Lewisburg chronicle. (Lewisburg, Pa.) 1850-1859, April 03, 1850, Image 2

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    nisa fend establish, to restrict anil exclude,
has been constantly exercised.
3d April, 1790. Congress excepted the
cession from North Carolina ofwhat ia now
Tennessee, with a slaver y clause ) and a
territorial governmeot was erected ia May
7ih April. 1739. Mississippi Territory
was erected, and the Ordinance or 1787
extended over it, except the 6th section.
This wss equivalent to the recognition of
the right m hold slaves.
7th My, 1800. lodiana Territory was
erected, and the Ordinance or 1787 exten
ded over it.
26 h March, 1S04. The territory ceded
by France in 1603 was erected into two
territorial government Or leans and Lou.
isiana. This was slave territory, and it
was permitted to remain so ; but the in
troduction or slaves from foreign countries,
and also from other Stater, except by Mi
llers, was prohibited. In 1810 tie su
preme court of Louisiana affirmed this law,
and decided that slaves introduced in con.
traveution of that law were free. 0 Mar
tin's Reps., 658.
1 tin Jan., 1805. Michigan was cre
ated a Territory, and the ordinance ex
tended over it.
8d February, 1809. A similar act was
passed for Illinois
4:h June, 1812. Missouri Territory
wsa created, and the same restrictions in
regard to ttie foreign and domestic slave
trade, as were applied to Louisiana, were
extended to her.
Sib March, 1820. Congress pissed a
bill authorizing Missouri to form a State
government, and prohibited slavery north
ol 36" 30.
3 J March, 1823. The importation ol
staves into Florida was prohibited, under
severe penalties and the freedom of the
30: h June, 1834. Congress passed a
taw repealing an act of the legislative coun
cil oi Florida, imposing a higher tax on
alaves of non-residents than on slaves of
oi residents.
20'.h April, 1838. Wisconsin was
erected intoa Territory, and the Ordinance
of 1787 extended over it.
In 1848, Oregon was created, and the
Wilmot proviso" extended over it
s' cava cued thee laws and acta of Con.
grass, Mb Chairman, for the purpose ol
ahowing to the country that, so far from
this power having been denied, there has
been an unioterrpted and unrestricted ex
crcise of this right of legislation by Con
gress, not only on the subject of slavery,
both for and against, both in restriction
and recognition, but on all subjects con
nected with the management and govern
ment of ihe Territories sod their inhabitants.
Put, sir, we have been told, in the pro
gress of this debate, that although the
Mexican law excluded slavery from these
Territories, yet the moment we acquired
them, the Constitution of the United Slates,
by virtue of its pro-slavery character, re
pealed that law, and established alavery
there. Now, this argument assumes two
things, neither of which, ia toy judgment,
are correct : 1st. That the Constitution of
the United Sates extends tot ho Territories ;
and 2ily. That it carries s 'a very wher
ever the United Slates have jurisdiction ;
and of course authorizes the South lo re
move there with their slaves.
These same gentlemen tell us. gravely,
that th's Constitution is a compart and a
compromise. A .id if so, when did these
Territories become parties In this compact
and this compromise! Rut, apart from
this argument, it may be clearly demon
strated that the Constiiution, in its gene
ral provisions, does not extend to the Ter
ritories. The Constitution declares that
M this Contitotion, and the laws of the
United States wJiich shall be made in pur
suance thereof, and all treaties, oxc, shall
be the supreme taw of the land." If the
Constitution extends there, then ail law
pasted in pursuance of its powers extend
there also ; and your legislation lor those
"Territories is a mere work of supereroga
tion. I'ut this is contrary lo the entire
practice and history oflhe Government.
