Lewisburg chronicle. (Lewisburg, Pa.) 1850-1859, May 15, 1850, Image 2

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From the American Agriculturist.
Qualities of Lime No. 2.
Lime is slightly soluble in water, a
property which is so essential to enable
it to undergo in itself and ' effect in other
matter, those chemical and mechanical
changes before alluded to. The solvent
power of water upon lime is in the inverse
ratio or its temperature. At 32, water
dissolves 1-656 of its weight of litre ; at
60. 1 776 ; and at 212." 1 1270 ; and
as the ordinary temperature of water in
oils silJom exceeds 60," and frequently
is near 32. it follows that in this condi
ion, it acts with nearly iu maximum influ
ence on lime.
Another property of lime, have no
doubt is true, though in the yet imperfect
state of agricultural science, we ere net
absolutely certain of it ; and if trup.it is
cf incalculable advantage in promoting
the growth of vegetation and, that too
from the gratuitous supplies derived from j
(he atmosphere. When lime is mixed
with damp manure and rich vegetable
loam, in the shade, it condenses citric acid,
which immediately combines wiih the pot
nth of the manure, forming nitrae of
potash (saltpetre.) The. this Oration is
going forward in rich edearct us soils,
harcHy admits of a doubt, especially wheii
thad d by a rank vegetable growth, and
occasionally stirred in the process of cul
tivoiion. The value of both nitric acid
and ri'rate of potash to vegetable nutrition,
has too often been teste d to admit of doubt.
Professor Johnston in his ingenious and
valuable essay on lime, published iu the
Highland Quarterly Journal of Agricul
ture, in which many of the probable beue
f.cicl oierstions of limo arc detailed, cor
roborates this opinion and attributes n't
enly the formation of nitric acid, but nin
niorjia, also, at the expense of the free
nitrogen of the atmosphere, from the pres
ence o( calcareous matter in the soil.
There is a great diflcrer.ee in the value
of the various limestones for agricultural
purpose. When burnt, some contain
considerable proportions of photphqte of
lime.the remains of innumerable itifusor'ar,
roprolitcs, and some species of the coral,
the aggregation cf ages of insect and other
animal remain, in the indefinite past.
Thosphate of lime is the principal fertilising
material of bones, and enters into the
composition of every vegetable ; ils impor
tance must therefore be readily appreciated.
And this the rcasin why ono species of
limestone yields what is termed lime, but
which is really quicklime associated wiih
the nhosohate, so much more valuable for
agricutural uses than others, which np.
proximate more nearly to a pure carbon
ate. Many of the limestones of Kentucky
and other parts of the Union, and more j
frequcntly the marl., yield a larger per
centnge of phosphate of l ime ; and w he rev -r
such are attainable, their application to
oils is attended with the best results. The
yield of fertile lands is augmented, and
the rccuscitation of worn out soils is "pee d
!y accomplished whore such a drer-sing is
red. There are other limestones which
yield only an impure lime, nixed with
considerable quantities of other mineiaik
or earth, of no utiliiy for agricultural pur
pofe. Oyater-shell limo, or that derived from
other shell fish, both of marine and fresh-
water origin, is generally superior for g-'
ricu'lural purpo-es, to such as is derived
uom other sources ; net only from its
containing nothing but what is useful, but
especially as yielding a noticeable qtmnti'y I
f phosphate.
Magnesian lime has its value in agri
cu'ture. This is apparent from the anal
ysis of the ashes of all vegetables. Nne
re without magnesia. Wheat contains
bout 0.9 per cent. ; barley almost 2 ; the
bean and pea nearly as much, and their
traw and the clovers and lucern, from 2
lo 3.5. Besides contributing to the food
of plants, its alkaline properties act on
oils-and manures in manner similar to
lime, bat in more intense degrte.
Wherever applied, therefore, it must be in
quantity considerably less than when the
p-Jre lime is nsed.
The effect of lime upon crops is to ma
ture them earlier, and give a fuller, heal
thier growth. Tho beet sugar plantation
in Louisiana, which gives the largest ave
rage yield of sound, convertible juice, has
great quantities of muscle shell's in every
tsM r.f r)AAAmnA.iiiin cAnitirfli4 K .ii i l . I
. t t in r i t rTt I
out the soil. Wheal is found to be fuller
nd heavier when grown on well liir.cd or
, i, i. ,
calcaieous coils. The stalk is not so liable
fo nist.or mildew, and it yields a brighter,
cleaner straw: The potato rot, whirh
has oVrs stated not onlv fields, but whole !
