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(P T-T R 0 M T f 1 f TP
BY 0. N. WURDEN & J.
AN IXDErENDENT FAMILY
That Man Ucser.e Tour I'raise.
Know vou a man"wii.se early life
Had liiilr promise hut nl care.
Whose prospects in the wide world s stnle
ttVreanvtlnns bill fair ;
W ho bravely st'P by step uprose
Above the v. ants of early days.
An.l sm.ics upon his youthful "
That man deserve-, your praise.
K no.v v-w a man who-,e soul outpours
Wil.I music to melodious spheres ; !
Win Dni'i's mankind's hall-hidden stores
ufjnvfuliieis ami tears ;
Is i sines of what is eood and fair. .
Ami ac-hes strife an.l warlike fravt
Had ceased to cause mankm.l despair' 1
That man deserves your praise. ;
Know you a man of wealth and farm-, j
Who kindly lendeih to the poor. .
nt seek in:; 1 1 blaze forth his nam.; 1
At every rich man's door ; j
Who dailv doeih pn.'.l by stealth. :
In iflme Jiili-rem kindly way- ! !
Tnat man has I. -Try moral wealth '
That man .! .-eiec. your praise.
MOXillY. M alU II 15, I5S. j
Spring Election---March 19. J
J-jjfl.a't year, .several of our friorjils
improved the time, as the I'eople came
together to vote, to get up Clubs for the j
Ciitt"Niri.E. This day will afford another
favorable opportunity, and one or more
Clubs can be raised at any Election district.
fySincle copy one year sjil.!(i, or :t rents
t"i?'pcr week lor a shorter time. Four copies j
!"i""nt year or one copy four years, for j
I V IV u copies one y.'ar.tive copies iwo years, ,
t i?'or one copy leu years for 10. I'ur I5, J
t Vsitteen copies, or litiecn copies and -ill- 1
t ffzinachson. i or y;o, twenty-one copies
Col. Andrew Gregg.
The last Ciutre Icm-jirat nuguea '''
ggnilcuian to the other counties couipos
W this District, as a suitable candidate
far re election to the State Senate, next
October. The democrat says :
That the gentleman whose name heads
this article has made one of tho best, if
not the very best Senator that has ever
represented the people of this District, we
think no intelligent wan, no matter what
bis polities may be, can deny. Always at
bit post tiver ready to aid by bis influ
ence and votes any measure that will ad
vance the interests of bis constituents, or
the State; stern and unyielding in bis op
position to anything that is wrong, be ia
always found battling nobly against any
and everything which has not for its ob
ject the "greatest good to the greatest
number." In hitn, as bis whole, history
both in and out of the Senate proves, the
poor laboring man and the honest mechan
ic find an unflinching, true and tried
friend a friend who has never refused to J
aid a needy or oppressed brother, and who
Fcattcrs blessings all around him with a '
lavish baud. Jiecausc be is and ever has ;
been generous, bis friends arc not confin- ,
cd to his own political paity, but can be
counted by tho scores in the ranks of
the opposition We have no desire j
to dictate to our neighbors in the other
counties of the District, and wc know
that Col. Gregg does cot wish to force
himself upon tho party fur re-election,
but are anxious to hear from our brethren
of the press throughout tho District on
The Clinton county Hiircfiman copies
the article from the Democrat, and sec
onds tho movement. There is no doubt
of tho ability, integrity, and popularity of
Col. Gregg ; and although it ia rather
early in the canvass, and wc have heard
no expressions from Union county, yet
wc cheerfully copy these evidences of pub
lic feeling ia the matter.
Account of California in 1772.
A learnTd gentleman of Lewiiburp, l'R., furni-nrs the
f Hewing curious fact, to the LEUinse-M t'liaoiuce-- If
Loo. st. Hi hittorian or sil yearn co certainly ri ry
much mMutLon, CRn-spout-ly umualitud. or limited in
bit field of onaerTatinn. for California drulll una the
reheat mineral! and th,- cr. ati. t trees in the world.
KXicJirichtai vondcr Anurikanisclun hill
liiutf Calif jrnii n; mil c inrm r.tcryfachcn
anhawj falsi fo r Xachruhk , ijisckriilm
voneiiun J'ruster Jt.r yestllsehafl Jtsu,
ViL hc lan: dm in in dicsc Icktcrc Juhr
The above is the full title of a book
printed at Minbciiu (Germany) in 1772.
