Newspaper Page Text
F rant the Maine Farmer.
Mr. Editor : The time being near for
weeding, with yotir leave ! ill make a few
rt-inarka for the consideration of the farm
ers, which are well intended, however tlicy
may be received and used. And ! will
first notice the potato crop, which is one
of the great staples of Main, and by pro
per management, I suppose may be as
healthrul and productive as in former years. I
It is a well established law of natural phi-
losophy, that every thing has its nature,
and it will not flourish well out of thnt
Course. 1: is so v.ith certain animals,
which will flourish well in ceriain locations
and climates. So also of vegetables.
They prosper best in and near the locali
ties which nature designed for them, and
will not prosper well, when much removed.
The potato is natural to a It'gl', conl
climate, ail elevated situation, and a lour,
huffy soil ; and its natural constitution is
Ftrch that it will not flourish well, especial
ly in qi:i!:ty, if much rsmcreJ (ro:n if
natural habitat. Tiiis attempt to cahira'e
it, contrary to its nature, which has s
generally prevailed lor n series of years
past, has probably so f.tr changed its na
ture as to produce this alarming disease
culled the rst, whK-h has strongly threat
fried tV.s annihilation of the article. For
j ears past, the farmers lave turned their
rhain a-ten'in to its cuhivatiua, end the
great effort has been to produce quantity.
To this end they have planted largely and
MJnured highly, to force a great crop ; and
when near to navigation, have raised their
liread-stufl ly nn exchange of potatoes.
Tnis did very well so lmg as th3 article
fnnlinaed' in such health a not to rot.
But this unnatural mode of culture from
year to year, cVgmeratcd the root, til! its
constitution became so broken as to pro
duce the rot. Many causes hive been ut
signed for this disease, hut no one has yel
satisfied the public mind, and it is now pen
orally agreed that we are about as much
in the ddrk as ever.
Every effect produced is the consequence
of the combinarioa and operation of cer
tain philosophical causes, and we enn never
rightly understand cause nor effect, till we
go to this source for information. We may
pet up our own rules of wisdom against
nature's laws and philosophize as much as
we please, but nature w ill never change,
nor reward such efforts. The point in
which speculators cn this subject have
most agreed, is that it is a fung'is, or as
semblage of invisible insects, forming vi
cious and corroding acids. And this is
probably the case and the fleet is proba
bly produced in the following manner. l!y
over-forcing the plant wi:h manure, the
plant runs loo mach to tops. Th"y, grov.
ing too fast and too large, do not contain
enough of woody fibre to give thrm proper
strength. Consequently the stalks have a
loose, f. eblc, sickly constitution, and are
incapable of trot ing e common vicissi
tudes of the climate, from heat to coll,
from wet lo dry. A warm rain ensues,
nod clears off hot, with a scorching sun,
nrcceeded by a cold, chilly night. Now
bok tt the philosophical result, 'ihe
warm rain loosened and openej the pores,
the hot sun over heated and enfeebled the
whole plant, and the cold niht chilled it.
and the feeble thing took a severe cold be
fore it could recover its natural action.
The eflVct is the same that would befall a
man in like circumstances. I.-rt him go
through a warm rain, a hot sunny day.
and then, unclothed, lay out through a
chilly night, and he comes out n sick man.
Just 8 with the potatoes. The leaf, the
tenderest part, fails first, then the stalk,
and 6ne.riy the virus descends into the root,
where the disease terminates, and the root
is destroy id. In this way manure lM-coir.es
a deadly poison tea polatD. When tlr
farmer has plenty of other crops 10 whirh
manure is a benefit, why should he put it
co his potatoes, w hen it is worse than a
dead loss ! The farmer will ask, perhaps,
how and when hs sh!l plant his potatoes?
(Jo and ask philosophy, that is common
sense, and she will tell you to put them in'o
your turf land, and your manure on lo
your other crop.
Every farmer has a piece of lurf Und,
CTCry spring, which should be turned up.
If smooth, so that a sleek furrow can b
turned, Urn it over about 4 inches thick.
Then, in the crack of every fjrrow, nbiut
cnee in a font, cut out a piece with tlie.cor
ricr of the hoe and put in a potato, cr a
piece, and cover it or crowd the potato into
the crack, and poke the dirt over it. TIip
roots w ill run under the turf and the po'.a
t ies will make there, and co'.hir.g more can
be djne till the harvest, when the turf can
ho turned over and the potatoes taken up
wttli a sh ivel, clean and good, in this
way benefit wiK b derived from all the
Jbl shiners through the simmtr, they
wf! r-in down in the cracks, wet the pota
toes and keep then moist and cool. If the
groun l is rough, si that a sleek furrow
can mt be'turod, plow end cros-plow and
harrow, and then put in the potatoes, make
the turfs and Itinse dirt up Into ln!, and
that is that can be done till the harvest.
