Lewisburg chronicle. (Lewisburg, Pa.) 1850-1859, June 12, 1850, Image 2

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From the America Agriculturist.
Sundry Items.
To Renovate Old Meadows. I hive
lately seen a new mode of renovating old
sod-bound pastures and meadow. It is to
lake a subsoil plow and three horses,
(which make the best team,) and plow the
field, overturning no lurrow, but loosening
the earth below, about one Toot deep, har
row the same way. sow grass seed, and
roll down with a heavy roller. This is the
practice of a landlord who prefers grass to
any other crop, and the effect is astonish
ing. I saw a piece that had just been
served so. The sward, or course, was
broken in streaks, and the grass seed was
up most beautifully on' these. The unbro
ken strips had been stretched arid moved a
little, so as to ea'pose the old roots a little
M air and moisture.
To Cure the Sore Necks of Oxen. K
neighbor of mine had a pair of working
oxen whose necks became very sore. He
covered that part of the yoke resting upon
the neck, with sheet lead. They got well
almost immediately, though constantly
kept at work. I suppose the lead being a
good conductor of heat, drew off the infla
nation, and thus enabled the sores to heal.
Easy and Rapid Way of Sowing Piaster,
When I sow plaster, instead or setting
uiy men to lugging it upon their backs and
necks all day, I take a two-horse wagon.
fii a long box across the hack part of the
mmh. and a seat forward of that, on
which a man is seated, riding backwards.
Then, with a quater or half a ton of plaster
in. I seat myself in Irottt and drive back
firl forth, across the field till the load is
sown out of the back part of the wngoo
In this way, I can sow as fast as four or
five men, and with less manual labor.
My neighbor laugh at this, as being a
laay way. But I find a neighbor's laugh
much easier to bear for a few minutes,
than it is to carry a back losd of ground
atone all day.
Benefit of Guano. Two years ago, I
used half a ton of guano in various ways.
some on grass, some on corn, and some in
garden. The season was unusually dry.
and I aaw no effect from it, except in the
bed of neroer. These
D i ' ' '
were the largest I ever saw. Last spring.
1 planted some chicken corn upon this pep
per bed, which grew nine or ten feet high,
about double the usual height. I regret,
now, that I had not procured some more
for wheat, last fall. Would it pay to put
it on wheat in the spring! Yes. Ens.
What would be the effect upon the spring
own grass seed, whilethe plants are young
and tender t Very beneficial. Eds.
I think I used it loo sparingly, through
fear of injury by excess, and have now a
high opinion of it as a manure.
Tha difficulty with us farmers, is the
want of capital, and hence we fear to risk
much for expensive manures.least a failure
in the quick returus would put us to incon
venience. Now, if I should use H, or any
one else, and raise thirty bushels of wheat
per acre, I do not doubt that it would be
the cause of using many tons where the
article is quite unknown. W.
Dutchess Co., N. Y.
Banttes Charcoal Under-draining.
Manure, made Irom a compost wlrere
fish or flesh is the fertilizing basis, has ever
been found to be greatly exhausted the first
season after applied to a growing crop.
This is in perfect accordance with the prin
ciples of animal chemistry, as that nitrogen
which supports living flesh, also hastens
decomposition in the dead animal, until it
4 dissolved and dissipated into its original
elements, so that the three eummer months
give sufficient heat and mois'ure to decom
pose thoroughly any animal substance. On
the other hand.manure composed of animal
excrements, hay, straw, or other refuse
vegetable matter, is ol much slower decom
position ; hence its favorable effects may be
noticed in severs! succeeding crops.
From close observation of the operations
of nature in constant endeavors to fructify
and re produce,! hava noticed that the seeds
contained m stable manure are continually
sprouting into plants of considerable root,
thus organizing the escaping ammonia and
carbonic acid, not taken up by the roots of
the growing crop. These young plants.or
weeds, when nlowed or hoed under the
surface, commence another decomposition ;
so that what would be wasted in the air, if
bo other vegetable life were present hut that
of the growing crop, is now organ-ted and
saved op for another season. Many farmers
advocate the practice of summer fallow, on
the ground that it destroys weeds: there,
man's economy comes strangely in conflict
with nature, as her constant efforts are to
cover all the waste places with organized
plants, that nothing may be lost which can
add to the ultimate growth ol the vegetable
kingdom. If, in England, this plan of
killing weeds by summer fsllow, instead of
by weeding and hoeing, were pursued, the
average yield of wheat there, instead of be
ing sixty bushels to the acre, would n4
probably exceed the average yield in this
atate, which is less than fifteen bushels.
