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13Y 0. N. WOKDEN & J. R. CORNELIUS.
ESTABLISHED IN 18I3....WIIOLE NO., 741.
At $1,50 Per Year, always in Advance.
LEWISBDRG, UNION CO., PAM FRIDAY, JUNE 25, 1858.
An Isdkpexdkxt Family News Journal.
FOE Till LEV19UDR0 CnROMCtK.
Commencement Week-Union Seminary.
New Berlin, Pa., June 17, 1858.
Messrs. Editors. The usual quiet
ness of our town Las been agreeably inter
rupted, this week, ly the annual closiDg
exercises of Union Seminary.
On Tuesday evening, 15th inst., Ex
Gov. Pollock honored us with bis presence
and delivered a most interesting and elo
quent address in bis usual Lappy style.
This was by invitation of the Literary So
cieties, (the Excelsior and Neokosniean)
connected with tbe Seminary. His sub
ject was, "The Historic Epochs of tbe
World." Our citizens without exception
were highly gratified with the Governor's
On Wednesday, at 10 o'clock, A. M.,
the young Ladies had an exhibitioa, con
sisting of tbe reading of essays, perform
ances on the piano, and vocal music, as
Palestine Louisa Aurand. A Mother's
jingits after deducting commissions to op- Changes of Life Harriet B. SwineC.rd.
erators, repairs, and balances due other
lines of tbe Lewisburg station, to tbe
Telegraph company, since its location,
shows that tbe past year's profits bave
been above the average, and but a slight
decrease from the previous year on the
whole, a gratifying proof of tbe permanen
cy of our business interests
As We Gathered in llic Hay.
Oh fir w the day. anJ I n.-T-r ran ftirp t
How d.r to By hrt, m tli- mw nt roll.il away.
For Will do I dn-am "I tl mornine that f nirt,
and th-jo that wer- minf, a itli-r-d in 111- hay.
Tb-aonoftii.birdwaiail.wrrul aaeouM bf.
But I bard not tli- totie of ita merry morninff lay,
For thy Toim likf a charm, with it murle came to me
When 1 toi Ird by thy aide, me we gathered in the hay.
Tbonzb few be the years that hare fa led ainee the morn,
How yreat i the cbanpe a their ahadnwaall dej-art:
Tbe daya come and po.tut their moment hare not worn
The amile from thine eye.nor the lore within Uiy heart.
Ob then is it not like a pleaaur to recall
(A we tarn to the morn with ita sunny aeene mi cay)
rioww-r-ate-1 'neaththeahadeof the tree ureen and tall
When the aun waa on hich aa we Gathered in ttie liaj
MUl)tV, JIXE 31,
HsyMr. Giiier, Superintendent, bas
been passiog along the Susquehanna Tcl
grapb Line, renewing posts,&c. He states
that the dividends of the last two years,
ending with June, were two per cent.
probably none this year, in consequence
of ttie entire renewal ot the posts require , Lovesarah. Horlacher. Smiles and Tears
but he bo&es it will be 4 to G Per cent. ' Melissa Kleckner. Novel Reading Kate
if, i Swinefurd. Mother, Hume, and Heaven
uereat r. I Susan 8. Gross. What Constitutes True
3i i . r -..,.,. r ' Happiness J. Emeline Aurand. The Recol-
b . i lections of Childhood Kate Hurlarhf r. I lie
African Slave Girl Sarah J. Vallerchamp.
The Cause of Missions Annie I.oiz. Music
by the following Misses: Ella Schcch, Annie
M. Maize, Louisa Aurand, bleanora Grove,
Emma O. Boger, and Mary C. Orwig. They
were assisted by Messrs. Charles H. Ham
mer and Joseph Fisher, and all the music was
superintended by Prof. Bassler.
Id tbe evening, about sundown, the
young Men made their annual display,
others who are taken with tbe gold fever,
are now making preparations to explore
the llouyer lako regions, where gold is
supposed to exist in great quantities.
Should we discover some of tbe precious
metal, I will send you a samplo ; but
should we fail, I will give you a history
of our adventures, and a description of tbe
country. We expect to return sometime
in July, and anticipate a glorious time
with the Elks and Buffulos, whi,:h are
Yours, E. Motz.
