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L E WIS BERG I Cfl R 0 N.I .C L EL
Volume 11, Wnmber 12.
Whole Number 324.
LEWISBUllG, UNION CO., PA,, JUNE. 19, 1850.
a N. WOMEN, Printer.
tt & EICSOS, Editor.
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From the Lcwisbnrg Califoraians.
Cointt San Jose. Calif., )
April 1859. S
The novl'y of a speedy
and pleasant trip, throunh fm-ly timbered
woodlands over rich prairies covered w i n
tall grass and wild flowers, or erosin.a j
mountains abounding in ever-vary tug nno
picturesque scenery, always surrounded by
an abundance of game dwindled aw;iy
Into a tedious and toikomc march, over
harrpn wnatea and sterile moul t tins, but
!i:tle game, scarce enough v getaiion to I
ieep our sulTering auimals nlive, and our- j
st-lves in frequent want t)f tlib absolute j
necessaries of Iire. BuUthe journey was;
hoi without incident, and I should now ,'
think light of reiuriiing to ihe States over-
lind. It requires at least one trip to initiate j
a person into ihe arts end mysteries of the
business. I do not wonder that persons j
become attached to a wandering life amid j
the Savage wilds and wasti-s of our country.
The hardships and ex,iouies which such ;
hereon become inured to, grow upon their i
nature, and :hcy can hot re.t bulesa in this
their favorite element.
A person could have realized a sm.i!l
rorlune out of a trunk full of gar.len seeds,
this spring. Potatoes are now worth 30
ets. per lb. by the cargo ; onions sold for
1 per lb., cabbage $2 per head, pumpkin.
124 cts. per lb.. &c. As soon as the new
crop Is ready Tor market, these pnees must
decline some, although self-tntercst would
have me wish to the contrary. Since our
arrival in the country, the prices ol .most
everything have been sustained or increas-
td, and at one time last winter provisions
tone to an enormous height.
IVC have not been to ihe Mines since Iat
Pall, and verv likely will not see them
this Summer; but we have almost daily
Intelligence from the p'asers,
new is flattering. Ihe
erowoeo, out at pre.-...
very nign, ana on me r.se. ;.ey .... ,
subside until July, which seriously inter
feres with mining operations. There are
but about four months in the year that gold
watTiing can be carried on without inter,
aiption. Gold dust exchanges readily for
eoos. et $16 per ozM and commands
16,0 to .75 io coin. I have heard men I
ay that thsy purchased it as low as f I per
ot. from the Indians, when ihe mines were
The population of t!.e country compo
sed of 'all sorts' of people.and the universal
order and good feeling thai prevail in the
absence of common law, is astonishing.
A few days ago, a lot of Chinese passed
our ranch, on their way to the placers.
These 'Imperials,' with their umbrella hats,
peculiar dress, and singular features, are
Kid-looking fish. They were apparently
in good spirits, but we could not understand
trfcir 'chow-wow' lingo. These were ihe
first of that nation we have seen, bound for
(be diggings; they generally stay about the
iowni, being engaged iu the rcstaraunt
The majority of American families that
have settled upon land, are from the State
of Missouri. Those who came out in
1646, and suffered so severely in crossing
the Sierra Nevada, were mostly Missouri-1
ana, many of whom are now independently
wealthy. One of them, who packed his
, i u I, . . j ..:
wife and child, and all tie traps and provi -
tons be could carry, upon one poor old
borse, and himself walked to this country.
, . ,c .
m now worth half a million. Many young
men .ho came here oenniless. are rTow
worth ten to fiftv thousand dollars. I also
know persons who have dug as much, ho
have now not a single grain to show .or it.
Gambliog and dissipation are sure outlets
lor the dust.
A great many persons who came into
the country about the time we did last
season, and made some money in the mines,
came down country when the rains set in,
and went to work in the Red woods, mak-
ing lumber, vfaich was then worth $450
per thousand feet. Tbey expected to get
the fruits of., their labor lo market this
spring, when the roads became passable,
and realise handsome wages ; but ihe vast
cargoes of lumber that have recently arri
ved, have reduced the price to $60 per
thousand. Their winter's hard labor is
n&, for this pric'o will not pay for hauling
it out of tlie woods ; and ttiey ore now
returning to t'ie mines, more d .-stitute than
ever. It is here as in ull o'her countries,
while sortie speculators ' turn J.i.k,M oth
ers are not so lucky.
