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VEST BRA N C II FARMER.
7 an .
an inieptidtiit JomUfi )optcJ)t)oleJi to Netes, Ctteratntt, Politics, gricultarccienct anD fttdrolitn.
. I , . I
BY 0. N. WORDEN.
The iAtcibHr Chronicle t
PolJishrJ Wednesday Afternoon at Lewirburg,
.- - Vmom county. Prooaj'vajiia.
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n,m mid. nccomrianied bv the address of
the writer, to receive attention.
OfSce,M.irkot street between Second and
Thiid. O. N. VVobdbx, Publisher.
1 HE CHRONICLE.
fcATrfcfMV, SOV. 3.
aTlie following was the vote For
and Against a Poor House for Union Co.:
New Berlin 67 26
lltrtlrv V0& . 61
Unt Buffaloe IUI 24
Iew-ihurg 151 ' 60
Union 80 i
I,imrtoni 17 110
Buffalo 7 21
East Buffaloe 28
K-lly 1 136
Peons ' , B 3I
West Reaver 41 105
Mtddterreek I lid
C entre . 23 161
Perry 3 189
Chapman It 139
Centreville '6 l
.. Ileaver - 34 M61
White Deer ' 5 - ..'17
Washington ; 1 8 1M
-'.V- 'J I 010 2537
Ittf wjrtHfy Against. Th'w is the
second. tiiMvwe ere informed, the Poor
lioui policy baa been voted against by
Union county, while nearly if not quite all
(he older counties approve of and adhere
(oil. Thus Westmoreland county at the
reif nt election voted worn a Pior House
3410 lo 1448 1968 majority in favor.
KrTbe "Banner," the Free Soil paper
io Tioga county, since election bewails it
Support of Mr. liamU ifmst bitterly, upon
finding thai Mr. Gamble's Free Soil letter
was oot published in the Jersey Shore
Republican," (at Mr. Gamble's home,) nor
in the Cass papers generally. '
' A few days before election, n letter was
published in Wyoming county ," (ram Sir.
amlle, avowing himself in favor of the
, North Branch Canal policy. This tvowel
was not in time to be circulated in the
Anti-Improvement counties'.' where Mr.
Fuller's known friendship for that work
was used against him. ' ; . ."
Notwithstanding these " artful dorlgns"
of Mr. Gamble or his friends or both
Mr. Fuller made the greatest pairwin hi
wn reguto. t I-or in the JHoith Urancb
counties of Braclnrd, Susquehanna, vryo-
hiing. Luzerne and Columbia, Mr.. Fuller
ri ductd Lbn'gstrelh's majority ' 1395
In the West Branch eouniie of
Center, Clearfield, Clinton; !;yrr
ming, Northumberland and Union,
Mr. Gamble gained on Longstretb 768
Fuller's netl cain 627
VThe following communication from a j
Wyomtnir paper refers to a point we deem i
riot only compatible with but essential to
Jhe true theory of Republican repreaen!a
iion. Under our Constitution.counties can
not be divided, for Senator, but we see no
prohibition of a Single District System in
Hie election of Slate Representatives.
TJfe flection having passed off and the
tniad the people settled into quietness,
would if not be well to bring before them
for their approval or disapproval some o'
the measure that will be before our la w ma
- kers althe next sessiou of the Legislature
One. measure in which all are inlerewed.is
' iltesbricliDg of the State for Members
a) Senator. What think you of ihe sin
gle District system f O-rigrea hu adop
ted '4, and now etch Member k elected e
. pamtrly i formerly, they were elected in
aome of tfce Sine by General Ticket and
She minority fcad no representation from
State where the General Ticket ytem
preyaiW. New York ha adopted the Sio
iile District sytero in her State tegisla
.' ore,Lsd urr we near no complaint, but
. it work welU t tn sormi kfge eouoTies in
' . ruown State ihit) eiea lhree.fofr M five
Member, tb rftiBoritf , libougb rrspecti
bit in I heir numbers;have no representation
at all ; whereas, if the couoty was divided
into single district, each party would
probably bo represented.