Conference of tbe EL E. Church,South,
This Conference have recommended tbe
establishment of a mission at some point
in Central America or New Grenada, as
soon as practicable. It bas also been de
termined to establish a new mission enn
ference to be called the Rio Grande Mis
Tub Slavery Question. On the
12tb, a report wa presented from tbe
Committee appointed to ascertain tbe vote
of the anonal conferences on the Alabama
and Holston resolutions, to expunge the
general rule on "tbe buying and selling of
men, women and children, with tbe in
tention to enslave them." Tbe vote stands
as follows :
Year eudiug June l,lS52(profits) 139,57 J "i'1" speeches, debating, vocal and instru
1853 liOti ,4! mental musie. The speakers and subjects
1854 "CI, 13 Wcre as follows :
1855 193,13 j r,jfe as we make if H.8.Clemens.Springlown.
18o0 177.92 i Vi.iur. Charles P. Swengle. Midtllebure
1857 l!-ii),t4 j Mountain Scenery. Foster W McCurdyJ.au-
1868 224,0(i ! rllon-
j Truth. Wm B Wagner, Millheim.
. Woman's Wrongs. Preston Miller, Berrys
$ 14 J,4 bl)rs
Character Wm G Engle, Boyertown,
207,55 Moral Heroism D Gehhart, New Berlin.
Klonuence. Thomas Orwiff, New Berlin.
g,The genial, jolly John P. IlALE Moral and Christian Education. George B
i ..l.i,ul t ilm IT a S!.,ni f,.e siv l r isner, r armersviiie.
years from Xcw Hampshire. There were
several emiueut competitors, but we think
those who bad the choice acted wisely in
Bending one well-tried, popular, and com
petent. It was a sad day for tbe party
when the Democrats of that State in tbe
pride of their supposed indomitable power
east John P. Hale from their Congres
sional Ticket because be opposed the Tex
as plot for the extension cf Slavery.
sSome one inquires if Ex-Scnator
Sellers is not becoming slightly south-side-ish,
(in view, no doubt, of marrying
a lady in Texas.) The lady, we under
stand, was a resident of the upper end of
old Northumberland county, iu Pconsyl
vauia, until a short time past; and we
were aware that Mr. S's Senatorial visits
frequently extended out of bis district!
KTbe Juniata S-ntimi refers with
commendation to tbe course of Messrs.
Haves and Witmer, Representatives of
this District in tbe General Assembly of
this State, last winter, and states that
tbey are sustained by the people of that
Tariff Meeting in Philadelphia.
One of the largest and most enthusias
tic meetings ever held in the Quaker city
convened at National Hall on Tuesday
evening, 15th inst Henry C. Carey pre
sided, with a long list of other officers.
A number of protective tariff resolutions
were adopted, among which we find the
"Resolved that the course of the Hon.
Simon-Cameron in reference to this ques
tion, has our most entire approval, con
trasting as it does so favorably with that
of his colleague in tbe Senate, whose
votes on tar iff questions, in our opinion,
totally disqualify him for worthily repre
senting our State in the councils of the
Speeches were delivered by Senators
Collamer and Foot of Vermont, Simmons
of Rhode Island, Cameron of Pennsylva
nia, Hons. Humphry Marshall of Ky., Co
vode of Pa., Thompson of Ind.,and E.
Joy Morris of Philadelphia.
Sunbi'RV k Erie Railroad. Tbe al
lotment of work on this road from Will
iamsport to Farraodsville, embracing a
distance of thirty three miles, was made
on Tuesday, at the Company's office, in
Walnut street, Philadelphia, as follows :
Sec. No. 41. Riddle k lilackwcll,
Bridge Sup.No.42. Sbifflcr Griffy & Co.
Sec. No. 42. Field, Bubb k Co.
do 43. Doland k Lane.
do 44. Joseph Nicely.
do 45. Chas. Douebertv.
Br'ge No.5,Liuden Marr, Uriffev & Co.
Fame Aaron W Orwig. New Berlin.
Eulogy on Thomas H. Benton. Jas Schoch,
Young America. Frank R Brucner, Grosh-
Conferences. Cuneurring. Abf concurring.
