Lewisburg chronicle. (Lewisburg, Pa.) 1850-1859, May 08, 1850, Image 1
LEWISBU EG C c LE B. G; HICTOK, Editor, a N. WORDEN, Printer. LEWISBURG, UNION CO., PA., MAY 8, 1850. Volume YIL, Number 6. WMe Number 318. The LewlnbarK Chronicle issued very Wednssdy morning at LewUburg, Union jtfnty, Pennsylvania. Ttaa $1.50 per ymir, fur ct-h actually in advance; $1,75, paid within three month; $2 if paid within the year ; $2,.r0 if not paid before the year eipirea ; aingle number, 5 ceuls. Sub scriptions for aix month or lea to be paid in advance. Discontinuance optional with the Publisher except when the vear is paid op. Advertisement handsomely inserted at 50 ct per square one week, $ 1 for a month, and $5 fur a year ; a reduced price for longer advertisement. Two squares, $7 ; Mercantile advertisement not exceeding one-fourth of a column, quarterly, $10. Casual advertisement and Job work to be paid for when banded in or delivered. All communication by mail .mm come post paid, accompanied bv the address of the writer, to receive attention. Those relating exclusively to the Editorial Department to he directed to II. C. Hiraoa, Esq., Editor and all on business to be adlrewed to the J'ubliiher. Office. Market St between Second and Third. O. X. WORDEX, Printer and Publisher. with ihe apartment. On the victim's body being examined, it was found that she was stabbed in nine different parts ; and her hands and arms were also gits hod in many places, in a way thet showed how desper ately she must linve fought Tor life. On the bed was found a very lurge lock of hair, torn out by the roots. The hair was at first thought to be Miss Fanshawe'sown; but on examination, none was torn Irom her head ; neither did the lock correspond in the least with hers ei iheir in color or length. Tuis was also the case with Evcleen j and, after a most pa tient investigation at the inquest, all con cerned unanimously admitted the incxplic xb!e luct, that this lock of woman's hair, and lamentations. She said; that when she saw this turn theatUri had taken, by shift ing all suspicion from herself Jo lvele n, shn no longer felt any fear of detection. She availed herself of an early opportunity to burn her gory night dress, which the easily effected at the kitchen fire during the great confusion of the morning. . She actually had the Inrdihood to attend ll'.e trial of Eveleen, and when the counsel for the latter uttered the remarkable tx pression, that perhaps the real murderer was then prcsent.she fell ready to die away, but soon recovered and she altewards be held the execution of Eveleen without ex periencing an atom of remorse, either for her death, or that of the first victim. From was neither the murdered lad)'s nor that that time forward, she, in her own words. From tail's EdiAburg Magazine. THE DOUBLE TRIAL For many years, Sir James Fanshawe, Bart, of ancient family and large estates, had resided at Abbey, about seven miles from the county town. He was a widower, and had but one child, a beauti ful and accomplished daughter, who, upon his decease, (she then being just 21 years of age.) became sole possessor of his prop erty .and also continued to dwell at the same place. Shortly alter her father's death, Miss Fanshawe bcncvolt ntly ado; tt d as companion a distant relative a hifth born young Irish lady, named Eveleen O'Neill, who had just bsen left, not merely fortune less, but a totally friendless, orphan. Ou the day of the Assizes at a well. known county town in England.this young female, Eveleen O'Neill, was brought into the dock under an accusation of having tnurdered Miss Fanshawe. The accused was graceful, modet, and beautiful, with large dark eyes.features deadly pale, quiv ering lips, aod her hands lightly pressed before her. It was charged that this orphan ctmsin, this dependent, deliberately murdered her beafactress,templed by mercenary motives, Miss Fanshawe having previously made a will, leaving her property to Kveieenj in case she should die unmarried. The prin ciple evidence introduced was the butler, named Collins. He stated that "a few minutes after four o'clock, on the morning nf the 28:h of July.Jje.was aroused from his sleep by repeated violent screams, issu ing apparently from tho sleeping room of bis mistress. In grest alarm, he dressed, and went as quickly ns he possibly codld towards ibat room. The door stood slightly ajar, and as he pushed it smartly open, he crossed the threshold, and was horrified by what he immediately saw. On the carpet, by the side of the bed, lay the body of his mistress.iu her night-dress, bathed in blood Kneeling close to her was the prisoner at the bar, with her left hand resting on her mistress' bosom, and her right hand uplif ted with a small drawn dagger, which was apparently about to be plunged in his mis tress' body. Both the dagger and the hand which held it were dripping with blood." A shudder of horror agitated the whole court