Tho object of it is to disabuse the public
mind as to "the rumored mineral riches of
California, which had reached Germany;"
and to furnish a true account of "that
sterile land of stone quarric3 and stunted
Luslies, having neither wood nor water,
whose inhabitants arc but ono remove
from the beasts of the field." The au
thor, a Jesuit missionary, docs not give
bis name, but describes what ho taw du
ring several years spent in that country,
lie attacks in detail the glowing represen
tations of several Spanish, French, and
English writers. That he was honest and
truthful is evident, but his gloomy views
aro most signally confuted by modern
facts. The book, a small 8 vo. is priced
la Null s late catalogue, at one yuinea, or
about live dollars. (Mr. Nutt is a Loud
s7"Foreign News report the capture of
Canton by the English and French. Lord j
Falmcrston and Ministry resigned. Karl
of Derby is at the bead of tho new Minis
try. The Indian news is favorable to
'he British. A slight advance on Cotton,
lut Breadstuffs decline.
John Patterson, an Albany journeyman
printer, i, aiJ t3 k ,Lc lcj, ma,iiCn.il.i.
::aa in (be wrrH.
THE WEAVER OF NAUMBURG:
the Triumph!, or Meekness.
On St.Thomas' day of the year 1 r0,tho
beating of a drum resounded through the
streets of Naunib'irg. Stein, the town
druiiinii Tjinarched at the head of a numer
ous tribe of boys aud girl, flourir-hing the
drum sticks with a practised hand. The
boys whirled an accompaniment, through
their fingers, or on pipes of willow bark,
lie took pleasure iu being the leader of
this motley band, and smilingly admon
ished the pipers to mind aud keep step
with him aud his drum no easy task to
their little legs.
'To arms ! Tho Hussites nre coming'.''
ho exclaimed, j 'kingly, to eight rosy
children whose eager faces were pressed
cluse to the window panes of a small room
on the grouud fluor of a house he was
passing. A board put up over tho door
of the house, auuouueed that here dwelt
the lineu weaver, Andreas Wolf, poor in
earthly goods, but rich in ehildrcD, and,
wo may add, in a happy contented disposi
tion. When Wolf heard Stein's jesting
speech, he hastily laid dowu his shuttle,
slipped off his weaver's bench, and rose
up behind his children, like a tall poplar
among the brushwood.
"Stciu! Stein!" he said smiling, but
in a reproving tone, "do not cry wolf,
wolf; the enemy will come of himself
"1'ooh ! pooh I" replied Stein ; and
Stein marched on, followed by his train
of unpaid drummers and pipers in full
V.i('a children looked longingly after
them, whilst their father turned to his
wife Ursula and said, " My dear, fetch
me my sword and spear ; Stciu is calling
the burghers together to drill."
"It is all lost time aud trouble," an
swered Ursula, "the weaver's shuttle suits
your band better than the sword and the
spear. Why, you can not even prevail
upon yourself to kill a fowl or a pigeon ;
and how could you split a man's head
with your sword, or run him through
with your spear ?"
"You arc right, my dear Ursula' said
Wolf, with an affectionate smils; "if all
men thought and felt as I do, there would
be neither swords nor spears, nor wars nor
"I am riuite aware of that" replied Ur
sula, "and I gricvo over tho time that
you are obliged to spend in drilling, in
stead of working at your loom."
"Well, if I can not fight," answered
Wolf, "at any rate I shall fill up a gap in
the rauks, and be of as much use as a
scarecrow, which, like me, docs nothing,
aud yet serves to keep tho greedy birds
from tho corn."
"Father," said Erwin, Wolfs eldest
son, a boy of about twelvo years of age,
"let me have your weapons, and attend
the drilling instead of you. Uclievc me,
I am not afraid, even of the wild focmen.
I would run every one of tham through
with my spear."
"Oh, you dauntless hero," laughed Bea
trice, Krwin'g younger sister, "you talk
of spearing tho focmen, and only yester
day you could not twist a pigeon's neck!"
"Oh, no, not a pigeon ! That is very
different," returned Erwin. "The gentle
loving creatures that I am so fond of, and
that will cat out of my hand. No, I
could not hurt them ; but, tho Hussites,
oh, I would cut them all to pieces if I
could. Just thiuk, if a wild Jager wers
to como in now and alon ratucr or moth
er, would you not light for them V
"Ves, yes, that wo would !" cried all
the children with one voice
'I would draw father's sword," said
"I would take the great tcissors up,"
"And I would stick all the pins and
needles off mother's pincushion in his
legs," cried Ulrickc.
"I would scratch him," exclaimed
"I would shake tho rod at him," lisped
liltlo Bertha, who was just three years old.
"And I," boasted Conrad, who was
nearly seven, "would throw father's stool
These warlike demonstrations called
forth a gentle "Hush, hush!" at which
the children's martial ardor evaporated,
and Wolf took np his weapons and left
the house. The children ran to the win
dow, and stood to watch until he was out
of sight, when they again returned to
their various occupations.