Holston 78 4
Texas 73 0
Virginia '116 0
Florida 59 0
Missouri 1 46
North Carolina 94 0
South Carolina 115 IS
Memphis 6-1 7
Mississippi 79 15
Louisville 14 15
u..m.i.r 18 43
St. Louis 17 42
Tennessee 15 87
Louisiana 44 0
W. Virginia 23 12
Alabama 115 0
East Texas 53 0
Arkansas 17 16
Wachita 28 0
Pacific no action.
Indian mission no action.
Whole number of votes concurring,
1100; being sixty votes over tbe consti
The subject again came op on the 14th,
and an animated debate waa continued
Industry vs Indolence John Schwartz.Phila. I f;i lOtk o ia.1. . :.
Fashion-Isaac Z KemM, Berrysborg. untl1 the 19lh- 0a the 18,b m en"u"
The Stars and Stripes. Elisha Albert Hoff-, tee was appointed to report without delay.
man, Reading. ,..' On the 19th, the Rev. Dr. Summers,
The Ancients and Moderns. Wm II Rosh- , . , , ,
ong. New Berlin. chairman of tbe committee, made a report,
Of the aneakera. David Gebhart rer.ro- ! "and substituted seven resolutions the
scntcd the Excelsior, and Thomas II. Or-
wig the Neokosmean Societies.
All the exercises were held in the grove,
iu the rear of tbe Seminary, liy the kind
providence of God, the rain, of which we
have bad such an abundanee for a month
or more, had ceased ; and fair weather
smiled upon ns. Much credit is due the
y 'ung men and ladies for their taste dis-
first four to the effect : 1. That the rule
be expunged. 2. That the conference by
such expurgation express no opinion on
the African slave trade. 3. That these
two resolutions be laid before tbe Annual
Conferences at their next session for con
current action. 4. Power is given the
bishops to direct the expurgation of the
rule, if the returns show a concurrence of
played in tbt creation of the stage and its three fourths of the members of the Annu
adornments. Everv thinrr oasscd off al Conference voting. The vote was taken
smoothly; judging from tbe showers tf
Sec. No. 4G
Ira 0. Gibson.
Davis & Bennett.
Porter & Glasgow.
Wm. 51. Wiley & Co.
liarstow k Ettele.
M. Malone k Co.
Wm. Parsons k Co.
T. S. Mackey.
I!. It. L'ridgcns k Co.
Quipgle & Co.
u Uun Brdg. Dull.Criswcll k Dull.
There were about 600 bids made. The
pices arc said to be very moderate, and it
ib intended to complete tbe whole work in
'0T. Packer's present term.
boquets that fell upon the stage after many
performances, and from tbe universal
smiles in our community, we suppose thai
great satisfaction bas been rendered by
the officers and pupils of Union Seminary.
This institution is in a highly prosperous
condition. Yours, Ixcoo.
A Center' County Han in Iowa.
Correflpondenoa of the Lewiaburg Chroniele.l
Magnolia, Io., June 1, 1858.
About six weeks ago, I was in your
office, and paid a year's subscription for
your valuable paper. I was then about to
start for the West, and after making the
tedious journey to this country, was pleas
ed to find tbe Chronicle awaiting my arri
val. Tbe delay on my part wm occasion
ed by muddy roads and inclement weather.
Crops look fine throughout the State,
but the grass-hoppers that emigrated to
the Missouri slope last season (from parts
unknown) had laid thir eggs here, and
are now hatching out in countless num
bers, playing fearful havoe with tbe crops
in the western counties. Times were bard,
here, as well as in the East ; but the largo
amount of work cattle furnished by tbe
western counties for the Utah expedition,
has a tendency to better tbe times, and
money is getting more plenty.
New settlers are arriving almost daily.
Building in our place is going on as usual ;
labor and material are cheaper than tbey
bave ever been. I was very much sur
prised on my return to find so many new
farms opened out ; it seemed impossible,
considering tbe bard times; but, tbe fact
is, people had to quit speculating and
come down to actual labor (by tbe way,
tbe best thing that ever happened to this
country) and those who bad capital
enough to buy stock and farming imple
ments went to work on tbeir land. There
are a great many others who are now ma
king preparations to do the same. Look
which way I will, I Bee teams breaking
up the sod and men building fences.