- t
rroniries, has-in many instance, been
, , , ,, ... r'
checked or wholly rrevented hy the use of ;
lime. L;me seldom or m ver does injurv
... . .. ' ." I
excess ; and in nearly all cases, its appli- .
eiion is attended with the best results. j
The appllratifn of lime may be made j
ei.hrr afterburning or grinding, but e j
former is by far the mot,t speedy in its J
feet. In this ce, r k reduced to an j
iMipa'pnble powder, if rmy he a thousand
1 (we finer than by 1! most tfiicient arti-
fi -ii' gr-tni r,;, t mvet n.or rfct rf
the chemical operations of nature than the
mechanical ones of man. In consequence
of this minute division, every particle of
the lime is brought into intimate contact
with the soil and exerts its full influence ;
while the tnburned though finely-divided
limestone may require many years, and
probably centuries of them to yield all its
benefits. The difference to the soil is
analogous to that of an animal.swallowing
unbroken grain and cooked meal. In the
former case, the grain may possibly be
voided before digested ; in the latter, every
particle of the farinaceous nutriment has
been developed by the expanding heat, and
is thus ready for immediate assimilation
by the stomach.
It is important to secure the maximum
benefit of lime, that it be kept near the
surface. Air, moisture, heat and light are
nil important agents in effecting chemical
changes in the soil ; and these are only to
be found at or near tho surface. From its
greater weight, there is a constant tenden
cy to sink, not only from the operations of
the plow, spade, &c, h'it from the washing
of rain, the operations of moles, earth
worms, and in?octs, besides such portions
as are dioivrd and carried down. This
eor.sidcration should induce a frequent ap
plication of small quantities, say 20 lo 40
bushels per acre, as o.rten at least, as once
every three to five years. And to secure
its immediate action, which is not fell for
one or two jears.it may be intimately
mixed with i"ur or five times its bulk of
rich turf or loam, and allowed to remain
for a few months or u year, when it will be
ready at once to commence its woik of re
generation in the soil, besides yielding a
vaiu ib'e rr.anure iu the rich loam with
which it has been mixed.
The Fire Annlhllator.
Mr- Phillips, the inventor of this new
apparatus, recently gave an exhibition of
its powers to a large company assembled
at the London Gas Works, Vauxhull.
After some preliminary remarks on the
vast losses from fire, amounting nnr.uallv,
in the three kingdoms, tot2.000.0C0. and
the intfficiency of water in quenching a fu
rious conflagration, he set fire to a com
partment cf a large open building filled
with partitions and temporary joisling of
liht wood, daubed with pitch and turpeti
tine and hung with rags, soaked wi h the
same combustibles. The fla.ncs ascendej.
roaring with socH vehemence as tor npel
the spectators to a distance of forty feet,
reaching, fpparently, beyond all remedy
by water Ikii Mr. P. with one of his
h ind m irhines, somewhat larger thun a
god sisrd c ffie potrom which a volume
of gas end vapor was discharged, ex
tinguishing the flames in "half o minute ;"'
and then to prove that there was no nox
ious quality in the resulting nir, immedi
ately walked iliiough the building wiih a
lighted candle in his hand.
A company has been formed to mnnu-
facture tl.ese new style of fire engine ;
which, tl they answer as well in ptacti"
as thy seem to do in experiment, will
soon make their way to this coun'ry, ami
find their field of operation in subduing
flames, iind prtlap", fire-riot"".
Decayed Grain Injurious to Stock.
There is great dinner of feeding to an
imals, dUensed or decayed food of any
kind. Sjine species of decay are not in
jurious, others are positively dangerous.
The rot in the potato of late years, has in
many instances, not diminished the fatten
ing properties ol the root, as it was the
tissues or nitrogenised portions of it that
erc decay ed, while all the starch, from
w hich the fat is principally formed, remains
unimpaired for sometime after the com
mencement of rot.
S.i it is frequently with grain. The
starch is little liable to decomposition, or
disease, and is only induced to it, by the
proximity (close juxtaposition) of the al
buminous (nitrogenised) parts, which corn
municeto incipient fermentation, which,
under favorable circumstances, rapidly
proceeds !o destructive decomposition.
The ill effects of this species of food is
shown in the !uct quoted by a corrspor.dent
that a steer fed upon it became paraly
sed, and a change was essential to prevent
this tcrmiuaiing fatally. We have known
a choice herd of swine swept oft by feeding
on win at that had been damaged by
leakage on ship board. To insure safety
under such feeding, a person must know
just what he is about, and the precise
quality and condition cf the article he is
The editor of the Worchester, (Miss.)
