The star. (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1831-1831, February 28, 1831, Image 2

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Inemberi of that fraternity,- • had- made use
. .of every possible device to firevent the
emery oft - CVO handed offence, and to
. lama- the-administration-of justice, and the
"due execution of the laws. The first, hew
• • .ever' esteiniitiethe . combinition May have
bin, wallah a single outrage; and like
hundreds of other fearful crimes, might have
, . been puniShed, and forgotten, and the public
. hafe felt secure in the
. protection of the
. Awe, in. witnessing the unobstructed execu
tioa,of their penalties. The latter, by un-'
hinging the whole administration of justice,
• . would exhibit a state of facts deeply alarm- •
ing to a community, who eminently repose
'Upon the laws under which they live for
Protection, and rely endoubtingly upon their
due and impartial administration.
.• When - rumours of these outrages,firsi be
• came_public, the citizens of the community,
. in Which they wereperpetrated„felt_them,
eelvestillled .upon to investigate how it was
that a peaceable citizen should be forcibly
seized in a populous village,, and- transport
ed against his will, one, hundred and fitly
miles . , through a thickly . settled country..
As worthyof a free government, they deem
, - ad themselves bound to ascertain why, arid
by_whom, a fellOW citizen, enjoying the same
privileges; was abstracted from the pretec
don of the laws, under circumstances which
• created well grounded suspicions - of a horri
fate. The inquiries for information in
• relation to Morgan,were answered by taunts,
reproaches, and ridicule. At first, the mem
bers of the fraternity were. bold enough, °-
pertly to declare, "That if Morgan had been
" pig to death , his fate was no more than he
deserved; te bed ferfeited - his life." These
-- doeDiialletis wore made' by perhaps hun
dtedifreemnseree.within two months af
ter the-abduction, and there is scarce an in-
Who at that early period took any
ioiverept the ievestigetion,but can call to
hired distinctly, many such declarations,
by respectable and influential men.
• . When intimations Were thrown. out that
an appeal would be made to the laws, more
than one 'freemason has-been heard to say,
that the judges were mason's,` . the sheriffs
were, masons, and the , jurymen would be
ruasons,and set at defiance the requirements
There seetns to have been a detertnina 7
don onthe part afthe fraternity, not only to
suppress all inforination-in-relation. to, the
entities,. but even to repress inquiries. and
ettestionings,which might tend to elucidate
it. Individuals who ventured -to make re
- marks which Such an infraction of the laws
were calculated to elicit,* were made. the sub
- • jects of unreasonable abuse, and-vindictive
hostiliqr, by the lodge-going member of the
fraternity. The public press, which has,
in aimait every other instance of alarming
. crime, been made in some measure. the
• means of its investigation , or at least of ma
king public its details, was, in this instance
with a single exception at first, awed into
the most slavish silence, by the influence of
• freeniasonry. The conductors - of many of
thepublio prints in western New York,were
themselves masons,- and the proprietors of
others; who did not belong to the fraternity,
were "won given to understand that it would
be most &tat to their interests, to publish a
ny thing in relation-to the ill fated Morgan.
, A single instance may illustrate his. species
or influence. In the month of October, or
Noveinber;lB26, Elihu F. Marshall, a (lea ,
kir tiler the conductor ofa paper,called."The
Album," published in, the village of Roches..
ter, Ventured to say, . an editorial article,
that the unlawful abduction of William Mor
. "gan ought to be the subject of investigation.
'The paper with an article of this import had
no sooner appeared, than Edward Doyle, a
knight tempter, and treasurer, of the Mon
roe Encampment, rushed into the office of
. the Album in a incirin of rage, ordered his
----paper-tube discontinued, and his mdvertise
---- merits-stopped,. and told Marshall if he did
:sonic fraternity, many others would take the
same.iopursei but-that'll - he - retracted -the
next-week - rail: might - yerhewell: -. 7 - Deyle . -
---then- Went to the printing office of a royal
•II I ; I ll'hut,
Mil, tar' ii; 1 1;0 7/1_ ioutb." We regr f et e ;rl,thal
the timid editor - quailed under the masonic
. threat, and in his next paper made a partial
retraction of his previous article.
In ti.
• TIILMSDAY, Feb. 10.
Sinate_y_esterday,_ Webste)
preowned memoritil& from th "Prudential
Cothmittee of the Americanßoard of Com
missioners for Foreign Missions of Massa
, auntie," and from inhabiiants of Brookfield , '
- - iti the same State f against the removal of
, the southern Indiads. The debate on Mr.
