Lewisburg chronicle, and the West Branch farmer. (Lewisburg, Pa.) 1849-1849, September 19, 1849, Image 1
LEWISBURG DAW c 5 AND THE WEST BRANCH FARMER. CVn iridrpaiftcnt Jamtln yapcc DcuotcD ta News, Citcraturc, Politics, Agriculture, Science an& ittordlitn. BY 0. N. W011DEN. WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 19, 1849; VOL. YL, NO; 25-285.' The Euirihbnrg thromtle: Published Wednesday Afternoon- at Lcwiburg, Luion county. Pennsylvania. Terns. 2,00 Tor a year, to I paid in the first hair year; &'2,5U, if payment be tiot made wiiliin the year ; single numbers, 5 els. Subscriptions Tor six months or I- to be piid in advance. Discontinuances optional with the Publisher, except when arrearages are paid. . Advertisements handsomely inserted at SO cts. per square one week, 81, UU for a mon'h, 8-5,00 a year. A reduction of these rales for larger or longer advtmls. . Casual advertisements and Job work to lie paid for when performed. All communications by mail must come ftcst p tid. accompanied by the address of the writer, to receive attention. Office.M.irket street between Second and Thud. O. N. Wobubji, Publisher. HIE CHItONiCLR SATt'RDftY, SEPT. 15. P. II R-dl, Esq.. has been elected fiov- ernor of Texas. Mr.B. is a Whi!, but the isiie in the election was local, not poli'icnl. A Whig Governor of Texas ! Then Jno C'umtiiings may carry Union county. 'It A u'l tske much io tnitke cities it Illinois. Our last IVKiu paper elates that 'tin town of over 1 5t.O have by a vote ol "im nirds of 2(10" transformed their 'burg into a ctiy ! Ai (hat ra'e, we neurit have iit least three cities, on I tie West llranrh. And J.ihn S mih la'e of t!ie Uniou Srar, is the Printer for the modern ri'yJPckiu. ' l'o sliuw how men's minds or taster d rt" -r, e copy from the two Democratic p liers i.f Carlisle, their d'tleieut views ol i -n. Taylor's visit to that place 'I he I "V Imiteer'' said : " I'm; only elfe.-t il ;t ieii.Tdy lor's speech h.i i m those who lieird it, so tar as we rould observe, wis ulif lor lite wek, but jnrhap weil meaning old muii who deliv ered it." The Democrat" said : 11 ;,i r ! ty, joined in giv.na O.en. Taylor a cordial ! mid hearty welcome and every one tie ! .M,eve was n.gniy grannm ana p.easen, both wiih the manners aud appearance of their President. hatever we may think of the politics of the old chieftain. we were certainly very much gratified with him as an individual. So i: would seem "there is as much dif Icrence in folks, as in anybody.' Gleam or Light. The Par s correspondent of ihe Christi an Advocate & Journal savs dial on the n truing of Sunday, August li, the follow ing inscription was placed nn one of the sidewalis of the cmthedril of Notre Dame, in that city : "The good shefhebd ritcth HIS LIFE FOB, THE SHEEP : Pi US IX.' DESTROYS His with UR4PE-SHOT." Ii excited so much attention that the police intefered to dis perse the crowd. The inscription wm effa ced, but it was renewed during the night, and if is said that all the churches had a similar inscription on their walls. That is thinking in a right direction. SABBAT1I SCHOOLS. The following eloquent letter from Hon. John M'Lean, of Ohio, showing the influence which Sabbath Schools may be made to exert on the character and pros. rity of the whole country, was read at the Anniversary of the National Insti tution to which it refers, at Philadelphia. There is no purer Statesman than Judge M'Lean ; and were he a wire-working po Ittician, or the victor on a bloody battle field, no man would stand a better chance for ihe next Presidency than the once poor Scotch Irish boy of New Jersey honest Johu M'Lean.J Circisati. April 10, 1849. I'ea Sir : Whilst I consider myself honored by the Board of Officers and Man agers of the American Sunday School l uion, in being placed nominally at their head, I can not repress a lear that, in ac cepting the position, I may stand in the way of some one of higher merit and of greater usefulness. The more 1 reflect upon Sabbath schools, the more deeply am I impiessed wilh their iniiorlaoce. Education without moral tmining may increase national knowledge, but it will add nothing to national virtue. l'y a most intelligent and able report, made some yesrs ago by Guizot, it ap lieared that hi those departments ol Franse v here education had been most advanced, crime was most common. And l.y later reports il is' shown, iu Prussia, Scotland, h I England, where the means oftducaiiou