Hull, in the following terms :
Ellis Schnable, Esq. of Philadelphia,
being present, was invited to the stand and
made the ablest speech of the evening, in
t!m course of which he denounced a Pro
tective Tariff in much stronger terms than
he probably would have employed in an
address Lelore sn audience in his own
State, unless be is man of more courage
thau llu Loco-Foco politicians of Pcnusyl
vauia generally possess." '
Tbe following, pronounced before tbe "Pbilnro
athean Society," sppesrs by our teqoest
OUR C0DKTRY AS IT IS.
It is a source of gratification to those
participating in celebrations, to revert to
the event comntamorated. Tttis is especi
ally the case if that event be in itself n?ble
and great, or stand as the representative
of what is worthy of admiration. It is still
more gratifying, if a salutary influence has
gone lonh from it to maukiud ; and most
of all is it so, if the very individuals eele.
brating an event, can recognize in it the
fouota n of their richest blessings.
It must be gratifying to all Americaoa,
to eomniemrate the event which, half ren
dered the Fourth of July so justly celebra
ted to do honor to the day as the birth day
of American liberty, aod to do honor to the
document which they claim as the Charter
of thai liberty. ,Jo the Declaration, of In
dependence, e discover principles the
moat noble, put forth ry spirits the most
magnanimous,!! lime moat trv ing. r torn
jjjjt have fluffed a long train of benefits to us
and to all the world. To it we M trace,
not .only ournitah cherished civil pre-
,oiKes: buTThei proper enjoyment of our
Numerous natural advantages.
'When we lake view of oar country as
it is, overflowing with advantages both nat
ural and civil, what American heart dues
nut leap' for joy that the Fourth of July was
ever rendered famous by deed, fraught
with so much of good to. the worfJ, andes
pecially to us I II is true our natural ad
vantages might have existed, had liberty
never been secured; but of what avail would
tliey have been, wi'houl liberty T Our cli
mate might have been aa lavorable as it is;
our brer irs might have been as port and
exhilarating ; our rivers might have water
-A mm jiu! CniU valliM th An
our country might have exteoded as far
and as wide as it does ; yet all would have
beeo io vain had not liberty abed its influ
ence here. 1 Here are countries as noted
lor natural advantages as ours, yet their
inhabitants pine and groan, and why T Ty
ranny has taken the place of freedom. Lib
erty is not there. Ancient poets have sung
of the land of their birth in many a potuc,
but fictitious strain. But when their glow
lug picture are applied ttfOur land, they '
betome rva'iy. We may turn over the pa
ge thai record the" noblest dwds of the
greatest men of thcput, and trace the linca
that portray in fairest colors ilir beau
lies and dories, el they lose their lustre
when compared with the page that reoids
hat bus transpired iu our country. .
In our day, every breete that comes to j
us irom foreign shores brings us glowing
I expression of the resources of other lands,
yet every such expression brings with it a
practical prool of its falsity it brings us
those who n gladly etctuttrgmg their
boas'ed lunds for our. Every wave that
breaks upon our shores wafts lo o those
who have left the land ol their birth, the
endearments and attachment of home, and
the graves of tbeTr sires, in addition lo all
Ibeir boasted national advantage, to find a
home with us. To one glancing at all the
nations of the earth, our country would
seem like one grand rallying poiot.to which
the oppressed of every land are urging their
way. It would appear as the wished lor
pot toward which they are catting their
longing eyes. Every groan that i uttered
beneath lbs arm of oppression, is followed
by a igh for the liberties of America. Ev.
