Newspaper Page Text
BY 0. N. WORDEN
AS ISDErEJIDEST FAMILY
f ox ini uwuBcmo csuxicu.
To tbe fcovcd ones at Home!
Lived ones ! I think of ye
When fir.1 my eyes behold
The glowing tints of the morning sua
From the radiant east unfold.
And banish from the shrouded earth
The gloomy, Ehostly msht
O then 1 thinU of ye, loved ones!
In memory so bright!
Loved ones ! I think of ye
When the sunbeams touch in pride
The quiet, glistening face
Of the Cedar't gentle tide ;
And when Auroras goldeu rays
In midday glow appear,
0 then I think of ye, loved ones I
To memory so dear.
Loved ones ! I think of ye
When the sun is sinking low.
And last upon the mountain tops
Reflects his fading gluwj
And when the twilight' sacred hour
In stillness draweth near,
1 think of ye, beloved ones !
Your memory doth cheer.
Loved ones '. I think or ye
When wintry winds may Wow
And all ihis proud and lovely vale,
With t'ittany. shroud in snow;
And when I view the rising height
Of Twtey from afar.
Thy memory, beloved ones !
Is like a golden star.
Loved ones ! I think of ye
When midnight's hour draws nigh.
And stars sheil forth their silvery dikes
In gladness from on high ;
And when o'er all the firmament
Grim darkness spreads her pall,
Kind memory, beloved ones !
Still cherishes ye all.
Loved ones ! though far away,
Yet do ve think of me 1
Whene'er I bend the knee in prayer.
Then most I tlunk of ye.
And when sweet slumber seals my eyes.
And drives away the tear.
E'en then I think of ye, loved ones!
In dreams so strangely dear.
MOXD4Y, M.tltCII 1,
" The King can do no Wrong."
Throughout the Free States just now,
there is a wonderful unity of effort among
the Buchanan men to prevent all freedom
of thought and action on the absorbing
Kansas issuo. The following, from last
week's Union Argus, is a fair specimen of
the sentiments advanced :
"Mr. Buchanan and his able Cabinet, com
posed of the WISEST and BEST men of the ,
natioa, ae hot uiui to tan on so simple
and plain a question as the expediency of
admitting Kansas as a State t and that Demo
crat who utn t.i oicn opinitm up against tieirt,
must not only have great confidence in his own
ability, but MUST Have &nr. OTHER
OBJECT in view besides the peace and wel
fare of Kansas and his country."
Look at the letter and the spirit of the
above 30 insulting to the manliness of
every intelligent American and say if
they do not betray tho very animus of old
fashioned Toryism and Kingcraft? The
truth is, Buchanan and his slavery-prop-tgating
Cabinet are only men no wiser,
but moro ambitious and less disinterested
than the masses. They have a right as
freemen to "set up their opinion against"
President, King, or any one else, without
being snubbed for their temerity by a party
alare who controls a press, or denounced
as acting from bad motives. Were the
base and servile spirit of tho Argut and
its kindred sheets embodied in the form
.. , u: . f :
Ot taw, tne rcienuess, . ,
Napoleon over the press and the speech of
France, would be felt in America.
But People will Tblnk J
'W. G. S." of llushtown, North'd Co.,
T n ' - ,
writes respecting m.L.Dewart s vote for ;
the Kansas Elections Investigation, to the j
editor of the Sunbury Gazette
Yon tell vour readers that a majority of his
nnnused to that voie. iSov,
air. I ask you how you know that fact ? Do ,
you .appose .nav "3-" ': ' !
know so little ot utmocrauc y.u...,
deny an investigation into irauu .mira u, .
a set of unprincipled cut-throats who want to I
deprive eight-tenths of the prople of Kansas of j
the right lo form their own Constitution 1
That is plain talk.from an old fashioned j
Democrat, who voted honestly for "Buch-!
anan and Free Kansas," and who will
rtmi, speah, and write, on that or any
other question, despite the sneers and the
anathemas of partisan editors or Cabinets.
Thcro are tens of thousands like him, yet!
