye-witness of the ceremony, and
could not avoid putting it down as one of
the weddings.— N. Y. Illustrated Netes.
AN ALARM. —Going to see a pretty
girl on a winter's night is a pretty thihg. j
and anybody can see it with half an eye.
"l is delightfully delightful to sit in a par
lor where there is a blazing fire and where j
there's a pretty girl by your side " with a j
taper fingeV resting on your sleeve."— j
And, to this be it added, it is delightful :
to know that about nine o'clock or ' some- j
where along there" you'll be treated to j
some pic and some cider—the pie of the
lady's own making—the cider of her dad's
own making. This is all delightful, but j
sometimes these "sparkings" or " eornerj
ings," or whatever else wemay call
are broken in upon nnd inttantly and un- j
(icrmoniously ended. -We have an in
stance of this kind to relate. Not long j
Since a young man who resides not a thou- j
sand miles from " I'intlc Ilill," (" Pintle
Hill" everybody knows is in North Fay- j
ettc township,) called upon his fair inamo- |
rita. His coat and hat were taken, the j
lady was smiling her sweetest smile and |
everything looked fair and propitious to |
the young man for a pleasant evening.— j
'Twas a windy night—a very windy night :
—but doubtless the young limn thought \
that though old Boreas should whistle his
loudest whistle and shriek his loudest;
shriek, it wouldn't effect the pleasures of!
the evening. A\ itli the wind whistling
without, the fire would only burn bright-:
cr within, and the "sparkin" would be
remembered longer and considered bet- j
ter. being done on a wild, howling night. !
Well, as we said, in spite of the whist- j
ling wind and the blinding storm the |
young man went sparking. The ivmiiug
was passing pleasantly, beautifully, dei
lightftilly, and the hour was Si o'clock— '
pretty near the time for the pio and the j
cider—when Boreas in one of his biggest j
glees brought down the* chimney with a j
crash. The vounir man thinkings whole !
J r- & fc
regiment of the most savage rebels in j
.Jeffdom had charged on the house, in- j
stantly fled, leaving his hat, coat and i
girl, and never once giving a thought to j
the pic and cider. • Histoty says he nev
or stopped nor looked back until ho was j
under the quilts and coverlets at home.
When tli" Ml,™ next .loth run
Mil} wo bi tlil-io tu neo.
Some "people will no doubt be astonished ;
to learn that large fortunes have been
made every year since the commencement
of the war. out of the dead horses of the
Army of the Potomac. The popular
idea is that when Rosinautc yields up the I
ghost, he is buried in some field, or left 1
tomoulder-into mother earth in the woods !
somewhere. Not so. He has made his ;
last charge, and gnawed his last fence
rail, but there is from S2O to £4O in the
old fellow yet. A contract for the pur
chase of.the dead horses in the Army of
the Potomac, for the ensuing year, was !
let a few days ago, to the highest bidder, |
at $1,70 per head, delivered at the facto- j
ry of the contractor. Last year SGU.OOU
was cleared on the contract, and this year
it is thought ¥IOO,OOO can be made on
it. The auiiuals die at the rate of about
fifty per day, at the lowest calculation.
At the contractor's establishment they j
are thoroughly dissected. First, the shoes j
are pulled off; they are usually worth fif- J
ty cento a set. Then the hoofs are cut
off ; they bring about two dollars a set.—
Then comes the caudal appendage, worth
I half a dollar. Then the hide—A don't
| kuow what that sells for. Then the tal
j low, if it be possible to extract tallow from
the army horses, wlacli I think extreme
ly doubtful, unless he die immediately af
ter entering the service.. And last, but
uot least, the shin-bones are valuable, be
iug convertible into a variety of articles
that many believe to be composed of pure
ivory, luch as cane heads, knife-handles.
&c. By the time the contractor gets
through with the " late lamented" steed,
j there is hardly enough of him left to l'ecd
a bull-pup on.
Hereafter, kind reader, when you see a
dead " hoes," don't turn up your nose at
him, but regard him thoughtfully, ns'the
i foundation of a large fortune iu a single
year. He may. individually, be a nui
sance, but " thero is that within which
passeth show"— 8100,000 a year.
" Let us have Faith that.Right makes Might; and in that Faith let us, to the end,dare to do our duty as we understand it"--A. LINCOLN.
Letter from aN. Orleans Rebel Lady.
