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• .A?Li uFI tl 61-mt . Arai Page.] •
it natot.itoi t be improper to add that to
present) this state of things and give confi
dence to the world in the Integra! of our
designs, till our consular and diplotufate a
gents are strictly enjoined to examine well
every cause of: complaint preferred by our
citizens: and, while they urge with proper
. earnestness those that are well founded, to.
eountenance.none that are unreasonable or
unjuat, and to enjoin on our merchants and
navigators the strictest obedience to the laws
of the countries to which they resort, and a
gains) of conduct in their dealings that may
support the-character of our nation and ren
tkn us respected abroad.
Connected witlethis subject I niust re
commend a revisal of our consular laws.—
Defects _ and omissions have been discovered
in their opeintion that ought to be remedied
and supplied. For your further intbrination
en this subject I have directed_ a .report .to_
be made by the Seeretary of State, which I
shall hereafter submit to your consideration.
.6 , The internal peace and security ofour con
federated States, is the next principal object
of the General Government. Time and ex
perience have proved that the abode of the
native Indian within their limits is danger.
ous to their peace, and injurious to himself:
In accordance with my recommendation at
a former Session of Con e eTess, an appropria
tion of half a million. of dollars was made to
aid the voluntary removal of the various
tribes, beyond the limits of the States. At
the last Session, I had the happiness to an
nounce that the Chickasaws and Choctaws
had-accepted-the- generous offer of thti--Grov
ernment, and agreed to remove beyond \ the
ti Mississippi river, by which the whole.of the
State of Mississippi and the western part of
Alabama will be freed from Indian occupan
cy and opened to a Civilized population,—
T ° Treaties with these tribes are in a
• rse of execution, and their ,removal, it is
toped, will be completed in the course- of
1832. • - •
•At the request of the authorities of Geor
gia; the registration of Cherokee Indians for
'migration has been resumed, and it iS con
fidently expected, that one half, if not two
thirds of that tribe, will follow the wise ex.
,-artiTtle---of-their more-westerly brethren.-
- Those who prefer remaining at their present
homes, will hereafter be governed by the
- - 111WF4 Georgia, as all her citizens are, and
cease to be the objects of pecidiar care, on
• the part of the General Government.
During the present year, the attention of
the Government has been particularly di
. rtmted to thos&tribei in the powerful and
grOwing State of Ohio, where considerable
tracts of the finest lands were still occupied
by the aboriginal proprietors. Treaties,
either absolute or conditional, have been
made, extinguishing the whole Indian title
to the reservations in that State; and the
time is not distant, it is hoped, when Ohio
will IA no longer embarrassed with the In
c;ian population. The same measure will
be extended to Indiana, as soon as there is
reason to anticipate success.
. It is _confidently believed that persever
ence for a few years in the present policy of
the Government, will extinfruish the, Indian
title to all lands lying within the States coin
posing our Federal Union, and remove be
yond ,their limits every Indian who is not
williaa_to submit to their laws. Thus will
all conflicting claims to jurisdictionbetween
th 3 States and the Indian tribes be put to
mt. • It is pleasing. to reflect that results so
beneficial, not only to the States immediate
ly concerned, but to the harmony of the U
nion, will have been accomplished by mea
sures equally advantageous to the Indians.
What the native savages become when aut.-
rounded_lay_ a dense population,- andby- ti ix.
ing with the whites, may be seetiin the
miserable remnants or a few eastern tribes,
deprived of political and civil rights, forbid
-detto mike contracts_ and sujljected .. to
---- 0 - ar - lituito. dragging out. Ak. wretched exist.
_temp, 3vithout eXcitetnent,Avithout hope and
almost without thought.
