Newspaper Page Text
BY 0. N. WORDEN & J.
An Independent Family
Li)C fcnrisbnrij (Eljroniflr,
Aft IIDEPWDItT FMItT MW. PArt,
Issued Ff May, at IjenrUbunj) Union Co.Pa.
TERMS. $1,50 jwr y-ar, to uk fmd m vrce and
at th iwiU'- rtr f-r a tonfr or f h-.rt.T (nTiii. Thus
eu will (' f ir lour mouth. 74 ft fur fix month. 1 dul.
f .r ncbl uioiitlis, J !!. lr mxtit'U monltm, 3 dul. for two
yrari. $ t"r l"ur r&yw un- r, for tt-n ropis on
y.-r. . Pin.:! Xu.'s 5 cu. Vmy tnrnta by mul (tnii
iM-iifl m ld. H.taie dampis r bank mtf at tht lr
lu Iitv. M-.t kiul I'nuimv rt-rvivt-! at tlitf ttice.
the time rxftin-ft, tir winch m wht in paid,
(ilrile-r. w harr a runuiu account I it in STolTKlK
AttVLnrHtiMtNrs hauds..un'Iy i.uliitU U. at iU ct pfr
uatv woe ti-k. :..' rt .-o il atlt-r insertion, 'I dol. for ix
t.tiitnx, dot. M-r y--ar. II .til a jii.rf J ct. lit rts 2
d il, J 4-.1. To urt-! I i. 4.u. .ou. M n UauU.
t nir on-ti.urtli f a rluutn, lu prr yt-mr. ttli-r
izn . ai way W agrv-iJ unt. A Hjuarv I lJ lin-.r
malifHt tyM. or ! of Di tt larft. A-lTTtiM-ni-iti of a
tfrtunraiuin trtide-jfy. and lariCf cU, n-t aloiitt-d.
Coinwunicatiunt dviri-l u tniir of jtvnvrin.1 int-rvrt
at) -I aa-ouii:iin-d i-y the writifV real nam- and adiltvmt.
Tlie M Vi N Kl'lC Thl.k It A I'll in locat-d in thfHtk-t
lf tf rhntNi'-tf.tty aim Ii w. ofirn iuiwrt iuiMTUut r w
lu aJvaurf of lhriiilal. Uil".
Oiuu"tNl aitli tif i . arr ample matt-rial for most
feiu-Jfi "f JOB PAINTING, wliith will bffxutrd with
feeatQi nn and -it ual-- and n reaonallr tt-rmn.
jH.Cai'4l Adrrii-m-nli' to btr paid fur when handed
lu, aiid Job Work wlo-n .Unvml. 1
All we ost fkrNTTlow.
nOfc'r'ICKon Marki't auaiv. north Md-.Pvnn1 ftorry
H A ivrnrlluv
IO U V, A PRI I. IS,
r & ths Lcviam'M caaoaicu.
My Sister in Heaven.
Oh. 'tM a florrowlnff. lovi'ly hnurt
H'lin, tanliog 'round Ihjr btnl,
IK'f m .trsocK, unrarlhly look,
Tlij eDA-rli! anj brow oVritremil.
We flt 'twas hard to ri.w thy pains
To rev tli-ath'. ha!o fall
OW tlijr kiul He, our darling one,
1 wiil-b'loT'd bjr all.
With bur.tin bart wf .troTe to Rire
Tht up. though bri-'lit and darf
And n0'lr'd ba-k wilb faith toOutl
The g'-ro He lent u here
Qrd nn thy rffnnid forai : thy hair
KctalO'-d itit erxeetul ware.
But late-loving eye. were dim, and Up
No answering greeting gave.
Thou 'rt not forgfitten. aneel iweetl
Though thnu bast i.ed aw.y,
And lime lias iae.l most mourufutl
Moce thy wd, funeral day.
Still in our lonely grief we feel
(weet consolation given.
Though one tb; lens ni.y ebeer ai here,
M e've one the more in heaven. I1ARRIE.
Fk'3 lli'iii Smejt, April 1J,
Norlbcri IlllnoK ana Roalkrni Wlsroisla,
Oorrcpondence of the Lewishurg Chroniel.
JtrFEison, (irrrn Co, Wis , Ap 6,'59.
I have hern for months Irving (o make up a
club of fifteen for ynur paper, but as limrsare
very hard here in the Badger State, and lhe
almiglny dollar hard to gel at, 1 had lobe con
tent wiih raising yon ten. If times had been
good, I would not had half the trouble in rai
sin; fifteen as I had in raisins; ten.
Perhaps it would be interesting 10 some of
your Eastern readers to have some of the
Western news. But as it regards writing for
the press, il is something I am not much ac
The Pike's Peak fever has been raging here
to some extent. There have several trains
left, and more are waiting on good roads and
grass for cattle.
The Methodists are holding a Conference
at Monroe, the county seat of Ureen, and the
number of preachers present to-day is one
hundred and ten.
Our market prices for Produce are as fol
lows: Winter Wheat extra milling $ I. till to
$1,10 1 Spring Wheat extra $1,05; Wheal
No. 1 93 ct,; Common 88 ct. ; Corn No. 1
R . r', ckallsit el . flat. 37 rt Re
80ct.';' Barley65ct.; Flour'per hundred f:1.00; j
Beans per bushel 60 ct. to 75 ct.; Pork side j
meat 10 ct.; Ham 10 ct.; shoulders 9 ct.; !
