Lewisburg chronicle. (Lewisburg, Pa.) 1850-1859, April 17, 1850, Image 1

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B. 0. EICXCX, Editor. 1
a 17. WCSDEN, Printer. j
Vohune YH, Hrtmber 2
Whole KmBW-315.
The Ie vtiswurs; Chronicle issued
eery WeJnesJsv morning et Lesrisburg, Union
esumtv, rsnnTianie-
Tssite. $.S0 peryeor, for e.h acfaallj la
ad ranee; 91.73. peiJ within three month; $2
if piJ within the veer ; $3,50 if not paid before
the yesr eiptres ; single numbers. B cents. Sub
eruption tor ait month or lees to be paid in
e-Ieanca. Disenntinuanree optional with the
Publisher except when the year as naid up.
AdvertiermenU handsomely inverted at SO cte
par eqeare ona wck, f 1 for a month, and 5 for
a vear : a reduced price for longer advertisement,
Teas squares, f 7 ; Mercantile advertisements not
teeeJiyr one-fourth or a column, quarterly, f 10.
Caeual advertisements and Job work to be paid
ror wneej nan.ieu in or delivered.
All communications bv mail innt came post
paid, areompanieil by tbs address of the writer, lo
receive attention. Those relating exclusively to
ma fc.monai Department to he directed to II. C.
Hiesak, Esq , Editor and all on business lo be
edJreared to the Publisher. (
O firo. Market 8t. between Second and Third
O. N. WORDEN, Printer and Publisher.
Correspondence of the Chronicle
Fhiiad., April 6t 1850.
As brevity i the sou
:.f wit." I hil certainly be very winy this
moraiug. Nothing new ind north-east
-stormy. The tin spouts arechoking.snd
each gutter ia pouring over a young cat
aract. Rain! rain! rain pit-pal put !
Men looking very sleepy with slouched hats
that teem to have lost their nop. pass by
(i did aot moan to perpetrate thai old pun.)
Knnui reign within and upon me, and
oalrr rain$ without but I mutt atop
pun oing, or you pun ish me by refu-
rg to print a tr.fle, dedicated lo a friend.
To T. G. R. by Carl
H',:h a thrill of wild delight
Tou entert'd on life's way.
That sparkled like the d-w of O'ght
When the fire flies p!ny.
Years hare gone aad ceme epein.
And he ur of ong were thine.
Time flew on, devoid of p aip,
Led by a hand divine
Till, i h manhood's lip unshern,
Thou arat before thee now
.4 mbstian'a fruila upborn
On the future's misty brow.
A struggle far lite ia near
Dare bravely thy youihful breast.
Aim rVgh for the priie so dear.
And tear to thy God the real.
Aye, like thy sire of old,
Arantd strong in the cause of right.
Labor with a heart as bold
Tbau'it conquer in thy might.
And the actions of the p6t
Shall shine like angel-eye
Smiling ever, nnd at Inst
Hang star-lumps in thy skies!
From Graham' Magazine.
Patrick 0'Btlen.
at bt. a. sasTiaes viu.
The father of Ellen O'Brien was a small
farmer, whose situation when the child 6e
gan to think at all, seemed lo her the real
nation of all thai is happy, and all that is
cheerful in this wurld. Children do think
very early ; much earlier than their el
ders suspect. But happily for them they
are easily contented. They look at the
bright side, sod unconscious of the superi
or advantages, and the greater comforts of
others, have no temptation to discontented
comparisons, and no motive for uneasy
Ellen's earliest memory of marked and
positive hairiness that is to say, of an
incident which conferred particular plea
sure, was connected with a child very
small child. She remembered how her
father told her to " make a lap, now," and
placed the wee thing upon the knees which
aha prepared with much ado to receive it.
