The star. (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1831-1831, September 27, 1831, Image 2

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11 1 31111 etNeitltitia
Gettysburg, September 27, 1831,
AD-AXI3 C 10711"1 5 7
Jacob . ,Cassatt,
John Id. Gubernator.
John .11 4 Kesson.
James Jd. Thompson.
there no help for the Widow's
Aristocratic Masonic-- Ticket:
Comm,isitorrei•—MAßTlN CLUNK.
Ayditor—DAVlD WHITE.
Director of the Poor—J NO. MARSHALL.
{) -- Mr. ADAMS, DI his opinion of Mason
ry, published in the Star last
Mr. JEFFERSON as hostile to secret socie
ties. The following is a portion of the pas
sage from Mr. J.'s writings alluded to by
Mr. Adams:
From Jefferson's Correspondence, page 418.
"The Uneasiness excited b this s
"lion the Cincinnati) had very early caught
-the notice of "-General Washington, Still
recollecting all the purity of the- motives
which gave it birth he became - sensiblethat
it might produce political evils, which the
"warmth of those motives had masked: Add
to Mr, that it was disapproved by the mass
of the citizens of the Union. This, alone
. was -reason. strong enough, in a country
where the will of the majority is , -the law,
4. • law. lie saw that_ the
objects orther institution were too light to
be opposed to considerations as serious as
these; and that it was become necessary to
annihilate it absolutely. On this, therefore,
he was decided. The first iiiiieral - fribetint
at Philadelphia was now at hand; he went
to that, determined to exert all his influence
for its suppression. He proposed it to his
fbllow officers, and urged it with all his
powers. It met an opposition which was
observed to cloud his face with an anxiety,
that the most distressful scenes of the war
had scarcely ever produced. It was can
vassed for several days, and, at length, it
was no more a doubt, what would be its ul
timate fate. The order was on the point of
receiving its annihilation, by the vote of a
great majority of its members. In this
moment,' their envoy arrived from France,
charged with letters from the French offi
cers, accepting with cordiality the proposed
badges of union,. with solicitations from oth
ers to - Wier:Z. - lied into the order, a.. wit
notice that thitir respectable Sovereign had
been leased to - nize it, and to permit
poet Nati now changed. "the question as
sumed a new form After 'the offer made
an an
to retract ,it, which. would not cover them-
selves with the reproaches of levity and in
"---,gratitude? width would not appear an in
sult,Ac those whom they loved? Federal
principles, popular discontent, were consid-
erations whose weight was known and felt
, by themselves. But would foreignersknow
and feel them equally ? Would they solar
acknowledge their cogency, as to permit,-
mithout any indignation, the eagle anct
boa tcrber turn from their breasts, by the
very hands which had placed them. there?
The idea revolted the whole society. They
found it necessary,, then, to preserve so
much of their institution as might continue "I
to support this folvign branch, while they
should prpne ett_every other,-which would .
give Offence to their fellow-citizens: thus
sacrificing, on each hind, to their friends
sad to their country.
"The society was to retainits existence,
'its name, its meetings, and its charitable
funds: but these last were to be deposited
-with their respective legiehttures. ' The or.
der was to be no longer hereditary; a re
. . formation, which had been pressed even
frim this side the Atlantic; it was to , be
communicated to no new members; the
pseud meetings, instead of annual, were
to be triennial only. The eriglaand ribbon,
indeed,- were retained; because they were
worn and they wished them to be worn, by
their frieidi who were in a-country where
they would noti - be objects of offence; hut
themselves never' wore them. They lajti
-them up in their borealis, with the medats
of Amodio:um Independence,- with those-of
-the-tea they bad- on. But through'
aft the United 'States, timnfrtecoNiei•seen - to .I
-ntbuti the publie -- ilie -4 1titlitr disPIV of I
this badge. these changes have tranquil
ized the American, States:, Their citizen
feel too much interest irithe reputation of
their officers, and value too much whatever
titay serve to recall to the memory of their
allies, the moments within they formed but
one people, not to do justice to the Circum
stance which prevented a total annihilation
of the order. Though they are obliged by
a prudent foresight, to keep out every thing
from among themselves which might pre
tend to divide them into orders, and to de
grade one description of men beloW anoth.
