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FELT ow:pnuENs:—The decision of the
Supreme Court of the United States, in re=
-karcl to the unconstitutional proceedings in
t_Teorgia, possesses an tincinitnon degree of
...interest. At every' eel); you are accosted
with the enquiries, "What will Georgia do'?"
"If she resist, whok, will the.,Pxpaident do?"
'llhe will not act, what will Congress do?"
7 ---But why these questions'? Is there any
room for doubt? Is Is it really become a ques
tion with the free citizens of America, wheth
er the Constitution is become a dead letter,
and whether the officers of Government are
irresponsible' agents? If such be our condi
tion it is high time, fellow-citizens, that you
should be aroused from your lethargy, and
awakbned to a prnper . sense of your danger.
You arc called upon to rally, as one man,
with one heart and voice, around your glo
rious Constitution. You have now to choose
fietween the preservation of your free insti
tutions, and a virtual dissolution of the Fed
eral Government. You are solemnly in
voked by all that is dear to freemen, by the
duties you owe to each other:and to posteri
th to uphold the highest judicial tribunal in
the land. It is the palladium of your liber
ties. It is a citadel which you must defend,
if needful, with your last drop of blool. You
must "hang your banner .on the outward
wall" and your watch-word must be THE
SUPREMACY OF THE LAWS!
Fellow-Citizens, be firm! be true to your
country, preserve the freedom which was
purchased with the precious blood of your
fore-fathers! Regard as sacred, the iustruc-
tions re: rey ••• :ileu by a. Washington, a Jef
fe • 44' t•ofnoblil worthies! • Defend
. • Court of the United States,
• • •• _
lour lives, if -necessary : BUT DE
7 'ND IT! It is an integral part of your
institution, and necessary . to its perfection:
'Once more, then f l say,- bEFENTD-IT
.-: And let "me entreat you, fellow-citizens, to
I - watch ailr•those whom you have intrusted
• • with y public concerns. See that each
One does his duty, from the highest to the
lowest. Your President has swore-solemn
ly morn, to maintain the Constitution.—
Dare he violate his oath? . Dare he prove
recreant to his most solemn oblig-ations? . If
he dare—IMPEACH, HIM ! Let the univer
sal cry be:--taivivaon! and from every plain
• and valley, from every rock end mountain,
(mho will answer, IMPEACH !
- Do you ask, fellow-citizens, what Oeor-•
gia, will ? Let her pursue her.own course
—let her set herself up above the rest of the
Union—above the Constitution—above the
Supreme Court—above the solemn obliga
tions of treaties ! Let her threaten, and
it bully, and issue treason from her rebellious
preases,--Ais all in vain! Let her provoke
a civil war, if such be her, purpose; but in
- sadoing, let her not forget, that she is a slave
State, as surely as ever St. Domingo was.
History is a faithful monitor.. Let the au
* thprities'of Georgia, then, act as they , may,
your duty, fellow-citizens,
.is as plain as if
written with a sun-beam; You have no
choice, whatever may be the consequence.
It is better, that a diseased member should
be lopped off, than that the whole (political)
body should be kept in imminent danger.
While,,therefere, you cherish the fond watt
• to preserve the UNION, proclaim to the whole
nation, as with a voice of thunder—Tut
CoNsTrrirriox MUST AND SHALL BE
Is the-motto of the Wolf faction that "lord
it over the people's inheritance." Every
effort is made by those in power to pluck
the public treasury while a pepper -corn is to
• oun, in it. At this time of the involved
finances of the State, when heavy drafts are
being made on her credit to carry on the
public works, who would have thought that
- the - administration would have brought for
ward and passed a bill granting specific
SALARIES to the Clerks, Assistant Clerks,
Doorkeepers, etc. it addition to their daily
pay? Yet such is the fact! "Tell it not
m Gath II I" Yesterday the bill passed its
third reading in the House, granting a sale-
ry of FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS
PER ANNUM, to the Clerk of the Senate
and House of Representatives, and FOUR
DOLLARS - A DAY EACH, DURING
THE SESSION OF THE LEGISLA
TI.I.II4; and,,,TWO HUNDRED AND
-FIFTIr, DOLLARS PER ANNUM and
FOUR DOLLARS A DAY each,.during
the Session ofthe Legislature, to the tran
scribing clerks of the Senate and House of
Representatives, the Sergeant at Arms and
the Doorkeepers; with corresponding sala
ries to the assistant doorkeepers.
