Newspaper Page Text
mt valuable Real Estate.
WILL bo ' sold at Public Sal', on
Wednesday the 12th day of Junk
next, the following valuable Kt-al Estate,
fate the estate of Jrnis KVFJiAN,nho d.ed
intestate, to wit :
A certain Tract of Land,
eituate in Buffalo township. Union county,
Hjoining lands of John Byler, Jas M'Gec,
Danl Rangier and others, nearly all cleared
4nd in a good state of cultivation, about 10 j
acres of which are excellent Meadow. Un
mid Farm is a Urge Orchard of
choice Fruit, a large Bank Barn,
l two Dwelling Houses, a
fpl l Cider Press, and other
jjijil outbuildings. There is a never
failing Spring of Water and Well
near its building!.
Also, a Tract of goi Timber
Land, conststmg of O-tk, fine,
Chesnuf, Ac, situate hi West
Buffalo township. Union county,
about two miles from the ubove
described Farm, ad joiiiirijj buds of Jcremi
. 7 '
Ifuih fend nfriAra mfilnininiT nKi nt
1 1 1 O MH' H . '
One Hundred .Acres.
Said Timber Laud wilt bu sold in lots to
Sale to Commence at 10 o'clock, A. 'I.,
of said day, on the premises, when the
tonJitioos will be made known by
of said John Kuuifman, deceased.
May 16, 1850.
HOUSE and Small FA RM
:H S o -E-2
T SI. C V O
o fc o- ata
-U, ex s Si
g - 2 -j
r GO .5 .E v c
-2 e O g.-
il c c C
c ; e -
3-s - i-s
CI I -
Lewisburg, May 15, 1849
Orphans' Court Sale.
BY virtue of an order of the Orphans'
Court of Lycoming County, the un
dersigned, Administrators of the estate of
Dr. Wm. II. Li'dwig, late of the Borough
of Lewisburg, Union county, deceased, will
offer for sale, at public outcry, ou
Tuesday the 4tli day of June next,
ensuing, all that certain FA KM situated in
(he township of Washington, cuunly of
Lycoming, about 2 miles north-west from
Uniontown, and about 2$ miles from the
River, adjoining lands of Matthew Brown,
B. F. Pauling, John Banner, and other
containing 94 acres and 79 perches neat
measure, whereon is erected a Dwelling
House, a Barn, and other outbuilding. also
a well of water, an excellent orchard, and
plentv of Limestone. The above di-scnlx-d
premises is all clear.under good fence, and
in a high state of cultivation.
Also fat I ho same time and place, a cer
tain tract of TIMBERLAXD, also situated
in the.junship of Washington aforesaid,
adjoining lands of Dr. C. A. Ludwig and
others, containing 78 acres and 93 perches
neat measure, all well timbered, and will
be sold in one tract, or in lots to suit
Sale to be held on the first above descri
bed premises, and to commence at 1 1 o'
clock, A.M , said day, when due attendance
will be given, and terms of sale mad" known
by JOHN SCHR Cli,
JAMES MOORE. Jr.,
Adm'ri of IV. H. Ludwig, deed.
Lewisburg, May 4. 150
From the A'fio York Working Farmer.
Rise and Fall of Sap in Trees.
u raor. lino sr. i t
vvhnt cuci'ius hulluciation is ti nt which
supposes the tap of trtes lo fall or settle in
the winter into ths roots ! One would
have thought that the notorious difficulty
f cr.iming a tjuart of wa'cr into a pint
measure might have suggested the imbrob
ability of such a phenomenon. For il
rerlainly does require a very large amount
of credulity to believe that the fluids of the
trunk and head of a tree can, by any nat
ural force of compression, be compelled to
enter bo narrow a lodging at the root.