BUt the removal of the Indians beyond
the limits andjurisdiction of the States, does
- not place them beyond the teach of philan
thropic aid and Christian instruction. On
the contrary, those whom
-rlioon may induce to live ainbng them in
`,their new abode, will be more free m the
exercise -of their benevolent functions, than
if they had remained within the limits ofthe
States, embarrassed. by their internal regu
lations. Now, subject to no control but the
superintending agency of the General Gov.
erilment, exercised with the sole view of
preserving peace, they may proceed unmo
lested in the interesting experiment pf
'urtl? advancing a community of American
Indians from barbarism to the habits and
enjoyments of civilized life. '
Among the happiest effects of the improv
,,ed relation.s of our republic, has been an in
C relied of trade, producing a corresponding
incretise of revenue, beyond the most san
viva anticiNttiOns of the Treasury Depart
The state of 'The public finances will be
' fully shewn by the Seere.tary of the Treasu
ry, in the report which he will presently lay
txdbre you. I will here however congratu
iufo; upon their proipetous
The -ffiseenue received in the present year
310 t WI short of twenty-seven millions,
seven hundred thousand dollars; and the ei
penitttures for all objects, other than the
public debt , will not exceed fourteen millions,
.Irevenhruidred thousarid. The payment on
account of the, principal and -interest of the
debt, durirg the tyear, will exceed etxteen
millions and a inklf of rioll:tro: a Ireateesurn
than has been applied to that object, out of
tbe revenue, in any year since the eularre.
meat of the sinking fund, 4exesp*t' he two.
' ntunedurtely thereafterr.—
MOS*wfiiohr will have been apptkd.to
. *eat the 4th orMarch, 162 q,
Sc.\ dta et'lluntary next, which is tens
than threa year. sine t the. eihninistmtion
has • been placed in mf Jwicls t will exceed
forty millions of dollars. •
From the large . importations of the.present•
year it may be safely estimated that the re
venue which willbe received into .the Trea-
sUry from that source during the next ybar,
with the aid of that received from the publi
lands, will considerably exceed the amount
of the receipts ofthe present year; and it i 3
believed that with the means which the Gov
ernment will .have at its disposal, from vari
ous sources, which *ill be fully stated by
the proper Department, the whole of the pub
lic debt inay be extingushed, either by ra
dernption-or purchase, within the four years
of my administration. We shall then exhi
bit the rare examplZt - of a great nation, a
bounding in all-the means of happiness and
security, altogether free from debt. - -
The confidence with which the extiti
ginshment of the public debt may be antici
pated, presents am opportunity for carrying
into effect more fillty the policy in relation
to import duties. which has been recom
mended in my former messages. A inodi,
fication of the 'Pariff,• which shall produce
reduction of our revenue to the wants of the
Government; and an adjustment or the du
ties on iniports with a view to equal justice
in relation to all our national interests, and
to the counteraction of foreign policy, so
far as it may be injurious to those interests,
is deemed to be one of the principal:Objects
which demand the consideration of the pre
sent Congress. Justice to the interests of
the merchant as well to'the manofacturer,
,requires-that material reductions in the int ,
port duties be prospective: and unless the
present Congress shall dispose of the subject,
the proposed retllttions cannot properly be
made to take effect at the period when the
necessity for the revenue arising from pre
sent rates shall cease. It is therefore
desirable, that arrangements be adopted at
your present session, to relieve the people
from unnegepataxatien, alter 'the extin
guislimentWolt he pnblic debt. In the exer
cise of that spirit of concession and concili
ation which has distinguished the-friends of
our_Vnion in all great emergencies, it is
- believed that this object may he effected
without injury to any national interest.
• In my annual Message of December 1829
I had the honor to recommend the adoption
oe'a more liberal policy, than that which .
then prevailed towards. unfortunate debfoil
to the Government; and I deem it to be - my
duty .-again to-invite your attention to this
Actuated by similar views, Congress at
their last session passed an act for the re
lief of certain insolvent debtors of - the U.
States: but the provisions of that law have
not been deemed such as Were adequate to
that relief to this unfortunate class of our
fellow-citizens, which may be safely extend
ed.to them. The points in which the law
appears to be defective will be particularly
coinomnicated by the Secretary of the
Treasilry: and 1 take-pleasure in-recool
nwnding such an extension of its provisions
as will unfetter the enterprise of a valuable
portion of our citizens, and restore to them
the means of usefulness to themselves aid
the community. While deliberating uurni
this subject, I would also . recommend to
your consideration the propriety of so mo
difying the laws Ihr enfOrcing the payment
of debts due either to the public or to indi
viduals suing in the courts.of4be U. States,
as to restrict imprisonment of the person to
cases offraudulent concealment of property.