Erwin took his father's place at the
loom, wbcro he threw the shuttle like an
experienced workman. Some of the
younger children carded and Fpun flax ;
others reeled off the yarn already spun,
carefully picking out the knots ; and all
did their best to bo useful. But Erwin's
heart was not in his work to day. He
Cdgettcd restlessly on his scat, and bis
thoughts wcro away with his father on
the drilling ground.
"Oh," ho sighed, "if I were but a man,
anil might carry a sword and spear !
Dear mother,'' ho paid nloul, after a
wbil; "pleats let cat f?i i hvl'
LEWISBDRO, UNION CO, PA., FRIDAY,
time, to see how father and tho burghers
get on with their exercising."
"Xo, my son," replied Mrs. Wolf; "re
member we have ten months to provide
for ; it is bad enough that the best pair
of hands is taken off, and occupied with
what brings nothing in; we must work
tho harder meanwhile.''
This admonition had the desired effect.
F.rwiu turned to tho loom with redoubled
zeal, repressing his eagerness to sec the
show ; as did also bis uo less sight-loving
brothers aud sister.
Whuu Master Wolf reached the diil-ling-ground,
he was received by the as
sembled burghers with friendly grcetiug',
mingled with jibes and jokes.
"More comes our warrior-in chief,"
they said, laughing, as Wolf approached,
his slack jointed aud slightly bending fig
ure indicating anything but a uiaitial
"Goliath Wolf will rout the enemy
.single-handed ! Look how his latiee glit
ters in the sun! His sword is surely
sharper than any of ours ! Halloo! Wolf,
how many of the enemy will you tako to
your own share ? Are fifty too many, or
too few '!"
After these jokes, to which Wolf only
replied by a good-humored smile, the jo
kers shook him cordially by the hand,
aud fell into familiar conversation with
him. Sehclle alone, tho town bath-master,
continued to bautet him.
In former times, whilst the art of heal
ing was yet in its cradle, aud most of the
medicines which now fill the apothecaries'
shops wcro undiscovered, prescriptions
were few and simp1",""'1 amorally confin
ed to outward applications,amongst which
frequent bathing took a high rank. Con
stant bathing and strict personal cleanli
ness had long been universally practiced
in the East, from whence it was introduc
ed into Europe, aud public baths were in
conscjuenco erected in all the largtr
towns ; over which a so-called "bather,"
or "bath-master" was appointed to preside.
With the multiplication of medical rem
cdics, tho custom of bathing iu common
water, declined more and more, whilst
the occasional visiting of mineral baths
became tho fashion. Tho bath-houses
were, therefore, gradually transformed in-
master, though still retained, lost its spe
cial signification. ...
The barbers at the same time undertook
the difficult art of healing two professions
which agreed about as well together as
tailoring and watchmaking, or as an ox
and a horse yoked to the same plough.
Barbers and hairdressers considered it
their duty to entertain their customers
whilst under their bauds, and a ready
tongue was therefore an indispensable
Master Schelle, who, after the fashion
of the times, did not shave bis neighbors'
ehins, but only trimmed and dressed their
beards, was the greatest chatterer and
braggart in Naumburg. Although Wolf
was his cousin, he did not ceaso his jokes
at the good-natured weaver's expense, un
til the drilling began and silenco was en
forced. tuick and clever as Wolf was in his
trade, he was peculiarly awkward in his
military exercise, bringing upon himself
many a reproof from his commanding offi
cer, as well as the constant ridicule of his
comrades. Once it happened that, mista
king the word of commaud, he wheeled to
the right about instead of to the h11 rDe
three men trcnina him, no better
cKtiicd in military evolutions thau himself,
followed his cxumple, and marched away
in exactly the opposite direction ; which
called forth shouts of laughter from the
assembled crowd. Wolf, far from being
vexed at their merriment, laughed hearti
ly with them, trying his best at the same
time, not to give frc;h occasion for ridi
cule and blame.
But he felt wearied with his unaccus
tomed exertions, and earnestly wished to
change once more tho spear for tho weav
er's shuttle. "The singing bird," he said
to himself, "can never bo changed iuto a
bird of prey; the mou3C can not grow in
to a cat."
It was not long beforo Schelle renewed
bis attacks upon his peace-loving cousin:
"i'ou ought to be named Lamb, instead
of Wolf. If ono of the enemy ouly look
ed at you, it would knock you down ; and
if you had to keep him off with yourlancc,
you would use the butt end, lest tho point
should scratch him. Your boys havo ten
times more spirit than you have, and
your daughters too. As for me, I should
nut fear a thousaud of them, let them
come when they would."
