Newspaper Page Text
BY 0. N. WOR DEN & J
AX ISDF.I'ENDENT FAMILY
E.STADL1S1IE!) IN Is 1:1... WHOLE NO., 74.
At 1."o i'i:u Ylak, always rx Advance.
LEWISBUKG, UNION CO., PAM FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1858.
A!.' . w.-t. Iit:1-j.-uvr i-t m:iy i-rat
Of !..-. lr;- tli :t I r; l.t'y ;.Vw i:nJ-r the rawu;
i ! t !i. : r 1.: K U,. V lite-,
; wl. ii r::rlli rv.-iit.- a li-tucn in June;
- :J.!fl a: ilT ntnl jfiirl,
, ' :. -i 1 1 k.v f.r ! vvu i:i tin- h-b ;
. I:-;, f.ii-i-. in.'- :iu .- -i-, ii - it-- tfrurc,
. ; :,.mi-M:1 l.iw J-arT t" luu.
Cf .v-aii 1.
1 i. !:,
I' : v.i. - - icV. .i v ot 1 b i' ''..injr "Ur
lr. I, Hun;; t' Ur tr U t!r- P.- - av;iYt
t: ;.fn'lif.. l!f ' . - .t 'Jit? uiimtrr tiai Lriu:--,
A-i'i i --.! t - -lull :: r .!:yrr May,
Of.!,.--' -i- lull : - . .n ' I -iwii.; Jf p'lir,
An.I p ' i: .- ;Ji Ii- .-i .1.. tit'T litiiii.iti K-r ?Vmt
O' br'iii. u - -ny fair vu.lli tfl-'Th.T,
And wi wj :- t!j la l.ili v.i.h a nuj of .ur wwul
TIi n p. ii" vi uMif I ? in; '-i .luiMy ;t ll.ir.j,
- L.iriiiit'L- a f..i:y, ti:..t l.rirt;; :it "Ur . il
'l'l:- l.i-l f Ihx- in r-!f. t!i - Mi.:!- "f t'.:v r- h,
T!. li'-ailf (f tli- j i t. mi l ill of -ill
Tl.n. !iilt- l'vf in y 1 i i;i i. !i i! fi r Uj
Mv li:t -Jf il liir f r -urriy the soini 1
C'u-ur uui-ii'.:! rl.ii. k i.- ri frt' liii: t i :t.
Am -j I!.-- w.'r' i - :i 1 ri ;l:t nti-. liv.-' A- u.-'re V. Ur,-l.
G())1 TIMM COMING!
Th. Turn cf the Tide !
lUre'y lu.i "ur fdviri-d cuuiitr; been so
couvul.-cil vii'Ji G:iaiu-i:i! IrouLIts, as is the
tlurk J iys df 1-OT, 'S. llanJrcds of 31 II
lions of J iilur- !.:nt- bei'U lost thoiii-ntids
nl' iin u utiJ wr.iu. ii r.-duceJ from afUueuce
or in Icj cl Jciico to f.-Diir, by to fault of
lleir own divl ti;23 of laou.-ainl? have
fi It t!i bitter of want, of trouble,
aiil of dirist afijirebcQi-iun. J
Tha::ks to the recuperative energies of
S pei j io so bUsscd by OoJ as id our own, :
this state of tbiugs can not loi!,g continue, j
'J'be j raetico of ccvti "my aud n tnnchmait l
Las cudooUcJ, iu tlicae few mouth?, many I
Pliliions cf indebtedness. The test lias j
generally dciii')Litra;i.d who were solvent, I
and who w-.-re ir.jlvcnt, fo that business :
can hereafter be uuuc more saftly. Twenty j
Millions of I'eojde sating an average of j
Fifty i'olhrs each f r articles heretofore ;
obtained from abroad would niako an
aggregate saving an addition to our real '
wealth of 0:.E Thousand MilmoKo
tF Dollars, l'rubably that amount baa
been gained to our country by the re
trenehment compelled by the late pecuni
Such economy is producing its fruits.
Ve see numerous statcmentg,from various
fjuartcr?, of remmpti ju of business by Mer- j
caotilc utiJ Muufacturint; bouses icclu-1
ding some wbieb bad goao into assign- ;
nient, but have come out again with tho ;
weans to resutua their old mode of livcli-
The new Trr-tsury Xutes, instead of
commanding a premium, are half a rent j
discrunt in the market. This shows no
suffering on the part of capitalists. !
Ju'. the Ust sign of returning pro?pcr
ity is found iu the fact that momy can not j
he I'Miiicd in .li t) York city, to the lest men, I
fur iive I'Ltt cent. gocd borrowers will i
not pay withiu two per cent of legl inter- j
csi whereas, a year ago, two per cent, a !
month was a common but a ruinous I
luf-Xew York ( 'ify lias Twenty-Two
Millions of P pilars in specie in tho vaults !
of her Hanks, 'i'his n:oney can not lie
there long, f r t'io who own it must get j
the ust ef it can uot live by leaving it in j
idleness mut rut. it into motion in come ,
safe business, (iu 1 we want no other.)