The following letter, written by a lady
distinguished in the literary "world, and
addressed to her friend in Mobile, has
been kindly placed at our disposal for
publication. The pungent style of the
fair southerners is good humoredly sar
castic, and evinces how much spirit and
endurance our country women manifest
under the most trying circumstances of
Yankee despotism:
, NEW ORLEANS, November, 9,1862.
note of last July came safely to hand, but
| no opportunity has since presented itself
' j until now. We were glad to know that
| you were not yet entirely "starved out,"
I ( vide Yankee accounts) but still alive and
jubilant. . •" "*
How is it, O, Hermit! that thou canst
not manage to get us through a i*..l nice,
long letter, full of Confederate Ifcws, &c ?
! There are a million ways to cheat the
j Yankee.", and they are so invariably ver
j dant and soft, that every way is success
| ful. I have "sold" them with imperti
nent and seccsli acrostics at least half a
I dozen times. lam not caught yet, and
I don't intend to be. My last effort of the
i kind but'one. caught me a nire \ankee
I beau, if I had chosen to put him to ser
•l vice. • It was published in a New Eng
! land paper. The pt-oprietor of the paper
j Major , happens to be in our city at
present strangely enough. 11c dropped
me a note begging, politely, to be per
| mitted to become acquainted. But I
| dropped him an answer, begging, politc
| ly to be excused, as I had a constitutional
I weakness which displayed itself in an
uncontrollable and deadly nausea at the
j sight of a Federal uniform. He returned
! answer that he didn't wear his uniform
| only on NN occasions (as they write on
; flour barrels,) that he had his own private
| ideas in regard to the war, as well as my
| self, and was open to even still further
; enlightenment. Fearing just hereabouts
that this might be a Yankee trick toeatch
j a r>ird for Fort JacksoY),l replied not fur-
I ther to my gallant major. One thing,
however, want to remark on here—the
| perfect infatuation of these Fedora's for
seeesh women. How is it, if they hate
i our brave men so much, that they melt
1 so—majors, colonels, and generals—under
the glances of' our Southern women ?
; There is not one of them, or, at fcast, but
| few, that could uot be turned wrong side
! out, like an old glove, by any cute rebiil
I of my sex ; and let mo assure you, that
\ the only salvation of some high in oftiee
i here, has been the unbending pride and
j purity of the Southern female character.
! which cannot stoop to the semblance of
| unbecoming friendship and familiarity,
| even for the advancement of the causq
j dearest-to our hearts.
We heanniuch of the suffering for food
an 1 clothing in the Confederacy l'ro
| visions were exeeding'y plentiful and
j cheap here until some time back, when
geurillas (more power to them) admin
| istered a peppering to one of thoir gun
j boats, which rendered her a complete
I seive, and made the Yankees rather shy
of the river for the nonce.
The star of negroism is still culmina
ting with blazing brilliancy iu thiscity.
We have now free schools for negroes in
all directions, under white teachers. They
also petition for the right of suffrage,
through the columns of the Era.
Let. me know, how you all arc. and how
and what Hesperus is doing. How much
I would give to tell you some of my ad
ventures since last we met.
Ob, when shall we, friends ohl and tried,
Unite round oysters stewed and fried,_
As in thoeeda> ■» without alloy.
When Dunaldtv n C. J. made my Joy!
Yours, with friendly regard, MARY.
is now before the Legislature of West Vir
ginia, a bill coueeruiiig spirituous liquors.
It provides that from aud after the first
day of February, liSGo, it shall uot be law
ful for any person iu this State, to- manu
facture or sell intoxicating liquors, in the
same. Any person in this Suite, who*
shall, after the day and date aforesaid,
manufacture or cause to be manufactured,
sell or caused to be sold, any intoxicating
drinks whatsoever, shall be punished by
fine not less than fifty nor more than five
huudred dollars, or imprisonment not les»
than six nor more than twelve months in
the jail of the county in which the offense
was committed. The form of arrest ami
trial shall be the same as in other cases of
misdemeanor. All fines arising under the
provisions of this act, shall be paid into
the school fund of this State. If the bill
should pass, and its friends think it will,
it will knock all classes of liquor dealers
into a cocked hat. It takes r all. the pret
ty chickens' and their dam, at one "full
A VEIN of gold as big as a man's arm
has been found in Bucks county. Pennsyl
vania. Considerable excitement prevails
in consequence,
Onwar<ls! throw all terrors off! %
Slight the scomer—scorn the scoff.