Wolf replied to this fpeeeh with a qui
et, though somewhat amused smile, say
ing gently, "Blessed aro the peacemakers;
for they shall bo called the children of
The pacific weaver was well pleased
when the drilling was all over, and he
could return home. Althongh his arms
ached sorely, ho nevertheless dismissed
Erwin from the loom, and went on with
the woik himself, giving permission to
the eager boy to follow tho citizens who
wire not yt disbanded, a:, fat as the ra.u
k?t ph.;c f'a aifiTiDf fh'.rc tb-v T't?
dismissed, aud Stein loosened his drum,
an operation which again attracted a
crowd of idle boys around him, to admire
and envy him the possession of such a de
lighlfully loud and noisy thing. Like
Schello, Stein loved to talk ; but ho was
b ;:tter tempered, though a greater rhodo
uioi tuiUr than the bath-master.
"If our drilling," he said to the chil
dren, "is on account of tho Hussites, it is
all labor iu vain, as long as one succeeds
in g King possession of their magic drum."
"A magic drum! Have the llussihs
a magic dtuinl'" imiuiicd the astonished
"Yes, a magic drum," replied Sttiu
gravely. "Whilst I was serving in the
army of tho Saxon duke, turnamcd the
Warlike, we were attacked by the Hus
sites, near Au.-sig, and I heard the magic
drum at a distance. The moment it
sounded, I and all my comrades f. It our
selves turned, :i3 it were, to stone, whilst
they were inspired by it with irresistible
fury. We became iueap able of defending
ourselves, Mid were seized with such an
extraordinary panic in our legs, that we
could not stand upon them, but fled iu
confusion until wc were quite out of hear
ing of the magic drum, aud out of sight
of our enemies. And so I got my dis
charge ; for what can tho most reckless
courage do when enchantments aro oppos
ed to it ?"
"The Hussites must be horrible men !"
said j little girl, shuddering.
"Men 1" answered Steiu vehemently,
"say rather lion?, tigers, leopards."
"What do the Hussites look like?" as
ked one of his vo."'1'"1 iSoar.
"They are like shaggy wolves and
bears," replied Stein ; "fur they wear
their beards so long, that they reach half
way down to their knees, and their hair is
like a lion's mane. Their teeth resemble
tho tusks of a wild boar, and their huge
head ia like an overgrown pumpkin stuck
between their broad shoulders ; and they
have long crooked nails on their hideous
hands liko eagles' talons."
The children shuddered at this descrip
tion, and the little girls especially looked
at each other in silent horror.
"Do not be afraid," said Erwin, en
couragingly, "our town has high strong
walls, a wiJa atonv, sod brayo citizenp,
who would soon drive back the Hussite,
if they took the fancy to climb the ruui
parts." "Ay," said Stein, laughing, "with
your father to lead them. He would tako
up with a hundred Hussites to his own
share. He is already half a one in his
-"Wo shall sec," returned Erwinf em
phatically, "who in Naumburg has tha
stoutest heart. You wi!l some day have
to bag father's rardou for your jokes."
"With great pleasure !" sneered Stein,
as ho threw his drum over his shoulder
and walked off.
The martyrdom of John Huss, in the fif
teenth century, will ever remain one of the
great blots upon the partv by whom that cru
el sentence was carricil into cib-ct. A pre
cursor of l.uiher in his great work, Huss, as
it is well known, was. for his evangelical
sentiuionts, exposed to a violent death, while
his followers were subjected to equally unjust
treatment. That some of these should, as in
timated by the Uerman author of the narra
tive, have taken up aims in their ileience,
and while bearing the arms of their master
have pai ted largely (rem his spirit, would
not surprise any unc who remembers the
fierce conflicts that sprunfr out ( ! n-. .
mation in -" -"intries ; for persecution
j,as r..n driven wise men mad. Allowance
in surh cases also must be made tor times
when there was liitlc diffusion of ihe word of
God, 30 1 few of those correctives to false
views tint are possessed in the present day.
The account of the Hussites, given to ihe
children by Ptein, is no doubt an accurate re
flection of the caricature, and exaggerated
reports Willi which their enemies viewed
them, while the character of Wolf, as detailed
in the subsequent narrative, probably repre
sents with equal faithfulness manv et those
bidden reformers before the Iveiiinuation,
who existed 111 the midst of much general
darkness and error, and uho. 111 spile of the
corruptions by which they were surrounded,
hronirht forth the fruits and graces of a living
JtirTiic following resolution, offered to
the Lancaster Democratic Convention
(Buchanan's county) was ;;V, ud :
Ilrsohed, That it is clearly tho eonli
mcut of this Convention that the Investi
gating Committee, recently appointed in
Congress, under the resolution of Mr. Har
ris, of Illinois, should bo afforded every
facility for successfully conducting their
investigations, and that any aud every at
tempt to nullify and defeat the objects for
which said Committee was created, meets
tho unqualified disapprobation of this Con
vention. Buchanan's party do not want any in
vestigation ; they know they aro wrong,
but hope to bliud and hoodwink the peo
ple. A daily Episcopal paper is proposed in
New York city. There should bo some
religious dailies, for tho present race
with their dirty advertisements, theatres,
rae-es, rapes, murder', and every other
filthy thing that can be gathered iu for
money aro uulit for any decent niau to
take into his bouse.