GAindy's resolution tolative to the Post Of.
' flee inquiry was resumed. Mr. Grundy be- .
lug in powssion of the floor, opened the de-:
, . bate. Hi was followed by Mr. Hendricks.
Mr. Clayton succeeded in reply to the ergo
' mots of Mr. Grundy, and had not donelu
olett when: the Senate adjourned.
The House of Representatives was prig*
slowly engaged - yesterday in the discussion
itsl34ll' relative to the establishment of a
• Lead Office in Indiana. The House sub
- aim:lndy took up the Appropriation Bill,
- meths, queetiox of the salary and outfit to
Art gendolph. Mr. Archer spoke at some
in defence of the Adminisuntion of ' I 'hie - width the previous question WRS demand
• 1:14 ig )114 1 ,,. Tucker, and seconded by a ma.
- tan A l liambers preent—Aye.s 73, Noes
11111, . Boise then deci4l-that the main
4peettO • :,.. Id be now pee, which was the
• i' j." r 'i l ' ' tbe Bill, exeluding all the
.` '. 't ~,
7 1 ": on the subject of Mr. letindolplie
144 , 144, ,, tem
t atteinp macro
ie were to get
R i t e -
ainendments into the Bill,fut thew were de
feated by et env letaul call for the previous
question. The Bill was subsequently read
a thireitime and passed: -
FRIDAY, Feb. 11.
Nothing of importance' transacted in the
- In the Rouse of Representatives, yeiter
lay, a bill; declaratory of the law concern
ingg of Court, was reported by
Mr. Buchanan, from the Committee on the
Judiciary. A report of a very important
charaCter was made by Mr.Hemphill, from
the Committee on Roads and Canals, advo
cating the policy of Internal Improvement,
and containing certain resolutions corres
ponding with that sentiment. It wac com
mitted to the Com,rnittee of the Whole on
the State of the Unite), and ordered-to-be
printed; and a inotion, made by Mr. Vance,
to print an additional number of 6000 copies;
stands over until this day. --The bill to au•
thorize, the constructili ofa Rail Road from
Baltimore to the District of Columbia, and
a number of other bills relating to the Dis
trict of Columbia, were acted on in Com
mittee, and ordered to bo engrossed for a
third reading.
"SATURDAY, Feb. 12. •
In tehe Senate, yesterday, Mr. Ellis, from
the Committee on Public Lands, reporteka
bill granting a township of land for the use
of Jefferson Colle g e, in Mississippi ; which
was read, and ord ered to a second reading.
The bill from the Ilouseof Representatives,
making appropriations for the support of
Government for the year 1831, was read,
and referred to the Committee on Finance.
Mr. Hayne, Gom die select committee to
which had been referred the bill from the
House of Representatives for the settlement
of_the accounts of James Monroe, reported
the same with an amendment, striking out
the words "_for public services, losses and
sacrifices." The Senate resumed, as un
finished business, the consideration of the
resolution submitted by Mr. Grundy, pro,-
hibiting the select committee appointed to
inquire into the condition of the Post Office
Department, from calling before -them the
persons who have been dismissed from of
fice, for the purpose of ascertaining the rea
sons or causes of their removal. Mr. Wood
bury, who had the floor, then resurnedltis
argument in favor of the' resolution, and I
concluded at about two o'clock. Messrs.
Sprague,. Livingston, and Holmes, subse
quently addressed the Senate. Mr. Liv
ingston offered as an amendment, a substi
tute to part of the resolution, declaring that
the committee shall not make inquiry into
the reasons which have induced the Post
master General to make any removals of
his deputies. Mr. Holmes then addressed
the - Senate in opposition to the amendment,
for about half an hour, when he gave way
to a motion to adjourn.