Again : the Constitution declares that
the judicial power of the United S ates
ahall be vested in one Supreme Court, and
in such inferior courts as the Conerts-i
sney from time lo time orda n and estab
lish. The judge, both of the Supreme and
inferior courts, shall bold their office du
ring good behavior." No one, I appre
hend, will contend that the courts estab
lished in the Territories are part of the ju
dicial power of the United Slates. If so,
how dues it happen that the tenure of their
tfftces ie limited, and has always been so,
to lour years, in direct opposition to this
provision T The only satisfactory answer
I can find is. that these courts are erected
by Congress, in pursuance of the power to
make "oil needful rules and regulations
respecting the Territory" of the United
Stales, and in doing ao are not limited and
bound by the general provisions of that in
(rumen i. Who ever beard cr supposed
hat, by the acquisition of L:ui"isna, the
writ of habtaa torput and the right of trial
by jury were extended there Vet auch
would have been the immediate conse"
cuence of the operation of the Constitution,
which secure and guaranties thee rights
to all ho come within the pale of its pro
visions. I: was but at the lt session of
Congress that a proposition pus made lo
f-xtend le Celts' i'.u'ion o (el.forrjia ; and
I believe almost every Southern gentleman
voted for that proposition. But why do
this, if it wss already there in full force T
I regard this as a plain and distinet admis
sion that tbe only part of the Constitution
which has any operation upon the people
there, ia that provisoo which enables ua to
legislate for iheth.and which your Supreme
Court snys,is '"only limited by the discre
tion of Cragess.'' But even admitting it
lo be there in full force ihd operation, 1
deny most emphatically, the conclusion
sought to be established, as I have shown,
in the former part of this argument, that
this Constitution never did and never will,
propiio vigort, authorize any one to hold
in bondage any single huima being ss a
slave. 1 do not say that Congress, under
this power, might not paas laws to that ef
fect; but I will say, such laws shall never
be passed with my vote or witb my consent.
But gentlemen ear, you can not exclude
us Irom equal participation in this common
treasure; vou can nut prevent us Irom go
ing to the Territories and carrying our
properly with us. 1 can only answer this
by saying, we give you an open field along
with us. We neither possess nor ask the
right to go and take sluves there, and why
should you possess any right that we do
uot f Cao not you, like us, go without
your slaves T Or do you regard them as
a part of your identity and existence ?
Wbst is property and what is not.is depen
dent on the local laws and jurisdictions un
der which we live. Yours give you the
right to hoi J and own slaves as property ;
and the Constitution of the United States
protects you in the enjoj men! of that prop
erty, and, in case of voluntary escape, en
ables you to recapture it. But whenever,
by )our own voluntary act, you remove
with your slaves beyond the jurisdiction of
those local laws and regulations (which
conferred upon you this right and this pro
perty) to another jurisdiction, which does
uot recognize and confer this right, not
only your local laws under which you had
held your slaves become inoperative, but
the Constitution of the United States no
longer secures you in that property, but
shields and protects the slave in the asser
tion of his freedom. Our local and muni
cipal laws confer upon us many rights and
franchises such as banks, insurance, and
older joint stock companies in which
much of our wcal'h and capital is em
barked ; yet the wi'desi enthusiast never
d named lor a moment that he could enter
the Teiritories and enjoy these rights there,
and thus carry his local and municipal pri
vileges beyond the jurisdiction by which
they were conferred though, I must ac
knowledge, I can sec oa good reason lor
the claim io the one case as in the other.
If gentlemen of the Suuth are sincere in
their belief of the unconstitutionality of leg
islation ol this kind over the Territory, it
appears to me they would manifest it, not
by heat and excitement here not by threat-
ning to "resist at all hazards an 1 to tbe
last extremity" not by calling conven
tions to dissolve the Union and destroy the
Government, but would appeal peaceably
to the Judiciary of the country to pro
nounce all tawa ot mat kiiio nu:i ana voia.
This would nppesr to suggest itself as the
more rational, as well as the more honest
and patriotic course.
In regard lo California, theae principles
ran have no application. The people of
i hat country have settled these matters "for
themselves. Tliey have formed a State
Government, and are here asking for ad
mission into the Union, as a sister State.
And upon what grounds can we refuse to
receive themt Gentlemen object because
the proceeding to form a constitution were
irregular and unauthorized by Congress.
But they should remember, at the same
time, that Congress and the country owed
it lo the people of California, and to the
thousands of ourcttizus emigrating there,
to establish them a government which
won'd afford them security and protection.
Solar from this, they were almost aban
doned by the Government, and left to lake
care of themselves as best they might. Un
der these circumstances, I hold that the
people of California were not only justified,
but had a perfect right, to meet and form
for themselves such government as they
deemed best adapted lo their situation and
necessities. Under the pressure of circum
stances, they did so; and the only inquiry
t wish to make i9, Is that Cons'.itution Re.
publican in its form t This, I believe, is
not d sputed. Then why will you repulse
her from your door, and spurn her Repre
sentatives, who are as justly entitled to their
seats as any other members upon this floor?
