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I II E WEST BnAfJCII FA R M E lh
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Qtri inicpcnbcnt Jtumla Paper DfuoUS. te News' Citcratarc, Politics Slgncuitarc, i0neittc ani iHariali
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BY 0: N. W0KDEN.
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 5, 1849.
t! ntt- 'A ,F 1 '
The LwUburg 4 hrottirlc:
t'abliabrd Wednesday Afternoon M Lewiebarg,
futon county, Pennsylvania.
Txrms. R'2,00 for a year, to be paid in
the first half year; 82,50, if payment be
watt made within the year ; single numbers.
A els. Subscriptions for six mooihs or less
lo be paid in advance. Discontinuances
sptional with the Publisher, except when
arrearage are paid.
Advertisements handsomely i user led at
60 per cquarc one week, 21,00 for a
month, JS5,00 a year. A reduction oi these
tea fr larger or longer advtiut-i.
Casual advertisements and Job work to
be paid fur when performed.
the people of hia own country fur five per
cent, on its cost, and think he is doing well,
will sell a thousand miles away at twenty
per cent., and acroae a continent at fifty or
even a hundred. W hen the nations of the
earth shall have become wise enough to
purchase freely of each other such nw ma
terials as the nature of their soil or climate
forbids them respectively to produce, each
fabricating and commingling for itself, the
aggregate tax levied on labor by traffic
will be immensely diminished. But that
is a work of time.
The more immediate instrumentalities
through which a redaction of this tax is lo
lishments, eoiito y J jr r'-ady pay, need not
engross the time of ten persons in all; while
selling the goods through ten or fifteen con
cerns. with th-usual pa raphe rim !ia of day
books, ledger. noiobuok, dtc , winding up
wi'h the interposition of lawyer, sheriff
county court, etc., will Veep ul least fifty
employed the year round.
We have remarked tfcat extensive ad'
vertising is one o! the means by which le
icfwim in trade is to be accomplished. The
two clashes, buyers and seller, . have
common interest in finding cucli other
that is to say, it is the intere.it of him win.
can supply a certain want cheapest.to have
All communications by mail must enme be effected are, as we have hitherto staled, every buyer aware of the fact : and it is
l-ntfl aivimnfl mwl III ttin utArtim .f! ... - ..... - . .
post-paid, accompanied by the address of
the writer, to receive attention.
Office, Market afreet between Second and
Third. O. N. Wohok. Publisher.
fAl TODAY, DEC. I.
t7"Tht anneied ailirls (which it found in
'r'tioti'i Buainess-Mrn's Almanac for 1S50")
has been poiuted out lo us a" containing sugges
tiuj.s highly wofltiy ol eonei leraiioo, not only by
j tie producing but by ibe cuiiauming coinniunity.
.THE TRADE REF0RH.
the substitution of cish payment (or credit
as the common law of mercantile trans
actions, and an immense and systematic
I lie interest of the buyers no less. An ex
penditure of fifty dollars may be loo much,
one of five thousand may be too little, fur
extension of advertising. And though on J that purpose. If, for example, somebody
these heads we have little to offer that is ns discovered as we see slated in a sou
pound, which wi I dispense with the labor
now required in washing clothes, or the
BY HORACE URCELET.
All great chsng'-s proceed alolr, end if
auy seem to be suddfn,,it i because the
real change had lo.-ig ten going on unno
jjend, and lhat which is mixiitken for it is
only the t!:sclosure or dicoery. Yoy will
i.ly hear from fhe vu'g.ir or the shallow
thai repeated attempt at renovation hsve
tailed or bnkn down, until al laal the ig
norant and credulcus are aatounded by the
adiniasinn thM what they have so often
been lo'd had exploded has actually tri
umphed '. Ken now they will not com
prehend lhat what they hnve keen taught to
rouaider failures waa but the neceasary
' foundation of what ihey muat now admit
is ucce thai the latter is but the coin-
- plerrrtd and fruition of the former. They
r't.i.it ihe par'irulir fact, but shut their
. eyes to the genera' principle, and the very
larxt reform thnt is romrnenced finds them
novel, we would again commend them to
Credit, we need hardly repeat, is an ex
cellent, en indispensable thing, but grossly
abused, as excellent thingn are apt to be
It cught to be based on substantia! security.