.er,__yet_the_y_hear_with pleasure, _ that
allies, whom circumstances_have__alread y
placed under these distinctions, are willing
to consider it as one, to have aided them in
the establishment of their liberties and to
wear a badge which may recall them to
their remembrance; and it would be an ex
treme affliction to them, if the domestic re
formation which has been found necessary,
if the censures of individual writers, or if
any other circumstance should discourage
the wearing of their badge, or lessen 'its
"Thin short but true history of the order
of the Cincinnati, taken from the mouths or
persons on the spot, who were privy to its
origin and progress, and who know its pre-
sent state, is the best apology which can be
made for an institution, which appehred to
be i -and-was really, so heterogenous to the
governments in which it was erected.
"As to the question, then whether any
evil can proceed from , the institution, as it
stands at present, I am of opinion there may.
1. From the meetings. These will keep
the officers formed into a body; will contin
ue a distinction between the civil and mili
tary assemblies will not only keep alive the
jealousies and fears ofthe civilgovernment,
but give ground for these fears and jeal
ousies. For when men meet together, they
will Make business, .if they have none; they
will collate their grievances, some real,
some imaginary, all highly painted; they
will communicate to each other the sparks
of discontent; and- these may- engender a
flame, which will consume their particular,
as well as the general happiness. 2. The
charitable part of the institution is still more
likely to do mischief, as it perpetuates the
dangers apprehended. in the preceding
clause.- For here is a fund provided, of
long? t he decendants of American (AI
cers, of a, certain description. These de
scendants, then, will form a body, having a
sufficient interest to keep up an attention to
their description, to continue meetings, and
perhaps, in some moment when the political
eye shall be slumbering, or the firmness of
their fellow citizens relaxed, to replace the
insignia of the order and revive all its pre-
tensions. What good can the officers. pro
apose,_whichnitty_weigh agejalitiheie pos
ble evils? The securing their descendants
against, want? Why afraid to trust them
to the same fertile soil, and the same gen
ial climate, which will secure from want
the descendants of their other fellow -citi
zens? Are they afraid they will be reduc
ed to labour the earth for their sustenance?
They will be rendered thereby both more
honest and happy. An industrious farmer
occupies a more dignified place in the scale
of beings, whether moral or political, than
a lazy lounger, valuing himself on his farni
ly,too proud to work, and drawing out a
miserable existence,. Isy eating en that sur
plus of other men's labor, which is the sa
cred fund of the helpless poor.. A pitiful
annuity will only prevent them from exert
ing that industry and those talents, which
would soon lead them to better fortune.
How are these evils to be prevented? 1.
At their first general meeting; let them dis
tribute their funds on hand to the existin
objects of their destination, an , iscontinue
all•furtileT contributions 2.. Let them de
clare, at. the itir e time, that their meetings,
Tiartiebll7,, shall . thenceforth
cease. 3. Let them: melt up their eagles,
and add the . mass to the distributable fund,
ton o ang em m err su on o es. •
These reflections are not' proposed as
worthy the notice of M. de Meusuie r. He
will be so good as to treat the subject in hie
own way, and nobody has a better. 1 will
only pray him to avail us of his forcible
manner, to evince that there is evil to be
apprehended, even from the ashes of this
,Instatution,,and to exhort the society in . A. r .
'fetich to'make their reformation complete;
bearing in mind, that we must WO the
passions of men on our side, even when we
are persuading theta to do what they ought
to do."
A short time since, (treys the Niagara
Courier) we caused a.number of copies of
our print to be forvirsided to a valued cor
respondent in CarePbell county, Kentucky,
to be distributed among the citizons in that
quarter. A day or two since, we received
a letter from this gentleman, in extract
From which we have taken the liberty of
laying before our readers, for the purpose
of showing the great- effect which the dis
semination of correct information upon the
subject of freemasonry has, upon the minds
of a virtuous and independent yeomanry—
and as affording a strong illustration of the
correctness of the position'assumed by Mr.
Rush in reference to the public" press. Its
conductors have been Most shamefully silent
however they raay,seek to palliate
their oftbhee, the 'effect produced upon the
public mind by the convincing letter of * Mr.
