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ll iv M n i
AiJn T H E
S T BRAN
CAn in&cpcnbcnt .familji iJapcr bcuotcb to News, Citccof arc, Politics, &gncu!huc. Science nno "ittornlitn.
BY 0. N. WOKDEN.
"WEDNESDAY, OCT. 10, 1849.
VOL. VI., NO. 28-288,
The Leicisbnrg iirouicls :
f'ubliohfj Wednesday Afternoonf at Lewisbur;
Union county, J'ennsv hania.
Terms. fc;",l() lor a year, to lie pnicl i
thu first hail year; S-D!l, it pavmet.t ho
not mtuie winiiu me year : sin: e numbers.
. . . - , . , ,
Oc's. Subscriptions for six months or less
to be paid in advance. Discontinuance
optional wi.ii thft i 'j'jiisrjer, except w
artvartiges are pnid. j How then can me wonder lhat their settle-
Advertisements handgun, I y ins-cled ntinrr,t incieaed and prospered? Their
00 cts. tier square one week, 81, (10 for a , , , , , , , .
. A -mi , . . . 'enemies, debilitated by lonj; subjection,
mon'h, S-,"u a year. A reduction o! these ' J '
rates f..r lam ..r loiter advimts. ; were T"ckened in proportion to the dao-
Jasmil ndvertiseiiieiits and Job work to
he paid fr when performed.
All comnmn.calu.riM by mail must come
no.t raid, nceornpaii-ed hv the address of
.. 1 ' ' ',
4h writer, to receive iittPiitmn.
O.YiceM irkei street betwi-en Sece-,. and
Third. (). X. YVoi:nEX, l'ub!iher.
i he c 1 1 ii on 1 c L e.
s&Trumv, cct. c
CrWagive lhiwck n...her of th Phi;..-! c,',!ur had pawd, ere a d .rk cloud be
th. n S,:w:y 4lh of Jul Oration, lurniflicd hy "nn u ga'her thickly and ploomily over
' r. I.t k ut our rriju L Mi.Cunat.i't e the intrepid and daring co'onists. The
I Kinross and Inliiior.ee of American
. , ......
1 t- iinvr- M'M'iii.i -ij ot re, ni aeroruance
etisto ti of our coun'rv, to cell-
1.1.1 1 - . 11.
brjto .hat day which gave birth lo our
1 1 x . V 1 . .1 . .
i!ide:4ndeitce. Not only we, but thro out
,i- 1 , ' , ,
, "... ' . ,
v-.t, .-V IJ'n .(-'-, CItlU.
. " ,. ,
i-htv grove, every ci'y and every ullage, :
.1 : 1 .1 . ii . r
. .-, . . . . . , .
cheer'u. bc.irts rendering just humane to,
,, , .
.,i-t 11 f ion 1. iit 1, .'110 it, on; IlltJIOOl y i
of a military despot w ho has swept over i
th'( country li!
rry li!c a tornado, blasting its ,
. ; , . " . , . . :
littrest crops, ail. 1 leaving in his wide track
. .1 . 1, . ,u. 1 1 l 11 1 .- 1
nothing but the blackness ol drso.aiion anJ
I ii 1.1 .
d'Sjiir. vl . rear n.i sculpiured nnriutnctil
. . ;.. 1 , m. r.i 1
I I rtiiiii'J posterity 01 the sum otthe spier-
, 1 1 1 r ,1 1 . ,
d..i tit us 01 those who were covered with
igiin.ii ny Hud disgrace. Hat we, as patriots
and cn'ihtciK'd ci1 z ns of nil mdi pendent
r'pnb'ic, itv-ot lo coinria mi,r .te the rr-s tr
:'c;iin of liberty, the dawn of the ur.iver
s : emancipation of mankind. We celeb
rate ;i event whi. Ii n t only enta led the
l. es-ings of liberty upon us and all who as J
Anerican cilizns may come alter us, but
tld n.,r.r..B a.A t. ft ...r.nA I,...-
. ... - 7 , ii r 1
also revolutionized tbe dark corners t f des-
, , , I
I' ':s:n. nn-.l snre.,-1 lerror nm'ir.fr n't lii,
' ' I c .
f , , .
ii..m tis of royalty. Hut in reineuilieriii ' I
, , ;
tie nolt'e dppds ot those v tin were eng-igpn
at 'he lit volui.on, let us rot forget those
-j .ally genuine patriot., who first fos'eied
i .e germ of liberty berea-h the dwrnl j
tiade of despotic power in 'I." old world.