The personal liberty of the citizen seems
too sacred to be held, as in many cases it
now is, at the will of a creditor .to whom he
is willing to surrender all the means he has
I arging--the- debt,- ---- -.-
The reports from the Secretaries of the
War and Navy Departments, and from the
Postmaster General, which accompany this
message,present satisfactory views of the
operations et the Departments respectively .
_under -their charge; and suggest improve
ments which are worthy of; and to which I
invite the attention of Ceiares! ! Giirtain
defe l ets-and omissions hit.tdiscover
ed. in the operation af-ptiMAttwixespecting
Patents, they are 0140 Oulid-the accom
panying repert frcintli*Secretary of State.
. 1 have heretAre'recommended amend;
mints of the 'Niteroi CoristitUtion giving
the election of Nesident and Vice President
to the people, and limiting the service of
the former to a single term. So important.
do I consider these changes in our rondo-
Mental law, that I cannot, in accordance
with my sense of duty, omit to press them
upon the consideration of a new Congress.
For my vieWs•more at large, as well in re
lation to theie points as to the disqualifica
tionof Members of Congress to receive an
office frOm a President-in - whose election
they have had an official ageftey, which I
proposed as a substitute, I refer yon'to my
.former messages. .
Our syitemuf public accounts is extreme
ly. complicated, and, it is believed, miy
much improved.... Much. of the present ma
chinery, and a considerable portion of the
expenditure of public money, may be dis
pensed with, while greater facilities can. be
afforded to the liquidation of claims upoh
he Government, and, an examination into
their justice und - legality, quite as efficient
as the present,--secured. With a view to a
general reforinin the system, I recommend
the subject to the attention of Congress.
•Y deem it-my duty. again to call your at
tention to the District of Columbia. It wus
doubtless wise in the frameis of our Consti-
tution,, to Waco the people of this District
tinder the jurisdiction of the Geneiral
emu - lent ;har, to itoeoaepiiih the objects
they laid in view ; , it is trot necessary -that
:s;peoplOshould.be deprived of all t tie pti
.viieges- of itelflgoverament. _ Independently
of the ditfieulty of inducing Represeetatives
of distint Statue to turn their' attentie to
,projects 4llmts which--ere .not of ihe'
est interest to their constignepts,- they are
not inzlividtiatly, nor in Congress collec
tively, well qualified to legislate over the
local concerns of this District. Consequent
ly,its are much neglected, and the
people are . almostafiaid to present their grie
vances; lest a body; in which theyfare not re
presented, and which feels Hull: synipathy
_their' local relations, should, in its at
tempt to,make laws lot them, do more harm
than good, Governed by the laws of tile
States whence they were Severed, the two
shores of the Potomac within the ten miles
square, have different penal codes: not the
present codes of Virginia and Maryland,but
such as existed in those States at the time
of the cession to the United Stites.. As
Congress will not form a new code, and as
the.people of the District cannot make one
forthemselves, they are virtually under two
Governtinents. Is it not just to allow them at
least a delegate in Congressdnot a local . L
egislature, to make laws for the District,
subject to the approval or 'rejection of Con
gress? - -I.earnestly recommend the exten
sion to them of every; political right which
their interests require, and which may be
compatible with the Constitution.
The extension of the Judiciary systea of
the United States, is deemed to 1;c...0ne of
the duties of Government. One fourth of
the States in the Union do; not participate
in the benefitS:;of ft - Circuit Court. To the
Misssissippi and Louisiana, admit ed i o
the Union since the present Judicial- stem
was organized, only a District Court has
been allowed. If this be sufficient, then the
Circuit Courts, existing in eighteen States,
ought to abolished: if it he not sufficient, the
defect ought to be remedied, and these States
placed on the same footing with the other
members of the Union. It was on this con ,-
dition, and on this footing, that they entered
the Union; -and they may -demand Circuit
Courts as a matter, not of concession, but
of right. Ltrust that Congress will not ad
journ, leaving this anomoly in our system.