!i this way the tops will he short and
atockv, aloundinj in wondy fibr. and
able to stand all the changes of weather,
without taking cold and becoming sick.
Then the leaves will not blight, nor the
stalks beccme fungus. If these two evils
can be avoided, the potatoes will not rot.
Another advantage is, the potatoes can be
planted much earlier, in this way, in turf
land, than in ol I mellow land. This is my
theory ,'and 1 have preached it to the farm
ers ever since the rot began ; and most of
them have ridiculed it as one of my odd
notions ; and perhaps it is, but the potatoes
have continued to rot, especially when well
manured. Should these hints be oi any
use to the farmers, they are welcome to
them. If not, they are well intended.
Portland, April 10. 1850.
In a conversation a few days since with
father Taylor, r.no of our railroad direc
tors, he informed us that a brother of his
resirilng in UelgriJe, sold last season, from
a h:;!e more than two acres in extent,
somewhere about fve hundred dollars'
aor'.h of apples. From the same orchard,
some four or fue jenrs since, he sold lOilO
bushels at 9. per barrel, amounting to the
sum cf SOOtl. This miy be called profit
able firming. 1. our farmers would Lut
attend to this department ol their business
projcrly, Miine would scon export apples
enough Ti purchase all of her necrssiry
supplies of West India goods, and indeed
i oil ( ti er arii'-U-s f consumption which
i can n .1 be t.b'ainej at home. An orchard
j of ten or twelve acres well pruned and
j prcpr rly cultivated, will yield mere net
! profit than can he obtained in any other
i manner from a single farm in Maine. I'
is now a fuvorabh: sea-on for looking after
this matter, aud we ur;o upn all having
fru'l trees, to l.e looking after them.
LtwitUm FaU.1 Journal.
j Hanuring Com,
I Formerly every farmer put a large shov-el-ful!
of manure in the hill for corn. Of
i latter ye?rs, hovtver, :t ere has been rather
! a disposi'ion to discard the manure in the
hi!! er.lirf!", lo spread it all over the
i fii-id, ploughing atvl Inrrowing it in. Do'.
: our experience has led us fo believe that
i ultraism is lul little belter in farming than
j in politics that the best method lies L
jtctnthe two. We have seen the lot
) fields of corn rai.-rd, where a good Ik dy
of manure wa first spread over the field,
i and tlin a small portion of strong manure
I put in the hill t iivo the corn a good start
until the roots r.'nch that which is spread.
Ccv.'ir. to Grass.
Care hou!.J Le taken that the seed
, is of goo I qua.u . Southern clover is not
J ood for much except for pasture lmJs.
i Ciover and herds grass constitute the com
mon mixture for rowing in this State, bui
J where the land is of a moist or wet char
acter, red-top may be at'deJ with profit.
; But on high dry ground this grass does
! not flourish or h3ld cut well. A better
"catch,"' is rr.oro sure to be obtained with
wheat than eats. With a fair season,
however, and not to s w the- oats too thick,
where grass sed is si'i wi'h them, there
is not usually tiny serious trouble in gelling:
a good catch w.th oa's.
The fit-Ids with northerly slopes should
ha taken for wheat, while three with Sou
thern slants should be preserved for corn.
The Maine Farmer says : One of our
cit;z ns wishes us to hint to some of his
neighbors, that if their hens must run out
and maraud in his garden, they ought lo
have their bills muzz'ed, and their feet cov
ered with moccasins. Those who keep
hens, should' nUo be reasonable aud shut
I them up whei.ever they trouble their ncigh
i bora' gardens, else the feathers may fly in
! a way not agreeable to the owner.
The recent J hn Quincy Adams it is
said recynmendcd the following plan ns
an infallible means of preserving and of
restoring eyesight :
When the sight U loo short, close the
ees, press the finger gently outwardly
from ihe nose across ihe eyes. Short sighi
is caused by too grent roundness of the eye,
and rubbing or wiping them from their in
ner towards their outer angles, flittens
ihem, and thus lengthens or extends their
atfleof vision, flu! as long sight is caused
j by too great flatness of the eyes, passing
the fingers or towel from their outward an
g'es inwardly, of course rounds ihem up.
and thus preserves the sight. By this sim
ple nvons, ai persons can adjust their
sight to tiieir likin?, so as to read without
jilasses just as wtll when old as young.
The value of this know ledge is second on
ly to that of sight.
New Mexico and Utah.
It is an rrror to suppose, lhat these two
territories will be left without an organiza
tion andGovcrnment.if they are nt connec
ted w ith the California Bill. Such a result
can only be supernduced by the obstinacy
of ihe opponents of Californian the terms
of her application. The connection between
them is an artificial, forced one. California-can
be admitted on her own footing,
without detriment to eiiher New Mexico or
U:ah. The apparent necessity for the un
ion of these incongruous measures, is sim
ply a scheme lo postpone the admission of
California, for the purpose of agitation.anj
consequent personal aggrandizement.