Tribune say., he in company with others,
have examined the discovery at
, . . ,. , . .
i ame nouse, wno 1121111 ana item
tali his
whole house with cold water ; and that
the light surpasses anything he eter be-
I 11 1:1.. I" U. .1 .1 J
dinner, r for any Use to which a fire w
, , , . . .
I ivrtmajritv D nnititil .nil tliaf llinra '
. , ! ,
great saving of work and expense.
Seaon for Felling Resinous Trees. I
Any time during this month, or the nrxt
lhree months following, all kinds of pine,
'"rch, and other resinous trees may 1 cut,
" the fs 'wir wood will be filled
'ith rein- "'hich wr'fs 10 increase the
''ren8'JJ'y!eir ''mber.
To get credit be punctual. T pr
ttn aVnt us it mufh.
liciu mure nuts suuiigui man idly m ng , , . . . , , r
p. . , ' 6lgines, has been invented by A. Addis, ol
else; that il intense heat of tie flame , . .,i,a
Lycoming County, Pa. It will pass sparks
serves R.r warming a room, and to cook ,. . . . , . . j-
O t hrnitnk .nd mlA U'ald. arm fl T I V R
Terrible Sickness at Rio de Janeiro !
The fast sailing, clipper built ship Grey
Eagle, Capt. Donley, from Rio Janeiro,
arrived in the Dulaware, below Philadel
phia, on Tuesday, after a very short pas
sage of 32 days.
Itio de Janeiro, April 4, 1850.
The yellow fever commenced here about
the middle of December last- It manifes
ted itsell in the harbor and city at the same
time. At first it was looked upon as an
aggravated form of the "Polka Fever,"
which prevailed here some three years ago,
and gave but little alarm. But in one
month, its ravages had been so great, that
much apprehension was felt ; numbers fled
to the mountains ; and the impression be
came general that for the first tint the Yel
low Fever had made its appearance in the
city and port of Rio, so long and justly
celebrated for health.
At the first, Danish, German and Swe
dish shipping suflcrcd most in port, but in
a short time it spread to American and
English indeeJ to all vessels of every
flag, and in every part of the harbor.
There have been times, for weeks at a
time, that there were not seamen enough
in health to man half the vessels in port.
What number of seamen have perished
here during a few months past, I have not
as yet had the opportunity of of knowing.
The number, however, must lie very great.
Scores of vessels have lost every soul
on board. Many have left w ith a new
crew, and in a few days returned again
with only men enough to get the vessel
back, and frequently lercft of the captain,
and cue or more subordinate efficcrs. At
one time out of eighty custom house offic
ers, engaged as guards, Sic, mly eight re
mained to do ti e work. And to day it is
no better among the shipping. In a few
dsys the steamer New World lost eleven
of her men and her only passenger.
In the citv nn 1 its various suburbs, the
fever has been equally if not more fatal. All A marriage was performed at Quincy,
classes have suffered, but poor native rnsi- j Ill., few days since, brought about as fol
denls and foreigners have mostly fallen : A gentleman in Kentucky -saw the
. . , t.- dnguereotvpc likeness ol one of the Taircnes
victims to this unexpected destroyer. Ln- . e . Ji
... , ' 3 in Quincy went over, wooed, won, and
tire families have been swept nway in n. 1 mnrrjej ner
few days. Strangers passing a few weeks
at Rio, have been arrested and perished,
both on shipboard and shore. Calilornii
vessels from England and America, stop,
ping here, have suffered much. Ptissen
gers exposing themselves by going ashore,
have taken the fever in a short time and
found a grave long before reaching the gold
Government soir.c time n;o, prohibited
ihe ringing of church bells and the inter
ment of the dead in the ninches of church
es and other public buildings. For a long
time no report of deaths was made; but
now an official report has h-en made of the
"ggregn'e mortality since the commence
ment of the epidcrnii, and it amounts to
between 12 and 14,000. Prob.ibly about
M.0C0 deaths of tl.ts fever in the harbor
and city in the last tiirce or four months.
The estimate is now 300 daily, and no
abatement either on shore or in the harbor.
On Monday evening of this week, the
remains ofMaj. T. S. Morgan, Secretary
of U. S. Legation, and the only son of
Gov. Kent, American Consul, were buried
at ihe English Cmetry, Gamhoia.
