Newspaper Page Text
TT T "M"
BY 0. N- WOliDKX & J.
An Imlcriciitlcnt rniitii)' X
iMdl'tiM'T I WILT MV..-1'il'EI,
nr rm ix apt ,: :.n.l
i .ii (.;(y 1 I
. I..r si
i.r t.'ur r
. r t. n
lll-'lll- t'V 111
r i it g'-'t --!-'-
ilti-- hf.-. M-.-t fe'u i- 1't-o.Iin-fcOv
li'-- nm 1
I. I) -I - ;tt til. II'
hi h i':tv r p;ii,
, it if ? ! ' J ' 1 i i It.
l.-l,. 1 ut ..O - t 1- r
wuit'iif, t d"l. i"r v.- r. II Hi I u wju ti-i rts-. ! -. -d
. I, .tr. 1 It)'.'.1". M.-r hunts, ir.
.t .-..r n-i,. urtii : .il.uiin. lu r--r :ir. tiitn-r
ii,n itr. KS tl. . Ii:
i- IJ lilt-- it
t,:n .11.. ,4 1 t im (if li" t II v l lur
d-m-rt i.tii r l.-i..i.-n-.-, ai- I laii -. n in
Cotu.ntij.i3ti'ins tl -m-l
l1,1.''H,;.n'' l l.l.M.U V I'll i.'.t I hi iti "Hi
: i i
.. I i V
r . .-'tint
lu. mi I .!..! . ... w
i h'i...u m t
T M'n.- tl
ii lutn-rai km-ll :
. ;i I ;ir. It iitl.'- k f ra; '-r,
W 1,1! - ll.f H'-t. w v t
l'ia,; U.-ni; Y-t
ih-.h-u lu it.- ii i-. w
Kiftj Y.'.fht t. now doomed;
. Iii-ii fLti'iul t-i-i
itju -uiiV waiui nts
tip iiica.-ur ol J-ij
: : A
. ral ai! for t!i
! . ,.r?i. ii. i:n
r. d it -U .
iL H..-U low i;vp
bouiidiu i t;
Jt is tjdtlif ti
L.k- tli" 'in-! -
U U- i
i -u;.;. n.:.i lie
it- i r i.t.-.ti.ij'
Lir-T-.! Iir k.-
A U'llf ' .'T i'f fi::-'i
Take Cr .4:: tne.
H p; and ira f ri
IMu- li-TiS. Viue
IKrk tl..- tri l t tl.-Ar-uw'
JTi tlie tiiii-- f.T r.-j -i
up wiiii i U0it,
u 11- t'iii: ;
Ji. n-.t r. 1 in1.
..el ;u lL lil
- I.114: Ah. til'- N
. ni.t, roll -f
i:i- , Hi. I ';u. II
:u u th-- ii i,
. ry l ar.
Li.w; v ..... X. I -J-
BguWc li.-i WLik uoticeJ that at tu.
voted tl.ii': : g 'ii. The l.tlfst uf rival
from the I'lciii c ojves ths Oilieiai
lleturus !r .;u r. g as K.-s thun HV""
vot-r a:.l at.vttt i-.1".-) 1 pul.itiou. '1 be
Lawr.iie.- K j 'lbli. u aJj.i inforiua! .
votes, f.-.su 1 1 p.'iU, to I be iiumLLr ('ffic-
l ..f li.Ill
Totes in KuiiMis. ..r 1.0U NtAiii.v o.nk
HALf more than Ljs Oregon, i'et ail
thi; p wer of the liam Llcim-erac-y arc t j
bu tascl to iu Oii-g"u isw the L'uiou; :
but to kti p Kansas OUT '.
The bi'i'-st v.te ovi-r cist by the Slave !
State ol Ujlaw.ue, Mas ibSVi
lli-ht m l l-jtiJa lJ.Ull
Kauris gave 14,111
So that Km: is giv.j ni tj thin l'ioiida
or Orig hi, but mu;t be kt j t out by Slav
cry as I nig as it cau uiX Alsfi IV is
Ti I'lMiiiAi'ini-.it. Kiutiiiis A jjurnal
refers tj "i i's iu the east," meaning "star
in the '!," s or aiiagiammel into a!(...
'rLe Wcst.ru Wa'clnoin" of S'. l.juis
once catna uu! as a "Watch :!io Western
mill." . Caro iu lalo jajicr liad its Lead
"pic 1" into (Vdi'i'.uuM , anJ advertised
for a Jour : one pj ir fellow canie into our
oHico and siil be bad been buutiug fir
'Craboaudle" fr a in inth, but n ili.idy
knew ' lure it was : bavin'; observed tiiu
crror. wj t-asilv !ut liiiu ou tbo track.
There are other laughable errors com- ' rt contending, and contending succcss
mittcd, as when a religious paper stated ; "y too, agunst one of the most sublime
that "Ur. preached a solemn sermon ; exponents of tho Almighty's power. The
to a humorous" (instead of M MEitoUh) 'jbj'e' whenever contemplated has always
"congregation.".. .Often do children aud ; c'le1 m! m'd with tbe most pleasing
.i i.T' - t- : i t .vm .1. .