We lihall assume the word sap to signify
-the fluiJs, of whatever nature, which are
contained in the interior of a tree. In the
pring the sap runs out of the trunk wl.en
'it H "wounded ; in the summer, njtumn
and winter it does not.unlcss exceptionally,
make its appearance. But in truth the sap
is always in motion at all seasons an 1 un
der all ctrcumstanccs.cxccpt in the presence
of intense cold. The difference is that
there is a great deal of il in the spring and
cinch 'es at other seasons
Wh n a tree falls to rest at the approach
o! winter, its leaves have earned so much
.more fluid than the roots have been able to
rupply, that the whole of Hie interior is in
r state of comparative dryness, and a
Urce portion of that sap which once way
fluid, has become solid in consequence of
'the various chemical changes if has under
gone- Between simple evaporation on the
one hand and chemical solidification on the
n'her, the sap is, in the an umn, so much
dumniahed in q-nntity a to be no longer
discoverable by mere incisions- The
power that a plant may possess of resist
ing Cold is in proportion to the complete
ness of this drying process;
When the leaves have (alien off, the
tree is no longer subject to much loss of
fluid by perspiration, nor to extensive
chemical changes by assimilation. But
the absorbing power of the roots, is not
arrested ; they, on the contrary, go on
sucking fluid from the soil, and driving it
upwards into the system. The effect of
this is that after some months of such an
action, that loss of fluid which the tree has
sustained in autumn by its leaves is made
good, and the whole plant is distended
with watery particles. This is a most
wise provision in order to insure abundant
food to the iiew born leaves and branches,
wiirrt warmth and light stimulate them in
During all the winter period the sap ap
pears to be at rest, for the re-filling process
is a very gradual one. But M. Biot many
years ago proved by an ingenious appara
tus, that the rate of motion of the sap may
be measured at all seasons, and he asser
tained it to Le in a state of considerable
activity in mid-wiuter. Among other
tiling", he found that frost had considerable
influence upon the direction in which the
j sap moves. In mud weather trie sap is
m,,"":,-!consta..t,y rising, but when frost was ex
porienccd the sap flowed back again
j ht neiiieM n which he referred to the coi.-
tracting power of cold on the vessel of
the trunk and branches, the effect of which
was lo force the cap downwards into the
routs, lying in a warmer medium ; then.
ngain, when the frobt reached the roots
themselves ai.d began acting on them, the
stp was forced back into the trunk ; but
as soon as a thaw came and the ground
recovered its heat, the roots out of which
a part of the sap had been forced upwards,
were again filled by the fluids above them.
and the sap was forced to fall. A large
poplar tree in the latter state, having been
cut across at the ground line, the surface
of the stump was (ouud to be dry, but the
end of the trunk itself dripped with sap,
Sap, then, is always in motion, and if it
ever settles to the root in a visible manner.
that is owing to temporary causes, the re'
mova I of hich causes its instant re ascent
As to the idea that the bleeding of a tree
begins first at the root, and in connection
with this supposition, that what is called
the rise of ll.e ip is the cause of the ex
pansion ol buds and leaves and branches,
nothing can ell be more destitute of any
real ioii!;i!.iii n. If in the spring, when
the buds are just swelling, a tree is cut
across at t!. a ground line no bleeding will
uke p ace, neither will the sap flow for
some distance upwards, but among the
branches tin; bleeding will be found to
have conniicrxid. This was observed
some years ago by Mr. Thompson, at that
time the Duke of Portland's gardener, who
thought he had discovered that the sap of
trees descends in the spring, instead of as
cending ; a strange speculation enough it
must lie confessed. The fact is, that the
sup is driven into accelerated motion first
at the extremities of a tree, because it is
there that lih! and warmth first tell upon
the excitable hue's. The moment the buds
are excited they begin to suck sap from
the parts with w hich they are in contact ;
to supply the waste so produced, the adja
cent sap pushes upwards ; as the cxpau
si n of the leaves proceeds, the demand up
on the sap near them becomes greater; a
quicker motion still is necessary on the
part of the sup to make good the loss ; and
thus from above downward is (hat percepti
ble flow of the fluids of trees, which we
call bleeding, tfTecled.
The well known fact of trees sprouting
in the spring, although felled in the au
tumn, proves that the sap had not at that
time quitted the trunk to take refuge in the
roots. Such a common occurence should
put people on their guard against falling
into the vulgar errors on this subject.
From the American Agriculturist.
management of Animals.