:i'jd transplanted il on the shores of the i
Lei us examine, for a momcrit.the heroic
daraii aod invincible determination of those
,,, iiiirb. !
ft. 10 first landed tm the Sock of Plymouth, I
. ' ,.,
in the wilds of the western cominetit. ihey
ha 1 erossed a sformv nrPiln nf fh.-p ibno. I
nnA miles, over whose fathomless bosom
waved lhe black fl a ' of p.racv, to endure !
.I:i,e trials and dangers incident to a,.
ui.set.led country. They were not allured
t the golden dreams of avarire, or th-
gV.wmg descriptions of a soil abounding
m ..! r,,.;t. .,! ltore ,n,l .,;,. 1
. .1 i ., I lit vittuui aJ 'i'.:iitiiJt " I'll mi tiir inn
with a:I thai could regale the setws or: , , .
. . , ., , I rors of war and subjugation, and which for
sristy tr.e appetre; neither were they as i
, . , ,. , j so long a lime had been gathering in llictr
some colonists, a surplus mas, disgorged , ,
. , , , . i'ohlical hor.zin, now burst upon this
from the mother country to ker n the rem- , , .... , ,, ' ,
, . : , , I devoted ronr.'.rv. then followed lhat
idling population sound and pore, and to , .,",. - , , ,
. , , ,,,, 'series of tnals and misfortunes, of biood-
pievent national apoplexy. hat was .
. , . , , .... islii'd and rr'n-uy, (f rohle dartn! nnd
th-t couniry which thev kdt 7 A country i, , ,,-.. . . .
,. , , . . , , . .' i hemic endurance, the hue or which the
in which hcv had been matured in youth, i , . . ,
, , . ... , , , records of history present no parallel,
strengthened in manhood, where they hall
eontrt. tb np.st uA mnt coi... ( That Revolution, unlike all which had
and most solemn
rob' ions of life.and in which were entombed
the hallowed remains of iheir ancestors.
N hy did they sacrifice this their country,
w.'h all its endearing recollections, for lhe
pathless forests of a vast wilderness Why
did they deprive thcms-elves of all the com
forts and luxuries of civilized life, to suffer
md toil and famish and d e in the desolate
regions of North America T Was it for
randizerreu, or posthumous fame ! j
that they m:ghl return in a few years
rewarded with rich-s, crowned with honor,
and bright with glory ? Had such been
the motives which induced those Iiardv
pioneers to settle this country, we their
descendants. i,,.iead nf U.l,. In I
tlic smiles of Liberty, might be crouching
under ihe frowns of Tv rai.ny. They had
" higher, a holier, n purer aim in view. Ii
as their anxious endeavor and firm deter-
mir.aiion to found a setilemn.t, as a home !u'n, 01 "PPrs10"- " ns aroused to a
for '1 ems-elves and their iisteriry, wlt.re !?ne of their degraded and aervile enndi
f. h wi.ht enjoy freedom of thought an I ,inn ,hosc wl, for ears lmve and
speech, and where each might worship his
Creator according to the dictates of his
conscience, uiitramnieled by a Pupal See
or nn Established Church that they
might plant in the Tar west the tree ol
j Liberty, which. increasing in the :tp'the Pilgrims on the Rock of I'iymmiiii.h.
' r . , -. , ,
.ol years, michl spread its branches over
t ,. ,
: evrr' ,,a,i' " "n 1 tcn""h 11 W protecting
, H3ue nil rniiui.inj ni'ght rest in security.
rPrs cnJ ti'iiuoiili.es of the enterprise
vigor of thought an 1 power of action, which
))H.re Wtn dormant, were now sum-
. c ,, , ,
mcned forth by every new obstac c. and
J 3 '
'ren-hened by increasing opposition.
I'nity of purpose and determination of
'chancier sust.-.iued them beneath all their
i:t'r:r7in ? ,h? r
hope rf one day becoming the rivals of
'proud auJ potent Knlaud. Hut sea tee a
irons'cr Tvrannv'had alrendv crossed thi-
;AiIh";!c. ":id ui-u" to ravage '.heir (air
co'iturv. The I'.ritish .Ministry were
already for"in;; the chains which were to 1
l.:..J l ; i .-
01011 ui'-iii 01 itooraru e nuu uesrtoiisni.
1 ue strong hand ol power was ab mt to
iwretn - h from idem those incs'iuialile privi-
leges for which thev had contended so
loiiir, an I labored so faithfully. Shtd :
they then recod from the nr.i.le stmvle
in whieh they had been engaged 1 ih"ul.:
thev aliandon, f..r t.biect fubmission. the,
prize of hlieriv. when almtttt within their
orasp ! Should they fi
they for ever resign the'
hope of establishing a government on the;
broal pricc;ples of virtue, liberty, and!,r!,ct 'ee people with anarchy and civil
' independence I No the hrjeht star of
: 1 .
hone, poititinj through the dim vis'a of
. ' 0
futurity to the future rrospects of their
j 1 ' '
country, cheered them onward, and uriied
:th'm to oppose every encroachment upon
; 1 1 j '
I their rigtiis to reject, with scorn and
c-titernut, every act which weed. I tend to1
make ibt ni slaves.