at this deposition ; and the accused sank her head between her hands, groan ing heavily. The examination proceeded : I , At. Collins Will you here describe the eiact position in which your mistress lay when you first saw her? Witness She was stretched out upon her back, her knees drawn up some height from the carpet, which, being a loose one, was ru filed on a heap under and arouria her, as though a great struggle had taken place. Her head fay on one side, with the right cheek rest ing on the carpet, and her hair was torn from underneath her cap, and hung back ward over head. Mr. Collins You say that the prisoner was kneeling by her side, and holding a dagger, which you thought she was about plunging in your mistress's breast! Witness Yes. Mr. Collins And there was quite sufficient day-light for you to see, with perfect distinctness, the Objects you have described'? Witness Yes. Mr Collins Now, sir, on yotir th, was the point of that dagger direc ted downwards? With considerable hesitation, the witness confessed that he could not speak positively in this respect. With regard to the chamber, no time ss lost in making a strict and" well-conducted examination of the apartment ; and the result was that severe! most extraordi nary mailers were brought to light- The bed in which the ill-fated lady had slept was compjelely saturated with blood, and 'lie sheets' tumbled and twisted in a way ibat clearly evidenced that she must have 'ought hard with the murderer. By pass ing the curtains aside, Miss Fanshawe could reach the pull of a be.1, hanging in tar own maid's room, and to summon her ny moment she required. This bell-pull was found carefully tied around the adjoin ing bed post, completely out of the sleep er's reach. This apparently indicated two "nportsn! facts: first, tiat the murder st hlve been deliberaiely planned af- fair: pmnt it... :. . , . - tuai u musi nave been com- tfiCOnaintfi of the accused. Eveleen herself cave the following voluntary explanation of the po sition in which she was found : I was aroused from my sleep, by hear ing what I conceived to be a struggle min gled with smothered screams, e;ng on in the sleeping apartment of Miss Fanshawe. I listened, and hearing a scream still more distinctly, and also what 1 thought lo be a cry for help, 1 hesitated not a moment in became and continued emphatically, child ofllell !"' Very soon after Eveleen's execution, she married a soldier, and ac companied him to India. Subsequently she traveled over various parts of the world, and committed sin upon sin. and wicked deed upon wicked deed, beyond the capa bility of hermdmory to sum up. At length she felt an irresistible prompting to drag her worn out frame to her first fearful hurrying towards the room. As I apprea- i crime, and there, finding herself nigh unto ched the door, which was at the end of a long corridor, and at a considerable dis tance from the sleeping room of any one else, my own chamber being the nearest to it, I heard what I thought to be voices of individuals hurriedly conversing; but when I reached the door, which Miss Fanshawe never locked, I found it slightly open, and, on entering, discovered her lifeless body on the floor, in a pool of bloo.l. There were no persons visible in the room. I screamed repeatedly at the sight, and in dreadful ag itation, sank on tny knees, and then fell across the body, by which I became besmea red with the b'ooj of my dear murdered friend, whom I loved as myself. On ari sing, I happened to see a dagger, and lilted it up by the end of the blade, hardly know ing what I did. At ihis moment, the but ler entered the room. The defence of cocsel was unavailing ; a sentence of guilty was rendered, and Ev eleen although subsequently found to be innocent was executed. At the very next Assizes, a man, who was surrounded by an appalling mystery, was accused of being the sole perpetrator of the dead. Circumstantial evidence bro'l the act home to him, w ith a conviction to the minds of all men, and he was also sen tenced, but anticipated his doom, and poi soned himself in prison, by the aid of a fe male accomplice, leaving the "following confession behind him : In a few moments I shall be dead, and I now write all I wish to say, and whatever my life has been, and whatever my religi ous notions are, all may believe every word I here write to be the solemn truth. I am innocent of the murder of Miss Fan shawe, and I have not the remotest idea who murdered her. The night she was murdered I was many miles distant, and this I would have proved on my trial, but I could not have done so without confess ing that I was engaged that night in com mitting a murder, but where or on whom will never be known. Mv hands were cut in the death grapple, and my clothes smeared with blood. As to the witnesses who asserted they saw me lurking about the Abbey grounds, they either wilfully lied or were mistaken by my resmblance to