" a . a a.
ery wish oi trie oppressed lor iioeny, loom
to America as the scene of its rsabsatiow,
if it u ever to be realized. ' As ooo si
those in .bond see their fetters, they long
fur America. As sooa as they tread our
oil, their fetters fall. . Here, do tyrant
wayshis sceptre. No imbecile hereditary
rnonarta4nI4 ? Wo iordlings tram
ple their jjnea'Ui their feet, and
them in easeWJloxrry.: ' M ppileged
classes are here recognixed. That favor
ite motto of Americans,!! men tire created
free and equal, is here cherished and car
ried into practice. This our fore-fathers
proclaimed. For this they fought. With
this they triumphed. Of thi are Ameri
cans proud. Through this, all enjoy the
same liberty liberty in its best sen-e
(he privilege of doing right, and protection
in so doing. Its favors dts'end l.ke 'he
dews of heaven alike upon the high ami the
low.ihe rich anJ the poor, the wie and th'i
But ihis is not all. It is not i f liberty
aloue that the Amerirao bard can eing.
Ours is a country that can boast of its vist
and valuable extent, at well as of its free
institutions. It stretches from tbe busy.
bustling stores of the Atlantic,' to the
shores of the great Western ocean. Its
mineral-founded mountain extend their
lofty summits from one extremity of
our land the other, lis mnj-ftic rivers
roll their chrystal wa'ers from many a re
tired fountain :o the far distai.l ocean... Its
well cultivated field, its luxuriant harvests,
and its foliage-covered forests, tell ol its
fertility. At the same time.it is the home of I
a people as peculiarly great as the country
they occupy, or ihe institutions under
which Ihey live. They are composed ofa
those from every land under heaven, living
in perfect harmony. Through the adap
tion of our soil and climate, all are fully
Supplied. "Through the fitness of our laws
to human government and the protection
of human rights, our entire population pur
sue their respective occupations without mo
lesting or being molested. Tbeirenterprize
ha subdued the forests of our land and
rendered a vast wilderness the labor-repiy-ing
home ol a bappy people ; so that oar
country is emphatically the granary of the
world, from which tbe starving millions of
other countries have been fed.
Nor" are the forests that have fallen and
the beast of prey that have retreated before
oar, hardy pioneers, and fruitful field,
the only monument of American industry
The results .of our people's lubor burden
the eltendeJ tram that follow, the puffing
locomotive over it iron road, constructed
where a Tew years since scarcity an Indi
an's path was seen; or they lade tbe migh
ty steamboat upon our rivers, where but a
few years ago no wn er-crafi floated ex
cept the Indian canoe. -
While our people are thus actively enga
ged in carrying forwatd thee objects,! bey
are not neglecting their nobler jty the
cultivation of their minds and heart. Here
efforts are put forth on the most extensive
:Mcale for intellectual improvement. Jn ev-
ery village, at every turn of our highways,
wherever a few of our rising youth can be
collected, a place is prepared where all
can secure at least a good practical educa
tion, iu these, iniiiy of the noblest men
of our age received their first impressions,
had their first aspirations after knowledge,
and mado their first resolutions to arise to
greatness. Our country, too, is well snpplt
ed with tbe higher educational institutions.
From these have gone forth those who
nave stooo in tne nignesi nans oi icgiaia:
lion io our land, and have gone as tin res
pected ambassadors lothe highest courts of
every nation on earth. These have sent
forth the hemlds of salvation, who have
! proclaimed the glad tiding of great joy to
ja" people, lo these thousands are now
preparing lorposts oi honor and usetumes.
Yet what towers far above, and far out-
shines.all other beauties and rf -of our
country, remains to be ti
imporiant part ia tbe inftui
pel, and the privileges gjven V -fjecl
to it. Nowhere is such frodom oT epinton
allowed, ' and nowhere T?e the truths
f - Divine Revelation so '" generally
and correctly known. Every week our
hills and vallie resound with the chi
ming of bell calling our people to the
court of the Lord; and as often aie the
paths that lead to our 'numerous places of
worship.throoged with multitudes weeding
their way thither. Almost continually are
the tone of Zion's watchmen sounding iu
their ears, and pressing npun their miod
and consciences the truths of tbe Gospel,
while in almost every dwelling are some
who have given herd to the warning voice
and have their hopes fixed one goodly land
tkwt m afarofTo .