In the race, and not the prize,
Glory's true distinction lies.
Triumph herds with meanest things—
Common robbers, vilest king",
% 'Midst the recklee* multitude!
But the gencp.'U3, but the good,
Stand in modesty alone.
Still serenely *truj<£ling on.
Planting peacefully the seeds
Of bright h»pes and better deeds.
Mirk the el-wlv-movlng plow:
Is its day ol victory now Tt
It defiles the enteral *"d,
Whelms the flowers beneath the clod.
Wait the swifily-cotning hours-
Fairer grreu and sweater flowers,
Richer fruits will so< n appear,
Cornucopias <>f the year:
' POPULAR Balls—Cannon Balls.
POPULAR Dances for 180-T—Squad
WHAT the will of heaven ordains is
good for all.
THE more true merit a man has, the
more does he applaud it in others.
WHY was St. Paul like a horse ? Be
cause he loved Timothy.
WHY is a darkey never dead broke ?
Because he always has a CENT left.
A TEACHER of penmanship, in twelve
lessons, taught a lawyer to read his own
" 1 AM going to draw this beau into a
knot," as the lady said when standing at
the liymenial altar.
THERE is an old maid out west so tough
and wrinkled that they use her head to
grate nutmegs on.
THE young man who " wrestled with
fortune," is learning the science of box
OUR Jim says that getting in love is
like getting drunk, the more a fellow does
it, the more lie wants it. He knows.
WnY axe the girls unlike Napoleon ?
Because they favor the freedom of the
WF. apprehend that, during the coming
season, a great many oak, ash, chest
nut, hickory and apple trees will bear
butternuts. •.
I WANT a safeguard," said a violent
rebel to General Negley the other day.—
Hang out the AMERICAN FLAG," re
plied the General.
A PIECE of common sense that ought
to be remembered by every soldier when
bis regiment is about leaving for the scat
of war —It is not right to be left.
" SAM," why am Senators like fi-hes ?
" I don't meddle wid de subjec."
" Why, don't you see, dey am so fond
of de bate."
TOM MOORE compared first love to a
potatoe, " because it shoots from its eyes."
Or. rather exclaimed Byron, "because it
becomes all the less by pairing."
Wlmt Mlvtlie "vrainit mnn . 112 fivblnn" iliaplay*}
T.i what cliil.tiiitwilirjK.ij 1.., h unwilling l.t »t.R,[),
From morninir till evening, In- find- now-a-days
No better amusement thau charing u fir»>p.
" HANS, what is de matter?"
" De sorrel v. igou has run away niit de
green horse, nnd broke do axel-trce of de
brick house what stands by de corner
across de telegraph."
A FACT. —Habit in a child is at first
like jfi spider's web—if neglected, it be
comes a thread of twine; noxt a cord or
rope ; finally a cable; and then, who can
break it.
WHITFIELD was accused of rambling
in his sermons by one of his hearers, to
which he .replied:
"If you will wander to the devil I
must wander after you."
A Di ni, IN paper contains the follow
ing paragraph :
Yesterday Mr. Kt#ny returned to town,
fell down and broke his neck, but fortu
nately received no further injury !
To tell our r.ifn secrets is generally fol
ly, but that folly is without guilt. To
communicate these with which we arc
entrusted, always treachery, and treach
ery for the most part combined with fol
ly. -
A SCHOOL-BOY being asked by his teach-
er how he should flog him, replied : "If
you please, sir, I should like to have it
upon the Italian system of pennmanship
i —the heayy strokes upward nnd the down
ones light!"
KEY BARREL. —Put the barrel iu a secure
place, near a spring of good water, oir the
road -to the grog-shop; go as far as the
spring, drop the money thryugh the bung
hole, take a good drink of water and re
turn liflft. Repeat this operation till the
barrel is full, knock out the bead, and
you have the price of a splendid brick
A COLORED firm in Newark, N. Jersey,
having suffered some pecuniary embar
rassments, recently closed business, and
the senior member gave to the public the
following " uotis —" De dishelution ob
coparsuips heretofore resisting swixt me
and Moses Jones in de barber profeshun,
am heretofore resolved. Pussons whot
ose lumt pay to de soriber. Pem whot de
firm owes must call on Jones, as de firm
| am iusolvcd,"
Mr. Brooks on the Negro.