Hides 6) to 7 ; dry 13 to 14 ; Timothy seed
$1,60 to $1,70 per 46 lbs; Clover seed $5,50;
Stone coal Pittsburg $12 per ton ; Blossburg
$14; Salt $2,75 per barrel; Butler 15 ct.;
Kegs 6 ct.; Polatoes 40 ct. ; Wood per cord
$1,50; Hay per ton $5,00; Maple Sugar 12J
ct. per lb., Ac.
We have very cold weather for the time of
year, ground frozen hard, and snow about ev
ery oilier day. There has been considerable
ploughing done this Spring but very little
Spring Wheat sowed yet. As regards the
past winter, we had about three months" good
aleighing, and not so severe cold as other
I would just say that those while Owls that
appeared to attract so much attention as I see
in your paper and the Miltonian, are birds of
the Badger Slate. They have been quite nu
merous here this winter. Joseph A. Miller
shot one that measured five feet across the
wing. I can not say what possessed the fea
thered tribe to wander away into the Keystone
State, without it was the hard times we Bad
gers have here ; and as to their finding times
better, east, it has altogether likely been six
of one and half a dozen of the other.
Yours with respect, W. G.
Rewarding the Doughfaces.
The Hartford Eoenimj 1'ren makes out
telliDg catalogue of difference of opinion
between Mr. Buchanan and the people as
to the merits of several distinguished indi-
"When Connecticut repudiated Isaac Ton
cy, Mr. Buchanan took him into the Cabinet.
-When Michigan repudiated Lewis Cass,
Uurhanan touk him into the Cabinet.
"When old Berks repudiated Jehu Glancy
Jones, Buchanan rewarded him with the Com
mission to Austria.
"W'hca Indiana repudiated John Pettit, Ba
cbanan uiaie him Chief Justice f Kansas.
"When luwa repudiated Geo. W. Jones, Bu
chan offered him the mission lo Bogota.
"When Iowa repudiated Aug. Cxsar Dodge,
ne was made minister to r-pain.
"When the Pro-Slavery party failed to es
ablish Slavery in Oregon, Buchanan made its
leader the United Stales District Judge."
That is Federalism, all over Slavery
to the back bone to favor those whom
(he people condemn !
"Conservatory Journal, devoted -to es
tablishing a Massachusetts Conservatory
of Art, Science, Historical relics," is a
ew Journal issued from Boston. Its
immediate object is to get from the Leg
islature a reservation of land on Back
Ky fur the establishment of buildings,
pounds, ic., adapted to their enlarged and
puiianthropic designs. The most liberal
mi enlightened men of Massachusetts are
engaged in the effort, and thej em de
termined to have a collection of rooms,
grounds, and objects of nature and art
not surpassed iu beauty or utility in the
world. We wish Boston success.
FOB TRK tawlftDCia cnaomcLB.
WhoeTt-r han road II am 11 will remrmber the inatrh
m of eooir. of the old firtfe Differ who wan acxtnn,
man and boy tbii thirty year" be was digging a
rave for the fair Oih ha. I remember U lia awn t.w
play acted by Forrent, and th sevna in the nolemn old
chorrh-yard Ham let standing near, with plunit-d ht
and dark velvet insnttV, the old Helton in the grae
w holly intent on bin work, and singinc a be worked
aomrtimes stooging down, bia quavering voire would
come up with a caverutus aouod, wbirh, witb the tune,
uitd so wall the seutiaiont and the scene, tihakfpeare
took it from an old ballad, and it ha rone to us eutire,
preferred in Surrey's loem, juMlshid in !ii-9, and at
tributed to Ixtrd Vaux. The popular tradition was that
he roinpofied it on bis death-bed, having. I suppose, come
to S.lomon's concla.-ion. lie that as it may, it is a tou-
I rhlng lament. I i;ive it to you, oniy changing the old
t Kuclt.-b spelling. The only words I see needing inter
pretation are in the third line of the last staoia kinde,
: whi.'h means nature, and the first line of the tenth
stania, which means, that those who are wont to watch
by the corpse, bhall tie up bis winding sheet. J. M.L.J
1 loath what I did love,
In youth what I thought sweet:
As tune rv-iuires lor my hehoof.
Methinks they are not meet.
My lusts they do me leave.
My faucifS all arv ded,
And tract of time beirtns to weave
Grey hairs upon my bead.
for age, with stealing steps,
Ilatb rlaw'd me with hi clutch,
And lusty lite, away nhe leaps,
As there bad been none such
My tDUe doth not delight
Me as ibe did lefore ;
My band and p-u are not in plight,
Aa they have been of yore.
For reason me deniet,
This youth I y idle rhyme,
And day bf il.ty to me -h cries.
Leave off thece toys in time.
The wrinkles in my brow,
The furrows in uiy tai-e,
Say. limpiUi; a,e will lixle him now
When-youth muH give hiui place.
The harbinger of death.
To me, t He bitn n-le.
The couth, the cold, the gasping breath,
Doth hid me to provide.
A pickaxe and a spad.
And eke a slirnuiliug shet,
A hi -use of clay for to t lu ede-
for such a guuet most meet.
Methinks I bear the clerk.
That knolln the careful knell,
And tmts me leave my woful work
re nature me compel.
My keepers knit the knot.