Entertaining the opinions heretofore ex
pressed in relation to the Bank of the Uni
ted States, as at present organized,l felt it
my duty, in my tbriwr Messages, frankly
to disclose them, in order that the attention
of the Legislature and the Peopje-should be
seasonably directed to that' important sub
ject,and that it might be considered and final
lynsed of in a manner
to promote the ends ofthe Constitution and"
subserve the public interete. Having Thus
conscientiously dischargeia Constitutional
duty, I deem it proper, on'this - occasion,
without a mat particular reference to the
view - 4d ihe subject then expressed, to leave
it for the present to the investigation of .an
enlightened people and their representatives.
In conclusion, permit me to invoke that
Power which superintends all Governments,.
to infuse into your deliberations, atahis im
portant 'crisis of our history, a spirit of mu
tual 'forbearance and conciliation. In that
spirit was our Union formed, and
spirit must it be preserved.
• ANDREW JACKSON.
Washington, December 6, 1831.
Acv :R,wrrs ;iil NTS.
DR. Z. GILBERT,
OFFERS FOR SALE,
At the old stand a few doors South of Mr.
James. Gourley's Tavern, Baltimore
A FRESH AND GENERAL SUPPLY OF
Paints 41$• JOye-S ii
AMONG WHICH, ARE TIIEI POLLOWANG :
Acid Sulphuue Mustard Seed
'" Moriatie Oil Wormseed
"-- Tartaric " Cinnamon
" Lemon " Cloves .....-....
/Ether 116 Castor
A ntibiony - " 'Cubebs
Balsa= Copaiva 13lint
Borax crude and refined " Juniper
Blue , Pill ... - Opium
Csrb Ferri Rhubarb
" Ammonia Red Precipitate
" Magnesia Snake Root
Cream Tartar Sal Ammoniac
Camphor Salts Epsom
Calcined Magnesia " Glauber
Flor. Sulphur .senna
Gum Gime Tartar Emetic
" Arabic Venice. Turpentini"
" Draggoa Varnish Copal
-Manna - " Black oil
White Lead % Terra De Sienna
Red Lead / Cboome Yellow
Spanish Brown '" Green
Venetian Rod • Rose Pink
Litharge Prussian Blue
Burnt Umber Lainpbluck
Logwood chipped . Indigo d
Redwood Alluin ,
Fustic .Rod Saunders
Camwood Red Tartar
Turmeric &e. &c. &e.
Batemans Drops Medicament=
Balsam De Malta Whites Tooth ache drops
" of Life Golden Tincture
British oil Pills Lee's
Cephalic Snuff " Dyet's
Elmer Paregorie " Lyon's
6' Vitriol •' Fisher's
Eye water " Hooper's
Essence Cinnamon' 6' Anderson's
" 'I - Peppermint " Quinine
" Lemon Opedeldoc
Godfrey' Cordial, !ye. isT, eke. S.
(-Y - The Itbove rtit,les he will sell a
lo w -for testi; as n 'be tracl4kany other
shop in the place.
Septettiher 211, 18a
caae di.LPZPZ1V441 4 224112 ,
TO the Priatini ilisMeP 9 9
Is , :valed, itrtiP,flintelj.. tit the Stitt. Mice.
- ~'-'l~ ~1 ~~J,
14 4 4 ., 'N
1.1)427 3 22) 1711342671#
C AlltlN ET -11LAlliE R,
RETURNS hie grateful acknowledg
ments for the very liberal encourage
ment which has heretofore been extended to
him, and respectfully informs them that he
STILL CONTINUES HIS SHOP AT THE OLD
STAND, IN CHAMBERSHURG STREET,
z e is prepared to execute
al the neatest& most
Which he will' warrant EauAL, if not st , -
PERIOR, to any in the plaCe.