Rush shows plainly that thepeopkaie full);
impressed with the enormity oltheir con
duct; and will' wise sanction their e
thic t•- ; • - •
• '
The infoiraintion, contained in our cones-
To-whota wt
trs ,A\
_ _
pondent's letter . fiords a pleasing- evi
de ace the d resulting from Rush's
letter. ...Masonry owes him much.—
But let our correspondent speak for himself.
His letter is dated "Carthage, Campbell co.,
Kentucky, - .Tuly afst,
,copies otiahe 'Courier' containing
Mr. RusMl6 letter, and also those of Di. Wa
terhouse and -Mr. Gest, Were duly received.
I sent two or three of these papers into Mon
, roe township Clermont county, Ohio, (about.
1,4 miles from this place,) where: I' had fhi
merly sent a small number of anti-masonic
subject_of freernasunr . y_haiLtaken_place—in_
the minds of a few in that vicinity.. The
effect of Mr. Rush's hotter was electrical in
its influence upon the Citizens of Monroe
township.---for immediately upon re c a - dliig it,
a public meeting was held at the Franklin
School House, in that township, when a long
and very able address was delivered by Mr.
WILLIAM HERRON, wherein he sot forth
the dangerous tendency of the, principles of
freemasonry, dtc.--and as an election for
the choice of two magistrates in their town
ship.was approaching; they nominated, (for
the first time) two candidates upon strict
anti.masunic grounds. As soen_ as the, ma
sons were apprised of this measure; they
opened theii'batteries of calumny and abuse
upon their opposers--and 'made out their
masonic ticket of two candidates.— On the
day of the election, however, the masons
dropped one of these candidates, and con
centrated all their force in favour of Mr.
Clutter of Point Pleasant, .(a village in said
township,)—but to the great mortification
of the Brotherhood, Messrs. Readin and
Wyatt, the antimasonic candidates, were
elected by a handsome majority !
"On the whole,' I presume to say, sir,
that there never has been so rapid a spread,
and so sudden a groWth, of anti-masonic
principles, in any other part of the union,
since the abduction and murder of William
Morgan. It is cheering.
"Very respectfully yours, &c."
[From the Ithica (N. Y.) Chronicle.]
The fact has been frequently stated for
two or three years past, that. the Grand
Lodge, in Juhe, 1827, voted a.suni of money
to Eli_Bruce, when it was well known that
tion of Morgan: • • .
- While the fact was thus stated, Mr. Bruce,
though he assures the public that his "feel
ings are still alive to public sentjAeßLl7,..Aid
not meet it with a contradiction.
But Col. Stone, [Editor of the New York
Commercial Advertiser,] who was a mem
ber of that Grand Lodge, recently alluded to
this appropriation as a loan. 'And Mr.
DlPce, .profit atfrinibble, loses no time in
meeting the assertion, (in a letter published
in the masonic Craftsman) thus:
"The Grand Lodge nth NOT then, (1827)
nor at any subsequent period, loan me
This has led Col. Stone to an examination,
and thus he explains the acts:
"Mr. Bruce tells the truth, then, when he
says the Grand Lodge did not LOAN the mo
ney to him. It is recorded on the Secreta
ry's records of the proceedings of the Grand
Lodge, that the money was GIVEN to Mr.
Bruce, as an absolute DONATION. The like
sum was also . cavrac, at the same time, to
some twenty other western members of the
'order, more or les's, for the same cause, viz:
the' persecutions these unhappy gentlemen
Were supposed to be enduring, at the hands
of the Anti-Masons."
Mr. Biuce has thus unwittingly brought
out full proof, from the Secretary's records,
not only that $lOO . was GIVEN to him i -the
ran. rrr. ge in • -
LING FACT, that about' Two TuousAND
nouraas was appropriated, at that single sit
er, 'to some twenty others who had been
c ncerned' in the KIDNAPPING and MUR
-DER-1---Mor. •. , .