She was told that this was her little bro
ther, her own little brother ; and she hug
ged it in troubled happiness, almost afraid
to touch, lest she should hurt it. She
gazed upon it with that undefined fleling
of mingled awe and pleasure with which
little children regard less children. She
looked at its frngile hands and wondered,
if she took them in hers, whether they
would fade or drop to pieces, like the deli
cate blossoms which she had often killed
with kindness. And when it cried oh !
but she was astonished ! That such a lit
tle thing should be so ungrateful while she
coddled and cared for it, and nursed it ever
so tenderly, was more than she could well
endure. She thought it well drscrved.and
ought to have a whipping, only that a
whipping might hurt it, and that she would
not consent to.
it was, however, not a great while be
fore a safe acquaintance grew up between
the new comer and Ellen. He was called
Patrick, after his father, and bis father'
father be Pure him. Eilen waa three years
senior. That d.flcrence ia their aces
- - - n
wouia save oeen a wonder ; only ihnt II
was explainable. Another little Patrick.
his predecessor, was "called home," as his
father said, "before he had scarce a taste
ot the world at all.'' And Ellen, from ao
often hearing of the other little Patrick,ane
from her indistinct memory of a baby that
ahe saw one day, as if iu a dream, and did
not see any more, learned to think of in-
- lants as of little ttiines thai would die if
loej.wew riot carefully watchrd. 'And
' Petri ke wm resolvid should not
sup away lor want of attention from his
sister ; therefore she nursed hi.it as care
fully as if that had been her sole vocation.
The wonder about babies grew less as
Ellen grew older. At first, in her child
ish little heart, ahe thought every little ba
bv must be a little Patrick, and that no
new one could come while there was ano
ther about. But familiarity destroys mar
vela. She found there could be little Phe
lima and Terrences as well as Patricks,
Bridgets and Kathleens as well as Ellens.
Child after child lifted its clamorous voice,
for food and nursing in Patrick O'Brien's
cottage, until at last when he as asked re
specting his children, he wns fain to count
them upon his fingers. And he always
began with Ellen and his thumb Paddy
came next.and the formula was "There's
Ellen, then little Paddy that waa called
early, then Paddy that is now sure Ellen
and Paddy are the thumb and forefinger
to us. What would the mother do with
out them, at a'l "
Ellen grew to a fine, atout girl, with a
cheerful open lace when you spoke to her
but there was a shado of care and tho'i
over it when in repose, which you may of
ten see in the oldest slaughter of a poor
man. She moved and acted as if the tribe
who had exhausted the family names of
the O'Uriens were born children to her mo
ther, she was born before them for a dep
uty mother lo them all. Legs and arms
were all over the cottage, tn all sorts of
places where they shouldn't be, nnd she
jerked ihem nut of harm's way. with a half
pctulent dexterity which was pleasant to
observe. Tew-heads and shock-heads
popped up continually, aad she pushed
them aside with a "there now, won't you
he aiy !'' which was musical with a very
little discord. And there was an easy and
natural carelessness of authority and half
rebellion in obedience, which was truly
putZHoc to atrangcrs, but wnicn gave no
discomposure to Ellen or to her mother.
Indeed Mrs. O'Brien sat, the centre of her
offspring, with the most contented air in the
world, plying her knitting needles with ea
sy assiduity , end dismissing child after child
from her arms, as they severally grew out
of her immediate province and into Ellen's.
Or she bustled, if there w as bustling to do.
with perfect indifference, it might aeem, to
one who did not know her, as to whether
there were children in the house or not.
But sometimes her interference became
necessary as a measure of last appeal, and
aha came down on them with heartv
whacks which were invariably poulticed
with a word or two, half scolding and half
good-natu-ed wit. The children were thus
reconciled to the propriety and necessity
of certain summary inflictions, which at
ha same time they look care to avoid, hen
t could be done without too much troub'e.
Oi'ten there were voices heard in a higher
key than is considered proper in a draw-
rig-room, and sometimes there was a de
bouchment of of children out at the door,
and a consequent squealing of little pigs,
and fluttering of chickens before it ; which
showed the mother's activity at ejection.
But no drawing-room ever sheltered more
gentle heartland no mother of high degree
ever followed a scolding with more pati
ence than Mrs. O'Brien did. There waa
no malice in her, and a half laugh stood
ever in her eye, as she looked at the door
on the living miscellanies she had put in
motion, and said "Sure you can't turn a
hand, or step any phice at all, for pigs,
chickens and childer !"