Mr. James Brooks is one of the editors
and proprietors of the Xo-w York Express,
once a Whig paper of decency and influ
ence, afterwards a Know-Npthing organ
and advocate of the "straight out" Fil
morc ticket in 1856, but of late years a
pro-slavery Democratic sheet of the most
malignant type. Mr. Brooks is abo a
member of Congress from the city of
New York, and has heretofore shown no
disposition to approve a single measure of
the Admiiustration intended to subdue
rebellion.' •lL?li as been emphatically, to
use the significant words of our neighbor
of the Post, a member of"the Democrat
ic party at the prcent time."
But Brooks is sharp. lie is "no novice
in the politician's art of reading the signs
of the times, and no stickler for political
consistency when it serves his purpose to
turn a sharp corner. In this latter par
ticular he is certainly wise and eminently
Democratic. He docs not forget the tra
ditions of his party. If a tenet of party
faith won't go with the people, or if it is
not profitable to hold fast to it, the Demo
cracy drops it and takes another. Exem
pli gratia: one year ago the Democratic
party -vas bitterly opposed to the throe
hundred dollar clause in the enrollment
bill; just now Democratic editors and
members of Congress are dumb as oysters
upon the horrid iniquity of the "rich
man's law." Doubtless they think it a
wise enactment just about this time, and
we expect soon to hoar them say so. Nor
do we now hear any of those loud indig
nant protests against negro soldiers with
which the "white man's party" once filled
our Abolition ears. Every member of
that party to-day. like Private Miles
O'Reilly, is perfectly willing to admit the
right of thenegroto be "kilt" if thereby
his own white skin can be kept unblack
ed by "villainous gunpowder." In fur
ther illustration, wc have recently seen
many of the Democracy attempting to steal
one-half the thunder of all Abolitionism,
" fanatical" WENDELL PniLLirs included
by shouting lustily irt favor of an amend
ment to the Constitution which shall abol
ish slavery in short meter.
Mr. BROOKS is one of tlio most "pro
grcssive"i)f his party in trimming his politi
cal sails to suit the varying "winds of pub
lic doctrine." Ho might well have pasted
in the crown of his hat. if ho has not,
this convenient and sublime motto :
" New ofeaiioiH tmch now ant let;
Time inakt.'Sancient (c* HHI uncouth:
ICc upward* ttiD an.! onw .nl.
WUp who would keqp Abreast ».f Truth."
A man of Mr. Brooks' overshadowing
goodiicf-s could not, of course, allow him
self to fall behind Truth when she is
"marching along." and he doe. n't. Mr.
Brooks, therefore, throws the "ancient
good" to the dogs, and accepts the modern
good a3 the very thing he had boon look
ing for and longing after.
Mr. Brooks has recently been making
a speech in Congress, in which lie show
ed himself Oqual to any acrobatic feat that
the exigencies of his party or the rapid
steps of Truth might require of him.—
The speech was delivered on Monday last,
upon the proposition to establish a Bureau
of Frecduien's Affairs. Th<s speaker du
ly condemned the policy which ha I eman
cipated the slaves, and deplored the pitia
ble condition of the freed men on the banks
of the Mississippi and elsewhere, which
was the direct result of emancipation.—
So much of his speech was in the way of
buncombe for the lower class of his Now
York constituency, and as a means also of
lotting himself down easily to the confes
sion lie was about to make. He continu
ed : "While he, with others, mourned
the destruction of the laws of his country
he must cease protesting and resisting—
must see thigns as they are. Must accept
facts accomplished and abide by the con
sequences. Hence ho recognized the
abolition of slavery ; and ho intended to
act hereafter upon that recognition,because
it is inevitable. So far as he had influ
ence he intended to withdraw that ques
tion from the exciting canvass of the day,
and togo before the people upon other
matters of difference." As .if tiii- ad
mission were not enough to satisfy the
country that hereafter Mr. Brooks would
"recognize the abolition of slavery," he
goes on : "I recognize the abolition of
slavery as ex'st ng for other reasons that I
have given, and call to a law of the rebel
Congress which I now hold in my hand.
The first section of this act declares that
all male free negroes shall bo conscripted
and brought into the Southern army.—
Tho second section of the act njovidtet for
organizing twenty thousand of the south
ern slaves, not exactly as soldiers., but as
sappers, miners, and nav\ ies, or laborers,
in the Southern armies. The South there
fore, has tuken the secondary step to the
first step which was taken by the pc >ple
iof the North. There is the Southern act
for arming first the free negroes of the
j South, and second for arming the South
j ero slaves This of itself is the abolition
of slavery in the rebel States; for the mo
ment arms arc put into the hands of slaves,
that moment slavery is abolished, South
a3 well as North.