More "GIFTS:" The following rare
inducement" are copied from an "enter
prising" Dentist's Circular, hailing from
Bloomington, 111. :
Dentist, having once more opened an
olbce in Uloomington.will perform operations
on teeth at ereatly reduced prices. A beau
tiful SILVER CL"t will be presented to the
person having the greatest number of teeth
otracted and a splendid UOLU WATCH
will be awarded to the one having the 6nest
aet of artificial teeth inserted. Teeth extracted
for SI per duzea."
jgyThis is about equal to tho achctuo
of the "agent" recently in Lcwisburg who
offered splendid premiums!!! to the lucky
persons who should buy the most of his
tx-tra-or-dinary Pills 1 (recommended,
ke taid, by troops of Clergymen and Law
yers in Philad.)
"Levi J. North, the great circus rider,
is the Democratic candidate for Alderman
in the Third Ward, Chicago."
Levi is a capital Leoompton Democrat ;
be can turn a somerset as quickly as bis
party ! Together tbey will
"Wlrt rat ttvl torn aVint ana So jot s
ana iroua, vbtJ turn about tha further South they
Tho Turks have
devil tempts other nun, but that ii! ;
uin Jotspt !hc cWii.'' 1
The Most Audacious Falsehood, j
Mr. Green s U. S. Senate bill for the ;
unconditional almission of Kansas under i
the Lecotnpton Constitution, begins thus : j
"Whereas, the people of tho Territory .
of Kansas, by their representative! in Con-
ventiou assembled at Lecompton j
did ri Jnr themselves a j
Constitution and Stale Government, re- j
publican in form, and the said Convention j
' . . i - 1 1.1.
has, in their name ana Otiiaij assea ine :
Congress of the U. S. to admit the .terri
tory into the Union," e.
We take it upon ourselves to say that
there was never a fouler fasehood a more
black and blistering lie penned, than tho
The Lecialaturo which called tho Le-
compton Convention, it is well known.was j
not elected by tho people of Kansas, but j
of Missouri. Tho Convention itself was i
not elected by tho people of Kansas only
a small portion of her people taking any
part, and must of the votes under a
fraudulent apportionment being from
non citizens. The people of Kansas at a
fair election held on the 4th January,caU
ed by an honest chosen Legislature, gave
10,000 majority against that Lecompton
Constitution. That Legislature has sol
emnly protested against said Constitution,
as not the set nor the choice of the people
of Kansas, and has declared itself in favor
of tho punishment of any citizen who shall
attempt to force it over tho heads of the
In face of all these facts, the assertion
thc people of Kansas ask Congress :
for admission under that Constitution, is
a palpable fasehood an unblushing 1
fit only for the last net tn the drama which
has been bad faith, deceit, and oppression
from its inception.
Sevk.v Witnesses. George Bancroft
hH JLt th. Anti Leeomnton'meetine in !
that city, and in so doing presents seven
witnesses against Lecotnpton, as follows : ; ery over the free territories of this llepub
The circumstautial evidence of the Le- lie.
compton Convention ; tho Kansas Press ; I Resolved, That the proceedings of this
the Kansas Delegate in Congress; the so- j Convention bo signed by the Chairman
ries of Kansas Governors four in one aD(j Secretary thereof, and that tho same
year ; the Kansas Legislature ; the Kan- be b,isbcd ; aU lbe -imnan of this
sas People. All, all, he maintains and : ,..-. P ,
. . . . ' '. . n , Sinto fnnndlv tn the cause of freedom.
with truth, declaro that the reopie 01 ,
Kansas rt'iect the Locomnton Constitution. !
- fTh. Kansas Senate, after rejecting the
hill oassed bv the House of Deleeatcs.im-1
posing the penalty of death upon any offi
cer acting under the Lecompton Constitu
tion, unanimously adopted the following
That in the event ot such ad-
ilC' l.c ' ' , & .. - -
misioc. we. in behalf of the people of the ;
Territory, as reflecting their fixed and un-1 publicaii9 of the State consulted with some
alterable determination upon this subject, iofthe pr;nc;pai Anti-Lecompton Demo
will view the same as a declaration of, . , r, . ,. .
, , . ... f
war; and relying upon the justice of our
who are bound to ns by their sympathies !
iinitnii ipnnrrrn ni hiiiinb :
and interest, both East and West, wo will j
co into the fight, despite tho dispari
our position,for extermination or success.