.i breaking or managing a horie,
however intractable or stuborn his temper
miiy be, preserve your own. Almost every
fault of the brute arises from ignorance,
lie patient with him, teach and coax him
and success, in time, is certain. There
are trick, however, which are the results
of confirmed habit or viciousness, anl
these sometimes require a different treat
ment. A horse accustomed to starting
and running away, may be effectually
cured by putting him to the top of his speed
on such occasions, and running Tim till
pretty thoroughly exhausted.
A horse that had a trick of pulling at
his bridle and breaking it, was at last re
duced to Jjcttcr habits, by tying him tightly
to a stukc driven on the bank of a deep
stream. With his tail pointing to the wa
ter, he commenced pulling at the halter.
which sudA-rdy parted, over the bank he
tumbled, ai:d after a somerset oi two, and
floundering a while in the water, he was
sat is Vd to remain at bis post in future,
and brak no more bridles.
A raw has been cured of butting at
everything i a I everybody, by placing an
unresisting effigy in a similar position;
when the sudden assault on a wintry day,
resulted in tumbling his ramship in'o a
cold bath, which- his improved manners
took good rare to avoid in future.
A f heep killing dog has been n a !e too
much ash. rued eier again to look a ihrrp
LEWISBURG CHRONICLE AND WEST BRANCH FARMER
in the face, by tying his hind legs to a
stout ram, oa the brow of a hill,while the
flock were quietly feeding at the bottom.
Oa being set free, and somewhat startled
at setting out, in his haste to rejoin his
friends, be tumbled and thumped master
fray so sadly over the stones and gullies,
that he was quite satisfied to confine him
self to cooked mutton thereafter.
Man's reason was given him to control
" the beasts of the field and the birds of
the etr," by other means than brute force.
If he will bring this into play, he will have
no difficulty in meeting and overcomin g
every emergency of perverse instinct or
bad habit in the dumb things, by his supe
Can you, through the medium of your
paper, tell me how apple trees can fee made
to bear yearly a .good crop T It was my
impression previous to reading your paper
that some apple trees bear only once in
two years. But I suppose that the major
ity of fruit trees will yield a crop, under
proper culture, yearly. I have some
growing in turf ground, which six or eight
years ago produced good fruit, but now.
even when they do bear, much of it falls
off prematurely. The soil in which they
are situated is of a very rich black.
Southampton, L I , April, 1650.
In answer to the above, we would in
form our correspondent that Mr. R. L
Pell, of Pclham, Ulster county, New York,
has succeeded in making his Newton pip
pin trees bear every year by forking in
around the roots a liberal compo6t'of char
coal, bonedust, common salt, soot, wood
ashes, and oyster-shell lime. To this may
be added brick dust, burnt clay, leaf
mould, or greensand marl. By keeping
the trees properly cleaned and pruned,
they can not fail to bear. -
Potato mania in Ireland.
A correspondent of the Times, writes
to that paper as follows : I learn by
the authority of a gentleman of the highest
commercial standing in Cork, that no
mere newspaper report can convey even a
remote idea of the potato mania which
has seized all classes in that extensive dis
trict. Grass lands, parks, demesnes every
available nook, have been cut up for the
reception of seed. The cultivation of
wheat has been almost totally neglected,
as there is no prospect of that crop ever
again proving remunerative, and the only
cereals that have been sown are barley
and oats, and these to a very limited extent.
Supposing the potatoes to escape disease.
and the yield to be an average one of for
mcr years, he calculates that, from their
abundance, they can be readily purchased
for a penny a stone. There is,. it is said.
method in madness,' and such, it seems,
is the case in the present instance, as the
experiment now in progress is made with
a view of preparing the land for a success
ion of other green crops in the year follow
Arrest of a Murderer.
The Syracuse (N. T.) Journal states
that Mr. Jacobs, of Durhamville, recently
returned from California, has been arrested
on a charge of murder, committed in that
country, and that he had been taken back
to answer the charge. The Sheriff said
that Jacobs and his brother had murdered
an old m.m.in order to obtain a large quan
tity of gold dust which he had amassed.
One of the brothers was taken, convicted,
and executed, but this one escaped with a
large amount of dust.