In •the House' of Represent.iii.....,
Whitt, uf New York, from the Committee
on" Naval Affairs, reported a bill for the
construction of naval hospitals, at Charles.
town, Massachusetts, Brooklyn, New York,
and Pensacola; which was read twice, re
ferred to a Committee of the Whole on the
state of the Union, and, together 'with the
document, ordered to be. printed. Various
reports were made; among the number of
which was one by Mr. Everett, of Mass.,
from the Committee on the Library, who
reported a resolution, that the . Clerk of the
House cause to be prepartql a digested index
of the executive papers, reports, and other
documents, from the commencement of the
18th Congress to the termination of the
present one, and 'to have the same printed,
for the use of the present Congress. The
resolution was adopted.°
Mr. Lecompte gave notice that he should,
on Tuesday, move the House to take up the
resolution offered by him in relation to the
Judges of the Supreme Court. The RITA
}MR laid before the House a number of corn.
munications -from-the Treasui7, War, and
Post Office Departments; which were sev
erally read and laid_ on- the table: The
- ficniti—m -- ciltrtralff. - McDuffie, took up
tbe_bill, on a division by yeas-and nays, by
-a-vote-e11432- .
dow of the lamented Commodore Decatur,
and went into Committee upon it, Mr.
Carnbreleng in the chair. It was delmited
till five o'clock, by Messrs. Potter, Storrs,
McDuffie, Hoffman, Craig, Carson, Whit
tlesey, Barringer, Miller, Sutherland, Dod
dridge, Chilton, Crockett. and Polk. Va
rious amendments were propoOd; after
which, the committee rose and reported.
MONDAY, Feb. 14.
In-the Senatoon Saturday, a lifter he
the Secretary of War giving returns of the
Militia force.throughout the United States ;
and a letter from the Secretary of the Trett- 1
-ury, with returns frOm the Mint of the a
mount of Gold - and Silver coins struck off in
the year 1830, were cornmtirdcated by the,
Vice President. Sundry memorials were;
presented by Mr. Foot, - Mi.., Livingston and
Mr. King._ Together With some private
bills—the several bills granting "a qoantitY
of land for the erection of e, public building
at the seat of. Government at Littleltock,
Arkansas.;" "to provide for the removal of
'certain Indian Tribes in Missouri;" and
"to appoint a sub-Agent to the Wine - . ~
Indians at Rock River;" were each re • a
third time and passed.., The Senate then
adjourned.- - -.....•.....-- - -
In the House 'of Repreaealith* i Mr.
Strong &Om the Coiturutteer on Tetritories
reported a bill respecting the City of Detroit,
in the Territory orMichigan, which was
twice read, ancl,, ordered lb be engrossed for,
a third reading on this day, • A few other
imports on private-billi -it , ere mikleatteir
which,. the flouse,:viitheut fair . ,lap any
further biOness r adjounied. .. •
, , - Tu . /Apart 7
I n ihi B e ast, yesterday, 4wne
moriala were presentedfor the repeal of the
last Session, relative- to the removal of the
south-weeteriOndians. Two on thesubject
efMassachusetts, by Mr. Webster-one from
Pittsburg, signed by upwards of 700 inhab.
Rants, by Mr.Marke---oneby Mr. Barnard,
form Luzerne, Pennsylvania—and one from
friends of the Administration at Hartwick,
New York. Mr. Barnard presented a pe
tition from Philadelphia, praying a modifi
cation of the Tariff law ef'lB2B, in respect
of duty on imported flax, and as it respected
manufactures made from the same. , .Mr.
Woodbury, from the Committee on Com
merce, reported a bill. for a drawback ofdu.
tron imported foreign Iron. The debate
on Mr. Grundy's resolution relative to the
Post Office Inquiry was not resumed / and
-it-has, for the present, terminated. On the
resolution_ being again taken up for consid
eration, _ Mr. Holmes stated. that they had
come to a conclusion on both sides, that
the subject.matter had undergone sufficient
discussion, and that ho was, therefore, in
duced 'to move that-the resolution be laid
on the table, with the understanding that
the sense of the Senate be taken ori,its mer
its on the following . day- (this day) at 1 o'-
clock. This was agreed to; after which the
Senate went into consideration of Executive
business, and then adjourned.
The House of Representatives were yes
terday exclusively occupied in the consid
eration of petitions, Mr. Edward Everett
having succeeded in bringing on the dis
cussion of which he gave notice on the pre
ceding Monday, on the petition of the in
habitants of Berkshire, enforcing the neces.
sity of preserving the sanctity of our treaties
with the Indians. Great opposition was
made to the" taking up of the subject, and
an attempt was made to prevent it by a de
mand of 'the question of consideration—
which, after some discussion on a point of
order, was agreed to--the vote being, ayes
101, noes 93. The House therefore agreed
to go into the discussion of the question.--
Mr. Everett then spoke in defence of his
motion, which is fo refer the petition to the
Committee on Indian Affairs, with instruc
tions to report a bill making further provi
sion for executing the laws of the United
States on the subject of intercourse with
the Indian tribes, and also for.a faithful ob
servance of the treaties between the United
St4teSiubt-said tribes. Mr. Everett spoke ,
at length. The House adjourned before he
had concluded.