Besides, sir, this very actioo of the people
of California was referred to by the late
President of the United States, in hia mes
sage to Congress at the last session, aa
probable and desirable; and a bill lor thai
purpose, if 1 mistake not, was introduced
by a Democratic Senator. Did the South
then feel alarmed?. Did they then call
conventions, nnd propose "to resist at all
hszards and to the Inst extremity !" Was
there a siogle member of the last Congress
who at the adjournment on the 4:h of
March, 1849, did not believe and expect
that the people of California would adopt
tbe nnly alternative lefi them, of providing
tor their own governmeot T It was the in
evitable result of the most ungracious and
unkind abandonment by this Government,
and that, too.owitig 13 the difficulty arising
from this question of slavery, hieh they,
aa they bad a perfect right lo do,have now
settled and adjusted for themselves
But things have now assumed a different
aspect, and a great "change has come
over the spirit of the dream" of gentlemen
from the South. Zachary Taylor has
been elected President by the people of the
United Slates. The spoils of office and the
hope of preferment have disappeared from
the visions of gentlemen, and it became
necessary lo wage an unrelenting and b i
ler war upon hia Administration. And,
sir, the course ol this debate has more than
convinced me that much of the aound
and fury" we have heard on this question
has been instigated and fomented by the
maddening and turbulent spirit of party
passion and party rancor. And in the
prosecution of this warfare, gentlemen
have been -.wept along by a whirlwind ol
passion, which has drowned the voice of
their sober reason and their better judg
ment. We want no stronger proof of this thsn
the very absurd, not to say ridiculous.
reasons which have been urged against the
admission ol this State that the formation
of this constitution and the exclusion of
slavery was brought about by Presidential
interference ; thai the Presidents Southern
man and a slaveholder, employed T. But
ler King, another Southern man and
slaveholder, to go to California for the
purpose of inducing the people el that Ter
ritory to form a constitution, and to prohibit
the introduction of slavery there by force,
or fraud, or persuation. If the President
had been guilty of the folly and stupidity
w.hich gentlemen on the other side attribute
to him, he would deserve the maledictions
which have been heaped upon him for em
plo ing such an agent for such a purpose.
But, air, these charges are wantonly made,
ia the very face and teeth of the most over
whelming and irrefragable proofs to the
contrary, and are reiterated with the full
and comp'ete evidence before them of ail
theinstructions. They attempted no auch
interference as are charged by gentlemen
on the Democratic side of this Hall. I re
gard it as the best encomiums upon this
Administration, when talented and honor
able gentlemen are driven to auch misers,
ble shifts to furnish ammunition lo prose
cute their warfare. The people of this
country will never believe a charge ao
utterly unsubstantiated by a single proof,
and that carries w ith it its own refutation.
Nay, the gentlemen's constituents will not
believe it, nor do they believe it themselves.
If there be a siogle individual upon this
floor who believes this charge, then I can
rnly say that there are stranger " things
(not in heaven and earth only, but in this
Ilatl too,) than I have ever dreamed of in
my philosophy.
But if this- charge were even true, 1
hold,air,lhat that would afTord no sufficient
ground to exclude California. Would
you do injustice to the people of a State,
and leave them to anarchy and copfusion,
simply because an officer of the Govern
ment bad been remiss or unfaithful in the
performance of his duly t Is not her con
stitution republican in its form T Is there
anything in it repugnant to the principles
of the Constitution of the United States !
If not, sir, I hold the: you can not reject
her. That constitution comes here with
the sanction of the people, and ihe broad
seal of her approval ; and that, sir, should
operate as an indisputable passport lo her
full, immediate, and cordial reception.
Her convention was composed of men
from all sections of the United States, and
of natives of California. Sixteen Southern
gentlemen, and ten Northern, il I mistake
not, were in that Convention. They
regarded the question of slavery as settled
then, not only by the Mexican law, but.sir,
for all lime to come.by ihe character of the
soil, the nature oflhe climate, ihe produc
tions oflhe earth. tbe habits and sentiments
oflhe people, and above al! by the immut
able interdict of the laws of nsture and of
1 am, therefore.for these reasons, in favor
of ihe adin:sion of California, with her
present constitution, and her present boon
daries, irrespective of all and every other
question and consideration. And I deem it
but right to say, if California, under the
same circumstances, were here with a rec
nitinn of slavery in her constitution, much
aa I would have regretted it, upon the
same principles I should have felt rovself
bound to vole for her admission, leaving
tbe evil and responsibility lo flow from il
to rest upon ihem and their children.