That youth did lau'b to scorn
Of me that clean ibaJl be forget,
As I bad not been bom.
Thus must I youth give np.
Whom hadffe I long did wear:
To them I yield the waoton cub
That better may It bear.
Lo, here the hared skull,
Uy whose italdsiien I know.
That i-tooping aife away shall pall,
Which youtiitul years did sow.
For beauty with her band,
Thene crooked cares hath wrought,
And shipped me iuto the land
iron, whence 1 hrst was brought.
And ye that hide behind.
Have ye none other trust.
As ye of clay were cast ly kinde.
iio shall ye wate to du.-L
AN EFFICIENT ENGINEERING.
A yoarra r'rrark Storj.
"What a dreadful situation for a young
girl to find herself in ! Perfectly williog
to be married, and with a dear, kind fa
ther, equally anxious for her to enter the
glorious state of matrimony, which would
crown her with a halo of felicity, and not
a lover to be met with 1"
Thus soliloquised a young girl as she
eat looking over the wide domains of her
father's chateau, apart from the world of
Vu: Jenoy d'iierbccourt wai much to
be pitied. There was no inexorable father,
no cruel guardian, botuiog was wanting
to complete her felicity but a mere trifle
the man, and the man sorely puxzled
the young lady's brains. W here was he
te be found in that isolated spot, only vis
ited by a lumbering dtfiyenct f
The good father was going to be mar
ried again, to A gale, a nice, good creature,
and she, too, was anxious for Jenny to
marry. Was ever anything so provoking
as all these consents, without the assent
of some dear unknown 7 Agale was stay
ing at the chateau, and hard, indeed, must
be the heart which would not feel for
"Some one shall appear'sighed Jenny,
after a conversation with her friend Agale,
the sort of one to inflame a girl's head, if
not her heart all about laces and cash
meres, orange flowers, &o. ic Most un
fortunately there was not a young man in
the neighborhood "free and able,"(Jenny
reserved for herself to make him "willing")
notil O, blessings on minds given lo
speculate 1 a Company sent down a young
engineer to survey the land for a Railroad,
and insisted upon bis taking up bis abode
at tbe chateau.
A month bad he been domiciled there.
Assuredly, if he was a first-class engineer,
he was a third class gallant He didn't
seem to know that there was a yonog girl
within miles of him; bis beart was cold as
the rails he was about to have laid down,
and all his coldness made the -iron enter
into Jenny's soul.
All the day long he was making calcu
lations, while she was speculating about
Aim. One day she pretended to faint.
Gustave flew to tbe rescue; he was forced
to look in ber face, and discovered that
she was charming, fresh, bright as the
land before bis horrid railroad cut it np.
Still he went on with parchments. So
Jeony went into his office and carried oil
his instruments, ic, and locked them np.
In vain be implored. "Yon are look
ing very ill," she said, "and I shall insist
npon yonr only working so many hours a
day." Again he looked il the face of the
one so anxious about bim, and yielded.
She kept the key of bis offioe.
This left him several hours day un
disposed of. What eould be do with
them 7 Jenny solved the difficulty, and
together tbey surveyed the surrounding
country and its walks.
LEWISBURG, UNION CO., PA., FRIDAY,
One day the engineer forgot all the
plaus he had laid down, on bis own road,
not to be led into a path which be imag
ined would be perhaps harder to cut
through than a rock. If it were but
that! Half our lines run through the
like, but he felt that her father would be
birder than any grauite, and Jenny did
not like, in maiden modesty, to tell him
that she knew better. So off to her step
mother she sped :
'Uustave loves me !" she cried. "But,
would you believe it of a Parisian 7 he is
Something must be done to overcome
that. So agreed her stepmother.
"I have thought of something, Agale,"
said Jenny, at last. "Stay iu the next
room : call rapa there on some excuse
Gustave is certain to follow me hither,
leave the rest to me.'
"But it will be a snare," exclaimed the
"One with which be will gladly be ta
ken, believe me," answered the wide
awake young lady. And if 'tis for bap
"True, I overlooked that."
So Jenny remained alone, and soon, as
she had foreseen, the wandering engineer,
without the aid of his compasses, discov
ered the clod of earth called d'llerbecourt.
'1 want the key of my office, Mademoi
selle," he said ; "1 must work."
''I want you to oblige me first, Mon
"You see," continued Jenny, "I am to
play a part, next week, in a charade.
Will yeu rehearse it witb me 7
"I do not know it, but command me, I
will do my best."
"A young man is to make a declaration
of love. You must play that part.'
"Too willingly would I, but low in the
"Go down on your knees." (He does it.)
"Now grasp my hand." (Fondly pres
"Excellent. Now attempt to kiss it
But I must draw it away." (Accom
plished to the letter )
"Oh, charming !" cried the young lady,
clapping her bands, and at that signal in
rushed Agale, followed by the uncon
Gustave sprang to bis feet, and in the
utmost confusion a.sured the indignant
parent that it was only an innocent joke !
Agale and Jenny had fled, but they
At the word "joke," Monsieur d'Hcr
becourt flew into a violent passion, and, to
prove bow little our theory and practice
ever agree, he who bad written a work
against duelling challenged Gustave !
At the idea of fighting, the ladies
thought it time to interpose. Agale fol
lowed Monsieur d'llerbecourt, who bad
quitted the room to prepare bis arms, and
Jenny rusbiug in, loudly upbraided Gus
tave with wishing to kill bcr papa.