Lodge of New York has not directly appro . -
ved ofthat wicked deed, and is .not fully re
sponsible for it.. If not accessory to the
crimes of abduction and murder before the
fact, the Grand Lodge-is so after the fact,
by affording aid, countenance and succour
to the guility. We charge, then, and we
point to the, above facts•ror PROOF, that the
~ grand Lodge sands before the people,gui/-
4 of•,t he blood o/ a citizen
With -this proved to him, what man can
retain a standing in the institutions under the
jurisdiction of this Grand • Lodge, and not
partake. of her guilt T Let no honest man
attempt it.. Let him who would be guilt
less of a brother's /nurder flee from such a
den of pollution: Many such we know.there
are—nominal members of the' institution—
who would themselves shrink from a din
henimableact. Let them look Ekt. the posip
Lion in which the institution, in its repTesen.
tative capacity, is • placed; and reflect that
while they retain even a nominal member--
ship they aid in sustaining it, and afford
countenance tp its acts; mid then determine
the course viliieh honor, patriotism, duty, re
quires themiO 'pursue.
A secieg•socifty abolished.-The Phi Beta.
Kappa society at Harvitrd University, abol
ished the secrets of that association, by It
vote passed at their meeting on the 11th ult.
Thq Providence Anwoican states, this Was
brought to piss . . by the enlightened. efforts
ofAdarns,,Story, and Everett. Thus we see
the principles of Antimasonry,tritimphing,
aqd , they will go onward from conquering to
to "conciliar ? until all secret Associations will
1 ta g g CQuntry Afigg era;
tows (lid.) Free Prait
Singular Occurrence.=—On Sunday eve
ning the - 3dinst - a - man; - *ho7catted obelf
DANts.t. StiAnKR, _voluntarily came before
Michael.Batzell, Esq., a magistrate of this
city, and requested to be committed to pri
son, alleging that he had committed a mur
der, during the last winter,in Marietta; Penn.
and that the reproaches of his conscience
had become so'seYere, that he was unable,
any longer, to endure !hem._ His narrative
beingwrfectircolicrent, and lie liiniserap,
pealing entirely sane, the magistrate com
plied with * his request and committed him.
Since that time, under his directions, com
munication has been had with the proper
authorities in Marietta, and such intelligence
received as_ confirms his horrid tale. His
stoiy is, that, during the debt) snow of last
winter, he,. whilst in a state of intoxication,
entered the house ofa widow named BOWERS,
then - living in Marietta ; and, after violating
her person, put her to death by strangling
her. The Fact ofsuch a person having been
found dead in her house, about the time sta
ted, is (idly substantiated by the accounts
received from_Marietta—and the whole de
meanor of the prisoner, since his confine
ment, as wellas his positive declarations, had
induced a general belief in the truth of.his
singular confassion.E.ra
From the Pennillvunia Whig,
It is the right of one state to put down
FOUR AND TWENTY. It iS the tyrannical
dogma, that the majority shall submit to the
It is the solecism, that the rights of one,
in a compact of twenty-four, are greater than
the rights of twenty-three-ones; either united
or separate. _
It is TREASON against the UNION, against
the COUNTRY, and against the MAJORITY.
It ig more preposterous, more atlsurd . , and
more despotic, than the right of the British_
king to hold the Colonies in subjection.
Because it is not the right of the FEW to
govern the MANY; and of the AnisTocnAcit
to lord it over the Wonxmo PEOPLE:
It is the eryof the sLAvE;notnEßs, against
selves, at any moment, of the expense of
slave labour.
It is the voice of Idleness raised against
the voice of Industry, or, rather, the HAND
It is the outcry ofbankrupt slavery arm* rst
the wealth of free labour, competence, and
Let is bear no more of NULLIFICATION.
' I:nws;impusiii
It is a code of Revenue
such a duty on Foreign Capitalists, as pro
tects the American Working Man from the
filthl competition. of large capitals, superior
skill, and more• perfect machinery.
It restrains the English Lord from riding
down the American Mechanic.
It secures to American ingenuity and in
dustry the fruit of its labour, and tim just re
ward of enterprize.
It enables the to realize a For
tune—who, without it, would be toiling to
increase the fortune of the English Capital
ist, and swell the funded debt of the Brit
banker. ..
It has expanded our cities with beautiful
mansions, and placed on the rent roll of A
merican manufacturers, squares ofhouses.
The Cabinet Battle.—The Washington
Spectator of Saturday, says:—The great
guns have now beeti discharge_d,_with_thrt
to , be the most tremendous blunderbuss that
eivilizaticrn has ever known; it will be dis-
ged rtienoc_stLyt,iva_few days, and will
put his enemies where "even recollee,tion
can no longer retain the fact" of their pre-
"Let th,mn 6e stricken from the folls."--
Gen. Jackson hasappointed Samuel J. Carr,
of South Carolina, Consul to-Morocco. Mr.