have greatly increased, tsjiecially in Prus sia and Sco.!and, ciiir.iui! effenecs iiavi increased. Making due allowance for the growth of population, and the aggression of individuals in carrying on various use. Ail enterprises, the principal cause of this is a want of moral culture. Knowledge without restraint, only in creases the capacity of an individual for mischief. As a citizen, he is more danger ous to society, and does mote to corrupt public moruls.than those without education. So selfish is our nature, ami so prune to evil, that we require chains, moral or phys ical, to cure our propensities and passions. Early impression are always the most lasting. All experience conduces to estab lish this. Who has forgotten the scenes ol his buy hood, or the pious instructions of his parents? However they may Im dis. gsrded and condemned by an abandoned course, yet they can not be consigned to oblivion, tu the darkest hours ol revelry they will light i.p the memory and cause remorse. And this feeling will generally, sooner or later, lead to reformat ion. W hutever delect there may be of moral t culture in our common schools, it is more than supplied in our Sabbath schools. 1 1, re the vt hole training is of a moral and reli ioiis ch.i racier. - , , . Impressions iIims mane can never 1m- eradicated. And it may not im ail extravagant calculation ... ci, to supp sc that every l;n years hve mill- .- i iii o i. i ions ol persons, w bo had U rn tsabLatli scholars, enter iulo active society. More; or les, iliey ni.iv b': supposed to be ii tlj eiicrd by the principles inculcated at thote schools. Restrained themselves by moral considerations, lie ir t xauiple m.iv hnvc some intluenceon an equal number of their associa'es. Here, then, is an element of power which must be sululnry on our social and political relations. The 500U thus done can not bs fully known ami si p preciated, a the amount of evil which it prevents can not be measured. It may bo assumed as an axiom, that free Oovornmeut cau rest on no other basi than moral power. France has a Renub- lie which is maintained by buy. nets. And there is reason to apprehend that in that lhere :s sunpn. ,orn, .,sis 1 for th.- n.am:ci.a..ce of a free goveri mm!. I Jiul are our own beloved institutions free from danger! Who has not sren the " yawning chasms'' in our own beautiful edifice t Its pillars seemed to be moved, its wall aud its dome, aud the contour of its fabric, have suffered ; and nolhing can restore it to its pristine beauty and strength, but a united and continued effort of the in telligent and virtuous citizens ofcurcojn- ry. Aud we must increase the number ol thec by every possible means. Sabbath Schools must be relied on as a principal agent in this great work. Without their aid, ( should look to the future with little hope.' Mere party ism should be discarded for principle ; and moral power, founded as it must be on the justice and fit ness of things, must be made the ground of action. When I consider the mighty trust, mor al and political, which, has been committed to us-when I reflect upon the extent and fertility of our country, its diversified and healthful climates, and its capacity for hu man enjoyment I am overwhelmed with the vastness of the subject. Rapidly as we have advanced for the last thirty years in the developement of physical resources and in the arts and sciences, the bow of prom ise still abides in the future. But a nation may be great in its physi-1 cal power and in its menial attainments, without possessing the basis of moral pow er, which is the only foundation for prac tical liberty. We could drive them from our shores without endangering our insti tution. But whilst I have no fears as to the permanency of our Government from influences and powers from without,! am not without apprehension from causes which arise among ourselves. This indeed is a strange paradox. Can we not trust ourselves? "Is thy servant a dog that Lc should do this thing ?" There is no security against the enormi ties of our race, which have so often dis graced the history of the world, but re straining influence which sen bounds to human passions. The superior civilization, moderation, aud justice, of modern times, is attributable lo the benign influence of Cbrisliuni'y. The ancient republics were destitute of this ower. Phy sical force was the arbiter of the right and the dispenser of justice. But now there is an element of moral