There is often more room in the heart
thati in the house. The O'Briens began
to feel themselves crowded or rather to
feel the inconvenience of too many sitters
for their stools, without knowing precisely
or rather without permitting themselves
to acknowledge what caused their discom
fort. There were, too many mouths for
the potatoes, as Patrick senior and his wife
were at last compelled to admit in their
matrimonial committee of ways and means
and the question now became.how could
they diminish the one, or increase the oth
er ! The leaser fry were out of the ques
tion. Nothing could be donatio the way
ol removing them ; nor did the thought oc
cur to the father or mother, who loved the
children with Irue Irish hearts, that the
smallet children were in the way, or that
any of the little ones could possibly be spa
red, if the lord-lieolenant hirnseil wanted a
huh. So thev beuan canvassing at the
. o
other end of the long list.
"There waa Ellen." aaid ihe father.
"Ellen! Sure you'll not be putting her
away, and nobody to mind the childer ?
What ia the wages, I d like to know.would
make her place good to us V
. And Eden, it was decided.waa a fixture.
There is Paddy." aaid the mother with
.a a"
some hesitation. "Sure he's a urom oi a
bov. and it is time that he should do for
himself it ia. Ii'a little in life ne's gooe
for here, any w a v."
The father did not Ihink to. Many were
the Utile "turns" that Paddy . cheerlully
undertook, bv. all of- them waW mrt i
conscience be made to appear lo amount
to an indispensable service, or anything
like it.
'L'Mik at him now !" said the mother.
And they looked at Pat, whose all good
natured face,' unconscious that it was the
sulijecl of observation, bloomed like a tall
flower amid the lesser O'Briens who clus
tered about him.
"Sure there's a tribe of them !" said
"But look at Paddy ! He's the moral of
yourself at his age, Patrick; with the
same niver-a-thoughl lazy look !"
It was questionable whether the wife's
affectionate reminiscence was a complim
ent or not ; and an expression of aad hu
mor, between a smile and scowl, passed
over O'Brien's lace, as he regarded his el
der son, the heir to his personal beauties
and accomplishments and to his cast off
clothes. It was of little use the latter were,
for the father usually exacted so much oi
ihem, that when they descended to the son,
sad make-shifts were necessary to keep up
in them any show of integrity, however
superficial. And the stitches which were
hurriedly taken between 'whiles, by his
mother, had a comprehensive character
which brought distant parts of the garments
into a proximity very far from their origi
nal intention. The difference in size be
tween father and son permitted a latitude
in this respect, and the gathering together
ol the fabric produced nn appearance more
picturesque than elegant. As lo the extra
length of the garments,' hat soon corrected
itself, and Paddy junior's ankles prcst-nied
a ring of ragged fringe, or a couple of
well developed calves protruded in easy
indifference. Indeed he teat abroih of a
boy, good-natured and " bidable," aa he
waa ragged and careless. It waa lime
that his good properties should be made
available and that some of the other
young ones should have a chance at their
father's wardrobe.
It was a aad thing to part with Paddy.
Necessity knows no law, and he was ap
prenticed to a farmer with more land and
fewer children than Patrick O'Brien. And
it was no less sore lo Paddy to leave the
homestead, lhanj for his brothers and sis
ters and father and mother lo give up the
" moral tof his father." Those whose
hearta are not united by a community in
privation, and whose easy lives present no
exigencies in which they are compelled lo
feel with and for each other, ean separate
without tears, and be re-united without
emotion. But the few miles of distance
which were now to be placed between lit
tle Paddy and ihe cot where he was born,
seemed to him almost an unbounded desert ;
and the going away from home, though
for so small a journey, was equivalent to
banishment. He took a sorrowful review
of all the familiar objects which had been
hia companions from birth- There was
not a scratch on the cabin walls that did
not aeem to him as a brother ; not a mud
hole around the premises that waa not as
an old familiar friend. But he manfully
tore himself from all ; and it was with no
little sensation of independence IhM he
fell that henceforth he was really to earn
his own living, and to eat bread which
hould not diminish the breakfasts of the
rest. There were other circumstances
too, as yet undeveloped, which aided him
in becoming reconciled. The inmates of
the new home were not strange to little
Paddy, and one of them, in special, he
had a childish weakness and fondness for.
It is not our intention to say thai Paddy
and little Norah knew anything about what
boarding-school misses call undying af
fection ; for such nonsense was beyond
their years, and schools were above their
opportunities. But leave we faddy to
establish himself in his new home, while
we return to the O'Briens.