Dat s-ill they showed a disposition to bejstar ln ll'C galaxy of nations, her bnrners
c intent with their essential ri-hts. Thev 1 fif"'i"S in every brtrze bearing inscribed
p-!itioiifc.J the throne to avert the impend- ' in 'vin letters the immor'nl and mtcfian
mg storm. They supplicated his royal J stable motto, "Liberty arid Ir.df iwudtiiee,
n.ajps'y lo withhold iho unjust exercise ofi n"NV an' "r Pv, r '
(his power. They remonstra'.ed against his
rrpea-ed acts of violence and cruelty. I'ul
ail Kuntilicaiion and entreaty were vain.
... . . . : . ill
i ue n-ni 10 impose n ,31, omv preceueu i
. 7 . ' .
the rvtit to enslave. I lie power t r dragging
.... . 01
(Cii:''iis ii:uieie-ii 101 any capital laiciiue ui
8,ra0s'! '''''''' i land.withoul j
,he h"5! of jus'ice.si.biected property,
liber y, and even lil'e.to ministerial caprice. ;
I The spark of liberty which had long been
1 kin. lling, now blazed forth into a bright
and int xtinguish alio flame. The eople
were indignant, 'lhe whole country rose
lJl'i s ,'litJ iii.iii, 01 '.". . -1 1 , uiiliii:,, it,
' . . ' J '
invade their rights. Congress asseniLIcd,
. ... , ,
and a 'ler an animated discussion adopted
i"16 l'"- 'n-P"". rep.ete j
w,lh I,,B ,,U1" '",r'rt consequences, not
i"!,' - V 'u "", ,n";,",!',,:N '.h"' comment.
i but lo '1 k,n l- 1 h ,t AcI
"CVC,ed tVT ,,e wb,ch b""r"1
i ,hrm ,n n"nh"r C0U"'r'- "nJ sn,nJ,''i
1.1 -i..: c l.t....... Ti.... 1 i...t :.
'"K ' ' ,r" "-- ' "' "
. t.vw... t. ... A n . r. mm -ml til. . 1 1 t ko I.
preceded it, both in its causes and effects,
was lhe mighty moving of the inborn and
innate principle of liberty a revolution,
which resisted the combined energies of
the most powerful nation of. the earth, tri
umphed over myriads of her well discipli
ned soldiery, and firmly established a gov
ernment, with a constitution which is Ihp
best model lo lhe nations of all coining
l,(rc - I,a(1 " on,-v rH,e', aggression and
secured the blessings of liberty to the col
onies, it would still have accomplished
more for lhe regeneration of man than all
the magnanimous attempts of a Brutus, or
,,,e "or,l,y cndcavors r Wallace. But
l'l!oed influence stops not with the
; boundaries of nations, nor is confined by
i.he shores of the ocean. It has sent hope
ihrough the despairing hearts of millions
who were pining under he heaviest bur-
submissively borne the heavy yoke of lv r-
j tinny. Il has scattered throughout Ivirope
those seeds in w hose growth eager na'ttitisl
recognize their "long lost I brty." 'I be
spirit, which tillered in the (invert o
I i , , , , r
already loused t.e colonics from ti e iron
I , ,
krasi. of royalty, r.c.l llie.rt I" no exalte!
sta'ion among the nations il ihe earth.
re-crossed the Atianttc, tauj-lit mm b:s
rights and how to obtain and defend them,
overturned despotisms an I nvinarchin.vtiid
upon the brn!:er fragmcnti ofihelr splenijel
! ruins erected thrs firm pillars nfl:h 'r(y.
In our on country, too, it his excited
a powerful ii.fl.icnce. The. ueiv of our
national character, lhe spir.t of our ini
!u;ious, the comprehens.veiicss of o.ir poli
cy, have propaa e.i the principles of reli
gion and truth, encouraged the ans and
sciences, spread literatuie and know leiV',
increased our national prosperity, e.vten.'i'd
the principles ol liberty, and given enlarged
and enlightened views to ail classes and
condilious of men. U'i o what j ivlul
anticipations and grateful reunrnbrin -es
ought we no', then, to welcome; the anni
versary of our national exis'enee ! I.
(mints us back to lhe Icvolu'un,and place--
j he fore our deligh'ed visions the examples
01 8 asmngion, an A.latns, a .letters ui.