another. The dagger with which Miss Fanshawe was murdered really was mine, although I denied it on my trial. I was in the habit of carrying it about me, but I lost it a week before the murder was com mitted, near the Abbey, and I have no doubt the real murderer bad picked it up, and used it as the instrument of the deed. What fry real name, rank, or country is who I am or what I have been I will never tell. That secret, and many others, perish with mc. It appears, then, that the latter was not guilty, from the death-bed confession made by on old woman, the substauco of which is as follows : She said, that 44 years by-gone,she had lived as lady's maid with Miss Fanshawe, of i Abbey, and that lad? having death, she determined to unburihen herself of a relation of that deed, and accordingly did so as related. From the Xew Turk Tribune. HE GIVETII HIS llKMtVFD, SLEEP." BT MBS. B. J. Vf. IXVTI. several times scolded and threatened lo discharge her for gross neglect of her du ties, an awful spirit of revenge took pos session of her, and she determined to mur der her mistress. While pondering the matter over, she happened to find a dngger (that left by Roderick Madden near tc the park pailings. About a week afterwards, she murdered her mistress with ihis very dagger, and being disturbed by the approa ching footsteps of Eveleen O'Neill, who heard the death-struggle, she hurried back to her own chamber, leaving the dagger behind her. She had on at the time only a thin night dress, which being sprinkled with blood, she hid, and hastily washing her bands, and face, put on a clean one. Then, when the alarm was given by the butler, she joined the rest of the family in rushing to the apartment of the murder- Softly Uic wild-bird sinks Into hi downy nest when twiiipht falls. And not one rare his trustful spirit link To the wide world without his fniil walls. I'ntaupht by those who w&ke to watch and weep, He knows tits! frivvtb His beloved, sleep. The rfcnjrers of the hill, Cnnumlrt-rcd herd that roam the verlant plain, The gliding serpent, charmin- while he kills, The bee that homeward bears ixs luscious gain These rest when o'er them evenine shadows ere ep : They know God giveth hi belored, sleep. The very flowers are bowed When eooler airs earess them, and the dew Hangs on their tinted petals, and a crowd Of glitt'ring stars look out from fields of blue; Then, while the son of ainrels o'er them sweep, They rett Uod giretl) His beloved, Bleep. To all, most holy Niphl I To the preen leaves, the mountain sprinfrs, the flowers, Thou contest with the silent win- of miht, And blessinirs greet thee for the tranquil boors ; While Man, o'erborne with prief, forget to weep, ' Knowing God givctb his beloved, sleep. And they all sleep in peace . Passion is hushed ; the toil, t'ae strit are' o'er; The KtruRKlina; t,r!t bath obtained release. And plumes its winps, tbou;;b but in dreams, to soar : Oh, blessed Night that bears Uirou;h shadows deep The charm that giveth God's beloved, sleep ! And when the mellow lipht From eyes we love grows dim and fades away When the low, grassy mound conceals from sight One who had made the brightness of Life' day When floods of grief the spirit's chambers sweep. Oh, think God giveth His beloved, sleep I Mr.Canpbell, sometimes called by his friends " Old Whitey'' on account of his snowy locks, is a contractor and engineer on the Vermont Central Railroad. He is a man of considerable humor, is intensely patriotic in his views and feelings, and take him for all in all, "a decided trump." Falling in one d5y at a public house, with an English baronet, who, in company with his valet was traveling through the coun try " in search of information,' " old Whi. ley" determined to give him some. Having learned, by inquiry of the landlord, which was the " master'' and which was the " man,'' he whispered to his companions who sat near him, " There, boys, is a gen uine, live sir-ee let's enlighten him," and immediately fell to haranguing on " the great and growing prospects of this im mense and rapidly enlarging country." Why, sir,'' said the baronet, turning to the speech maker, " do I understand you to say that you mean to add Cdnada to your possessions ?" " To be sure we do," said Campbell ; " we must have it, you see!" "I don't quite see that "s&id "my lord;" "but, pray, how far do you propose to extend your boundaries ?" Why, sir, we 've pretty much settled it thus fashion," said "old Whitey," earnestly :' South, by all the water there is 'round Cape Horn west, by the Pacific Ocean east, by the Atlantic (outside of Cuba, mind you) and north, by the regions of eternal congelation !" The baronet gazed at the calm face of "Old Whitey" for an instant, made a brief "mem," in his note book, and retired to his chamber. Boston Post. The Nation!! CapitoL The -Capitol is sublime. I never before -aw any thing the work of man's hand that struck me with such