"Do not alarm yourself, Mademoiselle,'
be said, "I will not raise an arm against
your father; he may kill me!"
As if that was bcr purpose in this little
scheme ! Of what earthly use would a
dead lover be to her who bad so much
difficulty in discovering this live one?
"A pretty expedient," she cried "as
if there was no other way of arranging
"I see but one," responded the engi
neer, "one that would fill my heart with
jy, but I dare scarcely name it for fear
of displeasing you."
"Never mind name it."
"To solicit your band in marriage."
"0b, that does not displease me at all,"
she exclaimed. "'Tis far better than
killing, or being killed. Go and ask
At that moment, d'llerbecourt entered,
with an ominous looking ease of pistols
under bis arm ; be was frowning in a
most determined fashion. Agale was fol
lowing bis footsteps, and without a word
spoken she opened tbe ease, and showed
bim bis pamphlet against duelling, which
she bad placed in the case in lien of the
abstracted pistols ! The blood-thirsty
d'llerbecourt looked rather confused, and
here Gustave stepped forward and solici
ted the honor of Jenny's band in marriage.
D'llerbecourt, delighted with a son-in-
law whom be already esteemed, gladly
grasped his band, and tbat evening, as
JeuDj sat at her window looking at the
moon, as all young ladies in love do, she
said to herself, smiling complacently,
"When a young girl wills anything"
the rest was concluded by a significant
nod of tbe bead.
"Good Sooiety" is thus described : "It
differs from the imitation article chiefly
in the fact, tbat it is not an imitation. It
dresses itself well, and adorns its abode,
and behaves itself with decorum and graee;
it dees so not because these things are
customary and expected, but because it
respects itself, and because it lovet wbat is
cleanly, orderly, and beautiful. Good so
ciety does not, however, despise public
opinion ; it is only not its slave. It is a
free and joyous fraternity, wherein every
one does wbat he pleases, because every
one pleases to do what is right in itself
and agreeable to others."
Free Democratic State Convention.
Some 350 Delegates, representing most
of the counties of Pennsylvania,asieuiblcd
in tbe Hall of the House at Harrisburg,
on Wednesday, 13th inst., and were called
to order by T. P. Campbell, Esq., of Hun
tingdon county, on whose motion, Dr.
George M'Cooij, of Allegheny county,
was chosen temporary chairman. George
Northrup, of Philadelphia, and S. K.
Peale, of Clinton county, were chosen
On motion of Mr. Sallade, of Berks
county, a committee of one from each
Senatorial District was selected by the
delegates therefrom, to nominate perma
nent officers; and a recess of ten minutes
ensued, tbat such selection might be made.
Tbe Convention was again called to or
der, when Dr. M'Cook, on taking the
chair, said :
"Gentlemen, I return my thanks for tbe
exalted honor which you have conferred
upon me by selecting me as your tempo
rary chairman. I see before me tbe intel
ligence and respectability ef tbe State.
Here are the independent men of our
Commonwealth. Gentlemen, I claim tbe
proud honor of being one of tbe fathers of
the Democracy of this country. I was
deeply and permanently associated with
Gen. Jackson in the days of his glory ; I
was upon his Electoral Ticket in 18-4,
and from tbat day to this time, whatever
of energy or vigilance I could oommand,
and whatever of pecuniary means I could
afford, have cheerfully been devoted to
the best interests of tho Democratic party.
This it is gentlemen, that will explain
why one who sees three score and ten just
before bim this will explain why I have
left my family and my home to come
and associate with you to promote tbe
best interests of this Union. 1 be voice
of alarm has sounded from the east and
tbe west, that our institutions have been
ruthlessly assailed by the vilest and most
reckless administration that God baa ever
inflicted upon a suffering people. Tbe
faith of tbe Democratic party has been
violated by one who eame into our party
not until 1823. One more remark, and I
am done. I have seventeen children.
V hen I remember tbe blessings of free
government which I have eDjoyed, it is
my ardent desire to secure the continuance
of tbat enjoyment for my children and
my children's children. I thank you for
the honor you have conferred upon me."
Tbe committee to select permanent offi
cers was announced, as follows :
Joo. S. Dougherty, Dr. E. E. Uriesanar,
Joseph Dowdall, James Gilliiand,
Dr. U. L. Higgins, James Sweeney,
Dr. Henry Orladey, J. It. Dunbar,
Henry Gingericb, Joo. Martin,
Dr. Geo. S. Hays, J. W. Kyan,
Samuel Harper, Dr. E. I.. Ortb,
Dr. Geo. Nebinger, A. N. Meylcrt,
Geo. Northrup, Thog. M'Farland,
Jno. Sheridan, Henry Keisinger,
Win. Hopkins, Capt.llarvey Walters,
J. M. Laird, Henry F. Phelps,
The Committee having retired, the elo
quent and fearless Representative in Con
gress from the Chester and Delaware dis
trict, was called upon to address the Con
vention, which he did in nearly the fol
lowing words :
Speech of Hon. JOHN HICKMAN,
or CHESTta ool'arr.
Mr. President : I am glad to meet
you to join you npon an occasion so in
teresting and important as the present one.