We give credit to a banknote which we
know lo be based upon and secured by a
depoiite of state slocks in the public coffers
of our state ; wc give credit to a man who
proffers a pVdge of undoubted property for
the puueturt! pay menl of his debt ; we give
credit to the man ne thoroughly know as
a rmn r integrity and pecuniary ability.
So frfr ail i legitimate, though it should
sti'L appear thauhe.oerson giving credit is
thoroughly able so to do. Cre :i should
bo given because the creditor is able and
willing lo intrust some share of his means
! the loss for'unate debtor, and not merely
because the former is a seller and the latler
a buyer. Selling and giving credit are
two entirety distinct operations, and one
should never suppose nor involve the other.
But the existing system of mercantile
credit i as looe and vicious as it could be
and wot ead directly to general ruin. Our
importert'buy in Europe on credit ; our
manufacturers are too often constrained to
ell through commission-houses on credit,
not because ihey desire or are really able
to give it, but because such is the course of
an blind and hvlow as eer.
There m tn b, there must be, a grrai Xrl nd lhey conform to it or not
teform in the .n.,lcanJ mr-ans of effecting j .( t ruinoua aacnhce.
.-l,.r r.f nr.vln.-n W.m nrndn.-era Tl'e jobber, of course, jobs on credit, and
- r " lL.l.: ,
Hi.d con:imers gi nrrally. I be average
csl of such exchanges is absurdly higher
than it need be and will be. There are
re r tain marked excep'ions to this general
tatcment : one of them in the cane cotton.
The manufacturer, whether in Old or New
Kegland, in France or Pittsburg, regularly
buys his slock of cotton for seldom more
and often less than the grower's price with
the usual charges for brokerage and trans
txir'aiioo. ihe same is the case with a
taw olher great staples which are mainly
bought and sold in large quantities, and
which suffer linle injury from time or
changes of climate. Bu' with regard to
Ihe creat majority of vendibles the fact is
gloomily .iherwie. There are very
many articles whic cost large c leases of
consumers three :o six times what the pro
ducers receive for them, while on more
than half the goods solJ in ihe world there
is an advance of twenty live to filly per
cent, above what they need cost the con-
suaicr. This advance is a tax on produc
tive Inbor which can not long abide the
neighborhood of common schools, cheap
ni'wsja;ers, and electric telegraphs. It
must come down.
c Do you ask why the rate of mercantile
profit in so high 1 Count the number of
t irr m any county, and you have a rea
dy :,jer. There are five to ten times aa
many persons employed in and subsisting
by trade as there nerd or should be. As
the taxes of a nation must be in proportion
to the number and salaries of those quar
tered on its treasury, so the profits of trade
must be graduated by the number Ihey are
n-quired to strpport. '. If twenty mercantile
M'.aUishuients use kept up whew three
would be abundant, the average advance
on the cost cf goods must be three or four
limes what it should be. Of course, we do
not forget the use of competition in coun
teracting stlih rapacity, but there are
ways ol attaining the good here contemplu
ird far more cheaply than by employing
twenty men to do the work which three
would do betttr. '
We shall have an end of this. The di
versification of industrial pursusta will do
much to promote it. As a general rule,
the rrodt charged on' any article to the
r,:;mer is proportioned to the distance
-'in the point f. production. A fabric
hich tlieasafiuCcturer will sdly fell to
when his payment crowd him he is forced
o credit not leas, but more ; for his stock
in store w ill not pay his notes, but when
turned info retailers' paper, though not ah
solutely known to be good, ilean, well en
dorsed, be ground into cash. It is no mys
tery, therefore, that a failing house has
lots of bad papers among its assets ; it is
as natural as life. It has been making
sales to keep the mill going, and could not
slop lo be nice. Thus green country youths
not wonh a thousand dollars in the world,
but backed up by such letters as most peo
pie will write or sign without much con
sideration or conscience, can come here
and get in debt for five thousand dollars'
worth of goods, when they have no legit
imate claim to credit for one fourth the
amount. These- they go back to retail,
nine tenths on credit, to Tom, Dick, and
lliivry, at glorious prices, but with dubi
ous prostccis of payment. The notes tall
all around ; payment is demanded ; a part
of lira retailer's customers have paid in
work on his new store, or in provisions,
furniture.or fuel for his family ; a few pay
punctually, their goods costing from twen
ty to forty per cent, more than they need
f there were no such thing as mercantile
credit ; others pay at the end of an execu
tion, and of course pay nearer a hundred
per cent, more than the cash value ; many
have started (or "the w est," or have no tan
gible property, and never pay. Finally,
but not when due, the retailer pays twenty
lo fifty per ceut. of hie debt,' comprwinise.