Great excitement prevails throughout
the Central part of this State, in conse
quence of the almost daily discoveries of
gold. There are upwards of two hundred
men employed in the quartz digging south
of Fort Desmoios, and it is said by many
that gold in its pure itate (however, in
minute quantities) bas been discovered on
the Coon river, in Dallas county. I saw
several specimens of rioh quartz, which I
should judge would pay, should they dis
cover a good "lead." Myself aod Bcveral
nd stood : Ayes, 140 : Noes, 8 : Ab
sentees, 3. Members spent some consid
erable time explaining tbeir votes."
The Germans of old Lancaster.
To tbe EJitorof the Thilad. Press:
Girauu House, Pbilad., May 31.
I saw with pleasure one of your articles
in the Press vindicating the German char
acter of this State. You are, perhaps,
not aware that at Ephrata, in your native
county of Lancaster, several years before
Robert Ruikes, of England, established
his Sabbath schools, they were io exis
tence at Ephrata, tbe first in tbe known
world. German Ephrata can boast of
one of the first classical schools io tbe Uni
ted States, under the auspices of the pas
tor of that German flock, "tbe Seventh
Day Baptists." Many of the sons of the
citizens of this city got their education at
Ephrata, long before tbe Revolution.
When tbe Declaration of Independence
was adopted, it was sent to Ephrata, and
by Peter Miller translated, for the use of
tbe United States Government, into seven
different languages. These are a few of
the claims of the Germans of Lancaster
county to sustain tbe charge of ignorance,
which persons, who do not know their
past history, lay at their doors.
You are aware that Franklin k Mar
shall College is founded by tbe Germans;
so is the Pennsylvania College at Gettys
burg. However much she may be sneer
ed at, Lancaster county bas ber full quo
ta of literary institutes. Besides Frank
lin k Marshall College, in successful oper
ation are the male and female Academy at
Litiz, filled to oawawflowing from time im
memorial fir f s from all parts of
the Union Jnl Academy of Mil-
Ierstown, nnderVccontrol of Rev. Wick
ersbam, with 290 students, in tbe midst
of a German population, (the Institute
now pays a dividend on the capital stock;)
and the Strasburg Academy, the Church
town Academy, the three Academiei at
Mount Joy, with numerous other litera
ry Institutes all over the country. The
city of Lancaster has excellent schools,
and the publio schools throughout the.
county are all in a prosperous condition.
Excuse me for taking your time to read
this hurried sketch. I can not but feel a
deep interest in your effort to sustain the
honest German character.
Very truly yours, J. K.
Prime grass butter, as yellow as gold,
atid as sweet as a nut, is selling at twelve
cents per pound at ITollidJburg, Pa. i
THE DOOM OF BRITAIN.
HER LATE INSULTS TO OUR FLAO ITS PRECURSOR.
bi kdward j. 0'ajtiu.T New York Mercury.
The hoary empire's dying,
Though pilots of tbe slats
Are ruthlessly defying
Her suicidal fate 1
For she, despite disaster,
With strange, Satanic trust,
Insults tbe Flag wblcb cast ber
So often in the dust !
Ob, England haughty nation
This bitter stroke of thins
Shall sound thy desolation
In every tribute clime;
The millions now are raising
A brand to view, in ire,
Tby "wooden walls," when blazing
With Continental fire !
As free as God's Archangel,
When, viewless through the breeze,
The ethereal evangel
With heaven's fiat flies,
Shall be the flag we cherish,
O'er every sea and clime,
Till, with its stars shall perish,
Their only monarch, Time !
The sun of Britain's waning
Behind a moveless cloud
Of blood and strife, containing
Her fated grave and shroud ;
And ashes in ber glory,
And blight on ber renown,
Shall end tbe fitful story
That brought ber sceptre down !
Tbe avenger is upon her
He can not be withstood
To furl, in dark dishonor,
Her flag of fraud and blood.
The sycophant may praise her,
But there is not a breath
Of phoenix life to raise ber
From just, eternal death !
REPLY TO THE ABOVE.
BY JAMES AIRES.
O, Prophet-Bard O'Reilly !
(juite ancient seems thy lay :
Poor Britain has been dying"
For many a weary day.
Al least the croakers said so.
And sure ihey ought to know.
But the way she "kicks the bucket"
Is awful, awful slow.
That Yankee bard John Trumbull,
In good old "seventy-six,"
Declared that "Mother Britain"
Was giving her last kicks ;
And that the Gallic vultures,
Croaking in dismal tones.