If a farmer would sow rye, or some other
seed, between the hills of his corn, immedi
acy after he has worked the soil for the
est time, a n,vSwWesrtinf wouUd-fabout.
ver the whole surface immediately after the
corn ia removed. This vegetable growth,
plowed under the next spring, would almost
supercede the necessity of any other appli
cation of manure. Wheat, 1 am told, has
often been sowed in this way at the west,
for a crop ; but such an experiment is only
advisable in that loose, rich, virgin soil
peculiar to new farms, which requires little
or no plowing. Yet, some of the best
pieces of wheat I ever saw, whose plants
grew ao strong and healthily A3 to distance
every enemy, was sowed after corn with
only one plowing.
Charcoal. I have seen ground where a
coal pit was burned, continue without other
manure to yield a much better vegetable
growth than the rest of the field, for twelve
or fifteen years in succession. Now, I take
it, the charcoal gave up io its slow decern
posi'ion its potash and inorganic elements
to th'e growing plants, while that part
which still retained its mechanical struct
ure, absorbed carbonic acid, and ammonia
from the atmosphere, which were in a like
manner given up to the roots of plants.
There are thousands of bushels of ground
charcoal used by distillers and rectifiers in
the city cf New York alone. At Buffalo,
thousands of bushels of the same article,
after beinif saturated with essential oil of
distilled spirits, are thrown away as use
less all of which might be transported
any distance on our canals, at very email
expense, as leached ashes are purchased
along the line of the Erie Canal, to trans
port to Long Island for manure. It strikes
me that ground charcoal might be made
still more profitable. In a compost bend,
with menhaden fith, it must needs Le in
valuable. Underdrawing. If subsoil plowing in
a heavy, underdrained soil i useless, it is
almost certain that thorough underdraining,
will enab'e us to dispense with suhsoil
plowing. Those who are disposed to deny
this, let them go and examine the under
drained fields of John Johnson, in West
Fayette, near Seneca Like. All the ame
liorating effects hich are claimed for sub
soil plowing are there produced by sinking
tile drains from two and a half to three feet
in depth. When this business of under
drawing becomes general, the surface of
land necessary to supply a family its veg
etable product wi!l be small indeed.
Con AaoBi.
Waterloo. N Y.
Experiments with Rata Bagas.
Lest fall. I fathered from one and a
half acres 1,200 bushels of ruta b''g, and
the whole cost, when in the cel'ar, we
two cents per bushel. The season as
particularly unfavorable to their growth,
as the dry weather set in as soon as they
were out of the ground, and continued fur
six weeks. At the end of that time, they
looked so bfidly, that I did not expect to
have 200 bushels ; but the weather grew
more favorable, and gave me the above
yield, which I have been feeding out this
winter to sheep, milch cows, fat cattle, and
breeding sow?, to my satisfaction, as to
their great value for feeding this kind of
I am convinced that I can winter sheep
better with half the cost on hay and ruta
bagas, than on hay and grain. Sums, in
tended for rearing pigs, will do better on
ruta ba.'as and a little grain, then when
fed entirely on grain.
I also proved by experiment, this winter,
that fat cattle will grow faster on eiht
quarts of grain and one bushel of ruta ba
gas, than on sixteen quarts of grain and no
ruta bogas. Milch cows, when fed regu
larly on good sound ruta bagas, give large
quantities of milk and butter ; and when
they have been fed for eight days, there
can not be discovered any taste of the root
neither in the milk nor butter. Our butter
made this winter on hay and ruta bagas,
is as good flavored and nearly ss yellow as
that made in June. In my opinion, this
crop is one of (he most profitable that u
stock farmer can raise.
Valentine Hallock.
Northeast Centre, N. Y. April, 1850.