Here is "ECONOMY and REFORM,"
for you, Farmers and Mechanics of Penney!-
' Milli: and those that earn your money by
the sweat of your brow? Look at this evi
dence of the PRODIGALITY and .EX- ,
TRAVA'GANCE of Gov. Wolf and his
supporters! 1 ! FOUR DOLLARS A DAY,
is not compensation enough for these gen
tlemen, while they are engaged in their
duties. Thev must'have a SALARY OF ,
;..,FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS to pay for
eleotioneering . duriag the recess of the Le-
iitelah.tre; mere money than a farmer cad - ,
olwar from a pretty good farm by hard labor,
with himself and family in one year; or than
a bard laboring Mechanic' can earn by .car
ry en a trade? This money too is taken out
arthe pockets of those that labor; by taxe
*a. 'Leek's: these facts , Farmers and Me...
~shattins of frenneylvame, and say whether
,eappott the present corrupt and
~. - = Mjilltration, or go for RITNER
VD RIC • [Pa. Telegraph..
raph dW o
• '`.- - /ft !IdSalln . members of the4jew
hillliM 14 1 11111 1311 nol l inated hialgee
IS V' i ita:r 111.4 0
Dickerson, as their first cfrice, for the office
of President, and Martin Van Buren as their
In no contest for the Governor', chair 'has
there been at so early a period of the con
test, more strong indications of the candi
date favored by the people, than there is
now expreSsed throughout - The State To-F-JO
SEPII RITNER. These indications are daily
increasing, and should they continue till the
election, the majority fbr the People's man
will be greater than was ever before given.
There appears to be a fixed determination
amongst the people of all parties, to hurl
from his seat the present executive, who acts
as the mere agent of the Sutherland faction.
The attempts to support him by all the lit
tle intrigues and chicanery of those "men of
principle in proportion to their interests,"
will fill!. The Aldermen's bill and the Oys
ter cellar bill will not sustain him. These
acts have set a &ep current against him.
His inconsistency, if not hypocrisy, in advo,
eating the objects of the Temperance Socie
ty, and then getting up and signing a bill
creating hundreds of Tr PRI,A NG 11013.3-
ES, and making THOUSANDS of drunk
ards, his aroused a ibeling amongst the tem
perate and moral—the conservators of the
public mgrals and the public peace, that will
not, be allayed. His recommending the
great extension of improvement, to make
votes, the cultdre of the vine, the mulberry,
&c. &c:, - at the expense of the industrious
class of community, has prostrated what lit
tle influence he once possessed. He is in
the hands of bad advisers, and must go down.
He has rejected his best friends, and they
have said "Ephraiw is joined to his idols,
let hinplone." None will be lea in his ranks
but the office holders, and the Masonic'por
tion of the community that,wish to ride oy,er
the rightd of the People. [Pa. Tel.
- In the House, yesterday, the Canal Com
missioners reported on the resolution offered
by Mr. Burrowes, reglltring the iehno . tint of
repairs done on each division of the canal;
the yearsiiii which done; the amount paid;
the amount due, and the stim•necessary for
the present year. The following is a sum
'nary of the report :--1141 1
SuM now due . 858,391 45.
Sum necessary the present year 341,605 55
in 1828 5,667 59
1829 32,179 69i
1930 51,836 7971
1831 90,105 42
in 1829 8,126 51
1830 76,502 311
1831 63,347 95
in 1829 15,810 934
1830 39,904 43
1831 11,709 494
in 1830 25,297 138
1831 85,890 28
111,188 16 111,188 16
Amount due 16,046 121
North Branch Division.
in 'lB3O 6,33018 i
_ 1831 60,344 38
66,674 56i 66,674 57i
Amount due 1,447 11
West Branch Division.
in 1830 1,436 65i
- 1831 27,429-92 _
French Creek Feeder.
in' ' 1 1830 15,802 70
• 1831 4.399 85 15,877 61.