1 am surprised to meet so few in Cali
ornia who 'hail frem' Pennsylvania. .Mas-schusetts,Connr-;:ticut,
New York, Missoui i,
and Missouri, send ' lots of 'em,' but you
would lie more likely, if here, to meet
acquaintances from ' Ould Ireland than
r n ,
from Pennsv Ivama.
Mr. Hush Mill, r. W. II. C.
TT TXTTT T. AT.T 1W UTfinTTM TTTT! MOTITHTTIiT
PY HENJ. F.TAYDB.
hen the tauntling heat of the Ituart of lure,
Auil iho Bjjriitjrir.jr Mt-p, ffruw slow
Y- heu tin fnrm of a clouU in (lit: blue ttbev
Lies lsuk iu the path below
The tow; that rinp", Ik lost in a fih,
And h turnii wltirc a Star if dawning.
And I ir thinks a it fsladilfn hin heart and hi
It will all be riht iu the uuruiiig:
V hon the aFtmn mnn rnml,n in the middle watch,
Fr.in Lifc'ri iliin dttk it. guziiif .
And itriTti tli rough the wrxtk of thr ttmptst to catch
The gh-am of the duy-U-am'ti bhucin;.
Amid thv wild tonn, thtrv luirl the Lcln,
He lutfi not the dark tftvan janiiis
Fir that mug hi hin fu1. nt a ntrmw ran whelm
- It will all be ritht In the m -ruius."
hrH th Iwttle w (ton?, the heart nudtrung,
lti iuu!tr tn-mtiliii. dying;
V hen h: war? are iuiwojt, and his dtn unsung.
And he liifi tn lr grure to be lyin
Then a tce vital I charm, a it charm-d UTura
He had wept or waited th dawning,
"Tln-T d(i lTc thrt for av-j I'll le thine a? of jorc
It will all be rijiht In the mornu- '.n
Tiiu all thrr.u-.-h th world, hy ll:p and by t-hore,
here the mother bend" over
Tin cradle whoe tenant ha guue on Iruftre
Where the eyes of the lover,
LKk 'he lur.rt s bi ldcn Ion; what', ver the word,
A Wfh-oin. a il or a warninc
Thii- is every win re elieriittl thu everywhere heard,
lt will all be riht in the mnniinjr!
A Kamtive of Real Life.
uv Jtisi sr-OGWiis.
; , m o Rfoa(J ,Q
;. o of K(IMf he !overf ftboul llllle
j yf , -lVho ;s she r
j .. Duch if who
jn q. a jlIc
;dwci ,hat ,lK)ks ,ike , crack or a seam
, on each side of
- . ()roprie;ors of
a w,.(hiii L(jt lhey hnd
; anJ oul:wiled lhfcw were re.
!duccd w Uuto lenemeott 8;me ,
. by fifleen gurf ivjng dJ
!SCendant was my littb friend Lucy, a
; fu:r.tr,nnrA f,; i.n;,i i.i.,n.vrt
girl, of a most modest, quiet, engaging de
meanor. For many month alter we moved
jto State street, I knew nothing of the (ami
; ly ; but from such observation as the eye
lcouM take neatness lva ,he ruling pas-
f .. h hllU TheironIv XTXan,
Minerva, (the goddess of wisdom should
have known better.) used to scrub the house
weekly from garret to cellar; their only
carpet was shook every Saturday ; the
steps were scoured dai'y, and 1 never, in
my life, saw the old woman without a dus
ting cloth in her hand. Such a war of ex-
termination did she carry on against the j
intruding particles, that my friend E. used :
to say, it mtist be hard to think of 'turning
to dust.' L-icy had no visitors, no com
panions ; and of the only indulgence of the
old people, w hich was sitting on the stoop,
every pleasant afternoon, according to the
anc.ent Dutch custom, she never partook.