Deep Plowing uniformly increases the
quantity of grass, grain and root crops. It
also tends to consolidate light soils. It has
been found that the heads ol grain, through
much fuller and heavier, stand more up
right on such land ss has been deeply
plowed. This is attributable to the greater
atrength of the roots, and the much greater
depth to which they penetrate, when invi
ted to it by deep, thorough cultivation
Such soils, however, always require for
perfecting their pulverisation, and fully de
vcloping their tillable qualities, to Le will
harrowed and rolled.
A New Clover for the South. The Tal
lahassee Sentinel speaks of the Chilian
clover, sent to Governor Brown, from the
patent office, which was carelessly sown
three years ago, but which has continued
flourishing and prolific ever since. It
bears a pale-blue flower, and grows 18
inches high. We hope our friends in that
section will watch its character, and here
after give us a full account of its merits
aud adaptedness to the south.
Profitable Ilea. Mr. Bryan Slack pole.
ol this city, has a hen, a mixture ol the
Spanish and common breed, that lays
every day. and on Friday last, laid two
full-sized eggs. We never heard of but
one hen that beat this, and that was " Old
Grime V that sood old man we read
(Maine Farmer.
Sunbury fc Harriihnif Ball Road.
At the last session of the Legislature, a
bill was passed incorporating a company to
make a railroad from Harrisburg to Sunbu
ry. The importance and necessity for a
railway communication between Philadel
phia and the junction of the North and West
Branches of the Susquehanna, ha'f long
been (ell and conceded. It has long been a
cherished object of enterprising individuals
along this route to construct this road, and
now the first link is about to be commenced.
Next week the Mahonoy and Wisconisco
company will organize. They will make a
road from the mouth or the Mahonoy creek
1 1 miles south of this place, to the head of
the Wisconisco canal, and probably to the
Central road at Clark's Ferry. This will
leave but 1 1 miles to make the connection
complete. The route, throughout its whole
extent, lies along the banks of the Susque
hanna. The distance from this place to
Harrisburg is S3 miles, and the fall only
140 feet.by actual survey; so that the grade
will be of no account. This road will tap
thethreeextensiveccal basins of Shamokin,
Mahonoy and Ly ken's Valley, besides
opening a market to the great trade of the
West Hutch. The resources of this valley
are not generally known. In addition to
the rich agricultural products which are not
surpassed by any valley in the State, it
abounds in mineral wealth. Rich veins of
iron ore are found in almost every hill. and
vast beds of bituminous coal lie almost
worthless in the mountains for want of a
conveyance tfl market. Immense quantities
of lumlr are tied up along her bank every
season, its progress arrested by low water.
Scarcely a season passes but millions of
feet are detained in our dam, by high winds
or want of water, which would speedily
find their way to Philadelphia and Baltimore
on a rail road. The lumber trade alone of
that region would afford ample tonnage to
a rail read for years. Much of the country
on the upper part of the West Branch is as
yet unimproved. Though the land is rich
and fertile, the distance from market and
the want of facilities for transportation de
ter the owners from improving it.
It is intended to extend this road up the
West Branch to Williamsport, where it
will intersect the railway from thit place
to Elmira. The latter road taps the great
New York and Erie rail road and draw up.
en it a position ol the immense Lake trade
which is so anxiously sought for by Phila
de'phia and Baliimore. When this con
neclion is complete, as we have reason to
know it will be in a few vears.this rail road
will be ons of the most useful and profita
ble improvements not only to tha company,
but to the whole State. It is through a
county like the valley of the West Branch
that a railway ought to be made. Here are
vast quantities of land unimproved, rich
mineral resources to be developed, and ev
ery mile of road will open new sources of
wealth. The flourishing towns of Lewis
burg, Williamsport, and lxick Haven, are
but an earnest of the prosperity which will
fellow this great work. When such planes
can grow up in a section of country whose
commerce is dependent upon the difficult
and dangerous river navigation or the slow
and uncertain transportation of a canal,
what may we not look for when a railway
opens to it a swift, easy, end certain com
mntiication with .the ocean T Sunbury
Foreign News.
The America reached Halifax, June 4
The debate on the electoral bill in
France, had commenced. The Hall was
densely crowded. There was a great ex
citement. After the presentation of an
enormous number of petitions from all parts
of France against the bill, and after a pre
liminary contest on the question of urgen
cy, it was carried against the Mountain
party by 407 to 239 votes.