with his creditors, and rs ready lo begin
again. The jobber pays the importer and
the corr.miielon-house if he can; the upshot
is, thdt the goods are not half paid lor
but those who paid at all, have paid far too
much. The -whole transaction has been an
encowegerneot to knavery, improvidence,
and. over-trading j for, if ihere were no
system of mercantile credit, not hail those
now engaged in trade- could pretend to be
in it at all. They could nbt buy a decern
stock of goods if obliged to pay for Ihetn ;
and a system of cash sales would speedily
reduce profits so lhat a petty business would
not be worth doing. The mere simplifica
tion of business consequent on the disuse of
credit in trade, would save half the time
and talent now absorbed in mercantile pur
suits. The setting of $100,000 worth o(
good ia a-county , by two or three estab-
h ill" of it. at a very small cost, the owners
of his patent may jx-ud fifty thousand
dollars a-y.-ar in advertising it, and then
not spend enough. There are inventions
within our knowledge worth hundreds of
thousands, if the atcn'ees knew how, and
had ihe enterprise, to bring them home to
the knowledge of all interested ; these fai
ling, they will never realize twenty thouK
sand. Whoever enn supply this city chea
pest with almost any article in general use,
or can cheaply furnish an article which
will meet a general snort hitherto more ex
pensively met, can not advertise too much
il he knows how to advertise at all. And
yet many a dealer in our city pays a thou
sand dollars more, for an eligibly-located
store, than he need pay in a less-frequent
ed street, and does not pay a hundred dot
lars a year lor adverUMog I- He willingly
pays a thousand dollars merely to le some
ten ihouaand people know that he baa cer
tain articles lo aell.l.ut begrudges five hun
dred dollars as Ihe cost of extending the
same knowledge lo millions! '
This can not,in the na'ureof ihingS.long
endure. It is simply a blind following ol
old rules and habits, after lhey become ut
terly inapplicable. The lime was when the
circulation of ihe most popular journal was
counted by hundreds,aad an adwaejneni
in its columns was about eqiiivaksM pub
licity to a handbill in a blacksmith's shop.
Ii is different no, and there are men in
trade who understand the difference and
profit by il. Many pay thousands a-year
for advertising, and tho r ummer is yearly
increasing. There wi.' he m.mireds where
there are now lens wit inn bve years.
Fools can be fooU in this as ill anything
t WW a
eise. us who Kef-n a corner rrocerv.
and does not look lor customer beyond I
the f jur blocks around him, nted not adv
ertise i: would only be throw-it'-: awav
his money. So ol many other But he
who has a cargo of Iresh tropic! fruits to
day, which he must speedily sell or see
spoil on hi hands, can not too qu'ckly
make known the fact to every purchaser
within Ave hundr'-d miles so of hundreds.