power which more or less pervades all civilized nations, aud which has its foundation in Ihe Bible. No nation can disregard this law wilh impunity. If it be 110! embuue J in any published code, yet it is not the less powerful. It is w ritten in the hearts and understandings of mankind, il shakes the thrones of despots, who, through a line of anesTy of many centu ries, have governed ni'h an absolute pow. er. . To us, as a nation, f ie committed the great principles of free government, and we are responsible to iIiok who r.hall come after us for a faithful diseh irge of I he trust. Now, we must continue to build upou the foundation of our fathers. They wereeq'ia! to the ere is. Wash'iigton, and II uicock. and Adams, and their cohiimi riots, were good men as well as irreat nen. Tnev looked to a superintending Providrnce.and to the precepts ol the Bible. There is enough of imelijence and vir- tue, and ol holiest purpose, m the nation, il embodied and made active, to free us from :he prevailing corruptions of tlie d.iy. And there i.s no t-eiiry moreellicen' los.rengili en trrs state of the public unud thin our Salibaih schools. 'J hey are the nurseries of viilue, ol an elevated putrioris.ii, and of rejj1U( And whit nobler motive could impel to human action ? Compare it with th .... lives which led to oil.er Imes nf neimn nn I ' with their results. The asoirution ol a men ; 1 politician bgiiis and en Is in bi'nseli. The k in li.s (if benefits these may be railed) I .v . - . . ' : con:errei on his suppoiters. have no liih - i t-r motive than this. I he sa:ne remaik will ' ' ' '' - e suits 01 commerce or in trin iiros -cuiiou ns oi commerce or in inn nros -cuiion ii enterprises w hich ordinarily lend lo the ac cumulation of individual and national weahh. They may become great in this respect, and advance the wealth of their country, -villiout being exemplary them selves, or increasing the public virtue. And so of professional renown How empty is the bubble w hich entwines the brow of the orator in the Senate, at the bar, or in ibe p.ilpit, whose heart is not full of ihe kindly 11 ' feelings of huintnity, and who does not en deavor 10 mitigate (he sulferingsj and in ; crP!"e ,he "M"" r his r"ct! 1 lf we dt!"r0 10 ,n,,ke our "a,ion ,rul ' VKxU nnd lra,ls,nlt lo posterity our insiitu- ine,rl,rium,ve simplicity ai.u lorce, we "'U!t imbuo ,,'R "m,Js of our ',u,h nu a pit re an 1 an eicvHiea mnroiity,wiucn shill infiuriice tiieir whole lives. Aud 1 know of no means so well calculated lo produce this result as Sabbath schools. I regret that my public duties will pre vent my being present at your anuuul mee ting. With the greatest respect, I am, dear sir, faithfully yours, JOHX M'LKAN. From Hit Burlingtun Gazette. Our Old UoiiNe at IIoiu. Do yoa remember long go. Will if t 'I he dar when we were young. How we romped from morn to night. Until our old bouse rung ? Those days were precious d.iys, Willie, The skies seemed ever clear. We ate our bread and builer then, Nor dreamed of better cheer. Do you recollect the thick stale bread, A nd the butter scraped Iberemi H ow we held it slanting towards Ibe light, Hoping the butler shone ? And all the little birth-duy feasts Our darling moiber gave. To ihe noisy elves she doted on. Aud would have died to sive ? Do you forget that dear old h itno, Wilh not one inch of yard? Do yim forget our ancient haunts ? For me il would be bard ! The cellar, garret, paiapet. The play-iuoat and the led Oi which we made our garden-ground And sowed our mualard beds ! They all are present to my mii.d, Wah Uit-10 my thought I till. Then dream ol them, and wake to linJ Tu but a phantom still; I dream, too, of a little bauJ Once clustered lou.id our fire. Of blushing (tirU o.ie briliuul boy, The image ol hi sire. Alan '. the chain is !r krn now, Tis c-ivereil oer with rut -Oar cherished link h m I0114 laiu l.iw. Mingled with foreign dust; We've tiaversed many lauds, Willie, That tropic suns have burned. And in life' weary pilgrimage Home worldly wisJoiu Karued. But never let a rease to love That dear old parent heart!), AT forget the "pleasant memories" Of the hue that gave us birih. The proud maii's srulT. the cold world's scorn, (Jive no enduring pain, Ws only cloMir draw ibe link Of our poor, broken cliuiii ! L We regret lo learn that the Kev. Ilen rv Coleman, o! Massachusetts, died at Is lington, near London, on the 17th of Au gust, llu had taken passage in the Cale