Gen. Cavaignac, whose name was first
on the list of speakers.ascended the tribune,
lie rested his opposition to the measure on
the letter and spirit of the constitution,
which required as its first principle, the
right of universal suffrage, and the I) II was
not to regulate, but to destroy that right.
Besides, it was ill-timed and dangerous.
He was listened to with absorbing attention,
met w ith no interruption in the course cf a
long speech, and on setting down, was
loudly cheered by the whole left. The
next important orator was Victor Hugo,
who had delivered a glowing harangue on
universal suffrage.
On Wednesday, there were 75 members
present, and immense crowds around the
Hall of Assembly. A sensation was crea
ted by the presenting of a petition demand
ing an appeal to the nation. A correspon
dent of the leading London paper says :
there can be no doubt whatever that the
Cabinet, is only watching an opportunity
for suspending law, and placing the coun
try under the yoke of the army. The ob
stinate forbearance of the people has so far
deprived the Government of the long sought
pretext for declaring martial law.
While all this is going on, the more im
portant negotiations concerning the map
of Europe are progressing at Claremont,
Paris and St. Petersburg. I be two
branches are reconciled ; Henry V. is Jo
mount the throne of France, extending to
the Rhine ; Austria will be induced to give
up as much of Lombardy. as she can not
conveniently guard too firmly t kingdom
for one of the Orleana family.
Several secret manufactories of gunpow-!
' der hate been discovered.
The prosecution of the opposition press
goes on unabated.
Rome and the Italian States. The Pope
is accused of attempting to escape from
Rome, and again wishing to place himsell
under the protection of Austria, but is too
closely Watched by the French. Unless
the Pope yields to liberal institutions, there
is reason to apprehend that the Papal Gov
ernment is near its end.
II. M. E. Spiteful has been sent to Na
ples, by Sir William Parker, with a view,
it is said, of demanding reparation for the
losses sustained by the English io 1849.
Austria and Hungary. The Jesuits had
been admitted into Vienna again, despite
the opposition of ecclesiastical authorities.
Dalmatia had been indefinitely placed un
der Jelischich.who is now chief of Croatia,
Scluvonia and Dalmatia. Koasuth's chil
dren have been allowed to go to him. Bern's
name has been nailed to the gallows, by
the public executioner, and his property de
clared forfeited to the State. A despatch
announces a decree of amnesty in favor of
Hungary, and the suppression of the cus
toms barriers between Austria and Hunga
ry. ' Prussia. An attempted assassination of
the king of Prussia, has created a great
sensation throughout Europe. The attempt
was made at Potsdam, by a Sergeant ol
Artillery, who fired a pistol at his majesty,
and inflicted a wound in the arm.
Nctps Notions.
Tiie commissioners appointed to run the
boundary line between the counties of Mon
tous aud( Columbia, have finished their labors.
The Scran tons are now making Forty
Tons of Railroad Iron per day st their
great Lacawanna Iron Works, of a quality
which readily command seven dollars per
ton above the price of merchantable Eng
hah Iron.
Chaplains in the United Stales Navy
receive 81200 per annum.
Victoria's " last'' is named Arthur, after
the Duke of Wellington, so that her three
promising Princes bear the illiterating cog
nomens Albert, Alfred, and.Arlhur.
Whilst a Coroner in Cincinnati, was
engaged last week, in holding an inquest
on the body of a man found drowned in
the river, a young man stopped to see
what was going on, and after a while re
cognised the body as that of his father,
whom he had crossed the ocean in search
The ErrTperor Taukwang.of China.died
at Pekin, on the 25'h of. February, after
having reigned twenty-nine years. His
age was 69.
The Cleveland Bank was broken open
on the night of the 20th ult. and robbed of
$30,00020.000 in gold, and the rest in
Ohio bank biila.
There sre eighteen mills at Oswego, N.
V., with eighty-eight run of stones, capable
of grinding 8,750 barrels of flour per day.
A letter from Junius Smith, in the Jour.of
Commeree.states that the cultivation of the
Ted plant is still going on in South Caro
lina, and that there is every prospect of
its being successfully introduced.