New Orleans, March 3. A bill has
passed tho House of Representatives, au
thorizing a company already organized, to
import tweutyfivo bun lied free blacks
from the ccat of Africa, to be inltutuic 1
f'.r C"t If.s than listen tcirt.
MARCH 19, 185S.
ti.-rcb of Ki liu.. IUmu.., of M--. in tbv l'- amac
! Now, sir, wc arc about to have this Le- j
compton Constitution forced on tho people
,ol lvausas. v nai win incy uo : oou
only can tell. I do not know. I have no
; advice to give them. But I can pay this:
the people in that country have con:c from
all sections; they embrace tho Huguenots
: of the South, who left their country to en
joy religious freedom on this continent, as
. well as tho I'uritacs of the North ; they
embrace the Cavaliers of Virginia, who
came iuto this country to establish aGov-
i irnnicut w hich should secure them iu their
rights ; and I do not believe that the sj.i
lit of the Puritans, the Huguenots, or the
Cavaliers is yet quite extinct. If Con
gress shall undertake, in its power, to
J'irce it lOiihlihttion upon that people,
when it has only a rijlit to admit .Viidi,
' not to make thtm, they aro a people who
' are enly lit to be slaves, and they will
bo slaves if they do not resist it to the
la.-t extremity. I put it to any Senator
who is going to vote for this wicked
thing, and I ask him what would h: d ),
.... -.ill ij ro-: uuisti.va w ..1.11 i , vu.
, standing in a community where he knew ( l au,, St
Federal bayonets were about to force up- , our fjrtlfu and ,ur baw., 1:0r
.. , , . .,11. -..vi . , . . .- ,
on him a government which was to ue-1 to resist the Leeompton Constitution an 1
I rrive him of his rights? I ask any one Government, by the force of arms, if tice-
! who is about to vote for this great wronrr, ' sar, 5 that, in this perilous hour of our
I . 1 1 . . i ii' 1 1 a. . -. bi-tory, we appeal to the eiviliz d world
, what would ,edo ? cm d he not esi.-t f jr tbrooim'lc of our position, and call
- al.A I. Awwl An.l t t llnl lief -V 1 ... a . a
i ii, au iuc imiei tuj, au a w "
tiemity ? If ho would not, tho blood of
i the Ando-caxon race docs not circulate
'in his veins. I believe they will resist it:
I I believe thev will do what is their duty ;
i-r.i it ii- . 1 1 .i . i conies of these resolutions to the l reax
; and if they do, I only desire to add, that gjCaj.(,r tJ lL. ,, e , K,.r rosCn-
iiiu TcHKiuiutu.g 7.(. . avr.a -.o '
! Inter pturrd them in sei l emrnjrwi. If
men flirlit for their ilomestie: nltara. their
i hearthstones, and their wivei, you must
1 not complain of them for doing it, when
you havo forced that emergency upon
them, nor let mo 1J, mut 9ou Hunt
those who shall raUv to thdr ,rrrt.
i But I can not enlarge upon these matters
' si T would I must l.-ava them with a
brief allusion to one other poiut.
Mr. 1 'resident, this is all to be done un
der tho "forms of law." I have beard
this phrase "forms of law," until it has'
become painful to my car. Forms of law!
Will you tell mo of the worst despotism
that ever itl. that .11,1 not ro,t nnon
fjrms f law? Will you tell me of the "fc' f our homes, I hope to prepare for
wickedest act that has ever been perretra- ' ,he fi"al s!ru?S'c for tho frc-lom of Kan-
, , . . .. . , ' . ' sas. .-yaiu we have expressed our Uisap
ed by any government, that h not , of ,be at(f m suLrrt
been duuc under the forms of taw We..,,, !;.,.,; i..,ni.i ti,;. i' ....atiim; ...
sit not here, sir, in tho capacity of a
court to adjudicate and to construe the
laws that have been made ; we aro here
I for the purpose of exercising our power
, upon hrondtr prina'pht vf r.juifif than
those which belong to courts; but still
I all courts which administer laws are cloth
ed with equity powers to prevent a grcat-
Ot i a romnion ..iiini. and a true,
Tiiat Mrirtcpt law lii on the higlrtrt wren-.