Such are a few instances of the terrible
scourge now prevailing amongst us. Rut
hundreds of heart rending cases remain to
I told.
Doctors have been pariiculary unhappy
in the treatment of of this disease. Simple
treatment and good nursing have proved
far more successful.
Capt. Amity and Capt. Harris, both ol
them in command of Americim California
bound ahips, had died. A report had ar
rived that there had been great mortality
on a U. S. store ship after leaving Rio.
Thin we fenr, is the Lexington, which was
at Kio at the last account. Ore commer
cial house had twelve clerks down with it
at once, Riid many houses had to be closed.
A Goad Provision.
One of the provisions of the Constitution
of California is as follows: Every law
enacted by the Legislature shall contain
but one object ; and that shall be ex
prcsckd in the title." This is an excel
lent provision, and was intended to guard
against Legislative " log rolling," which
seeks to combine several objects in one
Omibui bill, so Culled. Wo of Pennsyl
vania have suffered more from this char
acteristic manner of getting bad measures
though under false names, than any other
S:atc. It is an infamous system, and is
not surpassed in desperation and cunning
by any modern invention of those who live
by their wils. Danville Democrat.
New Spark Arrester.
A spark arrester, three to four feet in
i height for locomotives and other steam en
. , , , . ,j
out smoke only. It can be constructed lo
use three, four or five fires, locomotives
I with this spark arrester on them can pass
under bridges, ran into cities, towns and
villages without any danger of setting fire
to bridges or buildings. The flues and
water can bo graduated to any sixe and
length that may be wanted according to
the capacity of the locomotive or engine.
WcrVy O-paii
The Chemung Rrigo, a: Elmiia, and two
ores, were burnt 011 the Sd int.-
News Notions.
Wanted. Tho editor of the Register
wants one thousand new subscribers. So
do we ; and we hope "want will not be our
' The Berwick Telegraph, 9th inst., says
there is a breach in the Canal at that town
which will stop navigation a few days.
The word Debt is the initial letters of
"Dun Every Body Twice." And Credit
means Call Regular Every Day I'll
During the week ending the 17th ult.,
seven deaths from cholera and two from
small pox occurred in Cincinnati.
Gun. Cass motion to withhold ail diplo
matic intercourse with the Austrian Court,
wn voted down, 17 to 23.
M. Dodisco, the Russian Minister to
this country, about whom so much noise
was lately made by certain American
journals, arrived at New York on Thurs
day, in the Cambria.
There were 8,000 California emigrants
at Weston, St. Joseph's, Mo., at last ac
counts, and one boat in descending the
Missouri river met twenty-nine going up,
all crowded with overland adventurers.
A great many people like an " indepen
dent press,'' which always chimes exactly
with their own opinions ; but a truly
honest press must differ from somebody.
The election of Speaker cost the United
States about $50,000. The Louisville
Democrat says : " Corn ought to be
high when a Cobb bears such a price."
They have got some witches down in
Stratford, Ct., that beat the Rochester
knockings all to pieces. They turn
j thing' topsy turvy, and in one instance
tore tne seal 01 a ooy s irowsers entirely
ft". The age is progressing.
Official. It is astonishing how much
wisdom can be compressed into three lines ;
, ..., . .. -
or example : " 1 ne most useiui sign
painters in the world are publishers of
I newspapers advertise your business i
I the papers, if you would draw custom."
Philip White,, soldi er of the Revolution,
died in Camden county, N. J., on the 22d
u't., nl the advanced age of 104 years.
The Furnaces in York, Lebanon, Clari
on, and Armstrong counties, are nearly all
'blown out," or in the hands of Sheriffs.
James Brown, Esq., formerly Prnthon
r.tgry of Wyoming county, in returning
home from Tunkhnnnock.a few days since,
with his w ife and daughter, attempted lo
ford Bowman's creek, in his carriage. The
carriage upset, Mr. Brown and daughter
were rescued, but Mrs. Brown perished.
On the 2d inst., 2.3 10 shares of Dcla
ware & Hudson Canal Company slock
sold in New York at prices ranging from
1G3 to 166 percent.
The Garrison abolitionists were mobbed
on Monday evening, in the Tabernacle, at
New York, by Capt. Rynders and the Em
pireclub. Thesaintly Rynders look offence
at Garrison's denunciation of the American
churches !
The Legislature r.f Pennsylvania has
chartered a college for the medical educa
tion of females, to be located in Philadel
phia, and it is believed 16 be opened some
lime in October next. It is understood that
Elizabeth Blackwell, M. D., who is now
continuing her studies in Paris, is talked
of for the chair of surgery. Ball. Sun.