It is stated that there are twenty three
hundred licensed drinking houses in New
Orleans. Were they placed side by side,
they would extend thirteen miles. The
amount of money annually expended in
New Orleans for intoxicating drinks, is at
least Twelve Millions of Dollars I
The Democrats of Ohio have nominated
Judge Wood, ol the Western Reserve, for
Governor. The Whigs have taken up
Judge V m. Johnston, oft. incinnati. Hon
Daniel R.Tilden of the Reserve was taken
up by the Free Soilers, but we see it stated
declines running. .
One of the "cholera cases, at St. Louis,
made an addition of a little republican to
the number already inhabiting the flourish
ing state of Missouri.
Enoch Louis Lowe, of Frederick, is the
Democratic candidate for Gov. of Mary I'd.
Wm. B. Clark is the W hig nominee.
The Cincinnati Commercial notices a
chicken with four perfectly formed wings
and four legs. It was bro't to the Museum
in that Lily by Mr. Isaac Kaplee, a farmer
of Lewis county, Ky.
A mulatto, named Bob, emancipated by
Hon. James Harhn.of Ky.,has made $12,-
000 in California in three months, keeping
a tavern.
A Western paper announces the silting
of the Court of Common Fleas We sup
pose that of course the big bust are in at
tendance at the hotels.
The next Democratic State Convention
is to be held in Reading, June, 1851.
The Whiga of Franklin and Allegheny
counties. Pa., have opened the Fall's cam
paign by nominating their full tickets.
The population of Boston is 140,000
something less than her citizens expected.
Worcester had 18,884 on the 1st May.
The key-holders of a church in Robeson
Tp. Berks Co. recently refused to permit a
Sunday-school of SO scholars, with female
and male teachers, to be organised in their
house, and compelled them to depart.
Tha St. Louis Union learns from a gen
tleman just down from Council Bluff, that
the Cholera ia prevailing to a considerable I
extent among the overland emigration. Six
teen members of a company from Michi
pan had died. Six of another company also
had sunk victims to the fearful malady, and
many others had experienced it attacks.
Mr.Gliddon at Boston has been unrolling
the bandages of an embalmed Egyptian (or
"mummy. It was so well kept as to be
shown that the subject was buried 1500
years before Christ.
We are pleased to learn that the Rolling
Mill, of this borough, the property of Si
mon P. Kase, Esq-, was again put into op
eration on last Saturday, and is now ma
king some of the best kinds of bar iron.'
Danville Democrat.
Don't forget to par the printer. 1
mt none.
H. O. mCXOK, Editor.
O. N. WOBDEH, Publisher.
At 11 .M earn In tlnim. fl.TS in Uiree months, 2 paid
within Uu year, and tS0 at the end oT the jear.
Agent ia Philadelphia V B Palmer and K W Carr.
Lewisburg, Pa.
Wednesday Morning, June 12.
ADVERTIZE ! Ezmtora, Aitminlstratnra, Public
OfSixTH. City and Country Merchant, Manufw-turtm,
Mcehaniee, BuiunMa Mn all who wuh to procure or to
dupo"" or anything would do well to Kin notice or the
same through the "Lmidiurg tHromce." Thi. pep-r ha
a good and Increaftinjr circulation in a community contai.
nine a large a pmoortion or active, Molrent producer,
oomiumers, and dealer, a any other in the btate.
Democratic State Kominatiotu .
OiiKJf Ommiuiimrr WM T.MORISON.of Montiffmerr Co.
Auditor Ornrral EPI1RA1M BANKS, of Mifflin Co.
Surrryor Unrral J. POUTER BRA WLET,of Crawford Co.
Whig State Convention, Jane 19. Election, Oct S.
NOTICE. Alter the 1st of August next
we can not receive Notes under $5 of any
Bank out of Pennsylvania. Relief notes
are not prohibited from circulation by ibe
new law.
Subscribers at a distance are desired to
notice this, and to remit ua Penn'a money
if possible, at once. Our own citizens will
do well to work off all their foreign money
as fast as possible to the Cities, ss it is the
intention of business men end officers to
enforce the law, hard tho' it be.
July 4, 1850.
The Students of the University, sre
making arrangements to celebrate the com
ing 4th, and have chosen Messrs. J. T.Lane,
J. Merrill Linn, and John K. Taggart, Or
ators of the day ; C. Carroll Bitting.Reader
of the Declaration.