Spirit of ihe Times..
l.EWISBURG CHRONICLE AND WEST BRANCH FARMER
NctDs & Notions.
The Louisville Courier says a very cel
ebrated chemist has expressed himself in
the most decided mmner on the impossi
bility of dissolving the Union. He says
that, as yet, no preparation, either foreign
or domestic, has been discovered, power
ful enough to act upon so large and won
derful a substance.
The Legislature of Massachusetts has
amended and passed the act of 1349, for
the preservation of birds. One or the
amendments prohibits the killing of 'robins
and larks' at any season of the year.
The labors of Father Matthew at New
Orleans, in the cause of temperance, have
been crowned with signal success. I'p
wards of 6,( 00 have already taken the to
tal abstinence pledge there.
Melancholly occurrence. A young la
dy in Philadelphia died on Monday last
Irom an illness occasioned by pricking a
fever blister upon her lip w::h a pin. The
lady exhibited after death, all tha appear
ance of those who die from the effects of
poison contracted from the bite of venom
In the upper part of New Ilampshirethe
snow has been about five feet deep all
winter, and they have good sleighing there
now. It has been an excellent season for
the lumber men.
An exchange paper'says that a man was
lately indicted in New Hampshire lor keep
ins his mouth open on Sunday, as being
contrary to the law against keeping drtfm
sffps open on the Satbath.
The Bradford Argus, commenting upon
the iVor.'i Pennsylraniiin's modifying the
term Slavery into the more mild sounding
salification of'ryiuu Jlpfrtnticthip,
quotes Mrs. Swisshelm, the I'ltlsburg edi
trs, who says this must mean the right lo
' horsewhip a woman and sell her baby."
The prospect of the assembling of the
Nashville Convention, appears to-be every
day " jirowing sma'l by degrees and beau
tifully less." M iny recent indications in
opposition lo it in the Sou'h.are daily trans
piring. The masses of ihe Southern peo
ple i.cver looki d upon the proposed Con
vention v.ith an approving smile.
it is a fact, that of all that have died of
the cholera in Europe or America, seven-
u nths at !;asi wcrc spirit i!r:r,!:or, ana
one half di cidedly intemperate.
From a document just sent to Congress,
it appears that the production of wool in
this country, during the last year, was 0,
000,000 pounds, valued at 25,000,000.
There is iron enough in the blond of 4'2
men to make 50 horse shoes, each weigb-
tag half a pound.
A discourse on Modern Dancing, by the
ihe Rev. Jesse U mecoff, Pastor of the Se-
ond Kvun. Lutheran Church at Selinsgrove
has been published.
J here were six deaths by cholera at
Cincinnati, in the week ending on the 17th
Gen. Tom. Thumb, is holding his le
vees at I'arnum s Museum, Philadelphia
The Iron Business. Ifarriid, on the
20:h ult., npar Toms river, N. J., by B.
L. Irons, Ksq., Mr. Joseph (Jrant to Miss
Amanda Irons ; and on the 21st, at Do
ver, N. J , by B. L Irons, Esq., Mr IJcn-
dnck II. Irons to Miss Jcdicah Ann irons.
A Yinkee ' dnwn east' has invented a
machii.e for washing dishes.
1 It - T-.-. ..I Ma
a estcrn i.onor requests tliose ol Ins
tulncriler-i, who owe him more than six
jears subscription, to send him a lo:k of
i heir l.air so that he will know they are
The greatest advantage of being thought
a wit by the world is, that it gives one the
greater freedom of playing the fool.
The court of Allegheny county, last
week, granted !)9 tavern licenses lor Pitts
burgh, refusing 34 applicants.
The dwelling houe of Henry Dewcrs,
in Jessup township, Susquehanna county,
was consumed by fire on the 26;h ult.
So We Go.
The American Mechanic, published at
Poughkeepsie, Ma, justly'remarks
A man growls at paying a shilling for a
loaf of bread, thinking he ought lo gel
it for eleven pence, and the same evening
takes his family to witness the feats of a
magician, for the purpose of being huaa
bugged, knowing lhat they will bo hum
bugged ; and willingly pays a dollar for
ihe privilege! Another is too poor lo pay
for a newspaper, but can spend a levy or a
quarter, for every puppet show or other
foolish exhibition that travels the country,
and not miss it.
Another is too poor to pay a few dollars,
but can attend concerts and negro perform
ances that comes along. Another wantsa
mechanic to work for nine and six-pence,
when he demands ten shillings, and watch
es him to see that he labors faithfully, and
ihe next day hires a horse antf wagon, at
the expense of two dollars, to travel ten
miles to see a horse race. Another "heats
How n" an old woman a penny on a bunch
of radishes,and before gelling home spends
two or three shillings in treating his friends.
Boston, April 26.
The brig Boston from l abia, 16ih ult.,
arrived here this afternoon, and reports
that the yellow fever had been raging
there terribly, sweeping offa great number
of seamen from among the vessels in port.