Whenever the difference in cost or quality
s worth looking after, then it is an im
mense economy of cost sod labor to let
the fact be known at once and as widely
as possible. Extensive advertising of itself
is morally certain to work a revolution in
trade, by driving thousands of the easy
going out of it, and concentrating business
n the hinds of the lew who know how to
obtain and keep it. Unite with this the
substitute of cash for credit, and one-fifth
of those now engaged in trade wijl amply
uflW to do the whole and 'will soon
Fw the Lcwuburg Chroniek.
" ... ... i. - . ,
Till Freedom's conflicts ail are o'er, .
And Time with man shall ta no mora,
Kosscth ! thy Basse euoieJ one
- With Wallace and with Wahlotoa,
With Kaaeiwko, fellert TeU, -And
l-afayatte, thy praiae shall swell ,
. . W iia fvoya acclaiai from hunuu hearts
VI here Liberty ita pules issparia ;
And liteugh aiaforUao'e iiua Crowa
llatil lovu iby eleiotee lauai down. .
'1 bo' herd ihe rhoiv 'tween 1'urk and death.
We b.inor thy iiiewriog faith. '
High martial buiiora are Iby due
Thou eage and Tainul, Man and Christian too.
Kir, erst ibe atiatreaa of the wopl.l.
By War and Ma in ruins burled.
We bail ihy tieiug eter. Our bupee
Thai now 'a complete the reijn uT'fbpte,
(io-i gram ! Seuo ay modem Paula
Prea.'h tiosjwl pure Wlibin Iby walls.
And fiom the -eeveo hi'led city" shine -Again
ibe faye of Love Divine,
Kepublic Irulb Vor I'uwei prevail
Anil every scheme of dt spots fail,
I'erfitiioua France be bus again.
And codnl Ausina'e haled reiga
Tkeo aball thy faiue t nun arias
As laueet, happiest land beneath the skies.
Thou President of millions strong!
To thee tbe keys if power belong :
Four years gone by. thou wen nnknowo,
Mow TaTiaVa fame o'er eartb bath flown.
In bailie's hour ihy prowraa vast
Uonqajsted each dinger aa it passed ;
In Peace's Lived teign, our people call
Tbee to tbe Pie.ide.nial ball.
Unbound by Party 'a baleful hand,
A Patriot tbon dual firmly aland,
Thy aauve lead iby watchful care,-': '
And "God pr oterl !" ihy daily prayer.
Abrusd, si hme,ia war, in peara, .1
1'hou will dleud, units, sod slili iuciesae.
Bales) for the AppiicadsMs of Ma-' Hungarian Uefngee at Hamburg
Thy g 'W. O Cauraatia !
We cast like wontueae droas away.
Bat honor ibt owlsBnkea plaaj - .
To gtiard ibe rights oT brother man, : '
And ne'e' permit dire Slavery's go
To poison iby rich, evnnv alutra
This, ibis io thee's a n.dte nsovo.
Il speake for lt.ee la Heaven above.
And ncosisMnds tby rising Slate
As juet as fair, aa g-xid as great i .
A ihonaaoJ ills by Ibia are embed.
Millions of aigha by this are hushed -And
when that law iby sage pasaed
Twaa true Time's Bob lest afT-pring is Ihe last
Nov. 1849. .. , u .... . BAY.
Selected for the C'hmnicle.
have it to do. The revolution is already
begun. " - .
. A fear months since, Mr.' Rousseyj (a
Protestant Missionary in Ctmnda,) had ihe
privilege of baptising and welcoming to Ins
Utile band, the man who officiated as mas
ter of ceremonies at the bonfire of Bibles
made in 1843 or 1843, at Corbeau, in
Champlain, New York. In relating his
experience, be said lhat bis atrocious wick
edness in pouring spirits of turpentine upon
his own and other copies of GodV holy
Book, setting lire to them, snd stirring
them up wiftr a pole till lhey were all con
sumed, so distressed his soul, and harrowed
his conscience, that for many years he was
horribly distressed day smif nijfM, till he
proeu re'da BiBle. read it, believed it, obeyed
ita injunction of faith in Jesus Christ, and
last winter. oBYained peace in believTng,
arid' joY in the Holy Spirit. '; What hath'
Gotf wrought! A conques, better thsn I
the subjogation of a world like ours: 3.
r. Bi Rfgitttr.