The Lcwi.-bui ;? !Unk, the 3d of this
month, reported STO, C'O on hand of de-1
posits allowing t';at, in country as well
as in city, there is an immense amount oi
money, only requiring confidence to be put
in more activo circulation.
The prospect, from these reasons
and in view of these fajts is, that there j
will be forthwith a steady but sure return ;
of substantial business prosperity, J that
in a year or two money will be loaned at
lower rates tlan it has been for very many j
ISTlIarrisburg an 1 other market towns;
this wiutcr complain of the poor attend-j
ance of both buyers and tollers at markets, j
Lift aturd.iy, there was not a thiug but ;
beef in the usually full Harrisburg stalls.
This arises from two probable causes i
people iu tonus have but little momy for ;
marketing, the times always affecting
towns and cities the wort ; aud then tho
cojjn'ry people have but little need of
money, and many of them are keeping '
back their products for Ligher prices !
Still there are a few to buy and a few to j
sell, and we tbiuk those who aro willing to
tako present prices will hit it. Provisions j
Lave been too high for some year?, and the j
multitudes who will go to farming and j
gardeuing nest season w ill tend to reduce
rather than to raise the rates. i
la Lewisburg, since the foul weather i
et in, the same scantiness of supply has i
been complained of by those who bad the j
money to piy, but who could not wait ou j
hour after hour to suit the very uncertain
time when supplies would bo in. Sellers
and layers at the same, hour in the s'tmc
plurc, is the most satisfactory dealing.
SEx-Prcsidcnt Fillmoro was last
ctk married, at the Gen. Schuyler Man
sion, in Albany, by Ilev. Dr. Haguo of
tbo Pearl Street Baptist Church, to Mrs.
Caroline (J. M'lati.-h, widow of a former
wealth v mcrcbaut
I fifXbe Wurren Mill states that that
I village has made about One Thousand
; Dollars in donations to three preachers
j within three weeks. A Harrisburg c rr.--'
Fpond. ut who listened to John (J. Saxe's
" Money King' and " Mfc-s MacDride,"
says they read much better th in to hoar
thorn spoken by their author, ho! eu .T
i mous moustache bid his mouth, and be
seemed like a man taikinr: through a Lru h
brap with bis mouth li'led with hot puJ-
fcyCol. W'.W. Dllows, cf the V, atrc
Democrat, is proposed fer Congress iu tLo
Ceutro District, by some of bis neighbor
ing Cuteuiporaries, Westward. Vi'e have
not the honor of bis personal acquain
tance, but if be can t.ilk and light as
strongly as be writes, ho will do for what
ever might be required of an lion. Mem
ber at Washington.
A Cheap Citv to Livi: i.n. Thei: -ehester
(N. Y.) I'uion fays : "Good
flour can be had at $ 1 f0 and the best at
$5 50 per barrel; dressed hogs at 0 cents
per pound; beef at 5 cents; mutton at 4
ccuts; butter plenty, at 15 cents per
pound for prime aud 13 cents fur common;
eggs abundant, at 10 ceuts per uzen ;
best potatoes 03 ceuts per bushel."
Finally Closed. It is stated that on
Saturday, the 0th of January, the doors
of the English Kcclesia.-tical courts
throughout the kingdom, closed, to open
no more, after having existed f. r nearly
S00 years. Who can estimate the amount
of sorrow, persecution aud heresy t"" '
In its timo oooaaioued f
Douglas Read out cf his Party !
'Extract Iroin a ri-cnt Sv-h i-f Il-in. .1- P. II vle
N. 11., in tl. L. S. S.-liiit.'.J
Tl.u ai;,.n i!m
tr.. e -... in- ': . ,n. i .. .
nuu. ceua-.or iroui iiimoia i .-.I. x-.ieu-
las) propounded, when he aked : "Is a
man to be read out ofhis party for departio-
from the President on this great cardinal
point?" Whv, sir, he asks, is a man who
differs from the President on the Pacific
Railroad, to go out of the party ? Oh, no, ,eet above tho sea. Nothing can be more
he may stay. If he differs on Central dreary than the desert from the Red Sea
America, very good ; take the first seat, for 1300 miles, having Nubia and Abysin
if you please. You may differ with the ia on one side and Arabia on tho other.
u luu inu.nc. avu i-J unlet n l .il luc
President on .nything and everything, but
the question of Slavery. On the 1Mb. of grass to be seen, unless it is at two ports,
August, 184:2, in the Senate, Mr. Puchan- JedJa and Muscat. Jedda is the eea port
an used this language : j for Mecca. We passed near it, but it is
I mish' here repeal what I have said on a j rarely visited, except by. Arab vessels
former occasion- j.-orV. hM,,,, Td otM.I
yousac n. was so important bo must re- j orpcar.ilI,co 0f these vast regions is an lm
peat it .,;Te cmb!cui of nations without the
-that all Chri.trn.lom- ! ' , , , .,, w 11(1 f.wlv
mark the words
"is leapiicj againsi ine noum on irns .jues
. . . . .1. ...i. . .i
Uonof domestic Uavery'V ,
"Ail Lnristenuom inciuoes a gie...
many people. If that be true, and you
have eot any allies, it is manifest they
must be outside of Christendom (laughter),
because Mr. Duchanan says all Christen-,
dom is against you ; but stiil be leaves
you some allies, and you will seo it is
as plain as demonstration can make it
that your allies are not included in Chris
tendom. Where are thc allies ? I will
read the next sentence :
"They have nn other allies to sustain tli.-ir
constitutional r;'hts ixcpt the. Ihnweruey .