The mortality among the slaves was fright
ful. The Government reports makes the ;
total number of deaths in the provinces
eisht thousand. i
Just after the Boston left, a severe i'ltfB.
der storm occurred, af'Cr which .ne dge
Seven ves'.', arrived" from ' Hayti,
with uates to the 6th. Business : was im
proving.' The blacks were preparing lo invade
St.' Domingo sometime in May.
H. C. HICKOK, Editor.
O. N. WOBDEN, Publisher.
At $l.SO null In ulranra, $1.75 in threr months, t- Pid
within the yrtvr, Mul iiio st the end of the year.
Ata-nts in ftaiUdt-lpbitv V B PtlnK-r nd E W Cut.
Wednesday Morning, May 1.
New, Rich, and Rare
Are the Drugs, Notions, &c, fcc. which
the Lewiburg Druggists are now piling up
on their shelves, and in their show cases
and which they will refer to particularly
next week. In the meantime, we advise
everybody not to trust themselves within
the range of their temptations unless they
have plenty of cash or credit.
OrFor New Goods, see the advtg
tC? It may not be uninteresting to our
readers to note some incidents in the life
of Dr. Robkbt Vanvaliah, whose death
we announced last week, at the age of 86.
He was born near the Croton river, New
York, ou the 17th cf April 1764. While
jet a child his father moved into Ulster
county. In his 22d year (1786) he came
to this (Union) county, on horseback end
alone, on his way to Virginia, whither he
was bound in quest of a location for the
practice of his profession, but the high wa
ter detained him for some time at Nor
thumberland, and he was finally induced
to settle as a physician, on Penn's Cieek,
two miles below where New Berlin is now
situated. He resided there for several
years. The mill now owned by theMow
ry's was built by him. He was married
while cttled there, to Miss Catherine Suth
erland. Some fifty-four or five years ago,
he moved into Buffalo Valley, at the pres
ent location of the Cross ftoads, and re
sided on the same farm until his death.
He continued in practice until his 80th
year nearly 00 years. Whan in the
prime of lile his practice extended over the
present counties of Union, Northumber
land, M filin, Juniata and Centre, some of
his patients being so far off as beyond
Bellefoi.te. When he first came into this
country there was not a single bridge in
al! northern Pennsylvania, and in high wa
ter he was obliged to swim the streams, and
frequently swam his horse across Penn's
creek when bink-full, and the ice running
fie was eminent for professional skill and
he persinvl virtues which adorned his
character. Two sons and five grand-sons
are successfully engaged in the practice of
the profession to w hich he devoted his life.
When a boy of about 16 years of age he
was out twice as a militia-man in the war
of the Revolution, and performed garrison
duty as such for several months.
Will the editor of ihe 1-ewisburg Chron
icle inform us who that rara rpi dweller
in " lural felicity," is T He has no busi
ness to enjoy himself thus. I it Billl
Well it is. He is the only original in
this part of the world that would answer
the description, and we doubt whether his
duplicate could be found anywhere. He
has deposited a standing invitation with us
for all the neighboring fraternity, with
yourself (do n'l you feel flattered ?) al the
head of the list. So if you are fond of
high living, make yourself personally vis
ible at your earliest convenience, and we'll
make a joint pilgrimage to his head quar
ters,' and revel in mush and milk.
fF The 7th No. of the Democratic
Bunner," a Democratic paper, edited and
published by Daniel S. Morris, at Fair
mont, Msrion Co., Virginia, comes to us
with the statement that the Chronicle " is
a valuable paper and wo shall be pleased
to receive it weekly." Certainly, stran
ger, you shall have that same, with our
best wishes for your welfare but who you
are, or what you know of us, we can't
exactly " cypher out."
IXThe machinery for the new Wool
en Factory of Mr. Mark Halfpenny, above
Hartleton, was landed at our wharves this
week, and has most of it been dispatched
to its destination. The entire weight is
over seven tons. The machinery is all
new and costly, and of the most perfect
finish, and when put up and fairly in oper
ation, the " Winfield" will be a model
03Mr. James Sharp, whose peculiar
musical endowments we mentioned last
week, gave our citizens a public exhibition
of his powers on last Friday. He drew the
largest crowd that has been witnessed here
lately on any similar occasion, and his
performance created much astonishment.
He intends visiting the principal towns in
the S'ate, and will justly attract ' great at
tention wherever he goes.
OCT Oa Thursday last, Lewis Hatfield,
of this borough, a lad of 16, shot a bald ea
gle, on the river bank about a mile above,
town, measuring five feet eight inc.- rom
tip to tip of the wings, hare been
furnisbrd with a ,upply 0f its quills, and
' !i natural result editorial' flights
may be anticipated
C7 Mr. J.'H. Winters has withdrawn
from the l Union Times," which will here
after be under the exclusive control of Jno.