, Nor are the effort of Ihe friends of
Christianity confined to our own land; We
have meyngers & sanation in land far
remote. VVbjIe we have reason to be
proud of the Items who have raised the
standard of t Liberty ow 'our ewa soil, and
defended it at the jerir of their lives, we
have greater reasni to be prtxid of lbs no-
Mmr bemj who hkve nlanieri ihr alandard
of the Cross on foreign shores.amid r.W'fodiiceeswf
temples, at the peril of their lives. While
We look with pride upon the graves of those
champions who fl'lf fighting fur the princi
ples of human liberty, we can wi:?i still
greater pride look upon the grave of those
who fell in other hnds maintaining the
principles of the G .'.tinder i!:u banners pebl les dweharged one by one at t.. no.
. KJn Itnntret. I by han.l, but I am assured thru Ibis is the
Looking, then, t r e r Vnntry it . way speed is often accelerated on this fsr
who is n it griteful tlisi hi lot is ca 'in iamed road in this age of proJir.n May
America t U ji that gratuu.le must be io-! the road soon see better dsys for it has a
Created, when our present eiinditiow i con-! very eligible and direct channel cut for
trusted with the times rotmected with the
eveut we celebrate. Tiien,e were a few,
feeble colonies, scattered along the Allan
ticcoa,t; now, o'ir population ex'enls from
jccean ,0 ocean. Tlh-n, nearly every nation
of the eaith viewed us as rebels : now, nur
nationality ii acknowledged aud r-speclej
by every (tower Uon earth. Tnen, the
force of the mistress of the wor'd were
drawn out in hostile artay against us ;
now, no hostile foot as such dare tread
our soil. Then, tlie shriek of the terrified
mother and expiring infant arose from ma
ny a fireside invaded by the merciless sav
age ; now,soni;sof praise arise from the
undisturlxd famil) aliar. Then, there
were treachery and distrjust on the part of
atjl(. )mrtion of our people ; bo, there
are confidence and harmony on the part
of all. Then, our system of governnieul
had to be tried as an experiment ; now.af
ter being fully tried, it stands as tbe model
of humn government for ihe world.
Since, then, the days of darkness and
diffi-ully have passod atav, since wherc-
ever the eye is turned we behold objects
which are the honor; and the glory of any
nation, who does not rejoice ihat.be is an
inhabitant ol this heaven-favored land 1
For heaven-favored it is. No one can
view our country in tlie scenes through
which it has passed, and view it as it is.
without recognizing the hand of an over
ruijnj, proviJenoe The might v power oi
'lraeP G jd appears ever to have been on
the side of our people. When the Israel
ites -groaned in Egyptian , bondage, the
mighty God, with a cloud by day and a
pillar of fire by night guided them to the
promised land- When our forefathers groa
ned in European bondage.the spirit of God
guided them lo this land as a place of free
dom from oppression. When the Israelites
io bn'tltng with'lbeir enemies depended U;
on God, victory waCon their side. When
our forefathers, io1 struggling fur liberty,
depended upon God, they conquered. The
Israelites trusted in II im, aoi poss3scd
land flowing with rniik and honey. Our
forefathers trusted in dim also, and we
rejoice in possessing a land overflowing
with tbe beauties and bounties of a benefi
cent Creator. Through His guidance and
protection, we as a nation have been pros
perously conducted thus far, nod we can
safely depend upon our national prosperi
ty i being continued as long nJ rnly as
long as Israel's GoJ i our CoJ, mil c
are ilia people. ....... I). C.
LswMmrg UoiTorii'y, rJo'y i, 1849.
From an Gcca.sioual CuircsposdcsL
. I..jxarms County.