There is a fight for you ; all Christen- ;
Jm nn nn, ,J the Imoeracv of
v..i. fi,. 1 rr,, ,t,t.i-l
That is not my version-it is Mr. I'.uchau- !
ana. That id tho way 4io backs Uia :
friends; for ho went on, after having
maUO lUIS avowal, ivj uuuu litvuiwi mu-
S' L r.. e' ,i. L .!
wu"u"' """ e ' 1
:.i:nnl..1 tlt'.f In. Tntrrnf cr.pnlr
more freely, having previously indorsed fc,cken.ug brutalities on the
them as high as this. Well, sir, when ! ronr ladies aud their children. The ben
all Christendom was on one side, and the 6al y. abaut land, mutini-
Democracy of the North on tho other, and j -d j tbey have opened the pnsons, and
the Democracy of the North growing less turned loose about twenty thousand mar
aud less every day-a small minority in ers, robbers and thieves, who, with
the New England States-how could the weapons can get, are now
Senator from Illinois be so unkind, or bow ing, robbing and murdering. All is
could he doubt, if, on this vital question, &J "r a cour'tr' containing a pop
he deserted the Democracy and went ov- ! '!i';n f seventy millions, and there is
er to Christendom laughter, as to how ! P'Ja ovcr other larSe
the question would be answered whether provinces. In I nttaqango the most
he was to be read out of the party ? Read province of Bengal, and adjo.inng
. . n.i . ..1 1 i Aracan, the mutiny has just broken out,
out, sir! That question was settled long "'""1 " ' J J . '
' ' . I or.,1 llm I- nrrtivlll flllil nflllir t.Hnstian f.lTn-
On this great vital question tie is
UUL VI auc 1-aiajF. 1
I would not say anything unkind to
that Senator, nor would I say anything
... , , , , , i
uncourteous in the world ; but my expo-i
.1. . i r v I
nence m tho country life of Ncw England
docs present to my mind an illustration,
and I know he will excuse mo if I give
it. A noigbbor of mine had a very valu
able horse. The horse was taken sick,
and he tried all the ways in the world to
cure bim, but it was of no avail. The
horse grew worse daily. At last one of
bis neighbors said: "What are you go
ing to do with the horse?" "I don't
know," was the reply, "but I think 1
shall have to kill him." "Well,
the other, "he does not want much kill- j
ing." Laughter. You see, in ordinary
timet., and en ordinary questions, a little
wavering might be indulged; but when
it is on on.nnestion. and a creat vital !
question, and all Christendom is on one
side, and the Northern Democracy on thc
other, to go over from tho ranks of tho De
mocracy to (well tbo ranks of Christen
dom, and then ask if ho is to be read out!
I leave that p .int Laughter J
I'roij tl.c l'hil.t'l. Cliri-tinn ehr.'tiicta.
Letter from Rev. E. Kincaid.
North Mai.mne Islands, 1
Indian Ocean,- Nov. i!0, 1 8 57. )
It is just a month to day since I left
j-n;jland in a ship crowded with passeu
g"rs. Over T'.'O sou's on board, and the
ship bus (niy aetoinmudutioLS fur 300.
There are j50 soldi'rs for India. Col.
Maber! v, iu tl.arge cf the soldiers, is a
lovely Christian gentleman. 'J'here are
uiany otb.-r t'liristiao tliieers on board,
ami among tli 1:1, Diig. tieu. Makebzy
bis wife, too, is a nolle hearted Christian
lady. There ure two Scotch ministers
and one Kpitcopil minister. The lirst
ti.r. e :;a': uths the Kpiscopal minister read
tho Kpiscopul service, and read a little
unintelligible sermon. Many of the pas-seugi-rs
began to conipluin that the other
ministers were not invited to preach, aud
i.e was cpokcu to ou the subject. He re
plied '.hat they bad uo authority to preach.
Then the captain was appealed to, and he
iuvitel tho othirs to preach. We have
two services at the same time : one for-j
-.1 t, O'.O ,.r,A nnn nn I
," , . -.1 o-n'
the ..uarter decK with u0 c-ibin passen-
One Scotch minister has preached
three times, and the other twice. I have
preached three limes. Our assemblies are
attentive, and, w itli the Divine blessing,
good will be done. One thing is to be
deplored ; at diuner, the table is covered
with bottics of wine aud furnished to all
cabin passengers. It is a p cruieieus sys
tem, and tends to create the habit of drink-inu-
1 !TX rt ,i-rt n f"w who
indulge iu drinking.