Col. and Phil T. Road.
in 4830 2,204 64
1831 3,685 41 5,890 05
Grand total 636,447 337 1
By the amount of expendidures in ',airs ?
Sin 4 in the alteration of plans injudiciously
ai&down, the have a specimen of the
incompetency and mismanagement of the
.administration. The revenue derived from
the millions of the peOple's money, amoun
ted, hist year, to $38,000 !! l—while her ex
pend itnres for repairs have exceeded 8736 r
00011! If - the present administration hbtd
their polver over the people; a .few years
longer, what will their condition-he -Borne.
179,789 50 170,739 50
•19,472 984 due sup.
147,976 77i 147,976 77i
67,424 86 67,424 86
31,345 73 Shamokin.
1830 6,379 13
1831 16,322 16
Ir VAN( Ittja a rDi _J gIaPAI
down with taxation, by the aristocracy, to
'support their adherents. • [ lb March-10.
. --. IIATTATIA - D - PROSPECTS. - 7
Since the opening cetlie Baltimore and
Ohio Rail-road, for travelling and transpoi
tation, &Om Baltimore to Frederick, to
December lait, atyi time when the railways
were covered Orli snow, the weather has
- been - almost - uniformly - disagreeable; often
so severely cold, as to deter from travelling
all who were not urged by some very pres
sing necessity. In truth, from the first of
December until the ; middle of March, the
winter has been the 'most severely uncom
fortable of' any we have experienced for a
great number of years—yet amidst all the
difficulties which necessarily attend the
commencement of a new system, where
the very plan had to be invented without
any precedent to guide, and the detail, o
course, often altered, as circumstances re
quired, or experience taught—where . nu
merous agents were absolutely necessary
to put the great machine in motion, but all
uninformed as to the mode of operation, and
sometimes embarrassing its movements by
well meant but mistaken exertions—ive
say, nntwithstrumding all these difficulties,
there was no period of even one month,
from the time that the transportation was
commenced, until tha,present day, that the
receipts for the 'use of the road did not
greatly exceed the whole expense of mov
ing power and agents; including' all mat
ters exclusively or properly chargeable to
the account of travel and transportation.—
'This infbrmation we state on the best au
thority; and from the same source we have
the gratification to state, what we are sure
it will gratify till the worthy part of our
commility to learn, that the receipts fro
the use of the Rail-road now exceed FIVE
urxnacn not.taas per day--while the cx
penses.te certainly less than half that a
mount—so that the net daily income is
nearly, and probably by the first of April,
will be quite and perhaps exceed THREE
111314 ED DOLLARS . per day. For, as the
Weilkhiiir, improves, the income especially
travailing, increases, without any, or
a, lost; a comparatively small increase, of'
exper2se—And . by the first of April, the
,Railway will be, completed to the
Point of Rocks, which will cause a great
addition to the income from transportation,
and bring a large increase of valuable pro
ductions from nenl sources to our cit) - %
The travelling will also be proportionably
increased, as well from business. as from
pleasure and curiosity—while a considera
ble portion, probably one-eighth, of the
whole present or recent expense of trans
portation, incurred by the conveyance of
materialafor laying the rids, will cease in a
few days, as that operation is nearly com
pleted; and although it is highly beneficial
in saving expense to the company, it tidos
nothina• ur . to its income.
~. Wehave Limn ''arefial to incrtrtng trwl
cautious in making the above statement, but
we deem it a duty to make it AT THIS TIME,
because much exertion has been used, and
with considerable effect, to induce a belief,
that the expenses of transportation on the
Baltimore and Ohio Rail-road greatly ex
ceed the receipts. With what view such a
report. has been circulated we shall not in
quire. A disposition to circulate gloomy
forebodings, is not inconsistent with hones
ty of intention—bat we cannot consen4 ,
that arty Stockholder shottld be misled with
wrong impression, and induced to sacrifice
his stock, when it is certain beyond a ration.
al cause of doubt not merely that it will be
—but that, IT IS PRODUCTIVE. We there
fore, in all sincerity,congratulate the Stock
holders of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail
road on the,,actual state and cheering pros
A letter from Niel mo of the , 3d January
states, that in the place of the volcanic island
which had existed for some months between
the Siacea and Pantelleira, and disappeared
lately, is now seen a coh4iiim of b9iling7,vater,
about 24 feet in diameter, rising fitom be.
tween 10 to 3tlfeet above the surface of the
sea, and exhaling a strong bituminous odour.