Sorrow a bit of difference they soon
found, did Paddy's absence make in the
consumption of food. The potatoes were
as extensively devoured as ever, and little
Paddy'a hand-turns were much missed.
His bright face gone left a blank which
nothing seemed lo fill ; though Mrs. O'
Brien, blessings on her, as far aa enume
ration went, soon made up the same tale
hat there was before Paddy'a extradition
There waa a half thought in ihe father's
mind of christening tho new comer Paddy
also, since the removal,of his favorite boy
waa like death to bim ; and be really be
gan to feel as if names would run abort if
the wearers were not duplicated. J his
notion, however, was over-ruled by the
bright face of Pat himself, who came at
the first opportunity to bid the new broiner
uood morning.
" Which of the childer is that wid you,
Paddy t" said his mother, who had re
moved with her knitting to the bed in the
dark corner. (
Sure it'a none of oer childer at all.
said Paddy, while Norah blushed for the
fira lime in her life, and both had the first
glimjue of a revelation; '
the mastei'a Norah. 1 thought may be,
the walk would be lonely."
Mrs. O' Bricn looked on the consequences
of her own fear of loneliness consequen
ces which had multiplied around her, till
an houi's solitude, asleep or awake, had
berome one of the never-to return joys
which songs sing of. She had a prophetic
dream of a similar destiny for Paddy and
Noiah, but said nothing to put precocious
notions into children's heads. Eilen did
not half like her brother's bringing a stran
ger home with him and she would have
let Norah perceive her displeasure, but her
heaitwastookind lodoanybody a disservice.
Norah was soon put at ease almost. Bjt
Ihe double visit was not repeated till long
afterward. Meanwhile Norah and Paddy
were "set to thinking." That visit, made
in the innocence of their hearts, robbed
these hearts of a portion of that innocence.
Before, they had been as a new brother
and sister now as they grew in. years
constraint increased between them. At
last, resolved upon what she called a better
understanding, Paddy forced Norah to
confess in words what she might easily
have taken for granted. And they pledgt d
themselves, young as they were, to a lifa
of privation, and the same chance of more
mouths than food, which had been Paddy'a
own idea ol a household ever since he
could remember his experience in the
new home excepted.
Paddy went home one evening without
Norah, fully resolved to divulge what he
had determinded on, in set words a labor
he might have saved himself, as it was all
guessed long before. His time was out in
a few months, and he had resolved, as soon
as one bondage waa concluded to enter into
another. In the years he had been away,
he had visited home too often to be surpri
sed at the changes which had taken place.
Ellen looked old she seemed the mother
of her brothers and sisters, for care fasi
brings the marka of years ; and ihe mother,
tall, gaunt and thin, looked as if she might
have been Ihe grand-parent of the children
around her. Patrick, senior, waa belter
aaved, but time ahowed its marka on him
loo, and those not light ones. He was more
peevish than formerly ; he retained the
same black pipe longer in service,and kept
it, too, in use more constantly, for there
waa scarce an hour of ihe day when its
fragrance waa not issuing. And as strong
tobacco ia toe apt to require strong accom
paniments, we are compelled to acknowl
edge that Patrick O'Brien was contracting
a taste for lesa harmless potations than
Poor end content is rich. Poor and
discontented is poor indeed. Ellen feit the
infection of unhappiness.and the very chil
dren seemed to have grown miserable.
Squalor and negligence had marked the
whole household, and Pat had learned lo
make his visit unpleasant performances ot
duty, instead of the hilarous occasions that
they once were. It was no wonder that he
preferred a quiet evening in his second
home, w here he could ait and watch Nor-
ah's busy fingers, rather than a visit to his
own father's house ; for their cracked and
dissonant voices jarred harshly, children
ried, and the welcome which he once met
had changed to the utterance of mutual
complaints, and perhaps to unsuspended
jarrings among those whom he loved.