It seems that Winter is determined to
linger in the lap of Spring." On Friday
last May 10 it snowed very rapidly for
the space of three hours. The weather re
mained excessively cold for several days
fur that season of the year. On the suc
ceeding Sunday morning, Jack Frost's
congealed breath seemed as copious as we
have ever witnessad in the midst of winter,
threatning very strongly to blight our fine
prospect of an abundant supply of all kinds
of fruits. rLewisburg (Va.) Chronicle,
A shocking casualty, occurred at
Hughesville, near this place, on Friday
evening of last week, which caused the
death of a young man named Ellis Van
Horn, aged about 17- He was sitting up
on a harnessed horse, whilst his brother
was passing a bucket to him. His horse,
taking fright ran and threw him, and one
of his legs becoming entangled in one of
the traces he was dragged into the barn
yard, where, coming in violent contact
with a sled, he is supposed to have been
instantly killed. Leaving the yard, the
horse ran about a mile and a half, bruising
and mutilating the lifeless body in a shock
ing manner. He was an industrious and
well-doing young man. Muucy Lumin
ary, May 24.
fcJ-The Freeporl (Illinois) Journal of
the 13th inst., copies our sketch of the life
of the late Dr. RoVt Yentahah-who it
is thought by somo practiced medicine a
longer time than any other person known,
having been actively engaged in that pro
fession orer sixty yeart) and adds the
following editorial comments :
"The deceased is well known to many
of our citizens, formerly residents of Penn
sylvania. Ho was father of Dr. Thomas
Vjpva'nh, once a resident of Stephenson
county, and grand-father of Dr. Robert H-
Vanvalzah, a recent emigrant lrom i rce
port to California. But few names are more
familiarly associated in the minds of the
citizens of Stephenson county than that of
Dr. Vanvalzah, and his death, though ripe
with age, will create a deep sensation oi
Correspondence of the Chronicle.
Greek Bat, (Wis.) May 8, 1850.
Sir: My last to you, I believe was da
ted at Baltimore. Since then, I have passed
over the intermediate space, via. Philadel
phia. New York, and Buffalo, to the de
lightful tcrre fir ma west of Lake Michigan,
known as the State of Wisconsin, and over
it to the frozen region of Green Bay, via.
Soon after I landed at Milwaukie I set
about getting ready to visit the country
around Lake" Winnebago (a namefcmili
ar to some of your readers.) The Lake
and the country in its vicinity is in every
sense of the term beautiful- There is
nothing low, or impure, or unhealthy in all
the country. The clear water of the lake,
its bold and regular banks, and the many
safe and uatural harbors it affords, are all
objects, worthy of admiration. I hesitate
not to say, that it is one of the fairest far
ming countries I have ever seen. The land
rises gradually from the lake, at the rate
of one to two degrees ; Some of it is prai
rie, and other parts well timbered ; and
what is most peculiarly strange is the fact,
that water can be brought to the surface at
any point in the neighborhood of the
lake ; by boring stone 70 to 100 feet into
the earth, the water spouts up some two or
three feet above the ground. 1 have seen
a number of these springs running out of a
stock two feet highmost beautifully ; and
to adJ still to the novelty of these springs,
the water is perfectly cool and soft, much
more so than the water of the lake while
every inch of ground through which they
bore is impregnated with lime until within
some 12 to 18 inches of the water when
thev have to pass through a hard strata of
shell rock, said to partake considerably of
the nature of lime.
Along the banks of this lake have sprung
up a number of neat and flourishing towns
within a year or two. The Fox river takes
its rise out of this lake, and is destined to
be one of the most important streams, for
its length, on the western continent. Ilav
ing its rise in the lake.it never varies three
inches from one "coon's age" to another,
and is consequently an enviable situation
for manufacturing purposes, on account of
its perfect safety. There can not be the
slightest danger of having any establish
ments injured by floods, at any time, or at
any point, while almost every foot can be
occupied, from one end of the river to the ot
her. The river is 36 miles in length.empty
ing ii.toGreenBav.and has a fall of 150leet
They are beginning to operate upon it.