Should I begin to describe the places I
have passed through, and the events of
the voy:-o thus far, it would take many '
l-rr-i siwets i.i T i,,st let it all nass.
v.. ,.,, .,.,..; ,u . vl-M i
-iu iauba-c.. e . b - ;
Wilful picture of Mount Sinai, as seen j
about eight uiiles below Suez, as you
pass down the iled Sea. There it stands, I
in awful solitude and grandeur ; it, naked I
summits rising seven or eight thousand i
' - uu eiuv cieiu ..n.i .1 w i.. un ... vj... . ,
Not a tree, or bush, or even a blade oV
. .. . -n . . i ii,,
S 10 mis vase Wliaeruess iu i-ea-u .ueiu
t ,a Ood aiene - j
oi me piigrime ui t-T- i
wonder at the unbelief and murmur-;
icr? Gf Israel. Wo aro amazed
apostacy and hardness of heart. Dut then
how much do wo resemble, in our unbo-
lief, the ancient Isreael !
Soon, if the Lord will, I shall be in
liurmuu. I I-jD3 10 see me uu,u
there, and to encourage then in the work
of winning souls to Christ. Dy the pa-I
r . .1 - -1 i.n. -
pers you have learned something of the
awr.il massacre ot men, women auo ,
children, in India. About iOOO at Cawn-
. h .1
pore,an;l ir. yanous places i ppertu j
"l-out i.W nave ocen ru o u-a..,
stances to, terrible to be des-
cribed-tho ladies and eh
! were maae iu muum oiiiie.iufc, , ,
1 i it,j., unun i.
m il imi i;:ii 11 ion uiu suijeuiuii "
Tli monsters seem to nave ncen
. . ,1
"frail U torture the men, and so unit
, .. . 1 J 1,...
un lor mat ny me musi uuuuaiu m ui-
!!!. ,1 nine) I.TT lmt"A A I h A
Pusa of tho mutineers was on the
Government Treasury, some two hundred
thouaud rupees they let all tho pnso-
luuu ,ua 1 r
ncrs loose, and made them carry tho silver
n1-" ,u' r"-' " J .
.I- .... . ...e limn ili.l Ilm I'hriB.
this cost so much time that tho Chris
tian families fled and hid themselves, and
ouly one was killed. Tho mutineers,
with the prisoners loaded down with silver
made off as fast as possible into the interi
or. Tho Doeea, also tho Sepbois, have
risen, and some seventy been killed.
The Passus state that news from Ava is
unfavorable. The excitement is so great
that the King can scarcely restrain his
nobles from rising and pushing into tho
English. Provinces. Satan has oome down
Ub groat power. The civil autnom.es
are paraljzcd-tho waves of anarchy have
swept away a'l order. Mahometans and
Hindoos send up one wild, fearful cry,
"our rclicion is in danger kill the Chris
tians." Ail ages, even the nursing infant
is cruelly and horribly butchered. Mnoy
churches, gathered from among the hea
then, bavo been swept awar, men, women
and children After all, ths rrrtt bun-
ness seems to bo robbery. Mahometan
fanaticism is really at the bottom of all
these horrors "the heathen rase aud the
people imagiuo a vain thing." "He
tbatsittetbiu tbo heavens shall laugh: the
Lord will bavo them in derision." I
trust this fearful flood will not roll over
llunnah ; there are but few Mahometans
there, but still enough in the larger towns
to stir up mischief. Already a few have
beeu put in irous for trying to excite a
mutiuy. Two Fnglisb regiments are to
be sent into liurniah at once-. The King
of Ava will prevent any rising in IJurmah,
I am quite certain. More by and bye.
Kver affectionately yours, e.,
To llev. Dr. KtniiiirJ.
Good CongrosEioaal Reminiscence.
On the ISth of Jau'y, 1S37, the House j
adopted a rule to lay Anti-Slavery petitions
on the table ; this being denominated the
"Atnerton t.ag. un .uonuay, otn i-eo.,
John (jLlM if Adams having occupied an
hour or e in exhausting his pile of Ami
SlllViTV III -lIllirialH. tlllUHCci. ftnd lOOklllL'
.: ,;r ..,,i . vr P.IL- "I 1,1.1
Uiguincantly at .Mr. folk, sutd, 1 Luld
in my hand a paper purporting to lc a pe-
tition from certain slaves. If I should i
present it to the House, would it go ou '
tlm tihln imd-rthn nnb'r of the lfith of
January?" Tho Speaker seemed bewil-
dered. and had iust time to stammer out !
something about the gravity of the ques
lion, when the entire Pro-Slavery side of
tbo chamber exploded with the most in
tense wroil. "Let lilm e c-xpelleel 1"
screamed a score of voices." " Let him
be expelled 1" shouted Dixon II. Lewis,
whose huge body, weighing five hundred
avordupois, came waddling and wheezing
towards the Clerk's desk, 'the whole
ri.rnii f ( lii. li were nn their f.-et. :
t -.. ---- - - ..'