As daily she grew weaker.
Prepared to pick her bones.
But the old Jade, confound her!
Is heartier now than then
Richer in gold and silver.
And guns, and ships, and men.
Her meteor flag still Sashes
O'er every distant sea;
And strange to say, it is upheld
By men both bold and free.
Her "morning drum" still rattles
Where'er the rising sun
Dispels from valley, lake or hill.
The vapor "rolling dun."
And when some lonely Yankee
Io barbarous bondage groans.
His heart exults when England's guns
Pour out their thunder-tones.
O Steam-ship Susquehanna!
Tby stricken, dying crew,
By wasting Pestilence pursued.
O'er the dark waters (lew.
And England, "hanghty" England,
Whom Irish bards would ban.
Then acted tow'rds our Yankee tars
The Good Samaritan.
Bat England hates the 8lave-Trade,
And so John Mitchel's ire
Would overwhelm the hapless isle
In darkness, blood and 6re.
"Plantation and fat niggers"
Of Heaven is John's ideal.
And if the slave-trade's "busted up,"
His vision proves unreal.
On thy returning birth-day.
Great Minstrel, Thomas Moore,
Who toasted Nena Sahib
With plaudits o'er and o'er?
According to these sages,
From narrow notions weaned,
Great Sahib is a hero,
And Ilavelock a fiend
The blood of gentle womanhood
And helpless infancy
Is incease on the altar
Of glorious "Liberty!"
O Demagogues so fiendish.
Why will ye turn to fire
The warm and gen'roos Irish heart
Which all good men admire!
Could noble old Saint Patrick
Re-visit now the world,
At yon, base Popish leaders.
His curses would be hurled !
How would his heart in gladness
Exult in England's might,
While o'er the world she scatters
The Gospel's glorious light!
"The sun of England's waning!"
O'Reilly, stick to that!
Twas from the "howly Church" ye learnt
Your lesson all so "pal."
When England's sceptre's broken,
Then Rome will reign supreme,
And fires Inquisitorial
Around the world will gleam.
Go on, great Bard O'Reilly !
Don't mind a thundering lie
The Church grants absolution.
If in her cause you die.
Down with enlightened England!
Then Rome shall reign supreme,
And Saint Bartholomew once more
Shall pour its purple stream.
United States and England !
Ye men of kindred blood.
Together stand and stem the tide
Of dark oppression's flood !
Still let the Bard O'Reilly
Pour forth bis martial lay :
There's many a wag will listen,
To pass the time away.
The Time to Cut Wheat.
This bas been made a matter of experi
ment iu Eugland, and much more depends
upon it than is generally supposed.
From a very careful series of experi
ments made in England, in 1840,4!, by
John Ilanman of Yorkshire, with a view
of determining the proper period of reap.
The Honey Glut. 'The Tariff Demicrstic flatform"
Io the language of Wall street, there is ; I contaiced an set fvrih in a report made
a glut io the money market. The banks by a select committee of the II I'jc of Rep
cin not obtain enough good paper to meet . resentatives, on the 10th of May inst ,
their ability to discount, and the private ; 1S.18. The report concludes by recum
discounting houses are puzzlel to find 1 mending the passage of tLa fjlljaic re
prufitaLlo employment for tbeir funds, solutions:
The money glut is even greater in London I "H-solccJ. That the vast and increasing
ing wheat, it was decided that the best ! than here ; and at last dates, first-class expenditure of the FeJenl Government
ui-iicaies me necessity 01 a etiange in our
time for performing tbe operation is, when : bills were readily negotiated at one-half of
it is in a "raw" state, or when tbe straw, ' one per cent, discount. This state of the
as seen from a distance, appears green,
but, closely examined, is found to bo op
proximaling to yellow, and the grain it
self, being separated from the chaff, is
pulpy and soft, but not in the milky
ty is not so good.
The chief advantages derived from this
method, are stated to be, a greater weight
of grain to a given space of ground, which
fiscal system whereby the protective policy
shall be cntirt!i abandjued, auj a resort
had, at as early a pi riod as may be prac
tical, exciusitc'ij to direct ltjcJtion.