WnAT Douglas Sats. A Kansas
correspondent of the Cincinnati Gazette
writes as follows :
One of our prominent Free State men,
who has just returned from Washington,
had several long interviews with Douglas
while there. He states that during ono
of them the following dialogue took place :
JTmsa! .Vm. There is one thing, Judge
hich you should clearly under
, Kansas.intcnd to use every j
Lecompton Constitution. But, if these all
regular ana leen menus iu imu.
fail, and the Administration persists in
forcing the infamous measure upon i us
contrary to the wuhcs of nine-tenths of
' J ' not tulmf , the out.
nfrc We shaI1 not stop t0 think of the
Union.or anything else. We will fipht the
Jlissourians.tho devil.or the United States
Douglas Or COURSE, YOU WILL TOO
OUGHT TO I
New Anti-Slavery Book. We learn
that an octavo volume of 450 pages, from
the pen of Mrs C.W.Denison, thc popular
authoress, is now in press, and will bo im
mediately issued in New York, by A. B.
Burdich, 8 Spruce street. It is called
"Old HErsr," and will contain ten orig
inal illustrations. A friend is already cn-
gaged in dramatizing the work, for popn-
lar representation. It touches on some
features of slavery not developed by Amer-
ican authors, and bids fair to have a wide
circulation in tho Free States, and in Eu -
Mr. D n believe accompanied
busbaud in bis official sojourn io the
West Indies under the Administration of
Pres. Pulk, and we suppose understands
tho Slavery question, in its domestic rela
sb"""T. C L," in behalf of an associa
tion of New York Literati (doubtless in
some Grub street attic oners to give "3
an editorial on anything
desired, for So
per column! Well, we propose a condi
tional bargain: write us a column weekly,
for a mootb,showing that every delinquent
patron of other days should "pay up,"
and if it prove 50 per cent efficacious, wo
will pay 810 a column ; if not efficacious
to that amouDt, nothing
Joke. A New Yorker sends us, as an
evidence of the"iroprovcmentof the times,"
a lot of advertisements worth 30 or $10,
for which be odors a batch of brass rings,
galvanized "gold" pencils, pictures, and a
magazine all worth about 85 to any one
who wants them. He must think country
papers are bard np to bite at eieh tempt
ing baits !
LEWISBDRG, UNION CO., PA., FRIDAY,
Pennsylv'a Republican Convention,
Convention of Delegates representing
tue c;ry 0f Philadelphia and many of the
conntjCsof this Commonwealth, assembled
n . Ho,cl irarriliuurg on Monday,
The Convention organized by appoint-
- T .. ....... ri.tiPB Pan nf T 1. II-
mg juun i.-nr., .-.t ,
phin Co., Chairman, and UEft.ij.KINO, ot ,
Cambiia Co., fcceretary.
Various propositons were discussed be
fore tho Convention, nil of which were fi
nally referred to a committee of seven, and
tho Convention adjourned till half past
eight in tho evening.
After a full and free interchange of
opinions among tho delegates, the follow
ing Preamble and Resolutions were intro
duced, read, fully difcussed, adopted and
ordered to be published :
Whereas, It is desirable that all oppos
ed to the misrule of tho National Adniin-istr-t'.on,and
especially to its atrocious at
tempt to force Slavery upon Kansas
against the will of the people, should unite
at tho ensuing election on the State and
County tickets, without regard to differen- i
ccs of opinion on other subject, and with-1
out regard to the made or farm of effecting
said object : therefore, j
Resolved, That the State Committee, of .
which Lemuel TodJ Erq., is Chairman, be j
requested to call a Convention of all those
-I,. (r.-,t... i
wining 10 uuuu iu t:u. mc w, .
to DC neia ai uarriauurg, ou auiue uaj uuv Danio is Tommy uoyie, anu i want papa
oorK.r ii.. it firo of Jiy tL j i tc tii dinner." The hunting
Rcsohol, That such call should distinct- j party ,t jaat found him.when one wrapped
ly state that, in thus inviting, no individ- j h;m p ; warm blankets, mounted a fleet
al or party is expected to sacrifice any . horse, and took him to his agonized, dis
. . . . .
principle, nor to approve 01 any principle i
of thoso with whom he acts, saving "n;y ,
earnest and rrac"'cal P1
desjnti.m and the extension of human
justico and right.
aX A. FISHER, CUirmam.
Geo. S. Kino, ixcretary.