-,1. Mr .. " :::Drimo kxune. of a home in an ocean
but to miss the rijht road, is a sad thing, j
toy A gentleman who read the procec- ,
dings oan.fuily, assures us that it was an supply of coal. e spent an interesting
older teacher named M'Guire aud Nor j and most pleasant week there. The hos
llenry G. who was elected Principal of j pilality of S"ine of her citizens will long
the Philal. High School, as stated by us : be remembered by us. Tbey had some
last week. We read that "Mr. M'Guire" ! cases of the yellow fovcr tbore, but we es
vras elected ; kuew that II.G.M'G. was a j caped with impuuity.
promising teacher in the city; aud several ; I'ernambueo is a very thriving and in
of his acquaintances assured us positively tercsting city of about 100,001) iubabi-
thit he wss the chosen man ; yet we deem
them mistaken. Plenty of time yet for
Henry G. M'Guire, when bis senior shall
have vacated the long sought station.
Dayton, O., Dec. 30. Enclosed please
tod pay fur the Chronicle another year
it is a welcome visitor, and bis missed but
once. The fall and winter thus far have
boeu mill and pleasant, except very much
rain; we had some faow, but no frost of
any accouut, njr any now. t.
The Roman Catholic Almanac for 1950,
gives tbe following exhibit of the progress
of that church in the United States :
ISoU 1819 1859
J.isbops IS lifj 45
Priests 478 100S 21US
Cburches 4 IS &ijti 2334
T increase, of course, is principally by
""migration. The number of immigrants,
ai of naturalization papers issued, has
Pnt'.j dtcreaseJ for two or three years
P"1! ai tho increase of Catholicism must
. rew in proportion. If Protestants
""prove their chances aright, thoubanis of
e5 C;iyjltl( tni0Bg us wjj ,0 oonvertei
lrom " blighting error.
Seward" Koi-heMtrp Speech,
aud Hiosc Htto Mitrt t It.
It Iirnnmnre hrti: Let jiuadife.1 Party Pf-ite
W;th iTlarins eye-l-alli enwh T-nime(l tthl
:...l..ut "Unatic:" wbrlit Stateaaiana uic
1'r.TUims tlione trutbn our ttbe b.M no dear.
y.. totvl .'mjirigm'! O. fenw yent
Thtt'iixl bath put fti-rnsl unity
'i wixt Hi -I.t and Wrone? and tbuueh ye.o'trirb llk,
IIiitv your Wad. twiM-nb the dark'uiti cand,
ii. ,iV aii -till si.itM-: anJ men bo u-w their eje
I. kr noble mwaiiu, the '-uiuini: Morm.
WLicb, Mh-ner lae, nuift l ur-t uimnnur bead-
If. l'bar.i'U-like. we dtrearl t-e rr.'.re
U high, t t. rnal Ju-tii e wuivlin clear.
Tan tui'h the LmJ, Ut the ojprcmti gufrtt!
The hrart, the noul.tbe Intelleet, the ptwer
n: fverv bum-m t- inz, 1hI di-mmds
. ,1 - 1 ( ei'iueirat;
K t every man. ill th ir-at jn Uuwnt day,
i r. i.diT. f-r li:ni lt. astri-t a:Tftunt.
V ho, tti.-u, i-hal! dare tu qu-i.--b the -limtueriog ray
lf monii iijiht tir.t duwuinj on the wtul
Orone wb"fte let III li;e Watt ut tile beflt
t:ieary d.irKi:e, or npiirvwdve tiiif
thrill wimUI., sl.ali i-ouer.aiid i-vn kii'm k 1 je, too,
l dm tna-'hice$ to sriitit the fullering lc
Uiii.'i'.-u'.nrh-.wii, tiitiuiivted iowrr
shail I. (ii-luuTc i!, fiid .n
kri ji in darkii' j".- an uflii t. X ra e?
JiiiH party h-a-l.-r?, with tl.e 1 infant
t ;' fr 1 ni' c::i4"j"' UI"' tl- tr : ".
h.-ny ! mm tiic.-e lit 'ln-terna!
V birb our great Falbi-rff.UM.iily r.vlaiiw.4
The i;ilt i f liod to evci y huluuu -"-ul
! And ah.-:: oiw iims u-, with Ir-fty wot,
' V ilh heart ol rournnf. and a toncue of fire,
; To viii'tiate the eunl rifcbtn tf all,
Th-ii. h. w farh wi ll-led nyeoihaitti cur,
;:b bright br;i r.dlor rbiuing 011 bi neek,
i'o let the (: iil-lie kiMW win . dfg beia,
' rri.m bis Mtuti kiuti.l teiid Lis s,iti.-ful yelp!