Carr is the same person, we' believe, who
had ,the misfortune to kilt a son of Judge ,
Martin, of-the Eastern Shore of this State,
in a duel, sonic two or three years ago.
Frederick (Md.) Examiner.
Afair of Honor.—The personal difficul
ties which have for some time existed- be.
-tween Major . Biddle and the Hon. Spencer
Pettis, and which grew out of a political
disciission in thei lic prints commenced
last spring, was minated yesterday, by tb
an appeal to aims : The Challenge;Tve un
cler.stand, was given by MO' Pettis and ac
cepted by Major _Biddle. The parties
fought on the istand - Opposite the city. Maj.
Biddle is near sightell,, winch may explain
therecoon why, as the challenged person,
he brought his antagonist within five feet,
the distance at which the parties actually.
fought! And we regret to add that both
gentlemen are dangerously, if not mortally,
wounded. 'Major, Biddle is shot through
the addomen: the ball lofting within.. Mr.
Pettis is shot Ahrough the Side just below
the chest, the balk:passing entirely through
his hody.
We under L and that the conduct of both
pariietion the,grOund, was entirely honora.
ble, and evinced the utmost coolness anct,
courage, - as wanly; regard for those lima
which custom has kestiribed for such oc
oasiorts.—=Ti*si, - . .-' i
" - ',o:TSubseque;nt accounts 'state . thOt - lx4h
the 'ternbatatits have died of , their ivounds.
liAlrioirS articles.
FREDERICK, (Md.) Sept. 21.
ST: LOUIS, Aug. 27.
. .
• NEW-YORK, ;art. 7:
2 k 51
' It is o r pamful - duty this evening to an- -
nounce t decease of our distinguished 10-
low citi 1, Dr. S h
MUEL L. Mitcum. HO
had been disposed for some weeks past,
not, however, 1 1ifivag - suppime - d; - iliar - ge - rousiy; -
[ But at 12 o'clock at- noenof to-day ; his able
[ and useful life was terminated.
An Atrocious .11furdcr.-Caetain James
Pace, the keeper the half-way .tavern be
tween - Winchester and .- Mountsterlin g , iii
Clarke county, Kentucky, was stabbed in
tke„eitle. arin gl he,latter part ,of thel) 4 a_
-monthrwhile-lying-in-lied= - ssa . sts
supposed to" have effected his purpose by
thrusting his hand throughthe window im
mediately under which the bed was placed.
Capt. p ac e's wife, her lather and brother,
together with a store-keeper by the name of
Orear, have-lieen arrested. The latter is
supposed to have been the paramour of Mrs.
Pace and to have given the dedth wound,
and that the others were accessories.
CORIMPTION.-At what former period of
our: history,--has--there been told a story-of'
corruption like the following, from the Mausa
chusetts Journal:-
"In consegnence of a recent schism in the
Boston Custom House, the fact has come
oat that the officers appointed by Jackson
and hies "agent" have had; a per-centage
( fire dollars per month)deducted from their
salaries' to firm a fund for newspapers and
elections: The same contributions are
made (we have not a doubt) from federal
salaries in Maine, and will (if any thing can)
give the' State to Jackson at the approach.
ing election.
"For our own part we cannot resist the
belief that our Government is 710111 the most
corrupt in the world, and that there is MS
much and as rank corruption in the Boston
Custom House alone, as in any government
in Europe. Such viperous enemies do we
cherish in our own bosom."
National Republican Meeting.
A meeting of National Republicans of the Bo
rough and County, was held at the Court-hull.° in
Gettysbnrg, on Satiirdny the 17th iII9t. in pursu
ance ofpublic notice. ALEXAN DER RUSSELL,
Esq. was called to the Chair, and
appointed Secretory.•
On motion,
Tames Wilson, Esq. J. B. Nt‘Plierson, and R.
rp_exovere np • inied_a_ComMit ee to ruperiaLgib,,
olntions-expressi've of the sense of the meeting.