screaming, swearing, and gesticulating like
demons. Polk plied his gavel and called
to order in vain, while the spectators in
the overhanging galleries caught the spi-
rit of the scene and were going wild with j
excitement. Quick as thought, resolu- 1
tions were prepared for the emulsion of -
Mr. Adams, based on the assumption that !
he had presented a petition from Slaves i
for the Abolition of Slater.j. Ere they
were fairlv before the House, thev were !
offered in a modified form by Waddy j
anu uuuerwuuu ivauiug c iw i ..-.- j
i t . i l i:
ocracy, while Lincoln, Cushing, Philips,
Granger and others defended Adams.
- .v. t - t. .u. , ,!,-.
. . . . T. V -7. . , ., t
CapUol Deing mied witu an exei .u mro.ig, ;
tne colleagues and menus ot .ur. Auams :
felt great anxiety, not only for his fate ,
in the House, but for his personal satety
Meantime, resolutions were going through
various modification, all tending to soften
tiv. 11. luring onn mitiirar.i itiir nnni'iiisiiiri.
T - -- .
All this t.me the Roman sat unmoved
in his place, the calmest man in the
euamocr, witn tue incenuiary pc.u.ou :
unt..' in. L-iirt tin in rn i'Giv ir. I'ni'in.
, now demanding the severest j Legislature under me same, ine con.-u- po(at0( uavins oQ cjui mt0 .20 pICCMjBu4
rather than expulsion. Thcreup- ' tu'lon luus "amea tiiau oe euumiucu iu piantej tuc galne , 2( bills, which yield- !
V "--'me1 tt, 1 r-V'" ' ? vo,c - M thc flu:"'?'-:!!.ST)n-fui,,iJ,Jtfl ; tjef V J oV A. flo'wlahd) realized 2 bushels
days, Thompson, Dromgoole, lse 1 - . " iuei ,
"r - auJ Christian churches ; and it was gained
it egan Jy the defection of the great Quaker ,
haJ .. it , i
-- ------- ,. , ......
le. Dereupon, iromgooio 01 irgima .
..... ....... , , .
sattioe luna tiua ue iuciuvci- iruiu
" .... , ... I
Mohnsotta "had niven color to the iJui !
ii.... i i..i i:(;A
ia' wn "g".
Piually, the pro siavery side of the House
began to suspect that they were pursuing
the negro in the wrong direction ; that if :
there was a colored individual in the case
at all, he was more likely to be found in
the paling than in the petition, and so
they stopped to take breath. I
Then, Mr. Adams arose to address thc
Houso. With great deliberation, bis
voice pitched upon a shrill key, that pen
etrated to the corner of the galleries, and
with a frail bit of paper rustling in his
aged hand, he called the Speaker's atten
tion to the question he had put him three
days ago, which still remained unanswer
ed, viz : "Whether a paper, purporting to
be a petition from slaves, would, if he
were to present it, go on the table, under
the order of the 18th of January 7" Look
ing around with a mingled expression of
sarcastic cunning and lofty scorn which
Lord Chatham would have envied, he
cried in a voice not of thunder, but in a
sharp, hissing tone, such as lightning
might be supposed to employ, if it spoke
at all, "And am llo he expelled from this
li '2'iacious, balbling House, for simply ask
ing a question f"
For the first time, the thonght flashed
on friend anil foe, that Mr. Adams had
neither presented the paper, nor proposed
to present it. Everybody felt queer, while
some grave men looked like lank sheep
suddenly denuded of their fleeces. It bad
now got wind that the paper was tho work
of some slaveholder, purporting to be
signed by Scipio, Sambo and other bogus
negroes, asking the House to trpel Mr.
Adams from their My I
And now "the old man eloquent'' took
his tarn in the debate. How ho demol
ished ono opponent after another, scourg
I ing, flaying, scalping, impaling to his
, heart's content how rnk upon rank of
j the chivalry went down iu heaps before
. bis trcnebuut blade bow he spitted poor
i Prouigoole. and roasted biiu before a lire!
j of sarcasm, when he told him that "giving ;
j eob.r to an idea" was not a Xurthcru but I
j a Suthcru practice, one of the peculiar ;
I domestic institutions of Yir.'iuia" with ,
j which he bad no desire to iuterfere bow :
the House screamed with laughter as;
Dromgoole essayed a grim smile iu ac- j
, kuowledgment of this delicate allusion to I
! the bleaching chemistry employed by the !
, South to eradicate the dark tints in their j
i variegated population how he wound up !
bis triumphbant phillipiu by warning his j
young adversaries "never again to run on '
an errand till they knew whither they were ,
going" and bow the Hou--e firmly re- 1
fused to lay the resolutions on the table,
but brought their authors to a direct vote,
and linaliv trampled them down bv a de- !