Gen. Sam. Houston, on his recent visit
to Tennesse gave it ns his 'private opinion'
that "every rascal who attrnds the Nashv.
Conv. ought to be hung writh a grent
rough halter."
The price for telegrnphis despatches has
been reduced one half on the Morse line
! between New York and Portland.
'" An old man of 00 or 70, in Sussex
county, N. J., murdered his young wife,
of 27, on the 2d inst., through a fit of
Tho grain in the vicinity of Pittsburg
is said to look well.
The brothers Montesquieu, at St. Louis
were admitted to bail on the 30th ult.,
Gozalve in the sum of $10,000. and Ray
mond 20.000. Bails were entered, and
they wero provided with Mging at the
A great number of policemen have gone
up the river, at the request of the Dela
ware and Hudson Canal Company, to put
down a disturbance going on there, be
tween the " Fardowners" and the " Cor
koniuns,'' employed as laborers upon the
Company's works.
The Rochester American warns all per
sons engaged in getting up " mysterious
rappings" in other places, that it is an
infringement ol the patcnt.which is secured
to Rochester.
The Bap. Free Mission College for Col
ored Youth has opened at M'Grawville.N.
Y., with 100 pupils.
The Virginia and Michigan Constitutio
nal elections have resulted in favor of the
The papers from every section of the
county, and especially of Maryland.are no
ticing the prospect and appearance of the
wheat crop, and which, upon the whole, is
highly favorable to an abundant harvest.
The Austrian government has offered
20,000 ducats reward, to ihe person who
shall present the bast locomotive engine,
for use on the Soemmering railway.
Gen. Sam Houston was to speak at the
temperance meeting, last Friday evening,
at. the New York Tabernacle.
The President has given the appointment
at large' of Cadet at West Point, to the
sod of Dr. J. J. B. Wright, (an eminent
surgeon of the U. S. Army,; to fill the
vacancy made by the death of the son of
Hon. Mr. Ilillson, of Alabama. Ihe
young gentleman is a native of this Stn'e,
nd now resides a! Uilksbarrc. I
mi: mu
H. C. HICKOK, Editor.
O. N. WOHDEN, Pabli.hcr.
At $1 Jin -a"h in ndrince, $1.75 in three monthi, J2 pmiil
wiiliin the j.-ar, and $iio at the end of tl Tear.
Atci-nts ia I'Uiladvlpbia V B Palmer anil E W Carr.
Lcirisburo, Pa.
Wednesday Morning, May 15.
C7As the Editor is at Court, all the
sins of this Chronicle must be credited to
the Printer.
We think the Telegraph must be "out of
order," as we have had no despatches"
from New Berlin. We are informed how
ever that the Whig Couniy Convention of
yesterday appointed Robert V. Glover, of
Hartleton, Representative Delegate to the
State Convention, and concurred with the
appointment ofCol. Alexander K.M'Clure
of the "Juniata Register" as the Senatorial
Moreover, the Mail Irom Harmbtirg
and Philad. yesterday utterly failed as far
as Lewisburg was" concerned: consequently
we pretend not to have the latest news.
C7Thanks to Gov. Johnston, Hon.
Messrs. Daniel Webster, David T. Disney,
and Jos. Casey, Washington, and Messrs.
Slifer and Cunningham, Harrisburg, for
Pub. Djc. Also to Senators Cooper.Stur
gcon, and Frick, for nothing.
Do not forget, this busy season, to peu
nn article now and then for the Chronicle.
Original articles in this paper we frequent
ly see copied into better journals and we
therefore are confident your efforts are ju
dicious and well received.
Kr!u another column will be found the ; Administration,
the report of the Committee of Thirteen,! "Ashviile Messenger,' Buncombe coun
which the Senate appointed to concoct a j ', N. ( '., W big. We copy a few short
log-rolling bill to settle all questions con-
nected with the Slavery question in the
. , .. ,,i -
National Councils. The Committee had
(of course) a majority of Southerners; and
of tho Northerners, Mr. Bright, ol Iud.,
owns slaves in Kentucky, and the "greatest
regiei' of Mr. Dickinson of N. Y., is, that
he "was not born in Old Virginia." From
such a committee. Liberty had nothing to
expect, and is not, therefore, disappointed.