doiiia, and was to have siiled for home nn the ' 8th. Mr- Columau was a mm of fine attainments, and the author of " Familiar Letters from Europe," and of many well known contributions lo the agricultural lit truturc of the country. THE SCHOOL MISTRESS. BY MKS. E- M. SEYMOUR. " The school ma'am's coming ! the school ma'am's coining !" shouted a dozen voices, at the close of half nu hour's faith ful watching to catch a glimpse of our teacher. Every eye was turned towards her, ilh the most scrutinizing glance, for the children as well as others always form an opinion pi, a person, particul arly of their teachers, at first sight. " How tall she is!, exclaimed one. "Oh i do"11 S,,B look -'" .c-d .another. ' Ho j 1 ufrnid of her nor a d,,z,,n ,ike hf"r.' c:k'd lhf l,i-' bov of tne school. Nor I 'c"her" cried I he big boy's ally. "I could j ,ick ,,er e,,sv ough,couldn'l you, Tom ?" 1 a'"J ' " to. " she goes to touch " cried one of the girls, l" slle "i" hear you." By this time she had nearl re'" h,;iJ the ". ""'' w h'' j wc werc dust.-red, and every eye was fixed ")0" ,ier f""u wi,ha" eB,r' ' half hash- hi' g tite, uncearlain, as yet, what verdict , Prn "!"" h-r. ! " t5""d ''. children," .be said, in Kin.iesi voire in me woriu, while ner face was lighted with the sweetest smile imaginable. This is a beautiful morn iu; to commence school, is it Hot!"' I . I Lnnw I h..H !.. I,.., ' .hi-J i .. . . - ; little pet in .uy ear. i We all folle ved her into ihesch.x.! room. except Tom .lones and his ally, who waited until the rest were seated, nod then came 111 with a swaggering, uoisy gait, and a sort of d ire devil, saucy look, as much as I to s ty, Who cures for you ? Miss Wescolt looked at I hem kindlv. but nnneared n..l to not. the.,, fi,r.l...r A f,.., n .lii.rl t.rfit'f.r nt.il r.oilin.. n .K.ii.ti v it, i ' ., .... . ', .. . . . me isiuie, stie passeil 'rouml the rMm, ami c 1 1 made some inquiry of each one in regard to themselves and their studies. i . , . . , . , , " And what is yotir inmie ?" she asked, ! laying her hand on Tom's head, while he . it with h.s hand in his poekeis, swinging j his feel backwards and forwards. I " Tom Jones," shouted lie, at ibe top of his voice. 1 "flow old arn jou, Thomas?" she asked. " Just as old aain as half.'' ans wered Tom with a saucy laugh. What do you study, Thomas V " XotSing.'' " VVhat books have you !" None." Without appearing at all disturbed by his reply. Miss VVrscoll said," I am glad I am to have one or two large boys in my school ; you can be of great assistance lo me, Thomas, aud if you will stop a few j minutes after school, this afternoon, we j will talk over a little plan 1 have formed.'' This was a mystery lo all, and particu larly Torn, who could not comprehend how he could be useful to any one, and for ihe first time in his life he felt that he was ol some importance in Ihe world. He had had no home training ; no one had ever told him he could be of any use or do any good in the world. No nn loved him, and of course he loved no one, but was one of those who believed he had got to bully bis way through ihe world. lie had al ways been called ihe "bad boy'' at school, and he took a sort of pride and pleasure in being feared by "the children and dreaded by the teacher. Aliss Wcscott at once comprehended his whole character, and began lo sha her plans accordingly. She maintained that a boy who at twelve years old made himself iea red among his school-fellows, was ca pable of being made something ol. Here ufote all influences had conspired lo make him b id, and perh tps a desperate character; she was de'ermincd to transform his char acter by bringing opposite influences to work upon him, and to effect this, she must gain his confidence, which could be done in no better way than by making him feel (hit she placed confidence in him. When so h H.I was out, more than half the scholars lingered about the door wondering what Miss Wescoit could be going to say to Tom Jones. Ho had oflrn been bid to remain after school, but it was always to receive a punishment or severe lectuie, and nine times out of ten he would jump out of the window before hall of the schol ars were out ol Ihe room; but it wns ev idently for a different purpose that he was 10 remain now, and no one wondered more what il could be than Tom himself. Don't you think, Thomas, that our school-room would lie a great deal pleas- auter il we had some evergreens to hang around ii ; something to make it took cheerful V inquired Miss Westcott. Yes'in. and I know wLcrc 1 can get plenty of tbeia." " VVell Thomas, if you will have some here by eight o'clock to-morrow morning, I r ill be here to help you put them up, and we will give the children a pleasant sur prise ; and here ate some books I wi: give you, Thomas : you may put them in your drawer ; I hey are what I want you to study." " Hut I can't study geography and his tory, exclaimed loin, coiituscu, I never did'" "That is the reason why you think you can not.'' replied Miss Westcoil. " I am ! quite sure you can, and you wi'l love them I know." " Nobody ever cared whether I learned anything or not, before,'' said Tom, with some emotion. " Well, I care," said Miss Westcott, with earnestness, 'you are caable of becoming a great and good m:in ; you are now form ing your character for lite, and it depends upon yourself, what .you beepme. The poorest boy in this country has an equal chance with the wealthiest, and his cir cumstances are more favorable for becom ing eminent, for he learns to depend upon himself. I will assist you all I can in your studies, Thomas, and I know you will succeed ; remember that I am your friend, and come to me in every dilTl -uliy . Tom Jones had not been hro't up, he had come up, because he had been born into the world aud couldn't he'p il ; but ns lor any menial or moral training, he ta- au guiltless of il as a wild bramble bush ol a pruning-knife. His father was an in temperate, bad man, and his mother was a f total v mellnienl worn in. Al home h" received nothing but blows, and abroad i nothing but abuse. His bad passions were therefon! all excited and fostered. ! and his uood ones never ca! led out He ; " always expected that his teachers would , 3 . ' hate him ; so he whetted anew his coin- 1 battive powers to nnnose them, and he had . . made up his mind 10 turn the "new school ma'am" out of doors. When, therefore, M:ss Westcot' declared that she was ;lad lo have him iu her school, he was amazed : and tint shn should tn inifest an iuleiesi ... 1-1- . r ii : ior 11101, atiu ve nun a set oi new uooks, was perfectly incomprehensible to him. Miss Westcott tluderstovl his position and character, and determined to modify them. She fell that he was equally capable of good and bad actions, though the bad now predominated. Site knew that his active mind must be busy ; one might as soon think of chaining the lightning as binding down by force ihat wild spirit to his books. She would give him employment but such as would call out a new set of ideas and thoughts. lie must feel that he was do ing good lor others' sake, and that he was not guided alone by his own way ward will, and yet there inusl be no appearance of re straint upon him ; hu must choose to do good. Tom Jones went home that niht with a new feeling in his breast ; for the first time in his life lie felt that he was capable of rising above his present condition, aud becoming something greater and better than be then was. His mind became iu undated with new and strange emotion, and like a mighty river turned from its course, his thoughts and energies from that hour sought a new direction. The nest morning he was up with the dawn, and wheuMiss Westcott arrived at 1 he school-house she found Tom there with his evergreens. " Good morning, Thomas," shn said, kindly, H and so you are here before me ;' you must have risen early, aud you have found some beautiful evergreens ; ami now if you will help me hang them, we will have the room well arranged by nine o'clock." I have brought a hammer and some nails," said Tom, ' I thought we should need some." " Yes, so we will, I am glad you tho'i of them,'' replied Miss Westcott. That day every scholar looked amazed to see Tom Jones actually studying his book, and to hear him answer several questions correctly, and they were still more confounded when at recess Miss Westcott said. " Thomas, you will take care of the little children, will you not, and see that they do not get hurt ? you must be their protector.'' One would have as soon thought ol setting a wolf to guard a flock of la. lbs, as Tom Jones to take care of the little children. Well," exclaimed Sam Evans, " i never saw such a school ma'am before in , all the days of my life ; did you, Tom !' No," replied Tom, but I wish I had, and I would have been a diflerent boy ffoin what I am na y ; but I am going to study now. and learn