I And aell be way bu bide bath felt the !a.b I
i Hk- n. l-r:ne ?t.w r.r.: neT-r betl th ?uarl
l 1'nrty'fl bt-uud-t wh" "a ide e-rberiau moutba
; Will lik-b 'loiberaidu. wi.eu thou bimt j-uwvr,
Li L- ,:'-'d "Old iluck,' to tbrow tbi w dainty lioneti !
liu '. r.inuty, 1'ith ninntii, -Ttli, 1 -i
,".,rri ?; "ii l'-:i'-" 'f the I.eiIturg t hr-'iikle.
! U. S. & rru.n Fi ltun, I'khn am bucu, )
IIhazii, mv. ;, i
Mksks. KiHToiid : Well, here we are,
fafe auJ b un Jf utter a rather y'wy pas
sage fr'nn IJirba't jes. e arrived uere
on the Ul1i, the Water Witch on the 21 J,
autl the Harriet Lane this morning. All
throe of us cxiitctod to make the passage
trom I!.irbaduc3 to remambuco in one
ruQ) but all have been disappointed, and .
were c.iiii!) . licil to rut into an
I t,. r,..t int.. iiu intermedi- I
:e p. ill for a fresh supply of coal. Tbo
; a!;on has already received about '2M
tons if I'eunsvlvaiiia anthracite coal
ulmard, and is again ready for sea. The
c al is sent out here for us by the Gov- .
eminent, and costs m arly S'iO per ton be-
fore it is stowed away iu our bunkers. We
could purchase better coal here for about j
but could not have been as certain
about the ijiiautity. Witti our present;
aiu at :
supply, uc hope to make the La
but should we have to coal up again
St. Catharines, it would not be altogether
On our passage bore, we had fur the
grtater pirti-m of the time, attroug breeze,
a heavy sea, and an oceanic current against
us. At the lirst, knowing that this state
of ail'iiis would most probably coutinue,
we siruck our yards and topmasts, in or
der to have as little resistance aloft as
possible. Theu came the contest. An
angry, tempestuous sea, has ever been to
man an emblem of graudeur and power.
Tiulv, it well deserves its lotij; earned re-
putative. While contending against such ; '"r "-'s3. lne" 18 80 "",0 ous'us uulDrS
elements, if ever, tbe poetical majesty 0f ; The wages of industrious females generally
a powerful steamer is delineated in its "e hardly enough to keep them from des
brightest characteristics. N heart tuned Pir anJ ut,er ruin' Jct "bard limel'" re
iu unison with the spirit of the ago in made " n excufe b Christian women
whieh we live, could fail being pleased ' "bos5 mer0 luxurics would 6,Te 8"PPort
with the unspoken eloquence of such an to many respectable famil.es-for reducing
culogiuru on the triumph of art and science. those Dl3 mcaDS of "inco
Then is seen one of the most grand and " Ah ! tbcs9 harJ limes 1 8alJ 4 robo"'
nobk combinations of human renins and ; "d-face.; man, as he turned off bis turn-
ftiutiitinfl. in ijhl il i io iuq one oi ido t
a city of 35,000 inliabi-
tan is, was the port no run in for a fresh j
tants. It is the thinl in importance oi
the cities of Duzil. I have not time to
say a word about its general characteris
tics. Its harbor is oue among the numer
ous harbors of the world, erected by the
labor of the tiuy coral insect. They have
certainly dono much to render the high
ways of tha deep dangerous, but havo of-
ten been of tbe most considerable servioo !
to man in erecting breakwaters for safe
harbors. The reef that forms this harbor
extends for about two hundred miles along
the coast, and is indeed one of the most
wonderful of tbe achievements of tbo
zoopbite. When wo meet Lopez, I will
.nrs respectfully, G.
a no .. . aato of Indiana on the 8th nit.,
passed an amendment to the divorce law
which had rendered that State tbe resort
of discontented wives and husbands. Tbe
law will now require one year's residence
instead of ten days as heretofore, and th
must be verified by affidavit, and by the
evidence of disinterested persons. There j
seems to be no doubt but the House will I
pass the bill. I
LEWISBURG, UNION CO., PA., FRIDAY,
" Can't you pay me a little money on
your note, to-day?" said a hard working
! mechanic of our acquaintance, to a man
who was driving a hue horse Dclore aauu
ing ono hundred dollar sleigh, trimmed
wili two buffalo rubis. " Cau't jou paj
uio a littlo mooej 7 I am in great want
of some to buy provisions for rnj family."