—ON H A
kgenerakand extenslassortment of
Mahottny, Maple nd'Cherry
ZPV:22 41 , 2 Zitat
And of a quality, which he only asks an ex
ainination tcrbe pionounced suPEarou.
Krlfis prices are reasonable and suited
to the present times. Purchasers will save
by calling at his Ware-house before they
C* — A 11 kinds of LUMBER and C QUN.
TRY PRODUCE will he taken in ek . :
change For. Work—for which the highest
price will be allowed.
He deems it unnecessary to notice, par
al-vial-IY, that he is always prepared to
make CO 'FINS, as from his long
practice in the business, and strict atten
tion, he presumes it- geilerally known; and
flatters himself that, from the general.satis
iliction his work has given, he will continue
to receive a share of pa trontie.
6ctlysburg, November El, 1931. tf-31
Respectfully informs the public that he has
removed to his
New Shop in Chambersburg Street, a few
doors West of the .Court House,
WHERE HE IS PRERARED TO
Make, Trfut, and Repair
Of E'rEDY' DESCRIPTION,
--ALSO- • .
SAD- M o op DLES,
Portmantemis, flarness, , Trunks,
and every other article in his line of busi
ness, with neatness, durability and despatch.
He returns his thanks fur past encourage
ment, and shall endeavor to merit a contin
uance of the same.-
July 26, 1831. tf—l 0
J 1 42 We 61)62)0 I
The subscriber respectfully informs the
public that he has received a late and fresh
NEW GOODS ,
Suitable: to the season, which - will be sold
low for Cash. or (.7ouplry Producll;_ and,ulsu
that he has taken ANDREW tiEARDORFF in
to partnership with_hini in the Mercantile
business. Ile hereby tenders his thanks to
his friends and. customers for the liberal en-
Oarrttgement already jgceived, and bon-,
for a continuance of their favor and patron-
November 8, 1831. I 4t*-31
Can't wait any longer.
OWING to my having made a change
in my Mercantile business, it now be
comes necessary that I should close my for
mer accounts--I therefore notify all those
who know _themselves indebted to me
either by bond, note, or book account, to
call and settle the same against the first
day of January next. After that date those
neglecting this notice will find their accounts
in the 'hands do proper officer for collection.
O Those persouVwho gave their notes,
at my Vendue last Spring, are informed that
they are due, and paymentis required and
embraced in the above notice. By punctu
al attention to this notice, those indebted
will confer a great favor on their friend
and humble servant,
THOMAS • McKNIGHT i .
November 8, 1831; 40L-10'
di — IA . IIIE to the enclosures of the *subsori
`l-i her, in Cumberland- township, to the
county of Adams, two stray 11 ,, p , 1
STEERS, ahout 2 years old,O(Llr,;Y
ope a brown colour, and. the ' 'OW;
other a red with a white streak. - -
along the back, and slitS or 'hdles in the
ear. The htbresuid cattle 'came to the er.
- closures. of tho subscriber sonietime about
the 6th of this month.. The, owner is desir
1;11l to come ferwark, Pratte property, pay
charges, - andlelie thetu away. • • .
- - • •
ZOOM'. S.-I. 'IITXIOII,
O FFERS his Professional services to the
public generally, and can._ -
foU - nd at his father's resklence, at the house
formerly occupied by. James Morrisson f
within one mile and a imlf of Hampton,
Fair Mount, brie 14, 1831.. tf-10
iflal2oPOSALti„to yOblish a Monthly Literary
la; and Political Magazine, to be entitled " A.
merican Annals and Rtpositnry of Politics, Sci.
ence, and Literature." By STEPHIM Summon.
In order to separate from the influence
of mere party views, the political events
and history of the Times, the Editor pro,
plums to publish the above work, on terms
accessible to every reader. It shall be is
~,.ftionehly embers of between 70
an d : pages, at $4 per annum—payable
every six months—or, $1 per quarter--but
no subscription will be received for less
than one year. It is contemplated to issue
the first numbers on the Ist of January, if
sufficient patronage is extended to the un
i taking. The following synopsis will ex
hibit the eliaractet of the proposed -Maga
1. Important State papers.
2. Abstracts—or condensed briefs ofother Po
3. Condensod Statistical Tables.
4. A Review of Political History for the Month.
Movements of Parties, &c.