7 Labor is irksome and repulsive,and
men sigh for the Eden happiness of our
first parents, and their blissful freedom from
care and toil before the primal curse had
dimmed the glory of their birth-right and
broken the sceptre of their power. But
day-dreams ran not dissipate life's stern
realities The burden of care and toil will
still press heavily upon our pathway. We
are not here as listless time-servers of self,
to dream away the shadowy years in ener
vating luxury ana criminal amotion. iie s
manifold duties challenge our incessant
energies ; and the rightful performance of
those duties, calls oft-times for more nerve
and heroism than was ever wakened by
the battle bugle's peal.' If there be im
pressed upon the constitution of man's fallen
nature any one law more strongly than
another, it is the obligation to earn his
bread by the sweat of his brow ; and from
its binding force no one of the human family
has been, or, in the nature of things, can be
released, with impunity. Labor, in some
form or other, is an indispensable pre-re-quUite
to health and happiness. It is man's
destiny, and the faithful accomplishment of
that destiny, cheerfully and without repin
ing.will bring its own reward.and mitigate
a vat amount of the ills which flesh is heir
to. The salutary influences of physical
and mental toil, are essential to. the exist
ence of a sound mind in a sound body.
Vet there ate a great many laxy folks in
the world, lor all that.
William HonseL
Died in Lewisburg, Union Co., June 7,
Capt. William Hoi-sel, in his 61st year.
Capt. HuuscI served five years in the
Regular army of the U.S., part of the time
as private and part as orderly serjeant.and
was in active service on the Canada fron
tier during the whole of the last war with
Great Britain. lie was taken prisoner in
Dec. 1813, together with a small detach
ment of Americans, and marched to Que
bec suffering much hardship on the road
and treated with much brutality. He
rejoined his regiment in the succeeding :
month of June participated in the bloody
battles of Chippewa and Bridgewater (or
Lundy's Lane) and was in Fi.Erie when
its magazine exploded during an assault
from a storming party of the enemy. At
Lundy's Lane, his company was the first
in the field, and his comrades mowed down
by platoons: yet he passed through the
war without receiving a serious wound.and
returned to die at the home of bis youth.
In 1943, he attended the Volunteer En
campment at Danville to meet his old
commander, Gen. Scott, who recognized,
ana gave him a most cordial greeting.
Capt. House! was a devoted husband and
father, a kind neighbor, a brave and un
flinching soldier, possessed of more than
an ordinary share of military spirit and
enthusiasm but modest and reserved in
referring to the incidents of his own military
experience,which circumstance will account
for the meagerness of this sketch. As his j
body wasted by disease, his thoughts were
turned upon the future state, and he hoped
to enjoy it through ths Savior's merits.
His remama were borne by the Lewis-
burg Infantry and the Cameron Guards,
followed by a large concourse of citizens,
to the Lewisburg Cemetery, where he was
interred, on Saturday afternoon last.
7Now is the season when danger in
bathing is to be apprehended. We learn
that a young man named Matthew Vanfleet
recently perished in a pond in NewMilford,
supposed to have been seised with cramp
while swimming A youth while in the
Susquehanna at this place last week, was
only rescued from death by a companion
who accidentally saw the last struggle he
was probably able to make for bis life.
Southern Oplniom
A large number of persons at the North
feel extremely reluctant to endorse Mr.
Clay's Compromise on the Slavery que
tion, and others are decidedly opposed to
it, believing that it concedes everything to
the South, at the sacrifice and surrender of
Northern rights and interests. The fol
lowing article from the editorial columns of
ihe Keotcet (3. C.) Courier of 31st May,
will show how this same Compromise is
regarded io the neighborhood of Mr. Cal
houn's late residence. Some ot the con
eluding paragraphs about " Southern con
cessions," we reckon will cause a smile,
and excite a feeling of curious wonderment
in the minds of our readers :
"What should the South do with the
Compromise?" asks the Richmond En
quirer. We answer. Reject it, as she cer
tainly will unless greatly amended, as by
the present scheme she is required to sur
render everything for which she has been
contending. liy sanctioning this bill for
the abolition of the Slave Trade in the Dis
trict of Columbia, she will recognise the
right of Congress to interfere with slavery
in the District, and be helping the North
to take the first step for its abolition there.
By the Fugitive Slave Bill, the power is
given to the scoundrels who may kidnap
our slaves to harass the unfortunate own
ers with bonds and jury trials.