Eight saw-mills and two grist-mills have
been erected within a year or two ; six of
the former and one of the latter are at De
pere five miles above this place, while
nineteen-twentieths of the fall in the river
is above that point. The banks of the riv
er are generally high and bold, the chan
nel from 8 to 12 feet deep, with a firm rock
bottom. The country ba:k is generally
level on both sides, rather rising, and well
timbered, and when cleared is an excellent
wheat soil. Government appropriated
portion of land to make it navigable for
steam-boats, and men are now at work.
making slack-water and locks, to get
around some of the Rapids. Another im
provemcnt in connection with this (and for
which ao public lands were given,) is a
Steam-boat Canal from lake Winnebago
to the Wisconsin river, near fort Winne
bago. When these improvements are
completed (which will be soon) steam boats
can run from Erie, Pa., around the tut, via
Fox river to the WesWrn Rivers an im
provemcnt of no small magnitude, connec
ting in one unbroken steam-boat commun
ication, out extensive Lake country with
the Valley of the Mississippi.from Pittsburg
to New Orleans, and up to the North Pole
(almost.) Government has also purchased
a large tract of land, west of Wolf river,
said to be very fine, and although it is not
jet surveyed, hundreds are flocking over
and making locations".
The atmosphere here seems unpleasant
and cold, but the old residents say that it is
an unusually cold and backward spring
that they have never seen it so before ;
and, taking into consideration the apparent
backwardness of the season all over the
country, we have no right to doubt their
assertion. The country south of. lake
Winnebago, as low down as Milwaukie
and west as far as Rock river, is generally
a delightful farming country, abounding in
small hikes and small prairies, with what
are called "openings," that is, a species of
timber land, about as thickly timbered,
generally with oak.asan old Pennsylvania
orchard. The soil is deep, and a' great
portion of the country is slightly rolling ;
but none that I saw could be called hilly.
I shall leave this to morrow, when I shall
see more, and may write more anon. M.
Tbii also a great plsce for Gibing : they
catch a variety, och aa sturgeon, baas, pike, 4c.
I am told that they pot op and shipped lo the
South over a thousand barrel at this point
generally pike, pickerel, white fish, weluleoike,
and muscologuei benides (apply inj this country.'
The Town Clock has not struck for
three or four days- The imp suspects she
is inking con-commit'ai ground, prepara
tory to a "compromise' or some other ras-
H. O. KICKOK, Editor.
O. H. WOHDOT, Foblliher.
At 11.60 cut in wtruuo, S1.7S tn three month $2 pud
within the year, and ti,W at the end of the year.
Agent In Philadelphia V B Palmer and X W Curr.
Wednesday Morning, May 29.
ATJVERTIZE 1 Menwons wnv
i HUMS. Citv and Country Merchant,, Manufacturera,
.. L u. Men all who wuh to smeure or to
rfi.nnw of anythine would do well to giro notice of the
name tnrouga vuc -"-." ; .
a good and increaeing circulation in a community contai
ning aa large a proportion of artire, iOlTeut producer,
consumers, and dralere, aa any other in the State.
C7The Editor ha'a resumed his post.
after a furlough of two weeks.during which
time the Publisher has had exclusive man
agement of the editorial department.
fCjAs the Publisher took occasion, last
week, in our absence and without our
knowledge, to introduce our name to the
readers of the Chronicle in connection with
some of the political movements of the sea
son, we think it no more than right to state
that Isaac Slenkee, Esq., of New Berlin,
Maj. Charles H. Shrineh, of MifHinburg,
and Col. Henrt C. Eter, of Selinsgrove,
have also been warmly recommended by
correspondents of the "Union Times" as
suitable candidates for a seat in the next
Forest Hill, Union Co., Pa. A.H.Lutz,
Post-Master. We understand this office is
in West-Buffalo Tp, on the road from the
Buffalo X Roads to Brush Valley. It is a
much-needed office. The time and mode
of its supply, we have not learned.