1 heartily endorse tbe propriety of this
Convention. The base outrage recently
attempted here by the minions of despotic '
federal authority, merits a stern rebuke,
but not more than the weakness and heart
lessness which conceived and commanded
it. I love and admire the honesty and
courage with which Gov. Packer has ap- I
preci.ed.nd discharged a. I hi. pub,, j
duties. 10 Dim and nis aoie and accom-
pusDa Atiorncy uenerai ana cecreury i
. J . . J 1
.. ,., .
At this day, resolutions complimentary
to the present National Administration
may be pardoned, when proceeding from
official sycophants, but tbey can do neither
good nor harm. Tbe history of Mr. Bu
chanan's executive life has already been
written, and too plainly, to be obliterated
by bribed eulogy, or to be misunderstood
by tbe people of this State aud nation.
Neither political conjuration nor party
magic can make them forget tbe wicked
violation of pledges, the arrogance of
bloated power, tbe prostitution of Con
gress, tbe profligacy of departments, or
the rapid aud marked enroachments upon
popular constitutional rights. Judgment,
final judgment, has been calmly and delib
erately passed npon this treason to tbe
democracy, this assassination of common
honesty, and it is as irreversible as tbe
decrees of God. It is wise, therefore, in
this Convention, to speak the truth plain
ly, and to avoid the folly of an attempt to
cover np an audacious criminality ws nicst
By the action of ths 34th Congress, the
complaints made by tbe residents of Kan
sas were ascertained to be trne. Although
tbe Seuth was pledged to maintain the
domestic sovreignty of the territories, a
portion of their people from Missouri en
tered npon the soil of Kansas, and, by
foroe and fraud, seized tbe law-making
power, stilled tbe voiee of the majority,
and enaeted statutes disgraceful to the
age and nation. This fact, when legally
revealed, made deep impression npon
oi tne couitnonwealiD, are our Dearly j virtuous out u oecomes uowaruijr auu
tbank. eminently due for a manifestation base. Tbe North has rights, long in at. ey
of tbat devoted patriotism which impelled : ance truly, yet not lost ; we will save
r. ii. '. i. ' -ti .. ,k. i thev issue from the open casemeuts and j I have stattd, as concisely as I eould,
consequences afterwards. It is not sur- be, we will save them. ,utJ ,, . ..' .. , '.., .., ., ,..ammt of ih
prising that political prostitution should iu what I have just said, I would not K'YJ Ta. "two yearL I
eo.deu. it. The popular afTeetion, bow- be misunderstood; ! know I can do J' ' tJ klieJ ; Lt 1 1, ,aJoitPlais J Ji.ti.ct. I
ever, will be to them a shield more pro- escape misrepresentation I would I resis J mourners, d.j.d t. minu'e particular. ;
tectiv. than fortresses of granite and of aggression ou the part of the bou h no, "' "f deructite the proof of m, declarations having be-
iron. But I desire to speak of other mat- r constitutional guarantees ; and would The daeu, ib.e a nd d . ' , J ' fc -
.. ..l.p .....i... k.., : i V. ... . 1.. .. a nf hep anil tilnoil. II lieeil. vwi-i ,
APRIL 22, 1859.
tbe public uiiud, and Mr. Buch man fouud
it necessary, in order to carry the election
in bis own State, to pledge himself dis
tinctly to tbe maintenance of the doctrine
of popular sovereignty, and to defend the
rights of those who bad been ruthlessly
despoiled. I will not pretend to iudicate
tbe particular weakness in bis nature that
induced hitu to turn the hand of tbe sui
cide against bis iu fame, as it matters
little whether it arose from tiuiidity,a fear
; e..,,.;.,l,inr . lnv i.f hi
r .....i. .. i... .i; ..i ,.( f; J.,.,1.
ot his 1 1. 1: 111
in?, or a weak and nuerilc vanity. It is
' c . . . .
enough to kuow tbat he deceived all our
hopes, turned with the blackest ingrati
tude upon tbat self sacrificing friendship
by which he reached the goal of bis fever
ish aniiiiiion, and sought by all the means
withiu tbe reach of drunken and stagger- j
iug authority, to disgrace every man he i
could not debauch. Suddenly, and as by j
the touch of the wand of the magician, be
became transformed from the sympathizer
with duwn trodden freedom, to tbe open
and shameless defender of aggressive and
Tbe balls of the National Legislature
were turned into marts for conscience ; he
published bis interpretations of party
principles and platforms, with the arro
gance of a dictator: and commanded bis
hnr.linaiea in office, and bis coward
slaves, to reitcrato and proclaim bis bulls
of party excommunication against ail who
were rash enough to follow an indepen-
dent judgment. These acts of themselves
are enough to sever allegiance. It would i
ha nn ilLuhune-n manhood which Could !
tolerate them in silence. But because we j i'b an annual outlay of thirty seven mil
i . l -.i. o.l lions of dollars, was tronouuetd extrava-
UCUOUUCQ iueul, wo . 1 0 .d.iuciu.ii. m.
i n: s.-: :n i. .t,.