Let us study their char.iciers and endeavor
to imitate their virtues. L-t us cherish
that love ofii ierty, that self-devotion, that
strict regard fir justice, which ever eh:ir-
'r'd those imm .rial patriots. I.et us
! ktier I around the common nltnr of fiecilom,
j find !e5eeeh I heir departed shades to look
down w"" paternal ofloction upon our
country to smtie on .ur institu nuns to
guide our public councils to frustrate the
anabitious schemes of those who would dis-
war to counteract every influence vvh cb
might he iieij.t,., ,, wr t,P union and
harmony of lhe Stati s. And when in after
tunes posterit- meet on this joyous anni
versary lo add their prnteful remembran
ces to lhe number offered hv those who
havp J?""" If'ore them, may they se the
I United .States still shining, the brie h'ost
InterestillJ Discovei V of a lost
Thre yenrs nao. lohn Hurt, of this
,,, i i,: i, , i r ,,.
c" ,,st r"s son. Jw l. aged bur
lie was an intelligent an I aitrac-;
live little fellow, and was last seen in the
vicinitv ,,, circus i;, :h, ,.j,v. T.e o, ly
ifrn,a,ion ,!,, obu;n ,,f ,he ,.h;Id
,, whi!c , c in coMp;iny wi,n 0,,e
of h.s companions, was looking tiiiinijb
the enclosure, a woman addressed h.ui iul
invited him to accompany her into llvr cir
cus. Since that lime, Mr. Hurt has usd
every conceivable moans to recover his lost
son. He had always believed him to have
been carried off bv some one connected
wi,h ,he cirei,s , x,lec!(.j ti) ,,.,,,;,
,OI1Ilcr or ,a!,Tt lrl mune circus (:OI1)pilv.
UVith this opinion pre Jominant, he has
1 made several journeys lo different parts e.f
j H." eoun'ry, but always with.Mit success.
r tekrtri had well nigh made the
'. .. .
heart sick, mi d ins aiiention was called
to a paragraph in a Syracuse paper rela
tive to a litlle boy w ho was found bv Jus
lice House of ibat cii j, covered with ir.tid
and blood, endeavoring to shelter hitnsell
from the rain in a dry-goods box. The
boy, as the j-aragrnph s'ated, gave hi.s
name a , James Hurt, and appeared to be
fl or 7 yearsof pj"3. This corre jfoiiile:)
wiili the name and ago of Mr. H.'s !o-i
child ; hut he had been so often deceived
that he telegraphed lo the Justi. p, mal.ing
certain inquiries. Tiie reply was im
satisfactory, as the boy insisted lh.it he had
"ome from iSngljnd three years pn viously.
Hut a luller description, in answer to a
letter particularly ihe statement that the
boy hai a dark brown mark under his
left ear so fufly confirmed Mr. U.'s hopes
that he went to Syracuse last Saturday
night. On Saturday m:ifuing he proceed
ed to lhe Orphan Asylum, where the boj
had bien placed, mid, without having any
description of the little fellow, ins'nntly
picked him out from rr eom par. y of fifty,
all dressed alike. Although the boy did
not recognize him, paeenls can conceive
of the satisfaction which ihe happy
father felt in thus recovering his long
lost son, of whose identity not a particle of
doubt remained. ,
The history of the abduction is snSstan"
himself. He was Vpokcn to t7 wowt.,l
j ee.ir the circus,a Mr. R.lc'ore understood
t This woman took the child to a hou.-. in
the city, vvhirh he oWs not recollect. Soon
after dark, they went en hoard of the cars,;
nid afier about an hour, as the hoy tho'l,
they jrf.t out of t.,e cars and lo.,k a caeal
hoat Iinmediatejy Hl'ter liiev uot on the
noai, ue recoueots 1 imt me woman took oil
Irs apron first, and then hU other clothes
put 011 hiai a pretty red suit. Ilj
Mien remembers reaching the womai.V
hDUbt: in Oswego, where he saw a little
yirl. whom the woman called his sis'er ;
and he was told that his mother and lalher
weredea.l. lie was also n.adi; lo believe
ibat he had been brought lo Oswego Iroin
ivigliml, and a new name was given h;m. have attempted it. but Ihey have come lo
lie would, however, somuiu.es say that;ihe conclusion lhat it can n..t be done:
his name was J imes Hurt, but he was J Pt I think you may succeed.'' Mr. Hop-
whipped lor Ibis Snellen aud severelv , that
he was generally known as Frederick G.
Je never lldl at home with his abi'uetrcss.
and once or twice ran away, aud absented
It was his predisposition to get of! which
idtimaltlv resulted iu his recovery. Hav
ing heard . great deal about lhe State Fair,
and seen, at Oswegn, extensive arrange
ments made for visiting it, he determined
lo go himsell ; and he cnt accordingly.