sublimity. Com ing by the Baltimore Railroad, il suddenly s'arts into view, in the mid t of a wilder ness, like the gloiious visions of our proph et poets, on the desoiate wastes of our prespnt blrak and barren world. Maryland! poor Maryland! how discon solate .she lies, with shackled limbs and cold and joyless bosnm. It is very won derful to see the old State lie inactive, with great tracts, as far as the eye can reach, at the vefy foot of the Capitol, stretching out in primitive wilderness orexhiusled barren wastes. I wondered much, but when I saw an old man Mand, with face as black as ebon, and hair as white as snow, with the cringing aspect of a vassal, nnd the coarse and tattered garments of a slave, I knew that Maryland, like a second Rachel, wns weeping for her children and refusing to be comforted : not that they " arc not," but that they are worse than if they had never been. The poor, old, desolate moth er! One would think that at this moment she held up her hands, like Jacob of old, to plead, ' Joseph is not, and Simeon is not, and will ye take Benjamin also 1" For long years she has lain 'in an apathy of grief, as the thousands of her children have cast themselves upon her bosom to I utter their agony cf prayer to the God of :ne oppressed, w no seemetn not to near j Many thousands of them have dragged their manacled limbs away, away to return J no more ; and as the mother lay, the j springs of her bosom have been dtied up by sorrow's fires, nnd her children are torn from her, and sent lo seek the susten .anceshecan no longer give. Premature old age has come upon her, and yet it is no enough, i hose who should comfort her, who should give her " beauty for ash es and the oil of joy for mourning," are seeking lor another Egypt where her Jo sephs may be sold into bondage a cattle market for her sons and daughters, where their bodies and souls, like those of the craven Egyptians, may be exchanged for corn. These thoughts naturally suggest them selves after passing through the garden like plantations of eastern Pennsylvania and then coming suddenly lo an extended waste, reminding one who has seen both, of the huckleberry districts of Butler county. As the locomotive set the trees to dancing, waltzing, w hiding to the music of its railroad gallopade, I sat watching for tlifc overflowing barns, the flocks and herds, the troups of poultry, green fields, exten sive gardens, hot and grren-houStf, that I supposed must extend far and wide for ma ny miles in every direction from so famous a city as our great Washington, that Pan dora box from which proceeds all things good and evil, and can not well describe my surprise when, as we passed a tract of soil apparently too poor to bring mullin and pennyroyal, and partially enclosed with a rickety old post and rail fence, made with spider-leg posts and three thin rails, here und there propped with rotten sticks, or interwoven with brush and briars, sud denlv as thought the great marble edifiee loomed up in the horizon the Capitol of this great Republic in the midst of a des ert! Mrs. Swisshelm. A Damper. Daniel Webster was ones traveling in New Hampshire, nsar the place of his birth. Meeting an aged man, whom he knew in his youth, he accosted hirp, and without making himself known, began to make some inquiries in relation to the Webster family. The old man said "Yes, I knew Mr. Webster very well he was a good old man, but he is dead. now. His son, Ezekiel, is a famous law yer. I have heard htm plead bclore now in Court." " But," said Mr. W., " had the old man no other sons V " It seems to me I do recollect that he bad another son Daniel, I believe they called him ; he is practising law down in Massaehuse&K-.r.'m'trhfre.'' A Song of Freedom. When through the dark air the wild hurricane flies, And the thunders are out in their might, Tie then that tho eazle mounts up to the skies. On a wing like a pinion of lniht; Tt'itb a smile lie looks down on the ten-pest below, And he shaketh his plum -s in his glee. And amid all Its fury he slnjeth "Oho! Oho! I am free I am free!" lis thus that my spirit looks down firm its height On the cares and Uie passions of life. And high o'er them all, in a region of light, It nulla at tLe pitiful strife. Like the eaple I gaie on the tempest below But what is its fury to me f With the sunlight around me, I'm BhouUng " Oho ! "Oho I I am free I am free!" Tis thus that our country God bless her for aye ! Looks down on the nations of earth. For Freedom first opened her eyes to the day In the struggle that gave us our birth ; Unshaken, wo pue en the tempest below, Secure from its fury are we. And froal ocean to ocean we'll still shout " Oho ! "Oho! we are free we are free!" JOSEPH L. CHESTER. Go to Church. It is a duly of parents to see that their children attend the public worship of Al mighty God as much as possible, on the Sabbath. Nothing acts more unfavorably on the moral habits and