Forms of law ! Let us railiei ace to it that
tho 61 rtsTANi K of the law is executed. and
I Sir, we are clothed with rquitj poirers,
j beyond those which obtain iu a court ; aud ;
wc aro Ma. inj laws not administering !
; them. We ouoht at tho mere gu-'gestiou
of wrong to these people, to go to the very , changC!) a gri,at Jcal of infl,IlnCl. 0Vt rth,
basis, and ascertain whether wo aro about cllangt.s of weatUer. pr li0rysi:is Lard
to perpetrate a wrong, and force upon ; 3 ccicl)tl.j ivins i; ,,;,!, r!0so.
them a government wbl.il, U n,)t tLeir h nulic:nl, the Question "',. fo
I own. i'"t, lusieaa 01 mat, we dtu
j here day after day with petty juggling
. and j ettifoggiug, proceeding, uuder tin:
forms if '11.", forgetting the su'vtiiurr.
j What is the suoitaiuc ? What is the
; riyhlj What care I here in making laws,
j for what may be a firm ? What is tho
, substance .-' i Hat is the great equity ot
the case; and, as a legislator, it is my
: duty to apply myself to that. What Is
; riij'ii .' what is Just f
and all will le well.
Let that be done,
Form of law! tied knows there is i
' nothing but firm in it Forms of law '
: Long years ago the mother country un-
derlook to oppress these Colonics by
'firms r.j I r.r, but not as unjustly as we
j havo ruled the people of Kansas ; and she
! executed that rrc.it and noble patriot.
c I 1
John llampiicD, under the tormsof taw, ' t(i lc utterly ir.anvrriiil-Ic, and ..v. A n.
and for his love of liberty ,, n minnYcf xumit f 'r the Meteor
There is one other act which has been : l,i.it-al chances here adverted to" (See
perpelratcd under the forms ot' htr, to j I.ardncr's lectures ou Natural iMeii
which I will allude, aud then I shall have ! it T0 p )
doue. Uudcr the forms ojLur, despotism Ani then touching this question a. a one
is created. Uuder tho forms of lau; all : nf ,1,,. he E:lV3 . .tt appeals, howcvi r,b
tho wrongs of which the mind of mau can j s,,m0 EcrieSof'nbscrvations not vet coulirm
conceive, havo been perpetrated. Under : j or contiimed through a suiTvietit perio-l
the forms if lau; and in the name of lib- j llf tilm,( IUat a sj;,ht ....jrcsp-mdenco may
crly, liberty itself has been strickcu down j i,c .li.covcicd between the , ,V ,,;
lu tho name and under the foims if law, j an j tUa ,?ltl6,s y.,, , yJVV . l.'u!!
tho Son of man was arraigucd and stretch- j m,)0. f,..r csami.le. t in Iie.it ina a vei y f- 0
cd upon the cross. Under the firms of
W ,o are about to do an act here, unc-!
iiiiiL-it in hirinln.lA l,c anrlltm., l.-.t t.,
i.i-. . . ... u , ....u. . . u
been recorded iu all the progress of time1, :
I fave that event to which I have ju.-t allu-
' dcd. In all history, save the crucifixion !
! of Christ, thcro is no act that will stand 1
J upon the record of its pages in after time j
I of equal turpitude with this act. The pur- j
pose of it is to extend human slavery ; !
aud 1 may well inquire j
'1 the the dl f"r In .nw
1'Iip .et cf a ir:-in Kmrir- with Sldic,v'f m -!
1 I- I'.c t ith i ui ft. all Mi bM Ih.- Ott It il I o
I !' TrF' tia- rtn3. n--a:tlPUi nil. Volil It. ta ,(i'
i )1 1 TH-"'
At $1,50 Per
, . ... . , . ...
T ... T...lcfi . I.i.i.il-jtiiro r.f hm.in.
, , i.i
that has just el sed its session, was i IlcIciI
( ja October lat by an overwhelming ma-
1 jrity of tho popular vote, un l, if Gov
Walki-r and e. Stanton cm l e believed,
tu,.y unquestionably itpr-seut the fn iings
! an v;, wcf nine tenths of the re pie of
the Territory. This being so, the fallow
ing r - lutii.tis, whi.:h v.i.ro atia:iiiii'usly
udopt.d, on the Vtry L.st niht of the scs
sicn, by Lo:li Irauche-, ate sijtiiii ant
and euojostivc of tho r suits which will
follow in Kansas when to - L c s. t m
Constitution i attiu.pted to be tjijcd up
on th' m by tVngro".