She never went out, excepting on Sunday
to church, and then she reminded me of
one of those brighrretty flowers, thai hang j
np the cragged, bare stems of the cactus.
1 pitied her,' her spring of life seemed pass
ing away so diearily. My pity was mis
applied; and r felt it to be so when I looked
into her serene and sweet countenance,
and saw there the impress of that happiness
which certainly Cows from duties religious
ly performed. It is a great matter, Grace,
to have your desires bounded within your
station , to be satisfied with the quiet, un-
I noticed performance of the duties Provi-
T I I ..ll.ii.i - - 1 . .
! "eoce, "ns u,,ul,cu lu auu "ul u W"T
j your efforts or strength in seeking to do
I wood, or to outain pleasure, beyond your
1 . ...
' sphere. This is true wisdom ; and this was
At last.there came to tnis obscure (nm-
Al ' . ,
J. c""rc .-'--- -.--
The old man and his wife died with-
i lit a icw uuj j - -
.k.i tli A ..tosl in ihn pllu. Thf hoHR
g,H llini 1 1 j acigu 'j ' I
of serving the pretty t rhari induced me lo
go to the house. She received me grate
fully and as an old friend ; and though we
had never exchanged a word together,
then had been an' interchange of kind
looks and friendly nods those '.it'iTe bu
majties that bind even strangers together.
On inquiry into her affiurs, T found that
she was left almost penny icss.put a u.scree.
and kind female friend had procured a
! place for her in Ross' glove factory. Imcj
was skilled in all the art and handicraft of
ihe needlo. Ross it seems is a very thri
ving tradesman ; and to warm recommen
dations ol Lucj'a friend 1 had promised
to board her in his own family, and allow
j her sufficient comieusa'ioi. for her labor,
la a few days she removed t her new
home. It is now fmeen months since she
left our street. She came ome to ull me
lhat she was perfeblly satisfied wi:h l.er
place, and since then I have heard nothing
of her. Do not look so reproving, my lady
Mentor.' I have been intending for some
time to cull at Mr. It'iss' to make ii quints
' about her.
"My story has brought us almost to the
hnp ; ' Joiix Uoss, G!oveM inuracturer.'j
This must be the plait: Stop one moment,
Grace, and look through the window; that I
man, no doubt, is Ross himself. What i
fine head ! You might know he would
succeed in the world, let hts lot be cast
where it would. lie would have made a
resolute general, a sare statesman ; but
here he is an lionbst; thriving glover, and
that perhaps is just as well ; nothing truer
than the tri'.e old couplet :
'Honor and fame from no condition ii.e ;
Act well your part, there all the glory lies.'
'-Tliu old man looks us though he might
he a little tyrannical, though. IIevcn
iirant poor Lucy may not hae suffered
from that trait in his physiognomy .'
The only customer is coming out ; now
we have a clear field, lot us go in."
Mr. Koss ? I brieve."
The same, mn'am."
" I came, Mr. Ross, to inquire afier a
young woman who came to live with you
i year last Christmas."
" I have had a j-reat monv youns wo-
men living with me, ma'cm."
("The old man's humor requires me lo
he explicit.) Her name, Mr- Ross, was
Ay, Lucy Wendell did come into the
factory about that lime."'
There was an expression on Ross face
at the mention of her name, that might be
tide pood, and it might lietide evil, of Lucy.
I merely wished lo know, Mr. Ross.whe.
ther sfie still remains with you."
' Was you a friend to Lucy Wendell,
' I shau'd think it an honor to call my
self so, but I could hardly claim that
name. She was my neighbor, and inter
ested me by her correct deportnunt.nnd un
common duiifulness lo her old parents.''
R ss made no reply, but fumbled over
some gloves that were on the counter; then
tied up the bundle and laid it on the shelf.
"Tou seem, Mr. Ross, not disposed to
answer my inquiry. I'm afraid some acci
dent has happened to the poor girl."
"Would you like to know, ma'am, what
has happened to her ?" lie leaned his el
bow on his desk and seemed about to begin
"Ccrlainly I would.'