Come, thoughts of heaven, and let nw fling
This rhsngiug dream of life sway ;
On mercy's pare, celestial wing.
O come, bigs heralds of ibet Jay
When earthly toils shall all be o'er.
And sorrow steep la wake no eaors !
Now perish from Ibis throbbing heart
The last fond hops that Bikes life dear.
And O may every wish depart
That serves la bind Sly 'pint here
! O may say thoughts be full of thee.
ETERMTy ETERNITY ! I
I've fiaaped Ihe world traoateot
Shed even a radiance o'er my way
So bright. " beautifa! a dream.
How rmld I tbink 't weoid fade w
Bat, lo '. bow vain its very light
Was fill of darkness, pain, and Might
And vet there is sortie sun light givao
To cheer my path so bright, so para,
So like the very smile of heaven,
O God ! my heart would love it mora
Than Tby commands, rear Thou opart .
Tbe dsarset idol from my hears '
. Tbe foaoVst, loveliest, holiest ties.
That twine avoond me bora below.
Whene'er they drag ma from Ibe akies
0 hurst, and let bit spirit go !
Still, earth ! thon trail and fickle thing,
1 love thee in Ihy perishing! . ; i
' THE CROSS ! la that dear, mnamful word,
How many precious hopes are given !
In pfoue hearts, what thoughts are stirred !
What visions of an opening heaven ! . .
't Iar Cross ! to iby blesvrd name I flea.
There is no chsngs nor blight in tbee f
-- -7 Valets College. ,
A correspondent incloses an extract from
a letter received by him from Union Col
lege, noticing tbe late temperance move
ments among the students. Mr. Gmiph
lecfsupd in (he Chapel with great eloquence,
a n after he concluded, says the letter,
M Dr. Nntl presented a book, in which the
names of the secret and anti-secret socie
ties wereplicerf, and each member of the
College put hii name lo the pledge, under
the name of society to which be belonged.
The signing was nearly unanimeae, and
among the signers were some of the har
dest soakers in College. A College Temperance-Society
was immediately organ
zed, and a committee appointed whose
report will be found in the neit atrmoer of
the S.-benectsdy LUbioet." Such m stale
of things s. not. leas unfrTedened tain
gratifymg. The gradnatea of pest tears
wlu not recognise their Airm .ifasler' in
wchs rscfm of s fttt "ViiV QnMft-
Tbe following article, from iln writings
of Ton Thaer. is copied from ihe Plough,
the Iviom, and the Anvil i . ,
We much question whether orre farmer
oat of a hundred ever entered . m'o any.
calculation lo inform himself, about thei
weight of a piven measure of manure;
yet how, without luch raleulations, cd
be tell whether his cat ita are over or un
der-loaded, or his land over or under
dunged f Is there auy busnes on this
earth conducted with so little pretence to
exactness, as that of agriculture ! But h:w
can it be otherwise, when there is, for it,
no pretence of eduva'ion, or sy stematic ac
counts of anything when, in fiic!,'be idea
is thai any fool may inrke a farmer.
The real value ol manure is increased
by the fact lhat it progressively Busmen's
itself.and lhat.besides the produce it yields,
an extra quantity of manure will, if prop
erly bestowed, never fail to produce ihe el
ements of a fresh supply, so thnt it will
soon be possible to col ivite those plan"
successively, from which ihe largext sum
nl money may be realized. " On ihe oilier
hand, the manure diiinuhf in like pro
portion, if scarcity is allowed to he f. t,and
an immediate and soitnMe rvmedy Ua nut
found and applied. Oue of the cou-teqnen
ces of a scarcity or dimiuuiti m of manure
is a scarcity of straw ; and when there is
little straw or fodder, little dung cm be ob
tained, and thus ibv quantity of manure
progiessively dwindles sway until the soil
becomes totally exhausted. ' 'J ' ' ..