There seemed a "spell on the place.
illen said "Sure there's no luck here
any more.' And a neighbor, who bad a
son over sea, put a new thought in her
head. Ellen waa often desired to act as
amanuensis to answer hia letters. If her
epistles were not clerkly Ihey were written
aa dictated, and it may be shrewdly expec
ted that the person to whom I hey were writ
tea liked ihem none the less.that he detected
the hand-writing, though signed, "your af
fectionate mother." Such a paradise as
American letters revealed lo her, could not
fail lo make her discomforts worse by con-
rast. But the paradise was to her for a
long time a thing unhoped for, unthought
of. At last a new resolution occurred to
"Sure, mother," she said one day," we'd
better be in Ameriky."
The mother smiled at the impossibility
But Ellen had set her heart on it. She
was the prep of the house the only one in
it, indeed, who had any strength or deter
mination left. Need we say ahe earried
her point! She reasoned father and moth
er into the desirableness of the change, and
they both could but acknowledge that any
thing would be preferable lo their present
situation. 1 ne correspondence to wmcu
she had access furnished her with argu
ments, and the will once found for the en
terprise, the way no longer presented in
superablft obstacles. All had been discussed,
and the journey waa luliy determined up
on, when Paddy reached ihe cottage with
hia plans in his head selfish plans, fcllen
afterward said they were.
"Sure," cried she as he entered,- "here's
Patrick, too, will go with us."
"To Ameriky. Patrick," aaid In ffjPSF,
takine the nine from his mouth to wiicfi h:i
ton's faxre, The turf M ntffMMft:
ed, and bewildered. It was all new lo bim
and he could make oo reply, save to re
"A-mer-iky !
"To be sure," said Ellen. "What'll we
wail here for.doing no good at allT There'
Phelim may be president, and Mike a djuke,
and Terrcnce a parliament man, and Brid
get marry a lord, and
"And Ellen V inquired Patrick, with a
quizzical look, which contrasted curiously
with his wo-begone expression.
"Sure the bej of the land will be hers,"
said her mother. "Hasn't he been the
born slave of the whole of yc's f She
did n't go away from her mother' side,
not she, for neither board and keeper !"
" Mother!" expostulated Paddy.
"More she didn't," continued the mother
vexed at her son's cool teception of their
good news as she deemed it. " She didn't
find new young mates, and forget the mo
ther that bore her!"
"Mother !" said Patrick, "yo $mt me
away; ye know ye did. Sure I'd not gone
to the Queen's palace asseif, but you mt
me away, so you did."
Thrue for you, Patrick !" said Ellen,
breaking in to keep ihe peace. "Thrue (or
you ; aed more be token of that we'll wel
come y su back again. Your serv ice is up,
come Easter, and then we'll all crosa ihe
wide sea together ."
Poor Patrick ! All the various modes in
which he had conned over his intended
communication were put to flight in a
moment. This waa no time to speak of
any such proposals for with half an eye
to such contingence, Patrick knew his mo
ther had spoken. Never had the way
back seemed so long to Patrick aa it did
that night. He had committeJ himself by
no engagement to go with his family to the
new land over the sea ; but he saw thai
they all chose to take his going for grant
ed. The children supjiosed il of couaee,
thinking of nothing else ; and the elders
deemed it the best way to admit no qaes
lion. Norah listened ia vain that night
for Paddy's cheerful whistle aa he neared
the house. She wondered, and fell asleep.
But there was no sleep for Patrick.
Norah waa too diffideat to ask Patrick
how he sped the next day but did n't she
burn to know 1 At length, and with a ve
ry sad face.he told her all except his moth
er's covert and undeserved reproaches.
Norah listened with a tear in her eye, for
she could not dissemble. She did not in
terrupt him, and when he censed, ahe said:
Sure you'll go with ihem, Patrick,
"Sure I'll do no sucb thiag, Norah, dar
ling 1" And he hugp) her lo his heart
with a suddenness which she could not
foresee, o ad an energy she could not resist,
had she wished it.
CencludiJ neat tcerJk.