IC UclllUUS. CHi WO Win occ nuiiw vuv
i it- -m i i. :n 1 : .1. .
ruiiClllOu Will CuU. At win cuu iu iiia bu-
,.f .1,. i i .h. interito nf
the constitution : in the purification of
parties ; iu the sworn loyalty of execu-
lives; and the vigorous growth, material
greatness, and eternal dominance of the
North. That is where it will end. Pop-
ular sovreignty invoked by the South.will
e, .if. i-i i. . n,l it ah.ll unfold tho
veiled, yet dimly' discovered destiny of
this great republic. We are battling for
tbe right, for the spirit of tbe iustitutions
our fathers established; let us feel that
we are do
inc this, and we wl accomplish oa inspired coonuence; now s;"!"'"-' "
S i . ill AT - . nf mi inna aft..WirHa frntm ea saiwivn rw kriT
of our century. Not a mere ! ry moderate dimensions sm auuicii tor j - -- - ---s.
h at the polls, but the great either place. An ex uoveruor or eueie , ij - , p-'
success HUCIW.1U3 mo uii.aimcwii osi.
of the nrivate citizen to the principles of
our government, witb a tyranny worse
than tbat of tbe middle ages, it Will be
time enough to cry "peace." Let this
truth be made prominent that there is
an eternal antagonism between Free'.loui
and Slavery. The constitution of the hu
man mind aud the human heart makes it
inevitable ; and the one or the other must
eventually gain tho ascendency. The
i. i. .. . . ;.,,i K.,r,,.r, ;, '
. .i !, ;., .,.
, a.,n?rfi,f,.l h,.,.,r ,h d.ves not ds- !
loes not dis- !
jtws e '
'iehts of our
cover it. V e have acted bo
r . ... . . . ..
benevolently. For loog, long
nave ueieuueu luo iu.ucicu uluw m uui
t j .. i .j .1.- i . 1
. . 1 . t. . 1
' . .
CU 1(1611 114CIIUU9 1 to UBIO LHUI tiibiu
' . e .i
all tho advantages springing troni unequal 1
legislation; we have cbanged policy to !
suit their notions of interest ; until, hav
ing grown tat, they demand as a pcroga- ;
live what we grauted as a favor, aud hav- ,
ing found a President without affections,
a sworn tiffi.'cr not afraid of perjury, will-
ing to back their pretensions, tbey
now treat us as a common enemv, aud ;
brand our names with indelible infamy, j
They have dne .m,re-they have gone
, .r ., . : "i i
lartucr: tuey nave come aiuou'sb us, auu ;
' . .. I
bribed cupidity with gold, ambition
promotion, and vanity with temporary ,
consequence, to uu vioiuuce w
bODger ioruearauuts uui, uu,j ccnota iu u .
... m i
- i . r. 1. H 1
force a plain, distinct, unequivocal recog
nition of tbe rightful claims of tbe North;
nothing more, nothing less. Who can
safely complain of this '(
I wish 1 could stop here. If this were
all of tbe accusation, we might forget the
past in tbe exercise of a profuse charily,
but unfortunately, we are not allowed to
do so. A usurpation has been accomplish
ed which saps tbe very foundation of our 1
. i i 1 1 ........ ... biii n i , v an.ver inr in. nnni- uiiu mm m. ( v asi.i u ,,.kBiu. u.muiw
eovernment of man ; tbe dedication of a : o provided be has tne mar.s oi gyves i " "
continent to consistent liberty. ; Po bis legs, and does not know too well regulated prudence determine - to
Those who stop to talk of conciliation much. I hazard little in saying there ,s ; go in entrusting such vast amounts in
and compromises between us and the self- ' now more money squandered and stolen, ; he hands of one who has already dece.v
constituted oracles of the Democratic ' jearly, than it required during the admin ed n,-in whom we have no confidence ?
part,, can have but. feeble appreciation j Orations of Madison, Monroe, and th, , By what legal secret -.11 we be able to
of the condition of things. When you jounger Adams, to support the Govern- eon.uuin.ato a purchase of Spain, who kaa
" il. j j .!,.. ;., - ment j determined not to sell 7 And how can
can harmonize light and darkness, mteg- , meni. ..!... i . .l.
. . , .:6 .,, -.,.;..,; .)'.,;. ! There is not on v no careful supervision ; we better secure ourselves against those
political structure. Dir. Buchanan a
He has bribed tbe venal, rewarded the .
aspiring, alarmed tbe timid, and deceived
. . . I
the honest. By such means was tbe l.e
compton Constitution carried into provi
sional law, in contemptuous disregard of
the known will of the people upon whom
it was imposed, and in direct contraven
tion of tbe letter and spirit of the organie
act itself. The reason which prompted
the commission of the outrage is too man
ifest to be doubted. It was to purchase
flattery of tbe South; to force Slavery
npon the soil of tbe North; and to strength
en and aggrandise one section of the Union
at tbe expense and hazard of the ether.
Then, compliance with executive behests
was the test of democraoy,and to disregard
tbem was apostaey.