By the Bill admitting California, provi
ding territorial governments for Utah end
New Mexico, and settling the Texan boun
dary, we are called upon lo surrender a
large porti n of the State of Texas, now
slave, to be made free territory ; to acqui
esce in the admission of California, with
her enormous boundaries and fraudulent
Constitution ; to acknowledge the right of
Congress to pass the W ilmol Proviso; and
to consent lo be excluded from all partici
pation in the territories acquired from
Mexico ; for this Bill does exclude as cflec
tually from these territories, as if anexclu
ding clause had been expressly inserted.
It denies to the Territorial Governments
the power of making any regulations res
pecting African slavery, and therefore all
power lo protect citizens in the enjovment
of the same. Will any owner of slaves be
so foolish as to carry them into a country
where his right' to them can not be protec
ted, and where tha judiciary would have
no power to authorise the seizing ol bis ab
sconding slave, and the legislature no au
thorny to grant such power to the Judges ?
nut it this should not happen to be en
ough, to 'make assurance doubly sure, and
take a bond of fate against the extension ol
slavery, the father of this Compromise
tells us, that the laws of Mexico.abolishing
slavery, are in force
in those territories.
and that therefore we need not think of
earning it there.
And still the South is told lo accept of
this compromise, and thue of her decod
ers who reject it are called by hard names,
and charged with meditating disunion !
Can we concede, when every concession
only weakeos our mora! force and strength
ens the force of our adversaries T For the
North to tell us of concession is idle imper
tinence ; to contemplate it ourselves, weak
and suicidal. Besides, have we any assur
ance that when these concessions are made,
more will not be demanded ? Uo we not
know, that when oace the barriers to legis
lation on the subject of slavery are broken
down, all our defences will be swept away?
H uh a generosity, for which she h.is ever
been as famous as she has been for her truth
and loyalty to the Union, the Sjuth has
made concession after concession for the
sake of peace and harmony in the brother
hood ot States. The whole history of her
connection with the North, has been one of
concession on her part, vainly sought to be
disguised under the name of compromise :
and has this been enough ? So far from
former concessions satislying the ferocious
appetite of the North.it has actually grown
hungry on the food that was meant to sur
feit it ; the more we give.the more we have
been expected to give, and the more we
may give, until all is gone. By former
concessions the North has been taught to
look for more, to calculate too much upon
our devotion to the Union, to forget that
there is a point beyond which human endu
rance rarely ever passes, and that those
who are loyal to others, will in their last
extremity be true to themselves.
Naahville Convention.
The Southern Convention met at Nash
ville on the 3d, and were still in session at
our latest dates. Nine States are partially
represented. The number of Delegates is
small, but the city was full of strangers
drawn thither by curiosity. Hon. Win. L.
Sharkey, Chief Justice of Mississippi, was
chosen President. His speech on taking
tho chair was unexpectedly moderate and
conservative ; he disclaimed all idea of
dissolving the Union. Six different sets of
resolutions were offered, which were all
reterred lo a committee, who have not yet
reported. Some delegates advocate the
extension of the Missouri Compromise line
to the Pacific Ocean, and others favor Mr.
Clay's compromise. One of the resolutions
offered asserts that California is admirably
adapted to Slave labor.and that its southern
part would make two first rate Slave States.
03-Almost a FIRE ! broke forth last
Friday evening in one of the bed-rooms in
Kline's hotel. A curtain was lighted by a
candle left carelessly near it, but no further'
damage done save frightening the neigh
bors. We can not expect to be always
exempt from the calamity of fire, and 'line
upon line' of caution is therefore called for.
Are the Fire Engines,buckets,&c. in order?
Where are your ashes kept ?
The 'Fire Proof Paint' noticed in another
columo, we hope may command a trial by
some of our builders or building owners
for if it possess the virtues attributed to it,
it is invaluable in preserving wood-work
from decay in preventing leakages and
in arresting the ravages of fire. Were all
our brick buildings thus protected, fire
could hardly pass front one to another.
FiDm California.
There have been further arrivals from
California, with large remittances of gold,
but no news ol any special importance.