something ; Miss Weslcoti says I can ; 1 am determined to try." It wits astonishing to observe the efleel that Miss Westcotl's treatment of Tom had up. m the scholars ; they began to consider him of some imMirtanee, and tu feel a sort nt respect lor him, which they manifested first by dropping the nick-name Tom, and substituting Tommy, which revealed err tiinly a more kindly feeling towards him. In less than a week. Miss Westcott had her school completely uu.'er her control ; yet it was by love and resjiecl lhal she governed, and not by an iron rule ; she moved among her scholars a very queen, and yet she so gamed their confidence and esteem, that it did not seem to them sub mission to another's will, but the prompt- mi's of 1 heir own desire to please. One glance of her dark eye would hajfe quelled an insurrection, and one smile nude them happy for a day. Julia Westcott taught school with a re alization of the responsibdities resting up on her, and she bent her energies tu fuilil ihein. Caielully aud skilfully she unlock ed the soul's door, and gave a searching glance within, in order to understand its capacities and capabilities, aud then shaped her course accordingly. The desponding and inactive sle encouraged ; the obstin ate she subdued : to the yielding and tick le she taught a strong sell-rchance. She encouraged the one rain drop to all the j,ood it could, and the rushing torrent she turned where it would lerlilize, rather than dtstrov and devastate. There are in every school some dorm-J ant energies, which, il'roused, might shake the world. There are emotions and pas sions, which, if let loose, will, like I lie lightning ol heaven, scalier ruin and blight, hot if controlled, may, like 1 hat element, become the messengers of ttmuhi to the world. In that head that you call dull, may lie slumbering passions like some pent-up volcanoef "P1-" 'hat closed crater, aud see if lhere do not belch forth Hones which your own hand can not stop. Put helinsmau and pilot to that wayward mind which floats at the mercy ol wind and .m wave in the wide sea of thought, and you will sec it bearing its course beatifully up ou the waiers.and anchoring at last n rjuiet haven, laden with the riches of the earth. Call out the train bands of thought that he lurking under the benches of the school room, arm and equip them for action, and give yourself the word of command, and lend on, and see if there be not vigor en ough to scale those fortresses of knowledge which now rise like dark mountains be fore them. There is not a schi ol-room where there is not energy and vigor ami thought enough, il devclojied and directed, lo revolutionize the world. There are ge niuses which burst forth like a spring from the mountain, and there are also streams as beautiful and pure, far, far down in the earth, which will flow on for ever in their darkened course, unless some excavating hand digs away I lie hea d piles of earth above them, and then there gushes up an unfading well of pure and sparkling waters. The sculptor may form from the block of marble before him, either angel or devil; so the soul may be mado either a seraph home or a demon's haunt ; and Jo you not know, parent, teacher, that il is your hand that fashions the abode, aud beckons thith er the visitant ? I have seen a father mourn over his be sotted son, when his own hand pressed first to his child's lips the hellish draught thai sets his soul on lire. I have seeu a poor lene mother weep as if her heart would break, over her ruined idols. Yet that mo ther's smile beamed first upon the coming footsteps of Ihe destroyer, and her voice warned not her child of danger. In thai day, wlieu God shall bring everything into jndgment, will not the curses which rung so leai fully in the offender's ear in this world, roll back with crushing weight up ou those who fulfilled not their resjtonsibil iiies lot hem while young I Who knows that every murderer might not have Iteen a minister of mercy to wretched thousands? He was not born a murder; that sweet blue eye had no fiendish glare, as its baby face rested upon its mother's bosom that liitle hand bore no stain of blood as it clapped them in childish glee. Mo her, re member that earnest eye which mirrors thine own glance so lovingly, will ever re flect the light thou givesl it. A skilful far mer first prepares the ground, and then plants such seed as is adapted to the soil ; and shall we be less careful to make a fit dwelling place for the "thoughts ol immor tal mould," that spring up in the soul T and .