, However expensive it mny be to bestow
this first quantity of manure on a soil which
has been impoverished, there certainty is
frno capital better employed than that
which is expended in this manner-
The usual load foe a wagoa, drawn by,
four horses is thirty-six cubic fe4 of stuble
manure, half reduced, and in the state in
which it is usually applied to the land In
this stale, that is to sty, when th.t straw
has become soft and disorganized, without
being wholly deconiKed,and the dung is
moist yet not very watery ,a cubic fo t ol n
will weigh oO'bi-; therefore a load oi 31 feel
contains S,(I18 lbs., which, for ihesjke ol
obtaining round numbers, we will reduce io
S000 pouods- Where the roads arc good
snd ihe weather favorable, this load may
be increased ; but, ss s s.nrJ of fine wea
ther is seldom chosen for carrying minure.
this quanti y will in general be found lobe
tolerably correct. -
Il the st raw is n'M decomposed or altered.
a cubie foot closely packed will n it weigh
more than 48 pounds; and iu this case the
volume or siz of Ihe load is incrt-ased,nod
contains from 45 to 46 cubic feet of manure.
When eight of thesn l-mds are distribu
ted over an acre ol land, it is considered
that a good covering has bc-rt given. liach
squire perch then ieeives 88 pounds of
manure, and each squ-uc foot nearly six
Disclosures of Gen. Klspkav
A banquet lo welcome and termor cse
brated Hungarian refugees tok place en
tbe VOih October", hi one of the first hotels
at Hamburg. , Tl aaJience were morti
ced o hear from General Klapka that the
French Government refused an asylum to
the Hungarian emigrants'; though politi
cal refugees from that country were' wel
comed in f'raacaj under the government of
L'Uis XIV. i :.. - -
One of the speakers at the banquet used
tbe phrase, " Hungary is crushej to death,'?
'- No, no I exclaimed General Ktlpka,
w Hungary is not crushed to death, tbe is
but a lii tie relaxed. from her horrible strug
gin with two overwhelming powers; but
verily she wants only a breath to iiift-ime
berngain to a second heroical insurrection.'
Gen. Klapka bein thea asked if the rum
ored stipulation of the treaty of capitula
tion of Comoro lor a general amnesty to.
all Hungarian. captives, including Count
Bailnany, were true,. be answered, that it
had not been posi'ively granted, but. as a
matter of honor and humanity it was sol
emnly promised at Soon as Comoro should
be surrendered. He hnsten-d, from this
mo ive, the conclusion of the treaty of
surrendering. By the followip a'cociou s
facts the knavery of the Amtrfno Govern
ment, and its lew perfidy to the Hungarian
nation, was sign-ilizel for eleroily.
Georeey was characterized by Gen.
Klapka,asa real traitor jnd common place
egotis', destitute ofu'l lofty inspirations for
the holv cause of liter' y. Hu further be
lieves lhat Georgy. w ho bss heea overra
ted, may not have) despised Riisiao gold ;
but it is not ascertained, though no doubr
exists, thai he frustrated the plan of Kos-
mh fur annihilating the Austrisn Govern
ment at Vienna, last spring, which was a
matter of no difficulty before the inroad of
ihe Russians, as ihe Austrian were at
that lime entirely routed
Georgey also anxiously concealed from
the Hungarian army the report of the glo
rioua sally ef the garrison of Comoro on
the 31 of Aiust, under K'apka ; and.jt
d.d not become known till after his defec
tion on the lS;h of August. The disas
trous catastrophe at Viagos was to such
a degree perplexing, that every hope from
resistance vanished. Klapka was at that
time recruiting 5J0Q men, and nrepuiiig
lor an invasion ofStyria. " .