In regard to the Territories, I have only
lo say, I am willing to adopt the same
principles and arguments I have been a p.
plying to California. I am willing, so far
as New Mexico and Deserel are concerned
to leave the settlement of all questions of
local and domestic policy to the decision of
ihe people themselves, who are to be affec
ted by those laws and regulations. I take
occasion to say, that I fully endorse the
views and sentiments so ably enforced and
recommended in tbe message of ihe Presi
dent of the United Slates, now under dis
cussion. '
I recognize there, sir, one of ihe sublim
es! principles opon which our free institu
tions are based not ' only ihe right, but
the ability, of tbe people to govern them
selves. 1 am one of those who advocate
this right, and believe in this ability in its
fullest extent. Our system of territorial
government has not, in every instance, as
sert I end maintained th's right, hat havef
sometimes assimilated themselvea lo the,
colonial regulation of Great Br.f.in. This!
suited, perhaps from the
population, and Ihe nature and necessitte. (
ol the case; out in regara w inese lerri-,
tories no auch necessity exists ; but give
them authority, but signify your assent,
and by the meeting of your next session of
Congress, they will present themselves, I
with their constitutions in their hands, and
ready lo take their atand aa States in the
ranks of thia great aod glorious Confed
eracy. This I deem not only the best and most
just polisy in regard to the Territories
themselves, and aa tending to promote em
igration and settlement there, by assuring
leople of the security of the law and the
protection of I heir rights, but as calculated
to allay excited and embil'ered feeling be
tween different sections of our couutty.
Mere is a piriform, a Democratic platform,
too, upon which all may meet ; and peace,
and harmony, and quiet be restored to the
I am not one of those who are alarmed
for the safety of ihe Union. No excite
ment we can raise here, no conventions
we can hold elsewhere, will accomplish
this object. Attachment to thia Union,
the work of our fathers of the Revolution,
has become a part of our nature, and is as
sociated with all lhat we prize, and all
that we expect, as a people and a nation.
Politicians may prate glibly about it, and
soma restless, disappointed spirit may de.
sire it ; but its shield and protection, ihe
assurance of its integrity and perpetuity,
are found in the wisdom, ihe patriotism,
an d affections of twenty millions ol free
men. What objections, therefore, has any
gentlemen, and particularly any Southern
gentlemen, to thia mode of disposing of
the question T I look upon this not aa a
Whig or Democratic platform, not inten
ded to give any advantage to either North
or South, but to refer it where it may be
properly and justly decided, and that, too,
by those who will not only have the best
means ofjodging properly in regard to the
wants and necessities of the country, but
who have also the greatest interest in
adopting such a government as will be
best adapted to their wants and condition,
and auch as will most effectually secure
them in the enjoyment of life, liberty,
and the pursuit of happiness."
My own views are, therefore, Mr.
Chairman, opposed lo the formation of
any territorial governments. I desire not
only to leave this question, but all others
which are of a local and municipal char
acier, to the people who are to be affected
by those laws and reflations. Thia is
the great principle upon which our own
Government rests; upon which. our Dec
laration of Independence and our Constitu
tion are founded. So for as I shall have
any vote or my influence, I shall give il
for upholding this great principle hers and
everywhere, now and for all lime to como.
I can not consent, lor one moment, to the
proposition oflhe gentlemen from Georgia,
Mr. Toombs,) thwl il ia tha duty of Con
gress to remove the impediment presented
bjr the Mexican laws, and . thus enable Ihe
South lo carry their alaves into those free
Territories. If the people of those Terri
tories ahall see proper, in the organization
of their State constitutional by their laws,
to permit this, be it so ; aad the evil and
the responsibility ahall rest with and upon
them. For my own pan, I am for freedom,
for liberty, in ils widost and largest sense.
And if I had the power to do it.wiibout the
violation of any moral or political obliga
tion, I would strike ihe shackles from eve
ry living humao being upon the face of the
earth in every nation. in every clime and of
every color, unul man. everywhere,
Kuld rise lo the dignity of his nature and
his destiny, and atnnd forth in the broad
sunlight of Heaven, and in tbe words of
tbe Irish barrister, "redcemed.regeoerated,
and disenthralled by ihe irresistible genius
ol universal emancipation."