M. Baum, Esq. , Good luck to the retiring
partner. nn3 health and prosperity to the
K7 The Representative of Union co.
in the Legislature advisea us of the passage
of the annexed local acta, hot before no
ticed by us.
An act for the laying out of a State
read from John Galer's, in Union county,
to Benedict' mill, in Mtfllin county. Jno.
Kuhl and Wm. Johnson are the Commis
sioners on the part of Uoioh county.
An act for the laying out of a State road
from Millerstown, in Perry county, to Mif
flinburg, in Union co. Henry Hilbish is
ihe Commissioner on the part of Union co
An act authorising Mary Henning of
East Buffalo to sell and convey the real
estate now in her possession.
An act to prevent hawking and pedling
in Union county.
Au act authorising the trustees of the
German Reformed and Lutheran churches
in Selinsgrove to sell real estate.
An act confirming and making valid the
sales of real estate made by the adminis
trators of Dan Caldwell, late of White
The School law has been so altered as
to maks the tax for school purposes col
lected as other taxes.
There is another change in the School
law, still pending, leaving it to the people
lo say whether they will have school, and
how long they will have it.
Declination of Mr. Casey.
We copy the following letter from the
New Berlin Star of last week.
House of Representatives, )
Washington, 20th April, 1850.
D. W. Woods, Esq. Dear Sir : You
are aware that when 1 consented to become
a candidate in 1848, it was with tha ex.
pressed determination, act to agree lo a re
nomination. Haying received a number of letters from
friends in various parts of the District, very
kindly expressing the desire that I should
again be a candidate, I deem it right to
state, at this early day, that my mind re
mains unchanged on that subject, and that
my convictions of duty, to myself and my
family, require that I should adhere to that
I have no doubt whatever, that our
friends will be able to unite upon some
gentleman, whose talents and experience
will enable him to serve them much more
efficiently than 1 have done, or can hope
For the generous support I have received
from the people of the District, and the
confidence with which they have honored
me, I return any grateful acknowledge
ments, and shall endeavor to manifest my
gratitude by carefully abstaining from eve
ry course of conduct, by which I could
justly forfeit their confidence and respect.
I am very truly yours, die,
Secret of Southern Predominance.
We have never found fault with the South
for its efforts at supremacy, however much
we may have accused the North of an un
interrupted subserviance to her men and
interests. We have always regretted her
success of schemes, but have as constantly
applauded the superior fitness and ability
of her statesmen. The acknowledgment
is humiliating, but the whole history of the
country demonstrates the fact, that a com
paratively weak section has always mana
ged to control the government, and the em
oluments arising from its administration.
There must, of necessity, be some active
cause for such results.
It can be traced to one simple and unde
niable f icl. When a Southern community
discovers a man of true talent and energy,
it cherishes and promotes him, with a de
votion partakiug more of personal than po
litical attachment. It allows no petty
schemes to retard his advancement. In this
way the South always has a Congression
al delegation fully initiated in the myster
ies and intrigues of legislatioo.and prepared
for every political emergency which may
arise, in the south, the principle of rota
tion has no existence. Their representa
lives aro retained often for a life-time.- The
most ordinary mind can irtfer the superior
tact of such representatives !
With us of the North the case is differ
ent. We ara constantly changing our del
egation, and, too often, for the worse. We
allow our representatives no sufficient time
or opportunity to prepare themselves for
usefulness and influential action. We en
ter the conflict with politicians who have
been trained to every form of legislative
manoeuvre. Our representatives are inex
perienced ; and, consequently, nnable to
cope with their Southern competitors. In
this way, we give the South every advan
tage, without correctly appreciating the
cansa' of its superior management. There
is food for reflection in these few rematks,
which should not be passed unheeded in a
State which will soon be called on lo renew
ts Congressional delegation ! Spirit of the
(XrThe new law fcr the election of the
Auditor General; Surveyor General and
County Surveyors will be found on the first
page of this paper.
The bill to elect the Attorney General
and Prosecuting Aitorniea has passed both
Houses and will doubtless become a law.'
Next week we shall give a aynofisis
of the new Banking Law.
C7An unsuccessful attempt was made
week before last to rob the Store of Mr.
Isaac Brown, in Milton-
For the Lctuhiurg Chronicle.
From the record of intcrmeots made by
the late Geoxqe, Metzcer io the three
grave yards of Lewisburg, is copied the
following summary, commencing the 20th
May, 1822, and extending through about
1823 29 1933 39
1821 46 1834 4t!
1825 19 1835 37
1826 26 1836 33
1827 16 1837 25
1828 14 1838 27
1829 16 1839 35
1830 23 1840 26
1831 47 1841 43
1832 CO 1812 40
Total, C21 in about 20 yeara, bring an average of
31 per year about one half bring children. It
is to be uolertood that Mr. Metzger was not the
only grave-digger in town, and the list ii there
fore not complete ; and miny of those interred
were from adjoining township.