In the Senate, yesterday, various memo
rials were presented against the removal of
the Southern Indians. Mr. Clayton intro
duced a bill to compensate the officers and
soldiers at Fort Delaware for the losses and
injuries they sustairod by
at the Fort. • •
the late aria ma..
The sense or the Senate was taken on
crrunuy - s resolution, as modified by the
amendment of Mr. Livingston, which goes
to declare that the Special ommittee on
Inquiry into the Post Office Department are
not authorized to - inquire
,into the causes
why the Post-master General dismissed his
Deputies; and the resolution was carried by
a vote of 24 to 21.
In the House of Representatives,
Buchanan reported a bill from the Commit
tee on the Judiciary, to remove the Circuit
and District Courts of the United States
from Lexington, New Hampshire, to Con
cord, in the same' State. Mr. Verplanck,
from the BPecial Committee appointed-on
the subject, reported a bill to establish an
Assay Office of the United States Mint in
North Carolina and Georgia. The bill for
the relief of Susan ,Decatur was taken up,
on the motion of. Mr. Doddridge, for the
reconsideration of the former vote on the
subject, and on the question of engrossment
for a third reading, it was rejected by a vote
of 99 to 90. •
Pennsylvania Legislature.
A bill for the division 'of Mifflin County
and the erection of a new county to be call-
presentatives this morning and was sent to
the Senate for concurrence. This has been
a question before the Legislature for many
TUESDAY, Feb. 15.
The bill to incorporate the York and Ma
zylandtiline rail road company, came op on
the second reading. Mr- Ale;xander ad.
dressed the house at some length in favor of
the bill. Mr. Blair spoke against it; he
saidit - was - a - Baltimore project, and addrees
ed the house ai length against the pilotage
of the bill. Mr: *Sherry observed, that it
had been said it was a Baltimore-a Maryland
project—adinitting it to be a Baltimore pro
ject, if our own citizenswere benefitte4by it
it ought to be granted. He then brotight
into the view of the house an amendment,
to prevent the commencement of •the road
until 1833; he thought that it would be an
advantage, not only to the citizens of York,
but to•the!tate. 11s then went on at some
length to show the advantages that would
result fromethis rail read to the State s Be
said that the same objections had been urg
ed against - the Chesapeake and Delaware
canal; that was stated to be a .IE, Itimore
Prosiqctk yet it liaCproved a great advantage
to Pennsylvania, and a great advantage to
our metropolis., An thought, the people
ought' to have a' choice of markets: Mr.
Alexander made some further remarks in'
faviir of the bill, atidip repri, to Mr. Blair.
Mr«POtt it spolowith great warmth in reply.
Tee' irentlemlia , who hied spokerlin fitvor, he'
rcieeteand - ivos a bad. project fQr Pennayl.
anitt. NBherri. Made reP'"'
sbbtidgeipokewainsvtbe Theyea s ,
WAY*-,were tailed sad' the Wall** de:
b: 15. st
c• aUIII. 4.N
"MONDAIt r Feb. 14.
tided in the : .legative--yeas.37, nays 53.
the bill was lost. ,
WEDNEST/A! . , - -Feb. 1 : 43.
On motion &Mr. Butz a resolution was
read a.second time to instruct the commit
tee on Internal Improvement to bring in a
bill, to repeal the Jaw of last session relative
to assessing damages - done by the .public
works. -
After some discussion, the resolution was
carried, Yeas 72
.Nays 19.
From the Reporter of Friday, Feb. 18. •
The' rmprovement bill has been' under
consideration in the Senate for the last two
days.' Yesterday, the question was on Mr.
Miller's amendment, to striate out that part
of the third section which relates to the
rail road across. The Allegheny - mountain.
Messrs. Wise and Burden spoke at some
length-in opposition 'to the 'notion, when it
was negatived.
.Mr. Burden proposed to
strike out that part of the section, which
excludes a tunnel, so as to leave it discro:
tionary with the canal commissioners to ,a
dept the best mode and manner of crossing
the mountain. Mr. Burden supported his
amendment, which was opposed by Mr.