Washington, Feb. 23. The action of
the Republicans assembled in State Con-
yesterday at Uarrisburg, Pa., is
i udicious. I learned from a genie-
man who was present that the loading Ke-
crats ociore ine vouveuuuu
su a r - i
that they would not proceed to tako any
scti0n against the Lecompton Constitution
as Republicans, but adjourn sine die, with
instructions to their State Central Com.
mittee to call a Convention, at an early
day, of all those opposed to the Lecomp
ton fraud. This will be done, and thc
Convention will, crohablv, bo held some
time durinc the last of Juno. This ae-
tion of the Recublicana meets the wishes
of tho Anti-Lccompton Democrats of , ing his advertising during the dull sca
Pcnnsvlvania, and is viewed by the Anti- i son, being interrogated by the editor in
Lecompton Democrats of the House of
Representatives from Pennsylvania as a
wise movement in tho right direction.
Snyder County, Organizing.
Pursuant to notice, the American Re
publican County CoromUt.ee mot in Mid
dieburg, tho County Seat, on Tuesday,
tho 23d Feb., and
Resolved, That the Party stand as firm as
they did in the days of VTebsteb and
Re solved,Tht out principles arc thc same
as they were then.
Col. Jerk. Klecksep. of Centcrv'e was
appointed Chairman of the committee 5
and Jacob Aurand of Middleburg, Sec
retary. A Patriarch Gone. The Bnnesdale.
Democrat notices the deatn at iiinion,
Wayne Co., P.., on the 12th nit , of Ml.
j chael Grennell, aged cite hundred and
six yean. A native of Saybrook, Ct, he
1 was a soldier of the Revolution, and csca-
; ped unharmed. Settled in Wayne county
j in 1S23, whero be leaves three children
born during the Revolution. He was a
long time a devout and consistent member
of the Baptist church, and shared largely
in the confidence and respect of his fellow
citizens. Ono grandson, (Judge Virgil
Grennell) signed the present Constitution
of Pennsylvania, and two great grandsons
1 virnil M. Blandinc and Mvron Grennell)
i v . . . .t-r- t
were students of the University at Lowis
bnrg. He lived to see the population of
these then Colonics increase from abont
one to thirty millions of people, and was
followed to his honored grave bjjive gen
erations of descendants.
"How do you and your friends feel
now ?" said an exultant politician in one
of our western States to rather irritable
member of the defeated party. "I sap
pose," said tho latter, "we feci just as
Lasarus did wben he was licked by dogs."
"Sal," said one girl to another, "I am
so glad I bare no beau now " "Why 7"
anked the other. "'C I ein cat n
many Msions as I !?
Coplnl fur tbeCmoncu by IT Mint Utr-woos
LINES...DY MRS. XEAL.
rw ben thinking f my faults till my heart is tilt to break,
llvw very many art the foes, how ft w the friends 1 make:
And it ill, within my hidden heart, lintre nffrtiion lit ;
The prictttu gift of Awma tore, i wtU know htm to prut.
If tftn those I tort tin most, hart not on thought for me;
Hftm ItyJriny up for kindly smiles, ind'Jfcmce I tne;
Andthen thr pleasant words that rw upon my liphtire died,
Leaving me mournfully to cnuh my $vrrtw and my pridr.
J strir that J may not offrnd, I ehtck each mxrelest word,
J seek to hide from oVter tan dark tales my own hart heard;
J would nrtt err by a thought, add to another's grif.
R'icjI it, my togtmcst i aam to guard whattvr Imny y.
A word which in itsdf it naught, it madt to Mem tmi-ind,
Kindtho'U for ml m41 art duzjrl,r ttarifjr r-iiirj Jvi.
lam Umrty, my lowly; my heart it throbbing fan
And tttart art gathering in my eyu f-n-foliu that art fast;
Ttt know I that by tufftring the fpirit it mad, purt.
So I would Calmly bemr tht pain Old until I titould endnrt.
TnE Lost Boy. On the last day of
January, near Waterville, N. Y., a little
Irish boy of five years was sent to call his
father to dinner, and the distance being
small he went into a wood, alone, and clad
only in thin cotton. He lost his way.
His father oamo home in the afternoon,
when the alarm was given, and fifty men
soon started to hunt for him, all that eve
ning, and that night. The next day he
wa9 foand, eight miks distant. He had
Dccn seen, the evening before, standing
still, as if glued to the earth was taken
to a house, but could not speak or see.
After reviving, and partaking of some
f0Qit ue began to sob as if his heart would
break, but all the kind strangers who had
... ,, ...ri ti it-
i0Una him couiu get oui 01 mm, wa v -'J
traded mother. Her joy at receiving
Uim, unharmed, instead of his lifeless little
corse, can neither be described or under
gtooj Dy ny out a mother.