'-Well, you know whfen Lucy Wendell
came to me, she was a little dem ire thing
not a beauty, but so comely, nnl so ti
dy, that she was a pretty resting place for
the eye of the old or young. She was as
great a contrast to the other girls in the
workshop, as white is lo black. She just
sat quiet in one corner, and minded her
work, and tcok no part in their gabbling.
You know what a parcel of girls are, ;
ma'am, dinging away from morning till
night,like forty thousand chimny swallows.
Lucy was very different ; she made her
self neat and tidy in the morning, ana did
not lose half an hour at noon when the
'prentice boys were coming to dinner,
twitching out curl papers and fur-belowing
her hair. The boys and girls used to have
their jokes about her, and call her the little
. i i
j parson ; but sne onty preacnea in ner bc-
lions, and that is what 1 call practical prea-
chins, ma am. fche was a little mas er
workman at her needle. I never had a
match for her since I began business ; but
(you know there's' always a but in this life,)
she gave me great offence, ohe crossed
me where 1 could least bear to be crossed."
"Not intentionally, 1 am sure, Mr
"You shall hear, ma'am. I have an only
son John Ross a fine,fresli-looking,good-natured
lad. I set my heart on his mar
rying his cousin, Amy Bruce. She is the
daughter of my youngest sister, and had a
pretly fortune it) hand, enough to set John
up in business he landed. There was no
reason in the world why he should not like
Amy. I bad kept my wishes to myself,
because I knew that younjr, folks' love is
Ike an unbroken colt, that will not mind
pur nor bit. I never rnUtfUsted.thp.'l any
thing was going wrong,!:!! one day I heard
the girls making a greal wonderment about
a canary bird that they found when lhey
went in the morning into the workshop, in
a cae hanging over Lucy's seal; and then
I remembered that John asked me for five
dollars the day before, and Bei. I asked
w hat he wanted it for, he looked sheepish
and made no answer. I thought il prudent
before malteM went any further, to tell
John my wishes about bis cousin Amy. My
wbhes, ma'am, 1 have always made a law
to mv children. To be sure, I have taken
care, for the most, lhal lhey should be rea
sonable, lama little wilful, 1 own, and
children obey your parents, is the law
ki, nt a-rioture and nature. So I told
wvll v "I
j John. I did not him any suspicions aboul
j Lucy, but told him this marriage with his
cousin he c uld have no ol jection to, and
. to set about it without delay, on pciil of
my displeasure. lie was silent and looked
d.nmoist, hut saw li ai I was determined,
and I believed he would nut disobey me,
A few eveniugs alter, 1 sa a light in the
workshop alter the usual lime. I went to
inquire into it. I haJ rn my slippers, and
my steps nude little or on sound. The
upper part ol the door was set with glass.
I saw Lucy finishing off a pairof gloves
my son was standing by her. It appears
that they were for him ; and ho insisted
ujMjn her trying them on his hand. Hers,
poor thing, stemed to tremble. The glove
would pot go on, but it. ome off, and iheir
bunds met wi:hot gloves, and a nice fit
they weie. I burst in upon them. I ask
ed John il this was his obedience to me,
and I told Lucy to quite my service im
mediately. Now the w hole matter is past
I must do John the justice lo say he stood
by her like a man. He had given his
heart and promised his hand to Lucy, and
she owned she loved him him who was
not unworthy of her love. He said, too,
something of my being a kind Ibther, and
a kind man ; and be would not believe
that the first case of riiy doing a wrong
would be to the orphan girl whxtn .Provi
dence had placed under our roof. Ma'am,
you will wonder that I hardened my. heart lo
all this, but you know that anger is a short
madness, and so it is ; and bes'des, there
is nothing make us so deaf to reason and
true feeling as the strong sense we are wil
fully doing wiong. I was harsh, and John
lost his temper, and poor Lucy cried, and
was too frightened to speak ; il ended by
my telling Lucy she should not stay an
other duy in my house, and John, that if
he did not obey me my curse should be
" The next mornin', lhey had both
cleared out, and everybody thought iheyjla" r experience and sagacity as a
hnd onnpnrTrr.m t married, and so I be-' politician. That is he, in conversation
r . . . " - .... i
lieved till night, w hen John came in like a
distracted man, and said he had been all
day seeking Lucy, in vairi that the only
friend she had in the city knew nothing ol
her and when I answered " so much the
better," accused me of cruelty, and then
followed high words, such as never shoilfd
pass between father and son ; and it end
ed in turning him from my door. I do
not wonder you turn away but hear me.