Mr. CsnWBLL. I ondertnd lh honorable
genllemso from Pennsylvania to ciracole the
power of Congrcaa to xi lude Slsvery from Ihe
nswly aruiieil Territories. I wouM wk him,
with bis prrmi-sion. lo answer ma, hdh-r be U
willing lo vjla for iis sie!usioo in a bill organiz
ing Territorial G jtarmaenla t
Mr. Cash. I hive argued, as the genlleasn
from Ohin has beard, al lrngtb,lhs question of the
right lbs eonsiituuonal right; but I am nw
sterling snJ argu ng the inherent sd1 inalienable
righl of tha people la make their own Iswe sod
adopt their own form of government.
Mr. Caowstx. I wish lo inquire whether the
geotfessanoocedinf the righl.doe not admit and
contend that il is lbs duly of Congresses 8lavery
is "a moral sna political evil." (es be etatrs it lo
be,) to exclude it by legislative enactment t
Mr. Uasbv. I can only tell the gentleman from
Ohio,what neither be nor any one else eaa diapure
or disprove, lhat slavery is already excluded by the
Mexican law by tbe superior law of nature; and
thai lbs Wilmot proviso can not mors eflertusliy
exclude h than ia already done. Qeaidee tbiajhe
Wilmot proviso would only continue lo bind, so
long aa it should remain aaaer territorial govern
ment. Wbea it becomes a Bute, the people
wooU have a lull and pa fret righl,iit the exercise
of their sovereignly, to establish and introduce
Slavery if they saw proper lo do so. Ohio, the
geoUsmea'a owa 8tete. which wee under tha Or.
dinaoee of 1797. coald, any day. if her people
deeirad it, eaUbhah slavery within her borders. Of
wbst benefit, therefore, can tbe Proie be tu the
Territories under theae eiicaoMlsaceat
Mr.Caowsu egain interrupted, sod said, thai
ia order to show that tbe gentleman u mistaken
in supposing ibat tbe God of nstars bad so forti
fied this territory that stiver eoulj nit be Intra
docsd. be aked tta en.UW. rmiio . to
bav. tb. Clsrk read 'fr"" w Thr
: . g Qio rt such p-rpo-.
- . j or jh upon iis own
merits. I bav. not cited MVvp.?er Ir.gmeoU to
. r an ftnairinfie. and
prove my arguments and loniry - r '
0 , mit w the.o interlard. d speech,
the; ere not slwejs regsrded ss a"00" ""horny
and particularly soma Ir -m that qua""-
I agree, sir.witb the gentleman irom I .
(Mr. Williams) who has juat preceded me thai
gentlemen too often talk here, sir, lor eueei
I ui ajwuwuivw. - w " . . .
North and tbe 8utb may be chargeable with it
For my own pert, my informstion on the subject
x T Ttnl. nefhane. I
justifies me in saying, that I believs it u the case
to a greater extent si the Bouth.than at tbe ftortn.
Gentlemen bavs vied with each other on the hus
tings at home in denouncing the Proviso and
AWiiionism, until they have raised a feeling end
an excitement there among their people, and are
compelled lo carry out the farce here, lo make
their constituents believe they were serious at
home, and to induce ibem lo eend them back to
save the country end lo save tbe South.
These are my views.eir,upn this question and
I claim for them no other merit than that of being
the honest snd settled convictions of my owa
mind, and tbe reault of calm and dispassionate
rt flection. That these distracting and disturbing
questions will be sell led, and settled in ueh a
way as to produce snd foster kind and fraternal
feeling between every pait and portion of our
widely extended country, I most ardently hope
end sincerely believe. And that ere long we ahall
hail, not only California and New Mexico aa stars
in the great constellation of cHates, but ibat each
revolving year will sdd new gems to this galaxy
of nations! glory and of greatness. And that this
mighty West will be thronged with ihe popula
tion, Ibe wealth, end the enterprise which thai
continue to roll ita ewelling tide over it bouud!ee
praiiks snd fertile plaine. When oui flag ahall
0 .at, and our empire extend from where the brond
Atlan'ic laves our eastern shores, lo where the
pesceful billowa of the greet Pacific daab, and
break, and die away. And I cm only h.p that
ibie Union, purchased by the blood and toil of the
Rcvolution.and endeared by a thousand thronging
memories of tbe past, and our glorious Constitu
tion, the monument of our fathers' wisdom and
patriotism, shall still stand the admiration and the
hope of tbe world ; and ita blessings and benefits
descend to oar children.and lo their posterity .end
to the millions who ehall gather end rest beneath
ita broad 'gis "Till the last ay liable ol recordsd
Denn:ratlc Ccranty Heetlag.