In a hot suiiiniei's dy, there are f.-w
more pleasant trips for ouce or twice at
least than down Lycoming creek. Slur
ting on (be dividing ridge between that and
the Towauda, you find on either hand for
many miles tall, craggy hills, and mount,
ains, clothed aod crowned with (he most
rcfreshirtg green. Crossing and recrossing
your path is the wild, cool stream, yet liv
ing with the feauy liibe, whichj with deer
from ihe adjurent hill sides, furnish most
delicious repasts for the city denisena and
tired cnuntryradeswen and professionals
rusticating in almost
eve. v nookV Vomer of the vallev
The "tawjj of Ralston aod Astonville
are very unirrmostiig except upon Maps,
where they stand out like the names of
forgotten men upon tomb stones. ' If any
change ever takes place here, these places
must advance, foF there is not enough of
either to make any retrograde condition
perceptible, except it be by erasing them
from the Maps.
You are aware that the Wtltiamsport &
E'mira Rail-Road took a brisk start from
Williamsport several yeais ago, went on
he go ahead principle 28 sniles Id Ralston,
and then and thenceforth took.a aap. At
present, ihe wsrrivalsjjiifi departures'
of the "train bardfy ditb ihe' monotony
of this quiet crows' empire,' : Staam is dis
missed front ser viesysod 44m horse for two
when jMtroMjwirranta,) walkiof (or
trotting lftfte ft .oraoce of oatt past or
the hops:, of aiUp cosHsuflfcieot
beaat7; all Under the care of a wnductor
who has lo stop every lew rt'wis to drive
down "snake-heads" 'his is tbe vViMiam
sport & r.linira Rdil-R ad a$ it is- 1
m ist bear witness lo tlie fact t'! "
tiip the "motive power" was iui j p'l '-f
thus far, and almost as good a nut opens
for it through Canton, Troy, and down
Souih Creek to bnsy.Thnviug Elmira. ,
Recen'ly, a correspondent of Ihe N. Y.
Courier & Enquirer, w ho had passed from
Ilnrrishurg up thcWesl Bian:h,was struck
with the important fa:l that when this ri'sd
is comple-ed (as it will be) a short branch
between it aod the Central Road cm the
JuniAta is all that is required lo complete
a chain of uninterrupted railway connec
tion of Washington, Baltimore and Ham
burg with Norhero Pennsylvania, aod
Western and Ceutral New York. anJ that
by a direct rout, as your Maps will show.
Baltimore and Harrisburg are almost uni
ted say 00 mijeg from the Central R ad
to Williamspoi thence to Llmira, and so
East and West wherever you choose. The
extension of the Pottsville Road would be.
nefit Philadelphia and the North Branch
but travel and trade for Harrisburg. Balti
more, Washington, and further uu:b and
West, would all come on the lower rout ;
and indeed it will be the easiest way from
Ihe West Branch tn Philadelphia by liar
risburg and Lancaster. Hive ou not
sufficient sagacity, enterprise, ar$ capital
on your side of the river to construct the
short link yet required, which even to
strangers seems so desirable, and so good
an investment? Taking the best point at
the Junction, and avoiding the bends op
posite Northumberland and Munej, the
distance "wKuld be small. Nature his
planned. rout, which Art has nearly
completed. Your interest in closing the
work, is as great as that of any town or
people on this bank of the river.
Williamsport is indeed a beau'iful town,
and his many advanlanes yours does n t
enjoy. The County and I'.S D.. strict Courts
held here for more than half a century,
have given it much cons'qin-iu.-e-, and al-o
much eish. The modt and amount and
convenience of traveling are ten lo one,
here, over Lewishurg, Stopping with Mr.