5. A regular and methodical abstract of For.
• 6. Domestic Intelligence.
7. Extraordinary Crimes and Casualties, con.
nected with moral and "philosophical reflections.
P. .Agricultural—Alechanical—and Scientific
It is contemplated to make this Magazine
a valuable Book of retbrence to all classes
of society, and men of all parties.
To subscribers to the Pennsylvania Whig
the Magazines will only be charged at e 3
per annum—making two volumes in the
year, of 400. pages each.
Philadelphia, Dec. 6, 1831.
For publishing in the City of Washington, (D.C.)
a serni.weekly newspaper, entitled
The Republican Herald,
To be devoted to Politics and Literature.
AS a brief outline of the principles which
this paper will advocate is due_. to the
public, it may- be sufficient to state that it
shall be guided by the great political land
marks erected by Mr. Jefferson to protect
our repu icaffiristitutions from the evils of
accumulated power and corruption, to pre
serve to:the people and the States that e
quality of political rights which marks the
spirit of the nue, and which alone can per
petuate the blessings of liberty, harmony,
and peace, and secure" to the "greatest
number the greatest possible happiness."
When these objects are lost sight of,, the
interests of the peoPle are sacrificed to
gratify the ambition Of their rulers. For
if the justice and protection due to allegi
ance be withheld from the citizen, distrust,
jealousy, and contention must prevail.
It will oppose every cabitl and associa
tion; no matter of what denomination, by
which bad men can secretly combine and
trample on the constitution & laws of the land,
poison the sources of justice, prostrate tal
ents and patriotism, and shield the vicious
from the punishment due to their crimes.
If ever Secret Societies were productive of
benefit to mankind, it could only have been
in the dark ages of despotism, when thelib
erty of speech itself was held by the frail
tenure of tyrants will. In this age, in thiS
country, where the capacity — and — right of
self-government are practically conceded to
the people, the only peaceable and constitu
tional mode by' which the vicious tendency
of "Secret Societtes"._ can be averted, islet
earnest appeal to the reasotiof intelligent
'freemen and to the ballot bT , t. 'The..great
end of this paper, therefore, will be to de.
ve op and extend the principles here laid
down; and in order more effi..ctually to se
cure this object, it willadv ocato the election
of WILLIA - Ilt ---- WIRT An the Presidency;
and A MOS ELIA! AKER to the Nice-
Presidency, of the, United States.
In advocating the election of these patri.
ots and statesmen to the first offices in the
gift of a free people, we. cherish the princi
ples for which we contend, and - present to,
our countrymen candidates possessing
combination of intellectual energy atid pu
ty of character; which will, secure peace an
harmony, and reflect honor on our common
A portion of the columns of the Republi.
can — Herald shall be devoted to literature
and the progress of the arts and sciences.
The Herald will be published semi-week.
at five dollars per annum,payable on the
receipt of the first number, which will issue
as soon as fifteen hundred Subscribers shalt
have been obtained; and as it'is desirable
that the publication may' 'commence at aa
early day, the COmmittee' 0 Correspond
ence organized for, that pun se, and others
who desire to prom ote' the election 4
and EtimAanit, are requested' .to obtain'
„subscribers and tmnsmittheirAtimas to the
Editor in Washington City,
Washington City, (N0v.17, 831.)' Dec 4
Ten XloUars iieward,
authority of the Town Council or
JR- 1 " the Borough of Gettysiizi : I hereby
offer a reWarft of TEN DOI r ARS, for
such information as shall - . teat°, the con
viction in the Court eV Common Hai of,
Adams county, of the person or persons who,
committed a wanton and malicious outrage
.upon the property ofci. traveller ! 91-00 , ,
hoUse of James dotirley, in stud
con 40-night of the 17th inst, '
1 • gOI3ERT SMITH,,
. - --Cettysburg l fqoy. 1, XB3l,