More recently, however, when the re
commendations of the President were
thought to favor the manufaclurin
: Ci.tr.. .!.... I V. . eie.irirlt V i
of a new Tariff law was suE;.e.led-aud 1
demanded an absorption of the powers of without corresponding returns, sunk in
Concress in those ef the Executive. To : fathomless debt, aye, par.lised by burth
car4 out bis treachery to us, be has as- j us, its chief lustily cries for help and pit
sailed tho representatives of the people. eously begs the sinews of prolonged mal
At $1.50 per
wbu the so-called 1 uicr.Mc members And utj uut do Ibis? To be sure we
of the Senate and House of Keprcsenta- ! m-ire than pay note for all oar postal sr
tives, and even Cabinet ufiiuers, raised j vice, and these documents are highly prix
tha voice of denunciatory opposition, it i ed by us, but do we not knew tbat -'lhe
was all right, and "rebelliou became loy
alty. And yet Pennsylvanians see no
thing wrong in this ; nay, they commend
it. Chains never clanked upon the liinhs
of beings more servile and de based. We
might, perhaps, be able to open their eyes
to the trulb, and loosen their tongues to
! utter it. bv contiuuibs them in office under
! a m w administration. L'overncd bv a more
i i- 1 1 .: - :.L
uenign policy, ai parties nnu oueu --, y
lie notions, shall be able to grasp the con-; speak tbe trulb, for it baa become nn
trol of our government, then must tbe j fashionable, and almost incredible. Large
strong empire of tbe North be dwarfed to j ly in debt, pressed on all sides by Tora
barrenness, and eighteen millions of white j cious creditors, with no pr.sent ability to
slaves ETre, be added to the four millions ' pay, and with constantly accumulating li
of black slaves yonder. Tbat is indeed a J abilities, the President of tbe United
strange illustration of the advantages of ; States baa shown himself incompetent to
free government which proclaims a neces- I carry any measure of relief. Yes, this
j sity for crushing out the inherent power
01 a people ty loSUlOOlOg tueir lUSUIUUOUS
for tbem, requiring it to be sanctioned,
and yet allows and encourages a denial of
r ... . ....
law by which alone a bankrupt treasury
can be replenished, and honest debts paid.
But, sir, we charge further upon the
administration of Mr. Buchanan one of
the main causes by which we have reached
the point of national insolvency, a reckless
prodigality in tbe expenditures of tbe pub-
e money, ana a prevailing vice iu me ue
I pariinenis oi ma go.emuieui. a
j gross mistake to suppose that our in
ed expenses are owing to an expansion of tor imsgiuary wrongs, ana by tne aequisi
terntory aud tbe removal of oar frontier. ' 'ion of Cuba to extend tbe area of free-
The aituiinistration of -Mr. an Bureo,
I r-ant : now our eincnses are close uoon
I nr. ft hnmlrtoii mi Uiurifl a Tear. Lut we
. "ww - j - - -
I have Eot used to talking of millions with-
out stopping to consider the magnitude of
I the hres. We have abandoned our for-
mer auu ueuer pracnees. ueu Mf.
' fersou was President, he required honesty
I and capability in bis appointees ; now, su-
j bordinates are selected tor their own lack
c of independence, conscience and will. I
There was a time, which our fathers re-j
member, when to be the head of a depart- ,
eni, secretary o iuo areasury,
War,or of the Navy, required gres
of our finances, but funds are draw., con-
ward favorites, and to give approved shape
to public opinion at tbe polls; in otlur
words, to carry elections. Tbe Secretary ;
of the Navy, among others, may know
souietbiug of this, if he should not, the
Patterson letter, with the President's en-
i, ie.il.:. L r .: '
dorsemeut, may anora niui ..uoruiauon. ,
1'oblie property of great value is sold, I
trivatelv and covertly, at a tube of its I
worth: other laud is bought as almost
fabulous prices. Navy iaids, Post Offi-
laouious prices, oavy tains, a osi u.u-
e8i Custom Houses and Minis, have been
,ti:lii ,J "-uinieJ, for wetk. ami
mouths, with superauuates aud idlers, aud
... 1'... ...... 1 1 ...., ,. M
mid the waees on v due to well-laugni
c. 1 .j . ,. ... ,k. ... ..
t : 1 et. 1. .,..! n,.t...a.
criiL i ii 1 1 ueaiei iiii luuuiiu. lui tuu iuci.
purpose oi ovenm.ug .cK-. .o.e..,
turning parasites, tumbler and trencher
(r.n.K t.i Cm, irres.il. and Dublishiiiif an at-
tested lie to tbe world. These acts
these flagrant violations of preservative
law and- decent behavior have all been
eudorsed here, in this place, in this Capi-
tol. and uttered and published as true
. ... .1
6C"'U" a ....
Kepnblie! And knowing them all, and
the face of them all, tbe President him-
alf to whom hut three short vears aro we
.i. . ii ,. ,.f .....(; ..e.. ,,...
til fcaG IUC lUIIUVSS v. VM. ,uii4.l,v. " "
VUI; ... . -
Reached y atc and -
- , ,
-;.;... i n.H.il.Drd ror th riPtTHni-riifv if
the times, and in the expression of a fear
!... .l..iinn ahi.ulil h rarried bv pold.
require esr.eciallv to be noticed. Within
I i..i ..t. tl.., a.iiinita nf 1:1 men tat Kin .fl W
a very short period, for the mere purpose , before you and the country, as a full jas
of enriching contractors, bestowing Urges- tification for our present course, and as
ses uoon sterile and uniubabited disiric's j the reason for our settled determination
of the South, and acriuirini! power, tbe ex-1
penditures bavo been almost doubled
run up to the enormous sum of twenty
millions of dollars and the mail system
made a by-word and reproach. With
new. exteuded, and expensive routes,
Ipou those to whom the appeal is aiway.
1. .... ........ ...t.a .. li-.r-i ne .r-
IU.UC WIICU IUUULJ, v.v.-.-
er effective help is required upon the la- j
boring thrifty the "mud cilia ot tbe I
P ..r. .en V..nl,ern Middia and esti rn
States. It is consoliug to know we are
good enough to pay, if not to receive.