The burying-grounda in Ibis Borough bare
been ueed 64 years I think., regular); and lor
SO jears past, probibly 50 persona have been
buried there every year. This would make 2500
buried Ibere ainee 1800, and perhapa 500 were
interred in the 35 yeare previous 3000 in all.
The question here arUet, Is it not adviaalle to
diaeontinae the use of those grounds t Vibo that
withea his own remains lo repose ondnacrraied,
can dare thrust a spade into Ihe ground where be
may, if be ia not certain to invade the "narrow
house" of aome felloe-mortal ? The dead have
tight to rrpose undisturbed. And besides, the
practice of interring (be dead in Ihe midst of the
living, ia. productive of injury to health. It ia
Dot asking too much of all good citizens, while a
Cemetery is so convenient, to bury their friends,
hereafter, where thry will probably not remove
others nor be themselves removed. W.
CP We would suggest that the Cemetery
Corporation procure the record above referred lo,
as it may be useful and interesting to keep for
future reference and evidence. Mr. Riihusd,
the Sexton, keeps full and accurate list of all
the burials in the Cemetery, which are inserted
weekly in the Chronicle. Those burying in Ihe
old yards, will please hand in the notices.
Refusing to Vote.
The practice of representatives of tha
people refusing to vote is a bad practice,
and ought to be reformed altogether. It is
an exhibition of cowardice, or something
quite as disreputable. A representative is
a trustee. He is the medium thro' which
the sentiments of his constituents are ex
pressed. On every great question these
sentiments can not be doubtful. and he per
forms an easy duty in giving them effici
ency. If he vo'es differently from their
wishes, he ia no longer their representa
live. He is their opponent. He is their
enemy. lie allows his own views, or, as
the case may be, his interests, lo con:roi ;
and he takes no note of the duty he was
sent to discharge. Somefmes, between
doubts as to whether he should vote him-
sell or for his conti!uen!s,hc refuses to vote
nt all, which is always a base compromise.
It is due to them, that he should vote,
even if he vote against them. It is man
lier to do this ; because he enables them
to see his hand, and to protect themselves
in the future. It is a safe plan, however,
to regard ihe representative who refuses to
vote, as hostile to the wishrs of his constit
uent; and it is just to act in view of this
estimate ol his purpose, precisely as if he
had proclaimed it to the world rrnns'n.
tfF In the midst of Spring, we seem to
be in mid winter. It is now April 17ih
snowing nearly as fast as we ever saw
it in the middle of Winter, and apparently,
w ith as good a prospect of continuance, h
seems lhat cold and hoary headed Winter,
becoming envious of the blushing beauties
of lovely Spring, has determined to rob her
of her bloom-.' Lewisburg (Va.J Chron.
A publisher out West stopped sending
his newspaper to a subscriber who had
never paid the first cent for bis subscription.
I he wife of the delinquent met the publish
er and threatened him with the terrors of
the law, inasmuch as he was bound to send
the paper till all arrearages were paid!
yiIKBEAS the Hon. ABRAHAM S. WILSON. PresiiVot
' J u Jbt r tli Court or Common I'leus Sir the Twenti
eth Jndieinl lifitrfrt.eonii)tinK of the rount'tn oT Union anil
Miltiin. antl Jacob W irrcxsiTEa ami James II ARRisx.mir.
Aseorimte Juiip in t'uion eounty. hare famed their pre
cept, hearing date the 21Hh day of Mareh. 150, and to me
direeted. for Oje holding of an Orphann' Court. Court of
Common Pleats Oyer A Terminer, and General Qe.arti-r
bunion, at New Berlin, fur the countv of Tnion. on the
ai Monday of MAY next, (being the liith day,) 1 too, and
to eontinue two weeks
NOTICE is therefore hereby ptreri to re Coroner. Ju.
tieen of the lVaee, and OonrtaCles in and Air the eonnty of
I'nion, to appear in tl-.Oir own proper persona with their
roll, reeordit. iuquieitionft, examination. ftn(j other rem
embrance, to do th'-pi' thicx wuich of thi-ir offteee and in
tlteir behalf appertain to lie done; and all witnesses and
other perrons proseeutinjr, in behalf of the Commonwealth
apainst any persons, are required to he then and there
attending, and not depart without leave, at their pert?.
Justices are required to he punctual in their atu-adanto
at the appointed time agreeable to notice.
fltVMn tinitee mv k&ml mtul u.1 a. . I.- clm ,
- . . .-iirnu e um m
New Berlin, this 11th day of April in the year of our Lord
one thousand eicht hundred and Cftr. and in th..-....ni.
fiurth year of Uw independence of' the I'n.ted sutes of
America. uuu saee trie t rmmonwealth!
AKCII1BAH) lUOMAa, Sheriff.
The Sheriff of Union county will sell at
the Court House in New lierlin.on Monday
the 13ih day of May inst.