The New York correspondent ol the Peon
sylvanian, under date of June 6, says :
"The private letters from San Francisco
do not speak so favorably, as the printed
accounts,of business prospects,! here. Gold
is said, however, to be as abundant as ever,
but it ia harder lo be procured, than it was
six months ago. A letter from a house
doing a large commission business at San
Francisco, rays: 'All kinds of goods are
hard to sell, save only at prices below tha
original cost.' 1 give you this for what it
is worth. It is certainly far Irom agreeing
with the newspaper reports.
f7"The Governor has appointed Wm.
Williamson of Chester. John Slrohm of
Lancaster, and Wm. M. Watts of Cumber
land. Commissioners to re-locate the seat
of Justice for Sullivan county.
C7During the refreshing shower on
Saturday afternoon last, a bain of Franklin
Candor, in Chillisquake Twp, was struck
by lightning, but, we are happy to add; it
was not consumed.
7Columbia Democrat We tip our
beaver to the Junior Editor, instanter.
He's by no means so rcrzing, as bis pat
ronymic might seem to indicate.
frtrThe beautiful "Dream of a Star on
our first page is from Dickens' new Jour
nal, "Household Words."
Fire Proof Paint
This is rather a singular name to uw for
paint, one of the most combustible rnateii
ala known. But there is such an article e
fire proof paint. It is made out of a kicd
of chalk or stone which is found in Ohio,
and prepared by Mr. Blake, No. 84 Peart
street. We have made use of it ourseSet
and can give our testimony in its favor. I:
is simitar in appearance to brown crrD',
and when put upon the root of a build.
runs in among the shingles and fills up the
crevices and becomes as hard as a rock,
If one can imagine a large block of granits
or sand-stone completely dissolved so as tj
become a liquid like melted lead and then
poured over the roof a building and tura
back again to lis proper element, he can
form a pretty correct idea of Blake'a fire
proof paint. We say ihismuh not fvr.Mr.
Blake, or his paiot, but because we ht9
tried the stuff upon the roof of a barn in
the joint of an angle where we had des
paired of ever making it fire or water proof
and found it to do both. It proved to be just
the thing, and if any of our farmers or rea
ders are desirous of seeing and beco.nin g
acquainted with its good qualities, let them
call at No. 84 Pearl-street, and examine
the article for themse!ves.-N. Y. Day
We are pleased lo learn that the mem
bers of the Evangelical Lutheran congre
gation, of this place and vicinity, purpose
building a new church edifice this summei,
on Mahoning street, and are already deliv
ering the brick and lumber upon the
The Town Council, on Tuesday iasr,
resolved to continue Macadamizing the
streets have there: fore issued proposals to
Macadamize Water St.. in Upper Milton,
from Broadway to Walnut St. ; and Front
St.. lwer Milton, from Market to Apple
St. A tax, two and a half times ths
County, has been laid.
We regret to learn that the Rev. Mr.
Hamilton, of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, has left this place for the purpose
of recruiting his health, which has been
very feeble for some months. It is said ba
iutends going to Havana Miltooiaa.
The Bro authorities of Northumberland
have enclosed their Public Square with
neat fence, and planted a double row
of trees within. It will form a delitrhifut
retreat while the dog star rages. Sun.Am.
We learn that directions have been is
sued by the State Treasurer to the collec
tors of canal and railway tolls not to re
ceive the notes of the Erie Bank.
For the Lewisburg Chronicle.
Mr. Editor : 1 observe by a communica
tion from the Hon. Joseph Caset, that be
has made up his mind, not to accept a re
nomination for Congress. Since reading
that communication, 1 have been trying to
think of some one worthy of being the
successor of Mr. Casey, and have come to
i he conclusion that there is no man in the
far-famed Thirteenth Congressional District
more worthy and more capable than the
county. He has had much experience as a
Legislator, and is an ardent friend to the
Protection of American Industry. He is s
self-made man, and knows by long experi
ence, the wants ol the laboring part of ths
community. On him we can unite, and if
our neighboring counties, composing this
Congressional district, wilt anile with us,
(as I have no doubt they will.) ia nomina
ting Mr. Middleswarth, old Union will give
him an old fashioned majority of something
like 1600 let who will, be taken up in
opposition. A Union Cochtt Wme.
' Lewisburg, June 12, 1850.
nmmuts irraritrt.
Corrected this Day.
Wheat lOSallO
,. 8
Dried Apples
Ham S Bacoa