The democracy of Union county assem
bled at the Court House, in New Berlin,
on Tuesday thr: 26th March for the pur
pose of taking into consideration the condi
tion of the country with regird lo slavery,
RosT SwiNEFORO, bsq , was called to the
chsir, nsststai by James Maiden, Cm.,
Jacob Stsn,;ler Teter Neiman, Dr. Jacob
llorlacher, dpt. John Fors er, snd Capt.
Jacob llumincl.Vice Presidents, and John
II Winter, Dr. U. 13. Dilwoith, and U II.
Forster, Secre:ari' S.
The object of the meciirg being stated
by Mr. Sienker, no motion, the Chair ap
pointed a committee of seven to report res-
olutions eipreasive of the views of the mee-
ting. Committee II. C. llickok, Esq.,
John V.Barber, I.sac Ej er, John Seaboid,
John M. Hauin, dun. John Snyder, John
The Meeting was ably and eloquently
addressed by Mj. Charles 11. Shriner,
Isaac S enkar. Ksq., Hon. John Snyder,
II. C. Hickok, Esq., aud B B. Uattnr,
The committee reported the following
preamble and reso!uiions,which were unan
imously adopted :
Whereas, il is the right and duty of the
people, in all tunes oi high political excite
ment, io assemble in their primary meet
ings and freely express tl.eir opinions upon
nit subjects which agitate lhepuLI:c mind, ;
therefore, be il
Resolved, 1. in the language oflhe CjI t
1 1 more platform "that Congress hits no
power under the Con-iiiiuiion to interfere
with or control Ihe dorni'.-tie institutions of
the seteiul fjiaies, and lhat such Stales
a re the sole and proper judges ol everything
nptertaiuing lo their owq allairs not pro
hibited by the CoiKUIntioii."
2. Thai we the democracy of Union
county, in county meeting nseinbled, for
tbii purpose of expressing our opiuions on
the subji.-ctol slavery, ihe admission of new
States, &C. do declare thitt Hie old-fashioned
democracy ol 1787, first proclaimed
by Thomas Jetfersofi aud a bnnd of n.t n
fresh from the tires of the revolution, and
redfclarod by tbn Puiitburg Convention of
1849, is good enough for us we will clinc
io it us the "ship wrecked maimer clings to
a last plunk when niht and ihe teuisi
r;oM; hroUIld him.''
3. That the territories acquired by us
from Mexico came to us free, are now free,
and we hope will for ever re:najn so, but
umlei the cir-uinstfiOces we think it right
and expedient thai the people of these
territories should settle Ibis question for
4 That we are in favor of the immedi
ate and unconditional admission nf Califor
nia into lite Union, with her present con
stitution aud bouud.triea.
5. l hat whilst this meeting approve of
the provisions of the Pennsylvania act of
Assembly of 1847, on the subject of fugi
tive slaves, in requiring the non-interler-
ence of our State authorities, they are in
lavor of passing, sustaining, and enforcing.
proper laws to punish any person or per
sons that shall interfere with ihe process of
the United States lu reclaiming fugitive
0. That we have no sympathy with the
attempts of northern fanatics and southern
demaojities to effect a dissolution of the
federal Union, but regard all such move
ments.from any section, as treasonable and
7. That we value the Union of these
Suites above alt price. ard regard its dis.
solution under any circumstances, or for
any cause, as calamity; whose magnitude
is bvynmt all computation, and we wi!
tanJ by it, and endeavor to preserve it it
iis integrity in every emergency and to the
ast eairrmhy. J ' j
8. That il is due? lo the sentimenta of the
majority of the nation, mat Congress should
unconditionally abolish the slave trade n
thr District of Columbia. " , ; ?
8. Thai the la riff of 1816, which accor
ding lo Whiggery aa preached by Ihe
Hon. James Pollock, was to send "ftrix
over ihe land in ninety days,' having jk
been in operation nearly Cur years.and the
nation being still according lo ilon Henr)
Clay, 'rich and powerful," his our undi
minisbed confidence Used as it is upon
principles that have received the sanction
of every democratic President from Jaek-,-n
to Polk.
On motion of Capt. Forster
Resolved that the proceedings of lhe
meeting be signed by the officers and pub
lished in Ihe Union Times, LewUburg
Chronicle, Democratic Union, Keune,
Pennsy Ivanian, and Spirit of the Time.