; ci(Ji.(, m,,-yit-ly . Are not M these things ;
! writ,.n hj tu, C!lronieics (1f lLe ()!lJ i
: f , ,, f itt.r,rciCI1tativcs ? Ji--
j ,ltJ ;;t,,-(); Jljarlhll
j p -
' The Territorial Legislature of Kansas
,,.., b, ,, , ,
providing for au election cf delegates to a
ncw constitutional convention on the sec- :
ond Tuesday in March : The convention '
in. .-.tcaii ?i in I Tiiriii'.ii iinin iirrirwrn-H- :
xi to be composed cf one hundred delegate,
of which Levenworth county has thirteen;
Douglas nine; Doniphan seven; Shawnee
six; Atchison five; Johnson four: and
so on, some ten counties baviug one each,
Tbo ..mmieainnnr are auDoiattd in each j
county, who appoint the judges iu every ;
precinct, and the vote shall be by ballot, j
The returns are to be made to the Oover- j
e 1 resident oi me council, anei
,ivM- All male citizens twenty-one years ,
,. , . , , . , . ,
"; " .i-.u.u ,-uv
been thirty days ;n the territory preceding
the county .
"ich they attempt to vote All who j
"?mPt to yot Jn J'f tion of the above ;
provisions snail do uuu not less man ?ie-v ;
or more thia -w anJ bc imprisoned not j
,css "-an 0QC Eor moa' l":la luri;l! uu'"- ;
TLe delegates thus elected shall meet on ;
, , . .
tu toutth Tuesday m March, to frame a ;
.I....' 1 . : I . e . . I . I .,.;...
constitution and provide lor tne election :
of Statc mccra and n'cmbc" of a State !
If adopted, tho constitution is to bo mi- j
mediately sent to Washington, and aduus- ;
I sion urged under the same ; and sixty j
rf h - - -
the Legislature will meet at Topeka to
- . . . . ,. . ,
What is Said of Us
The London Freeman, thc able organ
the English Daptists.in summing up the
events of the pa.-t year, had the following ;
ri.ulurks on republican America :j j
. c a
of ( of ;
- and sfcvoaolloM over Christianity
r 1 ... ... . .
- . . . ,
State, Pennsylvania, fromtti3 pr.iic.p cs
of its founder : Amern
rica is tlic most de-
q ,j rrL,teftaut countries. It
. . . . 1-1
19 tue reproacn 01 J.vangencai ciiri-i.e.i
dom. Her slaveholders defy botu lod
and man, and thc freemen of thc Free
States sacrifice their own political freedom
and the personal rights of the negro, to a
low and noisy political party ! The I'ui
tuil States aro to us a creator cricf than
Heathendom and Popery, for the names j
of Christianity and Protcstanism, of civil 1
unit riiliirous liher'v. are blasphemed thro' :
nm Oh that the Free States may burst ,
their fetters, get rid of the accursed thing, '
and join the mother country in heading tho j
t f ci ,;.iii m l nivilintion '" !
march of Christianity and cuuization . 1
----- - -
Borrowed Books. !
Have yoa any borrowed books ? So ;
much benefit maybe derived from books
that are loaned, it is a pity to ao anyming ,
which shall hinder the practice : But,kcep.
. rn inn-th of time, tires the !
natiencc of tho owners, so that they are ;
less disposed to lend again, whilst it de-1
prives them of the power of lending those
, d, U tho time thev are need- '
ft f ,l Vl.,- ' UUV IUC Uie-lieril U .v. , UUL1 III UIU.9 U. a.wu. -J"- .-....
lessly kept. Some retain books, hoping planted unsound and unripe seed, or to
to have more leisure by and by, aud some j their potatoes having become Jet.norated
from carelessness. In cither case, let : by being grown too long upon tho same
there be a reform. If one has not time to ' ground. Ifyoubav.no small potatoes,
read at present, tho books may be loaned j therefore, you should cut your large ones
to those who have. If neglect has been j into two, four, six, or more pieces, accord-indul-ed,
let it be so no longer, nor misuse ding to their size. One good eye to each
tho kind interest of a friend. Punctuality , cutting, is sufficient, and its fleshy part
in returnin- books, as well as carefulness i need not be larger than a common sued
in the uo of them, is not merely an act of ; sholled-hiekory nut. For experience has
polite attention, but a moral and religious hown that large and fine potatoes can be
Jjuty. ! growu from even ) .Uto parings, that con
The JackVo7yilTe(Fra.) Republican rc- j lain sound eyes or buds. But, as cut po-
j. Ik. nf Mr. Winmn Lassitcr. ! tatoes, planted immediately after being
, tho 28th ult., aged 130 years. She
was a North "Carolinian, and married in
the colony many years before the Revo
Two moro volumes of Maeauley's His
tory of England, which brings the history
ditvn to yueen Anne s reign, arc "otupt'
ted aid will soon b r-iMi.'bd
The ;artli'ii The r h.ii
tP5.,At the Annual KU ction of the
1'nion County Agricultural .S iciety, held
February lt. 1SS5, the following OiUeers
were fleeted tt the usumg ar :
JACOIJ GCNDY, 1'iv-il.nt.