W hde there he picktd up pennies by run-1
ning of' errands, watching of cattle and
so lived in the crowd, without attracting
any particular attention. Hut after the
Fair closed he did not get aloig quite so
well, and used to wander about the canal,
walking to 'he neighboring villages and
r iiirmng 10 o racuse at mgiit, as 10s i.uiey
dictated. It was while thus wandering
wandering about on the lowpath, during
the darkness and rain, that he fell 011 a
stone, badly cutting his head and face, and;
rendering him sn insensible that he laid
out in lhe rain during the whole night. It
was not until the day following thai he was
found and cared for. He is itw wih his
parents a bright, cood looking and hap
py little feliow, and will, we trust, remain,
to compensate them for the unutterable
tnef which his three years' absence has
caused them. We have lhe name of lhe
retch hy whom the boy was enticed from
bis borne ; but .Mr. P. deies not at present,
wish il published. She is wife of a re
spectable man ol some property in Oswego,
vliii professes to be ignorant of the mari
ner in which the boy was obtained. He
-ays that she accounled satisfactorily l
him for the possession of the boy, but re
fused to give her sfory, whrti Mr. Huit
I .nut h.'i r.n .'s.ni.l:! t; 'Phi, n.t uoll on.
, , , .- , . .
dergo a leya1 examination, and it is to tie
hoped that lhe guilty parties may be visi
ted with the extremes! penalties of the law.
Jtibuny Evening Journal.
F mm the Maine F armer.
The ben-fit of subsoiling has been high
ly r commended by those who havo made
a fair trial rf it for several years past ; yet
h. re are compara'ively few, wdieiher sal
isf.ed or not of i's utility, who put in prac
tice, I have for some time bnen convinced
of the propriety of deep ploughing on most
soils bv giving greater depth lor the roots
of p'tuits to roam in seaich of food and
moisture, ns well ns to enable the surplus
water the more readily to drain 01T: yet,
upon sorno shallow saiils there is an objec
tion lo throwing up too n.ucH of wnat is
usually termed dead tarth, which, until ii
has been for some lime exposed to lhe ac
tion of sun and air, h is a deleterious effect
upon vegetation. This difficulty is obvia
ted by suhsoi!:ng,as the earth is not thrown
up, only loosened, thereby facilitating the
surplus water to d ain olf, and also the bel
ter f nabiing it to retain sufficient moisture
in dry weather for the nourishment of plants.
For several years we have felt wishful more
fu'ly to bocome satisfied as to the real ben
i lit of subsoilioir, nd whether it would
pay the cost.'w hich mav be reckoned eq al
to breaking ti; te land,) but others nf oar
nei 'hb-.rs. wi h "renter facilities, would
make the trial, we deferred it until last
t,r when we tried it for fruit-trees,
wheat, carrots, parsnips, turnips, &c..with
decided benefit. The piece which we sub
soiled for wheal, w ith the exception of two
or three furrows, for cxr"er:ment, soon
showed a marked improvement, standing
the drouth well, and giving a good yield of
excellent wheat. Such is our estimate of
the benefit to he derived from subsoiling,
from Ihe experience cf the post, that we
stiutrld no, on account of the cost, hesitate
10 use the subsoil plough for all our future
VasbhEvra', 9h it, 199.
The New Torlr and Er"o' Railaad waif
Origin of ' Hall Columbia."
lii llin ear 1793, when patriotic feelina
' p-ivHiled the country, and when there;1'1 rlir 'Iial an.1 ;cxi:Iuive-, epistolary
ero several parties in the field Mr. Tox
j H yoiin plaver, who was more a l:n red
j f(ir (,js vocal than histrionic po. rt.caded
! nrnn ,,nn kio r,;.t i. 11....1:..
jS,.n R,J aft,.r s!aiing ibat the l.db.wir.g
priing had been appointed for his benefit.
and expressing great fear for iho rcsi.it,
j , no-a single box had been taken, begi;ea
, his irieiid to do something in his bt half,
ri." said Fox. vou will virile me s.n..
patriotic verses to the tune of lhe I'resi-
dents March,' I feel sure ol a fuil house.