After a short interval, the following Preamble nod
Resolutions were-reported, and-adopted:
Tho situation of affairs in this Republic, is, at
present, such as to call for tho earnest attention &
close watchfulness of its citizens. Consequences
have resulted from the elevation of Gen. Jackson
to tho Presidency, which, in our opinions, strike
at-the root of our highest political interests; and it
is our right, - and our duty, to raise our - voices - in
opposition to measures, which we conceive fraught
.with danger to our political inatitutions—and to
men, who, we may be convinced, will advocate
sticti - nnweinrei/Pirerprevent - oecupantrif-ther-Pris
sidential chair, we - believe,' has shewn himself, in
vdriouis instances, hostile to some of those princi.
pies of policy, a hich are identified with the honor
'and prosperity Of our Republic: Amongst these,
the great and in port Ant principles of the American
System, the independence of the Judiciary, the
Bank of the United States, and the fulfilment of
. sacred and solemn Treaties,hold a prominent place.
Believing these matters of high interest and essen
tial importance,we feel it our duty, tawatch close.
ly any attempt to affect them, either through open
opposition, or secret c,hicanorp and to elevate no
man to a situation, wlah wilt afford him such an
opportunity of injuring them, as does the Chief
Executive oficerof the Republic. On the contra
ry, it appears to us akclear and conclusive as any
political axiom, that,. when the people are in favor
of any leading principles of policy, they should
place those only In that high and reeponsfale office
who wilt further (heir viewsornd advance those
interests which they may deem of high moment.
When we lbok around us, we observe that-the-Na.-
tionalßepublican party, in every section of the U
nion, has, with ono accord, turned its eyes to HEN
RY CLAY, as identified with all the above inte
rests—as the open, fearless, uncompromising ad.
yenta ofill — those measiii - • - ei - C of eiitional policy,
prosperity; and public opinion has settled upon
him, u one. eminently quallfled,from his talents,
indepondenee of character, and correct political
tikil;lo - 10 - the - he •
trust tf discernment of the American people will
elevate lihn to. With those views and feelings, it
to watch - closely the principles and actions of those
men, into whose bands the managninent of our po
litical interests and ciiffrinstirutions is entrusted.
Resolved, That, considering the present occu
pant of the Presidential chair to •have departed •
from that course of policy which.vve deem of vital
importance to the honor and prosperity of our
coup try,we feel it our d uty:to oppose hie re-el, ction.
Resolved, That, in common with our brßbren
of the National Rep üblican'party throughout the
Union, we have the highest confidence in the tal.
ents, integrity, and correct political principles of
HENRY CLAY, who has been emphatically tor.
med the "Champion of the American System,"
and the "Friend , of Liberty in every clime;" re.
.coramond. his nomination as a candidate for the
dike of President of the U. States; and will use all
fair and honorable means to promote his election . 0 k
to that high and elevated station.
Resolved, 'that this meeting concur with the
hie-meeting at Harrisburg, in the appointment of
John Sergeant and Abner Lacock, Esqrs. as the
Senatorial Derogates to the Nation,' Republican '
Convention at Baltimore.
Resolved, That Wm Johnston, Esq. John S.
Crawford, Esq. and Robert G. Harper, be appoint=
ed to meet the Conferees from the other counties
of thia.Congresronal District,, at Ship
on the 15th of October next, to appoint Two - Del.
eil k ates to the National Republican Convention to
be held qt Baltimore in Deceimbor next.
' Resolved, That Jas. Wilson, John S. Crawford,
Wm, Johnston, John F. Macfarlane, Esqrs. R. G.
Harper, Wm. M'Clellan, Jr. Esq..T. B.MTherson,
Wm, S. Cobedn, Esq. John M. Stevenson, and Jas.
Gourley, be a Committee of Correspondence for
this county, who shall have power to call meetings
aid do all acts to, further our cause, which they
may deem advisable.
Resolved%'That these frocoetlinga be published
in all the pdpon in the borough orGettysburg.
..A.LEX'R. RUSSEL, Chairman.
Join B. Huy; Secretary. - - ,
[lll]"The person that pr pared the above prow
hie and resolutlons, eertainly."oopied" after the
famtpur proceeding* of that. great Deag °ammo
meeting; held in nenafiew last yeu, of Which S..
Wright was chairmio.: Did yew bircither.s3".l