Brown and negatived„ Mr. King then
moved to amend; 166;119 to make the rail
road commence at Huntingdon, instead of
Hollidaysburg, and to reduce the appropria
tion to $300,000. This amendment was
supported by Mr: King and opposed with
much warmth, by Messrs. Jackson, of Hun
tingdon, Brown and Burden, and was nega
tived. The section was then agreed to.--
The fourth section appropriating $125,000
to the Western turnpikes next came up.
Mr. Scott thought this section 04.. strange
part df a canal bill, and wished to hear some
good reasons for its passage. A spirited
debate took place, in which Messrs. Ring
land, Wise, Brown and Burden, supported
the section, and Mr. King opposed it. Be
fore the question was taken on the section,
the Senate adjourned.
Kr - This morning the 4th section passed.
The fifth next came Op. On motion of Mr.
Fullerton, the appropriation of $25,000 to
the cross cut between Lewisburg and the
West Branch canal was stricken out. Mr.
Drumheller then m'oved to increase the ap
propriation to the North - Branch from $lOO,-
000 to $200,000, which - was negatived.—
The committee rose, and the Senate ad
'journed before the question was taken on the
The bill to increase the county rates and
levies,one mill in the dollar, for the use of the
Commonwealth; the bill to lay a tax of one
mill on the dollar, on personal' property,
bonds, stocks, &c. and the bur leg
va.uni witzunzatutterte. to sell the surplus
water of the canal for manufaettiring pur
poses, were severally passed in committee'
of the whole in the House of Representa;
tives on Wednesday, and on second reading
yesterday. The bill taxing coal was not
Oz!r The education bill, and the bill to in
crease the county rates and levies, one mill
in the dollar, for the use of the Common-
tatives, on a third reading, this horning.
Cobbett's Letter to France.
To the Editor of La Revolution, at Paris,
LONDON, 26th o Nov. 1830.
Sxn.—You hear of grail commotion in
England, and particularly of the fires which
are now blazing in twenty-sax countici out
of forty that England contains. These fires
consume barns and other farm-buildings,
and stacks, or ricks, of wheat, barley, oats,,
beans, peas, mid hays-and sometitnes the.
-value of these in-one-single farm-yard, a
mounts to a hundred thousand francs or
more.. The- country working people-are
causingthis destructiop, which is spreading
into every part of England. You will be
put 4
- Isure that this terrible state of things has
not talc( ithout
..,i to en p ace wi._ a cAusz; th - ii - 3 cause
I will explain to you, and in that explana
tion you will see the REAL STATE OF ENG
LAND, all the causes of her feebleness, and
of theaslavery and misery of her once free
and happy people.
The working people of England' were, in
all former times, better off, better fed, cloth.;
ed and lodged, than any other working peo
ple in the world. Their rights and their
1 happiness seem to have-been the chief ob
ject—of the laws of England - in - all former
times. During the predominance of the
Roman Catholic- religion, the municipal
laws so far interfered with the property of
the church as to make it conducive, to the
relief of the Indigent. When that religion
was put down, and the property of the
church grasped by the aristocracy, a law
was passed to cause provision to be made
for all indigent persons. This famous law,
passed ih the 43d year of the reigii orQueen
Elizabeth, appointed offieers for each parish,
to impose a tax on land and house, and thus
to raise, without any Unit, whatever money
might be wanted for the relief and support
of persons unable to provide a ,stifficiency
for themselves. So that there can, if this
law be duly - enforced, he no person in Eng.,
/and to aufer for want. This law iecailed
the POOR-LAW; and I bog you to bear
in mind the descriptiorr that I - have given
°fit., - 1 . •
The working people, impedially the coun
try *oiling -people, lived An the happiest
state that 'klikp be imagined until the reign
41 Georg 11 1. . Ris War against our breth
ern in Arherien, Which G&W greatlyto - the
taxes of the . ntyion, made ndreat change
ft t iotlie - lairofsigebiadn - ilia 'people ;wirer
.than theurig . W a
en bers; but s .. .v . h iriger 77,r-
they lived - tolerably well; rniibb -potter than
the working people bf.any other Cbuntry in
Eitrope. It was the - long and expensive
war against the Republic of France that
.thein dOwn to real poverty.- 'Be
fore the American war began, it: was a rare
thing that any•o i ne, even amongst the aged
and the widows, had occasion to apply for
did fronithe poor-taxes; that war made this
mark of wretchedness less rare: bUt now
the rare thing is 'to knoW of a workingman;
single or married, who is not compelled to
resort to the pooriaxes to keep himself
from perishing with hunger. That the
Debt and Government taxes have. been the
cause, and thesole cause, of the misery, is
eyklent froni the increase of the .poor•taxes
having kepi an exact pace with the increase
of -the Debt 'and the - Government taxes:—
Nothing can controvert this conclusion: the,
filets are undeniible, and the conclusion is
equally undeniable.,
Atno't of ajAmo't of armo't of a
year's gov'tlyear's Inte. year's poor
fax for all rest of the l taxes.