Saturday night, three days after, John
came home an altered rhah. lie was as
humble as if he only hu j been wrong. He
begged pardon, and promised to obey me
in all things but marrying Amy Bruce.
" I give up Lucy, father,'' said he, " but I
can not marry any one else.' I forgave
him, from the bottom o my heart. I for-
g'tve him and I longed to ask him to for- U
give me but I have not come to that yet.
I asked him what had brought him back to
duty I He put into my hands a letter he
had received from Lucy : she bad perse- his own counsel. The person now ap
versd in not seeing him but such a letter, proaching the group, with a broad brimmed
a 1 ft II
ladies ! If ministers could speak so to the ,
heart, there would be no sin in the world.
She said she had deserved lo suffer for car-
rj ing matters so far without my knowl
ed"e. Sne spoke of me as the kindest of
lathers, and the kindest of masters. Then
she spoke of the duty a child owed a pa
rent said she could never have any peace
of mind till she heard wo were reconciled ;
and told him it would be in vain for him to
seek her, for she had solemnly resolved
never to see him again. The paper was blis
tered with tears from the lop to the bottom;
but saying and excepting nothing from
which you could guess what it cost her to
write the letter.
"I could hot stand it ; my heart melted
within me; I found her that very night
and without loss of time, brought her back
to my housc,and there," he added walking
hastily to the larther end of the shop, and
throwing open a door that ltd into a back
parlor, "there, mudam is the long and
short of it." And ihere was one of the
most touching scenes of human life. My
pretty, dutiful friend become a wife and
mother, her infant in her arms, and her
husband silting beside her watching the first
intimations of intelligence and love in iu
bright little face.. Such should be the sum
mer of happiness when tho spring is con
secrated to virtue.
lToWTfj MOUST A HOftSE.
Mrs. Fanny Kemble found it impossible
to mount her horse the other day, ow ing lo
his restlessness. A man passing, coaxed
ihe horse up to ihe sidewalk once more.and
stepping to his side took vp the off fore leg
and held it while the lady mounted the
animal having no pgwer to lesist on four
The Geographical Society, of London
have voied a gold medal to Pol, FremonJ,
for having made, dunog the pasl year.tne
most valuable discoveries in Ueograpny,
or any known person. It is usual, we un
derstand, for this Society to give a medal
every year to the person having made the
most valuablVdisr-oVery in Geographical
Bt A. . EUM05U3.
Bear on ! What ibough life's tiJe may be
A current strong, opposing thee.
And tbou bast but a slender a:.t
To spr7d before an adverse gald
When trials lah the waves to foam,
A nd thou ait far fioro friend aud home,
Yield not thy spirit to despair,
But manfully the billows dare
High o'er the waters, wild and cold.
Fix thou the steadfast eye and bold
ileax on, bear bravely on !
Bear on ! The world may jeer and scofT,
And chosen friends may cast thee oil
Stay not to weep the brittle chain
One stormy wind coald break in twain.
If thou hast found that heart untrue
Which was tby hope, thy idol too.
Sink not in sorrow's depths profound,
Di spair will never heal the wound ;
Give to the past no vain regret,
The future liea before thee yet.
Bear on, bear bravely on '
Bear on ! Dost thy repining vi
See worthleca men exalted high.
While modest merit sinks forlorn
In cold neglect and cruel scorn t
(), never from thy tempted heart
Let thine integrity depart ;
When di.-sppoinlment fills thy cp.
Undaunted, nobly drink it up
Truth will prevail, and Justice show
tier tardy honors, sure, but slow.
B:sr on, ber-.r bravely on !
Bear on ! Our ills is not a dream.
Though often such its mazes seem
We were not bom lo fives of ease,
Ourselves alone to aid and please ;
To each a daily task is given,
A labor which shall fit for heaven.