To the Editor of the Lewuburg Chronicle -
in Conarom. to aie ire.ter lirersa la S.lu.!.,, !
uv rrvcut prrcucs mww ana firHIt ID'I'r.et .
despots better cksnres to turn the free fit-IJs and j limited number of SCrAS to peraons Of eom
forests of the East. Jloith and West into hunuug panies, at a email per centsge on the eold
frronnd far human Hait.m ti M.;nJ.l - ..t
a pswsge oi liivtne iw, which I beg to qu ite
far the instruction of Southern soul bounds and
their Northern apologista aee DsuL xxiii. 15 :
THEE : thoc shit sot oreasse bim."
fhe holy principle of Man's Right to Liberty
can not be eitinuthed by oppressive laws made
ny Dargams Deiwaen jsiava-aeelers and.trarkhnf
Northern politicians; and henre I do not fear the
fair fields of Pennsylvania ean ever reek with the
blood of the land-pirate's prey, aa pictured br
vTsiTTisa in toe accompanying lines. .
The Ilunters of Men.
rtsre je hesn! or our banting, e'er mountain suit glen.
Through eane-brake and rbnst the hantiiut of Meal
The lords of our land to this banting hsrs cone.
An the fci-hueter follow, the round f the horn :
Bark! the cheer and ths hallo the eraek of tbs whip.
And the ell of the hound ss he fcatens his grip!
All blithe are our hunters, snd noble their nuteb
Though Aimdmtf an eanght, there are tVwMmb to catch :
So peed to their hunting, o'er mountain snd gleo.
Through cue-brake and forest tbs hunting of men I
flay luck to car hunters how nobly thev rids '
In the glow of their seal, and the strength oT their pride!
Ths Priest, with bis eaMork flung hack on the wind, ,
Jut srrecning tbe politic Statesman behind
The nint and the rinoer, with earning aad prayer
The drunk snd the sober, ride merrily there.
And woman, kind woman -with, widow, and maid
ror the good of Me aaafed. Is lending her aid ;
Her loot's in tbe stirrup ber hand on ths rein-
How blithely ihe rides to tbs hunting of meat
Oht goodly and grand Is our hunting to see.
In this land of tbe braie and this noma of the ftwt"
Priest, warrior, and utateimsa, from Georgia to Maine.
AU mounting tbe saddles all grasping the rein-
Right merrily bunting the black man, whose skin
la the curl of bis hair and tbe hue or his nkinl
Wo, now, to the bunted who turns bim at bay!
Will our hunters be turned from their porposs and preyf
Will their beans fail within them, or Bjsitss trsmMs,whea
All roughly tbey tide to tbe hunting of men t
Hot alms tbr oar banters all weary and Aunt
Wax tbe curse of the sinner sad prayer of tbe saint.
The born Is wound faintly the echoes are still
Over esne-braks and rlrer, and kirett and bill :
Haste altts ft our banters t the boated one mors
Have turned from their flight with their backs to tbs abstsc
What right bars fVy ber in the boms of ths whits.
Shadowed o'er ty oar banner of Ireedotfi ant Bight f
Ho t alms tot tbs banters er nerer again
Will tbey rids ia their pomp to the banting of meal
Aurs-itm aw our busier, ! why mS ye delay,
When their pride and their glory are saelting away t
Tbe parson has turned; r, oa eaarg of his own,
VTho goeth a warfare, (or basting,) akrne f
Ths politic statesman looks back with a sigh
There is doubt in all heart, there is fcar in bere;
Oht haste, lest thai doubting sad sr sbaU prVTafl,
And the br ad U oil ileed take tbe plass of h tali
Obi haste, sra he lean ml Sw wh5 will rids tbrn,
Br. Hug on California.
Mr. T. Butler King hai made bis re
port on California. He rates the pn
populeiion at ltO.000, estimating its in
crease Curing the year commencing May
. .U I . . .
i.ina aeg inning oi tne neat Cry aeaaoo.lo
200,000. He represents the agriculture
resources of the Slate aa imsMnse. There
is a vast extent of pasture land, unsur
passed for verdure aad richness. Wild
oals grow spoataneoua on all the plains,
yielding aa average annual crop of forty
bushels to the acre. Any number of eat
tie and sheep can be raised there. Cattle-
raising ia a great element of wealth. For
merly the cattle were killed only for their
hides, which were worth 94, for export
Now, cattle ue worth from tiO to S30
head. California is finely adapted lo
wool growing, which will be a basis for
large manufacture on her noble water
courses. 1 he wine grepe grows freely
throughout the State, and the future value
of California vineyards will be immense.
The importa needed tor California for
the next year, are estimated at f,000.