"Resulted, That the highest develop
ment of the iudustriul resources of tha
country is to be attained by the greatest
freedom of exchanges, whie'u can ouly be
thoroughly accomplished by the entire
money market elves animation to tbe
stock market, but it indicates an unheal-1
tby condition of business. The capital
which should be flowing through all ar-!
teries of trade, commerce, and industry,
stage. This gentleman bas shown that 1 giving health and activity to business en-
at least six dollars per acre lost by allow- tcrprise, ana employment io uoor, nas abolition of duties on imports and a resort
ing the wheat to become ripe before it is ; been drawn batk iuto the great financial ' exclusively to direct taxation.
cut, and, that at the same time, its quali- centres, until its accumulation becomes 1 "HesulvcJ, That the navigation laws
oppressive. snouiu De so moaiuea as not to require
But this condition of thins, tbe natu- ""! Por,ion bt ,,he " and n.e? of
,,... , I American vessels to be American citizens.
ral result of ibe panic, can not long con-1 , ,u , , .- . t r
r ' o anj that American citizens bbail be freo
tinue, and when this accumulated capital i to purchase and sail forci-n built ships on
produces more flour, of a superior quality; ! begins to circulate again freely through i an entire equality with American built
the straw contains more nutritive matter, 'l the channels of trade and industry, j ships, anl that the American coasting
aud is better relished by animals; and j new life and new vigor will be imparted j trade shall be open on t.-rms of perfect
there is a better opportunity of securing 'o business enterprise, and labor will find ; e1ua'',J' ,0 foreign ships,
the crop, and a saving in so doing, as abundant and profitable employment. ThisLecompton Democratic Committee,
there is less waste in moving or reaping ! There is one satisfactory thought sug- ' mfe tbe BteB complete should have
tbe wheat by the dropping out of tbe seed. 'gested by the money glut. It proves re resolution v.x :
t. -,, i . .. ! .i. . .t i i . , ... Ilesolved, 1 bat the Declaration of Inde
It will be seen, in this matter, how that there is abundant capital in the coun- . ,'
much a farmer's success i
fpriul and imnmrfmpnt If. 14 nnt mnnpr i
that we want, but a proper use of the
money we have, to revive our prosperity.
There is plenty of money io the cjuntry
to employ, and plenty of food to feed ev-
pends upon an
accurate knowledge of his business. Ev
en in so small an item as the cutting of
grain, the owner of fifty acres would lose
three hundred dollars, by harvesting a
few days too late. There are many other
repealed, the Union dissolved, an J that
the States return to tbeir ol mul depen
dence under the mother couutry.
Resolved, That Freedom is a curse anil
Slavery a blessing ; that all shite men
who labor, being slave?, should bave DO)
arntn .nrl (Kit ,,M ...!..,-... I,.... n. . .
farm operations in which accurate know-, ery willing w0.k i th ua , .uJ if ; . , . 'hpl
ledge is quite as important Is it any : our capitalists, and merchants, and mauu- Resolved, That every Democrat'whore-
wouuer that so many of our farmers do . tacturers will use tbeir means anJ tbeir ; fuses to suh-enbe to this, the true Le-
opportunities wisely and well, they may
make tbe close of 1S5S as prosperous and
promising as tbe close of 1857 was disas
trous and discouraging. .V. Y. San.
not make money, when there are a bun
dred boles in their pockets, through
which the money is dripping out in dol
lars, dimes, and cents? The whole year
is a scene of prodigal waste, for want of a
little knowledge. Wood is wasted, for
waut of a good stove, or a tight house.
Value of Buckwheat
A late issue of Hunt's Merchant Ma"a-
Asbes are wasted, for want of a dry place ; zinc in an article upon buckwheat, thus
to put them. Fodder is wasted, for want ! speaks of it concerning its properties as an
of a tight barn to shelter cattle in the edible : "Considering the good qualities of
winter nights. Manures are wasted, for , buckwheat, it is probably less appreciated
want of a barn cellar, and sheds, and ab- j ttan anT otller Drcai1 gra'D- Writers on
sorbents. Labor is wasted, for want of '. gricultural products seem to eschew it as
manure to produce maximum crops. Is . 'ooJ fur n,an and "gard it only as a mis-
conipton Platform, be, and is hereby ex
pelled from the Democratic Lecompton
Party, and declared incapable of holding
any office of honor or profit in said party
it strange, with all these leaks, that thn
farmer's till does not fill up faster ?