The highest veneration is paid by K'ap
ka to the genius and greatness of the char
acter of Kossuth. Ia Klapka's opinion,
Kossuth ia worth 100,001) Hungarians ;
but Kossuth aimel at too much at once,
and was loo decided for the entire in de
f endrnce of Hungary, and for a republican
governrren'. Bot lor this the mist favor
ahle cntidiiions would have been agreed to,
in the Spring, by Ausir.it un ler English
and French gunran'ee.
Tbe emigration from Hungarv is now
daily increasing. There are 160 Huoga-
onerV ireuesf wdslielJ over the body m.
ih slay folhrwihg its' discovery, snd a ver
dict ceadeetr-ilrat demised came tobTa
death by cause Jor causes" unknown."
There were no marks of-violence, or indi
catLtos that Jy has! been destroyed by fou!
Comparative Estimate of Difler
' ' ent kindt.of Cattle Feed.
Hay is the food for cattle during winter.
If.,hey.can get good Jay enough during
thecold sessoq. ihey do serj well. It i
not always that tbe farmer hu a sufficien
cy of this lor his stock, and hence it is
useful to know the comparalite value of
oilier articles which may boused as sub-.
stitutes for it. It is also more nirreeah'ri .
tnd we think more profitable, to mine's :
ober articles with hay. We have prepared
from various sources the following table;
Taking good hay as the standard," 100
lbs of hay equal f- '
2)1 lbs. Cermfs: ':
800 Rutahagaj t :
317 . . Mangold wurtzel;
201 ' Potatoes ; :
-M s.-i 494 Common turnips.
By calculating 60 lbs. for a bushel of
eny of the above roots, h will be seen that
one ton of. hay equals ' ''.'
01 bushels of Carrots ;
100 -u - Kara hag, ;
10a " M.ingold wur'zoi ;
6T- - . .'P.atoes;
.105 Turnips. -..From
this it will be seed bow rmicb fod
der you get of each, per acre, compared'
wiih good hay- . . .
In regard tp straw, -astparimeats have
established the following estimate aa verj
near the truth. . 100 lbs. of hay equal
. 372 lbs. new U'haat etra'w ;
ICT.- Barley straw ;
"V 1 " Pea straw;
" 01 Clover hay. "
nnnnria. If ailu ft atn .i" (Iuxswa Inawei Id
r . ... , . .
lowed for each acre, a is centra ly the1 , - . r , , ,
- . , , . , . '. .....v. lu atauc tut liirui.
cnar, 11 is eaiu men inai uil" grouua lias
been slightly manured, and each rquare
perch receives about 63 pounds. And last
ly, it 13 loads are spreal over each acre,
which must never occur where cereal crop
are to be grown, (we of course do not in
elude Indian corn,) miles the laud hi
been completely exhausted, then the ground
is said to have received aa abundsnt manuring.
It is customary to allow only one-hall
the weight and quantity of manure above
mentioned, when the manure is derivt d en
tirely from sheep.hecause the effects w hich
it produces are at once greater and n.ore
prompt, but less iffi.-acious in point of du
rability. ' ..';. . j
The periods of these manuring occur
every three, four, six or nine vear. The
more frequently applied, ihe slighter they
are ; and ihe longer the interrals,the more
abundant must tbe manuring be. Thus ii
is necessary to take into account not only
the quantity to be laid on at each time.but
the number efrmes to be repeated.
, - i1 '
List week, the funersl parade in honor
of Gm. Worth, Cot Duncan, and Maj.
Gaftss, encased the attention of theeitixene
f New York. The military were all
out in their best attire, the . flsgs of the
shipping were at half mast. The concourse
of people and the procession was attended
with the most solemn and imposing page
antry, and extended for more thsn a rnile,
and hftffV An eloquent oration was de-
ved in (he Park by John Van Buren.