Kli Sl.lIEIl, j
Solomon I'ittiii, j
JIlellAEi. Hitow.v, I
Fnvsns Wilson, Yice
Wm. Naoi.k, f Presidents.
J. A. Mkiuz, Heeording Serre!:.: y.
I!. V. H Lincoln, Corresp'tiii.g S- e'y
Till is. H. Wilson, Agrie'l (iiemi;
J. MKi'.tui.L Linn, tie ologi-t.
U. 1!. Laiud, Treasurer.
James M'Ckeiout, Librarian.
iv'-0;ie Alee President was cleetvd fi :n
each l'oroug!i and Town-I.ip which ha
Members iu the Society. It is desirable
that friends of the cri-e in the remaining 1
Districts make out Memberships, so that
all parts of the county ean be represent 1 '
in the 1! jar 1 of 0:h; . ... There is as yet
, . , . , m i ! -.
iiiii iiii'-ir 1:1 I iiii mi in iiiiiii. ij
lay out the ;;re.u;ids nndrr et buildings where to lower thetasgnct, so as to twueH
suitable to the ..irns of the Society. We the knife "Throw the Jan's rays down
aro aware of the diiucu'.ii- i of the times, on the bottom of the w.dl by a lookipg-
but there are still cuoiil-Ii who cou'd take 1
a Life Membership of Ten Dollars enti- ;
tling themselves and families to a!l the '
privileges of the Society without any fur-
tlier fee or tax thus enabling the Society
to k-rp p fcer motto 'r.xce.eior.
Let us see some progress every year,
"roiTni lwuhq ckm.
Potato Culture---No. 1.
jIueh Laa Lccn sliJ atlJ writtell about
the relative value ot large and sunn pota-
,0 , e . sc0, . sonle lai0il m fuVor of lar
. . ,J . . " '
and otbm ot emilU secd. And numerous j
ezperimeuts have been made, with both,
auJ wilh vur!uus M(!CCaa. Dut recent ex- j
pcrimenu, made in the State of New York
ia 1S51 arc 8Xlcll a5 t0 de3crTe a pudillg
Tbu5j mo CXpCrimentcr (John We-1
therly) cut one Rochester Red potato,hav- j
j o i e .cs ;Dt0 ai maD, picccj anJ pIan !
o J ' . ' .
tcJ thc f!lme iuto22 uiU( whi(:L yicjdi;(1 ;
. . ... . .. . I
bim tw0 an, a ,aif bushels of fine potufoes.
Xaothei (S. II. Abel!) cut a California
ean pitto having GO eyes, and cut into as
many cuttings and planted in 30 hills.
Another (L. W. Rrigg) gathered 2J
bushels of Mexican potatoes from one .
M.-ican ootato cut into as many cuttiugs
- - .....
.f....n.1j ltT.i.i.f amin c.i 11
1 we're iii .ii v. .11 ji Mi.iv.ev (- --- . '
1. nve only a germ of the eyo on each
piece, and also leave some of the cuttings j
not larger than a grain of corn the-entjro j
number of cuttings from this single potato
h amountc.i t0 ti:. And the same
- eut tbrja pf ,he
...v. t 1
207 pieces, respectively, cutting maDy of 1
, into froni 4 to C divisions-and
, as ,mM ia sho
M a gra!n of wll0af, produced from one
, (r .:7,i ..topn naeh ! While
no,t, ,, cxrerimcnter, fwbose name is not
...x is . t0 u..ye 0bta;nta mi,tJ ;
- . . . . .
than Oiree luJuls of potatoes from the j
11 1 it . . .
planting of on; black Merce-r potato cut ,
1 . .. ., , ... 1
up into cuttings with eyes as aforesaid .
. c , , ; '
Now these experiments, which Wire
made with care, and were described af
length in theCo mi lt some time ago,bae
settled two points most conclusively, lo
wit . p .t That p,,ti,,0 cattiugs, and (by a
f aritJ of roa. .i,;ig small potatoes are
.. .J ,, .1 f. 1 .i.l ia 1'inm trim!. rtntri.
' , o., trn ;
w i0 2ft sh f polatoc3 the 8rre a, j
; j r,ant ,;,r mor, t7 :
than is nccc3.sary
. . , , ,
'y own experiments f ir the last three
or four years, have fully sat.sficd me tha ,
small potatoes (provided the, are W ,
- . - - - v.-.-..-.
tleir success, nut ouenoeenooKca am, ne-
alcctcd) are just as gocd f r seed as large
potatoes, if not even belter. And those ,
who have railed in growing large and tine
potatoes from small ones, must attribute
their want of success cither to their having
cut, are apt to immne too mueu iuou..,
especially in rainy seasons, and so tot or j
become greatly weaKencc, u 13 onviamuie
to cut vour potatoes somo two or three
days or a week before planting, as the cut
... . . V f I
will in ltiar lime vj reason 01 j
their exposure to the air, gradually dry
up and harden in? 1 drv.-iu.',an-l s? re
sist the outward moisture aud yet rutain a
. suiheieuey tf tbir own for healthy and
. vigLrous growth.