" I really can not," was tbe lacouio reply ;
"the times are to hard, I can't." The whip
r 1 L
I 1 I I l... nn
"Oh! these bard times!" aaid tbe
man in the sleigh. I followed him to tbe
biilurd-Uble, and saw bin) lose ten games
and twice as many shillings, which were
paiJ free as water. There were no bard
times to this man when the music of the
billiard balls fell ou bis ear, nor would he
hesitate to stake Cfiy times the mechanic's
note on the game of brag these bard
" Oh ! these hard timet '." said the man
in broadcloth to bis waab-woman, as be
turned from her bill for the last month's
j wahing. " I bare no money now ;" and
! be fluug himself into the street. I saw
! him pay ten dollars for gold-headed rat
i . i . ... r f.l : l t...
lau, uuu iweuij tor ucw mauiuucu iui
cap. lie never thinks of bard times when
be wants to deck out bis own daudy car
case. " Ob ! these bard times!" said tbe fa
ther, as he turned away the schoolmaster
who bad presented bis bill for tbe quar
ter's tuition of his son. " Three dollars
in these bard times for school-teaching !
I can not pay but one." Soon after, he
paid the dancing-master ten dollars for
teaching tbe same child the accomplish
ment of dancing, and Baid nothing about
"We truly must be excused this year
from doing much for our pastor or other
.1 . . - . 1. . ..nnanu n.tuiii.nlv H.! IT.l t T .1
r r "
. AnJ tbe' fid ff
l'-""'" J - -
and furniture, for pernicious books and
periodicals, for circuses and low concerts,
to shave a note for a poor neighbor, or
ive a sharp bargaiu with a needy brother
sister church member plenty of cash ;
or sister church member rdcntv
to subserve schemes of the Devil.but little
or nothing for God, "these scarce times."
" Never saw tho like in mv life." said I
the youth who was silently and sueakingly
.-renins bin ctcit doll.r no mutter how
be 60t in lottery, gift, or other swind-1
'inS ganic!S at"l refusing to pay his honest j
debts, while a poor father or mother or
sister is toiling to find the great calf bis
daily bread aud clothes.
"Can't sign a cent times too hard,"
said the prosperous mau who refused to
give anything to any charitable object or
public good, but who spends many dollars
weekly in cigars, tobacco, oysters, drinks,
eating shops, or still worse places.
"Really, we can not pay so high wages,"
said tbe lady in silks and furs as she rose
from a devout studv of the latest fashions. !
'Our seamstress and hired help must work '
e , .. ' t...
1 bier of brandy and sugar, and paid the
I bar-keeper a shilling. " I can see no
prospect of better. Hard times these for
a poor man to make money. I can not
get money cnongh even to bny the com
forts of life, let alone the dainties. by,
'-"-d. - lite, I bav had to do
without butter in my family for a month,
and can got no money to buy any. Good
brandy, that;" and he filled another
tumblcr. Thus goes this strong, able-
bodied man's money these hard times.
" Oh ! these hard times !" said tbe
merchant to the poor woman who asked
him to throw off a shilling from the piece
of calico which he was selling at one hun
dred per cent, in advance. " We can not
take a cent less, these bard times." At
tbe ten pin alley I saw him pay fifty times
as much as he refused to allow the poor
woman. Thus our merchant spends his
money, these hard times.
" Oh ! these hard times !" said a loafer
as ho stretched out his logs over three
chairs by our stove. " Ob ! these hard
times !" and there he sat all day, repeat
ing, like a parrot, "Oh! bard limaa!
hard times ! bard times !" And I pitied
tbe man from my soul, for I believe be
thonght it was hard times, when be alone
was to blame for being lazy and spending
what was better than money bit time
thctc hard timet.
"Taxes toe high, and too poor crops, to
take a county paper," said a farmer, who
paid twioe as much for trashy, swindling
sheets from tbe cities, and who lost three
times the price by not learning as be
could bave done many matters of inter
est and of importance about bis bome.
Ignoranco makes "hard times," harder
Two men in Cinoinnatti nave made a
match to eat mush and miUt Tor IU "ana
'he championship." The one who burete
TIJ3 NEW YEAR.
it imomiA r. lowiiui.
All Htlj robed is wbiU,
j AndwuBetlb,Wrthnmn,oh! Ne rr,
With rorcmt ol prl, thou lUwlMt b.r.
To ehortuM or light.
For rnytl gift Ibno'll bring
To hnp tb truMarr; na thou will -irrw
Witli mjrrh ond (ronkinotmo thy pathway throoih
Tht cmenld bsllo of priDg!
And with iworl dwi baptii',
Bnide the goloVa f. nt of ooi J uue da;,
Th. Summer; and with criawon broiderli- laj
lir pathway from th; aalctl.
Tntil with quiet grace.
The Autumn ihall rile up to tread the hllU:
W hlle, like an angel throu.h the huahed air Ulrilla
The glory of her faee.
And well we koow, New Vearl
Tliott haul thy mraMge uoto erery hrt.
Thy work breach ; Ood'a great Uigh I'l-ket thou art;
Nitred, aDointtl here!
Thy rod fhall blonaoms bear.
The belli of time rlug jujful In thy reign,
Aod we ioauturate our Prie.t afain
With inceQM and with prayer.
Up through thlf meant of day,
Oh, lead thou ua by green paths tenderly,
Till from IU forehead tbou shalt rapturrwel J
On tbe new "Clty"gar;
While through eome rythmie gale,
Dropping fronl hill topnof raleedony,
Theangel welcome ehall etrike royally.