We are at least able, if Dot respectable.
If we have not chivalry, wo have fields,
and farms and factories. Let us then,
without whimpering, "split tbe difference."
The "F. F. V'a" shall take all the posts of
patronage, and we will pay their debts.
The plan proposed, by which we shall do
this, is a very simple one. We have only
to pay five ceuts, instead of tbreo, on
each letter we write, abolish the present
"franking privilege," and, consequently,
eut off tbe distribution of all seed, and
agricultural and mechanical and political
information irom our people, and tne
thing " g measure, accomplished.
Year, alwajri In Advance.
domestic institution" is too poor to pay,
and too ignorant to read: Western to
be prone eternally to forget tbat we Wrre
made f r hewer of wood and drawers of
water ! If we would remember this fact,
I think we could cordially unite with
those who met here on tbe ltiib ult , and
j iiu them in scans and praise to the new
I American Monarchy
1 I. ho. t.e.r.tiA humiliahnif frt rt.ifl. A
j man and bis Cabinet are appalled, terror
SKie.cu, auu uiunouiw, iy view v tut
natural results of their own policy. If it
; were permissible, I would recommend
r e :.. .1 - V .
; tnem to imu-e a uuio oi tueir axil-obi pioa
fire into the Tariff recommendation
"Instead of ctandiDir. atario- altoffether.
Like garden g?im and But ao decent aitoer.
To blind our sight to its short comings,
to cover np its disgraceful defeats, and to
reconstruct its siuking fortunes, the ad
ministration now proposes, by virtue of a
transfer of the war-making power to itself,
to visit chastisement npon feeble slate
I uom gluttonizea on slavery. A man sell-
made mad, and then sell-destroyed
Lear in rag?, and not in robes having
, , , . i , eit
1 lost tbe sceptre by tbe weakness of lolly,
1.1 . a j . .
clutcucs tue living ir. ana -eels to mouDl
. , . a m
gm to power and influence. 1 anity of
. vanities . t
i ! there is no restitution fur fallen
A few material inquiries may possibly
present themselves, when we come to con
sider tbe propriety of the purchase of the)
vain and much praised "Queen of tbe An-
I titles, and of trmgiog her into our lov
ing and lecherous embrace, in wbat
way, by what mysterious means, witb
i what magie key will yon draw the thirty
golden millions, demanded by the Presi-
, . , . . . s - -ii
, who .n league with the Present, bava
sought to humiliate us, by adding to their
power and extension, and by nicina them
the control of tbe Gulf of Mexico, as they
now have it over tbe Mississippi 7
I think I can school myself to love my
enemies, but cot better than myself. I
can willingly admit my brother to an
equal etij vuieot of a common inheritance;
but I can not, when he doe me violence
and injustice, strengthen a is arm so as to
i enable bim forcibly to take it all. bo,
can and will love my Southern neighbor.
! I will freely allow bim aa tqual partioi-
! p.lwn of all the fruits of our generous
j ststeiu. I will divide with him the tern-
, -. f -11.1:11 1. t
pie oi ,ioeriy. a ui nuim uiu uuu
.-. - . ... - - - -
thi- vil rl o.e t.nt when fa. itemed In ma
t -t- . , . 1 - I
aUt I Am williiitv tn errant 1a him anil
, - b - , -
that which my title covers, I -.11 not
i stultify myself and place weapons in bis
bauds fur my de: ruction ; and I will
; never pay tribute for either his kindness
or forbearance. Cuba may be important
. to the Union ; I will admit that it will be
so when we have just and equal laws, and
i . . . ir . i f... . :
; I desire to be .L uruied w hether any leg,,.
latino can possibly be had a beneficial o
Pennsylvania as the purchase would be to
- . - . . n , u
Tennessee er fieorria : and above all shall
'.t-.-l t .1 f 1 .
...,,,.; .... ,i --..I ,. ... n
. . . . f.--wl c,atlia t m:
. eitLcr tUirtv three or aiteen St dies, l wiu
j not add to the euormity of my tffenee by
extendins the number of States against
hieb my guilt must operate.
dered it unneces-ary to do so. I leave It
to refuse to be identified with movements
we both deplore anddepise. Desiring to
be f.ir, we can not tolerate deception.
Sustaining rihr, we must denounce usur
pation. Asking justice, we can n it inflict
a wrong. Economy is not presented to us
as a choice, it is foroed upoD us as a ne
cessity ; and having been trained in a
system of politics that we love, aud taught
In regard purity as essential to power, it
is too late in our live to turn demagigut .
to maintain major.. e, or -"'
amllea from rotli-n rult It IS true mat
renewed and continued denunciation ami
proscription are iiKe.y o ue our
for the choice we lua.e, Dul
I can not
avoid hinting to those who suppose they
have throttled the wolf, that they may
have only caught him by the ear.
It is told that when the 15. Wider
Apollo was in tbe Liuvre, a lady of gush.
iug and fascicaliag beauty came with
each returning sun to look upon aod iova
it, wreathing it with selee'ed fl iwers, and
claspiDg it in all tbe ardor of ber ynn'hful
beart Days and weeks and months roll
ed oo, until at last the cold and stony
figure turned her warm blood to ice, aud
she was fouud dead, with her face buried
in ber band, aud leaning against it Sir,
ire may be too ideal, and look for a por
fectiou which nature does not furni-h.
Likd the daughter f the Baron, we may