Extract of a letter from Washingtorr, da
ted March 12:—"This afternoon, about five
o'clock, we had the most awful' storm I ever
witnessed,, accompanied for a few minutes
with hail, which broke an immense number
of panes of Olds in all parts of the city.
Tura thousand panes
~were broken at the
Marine Barracks. The storm was followed
by a clear sky, with a bland and delight
Georgia and the United States.
We find in the Georgia .Journal received
yesterday the' subjoined letter from one of
the Senators of the United States from that.,
State. It is of great interest at the present I
moment, not only ,as:disclosing the views en
tertained by • a niost influential citizen On a
certain momentousc ttk ubject, but also indica
ting the disposition o e President of the
.United States on the samesirbiect. It seems
that the judgment of the Supreme Court,
'which the Chief Magistrate of the Union
ought to be the first tO 'respect and how to,
is considered as a. blow aimed at arm! —.ATa
From thakGeorgia Journal, of March 15-,
EXTRACT.—We submit the following
letter just received from a man whose opin
ion on all great occasimwill always btu lib
tened to in Georgia, with affectionate and"
WASHINGTON, 4th March, Is32'.
DE AR Sins: I :—The" people .of Georgia, will
receive With indignamt feelikgs, l as they
.ought, the recent •decision of the *urea*
Court, so flagrantly violative nf 'their sove
reign rights. I holie the, peopte will treat
it, however, IT boenti)ep Lb , with moder,.
i atio - n—dimnify, add Kinings; aid so treat
ing it, Georgia will tie unhurt by what will
Prove it to be a Irrittym fulmath.,.. The Judges
know yotitwilP nayield 4411 dience, to their
mandates, and they' inay desire pre'teittfor
the enforcement ilfiliem, which I trust y 6
will not girt. The Chief' Magistrate of the
:United States will perform all his constitu
tional duties; but he will not lend himsato
party, to perfbrm 1110 re. He will, if I mis
take not, defend the sovereignty of the States,
! as he would the sovereignty . of-- the Union;
and if the blow be aimed equally at him and
at us, it Would:be ungenerous, by an impro
vident act of ours, to make him the,victim
of the common enemy: The jurisdiction
claimed over one portion of our population
may very soon be asserted over - another;
and in both cases they will be sustained by
the fanatics of the North. Very soon, there
fore, things must come to their worst; and
if in the last resort we" need defenders we
will find them every where among the lion
,oat men of the country;' whom a just and
wise conduct will rally to our Banner—for
the rest we care nothing.
Dear Sirs, very respectfully yours,
G. M. Titol.7 P..
A letter from the Washington Corres
pondent of the Commercial Advertiser,.un
der date of March 20th, has the following
"Gov. Lumpkin has advised his friends
in Congress, in letters received this day,
that he will not discharge the Missionaries,
that he will not abandon the survey and
disposition of the Cherokee lands, and that
h! will enforce the laws of Georgia, in re
lation to the Indians and their territory, in
opposition to the laws of the United States,
or the mandates of the Supreme Court.—
tris also said,-•in the Governor's letters,
that the people of Georgiao and their con
stituted authorities will all support him in
maintaining the laws of Georgia. By the
same mail letters from Georgia, of a most
excited kind, in relation to the Tariff, are
The writers threaten no less than nullifi
cation arid war, in case the principle of Mr.
Clay's resolution he adopted."
From GEORGIA we learn, through a pri
vate channel, that the Mandate of the Su
preme Court of the United States in the case
of S. A. Worcester r:y. the - State OF Georgia,
(the Cherokee case) having been delivered,
to the Court to which it was addressed, a mo
tion was made by the Counsel for Mr. Wor
cester to reverse the judgment of that Court,
according to the ;judgment of the Supreme
Court, and that the motion was refilsed by
the Court. A motion was then made that
the Mandate of the Supreme Court, should
be placed on the record of the Court, aecom.