-All hail! New Tear, aU hall!
Society in Aaronsburg.
We do not believe there is a town in
tbo iutcrior of l'cunsylvauia, which offers
to young persons better facilities for im
proving themselves, than Aaronsburg.
There is not an evening of tbe week, but
is set apart and free to all who wish to
spend their evenings in a profitable and
pleasant manner. Monday evening is. a
monthly Sabbath school concert, where
religious subjects are discussed ; and also
is tbe regular evening for the meeting cf
tbe primary siogiug class. Tuesday eve
niug is the meeting of the Kxcelsiur Lit
erary Society for young wen, a regularly
organized body, where essays are read,
questions debated, and declamations made.
Oq Wednesday evening a liible class
meets, where Sabbath-school teachers and
all others who wish, attend, to listen to
explanations of the Holy Scriptures from
competent instructors. Thursday evening
is set apart for a publio prayer meeting,
On Friday evening, the Thrcnokosmian
Literary Society holds its meetings ; and
Saturday evening is the regular time for
the meeting of the Musical Association.
Thus, every evening of tbe week is taken
up for some laudable purpose.
l'oune men and young women of neigh-
boring towns ! we earnestly desire to see
you make good use of your leisure Lours,
ana especially ot tne evenings, lor your
own improvement and advancement; and
therefore we counsel you to "go and do
likewise." Improve your time and talents.
You know not what high destiny may be
iu store for you. How much better to
spend your leisure moments in pursuits
after knowledge, than in lounging about,
or in company where vice is brd, or where
all manner of obscene conversation is tbe ; tbe duty, if they would. The military du
ruling order ! You will never regret it ; 1 ties of the people of tbe country must nc-
lBt Juur negligence may bring to you the
Pgs of biltBr "grct wben is to late-
Uemcmoer, tnat time passes on, ana that
time once lost, is lost neirr to return
anain. If vou voluntarily abase yourself,
by permitting yourself to sink into ignor
ance and slothfulness, you sin against Al
mighty God, who has created you for
higher and nobler purposes. AaromLurj
Games of Skill.
A correspondent asks : "What do you
think of Games of Skill, as Chets,
Draught, or Checkers f Not under
standing such games, our opinion may be
of little worth ; but we think that human
life is too short, its true work too large,
and its real object too momentous, to be
frittered away with such tom-foo'.eries. So
much for the moral of the subject. As to
the mental effects of such employments,
they certainly promote habits of delibera
tion and tboughtfulness, and very impor
tant ebaracteristics are they, in this hurry
skurry, helter-skelter, neck-or-notbing age.
iiul far higher purposes would bo attained
by an equal time spent in the demonstra
tion of some of tbe problems of Euclid,
because they compel the mind to atten
tion, to tboughtfulness, and habits of le
gitimate deductions, tbe want of which is
one of the most radical defects of modern
education, and one of the most couslant
causes of making life a failure.
As to the physical tendency of spending
hours together bending over the table,with
that insufficient and imperfect breathing
which attends an interested mind, any
one's common sense will give the answer,
that such pastimes are full of mischief, are
worse than useless. To all we say, and to
invalids and sedentary people especially,
when not engaged in the actual and seri
ous business of life, be ont and about;
ling, whistle, laugb, romp, run, jump,
swim, row, ride, do anything, rather than
sit still within any four walls, or lounge
on a sofa, or doie in a chair,, or sleep over
a dull book. Moderate and continuous
exercise in tbe open air is kssential
as mean of health, both to the well and
to the siek. iWf Journal of Health.
A safe baa been invented which locks
on the inside, and leaves no keybole or
other opening. A clock work within opens I
it at an hour rtgulsted by being set before
tbe door is shut.
JAN. G, 1859
Speech of Hon. John C. Kunkel.
We copy from the Washington (!M
the remarks reeently made in the House
of Representatives by lion. John C. Kun
kel, under the five minute rule, id the de
bate on tbs bill granting pensioi.s tj tbe
soldiers of the war of 1812. It will b
seen that Mr. Kunkel takes strong ground
in favor of the measure, and advocates it
with characteristic zeal and ability :..Tel
Mr. Kunkel, of Pennsylvania. I
move to increase the amount one dollar.
I move tbe amendment merely to give me
opportunity to express my views iu tbe five
minutes allowed ma upon upon this bill.
I am not content that the debate in favor
of tbe bill shall be sustained entirely by
Keutucky aud Tennessee, l'ennsylvauia
always has an arm for tbe battle, aud a
voico for tbe soldier. The gentleman
from Tennessee (Mr. Avery) characterized
that State as the Voluuteur State. Sir, I
dispute that title with him. I claim that
honor for Pennsylvania. She is emphati
cally the volunteer-soldier State of this
I'nion. More than once has she tnudered
more gallant soldiers to tbe Govern
ment than would meet its requirements,
and never has she turned her back upon
the country's chieftains, or been unmind
ful of their services. The military ardor
of her people ban enstamped upon her
several peculiarities. There are some
three thiugs whioh no public man in
Pennsylvania can do and live ; he can not
vote against supplies to the Army when
actually engaged in war with a foreign
Power ; he can not vote against any fair
and honorable acquisition of territory by
the Government ; and, above all, he can
not vote against that expression of the na
lion's gratitude to its war-worn soldiers
which is manifested by grants of peusions.