character of an individual, than habitual abslinence from the House of God. When a man thinks of purchasing an estate, one of the first questions asked should be, " Are there in its neighborhood well-conducted churches, where families may enjoy religious instruc tion and the ordinances of the House of God t" We do not act the part of good parents while we leave our families unpro vided in this respect. No neighborhood or community can have a healthy state of morals, unless it has an altar erected to the worship of the Ruler of the universe. eWL Win-mruv J: -irimri.rij-i rsi.ruij-, r r -Ln "Astonishing cure for consumption," as the old lady said when sprinkling snuff on the victuals of her boarders. Weddings. We have ' not the papers' to show the fact, but from general information which memory has in her library on the subject, we believe we are authorized in saying, that a greater number of unhappy mar riages are contracted in these latler days, than formerly ; and that, in consequence, more applications are made and granted for divorce. The principal reason of this is, that the old-fashioned wedding has in o great measure given way to a modern method, destitute of form, solemnity and religion. The Squire s office has been sub stituted for the church, the statute for the prayer-book, and ihe Justice of the district for the Pastor. It requires no nerve to lake a solemn vow ;' for the man who can make an affi'lavit to an ear-mark can stand up before his Honor,' iai take a woman for better or worse.' Matrimonial alliances are thus easily made; and quite as easily broken. The limbs of the law have found out that the whole rratter is a mere tergal contract, l;ke the buying and selling of produce. The life, the spirit, the poetry of the alliance is dying ouf, and the cold, heartless, insipid stupid ceremonies, now so generally in vogue, leave no trace of moral beauty or obligation on the mind. The return upon is according to law, and the twain made one go forth without a blessing upon their heads. Is it to be wondered ft, that amid the little tempesls which must certainly arise in the voyage of life, these worsted bands give way 1 Is il to lie wondered at, that w here there is so little to impress the mind with the sacredness, the glory, the grandeur, the heaven of the nuptial vow, the sensibilities soon become deadened, and the yoke oppressive ! We are na advocate for the union of church and state ; but the union of men and women by the regular ministers of ihe church, we go in for most decidedly. If ever we need the fervent, effectual prayer of a righteous man, it is when, standing in the presence of heaven and our fellows, we pledge love, fidelity, protection to one who has left all to share with us our cares and our joys, and the language of whose heart and lips is ' whither thou goest, I will go ; and where thou lodges!, I will lodge ; thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God : where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried.' Reader, when you marry, get a clergy man, and havo the ceremonials performed in the good old imposing way in a way commensurate with the importance of the occasion. Have a groomsman and a brides maid, a great supper and a house full of witnesses. Pay the nvnister his fee it is by virtue of his sacred office it will help him, too ; for his regular salary is not a great deal. II is blessing and invocation will be worth it, no matter how largo the amount, and the registry of your vows. nstead of being written among your estray notices, esseult nnd battery cases, and commitment orders, and liable to be lost and forgotten, will be kept fresh and inter esting in your mind and heart by Him who answereth prayer,' and who has said, What God has joined together, let no man put asunder.' Terra Haute Joarnal. From "Tar. GcDiAx";fir May, 1830 To trace the correspondence between the traditions of ancient heathen nations and the history recorded in tb; OM Testament, is an employment at once interesting and instructive. Most of these traditions though now in corrupted channel.-1 can be very certainly followed up to their source. They have traveled with the hu man race in all its wanderings, from the mountains of Caucasus to the plains of Mexico. To our ruiud, they are an evi dence of tho unity of the human race, which c?n not be satisfactorily reb''"tcd. And this, because nf the intrinsic resem blance of those of different nations to each other ; indicating at once a common di-ri- Ttttionrtbe Jewish ration, v.ithiu wLose lipiits the stream of History was at one time confined. For their interest, we present a few of these traditions taker at random. The general doetrine of Providence, the rebellion in Heaven, thj state of inno cence, the fall of man, atonement, a future state of retribution, for Tthich the prcent life is only preparatory all, or some of these, are found in the traditions of all nations, Greeks