Suicidk. Our Washington correspon
dent informs us that one of these terrible
eases of suicido which have of late become
so common, forms st present a sifbject of
conversation in all circles in that city. A
man named James Buchanan, somewhat
advanced io years, and dwelling, if we are
oorreclly informed, in a tenement called
the "White House," recently ent bis
throat, while busied with a "gonge,"
which had been sharpened np to what is
known as a menage. Only t few minutes
conversing in tones of hilarity with seve
ral Southern Senators, after which he
went to bis workshop. In two hours af
ter, the dreadful deed was dono. An in
quest was held by Coroner Sam and a lot
of Republicans, but tho most searching
investigation failed to show what motive
Buchanan bad for the rash aot. The jury
gave as a verdict : "The deceased came to
bis end by cutting his throat with a Mes
sage, while laboring under an attack of
political insanity." Xew York German
Hint to Advertisers. The leading
I partner in a house, who was rapidly posh
! regard to the pol cy, replied,
time of all other to crowd, sir; give us
the field when few advertisers occupy it,
and we caro not how hard the times are ;
it pays us well at all time?, because we
know bow far to go, but especially it
pays us in times like the present, when
the most of business men in onr line have
taken their hooks out of the water, think
ing no bites to be bad ; we are satisfied
that nothing has kept us a constant run
of trade for the last ninety days but push
ing our notices through this dull season."
Lord Paeon is said to have frequently
told the following anecdote :
A proud, lazy yonng fellow once came
to an old man who sold broom-besoms at
Buxton, and asked to have one on credit ;
to whom the old man said : "Friend, hast
thou no money ? Borrow of thy back,and
borrow of thy belly ; they'll never ask tbee
again ; I shall be dunning thee every day."
Tns Best Place; for Babies.
"Mother," said a little three year old,
whoso nose had been "put out of joint"
by tbo recent arrival of a baby brother,
"Mother, if the baby Bhould die, would it
go to Heaven ?" "Certainly, my child,"
responded the parent. "Then, I think
heaven is the best place for him," was the
affectionate sister's conclusion 1
The Xew England Courant Benjamin
Franklin's newspaper in 1720, contained
the following advertisement :
"Jurt published and sold by the Printer kermf,"
,,'Hoor-ED Petticoats Arraigned aud
Condemned by the Light of Nature and
Law of God. Price 3uV
A courtly negro recently sent a reply
to an invitation, in which be "regretted
that circumstances repugnant to the ac
quiesce would prevent bis acooptanco to
A glutton continually adds fuel to the
firo, and all the pbysio in the world can
not extinguish it
The man who was "movod to tears"
complains of the dampness of the preroi
r, and wishes ti b roord baci again
MARCH 5, 1858.
H A P P Y N A N
THE TRUE SECRET.
There once lived io an old brown cottage
so small that it looked liko a chicken coop,
a solitary woman. She tended her little
1 1. n t . .1 .nn f . - Unirn Kt.A
b , f , -ii . i
was known evcrywhere.frotn village to til-
, , , ...r x- l
l2e. by the cognomen of "Happy Nancy."
She bad no money, no family, no relatives;
she was half blind, quite lame, and very
crooked. There was no comeliness in her;
and vet there in that homely, deformed,
body, the great Ood, who loves to bring
strength out of weakness, set His roya!
"Well Nancy, singing again ?" would i
the chance visitor say, as he lounged at .
"La ! yes, I'm for ever at it I don't I
know what ceonle will think." she would I
say, wuu m buuuj siuuc.
..mi.- .u .ii .j... I
1, uy. LUC V 1. IUIUA, - 111. , 1 i
-' - ' ' J
do, that you are very happy
"La t well, that's a fact,
happy as the day is long."
I am just as
"I wish you'd tell me your sceret.Xon
cy; you are all alone, yon work bard, you
have nothing very pleasant surrounding
you what is the reason you're so happy?