Kremer, of ihe Egle," we found excel
lent entertainmen, annoyed only at night
by the confusion and city-like din attend
ant upon the cotninit and going of singes
and packet-boats. There are more elegant
building here than in your town, but not
as many substantial dwelling, the abode
of contentment and competence. There
seems at least n mu'.h genenl intelligence
Rod public spir.t among this people as any
other. Ail sects and parties are ith h
praiseworthy ambition and euil '.-tied
comm n sense united in susteinisg their
prorrfinen' edticittrtnal interest-the Dick
!non College Seminary. ' Ihe village
Academy wa3 cordially prart'ed it to n-.ake
a beginning, and a lare building fur i's
use is contemplated ; but at present (as loo.
too often the case is the managers are at
the sticking. point ihe collection of the
pledged funds. But the money most cntne
at last and the Institution promises to be
an increasing source of revenue and honor
Singular as il may seem.'he fint JJridgt
over the Susquehnnna opposite the old and
la rue town of Williamsport, i now com
pleted and passable. Leaving the river
road a few miles below, and striking over
the mountain through a Gap, you have
many beautiful views of the river and llie
banhs on the North and E.ist and you
also contract an appetite for a huge break
fast. But what a paradise for snake must
the summit of those bald, jagged moun
tain of rocks be, which we pass through
over a well 'piked road ! Scarcely a
tree or shrub can coax a root or tenderest
fibre down between these rocks, and how
such a mas of horrid, hard, uninviting
material could be thrown together, is in
deed puiling. There must have been an
earthquake, long continued, which threw
these rocks uppermost, the fine and earthy
particle Milling upon the fertile valle; s
aroand. One landlord on the Lycommy
had a box of "liven live raflsnaix amonp
hie other curiosities :'' and the people
seemed to dread them no more than the
common house r " atreak-ed" snakes are
dreaded in othefShce? But not Hsnuixr
alone upow this rocty pass deary bears,
and wolves must abound here. Indeed,
wa were entertained on our jaunt with'
B'-verul narratives of large game yet lin-
erij nriMiiig the rouh mountains of old
Lc-.rr-'- r A few diy since, on this
r-wi, i -rson pass'Oi u? the hill aw an
- , u L A
am. i) j ii w wavsice wnien no ruynni
io be oi. i ii w is hunting, b it on arousing
it w-'ii vou-.i ar.d stooo. a bear cf no phas
ing asuecl returned hU e!tit witha t' Oe
he did not rc-l.sh, nnl heff-d to make
his acj;iin;ance. Th l.u.-.teri anarined,
: ok to his heels, tod being aided by the
descending nature of thi troond, which
did not suit thts bear's short forelegs, be
soon 1 it I'io cvnpsny of his uninvited
friend. Tne morning we passed, bea'
or wo'ves had bwn marauding about a
farm houe, and th neihb-jr were out
eadeavorinj to make reprisal
Tl.t S .nth land bath it of cane,
Th Pni'ie bouls iu tey grin,
And .un rJ ail gs'es unfolJ
Uu ruing marts suJ nod of (olJ. :
Rough, Mr,k. ai d cold, our little Ststa
I, hnl uf toil, of liwiu (traisht ;
Her yellow nwU are nl slooe.
Her only ninftt sts ic anJ stons !
From Autumn's frotu to April's rsin
Too loiirh Winter woods complain I
From ImiMing (1er to failins. leaf
Her Summer time is all too bnef.
But on her rock. anJ on her nnJs,
And stormy bilU tbe school houe stands,
Ai.J what ber rugged soil oVniea.
Tbe harvest of the Piind supplies.
The Ireasnres of our Commouweslih .
Are free, strong minils, and heart of health.
And uoie to ber Ihsu g.ild or grain.
Tbe cuuning band and cultured biatu.'
For well she keey her ancient stock
The stubborn strength of Pilgrim R es ; , -
Ami Mill maintains, with milder law
And clearer ligbMhe Gjd OU Can. !
Has ksed, Ihe skenlir's ponv hands.
N-bUe near bet ckboot l.e Chorrh-.pire stands ;
! or icara ine ortnami onj-n s ,uit
White near her Churcu-spira srnfs the School
XslionsI Er. J- O. Wiirrui.