and IJarbariaus. The Chinese historians record that I'ey run saved himself in a vessel fro.n the general inundation. Hindus have a tradi tion to the effect that there was a general inundation ; and that seven men rvlth one woman was saved with pairs of all animals. The Egyptians thus sjeak of Osiris : that he was erposed in an ark, afterward restored to the world; that lis pl.tntcl the vine; taught mankind agriculture and the max ims t'f religion. In the East they pre served the name Noah in connection with their traditions ; they also called several rivers after him. In the archives of the Modes and Babylonians was found a very consistent account of the deluge. This speaks of the beginning of the flood upon the 15th of the month IX-sius; that du ring the prevalence cf the T-aters, Seisi tbxua sent out birds, which returned three times, not finding a resting place. PIu trarth speaks of Noah's dove. Lucian, a : Greek author, gives the history of Noah, consistent with the Mosaic reco the name of Pcnealion an exact counterpart of the interviews) between. God and Moses. AlsOj the Greeks speak of Ji'piter holding council on tho summit of Olympus; aud from thence, veiled ir! s f bite gleam, the protector of mankind manifested himself to mortal eyes. It was the Erin belief of the Greeks that hands stained with blood, however honorable the war venf liare been, were unworthy, without lustration, to perform the sacred functions. The Phoenician abstained from .the use cf 3vrine's flesh. The Caitl!arYi.fc.ns brd portable teniplej. ' The tabernacie of Moloch was something of this kind idea undoubtedly derived from the Tabcrna?l cf . the IsTae'itc. Sacrifices as an expiation of crimes were ' in universal use among all nations. Perhaps some of these customs may be accounted for imperfectly on rational prin ciples; yet hoT truthful was the saying-of the heathen poet, " In all things wc staud in need of God." C There is no fault against which we would more warn young persons, ttian that ot dat-DREAMIN'o Pleasant, indeed, it is to sit and gloat over visions of future greatness and happiness, but while we do so, ve let slip that time which, if rightly improved, would be tho beginning of such a career. It is wrong, not only from the fact- of iU uselesness and the time wasted, but in that it begets in ns a disposition to put off all exertion until some more propitious season which imagination points us to in the future A season when wc will be so bulwarked by circumstances that our improvement trust ncedsbe but a season which rever contes. So our time passes into eternity, and our lives arc as an old song. William Pitt once said to his son, " Improve every mo ment as it flics ; let each hour have its appropriate duty, and never let anything . interrupt them ; else your days will pass unnoticed, and your years unimproved." Our companions have an inCuence over us which we do not ajpreeicte. They either retard or accelerate our progress in our pursuits. This remark is often veri fied in literary history. Lord Chancellor Ilardwicke's fellow-students in Salkt-ld TTrds tr"' ler were Chief Justiie Parker, Strange, '. , " Master of Rolls, and Jocelyn, Chancellor Abydenus, a I , , , r.r " ' , . , , - - , very ancient nmnor, savs ine remains 01 , . , - T , j ., , -i , i . Churchill, Colcian, Lloyd and Cumberland the ars were visible for a loug t:mo: that ! . ' o , , , , , , , . - i were mates at v eaimicater cnool. liar- the rc"r'c crmpetl ofr tlie a-tiLntttts wltfi f c , , , , ; - - .- . " .i Z .v .-'. -v- ... , Expounding the Law. A Scotchman called at the house of Lawyer Fletcher, of Vermont, to consult that local irentleman professionally. " Is the Squeer at home 1" he inquired of the lawyer's lady, who opened the door at his summons. He was answered negatively. Disappointment was now added to the trials of Scotia's son, but after a moments consideration a new thought relieved him. Mebby yourself can gie me the neces sary information as well as the Squeer seein' ye're his wife." The kind lady readily promised to do so if on learning the nature of his ditficulty, she found it in her power, and the other proceeded to state his case as follows: "'Sposo you was an aulJ white mare, and I should borry ye la gang to mill, with a grist on yer back, an' we should get no farther than Stair bill, when all at woonce ye should back up, an' rear up, an' pitch up, an' break yer dearned auld neck, w ho'd pay for ye ? not I, dearn me if i would." The lady smilingly told him, as he had himsolf passed sentence upon the case, ad vice would be entirely superfluous. Write Plain. It makes no matter how coarse and clumsy the penmanship may be, if it is only plum and easily deciphered. No person should direct a letter whose hand writing is not legible.. Many sad mistakes have been made in directing letters to puz zle postmasters. There are no less than eleven thousand letters put inte the British Dead Letter Office annually, be cause the backings of the letters can not be desyphered. All that is required, is a little attention and effort. Editors do not like to read the correspondence of a care less writer, and printers have two kinds of devils the attendant, known as the " prin ter's" imp, and manuscript that would be disowned as the production of Beelzebub. which it was covered, and used it for a charm. In this, le is corroborated oy several ancient authors. The most impor tant part in the ceremonies of Eastern nations, consisted in carrying about a boat in procession. 