These officers passed through the bloody'
conflicts of Mexico, but fcH victims to the
The banker Heine, for instance, has sub
scribed for himself alone, 5000" marks
banco, equivalent to $'-2,000.- General
Klapka has gone to Cnglsnd, where he
will have an interview with Kossuth who is
expected there on the fj-h insi. fTraiis
lated from German papers for the Journal
' The corpse ol'a man, supposed to have
died some ten days previous. was found by
a com a ly of hunters, in a shanty erected
by lumbermen, uar Eddy Lirk. on Beech
Creek, iu Centre county, soma ten miles
f.om its mouth, on Thursday night the I Sib
i ist. , Ii is supposed the man wa a stran
ger, who in a bewildered state, haa wan
dered from the river or settlements on the
west of the mountains, and when overcome
wi'b fatigue and exhaustion, had acciden
tally found the shanty allnded to, and
crawled into it and expired, as no person ia
known to be missing on either Beech or
Bald Kagle creeks. This supposition ia
strengthened by tbe fact that the deceased
had on a fashionable check shirt, broad
cloth' p'intaloons, and boots, but neither
coat, hat, gun nor knife, and from ihe lace
rated condition of his bands, as well as
from the rents in his clothes, the fact is
manifest that he had been rambling through
ihe woods for some time. He is supposed
to have been 2 or 30 years old, was S
feet ? inches in height, and' bad black
whiskers ;'but nothing was found upon his
person which afforded the leas; clue to the
discovery of his name or residence. A
rszor, we believe, was found in one of his
pockets, b it ru money o papm. A cor.
The hta. are sensibly .lengthening
and the long and usually quiet interval
between sunset .land bed lime- presents a
very lavorijWe opportunity ;to all io- im .
prove a flj suih a manner as to make their
homes not only interesting and instructive,
but to add greatly to their store of knowl
edge and ihw pleasures. One who has
experienced tbe advantage of such a course
gives his advice ia thh fashion : - Instead
of running after foolish and "nninsf rue live
exhibitions, let families unire at home, ad-
dirt0' to the circle a few friende when desl-
-'H'" drvi"lns B' e-rrying ost plans
of an.uaeiu;n:a I bat combine the elements
of metnal and moral improvement, and
foster the filial, domestic and social afiW
lions for in these, afier all, rest the true
elevation of character, and the security of
our republican institutions- This is really -at
grave question tmn many suppose.
When frivolity becomes the main trait of
national character, and . pleasure taking
and luxury engros the feep'e's attention,
t iey' IsscomeiHsvfitfced for self-government.'
and an easy prey to those who will school
their own minds to more difficult and ira
portantesks, and will, think and contrive
and carry into operation , their schemes,
while the masses a re pursuing amusements '
and degenerating frivolities. '
, At a meeting ef the Board ofDiereetnre
of this Irmiitdrion held at the Montour
House, in this place, on Kfnday lasC Pe
ter Baldy, Esq., of this. place, teas unani-'
miusly elected as President of the Fank. :
The election ef n Cashier wasr prxvponed .
until the I8 h of December nett, when the
next meeting of 'the Board bl Directore '
will take place. a' . .."
Ii will be seen 0y' an advertisement in,
another column, that an mstalment of
tkirlg per dent; on ' each' share of etoch.1
subscribed has Seen called for to, he paid
by the ISrh day of nexL month i (uxa
per cent, on the 1st ef Jaunary next, and
twenty per cent, on the l&h of the same
month. - i - ,
. Tlie Iwilding. which it has been decided '
upon to use mr a banking house, a tjninw
the store of Mr. Butdy, in the centre of
ihe business part of the town. It has been
expressly Birred ap forlfe' purpose wuvs
Urge and strong fire- proof safe, aud i"
now early finished for the reception of -furniture,
&c i .. -
.xTe learn thaf the Bank will g in'o op
eration about the Beginning of Pehruary
"exl-i-Oaasiits Pemocrat, .Vor.3o
Thie modesty blushes lor everything
h it is criminal. False modesty is ashamed
of everything that ia unfashionah'e.
Gov. Ramsey, of M:ne.ota, is on a visit'