C70n last Saturday a-week, while the
Lock on the Canal at Montgomery s ferry
was full.and the upper gates standing open
the large wooden gates at the lower end of
the lock gave way, and in a short time
were swept entirely out. The Supervisor
of the Susquehanna Division, Maj. II. D-
Rodcarmal, who was in the neighborhood
at the time, was on the spot shortly after.
and within the short period of eight hours
had new gates constructed, and placed in
position, and boats passing thro' the Lock
as usual. This remarkable feat speaks
volumes for Maj. Rodearmel, and proves
him to be one of the most energetic and
pflirvent Supervisors anon the line of the
public improvements. We remember that
It ii nbipi-ied to him at the time of his
appointment.that he was but a young man
and inexperienced. But having had occa
sion to pass along this Division some
weeks since, we can attest from our own
observation, that this part of the Canal
has never been kept in better order than
has been the case this season. We have
also the concurrent testimony of persons
living along the line, that Maj. R. has
uniformly been prompt, faithful and thoro'
in the discharge of his official duties.
COn Saturday last, as Mr. Thomas
Mackey of this place was helping to load
some ploughs into a canal boat at one o
the wharves on the river bank, he acciden
tally fell into the hold.and broke his collar
bone, besides bruising his side severely and
nearly dislocatingithe shoulder joint. He is
at present confined to his bed.but.we learn,
with a fair prospect of an early recovery.
03rMr. Wm. L. Harris, of East Buffalo,
has presented us with the quill ol a Black
Eagle, which he shot some time since in the
woods near the Turnpike a mile and a half
west of this place, and which measured 7
feet 9 inches from tip to tip of the wings.
There was another eagle in company, of
the same ebon hue, which, judging from
its appearance in the air as contrasted with
the one shot, must have measured at least
twelve feet across the wings ; but the old
patriarch was too wary to permit the
marksman to approach within gun-shot.
KrMr. Wm. Segar, of Pesry county, is
the owner of the right for Warner's patent
Elective Cutler Churn," and is now in
town for the purpose of disposing ol rights
for counties and townships, and is also
prepared to supply such persons with churns
as do not choose to buy the right. v e
have given this churn a careful examina
tion. It is entirely different from any yet
introduced into this part of the country.
and we believe it to be a superior article,
capable of accomplishing all that is clnimed
for it. It has been tried in some half-a-
dozen families in town, and we understand
gave entire satisfaction. Mr.S. is person
ally worthy of encouragement, and we
bespeak for him the patronage of the com
munity. He will remain here for some
time.and can be found at Mr.Weidensaul's
C7The disciples of Izaak Walton along
the West Branch, as well as no small
number among the 'rest oi mankind,' will
learn with consternation that the last trout
has disappeared from the sparkling waters
of Ralston. At least such is the burden of
Piscator's song, on the first page ol this
paper. We fain would hope, however, that
there is still a few more of the same sort
left. If not, our correspondent and his
party must have been the most remarkable
fishers of trout ever seen among our moun
tain streams or else (which is quite pro
bable) his 'poetic license' is wonderfully
Munchausenish, and that 'last trout' very
like a whale. Alas ! for the trout or the
rhymes'er, one or the other.
The Galphin Claim.
Some excitement has existed in political
circles, lately, on account of the pay mcoi
of the above claim by the Federal Govern
ment, and, as we have not hitherto alluded
to it, we give the following brief history of
the case for the Information of those of our
readers who see no other paper;
The claim is brought by the heirs of
George Galphin, an Indian trader, lor
certain lands in Georgia, conveyed to him
by the Creek Indians, which lands were
subsequently ceded by the United States to
Georgia. By this treaty of cession, the
U.S. undertook to extinguish all the lodiao
titles. This point is not disputed : ttie only
question is whether Galphin's claim is an
Indian title, under the meaning of the
Ex Gov. Crawford, of Georgia (now the
Secretary at War) undertook, years ago.to
secuie this claim, on condition of receiving
one half of the whole claim.or of such part
of il as should be paid. From 1S33 until
the lime of his appointment as Secretary at
War, Mr. Crawford has uged this claim.