15ryaut has a curious de scription of a coin struck r.t Apamca in the time of Philip the Elder, on the re verse side of which there cm be seeu at a glance the whole history of tho Deluge. On it, a kind of square machine floating ujwn water, is delineated. Through an opening in it are seen two persons, a man and a woman. Over this ark, upon a kind of pediment, sits a dove ; and below it, another, which seems to flutter its wings, and hold iu its mouth a small branch of tree. Upon the ark itse'f, underneath the persons there enclosed, is to be read ir distinct letters, Noe. There is said to be three tf there coins in existence ; one is in the collection cf the Duke of Tuscany. Among our American Indians this tradi tion is very distinct. The following is their version of it : An old man knowing the deluge was to come, built a great ship, and went into it with a family, and abun dance of animals ; that he sent out a crow, which did not at first return, staying to feed on the carcases of dead animals, but aftjrrard came back with a green branch" in its mouth ; that Noah got drunk, and some of his sons scoffed at him, others covered him. All through South Ameri ca the tradition was current ; and it is said that when the islands of the South-Western Ocean were discovered, the natives told the navicntors some indistinct story of the delude. The coincidence' between the Greek naine for ship, Jfaus, and Noah, has often been remarked on ; and is it not probable the people would call ships hy the name of tho first ship-builder ? The Greets had a tradition that the world was once divided into three grand divisions, between Jupiter, Neptuue, and Pluto. Compare this with " The name of one was Peleg; for in his day was the earth divided." It is recorded in the Assyrian annals, that the tower of Babel was destroyed by wins and tempests; and at that tinio there arose a variety of languages. The belief in oracles, dreams, was very general ; which is plainly refcr&Lle to the medium God established by which to com municate II is will to His chosen people. Most nations believed" in the existence of spirits. The Creeks thought every man had his advising spirit. Persians had their Peris. The Cretans Bay that Minos had conver sations face to face with Jupiter; which i Byron, Sir Robert Petl and Barry Corn wall. Lord Keeper Guilford ascribed hi proficiency in law to his intercourse with his companions, wherein they and he dis cussed legal subjects Unwise Ken, Tha following are a few of the charac ters coming under this head : The jealous man who poisons his own banquet, and then eats U. The miser that starves himself to death, that his heirs may feast. The mean man who bites off bis own nose to despite a neighbor. The angry man who sets his own house on fire, tlir.t he mey burn up anoth er's. The slanderer who tells tsles.and gives his enemy a chance to prove him a Iter. The self-conceited man who ettaches more consequence to dignity than lo com mon sense. i, . The proud -.z.z w ho falls in tha esti-, mation of sensible observers, in proportion as he rises in his ow. The envious man who can not enjoy ' life and prosperity, because others do. The dishonest man who cheats his. own soul more vitally than he does his) fellow-men. The robber who, for the consideration of dollars and cents, gives the world liber ty to hang him. The drunken mm who not only makes himself wretched, but disgusts his friends.. The hypochondriac whose highest hap piness consists in rendering himself miser able. ... The inconsiderate man who neglects TO PT THE PRINTER. , Bad Books. Bad books are like ardent spirits ; they, furnish neither aliment nor medicine; they are poison. Both intoxicate one - the mind, the other the body. The thirst for each increases by being fed, and is never, satisfied. Both ruin one the iniellect,; and the other the health and together, the. soul. The makers end venders of each, are equclly guilty, and equally corrupters; of the community ; and the safeguard, aaainst each is the same total ubsiiucqct from ell that intoxicates mind or bed. Ohio is a great State, producing the fin est bacon, and one would think, the talks? k ind of women. Not satisfied wit h . their own husbands, tbey seet to "P", to a control of all the re of mankind, aod for that purpose have hsld a convention Salem, in Columbiana county'.