000 flour, 14.000.000 lumber, end tS,
000,000 in other articles, making a total
of 12,000,000. Lumber is now f?l per
thousand feet, which ia lesa than the ex
pense of cutting it in California. The
gold region ia set down as extending abo-jt
COO miles north and aouth, and about 60
miles east and west, giving an erea of 88,
000 square miles, or 23,0-10.000 acres.
It rises iu an inclined plane from the Sac
ramento valley to the Foot Hills, an eleva
tion 4,000 feel. Between these hills and
the Nevada mountains, a somber of
streams have their source, runing west
ward. Twelve of these rivera were ex
amined by Mr. King, and found to be all
rich in gold, and Mr. King believes the
whole quart! plain, equal to 9,000 square
miles, is full of gold, bedded in the quarts,
and that therein lice the greatest mineral
wealth of California. j
The whole number of gold hunters sow
in the region is set down at 32,000, of
which 18.000 are foreigners, and 7,000
Americans. The Chilians and Sonorians
have carried off 38.000.000, and the
Americans about f 15.000,000. The Chil
ians a re 'described aa ei pert diggers. Du
ring the next dry season, Mr. King esti
mates that 140,000,000 will be dug out
In the quarts regions the mining can be
done in the wet season, while it can not
in what are called ihe ean j, or dry dig
emirs. The emount of sold that will be
procured from May 1st, 1651, to Novem
ber 1st. 163, ia estimated at 9100.000,.
000. Mr. King recommends that the
gold lands bereitine-i as public property
for ever, as a source of national revenue.
Ti workers and diggers of gold, lis propo
ses to grant permits at the rate of one ounce
for each pound. For the encouragement
i t t r
m " n. proposes tswawa oi .
Be Vlte Awake I
About any honest employment Provid
ence throwa in your way. sTep at it
heartily and earnestly at it. Don't slsck
up snd be languid. Boll en. VTe will
give you a dish of capital rcssoas and a
variety of them.
1. That is the way to be happy. i
have lived," said Dr. Adam Clarke, "long
enough to know that the great secret of
human heppittese is this ; never euffar
your energies to stagnate. The old ad.tge
of 'too many irons in the fire,' convey e en
untruth. Toucan not have too many
poker.tongs and all keep them all going.'
2. That is ihe way to aecoavpliah a
vast deal in a short life. The late VTm.
Hazlitt remarked, " There is roowt enough
in human life to crowd almost every ert
and science into it. The mora we do, the
more we can do ; ihe more buay we are,
ihe more leisure we have.
3. That is the way to be contented.
The unemployed are elways restles and
uneasy. Occupation quiets the mind by
giving il something to do. Idleness makes
it like an empty stomach, uneasy. The
mate of a ship, having put everything to
rights, celled on the captain for what neat
should be done. Tell them to scour the
anchor," was the reply, on the principle
thai occupation, however needless, save
from the discontent of idleness.
4. That ia the way to keep out of bed
eorrtpaoy. lie will rose wno naa not rest
mm -a l a a .
for his mind in some occupation. And
roving, he will fell in with other rovere.
They are birds of e feather. And, as
oatharerl hurninii broads augment the
flame aod heat, ao do gathered rovers and
loalers and idlers augment Ihe taste and
activity of each Ciller's minds for evil
5. That is the way lo disappoint Sa'an.
He cornea up lo the idler with assurance
ef a victim ; from tbe well-occupied he
lonnrta ad mariner lion robbed of brS
orev. The one welcome, thsotht r irpul-
s-s's hire).'
9. .Thet ia the w ay lo pay dje respect
lo counsel front the highest of ell counsel
or. '"Dilim ia busifaeo," says the Di
vine Becord ! Do something, therefore
ihe right thing d it keep on doing it. "
Be wide awake about it. Iiotton Trav
First Pottry writUa in America.
The following fects were tskeo from
the archive of the H.sierica! Society,
The first poetic cftWoa ever p reduced
on Americeo soil, originated in a circum
etaace which was handsomely explained
by one of the full bloods of the 'J.bwa (or
aa we eall ihem) the Chippewa. All ,
those who he ve witnessed the performances
of the Indians of the Far West in our city,
must recollect the cradle, aad the mode ia
which lee Indians brine up their ch.Idreo.