"Perhaps it's because I havn't got any
body but God," replied the good creature,
looking np. "You see, rich folks like you
depend upon their familcs and bouses ;
d,' onf tn keen thinking of their
business, of their wives and children, and stances, will be sufficient to plant one acre ' farmer who had a large piece of swampy
then they're always mighty afraid of trou-! of ground ; and the product will ba equal ; bod, with a pond at a certain point of it.
blcs ahead. I aint got anything to trou-1 in amount to that produced from twenty ; Ue sank a abaft of a few feet, at tha
Wo mjaclf .Vs 7 . ' I leava j bushel, nf be whole or any right place, near the pond L e., be dog
it all to the Lord. I think, well, if He i number of potatoes to each hill are plant-1 a hole through the potter's clay that un
can keep this great world in such good : " (Sco S- Aricu1' Et'P- of 1?49' derlaid the soil. The pond soon disap-
ordcr, the sun rolling day after day, and
the stars night after eight, make the gar
den things como np the same, season after
season, He can certainly take care of such
a poo, simple thing as I am; and so,
' , , .T.... '
you see, I leave it all to the Lord,and the
Lord takes care of me."
"Well, but, Xancy, aupposo a frost
should come after your fruit trees are all
in blossom, and your little plants out ; ;
"But I don't suppose; I sever can
snpposc ; I don't want to suppose, except
that the Lord will do everything right.
That's what makes you people unhappy ;
you're all the time supposing. Now, why
can't you wait till the suppose comes, as I
do, and then make the best of it ?"
.. .i. i v :,f- -- ... rprrain voo'll
get to heaven, while many of us, wilo
our wordiy wisdom, will have to stay out."
"There you are at it, again," said Nan
cy, shaking ber bead, "always looking out
for soma black cloud. Why, if I was
you, I'd keep the devil at arm's length,
instead of taking bim right into my heart ;
he'll do you a desperate sight of mischief."
She was right We do take the de
mons of care, of distrust, of melancholy
foreboding, of ingratitude, right into our
hearts, and pet and cherish the ugly mon
sters, till we assimilate to their likeness.
We canker every pleasure with this gloo
my fear of ill j we seldom trust that pleas
ures will enter, or hail them when they
come. Instead of that, we smother them
nndcr the blanket of apprehension, and
choke them with our misanthropy.
It would be well for ns to imitate nap
py Nancy, and "never suppose." If you
see a c.ouu, aou .suppose s go.ng m
ecolding will follow. Do whatever yonr
hands find to do, and there leave it. Be
more childlike toward the great Father
who created you ; learn to confide in His
wisdom, and not yonr own, and abovo all,
"wait till the tuppose comes and then
make the best of it." Depend upon it,
earth wonld seom an- Eden, if you would
follow Happy Nancy's rule, and never
give place in your bosom to imaginary
evils. Salem Register.
Lunatic HosriTAL. Thc Seventh An
nual Report of the Trustees of the State
Lnnatis Hospital, at Harrisburg, has
been sent to us. Under the care of the
Trustees, and the excellent Superinten
dent, Dr. Cnrwen, the institution is admi
rably fulfilling tbe hopes of its projectors.
During the year 1857, there were admit
ted 143 patients, discharged 1'26, leaving
250 under care at the closo of the year.
Of the latter, 150 are supported by the
public authorities, and 100 by their
friends. Of the discharged, 25 were cur
ed, 32 improved, 44 stationary, and 25
died. Tbe capacity of tho institution is
for S00 patients, and this is regarded at
the largest number that should ever be
collected in one hospital. In view of
this, the Superintendent thinks that it
will shortly become necessary to erect an
other hospital in tbe western part of the
State. The report announces that the
new water works for the institution have
been completed, and admirably answer
Tho Atlantie Telegraph Company pub
lish a report to the shareholders. It will
renuite additional capital to pay for the 700
miles of cable now making. The report
enloeises the seal of Cyrus W. Field and
;, .crv honefnl of success. Mr. Field his
v.- .,..-nd Genera! Mancr of thf
ISCU J I ---- aw
UJAllUi-.iift - -J
At $V0 Per Yfar, always is Advance.
The Garden The Orchard.
n tm uirutt dnosiru.
Potato Culture---No. 2.
Many persons bsve felt a curii'y to !
knot? which part of the potato is the best
. ' " , .