A trsrtain lot of ground in Lewisburg,
containing i of nn nfJre,-on" which are a
two story btick house, stable, wood-house,
well, and pump seized and to be sold as
the property of Joseph H. Smith.
One and a half lots of ground in Centre
ville, whereon are a two story log house
weatherhoarded, a well, pump, and fruit
trees as the property of John Mohn.
A lot of ground in Freeburg containing
i of an acre, whereon are a two story log
house, weatherhoarded, a frame shop, half
narn, ana log biaoie as the property of
A Irast of land in Chapman'Tp, contai
ning 18 acres, cleared, whereon arc a log
house.good sprinp.and several fruit treci
i as the property of Jacolt Keisev.
Grand Jurors, May T. 150.
Washington : Geo HilUeb, Icmc Borer, Jona'a
Union : J (Juier Jr. lly Frock Arboga
White Deer : Jacob DielCmilsrfcr.Wm duUn.
Beaver : John Shiry, Peter Klin
East Buffalo : Cynia Brown
Miflliriburg : ! hoof. Job M Tarloe
l.ewisbiru : Nathan Kawa
We-t Lt"er : Jicub Smith, Joe 8lainingct
Perms : Wm J Mover, Jo'in Hartman
Hartley : Hanil f'hjrle. Centre : Jacob Loo-W-t
lliiffilo: Jacob Foi, Elite Keup
Perry : Peter Troup. N. Berlin : Seat Schoch
Chapmen: Emanuel Acker
1,'n ion: Geo dinger, Jn Mitchell, Debe Cattle.
Hartley : Jo Has. St)l Corl. Wm Huntingdon
AnJ Coot, Cbas Carry, Peter Winner
Center : Aaroq O HaSiinger, Christ 'a Blochlev
Jn Pilger, Hy Musser
Beaver : Joe Long, Jo Bingman. Miwt eoecht
Perry : Jacob Minium. Samuel German, Samuel
Shadel, Jos Gray lull
West Buiftlo : Jn B iiib, Jo Sumra, Peter
Pontius, Zachariaa Bryman
LewUburg: Siml A union, II M .Master, H P
Hheller, tha H Cook. Job neon Walla
Buffalo: Jac Ziebach, Peler Voneide, Jo Biddle.
Washington : Jn Hummel
New Berlin : Jos Shaffer, Edwd WJsoa
Wert Beaver : Michl Eckhart
Pcnna: J.i Haina, II, Kieffer. Edw Bataler
Chapman: Philip Burkhart, Saml Zeiijler. D E
Bender. Ed ad Fryer
East Buffalo : Geo Kreisher. Saml Keber
Mifflinburg : Wm DocMer. Hy Bogenre.1
MiJdlecreek : Michl Schoch
Petit Jurors, (2d week.
Beaver: Win Beaver. Hy Mitchell
West Beaver : Hy Gaa, 11 Miller
Centre : Geo J Henoch
Middlecrcek: Conrad Stock
Penns : Jn Hitttr.Sam Gemberling ,8am Pawling,
Jn Emrnill, Philip Kautz, Isaac Hotianateia
Perry : Wm Heiirae, Jicob Ralhfa
I 'nion : Jn l lenimens, Hy R Young
New Berlin : Benjn Shall, Jn M Baum
Mifflinburg : Jacob Deckaid, Jn GaMe, Thomas
Hartley: Jn Frederick Haaaenplug
W est Buffalo: Jn Hiidebran J, Jn Plank
Buffalo : Da Henning. W Halfpenny, Geo Blear,
East BulTal .: Wm L Harris. J 8 Dunkle
Kelly : Jos Tolbert
White Deer : Jn Bachman, Wm L Ritter, Wm
Lewiaburg : F Stooghton, Ch Penny, Th Harts
Bonaparte fnr Berth 'r Thompson ts Roosh and XoBUUua
Jacob UarTer ts Albert Winegardner
Satnnel Hewer ts Israel Outeliua
Lewis Maus ts W Wilson anJ II P Shelter torn Us at. is
Oeortre Chr.npel ts Ralph IHtty
J Kinsman f r J S Rily ts Ifenry W Snyder
James wniianLn ts John M'Kelrry
Wm Roehong ts Saml Iianpt
W hit Merrin ts Bartges and J L Cams
do PII Markte, b Barte and J L Caa
Jonathan Zellers ts S L Beek
Henry Bardsuer ts Henry Voxtheimer
W m M Kennedy ts John Hehn and Jos Stock
J Rhoads now tor W F Wagenseller ts Oeo Cuadraa
r.no Benner .r oe of Saml Frank ts Oeo Adams
Christopher Uoi.nrifo.rs W II Thompson
R M for W in M.uoer s Markte, Bajrtre and Camp
Jaer.b llent. r ts Daniel Itengler
Wbitlork use Mulr.rU Alter ts Markle.Camp aid Bartfw
Comtb of Ta fr Robt Hayes ts H S Buyer et al
Andw MTtenihan rs Jacob Leiser and John L RWk
Chri-ii.-aia Ruiiif It ts Committee of Geo Cordon
Ji-lm SnjdL-r ts Muses Fisher
l'hil:p larger ts Jwph Cbarlee
Tboiuas llw-d ts Jaeit Lewis
Jacob R. nirler Ei rof John Ren-ltr ts Dan Rengler
Sam! II. udm n ts G W CaldwtU with notice to Jn Kauk
J. 1m II Weber vs V m torhran
Ruhl r II S Oraha.n and L B Christ ts Jared Irria
John M Ileufer rs Siunl Lunj
I niel and Carol.ne Jarrett ts Elias K Uartman etai
J 'hn liigel ts Jacob Reeder
Jacob pher tj Jacob Leiser and Kias Nejhart
John oiibert k Co ts W m J Mny and Reuben J
Cbrt-rian Herman ts Saml Schreckcngast
Jacob KIo.e ts tlt-Jdes t March
Daniel and Caroline Jam-tt ts Elias IT art man
D.ae- t Peterson ts Hitter Kline with not to G Qa
R Oemmil A Co ts do
John liilbert ts Lewis Ritter ijo
John K Hayes TS do
Wm f H up r ts Henry W Snyder
leon-e Fees ts Charles Shriner
Platt'Knox fur Wright .Nephew e ts Jared Irri.