"h'-v-'e-t, l'y the I.ei-l itive assem
bly of the Ti rritory of Kansas, the Coun
cil crruuiiirg, TI at we h Lin 1 y, for
the last time, solemnly proUst against
the admission of Kansas into the l uion
under the L' cjinpti n Coti-tifu'i '; that
we hurl Lai k with sc irn the libelous
charge that the freemen of Kansas are a
lawless people; that, relying upon the
jv.. iieo nl our cause, we uo ticrtby, in
behalf of the people we represent, solemn-
, uj,nrj the tricri(is ot Iiecdoni everywhere
1 to array themselves against the 1 .st net of
, oppression m the Kansas drama.
! "Ji'flccd, That tho Govern, r be rc-
'I to immediately transmit certihea
y t ;at i vcsi, an! tlio JVesidcTit of the Senate
t,f J1C Congress of the United States, and
to our in. inl.i-r in IV.n'.ress. :in.l tli-it tho .
same be presented to both branches of
! The closing remarks of Hon. G. W.
Ritzier, Speaker of tho House, were
"pMy pointed, and will have the more
wcirt. cn remembered that he is
odo of the most conservative and cautious
ot tuc I ree elate party, lie ep.iie as
"Gentlemen of the Hou-e of Keprcsen-
tatives : 1 am not a public speaker, but I
wish to return my thauks for the very
complimentary, and I may say unmerited
; resolution of thanks, relative- to myself,
vou have nawed to-nieht. We are leav-
be forced upon us, we have but one moth -
cd left, and that is to resist its enforce-
.... ..... ..-
ment to the last ; and, if I know anything
of the freemen of Kansas, it will be d oie.
We owe it to ourselves and to the civiliz-
cd world to resist this fml attempt to
subj urate a free people, ticntiemen, you
, ' 1 , ,
will please accept my thanks agi:n, and
cy to your homes, and tho speedy freedom
The f.araleii The Or li.tnl.
r-r. THE tF.wlal.il;,-. CliJ. 'Sl-.-LE.
Tha Moon and the Weather.
It is very generally believed that the
Moon has. throue-h her various 1 liases or
M ittftucmr the i.vivrA-r " says : "This
qucstiou may be regarded cither as a ques
tion of seience, or a question tf f.u t If
it be regard rl ai a qnestien of o .-. . we
are called upon to explain hmv and by
what property of matter i.r what 1 .w et
nature or attraction the Moon, at a lis-
tancc of a quarter ef a million 1 f mil
: eombininc its ffc t with tho r-nn at f.
; bull !rt,j timcs tl..lt
oist in.'e, can pre In .:
! ,iHe nlrge l ihang-s ' To this, it may
' be readily answered, that 1,0 known I ;w
or principle has hitherto ip! lined ar.y
such phenotueiu The Mmi and Sun
must doubtless tflect tho ( 111 ti oi'r
which suirouii'ls the globe os tiny sf:eet
the ocean of 1. ii'. ,- producing 1 fleets ana
lag oils to tides; but, whin the q'liti'it
of such an effect is estimated, it is proved
'.ic iDflu,.nCPt depending on lhe relative
p,wUiott t,f that luminary . the sun, but
. . II. . .1.
i....... . n .ii.fnver-ii.i.i ri i I , i ii-
This is n-t without
jntcrc3t as a subject of scientific inquiry,
Bn,j j8 cntitler1 to the attention el Motor
dogisds ; but its inflitcnce is eo feeble that
;t :a altogether destitute of popular inter
c,j jj t v. rather prr-inciir. It may, the re
forf c stated, that, as f ir as observation,
t...mbiucd with thcoiy, hai affeided any
nitansof knowledge, there are no r;ioJii i.
for the pioi-no-tieali-.il., ! itealhti .rto
n" .iu.'; ivq'P've-i i
1, .ii,,-.- to l,r !-. liV" l ir-fi
IN IS13....WI.0LE NO, 727.
Year, always ix Aia axce.
influence of the Sun sn J Moon.
It matters lit!), so far as
I this miestion is concerned, in iroif minnrr
the M on and Sun may produce an effect
, i ., i
ir. ii ifflliop nop tern whf.ihor I1.AV !
on the weather, nor even whether they be
active, caa-es in producing such effect at
all. The p- .in', and the only point of im
pr.rlatic", i. whether, regarded as a mcri
ni'tlter ( j vt, any corre.p- ndence between
the changes of the Mo m and those of the
W'.ather exi.-ts. And a short examination
of the recorded fae'a proves that JT I'OM
yr." ( I.ardntr'a Lectures p. 419- 12!) )
Dr. l.ar.lner derived the most of his vicwo
on the Moon theories from the writings of
Ararr , a di-tiugi:i. hed French ph:to?ophcr
who has taken much pains to collect, ex
amine aud r.fufe the various popular no
tions about the influence of the -loun ou
the weaihcrjVegotutionnd the like. And
the euiious reader wiil find a suceioct ac
count of these popular notions, and of At
aj'o's views iu regard to them,in Larduer's)
Another scientific writer, in "The Lit-
:. .. .... . ! r. i. ....i.i:.k4
irruiy n-vm i uiioi', puu. .