Signed by Ihe Officers.
ill I
H. O. EICXOX, Editor.
O. V. WOKPIxf, PabUaher.
Attl.Mnah In advaac. ft .? ! these snthe, eSaaal
wuhuTlL Tsar, and A4 e the e4 oT the Jse.
jLgswia n Pbil4ellbiar V 8 Palawr east S W Cat.
Lewisburg, Pa.
Weilnesday Morning;, April 3
A New Volume.
This week we commence Volume Seven
of theMlwiburg Chronicle.' Any one
who would compare the 1st No. with the
present would observe conclusive evidence
of progreas in tha newspaper, and collate
ral proof of tha advancement or ita locality.
May Lewisburg and the Chronicle contin
uc to flourish, for seven years to come, as
they have for aaven years past.
By looking at the first page of this pa
per. it will be seen Ibat the Printer has
made a change in the beading, which we
hope will be admired by all (aa it is by uj
for its neatness, completeness and freedom
Irom uselsss tillea and verbiage. It tails
tha whole story, and nothing more.
Thia change with a substitution of ihio
ner leads, or snares, between each line
weekly, lo the rending matter oflhe paper
We had hoped to have bought new type
and mad other improvements, but the
"wherewithal" does not yet warrant.
For many kind efforts to eatend our pat
ronago, we are grateful and bespeak a con
tinuance of sue 3 favors. Ur improve
ment, our appearance, and our spirit, will
keep pace with tbe iadusemonia and the
lion- John Cauowbh Caihou.i died
Washington City en Sunday morning last
aged 68 years. He stood in the from rank
of ihe great men of America.and his death
j although not uneipected, has created a
profound sensation throughout the Nation.
He was remarkable for great force of intel
loot, strength of will, and the unsullied
purity of his private life. Ho 5 1 lee) a larye
space in the public eyejfor near forty ears
past, and would doubtless have been eleva
ted to the Presidency long since, if he had
not, with a mistaken but sincere) devotion,
immolated himself on tha altar of South
Carolina's fancied interests. The grav;
has closed over bim.and hia political errors
will be forgotten in tha light of his many
personal virtues aad distinguished public
sei v ices.
f7The trial of Prof. Webster al Boston
for ihe murder of Dr.Parkman, resulted in
a verdict ol Guilty, last Saturday. On
Monday morning. Chief Justice Shaw sen
fenced him lo be hung. The evidence was
entirely circumstantial, but many portions
of it were so strong and pointed aa to be
irreconcilable with the supposition of hia
entire innocence. Yet, if tha reports of
the case which have reached us are accu
rate and faithful, there are several thinga
ot importance in tha management ol hia
defence which leave an impression on our
mind of either want of skill or fidelity on
ihe part of his counsel. We do not ex
actly gee. either, how the Jury could, un
der the evidence and the established rules
of law in criminal cases, justify a verdct
for murdar in the first degree. He was
certainly not entitled to any privileges that
would not be freely extended to the most
obscure individual in the community, yet
he arkmld have had, to the fullest extent,
the benefit of those doubts which are the
common right of every person arraigned
for a capital offence.
But, viewing it in any aspect, the
case ia oppressively painful, and has no
parallel in tbe history of our country. If
Prof. Webster be really guilty, it shows lo
what terrible straits expensive habits of liv
ing without a correajpjsdingirieome may
drive persons of even mature years, en
hgbiened understanding, anr) unblemished
r7"ln Congress, the auhjeci of Slavery
ia under discussion aa usualbut mndn
erate counsels prevail, and California wilt
be admitted as soon as members are de
livered of I heir speeches.
Mr. Calhoun's funeral look place on
.. IGrFather Ritchie, of the Washington
Union' in a letter to the New York Glob-,
admits that the Slave Trade in the Dis
trict of CofarmYt choold be abolished. '
i fjTMr. Miller, a Naturalist, from near
Boston, (who wMiin tlie Ial six nionih has
raveled oa fot from Lnke Ontario lo ihe
Gulf Costal .f Florida ) will lecture in the
busemenl of ihe Baptist church ou Thurs
day and Friday cveoins of this week, on
the Natural History of the State through
which he traveb-d de.-rnbiig the ciinmie,
amrnn!, plan's, scenery, of the d-lT.
rent localities on his rou e. lie pre-ent
reliable recommendations, and will d ubt
kss impart much iri;ereing information.