For early potatoes, you should plant
I your s:- J about the last of February or
i the b. ginuiug of March, if the season will
' permit.niid plunt your principal crop about
the 2Utb or 25th of April, and your lata
i crop from about the 10th to thclSthof May.
Dut the seeond planting will, generally,
turn out the best, and hence ought to bo
made the main crop. And to succeed well
I you should change your potato Beel by
adopting a new variety or the same Tariety
from a diiTercUt soiI,every Cvc or sis years,
f r an occai .ea! change of seed has more
effect apon tin? crop than most persons
imagine. Try it, and you will find it S0
as I hevc d.ne. West L'liAStu.
Application of Knowledge.
A very valuable pocket kuife was onea
dropped into a twenty feet Well half full
of water. "Ilo-.T shall we get it out?
Shall we have to draw all the water frota
the. well ?" The writer proposed to use a
strong horse-shoe niagt, near by, sus-
i i . i .
ueiieii.-.i in i-ur i -'iir w. ri.ii I si"i
glass," was the second answei
done, the knife rendered visible
answer- It w;
top of the well, the magnet brought iatj
contact, and tho knife brought up all
being accomplished in a minute of time.
The two parts of a pomp bucket screw
el together, were to be separated in repai
ring it, so as to introduce a new leather
packing. L'ut it was o! 1. rusty and firm,
and what the force of three stout moo,
with levers affixed to it, could not do,
brains did. The outer part, or socket.
! .t,L.K ntl,.. ... ..wt ...
v - " -
touted, and the inner kept cold-the heat
P " maJe llar'0' an' a "rca of
Pods separated the por-
urouuu sioppers wiiai .ru .u
b(l--"3, fd hard to move the heat of tho
"ge-", m u,.uS .e,,
still mere so but if the neck of the bottla
, . , . , . . . . ,
is warmed (a cloth m hot water, by hot
1 , . . j .5- 1 Iha atnnr.nv will lnan imm.i.
ashes, kz.,) the stopper will loosen imme
Nuts on largo screws are sometimes ia
a similar fix, and may be removed in the
.v cut required to keep its place Iirmly,
if first heated may be fastened on more
securely, and with less injury to thread,
thau by the most forcible screwing.
Selecti.no Situ Cons. One of our
agricultural readers say,, he never ha.
auv troublo abeurlis corn eorminatinir.
W. t,. U W t .h.ll hi. rron. ha
Jooks out carefully for hi seed.,
ig the largest and best ears,
,. , .. !,
them in two, and examines the cob. If
it is dark colored, or exhibits the least
sign of decay, it is at once rejected. If
ou thc other hand, the ccb is bright and
sound, the corn has all its germinating
qualities, and it is saved for send. By
this process the farmer is sure to have
ypHl it. me experiiacui is siiupie via
easily tried, and as there can bo uo doubt
of its success, a vast deal of time, labor
aud vexation will be saved to the farmer
after the corn is planted. DJ. Co. JZip.
T ll ... V.l
ward, of the Supreme Court, has recently
.' .. .
maie a decision at Philadelphia, open tha
... ,. , , ,
question whether railroads are liable for
vi iujaies iitlUC VJ itaiu? v.v jii.un v.
vehicles crossing the road. The suit was
brought to recover from the Philadelphia,
Wilmington, Baltimore and Delaware
Railroad Company for injuries done to tho
plaintiff while crossing the track of tho
fad in a two horse wagon. The points
'i l? tl JuJc ire-"lst. That
Pon about to cross a railroad teicfc, is
n duty bound to stop and look in both
... , ,. , c . ,
directions, aud listen before crossing. 2d
. ff M ;n tha
MuM ot Jtho U:L tUc railroad
n mm nc!;lieent."
Horrible Case of Spontaneous ( om-
BL'sfTtos. A horrible case of tpontaneoua
combustion is reported as having recently
occurred in Cairo, (Illinois.) A man,
named Faxon, suffering under delirium
tremens, entered a saloon and called for a
glass of brandy. Immediately after drink
ing it his breath came in contact with a
lighted match in the hand of a bystander,
and instantly touk fire and burned for
nearly two minutes, when death ended bis)
tortures. The agonizing screams of tho
wretched man are described as having
been horrible in the extreme. Louisi ilia
Washington, Sat., Feb. C, 1353.
All the Banks of this (ity, and tha
Bank of Commerce and the Fanners and
Mechanics' Bank of Georgetown, resumed
pment cf aR their liabilities
Charles A. Jones, Esq., an old and rcv
spectcd citizen of Rochester, died a few
J k o t-i rv .. an'f.invil .urtntt.? pvt-t
uj "" 1
.tuec ,ir ira uuraus 'fuui
I be National Hotel fieknc".
1 fopy MM jr. J