The Burning of the Steamer Fenn'a.
Memphis, June 15. As far as ascer
tained, eighty five cabin passengers and,
one hundred and twenty deck passengers
have been saved from tbe burning of tba
steamer Pennsylvania, on tbe evening of
Sunday last. This would leave the num
ber of lost as fifteen cabin and eighty
deck passengers,or a total of ninety-five.
FOREIGN NEWS. j
Chronicle says: "The Mormon
chicVOUS adulteration of wheat Haur, o J
a product of poor soil for cattle. It is of 1
a totally different family of plants for the !
cereals, and will flourish on sandy hill-1
sides which are barren for other grain. It
is nrobahlv tha most pasiTv cultivated and
agents in England have stopped euiigra- ,he c t breaJ grain ja ho wor,j Jt
tion from Europe during the pending dif- j is extensiveIv cuitivafcJ) in Btf, iuia and
Acuities, but probably will resume opera- j tome of France) whcre h utm3 ,he
turn, as soon as it is decided to what quar- ; basis of fooJ for the innabitantj. Tho h
to r thej shall direct tbeir steps." j . propcrtics arc Tery dlfferL.nt fram wbe;4t I
The Times says : "In consequence of . it nevertheIcss quite as rich in aII im. j
r xu.m, ( p0rtant coiupouQils and in extremely cola
reinforcements are to be sent to the army j weather u js more gubitantial tban wbeat.
' 1 " however, less digestible, and apt to
"Telegraphic news from St. Petersburg, ; dlM&ree wi(h weak st0macb3 or D3
dated 28th May, says that tbe whole pop. UDaccustomcil t0 it v lnil,,is buck.
I . a" . t V . . I FWaj t 1 wf "
" . , . - wbeat 13 second to wheat in gluten, but , if tbe weather is not too dry. Almost
Caucasus, amounting to 12,000 or Id, 000 j.r , j.uw.lh-- ' r , ,
o ' I denelenr in Rtareh liv th mlJitmn nf pwprw l:irm(, lino niriL,.a nf nnh In 1.....J
nno.f, nirffi nnnlirv nf A.t r. . ;nltnn ... .. T f
to buckwheat flour, the bread is very much
of Billy Bowlegs. Bill?
Bowlegs male a speech at New Orleans
the other day. Having imbibed trrnrs nf
the "crather" than was good for him, ha
spoke of his dignity, importance and abil
ity to whip the L'oited States with seven
men. Here is the document : "I stand
np here, big chief, brave warrior. I kill
heap your people before, I can do him
a;aio easy ; give Billy seven good men to
follow on the war track, and ha lick all
the United States, and scalp his father at
Washington ! Whoop I"
Common Tuitxirs may be sown from
the middle of July to the middle of Au
gust. W e prefer the last week iu July,
amis, were emigrating into Russia under
the protection of the Russian troops. Tbey
bad burnt tbeir auls, or fortified villages, j improved,
t?t t 1 1 . . - . ... ;
ocuaaiyi was collecting troops. Ills move
ments were closely watched by the Rus
sians." The Times says There was a vio
lent collision between tbe Circassians and
tbe Russian garrison of EkatcriooJav.
The Russians are said to have lost 500
The Fair Tntxo all arousd. An
where the young corn baa been destroyed
by the wet weather of the past month, and
such ground is generally well suited for
turnips, if well plowed and pulverized. Or
Hon. Howell Cobb, Secretary of the
Treasury, bas written a letter to the Col
lector of Customs at Charleston, S. C,
forbidding him to grant a clearance to a
vessel bound for Africa, for tbe purpose of
"taking on board African emigrants to
the United States." Such a clearance
bad been applied for by tbe owners of a
certain vessel, who doubtless thought they
could thus re open the slate trade, under
the color of law. Mr. Cobb's letter is a
very able one, and will certainly command
the attention and approval of tbe Ameri
can people. He recites the laws ou tbe
subject of importation for any purpose
vliutever, and interprets with clearness
both tbe letter and spirit of those laws.
He correctly assumes that public opinion
in almost every part of the United States
favors a diminution, rather than an in
crease, of negro population, tiood for
you, (Jobb !