Several of the people about the theatre
kinson retired to hi.s study, an I in a short
limi wrote the first ver-e and chorus,
I which were submitted to Mrs. Ilopkinson,
who sang them ti a piano arcorripaniiirn'
and proved the measure to lie compatible
and in keeping. In this way the second
and other verses were wrillcn. and w hen
Mr. Fox returned in the evening, he re
ceived with delight the song as it new
stands. The f llowing morning smdl
handbills announced that Mr. Fox wruld
sing a new patriotic song, The thea-
. tre was crowded ; the song w is sung and
j r,,R,.jvej wj,n rapture ; il was repeated
eigiit liinsanJ nain e.tcjre I, an 1 when
sung the ninth time, (he whole audience
stood up and joined in the choruj. Night,
after night, " II id Columbia" cheered the
, visi.rs of ,hs thre. and in a very few
days it was the universal song of the boys
in the streets, f.om one end of lhe city lo
theother. Nor was the distinguished nu
,hor 0f this truly national song a song
which met the entire approan'inti of all
parties of the day forgitten. Tne s-M-t
hich he resided on one occasion was
d, and " Hail Columbia' broke on
the stillness of midnight from hundreds of
T JI1SKPH HOFKlSHS, tilj..
Tune "Presidi-Hl's Mu. c 4 "
Hnil, Coliimhh ! I..vpiy Ion!
1 1 Ait. ye her. -ps ! heaven. .ra t'ti,.
W ho fiuqlit unel liii'il in re tl..ms enn.
Wh.i f.xiehl are! i.l.-J to Fm-thim k t-iue.
-nii ftlien the stnrni of irnr was 5.11 o,
E: j ijed lhe- pt-are your rator won.
1.1 1 Ii.d. p litlent'u bt our tutt,
hver n i ilt'ul nbut it curl ;
Ever tcrntelul for Imp per ".
Lei its slur reich ihe sk e.
Finn unit-d Irt n l e,
iiail v lug 'oiueil our l.i icitv ;
As a bnd of brottiers j- in- 1,
1'c.cti and n il. ty wc shult fi .1.
finrnortai piiriut ! rise once more ;
1). ft' i d vour rights, tlrl.nj your hnre ;
l.rl lei rutte f.te, with iiiinus haml,
l.i l no riitl" t. e, Willi iui.j..iiii hand,
liivude lhe s'iruie where nil ltd lien
Of lull and liloml ttie wt-l:-t ameJ i'i7.f.
VYh ii; taluiing praise sin -ere suit just.
In licavcu vvt; plice a man y tru-t,
'l hat truth and justice w ill i;eil.
Anil every scheme, of I'Oiiilage lull.
Firm, uniie.l, Ac.
Si-ninl, sound lhe titimp of Fnv !
I.rl VV Asm-rGTOs's gieat naaic
Ki.i through the world will) loud aip!;ii-e
l.i. ig turouh the woild with loud i !ua,
" 1 ' !
let rv, ry chine to Freed nn dear
Listen wjiU a j.iyfiil ear;
Wi h eipnl skill, and g .dlike piwnr,
He g ive lied in the fmtfiil hour
flf liooid war : or g'tide. with ease,
l he hai pier limns nf honest peace.
Funi. uiiiled, -Sec.
BtboM the chief wha now commands
Once more to iT'e hia cnur.try, stand
The mi k on wiii 11 the elurm mill he it.
flit! rock on winch the siorm will bet,
Uut. armed in virtue firm and true.
Hi hopes are filed on Hr.iv. n anil you ;
When hope was ainkin; in dismay.
And (jl.ioins obscured Uiilamim! tlay.
His uluady mind, from chns fiee,
Ro&o ved 011 tlealh or liberty !
Firm, utiited, Scc
The D-rnlcrj of Rome. .
A correspondent of the European Amer
ican, writing from Rome, says :
"The defenders of Rome were not for
ei"ners,or very few oflhem.in comparison
to the Roman people and Roman army. To
call strangers those Italians who marched
in rid of Mothr Rome, would be lhe same
as lo style a New Yorker a foreigner in
Philadelphia, or in the Southern Slates" to
call a Yankee one. Let us see how many
of the inhabitants were not Romans and not
l.ujiani. Lombard-Venetian exiles,4000;
Sicilians and Neopoliians, 600 ; L'tgurians
and Ptedmontese, 350 ; Tuscans, 250 ;
French, Poles, and Hungarians. 150 ;
SwisS paid by the States, 1000 ; .lmtri-
$r T&nntttr: it ; total, o.soo.
Late from CalU'urnta.
; l1 lono '"H'',, ctirrejipondenrr -
'nl:' :n ( Hutortun, led into fear lhat h
j naI 'Mf " Lynched, or h id died sndJi .! 'ecy larf", and sht won i, aid go an J dr
j '" s,",:e new ly-dincowered d.seae butweij,st ih-;y pleez-j. L's alius so in noo
'are rleasantlv di-anoointed bv the wen-! kuntric.
lion ol the following under bis own hand
and seal. He had some ditliculty in deey
phering the original. which appears lo have
been written with tobacco j'jice. arid had il
not bs?n for the gold dust tispd by the
writer iniiejd of common sand, and w hich
in some rnetsure illuminates lhe dinv
mar jcript, the communication would
have leen wholly illegible. It will be seen
that the previous accounts of lhe riches ol
that region are more than confirmed.