. . .. ... i ..-
PenxstlvsNia. s s- Ii the name and
hv the authority of the Com -non wealth o'"
Pennsylvania : by WILLIAM F- JOHN
S I ON. Governor ol the said CoiilikjIi-
A henificent God has blcsvd the people
of this Commonwea'ih with ha!th, and
nlund.-nce. The fielJs hsve yielded noun
tiful returns to the husbandman. The en
terprises of the citizens, in all brandies of
imlus'ry.h ive been appropriately rewarded.
Peic with all na'ions, have been vroch
safed 'o the country. Civil and nligiou
!i'-rty, under the iiitii.itions of free gov
ern ", h.-ve been preserved itiviolai.e,
sir. -..; ' largest measure of ear'hlv happi
ness, i-is been (.-rui-iously ilis.'ensed by an
ali-wi-e. mid uiereifut PriC. ' ;
The.- bl-;s'rg d.'rr-nd oar gratitude
lo Urn. t. .. he.e hands are the issues ,.f
i'e i:rl ii.Mt . who ci n'rots end c'irects
'lie i-flair- of iien--whne is Oiwnipo
trnl to S.ne r Jestnv. ,hnrf who irinIes in
the justice r.f lis judgments, the attributes
of His mccy hetore whose iwwer na
tions are ealled or cast down nod they
fw'I noon us as one peph?, to oiels) in Sol
emn thanksgiving in hom'.le supplication,
and praise to the Alni'ghty Author of
every good and perlect gi'l, lor these his
undeserved" blessings, lo his weak and sin
lut creatures. They r q iire llie profound
reverence of penitent hearts, sensible of
ihe nnworthiness of humanity, and of the
rnd'iring ineroy of a righteous (rod.
Believing these solemn truths ; deeply
impressed with the duty of devout adora-
ion. and hombte prayer; irt eompliance
with the venerated custom, and ihe desires
f ihe great body of the people : I IPi-
ium F. Johntfon, Governor of the Com
monwealth of Pennsylvania, do hereby
appoint and designate Thurtdatf, the 29th
day of November next, as a day of genera)
Thanksgiving, throughout the State : and
1 hereby recommend and earnestly invite
all the good people of this Commouwealth
io a sincere and prayerful observance of
Given under my hand and the -great
seal of the State, at Harrisburg, thislwen-
ty-finh day of October, "in the year f our
Lord one thnBswrid eight huodredswmd for
ty-nine, aod of the Common wcatlh the se
By thi Governor :
TOW NREND HAINES.
Stvtlary of lh Qmmonvtatik.
ce amcsa Ottser.
Mr. EttTrtV : F noticed in a late number
ol the "Iemo.wat,', a short extract fiwm
some conlemporary journal, under the cap
in. irrnort iotir Mh .'' The
article railed up' the followiag tram of
- i ,l
VOL VI., NO. 32-292::.
thoughts t which, if you ihmS proper, '
may Icy before your reader. y - , at
Man, as a creature, is indebted tr tha
Creator for hi existence, and forth) in-ar
numerable minister to hi happiness. ' On
thi is predicated hi duty to God. , A a
inrTxi Jual being, he an- individual des
liny to work out On this is predicated
his duty to hir.ivlf. - Beside this, man is
a social bntig, and out oi hi sociability
grows his duty to hi fellow man.