Gettysburg, l'cnna., in ls45, '0, says :
, niiim ino -.lonri exerciser au imporisTii
' " P
our PllDct ; K;r,.C" "0t
; be denied, but it is equally true that this
' ' J
r-ular superstition has invested this little
clobe with nowers and properties to which
lx) B0 edw aaJ wL:,h j0 casc,
are eq ially absurd and ridiculous. That
the phenomena of tides is cined by its
attraction, is an established fact ; but,
apart from its attraction, we can perceive
, kij ti'hcr physical influence, and all its re
puted effects, wkwL ean not be accounted1
from this principle (attraction) should in
general be regarded as having no founda-
tl0Q ln rli0n or " Amongst thesa
, influences, that which the Moon is sup-
: pofj to exert upon the father is perhap
. the most generally believed. We are not
prepared to de-r that tome effects may U
due to this eaue, but we believe that t is
greatly overrated, and that amongst tho
luuumoauic wnna ui .iimurjiucnu umm-
binccs, that which is due to the Moon
may hi a'trjeiher overrated. Considere l
as a question of science, it is ecrtainly dif-
(jcu;t t0 explain how or why the periodical
. ... , , ,
) 1 "a -fal-- C3 1 - 1
possum, u. wo . ,u, .un
Etli, can greatly effect our atmospheric
phenomena as there appears not to be nf-
ricicnt connexion between the effects and
utcJ caU3e..(o ,,:, Kccord
: 1 ' '
1 In a subsequent article upon the eima
subject, the writer says: "None of tho
I i . . . . . ,
known laws of nature have a jet tr-n
aUo to explain why the Moon thouIJ in-
cUCI)CC movement of the sap in plants,
lho dur..biIitT of a r..of abiagTe.I in par-
. , . , ... . ,
titular ihose, the tune of ft 1 inz timber,
' 6. . .
. nd a thousand other things wmch are
commonly received as facts. l'opular
; opinion has invested cur lit le satellits
with almost unlimited power, and the most
extraordinary and opposite t fleets aro at
tributed to its influence. It does not fol
low, however, that that which is generally
believed, must necessarily be true. And
if the foundation on which these opinions
rest, be very slightly examined, it will ha
found that ' rr of them are even uppurrnffy
sustained by facts
Another epini n is that timber should be
feiltd only at parki -ular periods of th
Lunar pha;es, n'.-l that if this rule be net
attended to, its durability will be greatly
inq uired The difficulty ef tracing any
connexion between tl j rtT.-ct and its ijp
posed cause is still grctfer here, than in
the firmer case. " ' Bur
experiment alone ran decide it, an 1 this
f 'st has been applied. M. 1' ih line! Mou-i-i'ati.
1 French Agii.-ulturh-f, his prov I
that the ..iHl.': .i of tiiuhir f.-ii. d a' .'"'( -
-i' periods of tho l.uu ir in 111th me tin
f '.' .'i . and that Irecs ef the same ae, sim
i! ir cxp-.jurc and growing on the same soil
exhibit uo difference iu durability " ('Jl.i'
liecord p -7i 1 )
Vc Laidiur iii!"onn:i us that it ti thi
popular opinion in England, Ftanee, Vt-T-many,
aud Brazil, that timl cr cut when
the Moon is full or is on tho increase tr
wards fulness, will be full of s ip, spongy,
and soon become wormy aud rot, aud i t
be worthless ; but be thinks it is all a
mistake' l'liny, a n te 1 K m in p'.il s"
plur, informs us tb.tt grain intcn led f . r
i'diio. ,:",'.- use ?h"i:l i be c Heeled at th
full of tho M co, a grain augments rapid
ly in she during the increase of the Moon,
chile gniu ii.tsade l for keeping or p
s rvatioil should bo coileete.l at the tima
r fn. w M t n But Pr Lardner aftet re
viewing all of Ihcc and numerous ether
popular Meoii iurbien.o the rie., c!oj
th is: "Iu coneiii nil, then, i! api" "
, T "4ce of
Stlf'l f ."-.I 10 tC CXI
thecarlhiby the Moon) Jns hare any
i f-uit t.iti-u in ft" -o I I-rdner'a
Now, if any cf your readers can give ui
any good reasons to show that the M vn
1 es exert influence over thptatth, and
i over growing vegetation, th eu.tw- i f
! timber, th.- nowing t r'lntrig ef riel-1 ci
1 .. lea se,.!.. -, I w.-.ii I begbi f
tt.ell! fbr-'lt'l ?l- '