,panied by a motion fOr a writ of Habeas
Corpus, and that this motion was also refu
sed. The argument of those motions occu
pier two-o r ntree (lays, arid the decisions
-were rendered without any 'written opinion
thereon. .Finally, a request was preferred
for a certified statement of these decisions
of the Court, and it was denied; the Judge
taking the ground, as we had anticipated, of
disregarding altogether, the Mandate of the
Supreme Court.—Nat. had.
A convict in the State Prison in Massa
3,ilmsetts is allowed daily one pound of beet
oriwelveßinces of pork No. 1. Ten ounces
of rye Lind' ten of Indiap meal, and three
quarters of a.gill o r frilolasses, and two and
a half bashels of potatoes, two quarts of
_warts of salt, two ounces of
black pepper and two quarts of I've or bar
ley, for coffee, for every hundred convicts.
In Rhode Island, nothing not even bread
or black broth are allowed the imprisoned
debtor - until - he - has - swo - Tri out alai!, WM
then the creditor hos the humane legal right
to detain him' in prison at will by paying
one dollar a week for his suppoi t.
John Randolithfias cn fbrmally
ced as a candidate to represent the county — ot
charlotte in the next House of Delegates.
On the sante day, says the Lynchburg Vir
ginian, Paul S. Carrington waaantiounced as
a rival candidate.
C O.l'G ES S.
Twenty.Secontl CcmgremsFirst Semilon.
In the Senate, yesterday, Mr. Clay pre
sented the memorial of sundry citizens of
New York, engaged in the Silk trade,
praying that specific duties, he.substituted
for ad valorem• duties on imported silk.—
The Vice President commumeated the me
morial of the New York Tariff' Convention,
and fifteen hundred extra copies of the pa
per were ordered to be printed. The Ap.
portionment Bill was not - Aitken up, but Mr.
Wilkins 'gave notice that he should call it
up this day. . .
M. Ewing's resolution, resp&-ting re
.movals from office, came up, but 11111,9, at
the request of the mover, pestponed to, and
made the order of the day for Monday nest.
Mr. Sprague's resolution, for the publica
tion of the names of persons owning un
claimed dividends on: public stocks, was
discussed and laid on the table. Some
,time wns spent in the consideration 51'Exe.
cutive business.- .p
In the House of .Representatives, the
Speaker laid before the House the memori
al of the Tariffamvention recently assem
bled in. N. York, 30,Q00 extra copiea of
which, were ordered to . lie printed. Mr
McCartyjrom the Conahlitten on Internal
Imprnvernents, reported a bill to improye
the Mail:road fiorn Loiisville to St. Lotiis.
A joint resolulionrespectioithe pay of the
'Marino Corps, Was read a third time and
passed. • •, A
"Several bills from the . Senate wei.e read
twice arid committed.. ',The. bill , nothorl.
TUESDAY, March 277-
zing tie President of the Uni
direct transfers of appropriat
was pumcd . y
.. 1.: b e bill from the z`. ate for
the re-organization. of the OriJWitigte De
partment, was readit third time,...aadiassed
--Yeas 101, Nays 66.
In the Senate, yesterday L ilr.
introduced a hill, on leave, to give effect to
the act of the Legislature of Virginia, au.
thorising the commencement of the West.
ern section of _the -Chesapeake- and Ohio--
The bill to exempt merchandize import,
ed under certain circumstances, from it*
operation of thelariffef 11828, was discus
sed, and on motr4.of M. Wilkins, re-com
mitted to the Co,Rl 1 1 e.of-'Finance.-The- -
apportionment hill was taken up, and the
notion to reconsider the vote, by which
Mr. Webster's amendment, providing for
the representation of fractions was rejected,
was carried- :The bill was then re-com
muned to-a Select Committee,
ballot and:..consistierg' - of,Meis.- : 11" ebstesy"
Clayton, FOrsyth; s Alanduin and }Jayne.-
1. Foot °tiered a resolution changing the
hour of riveting fbr the remainder of the
session, from 12Tto 11.