At the very beginning of hum a exist
ence, Cod saw it was not good for man
U be alone. The social principle was,
planted io hia very nattfre; and ia obedi'
race to its dictates, the different rrrember i
of the family of man have ever manifested
a di7ottion to congregate. Hence lb
different varieties aodgiadesof congrega- t
tid human beings rising in regular gra
dations from the first and most sacred bf
s cial compacts, the family, lo tbe migh;
iet kingdoms sad empires. : " ; 'f f
In each ol these social organizations,
man sacrifices more or less of his individ
uality. The interest of the individual
swallowed up in ihe interest. of the social,
compact. Yet, in this, il is not designed
thai any one should be the loser, for wbilw
the principle of sociality makea it ihe duty
of each to tommuiutat, in order to pro
note the public good, it provides that this
public good shall be mutually enjoyed by,
those who unite to promote it." '' --
Hence the hutband can not mike his
individual self ihe all io U." "f
ing upon the selfish princTple, attempt to
promote his own happiness at Ihe upas)
of that of hi wifo. vNeitbef .cao ,the,r
pursue such a course. Tnett duties, re
sponsibilities, and 'enjoyments are alike .
mutual and reciprocal., ! " l
Thus do individual persons sacrifice, it
a measure, they' iadisjdual interest, to pro
mote lh iuterest of tnb fam'ily, whi they
enter imp such a relationship. 'And whet
individual fanvfuw.uoite in the lotmgp
of hrge eoog isioa of haraaobe ngf .
the sa mfe crosrrie4cmust. k'fa sii
follow. -i-ir-n-- a l.,!n J:
A "imiVy .consists of. two or arrtP'ftt
sons whoscMnirres are one; and .whose !
duty, therefitre, fs niotrlalr) to eootfikot
to iho happiness of eaA.' A learai or'
neighborhood consists of several of those
families, living in contiguity ; sad ,lwe
int?rerts. therefore, are, to a great extent,
one. I Wee the du:y U fMn4hfgkotiU
tiiutuoily encourage each other. Tho
nme principle is applicable, also, When
several of those congregations of tamlies
are incorporated into a body politic, eajl
su!'ji-cteJ to mutual regulations.
' Acting upon this principle, the citixu
of the town will, a far as practicable, pa
tronise his own Mechanic, Merchant, Phy
sician, Lnwyer, and neighboring Farmer.
He who act upon a different priacjple,
violates one of lh lldaiwHl'-af prisKspkf
of the philosophy of . buman- existence,
lie forgets the sociabi t y of his nature,"'!
becomes essentially selfish n character
The aenerat fund of enj.iyiieiil ia. not in
creased, or i irtcteased very rsrirgly,
by his cmtributions. " It would be: Ssrlf
for the pohlic if an eye were kepi "on such
characters, so that their draughts upon the
" general fuod alvwjld aot eseee4 jbeir
contributions. .Then these narrow, en
iracted, selfish sou's, might lave Ihe lull
bliss otuej-.iying mca selves."
Loci; Haven. . - , E.
'Trlbaitc to Baaianv
His was Ihe poet's gifled sowl. , .
Tfeoug-b teaming wa oenvnl ;
But genius iared abjva hi wrri,-
WitU all its grace wnt pndv - -
Tb-wr spirit stirring strains oi hi,,- ,
Were gtvhings of Ihe soul. .
Whoa rn&uenea ever avx will U.
A fnturs agea roll.
Hi prngresj. like a living tight,
Tbe realms of esrth aspl..
To aid tbe weary pilgrim on, ; .
Toward lbs heavenly shore.'
H dwells within the pearly gales.
Among Iha asrapUs bow ;
The "shining; oW a takMrsa crow
Hav pi seed apon hi brow. ,
He lon a goloso lyre among
Tn -white robed" as gel band ;
, Where geniu through eianuty.
la gloty will eip
Singular Case 'rhe Cumberland (MJ)
Alieganian stales that tm Wedriesday Ust.
aa Irishmao, who reside near Loriac h n.
threw from his elomacb a living oa'ke,fivo
or six niche ia length. - Ff severarl years
past he hss been in delicate health.and lat-u-rly
subaiatt-0 Ipw? wholly uj-on milk.
On Wednesday, at the earnest "rxrsudsion
of several hi connlry men. he was iudu
ced to drink with' thtm.- Dtreetly after
.allowinatrrlimior, heesasttiadl with)
vomiting and threw up lbsoak ;,
.1 . ' " -
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