Ou these subjects, my State has fixed
seutimeuts aud opinions, and I aui most
happy that my own agree entirely with
i have no doubt of tbe justice of the
principle of this bill, and none of the ex
pediency of its passage even in the pres
ent condition of tbe Treasury.
With all respect to tbe gentleman
from Alabama, (Mr. Curry,) and the geu
lleman from Maryland, (Mr. Davis,) who
have distinguished themselves in opposi
tion to the bill, 1 have yet to bear the
first valid argument against it. Tbe ar-
gument of the gentleman trom .Maryland,
(Mr. Davis,) has been and the same ar-
i gument has been urged by others that,
: inasmuch as it is the duty of tbe citizen
to dclena his country wnea ctuta upon,
the principle of compensation upon which
all pension laws proceed, is wrung ; that
the soldier is only discharging the duty of
a citizen, and is, therefore, not entitled to
be paid. Tbe duty is acknowledged and
granted. It is a duty ; but it is tbe duty
of all the citiz-jns alike. All, however,
are not needed, aud all ran not sharo in
ccssarily be discharged by a few of them.
11,11 fw mu8t eucouuter tho hardships,
- privations, ana uangers oi tne camp, wuue
the great body of the people pursue their
i peaceful avocations at home. Tbe victo-
rious peace which is won by the sacrifices
and lives of the few, inures to the com
mon benefit. Thus, those who remain at
home in tinio of war, become debtors to
the soldiers ; the generation wbieh pros
pers in peace, to tbe generation that con
quered tbe peace. Civil and military ser
vices are upon the same footiug, and if
tbe soldier is to be cuntcnl with tbe con
sciousness of discharging a duty to his
country, why should not the civilian ? I
cau, indeed, imagine a Republic iu which
all functionaries discharge their trusts from
considerations of sheer patriotism and du
ty ; tbe President, bib Secretaries and sub
ordinates, the Legislature, Senate, and
House, all discharging their several func
tions without compensation, and only un
der the inspiration of patriotic duty. In
such a Government, you might say to tbe
soldier he did only his duty. Hut such a
Government is only imagination ; oertaiu
ly it is not ours.
But the argument used with most force
against the bill, is based upon the exigen
cies of the Treasury. It is said that this
will involve au annual expenditure of tan
or twelve million dollars. That is tlu es
timate of the Commissioners of Peusions.
My friend from Iowa, next me, (Mr. Cur
tis,) who, from his labor and research,
seems well qualifiod to judge, assures us
the amount will not exceed (3,000,000.
Doubtless the passage of this bill will re
quire a large annual appropriation. lie it
so. If economy is to bo exercised in this
Government, let it begin somewhere else.
Why, sir, bow shall we answer to these
scarred and war-worn veterans ? Shall we
say to them, " V.'e believe your elaim a
just and honest one, and we would cheer
fully vote yon something out of tbe na
tional Treasury, but tbe Treasury is bank
rupt, and we are not able to do it V Sir,
would tbey not point out our immense
grauts of land in the western Territories
to Kailroad corporations ; tbe millions
annually expended upon Fortifications;
tbe millions wasted upon these Edifices,
&o. ; and put us to shame ? Sir, our citi
zen soldiery stand in lieu of a standing
' army. Have gentlemen ever calculated
At 41.50 per
tbt) expense of standing armtes in tuna ol
I 11M. .. li,- . 1,.1 I'liuver of E l-
p ; n:c i ' ' uj, u - -
rope expends more in the maiutaiuaneeof
its armies, than tbe whole amouut dis
bursed by this Government for peusions
:.- t. Q,,...,s H.U bill
iab.nld involve ten or twelve million dol
: . , . ., i o,. ,.
lars? Tbe people of the Luiti-d States
I , ... ,-, ,. ,,., -
are willinir to show their gratitude to tne
. ... e . i it. ...
1 gallant defeuders of their bouoraud homes,
, . ti i. , ,i :, ,i.
' even at mat eost. mt "s, i
American people would submit to, wou
L. nn;.....;n tl.a ..lme.ireni.if nf this
Government by direct taxation. But, if
t . ...! i v.
pensions for these brave men could be
r. . . , j ;,
rai-ed in no other way, I verily believe
' tbey would consent to raise the money di
rectly from their own pickets.
Uerc the hammer fell
KATY PEASE, CF UTICA.
There is but 1 on earth I love,
Aod iliat is K-T-P's;
Without tier, wher'n.'er I rove
My bear! is ill at E's.