When tho great Compromiser, Mr. Clay,
had presented the Report, six of the thir
teen Committee-men Messrs. Cooper and
Phelps from the North, and Messrs. Berri
en, Clemens, Downs, and Mason from the
South arose and declared their dissent in
whole or in part from the recommenda
tions of tl.e report. The South want more
concessions still, and expect to find dough
faced cowards enough at the North to get
them. The success of this omnibus plan,
even in the Senate, is doubtful.
Hontour County.
The Governor having signed the bill to
divide Columbia county, this new county
will organize by lite election of its officers
next fail. Montour county comprises Dan
ville, Anthony, Derry, Limcstone.Liberty,
Mahoning, Franklin, about half of Madison
and of Roaringcreek, and about a third of
Montour and Hemlock or the Southern
half of Columbia county. It is a narrow
strip probably the smallest county in the
State ljut lich, and with the energy of
Danville (its scat of justice) will make a
respectable county. The old County
Buildings will doubtless answer for a time
as well as new. The number of Taxabies
in Muntour is about 25C0, leaving 4100
in Columbia. It is to be hoped the resuli
may preserve the Slate from any further
annoyance and loss in the prosecution ol
the thirty-five years' contention between
Dan and liloom.
Caesar's Head.
It seems the description we gave some
weeks since of this almost unknown but
magnificent monument of Almighty power
and grandeur, was reasonably accurate, as
we find that the "Keowee Courier'' of Ap.
26ih, (published in its immediate neighbor
hood, at Pickens Court House, South Car
olina,) copies our article in extenso,tccom
panied by the following editorial statement:
"Our fourth page contains an editorial
from the Lewisburg Chronicle, in which
the wonders of Ciesar's Head, and the
grandeur and glory of the mountains
around are sketched with a graphic hand ;
but none can paint like nature, and there
fore, the most finished description must fall
far short of expressing those ideas of unfa
thomable depth, and of illimitable space
that overwhelm one when he gazes from the
giddy heights of Ctcsar's Head.
"Our Pennsylvania traveler appears to
have lost his way, having been driven to
the necessity of ascending the Mountain by
a circuitous and dangerous route, and for
fear that some of our readers might meet
with the same accident, we take this occa
sion to say to them that there is a turnpike
road, somew hat circuitous 'tis true, but by
no means dangerous, crossing the very
apex of the mountain in the immediate vi
cinity of which open the hospitable doors
of the "Ciesar's Head Hotel,'' kept by that
most incomparable of publicans, B. Ha
good.'' C7The " Home Journal," New York,
commences a New Series on the 1st Julv
next, from which time they will publish an
increased edition sufficient to supply all
new subscribers.
We tmrttha ' H.J." will Io be more sue-1
ce "ful 'hing ' ortiee. per agreement.
The nmc hop for "Fiurralil'i Citr im."l :
w - .- - - j'
The Tariff
Is a question of National concern, and we
hope tho day may soon arrive when it
will be treated as such, and not as a party
foot-ball. We clip the following para
graph from a leccnt letter ol Observer,
.1 lit "I. 1 aa I i
a correspondent ot tne i nuau. ncuger.
a radieal Frco Trade" !ai er. W e are
of opinion the proposed modification of
the Tariff to which he refers would meet
tho views of the mass of the people in this
Slate :
"The revenue from customs.for the fiscal
year ending 30th June, 1850, exceeds al
ready the estimates ol Mr. Meredith, for
the whole year, by more than half a mill
ion of dollars. It will probably reach be
tween ihiity-six ond thirty-eight, perhaps
forty million of dollars. This has not
been a " famine year ;" and the phenome
non must therefore be explained on a new
principle. There is, nevertheless, a strong j
party in Congress, who want to see home
valuations introduced to protect the revenue
against frauds, and to give the American
manufacturer or iron master the benefit of i
the experiece of a certain number of years,
by fixing the value of the duliab'e article.
according to its average price for a certain
period. This will not interfere with the
principles of the Tariff of 1810, and yet
1 . - .
n,nvA ntwf nntnrv fn mnnv tt-hn urn nriw
,.. ...
partially opposed to it.'
New Exchanges.
"Berwick Telegraph," Berwick. Col.
Co., Pa., by J. M. Snyder, Democratic.
'Pettingill's Reporter," Boston. En
deavoring to procure a complete list of all
the uewspapcrs in the U. S. Hope he may
live to get it
.K-m.M Courier." Pickens (Ml.. S.C..
has one printer and two editors a small
sheet at that mildly but decidedly Cul- ',
hounish. I
"Lewisburg Gazette," Marshall county,;
Tennessee. Strongly, pathetically for th"-!