Jacob Miller ts Ianil Rentier
""J" r WiKb-lUtiraham with not. toOeddea Marsh
Charles KreisUr ts John Kline
Hon. n-tine end wife ts C Sehroyer and J Hartman Ji
Ex'rs of T kichter dec-d ts do do
Jacob and .Siml Lauber vs J A J Walla
Mary B nginian ts Klias Feea
do ts J and Feea
Cotn'th for Robt Chambers is C and J Millhous
r.no lor t hnst aud Graham ts Jarod Irrin
JoLn F KiuVKr and wife ts Michael Kleekner
Ginldes A Mar-h rs George Miller
do T3 James Smith
Wilt A Lilert ts Mahlon Bryman
Margaret Monbeek ts Jacob Leiser and Jonah Benek
Mi. had Miller ts Martin A Stock
Robt Chambers ts B Thompson with notice Ae
Geo Deal Adm'r of P Fetter ts John Krotaer.
Wm F Wagcnsrller snrrg partner Ac ts Reuben Kslkr
Wm Hunter Ex'r of Saml Hunter ts John Snyder
John Weiond ts John Romig
do ts do
Benjamin Caw ley ts Nicholas Menseh
Peter German and wife ts Thomas Thursby
Edward CaTonec ts Benjn Shall
Wm F Waienseller surrg partner ts Saml Long
- !viiuiue account will De p
Pir confirmation at the Orphans' (
New Hcrlin, M indaj , 20ih May, 1
1 ne lollowing account will be oresentcd
Acet of Thomas Ilfires. one of the rintne.rirr.ii..
Hayes, late of Lewieburg Borough, deceased.
Acet of John Smith, Administrator of Daniel Blyar,
late of Hartley Townhin, deed.
Acet of Dr. John Bit ighaus, Guardian of Mary, a minor
child of Phlip Swrnrford, late of Centre Tp, d -rd.
Acet of Elias R. Menjes, Adm'r of Benjamin Dock. Uta
of Penns Tp, deed.
Aert of Elias R. Menges, la'r of Jacob Meager, late of
Washington Tp. deed.
Aert of John Mauck. Adm'r of Abraham n.. i...
Buffalo Tp. deed.
Aert of John Mauck, Adm'r of John Treat ter, late of
Buffalo Tp, deed.
Acet of Hugh Wilson, one of the Ea rs of Fo. b Wlm.
late of Buffalo Tp, deed.
Final acet of Piter SolL Ex of Peter Queer. It. of
Kelly Tp, deed.
Acet cf iFitae and Darid Witmer. Adm'rs of Samuel
Wltmcr, late of Oiapman Tp. deed.
Aert or John Fleming, Adiu'r of Wnson H. Hood, on cf
the Adm'rs of R. v. Tho'a Hood. late of Lewkburg, deed.
Aert of John Gimrrirb, Guardian of Mary Ann, a miner
child of Ssunuel Swartx, deed.
Aect of Samuel and John Shirk, Adm'rs of Abraham
Shirk, late of Hartley Tp. deed.
Aert of John Frederick, Ex'r of Christian Catherines,
late of Hartley Tp, deed.
Aert of Geo. W. and Solomon Ilixon, Ex'ra oT De4
HUcn. late of We-t Buffalo Tp, deed.
Aert of -Ner MkUUeswarth, Ex of Sebastian Royer, Isfc
of Center Tp, deed.
Corrected this Day.
Flaxseed ........ .
Dried Apples . . . ;
Lard . . ,