Vally or Tint SACavMfcSTrR, f
April 20, 184!). $
EnnYTfRs or the Tymfs When I
wrote colore, spades was trump" now it
diitiunds. These preshus stuns is fourdj
in br Ivnnt perfusion nn the brow of the
Sarah Xaaday, and several as lare as
fenix ejgs has bei n seen in a mounting of
iold, diskivered last wrek, near the Sam
Joking; and when the-snow melts it ts
suppo-ed that many of the first water will
come down with ihe current, seed oi
nitu'.ds is remarkabid plenty, but a l.T.v has
been made hgigttherili' 'em, because it
spiles the lu'er crop. X.me is aloud lo be
geihered under the size of a peace ofchatik
limrulds abounds, but nobody is green
enuff lo pick 'em up whan ihey cati get
I dimunds. Other j w.i'.s is a drug. ISeyonrt
1 "e plain--, on wiuu tney can a ( iaio 01 tne
' mountiogs.bn.sni is of liloe pees of silver!
haslecn dug up, which is very o nven -
vnnt ,or smail change. A stream runnin
into Fether Uivur, and perttkurly rich in
gold, has recently h en !ikivered by a
-5erman bum'-any, anJ ihey h ive sek-
! red the jiut onership by threatening to
! ' fin l:e 'hey ketch poachm on there
j f rk- I on"r f onw otrlar.dish Dutch
itvntur privi'edge, ihey rail it lhe liivur
' lloine n. Some ol lhe xploriti 'sociashuns
j Woich Ins gonn fiir in'o the intereyur,srnds
j wiinl th it the sile ihar is all solid gold sol
j with roohocs, but nobody belves these out
! :y in' panics.
j The depth of the ordifcroUJ ands on the
jSacrjmentur is f..rly-ate feet eleven inches;
and :$ kwlurs. Wherever we find traces
of gold, we sink shafts and dra-v it up
jvv ith h-rses. The sand is so tarnation I
; heavy it puts the m istangs lo there metal, j
I tell yu ; but there's no help for Vm ;
they must hang on wi'.hull there mi'e mid
mane, or doun they go, and then it's all
up with 'em.
Tvl 'nre quantities rf g'M. at the very
least has been sent to Sam Pbrancisco for
. sum li ne back, and as fast ns it i- p l i'l
lit is turned In in goti. Theaves can not
;esztstat lhe dtgitins bein hung tin the
'shiest suspishiitt. (Irub is rnodurate
j llooi ls of a spiri'us nater verry
- , . , . 1,1. 1
: salt pronshuns is sot f for a song ;
. . . ,
the tavern keepers most givin em awav
3 , .
1U t'luui ui pi'itiiittn ...till-,,. ...-.in. toi t i-, 1
five dollars a ho lbe l, an brandy ten dol
lars a half pint. H iws'ever, as gold is
plenty, ever,- J ick has his giil.
This puts nie in mind of the noose by
, r e.- . .. .1. 1 . 1 .0 I r
th steaniur t iililorny, that, a snip load ot
t VUog wen.Tien was ti i-eninu mu on a 111 1 1 -j
rvin spekul .shun wiih one Mrs. Farr.ham
ns shoojiercargo. We hok for.be same
! witxhiislj . U hat is go'd what is pres-
bus stuns without witreniti X tb n but
1 vauitv and vexashuti of spirits. Solomun
siys, (I red it t'other day on a page of
nrovurbs I was a goin to ue for wadd.n,)
S .lotnun says wurtshus 'oomun is more
preshus than roohees, and in a kuntrv
wiihout a pcltveoot one Icels lhe firse of
'he remark. When a man ba wehh he
wants hares to leve il to ; and in coarse--no
wives, no hares. Yu couldn't send mp
out wun could yu 1 I mean a wife, not
a hare. If she's sum pitted with the small
pox even, I woodent kare. The ordinari
es! goods is valeable when lhare is none
in the market. Thare's duzuns I
woodent a lookt at in the States, that ud
now be thankfully reseved and no kwes
shuns axed. Yu can say, nnd trooly.
that I'm wurth more 'an my wait in gold,
for I've gut a kwariur of a lun of it in
stoar at Sam Pbrancisco, besides a spring
ling o' dimunds.