-hall we not care and know what seed is own in those immortal minds which are hereafter to be judged by their fruits? The sower in the parable sowed good seed ; but that only which fell upon good ground bore fruit : had the thorns been rooted out, and the soil enriched, would not the other fields have yielded a harvest also t I have seen a teacher making bis ent rance into a school room by reading a list of rules, ol two or three feet in length : "You must do this you must do that,'" without a single remark of propriety or impropriety, the why and wherefore of tie? thing, but only "you must do il." You might as well exjwet to cure a man of stea ling by pelting him with Hiblea. The truth certainly hits bard enough aud so wouhl stones : let a man feel the beauty as well as the violence of the law, and be will tra quite as apt lo profit by it. Julia Westco't understood human na ture. She made it her study, as every teacher ought to do. She rooted out erroi aud prejudice from the minds of her pupils, showed them the evil ol in and the beauty of virtup, the advun ags of education, an J the consequences of ignorance : taught them their own capabilities, and adapted her instructions to their capacities and ne cessities. Aud thus she went on, year af- -ler year, scattering good seed into gooJ ground, and she has reaped an abundant harvest. From many a happy home anj high place comes a blessing upon her, and there is no one who breathes her name with grea ter reverence, or remcmbprs her with more grateful affection, than "Tom Jones.'' who j.as filled, with eminent abilities, one of the highest judicial office- in the Union, and who freely acknowledges that he owes his present character and position entirely to her treatment and exertions. Truly, "h that goftlh forth-weeping, bearing precious seed, shall come aain rejoicing, bringing his sheaves wilh hiiii." .Hungary Crushed. We draw our breath heavily, (says tho Lancaster Union & Tribune) as we write these melancholy words. Our hearts hafj been with the brave Magyars through all their terrible and unequal struggles ; but at the same time our fears have gone band in hand with our hopes. It seemed indeed as if the God of Battles must take sides with Kossuth and his heroic band. It seemed indeed as if the arm of the Almigh ty would have been mado bare in his de fence; and that the enemies of Liberty would have been arrested in their unholy work, by some miraculous interposition ot Heaven. But the time is not yet. An all wise and far seeing Providence has willed thai it shall be delayed for a season. The dear blessing of Freedom,' for which ihe brave Hungarians lought and prayed, can not be had without a still dearer sacrifice. The contest between Republicanism and' Despotism in Europe has but begun ; and the poor orphans of Liberty must moke up their minds tu "bide their lime," cheering themselves in ihe midst of their despair, with tho glorious recollection that Freedom's battle, owe begun; B.spjealltrd from bleeding aire to -son. Though b-iHied oft, is always w.iu." Heavy Verdict against a Clergy irwn. Uov. Alexander Campbell, President et Bethany ( Va ) Collcgc.has tecovered $10, 000 of Itev. James Kubinsou, of Sootland. Mr. Campbell on a tour through Scotland, in H 47, was arrested and imprisoned in Edinburg, through the agency of the Kev. James Kobiusooj for baviug, while discour sing on Ihe subject of slavery, uttered seu timeiiU obnoxious to that gentleiuai, Some of his friends-instituted a suit against Mr. K. This sun has recently teiminalcd, and -the result is decree of the Lords of Co in ed and Session in favor of Mr: Cain; bull : for two thousand pounds sterling. The Louisville Courier learns from re liable authority, that the Hon. J. G. Mar shall, of Midison, declines the appoint ment of Governor of Oregon, recently ten dered him by the President. A fat office refused what a wonder! Oscar, King of Sweden, has turned tot lotaller.und is sending teetotal missionaries throughout his country to show ak bless ings of temperance. The New York Evening Post computes; ihe number of slaveholders in the United 1 Stales at one hundred thousand. It is reported that Chief Justicv Hshburt on, (the author of "Sam Slick," intends to retire from public life, shortly, on a pen- Religion is the best armor thai any nmu can have, but tho very worst of cloaks.