In the House of Representatives, the hill
in addition to an act for the relief of_ccrtnin„.
insolvent debtors to the United States was
read a third time, and. passed. The -bill
from the Senate, supplementary to the sever
al acts - for the 5a1.0 . ..* : ,111)0, Public - Lands,
was read a !Med. Con
side rabic debate tt of it,
passage, which was
a motion. for the previolf•;7i - : . : 1 : t , ' , ";;;:;+,,StthiCh
was sustained. • The hill
Yeas 119, Nays 44.
TirunsnAv,Ma . "'
In Senate.yesterday, Mr. Clay, ~,,,k-3 , ; S
a memorial, signed by a 'number
of Kentucky„ inviting the iittenti. ) ±...
gress to - the subject of coloni*
blacks on the coast of A
that suitable appropriation
towards that object; atid a irks
from Messrs. Clay, II ay inibere
the memorial, without readriatillits ha In;
the table. The bill tbr tWf. relief of certain
insolvent debtors of the U. S., and 'other
bills from the House of Representatives,
.was -read -the first - oad --- soeond time and
The bill supplementary to the net for the
relief of the officers and , soldiers of. the
Virginia line and.naq, and of the continen
tal army, approire4„3oth May, 1930, and „,
the bill for the 'relief of Jefferson College,
Mississippi, were severally read the third
time and passed. On motion of Mr. Smith,
the Senate took up and considered the bill'
making appropriations for the. support of
Government, for the year 1932. The
discussion of flan various amlaah no ta., pro .
N eed by the Committee on Finance and
by Senators, several of which passed in
Committee of - the Whole, occupied the
Senate to a late hour; when, on motion or
Mr. Webster, the bill was laid on the table,
and the amendments were ordered to be
printed, to give an opportunity of examin
ing more tally into their merits. After
having been engaged a short time in Exe
cutive session, the Senate adjourned.
In the louse of Revrasentatives, the re
port of the committee on the charges
brought against _the Collector of the Port
of Wiscasset, was dLsciissed until the ex
piration of the hour allotted for the con
sideration of reports and resolutions, when
Alteltnirie, i5 - n - the motion orni.litibb - ard,.
passed to the order of the - day. The bill
for the relief of Amos Edwards - was passed.
after some delxite, in which Mr. Crawford,,
fr. Mr. Beards-le-sc
-11 and Mr. Wickliffe took pay. - The other
private bills, committed on - Friday, were=r
v rail y rend a third time and paiised.--
The House, after the transaction of some.
- fliftribTlififiess, on mot ionOrMr. ffubbard -- .1
went into rl CeMmittee of the Whole .on
the State of the Union, Mr., L. Condict in.
the chair, and took up the Revolutionary
Pension Bill. Mr. Ellsworth who had
possession of the floor, addressed the, corn- - •
mittee with Much force and eloquence in;
favor of the measure; and at four o'clock,
he comantitee rose and the House adjourned..
The Senate yesterday proceeded to con
sider the amendment reported from the
Committee on Firmince, to the hill, re-corri,
mitted,.to exeulpt from duties goods impor
ted without notice of the act commonly
called the tariff of 1828. The bill supple
mentary to the several acts for the sale of .
the public lands, returned with amendments 'lt
from. the House, was taken sp. Mr. King
moved that the Senate concur in the amend
ments of the House. Mr. Ewing spoke in
opposition, to the amendments, and Messrs.
Moore. and Buckner in their support, after
which, on motion of Mr. Moore, the bill
was laid on the table, and the aniendhients
were ordered to be printed. On motion or
White the Senate then proceeded to.
the consideration ocExecutive business, in,
which some time was spent:
lit the Rouse of Representatives, Km.
4lercer, from the Committee on Internal'
IMprovements, reported' a bill for the im
'provement of certain harbors and tht navi
gation of certain rivers—aleo, a bill declar
ing the assent of Congress to certain acts
of the Legislature 'of the. State of North
- • :ham. A -bill te-fimend-ftn--act.-Rkr- the--
benefit of Certain surviving officers turd sol
diers of army of the revolution—and a.
bill for the rental/Al of-the Lack! Office from
Mount - Salus to
,Jack on 'in .the Ste* - of
NH384;400 1 and (for tha removal - of the
Liind °lke from Franklin to Fayetitgr
the State of ilifissouri=vrere read a third,
qine and\ pap?rd. 3 • 4
FRIDAY, March 30.