Nashvillo Convention, and opposed to the
. ,hm; . , , ,"
I "wantkd. A large quantity oi piaster
is wauteij at tins etiiee, lo it raw tr.e iidvoc-
Htes of the Nashville Convention a head.
Also, a like amount of adhesive plaster, to j
hold them together : for recently the pla?e' j
of meeting has been mooted, and many of!
its friends are falling off.
"Mr. Smith, near Huliccn Springs, Ga..
while attempting to arrest a Mr. Austin, I
whs sltiit.nnti one of the nartv immediately !
shot Austin, who is dead, and Smith mil eut; but makes L'nion and Juniata a l'?p
expectcd to survive. j rcsentativs district with one Repreeii:;'.i
"Of 33 papers in this State, 20 have j f,n'y. This is hard for L'nion c lunty,
spoken against the Nashville Convention ; i H,l!cn u c(lliljt.j t0 ft m .rBi,er in f tl,,
several are silent." j (i. . b;U , ;n ,t f
The "Banner, ' Fa.rn.oun', Marion Co., j j jst u j, thou ht it p9M
a. .rejoices in ihe sijj't of a steamboat t in -. t .i 4.. . 11
' J l 1 r n 1 1 the lio'Jae as it has the Senate.and become
lull me ;viiiiijiinii;fi uimi insuiti . w c
. . . . 0 .
- recKou , j aisu, 111 in; orriia. 111 h j
young Mr. Morris, who with its ma'en.a!
ancestor is justly regardid as worthy m i
mnM. aftMitli.in limn thn n.ir.or Crrm lt. f.ti?
er Mr M.
The ' Lewisburg Chronicle," Gree:.b.er
county, Virginia, (Whig) dons a new
dress. We like the suit and the spirit of
our namesake, but as it is the junior, wish
it would form na alliance that would give
it a new name.
JKN.NY LIND is the next peronne to
make the Aniericun "upper tendom" folly-
maJ, end "the rest of mankind" their ser
vile imitators. Jenny Lind hats and bon
nets, parasols, rnnts, and ploughs, gloves
land gewgaws, songs and smill-tatk, will
be "the rage" and the "Swedish Nightin
gale" the goddess of popular idolatry. Her
' showman," Mr. Ba mum, will doubtless
make more than any California!! hopes for,
and millions of money be squandered that
might be much more profitably or honestly
"Graham" for July, anJ "Sartain" (we
believe "Godey" also) have portraits of the
charming songster the first two of which
we have received ; they do not resemble
each other minutely, and a friend states
that neither look like the "original" paint
ing in Philadelphia.
fc5The Wiiliamsporters we learn are
making great preparations for the coming
Democratic State Convention, which meets
at that place the 20th inst. Private accom
modations aro to be provided for rr.an and
beast the streets to be deprived of every
superfluous pile of rubbish all the child
ren's faces to shine like a May morning
in short, it is to be the "greatest day, and
more to it," than the 'Empire has enjoyed
since the era of the Editorial Convention.
Cj"The Romantic Wedding published
by us some time since, has taken the tour
of "all the papers," but we observe that in
ils progress its credit has been "transmog
rified" from plain "Lewisburg Chronicle"
to the"Louisri7e Courier"! This reminds
one of Byron's definition of
"Gloky To bo bored through with a
cannon ball, and vour name so misspelt in
..'iris,0? .!!il!e.?.r,hal Ur "n n,0,hcri
. :
0O"Mr. J. F. E. Hillex, recently of '
New Berlin in this county, wo see it stated
has in course of publication a work entitled
"Landscape Drawing Book chiefly from
Nature." In 21 No.'s. cach containing
4 nla If 'S. at 19 -ts nrr V.i np At f., tka
,,i t,v ; . iv 1. -
whole, one-haif in advance. We hope it
may be successful.
C7There have recently been nightly
attempts to break into stores, Irom Milton
as high up as Williamspnrt, but with very
little success. Merchants and house-kee-!
pcrs in other rpiarters shmild inerense their
tiilanrp an,! '
- 1 1 . it 1 1 .-. .
C7By Ihe laws recently passd, the
people of this State will next Fall vo'e for
The Amendment to the Constitution,
One Canal Commissioner,
An Auditor General, and
A Surveyor General.
- T(je . of cach coun:yi ;Q .dditiuu t
1 1
lhi;-lr mher flff;cerj,i W,I next Fall elect
A Prosecuting Attorney, and
A County Surveyor.