We hjve a sort of make-shift guvurn
munt here (no alluzhtm to the pirryurafl
above.) "ul UP extrmnperry as one may
say, that ansers puny well for a noo kun
try. Gen. Smith ain. nobody. He's
kleverchap and a spunky, no dout o that ;
but he haint tot no more oriliority lhau
a child in arms, if ibare was
such a thing
I in :hs st itul.nent. tie i-,hK9 generit cr-
j nn.i proeiHinasiimw, and fiieh truck
"i" peepie rf-ei em, pern te Iiterntoor
- ; ' n circe : hut when thej ve red 'em
Agricultur in CahTorny is purfy much
left 10 nater. It sticks in folks' crop to be
soein corn when ihey can dig gold, and
so ihey all go 10 the plasers to make hay
while the son shines. This is the monster
deposit bank of the unervarsal wurld, and
we're all rasheres and directurs. Bring
ver 'tatrrs here if you want 'em dug, we
can't lake lhe Irubble to raise 'em. Tbe
only wegetahle weculiurvate is the rule of
all evil, and if yu'll sewf fs frutes of the
airth, yu can have lhat in xchange.
The rainy season bein over, the weather
is settled. 1 tFeve the heat fcrsi.'t been
below 99 for a week, which, with baJ rum
htsprooved fatal to some coiisiitooshuntt.
nmigrants of all kinds and kuntries keep
pourin in by land and water, and the pop
erlashun is very promiskous. Wa Meri
cans keeps the upper hand of the furriners
so far, but ii rnkrs kunsiderb'e powder and
ba'l. Colt's pistols is fine for mutiny.
I'he boltk' cau-es a good many musses,
but lhe barrel alius stops 'em. I shall
ship my pile by the Califoruy, next trip (
and il I escape lhe cholera, the injans, and
the yaller fever goin thru M jxico, yu may
' r me oeiore verry long, and per-
j n,Ps sooner-
A DISBAXDEr VOLUNTEER.
Accumulation. An illustration of what
a hitle money will become in time, if out
J out on inlereslj an(j propery ,a,en Mre rf
is alf'rded by an incjji-nt related to os
yesterday by an old riident. lie stated1
lhat about 50 years agA bequest of $10.
00i was left to an iutot on L 1112 Hand.
le was tneD in his. -infancy, and is conse-'
quently now but little over fifty. Soon
after his JH?'r decease, three respectable
inhabitants of city, all cf whom are yet
Lying, were appointed trustees for the cars
of bcqiies', with authority to appropriate
$300 annually for ;he idiot's maintenance,
which was accordingly done. This left at
first but a small accumulation, but latterly
the increase his been rapid, end the pnn.
cjpa now am0unts to over $100 000.
Should ,ie pt? ;ve twf.ty years longer,
ag is nol miprohable, he will die worth n
nnr(er 0f a m,!inn 0f dollars. Pretty well
I ir a fool. Jour of Com.
Mr. A. Whitney, the original projector
of the great Pacific railroad, passed through
Philadelphia a few dayi since, on his way
lo the Memphis Convention. He is as en
thusiastic as ever, and is determined to
leave no s'one unturned to secure the pros
ecution of his mighty en'erprise. We have
j conversed with Mr.Whitney time and again
upon this subject, and have found him full
ni'iuui.tit- ,ir.r . , ,, ...
, . ; of information, thorouahlv acquainted with
deer. All . " .' .
I la I f hit ti....... pnnlo. .tl I nMn.niH lv mtfnt
.... ... ...i limit .-,....ii - umtru it- int. -.,
.. ... . .
t-tri, tti'itrfjiioii 111.11. 19 uitcti aiii'Uil in-l
" , , ... ....
own plan. He has certainly been indetat-
igahle in his efforts, and if Congress should
sanction this great undertaking, Mr. W.
should in some way be officially connected
with the enterprise. Pjme persons still
contend that n railroad to the Pacific is chi
merical and imprae'licabl.
law t get Rlctr.
A man wh is very rich now, was very
poor when ho was a boy. When asked
how he got his riches he replied : My
father taught me never to play till my
work was finished, and never to spend
money till I had earned it. If I had but
one half hour's work to d.) in a dav, I
must do that the first thing, in hall an
hour, and after I was allowed to play ; and
I could then play with much more pleasure)
than if I had the thought of an unfinished
task before my mind. I early formed ihe
habit of doing everything in its time, and
it soon became perfectly easy fo do o. U
is to this habit I owe my prosperity.'"
A Curious Affiir. Some six years ago
Augustus Kennerly, city collector at St
Louis, was discovered to be defaulter in
$8,000, and dismissed notwithstanding hi
protestations of innocence. Recently, how
ever, it came to light, by a re-examination
of his accounts, that instead of being a de
faulter, tho city of St. Louis really owes
him Si.,000 with interest, besides the res.
lorntion of a blighted reputation.
A Germao paper mentions the death of
n police serjeant from tetanus, produced
by a bite on the thumb from a drunkard nf
whom he was taking custody. The wouud
healed apparently in seven or eight days,
and on the day afterwards the convulsion