Chinese Sugar. Tbe citizens of
Springfield, have voted in pnblio meeting
to accept the proposal of two gentlemen of
Cincinnati to establish a mill in Spring
field, for tbe manufacture of sugar and
molasses from the Chinese sugar cane.
Tbe requisite machinery is ready, and the
enterprise will be undertaken at once.
Fifty acres of cane are to be planted this
year, and if successful more will be added
in future. Refined sugar-cane molasses
now sells in Cincinnati at eighty cents
Washington, June 16. Nothing fur
ther was done by the late session of Con
gress with regard to the Ocean Telegraph,
and it, consequently, remains a dead pro
ject so far as the United States is concern-
u. : . 1 ... .:n i - r
r.L -l. auifc is uem-r ami vicar uu a pitee ui uew
unexpected decision in favor of the rights i ,
cr l u - ground, where free from crass and weeds,
of free negroes has been male in Missis-I ' . b '
t i i . l . I and after plowing or well harrowin , sow
sippi. James Brown, a planter, bad two , , r, , '
, , ,. , tbe seed at tbe rate of one pound to tha
sons by one of bis negro women, whom ; . r
uc oca iiuc auia tuiaLcu iu auutaua, wiiu
their mother. In his will, he ordered the
Springfield, 111., June 10. The Ke-
proceeds of his estate to be paid over to j publican Stato Convention met to day,
these two sons, bis only children. His One thousand delegates and alternates, re-
relatives contested the validity of the will, ' presenting ninety-five counties, were pre
and it was supposed they would succeed j sent. James Miller was renominated as
in breaking it, but tbe high court of er- candidate for State Treasurer, and W.
rors and appeals in Mississippi bas made Bateman, Superintendent of Public In
a final decision, sustainirg the will and , struction. Resolutions were adopted en-
giving tbe estate to toe negroes. Ibe uorsing tbe Philadelphia platform, de-
judges said if the negroes had remained in
Mississippi the will would not bave held,
but as they were taken to a state where
tbe right of property pertained to them by
law, they had the same rights in a Mis
sissippi court as any other citizen of a
Destroy them. A little hint to our
farmers suggested itself to our mind a day
or two since, and which, if acted upon,
may result in some proGt. Just about
these days a species cf catcrpillar,pcculiar
to orchards, is spinning its web over tbe
apple trees and preparing to become the
pest of the farmer as well as of the house
wife. Just now there is a "spell of wea
ther," and an active boy with a scrub
broom can earn full wages in climbing the
trees and destroying the web ia their pre
sent half finished state. The caterpillars
are now but about one third grown and
tbe labor of destroying them trifling.com
pared with what it will have become two
weeks hence. Jlarruhurg Telegraph.
One of the jokers says : "Women re
quire mora sleep than men, and farmers
less than those engaged in almost any
other occupation. Editors, rcporters,prin
ten, and telegraph operators need do
sleep at all. Lawyers can sleep as much
as tbey choose, and thus keep oat of mis
chief. Clergymen can sleep twenty-four
hours and can put their parish to sleep j
once a week." i
nonncing tbe Pred Scott decision, and re
affirming the power of Congress over tho
Maine Law Endorsed. The people
of the State of Maine took a vote on the
Prohibitory Liquor Law on Monday week.
It appears to have been all on one side.
The law was ratified by an almost unani
mous vote. For example, Portland dis
trict gave 1257 for prohibition au 1 only
23 for license. Uorhatn, 254 to 1 ; Fal
worth 157 to 0 and tha other towus in
proportion. Maine appears determined to
i-ive no quarter to tha Liquor interest.
We see it stated, that, while on land
thir'y words a minute can be sent by tele
graph, from four to eight words a niinuto
are the highest number yet sent through
the coil of the Atlantic cable telegraph.
This would be slow work. An electrician,
in Washington city prophecies its entire
Who Knows ? There is a word, and
a very common one too, in tbe Euglish
language, which, spelt either way, reads
tbe samo. It is a word cf two syllables,
and has been frequently used by every
man and woman in conversation. Who
of our readers can tell us what it is ?
Old bread may be made aj good as new,
by dipping the loaf iu cold water, then
putting it in the oven after the bread is
drawn, or a stove, an 1 ! t it be well heat
1 fOPV Vfifytf.iv-r