When duty calls, let love grow warm,
A mid the sunshine and the storm ;
With Faith, life's trials boldly breast,
And come a conqueror to thy rest.
Bear on, tear bravely on I
The California Congressmen.
In the course of some admit able sketch
es of public men at Washington.Col. Forney
of the Pennsylvania!.' gives the following
interesting description of the Senators 2nd
. ' oir-i j
Representatives from California ;
William M. Gwin, one of the new Sen
ators from California, has a nalional repu-
-...is. v..... .
with Mr. Cobb ; for the House will pot be
called to order (or half an hour. He is a
man a shade or so beyond fifty ; with a
large, athletic frame; iron grey hair, a
prominent nose ; and a kc-.n, resolute, yet
benevolent expression of countenance.
Gwin is an enthusiast in his likes, and Dr.
Johnson would have called him "a good
hater." His life his been most eventful,
and his career in California has been a
scene of trial and of triumph from the first.
The slender young man now approaching
him is his colleague. Col. Fremont. He
looks badly, and should seek repose and
restoration at once. Quiet and taciturn,
you would hardly take him for the adven-
turous pioneer whose labors nave retiectea
S3 much credit upon the country, and at
tracted so much attention all over the
world. Fremont has one rare and valua
ble merit, especially in a public man. He
is a good listener, and knows how to keep
Catilornian bat on nis nearj, is wr. uuuerr,
one of the two members of Congress from
our golden sister of the Pacific. He is the
principal owner and editor of the leading
newspaper in California, the Alia Cal.fer
nia, and only a few years age was a jour
neyman compositor in the office of the
Albany Argus. He is said to be quite
rich at present. He is not more than thirty,
has a fresh and pleasant countenance, and
is a kind hearted and unobtrusive gentle
man. Why, here is the remaining mem
ber of ihe California delegation.Mr. Wright.
There is character in that face. You see
there the energetic business man. He has
amassed great wealth in a short time, in
California, and will no doubt be a useful
member of lh.3 National Legislature. Look
at these four men closely, and you see the
types of those nalional characteristics which
have made our people superior in the art
of self-government, and our country pros
perous and happy. Cwin personifies the
sagacious and intrepid atatesman,who fore
resees the success of an untried policy, and
boldly stakes bis all upon the issue. Fre
mont, that love of the dangerous and the
doubtful, which in order to secure thetri.
umpS of science, coolly risks health and
life in the attainment ol objects for which
posterity w ill bless bim. G ilbert.the youth
o our age and time, which, looking for
ward and never backward, pursues the
path of fame, and wins the prize. Wright,
the intelligence and the energy of those
vast business interests which found cities,
build railroads, erect steamships, and open
new palhs to trade. A few years ago, all
these men were pursuing their avocations
in other regions ; but destiny has, in the
course of its resistless operations', placed
in their hands the interests of that Minerva
of States, which, springing into being in a
day, is destined probably: lo change the
fortunes x( nations . themselves, and to ex
tend the theatre of progressive Christianity
and civilization. "
3C7Theciouds may dropdown tuba and
estates wealth may seek as but wisdom
rust bs jr.-'gh't.
Remarks on Diet.
While traveling on a steamboat from the
?ity of P., 1 was thrown into company
with a lady who was taking a very pale,
sickly little girl to the country, for the ben
efit of her health. She was much troubled
with disordered storrarh and bowels. In
conversation with the lady en thu subject,
I inquired regarding the child's diet. "U,"
says she, " it results from no fault in
diet, I assure you, for she is never allowed
to eat a particle of fruit nor vegetables,
and slie has always been subject to such
turns.'' I told her the results were what
I should expect from such prohibitions ;
and directed her attention lo a child then
present, whose food consisted of the pro
ducts of the field, garden, and dairy, ex
clusively ; who scarcely ever had a bowel
complaint. I argued thut grons and highly
c ncentrated diet.freqtisntly causad inaction
and diseased action of the bowels, in turn,
while the freedom ar.dirgularity of function
produced by fruits and vegetables, prevent
the accumulation of morbiferous matter in
l ho system, which causes d seise. The
mischief, however, does not always termi
nate in the bowels ; but whatever organ is
the weakest will suffer most. Hut flesh is
thought by some, to be necessary to sup
port the strength of the system.