* * You have made this a negro abolition
war. Ynu have changed its original pur
pose, and therefore the negro should be
called out, and should fight the battles of
the party which has taken them into their
keeping. Ido not, for one, intend to re
sist your movements in that respect any
1 jngcr.".
Thus has Mr. James Brooks, one of the
shining lights of the Democratic party,ta
ken a position upon the slavery question
almost the opposite of that lie has hereto
fore held. I!, r cojnfces thi abolition of
slavery. His speech may be regarded as
the first prominent avowal of the inten
tion of the Democratic party to abandon
its position of opposition to the rapidly
developing anti-slavery sentiment of the
country. The Democratic papers from
which wc have heretofore quoted merely
paved the way for these ex cathedra dec
larations of Mr. Brooks. He rtianifested
his shrewdness in perceiving the fact that
this war is destined to break the chains of
the slave and let theopprcssel go free,and
he showed his boldness in admitting that
fact upon the floor of.the House. We
look for the whole Democratic party in the
coming Presidential campaign to follow hie
example.— Pittsburgh Gazette.
Tlio New Western Campaign,
Sherman's expedition is now so
far advanced that the Western papers
seem to think no harm will come from
publishing pretty full details of its com
position, and even hints its to its destina
tion. A heavy cavalry force- is already*
sweeping through Central Mississippi.—
Infantry from various points have gather
ed in great numbers at Vicksburg, the ar
my corps which form its nucleus having
been rconforeed by the garrisons of all
postE along the river, the holding of which
is not a military necessity. Under com
mand of Gen. M'Phcrson they nr* niov
ing'eastward upon Jackson. A third col
umn of considerable strength is marching
from Natchez. The three are to unite at a
point not yet indicated, under Gen. Sher
man's command, and tor-ether to enter up
on a campaign in the heart of the enemy's
The advance of this .formidable force
may furnish a clue to tlio sudden retreat
of Johnson from Dalton. He held a po
sition near that place, of great strength
to resist an attack iu front, but it seems
to be the characteristic of the campaigns
through this vast territory that no posi
tion is defensive, again* t a movement in
flank. If Gen. Sherman starts his col
umns from Vicksburg, five bundled miles
marching duo East, Johnson i ■ instantly
sensible that they may reach a jioint iu
Alabama which threatens' his hold upon
Northern Georgia. They may atall events
attack a point which the Rebels cannot
afford to surrender without a Struggle.-
Hence, on either theory, Johnson has no
choice but to aban'dfin .Dnlton. and fall
back to cover Montgomery or Sclma.
The distances which Gca. Sherman,
supposing him to contemplate such a
movement, has to travcr.-e are enormous.
Seldom lifts an array penetrated a country
so barren of resources and far removed
from supplies. It is only the railway and
river transportation which makes the ef
fort in any degree lea ible. lien. Sherman
may r< construct, as he advance.:, the rail
way from Vieksburg to Jackson, and from
Jackson to Meridian, and if he Li able to
maintain such a line and to fortify the lat
ter poiut as a Secondary base, Ire may pur
sue his campaign hence in whatever di
rection ho chooses. What the direction
is to be, everybody is at liberty to settle
for themselves. It is sufficient to say to
day that the campaign is »t' vast impor
tance not only in it-elf. but in relation to
the other movements which under the
guidance, of Gen. Grant the Spring is t)
witness. There neodstio longer be any
apprehension, if any has been felt, that,
the war on Our part is to be waged as a de
fensive struggle. Armies in motion so
early as this do uot mean to halt till they
have fought and won decisive battles.—
Gen. Sherman has a taste for active work,
is eompeteut to command an independent
column, and may be relied on for an ener
ie campaign. The wi-hes of the country go
with hiui on his perilous way.
S>ss"'A '-bijj I agin of Capt Andrews'
company, Michigan Volunteers, got into
Chicago a day or two ago, and after wan
dering fiiufi'l that ho was lost-. H ; hunt
ed for directions awhile, then stopped,and
scratching his head, exclaimed, "Waugh!
Injun lost! No! no! Injun not lost.—
Wigwam lost—lnjun here!" A verycon-
THE quota of Philadelphia is eemi•of
ficially stated to he 13.338 men. Over
i 5,000 of these, it is said, have been ob
i t lined by enlistment.