In 1835. he endeavored to obtain payment
by the Treaty of New Echota, with the
Cherokees. In 1837, he presented the
subject before the Legislature of Georgia,
and continued to urge it, without success,
until 1842. Nothing was accomplished till
1848, when an act of Congress wai ob
tained, authorizing the Secretary of the
Treasui y "to examine and adjust the claim
of the late George Galphin, under the
treaty made by the Government of Georgia
with the Creek and Cherokee inaians. in
the year 1773," and to pay the amount
found due. This was done, and the pnn
cipal of the claim, amounting to between
10,000 and 850,000, was paid under the
approval of R.J.Walker, then Sec'y of the
Treasury. Interest was also claimed, but
Mr. Walker not having time to examine
that point, left it among the unfinished bu
siness of his office, to be diposeJ of by
When Mr. Crawford became Secretary
at War.he desisted from personal efforts to
secure the claim. In May, 1S49. he dis
closed to President Taylor that he was
interested in a claim which he haJ been
prosecuting before Congress and elsewhere
since 1833. He did not, however, state
what the claim was, or the amount of his
interest in it. The President replied, that,
in his opinion, none of the pre-existing
individual rights of Gov. Crawford had been
curtailed by his acceptance of office.
Mr.Crawford then employed Mr-Bryan,
for $3,000, to prosecute the claim, and
assisted him in preparing an argument in
support ol it. Mr.Whiltlesey, the Auditor
of the Treasury before whom the case
came, decided against it. The matter was
then laid before Mr. Meredith, the Sec'y o
the Treasury, who sought the opinion ol
the Attorney General, Mr. Johnson, which
was favorable. I be claim for interest,
amounting to over 8180,000. was then
paid. Mr. Crawford's share'of the princi
pal waS $21,401 08; and of the 60 yenrs'
interest, $01,176 44 total, 114,563 42.
When the affair became public.it created
some stir in the House of Representatives,
as well as elsewhere, and at the request of
Mr. Crawford, a committee of Nine, (five
Democrats and four Whigs) was appointed
to investigate the matter, and report to the
(louse. The Committee performed t'mt
duty, and reported week before last.
Mr.Crawford avers that no officer of the
Government who was charged with the
adjustment of the claim, was made acquain
ted with his interest in the claim ; Judge
Bryan managed all the business pertaining
to it and the Committee say they have
not been ablejto discover any evidence that
Secretary Crawford availed himself of his
official position, or of the social relations it
established between himself and other
members of the Cabinet, to influence the
favorable determination of the claim. It
was never the subject of Cabinet delibera
tion, and nothing has been disclosed by the
testimony, to ioduce them to believe that
the Secretary of the Treasury, or the
Attorney tJeneral, was aware, until the
claim was.adjudicated, that Mr. Crawford
had any interest in it. Such is the state
ment of Mr.C, and the majority report.
the hurt report, as welt as the Uisney
report.difler widely from these conclusions,
and say that Mr.Meredith and Mr.Johnson
must have known Mr. Crawford's interest
in the claim, though not perhaps the exact
amount, from his manner of urging it on
their attention, and from the papers in their
possession ; and that it was by direct ad
ministrative influence that .the claim for
interest, which amounts to more than four
times the principal, was finally granted.
The Chairman of the Committee, Mr.
Burt, and Mr. Jackson,(Democrats,)siigned
one report, wnich, after a statement was
of the case, (in most of which the whole
Committee agreed,) presents the following
conclusions, viz : -
"1st. That the claim of the representa
tives of George Galpin was not a just de
mand against the United States.
"2nd. That the act of Congress made it
the duly of the Secretary of the Treasury
to pay the principal of said claim, and it
was therefore paid, in conformity wi h law
"3rd. That the act aforesaid did not au
thorize the Secretary of the Treasury to
pay interest on said claim, and its pay
ment was not in conformity with law and
Messrs. Breck.Grinnell, King, and Con
rad, (Whigs,) report justifying the claim
principal and interest, and referring to pri
or acts and usages of the Government in
proof of the legality of the payment of the
Messrs. Disney, Featherston, and Mann,
(Democrats.) presented a report in which
hich they arrived at the following conclu
'1. Resolved, That the claim of George
Galnin was one that the United States wag
under no obligations to pay, prior to the
passage of the act of 1843, which authori
sed and required the pay merit of the princi
"2. 1 hat the interest thereon was pa d
without authority of law or usage.
"3. That Congiess should pass a law
prohibiting the payment of interest in any
case by any officer of the Government un
less expressly directed by law.
"4. That Congress should pass a law
prohibiting snymrmb3rof theCab;retfrom
deciding on any claim or demand against
the Government in which any other mem
ber of the same Cab' net shall be interested.
while they may be thus associated togeth
er in the administration of the Government.