We bespeak lor him a full house. Tt a
price of admission is ftj at the merely
nominal mim ol 6i cents. Ticke:s cao bo
had at Mr. Lyndal.'.
tfZT"'Tte Miltonian seems disposed to
condemn Col. Sli.'er fur i.is opp-rsitmo to
the pmpond new county of Fretland.'
As-this discordant note comes from tha
Col. 'a own political fold, we a a pu'iririso
have notliirjf o o, with it except to look
on and enjoy ide fin. B it as a cit frn of
old Union, whose territory was tu h unce
remoniously carved op for th Vds and
little fisheV of Freeland, we must say that
we are glad th Col. has the firmness and
good ftilh tu ndhere to the writtcn.publiahed
pledge he nave on this auhjevt kt Fall.
j All the township in this county except two
are rtsolutely opposed to division; anr.
we think the majority in those townhips,t
their opinions coald be fully ascertained,
are a'so hosti'e to this unneces-ary and
impolitic mutilation ol our terri'ory.
The House passed a bill incorporating a
company to build a ralt-road from Htrris
burg to Sunbury, with the power to extend
i ho same lo William-pert.
A bill lo el-cl Prosecuting Atlornisv,
has passed the Senate, and we sincerely
hope will soon become a law. A bill his
also been reportod.and will doubtless pa-s,
lo elect the Auditor General and Survey
or General.
Tha Apportionment and Hank Dills are
still uader discussion.
Most of the members of the Legik;atura
on Saturday last made a p'e-tsure trip on
the Central Rail Road lo Lewiatown sr.4
j The bill lo convolidite Franklin aH
Marshall Colleges at Lancaster, hasps d
ihe Huue.
GTt.e proceedings of ihe Deir.orrttie
County meeting held at Now Berlin last
ek, will bo found in auoher coin run.
So far aa our observation ex en is, t!.ey
Mrmonixe wuh tbe eennmenu of iikio
teuths of ihe Dno rey of this county.
OO-We this week K ie our reader-, of
ill parte, aa opportunity io julge in e.ii
eotiy of our Congre-Mnal Rj reseuia
!, psitiou on the Slavery question, rts
onnavled with the Territories and ths
admission of California.
fcj The Columbia Democrat" has been
enlarged and io proved, and J. i. Fieri.
Esq., ie now associated with Col. Tate in
lie Editorial management. Good luck k
them I
0O"Svm conclusion of "Jao.es flell and
his Uucle Grey," vn the first paae. Youns
pe-ipk who lia e study' may p-otit by the
moral these sketches so hnppily uiculca'e.
ftCr We promise our readers a gre.iter
variety next eM. The Farmers' Cor
ner' is on the last pae in this- No.
0-TThe euil. Hiye vs Gudykunst, lst
week at New Berlin, resulsed in a verd cl
for Ihe Delendanr.
CO See list of RomovaU. New C .),
and other adveriisCfnetita in this wtrk'i
Sickness emnn the Primer's hsnis
will excuse the deiay in the issue o!" ilia
J"-Court, at Sunbury, thia week, tni
Novilius," next week.
A "MtiuuBRKo' Man roinn Aina
The E imrs (N. Y.) Gazeiid stais. (tut
a Mr. Salisbury.who disappeared from that
place lust fall and was supposed t r mur
dered, has been discovered at Waterloo.
Seneca Co., New York.where he has bees
all Winter, chopping wood. Two mw
by the name of Korick and Russell, 3
Wftrfl with him wKaiii ilu i,m -C fi.s.
. .... . . . i minj va iiia
appearance, have been tr;ed for murJenM f
him, during his absence, and fortune y
acquitea. nat induced hint to leave X
abruptly, he is not able to state.
The Cholera is prevailing at Mmierfj.
in Mexico. The Governor died there c
ihe 10th ull. The mortality in the c?
and country is estimated at two hun irei ;
day. It u also at the mining to a t- I
i .i I
Cincinnati, Monday, Apr;! 1. "
Private advices from New Or'ean j
thai the Cholera had again broken cut ,'
lhat city, and it was feartd it wotd l
sume an epidemic form. 1
The bill to abolish capital punirirr'"i
in Ohin, which passed theSeuate, his b:
defeated in the House.
GTThs "Society for Inauiiv"
regular inonlh'y sueetiag on Suiidor ueit s: l
'cluck, P. M., at lb Academy buiMms ' M
HJl. A report en -the rragusa of Christie?
in tbe Exlrnsiua of American Tini o-v. '
be presented by Mr. Fo.TEa. TU- pf"
ktvfted to attewd- AirilS,l90