She dwfll bevonrl ihe dep Hue C,
In lovely K-T-K.
'Vork Stale 3,000 mile-s rr more
From Cat i nr ni A.
Venns might N V her her charms.
Whe-n rlecUr.l in full K-A ;
AnJ then in paint her l'a Ci O's.
Twere idle to S-A
Her cheeks K'O-7. as the morn.
Her teeth are white as r'a'U
To fill one's love with X-T C, ;
OU, she is just the girl!
The I-V green climbs at her door.
The sweet-P biossoms there;
Of all Ihe flowers lhat ever blow,
My K-1' is most fair.
I do not lavish M T praise.
Through wild X-S of love;
But. t.h ! 1 worship her next to
The 1) E-T above.
She is the liitle 1) 7. B.
That sweetens liie and home
What su-rets were mine ci.uij but I lay
My I'tT upon her comb f
Though former j. ys K dead tu me.
That once I held so L) K.
I will not mourn their sad D K,
Nor shed a single T R.
And though N-F-I fi I am,
As everybody t"s,
I ask but one lo P-T me.
And lhat is K-T-P's.
Her smile or sympathy would soon
My N-R H restore.
And make me something like the man
I used to 1) U- t.
Xot Riven 2 Q P-D-I-T.
Yet I've r-noush tf r-eif;
13ui still F-.M l . s I'm grown.
An I careless of tnye:f.
My coat and vest K C D now,
Mv pants let in the breeze;
Lite's turbid stream runs 1-C coid,
Cnwarmed by K-T-P's,
X-Q's me, K-T as I live,
1 hope you soon 2 C ;
And then, if - moihet'" d m't object,
Y married we will U '.
And then prepare, my charming I,
2 vamose I-T-K ;
For we will go 2 O-I O,
Or else ! I-O-A. K. T. J.
Scs.nted Oils. Some of tbesu arc sold
by perfumers at a very high profit. They
can all be prepared at a very small ex
pense. Take a quart of common olive
oil, and heat it in a stoneware vessel, up
to 212 degrees, then aid half an ouuee of
sal-soda, and stir all for fifteen minutes.
Allow tbe oil to cool, and a sediment will
fall to tho bottom ; pour off the clear oil,
and seeut it with any of tho essential oils,
such as rosemary, bergamut, and lavender.
One fourth of an ounce of essential oil
will scent a quart of tbo prepared oil,
which is very excellent for the bair, and
equal to Rowland's celebrated Massacar
oil, sold at such cxtravagint prices.
Mrs. Dowlas ox the Late Cax-
yass. A correspon.lent ol the Vin-
ccunes eun. upenkiiiir of Mrs. Doni?-
las. relates that, at the Chicatro celo-
biali.in. a few Uays a-o, Mrs. D. was
nketl how shi; rtooil the canvass,
"Very well,"' said .-lie, '"but I must co
j ami get my husband some clothes ; ,i0u'e right and bonor. He saw the hus
i he has come out of the bntile half na-1 K,n,t,a,i the mothers andi-hiMren.
keJ. I got him two dozen shirts last j intrujt;(j t0 his carCi aDj hit s,eD(i-er flirm
M.rinT. and two or three sets ol bttnls i , . , . .
i-Lo lost ali hii shirts but tu.. and ' be ,he orJtr8 ,or Ur dcPaure.
one that don't bclou- to him and all j fC9m"x ' 0DCe ,0 Kro" n,ore ertc' n4
the studs but four, which belong: tonrra; he muscles of his face swelled;
four different sets, and, besides he j his dark eye glowed with a uew fire ; and
hasn't any of the other clothe:; that I bis whole persou expanded and beautified
he started out with." Ilij old white itaelf by the power of iutcarU tmtiun. I
hat, however, rode out tho storm, di-, hi4V8 ofltn uutlctd ihls iutt.rt3,;Dg rbe-
Iai)idatt.d,butsafe. j BonienuUi aui, taM uuu to tha couc;usioa
Honors to a Colored Man. Fau-j if mau, or wouiau either, wisbc to realizj
bsrt, a young man of color, from Hay ti, I tbe fuil power of persouui beauty, il uiu?t
obtained tho Libett prize the prize of ! be by cherishing noble hopes and purpo
honor at tbe concouree of all the colleges ' ses by having ouicthii.g to do aud winii
in France, held at Paris. On tbe recep- j thing to live for which is worthy of bu
tton of this news, the Emperor immedi- j inanity, aud which, by expanding the c-
atcly sent him ono nuulred and fifty hand-
somcly bound volumes, a company of Na-
tional Guards was despatched to wait npon
him with a band of music, and ho was in
vited to dine, aud did dine, with the Min
ister of Public Instruction, occupying a
place between his lady and Priuce Napo
leon. Besides this young man, two other
youcg Uaytiens also took prizes.