It has been argued that enrniverous an
imals arc the stronges'. But are they ?
The lion may outdo the en me I in a single
effort ; but can he endure the continued
exertion of the latter, for an equal length
of time, with as little sustinance 7 A flesh
diet, too, directs an undo proportion of ner
vous energy to the base ef the brain, thus
robbing the intellect, and higher feelings
of their natural stimulus. I do not mean
tn in u ihnt nil fihnnM ut nnfB l.inr!in nn.
. , . , . . , .
imal food, out I do mean that we are quite
too carniverous for the best interests of
body or rr.ind.
Important as is the kind of lord, the
quaniily is of still greater importance. An
.nIishman ca returning home I rom a
visit to America, being asked what he !
. .....-, ... .. ... i i
tnougtit oi me lai.nees, replied ; " ineir
men are all glutton!., and their women all
slaves," nowise complimentary to either
sex ; but is there net much truth in what
he said ?
The theory and practica cf Dr. Cheyne
was, "The lightest and least of meats and
drink a person can be tolerable easy un
der, is the shortest and most infallible
means to preserve life.healih and serenity."
Those who feel an indisposition lo take
physical or mental exercise, immediately
after meals, have eaten too much and are
AvtimictinfT thrntifrli tKir alnmnrh enprcrv
nusc!es and ,he pow.
erofthe former is diminished by being over-
tasked. Hence the greatest eaters are oft
en thin in flesh, receiving less nourishment
from a largo quantity of food, than the vig
orous digestive powers of moderate :aters
extract from a much smaller amount.
When any extraordinary effort is to be
mude, physically or mentally, the best
preparation is rigid abstemiousnes. Let
those who would possess sound minds in
sound bodies, and attain the greatest degree
of intellectual power and moral excellence,
of which they are susceptible, keep a
guard over appetite, and pursue iheir on
ward course with mind untrammelled, and
spirits free. Amasda.
Late accounts from Liberia represent
the condition of the Colony as exceedingly
prosperous. The ratifed copy cf the
treaty of amity, friendship, and commerce
wiih Great Britain, reached Monrovia ou
the 1 5th of October last.
The resolution of the Legislature re
quiring the forcible removal of the company
of slavetraders at New Cestors and Trade-
town, had been fully carried out, and the
Governor returns thanks, in a proper spirit,
for the prompt aid afforded by the British
and French governments, in the loan of
vessels of war. The slavers made a des
Siuce the last meeting or the Legislature,
everal important acquisitions of territory
have been made. 1 he rresiceius, es-
sage says :
" We have secured the whole of strand
Cape Mount, Sugaree, and Manna territo
ries, on the north-west, and Grand Ces-ors
on the south-east ; which givo cs with
the exception of a small intermediate point
of aboul five miles in extent, in the Kroo
couniv an unbroken line of coast of about
220 miles. The aboriginal inhabitants of
these recently acquired tracts of country
have incorporated themselves with us; and
lhey increase the population cf Liberia
Proper to aboul lou.uiw.
Negotiations have been cpened with the
Chiefs of Gallinas, for the purchase of that
territory, and funds only are required to
A Gentle Hint. Young tipplers should
get the following by heart :
"Men brandy drink, and never think
That girls at all can leu it :
They dou'l suppose a woman's nose
Was ever made to smell it."
iMuval and Ingenious Clock. , ,
Mr. John Celd ird, of Pawtucktt, K. l.
has invented a pieco of mechanism, capa
ble of being attached lo any common
clock, by which it is set in mo-ion at any.
required time. The machinery is made to '
operate upon thrte automatic figures, rep-
resenting negroes, who perform their res
pective duties with a :'t and promptness.
at once amusing and interesting. As soon ,
as tho appointed time, as indicated by the
clock, arrives, the first o! three " gentle
men ob color" rings e tell pith so much',
force and for co lang z time, r;s to awaken .
tho family from the soundest slcsp indeed
he who should sleep th;ouh. the a'arm
thus made, would not be very likely to lo
aroused bj a respectabl: peal of thunder.