Will find the "American Railway GaJ.-'
a valuable auxiliary in planning or pr-e-eculing
journics. It is published monthly
bv Curran Dinsmore, at the "Path-finder"
office, No. 123, Fulton St., New York
price not stated, but we should gueas at
25 cts per No.
7Mr. Sharp's double-toned musical
voice has called out large audiences up ti e
West Branch, and created much interest.
From California.
Four steamers with 3u0 passengers an J
i Two Millions in gold have arrived.
I U is stated that the Stale Government
were out se;2;ng the money in the
L nJ of he Co!ectof of Customs, and
, ,
c-iiiriLT nn mi IiuJewndent ttovernmer.'.
---- I r
but that Coin. Jones would tsl .s
The O.tgoninns tfficer and u". -were
mostly in California, digging gold.
Business was dull rents, wages, .
were coming down.
tl'eclion lor Sheriff, iic, was g'ng u!?.
when the last steamer left.
FEHIJW8X1.V Uitfl&idi JVUiii;.
-Mr. Bickell, the new State Treasurer,
entered upon the discharge tf the duti. s :
that office on Monday week. Asa Dinrcii,
F.sq., has been re at pointed chit! cl. rk
The committee appointed to inses; c.n .
the official conduct of Mr. Bail, la:e .S.i';
Treasurer, has at last made a kuu.:'. v re
port, exonerating that genticmam s"ri-m
! a"-v remissness of duty in the uisch.ifo,
i t,;
s official functions.
Conference Committees haJ been r -
pointed on the Apportionment and A; fw
prinlion bills, which it was believe ! at ,-.-latest
date would agree upon dttu ls,
would ho actepted by both parties.
The Apportionment Bill gives Uu or,
Juniata and M.fuVn, one Senator as a:
, i j- ..-.. t
a law. A speed v adjournment 01 tU
gi-!.itijre will fo'fjw.
P. S. Tf.e "Kevsrone'
f vcsterdiiV
the Apportionment Bill has passed
j "p n'r' ' -v a oleo' 10
; A Census JSilI has passed ihe fljino,
ma king 233 the number ofllepreseiitutivcs.
J Report of the Select Committee,
j Th), Cosnrniltce 0fThirteen repot-
ted on the 6:h inst., as follow :
1- The Committee are unanimously cl"
i the opinion that new States may be formed
out 01 lexas, but snoulJ ue ielt to lr,a
people of that State ; such new States
should be admitted without any objection
on account of the exclusion or permission
2. The Committee recommend the pat
sage of the bill reported by Mr. Dough's
for the admission of California into the Un
ion as a Siate.
3. The Committee also think it quite
necessary that territorial governments
should be furnished for the Territories of
Utah and New Mexico. They rocommer.d
that the bill for the admission of Cali'brn a
and the Territorial bill should be incorpora
ted in one measure.
4. They report as an additional section
to the California and Territorial bill a pro
vision determining the boundaries of New
Mexico and Texas. The territory to be in
cluded in New Mexico, claimeJ hy Texas,
is lo be purchased from the latter State.
5. The Committee report a section to ts
added fo Mason's bill, in relation to fugi
tive slaves. It provides that every master,
before he goes into another State to recov
er his slaves, shall go before some compet
ent tribunal and establish the fact of elope
ment of property, and of description 0:'
slave, and with these facts attested with
competent record, and presenting them u
an officer, the slave shall be rendered unt
him. Also, that if a slave declares his free
dom he shall have a trial .'or his frrfdfm
on return to the State from which he h
6. That slavery ought not to be abol ''1
ed in the District of Columtin.
7. The majority of the Commitleo icpc'
bill for the suppression of the slave w
in the District of Columbia, upon the row
el of the la w lately enforced in Marvlanl.
Lreo.MiNo Ccusty. Tho c!itll!'-f
store of E. Covert, in Williamspnrf.
burglariously entered on Sunday 0:
and robbed of $20O worth of articles- 1
K're opposite Williamsport. des roeu 1
I , ,
td the
A -
,, ffw
I 309. Insured. Jesse Hamilton, of
township, wf:ile engaged in oiling
machinery of a saw mill, was accident-)
caught iu ihe coy-wheel, and had bis k
completely loro off just above the knee
The son of Mr. Smith of Morcland to"r-
1.:.. i-j . j I... .-.. ! r
siini. n 111 1 iusiilii 11 in B 11 n "