for seed, whether its middle portion or its
butt or seed end. And this eurioaity has
i led to the following experiments. j
In 1847, Charles Lee, of Yates county, '
i v v.-i. 1 . -1 ...1 -.L.i. ,..i.i..a .ml
, , , , . ... e.i.-'
T.n Vn,l..ni4 nrtii unit nii inttincrs Cif Ihn ;
Long Pink Eyes and large Flesh Colored i
varieties, in hills and in rows of equal j
length on the same ground, manured and
cultivated exactly alike, tbu, to wit :
2ioiiUiloBi riok-yw, a wholt r-'lmth htt
do OO 1 , w
2 wrt mnnm
Ikro Srvb-COlortil a ouut"a
do 1 do
do 2 teed onda
An1 ho infirmo n thftt on harvesting the '
- - - - o
Mnn K ... ..tnni.he in not fcaini? able I
"- - - o
..... .. . . i
to discover tne slighcst diiurence Detween j i o -
the rows in any respect, either as it re-! 8iDniDK ' ,he ,0P d 8rftinB on,7 08
garded-the quantity or the quality produ ! lbird of thc trea eo,U
ced by these different planting,. And be I mo'e t0 g0!d "iad f frBlt th
assures us that he on each returning spring ' Poor i tne -t-fceuon and the income era
repeated the same experiment and with j e n-f uld jITter-
the same result nntil 1850, and then adds : J Drainage.
'Is will be seen that when the 'seed-; A correspondent of the Lancaster Tr
end' merely answered for secd,that at least ' prrsi savs : "I see a gcod deal in the ag-two-thirds
of this valuable esculent is ricultural papers upon drainage draiosga
saved; and I may safely say that four ; of swamp hud. None of them seem to go
i bushels of seed under ordinary circum-
P- iuu )
So John Brown, of Belknap county, -
Hampshire, planted one row of potatoes
i "., " B, , 7 ,. . .,,P1M- lb0 (er couIJ not tricklo
PinJ Pta' BD,J 7rZtl b&h PUer'' Q This WM
nothing but seed-ends of the same potato , Mn . . . - .. v. nnt that
tho seed ends being so cut as to retain
about the one-third part of the entire po -
tato. And he at the samo time and on
the same ground planted two similar rows
V.mi ino u.uj, w. H
1 the butt and seed-ends of the Peach Blos
f t. i. . . Kalnv nil r, f nrt 11 -1 1 l.nffth I Vlth
som potato. And the yield of potatoes in
each row in pounds weight was as follows :
Fink Eyes butt-ends 17 pounds.
do seed-ends 170 do
P.Blossom butt-rads 225 do
do seed-ends 1S9 do
Thus showing, that, in his case, the
butt-end aced produced the largest yield. !
IXUM " j . .. '
much larger potatoes mau .uJ-. -
seed end ones and also appeared to ripen
1 from about a week to ten days earlier than
j the other a result corresponding exactly
with a like experiment previously made
by bim. (Seo U.S.Ag Rep 1S55 p. 218 )
. j ..w it r . n
auiSm.j v j
VrV in -ritina for the Dollar Newspaper
Phil, recently flS7 savs he took
twelve pound Pink Eye potatoes and after i
dividing them into fix parcels as nearly
as be could, cut and planted them as fol
lows, to wit : No. 1, consistirg of two
whole potatoes into two hills, one in each
hill. No. 2, potatoes were cut into two
pieces, crosswise, and planted half a potato
to each bill. No. 3, potatoes were cut
lengthwise and planted like No. 2. No.
4, potatoes were cut into qnartcrs length
wise and planted two quarters to a hill
1 and six inches apart in tbo hill. o. 5,
quarterC(1 anJ p!anlcd
ono quarter to each hill, and No. 6, pota
toes were cut into twenty pieces and plan
ted one piece to each bill. And the yield
of stalks and potatoes of these plantings
on tbe same ground and under the same
culture was as follows, to wit :
Butt ends, IS i
nds. 1S). . 37 1
nd.SSj40 31 j
' Tup end
And then by way of comment he adds :
"From the above it is plain to see that
those who use large, whole potatoes use
too much seed. At the same time I plan
led two Meshanick", weighing nineteen
ounces each. One I planted whole; tbe
other I cut into seventeen pieces, and
planted one piece in a billighteen inches
apart, lbe result wa, tho whole one pro
duced thirty-seven stains, lorty tnrce pota
toes, weighing eleven pounds. Tha cut
one produced forty-five stalks, seventy
seven potatoes, weighing twenty-eight
Now from this experiment of W. II.,
we sco that tbe butt end and seed-end cut
tings of the potato produced nearly tbe
same amount of yield, thus corroborating
the above experimental result of Mr. Lee
and we also see, what is a very impor
tant subject of consideration for our pota
to growers, that the increase of tbe potato
crop was exactly in proportion to thc
smaUneu or number of pieces tba potatoes
were cut into for seed. So let our West
Branch farmers now nrepare themselves
to test these questions still farther by
their own experiments next scasnn. Fer
hsos it mav be proper to say that the butt
ends are the big ends of tha potato, the
ends immediately connected with tha roots,
while tbe set d ends are the small end,th
ends containing the mist eye or buds.