Ex-Pkesidf.xt Pierce was recent
ly turned out of his hotel, in Flor
ence, because the ex-King- of Prussia
wanted tho accommodation for him
self and suite, filling twenty carria
ges. Tho es-l'resident, it is said,
yielded gracefully, but one of his
democratic friends sent the poor old
King and landlord together to a ve
ry bad place, in free republican style,
and ordered his carringe and bill on
the instant, shaking the dust off his
feet as h.9 left tha unworthy hotel.
IN I843....WIIOLE NO., It'J.
tear, nlvay) In Idvaice.
An AppaLiicg Contrast
Kcv. Dr. Murray, tf Elizabethtowo,
writes thus of bis hrt visit to the Fulton
Street prajer meeting :
"As I glanced up .n the b'gh briik
st 'res in Ann Sir. e, tbe n.eniories of
' rtherdavs rushed upon me. WLerelhoso
. , .-
bru-k stores unwrise.npwaidsof thirty ytar
. . ,
! ai! there stood souia wooden baiMings ot
I vcrv low y i rcten.-ious. In an upt er room
, of oue of them there dwelt an cid colored
,j 1 woman, th. n widely kuown ss Aunt lietsey,
or Sarah which, I now forget. She was
' very old, and very feeble, and remarkably
' J '
i pious. And some youug men, mostly from
' , ,7 , ,- . .
I tie Presbyteriau and Methodist churches,
. . '
uciu flakes uiccuu iu uci vu vu
Sabbath aflernon,aa she was too infirm to
attend ou any of the public means of grace.
...While absorbed fur a moment in these
recollections, I was awakened from my
revery by a familiar voice in fervent ex-
: donation. It was that of one who is now
one of the princely merchants of New
York, but, in bis youth, be was one of the
! young men who met for prayer in the room
j of Aunt Betsey, and bis wife was one cf
the little girls, who as the ravens did to
j Elijah, carried to her daily food !...One of
them rote to emineoceae an accomplished
writer and editor, and for years has served
bis country, and the cause of Protestant
ism, with distinction as a Minister at
f. reign court. ..Another of them is an Ex
Mayor of the City of New York, whose
band has never been withheld from any
work of religion or philanthropy.. .Anoth
er is the honored partner of one of the
largest publishing houses of tbe city of
bis residence.. .Another of them has risen
to eminence as a merchant, and is a pillar
in one of the most imp rtant congregations
in tbe British Isles... Another is also a well
known merchant of New York who bas a
heart for every good work. ..Another it a
useful minister in the Western States,
whose labors have been eminently blessed
in turning many to righteousness... I was
myself among tbe youngest of the compa
ny, and when I was first invited to join tbe
circle in the room of Aunt Betsey, was not
a communicant of the Church."
These statements were made in the
prayer meeting, au 1 after Dr. Murray had
sat down, a man rose in another part of
the room, his tremulous accents showing
the feelings that were within him. " I
have," said be, " recently visited the pris-
I ou at Sing iog. As I went from eil to
' cell, I met with an old man, who told me
j a very different story from that just narra
' ttd. lie said that, wbeu young, be was
one of a company who formed an infidel
club, and who met once a week for talking
iufidehty, gambling.and drinking, not very
far from the upper room of Aunt Betsey.
Aod I was shocked as he toll me of the
end to which bis companions came.
'Oue,' said he, 'died by bis own band;
another by the band of violence ; some in
tbe State Prison ; some of delirium trem-
.; and, as far as I know, I am tbe only
I one of them surviving; and here am I, in
: the garb, and daily at the work, of a felon."
Xac Turk Examiner.
j , ."u lT7aaunu.
j rA truth that we bave often appreciated,
. is beautifully expressed in the following:
As we were about to start, I saw tbe
captain move to an elevated position above
' tbe wheel ; and it was interesting to see
bow quickly and completely the inward
i thought or purpose alters tbe outward man.
i He gave a quick glance lo every part of
tbe ship. He etui his eye over the multi-
1 . i - i i . 1 L :
j ,uas com,BS va vod lue ' ,a,OD
j w!'ou, WM ,be American Ambassador to
j England, who, if the captain may be said
to embody the ship, may be said with equal
: truth to embody in bis official person a na-
: pacities of the soul, gives vxpausiou aud
j symmetry to ihe body which contain it-
Frosted Fkkt. T cure the intolera
ble itching that follows frost-bitten toes,
it is necessary t.i totally exclude the air
from the affected part. If it U not ac
companied with swelling, gum sheila -,
dissolved in alcohol, applied so as to form
a complete coat, is the easiest remedy I
know of. It dries soon, and does not ad
here to the stocking, and generally lasts
until tbey are well. If the flrsb beeome
swollen aod painful, plaster of good
sticking salve are of great service, but if
highly inflamed any mild p ult:ce that
will exclude the oxygen of the air front
tbe diseased part, and keep it moist, al
lowing lie recuperative powers of natnr
to do the rest. Burns aod ii.'d rtiy ta
treated j"CfEsful!y iii tha Batr.e iuaner.
1 rv '?Mf'(