The Enrollment Bill as Passed.
The following isat otice the briefestaud
best summary we have seen of the provis
ions of thcnewenrollmentact. It is from
the New York Persons interested
can rely upon the accuracy of this conden
sation of the uew law. which is a very long
" The bill provides that the quotas of lo
calities shall be as nearly as possible in
proportion to the number of men resident
therein liable to military service, taking
into account, as far as practicable, the num
ber which hns been 'previously furnished,
enlisting in the naval service will
also be taken into account, as well as all
who nfay volunteer after the- ordering of
I the draft. It also provides that if the
quota of any district shall not be fillpd by
i he draft, furtherdrafts shall be made,and
like proceeding? had until the quota of the
district is filled.
') Persons enrolled may furnish at any
time previous to the draft an acceptable
substitute who is not liable, and-such per
sons thus furnishing a substitute shall be
exempt from the draft not exceeding the
time for which such substitutes shall have
been accepted. Any person drafted may,
before the time fixed for his appearanco
for duty at tho rendezvous, furnish an
acceptable substitute. If any drafted per
son shall hereafter pay money lbr the pro
curation of a substitute, such payment
shall operate only to relieve the person from
the draft on that call, and his namo shall
be retained on the roll, and ho shall be sub
ject to draft in filling that quota, and his
name shall be retained on the r >ll in filling
future quotas. But in no instance shall
the exemption of any person on account of
hi* payment of commutation money for
th> procuration of a substitute, extend be
yond one year : but at the end of one year
in every such case the name of tho person
so exempted shall be enrolled again, if not
before returned to the enrollment list un
der tho provision of this section.
• The following persons are exempted
from enrollment and draft, viz : Such as
ai rejected lis physically or mentally un
fit for service; persons actually in the mil
itary or naval service of the United States
at tho time of the draft : and all persons
who have -ei'ved in the military or naval
service two years during tho present war,
and been honorably discharged. No per
: in? but such as arc herein exempted shall'
be exempt. ,
" So much of the Enrollment Act, as
provides f..r two classes of enrollment is
rciiaalod, and they are now consolida
"No person of foreign birth shall on
account of alienage be exemptod from en
rollment or draft, who has at any time as
sume d the rights of a citizen, by voting at.
any election held under the authority of
the laws of any Sta'.e or Territory, or of
the United States, or who had held any
office under Mich laws, or any of them,but
the fact that Hiich person of foreign birth
has voted or held, or shall vote or hold of
fice, shall bo taken as conclusive evidence
that he i not entitled to exemption from
military service on account of alienage.
All able-bodied male colored persons be
tween tho ages of twenty and ioitj'-fivo
years, resident in the are to
be enrolled according to tho provisions of
the Enrollment Act, and form a part of tho
national fcrcc3. And when a slave of a
loyal master shall lie drafted and mustered
into'tbo service of the United States, his
roaster shall have a eertifica'e thereof,and
thereupon such clave shall be free, and
the bounty of SIOO, now payable by brw
for each drafted man, shall be paid to tho'
person to whom such drafted person was
owing service or labor at the timCof his
muster i.nto the Service of the United
MR. LINCOLN'S LAST.—A. Washington
correspondent gives the following as Mr.
Lincoln's last:
'■My opinion as to who will be nest Pres
ident," said Mr. Lincoln, not many days
ago, ''is very much the opinion that Pat
had about the handsome funeral. You
see Pat was standing opposite the State
House iu Springfield, with a short, black,
pipe in his mouth and his hands deeply
buried in his empty breeches pockets."
" Pat, who's funeral is that passing
Inquired Old Jake Miller, who seemed im
pressed with abeligj'that an Irishman musl
know everything.
" Plaise yer honor," replied Pat, remov
ing his pipe for a moment, "it isn't me
self can say forsartin ; but to the be3t o
my belief, the funeral belongs to the gin
tlcniaa or lady that's in the coffin."
i: Now. it is very much the same," con
tinued Mr. Lincoln, "about the Presiden
cy. I oan't say for certain who will be
the people's choice ; but to the best o' my
belief it will be the.;uccessful candidate."
Tin; Wisconsin l/t»ari«,lnture is seeking
some constitutional mode of punishing
those who have skedaddled to Canada to
e cape the draft.
V.,.: :