Sooa after our forefathera lacdsd at Ply
mouth, some of the people went out into a
field where Indian women were picking
strawberries, and observed several eradlea
hung upon ihe bough of it, with the
infects fastened upon them a novel and
curious sight to any European. A gentle
breeae sprang up aad waved the eradlea to
and fro. A young man, one of the party,
peeled off e piece of birrh-bark and wrote
be following, which haa been repeated
kou sands of lime by the thousands of
Americeo matron, very fw of whom ever
new or ce red of its origin.
lal-a-sy tsky upon th tn top.
Wh Uu wind biovt the entile will fork ,
When Uic UMtfh bend, the end.'- will bil
aa4 ttViva wUl runa tal-erby bsbv aad ailr
Some may affect a snetr ci this crad e
song of infancy, but o are sure ii will not
be those who have read Robin Hood, nor
yet those who have wept et the patbefts
ballad of the Babes in the Woods, wished
to be "bigger" that tbey might kill that
cruel uncle, and forgot all their sympathy,
when the angel ''did ttar the babes away.
It will not be those who have bent over
ihe charmed pages of Arabiia Nights,"
nor those who regard the impressions of
childhood as the germs of a'.! their subse
quent thoughts and deeds.
It is ths writer ef the nursery rhytca
sad the people's song, who ecbieves uni
versal faaae. Chi'de Harold will be for
gotten while M Uncle Ned" i fresh ia
memory : "deareal Mae'' will touch s re
epoeaive chord, when the last line of Ger
trude of Wyoming has mouldered to dast
Cf all profession followed in ourcouB
try, there ie an one which, in proportion to
its usefulness, y;e!d s mear.sr remunera
tion thaa that of teach'agt. Considering;
how laborious th protesa oa is how irk
some its monotonous ifjdgery. unreverse?
by the continue! chn(t.e which cheat other
errrploywsrnt of muck of their weariariniv
eeae 1 there ie ao toil which ehoulJ be
wore richly and uagrudg'Rgly paid far
thaa that of instructor. A good srho!-
master ha to be not ealy one of ibe bef
duceted, but one of the kardest-workieg
men in the community. To qualify him
self for the profession, he is obliged to
pend meay years in preparatory study ;
his edvretion costs him no costempr.bla
sum ; ana once having coaimenced h:s
labors than which aone are more eihaua
ting to the vital powers of mind and body
begins to .move in e dull, unvarying,
Iread-mill track ; the spring of his mind
is soea gone ; ite ambition s:ifled, its en
ergies deedeaed ; and when, at last, after
years of never ceasing, but miserably re
qui ted toil, he wouii seek a living from
seme mora remunerative occupation, he
finds he can not do so, for he is intellectu
ally but Ihe wreck of a man a'l ihe stuS
there was iu him has been used up" in
the eenool-rown. For a few years, oae
may learn nyjch by teaching ; but efter
wards, there ia nothing which art rapidly
stuata the intelfectual growth, cramp the
energies, da-erf all the faculties of a man,
a the vocation of a schoolmaster. Yan
kee Bladt.
The Union.
It ie by reepeeting the right of the Stales
that wa may hope to reod-r our tuion per
petual. But the Union is not in danger-
TTia descendant of those mhe established
it know how to preserve it. M.llions of en
lightened anJ brave freemen etiind ready tc
defend it with their lives and tht irfortor.es.
Public servant may prove unfaithful, but
they will be degraded and dismissed. M s- .
guided fanatic may eeek to rob crte class
for the fancied advantage of another, but
they will receive the Joom of ihe highway
man who, nnder the fe!e presence of jus-
tice, robs one portion of cnmurtity logivs
lo another. Hot h-aVd chivnlry may tie-
light in gascoea'e abcut disunion ; w, .
when it dare lo procc d to aciion, the re.
bcls will he overpowered snd scourged intr
obedience to the law by tho strong anrs ol
the true-hearted citizen aoMiery of th
country ; and the ring leaders, instead cf
accomplishing their ambitious purpose,
hall meet the fate of irai'.ors, leaving be
hind toem the (wetxg in'T
around the rame rf Arc3 ui"
'See ArnnU. JAesa