'5. That we rcom.uend the passage of
a law making final decissious made by the
heads of the different departments, and re
gulating the right of appeal,' &ic.
The case was made the special'order
of the day in the House for the fourth
Thursday in June next.
0We respectfully refer our readers to
the able and conclusive Speech.on our first
pajjo, in favor ol an Elective Judiciary,
made in the Perm. House of Representatives
by John B. Packer, Esq., of Sunbury, the
talented Representative of NorlhumherlaLd
county in the late Legislature. Those of
our readers who are hostile to the propnsr d
Amendment of the Constitution, will fjid
their various objections referred to, and to
our minds clearly and satsfactori'y re'u'ed.
Mr. Packer's teinruks reflect great cuiit
upon himself, and will do effective serv es
in behalf of n ere.it popular reform.
"We ,hall l gta I to shake the hand of the
editor of the Chronicle at the State Conventioi.
notwithstanding his unkind allueion lo 'the ti t.
orial Convention.' Williannport Gazetts
Not so very "unkind," it strikes uj, anl
not w ri'.ten by the Editor at any rate ; be
sides, it does not appear to have been very
unpopular with our brethren of the press,
from the way it his been cop;ed up stream.
We shall give jou our C7, certainly,
"on that occasion," and with a hearty ur p
CO"On Monday evening last.wbiie some
children were playing in thestreets,a youog
lad, in the course of the amtuemerjts, threw
a stone which struck a little girl in the
face, and cut a deep gash across the no?e,
irflicting a patrsful and unsigh.ly wound.
This i a warning which we trust will be
heeded by both parents and children.
Important Eeigf from Cifii I
Jlllat k on Cardenas.
Fliglit of Gen. Lopez.
There hive been many rumors of late
of an intended attack upon the Island of
Cuba, by a secret expedition from the UniteJ
S;atcs,nnd we how have the following tel
egraph news of the attempt and its partic
Savannah, May 25.
Th steamship Isabel touched ofT this
port this morning, from Havana and Key
West. She left Havana en the 22d insr.
two dnys after the Ohio.
Gen. Lopez, and one of his aids, Maj"r
S tchez Essnaga, arrived in this city thu
morning, and have taken lodgings at the
The following information is obtainrJ
from him :
The expedition left the Islay del Contov,
on the north east corner of the Yucatan
coast, on the 16th and landed at Cardenaj
on the 19th inst. They lost sometime tj
send an express to Colozo, about ten miks
distant. The expedition entered the town,
and attacked the jail, supposing it to be.
the barracks! The jail guard, composed
of fifteen men, stood fire like old soldier'
Troops were seen at this moment, crossing
tho plaza. Thoy were hailed, and ans
wereJ by firing upon the troops. Affcr
this, soldiers went to the Government
House, which was a ttacked. The Housn
was well defended, but was finally burned.
The few troops surrendered themselves.
The town of Cardenas remained in pr.v
ceable possession of the invaders. Tie'
troops, however, being dissatisfied win
their warm reception, and having lost tin:
in getting the wounded and fuel on bea-J
the steamer Creole, which was to rett -r
for reinforcements, became pishearten. ',
and insisted on going to Key West.
They were closely pursued by theSp -3-ish
war steamer Pizarro, but escaped.
Washington, Way 25, 1 650.
The Cuba news by telegraph was r" '
at the President's reception last' night, '
created a sensation. The President r-.-.J
been giving his views against the bounJ.. 'v
claimed by Texas.but immediately chan-i
that opic to Cuba, and appeared to be takei
by snrprise with the news.
There was a cabinet meeting to day.
It is expected that a proclamation will
shortly appear. We understand that Sir
Henry Bui war has had a conference with
Mr. Secretary Clayton, in which it is sta
ted that there is a secret treaty between
Spain and England, which will require the
latter to interfere, even if the island is III
rated. It is apprehended that this will lead
to a blockade of the whole coast by Eng
land, and that some chance collision wi b
the American flag will end in a war.
Il is supposed that this business will
hurry on the compromise of the Norte,
while the South will go for dslayv