England. Debt.
In peace,goon
after Geo.III
came to the
n peace after
the Ameri
can war,
n react!, in
G 0,000,000
ins you see, se. how regularly the mis
cries of the working people , have gone on
increasing with the increase - of the Govern
ment taxes and the increase of the' Debt.
The amount of the poor taxes is'the measure
-of the miseries of the people; and hero you
see that they are seem times as miserablo
as their grandfathers were. Taxes make
the people of the nation poor;, poverty is the
parent of crime; and accordingq the jails
arc seven times as capacious as they were
when .George.M. mounted' the throne.--
Let .France take care, then; - for similit
causes produce similar effects; and, if tho
funding system of France be suffered to ex-.
ist - for any length of t i me, misery will spread
itself over France as it has done over... En
gland. • When taxes are raised to be paid to
. fundholders, they create idle people; they
cause a constant accumulation of the wealth
of a country in a few hands; they create
monopolies of all . sorts; they cause Jews
and loan jobbers to live in palaces and.beg
gar all the industrious part of the ommunts
ty. Taxes, however applied, have natural- -
ly this tendency; but particularly when ap-,
plied to create usurers, (now politely called
"capitalists") who quickly absorb the whole
of the fruits of a nation's industry.
As the working people have ammo on get-.
ting poorer and puovur, they have become
more and more immoral . ; and, indeed,_ it
has been proven by witnees!m before the
Committees of the House of Condiments, that .
in innumerable instances men httie
,ed crimes for the purpose of getting into .
jail; because the felons in the jail are bet.
ter fed and better clad than the honest mark
int, people. As the working people have
become' poor, the laws relating to them Nava
been made more and more severe ; and the
• : tizalyetb,
which was the greatest glory of England
for ages, has by degrees been so. much mu
tilated and nullified, that, at last; it i's se far
from being a protection to . the working peo
ple, that it has, by its perversions, been
made the means of reducing them to a state
of wretchedness not to be described. Tho
sole food of the greater part of them has
been, for many years, bread or potatoes,
and'not, half of these. They have eaten
sheep or cattle that have died from illness; "
they have eaten garbage such as a lord or a
loan jobber would not give to his Children's
dogs; have been seen stealing the food out
of hog-troughs; thousands:ofthem have.died -
for the want of food; ibree meri-wiazerfound— -
dead last May, lying under a hedge, and
when opened by the surgeons; nothing but
rourisorTe/ (osielle sautim)was found in their
stomachs, raid - this Was within a few miles
of .a palace, which had cost millions of the
.Aic—meney-l---The--spot on which thooe
poor creatures expired was surrounded with
villas of fund jobbers, living in hrxury ,and
in.the midst of pleasure-gardens, all the
means of . ..which living they derived from the
burdens laid on the working people.
Besides suffering from want, the working
people hate been made to endure insults and
indignities suth as even Negroes never were
exposed to. They have been harnessed like
horses or asses, and made to draw carts
and wagons;_they.have_been,shut upin_the
pounds made to hold stray-cattle; they have
been made to work with bells round their
necks, like cows put out to graze.;
_they have
been-made to carry heavy stone backward
and forward in Olds or on the roads, and
they have, in these cases, had drivers set •
over them, just as if they had been galley
slaves ; they have been sold by auction for
certain times, as the Negroh are, sold in
the WestAndies; the marnedmen have been ,
kept separated from their wives b y ,, force, to
prevent them from breeding ; short,.
no human beings were ever before treated
so unjustly, with so much insolence, and with,
such damnable harbarity,es the working peo
ple have been Within S' • - • 211•rtieli..
liter within the ictet to ,
are o' the fr •
and funds/ Without t
industrious and moral' tin
en could lave been brout
ded state but as every
from oth er causes, has its
cess,l so, at hitt, the eel
come, awl' itis, indevlicoi
per which l Allan elidetivos ,
my next-letkir.„
arN Sirftyour most obed?
30,500 000
1, this