Whilst darkie No.'l. (who is known by.
the soubriquet of Sambo), tugs at the bell
with a hearty will, Jumbo lights a lamps'
from a match, which he ignites by drawing
across a piece of sand paper. No sooner
is the. lamp lighted th in Pete is ot work. .
This gentleman most dexterously ignites a .
torc'a at ihe Ut, and communicates the ,
flame thereof lo the fuel prepared over -night,
in the stove. So complete are all .
the varied arrangements, and so perfect -is
the mechanism of the whole, . lLat no .
possible risk of fire is at any time present ;
indeed, the tact displaced by the itlo .
darkies'' would do no discredit to help pos
sessed of human iufelligenc?. It will banco .
be seen that whilst its inventor is dressing,
his automatic aids light a lamp end kindle
a fire in his stov: rervices of no small
value on a cold winter's morning. Nor is
this all ; Mr. G. and his .amity may .
leave home in the moruin, and upon re
turning at nij' l find his stove warm,, his
kettle boiling and a tamp lighted, and all
these services performed without interfer
ence or bickering ou the part of those lo .
whom they ere entreated, nor do they ever
fail in their respective duties, for they are
always found where human help is em- .
ployed. Mr. Geldard is a self-made me-
cnic and E'ves evident of a clear con
structive brain, lie is at present tne uver
seer of the Weaving Department in Wal
cott ii Cu's Mill, Pawtucket, Mass.
The New York Homestead Exemption
Act is rap'dly working its way, into popular .
favor. It is no longer deemed either perni
cious or chimerical. Good seen of all parties
adopt it 89 eminently practical end humane. ,
It is no longer deerr.ed either pernicious or ,
chimerical. Good men of all parties adopt
it as eminently practical and humane.-. I; .
reaches far beyond and ! ebove all pecuniary
considerations. In it is involved, to no .
inconsiderable extent, the stability of lh
State, as well as the happiness snd moral
well being of the individual. While pat- ,
rioiism has other and higher springs than
property, an interest in its soil lends, to .
strengthen the bonds which cu'te the citizen .
to his country. There in a sanctity. io a
mere ideal "hearth and home." - But. tha
elevating emotions which this idea esciles, .
are infinitely augmented by tiie reality.
Members of both parties cordiallyacquiesced ...
in the appropriate recommendations of Gov.
Fish. Their endorsement, by the Senate
and Assembly, is alike creditable to them as
men and legislators. Albany Journal.
Dnty of Voting.
If our substantial, thrifty, quiet, consci
encio'.:, busy citizens would only realise
that the choice of ruler? and legislators ia ,
a responsible dfty, which they have no
right to leave to the mercenary and up-. .
principled that it is iheir duty to vota.&ad
to participate fairly and equally in all the
steps whereby public opinion ia brought to
bear on public policy that tbey huv2 co
moral right to refrain from an election be- .
cause lhey feel uo special interest therein -the
moral benefit to iha community would '
be incalculable. There is a great need of .
unselfish, independent, God-fearing action
in public concerns of men'who are not .
the slaves of party, but the servants ol ,
duty. If a man is not a decided partizan,
he generally considers himself excused even
from voting ; whereas he is the mao.wbo,
of all others, should never fail to vote. Par
tisans mav be blind, but he has no excuse
for not seeing. N-Y.Tribunc ... . ,
- .-r New Yori, June 8- . '
By a later arrival ws team that the
Kin.' of Prussia is lying dangerously ill.
iih lever occasioned by his wounds.
Miss Jane Porter, the wcll Sncwa au-
shoreatof the Scottish Cbiet'a, snd many ';
other standard novels and romances, ex
pired, al Bristol, from a second attack. tf
arxmlexv. Miss Porter was m ner saw
year. : ' ..r T ,
The Hempstead (L.I-) Inquirer, pub.iah
esalist ol the congregation of Rev. Z.
Greene, ia-Suffolk Co., who are over sev-,
enty year old. It includes the names of
five persons over 100 ; eighteen over 90 ;
fifty-one over 8'); and forty-five over 70
years of age.
Wherever you see a small waist, think
how much health is wasted.