Pre. 195" TXllX Bha-H
Improving Old Orchards.
Break ap the ground, and if it la not
thought best to let it lie fallow, then give
it a coat of manure aud raise some kind
of hoed crop upon it. If possible, mulch
the roots of the tree with old a'raw or
clip. Once a year, at least, scrub tea
trunks with wet ley, or potanh wafer, to
remove the moss and rout the insects)
which barbor there. Then, as to pnio
ning, there is often enough to do, bat it
k. : , I, a ;.,!. T, will
. . . . .. ... .
nut Answer In mflnnt ih I reft with rorjffD
nailed boots, and axe in hand, bade away
like a woodsman felling a forest. Trtad
on the limbs carefully, so as not to start
the bark. Use a fine.toothed pruning
saw ; thin out the branches so as to leave
an open symmetrical head, and whera
I large branches must be takcnon, cover
I the wounds with grafting wax, or a aolu-
. r , ,i
t,on of gum-sheilac.
If the fruit is of io-
. .. . . . ,
f..rmp nnulilT. craft in ehoieer aorta, he-
to thc bottom of the subject. I knew
' peared ; he added a few little drains IO
i that gbafr ind ,he 8wamp itJ
; d Th( pBiIo50ph cf it WM nolr
a,wlys tfae canse ? u uon wy
1 fcrtiielnore 90 aay 0f the rest 0f
i f.rmr,.rtn!, an immansa intrt
upon the expense of drainiog. Query :
would not most pieces of swampy land,
with a few shafts judiciously sunk through
the clay, become the same T Some would
need but one, others several. Land is so
dear here, and there is so much such
land, that if this view be true, it is of im
mense importance even tn thoso who
Cutting and Preserving Graft.
Yft- the beat time m .. t
and wuicu is u, , j . -
Tbey may be cut at any time during
winter, or even before, if growth has ctaa
ed. We have preserved late summer cut
. , . j it . t. - 1
i tUdS, wnien Has maiurea wen, u to -
-P fPnDE- an 'eu lucnl "T"'
Such kinds as are liable to bo
injured by the cold of winter, would gei
cut late io autumn, or before the usual ad
vent of tbe severest days.
For preserving them, we prefer to plaoo
them in successive layers of damp moss
the grafts being previously tied in
small bundles. Damp sand (not wet)
answers a good purpose. In either east)
tbey may be laid in boxes io a cellar.
Another, and a good way, is to fasten
them in a box open at the top, without
any packing, and then bury the bosr,
grafts and all, inverted, on a dry spot
The earth preserve their moisture, bat
does not touch them.
Lice os Calves The best -resort
that I have ever fonnd to rid my calves of
lice, is very simple, easy, and only this r
take a few dry ashes from the stovo ; rub
them well into the hair of the animals,
and all thoso troublesome little creature
will soon become harmless and disappear.
Calves, or any other animal to which ash
es are applied, should be kept dry for a
CAmoLic Cui'scn ox Drcnkeness.
Bishop Bayley, tbe Catholic bishop of
New Jersey, has issued a manifesto bring
ing the machinery cf the church to bear
against tbe vice of druukeness. His let
tcr on tho subject has been read in all ths
j eburobes, in which he calls attention to
two classes tne drunkards toemseives,
and the dealers in liqnor. Leaving tho
psstors the choice of thc particular means
to be used, bo snggests that each should
keep a list of thc drunkards and liqnor
dealers in his church. He ssys :
"I am determined to make use of the
most severe measures against all who are
addicted to this scandalous and deitrue
live vice ; and if they continue in the
practice cf it tbey must do it as ontcast
from the Catholic Church, who bave no
right to the name of Catbolio while they
live.nor to Christian burial when they die.'
Gales & Seaton, of th National -telligencer,
Washington, partners for forty
fire years io tbe publishing business, have
never had a difference of opinion on p
litieal questions, and never a jar or mis
understanding of any sort They hav
never known a division of interest ; from
their common eoffer each his always
drawn whatever he cb.-wo, nd for moro
than thirty years pa' hti neT,f
.. . ..-Vmr. of arrwints betwa
1 foPv MMArJ